Newspaper Page Text
" CLEARFIELD RErifiLICAN,"
rnauiaao f waoaiipaT, it ,
GOODLANDEH & LEE,
rat tarfeat Circulation of any Hawtpaptr
U Hertti Cautral Pnuneylrnula.
; Ternii of Subaoription.
ff paid In adaaaee, or wlthla I month aa 00
If paid after I aad before A mnntbf 9 SO
If paid after lll oiplralloa ol uioolbi... 3 00
; HAton of Advertising.
f ran. lent A.lt'rtUoinanU, per aquar. of 10 line or
Ikk, a time or If" u ..81
Par enoh nhMrb iiont inrertlon a
t.lreiliil.lrnlnm' and Kxcoutori' notice t 60
AMditor' nolle I 60
Cautlant and Kitrnya. ...... 1 60
lllea.lultoianoiUH ....... 1 00
Profcaaional Ci.l-.li, Iln,. or le.,l year 6 00
Loeal noticei, ier llu. SO
I M.un 00 I i aolamn 858 00
I aiLiraa IS l 1 column .'. 711 00
I auuara... 70 00 I 1 eoluinn...... ISO 00
O. II. OOODLANDKR,
NOKIi 11. LKK,
.W. C. ARNOLD,
LAY? 4 COLLECTION OFFICE,
3(l Clearfield ConntT, Penn'a. 75y
tsoa. a. wuirat. "mil onno.
MURRAY & GORDON,
ATTORNEY S AT LAW,
r' " CLEARFIELD, PA".
,. ,g "aa T ).. Of era Hiro HMtid toor.
Will attend lo all boalneie .ntrnit.4 to aim
ploinptly and faithfully, norl J IS
WILLIAM A. wali-acr.
HAaar r. wallacr.
IAYir L. K RKBR,
JOUX W. WRItLIT.
WALLACE & KREBS,
(riutoceeor lo Wallace A Fielding,)
ATTOllN E Y6-AT-L A W,
lt-12'7J Cleurtlelil, Pa.
A G. KRAMER,
A T T O II N E V-AT-Ji A W ,
Ileal K.lalo and Collectloa Agent,
ci r. viii'ir.i.i), pa.,
Win promptly atland to all legal builue an
traitnil to hi. oare.
4r-Orlea Willi John II. Fulford, o,poilt the
miirn a. r'riallt. dasirl w. n'mnnr,
McENALLY & McCDRDT,
.fr-Leual bu.ine attended to promptly with)
a.lel.ty. office oa Second atreet, e.i,ove me rim
NalUmal Rank. Jun:l:,4
gT r7b iA! rr E f TV
Attohnrv and Counselor at Law,
Ilaring realigned hie Jui.Khip, hai relumed
lh pranticc l th lw in mi oi-i oinot u uicr
Ml, Pft. Will U tend the flourtu f JfUvrion and
Klk eountie. when i)ec tally ret toed in connection
ith reaident eouuaol. 2:14:71
WM. IV1. McCULLOUGH,
ATTOKN'KY AT LAW,
(r0(Hra in Court lloua. (Sbcriff'a Oflloo).
Lrvnl buninniaa nroioiillv attcndoil to. Ural eitata
bought and fol.1. ( Jell'::!
A . W. WALTERS,
AT'I'OHNEY AT LAW,
l lrarlifl.l, Pa.
.Omoe In Graham' Row. dccVly
' H. w7 SMITH,
A T T O K N E Y - A T - L A W ,
H:l:71 t'lenrflrld. Pa.
ATTOU.NKY AT LAW.
--' - Clearflrtd, Pa. .
vrniTl,. In Old Wotarn Hotel liullillnf,
eorner olfieeond and Market Hta. no.SI.AO.
ISRAEL TEST, '
ATTOHNKY AT LAW,
In th. Court Ilira.e. Jjll.'tf
" JOHN H. FULFORD,
ATTOJtNEY AT LAW,
Offioa on Alalkat itruel, opp. Court Houae,
Jan. 3, Is;,.
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
ml ttcal (Mate Ajjeiit, Clearfield, Fa.
Utfic on Third tret, btt.ClietrjA Walnut.
Xir Knpotfullj offeri hli nrflcei In tolling
md buying Uo'ii in Clearfield and aljoiniog
iountln ) and with a a axperieneaol overt want?
raars aa a tumyur, flatten hiraeelf that ha can
fetter aatlifaotlon. LFtb 8;:tf
jT BLAKE WALTERS,
HEAL ESTATE BROKER, .
AaD naALna in
Saw IiKH 1111(1 Ijiinibor,
ffir. in ilraliam'i Row. l:!i:71
J. J. LINGLE,
A T TOliXKY-AT - LA W,
1:18 llarc.jla, OlearllrlU Co., Pa. y:pd
J S. BARN HART,
ATTORN KY - AT - LAW,
lU-tletnlitn, Pa. ,
Will praotlce In t'lnarfitild and all of the Court! of
tho 2ith Judinial dint riot. Krai citato buiineie
and ool loot ion orolaimi made iieialtioi. n!71
DR. W. A. MEANS,
PHYSICIAN A SURGEON,
Ll'THKRSDURO, PA. (
Will attend proreailnnal ealla promptly. augl0'70
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
OIUco on Market Stmt, Claarleld, Pa.
90nica boura: 8 to IS a. ., and 1 to 8 p. n.
U E. M. SCII ETJ JIERV
OQloo in reaidenea on Market at.
April 84, 1972, Cloarllel.!, Pn.
J. H. KLINE, M. D., "
1'JIYSICIAN & SURGEON,
HAVIVd'lorated at Pennrield, Ta., oBora bl.
proreniional aerricea to tho people of that
pluou and eurrouuding oountry. Alli-ollii prntuptl
DR. J. P. BURC H FIEL D,
Lalo Surgeon of tho 8:id Hef liuent, Penmlt ania
Volnnttara. having ratarned from tho Army,
offer hit profttiional iorviei to tbtoltiiom
of Clf vfleMd eanty.
Wofoiiioaal calll promptly attended tn.
Oa?eo on Second etreet, for marl yoeeopied by
DR. H.B. VAN VALZAH,
t'l.P.ARI'IKI.I), Vl.SK A.
OFFICE IN iMASOXIC.ni'ILlMNli
Office bonra From IS to S P. M.
May IS, IB75.
DIl. JEFFERSON LITZ,
Will promptly attend all oalla In the line of bii
proieuion. , nor.iv-ta
"". D. M. D0HERTY,
FASIIIONAIILE BARIIKIl A IIAIH llREKSKR.
Shop next door to Weaver ft Belli' ilore,
July 14, 75 y
HA lilt Y SNYDEK,
(Formerly with Lew 8rhuler.)
BABIIKH AND 1IAJHI) HKHHKR,
Hhop on Market St., opposite Court Hfnie.
A clean towel for every euMomer. anay 19,
Q. W. WEAVER dc CO.,
DliUOGISTS & AI'OTIIKCARIES,
Dralrra In all bind, of trufl, Meilieinea, Pan
ey llood and DruKKlMa' Sumlriea.
Catwanarlll., alareb 17, 1871.
W. V. tlPPISCOTT A C O.,
HATS & CAPS, BOUTS ft SHOJSS,
liU m Market Stmt, Philadelphia. U U
QE0. B, 000DLANDEE, Proprietor.
VOL. 50-WHOLE NO.
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Jua.lot uf tho I'eewja and Scrluntr,
tColleotloni until and money pmraptlv
palduver. - tel.il HI
XO. ALDRRT HnMUT Al.aaaT..-..."W-AI-MW
W. ALBERT & BROS.
Manuiaotnrera A aitenalT. Dealer! to
Sawed Lumber, Square Timber, &o.,
KB-Orden tollolled. Bllla tiled on abort nollei
and raaeonabl! tariai.
Addrm Wnodlaad P. O., Clearfield Co., Pa.
eJS-lT - W 4LBKRT A DRUD
Prenclivllle, ClearBcld County, Pa.
Keep! oon.lanlljr oa hand a full uiortmant of
Ury tiooaa, iiaruware, uiucr,..,
uaually kept in a retail atore, wmon wtn mboiu,
for eaah, aa obeap aa el.ewnere in too oouni.
KneUU,JwiaSr, !j. '- ' .
