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ilitf' ntH -.... h .,....... 1,5"
.Naiiiw uy. N'm i(.i..,.t.. ........... I A
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Pric4iin:vl nrU. 5 lir Or Im,. Ytr ft M
1,'m p f I i itM.., in
VKAHf -V TlVKHTrsiCtRNTf. w
...1 As s
I atihim TO AO
I 1 oolnmn ISA AA
a. n, aonpLANPKH,
""Kh '-Su..,. I
W; C. ARNOLD,
& COLLECTION OFFICE,
tbob. k. Mt ji(t4v v . erityi rdur.
MURRAY & GORDON,
4TT0RNEI8 AT LA W,
... CIJtAUISLDf VA-
.CRIfli In Tlr'l Oprra Hnnc, iraood floor.
Will atloud 4 all baaiDOM aalraatMl to bin
piomtly and railbiull;
maar r. LJ.r. it joua w. wim.r.
WALLACE 4. KREBS,
(rlaw.xm to Wallaoa Fielding,)
A T T 0 R X K Y 8- AT- L A W,
11-12 7.1 ' ClearOald, Pa.
A. Q. KRAMER,
A T T O n N K Y - A T - L A W ,
Ural and CuIImiIuo Agnot,'
t I.KAHKIKI.I), PA.,
Witl .r.mi.llj atta. to all l.gal hminaM aa
lm.ti.it tti hi. itarv.
4roni(ifl witl. .lohn II. Falfurd, 0(.oail)t lb
mars a. a aiAut.r. naaial . n'ci'anr.
McENAXLY & MoODRDY,
husineai allendpd lu pruraptle altbj
1.lliiv. ofli'ie un Heoonil alreot, abnae the Pirrt
Natiunal Hank. jnn:l:74
Attobnbv ano Counsklob at Law,
lUrlng re.iifiied hi. Juilite.hip,
, haa re.iimed
.if tho Inn- in hi. ol.l nllioe at dear-
n-l.l. Pa.- Will attend Ib.ooorts of Jaorwn and !
Klkeiiantin alien ipNiall; letamrd in nmneelion
.tb rom.lant eoun.1. . a.n.u j
WM. M. McCULLOUGH,
ATTORSKY T LAW,
l learllcld. Pa.
w-0!tine in Court llo, (fherllTe OSlea).
kraal hu.ineaaprotapllyatteoded to.
bought and raid.
A . W. W ALT E RS,
ATIOHSKY AT LAW,
( Irarllfld. Pa.
VavOffloe la Onihniu'a Row. deea-l
H. " WT SM iTH "
A T T O R N E Y - A T - L A W ,
M:17 I'lcarrlald. Pa.
W ALTE R B A R R E TT,
Al'TOKNEY AT LAW.
mr-OIBre In Old We.lern Hotel building,
cr.ro. r of tleeond ail Market Stu. aoall.H..
fsllA EL TE8 Ti
ATTDKN k y at law,
rlliu In the Court llooae, JjH.'M
"' J 6 H N H F U L FORD,
ATTOKNEY AT LAW,
I learUeld, Pa.
pit- (iff re on Maikal .Ireet, o(,p. Uoorl Unaee,
J.o. i, IH7I. - ' -
" JOHN L 7 C U T T L E
ATTOKMEY AT LAW.
tnit Ileal Eelala Agent, Cloartlf Id. Pa.
Ollioe oa Third ureal, bel.0berr A Walnak
dr Keepeotfallv offere hie aoreloee la aelliag
ad ourlog land! In Olaaraeld and adjeinln
'oantteai and with aa aapertanaaol orertwoate
leara aa a mreajor, flatten bimtelf that be ean
render lattifacllon. tlfah, Mililf,
jT BL A K E W ALTER 8 ,
HEAL ESTATE BROKER,
4 paakra la
Naw I.okn ami Iiiiiubor,
9ra la Urahom'a Row. L .
J. J. L INGLE,
ATTOKKET-AT - LAW,
1:18 Dareola, Mearfleld '.. l'a. rpd
J. S. BARN H ART,
ATTORNEY - AT LAW,
Will praeuVe In Clearbeld and allaftheCoartior
the aolb Wuaioial ai.ineie m.i .,..
end eiilleetion of olalata raade epooialtioi. al'll
DR. wTa7m EA N 8,
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON,
Will attend profcrelonal ealln promptly. aujlS'J
DR. T. J. BOYErT '
PHYSICIAN AND SUKOKON.
. UHIce on Market Streek ClearO.ld. Pa.
4r09loe bouni to II a. in , and 1 10 p. .
j-r."e. m. scheurerT -
, Offioe ia rv.idrnea on Mark"! ek
April M,ln. lSanrldJ'n.
" T. h T K L I N E , M . D . ,
PHYSICIAN k SURGEON,
HAVINli liaated at PenoSeld, Pa., olfera bl
proleaeional eerrlcei to the peiiple of thai
pluue and aurrounding eountrjr. Alloall. praraptlj
attended lo. " oel. II If.
