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" CLEARFIELD REPUBLICAN,'
OOODUNDEK & LEE,
Tan largest l'lmieiaa afaujf R.arapapar
I North C.iitml Pauaajivaala.
Termi of Sabsoription.
If Vvdi9. or within months,... v (Ml
If paid after and Mnn montha. ....... id
If pntd after the elpiratloa of a mostha... 3 INI
Bates ol Advertising,
Tranfl.nt adverUeementa. per equareof 10 llanu
!, I tlmM or leu
praeh .nbeequeol lueertlon... ........... 00
Almlnlftmtore'eud Kiwutora' uotloee. I
Audllora' notice -
Ceutlona and Bftrayf s
Profooetonel Cerdt, a lluee or leff.l 0 00
Local nolleea. por lino
1 equnr. t 00 I c aolnmn. $60 00
t oquaroew.,...H..16 00 I a oolumn........... TO 00
sequaree... ..M 00 I 1 eolumn 110 00
ft. B QOODLANDER,
NOEL D. I. KB.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
, CLEARFIELD, PA.
Office In Court llou.t. ip la.TT-ly
H. W. SMITH,
ATTORN EY-AT -LAW,
Hrl-TJ riaartfald. Pa.
. rj" j , l n G L E ,
1:11 Phlilp-burg, Ccalre Co., Pa. v:pd
Al'TOKN KY AT LAW,
rloe la tho Court Homo (Jyl l.'(7
W. C. ARNOLD,
LAW & COLLECTION OFFICE,
020 Clearfield Couaur, Penn'a. TO;
' WALTER BARRETT,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
jUJ-OITio. lo Old Weetern Hutol building,
oi.ru. r ol sound and Market slf. InovJI.S.
g Y. WILSON,
Attoknky at law,
Oftloe oae door met of WeHera Hotel building,
opporite I'oart Hou.0.
ee,t.5,'77. CLEARFIELD, PA.
Will attend to ell hueineef minuted to hint
u!iuIIt and faithful!;. jaol'T
WILLIAM A. WALLAd
BAtiBV r. WALL At' Be
DAVID L. HIM.
JOHN W. W MS LBV.
WALLACE &. KREBS,
(dawiKti to Wallace A holding,)
J am 17 7 Clearfield, Ha.
MURRAY & GORDON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
JOSr-OBoe la Pi.'e Opera llouea, aeeond ioor.
CHARLES 0. LEIDY,
AT TOR N EY-AT- La W,
Oterola Mill., CloarOeld Co . Pa.
Legal buflineef-of all kiod. attended to. Par
tleular attention ad to tbe ptueuring uf bouollM,
N. l. 1477 If.
ronira a. u uiallt.
baa i ml w. a'culinr.
McENALLY & McCUBDY,
9PfeLl baaioitfi sttnled tu pronptly withj
AiUiiiy. utfioa oa tfoeoad itroH, boTi tbg Fim
Nttiuool b&Dk. Jd;1:74
wa. V. aecrtLoroa,
para, o u area.
JUilLUllGlI & BICK.
All legal buriDM prompt); l tea tied to. Otto
oa Bt-cooJ itrMt, io tbo UMueifl buildiag.
G. R. BARRETT,
Attohnit and CounhKlor at Law.
Having refigntM. bl Jali;hip, bi returned
th praeti) of tbe Uw In bii old offlrr t Clesr
IHd, Pa. Will attend theeourti of JeffeTwa and
Klk oaaatlai wbea fpeciallj reuloed io connection
with reeldent eoumel. an TT7
A. G. KRAMER,
Real EiUte and Collection Agrnt,
( I LARh-lr l l). IA..
Will promptly attend to all legal builaeii en
Irallnl In hla Am pat
dr-ODIee ia Ple'a Opera lloaae,
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
lud Real Batata Agent, Clearfield. Pa.
Ollloe oa Third atreet, eel.Cherrj A Walnal,
ffeT-Reapeotfally offera bla aarriaae la felling
and buying laade la Olearlold and adjelaiag
aonatlea l aad wltb an aiparieaee at orer twenty
y.era aa a aarvayor, dattera kimfelf tkat ha eaa
reader aatlafaelioa. Feb H;'3;lf.
' DR. W. A. MEANS,
PHYSICIAN 4 SURGEON,
Will attend profefflonal oalla promptly, auglo'70
DR. T. J. BOYER,
PHYSICIAN AND SURUKUN.
Ollloe oa Market gtreet, Clearlald. Pa.
r-0n) honri i I u II a. aa , and 1 Ui I p. a
R E. M. SCIIEUREH,
IIOMCEOPATIIIC I'UVSICIA.N, .
Offiee la retidinre oa Firat at.
April 14, 1S71. Claarteld, Pa .
R. H. B. VAN VALZAH,
OFFICE IN MASONIC Bl'ILWNG.
PO- Okoo koura-Freaa II to I P. M.
May II, l7o.
DR. J. P. BURCH FIELD.
Late Bargaoaof tbe HSd MeglmeattPeDDijIvanta
Volanteara, bating retnrned fro iba Army,
effen bla profaaaloaal atrvleaa tolbeolUieai
of Citarfteld euaaty.
VPrufetaloaal oalli promptlv atuaded ta.
Offlea on Bteoad uraat, fornerlyeeeapied by
WILLIAM M II EN ICY, Jumct
or taa Pa.ct r Scaivanaa, LUatRKH
CITY. Oolleet.ene ado aad aivaef promptly
paid over. Artieka of agreeneot and deoda a I
uBfayanoa Bealiy eieeulod and warranted oor
reel or an abarge. ISJyT
JJF.ED & IIAGEKTY,
HARDWARE, FARM 'IMPLEMENTS,
Tluwaro, Natlo, Ac,
n(l,'7T Ire, (d Elml, rlearleld, Pa.
JAMES H. LYTLE,
la kralaer. Ilulldluf, t leaitWId, Pa,
Dealer la Oroeetlet, Provltlona, Vegetable.,
Freite, W-iar, Feed, ate., eta.
HAHIIKR AND HAIRDRRMKR
6b p CD Market At., af-potlla Conrt Ilnaae.
A eleaa toaol for .very oaeteoMr.
Alee ntannfatarer of
All Kludi of Artltlea In Hunan Hair,
Cleataeli, fa. ma; 19, If.
JOUN A. STADLF.lt,
RAKER, M.rtet t Ctraileed, Pa.
Frerh Bread, Reak, Bella, Plea aid Oakoe
oa band r atade U order. A general aeaortaveat
f r.nfeKlonarlea, Fialta aad Natl lo ataeh
Ifl. Cawaai and Of flera la aeaaoa. Ra)eoa a early
oepnell tbe PealcCa. rrleea aaodrrat.
Marcl II II.
..... . "W .f . , -fH L a I f BM mn HI II I H ' I I V '-u,-ST,nw-l-lii.iTlL: .tPTV
mi . i wipr--wMMM Hi m ii i ymr ill. ' ' - - rnmi .t.1: ; i , ... . . .a
GEO. B. GOODLASBEB, Proprietor.
VOL. 52-WHOLE NO.
