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OOODLANDEK & LEE,
CMTAilLIMIIBO IN lT.
r .e largeet Cli relation of aoy Newepaper!
U Nurtta Central Peuueylvaala.
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Bates oi Advertising.
X intieat advert Ue menu, par eqaara of 10 Itnetor
S time, or lee 91 60
r.ireitrb iiL.eeqiient Inaertlon 66
A (toini"rtor' and Kxeeutora'a'ttlciN.. t el
A ml t tn' notiaM t 40
Ctniinm nn4 Kftrayi 1 SI
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profcMinnkl Oerde, ft ltna or leaa,l year...- ft 00
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YKAKLY ADVKRT1HKM KNTS.
1 iiu.re 00 I j eolatao..... .,..$& 00
2 j.ii.re Ift 00 onlumn. 70 00
It jut.. SO 00 I I ootumn 120 00
n. B. OOODLANDKR,
NOEL B. LEE,
TT w. SMITH,
a I'TORNEY-AT-LA w,
H:I:7J Clearfield. Pa.
J J. LINGLE,
A'l'TORNEY-AT - LAW,
t : t n Ptilllpfiurr, Centre Co., Pa. jrrpj
CI R. W. BARRETT,
Attorneys and Counselobs at Law,
.tanuar t!0. 1474.
jSRAF.L I' EST,
AfTOKNKY AT LAW.
W-OBoe la tht Court Honae. Jll,'e7,
(uflTmn p. o.)
JUSTICE OF THE I'EACE
FOB IKI.I. ToW.tHDIP.
May 8, 187ft I;
M. M. JUCULLOUlin,
ATT0KN1Y AT LAW,
('ffl.r In Wupdiiie budding, Second mrert, op
jxi.ile tht Cuort lli'ueo. jc2o7 If.
yf C. ARNOLD,
LAW COLLECTION OFFICE,
e'.'A Clearfield Coabt. Penn'ft. T3f
g T. Iil'OCKBANK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
OhHfl In Opera lluurv.
Sijimre Timber & Timber Lands,
).IHI CLKAHFIKLD, PA.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Offioit ina iir cut of We,tra lintel buiMiug.
n.'0.ite Cuart lluu.t.
wpl.J,17. CLEARFIELD, PA.
ATTO RNEY-AT-LA W,
U'ill attend to ill buiioeia ontruiited to him
prompt! md foltbfult. ji
AlTOlt.VKY AT LAW,
Oflle In l'le'e Open. Iloun.
Julie !, 'PMf.
WILI.I..H A. WALI.4X-1. DAT1P L. RttRM.
aRar r. wallacr. iobr w. wriolrt.
yALLACB A K REUS,
(bo milon to Wallam 1 FleldlDg,)
ATTO RNEYS-AT -LAW,
l.il'il Clearfield, Pa.
r. o'l. rcck. . . a. a. OHAa.ta.
BUCK d OHAHAN,
A'lTOKMiYi AT LAW,
All legal ba.ineaa prumptl Rtlondud to. Ufflo
la llrHhan'a Ruwrooina forinarl oeenpiad b
II. U NwiKipa. jui14, 'li ft.
TRna. a. Hi'ariAr. crnra aoaoa.
URRAY k GORDON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
ar0ffict la I'ie'a Opera linusa, tcoond lloor-
loaRPR I. H'R.fALLT.
darirl w. M'tnatir.
aT-Legal builneae attended to proaiptl wilhj
:ilelit. OtBfio oa tfaoond atraat, above iha Flral
National Dank. Jan:l:76
A T T O R N E Y - A T - L A W ,
Real Eatate and Colleetiuo Agunt, ;
Will nrnmptl attend to all legal bnilneae ea
truated to hia oare.
jffl-Oflloa la Ple'a Opera Ilouae.
T P. JIcKENRICK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
. CLEARFIELD, PA.
All legal bnalRaai entruatod to hla eare will ra
reive prompt attention.
Office oppoaite Coart Ilouae, lo Uaaonie Bolbllog,
aeeond floor. angM,'7n-l,
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
.lid Real Rat ate A Kent, Claarfleld, ta.
OfflPt ob Third airaol, bat. C harry A Walnut,
r-Kaipttfatly offara hta atrTteoalB alhag
and buylag Ian da la Olaarlald and adjolntna
aouatlai lad wttb aa aiptrtanoaoi ovortwantv
y-ara m a farroyor, Battora blmr-tlf that ba can
rndar aatlafaottoB. Fab- t8;'3itf,
It E. M. 8CIIEURER,
Often la rtaldt-no oa Flral at.
April M, HJ. Claarteld, Pa. '
It W. A. MEANH,
fHYSICIAN & SURGEON,
LlTllliRSBl RO, PA,
W ill attend profeealonel ealla prompt!. anglO'70
JJR. T. J. BOIER,
rHYHICIAN AND SDROEON,
Oafee oa Harket llrerl, Clearlleld, Pa.
pt-OUiet hour, i I to II a. at , Red 1 to I p.
JR J. KAY WRIGLEY, , 1.
T-0ffire Rdjolalag the raaldenee ef Jamea
VTri,le, Kae,., oa Heeoad BL, Clearlleld, Pa.
n. u. n. van vALZAn,
OFFICE IN MASONIC BUILDING.
p- OS koare-f real It aa t P. M.'
' . Ma It, IS7t.
It. S. P. Bl'RCll FIELD,
Uta flergeoa ef the 83d ftegleaeat, Pannalvanla
Volnaiaert, kavlne retarned from the Am,
Hare hta profoealenal eervleea te Ibetltlieae
el Olaarlald eoaal.
er-Profeiiieaal oella promptl atueded to.
"i.ta ea seeead atraat, (ormerioooapiew
tl BAHEH AMD HAlnDKiSSlR.
aaai ea Market IN. eppoalta Ouarl Maw. t
A eleea towel for ever eaalemer.
Alee aataafaetavet ea
All Klude of Artu-tra la Maanaa Hair.
Cleerleld, Pa. aaae
GEO. B. GOODLANDEB, Proprietor.
(VOL 52-WHOLE NO.
WILLIAM M HEXUY, Jubtioi!
orrni Pbacb and KcmviiiKm, LUMliKK
CITY. Collettione made and money promptly
j paid oar. Artlcteenf arptoent and deedi all
, suBvcya.no neatly eieeuud and warranted eor j
. iwl nr bo ttharga. 23jy'7l I
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Jtivlo of the Peace and (-Wl tuner,
HU Collection! mail and mono promptly
paid over. flS171ir
JA3. B. GRAHAM,
Beal Estate, Square Timber, Boards,
biiinui.es, lath, i pickets,
1:1.71 Cleerleld, Pa,
WARREN THORN,.. ...
BOOT AND SIIOE MAKKIt,
larkel VI., Clearfield, Pa.
Id the aliop lately eeenpled hy Prstik ehtrt,
one door Waal (if Alleghany Ilouae.
REUBEN HACKMAN, '
! House and Sign Painter and Paper f
Will axacuu joha In hta Una pruoiptl and i
IOIIN A. STABLER,
O DAKER. Mnrkot St., Clereld,
Fraih Dre.J, Husk, ltolla, Piea and Colin.
hand or mailr l oriler. A general airortniant j
of Conlaetionarl... Irult.and Nnta la atookv-
loo Craani aod Oy.lera In aenaon. Bahwa aearl (,
nppnailn Iho I nili-Otde. ftleaa mot'-rat.
