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OOODLANDEIl & LEE,
FT II I 1 H K I) IH I8t.
Tae Urg-eei i,.Acuflu'.--e -! t.--
Ill North Central Peunaylvanla,
Toms of Subsoription.
If paid In advanoe, or within I month..... J
If paid n.r t end before t monthe....
If paid after Ilia explralloB el month.... J IHi
Bates oi Advertising.
T.'.n.lent advertleemente, par eauaro of 10 line. or
le'., S tlroee or laM $1
I'or each ub.equent inaertlon- 60
Adtnini'tratore' and Executor.' notice. I 60
Auditor.' notice I
Caution, and E.traye I n
involution notice. 0"
PrnfcMiunal CarJi, J llnoi or le.e.l year.... t 00
Laoal notice., per line 10
tuara S 00 I I column fSfi 00
i a uarea la 00 I column.. TO 00
1 .uure... 10 00 I I column- 110 00
I). B. QOODLANDKR,
NOEL D. LKK,
I (III PnlWTING 0F EVERY DESCRIP
I Hod neatly executed at tbia offiea.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Oflloe la Court llou...
IK. M. HacvbLotioa,
rasa, i l aura.
M.( 1 1,1,01 (.11 & DICK.
ATTORN EYS-A T-LA W,
All leal bu.lnai. promptly attended In. Offlee
od Second atrcat, la the Meaonle building.
W. C. ARNOLD,
LAW & COLLECTION OFFICE,
a2rt . Clearfield Counly, Petia'a. To,
ruua. a. bubrav. cvnoa aoanoB.
MURRAY & GORDON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
drOIBoe In Pla'a Opera House, eeeond floor.
Will attend to all bualnetl eutraaled to bin
pioiuplly and falthlullv. novlJ73
WILLIAM 1. WAL1.ACB.
Kiaar r. Wallace.
PAVID 1.. KRXBA.
JOHN W. WRISLEV,
WALLACE & KREBS,
(Pu'ct-asnra to Wiilinor 4 Fielding,)
A T T O K N K Y S - A T - h A W ,
11-1373 Cloai flelil, Pa.
iosbpb i. k'hallt.
lurtiiL w. M'crcsr
McENALLY & McCURDY,
ATTORN EYS-AT-L AW,
Lcfral basinaai attanded to proinpll.T withj
Adeiity. Offlra oa Heoond atroet, above :be Firat
National Bank. Jan:l:7
Attornhy and ConNBEi.oR at Law,
Hating ra.iffnad bir Jadt;aFhip, baa roaumed
tha praotioa of the law in bia old olTino at Clear.
Held, Ha, Will atland tha ronrt. of JelTerion and
Klk oonntiei when .pecially retained in connection
with resident eoun.el. I:H:T1
A. G . K RAMEfli',
A T T O 11 N E X - A 1 - Ij A V ,
Real E.tata and Collection Agent,
Will promptly attend to all legal bulinen en
tru.ted to bii eare.
O-OIDoa in Ple'l Opera llun-e. janl'TO.
H. W. SMITH,
il:l:TI Clearlleld, Pa.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
, Claardeld, Pa.
r-Olllea la Old Weelern Hotel bolldlnf,
corner of Second and Market flM. botII.M.
ATTOKNKY AT LAW,
T-IIKee la tba Court Uouia. J,1I,'(T
REED & HAGEKTY,
HARDWARE, FARM IMPLEMENTS,
Tinware, ft etc.,
Brnrd Ftrftt, ClrarfleM, P.
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
ind Real F.etate Agent, Clearlleld, Pa.
OOee oa Tblrd itroet, bet.Cherrj A Walnut.
aV"Re.peetfull7 offera hla aerriceain aelling
tnd buying landi In Clearfield and adjoiolng
rountiea f and with an eipertenee ot over twontr
oara aj a aurreyor, flattara biinielf that be oaa
reader latiafactloB. Feb. 18.M:lf,
J. BLAKE WALTERS,
REAL ESTATE BROKER,
AHD DBALBI I
Naw TogH and liUinhor,
Offioa In Graham 'i Row. 1:26:71
J. J. LINGLE,
ATTOKNKT-AT - LAW,
1:11 Oareola, ClearUeld Co., Pa. y:pd
J. S. B A R N H A RT,
ATTORNEY . AT LAW,
Will practice In Clearfield and all of the Court! of
tba 2otb Judicial dialrlet. neai cbim. ouaiae.
and collection of elaiuia made apooialtlea. al'71
DR. W. A. MEANS,
PHYSICIAN & STJ-RGEON,
Will attend prof.ailonal oall. promptljr. auglO'70
' DR. T. J. BOYER,
PIIYHICIAN AND SDltG EON,
OOca oa Market Street, Clearfield, Fa.
atfr Office hour: S to 11 a. m , and 1 to I p. a.
It E. M. SCHEURER,
Omoe la reeideae. ea Market at,
April 14,1171. Clearlleld, Pa.
DR. J. P. BURC H FIEL D,
Late Sargeoa of tha S3d Reg Im.Bl, Pennaylvanla
Volunuara, having returned from the Army,
.'era hi. profei.lonal l.rvlce. utk.eltla.ai
of Clearfield eoaatjf.
ItgfProfeeaioBal oall. promptly atunded to.
Once on Hecoud atraat, formeriyocewpieo vj
Dr. Wood.. (aarVSSJl
DR. H. B. VAN VALZAH,
OFFICE IN MASONIC BUILDING.
pO- Omce bourt From H to I P. U.
May It, 1T.
WILLIAM M. UENUY, Justice
ortaa Pracb AEnRcniTERRB, LUMBER
CITY. Cllaction. aiada and money promptly
paid over. Article, of agraameat and deada I
eonveyanot aeatly axecated aad warranted cor
rect or aa aharga. aSJy'TS
JAME8 H. LYTLE,
In kralaer'a llulldlng, Clearlleld, Pa.
Dealer la Oroeerlea, Provlelone, VegaUklM,
Fralte, Flour, FMd, .tc eta.
aprU Ta tf
BARUER AND UAIRDREB'KR.
h. pou Market St.. oppo.lt. Court Huaee.
A eleaa tow.l for .vary awetaaver.
Ala. maaufaetarw of
All klt.de of A rile lee la Human Hair.
Clearlleld, Pa. may 1, 7.
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Ju.lloo of tha Peace aad Scrivener,
H.Celleelloaa mad. and money promptly
10IIN A. 8TADI.ER,
U IIAKKR, Marital SU, Clearfield, Pa.
Fte.k Bread, Raab, Holla. I'le. and Cakaa
oa band or made ta order. A general aeeortmeat
at loalertloaeriee, Fraita aad Nate la clock.
lee Cream and Oy.lara In .eaaoa. Ralooa aoarly
eppo.tia tba Poatofle. Price moderate.
GEO. B. QOODLANDER, Proprietor,
VOL. 51-WH0LE NO.
WBTU KH' b CONMTAm.KH KB KM
W hara printed ft larra ntiinbar of tho
KKR DILL, and will on tha rtwaipt of twantT
fca Mntf. mmW miiit to j dlrM. mrM
JUSTICE OF TUB TEACHa
Oaceola Mill. PJ O.
