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u CLEARFIELD EEPIBLICAX,"
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(I. B. Q00DLANDBR,
NOEL B. LEE,
W. C. ARNOLD,
LAW ft COLLECTION OFFICE,
oil Cleerteld County, Pena'a. 7ly
MURRAY & GORDON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Offioe la Pit't Open Homo, eecond floor.
FRANK FIELDING, .
Will attend to til builneia entreated to bin
promptly Md f<bl'ully. botIS'T
PATID L. IIIIL
JOIN W. WRISLir,
WILLIAM A. WALLACB.
HUT P. WALL AC.
WALLACE Sl KREBS,
(Sujeeeaore to Wallace Fielding,)
II. UTS Cleartleld, Pa.
IOSBM S. H'MNALLT. PAHIBL W. M'CCBDT.
McENALLY 6 MoCUEDT,
4TLI;r1 baeineaeauaaded to proaptly witty
DiiahtT. Offioe ua 8 wood aire, above Ike Flrat
Natloaal Bank. Jaa:l:7e
G. R. BARRETT,
Attorney and Counhilor at Law,
flaring realtied bit Jndgeiihip, haa retained
the prMltoe of tbe Uw in bit old offict at Clear
flH.l, Fa,. Will attend the oourta of Jeflereoa and
Bib soantlet whoa epeoiallj retained In oonnoetfoa
with reeideni eoaqaei, i:i:ra
A. G. KRAMER,
Roal EiUto aad Collection Agent,
Will promptly attend to all legal boil nana on-
trailed to mi ear.
Office in Pla'f Opera Hoaee. Janl'Tfl.
WM. M. McCULLOUGH,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
JaT-0ffloo (a tiia old Weatera Hotel bnilding.
LrrI buaineae prompt.? attended to. Heel eutata
bought and told. Jell'78
aTw7 vva LT E Ft s
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
t.0fnce In Grabam'e Row. deoS-ly
H. W. SMITH,
i1:1:T Clearfield, Pa.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
JFeT-Omee in Old Wcatern Hotel building,
eorner of Beooed and Harkot SU. novll,!!.
ATTORN BY AT LAW,
l-OBo. In lh. Court Boon. Jjll,'t
JOHN H. FULFORD,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
1-OniM on AUlkot itroot, opp. Coart IIoum,
Jon. I, 1874.
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
knd Heal Eatate Actut, Clearfleld, Pa.
OIKoo oa Third itrHt. b.t.Oh.m A Walnot.
JHOrHaBpoetfully offon hla aorTietllB lolling
tad buying landi ia Oloarflold and adjoining
wuntios and wita an oiporloneo ol OTor twontT
roora ai a inrvoyor, lattori bimoolf tbat bo ooa
roodor oMliraotioa. Ifab. itM.U,
jTblak e w a lte rs,
KEAL ESTATE BROKER,
Ann DBAbaa w
Haw ljogn and Idiiiiibor.
OBoo QrobainiRoo 1;M;T1
J . J . L I NG L E,
ATTOBNE T - AT - LAW,
1:11 Of tola. ClearBtld Ca, Pa. rpd
J. S. BARN HART,
ATTORNEY . AT - LAW,
Will practice in CloarOold and all of tbo Court! of
tho 2Mb Judicial diitrlot. Kcal eitoto batlnw
and oollaotion of olaiui nado apoolaltioa. Bl'7i
GEO. B. QOODLANDEE, Proprietor. PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN. TEEMS-$2 per annum In Advanoe.
VOL. 50-WHOLE NO. 2186. CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 0, 1876. NEW SERIES-V0L. 17, NO. 35.
Ju.tlca of tho Paaoo and Borlrenrr,
k.0ollootlona ada and aionor promptlo
JUSTICE OF Till PEACE
Oioaola Mill! P. 0.
All oflolal builnaaa onlra.tod to him will ba
promptlj aUendad to. mchm, 'X.
W. ALBERT & BROS.,
atanufaotorora A axtonaira Doalora In
Sawed Lumber, Square Timber, 4o,
BaT-Ordora oolicltod. Bill. Illod oa abort aotloo
and roaaonabla tartna.
Addroaa Woodland P. 0., Clearfield Co., Pa.
,it-lj W ALfiEHT BROS
frouchvillo, Clearfield Couuty, Pa.
Keopa oonatantly on band a fall Baeortment of
Urr uooaa. liarowan, uiwnhh, hi Tniui.
aauall kopt In a retail Itoro, which will bo aold,
for oaab, ao eneap aa enewnere ia lue wan.
Frenchrillo, Juno 17, IBC7-IT.
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
CR AH ANTON, Pa.
Alao, exteoalTa manufartnror and dealer In Square
Timber and Hawed Lumber ol ail Klntta.
sar-Ordora aollelted and all bill! prompllr
"ItTuB i rTSXc K M A N,"
House and Sign Painter and Paper
9X-Will execute Joba in hla lino prompt! and
In a workmanlike manner. ej re.oi
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
NEAR CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
afPnnpi elwaya oa hand and made to order
on abort aotloo. ripol eared on reaaunooie terma.
All work warranted to render aatitfaction, and
E. A. BIGLER & CO.,
and manufacturm of
ALL KINDS OK SAWED I-l!IMIIi:H,
l-t'Jl CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
JAS. B. GRAHAM,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Boards,
BIIINOLES, LATH, A PICKETS,
1.1 07! Clearlcld, Pa,
Square Timber & Timber Lands,
Joll'TI CLEARFIELD, PA.
JAMES H. LYTLE,
In Kratier'a BuUdlug, Clearfield, Pa.
Dealer la Oroocilai. Provlalona. Veaetablea.
rruita, tiour, laed, ale., etc.
BOOT AND BBOK MAKER,
Market SL, Clearfield, Pa. .
In tho ahop lately oernplod by Frank Bbort,
om door weit of Allogbanr Uouea. 1
T. M. ROBINSON.;.
Market tftreet. ClearifeM, Pa.,
. H AM WAOt U OAK OM
Light and Iteary Barnew. Collar, Saddle,
uriaiei, aa. ueiiairmg ataiir flooe.
MV 3. l&Te eta, :
JOHN A.. STAULER,
DAKKR. Uarktt St., Clearfield, Pa.
Frtih Bread. Ruak. Holla. lHoa and Cikne
on band or made to order. A grnaral aiiortment
of Conftetlonariei, Krulu end Nuti la itock.
ice Crean and Uyittn in reaion. - onlooa aeirlr
oppoiiie int roeivmee. rrieea aioiierait.
J. It. M'MURRAY
WILL SITPPLT TOO WITn ANY ARTICLE
OF MERCHANDISE AT THE VERY LOWK8T
PHICS. COMB AND SKU. (J:7Sj;)
LUMBKR CITT. PA
The nnderilrned announeea to hli old friendi
and patrom tnat Be nai opened a rood lint ol
UKUlKKIEH A PK0V1SIUN8 at the old itand
of Kirk A Hpenotr, for which he lolleft a liberal
patronAgo. 11. W. BFKNCRK,
Lumber city, ri., moron m-tr.