WEAVER &. BETTS,
Real Esta'e, Square Timb;r,Saw Legs,
AND LI.'MIIEROF ALL KINDS
jl tj-t olo. ob eee.,na atroel, la roar or atora j blink, Ulld the jullltor live on tbo BCC
uuj of (laorga Weaver A Co. Jan.. "il -tf. ond floor. The burber opened bia ribop
JI-fTICK OF TUB PEACK
. Ittcalur Toiruthip,
Oaoeola Mill. P. O.
All official buaina.a animated to him will bo
pruoiptl atlenrl.d t. mrh29, 111,
J. BLAKE WALTERS,
REAL ESTATE BROKER,
A?0 nRALRR I
HltW I.OH Ulld IjUlllborelreal vault wide open and the floor lit
OQioa In OrahRiu'a Row.
E. A. BIGLER & CO.,
aod uanutaetarera of
ALL MMtOKH t; LCMIII'.K,
8-7'71 CLEARFIELD, TENN'A.
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
NEAR CLEARFIELD. PENN'A
jrPumpi alwaya on hand and made to ordar
in i hurt nttca. 1'ipoa burtd un reaaonable termt.
All work warranted to render eat i if action, and
dalirared if dealred. mySftilypd
THOMAS H , FORCEE,
GENERAL MERCUAND1SE, "'
f.RAH AMTON, Pa.
Alao, eitanaive manufacturer and dealer la flqaara
Timber end Hawed Lomberof all kinda.
.vr-0rdera aolleited and ell bllla promptl
AND PBALRB ta
Wntches, Clocks and Jewelry,
Oraaam'e 17oM, tfarlttl Strttt,
I KARFIFI D, PA.
All kinda of repairing In to line pmniptl Bl
ended to. April SI, 171.
ENCOURAGE HOME INDUSTRY.
1M1K underriijiifd, bartna; eaulihd a Nur
aary ob the 'Pike, aruat half wny hetwenn
Clcarfteld and Curwrnitvllla, la prfpart-d to fur
Biah all kinda of FRUIT THKK4, (atandaH and
dwarf,) Krrrgraena. 8brublery, (jrapa Vinoa,
(ooeberry, Law too blackberry. Strawberry,
and Raapbarry Vtnea. A'ao, 8ibrrian Crab Treca,
Qainca, and aarly acarlat Hhabarb, Ac. Ordera
prompUy attended ti. Addrei.
J. I). WRIOUT,
lp0 ti- CurWMinllU, Pa.
3V?w Marblo , Yurd, '
The nndrrrignad wmitd infrm iha public that
ba haa upenrd a new Majbta Yard on Third atraat,
otttuaite the Lutbfrao Church, wber ba will bwap
oooMantly on band a atork of varioui kinda of
maiblo. All kind of
Pont for C Vmef ry Lola,
and all nthir work In hla lino will ba promptly
iccuttd ta a neat and workmaolika mncar, at
HeffuaraatMaralUfactDry work and low price a.
Qlr him a sail. J. kLAIiAHTY.
ClaarBeld, i'a., March 27, lrM-tf.
Market Mreet. CI ear field. Pa.,
BAKM.HAliDLKS, HKIDLK8, COLLARS,
and all kinda of
HOHSK rVRtilSUlNO GOODS.
A futt itock of Paddler Hardware, Bra-he
tmtia. UlanketN. Rohoa. ftp., alwaya oa band
and for aala at tie lowaat aaah prleoa. All kinda
of repairing promptly attended to.
i All kind i f hldca taken In eicharK f"r nr
nrM and repairlnf. AH kinda of barnc.t lt-atbar
kept oa nana, ana tor ante at s email pronr,
Clearfield, Jan. IH, 1H7I
Far eele al the Cleerleld RerraliriR otlee.
Tht moot Complete Htrltt or" liie
Than Blanka ere gllee ap re aoperior atto,
ere ef nnllorea alae, end luruianoa at ver lew
Igarea for eaah. .
Call at the Rairano t,rt aad eiaajis
them. Order b avail promptly Slled
liuuuuAHuaH a i.ar,
Jal He, l7t If.
WEST BRANCH .r
I'R.tTt A SHOCK BAN It, Ageatf.
(Reereaeon la Marra Oerdea.)
Tlie following Aral elaaa oovpaataa rapreeentait
North Britiah A Marrantlle Fire laa.
Co., ef Hngl.ad J,en,ttlO
fleelllih Oommeeelel Fire lae Co., ef
England - l..as..s
North Aa.rlea. of I'hilaitelphl 4,7"0."e
Fire Aaeoeiall"a,'tPlilla.lel.hlR l,ln,"
Wateetewa Fits, New evk, taaarva
farm proper aal... 7elSB
Mobile lire Deparaaieol laa. Ca . Ile.ain
Paraeaa la the eoealr wanting iaauranee, eaa
have II pretnpll Rtteeded to bj addree'lng ei la
fM m hp letter. Leveeet a Owe rate, la ra.
OaaraUoeae. . A1IDKKW I'LNll. Jr, .
upara u eaa. , g BROCriRANK,
Cleailela, tlaip I, ItTO-lp. i t ' Agaeaai
OMK TIM 12,
Rome time I think yn will be glad to know
That J bar kept yno arer in my heart,
And that iny 'ova haa only deeper grown
lo all lha time that w hare lured apart.
Horn day, when yoo hart allpprd away from
And id'v fnD to dreaming of the pet.
And iad.T think of nil .oa.' life, haa miaied,
Yon will rrniriober any true lura at kut.
Or It nay mine to paia nomt waarjr Bight,
After a day that baa hard to bear,
WbB yna ar waary, bartaisk aad forlorn.
And thart la nana to aom.'ort or to eare,
That yon will elwa ynar tlrnl aye to d-aaro
OI' tender kfea fa Mine aoft and I gM,
Of eitfaJ tnuohaa rmiHilbinir bwk ynnrhalr,
And awtwt wrda apokrn fur your baart'i dt
ligbt,. Ob ! Itirn TiiU nil) retnmlor and b xlad
Ttint I have hrpi you ever in my haart,
A I'd 1 bat your heart' trua boma will atlll b
'AMhotih we wnmltT lilrni and apart. "
- DA Y-LIGHT HASH ROBBER V.
TIIK VAULT BEMFVKt) Of SI 1,000 CASH
ANP ?2,750,70U 111 SECHR1TIKS.