4I official boelnera antraated to him will li.
promptljr attended b. nch29, '711,
KrcL.rlivl.le. CletrHeld County. Pa.
Rtepi oonittvntly on hand a full aaiortmtnt of
Lry Uoodt. llaniware, uroeariea, ana Ter;iuinf
aaually kept In a retail itora. yhtofa will bo iold.
for oaah, aa el) up aa eliewhera In tba count J.
rranoaviiia, iuob it ion, tj.
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
Alao, extenaive nuinufacturcr nnd dealer In Rqunre
Timber and tiawed Lumber of all kinda.
0-0rdora aoliclted and all billa promptl,
House and Sign Paintor and Paper
VavWill execute job. lu hie line promptly and
In a workmanlike manner. arr4.A7
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL TUMP MAKER,
HEAn CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
CPomni .Iwav. an band and made to order
an abort notice. Pipe, bored on rca.onable term..
All work warranted to render aatilfaction, and
delivered if deiired. m;o:lvpd
E. A. BIGLER & CO.,
and inanulactutera of
AM. KlNimnl'SiAWiii) i.i'Mir.H,
I 7'7J CLKMIFIKLD, PENN'A.
JAS. B. GRAHAM,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Boards,
biiinoi.es, lath, a pickets,
V:I073 Clearlleld, Pa,
. WARREN THORN,
BOOT AND SI10E MAKER,
Market ft., Clearlleld, Pa.
In tba ahop lately occupied b, Frank Bhort,
one door weal of Alleghany llou.e.
ARCHITECT, CONTRACTOR aud IU'ILDEH.
Plana and Ppwlflrationifumtahari for all kinda
of buiMinea. All work firat el. tstair build
ing a Bjiseiltj.
i U. ndilrosa, Llrarneltl, ra. jan.u-nu.
R. M. NEIMAN,
SADDLE and HARNESS MAKER,
Rainbarger, Clearlleld Co., Pa.
v..n n han.l ll kind, of Maraeal. Raddlee.
Bridle., and Hone Furui.biag Uooda. Itnpairing
protnptry attended to.
Kotubargcr, J-n. lu, tc7i-u.
Square Timber & Timber Lnnds,
Jell'T CLEARFIELD, PA.
WILL SIIPri.Y YOU WITH ANY ARTICLE
OF MERCHANDISE AT Til E VERY LOWEST
PRICE. COME AND SKK. (I::73,:)
rpilR undcrelgned bcee leave to imorm thepub-
JL lie that he if now lully prepare lo accoinmo
date all In the way of furni.hing ll...ee, lliimin,
daddlei aud Ilarncea, on the inorte.t notice and
en reasonable terma. Ho.Klenneon boonel eireet,
between Third and Fourth.
IIKO. W. OKARIIART,
Jl..reld. Feb. 4. I7
S. I. S N Y D E R,
ARn liBALEB IE
Watolios, Clocks and Jewelry,
Orofua'e Bom, J.iri.l Stmt,
All kind, of repairing lo my line promptly Bl
ended to. April 23, UN.
NEW BOOT ANDSH0E SHOP.
Tba-undmifnrd would In .'firm tha pub Ho that
ba baa removed bia Unit and Kliua tSimp to tha
room lately occai'lvd bf Jon. Drartnir, In Khaw't
How, Uarket tlraut, whtro fan la prepnred to at
tend to the wnU of alt who dm 1 aajrlhinc n hit
lina. All work dona br kirn will ba ot tha beit
malaria., and friiarantcod tn h flrt-elaa in arery
rrapect. Hrpairinjc promptly itondol lo. All
ktada ot be.tn-r ana na rin'nn(r, i"r"'
Claariield. Pa., July 18, ln77-ttm.
WHOLESALE LIQUOR STORE.
At tba and of tba new bridge,
WEST CLEARFIELD, PA.
Tbe aronrlelor of Iki. e.labll.btnenl will buy
bl. liquor, direct from di.lillera. Partiea buying
from tbia houa. will b. aura ta get a pur. article
Bl a iwall margin abuva oaet. Hotel keeper, eea
l rnrnLkpd with liouor. oa rea.onabia tarma.
Pare wiuaa aad brandiea direct from ftcoley'e
Vinery, at lietk, Mew York.
UEIlRtlB N. COLUURN.
Clearfield, June Id, IH7i.tr.
ENCOURAGE HOME INDUSTRY.
TUX Biiderrlgned, having eataldi.bad a Nur
aery oa the 'l'ika, aUout half way balweea
Clearfield and Curwen.vllle, la prepared to lar
ai.k all kind, of FRUIT TREES, .tandard and
dwarf.) Rvcrgrernc, Shrubbery, Urapa Vinae,
Uooeaberry, Lawloa Illarkberry, Strawberry,
and Raepbarry Vlnee. Alao. Hiberlan Crab Tree.,
Uulnca, and early scarlet Rhubarb, Ac. Order.
prompUy attended to. Addre..,
r r J. D. WRKIHT,
aepSI U-y Curweonilla, Pa.
Market Utreet, Clearlleld. Pa.,
BAROrACTl-RKB AMD DBALBB IE
HARNEK8, SADDLES, BRIDLES, COLLARS,
and all kinda of
horss FVKSnfumo eoons.
A full clock of Raddlera' Hardware, Rraehee,
Combe, Blaaketi Robea, ale., elwayi oa bead
and Il Slle t the loweel oaeh price.. All kind.
f repairing promptly attended to.
Ail hind, "f klde. taken In ei on an re mr nar.
naaa aod repairing. All kinda of barnca leather
kepi oa band, and for Bale at a email profit.
Clearfield, Jaa. H, IMS.
For (ale at th. Clearfield Rari ELirAa ollloa.
Tht toi Complete Hrritt of Im
Tbr.e Blank, are goilea ap la tnperlor lyl,
are of aniform ilea, and fornl.hod at very law
figure, for ca.k.
Call at tha ItRriBllria cBe. and tiamla.
Ikrm. Order! by mail promptly filled.
Addrwea OO0DLANDERA LM,
Jal; i, U7T II. Clearfield, Pa.
1110 TO US A SSEMBL1ES.
JL'lltiE DEAN'S ClIAltllE TO THE URANI)
Jl llY IN RELATION THERETO.
Court was in session at Holliduys
burg during iko railroad riot at Altoona,
and His Honor, Judge Dean, In charg
ing tlto (iiand Jury, presented the lnw
reluting to mobs and riots so ltiin and
full Unit wo doom it our duty .to lay
tlio chargo before our readers, so that
they may learn llio law too, and can,
therefore, in the future, discharge their
duties in the prcinisoB intelligently, as
becomes good citir.enn :
Gentltmrn of the Grand Jury : For
tho usual ollunrcs which it is our duty
to Investigate hero, Court alter Court,
you received printed Instructions at
llio tune ol tho hctvh o or the oninmons
upon you as (irund Jurors, mid in your
deliberations you will refer to these
printed InHtructions (or any informa
tion which may bo neeessary to tho
proper performance of your duly.