DR. W. A. MEANS,
PHYSICIAN ft SURGEON,
Will attend profeiaional ealli promptly. augll'7l
DR. T. J. BOYER,
PHYSICIAN AND SURG EON,
OOoo oa Market Street, Clearlcld, Pa.
ar-OBco koarai to 12 a. m., and 1 to I p. m.
R. E. M. SCHEURER,
Offlco In realdenca oa Market at.
April M, 1171. Clearileld. Pa.
J. H. KLINE, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN A SURGEON,
HAVINO located at Pennteld, Pa., offer, bla
profenioaal corrioea to the people of tbat
piece and inrroandlng eoantry. Allcalla prompti
attended to. not. le t!
DR. J. P. BURCH FIELD,
Late Sargeoa of the 83d Reglmoal, Poanaylfaala
volanuera, aariag retarnoa iron tne Army,
elfora hla prafeailoaal .rTice. to tbecili.eaa
of Oloarflold eouaty.
per-Proroialonal oalla promptly attended U.
OSoo aa Second itreet, formorlyoeeapled by
DR. H. B. VAN VALZAH,
OFFICE IN MASONIC BUILDING.
pt- OBoe boon From II to I P. M.
May 11, 1171.
DR. JEFFERSON LITZ,
Will promptly attend all oalla la the Hoe of hla
1). M. DOHERTY,
FASHIONABLE BARUIR k HAIR DRESSER.
Shop la roam formerly eoeaptod by Naught
July 14, tl.
(Formerly with Lew Scholar.)
BARBER AND BAIRDRKSSBR.
Shop oa Market St.. onpoelte Court Neaee.
eleaa towel for every ourtemer. may II, '71.
WHOLESALE LIQUOR STORE.
At the end of Ike bow bridge,
WEST CLEARFIELD, FA.
Tbo proprietor of Ihle eeteallibmnt will bay
bla llauore direct from dieUllara. PeHloa beyiag
from tbia boaN will be .ere te get a aura artiale
at a email margin above eeet. Hotel keepore oaa
bo furel. bed with Itqaora aa reaaoaabk) terme.
Pate wlaae aad braadlea direct from Scale; 'c
lary, at Bath, New York.
UEORIIB R. OOLBDRN.
Clearlcld. June II, 1171-tf.
JIlSTICaUM CORBTARLRaV FlIU
We bare arlnted a large aambor of Ike aew
FIB BILL, aad wlU OB bee receipt of twealj
Hf ARBLB AND WTO HE YARD.
IT I Mrs. H. H. I.II)IKI,1,
Baring ongiged la tbo Morblo boilneit, deilroa
to In faro, her friendi and the pnblte tbal the hat
now ana win neep eoniiamir on nana a large ana
wellieleeted nook of ITALIAN AND VKRMONT
MARllLK, and ie tirepartd to furnlob to order
TOMBSTUNKfl, BOX AND CRADLH TUMDS,
fuYard on Hood itreet, near the R, R. Depot,
uioaraaia, ra. . jeu,7t
S. I. SNYDER,
ABD PBALRB R
pWatchos, Clocks and Jowolry,
Qrakam't Bow, JIarUi Areet,
All ktnda of repairing In i
y lino promptly at
April 21, U74,
THK nndereigaed begs !ea?ete laiona the pa b
llo that ho i$ now fatly prepare- to aeeoumo
dato all la tbo way of fnrniibing Hv.hi, llnggiot.
Hoddlea and Harneei. on tho ifaortett notice and
a reaaonable term. Reefdeaea oa Loenit itreet,
bttweaa Third aad foenh.
OHO. W. OKAKIIAKT.
Hoarteld, Feb. M IT.
The Best ia the Cheapest !
Tbovai Rellly be received another large lot of
"Afitebell Wagonip" wbieb ara among the rerr
beat Baavfae tared, aad which be will tell at tba
moit roaimiitblo rate. II ii atook laaludee etmoet
II defcrtptioBfl of wegoBo lor grand iniall. wide
and Barrow traek. Call and too them.
aprS'H THOMAS K HILLY,
Market Rtreet, Clearileld, Pa.,
VABUFACTliaRB ADD DBA LBB IB
DARNBKH, PADDLKJ, Bit ID LEU, COLLARS,
aad all klnda of
HOHXK FURNISHING GO MS.
A fall Mock of fUddleri' Hardware, Braihofl,
Oombe, Blanket!, Roboa, oto.t nlwaya oa bead
and for aala at tbo toweet taab prioca. All ktado
f maling prompt! atuadod to.
All kit. da nf bidea re ken ra airbaago for har
neof and repairing. All kiada of barneea Ira t bar
kept on band, ana for ale at a amall profit.
Cloarleld, Jaa. 1, 1871.
Tho aadoralgtwe) m Bow fall prepared la
aarry oa tbo baaiaeaa of
AT RBASONABLB BATES,
Aad recaeetlall? col toot the Batnaage of laeaa
aaedlag aaeb aerrleea.
CUHn TitufxaiAn, .
Clearlcld, Pa., Feb. IS. 1174.
WHY DEMOCRATIC ELECTION FRAUDS
WEBB IMPOKUULB IN THAT STATE,
This nogro-rioMotr and carpot-brtg
plundorod CemmonweaUh, next to
LouisiADa, haasufiurod more under tbo
Radical roconitraotion policy than any
otbor Stato. For twelvo yoara provlous
to the 1st of January, 18117, tbii Stato
bos boon wholly under thothumb-scrow
ofRadicaliBm, and yot, black and white
wore more impoverished and unhappy
on tho opening ol the now year than
ovor before Why oitbor raoo should
have boon rendered unhappy, while all
their Iriondu buld tho oflleoa, we cannot
defluo. In Novomber list, very unox
poctedly to all parties, a large majority
of tho people volod for tho Democratic
nominees for State and county offices.
The former wont ull olocted, and tho
county ofllcos In throo-fourths of the
counties woro also of tbo same party.
This unexpected ovor-throw of the
Radical party in that Stuto niado Rad
icals howl fraud I fraud 1 1 until all woro
rendered hoarse. Then they elevated
the "bloody ibirt" in tho Unitod States
Scnato, sent a committoe of fuur Radi
cals and one Dcmoorat (Mr. liuyard)
into tho Stuto to hunt up tbo lrauds.
