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(lO()l)l.AXI)KK & l.EE.
tint IHI.IHKII Ik ln1.
jJ.-.TiH.lst'r.rt ('Ircslailnb vr New y .par
Termi of Subsonptiou.
ir ! In advanoo, itr ithn 4 eantha....M 4M
If -aid altar t mid iwriirr iuntha 4
If .aid after tba pi ration f tuuniha.. 3 INI
Rates ot Advertising,
T ntni'lTrtlBmnt. per aquarefif in llnonur
t aunt, utif(inni nirhnn..
A troiniatratorV ind KiftMifor' imiw t 50
A't'liinm' notfniM t ftfi
fi iuiinn wad KrMrava I Ml
(l oliiim rmtlre. . Alt
P nt'eMi'na. Cardi.. h Hnep ir Im.. year.,.. H
L nollona. pnr Una f '
I nra . 0(1 Art I U tint. ts (HI
ia Miir.. ,,! no j (Hilumn 71 no
la iiNPAa... in tin 1 Miinmn lfo tin
NK1. R ,KK,
WM M. Meri-LLol'OH M KO. o'l il'CK
MeClLL.TGH & BUCK.
ATTORN KYS-AT-LA W,
All li-sal hu.lnaa. pronptra altwll lo. 0E.W
up Ntonod strnnt, Id iba .Mn-onic huild.nir.
W. C. ARNOLD,
& COLLECTION OFFICE
Claarflald t'oun'y, Ptna'a.
TH.'S. B. Ml BHAV. UTHUl fllBUUR
MURR.Y & GORDON,
ATTORN EVS AT LA W,
pAr Often la I'Ibb Opera l4oan, ateond floor
AT TO UN EY-AT-LAW,
Will utirnd lo nil buainnai antruatad ti bin.
titujll and Ulthlully. Bovl27
wm.i.ias 4i.i.A?a. pavip l kbkbb.
BABST P. WALLACB. JUSB W. WHJSLBT.
WALLACE A. KREBS,
(ri.i-eiBr. i W allure tt KiMiauiit,)
A T T O It N K Y S - A T - L A V .
II li'7H Cltmrtluld, Fa.
-MoMPH I. M'KXALl.r liAMlBL W. n'ci:KIV.
McENALLY & McCURDY, ,
a itoun kys-ai -Law,
CI ear Held. P.
t'Uliiwf aHemled t iritu)t);r with,
nlwliiy. Offiov im rtvnund atreot. hImiw . F,rt
Vatinnitl Hank Jm.ii: J :T A
G. R. BARRETT,
ATToRNV AN1 UoUNMKLnU AT LAW,
Mnrtnif rdicnril bi J urlphi ip hi n-aumwl
hi iramiiT uf the law In bia old oAW at Cla
inlil, I'a. Will attend thr nuurt ol .IrfliTROB no
Klk wuntlfia when ffMtnlly rKtntnwl In tt.n neat ion
rilh rti"fnt et.unacl. 1:14:7)
A. G. KRAMER,
ATTORN K Y - A T -L A
kral E.I.lc and C..ll ll"B Agral,
tl.KAHUKI II. HA..
Will promptlv altfU.I to
II Iral buiiuril c
IraatKil to Ium era.
rlfflo In PlV OfBra H
A. W. WALTERS,
ITiiUNKY AT LAW.
It-arll. lcl H.
ktllhfi) m tlrub:uii' Kiw idt;.t I
H. W. SMITH,
TORN BY -AT-LA W.
ATTORN KY AT LAW.
( IrarOeld. Pa.
in Old .ln. Il.iltl ku!l.lln
o-tii.r or Htoond an I Markat 8t. B'tfl.na.
1-TllM N K Y A I' I. A
r '0I in llit" t'oart Houa. 4 1 1 . 7
JOHN H. FULFORD,
AITDUNEY AT La.
ptr On e on Maikft itrrat, oup. Coart Hobw,
I.I. I, IH74.
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
A rfoKN KY A f LAW
no Heal mutate Aaul. ClearHrld. Pa.
Oina na Ibtrd atroat, bat. Ubarrji A Walnnl.
0TrUapttotfully offara hla avrvteaa in aalllna
ad nujinif land, la Claarflald and adjnlalng
' onntlaBi and with aa oapariaaoeui ovtr twann
,ara aa a aaraajror, llattar bimaall tbai ba aaa
.adar aaturaotlon. (ran
J. BLAK E V ALTERS,
UKAL ESTATE BROKER,
AMn PKAbNB IB
av Ijoitm hihI Ijiimbor.
tu Jrabam'a H..W. I 11:71
J. J. LINGLE,
t I' T O R N K Y - A T - LA W
Uartwla. Claartlald Cu.. Pa. jr:pd
J. S. BARNHART,
A I "I OKN KY A1 LAW,
fill pratttiov ID t;i.arnlft l,d all wl thaCuurta'd
hr 'Jitb Judlmal diatrict. Heal eaiait iiuamaa.
uid tmllaotioii Ml t'laiuia taada apantalttaa. ol'7l
DR. W.' A. MEANS,
PHYSICIAN 4 S V H (i K 0 N .
LrTlltiK.III KII. PA.
Will attend protaaalonal oalla p.'oBJptlT. auKltl'71'
OR. T. J. BOYER,
(Ml YHICI A J A N li " U Ktl r.ON
Offlaa on Marbal rltrrnl. Cla.ttfld. Pa
MrUIUos buun : Ki II a. ui , and I tu . in.
jy. E. M. HUUKL'KKR,
IIUMtEOPATIIIC I'llVflCI AN,
Offiov la repldvnc on alatkH au
April 14. IB7. El'iL.1!?
DR. J. P. BURC H Fl EL D,
VolHQtaara, fevb ramrn-a froi tna Army
offer hi prifaialonai arln tn ihteilltana
f (Jltarflad,BBtj. '
Offloa no aaoood trnat. lormf rl) tiepupmu oj
DR. H. b7vAN VALZAH,
(I KAHI-IKl.l). PI IS N A.
OFFICE IN MASONIC ltl'IUMNU.
pr Otlier b..-r- rwn. It t" S Y. M.
Mkv I?, IW
J ILI.I A M M 1IKMCV. Juhtiok
IT or tu r:rm unn Kcwmn". ll'MHKh
CITY. ColtMlittna mdr and mnm iniiiiM
tMid uvr. Arltrlwanl rillHtt1 m! !"
tnaTnea ntiiilr f 4n I wrrtnfd tvr
wi or iti Mhnfru tw19
JAMES H. LYTLE,
In knurr's Building, Mr at Bald. Pa.
Daalor la OtiNMllsa, Praalaloas Vajalablaa,
Fraila, fl.nr, road, to ate.
BAHBKK AND IIAIRDRKfWRR
Skuf na Majkat nppoilia l'rt llnaaa.
A elaaa inwal for Baart saatntaur.
Ala taaattraatarar at
All Klnda of Arllelaa In Huaian Hair.
t'Waiaala, Pa. aaaa It, ''
" D.lTDoiiiTi, .
FAfIHON ABLK tlAKHKH t II A I K lHKflSKM
Bkf la rout
)!' 14, tt.
I fbroiarla eaanplad ha Nanaat
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
iaatloa at iba Paaaa aad Hnmar,
CararaBsallla, Pa. '
kaVCalloatlaaa aada aad aiuaat prompt)
aaaaaa r; '""
Square Timber ft Timber Lands,
WHI CUAAfllUX, tk.
VOL. 5I-WII0LE NO.
JUSTICE OP THE PEACE
Oicrola Mllla P. 0.
II official buainara antraalod lo htni all bt
promptla allartdwl tt. rnr-iclf, '71.
M KUCHA NT,
Prrnchrlllc. 4 lurtlt lil ( uuiit). Pa
Kecpa aonatanllT on hand a lull aaMirlmetit ul
bra tlooda, llardwarv, tlnwariar, and avarythiny
uaualla krpl in a retail atora, which will na anld.
for oaah, aa ehaap aa ataawharr in tha county.
Pronobvllla. Juna 17. IS7 !j. '
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
q, MtmBiv manafBctnrer and daalvr In Kquitr
Timber and HaWBri l.uuibrruf all kioda.
Orden aolicitd and all bill promptly
ft! lad. ljylfl'T3
Mouse and Sign Painter and Paper
auWill BieeutB JoUa ia bia litia n.ut,ltv and
In a wurkiaattlikt uninnar. r ri.fi J
Q. H. HALL;
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKEK,
NBAK CLEAKFIKIiD. PKNN'A.
