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GOODLANDEH & LEE,
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O. B. OdODLANDKR,
NOEL B. LKK,
f W. C. ARNOLD,
; LAW & COLLECTION OFFICB,
jeSS CU-arfleM Coonlr. Pean'e. t6y
TROa. MtiMHAr. CTBUi 00ft DOM.
MURRAY & GORDON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
dTOftoe la Pie's Optra Uouse, sceond floor.
FRANK FIELD. NG
ATTORN E Y-AT-LA W,
Will attend to all business entrusted to bin
promptly and faithfully. do? 117
WILLIAM A. WAI.LACB.
Aaar r. wallacb.
datih a. aaaae.
JON W. WHtflLBT.
WALLACE & KREBS,
lixuion to Wallas. A Fi.ldlae,,!
I1U7S Clearfield, Pa.
A. G. KRAMER,
Raal B.late end Collection Af.il,
' - CLBAKPIELU, PA.,
Will promptly attend to all legal bulla... en
trusted to hi. aara.
-Offioe with John H. Tulrord, oppo.ite tha
lo.ira . n'bxally.
b.xibl w. a-cuanr.
McENALLY & McCUEDY,
Legal bueineas attended to promptly wttbj
Bdftlity. Offloe on Heeood street, above tbe First
National Bank. Jaa:l:74
G. R. BARRETT,
Att'oRNKY AND C0UN8BLOft AT LAW,
Ilaring reaigued hi Judge!.. p, has resumed
ttie pr notice of tha law in fail old ofRn at Clear
(If Id, P. Will el tend tbeaonrUof Jefferson and
CI h. ooantiei when specially teiaioed in connection
with reiideut counsel. 3:14:71
WM. M. McCULLOUGH,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
jafr-Offlce to Court Hoow, (Sheriff. OHlea).
L.al bu.in... promptly attended to. Rral aatata
bought and .old. jell'TI
aTwT w "a Tlt e r s
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
l-a.Oftlee la Orabain'a Row. deel-ly
H. W. SMITH,
iltl:T 'learflell. Pa.
" WALTER BARRETT,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
-0(noe la Old We.t.rn Hotel building,
eora.r of Seeond end Market 8la. 180721,66.
ATTORN K Y AT LAW.
trlllti la the Court lloaae. Jyl I ,'T
70 H N IkT FU L F cTr D,"
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
pO Offce oa Melket .treat, opp. Coart Ijoaaa,
Jan. I, 1974.
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
nd Heal Batata Agent, Clearfield, Pa.
Olfi.'O oa Third .treat, bat. Ch.rrj A Walnut.'
drRe.peetfuliy offer, bla aarrloa. la aeliing
lad buying laod. la Clearfield and adjoining
lounttea and with aa eiparlaaaa ot ever twenty
feera aa a eureeyor, latter, bia.alf that ha eaa
render iall.faoti.o. f eh. :3:tf,
j7 BL A K E W A L f E R8 ,
REAL ESTATE BROKER,
AND BBALEB II
Nnw JiOjiH mid jLiiiiibor,
ffloe in flraliau'. Row.
J. J. LINGLE,
i A T T O it N E Y - A T - LAW,
1:19 O.ceola, Clearfield Co., Pa. y:pd
J. 8. B A R N H A R T,
ATTORNEY . AT - LAW,
Will praetloe In Clearfield and all of tha Courta af
tha loth Judietal di.triet. Heal estate buainea.
and oollaetion oralaitn. made apeelaltiee. nl'Tl
DR. W. A. MEANS,
PHYSICIAN A SURGEON,
till attend profoeelone! aalla promptly. angl6'70
' DR. T. J. BOYER,
rUYHICIAN AND SURGEON,
OIBoo oa Market Street, Claarlald, Pa.
VUltloe hour.! I to 13 a. m., and 1 to 9 p. at.
ry. E. M. SCUEURER,
HOMfflOPATIIIO PHYSICIAN, '
Offloa ia ra.idaaee oa Market at.
April la, 19-1. Claarleld,Pa.
" J. H. KUNm'. Dm
HYSICIAN A SURGEON,
IAVINU loeatad at Pennfleld, Pa., offera hi.
profeaaional eervioee to tha people of that
ja and aurruanding ooantry. All call, promptly
aded to. oat. II If.
jTp . burc hfi e l d,
tBarffeoB of the Sltd KeltaeBtPenni)rlaBia
alaaiaart, bavlat rotaraed froa Iba Army,
fer bl proieMtoaal lartlaai la thaaltiieni
4 dlearAeld eoBBt.
tHritreisional aalU promptly atteaied ta.
ta an Heoond etraat, Torn erleeea pled hj
)R. H.B. VAN VALZAH,
Cl.tvAKf !kl.!, PKNN'A.
KK1CEIN MASONIC BUILDING.
fV Office hoar. Prom II to I P. M.
(U. JEt'FKRSON LITZ,
J WOUULANU, PA.
Will promptly attend all call. In the Una of hi.
D. M. DOHZRTT,
IIIONABI.K BAHIIKH A HAIR DRBSMKR.
Rhop ia room formerly eeoupied by Naugla
mly II, 74 y
( Permrrly with Uw Rrbaler.)
BARBER AND HAIRDRK8PRR.
Hop oa Marhel 31., oppo.it. Coart Hnae..
.laaa towel for erery eu.tomer. may 16, '71.
i G. W. WEAVEB 4 CO.,
IiUGGISTS It Ar0TIIE(;AItlES,
Dreirrr la all kind, of Drag., Madlelaee, fit
Uooda and Drnagt.la' fandrlea.
)ww.n..lll.. alaieh 17,
t GEOEQE M. FEEGDSON,
'. V. LIFPISCOTT&CO.,
t d.al.n la
.T3 A CAPS, BOOTS A SHOES,
1771 If fmi Market AMI, PallaAalptla.
GEO. S. GOODLANDEE, Proprietor.
VOL. 50-WHOLE NO.
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Jaatiae of tha ranee and Sarireaor,
tCfVCollMtloea nada and money promptly
paid over. leJiJ17lll
," Jl'BTICS OP PEACH
, Oaowla Hill. P. 0.
ill eflolal bailee., tntra.ted to him will he
promptly attended to. nobSt, 7ff.
W. ALBERT A BROS.,
hfanofaetarera A eiteDelve Dealer, la
Sawed Lumber, Square Timber, do.,
afOrderl tollolted. BUI. filled oa ohort ftotlea
ana reaaoaaoie terma..
Addre.. Woodland P. O., Clearaeld Co., Pa.
a-ly W tl.HEKT A BROS.
frenetarllle, Clearfield Coauly, Pa
Keep, eooatantly ob hand a full aeaortment of
ury uooda, Hardware, uroeanea, ana ererytomg
aaually kept la a retail alere, wbtob will be .old,
lor oath, aa eoeap aa aliawnare la tua eouaty.
PraaohTllla, June 17, lMI-ly. ,
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
Alie, eitentWe tnRnnfMtnrer and dealer tn Rquari
Tinbat aad Sawed Lam bar oi an ittnaa.
' Order lolieited and all bill prompt);
i led. I'JJi" "
House and Sign Painter and Paper
bjaLWIII axaoate job. Ib bl. line promptly and
la a workmanlike manner. arrl.97
practical pump maker,
NEAR CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
rBt'PaBipi alwayi on hand and aiede to order
on Abort notice. Pipe borod on reasonable terma
All work warranted to render eatlefaetinn. and
delivered If deiired. tnyl6:lrpd
E. A. BIGLER A CO., "
aad maaufaetnrara of
ALL KINDS OF UAH Kl I.UMIIKR,
i-7'71 CLKARPIGLD, PENN'A.