To show how successful tho Com
mittoo was, we need lay before our
readers but a few questions asked tbo
witnesses by Mr. liuyard. Mora:
The reconstruction policy of Con
grexs bad fully and porleetly forced the
institutions of tho blato of Mississippi
into the most entire subjection and con
formity with its provisions. What
Mississippi was at the time of the last
election of Gov. Ames in 1873, she was
"the work of reconstruction by Con
gress." The will of her people, their
t&HtGR. their rtretndieca. their virtnea
and their faults had been molted and
rnn into s mould fashioned by tbo will
of Congress alone. If her institutions
were defective, if they wore not con
ducive to tho ends of good government,
if they woro arranged with an unwise
disregard of the condition and wants of
tier noon o. that nconlo nro no more re
sponsible thaii the population of France,
tor luuy nuu uu vuicu. oueu na sue
was in 1H71 the Congress of the United
Suites had mado her. Tho Stato con
stitution was moulded in accordance
with tho will of Congress. Tho legis
lation under it had lieen enacted by
men placed in oower bv the Federal
government. The ruli ng principlo of
tnat legislation seems to have been to
lead as much power as possible diroctly
into the hands of the executive, in
which tho reins were placed. The in
stitution of sutfrago was of course the
proposed basis, and to control this the
machinery ot elections was placed ab
solutely iu the hands of tho Governor,
who had the solo power to appoint
thoso ollieors who, in their turn, bad
the power of appointment of the regis
trars of ovory county, who in their
turn appointed tho election otHcers
throughout tho Stato in thoir respect
ive counties, and supervised the elec
tions and returns, thus gathering tho
whole control of elections in a single
execuuvo nana, i ins was the Blato ol
things when Governor Amos took bis
scat on tbo first day of January. 1874,
elected in the month of Novombor pre
vious. There was not an official of tho
Stato who was not a member of tho
Republican party. There was not a
county official to bo appointed by tho
Governor who was not in closo affinity
with bim. In all the Republican coun
ties, and all woro Republican in which
negroes were in tho majority, every
official was a rhembor of the same party.
Thus we sco that tho ontiro control of
tho State wits in the bands of Governor
Ames and bis party associates. At
pago 30 of bis deposition tho livct is
stated by bun as lollows: :
O. You have stated the violence and
intimidation to have existed in tho
Republican counties of tbo State?
A. Yea, sir.
Q. You hsvo not roicrrcd to violence
in any but Republican counties?
A. No, sir.
Q. Such is tho tact, is it not ?
A. Yos, sir.
Q. Were not, then, all ot these Jus
tices ol the Peace. Chancellors, the
judiciary, and the machinery for choos
ing juries, In the bands of the domi
nant party in thoso counties?
A. Yes, sir.
y. 1 need not ask you if all the
United States officers in that State
were not mcmbors ot the Republican
party ; mat was so, was it notr
A. Yes, sir.
U. Then tho irrand itirios and the
petit juries, andtho Judges and tho
nhonlls,and tho Supervisors, by whom
the jurios woro selected, were all con
trolled by tho dominant party in thoso
A. Thoy wore all bclonimur to tho
Ol course ovory official oi the Fed
eral government, District Judges, Dis
trict Attorneys, Marshals, Supervisors,
1'ost Masters, revenue officers, wore all
of tho samo party, and necossarily act
ive adherents. It may be truly said
that there was no traco whatever of
official power in the Stato of Mississip
pi in the bands of the Democratic
party until tho 6rst day of January,
The are a tow who do not remem
ber the childish wondor tbey once felt
at nearing tne resonance produced by
placing a sea shell to the ear, an effect
wnieo nney nas itKonoa to "the roar
01 the sea. i bis Is caused by the hol
low form ot the shell and Its polished
suriaco, enabling it to receive and re
turn tin beatings or all sounds that
chance to be trembling in the air.
lloraco Greeley used to tell ' this
story : lie one sont a claim for col
lection to Western lawyer and, regard
ins it as rather a desperate claim, told
tbo attorney if he collected it be might
reriorve nan tne amount as bis lee. in
du time Mr. Greeley received thi fol
low inn laconic epistle : "Dear Sir I
have succeeded in colloctine mv half
oi tnat claim. I no balance is hopeless.
A witness was tinder examination in
s Toronto Court in the case of an nn-
paid scoount, when the Jndire rmt the
question u ua. - ii nat n your occu
pation T The witness did not seem
to understand the meaning of the word
The Judge "What do yoo do for a
living?" Witness "Oh, my wife is a
An editor, quoting Dr. Hall's advice
to "eat regularly, not oyer three times
day, and nuthing eetwoen meala"
adds: "Tramps will do well to cut
this oat and put it in their bank books."
Bonator Gonitis aaxsnorted to be seri
ously ill at bis kosWaa Atlanta, Ga. ,
SXTRA VAflASCK AND COKHVPT10S Of
HON. FBAMLN HEREFORD,
or wear nnei-i.i,
IN TUB HOUSE OF BBPBESENTAT1VE9, ON
SATUB1IAT, AUQVST 12, 1870.
Mr. Uoroford. Mr. Spoakor, during
the year 1808 tbo number of failures
in the Unitod States was 2,608 ; In the
year 1869, 2,790; 1870, 3,551 ; 1871,
2,915: 1872,4,060: 1873,5,183: 1874,
6,830; 1875, 7,740; and during the
llrst three months oi ibvo It was li.Mou,
or at the rate of 11,224 per annum.
And to-duy we find tho following I
the Doston fua :
Tbo IM el mllla alopped la New Englaad la
reported In too Jioetoa jtucerticer at over one mil
lion cplndlea, aad the additlona la Now Joraey
and Poanevlraala, with more to be beard from
la Rhode Ioland and Connecticut, at Ion, 000, or
I S, per oonL or tbo uaual produouon. Too opto
dice itopped are one-half on print.olotha, and rep
recent a prodoction of !&,000 pleeei a week. Com
pared with the ret u ml for prerione veara, the
preceat production ia icoc man wouia aero uoea
umcicat tor anj aeaeoo cmoo icia.
And also tbo following:
rracTi or ni'U. nana.
To-dajt all the milla of Fall Hirer oat down 10
ner cent, ia the wee-ea of operetivee. Much die-
aatlifaelloa la lelt br the bandi, aad although
but eomparatireljr little ia aaid it la eaor to ceo
that the renliuf ia Interne among tho opcratlroc.
alanutacturera oay iota out-down 10 taoironir al
ternative t they muet either do It or clone up,
The Spragne milla In Cranctoa and other parte of
Khode Inland ara either elooed or running with
email help. At Baltic the mill, .hut down Sal
urday night, and one thouiand operaUrea were
thrown out of employment. It ia expected that
there will be another ouapencion of A. A W.
Spragua A Co., (now In the banda of Zicbarlah
Cncffce, trnalee,) on account of defeult of intercit
on eitenaioB aotoe for duly.
So that in the short spaco of niuo
years, it the failures contlnuo for tbo
balance ot this year at tho rate ot tho
first throe months, we will have 45,871
which is unprocedentod in tho history
ol our country. Jjuring sli this time,
under tho policy of the Republican
party, the volumo of currency has boon
.Notwithstanding this alarming stato
of all'aira, penury and starvation at tho
doors oi our constituents, urged on by
the money powor, this same party in
lsia passed what is Known as the re
sumption act, which has increased tho
contraction, forcing National Ranks to
surrondor thoir charters, to go out of
oxislenue, and these banks thereby
forced to draw in their loans from tho
people. This most oppressive law, the
resumption act, was ibrcod through tho
House oi Representatives under tho
suspension ol the rules, thereby depnv
ing the Democratic members irom all
right of amendment or the. right of
speech, tho riL'ht to expose iv unormi
ties and prosttnting and direful effects
upon the people. A few days since,
altar a great struffirlo in tavor ot an
oppressed people, a Democratic House
passed bill repealing it, but it sleeps
in a Republican Senate ; and thoro it
win continue to sloop until an outran
ed people riso in the might and majes
ty ot their power and compel that
body to liston to the demands of tho
people for relief. This resumption aot
lorces or attempts to lores resumption
oi specie payments id ISV.