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
GENERAL M EIICU AND1HE,
Alan, cxteniiro manufaetarer and denier In Square
Timber and Hawed Lumber or all iimi.
r-Ordera aollcllcd and all billl prompllj
House and Sign Painter and Paper
kH,WIII eieeule Jol.a In bia lino promptly and
In awuramanllke manner. . arre.or
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL TUMP MAKER,
NEAR CLEAIIFIKLD, PKNN'A.
7Pumpe alwaya on hand and made to order
on lUort notice. J ipoe uumi on rriwn.iii. irnu..
All work warranted to render aatiafartion, and
dellrered If dealred. my26:lypd
E. A. BIGLER & .CO,,
and monulacturera of
AM. KINDS OK l:l I I'M It I. II,'
8-I7J CI.EUIFIKLD, PKNN'A.
B. GRAHAM, .
Real Estate, Square Timber, Boards,
BIIINIII.KS, LATH, A 1 ICKKTis,
8:l0-73 Clearlield, Pa,
Square Timber & Timber Lnnln,
Jeir73 CLKAHKIEI.D, PA.
H. F. N AUGLE,
WATCH MAKER & JEWELER,
and dealer In
Watched, Cloeks, Jewelry, Silver
and Plated Ware, &c,
Jel'7S Cl.EARFIHI.il, PA
s7 I . slvi Y D E R,
-T "X Wnt'lirn, Clocks nnd Jewelry,
tfraaoai'e How, itarktt Slrft,
All klnda of repairioa la my line promptly at-
anded to. April S3, 1674.
REIZENSTEIN & BERLINER,
wholesale dealer! in
GEMS' 1 1 KMSlllMi (.(KIDS,
Have removed to 197 Church trt, he t ween
Franklin and White ita., New York. jj il'TS
JAMES H. LYTLE,
Nn.4 PIC Opera lluuae, CItai flclil. Pa.
Pealer In Orooetter, Prnvlrloni, Vegitnbtei,
Fruiti, Floor, Feed, etc., ttc.
JAMES E. "WATSON k CO.,
REAL ESTATE H110KKHfi.
Houiei nnd Officei to let, Co Meet lone promptly
made, and flrit-elesa Goal and Kire-Clur Land
and Tdwo property for eala. Otfiee la Western
Hotel litiilding (2d floor), Second St. in III 74y
TUB undoriiftned be?" leave to inform thepub-j
lie that he ii now fully nrepnr"- to wcnmiiw
datf all in the way uf furniehing U..ea, Iluggiei,
jjaddlei and JUrnoaa, on the ahnrteet not toe and
n rMuon aide term r. Heiidenceon Locnat street,
between Third and Fonrth.
OKO. W. QKAHIIART.
Cleartleld, Fel. 4, 1874.
J IME1 LIMK!
The utider'ifrnrd li now prepared to furnleh
the public with an excellent quality uf
Bellefonte Wood-Burned Lime,
for ploHterlng puroeei, by the large or email
quantity. Can be ton ml for the preeint at Pie'l
now building, on Market itreet.
oeti tf u. k. mruui.i.UL(in.
The Best is the Cheapest 1
Thoma Relllv hnn rceeired anethrr larire lot of
"Mitchell Wagunf," which are eroong the very
hct nonufacturcil, and which he will id I at the
moit reasonable rn!ee. Hie Mock Inclndon alntoit
all dcriptiimi of witon largtand mall, wide
and narrow traek, Call an t ere them.
aprH74 THOMAS ItKIt.LY.
OlIN A. STA1H.ER,
I DAKLH, Mitrket Hi., ClratO.ltl, Pa.
Fieib llreed, Ruek. Hi. Ha, Pin and Cakct
on hand or made to order. A irneral Bmrt merit
of Confectionnriei, Fruiti end ule in etin k.
let t'renca and Ortri in erafsn. ISaIoi-ii acarlv
oppotlte the Poituflice. 1'ricei moderate, '
March io- in.
A. H. MITTON,'
Manufacturer and dealer In ,
Harness, Saddles ami Hi Idles,
Cellare, WMn, HrirnhM, Fly Nrti, Trimming..
Horn Hlar.keti, An.
Vacuum, Frank Miller' atiit Nratefnot CHI.
Agent for Bailey and Wileon'i HuKgiee.
Urden and n-pnlring promptly attended to,
bop on Market rtn-ct, CUnrfield, '., in room i
formerly oocupied by Ja. Alexander. ( 4 ; 1 4 ' 7 6
(lata Ocu Evan) A Co.,)
NO.IKM MARKET KTIIUI-.T, Pill I A.
Ilandf, Comi.anir,, Ac., furniahed. Pamnlee,
photograpbi and aell-meaanrinf directiona rent
MERCHANT TAIL0II8 A CI.OTllIKRH,
1101 MARKET STREET,
Joly 14, '7S.y Pbila.
NDE II TAKING.
The wnderitrned are now full prepared (o
aarry en the buiioeu of
AT REAS0NAIILI RATE",
And raepeetfotly aolielt tba patronaaa of tkoaa
BaadlBf aaeh terriaM.
JUHrl 1 HUl'TflAH,
JAMI3 L. LXAVT.
learlell, Pa., Ttk. 18, 1874. ,
THE IRIMD LCQIILATOR.
IT WH. I.CONWAT.
Or all Ilia erlatee with wbleh tbt Tempter', art
Una blaekeo'd and delilad lb. kuraaa beart
Tho moaner.! ueaima.a and tbe vlleit vile,
1 bo baaoat lta.eueaM and alia deepeat guile.
That ever llnaed a enneolaai eliMb with ehama,
lleitroyed a vliaraotor ar damned a name,
Tbe orltno of erliuea la elearly tbat wbicb aiuat
Remit, per aa, from viuLATun ratar.
Thouah Iruati are rarioua (aa all agree) .
In weight, eltent, Importanoe aod degna,
Yet itill the principle inroleed la aaeb,
( We eara net what Di.boaeaty may preaob)
Tbe pi ineiple la reooguired aa )uat
That avanr fairly delegated truat
Which, aa a truit, ll mutu'ly beli.Tad
Aa lucb imparted aad aa aueb raeelf ed-
Deipita o( all tbe argalaenta that walra
The acrupiea from tha oonaeienee of a knava,
lloaar.r deep in anhlio Uetiei akilled.)
Biiovld aa in raura and aoNaatr rixvibLio.
Tbli la tha doctrine Riuity proolaima,
Surtained by learn'd and renanated naaiM,
And tbia thedoolrina ta which Truth baa (dr.
The broad, approving eeal nf rlghteoua Ueavea.
Deitroy tbia auored principle aud thea
Caa Ju.tioe dwell ainoac thai eotia of men I
Caald paaea and order Ufa eWtewt t 4w?H J '
Or would not Earth iuelf beoume a Hell I
Of all tha truita whlob ean to man be gl? ea,
Not to loeluda tba Uieiatry of Hoaren,
Thoae truata are clearly uiiKATnar which relate
To man roi.aidered In hla aocial ataU i
There fvaulr rarer, which alwaya maat embraoa
The weal or woo of Ihouaaada of bia race.
Thine truiti are truly eaored ; and, aa auob,
C'orruptloo'a vile, contaminating toucb
Cannot pervert them, without ..reading 111
lleyond tbe baee.t purpoa. of the will
Hod ilia, ataa I whlob ia their ecope muat arge
Their dire arraira to the rcuioleet verge
Of that eooicty through which tbey .pread,
Like bitter ttatera Iroia a fouutaln bead.
Tbe Legi.lator who reeeivei a anini
Dihkot oa ininnarT though all tbe triba
Of ouauiatlc quibblera ahould anita
Tliclr ileepcat aklil to prove that black il whab,
That Leiti.lator violatee bia truit'.
Uocouiua deillod, and eearca to be juat I
'Tla trup, no man can deem It rery atranga
When mere omioxa undergo a ebango i i
Hut wbca opiniona plainly manifeet
The VAtiva und raiaeii'Lia on which they real,
And Tlir.Te are Tun confided elearly then
Opinioni tkkt tha HoNKavr of men.
Tie true the bribed apottate may proclaim
A boat of rAcra to palliate hla ahaiua
Facta well pkk.arki, to meet hla wrrtcbtd eaaa,
And mitigate the burrnre of dl.grace.