There nro other matters which we
feel it, under the circumstances, our
duly to call your attention to this
morning. 1 he fMii'ritr of this county
hus infoi med us, in his official capacity,
of rioloiis proceedings existing in tho
neighboring city, oi Altoona, which ho
wus not uhlu lo suppress. Individual
meinbein of tho (Irs nd Jury hnvo also
inquired of us personally what was
their duty under tho circumstances
which are known to exist
We shall omleavor to state to you
tho law concerning riot, and iinluwful
and violent proceedings which are ab
horrent to peaceable citiiscns, ana
which disturb a neighborhood; and if, in
tho performance of your duly undor
the oath you have tukon, and the luw,
which you are bound to observe, you
should tind it expedient and proper at
tins Kmc to take ncnon In your onlcial
capacity, yon will then do so. Wo
have not had timo lo carefully digest
tho numerous decisions bearing on tho
luw ot riot, but wo muy say to you,
however, that tho luw is well sullied.
There is no difference of opinion among
Courts, nor indeed among lawyers, as
to what riot is, or what nets shall bo
siiflicient, w hen proven, to constitute
Your request bus doubtless been
prompted by the well-known fact that
largo crowds of persons havo assem
bled in the city of Altoona, within this
county, and, while so assembled, trains
of tho Penn'a. R. K. Company, a com
mon currier doing business under tho
laws of this Commonwealth, havo been
slopped and detained, whilo carrying
goods and passengers
It is not necessary for us to inquire
hero inlo tho moving causo of this
conduct, because whatever may bo the
grievances of those concerned in theso
proceedings, any attempt lo remedy
these grievances by violenco, or in any
other way than by duo lorco of law, is
nnlnwlul and criminal.
No matter how rapidly the dissatis
faction of employ oil with tho course of
employers may spread, or how much
confusion and disorder may for a time
bo created by rioters, or lawless con
duet on Iko part ot tkoso suffering from
real or supposed wrongs, tkcro is, in a
land of law, but one end to suck mat
ters. Law will assort Its supremacy,
and tkose wko kavo broken the law
will then sutler tho punishment which
tho outraged luw visits upon those who
obey not its mandates. That is the
ond, and tho only end in this country.
All agree that a great strike is a
great public calamity; but it is a propo
sition which admits of no argument
that an employer has an absolulo right
to say just how much ho will pay lor
work, and the employed havo an abso
lute right to sny how much they will
receive) in compensation for employ
inent. This is a free Government ; the
laborer is free ; ho may work or not, at
a certain price ; tho employer is froo ;
ho may have work done or ho may
not hnvo it tloiio, at a certain prico.
Any attempt by luborcra or workmen,
witk tbrce and violenco to compel em
liloymcntnt iirkes fixed by themselves:
any attempt by employers, with force
and violence to compel lubor at prices
fixed by themselves, is lawless; is war
upon society ; is war upon tho ireetioin
of that laborer and wil bo put down
without question, tor the simple reason
that law and lawlessness cannot exist
Tho freedom of the citizen, guaran
teed by tho Constitution and tho law,
is slruck at whenever any workman
bv threats or violenco is deterred Irom
doing such work as be chooses to do at
anv nrieo bo chooses to accept : but
more than tho individual Ireedom of
the workman is interfered with when
thosa engaged in a strike on a railroad
lino obstruct by violence the" passago
of trains. Trains moving cast and
west, are carrying goods for merchants
who have no connection with tho
wrong inflicted upon tho workmen ;
money is lost through the non-arrival
of merchandise; business complications
and disaster, resulting ollen In uaiiK
ruptcy, will bo thcond of such proceed
ings. A coal train ladencd witli fuel
for a distant manufacturer is stopped ;
as a conscniienco Ins furnace is com
nellcd to blow out : his hands are
thrown out of employment ; and thus
in a thousand ways suffering and loss
are entailed upon people in distant
localities who liuve no part or lot wnn
cither the dissatisfied workmen or tho
The strikers, therefore, who by force
or by threats prevent tho passago of
trains, inflict two wrongs upon society:
they molest individual freedom and
orrcst the free and regular interchange
Docs anv lawyer any man doncrv
inrr to bo ranked as a member of an
honorable profession does any man of
intelligence, not a lawyer, nirono nro
ment doubt that such consequences
when produced by violence, make the
authors of them criminals f Is there
a sinulo man with a spark of patriotism.
having nl heart the peaco and good
order of the Commonwealth who would
adviso to such lawless proceedings, or
in any way participate
Whilo every lawyer and every man
of intelligence would sny to the dissat
isfied. and. perhaps, wronged workmen
" You have a right to work lor certain
wages or not, as you choose ? " tivciy
lawyer worthy the namo ot lawyer,
every good citizen, will just as candidly
say lo the workmen, " Whenever you,
by threats or by violenco, prevent an
other Irom working at such wages as
bo msv choose to worK lor, or when
ever you, by threats or violenco, stop
a train, you comrnif A rtimt, which will
bo punished by the law of the land,
because tho law prohibits and punishes
As to tho law bearing on the ofvenso,
and the evidence necessary to consti
tute it, 1 cannot do better than to read
lo you Judgo King's eharge to the
Grand Jury on the same subject, tie
livoiod at "Philadelphia, in September,
1841. Judgo King, in bis knowledge
of ttio criminal law, in his integrity
and legal ability generally, stood at tbo
head ol too profession. This charge
has boon adopted by legal writers, by
Courts of the Quarter Session, and by
our Supremo Court, as a truo, full and
nupartiui opposition ui tue luw ot riui.
Ho says :
"Accordingly we propose instruct
ing you as to what constitutes an un
lawful, what a riotous, aud what a
treasonable assembly ; and to oxplain
tho authorities possessed by Shurilfs,
Justices of tho Peace, and privato citi
zens, tor the suppression of such assem
blies, and tho urrcst and dotuntion of
such offenders : and what is tho protec
tion given liy law to its ministers act
ing for tho aduancomont of public jus
tico in such suppression, arrost and de
tention. Any tumultuous disturbance
of the publio peace by three persons or
more, having no avowed or ostensible,
legal or constitutional object, ussemblod
undor attch circumstances, and deport
ing tlieniHolves in such a matinor, as to
uroduco (lunger to the public peace and
tranquility, und which excites terror,
alarm und consternation, in tho neigh
borhood, is an unlawlul assembly.
' hvcrv tumultuous disturbance ol
the public peace by three or more as
sembling together of their own author
ity, with an intent mutually to assist
one another against any who shall op
pose them in the execution of some
irivate object, ami afterwards execut
ing tho same in a violent and turbu
lent manner to tho terror of the pooplo,
whether the act intended is lawful or
unlawful, is a riot, i'or rights are not
to be asserUid, nor laws vindicated by
tumultuous mob. It any man or
body of men, civil or religious, violate
the law, the tribunals of tho Common
wealth are the proper sourco to be ap
plied to by those who are or funcy
themselves aggrieved. The justice of
tho country is not to be taken inlo tho
hands ol unauthorized multitudes, who
act under no responsibilities, and rarely
uro under auy influences, other than
thoso of their own unbridled passions.