Where is the coin to como from?
Business men of every kind, farmers,
laborers, debtors, whoro.will you get
1 say gold lor tho reason tbat this
same party in February, 1873, demon
Ily the terms ol tbe Constitution
and from the foundation of ourpresont
form of Government gold and silver
both have been a legal tendor in pay
ment oi ail (louts. At the time ol the
creation ol our present national debt,
a ercut part oi which Is held in Ku
rope, it could be paid either in gold,
silver, or greenbacks ; that is, tho prin
cipal. On the back of every green
back was and is still printed these
Thla Bote ic legal tender at its face ralnc for
all debto, public or private, except duliec oa Im
port, and laterect oa tbo pablic oebL
But at a subsequent period this same
party passed a law ny which tho prin
cipal must bo paid in coin. The labor
er, tho clerk in tbe Departments, tbo
soldier who risks bis life for bis coun
try, and tbo pensionor must take
greenbacks, but the bondholder must
bavo bis coin.
When they had gone thus far in tho
intorost of the bondholder you would
think they bad gono far enough ; but
tho half has not been told. A more
disgraceful chapter in tho history of
our country is yet to bo read. In rob
runry, 1873, this samo Republican Con
gross, still in tho power of the foreign
bondholder and legislating for his in
terest and against that ot their own
country, thoir own confiding constitu
ency, passod an act demonetizing sil
ver, dopriving it ot its legal-tender
quality, so that to-dny tho rapacious
bondholders mud and can bo paid in
gold and gold alone.
And tho darkest, most diseracolul
page in that chaptor is the manner of
tho passago ot the law, the means re
sorted to; tbe fraudulent and high
handed moans was only uqualod by
the object accomplished; tlio bill de
priving silver of iu legal-tender quali
ty was passed without even boing
read ; its reading was domanded by
snob sterling Democrats as our present
Spcakor, ilr. Korr, and Mr. Uolman,
but it was refusod. I do not use too
strong language when I say it was
passed by fraud, tyrannical power, and
deceit One of the authors of tbia
deed is dead and the other sick ; there
fore I say no more, but embody in my
remarks the proceedings of Congress
on May 27, 1872, and can be found of
tbat dale in the Uongmtumal Globe,
and on page 3883, and is as lollows:
"Mr. Dolman. I inppose it is in
tended to have the bill read before it
is put upon its passago.
The Spcakor. The substitute will
Mr. Hooper, of Massachusetts. Ihope
not. It ia a long bill, and those who
are interested in it arc perfectly familiar
wiin us provisions.
Mr. Kerr. Tbe rules csnnot be sua.
ponded so as to dispense with t ho road
ing of the bill.
Tbe Speaker. Tbey can be.
Mr. Kerr. I want the House to un
derstand that it is attempted to put
through this bill without being read!
The Speaker. Dons the gentleman
that the reading of the bill be dispens
ed with ?
Mr. Hooper, of Massachusetts. I will
frame my motion to suspend the rales
tbat it will dispense witb the reading-
ol the bill.
Tbe Sneaker. The ccnlleman from
Massachusetts moves that the rules bo
suspended snd thst the bill pass, tbe
reading thereof being dispensed with.
Mr. Randall. Cannot wo have a di
vision of that motion ?
Tbe Hpoaker. A motion to suspend
the rules cannot be divided.
Mr. Rar.dall. I should lika to have
the bill read, although I am willing
that the rales shall be suspended as to
the passage of thi bill. -
The question was put on suspending
tho rules and passing the bill without
reading; and (two-thirds not voting
thorolbr) the rules wore not suspended.
Mr. Hoopor, of Massachusetts. I now
movo that tbo rules bo suspended and
the substltuto for tho bill in relation to
mints and coinage passod; and I ask
that tho substitute do read.
Tbo Clork began to read tho substitute.
Mr. Brooks. Is that tho original
Tho Speaker. The motion of tho
gentleman from Massachusetts CMr.
Hooporl applies to tho substitute, and
that on which tho House is oallod to
act is being road.
Mr. Brooks. As thoro Is to bo no
dubalo, tho only ohiiivo ws have to
know what wo aro doing is to have
both tho bill and the substitute read
Tho Speaker. The motion ot tbo
gentleman from Mruwaehusetts being
to suspend tho rules and pass the sub
stitute, it givos no choice betwoen tho
two bills. Tbo House must either pass
the substitute or none.
Mr. Brooks. How can wo choose
betwoen the original bill and tho sub
stituto unless wo hear them both read ?
Tbo Spcakor. The gentleman can
vote "aye" or "no" ou the question
whether this substitute shall bo passed
Mr. Brooks. 1 am very much in
the habit of voting "no" when I do
not know what is going oi.
Mr. Uolman. Beforo the question
is taken upon suspending tho rules
and passing the bill, I hope tho gen
tlcman from Massachusetts will ex
plain tbo leading changes mado by
this bill in the existing law, especially
in reference to tho coinage It would
seem tbat all tho small coinago of tbo
country is intended to be rocoinod.
Mr. Hooper, ol .Massachusetts. This
bill makes no changes in tho existing
law in that regard. It does not re
quire the rocoinuge of the small coins.
i no question being taken on the mo
tion of Mr. Hoopor, of Massachusetts,
to suspend tho rules and paxs tbe bill,
it was agreed to; thcro being ayes
no, noos id.
From which it will be seen that Mr.
Uolman nsed tho following languago :
Mr. Uolman, I auppoM it la ialeaded te have
the mil road octoro It la put CD pacaago.
air itoopor. a aopo not.
Whereupon Mr. Kerr said :
The rulec cannot be curncBded ao aa to dlcponie
wllb tbo leading of tho bill.
Whcroupon tho Speakor (than Mr.
lilaino) said:- -
They mo be.
And the bill passed without oven bo
Mr. Spcakor, 1 appeal to all liberty-
loving, lair-dealing men on this floor
and through thom to every American
F .... . . . .
ciltr.cn it tbey will tolerate such a high
handed ouira;ro. .Silver nt that time
constituted about one-hall of tho coin
ot this country and of tho world, and
ncarlv one-half ol all tho ailver nro-
duced In the world is the product of
tho United states. Yet wo see by tho
assistance of a Republican Speaker a
Kopublican House passod an aot driv
ing it out of uirculatiou by one fell
swonpa, and would not ovon allow tbe
bill to be read. Why aro wo sent hero?
bv do we occunv those scats? Is
it to Ire compelled to enact laws with
out their ever being read ? is this tho
kind of deliberative body we bavo?