Yee, be may prov-ur try in vain to prove
That aeruploi roue reluctantly to move
Hie aglleae mind, which had, ala. I ta atriva
Again, t the fact that rwo Aan two HAaa rival
Tlma to " eonclu.lona" he waa " forecd " loeome
And darkly wrote Lie artful laltera home I
To prove bia chnecience la net made of flint,
He drop, a ly, preliminary atxv ;
e'uge.ta hie " doubt," which finally prevail,
And Ihon be halt. In "mattera of detail j "
He depreratea the epirit of the tllaea,
And aeaka of " party " aa he ahould of erimee
He mudinea hie uioliona day by day,
Ai for a total change he pavea the way ;
I, anxlnua itill to Juitify hla vlewi,
And atill defend, biraaelf, though none neeaae,
And when he hcara the biting, taunting Jtbt,
Tliie acn.ltive recipient of bribee
HclorU and plunge, deeper In the toil!,
And proudly beara hla infamy and apoila I
llefore high heaven be playa bia frautie pranka,
Ahbora corruolion I and aunnorte the Banka I
Mtill for Detnor-rary " he r.ntc and ravee,
t Ileal ot hypoorile ! ana wor.t ol knarea!
Appeala to bil "con.tltuente" I ah, why T
For tbey cunfirm hi damning Infamy.
If that haee man deteatabla appear,
On wbi.m tbe orphan, orie aad aidow'a tear
Make no iinprea.ion from whoae calloua heart
No eigb of pity or remorae ean atari
Who bnaelv cheat tha mute, confiding dead.
And drive the orphan forth to beg thair bread,
In eorrow and wreteltedncM to roam,
Kipelli-d by PnArn from ham.ine and noma
II trautl lixe Tina muat ever a. tieaniaea,
I'no greater fraud), though artfully di.gulaed,
He li . dctt.d leae abburred? becauae
Tho fraud in a.Klan, not in aaKAKiao. lawa
Una been enminltted F Then, if tbt be true,
Tbe world niay bid integrity adieu I-
Ie tbat baaa man the gulllleat of man
Who Area Borne cottega in the lonely glenT
la be not beaor, Kouity exelaima.
Who wrapa a city in devouring flamea 1
And if a watchman ! who bia guilt ean tell F
Tbat uonra run torch, and uttera,"ALl la well I"
Aud ao the Lerialalor. If be would
Take every ill and countervailing good
Which maa enjoya or anHera here below.
And juetly tialanoa human weal aad woe,
We tnuat proclaim tbat man to be the worrt
The moot deteated the molt accared
Who,, action tend, directed by hi will.
To leave on fttatea tbe grealeat weight ol III t
The bribed apo.tale, who on State would draw
The grealeat cnr.ee in the forma of law I
The and effeeta hia villainy Imparta
May reecb ten tbooaaad timea ten thoaaand aeartf.
Ah ! tbiuk of Tina, in weighing public eriiura,
n nien Injure other men in otner timea i
Ab ! think of tbia, with Jealoaay enarfear,
Nor deem tha writer wantonly never.
Crimea which lo eorrow, alarery and aoorn
Doom freemen a children children yet iganorD t
Theae are not triflea "triflee light aa afr,"
Aa bribing bank diraotAra ar. awara
If theee be triflea. why did rrondom a aoa,
The great, the good, tbe Ood-like WABHiaoTon,
nevoie ni. ine to viRilanee ann ton,
To rear a Temple on Columbia, eoll,
lleneathwhoeebigb,aad brighten.! hallowed dona.
Freedom might find a ahelter and a home,
Where every lovely virtue might appear,
"right aa ita native heaven' unclouded apbera,
Whence 1'eaoo and Order might proteetioa draw
rrom Truth and Jualioe, Liberty and l,aw r
II theae bo dreatnB or trifiea, If you'will
Then wby did Warren bleed on Hunker Hill F .
The Jrnnn the Maoistbavr, we don't deaerlbe,
Nor e'en the Enivoa who take a bribe,
Tha Bii-rRKBNca eon.iata In thi brief view
Tho evil eeeh wiriiiH ma at'iiRRR, may do.
The .ricii'.r'b the ame, 'tie ondereloud, .
From libel euita to gallaRt Cilley'a blood
Pur, blood by hrib:b and have cerruptioa apllt,
W bile aitiaiKO RAnaaaN flaunt in pride and guilt !
In pride and guilt, while lo ! the widuw'a tear !
And bark ! tbe orp liana' wailing alrike tba oar I
Ab ! who bot Qvd ean animate their pain F
Ibi-y cry to lleavea nor will tbey ory in rain I
The man who tnkca a rribr wonld atrip the dead.
Or mb the orphan of hia cruet of bread ,
tlo loat to jualice, 'Uity, and right,
Tma har would aloal ll.e aged 'widow' mitei'
II nr, pared for every kind of fraud-
Would .ell hie eoontry, or betray hia Mod,
Pillage the palace of tbe King of kinge,
Or Blrip ll.e gilding from the angel'e wing I
On aad even!, Row t'AaaiNO, do relleot,
Freemen ! be firm, and elctn, and eircuio.pont I
.et none be tru.ted who for lbe panta,
To pannier vulgar, AnrtriwAf. wanta.
Let ev'ty idle, vain and vlcluna drone
Live il bo ean bat rnrar nor uoh n ana.
H member what Time faithful record aallh,
That Carthage ., nnd fell by "rf.Ric reive !M
J be iffnn who ie unfaithful to hi truat.
However email, ie vlt.ll, .oJm.i,
And he who la unjuat in little thing.
Would be a villlan tn the court of king.
I're.ent a RRiac and down bl vlrtoe fall..
in court., or eatupa, ar Legislative balla,
TllR nRiar.n apobtatr I Ill.it hia hateful name
From each and every enroll uf boneet fame.
Let no man truat him none forbear to abed
Contempt and deep diahonor oa hia bead i
l.eteera atill point her linger and her jibe,
And .ey, Itehold the t'onaRyirn.N'OR of bribe!
Let guilele.a children, aa ba pai.ea by,
hhrink from hia touch aad abudder at bl aye.
I'd lovely women loam mm in dl.gu.t,
And .htm him lib. the reptile in th. dual.
And, whll. he vliee, let inf.mv alona
'ieim th. Hiiiaen LRntai.ATon aa bar owa
1 mil he diee, and eink Into tbe grave
To pt.iion worm, that feed upon Ibe knave.
There 'mid.t atorma, let hideona Furiee foal
Hold nightly revel, and in eonoert bowl :
Itct hle.ing aenienta make that enot their home.
And be tba wnlchlul guardian, of bia tomb ,
And when he goe to Hell, let Devila (tare.
And ak him,M WnoTHn navll. brrt Ton naaaF"
And leel ilia intnlt dean, aevera. and keen.
To ,-e a Rend, pre-eminently mean,
Mlilet bitter licvila rudely a.hered In
A foul, appalling prodigy of aln,
And in Hell'a flerot, botleat furnaee erammed
Let him be damned .uperlntiv.ly damn.d I
A nd why not damned for euch trBneeen.lealoriineF
Yea, damned eternally l.n thimmnd tima.
Knr.aaitwn, Pa., Mareh Jn, IHJM.
Slio wiir bruttliitifr hia Lair, nnd lie
unjiiyuil being 1'uhhcu over airiAgingly.
Kullmg ui li in oyoH, lie mid : " My dtiar
why wur Coluinbua, whim lio liindoil
in Amorien, liko mo now 7 eho coald
nul tell liiru, and lit) vxtiluiiicd: "llo-
i uiihc lie wan tickled nt Ihoiiig fiiiitovor.
A iiiuo Koy, cftrrjiiia; ajome
nomo Hum tno fliinji, dnippou thom.
" Ilid you break any I " nuked his moth
er, w hen ho told hor of it. "No," (aid
tlinjittlo fellow, "but tho alieiU came
"How ia it, l'ope," auld Frederick,
Prlneo of Witlea, to tho poet, Who u
iliiiliiK with liiin. "that Tou, wh& are
n hard on kinira, are bo complaisant
lo mot" "It replied the bard,
"bwaute 1 liko to pot tho lion bclbre
biflclawt ure grown."
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 5, " 1 876.
WULIAMSPOKT GTjVS AND
HOW OLUI AND IWAp" ARM MANUFAO
From tba Wllliamrport HulltUn.