The lessons of history touch us that
when ihflunicd masses attempt the
vindication of tho public law, thoy never
tail to run into excesses more deleteri
ous to tho public salety, than the evils
they profess to remedy.
" It is not necessary that any person,
in order to bring himself into the peril
ous position of a rioter, should be a chief
actor in tho scone of outrnge. Tho
common law, founded on the teachings
of centuries, holds that if any person,
seeing others actually ongaged in the
riot, joins himsclt to them, and assists
therein, he is as much a rioter as if he
had first assembled with them for that
purpose ; inasmuch as he has no pro
tense that he came innocently into the
company, but nppeurs to have joined
himselt to tliem with an intention ol
seconding them in tho execution ol
their unlawlul enterprise. And it
would bo endless, as well as superfluous,
to oxnmine whether every particular
person encnged in a riot was in truth
one of tho first assembly, or had a pre
vious knowledgo of their design. Ev
ery porson who encourages, or promotes
and takes purt in tho riots, whethor by.
words, signs, or gestures, or by wcar-
nir tho badgo or ensign ot tno rioters,
is himself to be considered Buch ; for,
in this high crime, all concerned are
principals. ' ''
" One of tho chief causes of danger
in popular tumults, such us wo have
just passed through, (speaking of the
previous riots in Philadelphia), arises
Irom tno congregating at tno sccno oi
outrago, of multitudes of persons pro
fessing to ho influenced by moro mo
tives of curiosity. It is a notorious
fact, tbut in all tho great riots that
havo in this country and olsowhero,
disturbed the communities in which
thoy occurred, and prostrated tho laws,
tho actual mischief is done by compara
tively few, the strength of the mooting
being composod of individuals who
seem to bo passing spectators. I say
scorn, for although in many Instances
thoy aro so, yet Ireqtiently these same
passive spectators really are in cordial
union of feeling with the more reckless
spirits, who do the work of destruction,
but, from cunning and caution, abstain
from apparent participation in their
atrocities. This class of reasoning
rioters aro quite conscious that their
prosenconnd quiet sympulhy embolden
the active partisans, by imparting that
confidence always derived from num
bers, while it alarms, hinders, and em
barrasses tho officers of juslico in thoir
efforts to restore publio ordor. No
really well-disposed citizen should ro
main at such a scene unless engaged
in aid of the public authorities. Wore
all such either to otay away or depart,
thcro would be less difficulty in dealing
with the avowed offenders. Tho dread
of injuring the innocent would not
then parnlyzo the ministers of justice,
nnd the supporters ol law would bo ar
rayed in unequivocal battalia.
"In adopting this proper course, such
persons avoid placing themselves In
a position from whence they may find
dilliculty in extricating themselves.
Cor, in liotous and tumultous assem
blies, all who aro present and not ac
tually assistant in their suppression,
in tho first instance are, in presump
tion of law, participants; ana the ob
ligations is cast npon a porson so cir
cumstanced, in his defence to prove
his actual non-interference. When,
howover, tho ShorifT of a county, the
Mayor ol a city, or any other known
public conservator of tho peace, has
repaired, in tho dlschargo of his duty,
to the scene ot tumult, and there com
manded the dispersion of tho unlawful
or riotous assembly, and demanded
tho assistance of those present to aid
in its suppression, from that instant
there ran be no neutrals. The line is
then drawn between those who are
for, and thoso who aro against the
maintenance of ordor, and with the
forces of tho ono or tho other, all who
see fit to remain, must promptly ar
range thomsolvcs. Tboso who continue
looking on whilo the active rioters are
resisting the publio authorities, and
jluringly moving on to the consumma
tion ot their designs of destruction;
who refuse to join with tho authori
ties, and witness their defeat without
striking one blow in aid of outraged
law, are just as much rioters as those
most active in the work of violenco,
and in such circumstanco it will avail
them nothing that they appear only
passive lookors on. instead ot acting
riotous and ineendiarios.
"li follows from tho principles dis
cussed, that all who join in unlawful
and riotous assemblies, are responsi
ble criminally for tho acts of their as
sociates done in furtherance and pur
suance of theircommon object. 'When
divers persons,' says an anoientand
aulhorilativo writer, 'resolve generally
to resist all opposors In tho commission
of a breach of the peace, and to exe
cute it in such a manner as naturally
tends to raise tumults and affrays, and
in doing so bappon to kill I man, they
aro not guilty of murder, tor they
must at their peril abide the event of
their actions, who unlawfully engaged
PA., WEDNESDAY; AUGUST 8, 1877.
in such bold disturbances of tho pub
lio peaco in opposition to and in defi
ance of tho justice of the nation.' If
the fury of rioters Is directed against
dwelling houses, churches, and tho
like, and thoy are destroyed by fire,
all concerned in the riot aro equally
guilty of tbo crime of arson, and liable
to the severe and infamous punish
ment visited by the law on its perpo
trutors. Tboso undoubted doctrines
of the common law should bo known,
paused and pondered upon by all who
are preparing to join in riots. In do
ing so they should bear in mind, that
they put thoir lives and liberties in the
bands of tho most worthless and rock
loss outcasts of society, who genorally
are found conspicuous leadors of pub
lio tumult. , j
"Having, I conceive, sufficiently re
remarked on tho Eaton, ane! eotwa
quonccs of unlawful, riotous and trea
sonable assemblies, I will proceed to
rioint out the powers vested in the pub
in authorities and in private citizens,
to disperse such assemblies, and arrest
thoir perpetrators. They will be
fuund so ample and efficient as to leave
nothing but surpriso that thoir ade
quacy should bo questioned.
"An unlawful assembloy, such as I
havo described, may be dispersed by a
Magistrate whenovor bo finds a stato
of things existing, calling for interf jr
onco in order to tho preservation of
the public peace. Ho is not required
to postpono his action until the un
lawful assembly ripens into an actual
riot. For it is better to anticipate
more dangerous results, by energetic
intervention at the inception of a
threatened breach of tho peace, than
by dolay to permit tho tumult to ac
quire such strength as to domand for
its suppression thoso rrgont measures
which should bo reserved for great ex
tremities. Tho Magistrate nas not
only the power to arrost tho offendors
and" bind them to their good behavior,
or imprison them, if they do not offer
adequate bail, but he may authorize
others to arrost by a bare verbal com
mand, without any other warrant;
and all citizens present whom he may
itivoke to his aid, are bound promptly
to respond to bis requisition, and sup
port him in maintaining tho peace.
And a Magistrate either present or
called on such an occasion, who neg
lects or refuses to do his utmost for
the suppression of such unlawful arf
semblios, subjects himselt to an indict
ment and conviction lor a criminal
i "When, howevor, an unlawful as
sembly assumes a more dangerous
form, and becomes an actual not, prac
tically when life or proporty is threat
ened by the insurgents, measures moro
decisive should be adopted. Citizens
may, of thoir own authority, lawfully
ondcavor to suppress the riot, and for
that purposo, may even arm them
selves, and whatever is honestly dono
by them in the execution ot that ob
ject will be supported and justified by
the common law. In tho great Lon
don riots of 1 780, this matter waa
much misunderstood, as It clearly was
with us, and a goneral persuasion pre
vailed, that no indifferent person could
interfere, without the authority of a
Magistrate, in consequence of which
much mischief was done, which might
otherwise have been prevented.
