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M CLEARFIELD .. REPUBLICAN,"
(M iu)l,.DKI( & LEE,
h) I till lHI II I I p 1
T ir larar! ClrrulalWn ul any Mawapeper
IOIUM m UULMUiki
If ml in s,lvao.. ir wltb'B M lannlSa..,.! IMI
If l-l rirr nl iMlun month 4 H
If aid tlr ibv MSpiralnin "f tai.Blha.. 1 IMI
Rate, ol Advertising. I
T nMpni ailtr.rti.iaHira. Mir aquarif In IhiMur 1
r .11.- . . . l .S
A t'tnitro'V nd KiKgiitnr anitaM........ t ft
A idtlnrV nt(WB S
fl Mifion. miI Krirtri. H I M
P tM1uti"n n.nlnei. .1 J
P-nftwinnR Card. & line. or leaa.l rear.,,. A
Lioil nfilioea.uar Un . .
1 i ,.ir M ft eluma.. aa
t ihw t M I i eolaaia. ,.. TP
I i.MrM... Sit ft I I nntnittn .. II M
n. B. lonm.Al'PBR.
' NOKL B. LRK,
T. BROCKBANK, s ,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Offie. In Court lloul.. ' ap J5,77-ly
wh a. MectiLL.iroil. ram. o'l. Bnca
MfClLUtlT.lI & BUCK.
ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW, , -I
All M-s.l buriBrw pripilf atta&.lad to. OIBoa
oa Beonud itraal, la lu. aaaoate bulidiBff.
LAW 4 COLLECTION OFFICE
n.arlt.ld Coal Prna'a.
fans, a. ai as...
MURRAY & GORDON,
TTO UN B Y 8 AT LA W,
Offe la We a Hum-, eetwnn1 floor
F R AN ic"F I E LD I N G,
A T T O It S K V - A T - L A W .
Will ..Mend tu all tin ! mrae'ed lu bin.
fiiotutl ai4 ftiMuH nlt7i
HA MKT . W ALliAL'B.
JUMI W. WNIILIT
WALLACE A. KREBS,
(tiu - U ttallttot- it riv.tlli.if,
ATTUKN K Ytf AT - LA W ,
II I'J'M ' tloardtld. Pa.
luKiKi. w. I'd' an..
McENALLY & McOUEDY,
A I ruKNBYM-Al-LAW.
. jrttci Haciut't (U"i4 t al(U mitUj
.. n y. litnuH no ntmitinl lrwt, inivt :r rlr
Mitinutl Bunh Jhd;1:71
G.( R. BARRETT,
I T'tRN V AN l ((U KriKLoH AT LAW
v . (ll.BAHKIKi.D, FA.
iMviiiif rttiuel hi J uitgeht, ha rnutttwd
if tmAiifM uf rhf Uw la hit ld offioc at Cleat
f'l'l, I'a. Will itKnd lhfoi.urtl Jfffnrfua and
Ik munri mhmn rruiowt In tinn)tinn
A. G. KRAMER,
A T T O li X K Y - A T - 1. A W .
Hful RpUtr unit OollartloD A(nt,
Will triii-ilj ati-iil lu all If! buiinaM
trPtil In U enra.
pg-ittflv in Pit 0ira Ha. jaDl'71
A . W. WALTERS,
. OTiiUMiY AT LAW.
llrhi-i. ill IJrhnTa Row. ldaeS-1;
h. w. smTth
A T'l'llRN EY-AT-LA W.
il:l:71 ' riMrfleld. Pa.
ATToKNKY AT LAW
' . f t'laarlMd. Pa. -;'
jMriifflo In Old Mirn Hulol aalMlaK
oru. r of HMnad anl Markot Su. ta.iflll,ta.
(a " TO K W K Y" AT. LAW,)
' Cleartteld, Pa.
-.!. hi lh Caarl Hoaan (Jlli)
JOHN H. FULFORD,
ATTORNEY AT LA.
pi? III. rvi atoikol MivM.app. Caarl Uawa,
Inn. a, iti. " ------- - - -
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
A rToKNKY A I LA W
.mi Kal fc:ta'e Affeuu Cleartteld Pa,
Otliff oa Tbird lrt, bal. l.larr A Wain at
ajrKtfetrully uffira hli irv ! la iIHng
ad rtuyiott landa ia OIarfild od adJMalDg
uatiaa ; and aitn ati napariamao'
ar ava a urvji,.r, Aptterr aiaiaoll Ibai b aaa
adar iatiAjlatfUut. LD "
i. BL AK E WALTERS,
KKAI. KsTATK DKoKRK.'
Ijokm and LimiUor.
w " yi.KHKirft.ii, pa ' "
j.. j.;linqle,; ?
, i r h n Kf - a T- LA w
Oarcula, 'i-'learllvld Pa. ;:pu
J. S. B A R N H A RT,
a rroKNriv T LAW, J
I :. t,'.'lii. ill UlfNifirlil ud all ul IbpCourll.if
I,, Juduiai ai.lr Kl Malo kunlM-
it, i .',.HwilM,n .it .'Uimr iBmlf (nH'ialUM. al'7l
DR W: A'. MEANS,
PHYSICIAN k 8 U H ( EON.
.'. I.I THHHWBHKU. PA :
WlllallrBit pmliimal aalla prnBpU;. augla'T"
, pr:t. J. BOYER, : t '
II v . 1 1; I A uNUHKIIMlH.
Ulloa oa Martat tttraat, Claarlald. Pa.
saTUlioa koan : I I" II a. , aad I I p.
It R M. Ht'il EURER,
' OBoe la rlrldfaea OB Marks! rt.
April 14. I71. Clr-Bradd, Pa
nn j p. RURC H FIELD.
Uu Daritaoa at lt Wd Kolaaal,PaalraaV
volaotaara. aa.ma rw.ir ,
dor. i pMfouloaal aamlaaa to Uaaillaaal
of 01oartoldauaai. -XrPr
,ia.i..Bl"Bll. priiaiplly allaadtdia.
0oa ia amaod .iraal farrly woaapiad kj
III Wood. ' , ; iiJL?"'-"','
DR. H. B. VAN VALZAH,
tl IvAKHH I). P I"'A.
pf On-n ..nr- Pruai II to I P. .
M; II, !"
r ILI.IA U M IIKKY, JuaTic
If ..r tai. Pajica aa)aiTanai.l.lla1IIIh
OITY. (-..llaolHini aiada and arnaa; pmapH)
raid iar. tima. al araaaanl aad dM.la al
.al.tlaaa BaMtll aaarniart aad aavrraalod aaf
wi m a oharaa Wl7
: JAME8 H. LYTLE,'
In kraiiar'a Halldlag. I laiald. Pa.
Da.lar In llrowloa, Pnialllaaa, Vaolaklai,
Praiu. W.'nr, I'vad. eta-, rU.
aprll'Tt-if - - ' ' y
HA RUT RN.YDER.
BAhUKK AMD BAIIDRISAIK
KbupM Martrt M. appaalla Ooarl Hoaaa.
A ahaa wwol far aiarp taataaur.
AUo naaarartarar af
All kiudaaf Arllcloa la Maaiaa Hair.
CK.ili.ia , f. a.1 I. Ia.
D. M. DOHEBTI,
r A.1II0NABLK bAHhUKA BAIKIlRUliU.
Bbep la t.a lomarlj aoaaplid ky Naaaj '
Markat alrool. , .
)'; U. H. " . .
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
iirtk af Ik Paaaa aad iarliaaaf, '
aakOalaMUau aaada Bad wan praa
VOL 5.-WII0LE NO.
JU8TICI OP Till PIACI
' IRfcalNr Totruthlp,
Oarnola M Ilia P. O.
All offlolal bualnora antrailad to klia will h
pntaipll; aliandad In. , aiohliv, 7H,
PreiicbvllI. I UarOaU Caaaly, Pa.
Raapt aaaaiantly on hand a fall uMiinant of
vrj hihmi, narawara, urooanai, ana avaryiDing
ainally knpt In a retail itwra, which 1H baiold.
rot oaaa, at oneap aa iMwnar in id eoaniy.
rraaehvllla, J ant tT, 18'7-lj.