Ill the large building, standing up
conapicuoumv on 1110 elevation norm
of tho citr tlioy mako L'luo and oap
and bone-dust fertilixor. It U a place
of ourioua intoreat to auch aa naro
nevor aoen tbe worlcconducteo), and
can endure an aromutio prutaure of
about two hundred pounds to the square
Inch. It ia not unhealthy, bowovor,
and tlio greatest care ia taken to keep
every floor of tho manufactory as clean
aa possible under all the circumstances.
Till VARIOUS BUILDINOS.
The building can bo soon from any
reasonably eluvated point in the city,
for it is ono ot tho moat prominent
features of tbe outskirts, and a stranger
v-.i set it Hud niinir about it bclore
he has discovered scarcely another
feature at the east end ot the city
When rou ride out to it ao you may
in eight or ten minutes you will he
surprised to find it a grout deal largor
than it has even previously appeared
It is reallv an linmenso buildinir. and
nothing short of that would answer
tlio requirements ot the btiBinesa con
ducted within. In truth thcro are
sovoral buildings. The chief ono
thut which lifts itself up so promM
uontiy, six atones nigh, with an attic
abovo, which attio is as sorviceublo as
either floor to tho oxtonsivj business
of the place. Three or four of theso
floors are used for drying glue, and are
open at tno aiuo in ortlor lo nnord
plenty of ventilation. A small wing of
this building runs eaxterly, in which
aro located the boiling Tats for both
soup and glue. Tho proprietors havo
louiiil it necesaary to extend this wing
considerably in order to afl'ord them
actually necosnary lucilities, and work.
men aro busily cnirujod in putting up
an addition which it is cxpoctod to
havo ready lor uso in tbo course ol a
month. To the north of tho largo
building is tho engine room and ma
chine shop, and beyond that a store
room for rough materials, and a place
also for boiled bones. - Home distance
from all thcao buildings to the west
ward is the warehouse, where such
manufactured stock an may be on hand
is stored previous to siupmout.
Till FIRM AND MEMBKRS.
This manufacturing establishment
is rondnctod under the nrm namo ol
J. liartles & Co., consisting of Joseph
Hurtles, John M. llradner and Albert
V. Mills. They are all young men
who aro giving their attention strictly
to the business, and it is not suprising
it should thus far havo such an excel
lent success. II r. Mills is a practical
glue maker, and, with bis coat off, is to
be lotind around tho thin and troughs
from the first thing in tho morning till
the last at night. Messrs. liartles and
liradncr aro practical biiHinoss men,
and always to bo found wherever busi
ness demands their presence. With
singular vigor they inaugurated thia
enterprise, and, although it was put
into operation six months after the
panic, and has run through ay oar and
a half of the hardest times, it lias boon
successful undertaking. With tbo
improvement of business in gonorul, it
will prove a most important industry
to this city. . ,
HOW OH E IS MAUI.
Into the first floor or basement ot
Bartlos & Company's gluo works come
ci.rt loads after curt loads ot what arc
called tanners' scraps. They aro scrap
ings trotn tho bides sent to the tan
neries, and taken off there. These
scraps are pitch-forked into largo vats
containing lime-water, and washed and
scoured for tho purposo of cleaning
thorn of all impurities. They aro then
thrown into other vats con tainingocidu
lated water, whore they remain for
twenty-four hours, until perfectly free
from lime. From there they are trans
ferred to the boiling kettles. There
aro five ot those immonse kettles, with
a capacity 0f a thousand gallons each.
Coils ot largo steam pipo aro arranged
insido each, and when tho kettles aro
filled with water and piiriueul senilis,
the steam is turned on and tlio whole
is started to boiling without' tho
slightest dangorof burning. This holi
ng process is usually continued lor
rive or six hours, when tho liquid,
which is simply liquid gluo, is ready to
run on. .Largo laucets are arranirod
at the bottom of the kettles, nnd pipes
conduct tho hot gluo around into ono
ol the lowor floors ot the main build
ng, wliero it is let into numhors of
troughs eight or ten fcot long nnd sotno
six or oigltt Inches in width and depth.
81,101 NO AND 11BVINI1.
It remains in tlif-KO until it solidifies
sufficiently to handle, when it is taken
out in cakes almost snunre. As it is
taken out it has tho nppcaranco of ta
bio telly such as is used at hotels and
restaurants, and which jelly is manu
factured in tho samo manner as glu.
These cakes aro placed upon a steam
elevator and carrioel to the floor above
where it is intended to spread for dry
ing, llefore being sproad, however,
tbey aro cut into thin sheets by means
of a simple foot-power machine, con
sisting of a frame with wires strung
across It at proper spaces. Tins niu
cnino is operated with surprising
rapidity by ono man who slices tho
gluo as lust ns it is brought up on tho
elevator, and keeps eight or tun young
firls busy taking away tho slices,
heso slices are spread with great caro
upon nota, and over threo thousand of
these nets aro in uso now by Messrs.
liartles & Co. Tho iminlicr is being
constantly increased. Tho Irames up
on which tho nets aro strctchod are so
mado that when lilted they aro piled
ono upon another in such s way as to
icnvo plenty ol room between them lor
,1 :1 ... .
uiu hi r iu uireuiuie. ji requires irom
three days to a woek for prniiorly dry
ing the glue.
TIIK FINISHING IIP.
Thoso who liavo seen gluo in anv
considerable pieces havo no doubt
noticed that tbo surface is lined off into
squares : that is dono hv tho cords on
the nets, and tho effect is sometime
very unique. As it comes from tho
nets tho glue is all in large pieces,
threo or tonr or fivo inches square. It
is emptied on tne noor and assorted ;
it appoars in various colors, somo of it
a beautiful amber, some a deep corn
color, nnd other a muddy drali. After
lying some time on tho floor to render
it cortain.it has completely dried, it is
gathered up and packed into barrels
for shipment. In packing it Is also
brokon into small nieces by a pounder
operated inside tne barrel. Tbat Is
all there Is of glue making.
There are certain seasons only in
which this work can bo carried on. In
the extremely warm weather It is Im
possible to dry the gluo, and It) the cold
weather It (Vocxeg, unless, steam pipes
are used In the operation of drying, and
tbo Williamsport establishment has not
yet prepared for that. They aft) not
so particular, however, about gutting
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
ratight on a few lots of frozen gluo, as
it is in demand tor uso on oil barrels ;
it Is preferred for that work, and Hur
tles A Co. have no trouble in disposing
of all they havo. f ho present capacity
of tho works is tw ? tous of gluo a tiny,
and by running th is through the i'uvor
ablo seasons, wl ch aro brief, about
twelve hundrod oarrela a year are
made. Thoso find a reudy market.
THE SOAP DEPARTMENT.
During tho lato gluo season not so
much soap lias been innilo, as there
has boon a Ini k of room for operations.
Tbo works artr capable of turning out
twonty thousand oundsovory twenty
fonr hour, and ' ill run up to their
full capacity so u on ns the additional
building id compt' tcil to afford room
for packing. There aro two immense
soap-boiling kettle: , one fourteen leot
deep, and ten tea: in diuinoter at the
top, which will h' , eighteen thousand
pounds of svinp, rxry.,t..itljor with nine
thousand pounds capacity. Tho soap
is pressed into Immense cukes and
then cut to tho sizes required. At
present only laundry soaps aro being
made, and it .is gratifying to say that
they havo become very popular in tho
Households ol ii illiamsport. There
are several brands, and all aro kctit at
thocity groceries. Large quantities nro
beside snipped to other points.
REOARIMNU BONEf OHINIUNO.
Stacked tip on tho outside, and iu
tho rear of tho manufactory, are largo
quaalitieg of bones, which aro some
times allowed to accumulate for months.
Theso are ultimately shovelled into an
immonsovot which is located out doors,
nnd which will hold eight tons of bones.
In there tbev aro boiled until they aro
as smooth as a school-ma'um's tonguo,
when they aro ready to grind. This
work is dono in a section of thocngino
room building. The bones aro first
run through a crusher, broken and
generally demoralized. Two men in a
day aro ablo to get twenty tons into
the crusher, but it goes as fust as they
do. After being crusliod they nro
shovelled into a mill, whoso grinding
wheel revolves at an astounding rate,
and tjiat is tho last seen of tho bones.