Jaajr Huutpa alwnri uo band and taadr to ordrr
.tt ib'rt ftotiB. Hl.e Imri'd n rrafortahlti term a
All work warranted to renW natiafacltnn. and
4el)Yrrd If drairrd. myj&:lypd
E. A. BIGLER &. CO.,
and oianiilaorurara or
l.l. kIMM llf (t l I II I I MIIL.H,
a-7'7l CI.KHr-IHl.l) PENN'A. '
JAS. B. GRAHAM,
Heal Estate, Square Timber, Boards,
SII1NUI.K.', I.ATII. A PK'KKTH,
!iei CkartrM, Pa," "
HOOT AND M10K MAKKIt, .
Market u. l lrarllcld. Pa.
In Iba allup laialv nrcujiiaii Iit Pnti.k Fhurt,
onu dour woal nf all. j lin(t Houa.
A R0I1 II ECT, t'tiNTRAO'l OK and lll'ILPER
Plana ami Pp"f iftaatiima furnlhul for all kih'l.
f huildinKa All wurk llrat olua.. 6tair bil I
ng a ai orUlir.
I'. 0 a.l lr, . ..('!, r,. 1,1, I'h. Jan. 17 7711.
R. M. NEIMAN,
SADDLE and HARNESS MAKER,
ItumbaiTger. i:ieHl0ld lo,
Karpa on band nil kind uT llarnrpl. SNddK-a,
Uridlef, and llia FutiiubniK .JuuJi. l. wiriaar
.riiiti at lauded u.
l(uii.t. g.r. Jan. 1 1', lM77-tr
JOHN A. STADLKR,
KAhKH, M ukat im., Chail.ld, fa,'
Vreab Bread, iiuik, UoMi. fica and Cuka.
band or niadr tu order. A itviivral rtu.fDt
I roiilection.tr im, Ftuiia ami Ht in Hunk.
loa ( rfatu and (ly-'fia ii pfunm. Knlix t Barl,
lMaii tha pitaicfftna Pne uiodira'(
J. U. M'MUllHAY
WILL HI'I'I I.V Vtll HUM ANY aKIIt'l.K
OP WHlCIIANlllriEAT TUB VERY L(l K8T
PRIt'B. (,'OMR AND hKK. - :6:7v:.
MAHRI.K AM) T4NK VHI.
Mra. H. f. I llilll I I.,
Uavtna; antrajred lo Ula atarhla nualnaaa, daairaa
to tnturui bar trlanda and iba potilie that aba baa
now aad will kavp eonsiamh on nand a larra and
wall aalrctad atiick ul ITALIAN AND V HUM ONI
MAKHLK. and la ,ra,,rd It, luriiiah lu oritar
1'iiMUctTllNKS IlliX AMI t HAUI.k. TujiUB.
tjdJuVard on Haad atraal. uear tba R. K LIot,
'loarBald. Pa. J. 14.78
Uvrry Stable. ,
I'HE undoriianac bvtti, laava to iuiorut tht puh-
I lle,tht h la now luJIy lire par'' 'o (iwmjiuiijo
Ult all in tha way ul lurnialiinK li..ea, liuxnipi.
Haddlvp nd llariivaii, un tha almrtcal Bitt- and
tn raaamiftM term. Kraidatica on Itoouit atreat,
tkflwan Third and F'tiirtb
tJKU. W. UKAHHAKT
llcarflald. feh. 4. IR74 '
WHOLESALE LIQUOR STORE.
At tba and ot tha lit bridjre,
WEKT rLf ARF1KL0, PA. v
Tbr prinator of ibia a.talll,hm-ni will l.uy
hi. Ii,ii,ir, diraoilnim ol.lillar. I'artlaa noying
h.ui Ibia iHiuaa will l.a aura to rat a para arnola
t a Btnall aiarKln bImitb oo.. Ilntal fca'pera eaa
a turni.had wiik ilqaor on rra.iinahia larina.
I'nra winaa and branlira dlraot Ironi nealay'a
Yluary. al Hath, Nw Y,.r
UKOHHIi N. COLIII RN.
Claarlal.l Juna In, l74 II.
ann naALKa la
WnlclieH, I'liK'ka and Juwi'lry,
Urnanai'a ". Ill-ill Kir I,
I i:ahkii 1 1. pa.
All kind, of rapMlmif In tnr Una pr niptlt at
andl bi. Aril U. IB74,
MOW K'f M K AT M.HklX
Thf jr,dirli d wnold raat-rcif"''? Inform
thrpuhlir-thnl b. bia upmitxl B M b. AT MAHKKT
at tha old atwnd n Markrl htrrcl. wbrrt h: will
kifj. rr-uUrl.- nn band all hmdn of
nd will Kuarantr a4tlafarii'n in
aa la lh ouaiil nf itiaa 'iff nd.
C'lrarH. I.I. jS.M .7A-tl. KZH A BHOtt'N.
ENC()UI(.(iK llo.M K INI'CM'HY
'MIR nitd-rlk;nfil bnvtna: atdKijy.bf I a Nr-
Mr un ib- I'lfct, a'"iiii halt wn.r t'Ptwrm
Clt'ft'Arld mid rurw.fi-iillf.tai (.rv(-iircd Ui tar
ntah all kiuila uf IKI IT TKCKi. (-iati.ler.1 and
dwarf,) Kvrr(rana, Hlirait'-wy, tlrapr Viii,
4.ooalprr, l.awmn HlM'kix rrjp, Mirawtitrry,
and lia.phar Viiira, A an. Hibarlnn Crati Trvca,
gatnra. and early war let Kbutiwrh. Ac. Ordara
bftttNptly Bttnd'd to. Adil-aa,
r J. I) WHUIHT. .
afi2B - fBrwrafiillr, I 'a.
Market Mrcet, CIcarBeld, Pa.. .
MABrrAcrrara AapiiBALRa ib
HAHNKH8, f.l)t)LKS, BRIDLkB, COLLARS,
aad all klnda of
' HOKSK rCKSIMIIXa 000113.
A full Moak or raddlere' llardwara, Bru.ha.,
t'oiaha, Biaakal., Rohaa, t'., alwara na band
aad Ibr aala al tba lowaat aaato prleaa. All kiad.
of n palrian promptly a'landad Va,
All kinda l bHaa "kan In a.rha'. lit bar
aaas and n-palrlnc. All kind, of barna.a l. alhar
napl iwi band, and f.rraB at a (tnall praflt.
t'laaillald. Jaa. I, l7
0 KKHAL m.VKAKCK AUKNT,
Brt.rrwata all Iht laaoli, Eira laaaranaa
ampaaiaa of tba country l
, a.idai na
Hnraa, Nan York
Lta.BitnK. Money, Pa
Manirrar, aw York.....
Horn, t'ol , O
All.., M.iU rd
Prvtld.naa, Waahingtaa ...
GEO. B. QOODLANDEE. Pronrietor, " 71 Hi1tfT''7m Tm,u "m"m 'm n - n miTi i 1 1 " 7 """"" ' ' -r
P.raaa. aboat tfaatla aa laaaraaaa aa pr
wrtt af any kind, abaald aall at ay oBa, aa
Markat atmt,a,.poalla tba 0rt Haaaa, and aaa
Bf Halaf totnpaalaa and ratM Wfor. Inanrlng
' - jotM u.rvLiuBb,
' " ka aaa;
.V YSTERIE8 OF THE EARTH.
UBTIRRANKAN RIV1HS AND LAKf (if
THE MIMUHHIl'PI VALLEY WORK MR
AM LNUEHURtiUNU XI'LoRkH.
Wondt rliil unil iin'.ili( ul'Ki jiliyaii ul
liit lH tire not (oiifim-d to the low litmla
along I he route ot the Mii-MMMtiiij, nnil
titiuiigir tlian tint workn ol' iriinuvul
nuin. t'Oiinintnig ot nitiutiila, ctitiai" mill
loilintd nti-tniiliiililH, tire ettvt'i nnim
deplha, it ltliin whli li riveia flutv Irom
I he mouiiluina lo the grt'ut ilruin ol
the coiilineiit. Kuiirlet n nnlin noutlo
taht ol Howlingtitvcn, Ky.. ia a tavern
iiiiiet'.i I'unnlii un unil unili ilul than
Miiinniotli L'uve. Not litr uwuy. on a
Btono ut the etitrsnce of the hitter, the
woniltr ol a country Lumi Kin in in
wiihtd in wnnla otice quoted in the
nenule ol the Uniuil hiutta.
he MaB'taoth Caaa! what a apot !