"Hut, as was observed two hundred
and fifty years ago by the judges who
decided as to tbo right of citizens to
arm on their own motion in suppres
sion of dangerous riots, 'it would be
more discrote lor every one in snch a
case to bo assistant to the J uaticcs and
Sheiiffs in doing so.' This is equally
prudent and sound advice at this timo.
For on Sheriffs and Justices is tho du
ty spociully cast, of consorving the
public peace. The very namo of Sheriff
lndleules his duties, being derived from
two Saxon words, nyrt, that Is, shire
or county, and rrvt, keeper or guar
dian, lie is both by the common law
special commission, tho koopcr of the
peace of tbo Commonwealth within
tho county, nnd any neglect or omis
sion on his part in the performance of
this great duty to the ntmost of bis
power and ability, subjects him to
heavy legal liabilities, both civil and
criminal. Of courso, to execute such
duties and encounter such responsibil
ities, ho must have tho means of com
manding adequate physical force. For
this purposo i-vcry citizen capablo of
I f . C . ,.
uearillg nrnis, UI cvurjr ruua, uum;rijj-
tion and denomination, is bound to
yield a prompt obedience to his com
mand, and repair to meet bim at any
appointed place of rendezvous within
tho county. This duty of tho citizen
is absolute He has no discretion in
tbo matter, and if he neglect or refuse
obedience to the command of the
Sheriff requiring his aid in tho sup
pression of a dungerous riot or other
insurrectionary tumult, ho may be
fined and imprisoned for such contu
macy, at tho discretion of tho court.
Hi! obligation to come to tho aid of
the Sheriff is just as imperative as
that imposed on the lattor to see tho
oominunity suffer no barm from law
less licentiousness. But unless the
citizens promptly respond to his call,
how is the .Sheriff to act with effect ?
His title and wand of office carry no
magic with them, by which he can
overcome an armed mob. Tboso who
love law and order, should not shrink
or hesitate in striking an honest blow
for their protection when threatened
by lawless violenoo. When such a
timid and feeble spirit prevails, the
days of the republic are numbered.
"This general duty, this universal
obligation, extends to tho citizon sol
diers who, in common with all other
members of the community, are re
quired to be assistant in tbo mainte
nance of the public peace on the call of
the civil Magistrate. (And I may ask
bore, docs any man with a spark of
oommom sense, a spark of loyalty to
law, a spark of respect lo his duty as
a citizen, doubt that H is the duty ot
the citiaon soldior to respond in an
emergency of this kind?) They are
subject to tho same pcnaltios in case
of neglect or refusal to appear, as any
other citizon summoned by the Sheriff.
They do not on such occasions, ant in
their technioal character as military.
When assembled, they are but part of
the Sheriff s posso, and act In subordi
nation to. and in aid of, that officer,
who is the true and responsible chief
of all forcos summoned under bis au
thority. Il tho soldiers act In any
manner not authorized by law, they
aro amcnablo for such acta, not to the
military but civil law.
"Il is said that on the occasion of
tho recent riot, when the Sheriff had
summoned numerous citizona to bia
aid, bis command was, with but few
honorable exceptions, treated with
neglect and disregard. If bills are
laid before you charging such a viola
tion ol social duty on privato oitiaena
or volunteer soldiers, officers or pri
vates, sustained by sufficient proof,
vo should without hesitation find
them, that tha recusants may be dealt
with according to law. .
"In one class of cases likely to come
before you, this clear doctrine, both of
law and morals, is most material to be
considered by you. It is a doctrino
whose adoption as the basis ot your
deliberation in the cases alluded to, is
of the deopost momont to tho common
security. Any other would tond to
give impunity to riotous murdor.
"strange misconceptions as to legal
principles, of tho first importance in
their influenco on tho maintenance of
publio peaco, and social ordor, seem to
have misled the community. An ex
position of the truo doctrines ot the
common law will be found alike calcu
lated lo re-assure tho timid and check
tho licentious. Thoy will exhibit that
we have laws adequate lo meet an pub
lic emergencies, if they aro firmly and
vigorously administered, and that we
bavo nothing to tear except Irom time
serving; pusillanimity in their execu
tion, i'beir vindication and mainte
nance is the firat duty of patriotism.
Living undor a government whore the
laws derive their existonco and force
solely from the consent of the govern
ed, where theso laws aro framed ex
clusively to subsorve tho common
good, ovory citizen should regard their
infraction as an outrage on himself
and be ready, prompt and eager, to
sustain and support them."
This I havo read, gentlemen, mainly
from the charge of Judge King to the
Grand Jury of Philadelphia, at Sep
tember Term, 1844, as applicable to
tho circumstances which have been
brought to our notico by the Shoriff
and by your Interrogatory. Our own
Supreme Court, in the case of Reed
vb. Bias, in referring to the same ques
tion, says :
'It a Grand Jury wore so lost to
thomsolvcs as to present a building as
a nuisance because a lawless mob con
templated its destruction, and this
could bo received in evidence even in
mitigation of tho Injury, then misera
ble would he our situation. We could
not imagine whoso turn would come
noxt. The mob was the nuisance, not
the building: It was the duty of the
Grand Jury to present tho mob, and
that of the Sheriff and civil authorities
to suppress it. Dalton informs us that
tho Sheriff, as his namo purports him
to be, is the keeper or governor of the
county. He is lo keep tbo peace, and
bath powor lo levy possf comtmitut so
many men as ho shall think meet to
go with him to apprehend traitors,
felons, rioters, and the liko offendors
against the peaco. The Sheriff is the
keeper of the Commonwealth's peace'
within his bailiwick, by tbe common
law. He may apprehend and commit
to prison all persons who break the
peace or attempt to break it. lie may,
and is bound, ex officio, to pursue and
take all traitors and rioters, as well as
felons and murderers; and for this
purposo, as well as for taking rioters
and other breakers of tbe peaco, he
may command all the pooplo of bis
county to attend bim, under pain of
bne and Imprisonment.
"The Sheriff, to prevent personal
damage to bimsolf and his ordinary
assistants from a mob assembled in ex
traordinary numbers, and with a show
of lorco to overawe the civil power,
may call in tbe assistance ol tbe mili
tary. He has the right, and it is his
duty to use the proper end necessary
force to suppress all mobs and disturb
ers of the peace. Without this power
our liberty would be but a name, and
our livos and proporty insecure."
Our Act ol Assembly on tbe same
question is as follows :
"II any porson sball do conoerned
in any riot, rout, or unlawful assombly,
or an affray, and shall be thereof con
victed, ho shall be guilty of a misde
meanor and be sentencod to pay a tine
not exceeding 1500 and undergo an
imprisonment not execedinetwo years.
or both, or either, at the discretion ol
the court ; and in case any one is con
victed of an aggravated riot a riot
which has resulted in the destruction
of proporty either real (such as tho
burning of buildings) or personal (such
as the burning of cars or goods), the
court may sontenco tho offender to an
imprisonment at separate and solitary
confinement at labor, not oxcoeding
Now gontlemen, it is your duty to
inquire and to make, as your oath has
been stated to you by tbe clerk, a true
presentment of all such matters and
things as are laid before you as well
as of those which of your own knowl
edge you know to bo prosontablo hero.