THOM A8 H. FORCEE,
BBAtVB IB .
HENERAL M K.RI'H ANDI8B
Aim, aataailTa maaaftkotarer aad daalar la Raara
Tisaor and Sawad Lajobarer all klada.
aT-Ordara ooliallad aad all kllla ptonpil)
House and Sign Painter and Paper
taVWIII aaoeate Joha Itt kla Una prinapllj. and
la a workajanlika aiaaaar. arr4,(7
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
NEAR CLKAKPIKI.U. PRNN'A.
JBVPaaipa alwaya oa kaod aad wado to urdor
in akort aaliaa. Pipaa borrd oa raaaoaabla turau
All work warraatad ta ranriar aatlafaetioa. aad
dalWarod If doalrod. njl:lypd
E. A. BIGLER & CO.,
S Q U A R e"t"i M B E R,
' aal maBBlkolaran of
II I. hl!lm OP DAH Ml I.UMBKK,
I t'll CI.GARPIELD. PBNN'A.
JAS. B. GRAHAM, -
Real Estate, Square Timber, Boards,
SIIINULKti, LATH. A P1CKKTS,
:irt'7S ' ClrarfleMp Pi,
. WARREN THORN,
UOOT AND SSI10K MAKER,
Market Mt.. ClrarSald, Pa.
Id lha ahop laialf oooupiod by Frank Sfaurt,
aaa dour waal i.f Alkgbanj Hoaia.
ARCHITKCT, CtlMTRACTOR aad BUILDER
Plana and PprtiineattoDP furnlihad for all klada
r natiiitnaa All wort nrat elan. Eitair Buna
tag a totlty.
P. 0 addrraa, ClrarllflJ, Pa. Jaa.l I-TTtf.
R. M. NEIMAN,'
SADDLE and HAENESS MAKER,
Hwnbarfer, Cleartteld Co., Pa
Kpaa band all kiadu af IlaracM. Saddlea,
Bridlaa, and llwraa FuraUhing UimnIi. Kpairing
niMly allaaded ta.
Jlambargur, tlaa. 1, U77-tf.
Square Timber Si Timber Lantlfl,
JallT CLRARK1RLD, PA.
JOHN A. 8TADLER,
BAKKH. Markat IH., Clearld, Pa.
Praeb Bread. Iluak. RoMe. Piee and Caka
m band or nad to order. A gnral ajaartnent
at ConltetioDari, Ftnlia aad IN at a la atork.
Iva Creaai and Oratara In aeaetm. Balwua aeatit
pnoaiia tba Poatoflet. Prieaa aiaaVrata. -
arott IV- 70.
J. H. M'MURKAY
WII.L BlIprbY YOli WITH ANY ARTIOI.I
OPMkKCHANUIHBATTHB VKKY LOW KHT
PRICI. COM a ANi BKK. ik:l:7I;n
If IHBLII AMD MTItNH YAKD.
IV I Mr. H. a. I.llil..l I,
Ua.laa aaiacad iB la. MarM. aaalBM., aaa
aa iafarai kar frlaada aad aka pakllo lhal aba kaa
aaw aad will ka aoaaiaoil): ob band a lara. and
wall HlMlad atwik al MAMAr. apu vmauai
MAHBLK. and la praparM larniak la araa.
TuHBalTUN KM. HUX ANIl C'HAilLR Told Ha
MUM MKM. A..
.Yard oa Read atraal. BMW IB. R. R l-I,
L.l r j Stable. ...
I H N nnderaia; n,' begf leave tu iatrtn h (mil
Ha tbat he la w full? iirevar- aeotiamm-
4aieall Iw tba way of farniabing H ,aa. Huw,
4ddle And llarneaa, oa the ahorteat notirw and
n ratieonable term, keaidaaoaon Lneuat -trem
ttetwuaii Third and Poarth.
UKO W ti KAHIIAh I.
Tla-Avraeld Peh . IHT4
WHOLESALE LJQDOE STOEE.
Al Ik. and of tk. aaw bridg.
WKfiT CLRARPllLb, PA.
Tb pn.pri.lar uf tkr. aatabllihaatil will but
bl. liqaora dlraai Iroai dlalillwa Parilaa l ) ln
trm Ibia bouaa will h. aar la ffl a par. artiolr
wl a aaiali aiarai, akova anal. Haul fcip.ra .an
Itfratabrd with ilqaari ob rvaaonaota i.rraa.
I'ar. wtaaa aad kr.ndiM dlr.al trum aal.;'a
ViaatT. ai Balk, M.w Y'.rk
UKdRill! N. COI.RI'RN.
Olaarlal.l. Jua. la, IKT.-U.
I. 8 N Y D E R ,
ABB BB.LBB IB
VYklchea, Cliicki and Jenflry,
Araiaai'a Km, Umrlni Sit),
All bind! af rapalrlBf Ik aif Ha. arvaipll.T .1
nd.d la. Apr' ' l,n'
ENCOURAGE HOME INDUSTRY.
1"UI aadw.lra.d- katlaf aauhllakad a Nor
Mr. aa Ik. Plk.. ahaal k.lf Ml balaM
Clra'told aad Carwaaarillr, la pranirad la tar
alak all kiada al PRUIT TRKRd, (alaadard aad
dwarf.) Rrrrnrwaa, Bbrabnara, Uraia Viaaa,
Uw..h.rr, Uwloa Blaoknorrr, Bir.wh.rrj,
and RMpbarrr VIwm. A o. Ularrlak Crab Troaa,
Qalae.. aad .arlt MBrlat Kb. bark, Aa. Ordm
proaaptlf alUBdMl la. Addrvaa,
r ' ' n OlluOf
aaptd CBrwaaavllla. Pa.
Market Mrat, Claarlald. Pa.,
aaar.cf raaa abb bb.isb ib
NARNE0B. aAtllUt!). (RlftlM, COLLARS,
aad all kladl af
UOKSM riKXISHINO Q00D3.
A fall ataak af Haddlan' Hard war, (raaaaa,
I'aBka. tlaBbata, Raaaa, a., alwaj. aa kaad
ad f.r aala al Ik. lawwt Mak prvaaa. AU kiad.
of rriialnaf pnMapllr ailaadad a..
All kiada 1 kldn l.h.B ia aieka. fa Air k.r.
aria aad rapalrln. All kladt ft kamM k-alaar
arpt i.a b.ad. ..d far Ml. al a mail protl.
CI.arB.ld, daa, la, i.ia
JOHN Hi, FULFORD,
' 0 Ht ML IKSVUSCt MIST,
Ratwww. all Ika- ajadlnf flra li
m ikal aaaaaaa-t t 1
Heal., N.w Y..rk
,7 M ,11 4
iaaiat. Mhbt, P.
HaiHim, N.w Yark
1 1 MM, Cwl , I.MwMl.Mlx.a.H1
Alba, Hartford... ................
Pmldaaaa, Wa.kl.iaa.......... ...
..m Lmi Mtlaa aa laiBraaaa aa prap-
art. af aa, blad, akaald a.B J aaa, aa
MHkal MnaLawaaMM Ika faarl Baoai, aad aaa
HalaC IIBI1B aaw awwj. ar
CALLED BY THE ANQELI.
Tbarinatr'i wl(a U alttinj alnat
la iht duak of a wintrr day,
hila arar lha bill tha ihaduira fit),
Aad avar lha neaduwi (irar,
And tha oaret ol mittiT a butt boar
filtal faat from bar haarl aaaj.
Der jm hava wandered Oi rough vliU of
To Ihe church ar i amlar the hill,
Whrre lb now. Ilka lb wlngi of a brood
Lii aofi aad ar and ilill.
And abera bar iiMiurf, ' long ago.
bha laid at lha Minn'i wilL
And ab I bow oft, at ifaa iayt ro be,
hh alatta. bir li-Uning ar
Ha a I Boat eauftbl on ih ipiing brerte.
Volf t ao twaot and elear.
"Tia ibe angnla oallii.gr' aha tblnki. "Ab.
It la waary waiting btrt."
Tbe ftrmer tmi frrna hla work, al Jail,
It the dunk of a winter' day,
Ab be alia bint do art by tola laiibfut mita.