Will tho American people tolerate such
nign-nanued measures r
Is it then any wonder that there is
such a cry ot hard times all ovor tho
land? Return to specie payments with
one-half ot yonr specio surrr-ptitiously
legislated out ol existence I mowhoio
people feci and feel grievously this
monetary prosuro ; tbey loel tho scar
city of money, and all wonder wby it
is bo, but lew know tho real cause.
rnees or all articles aro regulated by
scarcity or ubundanco of coin. Aal
suid heretofore, it is ostimatcd tbat tho
gold and silvor coin ot the world are
about equal in value Is thoro any
plainer proposition than that if you
dostroy one-halt of it you thorcby re
duce by one-half the valuo or prico ot
every article; the merchant's goods,
tbo real estate, the turmor s wheat ana
corn, tho giar.ior's cuttle, tho laborer's
wages ? It has been charged upon
tho floor of this House, and not deniod,
that this bill dcmonctlr.ing silvor was
drawn np by an Englishman. We
know ono thing, that very soon alter
silver was demonetized in this country
the samo policy was adopted in Ger
many and f.ugland. In liiid, silvor
was demonetized, one half of our coin
practically destroyed. In 1873 tho
financial panic camo upon us like a firo
bcll in the night Comment is unnec
essary. In 1876 tho resumption act
was passed, the panic had spread, and
dismay and distress nro Been and lelt
all ovor our fair laud.
On Kobrunry 11, 187G, on the floor of
this House, Mr. Blaino, when speaking
lor nnothor purpose, unwittingly told
tho truth of tho great cause of all our
troubles. Ho used tho following lan
Ia otbor words, what wo moct need as tba out
growth of leci.lation la ooondanoe, publio nod
private, general and indlvldoat
In other words, the causo of all our
Iroublo is want of confidence, publio
anu private, gencrui aim inuiviiiuai :
want of oonlldeneo in the National
legislature, want of condones in the
Executive, beadi of Departments, and
Tbe same gentleman said :
Why. Mr. Chairman, It ic hardly an aiafgera-
tioa that aver ainoe tbe Government waa compell
ed to recort to Irredeemable eurrenoy daring tho
war tho aeoembllng cl Oongresa and ita continu
ance la eeccloB bare beea the meet dictarbing
olomeate ia tbo buemoea of the oouotry. It la
lltlerally tree, ae maa oae tell what a day ma y
Mark tho words: "Tho assembling
of Congress and its continttanco in ses
sion have boon tho most disturbing el
ements in the business ol the country."
But during all this time tho Republi
can party had absolute control of both
Houses, and a great portion ot tbe
timo a two-thirds voto. Tbe Demo
cratic party declared tbe issuance of
legal-tenders unconstitutional and un
necessary. . For saying so wo wore de
nounced as "disloyal," "copperheads,"
Now these same authors of that set
themselves denounce it as "irredeema
ble trash." You forced it uKn the
peoplo at its gold valuo and now whon
the people bavo it and it is all they
have you seek by every means to de
procialo it and make it valueless, la
there not cause for want of confidence?
But a short time ago when the Su
premo Court bad decided the legal
tondors unconstitutional, your party
and yonr President were so much en
smorod of what you now call "Irre
deemable trasb," that you packed tbe
Supreme Court so as to change that
decision. Again the same gentleman
When we bad eec hundred aad Ifly million.
ef legal -tender ba elrealaliea, II rtoed for a leaf
while. aoarly at par wiin geie. Aa the lacoe la
ereaeed la aaaouat the dcan-eeiettoa one vary
rapid, aad at tbo lime we lied tb.foor-heedred-mllllnu.lla.lt.
that whole Tact earn hod loco nm-
oheetag power oa eMbaage par leada, er heuec,
or eMrehaadtae thaa the baadred and My aaU
lloat had twe yean before. Is the rpring ef
1MI, tlM.IM.001 orieial-teBder woald bay
the market 1147,010,000 in gold coin. In June,
isnc, acoo.ouu.ooo or logal-teadori woald by on
l40,ooo,ooo In gold ooio.
But what party was in powor? Who
mado tho change ? What party is re
sponsible tor issuing 1400,000,000 legal
tondors whon that 1400,000,000 would
not purchase as much as the 1150,000,
000 already out ? Who Is responsible
lor this squandering ol BL'UU.umuou,
which together witb its interest would
to-dny amount to 1436,000.000, or one-
mlh ol the whole national debt 7
tbore any wondor thoro is a want of
Further on he says :
When the Drat three hundred million, of legal
tendcra were iuncd, they could be funded at Uli
ontlon of the holder la 1.10 bonds la auma e
161 and any multiple thereof, Tbia provieton
gave a Sled, determinate character to tne legal
tender, connected It with otbor Uoveromeat la-
cacc by aa equated value, mado It aa latagral
pert of our whole evatom of Dublle credit, and ea-
tabllohcd it, in abort, aa a eort of balance-wheel
to ear aomcwbateomplieetod snaaolalaaaehiaary.
So long aa that nrovialoa waa laforeo tbe moaev
of tho people waa preolaely aa good and Jolt tbe
came aa tne money ol tne oonanoiuer. uy a mio
takra policy, aa I vesture to affirm, tbii aertioa
of tbo lew, on the requect of Secretary Cbaae, waa
repealed after doe ootiee given, and the moment
that waa done the legal-tender bereueo a eort of
onanolal orphan amoag ua ; It had tbanoeforward
no eonaectloB or rciatioa.bip with any other la-
cue by tbo tlorcrnmentt It meaaured Bothina
nacit and waa meuured by nothing, and evar
inoe that day it hoc had to Igbt Iu own battle,
not merely unaided by otber forma of pobllo
credit, but In a aenee eoBitaBUy hindered by
Ho says so long as tbat provision
(tho convertibility clause) was in force
tne money ot the people waa precisely
as good and lust the sameas tho money
of tho bondholders; but who, what
party mado tho change, made the
money ot the bondholder better than
that ol tne peoplo r Then 1 ask again
Is there any wonder tbat there is a
want of confidence in your party by
thoso pconif whoso Keprcsentatives you
are, whose monoy yon have by your
legislation made worth less than me
monoy ot tbe Gorman and hnglisb
And so wo might continue from Con
gress to Congress and we would soo
that nearly all the legislation has been
in tbo interest of the bondholders and
against the people. Thoro have boon
constant changos and fluctuations of
policy, so that no one knows what a
day may bring tortb.