New York, Oi tolicr 27. lietweon
nix unJ nitiu o'clock (hit morning, inut-k-...i
""V V -"""
Savmjpi Umik building, comop Broad-
nny uml Jiliwkur street, and alter
Imtiui ulniii; the luiiilur inudo lum, un
dir 111 nuts, reveal tlio coinliinulion ol
' to litem, lllld deliver Up the
keys of lliU butik. Tliey lifled ibu
Vlllu 0, ,t, oau tnublu lurwu UHiOUl.t ol
( , . , I it
moiiev, tin twenty tin boxen ure known
to linvo coiitnined bills, which were
found on tlie floor quite empty. The
! building is u nix story one, tiro bank ou
cuiyin the irionnd floor, with entran
ces on loili iirouilway und Uleeeker
Httei t Wendell Koblmun keepn a bar
ber tdtop in tbo baHement under the
thirty live minutes pastaix o'clock. lie
j . )' there win nolbing uiiuhuuI in tbo
I bnnk ut that time. At twenty minutes
punt nine o'clock bo wan alarllcd by
I the appcarunco of tbo janitor, Louis
i Wcrilc, white with fright and oxcite
! , .oiih I,,. i.H. I, ,.,!,..,
J ly and the key ol'tbe bunk clutched bo
it ..u nni.. i.Dir ,i...,ua
innn luuiu. iiu n nn uin, ii.ii u.vno-
cd uiid UKped
'thieves, robburn, como
The barber uccompuniud him into
tlm Iti.vtlr nml uuw t.hu dimm nl llm
tered with tin boxen, all emptied ol
their content', llurglara tools were
Hi uttcred in every direction. Tbo bar
ber noliiied the police, and .Superin
tendent U'ulliiiK, Inspector Dilko, Cap
tain Byrnes and Cuptain Keuly wore
aoon on tbo acent. The doom, wind
ows, and meunao! access liuui without
wero found ititacl, and il wan evident
no thieve hail entered by me.na of
keys. Dan Keely, iii'ht watchman,
suid be left bis pontalsix o'clock in the
morning and aroused tttu junilor, aa
u.'iiu I, iu mi.tjttn ntirl L.lt tha ImiLlinif
locking tho hall door alter him. He
left the corner nl u:10 a. m., anil then
everything was right and quiet.
A litbogtuhur who does buoiuess on
the upper floor says that al atz o'clock
ho urtived al the building, and found
tbo onlrunco open and wondered at the
carulcBsMicss ol tho walcbmun. lie
ittssed up stuirs and met nobody, and
icard no noise or disturbance. : The
Jamlor, Wertel, crtateoj an unluvorn
ble impressing on cmss exuiiiinulion.
.TBI JANIToa's ITATKHBNT.
tlo paid that about ten minute paat
six, while be wad dressing, seven mask
ed men suddenly rushed into bis room
and handcuffed himself and wife and
demanded lha keys ot the bank. His
mother-in-law, an old lady, who waa
present, at reamed, when tbe burglars
drew pistols and threatened Ins'.unt
death lo anyone who made a noise.
They then curried him Into the adjoin
ing room and forced bim to deliver up
tho key ot tbe street door. With these
lour of the party went downstairs,
leaving throe on puard in his room.
Three hours poMod, and Wertel beard a
clock elrilio nine, just when one ot tho
men from down stairs returned, and
alter a wbisjiered consultation tbey all
left. After he regained his ennrago,
ho went down to the barber shop, as
Wertel admitted to Superintendent
Walling that be had given the combi
nation unlocking tho door of tbe vault
to the robbers. Ho gave it under
threats nt instant death, bnt be failed
to state how bo got possession of the
combination. His wife corroborated
his story of the attack, but said thoro
ware only five men in the party.
Mr. Lent, a Droadway merchant,
passed the bank soon uflor seven
o'clock a. M. and saw a young man
dnsting the shelves and desks inside.
It is supposed this was one of tho
burglars endeavoring to make things
look ns natural ns possible. Officers
Van Norton and Tully .aid they look
ed through the bank windows between
six and soven o'clock and all was quiet.
The vault can be seen Irotn the street.
- HOW Till Bl'ROLARS OPERATED.
Insido tho main doors ol tho safe
vault, the burglars found an open
space with shelves upon which wcro
tin boxes filled with jewelry, silver
ware and vultiublu papers. Those they
emptied. They overlooked one box on
the buck shelf containing fifty thous
and dollars In valuuhles, the property
of Edward Hchell,' 1'icsidenl of tbo
bunk. 1 ho open space, mix feet, be
tween the main door of the vault and
tho doors of the innor sale gave the
tun giant ampe space to work in.
They pried open one compartment
containing eleven thousand dollars
in small , bills. They next, lorccd
tbo bottom drawer but got nothing
of value therefrom. Tho wedges were
found in the upper compartment
which tboy were trying lo lorce when
they wero evidently disturbed. A
dur.cn drills, a sledge hammer, three
ectionul jimmies anil other tools were
found scattered around. Tho offlcers
Of the hank admit that the janitor
possess the tomhinulion. It waagiv
en him months ago so that he could
takeout books and make ready for busi
ness.. The officers ol the bank are
Edward Scholl, I'rvaident and Treas
urer; C. F. Alvord, Secretary.
Il, CARD OF BANK OFFICER
The following is lha bank "(Beers'
statements: Tbe Manhattan Savings
Institution waa, on the morninr nl
.Sunday, the H7ih of October, 1878,
rnbhrJ of sororities ta the amount of
H57.700, of which 92 5OO 70O were
registured in the ramo of the instita
tion, and are not negotiable, and II OS,
000 are made parable to it and $73.-
000 ara in tnopoa bonds and tll.MX)
A rasev For the purpoM ot prevent
ing loasea lo deiwaitors it ie deeaaed
advisable that no payments be made
without sixty days nolioe, as provioea
by the laws of the inatttotton.
1 F.oWAaa Brrnitb, Prrejidont,
'Cha. P. Atvean, Beeretary.'!
New York, Oct 2T, 187H. - 1
110 USE DECORA T10N.
A REVIVAL OF 1NTERK8T IN THE SUBJECT
DANCIIU OF OVEHDOINO.
A most noteworthy rovival of inter
est In the internal decoration of real.
deuces especially country residences
has occurred within the lust mteen
years. To any ono who may have hud
occasion to visit some ol tho greut
house decorating establishments of
lloslon, New York, Cincinnati, and nt.
Louis, the sumptuousnese and princely
elegancy of theso furnishings seem
murvclous in tbo extreme. When a
modest man inquires as to tbo possibil
ity of indulging bis own tusto a little
in his unpretentious borne, his hopes
vanish instantly as tbo thousands ol
dollars are counted up in the purchase
of a few small articles of adornment.
and-bis ardor for art culture in tho
family circle experiences a most im
It is very evident to any careful stu
dent of present tendencies that there
is great dungcr that decoration will be
overdone. When wo are told that
sumo of the superb homes along the
Hudson, and many in the interior and
even on lhe Pacific Slope, havo absorb
ed from tl.iO.000 to fiOO.OOO in deco
ration and Ittrnisbings ulone, and that
a well known clergyman has spent the
summer months on an extensive lec
ture tour away from his church in
order to bo uble to finish the decora
tions of bis elegant villa among the
Highlands, wo may well stop to inquire
whether there bus not come a degen
orucy rather than an elevation and pu
rification of taste. Many seem to lor
get that excoss is unartistic. True art
leaves the mind in a condition of health
fill inrigorution. It is thut kind of in
vigoration which results from tho har
monious blending of a largo number ol
elemonts, any one of which, if in ex
cess, would interfere with tho accom
plishment ol an aristocrntio purposo.
It is this nice balancing of forces, this
poise, thisquiet confidence which comes
trom tbe consciousness ol Having mo
whole subject under thorough control,
which are tho necessary conditions of
success. A truly artiello work must
reveal to the beholder this condition
und mental stnto of tho artist. Tho
end of art is not to produce surprise or
create gaping wonder. This is an ig
noble aim, w hich may be attained by
the ignorant and vulgar. Right here
lies tho dunger of present ruge for in
terior decoration. It is liable to bo
pushed toun unwarruntuble excess, and
the result may bu mere glitter or an
nlTensivo tawdriness. Color has u most
important mission ; but this miss! n is
toooltcn ignored, or utterly misunder
stood. Like tho admiration of drugs,
well calculated to restore the suffering
to health and vigor, it used in proper
3uantiltes und under appropriate con
itions ol tbo system, color may be
madu to contribute to our highest
pleasure and a'lthetio delight ; but im
properly commingled and thoughtless
ly worked, tbo effects may be repulsive
to all genuinely cultivated people.