And ah pan bia lo ka eo jtry,
Ard li-uka ia hit t ea with a loving ami la
That yean Heal oaver
And bath again, her dtn turn,
To tbr bill wbt-ra tb abad va fall,
Sli tbii'kp, 1 My treaara are iug thara.
Bui II baa nut lakn all,
Hine on la waiting biJ ui at ill,
, Till tb angt la' vuieee anil."
B'tt tbe weeks ara alow, and tha aged two.
Ia tbe Uark ol man- a dr,
Will WMleb lb aba dm? a uuiu and go, .
0' iba n adwa cid and gray.
Er thrj, at tne Mier'a will. iua lie,
Vbrt 'heir trvaura ar lanlaw.i.
TUB I'llWI (lit RAT CHI Mb OP Till WAR."
Jluj. tii'ti. V. U. . Frank lilt, imo ol'
tliu liiuvi-at uml uircal nlliccra in tliu
I'nilrd Sibuh aurvit-e ilimnif llif Inlu
wur, eolitiilititrn In thu -.lii h ol Iho
riiiluil. li.liia H.cWy limc4 a vuliiulilo
lii.lulK III rkiil'll ul tliu IM.Iilii or hull-
ei lu uiiwriili n hiftnry nl vvvtiia iro
cnlilii mill roiiiiii'U'ii wilb (iuinlul
Mcl'li'llaii'a 'liiiiHilui'iKin.iii. Itkii.
r ranklui nlinai n iiiiii Imivi.v thai whilo
JIi C'Mlllli Wtt rii.ruunilMiir uml I'uni-
iiactiiitf tliu ui'iiiY Uml bail ln'uii iwiiha-
ai-lniiihlj dilfBtml under Mi Dowcll at
tin 1 1 Klin, and while liu waa ivi tft-lm
itK.anurvM tor a dwciHivu and Biiertmidul
.amiign iainal Kic IiimiiikI, liu wan
cntiHtatilly iiiH'rli rvd with liy nii'inliurN
of the laliinut. Allur advening tu tbu
iniiiatit'iice ol the aoniitimlratioti and
the iMipnlaro fur a movii "on to Hicli
niond," and thu windum and loiliuur
aiK'a of .Mt'CMIuli in rvamtiiif; thia niid
chieYOiii advice, Uen. Friinklitl con
In the lulter iarl. of thu fall Lieut.
General Scott anked to ho retired, ami
liin request wua liruntcil. General
MeClulian h um then inudu Coniuiaiider
ill Chief of the army, und at once be
ta in u renponailile tor the nioveiiieiitti
and nrimiiizalion ul all the lurceri r.utU
and Went. He determined, llierelore,
to curry out a plan aa to thu move
ment of thu army of thu l'otomac
which he had miidied loi and which,
itidependetit ot political and nnancial
coiiKiueriitioiie, commend ilnell to
every militury mind aa the very beat
for making a campaign aainat Rich
mond at tbut time. Alter eveiiia dem-
onmruted the windum ot thia plan. In
tew worda. the plan wan to move the
wbolu army ol ilie I'otomae, except a
liircn auflieieiil lor thedelenmi of Waab
inton, to tbe vicinity ol a place named
Urliuno on thu RutiiiahaiiniKk, and
from tbia point oa a baae to advance
I wii iticliinnnd. nut una involved a
delay until apring, and a anon us it be
came generally known that there wan
to be tlnn delay, a ita canae wan not
known, tbe moot "tretinoin eff'orta wero
nmllo by Congreaa and thu prewi to
Hnd out what waa conteniplated. Gen
erala comnianditijf diviainnn, whii wre
known to be in General McClellun'a
ooiilidriiw, were examined by dm
gretujiiiiml rommiltecM lor the aole pur
piaie ol Hndiiig out w hat he intended
to dn. On one occaaion, in December,
1 Ihiiik, 1 wna exuniined liefnre the
coiiiniittee nil tbe cimdiicl of the war.
I Waa ked whether I knew General
McClcllau'a plana, and I auawered in
the afllrmalive. 1 Man then anked tu
divulge them, and replied I hut 1 would
j.rvlcr In wait until 1 could ctitifer with
him, he then being dungcroiinly ill, and
tbat in inlui iimlii'ii wan ciinliiluiitial.
The cimilliillee I In n loal all intercut
in me. '
Geticiul UiClellun'a Miviliiiii during
Ibia tierUHl waa utie ol great difliciiltl
and dclliHiy. lie had delcrniiiied
upon a pluiiol ciitnpuigii which invulv
ed a delay of miii'eiiienl ul the annica
until apring. Thia delay bring liiinlin
(lerHtood, hia enemieR, who, In aunie
noted CRK'H, pretetukd to lie bia beat
trielidn, quietly iliiimated tbat ho waa
not tbe man fur the position. The ilu
tiiw of hid (-oiuliiaiiil were exeeaaively
barraaaing, and (he ntidercurrent ol
detractiim licgmi to dime to the aur
fuii', and muke llxell fell in the adiiiiu
ialration. Jlu attended the fniieral ot
General Landera, who died in Decern
her, and waa buried In Waidiington.
Telling mo aboi.t the funeral on the
liillowing ilnj', he Ha id that when he
now Landers' lacu in thu coffin, look
ing ao calm and iieaculul, und thought
of the troulilca be waa then having,
and waa to hare thereafter, be regret
ted tbat ho wa nut lying there, ill-
atead of Landera. Thene were the de
fiant and iriKiibordinatu feelinga of the
At length he wa taken aick with
typhoid lever, and for a long time he
waa on the border ol death. Ilia aick
neaa gave bia enemiea an opiortiiuity
which thar were nut alow to embrace,
and "vilification und detraction Increas
ed, ao that al laat the I'reaident even
began to think thai aomulhing ought
to he done to conciliate puhliu opin
ion hy making an effort to atari the
arm)' ot t he Potomac, even if it had to
move without tbe commanding Gen
Gen. Franklin iiroceeda to narrate
what happened at aeveral Interview,
be had with the Cabinet and brother
officer during MeC'lellan' illiiea, and
the determination of Ihe adminialra
lion to undertake R forward move
ment, notwithstanding the illnena of
the Cnnimalider ili Cliiel. Thin inten
tion wa thwarted, however, by Gen.
McClellan recovery. On Moiulay,
January-13, 18132, in cnniny wilh
the principal Uciiernl ol tne army ne
met the l'rvaident and Cabinet, and
wa asked to divulge his plan lor tliu
movement of hi army. Ilutuldthe
Pruaidetit that when hi plana Had
hitherto lawn told lo the Culnliut they
had leaked out and he would therefore
decline, lo divulge them now unliw or
dered lo do ao by thu President. The
Pfeident paid ho would not order turn
to do ; but Gov. Chase wild Mo
vote, "Well, if that i Mac' decision he
iw a mined man." About a fnrltiight
allerward the President ordered the
tnaia lorward Ui lake ManaamiM, but
annn onlen o ,nem oai a again.
On the Bill ol Harrb Ueiieral Mu-
Clcllan annouiicwd hi plan of vain
ialgn lo bia Generala ; it wa approv
ed by them and agreed to by the I'rca-
idaut, ana an aaaie wa maue w pu.
mo eieeetlow. ' Geo. Kranklm oa
Claflea bie paper u follow : ' . '
General jobnitoa fcvm evaoiaiea
hi position at Ccntrevillo on tbo 8lb
ol March, the army wa immediately
movod to Fairfax court houno. Here
tbe assignment to corps wai madu,
and my division was assigned to lien
oral McDowoH'a corp. Kbortly aller
ward, about tbo middle of March, wo
returned to a position in front ot Alex
andria to await transportation. It was
determined that the hulk of the army
should be lutideil at Fori res Monroe,
and movu up tbo peninsula, between
thu York and James river, and thai
General McDowell' corn should land
nn tbe North aide of tliu York river.
Thia arrangement required that Gen.