Jaitloa of the Peace aad Scrivener,
. Collection! a ado and nonay promptly
paidnvor. '" "u
Jl'HTICE OF TUB PEACE
Oteeola Mlllt P. O,
All ofnelal butlnarl antra. led lo blm will be
pmniptly attended to. picbaa. in.
THOMA8 H. FORCEE,
Alao, aBtanaie. manufaetarer and dealer in Ronar
Timber and Hawed Lumber 01 all Binoa.
M-Ordwra eolleltad and all bill, promptly
House and Sign Painter and Paper
, Clearfield, Peiin'a.
fctvWill .locate Jobe In ale line promptljr and
la a workmanlike Meaner. arr4,S7
Q. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
NEAR CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
asfr-Pumpf alwaya oa band and made to order
en abort notion. Pipe, bored on reaaonablo term.
All work warranted to render aatiffBotlon, and
delirerad if deilred. mylOdypd
E. A. BIGLER 4. CO.,
aad mnautactureri of
ALL KINDS OF SAWKII l,( Mltl.H,
T71 CLEARFIELD. PKNN'A.
JAS. B. GRAHAM,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Boards,
8IIINnl.ES, LATH, A PICKETS,
:lfl'TS Clearfield, Pa,
BOOT AND SHOE MAKER,
Market HI., Clearfield, Pa.
In the ebon lately occupied by Frank Khtirt,
one door weft of Alleghany Home.
ARCHITECT, CONTRACTOR and M'lLDER.
Plana and SporiBoationa furniabed for all kind,
of buildioga. All work Arat-eleef. Stair build
ing a fpeeialty.
P. O. addreaa, Claarteld, Pe. Jan.l7-T7tf.
Square Timber & Timber Lands,
Jell'TI CLEARFIELD, PA.
J. U. M'MURRAY
WILL SIIIT1.Y YOU WITH ANY ARTICLE
OF M kRCHANDIHB ATTII EVERY LOW KHT
PRICE. COME AND BEE.
WEAVER & BETTS,
Real Esta'e, Square Timb r, Saw Legs,
AND LUMBER OF ALL KINDS.
llfllfM ab Ku nil .1 .u, B h nf .Inr.
room of Ueorgo W rater A Co. Jenl 7I If.
REAL ESTATE BROKER.
ABB DBALEB IB
Maw Jjogn aud' Tumbor.
Oltea la Orabam'f Row. 1:1171
S. I. SNYDER,
DBA PTf a"1 A t. iV A TP II U A IV V D
ABB DBALRB IB
Watchen, Clocka and Jewelry,
r7raAam't rYoe., iV.raef Areef,
All hlnde af repairing In my line promptly at.
nded to. April II. 1174.
NEW BOOT AND SHOE SHOP.
Tbo andtralgned world Inform tbe public that
be baa removed bia Buot aad tSbot Shop to tbo
room lately oooupied br Joe. Dearing. la Khaw'a
Row, Market ilraet, where ba la prepared to at
tend to the want of all who aaed anything in bla
line. All work done by him will be of tbe beat
materiel, aad guaranteed tw be first-elate In every
rripeet. Repairing promptly attended to. All
kiada of Leather and Hboe Finding! for aale
CIearu eld. Pa , July It, 1ATT Am.
ENCOURAGE HOME INDUSTRY.
1MIK aadorHgaed, having iitahllnhed a Nor
aery oa the 'Pike, about half way betweea
Cleatftrld and Carwenaville, la prepared to far
Blah all kinda of FRUIT TRKRa, (standard aad
dwarf. Kverfraeaa. fihrnhiiery, Urae Vinoe.
Ilooeberry. Lawloa Blackberry. B I r wherry,
and Haapborry Viata. A io, Siberian Crab Treea,
Qainoa, and early aearlat Rbnharb, Ao, Ordera
promptly attended to, AddraRt,
J. U. WHIUIIT,
aap aa-9 CarwoaaviUo. Pa.
Market Ktrect, ClearlleU, Pa.,
MAaarACTrata at dbalbb ia
HARNESS, SADDLES, RRIDLES, COLLARS,
aad alt kin da of
UORSK rUKXtSHISQ BOOBS.
A fall atoeh of Paddlora' Hardware, Braebe
Onmba, Blanket, Robea, at., alwaya oa hand
and for le at the loweat aaab prloee. All kind)
of repairing promptly attended to.
All hinda t bidet taken la eichatige for bar.
noea and repairing. All blade of barnvii hmtber
kept ob baad, aad for aale at a una II prolt.
Clearftal't, Jan. 19, 18IA.
For tela at tha Claarfltld RartiLica ofloa.
The moMl torn pie $4 HerU Law
.ftan A J pvbiiiM.
Tbeia filaiika ara gotten ap la enperler atyle.
are of nnilurm eite, and faraiabwd at vary low
flgttrea for eaab.
Call at tho Kat-ttLicaa off.ee aad eiamia
taem. Orderi by U promptly 1 1 led.
Add'eoe, U00DLANDKH A LEK,
Jaly . Ifll U. C led Pa
Improved Spring Beds,
MARKET STREET, NEAR P.O.
The aaderalgnad bege leave I. laform la. alt!.
ihi of ClMr0.ld, nd lb. pablk gener.lly, that
be haa aa hand a tee aaowrlmeet of Fornlmra,
each aa Wehjat. Cbvjtaal aad Pedaled Obembei
O.llee, Parlw Beitea, Rarliai.g and Ratoaftoe
Chaira, Ladiea and Oeau' Reey Cbalra, tbe Pwr
forated Dining nad Parlor Cbelre, Cane Reel end
Wlndaor Cheire, Clotbee tare. Step and Katea.
0k0 Ladden, Mat Reoka, RerabMng Iraalaaa, 0
MOVLDlHw AND PICTCRI FRAMEA,
aoklag SlaMaa. ObraavM, Ae vhlan Weald
aahabl. tar Bond; prweaata.
dMltVTt JOBR TR0UTMAR.
"WONDER WHO THEY'RE rOSf
My ma'a been working very hard,
And alao vary aly,
And keepi b.r aewlng out of fioht
Whenever I aa aigb.
I a.hed her onoe what made her atop
lirr work when I enme I (
She aaid ahe only atonped to get
A needle, thread or pin.
The bureau dr. ar neat In talae
la leked both n!e;ht and day,
And when ma wanla to 'pan it
She .end. me off to play.
1 alole a peep one afternoon,
Al bough it waa not rlgb'
Pal. nb I Iba Utile thiol. I aaw
Were aneb a pretty tight !
The eulotl, elfit little eltbel
Ju.l big enough for doll I
Dut Ibrn I know tbo'ro not for aer
.VA oa da them not at all.
1 know they're not for ma nor pa,
Nor me nor brother "It or,"
For we eno'l weer a,i,b liltleal'itbeei
I wonder who the 're for f
STRANG HH TJIAN FICTION.