Real Estate, Square Timber, Boards,
BHINULEB, LATH, A PICKKIS,
1:1073 OarieU, Pa,
JAMES MITCH ELL,
Square Timber & Timber Londs,
Jell'?! CLEARFIELD, PA.
aan bbalbb la
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry,
Orwaam'a Kow, Martrl Arret,
CLEAR PI ELI, PA.
All kind, of repairing ta my line ppuptlr al
and. d to. April 23, 1(71.
REIZENSTEIN at BERLINER,-
Wholesale dealer! In
GENTS' FlRXISUnC! GOODS,
Haaa rtmorad to 187 Ohtrreh itraet, betwean
Pranklia aad White lU., Hew York. jJ-M'71
JAMES H. LYTLE,
In Krataer'e BUilliipt Clearfield, Pa
Dealer la Grocei.ee, ProrUlon. VeaeUblee.
Fruit, Flour. Feed, etc., eta. , ' ' '
r 14 Ttt.tr
JAMES E. WATSON A CO.,
REAL KPTATB BROKERS,
CLKAUFIKLD, l'ENN A.
Houeet and Offloet to let, Colleetiona promptly
made, aad nnt-elM Coal end Fire-C ley Land
nd Towa property for eata, Offiea 1b Weetero
Hotel ttatldine; (3d floor), Seeond St. (my)S'74y
JOliS A. ISTADLKR,
BAKER. Mirket Pt CUerfltld, Pa
Preih Breed, Kak, Rolls, Piei and Cikee
ob hand or made to order. A general aaeortment
of Confectlonariet, Fruit end Nut in Hock.
lea Cm ra and OyMen in on. SkIhub atarly
oppoeita lha Poitofioa. Prtcee aioderate.
FOII ALR The andrfrned offera for
eale a raliihle town property in the borough
or Clearfield. Lot SAilnft feet, with a good two
tory plank fanata thereoa e ranted, with three
room dowa ttaln and four bed roomi up autre.
Alao, eewlng roon and bath room oa eeeond floor.
Houee tniabed eomplete from cellar to aitie
Oood dotU poroh and good water. Prioa rea
aonahla and payment eaiy.
tiati(7i wm. m. Mcctn.t.oron
TVl E under ifned beg leave to Inform the pub
lle that be i bow fully prepar" to aeeoinmo
4et all 1b the way of furniahtng II-. aea, Duggiea,
naddlea and ilimm, oa the ahorteat notice and
n reaaonable terma. Ueaidenoe on Loeuat atraet,
betweaa Third and Fourth.
OKO. W. ORARIIART.
OlaarKald. Feb. 4. 1874-
The Best it the Chenpert I
Thomas Reilly hsa rreelved another large lot of
"Mltubell Wegooa," which era among the very
beat mannfeetered, and which ha will aril at lha
moet reaaonabla ra. II is aloek Iheloda almoat
all deeariptloae of weguaa largeand snail, wide
and narrow traek. Call an ( aee them.
aprB'74 THOMAS RKII.LY.
Market trteU t learBald. Pa.,
UAMBpaertiaKB a-o dbalbr ia
0ARNEBS, 6ADDLK8, BRIDLK8, COLLARS,
aad all klnda of
UORSM rVHNISIIISQ GOODS.
A fail stock of Peddlers' Hardware, Brtiehe,
Com he, Ulsnheta, Robes, ate., always oa hand
and for sale at Ihe loaesl aaeb prieee. All kinds
of repairing promptly attended to.
All ktnda Af hide taken 1n en change f.f her
Beaa and repairing. All kibds of bararM leather
kept ob baud, and for sale at a small pmflt.
Tha bualaess will ha under the immediate
superrMoa of John C. Harwiek.
learfleld, Jan. IV, IK7.
jJAlZK A SCHWARTZ,
(late Uao. Irene A Co.,)
Nil. I DM MARKET STRKKT, PHM A.
Itaada, Companiea, Aa., farai.bad. Rampl.a,
pniilograpb. aad alf-maaniriB( direetluna eetit
HKRCHANT TAILORS A CLOTIIIKHS,
1I0S MARKET BTRKKT,
Jaly 14, 151y Pblla.
Tha nderalgaed are sew rally prepared la
Barry; aa tha baataesa af
AT KEASOI(ALI RATES,
Aad reapaetrarly aallelt tea aatreaara ef lh.ee
aeeala, eaek Mtfiaea. Ti(0rjTiAi
Oraartal4, IV, P.S. It, 1674.
uTm9t a ft a t
ALEXANDER T. STEWART.
Tog DEATH Of ANOTHKU NRW YUHK MIL
LION AIRR TIH LIP! OP A BKMARKA
BI.I MAN A I.ONO AND lUCOaMiniL
CARKKR IN MERCANTILE PURSUITS.
From Ihe New York Sin of April 11, 79.
Ill big mnrkle)alaceat'i'birty-lurtb
sireot aim J'lltu uvouuo, Alexannor 1.
Htowftrt died botwcon 1 find 2 o'clock
ycBtosdRV uflornoon. To tbono whoso
intimacy with tbo crcnt merchant civ
allied them to watch his physical con
dition, it baa born no socrot that lor
onio years pant bis health had been
gradually fulling. His naturally vig
orous constitution battled with the dis
ease that periodically threatened him,
but every time tha struifglo was ro-
nowed the victory was harder to win
tlmn before. About lour weeks ago,
Drs. Wbito and Marcy, Mr. Stewart's
family physicians, who occupied the
bouse on Thirty-fourth street adjoin
ing tho marble mansion of the million
aire, wero summoned to his bedside.
Tbcy found him suffering from a vio-
iunlaltack ot his old complaint, inflam
mation ot the bowels. II o had taken
cold and was suffering great pain, ilis
condition was in the lust deirreo pro-
carious, but it was kept, as for as was
practic-alilo, a secret to all oxcept those
who wero brought into immodiate con
tact with him. Ho rallied, as be had
frequently done before, and after three
woeks of illness was supposed by his
medical attendants to bo out of dun
ger. - A week ago ho wasablo to walk
about tho houso and attended to some
minor details of business. But on
Thursday last he exposed himself
again, taking a lrosh cold ho was at
onco prostrated, and it soon became
apparent that unless thero was an im
mediate and decided change for the
better, all hope of saving his lifo must
bo abandoned. The days passed on,
and no such change came with them.
Mr. Slcwnrt wua slowly sinking, but
wbilo his bodily powers failed, bis
mind was unclouded. Ho knew that
the chances wore largely against his
roeovory, but ho did not allow himself
to despond. Ho requested his friends
to say as littlo as possible about bis
iiincss, ana in uuiurunce to his wisn
neither the public generally nor even
tho mercantile community know, until
limn a lew hours or his death, that
ho was pasting away. "
Till DEATII-BIP SCENE.
Yesterday morning Mr. Stewart was
conscious and still hopeful, but so weak
uiai no coum hardly articulate. Drs.
lute ana .ilarcy liud been ut his bed
side ull night, Watching him as be dos
ed fitfully and without deriving any
bcnlils from bis nnrcfroBhing sleep.
A consultation of physicians was call
ed, and all hopo was given up.
A round me douhiuo ot the dying
hnr hritlhi.' M f'l n.h l.n. ..A.ld
tors, her niece, and her erand niece.