DR. J. P. BURC H FIELD,
kale durgevn of lhaKid R.glraenl. Peaoaylranla
Volautaara, baelng returned from Iba Army,
offer, his profeaaienal tortious to thssilltsas
rj-Pr..rj.ilonal calls promptly altsalsd to.
Office aa Seooad. .treat, fotmatlyoacapied by
Ur. Woods. (apr,Mll
' drTh sT.'v a Tnv a lz a h7
OFFICE IX MASONIC BflLUINO.
Ofllre 1inurl-From IS to i P. M.
May U, IWi.
DR. JEFFERSON L1TZ,
Will promptly attend all calls In the line of bis
FASIII0NA11I.K BAIIBEK A HIR HRKHSKR.
nhnp neat door ta Wearer A Bells' alora,
July 14, tS-y " x
UA I1RY SN Y i)ER,
(Formcrte Willi low fk-huler.)
BABKK AND HAIRDRESSER.
Shop on Market 8I apposite Court H,sa.
A aleea towel for amy euslomer. may 19, 71.
0. W. WEAVES k CO.,
DRUGGISTS 4 APOTHECARIES,
tlralrra In all kinds ef Drags, M.dlclare, Fan
cy Hoods and llruggisls' Sundries.
Ourwenaellle. March It. 176. ,
" eoeqFm. fergdson,
W. V. LIPPIBCftTT
' ' '..'. I Mnk' . -; ''
UAT8 k CAl'8, HOOTB V SHOES,
a IT Ml tarkel Streak PhlWpila, 71 IT
GEO, J. OOODLANDER, Proprietor.
VOll NO. 2450.
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Jtttlac ut tit Wim itml Perivrttvr,
CiirweiiftvUI, Pa. :
W. ALBERT & BROS.,
Maaafaotiifara A aaunitv lanlr In
Sawed Lumber. Square Timber, 4o.,
woidukd, riNVA. '
aWOrden Hileliad. 1111. ailad abort aotlat
' and.rtaionahla tvrma. -
iddrua Woodland P. 0., ClaariltM CO., fa.
all.l . W ADlkHT t BKQ8.
' ' i HKKCHANT.
PrBf:kIIK. l'teatald Cuauty, Pa
Kaafi. ooniUotlT'wi band a fall aaaortaaat a(
Urr llooda. Hardward. Srooadaa. aad arontblnf
uaaally kept la a retail atare, whiah will be .old,
for eaeh, aa afcoap aa alaaarbara la tat Maa.tr.-
rreDCbvtlla, juoa 17, iaoT-i;.
TTHOMA8 H. FORCEE,
HEN ERA L MKltCUASDISE.
Alau, eltanalta nanufaalDrer and dealer lb BquerS
TioiW and rlawed Laraberor all kinda.
iaOr.lori aollrllrd and alt hill, prompt!?
House and Sign Painter and Paper
l leardrld. Penn'a.
k,WIII eiecatejohe In hia line proinptlj end
la a workmanlike oinoner. . arr.,w
G H HALL
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
NEAR Cl.KAlU'IKLD, PKNN'A. '
jacr Parape alwar. on hand and made to order
on abort autioe. Pipve bored on reasonable tenaa.
All work warranted to render eatlirection, and
delirerad it deilred. . rajrjoiljpd
E. A. BIGLE R & CO., '
and maaut'aeturera of
ALL klWmtlV BAWKIl LIIMIIUK,
S tTJ CIKARPIKLD, PKNN'A.
, ti . . , fl Ol' -1 13HH.4n
tttMU iinu.m uijuoao a..u.Uv., . ,
Square Timber & Timber Lnnds,
jell'7:l CLEARFIELD, PA.
H. F. N AUGLE,
WATCH MAKER & JEW ELER,
and dealer in
Watches, Cloeke, Jewelry, Silver
and Plated Ware, &c,
,197I - CLEARFIELD, PA.,
abii paaban ia
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry,
SrnU'l Ham, Jforlel Ariel,
All kiadf of repairing lu my line promptly at.
anded lo. AprH Jlk l74.
i REIZENSTEIN & BERLINER,
whole! dea.cn In
GEMS' HltISHIG GOODS,
llaae removed to IS7 Chnrob elreet, between
Franklin and Wblte it... New Xork. UJJI
JAMES H. LYTLE,
Ko. I Plr'alipera House, Clearlield, Paw
Dealer ia Orooeilea, Proelrloa-, Vegetehler,
Fraite, Fluur, Feed, etc., tto.