McDowell' corp should ni.ive lust,
and Gen. McClellan, i with hi head
quarter, left Alexandria on April 1st,
lie supposing tbut nothing could occur
to change that arrangement. On the
3d of April, I waa ordered to embark
my division. About 11 o'clock in the
evening I received order to move part
of the division on thu next day, and to
call at boadquarters for further instruc
tions. Going at once to tbe W ar De
partment, I found General McDowell
uml General Wadsworlh there. Geu.
McDowell infnrmed me tbut the Sec
retary of War had told him about nn
hour before that General McClelluli in
tended to work hy strategy and not
by fluhtitig, and that he should nut
have another man from hi Depuit
nieiit, thai all of the enemies ol the ad
ministration centered around him, and
the Secretary accused him of huving
political aspirations. Also that he hud
not left the number of troops lo dclend
nusbiugtnli lliullhu President requir
ed in ul her words, lhal he had dis
obeyed the President's order. Gen.
McDowell remoiistruteil ngiiinsl Ihe
step which was uhoiil to he taken, ur
gniiigthut if General McClelluli hud
Hiliiieal aspirations they would he for
warded by the very course which the
administration was taking in this case.
lie used all ol tliu argument which
he could bring to buur lo convince the
necretury tbut be wa muking li mis
take in ordering thu detachment of his
corps. The result wus, General Mc
Dowell' corp wa detached from the
army of the Potomac, and was march
ed to Cutlett'a station on the Orange
and Alexandria ruilroad, where it
could do no possible good. General
Mi Clcllun's pluu of turning Ym ktown,
by thu movement of McDowell's corps
on the Korlh bunk of the York river,
wa utterly destroyed. The urniy ol
the Potomac watt forced to slay a
wbolu month on the peninsula useless
ly, and the capture ot Richmond,
which in all human probability would
buvu been made ill I liu month of May
bud General MiClcllun's plan been car
ned out, wu deferred lor three years.
Thus wus consummated the first
great crime of thu wur. A General
hud been sent from Washington in
command of lour army corp on the
most in iortunt command possible,
llelore he had been absent forty eight
hour, bis lurgest corps, commanded
by his second in command, containing
more than one-fourth of his army, de
tailed fur duty which wua vitul tu the
success of his campaign, wus detached
Ironi his command, without consultu
lioti wilh him and witboul his know l
edge. 1 do nol know whether tbe per
petrators of this crime wero punished
lor it in this bl'o, but thu gbustly ac
count ot bliMidsbed in Virginiu lor thu
next three yeur shows thai the inno
cent country was punished, in a way
thut will be remembered by widows
and orphans lor a generation,
THE CRIMEAN WAR.
Some people think it bus been but a
lew years since Turkey and Russia hud
a contest similar to the one now on
baud. On lbu4th of November, 1853,
the Riianiuus, as now, attacked the
'l in ks al the city of Oltcniltu, und,
after a miveru buttle, weru compelled
lo rulrcul and lell 1.2110 dead men on
the field. On thu 10th of December,
the French and English fleets entered
the llluck Seu lor the purpose of par
ticipating in tbe war.
On the 23d of January, 1851, tbo
combined fleets returned to the Dos
pliuru. On thu Till of April, all the
rreiiebund hnglisb vessels in port al
Odessa were ordered lo leave hy tbe
Emperor of Kosmu. On the 22d of
April, the Hilled fleet returned and
bombarded Od-wsu, and, ulier a con
slant tiru of ten hours, a large purl ion
of the city wa laid in ruins. August
7lh, Omar Pacha, wilh 2&.000 l inks,
ultackud the Russian ul llucburesl
and compelled them to uvucuiitu the
place, und on t ho ltilti thu Hussiuiis
withdrew Ironi the Principulilic., first
blowing up Ihe forlilicutionsttl 11 an go,
in aighl of the allied fleets thai Wen
uboiil attucking thu place. On the
llith of September, tbe ullied fleet
landed 25.0110 English, 25,000 French
und 8,000 Turkish troops ul Old Fort,
thirty mile north of Schusiopol, ami
twenty mile south of Eupiitoria, ami
on the lllih commenced their march
on the former place. On the 20ih, tbe
allies allucked thu Russians under
Metischikolf, who, Willi 40,000 soldiers,
wa Intrenched upon tbe heights ot
Alma, and, alter a contest uf four
hour, deleuted the Russians, with a
I ohm of 1.0H3. Thu Russiuna' loss wa
7,600. On the 23d, the allies lell Ihe
Aluiu, crossed the Kalscba,and passed
lie I beck. On the 25lh, they left the
high road and crosed tu tliu Tcber-
nuya, and uu luu zotu reacneu miia
cluva without serious opposition, where
they put themselves ill comiuiiiiicatioii
with the nuel in the tiiacR oca. J uu
Russian cloned the narrow channel ;o
the harbor of Sebastopnl by sinking
five ship and two frigates. The
French commander, Marshal St. Ar-
naud, being very unwell, resigned hi
commission, ami tieiieral aiirooert
took command. Aruaiid died the next
On tbo Kill 01 Uulotier, tliu allies.
commenced to open trenches in their
approaches to 8ebasloil, the Russian
in the meantime muking frequent sor
ties. On tbe 1 1 lb, the ullie opener
the first fire upon the citadel Ironi their
batteries and the fleet the Knglish
attacking on the right, and the French
on tliu lell. The biimhariliuuiit wus
kept up, wilboiit much effect on either
side, until ihe 1st ol May, 1855. On
thai duy the rreucb carried a strong
Kiiioii thu central bastion, lu the
meantime the allies were receiving
strong reinforcements und cuiiiiuiicd
strengthening Iheir work until the
tit It ot Julie, when 3kiti r renin ami no
English gun and mortar opened a
tiKorous tiru on the Kuasiaii works,
damaging them seriously. ut the
auigu continued witboul effecting cub
er aide Very much until ihsiii of the
8i li day ul September, when the French
in three coliiiuiiaat'kckeil the Mnlukulf,
the Little Redan and tbe central bas
tion, and the English madu an assault
on tbe Great Redan. The Sardinian
joined in the attack upon tbe central
bastion. Tbe French, under General
MuMahon, carried tbeir point and with
reinloroernenU aaeoteded In holding
IheMaUkoS, Uaviag loet lhi elrooa;-
kRINCIPLES, not men.
hold, the Russians blew up the remain
ing forts on the south side of the city,
sunk and destroyed tlieir vessels, and,
under cover of thu explosions and dur
ing thu night, retreated to the north
sidu of thu city hy way of a bridge
constructed liir Ihe occasion. A large
number of officer, men und munitions
ol war, weru found in the MulukotT.
Thu French lost, in killed, wounded
und missing, over 7,000 men, and tliu
English lost 2 500. Thu Riissiun loss
was never reported. I
On thu lOih of October, the allies
captured three other strongholds, con
taining 70 guns and lH'iO men.
The result of iheaetwueugagemeiits,
und a li ll in her of others on land be
tween thu Turks und liussiuus, equally
as liilul, brought nbout an armistice,
and on the 20lh of Fehtuurv, 185C,
delegate frnm thu belligerent arinie
met in tno vnnwaaii iwrtwiwi me
rule by w hich the uiinisticu should be
curtied out. Thu result wus lhal a
Commission of the great powers of Eu
rope met in the city ol runs, and on
I he 30ih day of March, 1856, signed a
Treutv of Peuce, which put an end lo
the Crimean Wur, und on the 12th of
July following theullied Ion-en, ship.
etc., evacuated the Crimea. I liu wur
had coniimied (nun November, 1853,
till April. I85U two yeur and five
inonlliH. Mow long I lie present con
test will lust, no olio cull tell.
T u e m ocki K a n i n d in
EL U li I DA.
A fine mocking bird Mnnut polyglot
tut) is king of tliu grove, hut In more
imiticdittiu dominion is in close pnix
iiuity to the house. Ncur thu hedge
of Spuiiish-buyoiiels is a small cypress
completely covered by a native grape
vine, forming u pyramid uf living green.
This i his Ui rone which he mounts,
and where be eclipses ull thu songsters
ol the grove with his wonderful und
varied music, und al ihe same time he
can uverlisik the hedge, which liu con
siders his exclusive proH.riy.