nut l must pass on,
Another one of tho great causes of
tho present depressed condition ol the
country is tho unparalleled extravs
ganceol tho Administration. Un pages
11 and 12 of tho report ot the .Secre
tary of the Treasury we find the net
ordinary receipts in tno Treasury were
as lollows :
In the local year
. eM23,031,li8 l
, clV,W,yi4 SB
, 4ian,:i oi
, l7S,4.4,e3 SI
. S7,lH,J. 01
. HS,5,.1 17
, 174,411,104 14
. 104,014,121 II
, 1)1,177,171 78
, IVV,4I,III 14
, 1S4,010,771 41
Total 4,IT,17,11J II
Which gives us in gross as the net
ordinary rucoipts lor these eleven years
tho onormouBsumot 4,U79,bi4,ziT.lo,
And now if we add 1297,450,149.14,
the estimate ot tho Secretary of tbe
Treasury as tho net ordinary receipts
for tho fiscal year ending J une 30, 18 1 6,
we havo (1,376,130,362.29 as the net
ordinary receipts in tho Treasury in
tho last twelve years.
iiy the same report, on pago 8, we
nro told that the publio debt of the
United States was, in 1865,(2,680,647,
869.72, and by the last monthly state
ment ot tho publio debt published by
tho present Socretnrw of the Treasury
we are told that the publio debt of tho
United Mates was, on June 30, 1876,
$2,203,550,345.31, which shows that
during these twelve years the public
debt has been diminished only 1477,
097,62443, while during the samo
period there has been wrung from the
linrd earnings of tho peoplo $4,377,.
130,362.29. What has become of tho
other $3,900,032,827.86? By those
figures, taken from the report ot tbe
.secretary ot tho Treasury, we find
that during these twelvo years there
has been received into the Treasury
$1,696,482,492.55 more than the whole
debt was in 1865, and yot we are in
debt ovor fire thousand million! of dol
Is thcro any wonder there is a want
of confidence? Is there any wondor
that there is a cry all ovor tbo land for
retrenchment and reform ?
But somo may say that a part of the
yenr 1865 was during tbo war, and
that the debt bad not reached its max
imum until 1866. So bo it Let us
boo, tbon, how tho matter stands since
the war. Tho same report shows that,
leaving out the year 1865, wo have re
ceived sinco that period, in a time of
prolound peace, H,uao,U99,zu4.iu, and
tbe dobt was only reduced $569,686,
878.38, leaving a balance ot receipts
over expenditures sinco the war of
$3,485,413,375.72 niter subtracting tbo
reduction of tho public debt, and yet
we aro in debt ovor tiro thousand mil
lions of dollars.
By tbe sumo report, on nago 14, wo
find our expenditures for the Army in
1860 woreonly $10,472,202.72; in 1875,
tor tho samo purpose, $41,120,645.98.
In 1860, for the Navy, $11,614,649.83 ;
in 1874, for the same purpose, $30,932,
587.42. The grosd expenditures for
all purposes in I860 wore only $77,
055,125.64. Yot furthor, as shown by
the same report, tbo not ordinary ex
penditures of tba Government from
1791 to 1860 inclusive, in a period of
seventy years, the net ordinary ex
penditures of tba Government wore
$1,524,848,412.43, and Irom 1867 to
1875, a period of only nine years,
the not ordinary expenses were $1,664,
703,838.02. In neither case are in
cluded in these expenditures either in
terest on publio debt, pensions, premi
ums, or expenditures lor Indians, the
War, or Navy Department The fig
ures are stsrtling. But I must hurry
on to a closo.
During the short space 1 have had a
seat on this floor 1 have seen five
United States Judges driven from their
offices by fear ot impeachment ; our
country disgraced! through our repre
sentative at the last Vienna exposition ;
our minister to on. of the proudest
courts in tbe world forced to resign
and now censured by the House of
Representatives ; tho President's Pri
vate Secretary now answerable to our
civil courts lor misdeeds oi a high
diameter, and last, a Cabinet minister
impeached for high crimes and misde
meanors, and only escaping conviction
and punishment by alleged want of
Ara not thoso things sufficient to
bring the blush to th. chock of every
American proud of bis oonntry ? Are
thoy not enough to cause "th ears of
those who bear it tingle, and th. eyes of
those who bav. seen It weep drops ot
blood T" Is H not high time tbat every
honest man, .very patriot, regardless
of party, sliosld givs himself np for
tbo spproaching political battle for
economy, parity and good government?
For "whatsoever things are truo,wbat
loovor things ara honest, whatsoever
things are just, whatsoever things are
pure, whatsoever things are
of good report," are Involvod in tho is
sue. If the spirits of the departed
tako notice of what is transpiring upon
this earth, I boliovo Washington and
bis compatriots in arms ara looking
down upon nsin this struggle and will
bid ns Godspeed.
A HUNDRED MIILI0X8.
THAT'S WHAT TnB SHOW IS WOBTH
PEBHAPS A LITTLE MOBB AND MAIBE
A LITTLE LESS WUEBB TUB DEAVT
FIQCBES COMB IN, AND EVEBYTUINQ j
From tba Philadelphia Tlmea, Augaat 12th.
Frouuent amonir tho exclamations
evoked by tho bewilderment of tho
Centennial is "1 wondor how much
monoy all this is worth I" Its intrinsic
value is certainly greater than most
. . . " v . .
peoplo imagine, and cannot be accu
rately known until a thorough census
is made by special orncors appointed
by the Centonnial authorities, a thing
uot likely to bo done, owing to tbo
immense cost ot such an undertaking.
Tho chiefs ot the various departments
of tbe Exhibition contemplate giving
each exhibitor a blank report, which
is to be filled np to show the value of
his exhibit and tbe number of articles
which he displays. These blanks aro
to be returned to the chiefs, who will
compile tho statistics. It is very doubt
ful, however, whether tho report mado
irom these figures will bo wholly true,
because many exbihitorSBhowinggoods
worth $10,000 have an ambition to
mako poople bcliove that tbey are
worth $50,000. There is littlo difficulty
in learning the value of every structure
on the grounds, from the Main Build
ing down to the smallest pop-corn stand ;
nor in ascertaining that of the contents
ot allot them except tbo i! am Building,
Machinery xiaii, Memorial nan, the
Art Annex, Horticultural uaii, the
Government Building, Agricultural
Hall, tho Women s 1'avillion, and possi
bly two or throe others. But estimates
of those may be mado with sufficient
approximation vo give a tuir lues oi
the total commcrcialvalue of tho great
est international exhibition tbo world
has yet soon. For instance, in tbe
caso of Machinery Hall, when it is con
sidered that rough calculations of the
valuo of miscellaneous machinery are
made by fixing its average price, by
the pound, at twenty-five cents, it is
necessary only to know tbat there is
upward oi 40,uuo,uuu pounds oi macbin
ery in that building to estimate its
worth at $10,000,1)00, which might bo
taken as including exhibits there that
ara not machinery. In regard to the
Main Building, it is said that there is
$50,000,000 worth of insurance on its
contents. As those are not insured for
their full value, there being a great
proportion of articles in the building
tbat aro Imperishable and need no in
surance, the estimate of the total valuo
of tbe contents of the Main Building is
$65,000,000. The following table Bhows
the oost of all the buildings, improve
ments and docorations on the grounds,
together with tho value of the contents
of the buildings, excepting those men
tioned as estimates. The labio is tno
first of the kind o-ivon to the public.
and it will in a few weeks be followed
by one prepared by tho authorities ot
. 1 T 1 . ! -1,1 , I. ' Ml
tun exiiiuiuun, aituuugu ineirv win av
iate only to tbe principal buildings :
tbb raiacirAl. acttataea.