You can pass bills framed on informa
tion by the District Attorney; you
can mako presentments of such things
as aro wilbin your knowledgo. On
thoso presentments, should any be
mado, the court will direct bills to be
framod, and then you can havoathe
process of tho court to Bend for wit
nesses and evidence. Tho powor con
fided to the Grand Jury under tbo
Constitution and laws of this Com
monwealth is a groat ono, and it is to
be used in emergencies for the preser
vation of the publio peace and for the
detection and punishment of offenders.
Wo bavo felt it this morning to bo
our duty to stato to you what this
court conceived to be tho law relating
to riotous and unlawful assemblies, be
cause we have board that those who
ought to know bolter havo undertaken
to stato that which is not the law, to
misguido mon, and which may lead
them to their ruin if followed.
AN INTERESTING LETTER.
Mr. George W. Sunders, a citizon ol
Danville, this Stale, is making a tour
of Europe, and tho East, and during
his trip ho has written somo very in-
torosting letters to the Danville Intelli
gencer, one of which will be found be
low. As he is approaching tho Holy
Land by a new route, it will be doubly
interesting to Bible readers. Those
who have an atlas or geography
at hand can easily find themselves
while pomsing the letter, which roads
as follows :
U. 8. Ship "Ranorr," I
Tort Said, Euypt, Juno 13, 1877. j
Dear Friend .We loft Malta on the
7th, inst. We arrived bore last even
ing after a pleasant run. Port Said is
a small town of about 6,000 inhabitants,
and contains pooplo of nearly every
nation under tho sun ; but tbe Turks
and Egyptians are in the majority.
The men are dressed in tunics, with
loggins and the renownod turbans. The
women areuressoa in long gowns, caca
with a veil over hor face, and they tell
mo hero that it would not be safo for a
Turkish woman to gO with bor face
unvoiled. Thoy would kill her, so
iealous are they of them. The town
is built mostly ol Egyptian marble, nut
tho buildings do not look well on ac
count ot their being so low, genorally
ol one story. We leave here in the
morning, aa soon as we can got coaled,
as tbe imall pos is prevailing badly.
The inhabitants are dying by thedoaon
and ths English residents aro leaving
as fast as they can. We are a hun
dred miles from Jorusulom and forty
from Joppa. Bo you can see that I
am in tho lfolv Land, mentioned in the
Biblo. Port Said is the outlot of the
Suez Canal, that famous piece of French
engineering. The canal is ninety miles
in length and fifty feet in width. Only
one vessel can go through at lime, and
there Is a whole Hoot of them lying
hero to go through to-morrow. The
canal connects tho Meditoranean with
the Rod Sea, and cuts off about 5,000
miles of route for vessels to China, In
dia, ic. It costs a vessel about $300
to go through ; but thoy will bo saving
at that, as it takes about eight weeks
by the old route, around by the Cape
of Good Hope, whereas to go through
the canal it occupies about forty-eight
la- trr Scez Canal, June 14, 1877.
Left Port Said this morning through
Ihe canal to tbe city of Suez, ninety
miles distant At this poriod of writ
ing wo are about forty miles from Port
Said, and right in tlie midst of the
great Sahara Desert. The excessive
beat makes the white sand glisten so
that it dazzles tbe eyes that one can
hardly see. Just imaglno, tho ther
mometer from yu to luo degrees in ine
shads, and you can form an idea of the
boat here. We aro all dressed in linen
clothes and the beat makot us perspire
so thai the whole suit will be saturated.
It ia the bottost place I was ever in.
There is no rain during tho whole
yoar, and tho ground is only dampened
by the dew.
Suez City, Juno 15, 1877.
This place has sprung up since tbo
opening of tho canal. It now numbers
about 5,000 of a population. The
bousoa are all atono und well built
The pooplo aro mostly English and
French. Wo aro now only about
twenty-five milos from whore England
waged the Ashantee war a few years
ago. wo lay bore until tno Zbtn, anu
tbon sail lor binnapora, bast Indies,
stopping at Aden, at tho Strait of Bu-
bel-MundcD. It Is most liKeiy that 1
will spend my Fourth of July at Aden.
I havo not been ashore, and, thoroloro,
can't describe tbe place. You can
imagine how hot it is, when 1 inlorm
you that we have to hire natives to do
the work in the tire-room, our tlremcn
having all given out nnd unablo to
Eertorm their duties. We are at tbo
ead of the Red Sea, and from bero to
where tradition point out where tbo
children ot Israel crossed, and whore
Pbaroab and bis host wero drowned,
is about ono hundred miles. The coun
try all around hero is interesting Irom
the fact of its connection with the Bible.
One of the loatures I noticed as wo
came through tho canal was a drove
of camels. They numbered at least
ono thousand, and you could see them
as far as the eye could reach, in single
llio, crossing the hot and sandy desert
Yours, Im., Gio. W. Sanders.
CUTTING DOWN THE WOODS.
The rapidity with which our prime
val forest is disappearing before tho
ax of ths setlor has begun to excite
the alarm of those who have acquaint
ed thomsolvcs with tbe facts. When
the trees are cleared away the desert
begins to form. Trees are the natural
producers ; and as soon as any consid
erable tract of country is denudod the
annual rainfall begins rapidly to de
cline On the other band, as soon as
trees can be made to grow by irriga
tion or otherwise, the desert itself be
gins to blossom, the rainfall increases,
springs appear and rivulets rcawako
in their long-deserted channels. An
instructive and entortaining article on
this subject has appeared in tbe Au
gust number ot the Popular Science
Monthly. Tbe writer shows that in
certain parts of this country the limit
is already passed ; that the lands that
a fow generations ago bore teeming
crops now are so ruined by successive
droughts that thoir productiveness has
diminished terribly. A safe rule is
that about ono-third of the land should
be left In forest Those induce rain
and store it up, feeding it gently to
the streams. W hen thoy are cut down,
whatovor rain falls rushes away in a
swill destructive freshet, and tbon
comes the drought Our fathers and
grandfathers remember woll when all
our streams flowed with fullor currents
and at higher levels. We havo but to
carry on our troo destruction a little
further and as streams thoy will dis
appear entirely, becomipg dry bods,
filled only in rainy seasons with fiorco
torrents. It is ono of tho Btornost re
proaches against Turkish or Ottoman
rule, that whorevor they have pone
thoy have carried the desert. Thoy
are treo destroyers on principlo. The
damago they do by massacre and plun
der is small compared with their des
truction of tho forests. Turkoy, Grcoeo,
Asia Minor and Mesopotamia wero
once garden spots. The northern pari
ol Africa, the soat of great empires in
past ages, is now almost like the desert
that stretches behind it Spain, bare
ol its trees, docs not support one-third
of what should be its population. Ef
forts have been mado in Egypt, Spain
and Southern Franco to rostoro the
forest growths. In Egypt this bas
met with- markod success. Planta
tions of dale-bearing palms arc extend
ing into tho desert, and the arable
land and tho annual rainfall propor
tionately increased. In this country
the process of donudatlon has not gone
far enough to make ths restoration ot
ths forests difficult- Waste lands grow
up in an Inferior pino, and thus afford
shelter to the young oaks, hickories
and chestnuts that soon take thoir
place on good soil. But in some of
tbe cotton districts of the South it may
bo that greater efforts must be made
to restore the forest growth. These
are things which our farmers should
consider careftilly before thoy decide
to clear moro land. Thoy may be do
ing their whoio farms and neighbor
hoods serious initiry, and injury, too,
that will require long years to remedy.