The fruit ot thu .Spanish. bayonet is
about thusixe of the banana, und grow
in a large cluster at tho tup ol thu
plums. When tully ripe it i soil ami
sweet, and highly relished hy many
birds. The curdinul grosbeuk, lung
billed thrush, und the cut-bird, ua well
a the mncking-bird, are all fund of the
frail, uml sometimes attempt to plun
der; hut while this tyrant mocking
king is on guard, no bird except bis
mule is ullowcd to lunch it.
His thronu form a very pretty ur
bor, w here he retires at luglil and dur
ing ruiuy day. When ho is away
from home 1 often step in ; hut he is
seldom so lur away but that his keen
eye sees me, hiiiI 1 heur hi scolding
note, which I alway promptly obey.
No'hing will so quickly make a bird
lumiliar u to show him tbut bo cun
drive us and following this up with
patience and care, he will soon confide
in us. and learn our voice, and mani
fest delight upon meeting us. 'I' his is
speeiully ll-Heirf th niockiitsT-tilrd, and
III cousin, tne cut-rum. nut tne iiiock
ing liirilol F.ii-t Florida is less confid
ing I liun our Northern cut bird, lor the
very giKid rcuson thai he hsik Uhiii
man us uu enemy who rohs him of his
young; und this shyness nrdistrnsi
upon thu purl ot tin glorious bird ol
song is in a large part uttribiitublu to
the rapacity ol Northern visitors, who
sometime pay as high us filly doilurs
for u giaid singer. As lung us this con
tinue we cannot expect the binls to
confide in us without much cure and
Nearly two week, with the great
est caution upon mt' part, weru neces
sary before I could uppiiiach this
mocking kiiig'sdoiiiiuiou wilhoiit hear
ing his threatening cry. Hu seemed
determined to keep a safe distulice un
til he loiiiid lie could drive me; then
he ventured nearer; mid now I have
gullied his culifidelice, sllihVif nl ly so
lhal bo listen lo my nonsense, lie
turns his head in a comical muutier,
first one sidu und then the other, and
looks dow n upon mo in a sort ol pu
tronir.iiig way, as tl pitying my pour
utlempts ul bird langiiuge. Thi-n he
raises himself in a dignified manner,
and pours tinth such t strain of music
that I urn humbled in his piescnce.
This characteristic ruling power of
ihe mocking-bird i made uvuduhlc by
gissl observer. A Melhialisl clergy
man, residing urnis the river, in the
neighborhood of Mrs. Unmet Heccber
Sluwe, Informs mo that a mocking bird
suved his grope. One bird will do
mmpuriilivcry no dauiago ill u vine
yard ; he is u light feeder of fruit, and
ha a bubil of letiirniug to the same
sMit. lu the great cluster of fruit of
the Spanish biiyonel he works system
alii ally ; hu doc tint pick the whole
cluster Indiscriminately, but tuke nun
berry ul a time, am) thi one lusts him
several days. So among grapes, he
has a particular Bhi when hu cods,
but lie nvcllis.ks anil takes cure ol ull
wilhin his ili uu in ion. If these birds
aro unmolested hy mall, they will reg
uhitu tlieir own affairs so us to assist
Theclergyman alsive mentioned had
a near neighbor, w ho, finding mock
ing bird eating hi grapes, shot him.
Lawlessness now reigned among thu
binls, uml ihe neighbor kept on shoot
ing li lit 1 1 a large number were slaugh
tereil. Tho result was, he lost nil bis
grapes. Mai. Maky Trcat, in llur-
prr's Miiijaziiie for Mny.
Iir.MrOY for Trolbi.e. Work is
your true remedy. If mislortiinu hits
yon bard. Jon hit something else hunt;
ouch into something with a will.
There' nothing like gis.d, solid, ab
sorbing, exhausting work lo cure Iron.
lilt-. It you have met wilh losses, you
don't want to liu awuku und think
uboul them. You wunt lo sleep culm,
sound sleep - and to vut your dinner
w ith apis lite, nut you cau l unless
you work. If you say you don't teol
like work, you go loallug all day to
tell Dick uml Harry thu story of your
woes, you'll lie awake and keep your
wile awaku by Jour Hawing, ssulyour
temper and your breaklasl the next
morning and begin to morrow leeling
luu time worse tbuii you do today.
There are eoiuu great, tniuble ibitl
only lime can heul, and perhaps some
that can never he healed al ull; hut ull
cun be belied by the great panacea,
work, fry It. you wliu are ufnietvil.
ll is not a patent medicine. It has
proved it efficiency sim-e first Adam
and Eve lell behind them, with weep
iug, Iheir hcaiililul Filch, ll is an
fill, lent remedy. All gissl phlsltluns
in leguhir standing prescribe it in cases
of menial and moral disease, ll up
lrales kindly a well a leaving no
disagreeahlu sequence, and we assure
) mi that we have tuketi a large quail
lily of it with most benellcial result,
ll will cine more complaints than any
iiwtrum In the mnlirin medicn, and
come Dearer lo being a "cure all" than
any drag or compound ul drug in Ihe
markot. And it will not siuken yo
il yott do not take It lugar-coated.
MAY 9, 1877. -
"ffATS, VV3TT DO 1T.""'
"Don't do what?" our fair young
reader will usk. There a grcul niuny
things you ought to do, and a still
rrculor number that you hud better
not do. Foremost and prominent
among them is to reform a drunkard by
marrying him. Depend upon it, il you
cannot keep him sober during those
days ol the average womun's strongest
influence over wuy ward men, the sea
son of courtship, the chances will hu
against success. Some women have
succeeded in thi lubor of love, but
there am 10,000 fuiluios to one success,
ll i a field of missionary lubor that
very lew of tho sex are fitted to enter.
If John gets drunk once a month while
he is billing and cooing, depend upon
il he will require semi. monthly seasons
of ISucchanaliali recreation when he
(moonlit a benedict. A mun who get
drunk is necessarily a bad or hsilish
mun when he I under thu influence, of
liquor, und is very apt to Boon become
a bud mun w hether drunk or sober.
I he romantic idea tbul a woman cun
reform a drunkard is deserving of a
crown of glory, i ull tho veriest bosh.
They would hu elna-ked by the sugges
tion thut a man who marries a fallen
woman a. id restore her lo a lilii of
trirliiu would hu deserving thu praise
of all mankind. Tho latter would beu
much rusiur tusk than thu former, und
more likely lo succeed. The debase
ment in ouu cuho is generally incurullu,
and scorns tho influence ot kindness of
uffeciiun, while in the other the oppor
tunity to escape from a lite, ol degrada
tion would in iiiiwl cuses insure hcurty
co-oieration with thu missionary in
such a field. Hut the drunkard, as i
generally tbe case, may be addicted to
u number ol other vice, each one of
which ought to hu considered us repul
sive a thai of drinking, Still we find
pure, virluouH, refined and delicate
women risking their live and happi
ness in ihe delusive hopu of rescuing
und restoring them. Instances of the
terrible fuiluro in thia missionary field
are to he louiid in every street and lane,
of a great city, accompaniment ot
score of thu dissolute widows and or
phans of those who buvu staggered
into drunkard o graves. Still the ex
periment is tried by new votaries, who
lixihshly think I hey can succeed wheru
others tail. It is a turrihlu delusion.
Love and devotion are powerless on a
driinkurd. Nothing hut an iron will
und firmness that few women posses
can check the career of a man who bus
once taken hold of strong drink. He
must become subject to lier will and
be restrained fnun his evil course hy a
power airohgur thun love or kindness.
There are enough men who become
drunkards utlur marriage, for all rea
sonable purposes of experiment, with
out taking them fully trained in a ca
reer ol vice and debuuebery. 1 here
fore we say, "Girls, don't do ill '
CUJIRAX AND THE JUDGE.