In auuitnar eidd, and arinta ht.
Ya powt-ra aluvn ! Grant Hod ! Iwondrr!
Andraw Jat'kron ! h -II and thunder.
The entrance to the more my uteri
oiih pit ut oil the tixiht ot a ierj)ttiidiru
litr ht ight, niutlealmont inatTi'KKlhle hy
vinta, InuiiilileH u lid deiM'ly growing
lorent treea. Trttniiiicl'a elitein Drttke'n
Crei'h ju-t iibove the atmnge aieiitire
lo unknown ilt tiihn und iiniienelruhle
flitikiiena below. 'I'hia utlylum in ten
tcel long und lour wide, and thechunm
nvi nia to )awn and itn gii'Ht mouth ia
liorrinie lo cuiitt nipliile.
liiide ienile in the vicinity call it
"Hcll'i. Molt," or the ' Ititliun's J'it."
Kioni the nieaMHTlcna ahyna there iH-
Hiivn, ci'iiHelena ua the htir.e oi liourn,
lutn lilitl yeaiK, a volume ot nilfl. On
colli, clear, Ironty niorninga it rinea in
Hjiiittl coliinilia I'm' uUnve the tree tojiH,
UhU wliMeiieil unit ancetiila ami gleam
ing in the aiinlighl, it fhmta n'ny iiiifl
i hint in the clouda. At annie un
known period in .(lie woihi'a bintory
iiioi her turlh bnathed heavily, und
greiit lioulilei'H, worn round ninleniooth
un it ground liy I'rictmii when unhehl
liy curiviita ol uir, and lulling Imck
ugniti und agttin, lilted up and rnhhed
liy otlier ntonea. cover the uillniJe uuu
have rolled liotn thu cttverir nioiith
into the vulley heluw. People dwell,
ittg litur by tell thai in lull und winter
the hcuvy ntentoriouH hrenlhinga Irom
ihe cuvern Rre ninth wnnnvr tbun
. htirp bhinln nwecping tliu deep gurge.
w bile in ntiiiinicr the minly vuptir tiom
wiiliin ia itHihr thun the vxleriorat
lunKpliere. - Thia Intbomlena pit growa
wider in lia dounwurd course, und
nothing living or inuninutle thut ban
tillered ever ti'iind exil. Not tiielitit
et echo wua ever lit itrtl when great
Molten bttve In'en rulled inlo the awlnl
ilepih ol thin iimim Arrrni. It niit h
niiianive hoiililei'H hud encountered any
iil jecl w ilhiu niilfi. of Ihe enlium o the
aoiiiid prmtuced vTimiIiI httve been Hiire
ly boine lo lii-lenciH ubnve the atrong
nletoly uir current.
'I he inipreiwion fixed from childhood
10 ugc, thut the P"lid cuith muni be
forever imniovuble lieneulb our tW't a
Htirely and ininiovaLle aa the aim und
alum and Line vuult uhove our heaila.
in rudely abukeit w hen one atantln in
the prenenee of nttidi demount rtihle hoi
lownena and vinptiltrax aa thin. Very
milch the nnine neitnution are ext-ited
wlien alaniliiiir at the ptt'a mouth an
when an enrthqitako abttkea land und
aca and mukea men and women bud
When, not long ngn, It wax Bought
to ancertain thedeptha (if llieebtt-in, u
heavy weight wa attached to a utronir
cord, the b ad went down, down, till
the line of the plummet hail meuntired
the greatenl porwible depth, but no
sound came back to tell of the end of
unutterable hollownew) below. The
weigbl, when withdrawn, wua unanil
ed, und hy thu mniature on the aiirl'uce
ahnweil tiiul in it" dcKCciit and te-eeM
it tombed nothing but miat ami ditrk
neaa. The very bollownepa ol lile und iia
evuneacenl pieunurea are ulmoat illtta
t ruled in phyaicul fucta dinctivered
everywhere in Kentucky and Tonne
nee. " The river, down lit the depths of
Mumniolll Cave if ii flmliln way to the
green tieldn'and aiinnhine, ia never reu
ognixed above uh the nl renin noted for
itn eyeleaa fiebcH below theeurth'a Biir
luee, and though the great cuvern bun
been explored twelve anile (rom ita
eiitrnnce. thtwe who have truvomed ita
depiba und lubyriiilha concur in the
umel'lioii thut there urn other coven
beyond tho roinnteit yet explored, and
gi under and deeper thun those thut
unmet the citriiMin IVom ull laiiila.
Near Union City, in 'i'cnncMrc, ami
lit-ur theaottthwentern coiiHiicaot Ken
tut ky, ia Hcelloot Luke. Here the
root ol a mighty cavern w-aa nhnketi
iIom ii by the viirtbqiinke ot 1811-12.
Lolly liirvat treea, the tullent thut
tower nhove the low liinda, dinnppeuretl
with the luuil on which they grew, ami
a nea. broader and deeper tbun thnl ot
tiulihe, wua oiitoprrud in rryatal clear
liens in the miilnl of the lowluuiln.
I)ucka and geene fleck Ita atirfitce und
trout abound in the modern hike thai
hud never reHet ied the nun's litre In
itn lulhnnilens deplha till thu bridge ol
anil tiiul trees und cunu wua broken
down hy the earthquake's resounding
foot tc 8.
Where I he ruilwny from Nashville to
1 1 it k iiiuii, K ..on I be M ississippi.erot-aea
thul Imm Mobile to Ciiini ami Clm u
go nliinds the town ol llnioii Cily. It
is tin miles tiotn thia hike. It has
Leeit ntnted I lull w hen heavy locolno
tnes und beui ily ludeii trains come
rushing by, Imlela and slalioit-hoiiscn
tpttike, ciimllesiieks ui'e slmken from
iiiiintlea und ttibles, unil thut hoHow
ness in which the .lorest tlisuppcured
ivbieh hridged Rei-ltinit Luke, exli'nds,
it has heeti ullcged, beneath the ttiwn
und railway. Tbu wuter of thia luke
is not thut id' thu Alinninaippi. It ia of
cry slid clt-nincsH, aiicli na distinguishes
iluiiriVer in the depths of .Mammoth
Cave, while the great river above
gioundi bearing alluvium from north J
western nnititituiua, ia tawny In Ita yel
lownena and inipervioua to viaion.
When the earlliquuke ot 1811-12 was
most violent Itnd the night waa of ex
Iraiiiiliiiury uuikiieaa, the Mississippi
fluwed back w artia. atid flnlbouts in the
vicinity of Hickman drilled bnekworda!
liu'iy milea Ion aids Cairo. A mighty
voluinu ol Ihe river' flood titlu reeilrd
into mcRsnridena caverna treticalh Ihe
country 'a sill face, and liowlieru were
the low lutula aithmcrgeii.
There ia a 'leailSru"o( murky
ter hiildeli hi llenlli I lie curth'a auiTuce
in I lie vicinity til Cairo and New Ma
drid, and linwlcr and deeper than the
Itilliiitliless ReelliKit Luku dug by the
genii ot'cui thipinkua. t he visible lake
ol our lima muy be the reeeptuele tor
ihe bright Wiiti-nt thin flow through
Mammoth Cave, and if ihu bevil'a I'll
with ila cinpllneaa wen, mindtnl, it
would be dnaeovereil that ila depths
were CHrved nut b a great river wbleh
iliniiigh ciiitiillcaa agua baa been furod
ing It paliiwiy of limuaHona towanls
the anmhweat lo find a debonchmelit
in Ktttjiruul tiaktf. ' . ,
Tbtaw iw vague and indellnite apee
ulaiiori", and only defenaiblo when we
nfloct that the Uiaalsaippl rivar doea
not merely "peroolau lb Mil In.tb
lowlands, but sliaoliitely underflows
the country. Cut-fieli from the river
have been caught in welladugon plan
tuliona in the awantpa, and the wulri
in ibeso wells riseB and lulls witb the
flood tide of Ihe riter.
It may be proper to stale lliut Ihe
lute Wuppeiiockea (Lnngfoot) W. I)
Fiirguson. with whom Ahruhnm Lin
coin sojourned na a wood-chopper in
the early eainol the current century.
often recounted the terrible incidents
nl the earthquake Ibut destroyed New
Mudnd, below Cairo in 1812, and the
writer of this bus often beurd Mr. Pur
giison and the lulher ot Charlie .Morns,
of Atlantic Place, nn the Mississippi.
relate many facta hero recited. A'. Y.