. Balldinaa. Cealeate. Total
Mala Building..tl,eso,00l tti,l00,0M so,S60,ooo
CrrugCAnoen 4,oo aoo.ooe ace, one
Mlaeral Aaaei, IK, 100 loo.oiio US, 500
Machinery hall, TVI.OOI 11,010,000 10,711,001
Shoo aad leath
Brill boiler aa
Syrlaa A Egyp.
ing 4 oon'nta..
ioB French oteioed
glace and per
BBITAVBABTS (earABATS IClMHUQa).
The dairy aad
Shoe and leath
er boiler annex
Annex No. 1
Aaaoz No. I
Annoa I (briek-
Butter A obaeae
owned by the
board ol Inane.
la the horticul
aad as the
V. B. building
aal aervlee die-
Finance build'f ,
acape garden g,
Ifloial laho and
ill foantaia, A
ter worke (es-
elualve ef It
Uagc la belM-
10.000 1,150,000 1,130,000
12.001 4,110 11,110
1,001 11,001 11,001
1,101 4,101 ,MI
31,011 XJ.OOO 111,011
1,101 101 1,101
ll.lol t,10 11,051
10,050 l.sol 11,810
M,loS 1,101 11,101
tee lei kell(eel
do S the A leal
ooa, Topcka A
Baata Fo B. B.
rkaaoao ( eel
Weat Va. (col
lective olkib a)
arylaad ...... ........ a..
Iowa .. .......
VIobbb Weary. ......... .......
Britlah build ga.
Tea leiaa baaaar
I la, eve
Sou thorn aad
Two Ire depart
Sis police bar
rach aad I pe
I'e meee houeea
W. B. Fleming
Co., I cigar
New Yerk State
0. llayec' erok-
A Co. aad Kit
bridge 0. S O.
Co.'c gel. Iroa.
N. Y. Tribune...
P. K. Uoderiok
Single KeU BaU-
Bchyier A Arm-
American B. R.
B. W. koaa A
Co.'a aaw miU
Co.t V. worko
ing iToee mnig
Cam dea Iron
Florae Well Ei.
New Eng'd gran
Co. 'a build eg.
M, Third U.S.
N. Englaad log
Andereon 'a boil
Pa. B. R. Co.'a
Robber rooflne M
Centennial Nat. Bank (eaoluaive of apou-
U. 8. Ufe-aavlng eabibit
Loiecen Preened Feel Co
Boetoa llereld aad Adrortioor
Canada log hooee
Cntholto Temperance roonta'r ,
Fountaina. atatuea aad bnildinai not enum
erated above. TO.ni'P
Beau In tbe opea air 1,000
MaaaaobucetU Pirpatrb and Tranaporta-
tion Co.'a track and oare io,utw
B. a) 0. R. K. Co.a locomotive and dummy S0.0M
Seven wind millc 2,100
Rolling Chair Company a soo ckalra ,oo
cnnrkNaiAl wear sun Miaaow-eAeea bailboad.
gevea milea of track, at 10,000 tSl.loo
Thlrty-atl paieenger eoeehea, at 11,200.... 43,100
Blgbl looomolivea, at I.0n0.... ... 48,000
FilleoB pletforma, at 1300 I,uoo
Fiflooo atatioa hooiea, at 140 - 100
Offioe frame buUdlng 1.500
Engine houeo 2,000
Bnildlnea. Cnntente. Total.
Total ...5,7411,001 107,141,110 $104,ni0,!50
A largo proportion of tho exhibits
aro articles which, while having little
or no intrinsio value, could not lie pur
chased, probably, tor all that tbe rest
of tho Exhibition is worth, they boing
regarded as invaluablo for their antiq
uity, tho remombranoos which they re
call, or the rnro occurronco of their
kind. Such exhibits tbe above figures
do not tako into account.
, ........ I9.IM
1,100 11,000 22,101
40,000 10,000 (0,001
S,iU 11,101 20,010
1,001 1,000 7,000
1,001 0,000 23,000
10,000 10,000 20,000
11,000 10,000 41,000
....... . 100
1,001 101 1,101
1,210 1,101 1,701
1.000 2,100 7,1111
M... . ....... 1,200
MM 17,001 20,001
100 2,100 1,000
101 1,701 1,000
......... ......... 20,000
3.001 4,000 7,000
20,000 11,000 11,000
1,100 40,000 41,100
1.100 1,010 1,100
8,10! 4,101 19,100
050 1,311 8,151
7,50, 7,100 11,100
4.101 1,000 1,100
1,000 MM M0
1,10! 1,101 10,004
11,000 ' 100,101 118,001
... .... 11,000
1,000 100,100 111,000
1.311 110 2,710
1,101 1,101 1,000
1,000 4,000 1,000
i.ooo 2,000 r,ooo
801 1,000 1,800
48,010 17,001 10,000
. i 1S,000
tor-quarters at tho mouth of tbo Tonguo
river lor one regiment of Infantry.
Tho steamers " Fur West," "Josephine
Carroll " and the " Yellowstone " have
boon placed at his disposal, and supplies
for tno command uro being rapidly
shipped up tlio river from Fort Buford.
Tbo "Far West" and "Carroll" are to
bo omployod in patroling tbo rlvor.
General Milea' command las beon re
inforced by two companies of tho Soy
ontoentlt Inlantry and otbor troops,
giving a total of alwut 700 mon.
"General Turry's supply cump has
been moved to tbo mouth of tlio Tonguo
rivor as a huso of supplies during the
campaign. Tho steamers aro woll
guarded and th supply camp strongly
defended. Tho garrison has thrco
Gatlinggiins andsevoral Rodman guns,
and tho itenmor "Josephine" boson
board three Galling guns for tho garri
son. Sharp work may be expected on
tho south bank of tho Yollowstono be
fore tho war ends."
A later dispatch, dated August 22d.
neur tho mouth of Powder river, savs
tbat tho practical fuiluro of tho cam
paign thus fur mado bus caused a cbango
in tlio plan of oporations, and the Gov
ernment willnow continue the waruntil
tho Indiuns are subdued and return to
their reservations. It is almost assured
that tho scout now making by tho com
bined forces of Gon.'i Crook and Torry
will bo unsuccessful, and tbo troops
will probably return to tho mouth of
Tonguo river by tbe 25th inst. Tbe
oommand will then refit for anothor
dash, which, it is hoped, will be more
successful. Genoral Miles' Wiutor-
luartors will accommodate 1,500 mon,
and if tlio troops do not bavo a success
ful engagement with tbo Indians beforo
tho 15th of September, that number
will probably bo left on the Yellow,
stone for tho Winter. Fifty Infantry
nndcr Genoral Miles, and filly cavalry
under Gonoral Morritt tlio two fineet
rogiments in tbo service will remain
in Winter-quarters, and, if nocossary,
additional numbers will bo kopt in
quarters. Thus tho campaign will be
extended luto in tbe season, and, if nec
essary, rosumod early in the Spring.