Mr. Stewart was unconscious, and it
was thought that he might die with
out regaining possession of his senses.
But shortly alter 1 o'clock ho boenmo
conscious, and was, to all appearances
as rational as ho had ever neon. For
tho first timo subsequent to hisrelapso
he was entirely free from pain, an un
mistakable indication that the end was
very close at hand. Telegrams wore
sent to Mr. Libhcy and Judge Hilton,
summoning them to the bedside of tho
dying man, hut he diod previous to
their arrival, breathing his last at a
quarter before two o'clwk. Ho was
conscious up to tha last moment, and
evidently recognised tho persona in the
bedroom, but he was unable to speak.
Soon after bis death Mr. Libbey and
Judge Hilton arrived, and at about four
o'clock tho undertaker of St. Mark's
P. K. Church took an ice coffin into
The "laeo room," in which Mr. Stew
art ended his long lilo, Is in tho south
west corner of tho mansion, on tho
Half an hour alter Mr. Stewart bad
died, the retail store at Ninth and
Broadway was closed, and soon after
ward a throng in front ot the whole
sale storo in Chambers struct surged
against tbo doom, and wore with diffi
culty kept out. Kvery body connected
with tho business was tho centre ot
tho group of inquirers, who would
hardly believe that tho great trades
man was dead. Tbo wholesale houso,
down town, was closed soon alter Mr.
Stowart's death, and the Union League
Club, tho Kcw York Yacht Club, the
Filth Avenue Hotel, and other uptown
public buildings displayed their flags
at half mast.
THE L1IE Or A. T. STEWART.
Whether Alexander Turnoy Stewart
was born in tho province of I) Ik tor,
Antrim county, about lour miles from
BclliiHt, Ireland, Oc tober 27, 1802, or
in the county of Tyrono, in 1705, is a
question npon which biographers disa
gree Tho Applctons say that he was
litiiu in 18(12. A volume entitled "Suc
ccsxtul Men," and published morcly lor
private circulnt ion, dates bis birth seven
years earlier. M r. Stewart's ancestors
wero natives of Scotland, and he in
herited the spirit and latent power of
tho Scolcb-Iriah race that hail domi
nated in the north of Ireland for two
centuries.' At oight years of ago he
was an orphan, and was cared lor by
his grandtuthor, who, with a view of
educating him for tbo i'rotestant
Church, sent him to Trinity College in
Dublin, but he was withdrawn from
that institution niUir the death of bis
grandfather. He camo to America in
1818 to sock bis fortune. It has otten
been said that he arrived in Mow York
penniless and without friends, but this
is doubtod by many who were inti
mately acquainted with him. .
Mr. Stewart's lettors of introduction
from mc'ml'crs of the Society of Friends
in Ireland to woultby merchants of
that Society in New York gave him
access to the best circles, ana therein
his pleasing add row, and no mean
scholarship made bim a favorite. He
taught a number of pupils at 69, iioae
street. School teaching, however, did
not suit him, though ho managed to
savo some money from tho proceed! of
his Inborn. It was soon after the ter
rible epidemic of yellow fever that be
eslabliahcd himself as a dry goods mer
chant in the frame building at Broad
way and Chambers street. His rash
capital was botwwn twelve and fifteen
hundred dollars, it is store was small,
being only twenty-two fcot wide by
thirty deep, and was next door to the
establishment ot the then famous lion
fanti, who .kept the most frequented
variety store of the day. It was at
this time that he married Miss Corne
lia Climb, who survives bim. The
young couple lived in one small room
over the stole, and the wife took care
of the domestio arrangements while
the husband attended to his business
below. Without mercantile experience
and posaessing no advantage but bis
own onaidod determination to succeed,
Mr. Stewart started boldly on what
proved the road to fortune. No young
merchant ever worked harder than be.
From fourteen to eighteen honr everr
day be gavo to bis business. Ho wus
bis own book-kcoier, salesman, and
porter, lie kept a small stock of goods,
which he purchased for cash, chiefly.
AT Till AUCTION SALES.
Mr. Stewart was a rogulur attend
ant at thoso sales, and bis purchases
were invariably sample lots. lie Had
theso goods takon to his store, and af
ter tbo business of tho day wus over,
ho and his wife carefully assorted tho
sample lots and brought order out of
coniusion. r.very arucio was carclul
ly examined ; gloves wore redressed
and smoothed out ; laces pressed free
from the creases that cureless bidders
had twisted them into, and hose wore
mado to look as fresh as though thoy
had never been handlod. Kvery aru
cio was thus restored to Its original ex
oellonce. The goods wero thou arrnng.
od in their proper pi acoa on the shelves
of tbo storo, and, being offered at a
lower prico than that charged by oth
er retail dealers in the city, thoy had a
ready sale. Even at the low prico tbo
profit was great, as tho goods had been
purchased for a tnoro trifle. For six
years Mr. Stewart continued bis busi
ness in this way, acquiring every day
a largor and more proHtublu trade. It
is said that when ho entered upon his
business ho knew so little of its details
that ho was sometimes sorely embar
rassed by trifles. Unco, it is said, be
accosted the late Wm, Boecher, from
whom be bought many goods, as fol
"Mr. Beocher. a ladv came into mv
storo to-day and asked mo to show her
somo hose. I did not know what tho
goods were, and I told hoi- that I did
not keep tho articlo. What did she
Mr. Ileechor laughinglt' showed him
pair of stockings, and the young mer
chant was convulsod with merriment.
Wbilo yot in his first struggles In his
littlo store, Mr. Stewart found himself
called npon to make arrangements to
pay a note that would soon become
duo. He had neither tho money nor
thofiiends from whom ho winded to
borrow it. Ho marked down every
article in bis storo far below tbo whole
sale prico. This dono ho had a largo
quantity of handbills nrintod, announc
ing tbo sale of his entire stock of goods
below cost to be cfToctod within a giv
en timo. Ho scattered these bill)
throughout the city, and it was not
long bolero purchasers began to nock
to his storo. They found the best
goods in the murkot at a lower price
than they had over before been oflered
fiir in Now York, and ovory one scut
his iriemls to avail themselves ot tho
The littlo Broadway storo was filled
all day, and long beltira thocxpiration
of the period fixed upon for tho dura
tion ot the sales Mr. Stewart s shelves
wero emoty and his treasury was lull.
Ho paid his nolo and laid in a tresh
stock of goods. Ho was fortunate in
his purchases at this time. Tho mar
ket was extremely dull and money was
scarce. Tho energy, industry, patience.
and business tact displayed by Air.
Stowart in theso first years of his com
mercial lifo yielded their suro reward,
and in 1828 his littlo storo was no
longer large enough for the large and
fashionable trado that had como to
Till OROWIHQ TRADESMAN.
Three new stores had just been
eroctod in Broadway, between Cham
bers and W arren streots, and be leased
the smallest of them and moved into
it. It was a modest structure, throe
stories in boight and thirty feet deep.
but in it ho was ablo to keep a larger
ana more attractive stock ot goods,
and his business was greatly benefited
by the change. After four years in
this storo he moved, in 1832, to a two
story store in Broadway, botweon Mur
ray and Warren streets. Soon alter
occupying it bo was compelled by tbo
growth of his business to add twenty
feet to tho depth of the storo, and to
add another story. A year or two la
tor a fourth story was added, and in
1837 a fifth story. His trado was now
with the wealthy and fashionable clans
of the city, and no bad surmounted all
his early difficulties and laid the found
ation o: a magnificent fortune.