I his null grinds them to a powder us
lino ns flour, and will mako seven or
eight tons a day of it. This is put in
sacks and used as a fertiliser on tho
This institution gives employment
to about fifty persons, thoycar through,
and is altogether ono of the kind of in
dustries which it is vary well to cn-
courogo in a city ihnt does not yet
boast of a very diversified industry.
"SEVER GirJi UP TIIK SHIP!"
THE STORY OF COMMODORE PEIlRV's FLAO
SHIP AND HIS FAMOUS VICTORY.
A correspondent of the Cincinnati
Enquirer bus intorviowed MrT John
Xorris, tho only survivor of Commo
dore Terry's famous victory on Luke
r.ne in Ins nag shin Xjawrence, which
was lately raised, It will be remcmlicroil,
at Misery Hay, Erie Harbor, and will
probably lie exhibited at the Centen
nial. Mr. Norris is now in his H4th
year, and resides at 1'clursburg, Ken
tucky, where ho recited to his newspa
per visitor mo loiiowing interesting
1 enlisted from Mason county, Ken
tucky, in May, 1813, and was soon at
tor inustured at tho old barracks in
Nowport in a company of cavalry.
Captain John Puyno, of Vugusln, coni
inaudor. Tho company was mado up
ot men from Mason, lirackcn, Lewis.
Lomon and Fayette counties, and was
mustered in for six months. Wo woro
assigned to Colonel Johnson's tbrec
month's regiment nearly all tlio mem
bers of which wore ulso from Kcntttcy
aim wo men uegan scouring tho In
lian country towards Northern Ohio.
We stopped in Fort Meigs and iu Camp
Seneca, on tho .Sandusky river, then
n command ol benerni Harmon, and
then wo joined Colonel Hall's forces
from Maryland, nnd proceeded down
towards Lower .Sandusky. Wo vero
armed with swords and pistols. On
tho way down ourntlvanced guard was
nmbiisned by . ,,ariy ( India,,,, ,.
boring only thirteen. This provoked
an attack from our whole army, nnd
tho Indians were all sluin. After the
skirmish, as each man came filing buck
into lino, over fifty men individually
claimed to huve"bloodiod" their swords
in the hcurt of a live Indian. Each of
fifty men bad killed a savugo when
thero woro only thirteen savages to
kill. I didn't "bloody" my sword.
About this place and .Seneca wo skir
mished tho most of tlio summer, car
rying on a sort of predatory warfare.
Towurd tho latter part of tho seirsnn
Commodore rorry sent word down to
General Harrison thut ho wanted a
company of flghlinjf men, and (ienerul
Harrison dispatched a messenger over
to our company asking for volunteers.
Tho general hud tickled the pride of
us jventuckiuiis by saying wo did not
know when wo were whipped, and w hen
ho sent his messenger he sunt bint with
instructions to ask for volunteers only.
The messenger cnino to our company.
I hail been eager lo see some good
fighting befnro my six months' term
expired. As I beniil tho message de
livered, therefore, I jumped at. the
chance und was the first to exclaim,
"I nm ono to go." "I am second, "1
am third," etc., in quick succession it
passed down the line until twenty men
from our company bad volunteered
their services, ii o woro taken down
thb Sundiisky the noxt day lo Perry's
fleet, which was lying at l'oitago, near
what is now called hundiisky ( ity, and
wcro placed on Isiard tho Ctileilonia,'
commanded by Captain Turner. This
was toward tlio latter part ol August;
I don't just remember tho day. The
Commodore hud made several ineffect
ual efforts to Induce tho llrilish com.
ninndcr lo enmo out from bis strong
hold in Maiden and engage him, but
the wily old liritisherdid nut respond.
Ho maintained hisdignitv and strength
ened himself by building and manning
another vessel called the Detroit, anil
by cruising alsiut on his own side of
tho lako, out of reach of Perry. Wo
bad eight vessels and tho llriti'sh only ;
six, but these wero manned with nioro
nnd henvier guns. 1 I remember
rightly, wo bad only fifty guns, while
Johnllnll had nearly or quite sixty
nino. Early on tho morning of tho
10th of Kentcniber I was aleenintT on
the dock of tha Caledonia, and being
suddenly awakened by hearing men
una a'Aviieiiiy, a inquired ino causo.
I was told that tho long wished for
time was near at hand that tho ene
my was approaching us. With tho
naked eve I could see nnlliinir : but lin
ing profiercd a spy class, 1 for the first
time beheld tho llritish squndrou in
batlio array. , for a moment the pros
pect was not cheering, nnd my knees
in spito of me would smito oVh other.
This kind of feeling did not last long,
bowovor. Tho hurry and bustlo nf
preparation gavo no time for fear, and
wben at noon we came together my
knees woro ready to do my bidding.
Tbo blue bunting, with the words of
tho dying Lnwroneo, "Never give up
tho ship," in white leilors, was run'iip
to tlio masthead of Perry's ship, the
Lnwroneo, nud'lhoii tho terrible l.allle
began. Prior to this, und whilo drill
ing, it had generally required six nnd
eight 11)011 to move the twenty-four
pounders With which tho Caledonia was
ui iiiod; now, in tlio excitement ol bnt
tlo, three of us could load and fire our
gun as often ns ono could nn ordinary
musket. 80 long as wo saw our ban
ner flying from tho mast of tho Law
ronco, wo felt to fight like tigers.' Sud
denly, bowovor, wo saw tho old flag
coining down. Novcr could 1 forget
tho feelings I thon experienced. 1
thought tho day was lost and thut the
glory wo had dreamed of was gone. I
wanted lo dio. Yet wo fought on, but
without spirit. Meantime wo saw a
small row bout leaving tho side of tho
Lawrence manned by six men, fcnd
suddenly wo sttw au officer rise up in
that boat and fling out tbe same old
banner that hud waved from tlio Law
ronco, and then our spirit took now
courage. W 0 know that officer to be
our Commodore, nnd wo knew, too,
that the day wus not lost. Wo saw
tho frail bout making for tho Niagara,
and soon wo saw tho old banner climb
ing tbo Mugara's mast, and then a
cheer went up nnd tho struggle was
renowed. i no JN mgara pushed 111 bo
twoen '. lie enemy's iiicn-ol'-wur's-mcn,
nnd vomited forth her broadsides.
From Perry enmo tho order to tho Cal
edonia to close up nearer and let tho
onemy havo it fresh from tho mouths
of our t wenty-four pounders. Tho or
der was no sooner given than wo did
close up, and so did tho wholo lino.
The effect was torriblo, nnd the llritish
prido was soon conquered. One ty ono
tho enemy's flags kissed tho deck, and
ono by ono his guns ceased to speak,
tniiii just, ueiore lour oeiocic, tnroo
hours and fortyminutcsnftorthcBlrug-
glo begun,' the last gun was fired.
Tbat last gun was on tho Caledonia,
and was the ono manned by myself
and others, und not by .Stephen Chap
lain, ns has been beloro stated. And
it was tbe lust shot that the gun ever
fired, for she had then becomo disabled.
At her breach sho had a scam wide
onough to insert a case knifo. ThiB
seam 1 discovered, and when calling
Captain Turner's attention to it ho ex
claimed: My God, how wo havo es
caped I Another lire and wo would
have boon blown to atoms I" I know
that lifter this thcro wus not unother
shot fired, and I can recall all tho cir
cumstances. Wo on tho Caledonia felt
very proud. Wo telt proud when wo
learned of tho Commodore's mcssago,
"Wo havo mot tho enemy and they are
ours," and wefiilt proud wben wo heard
that in his official report be would say
"tbe Caledonia did nioro real damage
lo tho cnomy thhti any other vessel,"
uud my Konlucky irridu swelled, I tell
you, when Colonel Todd told me that
lie beard Commodore, l'erry say to
General Harrison, when talking of tho
nien which the latter had sent hiin, that
if it had not been lor Thoso twenty
men sent nun Irom henocu ho believed
lie would nave lost tno battle. 1 es
caped without a scratch, though on
tho deck of tho Caledonia it would
havo boon hard, alter tho buttle, to find
a sHt larger than your hand where a
cannon bull hail not dono some damage.