FAST YOUSQ MEN.,
BY REV. EREI' BELL.
We often bear the phrase, "a abort
life und a merry one." It sounds pret
ty. Them's a dash in it, mid hints ot
til rill and excessive enjoyment, but it's
a very expensive one. 1 do not now
mean merely in a pecuniar' point ol
view, ulthough when you come to
count the cost, it ia so in thia way too.
It coHta more, by all odtls, lo go to
perdilion "second eluss," than the other
way, "Hrat class," und have all the lux
uries thrown in. A mun will spend in
a niglit'a dissipation more lhau would
ne necessary to insure him a year ro
lieions privileges in the average tine,
comliiiliihle church in our large city.
lint, in addition to all this, it is ex
pensive, in bodily vigor Wusted, hrnin
loree blunted and dissipated manhood
discounted at a tremendous interest,
the hem t made hick, sud und degraded,
ihu lile cursed, and the luture libibtuil.
The mun of the ' merry lile" don't live
out bull his duys. Uu don't have thu
hest kind ol mirth even during lite
hull'liinu allowunco he ia put on. Take
out the time spent in sleep. In aching
awakenings altera cuiiiiisal, in rei-reis,
remorse, and aelf accusutiona, and bow
much ol lile is tell to bo merry, and
what kind of mirth ia it? Mirth with
pangs in it, mirth wilb an undertone
of apprehension in it, mill li noon with
ered, mirth casting long shudowa he
lore und behind it. How exceedingly
merry it must be. It is a farce of two
parts, opening like a comedy, ending
with a tingetty.
Olien during mj' miilniu'ht visits in
Ihe slums ol New York I had aeeu
young mun who attracted my atten
tion. Hu baiked like one who bad
seen Letter data. (You can always
trtiee the refined relies of a better lite
in lit 1 K-ii men and women. IJitinun
churacler is like soil eluy in ihu hcuin-
ing; education ia the poller, giving it
liirtii, beautiful or rude; halut bunlena
il. and when cluy or character be once
set. il reluins sliatH-; it in gome paria
will show the hctitilitul modeling, or
the rude.) this young man bud been
well wrought. , I saw it, though we
never exeliunged a word. Onu night,
when leavititr a mission in one ol the
lower words ol ihu city, I suw this
vounir man asleon on some whi'kv
barrels. While 1 paused a moment.
wondering whether I should noturousu
him, apeak to bun, tako hint with me
d be would go, and tare tor him and
try to nave him, and thinking how it
wua best to approach him, in ciune the
proprietor tho place.
Ol most men 1 have met, thia mun
waa the urculeat brute he waa brutul
in looka, ho wua cruel in action ho
had a brute a voice and paw.
After uniuit behind the bar and tuk
ing a drink of bis awn vile liquor, be
wiped bin hps on hia coat alcove, and
turning around, saw thu young nuin
With a terrible expression of brutali
ty upon bia face and the moot horrid
oatha upon bia liw, he half etuggered.
hall run over to where be lay , and tak
ing him by the coat, he muchly drug
ged him lo hia feet, and actually kick
ed dim out inlo the atruvt.
What cared he! lie had got bin
money, and ho cured ho more for the
ruined, besotted mull than u child lor
the nniiiue peel nl'ler thu orange wua
gone. Oh, how thia made my linger
ends tingle I 1 wanted to yell nut
sitvugcly: Wretch I llruto I Tuko
that, and thut, and that I" until lie was
wbtpied, Hiitiided into submisaioii. It
would have been tt meuna ol grace to
me, but It would buve been impolitic
My influence would have boen ruined.
Ill about two minuted I followed
hoping to tind the poor lellow, am
tuko cure of him. 1 aeurched thor
oughly for him, hut ho was gone. I
did not HihI him.
1 got to my room at 3 o'clock A. m.,
but did not sleep. I waa too much
roused for that. At 7 o'clock, the po
lieu aent forme to come to tho station,
house and sec a mun they bud taken
in some time during Ihe night. I went
and looked upon Ihu bluiichetl corpse
of thin mini. Hu was quiet enough
now, and was not refused aheller, and
he cured little whulhur. it waa thu icy
pavement or I lie stone floor of the slu
tii m-housc, .11 u felt not ami (cared not
he wuh ileud I 1 leurned bia history,
which was in auhstuiico, his lollows:
lie was a young mun, well reared, ol
a good family in nno of our country
towns Hu- cumu to the city with a
lew thousand dollam in hia pin Iff 1, to
see lile. Ho attw life in ull ita glades
downward, and brought up in tins vile
den, from whence be wan kicked lo
freeze in I lie chill night.
It was a sliorl lile. but not a merry
one. It never ia true thut mirth ia
light -li varied enjoyment; the short
life gives atnhlcn euro. It guilds pain
up anil calls that mirth. That kind of
mirth is a abort lile and a fust one.
A New Kngland agricultural iotinml
is in a depressed statu of mind becauae
ol Botitherii people and tho "low tone
ol publiu sentiment under a southern
nun." It is eonlimiully in thu receipt
of letters from hardy young New Kng
bind larnters who, dissuttslVed with the
bleak head lands and charming in
terlors of their native State, have puck
vd up their traps and gone lo Texas in
hopes ol a wider existence, only loll nil
that "apple cannot Im grown here,
and wbila cabbages and potatoes grow
luxuriantly, they will rot within two
week alter being takun out of the
ground." This Is so melancholy aeon
ilition of affairs that the hu-ty gener
al iior ot thu MasMchnwUs t'luwjhman.
thu journal spoken of, niukes it thu
text of a sermon In wlili II contempt is
jMUired With unsparing bund Umii all
southern and tropical hinds, where
there is "no winter to bracu up the
the lunguid system, no fold to put hie
and vigor into tha blood." It will bu
seen that tha editor lake a widu view
ul things, and In method at least agree
with tbu lata Henry Thomas Buckle
in attaching great iinportantM lo the
effeuta uf Ui aspect or nature unh
i ha mental ami mural condition of man.
"Kvea an farUnr Booth than' North
Caruliaa,!' y b, "a Uorarnar mm
openly Justify repadlatioa aad itill bt
PA., WEDNESDAY, MAY T877T'
popular," no plain is ihu connection he
tweeit tho equator and unsound doc
trines of finance.
Doubtless it is true that tbu slrug
gle of man witb hia environment,
whether of pulm trees and tiger or
gurilvn truck and eons, is one ot tin
most importuulcondii ions of thut grand
piocess of trying innteud ot enjoying
which goes by the hume of prtigruns.
Cerluiuly some northern people grow
mpiut and lut und yellow, like the
Lapps, or tall und blonde, bku the Nor
wegians, while under a troph-itl ami
men become long und lunlt, liku the
Keejue lalunders, or short und corpu
lent, like thu Piuccus of Central Alrica,
of whom Mr. lluyurd Taylor bus given
a graphic account, but thia muy bo bu
cause l buy atruggle with their environ
ment in uiuereiil ways, and iiivuauni
themselves aguiust external nature
from different points ol view. When
tbu Lupp tncuniire bimtelf against A
luige und luscious chunk of walrus tut,
tberu is I i i Liu hit tu bu desired if wu
uru to compuru bis horrible tuntu with
I ho deliculu paluto of tbu Arab, who
delights in dried dutes, which the other
would only touch in a scurvy season.