Tho groat crisis of 1837 found Mr.
Stowart a prosperous and rising man,
and in that tumble financial storm,
while other men were bocoming bank
rupt, he was coining money. Ho al
ways watched tho market closely so
that be might profit by any sudden
chnngo in it. Ho marked down all his
goods as low as possible and began to
"sell at cost." hverybody complained
of bard times, and all , were glad to
avail themselves of "Stewart's ' bar
gains." In this way ho carried on a
retail cash trado of four thousand dol
lars a day in that fearful criNis. Of her
merchants were compelled to send
their goods to auction to be sold for
what they might bring, and Mr. Stew
art attended all their auctions regular
ly, purchasing the goods thus oflered.
These ho rapidly sold, rculixing an nv
orogo profit ol lorty per cont. It is
said t hut bo purchased tr0,OOU worth
of silks in this wny, and sold tho whole
lot within a lew days, milking 120,000
on the transaction. Ho made a for
tune in that crisis.
When Mr. Stewart opened his littlo
story, John Jncob Astor was worth
millions, and Cornelius Vandcrbilt,
as captain for Tbos. Uibbons, had been
six years in tbo steamboat business.
In 1818 ho built a largo mnrhlo store
at Broadway and Chambers street, on
tho situ of tho Washington Hotel, a
place which was a fushionablo resort
about forty years ago. Stowart's Now
York palace, as it was railed, wus the
marvel ot the timo. From 1848 his
business grow rapidly, and it grew un
til it becamo enormous. In some
branches ho had almost a monopoly.
Buying In large quantities, and al
ways for cash, he bad great advanta-
f;cs in his foreign purchases, and lor a
ong timo the English, French, and
German manufacturers, made conces
sions to him that no other man could
obtain. Ho foresaw and prepared for
tho up town movement hy leasing the
land bounded by Ninth and lenth
streets and Broadway and Fourth av
enuo. It is part of tho old Iiandull
farm, and is held under Sailors' Snug
Harbor Iobsjs. On these lots, cover
ing an area of two and one-quarter
acres ho erected his strong iron rut nil
store at a cost of 12,760,000. To this
establishment, In 1802, Mr. Stewart
removed his retail business, and from
that time tha down-towu storo was
given np lo wholesale trado.
Mr. Stewart's up town storo is the
largest of the kind in Ihe world. There
is nothing that at all approaches it In
either London or Paris. It hat eight
stories, two below and six above tbo
ground, each covering an area of two
and one quarter acres, thus making a
total of eighteen acres devoted to re
tail dry goods purpose!. It requires
260 horse power to heal the vast store,
run the elevators, and work the sew
ing machine. There are about two
thousand employees under pay, and
the disbursement for running expen
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
se arc over 11,000,000 a year. The
wholesale and retail establishments
onmbiuod have sold goods valued at
aii,ooo,uoo in ono your.
The firm of A. T. Stowart k Co., bus
branch houses in Boston, Philadelphia,
Paris, Lyons, Franco; Manchester,
bnglund ; Jlruinlurd, Nottingham, Bel
fast, Olasgnw, tlurlin, and Chcmmtx,
IIIt'ORMINIl THR RETAIL TRAIlR.
Mr. Stewart was a strictly just, hut
not a generous man in his dealings.
no always kepi nig word scrupiilousl
and required others to do tho sumo.
bo promised to pay a dollar, lie paid a
uoitur, ana u a 'unn promised him a
dollar, nothing less than a dollar would
saintly him. Jience he got tho repu
tation of being bard and exacting, and
consequently wm rather unpopular.
no was umo a sinctiy truthlul mun.
Ho never told lies, nor asked anybody
in his employ to toll thorn. Tbo found
ation ol nis business success was tho
reputation, which his establishment
gained at an early day, for describing
goods exactly as they orc, offering
tiiviii uv luw lunw. jmew INieilUCU lO
bo taken, and then making no devia
tions. When be first opened his storo
it wob tbo custom of sellers tnd buv.
em 10 cnunor over inoir transactions.
The dealer asked mora than be in
tended to take, and tho buyer offered
less than ho intended to give, and a
long dobato followed. Tho result was
that timid people, women and young
persons, woro very glad lo find a place
wnero tney coum ioon at goods, ask
prices, and then havo nothing more to
do than to mako up their minds whoth
cr to tnko them or Icavo them. Mr.
Stowart also bud the reputation of pay
ing the lowest market rato ol salaries
to bis clerks. This was partly owing
to his natural shrewdness, and partly
to tbo liict that he wua cohaluntlv
overwhelmed Willi applications for sil
utitiiitis. Having only to pick from a
great number who offered themselves,
and who woro anxious for employment
on any terms, do iouiio it eusy to se
cure clerks nt salaries lur below thoso
that many other employors wero com
pelled to pay. But wbulevcrhoprom
ised to pay was paid punctually and
fully. And in tho course of his long
career it bus nover been alleged against
him that he ever defruaded man, wo
man or child of a cent. At the sumo
timo ho required ol all tho fullest per
lbrmauco ol tho duties that thoy un
dertook, and a vory slight fuiluwwus
in his eyes sufiicioittcaiiKufortlitiiuissal.
As un illustration of his bueincsa tact,
it is mentioned that on opening Ins
great retail atom be instructed his
clerks to pay particular attention to
ma poor women w ho entered at tho
Fourth avenue doors, his obiucl beinir
to break up the Bowery trnde. And
no aid n cuociually.
Mr. Stuwarl's great eculiurity as a
business mun was Ins lutniiiurily with
llio Diinulesl details of Ins own afliiiis.
lie carried everything in his own bead
down lo the piece of petty articles in
mo lanKue notion department, lie
know how mueb stock he had of every
kind of goods, just what each coot, and
where it lay in bis warehouses. Ho
ruruly consulted any ono in regard to
bis transactions. Ho would obtain
such facts as he needed from his book
keepers, and think out his plan of op
erations by himself Havingoncomade
up Dia minci, ho was decided and vig
orous in execution. II be lore-saw a
loss, ho hastened to sell as soon as pos
sible, and often, while poonle wore hes
itating, he had his money in bund, and
wbon a further tall came, ho replaced
his goods at much less than ho sold
them lor. It was much tho sumo when
buying lor a rise. Ho did not wait tor
the highest price to be reached bclbre
purcbusing, but took the tido at its
mr. Stewart's raopxRTT
is variously estimated from (20,000,000
lo S-10,000,000. The opinion of the
best judges is that it wus not fur from
(25,000,000 ; but only ono mun in tbo
world, during Mr. Stewart's liletime,
besides Mr. Stewanhimsell, knows ex
actly. That man was John M. Hop
kins, his confidential book-keeper. Mr.