Lot ns take care lest, dazed by the
splondor ol our achievements, we take
too much to ourselves, sacrificing to
our own nets and burning Incense so
our own drags. Man has boon happily
defined as a "tool-user." But let us be
ware of using moans as though they
wore ends. Let us beware of tool-wor
ship or thumb idolatry. Man's powers
and resources his ingenuities and
trimnnfta arA hut Inana Irom (loll, and
must be returned to him w'th interest
"All things come from thee, and of thine
own have wo given thee." After all,
man 'a grandest tool Is tho sense of trus
teeship, holdinit and managing bis es
tate ot earth as obtained under grant
of the heavenly suzoraln. George I).
" Ma, I've scared tho old sprockted
hen to death I " " Why, Joseph, how
did yon do thatT" " I cut her bead
off with my new hatchet, and it scared
her so she flopped around airul and
fell down dead.
nmun n ,
gOTOTU-ALw fa Mriwa.
NEW SEMES-VOL. 18, NO. 31.
THE BEST BREED OF SHEEP.
There is much difference of opinion
on this subject, but no one need besi
tato long in decidingon the question, for
alt tbe pure breeds ol the present day
nave so many good qualities tnai ineir
relative excellence is only a matter of
opinion and taste, and instead ol con
sulting with one and another to gain
grounds for decision as to which of
tbem Is tbo bost, any man may as woll
bumor his own fancy, and commonce
with the breed whoso appcaranco he
Of course there are considerations
which should have some weight in de
ciding one's selection. One farmer, for
instunce, may have an extensive moun
tain range so broken that much activi
ty is required in getting about after
the borbago on a great part of it, whilo
another may have a good deal of rich
bottom lands, with pasture so abundant
as to require very little movement
In such cases the man with tba bigb
land could not do better than chouse
tbe good, old South Down, wbilo the
other's choice ought to full on tbe Cots-
wolds, liincolns, or the Jjclccstcrs.
n here mutton and wool are tbe
great desideratum, the owner having
no intention ot raising or breeding
rams to be sold at lancy prices, it would
bo advisabio that tho owes snouid be
grades of good common stock ; then
rams ol tbo desired breed abouid be
usod, and pure bred rams only should
be employed on the young owes ot the
next generation. Thus, step by step,
a well-bred animal will bo attained,
which is really a vory easy matter.
n here the snoop havo lo range a
good deal, and tbeere is browsing and
climbing to seek for herbage, a pure
South Down ram would be preforable
to any oiner, as mat ureeu ia uoeiaeu
ly the most active of the mutton breeds,
and will prosper where the heavier
breeds would do no good unless thoy
had some feed given them daily.
1 ho brood ot sheep for any mon to
gel is the one best adapted for the pas
ture and lor tne treatment to wuicn
they will bo subjected. And whatever
breed may be selocted, it will pay to
feed them well whenever tho season is
sufficiently advanced lo require It ; and
however hardy the Down may be, and
however littlo extra feeding tbey may
subsist on, still it is the fact that it will
pay to feed tbem liberally, as thcro aro
throo sources of increased profit arising
from tbo single cost of grain, oilcake,
or whatever is given, viz., more mutton,
more wool, and hotter manure.
.Nor is this all, for every business
man knows that mutton und wool,
from weel-fcd, ripe ehoep, bring more
per pound, so that to the increased
quantity of meat and wool there should
be added the profit of a cent or two
per pound, on the whole carcass, be
cause primo moat always commands a
greater price per pound, whilo the
wool is alsoot betterquality in propor
tion to the condition of the sheep.
Then again,as an additional inducement
to feed liberally with stimulating tood,
it should be borne In mind that much
loss hay is eaten in winter if other food
is used. Many people, howover, are so
careless in thought as to charge the
whole cost ol grain, meal or oilcake,
making no allowance for tbe bay saved
and for the richer manure.
Not only are tho above advantages
gained by good feeding, but there ia
still another result of great importance
bicu lollowa tbe high 1 ceding ol young
stock. 1 refer to early maturity and
quick rotnrns. Owing to this practice
in England, tbo yearling wethers, call
ed tegs, are quite as heavy as an two-year-old
weather in the united Sates,
and they yield a fleece twice as heavy
as that ot an American sheep. This is
caused by tho groat quantity of tur
nips generally eaten by sheep tn that
country, and the attention paid to them
by the shephords, who food them In
auch a systematic munnor as to make
thorn cat as much as possiblo, while the
farmers bore contrive to kocp their
sheep on as little as possible.
It is really astonishing how rapidly
sheep husbandry has progressed in
England during the last half century,
for, when 1 was a boy, there were no
machines for cutting turnips, and they
wero all eaten oil as thoy had grown.
A kinsman of mine, who did business
in Dnnbury, Oxfordshire, invented the
first good turnip cutler, and to this day
no othor machine has been much of an
improvement. Geo. Gardner, in Rural
New Yorker. ,
Pyino Away From Home. How
sad a thing to feel that one must die
away Irom borne. Tell not the invalid,
who is yearning after bis distant coun
try, that tbo atmosphoro arnunil him
is soft; that tho gales are filled with
balm, and the flowers are springing
from tho green earth ; be knows that
tho softest air to bis heart would bo
tho air which bango over bis nativo
land, that more grateful than all the
f rales ot tho South would breathe tho
ow whispers of anxious affection ; that
the icicles clinging to his own saves
and tho snow beating against his own
indows would bo Inr moro pleasant
to his eyes than tho bloom and vordiire
which only moro forcibly remind him
bow far he is from that one spot which
is dearer to him than the world beside.
Ho may indeed find estimable friends
who will do all in their power to pro
mote bis comfort ami assuago his
pains, bnt cannot supply the placo of
the long-known and long-loved ; they
cannot read as in a book tbo mute lan
guage of his faco ; tbey have not learn
ed to wait upon bin habits and anticipate
his wants; and he has not learned to
commnnicalo without hesitation all bis
wishes, impressions and thoughts to
them. He feels that be is astrangcr ;
and a more desolate fuling than that
could not visit his soul. How much
is expressed by that form of Oriental
benediction: "May you die among
The Inuiiisitivi Patriot. Old Si
camo in and wanted to know if "Here
hain't bin no new niarahall 'plntcd
down byar yit T"
" Not that wo bavo beard."
" An' now pos'marslor 1 ".