TAMES E WATSON & CO.,
al MEAL ESTATE BROKKRH,
Il'iueee and Oflicea to let, Cnlkelionr promptly
made, aad treCclau Coal and Fira-l'lay Land,
and Town properly for aala. Oflioe in We.lern
Hotel Building 3d floor), Beoond St. myl3'7ly
IHE andenigned kegi leara lo Inform thepnn-
lie that be la now tally prepar- to aeeommo-
data all In the way of furaiihtng H..aei, Bnggiel,
Saddlea and Harneaa. on Ilia ahortaat notioe and
tn reasonable terms. Residence oa Loousl street.
between Third aad Fourth.
UEO, W. ORARIIART.
learteld. Feb. 4. IS74.
T I ME! LIME!
The uniler.igned Is anw prepared to furnish
the publle with an eicellent o,ualtty or
Bellefonte Wood-Burned Lime,
for plastering nurpnars, by Ilia largo or small
quantity. Cau ae found lor the preseut at Pie's
new building, aa aiaraet street.
cetl-tf L. K. McCULLOUGH.
The Best is the Cheapest I
Thomas Reilly baa rteeived another large lot of
"Mitehell Wagoas," which art among mo very
beet aBufaeturad, and which be will sell at the
oat rea.ena.hle raua. Hia etwik Includes almost
all dearriplieas afaegona-largeand small, wide
and narrow uaal. . inn aa f see tnem.
ai,rs 74 , TIIOMAH REILLY.
JOHN A. STADLER,
BAKER, Maikat Si., Clearlield, Pa.
Frr.h Bread, P.usb, Rolls. Plel and Cabas
on band ar made to order. A general assortment
of t'onteeltonartee, Frails and ftate In slock.
lea Cream and Oysters In seasoa. P-aleon niarly
oi.poalia Iba 1'oilolSea, meet madrrate.
A. H. MITTON,
Men a feel a rer and dealer Is
Harness, Saddles and Bridles,
Collars, Whips, rirasbea, Fly Nets, Trimmings.
Horse Illaaasta, nn. u
Vaauum, Frank Miller's aad Nealsfool Oil..
Agent for Bailey and Wilaea'a Buggies.
Ordere and repairing promptly attended te,
Shun on Market rlrect, Clearflrld, Pa., In room
formerly occupied by Jes, Aleaauder. fl:l4'7
(lata Oao Krans A Co.,)
KO. IKM MAMKETHTMEKT.PIIII A,
Rands. Comnaulcs, Ac, furalsbed. Hamplsi
photographs and stlf-meesnrlng dlrectlnna sent
MERCHANT TAILORS A CLOTHIERS,
lies MARKET STREET,
July 14, Te-ly Phil.
N D E R T A K I N G.
Tha n.lerilfnfd are bow fell; rtpard to
eairy or the bueiieee or (
; AT REASDNABLB RATB8,
And teeneoMallf aalkrll tn. patroage of towns
Bjeeatlag fnes) aarrtaaa.
" . JOB fMOTMAH,
Cl.arfleld, Fa., Feb. It, 1174. -
! fiUhwriri vv nv ''.' 'rm:nrv
I 01 TEACHISG. "
I 'lViw ln'iH w in iirtiposo lUtviiilinK tho
ut' ll.n Couniv ltiwti. ;
lull', iiiu H'iiuwti:u t (jivo h'(iiiI ut-
ti'iilimi in thi.r itU'li(Mis. ilicy will
lu imliiil in I In' f'ni'in el' fi'i'i'i'l li'HHniia. :
OIIIIANIitATIIIM or Till! HC1IIIOI..
li.;..ruh.H.IV . -
he tiuimuttod botwetn tho tuabbM
and iiiu school ofllcora, priur to the
commeneemct t of the acliool.
S. Ktnimenitc tho moj;o important
duliu to Iki iH'i'forniuti on the tiintdnv
of school. ......
4. WhYlloylil n'ti'nrkir strive to
I make a filvaxitiA biKt iniiu"
his pupils r "
i the chief advantages oO"'!? 1
5. v lint a'w
a Jjiuajmmiuii. ot uaily .exurenw. anu
'o. ik. -.I-. "ii.,-...kink .!
0. Plate Ihc pr tu ipl m tip. n htch a
pianinie should he l.nmd .
1. n hat reasons tan you urao in la-
vor of carefully adhering to the pro-
;rSn'uIB' .li. . , , ,ml
8. How would you determine the
. .. J. .. ..
average daily atteiniance : Montniyr
. ftv win
tn should the Seulinir of
the pniiils bo dclermini'il, and why 1 j
1U. In what manner oiint all tnei
moveuieuts ut a wiinol to he made 7
What reasons can you (?ive tiir your
II. ilow olten and in wniu manner)
should the roll he culled ?
12. Of wlmt use are school statistics
ol attendance ? Upon what does their
value depend ?
1.1. lu oi'iruni'.mir your school wtiat
it'ovision would you make for sei-tu iiig
order? Neatness? Industry?