There ia nn qui'rilitm about facia in
lliu cum) wu uru Ktiini; to rulute, wnn
dm I'ul tut tluy fun)' uH r to the in
cmlulnim. By niort) limn ono compe
tent witm-Ke v) lio knew the purtiuauud
the liri'iiniKtuncca ibcy run bo authen
ticated. They nail like romance,
and would form a cupital foundation
tor R dirt-i luKKreiiKulioiiHl novel. Tliey
remind one forcibly of tbo trite adage
tliut "Truth ia Uraner tbun fielion,"
and aeldom haa tbe trulh of tbe prov
erb been more ulrikinly illuHlrated.
CuKea ol niieliiken iduntiiy are nut un
common, but inatancea where the de
ception ia an complete in all iho minute
detaila of voice, feulurca, form, man
ner, Ac, are indeed rnre. There have
been many iiirituncea whore an acci
dental general reaemblunce haa tem
porarily impoacd upon persona to
whom loaa and injury it waa uaed, but
enemlly the impostor has been dis
covered arid punished. Tbe atory we
are about to relate ia not ol that char
acter. It ia true that tho impostor
waa at laat expoad, but eo close waa
the resemblance of tho party to the
one ho impersonated, in every particu
lar, that even tbe most intimate rela
tions wilh him developed no suspicion
that all was not right. Vie believe
that there is but one case of tho kind
on record, of which we shall apeak
anon. In the lollowing narrative we
avoid tho real names of tho parties ro
Ivrred to, we assure our readers it ia
not becauso we do not know them,
nd can not, if wo would, verily tbo
statement at once by tho publication
ol the names in lull, but lor tho other,
and to us aufllcienl Veunon, and arming
which IB the luet that there are other
incidents ol the atory we have been
unable to get, and in giving the names
wu would inevi'.ably spoil future de
velopments of the most interesting
character connected wilh this remark
About seven years ago there lived
ill Lewiabiirg, a suburb of Covington,
a loving ilo and a devoted husband.
Their little home was huppy and com
toriuMo, hut work grew slack, and in
search of better employment in a lar
ger and mora Inviting field, tbe bus
hand Lade adieu to his cozy cottage,
ki'sed his wit'o a reluctunt good bye,
and staited tor Chicago, lie lett with
a hopeful heart, and strong in the lie
liel ihut his Un tune waited kiln in tho
Garden City, but what appeared to
him as the most promising vunture of
his life proved to be his bane and ruin.
Il was the most unfortunate journey
he ever took, and bo arrived at its end
at the most uiilorttinule time bo could
have selected. The great conflagra
tion was at tho time raging in the
doomed city, and everything was in
commotion. I'eople were fljing tur-ror-stiiekin
from homes, and goods of
every description were scattered in
the highways and by way of tbo city.
Falling in with a mun whoso reseitt
blunco impressed and attracted him,
the twain went over the scene of de
struction together. OurCovingtonian
was, in common parlsnce, "hard up,"
all kinds of good were lying around
him in prolusion and apparently neg
lotted, and tho temptation was tou
slrong lor him and his companion.
They appropriated some of the articles
to their own uso and were discovered
In duo time their trial came oft", and
they wt-ro convicted and sentenced tn
the penitentiary, one fur six years, and
the other, the stranger, lor four. In
pursnanco ol their senlenco, they were
sent to tho State l'rison, and, arriving
there together, convicted together, lor
a crime committed together, they were
naturally assigned lo the samo cell.
Hero, during the weary months of
confinement, they solaced eaeb other
bv cultivating a moro intimate friend
ship, and in tbo courso of time they
became almost as one, lamily, history
and tl,s socrels of each others life be
ing exchanged, until one knew as
much about Ibe other as though thoy
had lived all ihelr lives together. Little
did tho t ovingtnnian know to what
Una Intimacy would lead, or probanly,
much as he loved bis new friend, he
would have cut out his own lounge
lather than have given him an iota of
the information that prompted him to
plan and enabled hi in to aurressfully
carry out bis subsequent imposturo.
At tho end of four years the stran
ger was released and shortly after
wards appealed at Covington. A single
inquiry sufficed to direct him to Lew
isburg, and he soon found iho anxious
family of the man whom he left in the
Illinois )criiionliary. She had almor.1
given hi in up fur dead, not having
heard from him for so long a time,
when tho stranger came before ber
and claimed ber for bia own. Hhewas
atarted, of colt rue, but the likeness in.
dined her lo admit his claim, and facts
he mentioned that none bat she and
ber husband could know were alill
further proof of bia identity. Still, shu
waa cautious, and waa not averse to
punishing bim a little for his neglect
of her. 11 or relatives, the reloro called
in, and a lamily consultation waa bold.
The result, was what might have been
expected. The wife was (old that ahe
ought to know her husband better
than anybody else, and, if she thought
the person then laying claim to her
wilely duly and love was the one to
whom she had pledged them at the
sacred altar, she should go with him ;
unless, indued, sho felt so aggrieved by
his long absence without communica
ting with ber that ahe felt abo could
no longer love him and live In happi
ness wilh him. ' Why bad be not
written?" Tho answer was prompt
and plausible that he had, dunng his
entire absence been very sick in a Chi
cago hospital. That, was a reaaonablo
e tense, especially among people ol
limited means, and the wile, at length,
abandoned all of her feminine objec
tions, and, aa she supposed, took again
lo her bosom the one to whom ahs bad
worn Conjugal fealty.
1 ime passed, the stranger under tlie
bosband Dam occupying tha hus
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 1878.
band's place ; a child waa born to them
and to all their life seemed reasonably
litest. Did he count tho months, the
days, till the rulooso of tho other
should bring bia Imposturo to light?
There is no way ot ascertaining wnat
his thoughts and plana wero, but it la
evident that, whatever tney were,
thev wero nut all "itifoe" by tbo arri
val of the dotained convict sooner than
waa exnected. lie had, urobably by
good behavior, earned a month or so
uf his timo, and was released that
much sooner than the time at wiiicd
his term woultl regularly have expired.
Suddenly be. tbe real husband, ap
peared upun tha scene. The result
may be imagined, what ono who finds
. ' j . i i.i
nis sacrea ngnts inus usiirijvu vruuiu
create, and a wife would expect, though
innocent of intentional wrong. Yet,
though dvceivod and betrayed, ahe
could i,ol cast off at once and with bit
terness the lather of ber own child,
and the one to whom she bad already
learned to look for help and comfort ,
and on whoso strong arm and allection
ate care sho had learned to depend
1'laced side by side, she distinguished
the true bnsband iron, the lulse; and
knew and acknowledged bur duty;
but sho could but etutid between her
companion ol tho two huppy yearn
and tho vengeance that waa due to bis
There worn criminations and re
criminations, of course, and threats,
that almost grew to blows; but at
length tbe turbulent spirit thai the
fraud had excited In tho injured Hus
band's breast subsided, a calmer fuel
ing succeeded the rage of passion, and
the matter was talked of freely and
Inlly by all three. There was the
child's reputation to save, and then tbo
wife a anil tbe tiusuana a loo, lor mat
matter. What the result of all the
consultations waa wo are unable aa yet
to say. We only know that all parlies
suddenly moved to Cincinnati, A Hur
ried flitting across the river, and thoro
we lose tbo thread of our history,
though we are promised that il shall
not end at this point.