Hopkins gathered up from time to timo
tho bulancojilieots of the various de
partments, and from iheiu ho made up
a general account ol tho business,
which was kept under close lock and
key and never shown to any ono but
Mr. Stewart. The capital invested in
tho dry goods establishments could not
havo Leon at ono timo less than (10,
000,000; but it is said that during tho
last few years much of it bus iiecn
withdrawn, and that tho business ol
tho Chambers staet and tbo Tenth
street stores has boon-transacted most
ly on commission. If this is so it will
prevent any shock to tho affairs of his
houso in coiiHequuiicu of bis dcuth, and
also greatly facilitate tlio settlement of
Ins esluto. ills real property is lurge
in amount. Hu owned tbo storo ul
Chambers and Broadway, tho retail
storo at Tenth struct ami Broadway,
numerous warehouses in Chain hers and
Hondo streets, Metropolitan Hotel and
Niblo's Theatre, a great many houses
and lots in Blceckerand Amity slreeis,
west of Broadway ; the lilobo Theatre,
his marble mutiaion in Fifth avenue,
tbo Workingwoman's Homo at Fourth
avunuo and Thirty-second street, the
Grand I'uion Hotel in Saratoga, tbo
vast Hempstead Plains estate, and
many woolen mills, and much other
manufacturing property. He was not
much given to investing in slocks or
bonds, except those of tho United
Hates. Formany yours Mr. Stewart
did not insure any ot his real estate
against firo ; but out of his yearly prof
its he sot asitle a sum to Ik used as a
private insurance fund.
Mr. Stowart had nearly completed a
vast hotel for workingwoincn, wherein,
nt an oxpenao of not over two dollars
and two and a quarter a week, 1,600
might havo most of the substantial
comforts ol a homo, together with well
cooked food, ovcrytbing being furnish
ed at cost. He hail also commenced a
similar hotel for working young men.
Tho cost of theso two edifices and of
the land is oatimulcd to bo (6,000,000.
Mr Stewart spent, it is said, (1.260,
000 in property in Saratoga. John
Morrissey sold lo him (20,000 worth
and was negotiating to sell him (30,
000 more. It was behoved that he
intended building a reading room und
library for the visitors. '
MR. RTXWART's PA1NTIRUS.
"Tho principal pictures tn Mr Stow
art's gallery," suid Cashier Chapman ol
tho Orientul Bank yesletday,"are Hosa
Uoiiheur's 'Horse Fair,' David Hunt
ington's 'Washington's lioccption,'
Meissonler' "Charge of Cuirassiers'
Mr. Stewart's latest purchase and
'An Officer Giving Altns,' aovenil great
worksof Oerotno, ' The Disputed Bound
ary,' of Erskino Nicols, the eminent
delineator of Irish person and scenes;
'Tho Villago Festival,' a very forciblo
sample of the works of Krans, the
greatest ol German figure painters;
Alfred Steven' 'Alter the Ball,' and
perhaps the most honorable achieve
ments nf Bngnnrean, the preeminent
APRIL 26, 1876.
French figure paintor; B. C. Koeko,
the oelebrutod German landscape paint
or, and Fortuny, ono of France's most
appreciates painters, in met me gal
lery is IU1I of the bent paintings of
modern artists. Its most striking fea
ture is tho lack or pictures by tho old
maslors. Mr. Stewart did not care
for them. Ho knew that nono of tho
works of the old masters aro obtuina-
bio in this country, although many
copicn aro sold for largo prices. Mr.
Stowart's collection of modorn paint
ings is tbo finest in America. It is
worth mora than (1,000,000, although
Mr. Stowart mado it as be stocked his
store, shrewdly. Itosa Bonheur's
'Jlorso Kuir' cost (36,000, currency
'Cbargo of Cuirassiers." (00,000, trold
'An Olllcor(iivineAlms.'(22.000. trold,
and 'Tho Disputed Boundary,' (20,000,
currency. His statuary was also woll
chosen. Jt includes Powors 'Greek
Slave,' 'Eve,' and 'Paul and Virginia,
and otbor triumphs ot tbe chisel.
Mr. Stowart usually breakfasted at
eight o'clock, bis moal ordinarily con
slating of plain bread, a bit of fish, an
egg, and somo oatmeal porridge. Then
ha was driven down to hi retail es
tablishment, where ho spent two or
throe hours, walking through every
part of it, asking tho salesmen the
prices of goods in order to ascertain
wuciuur tuuy wure up in tuvir unties,
and observing how affairs woro carried
on. Then he went down in his car
riage to the wholesale store. There
he rend bis lotters, and transacted bu
siness until six o clock, for many
years he was accustomed to dine at
belmonico'a, on the opposite sido of
tiroadway, but latterly be dined at
home. Getling an interview with him
wus very much liko gutting access to
tho Prime Minister of England. He
was to be scon only at the down-town
store, aud on the visitors onturing,
tho floor-walkers near the door would
first inquire that visitor's business. If
he said that be wanted to see Mr.
Stewart, he was asked what be want
ed of him, and if it was anything that
a subordinate could attend to, be was
turned over to him. If ho still insisted
upon seeing the great man bimself, ho
was allowed to go as far as the foot of
the stairs, where another Cerberus was
in wailing, and unless bo could be sat
isfied that it was worth while disturb
ing Mr. Stowart, tbo visitor was turn
ed back. Otten a message camedown
which would enablo the business to be
settled by a simple yes or no. If not.
tbo visitor was allowed to go up ihe
sluira and wait again within sight of
tho glaxed cnclosuro whoro Air. Mew-
art sal, and in due timo was summoned
into his presence. I hough courteous
in manner, Mr. Stewart wasted no
words, and anything like a boro was
summarily dismissed. And in no other
way could he have got through with
the immense number of calls that woro
daily made upon him.
Mr. Stowart waa not greatly given
to hoepitality, but be always enter
tained his friends at dinnoron Sunday
afternoon. Every ono on his visiting
list was at liberty to como, the only
condition being that fifteen minutes'
notice should bo given. In this way
ho gathered around bis board, week
alter week, a nambor, greater or less,
according to circumstances, of dis
tinguished citixons or strangers. Ho
was a connoisseur in wines, but per
sonally very abstemious, nnd his cellar
coiituinod some of tbe rarest Madeira,
Sherries and Porta in the country. His
picture gallery i woll known, lie was
no judgo ol pictures bimself, but bo
employed people in whom ho had con
fidence to select for him. In this way
he acquired a' number of musterpioccs,
but sometimes was saddled with works
of inferior merit. His last purchase
was Moissonior's great painting, con
taining an immense number of figures,
for which he paid (00,000 in gold.
Previous to the death of tho late
Win. B. Astor, in 1876, Mr. Stewart
was the second largest bolder of real
estate in this city.
MR. BTRWART'S ORIAT til ITS.
Mr. Stewart waa in the truo sense a
philanthropist. At the time ot the
great famine in Ireland ho sent to his
suffering countrymen a shipload of
provisions. In this bo took a courso
unique and porlcct in itself, and illus
trating ono of tho peculiar character
istics of tho man. First, he sought for
a ship to charter. A British vessel was
offered and refused. He wanted a ship
of his own country an American ship.
Such a ship was found, now, in fine
order, with un American captain and
and an A mcrirnn crow, nnd was at onco
chartered. Ho then ascertained
the amount of the fortune that
he brought from Ireland, and
added tho interest thereto, and thorc
was a very considerable sum, which,
in his viow, ho owed to Ireland, and
ho resolved to pay tho dobt. The ves
sel was laden entirely with both neces
sary antl costly provisions, and with
tbe American nug noaling at the loro
mnst she entered tho harbor of Belfast.
It was one of America's contributions
to Ireland, and waa so intended by the
giver. 1 ho nrnvol ol that vessol, and
tho distribution of tho vnluahlo cargo
among tbo suffering poor, produced a
profound impression. But the enter
prise was not yet complete. The agent
at Belfast was directed lo advertise tor
young men and women who desired to
go to America, and a free passago was
given to as many as the vessel could
carry, tho only requirement being that
the applicant should bo of good moral
character and ablo to read and writo.