1. What is the ditlereiicc, if uny.ho-
tween tho soul or mind and the intel
lect? I'mlcr what three divisions is it
most convenient to consider the mind
or soul ? ,
3. What is meant by the sensibili
4. What by the intellect?
5. What by the wjll?
G. Name some of the sensibilities.
7. .Mention some of tho means by
which teachers may injure tho aensi-.
bilities of children.
8. What do you rcL'tml as the slrouir.
est incentive to good actions hy young
9. What is the difference between
apiii ity and susceptibility ?
iU. What is a lucully T
11. Ilow many anil what are tho
lasses of the iutillectuul laculties?
12. Expluin what you mean by each.
13.. To which of theso classes does
memory belong : Keasiiu t j uilge
nicnt? Imagination? What is the
distinction between recollection and
14. hat is consciousness 7
15. What is sense-perception '!
111. What do you ineuii hv observa
iT. WllAt fucultlcrt ere the cnlltcot
devi'loned in the child 1
IB. ilow may Itieso nesi ne culti
11). Jly what means would you cul
tivate the imagination?
20. What relation does tho cultiva
tion of the imagination sustain to mor
21. What is the relation ol attention
to memory 7 Name some l the anuses
22. Jlow woulil you seen to lorm
tho habit of attention in your pupils ?
23. Vt hut do you miun by u concept ;
24. What relation does assooiation
sustain to memory?
2.). in what ways may a teacher
cultivate the powers of association in
his pupils 7
20. w hat can you suy ol mo impor
tance of this faculty in its relations to
other mental phenomena?
27. Upon what (Iocs the viviiincss
of mental impi'essioiis depend ?
2. I pon what noes their perma
nence ilepenil !
2'J. W h v ought not students to study
lute at night?
30. n hut are some ol the conso-
nueiices of over exertion in mental
31. Wlmt rulus would you give res
pecting Uie duration of mental labor?
M. n ny ougni vigorous pnysicai
o.xorciso tt accompany severo mental
'MORALS A II MANNKHS.
1. Whut do you' understand by the
moral faculty r
t. Whut is the nature ol conscience t
3. Namu several of the moral senti
4. Ilow would you endeavor to form
tho habit of truthfulness in your pu-
0. Jly what means woulil yon bock
to collect the hubit ot falsehood !
6. How can a teacher best lead Ins
pupils to the practice of kindness?
7. Jly what methods would you seen
to correct prolanity i
8. hv are you hound to keep your
v. ilow would you lead your puptis
to an habitual resisxt lor the property
ol another ?
10. but would be yuur treatment
of eases of hypoerisv tend doeeption ?
11. Jlow would you inculcate tno
spirit ot patriotism I .
12. n uul would no ynii r meuioii oi
treating a quarrclsomo disposition?
1J. Ilow may courteous manners ue
best cultivated 7 '
14. What Is tho difference between
rcputution and character?
15. Would you attempt to relbrm an
inordinately conceited pupil? If so,
10. Mention some of tho more prom
inent evils resulting from carelessness.
17. What proportion of the acci
dents of lilo do yuu conceive to be tho
result of carelessness?
18. Have you any well mat u ml plans
for breaking up this habit and replac
ing it by the oiiposito charucter 1
l'J. llo von think that this kind of
culture comes wilhiu the sphere of the
teacher' duties and rossiisibilitic?
If not, please syito tho reasons'.
20. 1'lcasT) state what it implied by
symmetrical development in education,
with mural eulturo omitted.
21. How may the powcrof conscience
bo strengthened f
22. In what way may a teacher
wound the sense ofjusllce of his pupils?
23. Name some of tho more serious
consomienccs of nealcctine the cultiva
tion ot the morals and manners of the
1. Nunie four of tho more imwir-
tant obieits of lh recitation.
2. Which of these objects do you
regard as first lu the order ol time
i. What is meant by lie tluvolop
metit of ideas?
41. What la tho best method or do-
5. Upon what basis alone ia it pos
sible to develop now ideal in the mind
of the child?
CLEARFIELD, PA ,
li. Ktuto what yon oonsidtM la be tliu I
' tmo onlr oiiuitiii'o in tin roHpct. .
'17. Kxnlniii tlio lornu cnncivto uittl
nl - atnitt, mid ir-vt- nn cxuniitloufuHch. !
H. I.lvt. tin ilhiKtltitioii nt iviisrHilnir't!
ftoni I lie known to thai unknown,
!l. (live nn 'simiilii of the ini'iilnl
iiroi'rsn' of iinini; lit)in tin' iniiK' In
ci - niintofiiUivBiotlioiiwc.J lant4u!f
: l'"ri v.r....
11. Wlmt valuable purposes arc tab-
served-by spending a portion of a reci
tation in ruvicwlnjt previous lessons?
12. How may ,he power of associa
tion be rulMvrth'd in tho reiaitnlion ?
JUmory! Comparison? Judgment?
- 13. lo'ro-tlio extent, and accu
racy of tho attainiriunts of the 1pils
the rooitaiion r
inn arlial nnpa Ihn.vn liant our
,. " j. A.