We gather these facta, aa we have
before stated, from authority that Is
not to be questioned, and we are satis
fied that the story is substantially
true. Aa further confirmation, how
ever, a reporter of the Commonwealth
yesterday evening visited Lewisburg
and heard from the lips of friends of
the parties tho most of tbe story re
peated as given above, lie also learn
ed of the too sudden departure to tbe
Cases of mistaken identity are
among the most wonderful records of
the history of Jurisprudence, and per
haps the one most remarkable of the
history of jurisprudence, was the fa
mous French case that was developed
in the trial of the case of "Tho Emrcr
or against Arnand du Tibl." In this
case the close resemblance of two per
sons came near ballling a most severe
and protracted judicial scrutiny. The
dispute lay between Arnand du Tibl
and Martin Guerro, and the trial was
had in 1580. Martin liuerre married
a woman of Artiguea in 1850. Having
afterwards a dispute with his lather,
he saw fit to leave bib family, and ab
sented himself lor eight years, without
giving them any information as to
where he was. At tho expiration of
that time a person afterwards asserted
to be Arnand du Tibl, appeared, and
represented himself lo be Martin
Guerre. 80 closely did be resemble
tbe almet man, In features, stature and
complexion, that he imposed effectual
ly upon (juurre'a wile as her husband,
and lived witb her for over three years,
during which time sho had children by
bim. For the same length of time he
succeeded in decioVing loor sisters and
two brothers in-law of Martin's, so
that no suspicion waa entertained of
A I length circumstances led one Pe
ter Guerre, an uncle of tho real man,
to suspect tbo real character of Ar
nand du Tibl, and bo was arrested and
tried. During the triul, sixty witness
es declared that so strong a resem
blance existed between tbo real and
fictitious Martin Guerre that it was
impossible to say which the prisoner
was. Thero were forty witnesses who
testified that the prisoner waa Martin
Guerre, and they based their belief
upon intimate acquaintanceship and
association sinco inlancy wltb bim.
Over ono hundred questions were ask
ed du Tibl on tho trial, and he answer
ed each one correctly.
The udgo pronounced tho sentence
of death upon the prisoner, from which
suutenco the prisoner appealed to the
Parliament at Toulouse, who ordered
the accuser and accused to bo con
fronted in the open Court. A great
number of new witnesses were intro
duced, and a majority testified that it
was tho real Guerre, while others were
unable to say certainly whether it was
or not. Tho prosecution proved by
twenty-five witnesses that it waa not
Martin Guerre, but Arnand du T1I1I,
which, tbey said, they wero belter en
abled to do becauso they knew both
persona Intimately. On the other
hand thero were thirty -fivo just as pos
itive that it was tbe real Guurre, and
not du Tibl, because tbev had known
Wh intimately, anil bad eaten and
drank wltb each oilier. Among llie
latter were four sisters of Martin
Guerre, and two of their husbands.
The most of tho witnesses agreod
that Martin Guerre bad two strokes
undui his right eyebrow, and that his
left eye was bloodshoot ; that the nail
ot his first finger waa crooked, and that
bo had three warts on his right baud
and another on his little finger all of
which marks wero visible on the pris
oner. The Parliament began to doubt, and
was about to reverse tho decision of
the inferior coort, when tho real Mar
tin Guerre apearud on lliesoene. The
prisoner at first treated him as an im
postor, and did il wilh sncb effrontery
and boldnesi, saying that Iho man had
been hired by the prosoculion, that
the question waa atill one of doubt.
At length, however, da Tihl Ruknowl
edged himself the impostor, and bo
fore bia death made a long confession,
from which it appeared that while
abroad ho bad been taken lor Martin
Guerro, had determined to take ad
vantage nf the error, and it was Imm
the person who first mistook bim liir
the other that he obtained all the mi
nute particulars concerning Guerro
and bia relatives which enabled him
to personals lbs absent man so suc
cessfully, and to sustain tbe aoan hing
examination to which be waa subject
ed, without failing in a single particu
lar. This case will he found in "Bur.
rill on circnmsls filial evidence," 61ft,
617 and 648
This ia probably the moat remarkable
esse of mistaken identity on record, al
though ws have bad several cases in
tho modern times, notably the .very
recent ono of the Tichhorne claimant,
where tho mother of Sir Roger Ticb
borna bersolf identified tbe Impostor
aa ber ion. Ctvinjton OmtmrmuvrtffA
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
THE LKQF.ND OF CUKT1VS.
BY HENRY PETERSON.
It was a summer day in Homo. Tbe
lurid aim ahoue angrily through the
thick air. A fueling or distress and
languor oppressed the souls of all.
In the West a black masa of cloud
lay piled heavily. Il had been croep-
ing, liko aomo none beast, slowly and
stealthily up the sky since morning.
Now, like some huge thing of evil,
some demon or afrito of the air, it
stood above tho Fur 1 in and gloomed
sternly down uion the heart of lioiue.
That heart was healing more fear
lully than waa its wont, for tho old
men aaid : "It is like tho stillness thai
precedes an earthquake.
"Or like when Kino vomits forth its
rod-hot lava, and Vesuvius flings up
its ashes and scot ,a, as if il would des
oluto tho world."
The people left the open spaces of
tho Forum; they clustered in tbe
vaulted uasilicaa, and under the arches
And in tho sacred temples of the
gods; for though they worshipped
blindly, they also really worshiped the
One Father, seeing linn in many ima
ges, as through a clouded glass.
But tho All Father rejects tho sin
cere worship of no human soul: Heao
cepta the gift, even when offered
through Ignorance in me name 01 Ju
piter and Apollo.
Suddenly a boll of lightning shot
Iroin out whut seemed the right hand
of the cloud demon, and the statue of
Horn u I us, tho founder, tumbled from
Then the city was shaken with the
shock of earthquake ; the triumphal
relies and the teniplo-. quivered.
The p.ioplo hastened from their
houses into the streets. They implor
cd wilh cries and piayors the mercy
of tho gods.
Anil in the forum a greut cbasm
was seen to open. ben thoy gained
courage to approach its sides and look
down they could discern no bottom.
And from the chasm ascended a va
por of sulphurous smoke, as if il might
be the forming crater of a vuleano.
lhcn tho Senators 01 Kumo gather
ed together, and tbey asked of the
Augurs and Soothsayers what these
things could mean.
And how tbe terrible chasm could
be closed, thut it might not grow into
a volcano belching torlh fire and lava
And the Diviners and Soothsayers
took counsel together, and thus they
"The troils aro angry with us, oh
Conscript Futhors, becauso we have
neglected to pay them due bomage.
'.Now, lot tbe newt precious thing
in Homo be thrown into the chasm,
nd we shall thua uppenso tho wrath
of tho great gods."
Then the question ran from mouth
to mouth, "Tbo most precious thing in
Home? What is tbe most precious
thing in Homo?"
And some aaid it waa the public
treasure. Hut others said it was the
fairest woman Julia, the only daugh
ter of Marcus fortius.
And the people smiled approvingly.
"Yes, the ra rillccol a beautiful virgin
bad ever been the most precious gilt
that could be offered to an offended
'thus, llesione, tbe daughter ot l.a-
omcdoii, King of Troy, bad been offer
ed by her lather to the sea monster,
to assuage the righteous wrath of Nep
tune. "Fur Neptuno bad built tho walla of
his city, and yet ho relused to pay
him his just due.