Tho systumitticul thinkers bio in
error, however, when they roundly as
sert thut there ia much more struggling
done and iiiuhly endeavor put loi th hy
the kurdy amis ol the north I bun by
the no-culled languid children of Ihu
south, upon wlii.no naked or nearly
nuked bodies the sun Inrever pours bin
lile-giving rays, which are luu) uwuy
in the mind us the solar beul in stored
up in coal, to be brought out again uf
ter the lupsu of uges tor thu benclit of
mankind, even as Mux Mullur and the
I enlist Ivutiia colliers ure now briiiuiiiir
them to light, each utter bis kind, IV
tuloes and cuhlittges have their mi
doubted value; the New Kuglund mun
shall buve hia nay, but wu must ufliim
with a boldness equully rohtisi Hist
the trunsmtiled laziness of the Hindoos
ia quitu ua vuluuhle us the biggest cab
bage in thu world, und thul those, Kim
urn peotile uru ollen most pmfiluble
coul-bcdn to work, the deposit being
luigo uuu Ihu veins not easily exhiiiisii-
But us to moiu osiiet ta of nature and
tho things with whieh the phyaicul
struggle ia conducted in horlhurn or
moiu southern lunds, there Is aiune-
llnng lo ho nuid lor thu latter. To con
duct a aitccesslul chase helure a grizxly
hear or alter a runaway mulu implies
high qualities, it ia true, liul not high
er tbun those thul ure implied in skip
ping out ol thu way ol a muu-euling
tiger or being culm when, as Mr. Vin
ton, u iiiissionuiy lo India, suid in this
cily the oilier day once occurred to
hiui, one huppciiH in wuku in thu morn
ing unil find thul he bus shared lushed
with "seventy serpents, w hich he then
kept quiet only through the exercise
ol ills personul mugtieiisiii and elect Hil
ly." It is something to measure ones
self against a tropicul thunder-storm
or the deadly sirocco, or to stand up
tiiuiit'ully in tliu bum ut mii t-Hntwuakt
und hid it tin ila worst, To harrow
the soil ia one thing, to be burrowed
by it i most decidedly another, and ol
the t wo it requires the greater patience
and equanimity in trying circumstan
ces. To be frightened by the report
ol .Stanley's elephant gnu shows great
piisillunimity, wo admit, in a puck ol
nuked suviigus; buldoesnot the hunly
New Kngluud child often frighten his
grandma nearly lo death hy the sud
den and unexpected exhibition of un
excavated pumpkin cut to the sem
blance of an ogre's luce and with a
lighted candle within? Kven physi
cally to live in a tropical hind implies
uu amount of "git up and git" of which
Ihu haughtiest Caiilorniun who bus
just now disposed of his lliirty-HUh
Chinum in need not bo uahaiiied.
8.i wo take it that, utter an exhaus
tive survey of tho whole field, every
right thinking mun must come to the
conclusion that because Ihu southern
or tropical homo dilfors from his north
ern Irieuds ho is not necessarily bis
interior. As the Mun in thu Moon
haiks upon us all be prohahly anys in
bis lunar, lutialiu way, und alter thu
manner of our country cousitia : "I'm
sure, if yon put 'em ull in a bug and j
hinilC 'em, them ia no tellin' which
out rli-st." Arid York
OUR FEA THE RED MINSTRELS.
With the advent of spring eome
flowers, liul luster thun these collie the
birds, llelore thu blue pultdiesof vio
lets ure visible oil thu hill side, and ere
Ihu gold ot tliu marsh imirigohl is seen
scattered along tho brook margins,
conies thu bird thul Tennyson culls
" 1ha aaa l.lua bird of Maioh,"
the blue bird, forerunner of the violet,
which nestles in Ihe gruss and birdliku
' Curt-aa bar throat
Juil BB if aha aal and .una."
Then conies robin reilhreiist, hopping
up mid down thu garden walk, and
then high up in tliu leafless live-top,
out of a aiiow-cloud souielitnus, you
heur thu song sparrow's tuneful carol.
Thu winged songsters gather in
throngs with guy or tender hulluds,
each no dillereiil from Ihe rest wren,
swullow, liniicl, thrush, oriole and
none ol them dearer or merrier than
bobolink, iho Robert Kuriw among
bud poels, whose wurhlu toll,, us the
truck of thu plow and ripples uhing
the edges of the corn field. I he pre
once iniirlts the departure uf n inter
und the advent uf out dour tile. Ilul
when do they come ?
the C'ikliNu in? Tilt; niitns.
This question was recently answerad
by Mr. A. 1). Lumbeitiiu, ol II. .clu ster,
N. Y., who kept a record ol Ihe arrival
of birds for some years punt. He sit) a
that in 1872 thu lobiua were observed
theru Murcli 28. Wild geese were go
ing nurlb Alureb 211, und snipu were
found April 17. Tbul wusu Inu kwurtl
year, lu 1873 robins came March 13.
sparrows 17, blue birds 18, pigeons 1U.
Snipe ami wis.de. s k were luiiud ut
Victor, March 27. In 187-1 bluu bird
arrived March IS. an I suiie were shot
March 24. In 185 tho tint robins
wuro seen March 11, and snipu wuru
Ion ml April 7.
C1ALLANTRY or TUB SoMlsTEIIS
It ia loiin.l by ornithologists thut ihu
mule song birds migrulu north about u
week before thu hens, und when mil
disturbed In a nestling ground, will re
turn to tbu name pluco lor ynurs. liver
green swamps ure the localities in which
tho birds aru generally lo be found first,
as they are w armer than other regions,
and theru are somu install, e. of robin
reniuiuiiig all winter in this lulitudo in
deiisu swamps. Oriole and bobolinks
aro iho last bird" to arrive, and do not
greet us with I heir song mail about
BANUB or TIIIIR rLIOHT.
It would seem at lirl sight that no
barriers could bunt thu range ul birds,
and that they ought to bu the most
ubiquitous ol living tilings. Tins, bow
vatf, In Ikr from being tho cane ; many
groups ot bird are almost as strictly
hmiUid by barriers aa th mamaliu.
The petruls und thu gulls ore among
tliu greatest wanderers ; but must nl
the species are confined to one or two
ot the grcut oceans or to tho Arctic or
Aiilurliu seas. Tha sandpipers and
ploveis wander along the shores as litr
us do the pel rule over the ocean, dreut
numbers of them brued in the An tic
regions and migrate usfitras iudiunnd
Australia, or down to Chili und llru.il ;
the species of the Old ami the New
Worlds, however, being generally dis
tiucl. Mountain cliiiiiisiiod even hirgu
rivers like the Amur.on, limit the range
ol many I. mis.
WHY Bllllis MIUIIATE.
Birds migrate from luck of fiiod, and
not on account of cold wcutber, ibr
tboso water-birds which, liku the gull,
are able to cutch fish in sleep wuter,
slny will, us through thu whole winter.
The Inwergreut lukes Erie and Onta
rio nre so w ide und deep lliut they
usuully freeze only around the shores,
und the gulls huvu plenty of 0'ti wa
ter on which they can fish. .Some
times, however, the winters ure so Very
cold thul these lukes ure covered with
ice us litr as thu eye cun reach, unil tliu
gulls then gather in great nun. hers
upon the open water of Niagara river,
below the lulls, and livu iipuu lliu finb
which they find there.
Ut AHMANSor EARTH AND AIR.
The swullow, swill, und night-hun k
uru tiio guurdiuns of the uliuospberu.
They check lite incrcusu of insects that
otherwise would over-loud il. Wood
peckers, creepers, und chick u dee-dees,
uru the giturdiiins of the trunks ol
trees. Wurlders, crows, th rushes, und
lurks, protect thu soil under the sur
litce. Kueh tribe bus ilsuwu respective
duty to pertiinn in thu economy ol
Nature ; and it is nn und.. ul. ted fuel
that it' tho birds wore ull swept oil' the
earth, mun could not livu upon il ; veg
etation would wither and die; insects
would bccoihu so numerous thut no
living thing could withstand tlioir
TUB ROBIN'S WINTER HOME.
Toward the middle or hitter part ol
September, generally, the n.l.in, vvhith
hus lierelol'uru beun merry und jubilant
in song, becomes silent und linally din
tippcitra. If the wcutber continues
cold be remains uwuy, hut tbu flint
warm duy brings him und his comrades
out in force. His favorite resort is the
thick grow th of high bittsh in some
low lends ornuutup. Here lie rchiuinn
in a very quiol Mute, seeking for wliul
linid be cull liud, and waiting tor the
warm days to comu when hu can till
his empty maw. 'Ihe two or three
notes thul he utters are feeble and bmu
somu Later III the season the Minns
congregate in flock.., and either retire
south or rcinuiii in thu swump woods
until spring. Tims their sudden ap
pearances und rcuiH-urunecs uru ac
DEA Til OF A NOTED GAMMER.