A notber too prevalent evil ol modern
interior decoration is that ot excessive
detail, or of overcrowding the wall sur
faces or the space to be used with such
a multitude of objects as will confuse
and obscure. Tbe designs which are
exhibited by decorators lie open loo ol
ten to this charge. That simplicity
and unity, which uro essential to best
artistic results, are too frequently sac
rificed, llignily and cbasteness ure
forgotten. The ceilings too frequently
lilur.o with color, or dazzle with gold.
No central, controlling, thought can bo
discovered in all this luxuriance ol dis
pluy. The eye tires, the mind wearies
in the attempt, to solve tho complica
ted enigma, or to trace the luhyrinibian
maze ot lines and figure. 1 bo walls
are covered with objects many of im
menso costliness without regard lo
theme or lesson. Furniture, porcelain,
bric-a-brac, representing a mint of
money are thrown together as In somo
old curiosity shop, or like cast off ma
terials, in a garret.
i'MEX S CA RA VAXSAR1ES.
HOTELS IN WHICH VRIIIAL PARTIES
SrKND THE HONEYMOON.
The praclico of nowly-wedded cou
plea going to a hotel immediately alter
the marriago ceremony has become so
common as to havo almost superseded
the old timo wedding tour. Nowadays
a publio marriage in nppcr New York
is not considered complete nntil tho
couple have been driven to tho nearest
fashionable hotel, and have passed at
least a woek within its walls. This is
especially truo of what are known as
evening weddings those held in some
notable churches, and followed by a
crowded reception in the bride's home.
After tho last congratulations nave
been exchanged, tho bride and bride
groom threud their way through tho
throng of black-attired men and bo-
flonnced and bejewelled ladies under
the arched way, which the thoughtful
master of the ceremonies has provided,
until they reach their coach. In bang
ing tho door the head usher takus care
to utter In a stage whisper, "Drive to
the Pennsylvania depot," or tho '-Grand
Central," as tho case may bo, and the
tbronv; return, imagining thut tbe
honej moon ts to he spent in Philadel
phia or Uoaton. Thecarriage has gone
hardly a block oetoro aown goes me
window, and the driver reins in bis
horses as be bears i
"Wboro did they tell you to go?"
"To th Pennsylvania depot, sorr."
'Pennsylvania depntl Pshaw I Drive
to the Buckingham."
And to the Buckingham tbey are
whirled accordingly. For years this
clover little deception has been prac
ticed by young bridal couples, without
any one except tbe proprietors and the
coachntan being in the secret. Ol lata,
however, tbe prance has Become so
popular and so widly known thai the
affectation of a wedding journey is on
ly kept up for the sake ol appearances.
"Philadelphia" and "Boston'' in the
vocabulary oi Hymen, have come to
mean "Windsor" and "Buckingham."
Tbe extent to which the "hotel bon
eymoon" has waxed and waned during
the past auwmnaxoaoda any i big over
before knowa. Every evening car
riages containing young men and ma
diens newly mated are driven to the
ladies' entrance of these two houses,
and th parlors and corridors ara filled
with the flash of glittering toilet and
the music of marry voice. One ol tbo
proprietors assured a reporter in strict
cAnlldcnce yesterday that they were
Talrly overran with wedding parties,
all desiring th richest and tb most
elaborately furnished apartments, with
out regard to previous engagements or
present needs. The bridal suite prop
er of the Buckingham, although limi
ted In number, ire elegantly and taste
fully fumisbed. Th floors are cov
ered with tb richest of Turkey car
pets ; the ceiling are frescoed, in the
most elaborate stylo, presenting beau
lllul contrast, ol (bade and color the
walls are literally covered with massive
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1878.
paintings and engravings, and the fur- mighty interests at stako and so itt
nilurc, in blue and gold, is arranged i tained to a meet climax. Tbo aeeond
with the tasto of an artist. .Marble of these explanations seems the more
matitlepieces are adorned with antique j rational, if not in its entirety nl leusl
bronco, alternately with clegunt what
nots loaded with a costly brie a bruc.
Polished mirrors reflect tho golden
lint of the walls, mingled with the
richer sunlight stealing through tho
partly-closed windows. 1 he subdued
hum of traffic in tlie street ulone breaks
"It almost tempts ono to get marri
cd, ch?" tho host remarks, with a
smile. Then ho adds, in a quiet, mat
ter of-fact way : "This suite was vaca
ted only yosterduy by a young couple
from Madison avenue. A wedding
party from Bro,,-(l)l" 'lftV0 cngngod
them by telegraph, Cud will bo hero
Passing from tho (tawing room to a
dainty boudoir, in which everything
thut the most exacting tasto could de
mand is supplied in ubundunco, tlie
door of the bedroom is opened. Tho
beudsteud e.xqnisiiely carved in natur
al wood, with high arched back mid
low footboards in gruceful mouldings,
stands in tho centre of the floor. The
marble topped luvutoties, tho bulb, the
puiiitings and pictures, anil the heavy
cut-gluss chandelier are characterized
by the tame degree of elegittico and re
fiiiemoul. This is only ono of a number of
suites. Thereureutherswbtcb 1 might
show you were they not occupied."
Concerning tho halms of their new
ly wedded guests, lhe hotel proprietors
say very littlo. Bushf'ul couples order
their tneuls in their rooms; others
boldly face the levelled stares of the
full dining room When there are from
bull o dozen to a dozen couples in the
house at the suine time they become
emboldened, und act as unconcernedly
as the guests of tnaturcr years. Where
the couple are young and handsome
they receive nioro or less attention,
widows and widowers newly matched
bcingleftulmostentirely to thetnsluves.
When a hno old gentleman of it) years
appears, as is now frequently the case
with a blooming yoiin.f wile io or DU
years his junior, there is quiet umuse
ment all around. In the Windsor,
where thcro aro not only wedding
couples but weddings also, this sight is
"And their appetites 7 Uo tbey cat
"Well, not as a rule ; at least some
of tho brides don't. They havo a no
lion it isn't delicato at thut interesting
season to show too much partiulity for
tho tunic, lv e known them, however,
to order hearty lunches in their room
after quitting tho dieuing room with
out tuking enough fur a canary bird
The buBbunds generally have good up
petites und don't seem lo mind it."
"Do they go out much- to church,
tbeutre, and that sort ot thing r
"iilcsR you, no. 1 don't think one
couple in six go out of the huuso, ex
ccjil for a drive in the Park or some
thing of thut kind, while they're here.
They're terribly devoted toeuch other,
especially tho younger ones To Bee
them wrup each other in shawls and
overcoats and all thut, saying nil tho
time, 'Aro you quite warm, lovo 7' 'Are
you sure you're wrapped up darling ?'
Its enough to muku a man teel suit
himself, you know. Tho'ro romantic
enough while il lusts. Everybody liKos
them and sympathizes with them. tr
Iren the tean come into an M knchelor't
rye Koking at than "
"And bow long does it last?"