"And lpbiguma bad been offered up
by ber lather Agamemnon, when the
Grecian fleet lay idle, becalmed at
Aulis, that the offended goddess Diana
might be appeased.
Uul the titther of Julia, Marcus Cur-
lius, reputed to bo the biavesl man in
Home, giving a abort sigh, stepped lor-
ward, and thus addressed the people:
''.No, my lollow-citiscnsand Humans!
neither is the public treasure, nor a
lair, weak girl, the most precious
thing in Homo.
"That thing is surely tho most pre
cious which Home could not be Homo
a single year without.
'11 is not the gold ot Homo: were
thai WSMatM! ir-.tn na, aw MeiM. wrmn
could oasily procure us more.
'it ts nut our ueautilul maidens, lor
were tliey all dead, the sons of those
who took the Sabiuo women could not
long want for wives.
Iho most precious thing in Home
must be its noblest citir.ons; distin
guished above all the rest for wisdom
or for dat ing."
And the Augurs said : "lie bas spo
ken truly. The bravest and noblest
citizen of Kama is the must precious
thing within Its walls. And thou,
Marcus Curlius, an the man.
And tho people all joined in tho ver
dict, shouting, " Thou hast spoken tru
ly ; and thou, Murcua Curiiua, art the
Then Mureus Cunius looked on his
laiighler, and smiled a triumphant
And aa she fell back senseless, he
oatight hor in bis arms, aud kissed her,
and bade his servants bear her to their
Then lie arrayed himself in his finest
suit of armor, and look bis swurd and
his ahiold, and mounted bis favorite
And, uttering a prayer to tho goda,
wilh a proud, aweet smile on his lace,
he rode up to the chasm, and forced
bis horse lo lake the latul spring.
Down be plunged into the iinluth-
omable gulf. One moment bo was
there, and then ho had utterly van
ished. Only thoso who stood nearest, as
the hero descended, heard a clear voice
ringing up from the abyss:
"Vulce uf detwum, est pro pnlna morir
How aweet and glurious il ia to die fur
one's connlry I
1 bey crowded tearfully to the sides
of the yawning chasm, aud looked
down into the seething vapor, lint
they could see nothing but that curl
ing winding sheet ot death.
1 Ito sacrifice, however, waa accept
ed ; lor the aitlea of the abyss drew
slowly together, and the chasm was
no longer seen.
And the si sit w litre that cbasm
opened, in the centre of the Forum,
may be viewed by the curious alrangur
to this day.
Shall we of America disbelieve the
legend, when we, loo, have had our
chasm open before all eyes?
Wot as wim Home, qui it open only
in the lorum. It gaiied wide also
across a continent. .
Neither would our Chasm close
again without its costly tributo of the
most precious iMiasession ol the land.
Mot one (Junius only, but tens ol
thousands, aa brave and grand as ho,
leaped, in complete armor, into it ter
no ia always in me matory ol .na
tions. Tbe fabrio ia kept togetbor by
toe prayers 01 tue goou ana me sacri
fices of the brave.
Our abyss has closed up; but where
aro those who leaped Into the chasm
and gave their lives gladly that their
land might liver
Let us not forgot what our country
haa coal us, nor deal wilh its destinies
lightly, aa if a great nation wore the
chance product ol a.i Idle hour.
Let us remember what multitudes
of noldo and chivalrous souls hava
plunged into tho unfalbomed abyss of
death, "that governments of tbe peo
ple, oy me people and lor tbo people
should not perish IVom tho earth.
A CUHlOuii DEATH.
A MAN KILLED BY A PIECE OF FLYING
BTKRL TUR aiZI OF A SPLIT PIA.
On Friday last about noon, a man
named John Hovel, while working in
tbe quarries near tbe llunry Clay Fur
nace, was aeon to stagger by bis fellow-workmen
and then fall, lie was
picked up, and seemed all riifht, and
said that be bad boon bit in the nock
by a piece of stone, lie then full down
again, and became unconscious. Tbe
workmen did not know what waa the
matter witb ibe roan and on examin
ing bia nock they found only a mere
scratch, but discovered that tbe veins
began to swell. Dr. 11 K. orris was
summoned, and ho bad the man taken
to bis house, which ia in the rear of
Lngwicht a hotel on Front street.
The doctor saw that Hovel was past
all human aid, but summoned Dr.
Craig, ot Columbia, for cousultation,
and alter lingering until 1 o'clock on
Saturday morning Hovel died.
Deputy Coroner h. D, Hoath sum
moned Messra. A brain Summy, J. K.
Fidler, John Naylor, F. K. Curran,
Sohn 11. Fidler and Samuel F. Frey to
act aa jury, and appointed Dra. N orris,
Craig, Houston and Wilburs to bold a
post mortem examination. 1 bey found
that while Hovel was engaged in
breaking atone, he waa struck on the
right aido of the neck by a piece of
living steel, the aizo 01 a ball a split
pea, from the hammer of a fellow-work
man. It penetrated tbe nock about
an inch and a half obliquely forward
below the angle ot tbe jaw, just escap
ing tbe mam trunk of the jugular vein,
penetrating to the carotid artery,
which it pierced, making an incision
about the fiP.b of an inch across that
vessel. I be elasticity ot tbo artery
caused the bit of steel to deflect its
courso, in which it severed a number
of the branches of the jugular. Pass
ing on, il struck tbe clavicle, or collar
bone. It waa arrested about an Inch
below tho clavicle and beneath the
skin, from which place it was removed
by Dr. .N orris as soon aa tbe patient
waa seen. Tbe bemorrbago waa en
tirely sub-cutaneous and sub-muscular,
none appearing externally. The blood
from the severed veins soon tilled the
loose cellular tissue ol the whole neck,
distending it onormously, while that
from the, wounded artery formed a
sack, or pouch, pressing fearfully
against the trachea, or wind pipe. Dra.
Houston and Craig wore called to a
consultation and the conclusion waa
reached that the case was beyond the
help of medical skill. Tbo wisdom of
thia diagnosis was fully established by
tho post mortem examination,
Tbe jury then rendered a verdict
that tbe deceased came to his death
"by being struck in tbe neck, accident
ally, wilh a piece of flying steel from
the hammer of a fellow-workman, at
the quarries at Chickies, cutting a
number of branches ot tho jugular
vein, causing strangulation from in
Mr. Hovel waa a man about sixty
eight years old, and leavos a wile and
seven children to mourn his loss.
PLANS JN HOUSEKEEPING.