Amonir tho many anecdote related
of Vvrmn, we cannot help thinking the
billowing, hearing upon the imperti
nence untl assumption ol Judge Jiobiu
sou, u among the most telling und
characteristic attack ot uiipremeililu-
ted satire upon "bloated empiric ami
pull eil prutelice, tbul over uveu L'ur-
run uffonlcd to thu world. Thi same
Judge Robinson, according to Lord
llroiighaoi, "was the author ot many
stupid, sluvish, and scurrilous Klilicul
pamphlets; und, hy hi dements, rais
ed to the eminence which hu thu dis
graced." Currau, very soon alter be
ing culled to thu liar, on some slate
meiil made hy Judge Robinson (before
whom hu wus pleading.) observed tbul
"hu hud never met tho law, a laid
dow n by hi Lordship, in any hook in
hi library. " "That may he, Sir, said
the Judge; "bill I suspect lhal jour
library i very small." Ciirran replied,
1 find il more Instructive, m Lord,
lo study gissl works than lo enmpose
had one. My bonk may be lew, hut
the title-page give me the writers'
Humes, und my shelf I hot disgraced
by any such ruuk uhsunlitlc thai their
very author uru ushumed to own
I Im-iii." "Sir," suid the Judire, "you,
ure forgetting the respect which you
owu t thu dignity of the judicial char
acter." "Dignity I" exclaimed Mr.Cur
ruii ; "my lord, upon thut point I shall
cilo you a case from a hook of some
authority, w ith which yon ure, per
haps, not unacquainted." Uu tiien
briefly recited tbo story of Simp in
"Rodorick Random," who, huving strip j
ped off his rout lo fight, entrusted it
In a hystumlcr. M'lieii the battle us
over, and he was well heul en, he turned
to resume it, hut the mull had carried
il oil'. Mr. Cur run thus applied the
tule: ' So, my Lord, when the person
entrusted w ith the dignity of the judgment-scut
lays it aside lor a moment
to enter into a disgraceful personal
contest, it is in vuin, when he bus been
worsted in the encounter, thut hu seeks
to resume it it is in vain thut be tries
lo shelter himself behind an authority
which ho ha abandoned." "ll you
say another wonl III commit you,'
replied tbo angry Juilgu ; low Inch Mr.
C. retorted. "If your Lordship will do
so, we shall both of us have thu cm iso
lation of reflecting, lhal I am not the
worst thing jour Lordship bus com
mitted." I'en ami Plow.
To rb Lovr.n. There is nothing so
sweet us lo bu loved, except loving.
Hy love we nu un, of courne, the true,
pure love which i not a thing of Iho
sense hut ol the soul love thai is the
outgrow th of goodness. What will hot
olio do to win or keep such lender-
nuss? W hat will nol one risk, or daru,
or forsake liir il? I any journey long
lhal bus a love kis al thu end of it ?
any duty hard that cement the bonds
between two Hearts r I o ne truly
loved is the great reward hie ha lo
oiler. And any onu who has a heart
ami doesn't mind ahowiug it, who
cun put asidu selll-hness and he true to
i ilbcrs. call win lore. To hate people
temporarily in love with you needs
only Ircutilt . To lie beloved, one must
have truth, tenderness, constancy aim
responsiveness, lie gisid and do gisul,
ami despite all that is said about this
world' ingratitude, some on will love
Sincerity and RtmxNr. If you I
do not lake care, you will full 'tito one
of thu musl disagreeable emir iu the
world which i Unit of mistaking
rudene of manner lor sincerily ot
character; oiieiheim.il valuable qual
ity, thu nlber the most disagreeable
that can hu imagined, Everything iu
the human character ia beautiful or
not, according to ita use fulness. Sin
cerity ol chuiucler may hu learned on
ly hy Borrow and adversity, in their
miail hitter moment ; it Is the rersoii
ificulioti of truth ; it can leud lo no dis
appointment, because it bold out no
false light to betray givenopnuniso
it doe not mean to fulfill. Hut what
kj the purpone answered, or the end lo
.be attained, by laying rudi tbingi T
(Ma itt Vfi
wii.mam a. rrowni.ow, the pkhitisq
pardon and politician.
William Ganiiawuy llrnwnlow, who
died ul Knoxville, Tennessee, on Sun.
day, April 2!)lh, und who wu a preach
er," politician uml editor, wu a typo ol
thu slurily American cliurucler which,
born three quarter of u century ugo,
nurtured in the backwoods and inured
to physical hardship unceasing mental
conflicts, bus emphusized some ot the
moHl striking phases ol the national
hlu und permanently impressed ilselt
upon its lime. Browulutv w as burn in
Wylhecoiihly, Virginiu, August 2l)lh,
18115. His parents were piair und his
childhood rugged and full of vicissi
tude. Al theuge when most country
boy are uboul lo. enter tho district
school young Briiwnlow wus lell un
orphun, and thrown upon his own re
sources, learned the ii.e.'c of it carpen
ter. Removing to Tennessee he en
tered, the Metluslisl ministry und iioll
lica at lliu sainti time. For tun yeur
hu was un lliiieruntprcucher und slump
orator, winning liouu everywhere hu
traveled hy the boldness ot hi utter
unces, the fervor ol his milliner and thu
extraordinary diminution to w hich hu
consigned everybody who disagreed
with In in, whether in religion or pull
tics. A curly us 1828 bu won a na
lioiisl reputulion hy advocating tbe
re-election ol Julni vuiucy Auuma uml
thu leul lessiioss and iiitemperulu leal
with which he denounced hullificutiou.
Il was ut thi lime (18i8) thut hu be
came known as "thu fighting parson,"
und a purl of Smith Carolina,
and tliu homo of John C. Culbniih, be
ing in hi circuit, he preuched hi
fiercest crusade against thu nullifier
and let fly hi sharpest arrows ul tlieir
great leader uniting Ins own neigbiiois.
Uu wus u rough mun lumselt, and
preuched umong ruugh nien,uud never
traveled without a pistol, u well as
fill ile, in his holster.
Ill 1837 bu became editor oflbe Jones-
born ll'oi, a paper which hi vigor ul
expression uml extreme Idea soon
mailt! well Known ull over tne country.
The Parson wu never happy sure
when engaged in un editorial discussion
perhaps quurr.'l is thu more appro
priate word und woo hetidu thu un
i'urtunute contemporary w ho incurred
bis displeasure, liu wu a muster ol
the style "f invective which obtained
favor in thu poluicul journals of lhal
duy, which houuduy would bu culled
vulgar ubuse, and which no newspaper
would permit lo soil Us columns.
.Methodism, us huiided down by John
Wesley, tbe South and slavery and
Hurry Clay weru the idnls liir which
this fiery aealot waged un unceasing
buttle. I be doctrine ol immersion and
iho uholilion of negro slavery wero the
ohiec's of his intense hatred, und there
were no torments of bell too terrible
liir their advocate.
lu 1856 hu published a work enti
tled : "Thu Iron Wheel Examined and
ha Spokes Kxlraeled," un attack upon
ulluck on Methodism, and in 1B5B bo
created uu Immense sensation by
public (It-hatu in National Hall, this
city, with thu Rov. Mr. Pryne, of Nuw
York, on Ihoqiicsiioh : "Ought Ameri
cun Slavery to be Perpetuated ? " Thu
I'uitoii look lliu ulni hialivu side ol the
qu. stion und proved to the satisfaction
of large uudiences of pro-sluvery men
every night that slavery wa a divine
institution and that the negro could
only Hurvivu in a condition of bondage.
When the movement lor secession be
gun Ilrowiil.iw, singularly enough,
Ihivtv himself into thu brcueb as a
Union mun, and being immensely popu
lar and generally feu red in Eusl Ten
nessee, wheru hu wum a leader of men
in politics us well us religion, hu rallied
uroiiiid him u strong loyal sentiment,
w hich suved thu hiuiiiiluinous regions
ol Iho Slute to thu government and
mude il u voiiliiiuul thorn in the Con
federacy's side. In 1801 hu wu ar
rested by the Confederates on u churgc
ol treason and deluined in semi captiv
ity lor mora than a year. He was
then Sent Noil h, and made, a tourol
thu largo cities, delivering speeches in
liivor ot Ihe Union and denouncing
w ith ull his old teal und inlemperutu
hess his lurmel political friends and
In 1MII4 ho returned to Tennessee,
and in lf(i5 wus elected Governor un
der a government of his own creation,
thu corner slolio ot which he borrowed
Ironi the Union speech of hi fellow
Eusl Tennessee loyulisl, Andrew John
son : " Treuson iiiiihI bu Hindu Odious
and Traitor Punished." Hu ruled
wilh a nnl of iron and orgunined a
inililiu which had all thu powers and
more of any constubulary ever organ
ized, w hit li terrorized over the ex Con
federates and kept thu Statu ill conlin
uul turmoil. Il w ua not until the mod
erate Republican coin hi ned wilh the
Democrat thut tbe despotism was
overthrown and civil government re
stored. His military government had
tine redeeming leal ure, however the
buyout-la tbul propped it up weru not
tbosu of thu Lulled Slulcs, and tbo
fighting ptti'sott would have scorned
to usk lur assistance from Wushiiigtou.