'Well, it's different with different
persons. Some go away after u week,
and somo sluy six. They usually take
a run down to Philadelphia or Wash
ington or .INiagara, and let tho old folks
think they've been at those places ull
tho time." A'. 1'. S'un.
JlEOPEXIXa T11K EASTS RX
During tho past decode or so, and
notuhly during tho period covered by
the actual currying on of tho lalo wur,
Russian diplomacy bus been unrivaled
in brilliancy and success. Tho mas
terly manner in which Prince Gort
schukoff led not only Turkey but all
Europe from point to point until Tur
key became the aggressor and Europe
was rendered handfust, savo to givo
her tacit approval to tho invasion of
Turkish territory, nevor bus been sur
passed by any other dipluinulio tri
umph. Scarcely less impressive was
the result obtained by tho union of
diplomacy and arm when tho Treaty
of San Stefuno was negotiated ; and a
marvel ot ability was tho maimer in
which Englnnd was held in suspense
while this sumo treaty was in course
of formulation in what all Europe
was held in suspenso, whilst Russia
tnved and dallied Willi the nrnnnsitifin
that tho gruvo issues unloosed by the
wur should bo settled definitely by a
Congress of tho Powers. Delay at
this timo was ol inestimable value lo
Russia. She. needed breathing timo
hctoro going Into another war; a month
or two was absolutely indispensable
to ber; she would be ull the belter lor
six months or a year, liy various pre
texts sho gained the shorter period lie
tore assenting lo the proposed Con
gress al licrlin; and it by any mis
chance that institution had come to an
untimely end and a conflict with Eng.
land buil been precipitated, she would
luivo been in a po-ition to tuku tbo
field not, il is truo, to the best pur
pose, but In stitncientiy good lorin to
render tho issuo of the campaign al
leust an open question. I'p to almost
the end ot the sittings ol lliu Congress
the same skillful diplomacy was muni
feet. Then, ol a sudden, it wholly dis
li I peared. Tho Russian envoys relin
quished ono after another not only
their somewhat pretentious claims, nut
also the substantial rewards which had
been won by their army in tho field.
And while surrendering tho good
things which wcro their own, llicy
wero Instant in agreeing lo shower
good things upon the people. Servia,
Roumania and Montenegro were rais
ed from a state of vassalage lo abso
lute independence; Bulgaria was made
independent practically; Austria wus
tendered almost a freehold Interest in
Bosnia, ant' even the Cyprian scheme
of England -while wholly outside of
tho Treaty of Berlin was not, when
published, urged a a cause for refus
ing to live up to their promises by the
Russian representatives at the Con
gress.. It was generally conceded in
advance that Prince Gortschakotf wenrlrBy ,Breasm, bitterness and pride.
to Berlin lo shear. The opinion of tho
World, falling in tbe wake ot tbe
opinion ol r.ngiisu Uunservatives,
lives, seems to be that he went homo
shorn ; that Russian diplomacy, so
long successful, suddenly and for no
apparent reason was a failure.
Russia's wholly strange conduct at
Merlin may be explained in two ways:
on the ground that her acknowledged
skill in diplomacy really did desert ber,
and for no good reason, at one of the
most cnticul moment in her history ;
or on the ground that ber diplomacy
on that occasion was inspired by the
esseiuiully, and in the light of aubso-
quetit developments the busty compre
hension of tho situation from the op
timistic standpoint of tho British Tory
may he regarded as altogether unwor
thy of further consideration.
As was broadly hinted by Sir Staf
ford Northcotu in bis speech delivered
recently at Wolverhampton, there
seems lo bo no reason tor doubling
thut liussiu is onguged at the present
timo in an attempt to reopen lhe East
ern Question in both its phases: the
question propor, by encouraging tho
Afghans to wur ugrinst England ; the
European phase, by stimulating the
leud between the Bosnians and the
Austrian, and also by striving on bur
own part either to frighten Turkey
into an alliance or to drug Tui key into
another war. Tbo obvious deduction
from these, apparent, premises is, thut
Russia in submitting the Treaty of San
Stefuno lo revision oy tho liurlin Con
gress sought only to gain timo for rest
and recuperation to the end thut she
might be better prepared to make good
ber claim by the arbitration of the
Bword. in this view of the case ber
action ut Berlin ceases to bo mysteri
ous und the results as developed up to
tbe present timo indicate that the ap
parent luiluro in ber diplomacy in the
Congress in no wise is to bo attributed
to tuiling skill. Her position lo day is
a hundred fold stronger than it was
when lhe Treaty id' Sun Stefuno was
signed. Then, had England declared
war against her, Austria was surely to
bo counted upon as England's ally;
now, Austria is herself embroiled in a
wur with Turkey, and scarcely can be
expected to wheel her column and
tight tbo battle of her present foes.
And if Austria should muke so com
plete a revolution Jiussiu can count
upon tho Bosnians, backed by tho Mon
tenegrins, perhaps also by tho Ser
vians, and anlcd by a Hussian contin
gent to hold Austria well in bund.
I his is Russia s great gain ; a gain that
goes lur toward justifying high hopes
in regurd to the issue of tbo coming
war. 1 bo demonstration toward In
dia by way ol Afghanistan is not less
directly a result of Ibo delay caused
by the Berlin Congress than is the
Aiislro-Tiirkish complication; and it
is oven more ominous to English inter
ests in the fur East, it is a direct
threat that tho true Eastern Question,
supremacy in Central Asia, is about to
bo raised. In tbe matter ol position,
tho delay has had no harmful effect
whatever upon Russia's lorlunes. A
great show of moving tbe troops home
ward has been kept up, but no really
important position, either in Europe
or in Asia, has been abundoncd. Fur.
ther. lhe delay has given the soldiers
needed root ; has given time for fresh
provision of material ot war, and even
tor the negotiation at a ruinous rale
of interest, it is true of another loan.
With such results as these before us,
coupled with tho facts which are pub.
lishod ibis morning, under London and
Constantinople dates, relative to the
strength and to the movements of the
Russian army in Turkey facts utter
ed officially and transmitted through
trustworthy channels it is difficult to
beliove that Russia really was van
quished in tho Congress; more diffi
cult to believe that Russia will suffer
the Eastern Question lo remain for
any long time in the shape given il al
CllltOXOLOQY OF TOBACCO.
18nG Romantis Pane, a Spanish
monk, whom Columbus, on his second
voyage, left in America, published tho
first account of tobacco under the numo
1535 Tho negroes on the planta
lions in the West Indies began to uso it.
105!) Jean Aicnt, envoy trom
Franco to Portugal, sent somo of the
seeds to I nns, and trom him it acquir
ed tho namo of Nicotiuna. When it
was first used in France it was called
"Ilerbo dn Grande I'riour," ot tbo
bouse of Loruino, who waa very fond
of it. D was called "llerbe do St.
Croix," from Curdinul St. Croix; who
first introduced it into Italy.
1570 At this dale in Holland to
bacco wus smoked in conical tubes,
inado of palm leaves plaited together.
1575 First appeured a print of lhe
plant in Andre Tbovcl's Cosmograpbic.
1585 The English first saw the In
dians of Virginia use clay pipes, from
which timo they began to be used in
1(104 James tho First ol England
sought toulxdish tho use of tobacco by
very heavy imposts upon it.