Next to knowing bow to do things,
the most important part of housckeup.
ing is in arranging lor them to get
done. Many women accurately ac
quire the aria of acwin,;, cooking and
housework, and can meet thoroughly
well any one of their several require
ments: but tho true housekeeper is she
whoso mind ia alwaya in advanco of
44m thina; ofao baa 111 nana Willi sec
hor whole week's or her whole season's
work belore her, and whoso domestic
machinery appears to run by Itself,
simply because everything has been so
admirably provided tor beturoband that
there aro no stops, no bitches and no
Such women aa these aro tho house
keeping genuisee, the domeslio Napo
leons ol their respective circles. It ia
110 use fur them to sniff at other women,
and declare that they could do tbe
samo If tbey only choso to. They
couldn't! and' for tho simple reason that
they have nut the organising faculty
lo the degree which such housekeep
ing implies. There aro natural house
keepers, lust as there are natural musi
cians or natural mathematicians, and
the merely "made" housekeeper is no
more the same thing man is tbo made
musician the equal of the spontaneous
0110. liut one great lunction ot coplo
of genius is to create tbo standard lor
the people of talent, and what many
housekeepers would never uavo done
ut ot thuir own heads tbey can Imi
tate after having bad their attention
called to it.
When, for instance, the warm May
and Junedayscomo upon Mrs. B and
find ber slill struggling wilh her Spring
and Summer dresses, and wilh nothing
really suited lo the season to appear lit,
if ber serene friend, M re. C cornea
in to pay a call, looking as fresh as a
rosolmcl in all tbe bravery 01 cool fab
rics and delicate colors, and tho very
latest cut in overskirts, our behindhand
friend must remember the contrast
next season and engage her dress mak
er and seamstress a month earlier. If,
again, Mrs. B. baa company to dinner
and fails to do everything that can be
done about it the day before, so tbat
on the day itself sho is sure tu find she
baa led loo many little odds and ends
to be attended lo, and la barely able to
scramble into her dress bolora her
guests arrive, the next lime sbo will
begin ber preparations two days, In-
dlead of one day, before tbe dinner and
thua allow herself ample time for rest
and toilette on Ike day itself. And so
alio may go through life, finding out
by little and little th-t nothing in ber
small kingdom can be trusted to take
rarcot itself, but ibat everything, with
out exception. that makisiuappearance
there SMHVtttutlv must first hare pass
ed through tho alembic ol her brain. It
it no losa unjust Iban It la bad laaia to
aoold and blame aorvanti and children
becsuso things do not go right. No
doubt the temptation t do so is very
great, lor it does seem sometime as il
tbey mijiAf have remembered as if
they wnjM hava reflected t But, in
fact, II la not their business to "tnmk.
Their proviuce ia only lo ubay, and tha
woman baa yol to begin to b thai
wonderful artist, a "good housekeeper'
who doea not realize that she, and sho
alone, ia responsible for all the thought
and planning that goes lo mane a lam
Boiled Fisit.-Clean tho fish thorough
ly and put it Into a kottle of boiling
walor, on a tin strainer or a piate.
(There abould be aufllcienl water just
io cover the fish.) Salt the water well,
put on tbe lid, and let the fish simmer
gently on the sido of tbe range fur from
twenty minuets to throe-quarters of an
hour, acording to tho site of the fish.
Skim it occasionally, and when the
skin ot the fish ia cracking it ia done
YVbilo the fish is boiling make the
Bauce as follows : Put a dessert-spoon-
lul of corn starch into a amall sauce
pan, and mix it into a amooth paate
witb a little cold water. Add to it
half a pint of the walor In which the
fish waa boiled, place on tha fire and
stir briskly until it boils and thickens.
Take it off ot tho fire and flavor it with
a luaapoonful ot vinegar or lemon juice
(Iho latter is the nicer), and season
with pepper and aall to taste. If brown
sauce ia preferred, brown a little sugar
by melting it over ibe tire in an iron
spoon, and stir it Into the sauce. Serve
the nab on a not men, and pour tne
sauce into a saucc-hoat to go up wilh
Cod or Haddock, Stuffed and
Baked. Wash a cod or haddock clean
in cold water and drv it in a cloth.
Grate some broad-crumbs, wash a sprig
of paraly, dry it aud chop in finely.
There should be about a desert spoon
ful. Take a amall sprig of thyme and
marjoram, strip from tbo stocks and
chop up finely. There should be about
a icaapoonful. Mix all the herbs with
two tablespoon! nls ot the bread-cru m bs
Season wilh pepper and salt, and add
to it two ounces of finely chopped suet.
Stuff the fish witb the mixture and
aew it up. Break an egg into a plate,
brush tho fish over with it and roll it
in bread crumbs, covering it well all
over. Put some clarified dripping into
a tin pan and lay tbe fish into it. Bake
It fur Irom half to three-quartcs of an
hour, batting if frequently with the drip
AMENITIES OF WAR.
BOW M Cl.EI.LAN AND Ct'STER TREATED
AN OLD WRST POINT COMRADE.
In the Summer of 18)2 when Gen
erals McClellan and Joe Johnson were
commanding the two opposing armies
n the attack and defense ot Kichmond,
a freak of fate or decree ot destiny or
dered a singular coincidence in tho sit
uation of tho Northern and Southern
cadets. Custer waa acting on General
George B. McClellan 'a stuff and bia lor-
mer friend on that ol General Joseph
E. Johnston, each as aid to Iho com
manding Generals of the Northern and
Southorn armies. On the day of the
battle of Seven Pinos, or Fair Oaks, Ike
Confederate commai.der was sovcrely
woundod by a shell, and bia placo af
terward filled by General Lee. Tbo
samo day Johnston's young aide waa
captured by the enemy while in tho
discharge 01 bis duty, and lUKen to
McClellan a headquarters as a prisoner
of distinction. He bad been known to
the Federal gcnoral when at West
Point, and being courteously recognis
ed waa treated with much considera
tion. Hero, too, he met several young
officers who had been cadets at tbe
same time wilh him, by whom he was
welcomed with much cordiality and
glee kindest and most cordial was
Custer. It waa a aingular, a striking
sceno ; one that merits description
among the incidents of a sectional war.
1 he blue lackclsgreeting the gray, foes
meeting aa friends, hands clasping
kindly that wore armed in deadly strife
against each other. Just a small green
spot in the dreary desert of war. To
Custer's care McClellan especially con
signed the young Cisifederalo officer.
with tbe cbarge, given in a seno-conuu
tone, that, "Tbe prisoner should nut be
treated very severely, hut allowed a
cigar and other refresh man t. occasion
ally. So that night thero waa rather
a jollification in one of tho headquarters
tents wbioh iho party occupied. He
hearsing scenes at West Point in which
they fasd mingled, "skylarking" at
Kenny Haven s, ana other uap-naxaru
frolics, stories of study and drill, and
mutual inquiriea for friends scattered
.South and North amid tbo ranks of the
contending armies. Afterward, when
Iho Confederate prisoner waa ordered
lo be sent to Fort Delaware, in pat ting
wilb his acquaintance again, Custer, bis
generous guardian, suddenly struck
witb a kind thought, exclaimed impul
sively ; "You must havo some money,
Jim ; those pictures in your pockets
(Uonledorato currency) uon t pass up
thero;" and in snito of tho earnest pro
test ot bis tricna, who assured him he
could readily draw on relatives in Bal
timore tor needed lunds, finding It im
possihlc to persiiado him to take the
money ho offered, stepped up and stun
ed some notos in hia veal pocket, no n.
ooeai. Such acta ara only prompted
by a noble heart. During his deten
tion at General McClellan'a headquar
ters, while one day the Federal and
Confederate officer wore seated to
get her under a tree, an itinerant artist
soiled nn tho striking effect of tho sin
gular situation and promptly portrayed
thorn in a photograph. Asan amusing
and appronrirto addition to the scene,
Custer had a negro boy seated at their
feet ; putting, aa ho said, laughingly,
"the irrepressible conflict between
them." This picture attracted much
nolico from the press at tho timo with
the singularity of tho circumstances
and incidents attending upon the meet,
ing of the two young men. Philadel
phia Weekly Timet.