15- Hw l'10 attainments of a
, , , , . ,(m ?
r J .. . , . :.
17. How aro the habits of study ol
,, .. . , . ,. '
the li nn a to he flctcrin neil 111 Ihu IV.
18. Why should tho teacher make a
cnivfnl special preparation for each re
10. in what should this preparation
, 20. What serious evils result from
tho fui lure of teachers lo mako such
21. What do you Tnean by a sketch
of a lesson ?
22. How would you aim lo correct
wrong habits, of study in a pupil ?
23. (iivo an example of n wrong
method of study ?
24. Why is u persistent concciitra
tion of the attention necessary to pro
fitable study 7
it liul mental injuries result tl'mil
the opposite hubit?
2G. Whut is a direct question? A
hailing question? An alternative ques
27. Why should they be generally
28. In what way would yofi culti
vate sclt-ruliancc in pupils?
2!V What opportunities are present
ed by the recitation lor cultivating the
niiirul faculties of the pupils?
30. What should he the length of a
recitation in a sccomlary or interme
diate class ?
.11. What can you say of tho value
of judicium criticism in a reoitation?
32. Why should ateacherencouiii;e
33. For what pttrpnsu would you ro-
quirn frequent t,opieid recitations in ad
vanced classes :
t. How would you prevent your
pupils Horn reciting in tho language ol
the text books?
35. Whut aro the chief objections to
class records 7
3G. In wliatjnanuer would von re
quire your classes to more to ami from
the recitation? Why?
37. What aro the benefits resultinif
Horn u vigorous siyie ol conducting re
38. To what extent should teachers
use text-books in the recitation?
30. Why should tulkiiiir in a loud
Ludo of voieo be avoided before a class ?
40. Why should recitations bo closed
promptly at the expiration of the ap
1. What are some of tho serious
evils of frequent obuiigea of teachers?
2. W hat evil consequences now from
a failiiro of school officers to visit tho
school anil support the teacher?-
3. n by ought parents and school
officers to visit the school olten ? .
4, At what timo does tho authority
ol the toucher over the pupil begin and
and for tho day ?
(). li y is there no economy in tho
occupancy of old, inconvenient and di
lapidated school bouses?
b. it bat objections can you name to
the use of school houses lor ixihlic
7. Ilow would you prevent your pu
pils from cutting, dclaciug anil destroy
mi: the school building, lurnitim' and
other property ol the school ?
8. N hut ore tho good results (lowing
from a prompt and regulur opening
and elosiiiK of the school each day I
II. hy should a teacher bo prompt
and orderly in Ins management of a
10. Whut aro soino of tho bad con
sequences of a contrary policy ?
11. JMuno somo ol the more serious
evils of a peevish and fretful temper on
I be part ol a teacher in school.
12. Why is sell-control in a teacher
tho basis of all proper control ovor his
14. Mention somo of the more im
portant means to bo employed at school
in the formation of good tiuliils.
15. To what extent is a teacher re
sponsible lor the habita of bis pupils?
. SCHOOL DISCIPLINE.
1. What is tho meaning of the word
discipline? " i
(Seo Webster's Unabridged.)
2. What aro tho two leading objects
of discipline in a school?
3. What motivcssliould bcndilivsscd
as incentives to right conduct in tho
4. Muntion somo of the mcentivos
to right actions that you conceive to
bo superior to tho fear of punishment,
and glvo reasons.
a. What Is thosourooot an oanoon
li. What relation doe constant and
useful employment sustain to tho good
conduct of pupils and the good order
of a school 7
7. What relation does a comfortable
and pleunant school room sustain to
8. hy ought the icacner to iiihku
tho school room and its exercises at
tractive to his pupils?
II. What relation noes oao air sus
tain to the disorder of a school?
10. What has the poor health, cither
of the teacher or his pupils, to do with
a disorderly school 7 '
11. Vi by is a careiuiiy revtseu sys
tem of school management necessary
to secure good order 7
12. Wbv are firmness and cohsiston-
cv of character in me leaciicr inuis-
. , , li-
nenai o to tno same result r
11 Ilow tloes a carefull? dovised
and faithfully exoentod programmo of
!.-.!- i.. ....i m -,.r.,.rr.
rwillllioi. ...... n.u,.v .v T -
14. Why It a noisy and boistorous
manner in the teacher promotive of
15. How does a Brm and quiet de
meanor tend to Uio opposite result?
10. Why should corporal punish
ment rarely bo used ?
17. Namelucb modes of punithmcnt
us you deem improer la a achool.
l& When should a penalty bo Im
posed lu private, and when in pretence
nf the nrhool ?
19. How mucl) of leacher't time
should be devoted to government?
50. What do yon tntok of the plan
PRINCIPLE!, NOT MEN.