Tbo dead and wounded cared liir, the
dead privates heaved into tho lake and
tho officers carried ashore and buried,
wo soon alter lull tho Caledonia, and
after a short trip to Maiden wo wcro
ngam mado "land lubbers." Soon af
ter this ebango our timo expired, and
back to Washington, Mason county,
Kentucky, wo marched, whoro wo were
mustered out. In honor of tho event
a grand chutnpngno supper wus given
us, in the midst of which Captain Gra
ham, of tho regular urmy, proposed, I
think for tho first time, this toast, so
ollen quoted: "Hero's chnniiagno to
our roal friends and real pain to our
At this, an appropriate ending, Mr.
Norris co.vied his reminiscence and in
sisted upon my friend nnd myself par
taking of his Hospitality under hisown
roof. Wo wero not reluctant in ao
ncpting, and while thero wcro shown
a medal which tbo Kentucky Legisla
ture presented Mr. Xorris in I8H1I. It
is ol gold, somewhat larger than u
loiiblo eagle, nnd on ono side is rcpre-
senleJ llio battle of Lako Erie, in ro
lief,'inseribcd around which nro tho
immortal words, "Wo have met tho
enemy and they uroours." Under this
representation is : ,
Lake Krie, September 111, 1813.
On tho opposito sido nro tho words,
To John Korria, by Rr-aolatioa of tho Kentucky
February II, 14110.
Four of these medals woro struck nt
that time, and besides the ono to Mr.
Norris one was given to tho late Dr.
Tollivur, of Cincinnati; ono to James
A rlist, living near Mnysvillo. Kentucky.
but recently deceased, and onotojohn
Tucker, of Mason county, Kentucky,
who died somo years since.
Eloquent Wayside Audrehs. Sain
Smith, tho driver of tho Sonera and
Milton stngo, which was stopped by
llnvo higliwnymen near Milton, Tues
day, the' llh ultimo, delivered the
loiiowing eloquent address upon, the
occasion: "Gentlemen, I havo been a
drivor, boy and man, going on twenty
years. 1 never ditched a stago or
growled at a passonger. and. gentlo-
men, 1 nssuro you I havo hnd somo of
tlio toughest outsiders that ever hit
Huston fiirn week's chusser. in Yoscmito.
I hnvo met gentlemen oj'yourkind bo
fore, nnd 1 defy any of them to como
forward nnd sny that 1 treated them
with contempt. On tho other hand il
has been my aim to net towards high
waymen excuse mo, gentlemen,, 1
mean road ngents with Hint distin
guished consideration duo their stand
ing In society. Hence you will boliuvo"
mo when I sny that 1 havo nothing
for you this morning. Sorry, gentle
men, but tho truth of tho matter is,
Wells, Fargo 4 Co. 'a boxes nro young
poor houses on tho route iust now, and
you couldn't squeer.c a picknyuno out
ol ono of I hem lo savo your sweet
necks from tho gallows."
The Wealth op an Old llunoo
master. More than two hundred years
ago John van Katt, Jacob van Kutt,
Joshua vnn Kutt and Cnlhnrine van
Katt, children of nn Amsterdam bttr-
gomnster, cmigifltod from Holland to
this country, nnd alter their father s
death interest on the estate was for a
n long period sent fo the descendants
iu America, payment licing made in
merchandise, such as Hollands and
ironware. Thoso consignments, how-
over, ceased in conecaucnco of hesvy
.r.ii.nn uuinjf naHWHM. oil sirilllll im
ports during the war of 1K12. .Since
that timo tho Interest has boon accu
mulating In Amsterdam, and tho heirs
of the eslalo. Carman vat K alt, of New
Kochcllo, .New York, and others, have
now ascertained that fifty millions of
florins await them in tlio Orphan Fund
at Amsterdam. a
A FAMOUS DISCO VER Y.
(From tba Philadelphia Timea.
Every Palestine explorer of note has
occupied himself more or less with aU
tempts nt fixing Hie situ of Solomon's
Temple, and of tho inino celebrnled
travulers Dr. ' llobinson, I'orter, Wil
liams; Wnrren, Lowin, und I'urgiiNson
huvo each reduced the results of their
investigation to map form. None of
them, bowovor, although, their plans
bnvo obtained a certain amount of
creiloiico with ilililicul students, havo
boon able to fully satisfy nil tbo
conditions of scriptural and historical
measurements. They all, wo believe,
ngreo in locating tlio temple on
Mount Morinh, ami within tho llnruin
ash Sharif, us tho Moslems now call
tha most beautiful hill.tnpnf Jerusalem,
wooded with the cypress and tho olive
tree and adorned with niarblefoiintaiiis,
domes, cupolas, arches mid graven pul
piln. j but here their unanimity ceases.
tno iiaiiKru, or sncrea rock, wiucn
crowns tbe mountain of tho temple,
has been for them ull nn insurmounta
ble obstacle in tho way of every theory.
This pinnacle rises to n-helght of l3
feet uliovo tho lowest level of tho JJn
rani level, and around it thero is no
where place to locate un edifice of tho
mngnilicont dimensions ol tlio tcmajo,
without encroaching upon tho lunch,
boring slopes. Whorovor, tbcruforo-
cxplorcrs placed tho site of tbo main
struoturo, this mysterious rock defied
their figures and contradicted their
theories. Jt lias been reserved lor an
Annoricun, Mr. H. Jieswick. a civil en
gineer of Now York, to identify tho
Salikru iu its relation to tbo temple,
and from thut starting-point to accu
rately fix tho lines of tho temple itself,
und verify all its divisions und localities.
Mr. lleswick's method of arriving ut
this discovery is explained at length
in tho current number of Scribnrr'i
Magazine, but it wus, in brief, this :
Assuming tho western wall of tho en
closure of tho lluram ns a buso line
nnd the Sithkra as a central station, bo
mado a survey ol the various distances
and lound that bis results coincided
exactly with tho "Biblical measurements,
and saw tbat tho Sithkra, or old Hock
of Moriah, must havo occupied tho po
sition of a central cono to tlio aren,
carrying upon itn shoulders the temple
pavements anil courts and upon its
crown supporting the templo structure
itselt, in strict accordance with tho
" law of tba House," as laid down in
Er.ek. xliii., 12, and tha description of
Josephus in his "Jewish Alitiquituis"
xv., 11,3. Tho distancoot tliohnhkrn
from tho outer wall ho fonn'l to bo 2511
cubits, which doubled gavo tho total
length ot the area as figured by l.zckiel,
and bo was then ablo to identify accu
rately tho divisions of this space into
tlao Court of lsruul and thb Court of
friosls, with tho height and number
of tho stops leading up to each, and
tho area converted into tho Court of
(entiles in Herod's Tcmiile. Ho veri
fied thesa discoveries by numerous
tests, the lending ono of which was, ol
course, tho dislnnco from tho gnt to
the porch of Solomon's Toniple, which
was li.'it) cubits (3CJ.2Cfeet),orcxactly
tho distance of tbo Snhkra from the
outer wall, proving that tho temple
areu in Solomon's day was a qtind
ranglo, whoso four sides wero each 6n0
cubits in length, with tho top of tho
mountain occupying tho samo central
position ns tlio modern Snhkra. All
his nioasures, indeed, so perfectly nc-
cord with tlio hiftoricnl levels, the
senrpings of tho rock where it wns
aniMil-to ht. tho location ot the gen
erul contour of the Ilaram, that if tho
templo as it originally existed could be
reproduced it would lit upon tno rocky
surface liko a mould. Mr. Jieswick
was similarly nblc also to verify the
position of tho "Holy Place," in the
niiddlo of which stood tho "Mercy
Sent;" identify tho Sahkra whero it
was cut down to fit tho porch of the
templo ; substantiate tho assertion ot
Josephus that tho Court of Gentiles, as
urranged IvvHerod, could have had no
woslern side, owing to tlio proximity
of tho wall tlioro to tho templo area ;
determine tho site ol tho second nnd
third walls; fix tho nrociso location of
tho fortress Anlonia, wineli no places
jtt tho southwest corner ot tho site
wliero tho rock shows nnmislnkablo
evidences of having been cut to the
sliapo ol s. corner lor a structure ol this
character; and, in (ine, to trace tho
work of Nehcininh's builders from be
ginning to ond, including tho ancient
gates, towei-s, the silo ol Jiavid s sep
ulchre and tlio Jews' wailing plneo.
riilntlingas it does every condition,
meeting every tost, Mr. ileswick s dis
covery, it seems lo us, deserves to be
ranked among the most illustrious ol
tho ago, since it verifies Willi tho un
questionable truths of mathematics a
cord that, bowovor sacred in tho ci'es
of Christians, has been always open to
the charge of being cxageratcd, if not
Wholly a fiction. As to its effect, the
lenst that can lio said is that it will
rovolutioiiir.e tho whole courso ot liib-
licnl study, nnd givo to the Scriptures
a practical meaning that they liavo
never had heretofore.