Id 10 'I lie smoking of tobacco was
indulged in at Constantinople. To
render tho custom ridiculous, a Turk,
dutected thus using tho plant, was led
through the streets with a pipe thrust
through his nose.
1615 Tho cultivation of tobacco
was begun in Holland.'
161!) James the First ordered that
no planter cultivate more than ono
1020 Smoking introduced into Ger
many. 1(!31 First introduced Into Austria
by Swedish troops.
1 11:! I The uso ot tobacco forbidden
in Russia tinder a penalty of having
the iiosucut off.
1053 First used in Switzerland,
where the magistrates at first punish
ed those found smoking; but tho cus
tom soon became too genoral to he sup
pressed. 1090 Pope Innocct XII excommu
nicated all who should lake snuff or
use tobacco while at church.
1721 Popo Bcnodict revoked the
above Bull, us bo himself used tobacco
Im'i.uxnce or A Smile. A beauti
ful smile is to the female countenance
what the sunbeam is lo tho lundscapo;
it embellishes an inferior face, and re
deems an ugly one A amilo, however,
should not liocome habitual, or insipid
ity is tbe result ; nor should the mouth
break into a sbile one side, the other
remaining passive and unmoved, for
this imparls an air of deceit and gro
tesqiionessot the fuco. A disagreeable
smile distort the hneol beauty and is
mure repulsive than a Irown. 1 here
aro many kinds of smile, each having
a distinct character. Home announce
goodnea and sweetness; others bo-
Nome sollen tho countenance by their
languishing tenderness, and others
brighten by their vivacity. Gaslng
and boring nefbro a mirror cannot aid
in acquiring beautiful smiles ball so
well as lo turn the gx inward ; to
watch tho heart thai keeps unsullied
trom the reflection of evil, and is illu
minated and beautified by all sweet
It is eslimated that Iowa produce
this year forty fivo million bushels of
wheat, a bushel mr every man, woman
and child in th United States.
CLOSE OF A WOXDKRFUL
A CRIME OF HALF A CENTt'RY RECALLED
BY A DEATH IN AN ALMS llOCSt.
A Bnltimoro telegram of the 22 ult.,
says: The death ol Juno Cunning,
hum, a pauper patient nt Hay view any.
lum, ut tbo ago of 73 yours, ends a
somewhat remarkable curcer, and re
calls a startling tragedy ol fifty yours
ugo, in which she figured prominently
as "Tho woman in the case." Sheriff
Swoaringer ol Washington county, a
young man of wealth and high sociul
position, had just luken lo his residence
a beautiful brido, when ho mot by ac
cident Miss Cunninghum, then acharm
ing and accomplished girl of nineteen.
It was a caso of mutual love at first
sight. A criminal intimacy followed,
knowledge bf which finally came to
the cars of the young brido. Shortly
alter this, Swearingor, wbilo horseback
riding with bis wild, asked permission
to leave ber for a few minutes. She
refused to grunt tho piivilogo, and af
ter upbraiding bim for bis intimacy with
Miss Cunningham, threatened lo fob
low bim it be loll her sido. Finding
ber in earnest, and anxious to five
himself from the ulliance, ho burled her
from her horse und sho fell to the
ground a corpse. The killing occurred
in Allegheny county. - lie threw the
body among some rocks and mutilated
the horse, to convey lhe impression
that tho animal had fallen and killed
its rider. This theory was accepted
and tho murdered woman was buried
trom her husbands homo, be appearing
in the role of chief mourner. Suspi
cion wus subsequently excited, and
threats ot an ofllciai investigation
Sromptcd tho murderer to fly from the
tato, taking bis paramour with him.
Ho was pursued, arrested in .Now Or
leans, returned to Allegheny county,
convicted of tho crime purely on cir
cumstuncial evidence, and hanged ut
Cumboilund. On the scaffold he con.
fessed his crime. Miss Cunninghum
lived the life of a prostitute in tbe
Sou ih for many years until her beauty
laued, and nearly a quarter ot a cen
tury ago sho cuine lo Baltimore, and
becoming insane, went to an asylum
and recovered. Being without friends
nr means, she thon entered tho city
alms houso, and for many years bus
bcon a devout and professing Christian.
She was connected with somo of the
leading families of Western Maryland,
and wasa woman of education, culture,
brilliancy and beauty.
The airs and graces of habit, the u1
fectalions put on for vunity, are as
many as there are lines in humun ges
ture, expression in humun laces and
words and accents to correspond, says
an English writer. The gliding walk
to suggest tbe movement ol a swan,
with the long throat curved and the
neck and head bent ; the brisk half
jump, hull-run, to indicate the heart
free from caro, the innocent miiixte. of
a young person to whom skipping
ropes are still matters of late remeni
brancc; the slow and stately move
ment ot one who desirua to express
moral mujesty and womanly dignity ;
tbe overwhelming courtesy of another
who affects deportment, as if it were
his or her right by birth and breeding
to be tho exemplar of manners to a
comparatively rustic audience; tho
aii and grace of sultra-retinement and
those of unconquerable cheerfulness;
those of poetic melancholy and those
of noble enthus'asm; the "devotion"
to a great cause possessed by some
feather beaded little worldling whoso
thoughts never soared beyond herself
and her pleasure; the air of matron
hood in a young wife who adopts
young men slightly older than herself
as her sons, and that of juvenility in
an old girl who. at thirty-nine, chooses
for her bosom triend the young debu
tante of eighteen; how well wo know
them all I signs of mental emptiness
as they aro symbols of a vanity
which can nover bo satisfied, but is al
ways seeking for more than it can get
by the ways ot truth and nature. Airs
of deep thought, of extensive reading,
of pure tasto in art, ol knowledge of
science theso also meet us at every
turn, to deceive us by thoir affected
graces when we aro young, and before
wo aro able to judgo the tuiso irom the
true. In time to como by our own
lino and plummet, which wo learn to
use ; when we find out that what
passed for depth is shallowness, and
what looked like an extended arena is
only a narrow enclosure, and lint tbo
airs and graces of intellect were as
talse as thoso of tbe universal sympa
thizer or the stoio who could laugh at
pain and exorcise sorrow,
A BRA VE WOMAN'S FIGHT.
Tho Chicago Timet says : Tho gang
of cowardly thieves that has been
driven Irom the beart ol'tbe city have
evidently made up their minds to ling
er In sight ot the places where tbey
so long held carnival. At 6 o'clock in
tho ul ternoon of the 21st till., two mot.
entered the residence of Wm. Marshall,
at tbe Southwest corner of Bloom and
Thirty-Qfib streets, near tbe limits.
1 be rear door was open, and tbey had
easy access. Jhey went up stairs to
tho apartment occupied by .Mrs. Alar
shall and her child. They demanded
the money which they suid sho had,
and upon her denying any knowledge
of its w hereabouts, the thugs took her
by the hail, threw her against the wall
and choked her. They then presented
a revolver to her face, but she possessed
the Spurtan spirit and defied them to
do iheir murderous work. Then one
ot tho outlaws, defied by a woman's
dauntless courage, picked up hor child
by one ot its limbs, and, with an ex
pression that waa enough to Ireete thu
blood of a tiger, threatened to disem
bowel it if she did not tell them whore
she hud bur treasures. They were too
cowardly lo carry this threat Into exe
cution, as the mother still defied them
1 hey lore open tho bed ticking and
dragged tho carpet from tho floor.