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1875.
of ilctnltnn piiift ut nvcm nml ntlr
ir unit fumiiK'i ur iivi;mti ii
Hy wlmi iwiim wimiI.I you w
mvmit tuning ntul ill
I' ' Wlmt lire !-onit of the evils ol
tl.oui, Liitl Ituliituf .
23. Trt what txlent uro puil nts re
sponsible for titnliuuss and ubsKiu c?
24. liy what nlcaiis would you seek
to form studious habits in your pupils ?
25. Why should the aiin of ull rov
crnmcnt bo to promote self-control ?
20. What is tho only sure foundation
of self-government In the community
or state ? I '
27; How can a teacher who fails to
control himself saenro self-control in
his pupils? !
VENTILATION UF SCHOOL ROOMS.
1. W hat arc thi constituents of the
z. in wnat TTnTkrvs mese ronsiuu-
cuts associated ?
3. Whut is the odlco of oxygen III
4. What is taeusr of nitrogen in the
5. W but won Id bo (ho effect ol breath
ing puiM oxygen?
li. it hat ol innalisg pure Ktrogen r
7. What is the eoiniiosilion of car-
8. Name some of the more common
forms of carbon?
11. W but aro some of.tbo more coin
mon sources of carbonic ucid gas?
10. W hat muses tend to produco it
in tho school room?
11. Nnmo some of tho more injuri
ous effects of tho inbnlution of impure
air by pupils.
12. vt hat is the enect ol carbonic
acid, upon tho throat when present in
1.1. hat uro its effects upon the
II. How does it afl'ect the mind?
15. What other combinations of car
bon and oxygen aro deleterious to'
10. How does the effect of cuibonic
oxido upon the animal economy differ
from that of enrboniu acid ?
17. Why is its presence more dan
gerous t hun tho latter?
18. What diseases aro likely to be
produced by fuul air in the school
19. How may you account for tho
frequently dull and stupid condition of
children in school?
20. How many cubic feet cr hour
of pure air are ncccssaryto tiie health
of an adult?
21. How many cubic feet of airspace
should bo allowed for each child in a
primary school ?
22. What relation should the meth
od of healing a school room bear to the
23. Why is a room heated by direct
radiation alone, difficult to ventilate?
What is the best method of venlilutinn
in tho summer time?
24. How would you aim to secure
sufficient Ires li uir in case no system
OI. ""aunn were provided in your
I m.,ir.l loom t
25. W hat aro tho atlvuntnges of a
smull tire place and chimney, or an air
tube anil register, leading I mm a school
2G. What aro the disndvantui;es of
lowering tho windows during scliBol
hours? VI hut are tho objections, it
any, to opening the doom and windows
at recess ?
27, Why is it necessury to provide
for tho admission ol pure uir intou room,
us well us Jbr tho expulsion of foul air
28. Why should not cold aircurrcnts
be allowed to strike tho children ?
29. A tubout whut teniporature should
the uir of a school room be held ?
30. Whut aro some of tho mora in
jurious effects of too warm rooms?
31. ti by should ovory school room
be provided with a good '. Iiormoinctor ?
32. Why should somo means for
evaporating an adequate amount of
water bo provided in coiinoetioir-wilh
tho beating apparatus?
33. Why do candles, lumps. Ac, burn
dimly in crowded and ill-ventilated
34, Whv is it dungoruus to burn
..i i i. i i.. ..i
ClltirCOll! ill lilt UJICIl YCPBV1 III U l iorw.-
35. Why is it dangerous to descend
into old utid unused wells, vaults, and
other deep places ?
30. What precaution should always
be observed betoro eiitoringsueh places?
37. Why should tho exit for the tout
uir of a room bo neur tho floor rather
than the ceiling?
38. Why should the wurm und pure
air be admitted near the floor?
39. On what condition is it possiblu
lo expel loul air from uii upariinent ?
40. Why is it better to slightly
lower the upper sash than to be de
prived of pure air?
41. Upon tho operation of what luw
of gases does this method of ventila
tion lend to improve the quality of tho
air in a room 7
42. Explain what is meant by the
diffusion of gases.
43. What proportion of deaths among
the human race do you suppose results
either directly or iadirtiotly Irom foul
44. How far are teachers responsi
ble for tho proper ventilation of the
45. How fur aro teachers responsible
for thoirevoleneo of correct ideas up
on tho subject in tho community?
4fl. To what extent should teachers
bo held responsible for the health of
47. What uxcuso have touchers lor
ignorance iqion theso subjects ?
48. What is your opinion ot those
who flssumo the' ivsponsihility of tno
teacher without properly quolilying
themselves for their duties r
No Place roR Him. A very close
fisted shoemaker was a great exhorter
in church, and although very loud in
talking of charity, ho w as not quite so
last in bestowing it. Jle was continu
ally drumming his acquaintance for
their work and could never seem to
got enough, so eager was ho for money.