Uoi'SE Plant.. Dust, insect, dry
air and over-watering are the principal
difficulties thoy have to contend wilh.
liy arranging some light covering to
put over thorn while the room la being
awept, and an occasional syringing in
Ibebalb lub.kitohcn eitiE.orelsewbcre,
supplemented by sponging the leaves
ol all smooth leaved plants, this great
enemy to plaut health may be kept
Insects may b mainly kept off by
hand picking and a brush ; if needed
apply tobacco wator, or arrange a box J
or oarrci in wnicn tney may do tnor
oughly Inmlgated with tobacco smoke.
Over-watering kills more plant than
drvnea. Pol in iLe house, especially
lb handsome glazed ones, should 1st
Erovided with abundant drainage
rokon pots, cinders, oyster shells, any
thing to make an open layer at ibe but
torn ; then a layer of mows, to keep Ibe
earth Irom washing down, aud then a
oil made so open by sand that II will
always allow the water to pass through.
V lib theso precautions there ia no dan
ger, but where tha aurtaca ol the anil
is muddy an hour after watering,
there la something wrong, and plants
ill not thnv. itswricua Jjnmi.
SERIES - VOL. 19, NO. 3.
THE DOUBLE STANDARD.
When one picks up tbo leading Fast.
orn dailies, ho sees tho assumption set
up that gold alone ia tho currency in
the most general use throughout tbo
world. 1 bis may be a matter of ignor-
ancowith somoof them, but with others
it ia a falso statement mado knowingly
The following table, which was pre
pared by the stockholder, a leading
financial publication, tolls a very ililler-
Under Hold t
..... 4,0011 S.ID
1 , 00,11110
..... I, sun, sot)
I'ader Silver :
... 1 ,js,,000
.... 0.0110 Oi'O
Under Gold and Silver I
?rom the above list the Cnitod Slates
has been omitted, but as il is now
pretty clear that silver will be reraone
tued within tbe present year, tbo pr,
purtion will stand thus :
Population aoder gold Ir0,46ll 000
Populalioa under eilver O'liro,- 01
Population under gold aud tilver- 101,600,000
From this, says tho Stockliolder, it
will bo seen tbat ibe great massul man
kind use Ibe silvercoinugooxclusively.
Even in the populations under gold,
silver is the subsidiary coinage, and is
in use for all tbe daily transactions of
life. But people who talk of gold be
ing the unit of value lor the rust of the
world, of course do so ignorantly. The
localities in which wo aru most inter
ested for the extension of our trade
that Is, Mexico, South America und
Asia use silver exclusively.
But tbo opponents of silver nposc
it, becauso il is not in common use
throughout the world, but becauso its
remonetizalion in the United Slates
would cut down the profiis of the
Eastern money-lenders, by making
melalic coin plumy and accessible at
cheap rates to all who desired to turn
it to productive account. That is the
secret of their opposition.
SHEEP FUR PROFIT.
In a paper recently read botoro tho
Hillsdalo (Micb.) Insiituto, Alexander
Hewitt gave tho following reason tor
keeping aheep: "But while 1 advo
cate mixed husbandry as a rule, thoro
are preferences among tanners wilh
regard to tbe kind of stock most profi
table for them to keep, which ia very
proper, for while one man can sec suc
cess in tbe future from breeding good
horses, another can see it much more
clearly in tbo production of good cat
lie. The man who would go aside to
kick a sheep has no business wilh the
care of that inoffensive animal. Sboep
give quicker returns tban calllo or
horses. Supposo, for illustration, thut
a larmcr pays 1 1 per head for twenty
five good sbeep soon niter shearing,
consisting principally of grade merino
owes and a full-blooded rum, 1100, and
that ho also paya the same sum for four
steers, say filieen months old, and keeps
them on his larm for a period of two
years and three months. Now, at tho
end of the first year bis sheep will pro
duco, at six pounds per head, one bun
drad and filly pounds of wool, and thai
at forty cents per pound, which ia be
low the average price for the last mtrn
ty years, woultl be $60 ; and during
Iho noxt three months he sells the in
crease, or a part of the original stock
and a part of the lambs, as ho shall
h h.... .... i n.,mi,s ,
$3 per head, which would be H5 ; Ibis
-.J.I...I . i. .,-rt
received for wool
make t)105. Continue tho oxpcn. t'-c-r inn-ond year, and careful breeder
mont another year, with tho tamo ro.lclhnnP0 ,hi;r malo bird, every season,
ault, and we Lave 6210 received for ll,e tlm0 m?uUlnS bf.ng cbon to
wool and sheep sold, and Ibo original
atock, worth 6100 altogether 6310.
Now tho steers aro three years and
six months old, and we will estimate
thorn at thirteen hundred pounds each,
at fivo cents a pound, or 6(i5 per head,
making for the four t-'liO, or f.'dt in
favor ol tho sheep, allowing tbo inter
est on tbo 610A first received to pay
for shearing, tagging, etc. Tho ques
tion I leave for solution is, ''Which has
cost tbe most in timo and feed, the
twenty-five sheep or tho four sloers ?"
Never having demonstrated an expe
riment of the kind myself, I am unable
to say, but from general knowledge
and observation should think them
about cqtful. Another point in favor
of tho sheep is they do not usually die
in debt to the farmer, lor wo seo from
above calculations that they are a sort
of pay as-yon-go investment, which in
vestment, which system ought lo have
a prominent placo in all business trans
A Boy's Composition on Wood
cnucK. Woodchucks is a Tory curi
ous animal. It is mado of hair and
eyes and bas two front teeth, and can
seo a man with a gun when tho ryes
aro shut and bolted. 1 havo seen a
dog shako a woodchtick till both wore
black in the face. A woodchuck can
snivel up bis nose, and show bis teeth,
and look as homely ns I ran without
trying. Tbey sit on ono end and cat
with the other. A woodchuck can get
home faster than a gun shot. Ho is
round all over except hi feel, which
are black. When eaten they retain
tho flavor of tboir nests, ami seem to
have boon cooked without being par
ed. ' A fat woodchuck, when eaten
properly, Is no laughin' matter. They
collll) undlr ,h0 head of "domestic
animatlti." and think thoro ain't no
placo liko homo when a dog goes for
ono ol cm
Ciiasoi of Opinion, Uo that ucv
er changed any of his opitiivii, never
corrected any ot bis mistukoa ; anil he
who wa never wise cnongh to find
onl any mistakes in himself, will not
bo charitable enough to excuse what
bo reckons mistake in others. Dr.
Lord Braxfield's butler gave up his
place because hi lordship's wife was
always scolding bim. "Lord t" ho ex
claimed, 1 ye'va little to complain o' ;
ya may be thank fu' ys'ra no' married
A CRUEL MOCKERY.