What a pity that this versntilo dis
coverer did not extend his researches
a 1 it t lo farther, nnd nlso discover the
garden of Eden. He should go back and
find that memorable spot. En. Hup.
Winter Hiii.es. Never go lo bed
with cold or damp feet.
In going into a colder air, keep tho
mouth resolutely closed, so that by
compelling the air to pass circuitously
through tho noso and head, it mny be
como warmed before It renchos the
lungs, nnd thus prpvcnl those shocks
mid sudden chills which frequently end
in pleurisy, pneumonia, nnd other seri
ous forms of disense.
Never sleep with llio head in llio
draught of an opon door or window.
Let more covor be on the lower limbs
than on tho body. Havo an extra
covering within easy rqneh, in case ol
a sudden and great change of weather
during tho night.
Never stand still a moment out ot
doors, especially nt street 001110111, niter
having wnlkcd even a short distance.
Never ride near the open wmdow
of a whiclo for a single ball miimto ;
valuable lives have thus been lost, or
good health permanently destroyed.
Never put on a new boot or shoo in
beginning a journey.
Never wear Iiulin-rubbors in cold,
If compelled ta fco a biltcr cold
wind, throw a silk handkerchief over
tho fnco j ngoniry is womlerliil in
modifying tho cold.
In Virginia? -Mr, Allen Ilunnali has
married Miss Hannah Allen, nnd now
Miss Hannah Allen is Mrs. Hannah
llaniiuh, and is, perhaps, tho only wo
man in the world whoso w hole namo
can bo spelled backward tho samo as
forward. "That's whnl's tho matter
' . -
Thero am twn thousand seven hun
dred and fifty hinguagvs. ... k '.
v 1' . .. :
TEEMS-S2 per annum In Advance. '
SERIES - V0L. 17, NO. 1
I.XTOIEHAXCE IX (1ESEVA.
(From the New York World.
Genovuis not Switzerland, liii'SwIU
"iland is Ihe snug linrlsir of siil'cty for
political rofugoi from all parties of
Kuropo, and hero opinions ninV be
freely promulgated which iu ltuly,
Franco, Hussin, Gcrmuny and Austriu
are denounced .as revolutionary and
subversive of order. In 1H3C Switzer
land opposed tho demands of Count
Mole almost to tho point of war sooner
than oxpel tho relugoes who hail taken
shelter within hor borders. Hut Ge
neva is not Switzerland. In 1875 Ge
neva has expelled tbo Catbolio Sisters
of Charity in spito against tho Catholic
bishop, w ith whom tho authorities of
tlio town happoned to havo a quarrel.
This totally inexcusable act is ull of a
piece with tho Geneva lor somo centu
ries a career of distinguished intoler
ance and fanaticism. Coppet in near
uencvn, nut thn genius l liberalism
which Madnmo l'o Stool personified
lias refused to penetrate within the
city, l'estulo.zi did not successfully
cumbino the lesson of charity with bis
excellent educational scheme, p'erncy
is. right under tho walls of Geneva, but
tho spirit of Voltaire, who fought so
nobly tiir tlio Calas family, baa never
entered within tboso walls. v
Yet it would seem ns if toleration
should bo the natural growth of a place
sosiuiuted and with such a history;
tho bluo Lako Loman, withjts arrowy
Rhone ; tho sublime landscape, nn over
changing, over enchanting programme
of vivid life clinging to tho knees of
barren, desolate mountains ; the eternal
vista of peaks, cliff's, glaciers such a
land, such a scene freedom loves inevit
ably. And freedom and men have
alwaya clung hern to this, the ancicnt
cst city probably in F;unra, that was
peopled whilo yet the lako had no ox-
istenco savo ns an extension of tho
Iihofio glacier beyond there ; a city bc-
loro it woro Cic9ar s yoko ; a city when
the rude Durgundiuns mado it their
capitul; when tho Ustrogoths ruled
there, and tho Franks succcdcd, and
tho second llurgundian stalo; nnd tho
barons ond bishops ; the Counts of Sa
voy, and then, in 1533, tho republic,
five nnd autonomous, until in 1815 it
joined tlio Swiss Confederation. A
free Stato, a freo city, schsolcd in mis
fortuno, with education universal, pub
lic spirit strong and sustained, excellent
municipal policy, admirable municipal
prrctice, this Geneva should bo tho
lost tolerant ot 1 rotostant cities it is
ml lias been the most intolerant.
L'ri, Unterwald, Schwitr., Cutholio
cantons of Switzerland, fought for and
secured tho livcuoin ol all that country,
mado Helvetia, nnd naturalized liberty
and toleration thero. They, who had
defeated Charles the Bold, ulso expelled
tho Austnans, but lclt tho altars un
touched. Geneva profited by theso
exploits of Tell, Furst and Molchtul.
J ho book ot tho laws and privileges
of Genovu, drawn up by tho Catholic
llisliop Adhemar rabri, is a sort ot
Gcncvese Magna Cbarta. Under this
codo Gcnova bcenmo a great commer
cial centre, a mart and a free eify. En.
tcrpriso flocked to it; refugees congre
gated there. Among them was John
.'alvin. Calvin instituted Puritanism,
tho natural congener oi which was in
tolerance and domostic espionage. Tho
spirit of this sour and morose luw-givor
has brooded over tho city ever since.
It was Calvin who burnt Scrvetns at
tho stake, refused bread to tho starv
ing Castalis, and substituted for tho
laws ot Adhemar his own codo, for
bidding to wenr slashed hoso nnd
doublets, nnd making hair ornaments,
card playing nnd fashionable shoes
Vi'e bnvo no wish to deny that Cal
vin purified -Geneva, consolidated and
strengthened her institution, that ho
was a great rtformor nnd tho founder
of a tremendous system to wbicb the
world owes much. It cannot bo
doubted that Geneva wns a place of
safety lor the linrrassed ol 1'rotestnnt
Europe for many goneratioYis, and that
sho defended nobly refugees from
France, England, Holland, Germany,
Italy. Wo rcjoico in tho great men
who havo clustered about tho memory
of .Protestant Geneva t'alvin, F'arel,
Ueza, Troucbin, Chandieu, I'ictel, Deo-
dati, Tnrretin, Maurico, Chcnivioro,
Mulun, D'Aubigny. Wo tnko pride in
n city that wns defended by Sidney,
Siilley, Du Flcse.s, Mornny, Henri
Qiinrtro but tho ashes of Michnol
Servetus havo not been atoned for, nnd
t hey Htmnglo those who would willingly
believe in the true liberalism of Geneva.
What was dono to Servetus in 1553
wns repented, in a modified form, to
Malan nnd Gaussen in lSlli. Again it
brenks out in this t'cnr of grace 1875
against tho helpless Sisters of Charity.
A Wedding Postponed. A letter
from Washington to the Baltimore Sun
says : very much interest bus been ox
cited here by a startling revelation con
cerning a yonng real estate oporator,
connected with ono of tho most oppu
lent and respectable families in the city.
Tho young gentleman who, it was
thought, hud been remarkably success
ful in business, nnd was reputed to bo
amassing n largo tortuiio, wasejngngetl
to ho named to tho daughter of ono
of tho richest gentlemen of London
county, Ya., und tho wedding day was
fixed for yesterday. It is sLnteil also
inni more wero oiiu inviiniions issued,
and a special train of palaco cars was
engaged for tho guests from this city.
A low days sinco, however, it was dis
covered that tho constant display and
tbo lavish expenditures for which tho
young gentleman had becomo 110I0J
wcro bused upon money obtained by
tho forgery of tho namo of his expect
ed till her in-lii w. Tho amounts ob
tained are vnriously estimated from
f G.dlll) lo MU.OOO. Tho mnrriago has
been announced as "off." Tho f'uther
of tlio young man has mado convoy,
nnces ol real cslnlo to secure tho pay
ment 01 the lorged paper, and no crim
inal prosecution will grow out of the
Speaking of tbo Hrazilian yam. now
extensively cultivated in thoG ull . States
a correspondent of a Mohilo paper says :
"Theso potatoes are the tiest I havo
ever seen. They are equally ns sweet
as tho old j am, and on tho samo land,
wun same cnllivntion, will mako fully
one-third inoro than any variety I over
saw. They aro hardy and keep well
tiuring winter. 1 nave also the red
skin yam, yellow inside,' which Is cer
tainly tho best early kind tn be had.
liiey are mny six weeks enrhor Hun,
any kind obtainable."