"JACK" Mil. KB HIES 114 foVa'.RTY A
BKITCII or 1IIS Llt'K AMI CM Alt AC
TER. "Juck" Niles, one ot the best known
gamblers in New York, died on .Sun
day, April 8th, ami wus buried inUrecn
wtHid Cemetery. He wus ut onu time
quite rich, his fortune being estimated
at about f 1 110,0011, but ut bis deulb lie
wus impoverished, and depended to a
great extent upon those who knew
Iiioi in prosperous days. When be
made a sum ot money iitthe lam bank
or nl poker, he spent it with reckless
prodigality. Hu never hesitated to
"get the best" of any tine w-ho wus
foolhardy enough to test his skill al
guming, und hu frequently engaged in
bar-room fighls. in which knives and
pistols were freely used. He had, how
ever, a number of good qualities. His
word w hen given wus inviolable, unit
lie was honorable in business transuc
tious. His pocket-hook wuh open to
everybody in distress who appt'ulcd lo
him when lie hud money, ami he olutn
took euro of bis "prolessioiiul" breth
ren when disabled. Niles began lite
as a butcher, und worked itlsowith Ins
I'alber on a Hudson Htver steumboul.
t io wua Horn in mo neigiinoriiiniu ol
Washington Market, and hu wus liliv
eight yettm of ago when he died, lie
wus a widower, und left a son uu.l
duughter. In 1853 ho hcetimu promi
nent us a purl tier of Dunser, thu nul
lionairu gambler, who died about a
year ago, unil thu greater pint ol
whoso lortiiue, given lo bis daughter,
wus Icll on her detiili recently lo cbar
ituble institutions. The gumo of lino
w-hlch bu and llunscrruii together was
silualetl on thu comer of Chambers
and Chatham streets, und was called
the "Jew game." Ha Wus also a part
ner of John Morn ey nlurtly aller
wnrd. Rill Poole, who wns murdered
ut Slauwix Hull, on ninut'way, near
Prince street ; Hiiriingtoti, John Liui;,
Tom IIyer,"Puudein "Jnhn Morrisey,
und Lew linker, were at this time no
ted us "sporting men" and pugilists.
and Niles wu iirurly im Weil known
it any of llieiii. Ills nperutious wen;
not contllieil to .cw Yol k, lie figur
ed us a gambler in llaltiinore, Phila
delphia, New Oilcans, and Washing
ton, and in the hilterctly kepi one ol
the largest "hells" there, leading Con
gressmen putronizing his pluce, mid
meeting linn tiimii term ot h-iuI
equably, lie came back from Wash
ington cu ll tiller the war, mid main
taining u stimuli r residence on Long Is
luuil, w here be kept liist hoive and
eiiteriaiiied his friends in princely
style. He beiran to hcu bis money
heavily in lHli'.luiul IS,'!), un. 1 hud been
si cuddy going down hill until his death.
A subscription was being liilteu up to
bury Niles, bu' his sou, a young man,
who bus been educated by Ids lulher,
und is now following a Icgitiniaie busi
es, interlured und paid thu tuueiul
Live. Il glows in tbu lily-bell; it
wurbles lorlli from the throat of the
nigbtingnle. Il it departs the lily in
dead, and Ihu bird is silent. It tosses
the iK-euii and tint tho sen shell. It
i-omes on tliu sniiheani and only lingers
ill tbu shade. Il rests on Ihe grand
old mountains, und sighs with tiio wind
through the solitudu of thu forest.
Whcru it is theru is beauty ami er
teelion; and where it is ub.ent therein
drcuriniBa and desolation. It is to
tins that nature owes he'' charm ; her
everlasting life, perleclly indentrucli
Woiiderinl and mysterious Is the life
thut pervades our ImsMi'sj that links
Ihu niHleriul lill.l iniinuleriiil. 1 1 throbs
al the heuri, hounds at tho pulse and
speeds through ihu brain. It gleams
in joy and dulls in sadness. It either
flushes or subside with love) astrungo
mixture of iertoctiona and linporlec
lions. It is beautiful in truth, despica
ble in fulsehnnil ; glorious in finth ami
most sud in despair.
Il Is not tho unman portion of those
that are dear to us wu love, but the
lifii that animate and la In ilsolf bo
DEATH OF A HERMIT.
LIVINt) roil WOKE TUAN FORTY YEARS IN
A CAV A VERY STRANIIK STORY.
All who liavo read a Pennsylvania
newspuper during u low yours liuslnlvlr mya neighbors, und call their
uuvn neuruoi ausiiii roicinon, mo riac
county hermit. On Kriduy, the olltli
tiny of March hist, be was lou ml on the
top ul one t.l the mouniiiiu, Head, in
ten-loot snow. drill. Uu hud lived
over li.rly your in n cuve in the rocks,
near the tiiinnico of which his body
wus t'oltiiil. Sheldon wus nearly 72
yeurs old. lie was discovered ill bis
cuve thirty years ugo by hiiulers.
He suid he had been liviiw there ten
yeurs, and hud not seen any human
bcihis to thut time. Hi cuvu was
nine miles fioiu Dir.gmutt's village.
About a your ugo a brother und sister
of thu hermit, lrorn Conneclicut, bulb
wcuhhy, went to his ubodu and endeuv-
oled in every nay to get lutn to return
lo his friends. It wits of no avail.
.Sheldon bud lost bis wilu ul'ter a
briel married life, and disappeared on
thu duy of thu buriul. Hu wus not
heard ot until Inst year. Ileloro lie
took up liia ubodu in tbu Pike county
cuve, Sheldon says he roumeil for Live
years through the woods of Connecti
cut, Vermont und New York, shunning
civilizutinu. At lust he loiihd a cuvu
in which hu concluded lo live thu rest
of his life. He did not know us locul-
ily lit the time, but found iifterwurds
that il was umoiig tbu Moosic Moun-
luins, in u no county, Pu. The
grout threat that Btirriiiiniled bis cave
noon miraclcd thu attention ot the
lumbermen, und be fled deeper into
the wilderness. Alter three uionths of
wuuderitig bo found tbu cuvu in the
wild region w here ho died. Por over
tony yeurs be lived in this hole in the
rocks, hlieldun lived on gumu, fish,
riKits and berries. Al Ihu liuiu of bis
tenth his tiiiin wns much bent. The
(Lulling I hut bung in rugs mid tuners
Irom his person bad been donned
twenty-two veiir ago und never taken
olf. It was held together by hickory
withes. He never washed. A thick,
gray bcurd, lliut hung iiliuosl to his
nuis:, and hairol thonutiic color bung
ing over his shoulders, w-us matted
uiih burrs unit twiggs und bud not
been touched .villi a comb or brush lor
forty livu yeurs. Ilo never wenl far
uwuy tiom bis cuve. A long stiitt and
uu undent liible the latter bunging
from bis belt wcru his cotistunl culu-
Several tunes bis cave bad been sur
rounded with forest tires, and utmost
every avenue of escape tut off, but be
calmly remained in Ins retrcut, reading
his Mihle, illilll removed hy woodsmen
thoughtful of Ins sulely. Neurly every
winter lor yeurs he hu been rescued
tiom freezing und starring. He nuver
iiiudu any i-llort to save hitnscIL saying
bu was in thu blinds of Cod. Sheldon
wu uii educated man. His family is
among the leading onesot Connecticut.
HABITS OF INSECTS.
Many insects prove tlmt their paren
tal instinct is strongly developed by
taking cure uf their young alter they
are hutched. Ol this kind ure several
solitary insects, us bees, unls, some
wusps. etc. 1 he mason wusp buries a
living caterpillar with ils eggs but
d ik'S not leuve it to lake lis chunco.
Alter tho mugtinl is hutched and bus
devoured the Inst cuterpillur, Iho wasp
returns, opens the bole, push, b in tin
other and again closes Ihu bole, and
ibis is rcpt-uted until the young uuimiil
in able to gel its own living. The field
hug has a lamily of thirty or forty
young ones w hich she conducts ubuut
us a hen does her chickens, beating
her wings rapidly ul uny attempt to
disturb ilieni. It you tlisiurbn uestui
uuts by diguing,' you will perceive thu
inhahitunui much less intently occu
pied with providing for their own
safety thun in the conveying ol cerium
little white bodies to a place of securi
ty ; tbesu ure the young, and to effect
ibis purpose thu n hole community urn
in motion, and no danger cun divert
I hem Irom attempting its iicciiuiplish
mcnt. A cine! observer having cut un
unt in two under llicse circiimsttiuccn
the mutilated ahiuiiil tlid not relax ils
atleetioiiate exertions ; with that hull
of the body fo w hich the head wus ul
luclieil il contrived before expiring to
carry oil' ton of these w lute musses into
ttie interior of the nest. Insects seem
to livu especially fiir the nutrition nt
their young. When wo consider the
exertions of these little animals, up
ptirimlly so disproportionod lo their
size, and Iho constant labor i which
I hey ure occupied, one might he apt lo
think the plcusuro id' their existence
were outweighed by its in ii in. Hut
n liul strikes us -its weurisome toil is
prol. ably their delightful neeiiptilinti,
ami, liku human ptiixnis, il.ey ure
never so happy us w hen actively en
gaged in advancing the mtercals ol
An Honest Conhlctoh. A conduc
tor on an Kaslern railroad was up
prouched by a seedy -looking individual,
w ho winded a tree ride, us he didn't
huvu any money. "All righl," said
the conductor, "go lortvafd into the
smoking cur, mid I'll lix you nil right."