It is thought that sufllccnt supplies can
bo forwarded to tho troops before Win
tor sets in. Tho Fall campaign will bo
full of hardships, but not so dangerous
as anothor season's murderous work.
There are evidences of Indians along
tho Ycllowstono, and every precaution
is being tukon to koep advised of their
movemonts, and a fight is not improba
ble. The troops will occupy tho quar
ters on Tonguo rivor by Sept 20th.
Still another dispatch has been ro-
coivedjdatcd August 23d, via Bismarck,
which says that Gen. s Crook and lor
ry, after following tho trail discovorod
on tho I2th, moved 36 miles down tho
Kosebud. I ho northern trail was
abandoned on the 14th, and the
command pursued tho southern trail,
crossed tho Tonguo rivor to Goose
creek, thenco returned to Powder
river, and followed it to its moutb,
whoro tbey wont into camp on the
24th. Tho wagon train and all tbo
supplies nt tho mouth of Tonguo rivor
are being shipped to tho month ofPow-
dor rivor, and it is expected tho wagon
train will reach thoro to-morrow morn
ing. Tho Indian trail diverged from
the cast bank of Powder river, about
20 miles from its mouth, south again
toward tho Littlo Missouri, wbonco tho
command will follow speedily. Tho
ontiro command is short of supplies,
and, unless othorwiso ordered, General
Terry will march such troops ss are
not needed ovor to Fort Abraham Lin
coln. Genoral Crook's oommand will
scout toward the Black Hills, and, via
cttorman, home. Gon.'s Crook and
Terry both think it too late for an ex
tended field of operations. The Indi
ans on tho southern trail are believed
to bo moving toward tho agencies, and
General Terry will, if possible, inter
TUB SIOUX iy RETREAT.
THE HEAV1I8T TRAIL EVER SEEN ON THE
PRA1BII Till SIOUX IN TWO PARTIES.
Chicago. August 27. A special to
the Chicago Tmrs from the Yellow
stone expedition, stoamor "Josephine,"
noar the mouth oi tno iciiowsiono,
August 20th, via Bismarck the 26th,
says : "Since lion, s croon snd i erry
have joined forces, It is now hoped that
they will overtake and force a fight
with thoSionx. Tbe command movod
west of the Big Horn monntains.whore,
on the 14th inst, a trail four or five
days old and two milos wido, boing tbe
heaviest ever seen on the prairies, was
discovered. This trail finally separa
ted, and the Indians were found to be
in full retreat, one baud loading north,
toward tbe British possessions, with
the probable intention of crossing the
line, and the other going south along
tbo Little Missouri for the purpose of
crossing the Missouri river above Fort
Burtbold. Thoro is every indication
of the hostiles having been heavily re-
iniorced oy agency Indians. Thoy
bav. Vaoir families, and evidently in
tend remaining north this Winter. The
army has a difficult programme, and it
will bo almost miraculous if our troops
overtake the savages, who aro woll
mounted. When supplies are exhaust
ed tbe soldiers will havo to return to
tlia aunnlv eatnD.
"General Miles, commanding tho
Fifth Infantry returned to camp on the
Kosobud on lbs l.'th Inst, and Is in
structed to patrol the river north of
Fort Buford and intercept any bands
attempting to cross th. Yellowstone,
moving north ; also, to construct Win-
TUE GOOSE THAT LAID
O OLDEN EGO.
In tho year 1860 tho Southern States
exported four-fifth of tho entire agri
cultural products of tbo United States.
Tbia vast bulk of agricultural products
was transported, to Kuropo and else
where, by tho shinning of the North.
that increased and prospered nnder the
stimulus of regular and woll paid
freights. Northern bankers and brok
ers made liberal profits on tho exchanges
resulting from this immense truffio, tho
net pronts oi which woro invested by
the Southern people in tho multitudin
ous manufactured articles which tbey
obtained from tho Northern Statos, and
the cured moats, flour and cattle which
the Wost supplied them. Thus the
prosperity of the South contributed in
an eminent degree to tho prosperity of
the shipping and manufactories of tho
North, while it gave an ovor growing
inpulso to tho energios of the Western
farmer. Indeed, in thoso days, undis
turbed by civil broils, tho South might
have boon compared to tho goose that
laid the golden egg for tho benefit of
tho North I
But tho civil war suddenly changed
this state of things. The South was
devastated during tho continuance of
tbo war, and upon tbo final surrender
of the Confederate armies the South
ern States were prostrate, helpless and
impoverished, whilo their conquerors
of the North, exhausted themselves by
so fierce a conflict, saw in prospect tho
payment of nearly thrco thousand mil
lions of dollars of debt contracted by
the United Mates uovernmont during
tho war I One would have imagined
that a Christian people and Christian
statesmen would, after tho full sub
mission of their rebellious countrymen,
havo applied themselves to tbo adop
tion of tbo host means to boal tho still
bleeding wounds of their country, and
by a magnanimous, firm and cquitablo
policy to rounito tbe conquerors and
tbo vanquished in tbo bonds of forgive
ness and of renewed mutual social in
terests. Such unquestionably would
bavo boon tbo policy of President Lin
coln ; sucb was the desire of his imme
diate successor ; such was the ardent
wish of the great mass of tho poople,
to which General Grant responded
whon, tour years after the war, he ex
claimed: "Let tu have peace I" But
did wo have peace? Was tho
South givon rest? Was it allowed to
roenperato its lost energies and to take
its share of tho national burdens as
well as of tbe national prosperity?
Not in the least. On th. contrary it
becamo, nnder tbe reconstruction laws,
the victim of the worst oppression
which ever disgraced the annals of civ
iliialion ; under the iron rulo of thior
ingcarpctbaggcrsand military satraps,
it was reduced to utter ponury by debt
and taxation. Witness the states of
South Carolina, Louisina and Missis
sippi! While tho North prospered,
her people did not take the time to in
quire into tho condition of the South,
lint now that, we are not much bettor
off than the South itself, it is timo for
our people to inquire after "the goose
that uid the golden egg." Shall carpot
baggers continue to rob tbo south r
Shall the troops of the United Statos
cantinue to carry tho elections in the
South st the point of tbe bnyonot?
Shall political demagogues continue to
successfully incito the black laborer of
the South against bis white omployor?
If this richest portion ot the earth un
der God's beavon is to be forever ten
signed to anarchy, rapino and idloness,
then indeed the goose that laid tho
goldon egg for tho benefit of the North-
orn workman IS DKAD, and the work
man himself on tho high road to ioin
the tramps. Lancaster Intelligencer.
"Does your sistor Annie ever say
anything about mo, sissy ?" asked an
anxious lover of little girl.
" Yos," was tho reply ; "she said ii
you had rockers on your shoos they'd
maKo surn a nice cradle lor my nou.