In 1809 hu wu elected Culled Suite
Senutur, hut thu Sciiutu not being a
lump-meeting and uge and physical
infirmities having ehleebled Ins strong
powers, that hotly wu his political
gruvu. For years he had lo he carried
lo his scut, his limb weru puraly ted
und his longiiu dumb, bill thu old filv
still burned, nod hi vole w ill hu lonnd
recorded on every extreme parly meas
ure. The fighting parson was a rude
und violent iiuin, w ith many faults; bin,
liku all men of hi class, hu haal lliu
virtues of honesty uf purposu, sincerity
of conviction and courage, und, u we
cannot rciiMimibly expect u fine work
from thu huckwoialsiiian' uxu a thu
sculptor' chisel, was all American poli
l it-Hi ii and preacher of w bom wu have
no Cessna to he ushamed. I'liitaililjihta
A PENNSYLVANIA PIONEER.
l.i rn or conhad WHsm, thk oikman-
ANbHICAN PATHIoT AND U IssloK ART.
C. (J. Wciscr, D. D.,of the Lutheran
church of this Slule, has wriileli the
hie ol Conrud Weiser, the " German
pioneer, pal riot, ami patron ol two
races," who was intimaiely connected
wilh thu early history of Peiinsylvaniu,
and acted a pniiiiiuenl purl between
thu Indian and the Guvuinmiiiit Of
Conrud Wuicr, General Washington
siiul. w hile standing hy his grave in
II 113 : " This depuiied mail rendered
mniiv services to his country, In a diffi
cult period, and postenly w ill hut lor
get linn." Weiser wa horn iu 'the
I'alHtinate, Diitehy of Wiiileinhurg.
Ills ful her -w a one ul the baud of tier
man emigrant who came lo thi coun
try under the putmuageol '(jut-en Anne
ol England, und landed in New York
in 1710. Their first homo was in thu
Schoharie valley, New York, hut in
1723, under the Invitation of Willian.
Keith, Governor of I'euoiyUinia,
TERMS $2 per annui. :a Advance.
. . .
gun I how, hihnr which had auch ao
influence upon the future bistort' of Ihe
Stutu and its wbitu and Indian popula
lion. Uu became ail Indian interpreter
and peuce-mukur, und luhorcd in that
cupucity undcrdirecl orders from sumo
ol thu must eminent public men nl ihe
Mlutu. Idling Wciscr studied (lie In
diun lunguuge uhderOiiaguuiil,u lulled
chief ol thu Niuguru nutioii. und ul the
sume time acquired thai ihsigbl into
Indian cliurucler which wus ol such
essemiul service to him in alter lite.
His first public, act was as volunteer
interpreter lor the Council of Peiiiiyi
vaniu in its Irun-actioin with thu In
l ia us, and in 1736 hu acted as the con
fidential agent of the Slalu Willi Ihe
Six Nations. The provinces of Vir
ginia, Maryland, and New York also
employed him iu lika luautiiir, and, like
Pehiisy Ivuniu, weru entirely sulisfied
with his services. Weiser ulso took a
div.-p interest in tho moral and religious
wullare of the Indians, und spent much
time in instructing missionaries in the
Niuguru or .Mohawk lunguugo, in order
that they might be able to preach the
Gospel to thu Six Nation. While
esseiitiully a mun of peuce, still when
war wa necussury to pmteel lifu und
properly, hu willingly bundled the
sword. This was the tune in 1755,
when ho accepted the commund of u
regiment of volunteer from the coun
ty of Burks, erected forts and block
houses on the fmntiers of Lancaster
and Berks counties, and protected the
people, f rom the raids ol hostile I mliiiii.
rur mure thun eleven yeurs Conrud
Weiser labored unceasingly for the
giid of the people in the then sparsely
popliluleil .Mute ot I'uiinsylvsiiiu, and
il hu been well and truly suid thut
" bis private life, his official history, und
his religious zeal, ull combine to pre
sent him a very beautiful character
before us." 11 u died on his farm at
Wointlsdorf, July 13. 1760. Hi rev-
erend biographer, though a mun of
unusual altuinincht, has tailed to make
the best ami must pnpnlur use ot thu
rich sloro of muteriuls at hand in rela
tion to the litu and services of hi emi
nent kinsman. Tho narrative is cold
and barren, and docs not present tbo
hroudesl and most instructive view ot
the field of action occupied by Conrad
vtulscr. 1 hut portion ot tbe book
filled hv hi letter and official reiuirtji
could have been materially reduced,
und thu spuce well utilized hv note
und sketches as to tho condition of the
peoplu of whom Conrad Weiser was
I lie head, the tutor and theguido. These
people have exercised, and still exer
cise, a prominent influence iu thu affairs
ol this State, and their eaily history,
in connection with its rise and progress,
would be a welcome and much needed
contribution to Pennsylvania's curly
Dr. Weiser missed an opportunity
nol often prcsctiled to a local bistoriaii,
w hen ho passed by this subject ill his
lite and services ol Conrad Vt eiser.
Tine Barber Rnnr or the FtiTtiar...
A I el roll bullier ha been thinking,
and planning, und dreaming, and in
hi mind's eye he sees wbul cun bo
brought about as soon as he has earn
ed the money to pay tho bill.
He ee a three-story barbershop on
the cornel, wilh elevators currying thu
iinshuved fnun floor to floor, and send
ing them downuguin. Milliard rooms,
u gymuusiiim, a summer garden, and
a dancing hull aru in the plans.
A silver loinituin throws stream of
Cologne wuu-r to the ceiling. Tho
I'urlier chuir buvo nu kle-pluiod legs.
Thu razor have handle of solid gold.
Tho wulls uru mirrors, in which the
huppy loco of the proprietor i reflect
ed ten thousand lime. A bund plays
soft, sad strain. Angelic whisper
flout thniugh space. Unseen silver
fans cool the brow of each customer.
While he is being shuved his boot are
blacked, a ten dollar bill is slipped into
his iHK'ket, perl u mo thrown over hill,
and a tailor measures him for a suit of
clothes which is nol to cost him a cent.
as he passe out ho la given a ticket
to tho opera, a lottery ticket, a ndw
silk hat, a gold. headed cunu with l(is
name beuiitifidly engraved tlicreiln,
and a stem-winding watch; and if lit
offers to pay lor tbo shave, the prodri
etnr of thu shop softly replies: "If you
lias lieen mailu huppy, tie grand uiject
uiii nccuiiipiisiicu. iJttntH i irr:fiOT.
- i:..i....i " n.-...- i.' nl
Experiment With Solar Heat.
M. Moiichot, whoso sioam boiler, heat
ed by tho sun's rays concentrated hy i
concave mirror, wa describee some
lime ago in tho Srirntific American, and
excited much interest, is stated lo have
recently exhibited to tbo rreucb Acad
cniy ol Scienecsa new apparatus where
by, lit' solar heat, ho distilled excellent
brandy. Tho mirror wu but 19.5
inches in diameter. A little over a
quart of wine was placed in the boiler
und brought to boiling for tillecn mm
ute by tbe concentrated rny. The
all liohnlic vapor entered a tube placed
in tho centre of the boiler, traversed
Ihe supporting loot of tho mirror, and
descended imo a mom w hero it is con
densed. Tho liquor was of remarka
bly piod flavor, tree fnim the dsingree
ulde taste of alchohol peculiar to tbul
obtained fnun wine in the usual man
ner, and savoring stningly ot the best
cherry brandy. M. Aluiichol after
wurd placed flowers und odoriferous
leuves in his boiler, and mude a varie
ty of perfumes and essence, finally,
leading tbo steam into a cooking -
puiatus, bo demonstrated the, success
ol his system hy preparing an entire
dinner by tbo agency of the sun's beat.