A circular was issuod by Mr. Stowart
hi nisei I, and sent to bis numerous
friends, stating the fact that bo ex
pected a largo number of young persons,
and asking employment for them.
When tho vessel reached tho harbor of
Now York place bad been found for
almost every one of tho now emigrants.
Just after the Franco-Prussian war he
sent the bnrk Hunter, containing 3,812
barrels ol flour ns a gill to the su tiering
French people. His gift of (50,000 to
Chicago and his subsequent gift of an
other (50,000 are fresh in everybody's
memory. In 1H07 Mr. Stewart went
to Paris as on of the representatives
from the United State to the great
world s exhibition. Ho ws President
of the Honorary Commission appointed
by the Government.
His nomination to the office of Sec
retary of ihe Treasury and the rolusal
of Congress to amend Ihe law so that
ho might tuke the office without aban
doning his right business, are of too
recent date lo require recital nor.
It is well known that Mr. Stewart
was extremely superstitious. The
slightest incidents or accidents became
to bim impressive omens. Tbo fact
that bo caused an apple-woman who
for many years vended her edibles on
tho side walk In front ol hi wbolesalo
store to be removed, stand aud all, to
his up town store, under the Impression
that her presence insured his prosperi
ty, is well authenticated. A lady whose
acquaintance h man Jnit previous tn
tbe opening of bis now store, warned
bim not to sell anything thero until she
had first purchased something in the
store, and on the opening day, early in
tbe morning, she called and liought
nearly (200 worth ol goods, principally
Irish laces. Yoars afterward, wbon
Mr. Stowart was in ft foreign city, bo
leurnod that alio was living there in
reduced circumstances. ; Her husband
had squandered her fortune. Mr. Stew
art sought hor put und gave her an
elegant suilo ol apartments, and alter
ward sottlcd upon hor a handsome an
nuity. He supported her during hor
mo in comparative luxury, oecause no
behoved hor early purcbsso In his new
store had brought bun luck.
MR. STEWART'S SCUOOL TEACIIINO.
Tbo fiist inonoy earned by Mr. Stow
art In this country is said to have been
paid to bim by Isaao F. Bragg, who
bad a scnool in Koosevoit sireoi in lozi
to 1822, and who employed Mr. Stew
art as hi assistant. Mr. Bragg etill
has in bis possession Mr. Stewart's re
ceipt for (50 earned as assistant teach
or. Mr. Bragg, who is nearly ninety
yoars old, says that Mr. Stowart aban
doned his school because be was offend
ed at being askod to mako collections
for his employer after school hours.
Mr. Bragg gave him a recommendation
to a paper honso, but before Mr. Stow
art began his clerkship ho received In
telligence from Belfast of the death of
relative who had boqueathod to him
a stock of dry-eoods. The vounir mer
chant wont to Ireland to look after this
windfall, and viewing New York as
tbo best market, ho brought his goods
to tbis city and opened bis first small
storo. ' ;
THE LAST. -
It ia understood that Mr. Stewart, by
bis will, has left to Judge Henry Hil
ton tho future management and dispo
sition of all bis business affairs. W m.
Libby, the only surviving partner of
Mr. Mowart, acting In accord with
Judgo Hilton, will continue the busi
ness undor tho firm nnmo of A. T.
Slowart It Co. After tho funeral, tho
business will go on as heretofore, the
various factories continuing work as
usual. Already tho cablo has tukon
messages to tho various branch bouses
nino in all in Europe and India, to
George W.IIamill, of 210 Knst Ninth
street, undertaker, said last night that
ihe arrangements lor the luneral cere
monies bare not yot been definitely
made. Tbo funeral will be on Thurs
Mark a Church, thonco, after tbo serv
ices, to St. Murk's churchyard, to bo
deposited in tho private vault of tho
Slowart family. The Rev. Dr. Rylance
of St. Mark's Churob will officiate, and
be assisted by Bishop Potter. The
body was laid out for burial yestcrduy
afternoon, and packed in ico.
A PART or MR. STEWART'S LIFE AS TOLD
Mr. Ilobert II. MoCiirdy, Vice Presi
dent of tbe Mutual Life Insurance
Company, enjoyed intimato business
and social relations wilb Mr. Stewart
lor fifty years. Mr. McCurdy has of
ten hoard from Mr. Stowart's own lips,
tbo story of his early lilo. Hav
ing received a thorough education at
borne, Mr. otewart sailed from Dublin
for America, landing at Now London
whore he taught school for a short
timo. Some friends at home sent him
a consignment of Irish linens and laocs,
ana with those Mr. Stewart came to
New York and opened a store in a
building owned by Moffat of pill fame
tlroadwny, botwoen lteado and
Duane streets. It was in tbis store,
Mr. McCurdy remembers, that In 1825
bia wile purchased a part ot nor wed
ing trotissrau, being wailed on by Mr.
Stowart The store was twenty-live
foot by fifty, constructed of wood, with
brick Iront M r. Stewart s store con
tained shelves on ono side, a glass caso
n tho centre of tho Door, and a coun
ter opposito, behind which Mr. Stewart
itooU. W ben business camo to bun,
he emnloved a bov to assist him. For
some timo he sold littlo but linens and
lace. "I knew nothing about tbe
business then," bo since said, "but I
M r. Slowart afterward removed bis
store a block lowor, opposite tho site
mine great w holesale storo ot mis day.
Later still he bocame one of tbe lurgeat
buyers of tho firm of McCurdy, Aldrich
ft Spenrer, at whose bead was liolwrt
II. McCurdy. '
WHAT ON OP TI1K LF.0AL ADVISERS
K N KW ABOl'T MR. STEWART' Bt'SINES.
Judgo Henry Hilton, ono of Mr.
Stowart's partners, said last evening
that tho names of Mr. Stewart's execu
tors would bo mndo public at tho prop
or timo. Ho added, "Mr. Stowart's
business and his various enterprises
will be carried on in accordance with
Hoporlcr Had ho any relatives ?
Judgo Hilton Mr. Stewart had not
a blond relative living. IIo used to say
that ho was tho last of his race, nnd
that his race died with him. Ilis wilb's
name is Cornelia Mitchell Clinch. She
is a siBlor of Deputy Collector Clinch.
Sho bus a number nf relatives, diss.
K. Butler, a partner ol Wm. M. Evnrls,
married a sister of Mrs. Stewart, and
had children. Sho is dead, but several
children survive. Mr. Butler is ngain
married. There is also a niece of Mrs.
Stewart on Long Island. Mr. Stewart
hail a kindly recollection of some old
friends in Ireland.
Ileporter Can you estimate Mr.
Stewart's wealth f
Judgo Hilton Y'ou might as well
try to measure tbo force of a gale at
sea by seeing it (smiling'). I will only
any that it is over a millien dollars.
lie owned a number ot woolen, silk
and thread mills tho Mohawk, Ihe
Kltwf at Liltlo Falls, tho New York
Mills nt Holyoko, tho Woodward Mills
at Woodstock, tho Yantico Mills in
Now Jersey, about 12 miles from this
city, tho Washington Mills at New
Jlartlurd, bark ot I'tlcit, thet atskill
Woolen Mills, tho Watervillo Woolen
Mills all those are woolen mills.
Thero is also an enormous mill in Not
tingham, England, and a mill for the
manufacture of underwear and stork
ing In Glasgow, Scotland.