Tho following loiter from a young
man wns lately addressed to a jndgoof
pmhnlo: "Sir My father departed
this li lo not long hence, leaving a wile
and five scorpions. Ho died detested,
und his estate is likely to prove insol
vent. I was left executioner, and be
ing told that you worqjttdgo of repro
bates, I apply to you fur letters of con
demnation." ,. j , ; ;. ; j. j ;
HELECTEi) RECIPES. '- 4
0pttr Pi'ev For? this pie,' puff pasta'
may bo uaotl.v jJuttvr deep tin two
quart basin, lino tbo bottom and sides
with tho paste, rolled to-about hull' an
inch thickness; tuku a quart or three
pihls of oysters' Irom their own liquor
and put them into tho pio, cut A quartet:
of a pound pi sweet butter in bits tho
size of a hickory nut, stvew these over
I ho oysters ; sprinkle over a teaspooa
ful ot ground popper, and dredgo them
whito with wheat flour, thon strain tho
oyster liquor over; add to it enough
milk or water very nearly to reach the
top of tho paste. Lay somo (kowoi-s
across ; roll some of tlio paslo lo nearly
half nn Inch thickness, make an aper
ture in tho cenlro to ullow tho Uum
lo csettio, ulso several small incisional
wit h i
kuilo on ell her sale 01 tho con-
tie; cover the pic; dip your fingers in
flour and pinch tho top und side pasle
neatly together. Hake nearly mi hour
In a quick oven ; draw out the skewers
belioro sending to thb table.' ' ' 1
'J'vmiito Yiiuyar.. Tul;u puo builiel
I' rilio tomatoes, wiinh thciu iu all ois n
tub, ami add one quart of molasses that
weighs eleven pounds to tbo gallon,'
nnd thoroughly' mix the whole together,
in which condition let Ahc tub stand
several days, not neglecting to livquent
ly stir the mixture in it. When a de
cided vinegar odor is given off, tho
juico should bo strained from the pom
ace, put into casks and let stand until
tlio process is completed. Vinegar thus
made is equal to tho best, ami, to suc
ceed in its niar.ulueture only require
faithfully following tho above instruc
To Malx JJard Soap. Theibllowing
is a rocipo for making hard soap, which
is said to be oxeollcnt and economical.
Nearly every family accumulates thr
tho winter drippings from beef and
mutton. Those can be utilized tor tho
grease by boiling in water, allowing it
to cool, then removing from tho witter '
and boiling till all the water is expelled.
Of courso the whitor the grease the
nicer tho sonp. Tako 6 pounds of sal
soda, C pou n.ls of grease, 31 pounds
new stono lime, 4 gullons soft water.
half pound of borax, l'ut the sodu,
limo und water into an iron boiler;
boil till nil is dissolved. When well
settled pour off tho clear lyo, washout
tho kettle, nnd put 111 the clear lyo,
grouso nnd borax ; boil till it comes t
soap, pour into a tub to cool, and when
sufficiently hard cut into burs and put
on boards to dry.
Hero is a thorough pieoo of national
ErldtM "A true hidalgo would rathor
avo his clothes torn than mended ;"
and hero is a rap at 113-pocrisy : "You
steal tho pig and then givo away the
pettitoes lor God's sake." "Horseplay,
clown's piny and pig's tail will never
make a good arrow, is quaint as any
of our own ; nnd "Under u bad cloak
thoio is often a good tippler" reminds
us of tho days of Cervantes, when gas
conading old scapegraces hung about
ovcry wino shop.
Tho following nro also very full of
dry humor : "llave a bill to pay at
Euster, aud you'll find Lent very short."
"As useless as monkoy's fut" is an old
saying of the tiittos of Indian discov
ory. "Tho tired ox treads hard" is of
Kouian origin. The following is csno-
cittliy Sponish : "Tho smith's dog sleeps
at tbo noise of tho bummer, and wakes
at the grinding ot teeth." "In think-
ing 01 love, yoa begin when you liko
and lcavo off whon you can," is an old
train very happily put. "rrospenty
forget even liithor and mother" is a
fact very sternly put.
Uood homelv Spanish selfishness can
often find a reiu gu iu a proverb euch as
"My life and soul are ut your scrvioo,
out not my pack-saddle, and "Pound
the garlic. Pedro, whilo I grate the
cbcese;" "Hctter bo tho head of a rat
than the tail of a lion;" "I don't want
it,T don't want it, but put. it in my
hood." Hero is a hard proverb, steep
ed in the morosencss of experience,
against borrowing: "Ho who lends re
covers not, 'or if no rccovors, recovers
not all; or if all, not tbe same ; and if
the samo, a mortal enemy in addition."
Some of thoso proverbs aro Tory pic
torial, as one against recklessness, tbat '
runs thus: "The glass dealer's horses
leu out, and lie looked on to soe which
kicked tho, hardest.". Many turn on
tho snyings of certain proverbial types
like "The unfortunate tailor of C'am
pillo, who worked -for nothing and
found thread." ' . .'
To judge by U10 adages, Spain lias
long been ripo for a reformation. "The
dovil -climbs tho belfry by tho vicar's
skirts," "A turn of the key is better
than a friar's promise," "Achurchstono
drops gold," "Don't take a good friar
for a friend or a bad one for all onemy,"
"Tho friar who begs tor God begs lor
two," "Whoro friars swarm keep your
eyos open," "It is always tho tools to
whom tho Virgin appears," aro not
sayings expressing much respect for
tho national faith of its most strenu
ous advocates. Nor is there particular
devotion in the saying, "From a pray
ing young man and a fasting old ono
prcservo my clonk," whilo iu tho old
provcub, "Concerning tho King and
the Inquisition, hush I" tlioro is a great
er senso ol caution than respect. xm-.
W1STER CARE OF COWS.
Too much care cannot' bo givon tbo
milch cows during tho winter months,
but it is too often the cose that tbev
nro slighted. Let ns stop and consider
tno vuiuo 01 a good milch cow during
tho winter, and if wo appreciate good
rich milk in winter as we ought,
will soon como to tho conclusion that
she is of great value. Tlio cow should
bo well anppliod with slop Irom tho
kitchen, mixed in with meal or bran.
and havo plenty of gWl bay to eat,
and a good dry led to lie on,"both for
tbo convenience of tho milker and tho
comlort of tho cow. Do not keep a
cow in a cold stahlo; see tbat aho is
comfortable. And besides this, ono
thing more is very essential, and that
is to card the nmmnl at least once a
dny during winter. By so doing they
will ho kept froo from lice. If any aro
bo unfortunate as to havo their cattlo
infested with them, a good rocipo is:
Tako puro corrosivo siiblimute two
drachma; mb down( in two ounces of
spirits of wino and add a pint of water.
This is strong enough to kill tho
vormin, but cannot possibly injure tho
beast. , ,
"Tell mo the worst, gentlemen ; am I
going to dio ?" said a pationt to a num
ber of doctor in consultation over his
enso. "Wo aro divided on that quos
tion, sir," answered ono of tho doctors;
"but there is a majority of 0110 in favor
of your living.'.'
Tho South Carolina girl who wns de
termined to marry an Italian Count
returnod to her parehts tho other tiny,
having grown weary of grinding suid
Italian Count's hand organ.
Chalet Hogs Ahead. Tho differ
enco between two niyntorioua disap
pcarancen is, Twood's 10,000, Charley
lloss 20,000 reward. Charley is 110.
000 ahead of tko Hobs, nnd still ho won
ffome homo. ' ':
PonAM.T Ho. -"An exchange aays :
It is bow staled that Kosa Tweed left
because ho vow afraid Grant would an-
Iioint blni to some office and time ruin
is chnracter beyond redemption.
Tho South Cagolinaeartbquakt skeok
lour negroes oat of a sinoko house
which was supposed to be securely
two hundred thousand, dollars worth,
of strawliorrles annually.
. r,, .