Underneath this they found lUOtl in
bills of various denominations. Not
satisfied with this work, they packed
up all thu valuable clothing in tno
huuso and carried It away. They
dropped theso, however, In their flight.
t hese Drulos went into the bouse dis
guised, having their countenances cov
ered wilh masks. This bold and das
tardly act is worthy of the frontier
banditti. In fact itsurpasses In cruelty
somo oi the riders of th Western
wilds, who, notwithstanding they are
member of the black Bug order, sel
dom throttle the throats ol women and
children. H has been reserved for
Chicago lo produce two of tbo most
hearties and devilish creature in tbe
ranks of the burglarious Iralemity. A
Vigilance Commute may b necessary
it suuh deed becotn general.
Chicken pio festival are the latest
invention of tbe Wisconsin churcho
for making money for th cans.
TEEMS $2 por annan in Advance.
NEW SERIES-VOL. 19, NO. 41
RY M. L. McQUOWN.
DISTRICT INsTITl'TK PROCKEPINltS.
Bloominqton, Pa., Nov. 2d, '78.
Tho teachers of the ninth district
met, in accordance wilh tho Superin
tendent' cull, at Blonmington, on the
20th tilt., and organized by electing J.
R. Wilson President, and Jumes E.
RoruhaUL'li Secretary. An Executive
Committee prepared and announced a
programmo lor next mcctine:, and the
President appointed Wm. Owens, Miss
alary Long, (htmselt altcrwards sub
stituted) a Committee to drult a con
stitution. Tbo Institute then adjourn
ed to meet al sumo place November
2d. Met in duo form with the follow
ing teachers present: J. U. Wilson, A.
D; Whiji, Wm. Owens, H. J. Miller,
Jus. liorubaugh and Miss Mary Long.
The Constitution was presented and
adopted. A complete and interesting
programmo wus taken up and dispos
ed of. It was agreed to bold an eve
ning session, which consisted of select
readings, orations and discussions.
Tbo teachers present manifested a deep
interest and the citizens turned out
and showed by their presence that
they too wero interested in tho teach
ers work. Tbo next meeting will be
an evening Institute, held nt Chestnut
Ridge school-house, Suturduy ovening,
November 23d, at 7 o'clock,'?. M. Wo
bopo then lo meet all tho teachers of
thu district. Remember, "United we
stand, divided wo fall." Tho follow,
ing is tho programme for next meet
ing: (For wnn of space a part of the
programmo is omitted. Eu.)
Methods of teaching grammar, V.
V. Spencer; Should pupils bo detain-
ed alter school lo prepare neglected
lessons t h. J. Jlillcr.
1 ho question
Remlinl. That tho parent has a grcutcr : to his car, and, wilh a startled expres
:fl .,' .., : i -i" ...I - .-.!..- j
influence over tbo child thun tho
teacher, will be debated on tho aflirm-
alivo by J. R. Wilson ond W. P. Me-
.Naul, and on tho negative by Robert
McNaul and David Way. A. D. Wirtz
will report on tl.o question, Manners
ond culture ol tbe school room. Essays j
win no read by Misses Jcni.ie liloom j
and Mary Myrter: select rcodiiiu- by
.1. it. wuson and Alary .bong ; oration j
by J. E. Roralmngh.
Jas. E. Rorahaiuii, See'y.
The above wo publish to givo our
teachers an idea of tho work required
at one of theso Institutes, and wo think
the teachers of tho ninth district have
set a verv irnnd unmnln in ,min In
work wilh such Ecu!. Reports receiv- j"Tcr llu' track 01 the Kentucky Trotting
cd show thul orguiiizntions wero cf-1 1Iur"8 Breeder's association in the al
fected in a number of districts. Tho ! together unprecedented and unexpect-
teachers of the third district met at
Oscola and elected D. E. liotlorf Pres
idetit, F- S. Womor, Secretary. They
will meet at Osceola on tho Kith inst.,
when all the teachers of Ibo district
aro expected to attend. Tbe teachers
of tho seventh district met at Shaws
ville. A. A. Murray was made Prosi.
dent, John Mead Vice President, and
E. H. Morrow Secrelury. A pro-
gratnmo was made out and a mooting
called for Congiess Hill on .Saturday,
November 10th. The teachers ot the
first district organized al Glen Hope,
and held a second meeting at Janes-
ville on the 9th inst. Everything looks
lavorabio tor good Institute work
throughout tbo county. We hope to
near gooa reports irom every section
To know how to spell is chiefly val-
uablu fur the purposo of writing. It is
of little worth as a means of teaching
reading. Vt ben taught entirely trom
spelling, reading becomes a mere
mouthing of words. Spelling should
be learned through reading, not read
ing through spilling. Tbo first les
sons in spelling should be given while
tho children are learning lo read fundi
iur words printed on tho bluckboard
and taught by sight instead of hear
ing. The pupils should be taught to
spell by printing words on their Blulo
und the blackboard, at first copying
from books, subsequently each pupil
printing without books what is ro
membercd of oral lesson. So soon as
they can write, let spelling be taught
by writing lesson on alato. By this
niodo ot spelling each pupil spells nil
the words in each lesson. However,
oral spelling may bo employed as a
valuablo means of procuring distinct
The plan of requiring pupils to pro
nounce ouch syllublo separately while
spelling, is a custom, which, though il
clings with tcnucity to tho present,
should belong to Ibo "days ot yoro."
To theso days ol bluebarkt und hickories
of tmehihj by the payenl hearing
recitations ie. which have all long
since been erased from the truo teach
And how we did spell in those day.
Teacher (hearing spelling lesson)
Pupil "1-nin c-o-m-com-incom
p-r e-pro incompro h o-n hen incom
prchen s i si incomprehensi b i-l bil
tncomprehonsibil i - i inconiprehensi
bilt t y-ty-incom prohensi bili t j I"
Screaming it nut like a street Arab.
Teacher "Perplexity I"
Pupil "P-evr-por p I o x-plcx-per-plex
i i perplexi t y ly-perplexity I"
The incomprtheneibilitu of such ixr
ptexity is truly ot I lent. This .corns to
be a sort ol "House-that Jut k buill
stylo, which may serve as one occa
sional amusement for children ; yet to
continue such rcpiitlinus daily, as a
part of the process of spelling, is a
needless perplexity to pupils and a
frrcat binderance tn their progress in
earning to spell Requiring tho pu
pils to pronounce and re pronounce
ouch and all the syllable ol a word, is
a loss ot time, and retards rather than
aids in learning to spelP Tho follow
ing method 1 havo thoroughly tostcd
and have found it to be quite satisfac
tory for oral spelling: A word pro
nounced by the teacher is repeated dis
liclly by lhe pupil, then spelled, spcuk
ing each letter plainly, and making a
pause between each syllable, then fin
ished by pronouncing the whole word,
Toachor "Circumnavigation I"
Pupil "Cir-cuin-nav i ga-lion ; c-i r
c-n m n a v- I g a 1 1 o-n, cir
('are should be taken to secure tbo
pauso between tho syllables, and the
speaking nl each letter distinctly.
November 1st, '78. J, F. S.
Tho schools of America lack many
things ; what they seem most particu
larly to avoid teaching is the correct
use of lhe English language; and as
tho consequence, not one man in ono
hundred Can write a pago of copy that
is fit lo go to the printer without n
Kidney Smith oncerebnked a swear
ing visitor by saying, "Lot us assumo
that everything and everybody are
damned, and proceed with our subject."