" We have," continued Judge Hilton,
"branch houses at Bradford, Manches
ter, Belfast, Paris, Lyons, Berlin, and
Chemnita, in Saxony. Mr. Stewart
nevor visited Chemnita. Wbon I was
there they gave me tho employer's
room, and ontertained me like a poten
tate. Mr. Stowart has about 8,000
persons continually in employ, and
about nine tenths of these have famt
lies. 1 do not include In this number
the hundred of workmen kept contin
ually engaged in this city. All his mills
are in full operation. Among them are
largo woolen mills at Glonham, and
we are building great carpot mills at
Glenbam, one of tho building alone
consuming 3,000,000 of biick. We are
also building a thirty fonr foot dam.
There Is also a thread mill, and also a
large silk mill in Reads street."
in regard to Mr. Stewart' New
York property, Judg Hilton said:
TEEMS $2 per annum in Advanoe.
SERIES - V0L. 17, NO. 17,
"Ho owns tho Metropolitan, also tho
Globe, an extonsive piece of proiwrty
running uaca to j.aiuyotte piace. lie
also owns tbo greater part of two
blocks in lieade. Centre, Kim, and Pearl
streetson which It was intended to
erect warehouses." "But," added tho
Judgo, "I don't know now whether
tboy will bo built or not." , I
Mr. Stewart's lirst store, sniil Judge
junon, - was uniiKUiuteiy opposiic ihe
centre of his present wholceulo storo.
It was thirty feet deep and twelve foot
wide, ins next storo was at 202 Broad
way. He lived in tbo upper part of it.
Ua found tho quarters narrow, and
moved to 257. From 257 he moved to
his presont wholesalo store. All the
property that ho owned, ho owned in
MB. BBNRY O. BOWBN' DEALIRO WITH
Henry C. Bowon, before bo became
publisher of The Indmnclfnl, was an
oxtcnsive dealer in silks nnd fane
goods, and held business relations witi
Mr. Stewart that continued lor nearly
a quarter of a century. " 1 was a clerk
for Arthur Tappan & Co., at 122 Pearl
street, soid Mr. Bowon yesterday,
" when I first mado Mr. Stewart' ac
quaintance. That was forty years aco.
Mr. Stewart was doing business oppo
site the Park, somewhere near whore
the Independent offices are situated. I
used to wait on bim and sell him goods.
Arthur Tappan & Co. at that timo con
trolled a line ot rrencb print which
wero known as arot odiert. They had
all of thorn that were in tbe market at
that time. I remember that it wns in
these goods that I negotiated my first
largo salo to Mr. Stewart. Even at
that time Mr. Stewart was an oxton-
sivo purchaser from tbo importers. I
remember that tbo lato John liankin,
who was a largo importer, declared
then that Mr. Stowart was tho shrewd
est merchant in New Y'ork. When
Mr. Itunkin had an arrival of goods, at
that timo, it was hi custom to invite
the leading buyers to visit his place
and inspect thorn. Tho case were
opened, the price of each line and
quality of goods were determined upon,
and then Mr. liankin received tbo mer
chants. Many buyers always camo.
and among them A. T. Stewart, and
bile others wont about the storo teei
ng the fabrics, as to how thick tbis
was or thin that was, and while they
hemmed and hawed and debated with
each other tho desirability of one line
over another, Mr. Stewart would tako
Mr. liankin with him through the storo.
selecting tho best of tbo stock and
purchasing at onco."
Mr. liankin, who became Mr. Bow-
en' special partner, often referred to
Mr. niewart as being, in his opinion,
the shrewdest, quickest and most intcl-
lgcnt merchant in the city. M r. JJow-
en was then tbo bead of tho well-known
house of Bowen, McNamee A Co.
"I recollect, continued Mr. Bowen,
after a pause, "that Henry Sheldon,
an extensive importer of French goods,
had at one time sold Mr. Stewart foods
to tho amount of (25,000 or (30,000,
and felt a littlo timid about increasing
his credit with him. He informed the
great merchant that ho desired to know
more about hi capital and business
than he tben knew, in reply,-Mr.
Stewart said : 'Ireeard Lewis 1'annan.
of tbe firm of Arthur Tappan & Co., as
one ot the most Intelligent merchants
in jiew loric, and as you sen that nrm
largely, and have confidence in them,
if you will be satisfied I will ask Mr.
lappao to come bore and examine m
books. IIo will then be ablo to to!
you all I know myself.' Mr. Sheldon
consented to this, and Lewis Tappan
spent several evenings in Mr. Stewart's
counting-room studying his books. He
reported, wheu bis task was ended,
that Mr. Stewart was abundantly good
and worthy, and was worth about (70,.
000, Mr. Stewart did - not ask tho
usual long time of six or eight months
in which to make bis payments. , V ben
ho asked credit it was for a short timo.
but even then his aggregate credits
wero considerable, ana it was necessa
ry for him to stand well among mer
chants, lie was never questioned
alter Mr. Tappan's report wont abroad.
nr. Mewari s great store down town
was not erected all at once. A land
owner in Chambers street asked too
high a prico for his lot thero, and Mr.
Stewart built around it, erecting six
story structures, so that the property
of the stubborn landlord was injured
and rendered insignificant, nnd at last,
a lew years ago, bo waa obliged to sell
it at Mr. Stowart s price.
"During tho lato war Mr. tstowart b
contracts with thoGovornmont, direct
ly and indirectly, lonncd an enormous
business, lieside his own contracts.
be filled largo orders for other houses
who wero obliged to go to him to carry
out their promises. Whorever Mr.
Stcwnrt reposed confidence, ho sold un
limited amounts, and has thorcby as
sisted energotio morchanta in diflorent
sections of.tho country into prosperity
and prominence. Potter Palmer, of
Chicago, and John Shiletto, tho rich
Cincinnati retailer, benefitted largely
by Mr. Stewart's confidence in them."
Mr. llowen regarded Mtowart as the
"king of buyers in an auction room."
II bo succeeded In obtaining a good
bargain, the quantity of tbo goods on
band never frightened him.- No other
man hail tho means to buy as ho did.
r.arly In his business proswnty Mr.
Stewart frequently managed to control
certain stylos of goods, us, for iustnnco,
tho Alexandre glove, compelling all to
purchase of him and at his price. In
tho olden time, before tho days of the
telegraph, he was frequently known
lo havo sent agents through tho mar
ket quietly with orders to learn just
how much ot certain styles of goods
could bo found In this city, Boston and
Philadelphia. He purchased all that
could bo bought, and controlling the
market, advanced tbe price ol the arti
clo, never exorbitantly, but simply to
a controlling figure.
THE ONLY PORTRAIT OP MR. STEWART.
In bis studio, 1,300 Broadway, Wil
son Mac Donald, tho sculptor, saitl last
evening : " 1 havo gone nearer to
making a bustol Mr. Stewart than any
ono ewe has, although 1 got no further
than the clay. About six yoars ago I
went very often to Mr. Strwaria rctnil
store, and, I believe unobserved by him,
studied his features. Meanwhile I was
modeling them in clay in my studio.
When the model was completed I in
vited some of the gentlemen in Mr.
Stewart's employ to look at it, and they
said that it was a good likeness of him.
lie had a magnificent head, the reflec
tive organs being especially prominent.
ins nervous organisation w as admira
bly high-strung. Expecting to have
him sit for me,l allowed the clay model
to dry np, and get stowed away in some
otit-ot-the-way nook. He nover sat for
a sculptor, and for flirty year brfore
nis oeatn was not even photographed.