Sisin iifierwurd tbu conductor appear
ed in the smoking cur to collect fan:
from the passengers. He look up hire
from every body except Ibe dead beul
and uuotlier man, W'ho happened tube
lite Siiperiiileiidenl of the road. Tin
Superintendent noticed that be bad
overlooked this mini, and usked him
why he hud done so. "Why, I bin's u
conductor," wns tho reply. "His up
peutuuee does not indicate it. Look
ul these chit hen," said Iho Superintend
out. "Well," nuitl tliu conductor, "he
can't help thul. lie's n conductor on
n Western rotnl, und bo's one ot those
iillnws who uru trjiug to livu within
their miluries, mid Hull's wliul lid litis
cotnu to." This wus sutistuclory to
Iho Superintendent, und tliu mun ob
tained his ride w iilioui luriher inquiry.
Lo', him not imagine who aims at
grciilness tbul all is bwl by a single ad
verse cunt at lortui.c; loi il fortune hss
ul one time the bet lor id conruge, four
iieu may afterward recover i lie nil-
viinlttge. Uu who I prepossessed with
the assiiruncu of oven oining, at lasl I
ovei conies the four of luiluro ; whereas,
hu who is npprehciisivu of losing, loses
in n uliiy nil hopes ot subduing. Hold
ness and power nr audi Inseparable
companion Ihut tbey appeur lo In
born together; and when once divid
ed I bey both decay und die ul the same
Mr. I'urllliglon any thai just before
lliu lute w ur t in nn. stances were seen
around tho moon iilgbtly. shooting
slurs perambulated Iho eintli, the desk
ol the sun us en ured with blui kssitn
of ink, and vomica awept iho horizon
with their operatic lul H.rKven Injtly
said that il profligaleil war; Bud, sure
eaough, war did como.
NEW SpiES-Y0.L,.i8,, NO. 18
STOPPING A SURPRISE PA RTY.
An ufltlclod correspondent write to
tho Clncugo Tribune to know bow she
and her liusbuiid cun niunugu to repel
the pirates who, ut this seuson uf Ihu
year, orgmnzuexprditioiis to prey upon
ttuuys 'vurprisu parties." il is not
! awy , u,ylsl, her. .Some people have
I ;,U1 lt A-Hei ttul lo k. yp i l ull dog ol
suli-facloi v ferocity : grc:i-o un ibe
'out slci.s is uooil ; some stub! "in
fUMeB huvu yielded lo thu applica
tion of a powerful electric buttery lo
the bell w ire, und thu louicMuliou of a
tew puds ot wuler is not without ils
efl'ecl, A sniull-pox placard will some
nines Hoik u cure, when oilier reme
dies buve been exhibited ill vain.
A geiilloinuu on West Aduitm struct
bus invented u liuroie molbud of treat
ment, uud which was tried last Thurs
day in lliu preseucu ol u lurgu surprise
puny, proving successful beyond thu
tullent expeiiuiioiis uf the ingenious
inventor. Uu unhitched the hell wire
Irom the pull, which hu riveled ou Ihu
iiinidu ot' thu pool; Iheii bu got a chisel
und a screw driver uud removed ull the
fastenings ot thu door post, so tbul
while it looked like a solid door way,
Willi u securely luateiieti bell bundle in
il, it Is nothing but a thin veneer ol
moulding, reudy lo J ield to the Inucb
ol uu intunl'a bund. These urrangu
monts completed, hu und his wife turn
ed down I no gild und wulched ut Ibe
blinds till their unsuspecting victim
entered thu uiubusb tbu front turd
that is. Tbu forlorn hope was headed
by u joviul old mun, whose bousl is
lliut bu is us young in bearl us his
gruiid-childroii. This geiilleuiuu's or
ilniury Weight is about 255 pounds,
l itis devoted mun luuinbulled bis forces
and udvunccd nimbly up the slops.
I in memorial custom Lus prescribed us
uu ubnultitu rule thul when a bouse is
ultaeked by a surprise party, the pirn to
ut lliu hcuu ol tbu ucsicgci ahull pull
the bell us veticuicnllv us it the rem
deticu were thul ot a doctor, and tbu
stunner Ihe prospective lulher ol a first
baby. Accordingly the old gentleman
gave the bell u learliil lug, throwing
Inn. sell buck sous to get the luxury of
u lull purchase. To his surprise be
seemed to pull the whole thiol out ul
the house, und with a wild w hoop ol
uslohisluucitl uud lorror,he (uccomptin
led by tbu dour posl) threw a buck
summersault, down thu steps into the
midst ot iho Icstul party. He fell on
Lliu hireling musician; tbu hireling
musician loll on thu tiddler; tho door
posl knocked a couple uf guests over
the biileony lulling into the rose
bushes, uud the whole parly knocked
eucb other down like a row of bricks
on a curd bouse, umid a perfect pande
monium ol shrieks, smashing ol uishes,
buttles und iho like. The surprise
parly inude good their retreat, carry
ing their wounded with them without
uiolestulioii by thu triumphant garri
son. The ingenious inventor thinks
tbul bu has only ontmilU-d one detail
he should have tried il Ural with his
ninlhcr in law to see thut il wus in per
iod wol King order.
.4 LA 1) Y'S MILLINER Y BILL.
A ruso of considerable interest lu
f'usbioiiublu modistes doing business
wilb lliu luir upper telidom ot the me
tropolis wus tried before a Jury in the
Murine Court ol New York. The plain
till', Mudumo Knieslino Chevulier, a
French modiste ttitd im portend' French
goods required in bet peculiar line ol
business, sued Mi's. Hannah if. Ivohn
stumm, of Fourteenth street, tor goods
furnished und dresses made uud sup
plied, claiming therelore 81.3UU.50, bal
ance of u larger sum. The pluinliti'
testified thai the ileleuduiit visile. I her
pluce uf business in September, 1870,
und urilcretl some goods to the amount
of ovor gliO ; thul these goods were
sent us direcicd, wilb instructions lu
tliu messenger not lo leuve the sumo il
not paid tor ul the lime, or sutisliiclory
reference given. The goods wore not
uceeplod by Mi's. Kolinstumm, who
next duy culled un M mo. Chevulier und
suited lliut she wus temporarily in tbu
city uwuiliiig a settlement of bur do
ceused husbuiid'seslulo, tbu. if she had
supposed reference wus required she
could givo every satisfaction in thai
hue, untl she expressed horown ubility
to pay liir anything I liul she required ;
lliut she had uu income besides uxpect
tli. cics in her uwn right, und a house
in Amity street. Phiiiilill'tcstilied that
she, upon these representations, fur
nished other costly supplies of Indies'
wear lo the defendant, itemizing llictll
in u long account, w hich was sworn
to in Court. Here ure some of the
items : Ono hound, silver trimmed,
$05 ; two chemises, UGO ; a set of mo
suu i ue. $30; Iwu handkerchief., f 10 ; a
suliu-li'immcd clouk, 8115 : ono robe
tie cbuinliie, trimmed with Balm and
torchon hue, 8175; hut, trimmed w ilb
silver und plume, 30 ; buby's cloak,
? 10 ; one slute-colured silk and velvel
costume. (375; white Chamberrvguuze
dress, $b'5 ; and a long list of smaller
but all cosily articles, umouultng in all
tof1,815. Thesu goods wore all fur
nislied during October uud November,
thu (list bill for 81.0 being incurred on
Ihu 3Ui h of September. Three pay-
incuts had been mado, amounting to
? l.ii), leaving tho Lalunce due and now
sued liir 81,3li0. The defense set up
tlul not deny tliu purchase ot the goods
us stulc.l in the canupluint, but admit
ted Unit the uccoiilit wu true and just
except us to one item the slule-color
ed silk und velvet costume, 837.1
which delemhiiil conteidcd she pur
fliitscd tor 8:1(111, and disputed tho over
charge uf 87A. The principle defense
wus I but goods were bought anil sold
ou u running account which would not
expire until April, 1 H77 it being un
derstood thut thu delenditnl should,
from titnu li) liirte, us she fell able,
inn II o payments thereon until tho ex
piration ol said credit. Vpon ihisstutc
of fads thu case w ns given to the Jury,
w ho, tiller a briel absence, cumu into
Court witli u verdict lor thu pluinlilT in
iho lull sum, with inteiest,
FARUtbs'llnHES, Ala Into conveii
lion in Wisconsin, Mr. J. .M. Smith
nuil u paper on " How lo muku Farm
ers' Homes Attractive," His ultculioii
bud been culled lo Ibis subject by hour
ing Ull Illinois sehooluustivs declare
Ihut she would never miirry a lurincr
ilicirhointa were too dull, plain und
unpleasant. The speaker thought it
I hi ia ao, a I'elorm ia needed. II u de
fined what bu meant by a homo, and
urged Ihut w ith only moderate means,
by cultivuliiig flowers, selling out
shrubbery, pun busing a few hooks and
subscribing br papers, homes could he
liui. lu cbeciful and pleusunl. Uo do
scribed nit h much lecliiig tho trials
ami hardships of some over win ked
bouse wives, anil believed that both
tiii-mura mid their w ives, in many in
si unces, ilo much more and harder
work than is liecesnary, because they
do nut do enough planning. The)
should make uau uf mure menial and
less mutual labor.