Olio evening ho was exhorting in the
church, and expatiating upon the beau
ties of Heaven, how deligtful a never
ending life shall be there. After ap
m.nlitnr In the unifiidly to como forward
lor prayers, he snt down, and old Tom-
mv Uenton Lrot IIP. 1 nis wan a ei'h
, ,". fiir k. WM
IIIU UljnifU tvw wj. wi nyw-.j ,
looked iikmi m a pretty tough case,
anil lifid liuiir been iriven un by church
lo. "llmthcr Cbnhb has boon tell-
i tig us all about heaven," said ho, "but
however nico it may bo lor mott peo
ple, I don't seo how he ia going to en
joy it. 1 V0 eoen a grout inanv
lures ot angels, out iney wervi.
r,w,t..,l ami il there ia to be no aboe
making there, I fear that Brother
Chubb will be like a Bsb out of water.
The onlirj congregation aaw the point,
and although this happened several
ream am. Chubb hasn't heard the last
Uw it yet and probably ntw will.
FORTY FOURTH COSGRES8.
linr ill BinAiunn
HKNTATlVKft OFriCIAl.l.Y (HlHHKrTF.lt
HY THE f'lllkP CLERK.
Tho regulur session of the Nulionul
Legislature began on Monday, Dcecm
ber 0, 1875, and tho following llt of
Senator and Representatives will be
convenient for rolercnce. Except the
Pinchhuck matter, all is settled in the
Satiate, In the House, there is a va
cancy In tho Fourth Tennesseo district,
caused by the death of the Hon, John
W. Head. The lion. Samuel M. Fite,
who was then elected to the seat, died
at Little Rock, Ark., a few weeks since,
and there Is still a vacancy :
Republicans, 44 ; Democrats, 28 ; Inde
pendents (small caps) 2. .
oT'eres. coi e. AWs. tfmmM. feres.
Alabama...... 1SST1 1S7T (Ian. 8oldtkwalta..Dea.J
ISM 18. Deo. K Spencer... K"
Arkansas..-. 171 IS7I Powell Cleyton...-Kcp.
173 1K7S 8 W. Dorsey Rep.
California 1H75 lied Nnwioa Boots Ind.
' Pi7 1871) Aoroa A SargeaL.ltep.
Connecticut.. Ifii 1881 Wm. W. Kslon Dam.
1874 187 James E. EBgllsh..Dem.
Delaware IM 1 HSI Thus. F. Bayard... Dem.
1871 1S7T EH Saul.bury Kan.
1881 Charles W.Jooee..Kep.
1HTS 8. B. Couover Rep.
1877 Thos.M. Norwood. Dem.
1879 Jobs B. tiordoB...lem.
1877 John A. Logan-... Rap
187 Richard J.OglosbyRrp.
1981 Jos. K. Mcbonald.Dera.
187a Oliver P. M.rton..Kep.
1877 Hao. U.Wrighl....Rcp.
I87H Win II. Alli.oa....Hep.
1877 1. M. Harvey ......Hep.
I87S John J. Ingalis Hep.
1877 J- W.fltcvsosoa...bcm.
',I7 Tnot.O. MeCreerybem.
1877 J. Hodman WesL..ltap.
1881 llanalsal Hamlin. Rep.
1877 Lot M. Morrill. ....Krp.
1877 II M. Iloutwell Rep.
IsSI Heoiy L. Dawes. .Hep.
Marjlaod....l87 1881 Wui.P. Whyle Dem.
187.1 187a George K. lleuaia..Dem.
Michigan 187a 1881 I. P. Chri.tiancy. Hop.
1871 1877 Tbos. W. Ferry....Kep.
3diBBetotn....l87a 18-1 8.J.H. McMillan-Hep.
1871 1877 Wm. Wiudoia Hep.
Mississippi ...187) 1881 B. K. Bruce Rep.
1871 1877 denies L. Alcora...Hrp.
Missouri 187a 181 F M. l'ookreU...-bem.
187 187V L. V. Bogy..; Dem.
Nebraska..-. I7i 1881 A. B. Paddock..... Hep,
1871 1877 P. W. Hitchcock.. lie,..
Nevada I: 181 Wm. Sberoa .Kep.
I71 I87 John P. Jonca Kep.
NJlsmtilMrolStla 1877 A.H.Cragia .Hap.
1871 I 'll II. Wadielga Rep.
New Jersey.. 1 075 1881 T. F. Randolph. ..Dem.
18SS 1877 F.T.FrelinghuyaanrUp.
New York 1 "74 1881 Fraacia Keruaa...Dem.
IKST 187tf Hoscoe Coaklia....Kep.
N. Carolina.. .1871 1877 M. II. Hso.oa.-. P.m.
187- 1879 A. S. Merrimoa....bem.
Ohio 1869 1881 A. U. Tburmaa.,..Uem.
IStil 1879 Joha nbermaa Rep.
Oregon ..1871 1877 James K. Kelly.. ..Deia.
1874 189 John H. Mitchell. beta.