When Grant asked Mr. Stewart to be
Secretary of tho Treasury, Mr. Stewart
vtsitea Washington. On his arrival
be waa accosted by an arrnt of a nic-
tcrial paper of tbl rltv. and asked to
permit a sketch np a photograph of I
himself to bo mado. But ho declined
politely, and, ontering his ourrioge, waa
driven away. I now remember that
it is said that Mr. Stowart once sat for
a lady. A picture of Mr. Stowart a
bad ono, by tho way was sold at tbe
Astor Library a few yours ago, and, as
then believed, was purchased hy him,
through an agent, and destroyed. It
was probably tho exceptional picture.
I' In explanation of his roluclanco to
being pictured, Mr. Stowart once said.
I have been inlormed, '1 bavo passed
my nrimo, and 1 do not want to bo
handed down to posterity as a worn
out old man.' Thero havo been many
other explanations volunteered hy his
acquaintances. Not the least reasona
ble of them is that, having been born
and partly roared in tbe North of Ira
land, whore every kind of imau-s i ob.
Joctionnblo, ho had a prejudice against
a graven or painted semblance of him
self. But probably he fuarod that if bo
pormittcd busts or lihotnirrnnhs of him.
self to bo mado, ho might becomo so
well known as to bo stared out of com
posure. I intend to resurrect my cltiy
model of Mr. Stewart's head, and iro to
work ujin it, preparatory lo liudiion.
ing a bust of-him. Every feature nf
Mr, Slowart' luce Is plioiogi-,q.hol on
my memory, lor 1 have ulwuvs re.
f;rded him as a wonderful man. I bo
ieve masks of his face are to be got
lor a posthumous bust."
MR. A. T. STEWART S CITY.
Garden City, built by Mr. Stowart
on Hempstead Plains, stands on a wido
tract of storilo land liko an oasis in a
desort. Tho tract is twelve miles long
and two and one-half wido. C'arden
City Is fburmilos from tbe wesUrn ond
and ha In tha oentra a large heirk
hotel of tasteful architecture that cost
with tbe furniture (100,000. It is kept
in tho best style at (3 a day by James
W. Parker, who is paid a "salary, and
tbo losses aro borne by Mr. Stowart.
Tho guests aro mainly lamiliosof Now
lork merchants and brokers, none be
ing known to tbe public except Gcn'l.
Hooker, who has no family. A bed
room and a dressing-room have boon
always kept for the eiclusive use of
3lr. btowart and wife. Mr. Stowart
nover slept there, but his wife occupied
tho rooms several weeks last Summer.
Near tbe railroad denot is a larvo
three-story brick honso, used for offices
of Superintendent W. 11. Ilinsdolo and
Surveyor D. S. Denton. There is a
largo warehouse, with asu-ara elovator
for grain, where materials for develop
ing the city are stored. There is also
a stable that cost (30,000. A steam
plow is used for breaking sod, and a
steam roller and traction engine aro
usod for threshing grain. Nine thou
sand acres were bought in 18t8 from
the town ol Hempstead lor (450,000,
and 1,000 acres have been added since.
A contract was recently made for water
works to cost (125,000, and to consist
of a lurgo well, fifty foet in diameter
and thirty-firo lect deep, with machin
ery sufficient to pump two and one
half million gallons a nay if required.
Garden City has 102 houses, renting
from (150 to (1,200 each. Mr. Stew
art has not erected any church edifioo
in tho city. Ho was to have been there
this month to locato thirty new houses.
Provision boa been mado in bis will for
tho prosecution of improvements in
Garden City for many years. .
That part of tbo Central Railroad of
Long Islar.d running from the western
end ol Gardon City four miles to Farm
ingdale was owned by Mr. Stewart and
leased to tbe Contral Railroad Compa
ny, together with tho road ono mile to
Mr. Stewart's last visit to Garden '
City was in November last.
MR. Stewart's will.
A copy ol Aloxandor T. Stewart'
aill was yosterday sent to tbo Surro
gate' office to bo made public. Tho
original is still in Judge Hilton's bands,
but will probably be filed to-day or
Monday. It is as follow :
In tbo namo of God, Amen: 1, Al
exander T. Stewart, of the city and
State of New York, morchant. beinn ol
sound mind, memory, and understand
ing, do make, publish, and doclare this
my last will and testament, viz :
I. All my property and estato of
evory kind and description, and wher
ever situated, I give, devise, and be
queath to my dear wife, Cornelia M.
Stewart, ber heirs and assigns forever.
II. I specially appoint Henry Hil
ton of tho city of N ew Y'ork, to act for
me and in behalf of my estato, in man
aging, closing and winding np my
partnership business and affairs, and I
empower bim in respect thereto as
fully a I may or can or am authorized
to do in aud by tho article of copart
nership of tho firm of Alexander T.
Stewart & Co.
Further, I authorize and direct the
said Hilton, whilp so acting in behalf
of my estate and in my place and stead,
to exercise sound discretion in bring
ing my partnership affaire to a termin
ation, and discharging all obligations
connected therewith, trusting to his
judgment that bo will so act in respoct
tnereto as to avoid, as lar as can bo
avoided, any unnecessary loss to thoso
connected with me in business. For
which service, and as a mark of my
regard, 1 give to said Hilton, one mil
lion of dollars.
111. Revoking and annulling all oth
er wills by mo at any timo heretofore
made, I do doclare this to bo my last
will and tostamont. And 1 do appoint
as executors hereof my dear wilb, Cor
nelia At. atewart, and my triends, lion
... un.nM i iiroi: t : i.i .11 i
ry Hilton and William Libber, all of
the city and Stnlo of Now Y'ork.
In witness whorcof, I, tho said Alex
ander T. Stewart, havo hereunto set
my hand and affixed my seal, this 27lji
day ot March, in tho year one thou
sand eight hundred ami seventy-three.
AlexanperT. Stewart. L.S.
Signed, sealed, published, and de
clared by the testator, in tho prosenco
ol each of us, as hi. last will and tosta
mont, and wo, in his prosenco and in
the presenco ol each other, and at his
request, bavo signed our names as sub
scribing witnesses to such execution.
William P, Smith, 34 st., F. avc.,
William B. LrNcn, Fifth arenno.
34th street, N. Y.
W. 11. Write, No. 228 Fifth nve.,
N. Y. city.
E. E. Marct, M. D., 39(1 5th nve.,
N. Y. city.
Whorcas, I, Alexander T. Slowart.
of the city of Now York, havo mado
and duly executed my will hearing
dato tho 27th day ct March, 1873, now
1 declare thi present writing to be a
codicil to my said will, and I direct tho
same to bo annexed thereto and takon
as part thereof. Whereas, it is my
wish at this time to suitably remember
various persons, and I thrreloro direct
that my oxocutors shall from mr es
tate pay out and discharge tho follow-
ng gins or legacies, viz :
To Gooriro U. Butler tbo sum nf
To John M. Hopkins the sum of
To A K. P. Cooper tho inm of
To Edwin James Denning tho sum
To John T. (ireon tho sum of $10,-
To (.'corgc II. Higgina the sum of
To Henry II. Rice the aura ol (5,00.
To John do Brot tbe sum of (5,000.
To Robert Prothoroe tho sum ol (5,-
To Dodge the sum oi (6,000.
To Hugh Connor tho sum of (5,000.
To-William Armstong the sum of
Each of whom have long and faith
fully served me In my business affair.
Alao pay to William P. Smith tha
sum ol (5,000.
To William Lynch thesomof (2.6C0.
Otmfinwrrf on fovrth nnes.