What a lamentable showing it that
of tho "onsets" of Iho insolvent loading
Havings Bank a disgraceful catalogue,
showing how nearly a million of dol
lars ot the motioy of depositors have
been imperilled, squandered aud wast
ed, Instead of being securely invested.
There ia no languago of censure too
severe for tbo oflleers and directors of
a protended "savings" bank who en
danger and squander tho money ot
their depositors as the office and man
.,MrTST mi mi. fCcvhieivd-w V '-L-W.
I severe for them, If they uomo within
Iho reach ot tho criminal law. Here
'are a million dollars ot tbe saved oarn-
inga, the hard savings, of industrious,
tluilty people, represented by such as.
seta aa half a million of "notes and bills
discounted," and nearly another half
million in which tho appearance of a
good "asset" In the exception and not ilia
rule, the list being conspicupns for tbe
absrncent any such substantial "assets"
aa tbo first-class homo mortgages and
bonds of Ibo United States, of tho State
of Pennsylvania and of the City, which
mako up nearly tbe whole ot tho in
vestments of such real "Saving Funds"
as the old Philadelphia. In the Bead
ing case, tho mass of tho "assets" are
in "notos and bills discounted," "note"
and "overdrafts" of bankrupts, depre
ciated or unavailable landa and eviden
ce of debt, and a variety of wbat ia
known in solid financial circles as "old
boots and shoes." No custodians of
the deposits of a "Savings Bank" have
any right to invest such deposits in
paper, subject to tbo risks ot commer
cial business. It is a crime, no mattor
wbat the law says or fails to say about
it ; and tbe Courts, tha Legislator and
the Governor hare an instance of bow -cruel
tbo crime may be, in the instance
of this Beading Sacingt Bank. Thoro
aro plenty of such chartered by tho
Legislature that aro probably doing
the same sort of risky business. Tho
Governor told the Legislature this sev
eral years ago, but tho wrutchod con
cern, miscalled a Legislature, accord
ing to its custom, bas dono nothing in
tho way of effective remedy.
THE WOES OF WEALTH. .
When the heirs of a rich man fail
to be auisficd with tbe distribution of
his property as bo wills it, and seek,
alter bis death, to adjust thuir claims
through tho Courts, as tbey almost al
ways do, tbo lawsuit becomes a regu
lar Gabriel's trump in uncovering
skeletons that worn before securely
locked in family closets. Where tbe
heirs aro not so very near of kin to
ihe testator this la not so difficult to
undeistund; but when brothers and
sisters quarrel witb ono another over
a deceased father's legacy and bring
up all bis weaknesses and fuilings gen
erally from the grave of a charitable
oblivion, the thought arises, "Where
has filial piety fled to?" Indifference
to family ties and family reputation
seems now to bo a social weakness in
our own country. In tho history of
tho past we read how princes and
courtiers wero frequently instrumental
in gett inrr parents or brother out of
tho way in order tbat upon tboir dead
bodies they might slop to power, wealth
and consequence. But the sovereign
people have imbibed this vico of roy
alty. The V'anderbilt heirs seem to
care nothing lor their dead fathor's
reputation ; it is bia money that ia tbo
focal point of all tbeir love and inter
est. Honor docs not put in an ap
pearance at this trial. In New Jersey, '
; )e d ttV , nlan ki,ed hi, moUl
1 d sjBlur Bld ttornptcd , ki, bis
fulucr beflulg0 tho of bi, fttthcr.,
mrm t0 hmltM had h wilh
tbo support of his parents. The Mo-
lock of greed destroys all the man
hood and all tho soul tbat might bo
expected in these imagoa after a divine
model, and in this sense monoy is the
root of much, if not all, evil.
Feeding Poultry in Winter. Dr.
George B. Loring is credited with the
following sensible and seasonable sug
gestions on Ibis subject:
To promote laying in tbe winter sea
son, an abundance of warm, stimulat
ing food should be furnished in good
variety. Tbo fowls should have con
stant access to gravel, to promote di
gestion ; to fine sand, in which to
uleanso themselves and remove lice,
and to old mortar, lime, pulverized
oyater or clam shells, ground bone or
chalk, to furnish the material which
aids in the formation ot egg shells.
Theso things aro kept in boxos if nec
essary. Water should bo alwaya
handy, for fowls frequently sulfur from
the want of it. If it can bo so managed
in winter thut the fowls shall not dip
their gills in it, those parts may be
saved from freezing while wet- Tho
lack of clean and fresh water, in con
nection with too constant feeding on
grain, cause costiveness, and in aucb
cases water, warm vegetable and moat
may be given as correctives. To pro
mote good laying there must be care-
till feeding, amounting almost to our
ing ol the flock. Hons lay a larger
numbor of eggs during tho first two
lyears than ever afterwards, and from
! '!10 , B,,ond1 T "tc-,liy d.ol;lin.0
I (:lK:k" rcc'1 lhoir (jreatcst vigor in
i""!"""" .... ,aue
new comers. J bo crop and stomach
of the poulty are so formed thai it will
answer to feed them once, twico or
three times a day ; but it ia better to
keep food belore them all the timo.
They should at all events have a cbanco
to fill their crops before going to roost
tor the night.
THE BEA UTY OF NATURE.
I am nevor moro convinced of tho '
progress of mankind tban when I think
of the sentiment developed in us by
our intureouiso with nature, and mark
bow it augments and refines wilh our
moral cu.turo, and nlso (althougtj
is not so generally admitted) with nut
scientifiu knowledge. We learn from
ago to ago lo seo tbo beauty of tbo
world ; or, what comes to tbo same
thing, this beautiful creation of tho sen
timent of beauty ia developing itself in
us. Only reflect what region lovely
ns Paradise there are over all Asia and
Etiropo, and in every quarter ot the
globe, wailing to receive their filling
inhabitants tbeir counterparts in tbe
conscious creature. Ibo men who are
now living there do not see the Kdcn
that surrounds them. They lack tho
moral and intellectual vision. It is not
too bold a thing to say that, tho mind
of man once cultivated, he will see
around him tho Paradiso he laments
that he has lost. For one "Paradise
Ixwt," bo will sing ol a thousand ho
has gained. How every lender as well
as every grand sentiment comes reflect
ted back to us from tho beautiful ob
jects of nature I Therein lie their very
power to enchant us. Nature I full
of our own human heart. That rose
has not gentle woman leant over it, and
loll tho reflection of her own blush up
on iba leave of tbo flower? To tba
old man there ia childhood In every
butl. No hand so rudo but that it
gather wilh the Rowor mora and other
beauty than what th dews of Heaven
havo nourished in it. William. .SmifA.
A Troi'Ri.kd Journalist. Miss
Grundy, In tho New York Ortrphic,
says : Mr. Shunk, the daughter of
Judge Jero. Black, last winter intro
duced her daughter, who bad juat left
school, Into Washington society, and
tbo two latlie received marked atten
tion. A talented young journalist
lately aaid to m that when with these
two ladies he could nevor tell which
relation ba would prefer that of a son-in-law
or a step. father."