MVQH IN LITTLE.
When la flhlike bird T When
it risoa and Ukc a fly. ,
Falne eloquence la exaggeration
true vliiquoncti ia eiupliaiia. .
Tliitt ia a moat wrvtcliud fortune
wbkb ia withutit un enemy.
Mmcn wua a ivil vninver. II
Burv) rtl the irontiacd land.
Mean inula, like mean pic-tare, are
often ItitiiiiJ in g'HxJ liK.kii.g truim-a.
. Tbe'ltyil?-vcrytitta.jmtdaniaa v
...... y . ...J t. . : . . .' -raw, ,. -
liy aiilieiiou, uuu
sin which he hates from ihu soul which
Ho all tho good you can in the
w orld, and make as lilt lo noise about
il US ponnihlu.n
Christian piety annihilates the
egotinin ul the lieurt ; worldly polite
ness Veils and suppresses it,
Si ill seems it strung" that thou
sboiildnt live forever? Is It less strange
thul thou shouldst live al uii ?
Tbu most ridiculous of all animals
is a proud priest ; ho cun not use his
looln willcjul lulling his fingers.
Naturality mcanj either want ol
cuiitictioii, or uunt of courage lo act
according to conviction, and neither
case cuu bu defended.
Tboso who openly confess tho
truth und cheerfully sutler for it, must
have a believing spirit uud a firm hold
upon iuvintblu realities.
Without a belief in parweflttl Im. .
mortality, religion surely is liku an
iireh resting on onu pillur bko a
liridgu ending in an abyss.
Tbu angels aro beautiful, becauso
they are good, und theru is no true,
enduring bounty thut is not goodness
shilling through the luce und lot in.
llald. headed men are so numerous
in Chicago thut un audience in that
cily is suid lu look, when viewed Irom
ubi.ve, liku a cobblestone pavement.
Ignorance is the mother of fear, at
well as udiuirution. A mun iiitimutely
acquainted wuh the nature of things
bus seiuutn occasion lo hu unlonlshed.
"Women," aaid the contempla
tive mun, "are as deep a the bluu wa
ters ol yon buy." "Aye, sir," rejoined
the disappointed man, "uud as full ol
When flowers ure full of heaven.
descended dews, they always hang
their heads; but men hold theirs higher
the more they receive, gelling proud
as tbey get full.
The man who returned from tho
Centennial Kxhibitioii wilhouta medal
is cuntidoiil that bu could have tuken
1 0110 d they had not been so carefully
gnaidod by policemen,
.hnmor is nothing more tbun an
iard rcclhiu- of our own want ol
merit, a dissatisfaction with ourselves
which is always united with an envy
thut foolish vanity excites.
"Six feet in bis boots!" said Mrs.
Partington; "What will the imper
ntico ol Ibis world come lo, I wonder?
Why, they might as well tell mo that
the man bud six bends in his hat."
-To put up witb tho world is bevter
than to control it. This is the very
acme of virtue. lioligion leads us to it
in a day ; philosophy only conducts to
il by a lengthened! life, misery, or death.
As in tho body, so in tho soul ;
they uru ofi more ileBicrutely sick who
ure least Bcusiblu ol their diseusc ;
whereas, he thut tears each light wound
fur mortal seeks a timely cure, and it
Hope is tho last thing that dies in
man, and though il be exceedingly de
ceitful, yet il is of ibis good use lo us,
that while wo aro traveling through
life it conducts us in an easier and
moro pleasant way to our Journey'a
For general improvement, a man
should read whatever his immediate
incbiiutioli prompts him lo; though, to
be sure, if a man has a science to learn,
he must regulurly and resolutely ad
vance. What wu read wilb inclination
niukes a stronger impression. If we "
reud without inclination, half the mind
is employed in fixing the attention, so
there ia but hull' to bo employed on
wbut wo read.
It is a blessed tiling for any man'
to share what he may have with ott.er
who stand upon a lower social and
financial plane tbun bu does. Hut il is
slill more blessed tor him to go to work
lo earn money, expressly that ho may
huvu it thus tu share with others. This
is intensity iug bis benevolence, and
dignifying it Irom what might have
been a mere incident of irood nature.
into a principle and a passion controll
ing the lite, which it makes lovely and
(im'tlio said lliat tho tliouirht of
endless lile was sometimes oppressive
to him, bucuiisu there must bu a period
when luriher progress was impossible.
Ilul bu was rcussiiied on this point
when bo looked up to tho stars. Tho
poet felt that in revealing such depths.
ol space to him they hinted at Intel-
lecluul distances which no soul can out
travel. In tho sumo spirit Kant said :
'Two things fill mo with perpetual
awe inu moral luw and the i
Is not Gud's chastisement of his
children often spoken of in tho liiblo
as onu of thu murks of their sonship ?
Does this thought mako ua quiet under
iifllictiun, and help us to bear trouble
with bunihlo and submissive faith?
Hoes il not sweeten tho bitterness ot
iriul lo know that whom the Lord
loveth ho chastonoth, and scourgoth
every son whom ho leccivelb? It 'life
were unclouded, ami Cod's chastening
hand weru never felt, might wo not
with reason doubt whether wo wero
indeed his children ?
If tho most virtuous aro thobo who
iiretenil to have been strongly enticed
liy their vices beloro submitting, wo
could bettor say lliut thu soldiurs who
suffered ull the aironv of tciror, and
finally lied betiiru tho enemy, is moro
worthy of esteem tbun the soldier who,
without fvur and without resistance,
ivinuiiied firm ut hi post. The bravest
is hu who docs not hesitate tu do what
ta right. How, then, in any other eir
luiiistuuco, iho most virtuous would
be Ii o w ho bus si niggled before suc
cumbing, and not bo who remained
If one nolo in tho orgun bo out ol
key or harsh of tono, It man Ibo whole
tune. All the other reeds may bo In
harmony ; but tho one defective rood
dcnlinys the sweetness of ail tho rest.
In every lune ibis reed makes discord
-nine where. Its noiso jars out into
every other nolo. And, so on sin de
stroys the harmony ol u whole bfo, A
boy or girl may bo obedient, filial, In
dustrious, and honest ; but ill temper
is a jurring rood thai touches every
grace with chill and discord. lcl every
ullectlon and evury thought, ami every
word and every action, be right ; Iben
there is music in tho life. ,
Il is nn exquisite and beautiful
thing in our nature that, when the
hiui'l in touched mid softened by some
Uutiquil happiness or utTuclionute tool
ing, the memory' uf Hie dead Cornea
over it most powerfully and IrrosisiL
lily. It would seem almost a Ibounh
our better thoughts and sympathies
wcru ciiurtiis, in virtue ot wbicu the
soul is unaided to hold eome vague and
in) Btortou Inlercouse with thu spirits
of thus whom w loved in lit. A la I
liuw ollen and bow long may IbtxM,
patient angels hover around us, watch- ,
ing lur the spoil which 1 to ooa lor-