Hi'NYan'i Gate. Tho London
7Virt say : "The Duko of Red lord ha
recently presented to the congregation
ol Ilunyan Chapel, Bedford, a puirof
massive bronzo gates from the studio
of Mr. Frederick Thrunp. Tho pane's
are ten in number, ami each hu bas
relief illustrative of a scene in the
Hunyaii allegory. The entire work Is
pmhably unique of hi kind, ind is laid
by competent judges to bo of rare
beauty and excell.nce. The trustee
of the chapel hare added a handsome
stone portico to the building, and made
extensive ulturution in tbe vestibule,
in onler to give a tilling reception to
tho sculpture. As soon as the gales
aro set up, the event will bu recognized
hy a public ceremony, when tho Ruv.
Dr. Moughlon i expected to deliver
Senlimenta join man to man; opin
ion divide ihein. The former aio ele
mentary, and coiicuutrute ; the latter
aru couiHiaite,auil scut lor. 1 he friend
ships of youth are founded on senti
ment ; the dissensions of age rosnlt
from opinion. If we could know thia
at an early age if, in lormingourown
iiiikIo of thought, we could acquire a
libera! view of tbut of other, and even
ot those that ire opposed to ours we
should then be more tolerant, and en
deavor to reunite by aenliinent wbat
opinion divided and dispersed. ,
, , 21VCR IS UTTL& i "
Uoodnew if leve In action,
A wlie mm make more oppor
tunities. It I a bid nlgbt when moeqnlloe
cannot sleep. ;
Moving for a new trial Courting
a second wife. -.
A Wtdtern aotiler Tho contend
Sleep on the roof, If yon prefer it,
but beware of eavesdropping.
Il is bettor to do right than to do
wrung if you have the time.
Why is (fold like ihe nroditrul son?
? tr-v."'".nul-ir.Liliir to liar
- ..... ,
I in a mun w bo had never been iniod
aaa-Llk-ncMi i the stupidity ol the
I body , and stupidity is the idleness ot
Why are chickens' neck likedoor
hells? liecuusu they uru ullun wruuir
' I hero's nothing kills a man as
soon a huving nobody to find fault
with but himself, ;
When a physician desert hi pro
fession tor thu pulpit tbe inference il
that hu cun preach bolter than he can
Tliey went fishing. She looked
languidly at him and suid : " I wish
thu fish would bite at? your hook ; if 1
wu a fish 1 would."
Hoy thut have been properly
reured uru men, iu point ot usefulness,
at sixteen ; while Ihueu that have been
brought up in idle habit are nuisance
Juatice i the great but simple
principle, and tho whoie secret of sue-'
ccs, iu all government a absolutely
ussehlial lo the training of uu iutunl ad
lo '.hu conlrul of a mighty nuliou.
Many who find the duy loo long,
think life loo short ; but short aa lile
is, Home find it long enough to outlive
their churueter, their constitutions uud
We protract the carcor of time by
employment; we lengthen the duration
ol our live by wise thought and use
ful actions. Lilo to him W ho wishes
not to bavu lived in vain ia thought
It is said that a dog on a wrecked
vessel did not shew any solicitude about
gelling a place iu any of tbe bout in
which thu passengers ecuHtd. Tbat
wua prohuhly because he had a burk
of hi own.
" 1 am told," said a gentleman to
his friend, "that Ned hu married the
girl thut discarded him." "Oh ! I am
so glud ; 1 uiii delighted I Rut, no ;
why should 1 bo T Tbe poor fellow
never did mo any harm I "
Ouo duy Jorrold wua asked about
the talent ul a young painter, when his
eouipuiiion declared tbul tbe youth was
mediocre. " lue very worst ochre an
urtisl cun set lo work wilh," was tbe
Rich indeed must be tbe portion
thut include death in its treasuivi
not us u bur to keep ua out, but a a
bridgu hy which wu pus ovur and
possess our inheritance. Thus tbo cer
tainly ot heaven. Roth world are
Deceit und falsehood, whatevor
convenience they may lor a time
promise or produce, aro, in the sum ot
life, obstacles lo happiness. Those who
profit by thu cheat distrust lliu deceiv
er, and the act hy which kindness was
sought puis an end to confidence.
Tho lust, best fruit w hich come
lo lute perfection, even ill the kindliest
soul, is tenderness toward the bard,
ftirbcaruiice towards the uufiirbeuriiig,
wunulli of heart tow-ads tbo cold, phll
u n th ropy towurds thu misunlhropic.
To diminish onvy let ns not con
sider what other poasese, but what
they enjoy ; niero riches may be tbe
gift of lucky accident or blind chance,
hut happiness must be the result ot
prudent preference and rational design.
Tbu intellectual is a sort ol rival
to the emotional ; and when a
church give greater emphasis to the
loinier, and a fiords little or no encour
agement to thu latter, sign of lunguor
und inertia soon manliest themselves,
and respectable dullness befuru long
merge into "decent debility."
Tho modest deportment of really
wiso men, when contrasted with the
assuming air of iho young and ignor
ant, may be compared to the different
appearances of wiieut, which, while il
ear is empty, holds up its bead proudly,
but as soon a it ia filled with grain.
bends modestly down, and withdraw
Aro you not surprised to find how
independent ol money peace of con
science is, and bow much happiness
can ho condeased in the humblest
homo ? A cottage will not bold the
bulky furniture and sumptuous accora
dalions of a mansion ; but if God be
there a cottage will hold as much hap
piness r might stock r palace. .. ., ,
Into the sublime theory of hu
manity sin t amo long age us a disturb
ing force. It came as a destroying
angel, came as a tempest upon a serene
sea. Mun without sin would buvu had
still a religion ; but with sin religion
becomes a sentiment full ol alternating
feur und bops, Christianity is the lov
ing effect of the children to return to
Truly Christian lives are over
beautiful. They may not always be
sublime, and gilded with sunlight, ai
we generally regard these terms, ind
yet in another sense they ire sublime.
Iho greatest sermon that was ever
preached, is a lifu ever tbo same, from
day to duy. Such a life clearly proves
tho fuel that religion is principle and
not a transitory gleam of sunlight that
gilds lur a litllo time the path of lile.
" Why doesn't this fire keep up?"
asked a Chicago husband pettishly, ai
ho jumped around half dressed, and
furtively poked tbe slove-grate, lato
one bitter morning.
"lis so much like yon I" piped not
his wife from her warm bed. .
" Like me I " exclaimed be, stopping
in bis J "How aof
" Because," suid she, roguithly, " it
will go oul night I"
He only mumbled somcthinffto him-
elf, and returned to bis work. ,
A a Chicago man fame ulrdini
from bis house the other duy, ho wiped
bi crow, ami remarked to a neighbor:
"Ibchcvo 1 have the best wife in
tbe world for but wealber."
" How so T " inquired the neighbor.
" Ob, she's al wi vi kit k ins: un a breeze
and acting cool toward tne,'1 wai th
glum poply, .
And lie cost a startled look toward
the door, a be backed under a shade
tree, and at the same time observed a
lady in Irout ol bun vigorously hand
ling a broom.
Tuna Motive. Spurgeon men
tion it in thi way: "Minyeameto
Christ in bii day, and Ibllowed bin
from the lowest of motive. Loaves
and fishes were frood bait then, Ind
they are now. We have not many of
these attractions in Ibis church, but ia
certain quarter there are large loavea
of very choir bread, exceedingly well
buttered, and then are fishes too of
tbe vory best kind, great fishes, and
well cured, whose savory smell k dear
to many. A taste lor the church loavea
and flsbea is Dreltv eomiDoa Mill, so
that many oumo to tbe church, and
nominally to Christ, from th quarter
ol lb land called elfiahntai, and Bo)
malt a gaia of godhMts. i - -,,v.
OaaviaOi, rV, Oak T .la-kp ,