" Woll, how Is dis, ennybow f I
thought tint we gone got er new Prosy
dent, an' dar win gwine tor be er new
deal all 'round I" -
" It seems that wo have got tbo new
" When aro we gwine tor git do new
deal, the!' ; dot's what iti agertatin' de
mind ob de hungry publick f "
" Well, Uayoa says be ia not thai
kind of a railroad spiko be is not I'or
a now deal, it seems."
' An' dat's what ho sez T Woll, he's
er beat man, 'base et dat flatform wns
'greed tar in dis country whar'd be de
use of univorsity sonridg, nfteent do-
mendment and de 'lecktivo franchise ?
You loss start dat prinsornel ob ankor-
in' men In offlss down byar, and hits
gwine tor 'stray all the intrust In de
lockshins an' knock pollyticks higher
dan a kite 'ntong niggers and white
folks gin'rnlly f "Atlanta Contitution,
MUCH IN LITTLE.
Our vanity ii the constant enemy
of our dignity.
A round of pleaaure A prome
When our vices quit as, we flatter
ourselves that we quit ourvices.
lie who swears informs us that
his bare word is not to be credited.
Folks don't "fail" now-a-days.
Thoy "ask the advice ot their creditors".
i oiiiiv inaKCBmcniiuicuioill.pnuo
Vanity makes men I Idlculoiu.pride
muii were uov luu uupes ui uuu auoalitia. J
In all the affairs of this world, so
much reputation is in reality so much
Power. . ,
Nobody looks any longor at the
rainbow which bas lasted a quarter of
Vanity indeed is a venial error;
for it usually carries its own punish
mont with it '
Our evil genius, liko tbe junior''
member of a deliberative body, always
gives its views first
If we bad no faults ourselves, ws
should not have so uiuok pleasure in
discovering the laults ol others. '
Our repentance is not so much a
regret for the evil we bave done as
fear of what may bo the consequences.
A Milwaukee man ate five loaves of
bread and two bams for a wager, tbe
other day. Ho should be made King;
of the Sandwich Islands.
It is aald a certain Boston divine
nevorasks a blessing overa table whore
there is wine or liquor. Perhaps be
thinks it is good enough without
-A fair ono says she knows
what she's talking about, and that it
just doubles the value of a kiss to bave
to burrow lor it under a big mustache.
A Chicago grocer stuck out a sign,
'Call and see my figs." A jokercbsng-
ed the initial letter of the last word "p,"
and tbe sign was promptly taken in.
A poor man, who was ill, being
asked by a gentleman whether be baa
taken any remedy, replied," No, I aint
taken any remedy, but Pre takon Iota
Scarcely bave I ever beard or read
tho introductory phrase, "1 may aay
without vanity," but some striking and
characteristic instance of vanity has
immediately followed. Franklin.
The history of tbe world teaches
no lesson with moro impressive solemn
ity than this : that tho only safe guide
of a great intellect, is a pure heart ;
that evil no sooner lakes possession of
the heart, than folly commences the
conqneet of tha mind.
An old Irish seaman, at a prayer
mooting in Dublin, in relating bis ex
perience, staled that when at sea in
storms and tempests be bad often de
rived great comfbrt from that beautiful
passage in Scripture, "Faint heart nev
er won fair lady."
At tho clone of one of tbe battles
in the Peninsular war, an officer seeing
a private of his regiment bringing three
French prisoners, asked him how he
had managed, unassisted, to mako such
a capture. "Bo jabcrs, yer honor,
replied the man proudly, "I surround
"Frank," aaid an affeetiouate
mother tbe other day to a promising
boy, "if you don't leave off smoking so
much you will got so lazy after a while
that you won't care anything about
work." "Mother," replied the hope
ful, leisurely removing a vory long
cigar, "I have got so now 7"
A man rushed breatblossly inlo a
lawyer's offico in Chicago, and ap-
firoacbing the legal luminary, excited
y remarked, "A man has tied a coop
to my horse's tail. Caul do anything?"
"Yos," replied tbe attorney; "go and
untie it." Tbat was good advice, and
didn't cost tbe man but (5.
Do you ever reflect that your pow
ors of accomplishment are direct mer
cies from Heaven ? God does a more
wonderful thing when be holds all
your faculties ia such nice adjustment
and perfect play tbat you win success,
than he would bavo done if he had
wrought tho fruit of tbe success him
self by a miracle.
The truth is that the intellectually
high and tbe intellectually low will be
pleased and edified by the same style
ot preaching. It is only those who lie
between, woo belong not to the former
class, and are afraid of being ranked
with the Utter, that prefer the sound
oflcarning to the sense and understand
ing of it.
A man onco took a piece of white
cloth to a dyer to have it dyed black.
Ho was so pleased with tbe result that,
alter a timo, he went back to bim
with a pioco of black cloth and asked
to bavo it dyed white. But tbe dyer
answered, "A piece of cloth is like a
man's reputation ; it can bo dyed black,
but you cannot make it white again."
Ono ol tho most useless ol all things,
is to tnko a deal ot trouble in providing
against dangers that nevor come.
How many toil to lay op ricbes which
thoy novor enjoy ) to provide for exi
gencies that ncvor happen ; to prevent
troubles tbat never come; sacrificing
present comfort and enjoyment in
guarding against tbe wants of a period
they may never live to see.
Trouble, like a strong electric
light, casts another color over the for
merly dnrk scenes, and wo discover
what we bad forgotten. Trials work
a degree ol tenderness of spirits, and so
make sin conspicuous to the weeping
eyo and to the troubled hoart Many
a man, when in great trouble about
other matters, has also begun to be in
deep distress on account ot sin.
With somo, scolding is chronic.
Life is one long fret The flesh is fe
verish, the nerves unstrung, the spirit
pert ti rood and in a stale or unrest
The physical condition and the mate
rial surroundings may have a hrong
tendency to disturb our equanimity,
and to exasperate our feelings; but we
aro to bear in mind that scolding ncv
or did anybody any good, and withal
grows to bo very uncomfortable to tbe
party who indulges in it
A rocenl writer says: "In no other
country have we seen so muoh show
and tinsel in tho churches aa in some
of our own cities. In Europe not only
in England, but on the Continent,
such display is rigidly forbidden, not
by law, but by the recognized canons
of good taste. Nothing is considered
more vulgar a more ocrtain mark of
low breeding than this kind of osten
tation in a placo of worship. It is only
tho "now rich" what we should call
tho "shoddy" tbat try to exhibit
themselves in the bouse of God. But ,
as tbat class is larger in this country '
than any whore also, we bave more of
those wretched exhibitions.
It is often maintained tbat we
know nothing but phenomena ; but
hero is something we know, Independ
ent of its phenomena. I know that I
am the pearsnn 1 was fifty years ago;
and yet all ths qualities of my mind
and heart may bare altered during
that interval. I may not bave a single
fueling, habit, opinion, taste, I bad then ;
yot I am sure tbat I am the same per
son. Consciousness and memory, eroes
ing in an instsnt this gulf of years, ae
sure me that though all the phenomena
of my being have changed lam myself
unalterably the same. Ho, from this
docp well of conscious personality, we
draw up aot only tha only Idea wa oaa .
got of an indivisible anity bat also the
only idea we can gut of the persistency