A book Ii a letter to the Unknown
friends one has in th world.
THE NEW TROTTING WONDER
' .i " ' f
details of that UNi'iiEctiiENfEO pi:r.
The IrntLiiii Ri'itann ,,l IftThV which
I t. ro,,l,il .i-. ; -t u
m.mi . A XVrf"..., 1,1 " v im-w, ohm. ww.
the moat brilliant In lliu annaiVt tj- -American
turl. We presume, from tbe
marvellous improvement that is tnado
in the trotting stock of the country
from year to year, that the same as
sertion will he made next full of the
season ot 187!), bill so fur as litis year
is concerned thcro can bo no manner
Thousands of men without oven a
tinge ol gruy in their locks can remem
ber when "2:40 on the shell road" was
regarded Bv alnvM.. Uidiia; spcod,
and can recall lhe successive shocks ol
amazement they experienced when
Flora Temple first beat '20, when Dex
ter trotted in 2 17!, and whon both
Goldsmith Maid and American Girl
i rolled up to Flora's time whenever
tl.ey pleased. Lust year waa a pretty
fair year itself lor trotters, and some of
lhe fastest ol them muteriully reduced
their records, until Flora Temple'
2:191 wus simply an ancient landmark,
heltl tn but little mc.ro reputo than the
still mora ancient shell road record.
Goldsmith Maid, the queen of the
trotting turf, trotted in the almost In
credible time of 2:1-1, and the oldest
hands ut tbo ribbons throw up their
arms and exclaimed, "That suites it I
No horse will ever beat that lime !"
And yet ulong comes the Imperial Ru
ms this year and nonchalantly trots in
2:131 and 2:131, wilb overy sign of
ability to go still faster. And Edwin
Forrest Gets down U) half a mile in 1:04,
and a full mile in 2:14 1'; along como
Hopeful with his 2:1-1 j, and Edward
und Croxio, and Lucille and Protoine,
und several others gracefully descend
into tbo "iree -tor-all cluss, which al
ways means a good deal better thau '20
when tbey go lor "blood." -
J he performances ol the young trot
ters wero rcmurkublo lust year, but
they bare been still moro so this sea
son. As a two ycur old lust year So
So trotted a mile in 2 31), which, it
was thought, like Goldsmith Maid's
11, would nuver be beat on. Un bis
way to Lexington, to Slloud tho recent
trotting meeting there, an experienced
New York turfman, Mr. J. D. Walton,
said to a reportor for the CommcTCi'd.' :
It s bard to believe that a two year
old over trotted that fast, but it's a rec
ord, and must ba uccoplcd. I'd like to
bet something pretty, however, that
the like is not done again in tho next
five years." An hour Inter, at tho
finish of a beat, he put his timing watch
sinn, compared it with that of a friend.
Tho timepieces agreed, and recorded
that M omcnto, Col. R. S. Stradcr's beau
tiful two year old filly, had troltod a
in i hi in 2:30.
Mr Wulton, astonished by tho per-
formanco, thought that his walcb must
havo stopped. It would requiro more
space than wo have to spare to enum-
eruio an tno oninant things thai nave
been done by trotters, old and young,
this year ; but an event occurred ut
Lexington yesterday which calls for
more than a passing tiolico. That
event wus that Muud S-, lhe magnifi-
nt four ycur old filly of Cupt. boo.
N. StotlO, of this city, trotted a milo
t-a Alm0 01 i1'1-
Muud S. was known to bo extreme
ly fast, and ber owner bus not for some
timo doubted her ability to beat '20,
but bo was by no means sanguino of
her trotting in any such timo as she
madu yesterday. The filly has been at
Lexington somo three weoks, and in
consequence of lhe bad weather that
has spoiled all of those weeks for turf
exercise was vory "short of work."
Early in ibe week .be waa given a
"go" in the face of a strong, piercing
wind, that drovo all but tbe most ro
bust men from the track, and trotted
a mile in 2:22, a repetition of her per
formance several Sundays ago at Ches
Captain Stono was for bringing ber
home alter that performance ; but Mr.
W, W. Blair, ber zealous and enthusi
astic trainer, pleaded hard for a few
days moro in the Blue Glass region,
expressing Iho utmost confidence in his
ability to frighlen the pooplo of Ken
tucky wilh the mare if he could strike
a "good day and a good track."
The captain reluctantly consented to
bis remaining the rest ot tbe week,
and yesterday being the last day of
giucu, another "go" waa given tho
mare. The conditions were not the
best possible for a trial of spoed, there
being considerable wind, and the track
being somo what "cuppy." Still it was
decided to let Maud show what she
could do. There were probably a hun
dred men on the track, many of whom
held watches on the mare. The gen
tlemen who specially "held on her in
tho judgos stand, were Gen. James F,
Robinson, Dr. L. llcrr.Col. R.S. Strad
or and Col. Ferguson.
The trial took place at half past
eleven o'clock in tbe morning, and af
ter jogging tbe mare around the course
two miles, Buir nodded to the timers to
let them go, and away they went in
eurncst. Without a skip or false move
ment of any kind, but going at her
work like an old horse, tbe wonderlul
filly wont to the quarter pole in 331
seconds, to the hall mile pole in 1 min
ute and 6 seconds, to the three quarter
polo iu 1 minute and 41 seconds, and
finished the milo in 2:17.
The timers in tho judges' stand, us
well as tho other spectators, could
hardly believe their watches, but there
thry stood, and among the four gentle
men named above there was not the
variation of a fraction of a second.
The 2:171 is, of course, not a record,
not having been made in a race or trial
for a consideration, but it beat all the
four year old private trials ever made,
the uext being that of the stallion Gov
ernor Spraguo, 2:21).
Maud a. is a beautiful golden chest
nut filly, without white, fifteen hands
threo inches high, by Harold, out oi
Miss Russell, by Pilot, jr. She bs a
graceful, easy, yet determined way of
noinif, and it sbe trots in z.li i at lour
years old, tho Lord only knowa how
lust sho will go in the time to come.
A Ladt'i Name of no Consequence.
A correspondent of the Albany Jour
nal relatoa the following incident of
one of Henry Clay's visits to that State:
"Mr. Clay went to Kindcrhook to visit
Mr. Van Buren. Tbo town was filled
with people from the surrounding coun
try, and at a reception thoy were pre
sented to Mr. Clay by Mr. Van Sebaick,
a promtnont lawyer of tbo county.
Among Ihnso who came to be intro
duced to Mr. Clay was a very beauti
ful young lady. Il happened that just
at tho moment ol presentation her
nsmo awkwardly slipped from Mr. Van
Scbaick's memory. His hesitation
naturally embarrassed the lady. Mr.
Clay, perceiving this, came instantly
to her rescue by saying, in his chival
rous way : 'Ob, the name is of no sort
of consequence, for judging by tho
young lady's look she will very soon
ciiajige il.' "
It i ascertained that at least ono
hundred sailors and passengers lost
their lives by the recent storm on tbe
sea board. A number ot valuable ves
sels were wrecked and lost. . ,
The number of visitor to the bat-lle-fleld
of Gettysburg waa larger tbe
past pummel than at any similar Ma
son since tho war.
Said a canny Scotch trader onro :
"Honesty i the boat policy ; an' v
may take my wore ta to mailer, tor
I ba' tried baith." . . .. ,