Pennsylvania 1874 1881 Wm. A. Wallaca..llem.
'814 IH79 fiiaiaa Cameron... Rap.
Rhode Island 1874 1181 A. K. Burnslde Rep.
1849 1877 H- D. Anthony Rep.
8. Carolina... I8AS 1879 T. J.R,bertsoo....Kep.
1873 s;9 JobnJ.Pettortun-Hop.
Tclm..eec...l74 1881 D. M. Key Deal.
1871 1877 Menry Cooper..... Dem.
Total 1874 1881 M. B. Malay .Dem.
1879 1877 M. C. Uaaarua... lad.
Vermont 18SA r.gl Uao. F. EdmaBda..Hep.
1817 1879 JostinS. Morrill.Kep.
Virginia. ...... 1874 lisl H. K. Withers Dem.
1870 1877 JebaW. Johnston. Dem
W. V!rgin!a.l87 1881 A. T. Ceperua....Dem
1871 1871 Heury U. bavla...Deia'
Wisconsin. ...1875 I8SI Augua Cameron. ..Hep.'
1l 1879 Timothy O. Howa-Kep
Repuld loans - 44
Republicans (marked R.), 107 ; Dem
ocrats (marked 1).), 178 ; Independents
(marked 1.), 6. One vacancy exists in
Tennessee, caused by death. The as
terisk () indicates members of the lust
Conitress re-elected. Tho C. stands
t Jere. Haralsen, C R 4 Joho II. Caldwell, D.
S J. N. Williams, D. t O. W. Hswilt, D.
S Taul Uradlurd, D At I II. B. Lewia, D,
4 Charles llayce, K. L. Wm. H. Koio.v, D.
1 Lucieu 0. flause, P. 1 Wm. II. Wiltshire, D.
3 Wn.P.BIcmiaoni.D. 4 T. M. lluntar, D.
1 W. A. Piper, D. ' I "J. K. l.etlrell, D.
F. Page, K. 4 P. li. WigginluB, D.
1 Q. M. Lenders, P. I II It.Sl.rlweatber.R
1 Jamee Pbelpa, U. 4 Wm. H. Barnnm, D-
Jamra D. Williams, D.
1 W. 1. Puman, R. Jo.leb T. Walls.C. R.
I Julian Harlridge, D. I Jaa. H. Blount, D.
1 Wm. K. -lol.b, U. 7 Wm. II. Feltoo, D.
1 cphilip Cook, D. ' I A. II. Stephens, D.
4 II. U. Hams, D. t UeaJ. II. Hill, l.
li M. A. Candler, D.
I II. O. Caalfleld, D. II Scott Wlka. D.
I I'. II. HerriaoB, D. II Wm. M. Springer, D,
"C. B. Israeli, R. II A. K. rjlevoneoa, D.
4 S. A. Hurlburt, R. 14 Mo". U. CanaoB, R.
4 ll. C. llarcbard, II. It "John R. Kdea, D.
T i. Hendcrsos, B. 14 Wm A. J. Spark', D.
7 Al ar. Ciii-iul, I 17 R. Marrlsoo, V.
5 "O. L. F.,.1 K. II Wm. Haruwll, D.
9 H. II. Wbitb.ng, R. 19 W a. B. AsDBaaoa, I
10 Jona C. Baoav, 1. .
1 Ilcnonl 8. Fuller, D. I M. C. Hunter, R.
t J. D Williams, U. 9 "I bl. J. Casoa, R.
1 'Micbeel 0. Kerr, D. 10 Wm. 8. llaymeod, D.
4 Jepiba D. New, D. II James L. Kvaaa, R.
t "Wia.8 Hoimaa, D. 11 A. II. Hamiltoa, D.
4 M. 8. Hoblneoa, II. II John H. Baker, R.
7 Frankha Laaders, D.
I aa. W. McCrary. B. t E. 8. Bamptoa. R.
1 John q. lulls, R. 7 Moha A. Kessoa, H.
L. L. AiBsnonh, D. I Mss. W. Hcb.il, R.
4 II. 0. Pratt, H. I Addisoa Oliver, R.
9 .lam.s Wilsoa, R.
1 Wm. A. Phillips, K. 1 Wm. R. Brown, H.
I JohnH.UoodwiB, D,
I A. R. Boone, D. Tbos. L. Junes, D.
1 ajoha Y. Urowa, D. I J. rt- 0. Blaekbara, D.
1 (.'. W. Millihea, D. I aM. J. Durham, D.
4 J. Proctor knoll, D. t J. D. While, R.
Kd. (. Persons, D. IS Joha B. Clarke, D.
l' R. L. Ulbsoa, D. 4 Wm. N. Levy, D.
1 K. Julio Bills, D. 4 aprank Merey, R.
I "C. U. Darrall, R. C. K. Naak, C. IL
I U. Burleigh, II. 4 II. M. Plalsled, R,
t m. P. Frye, H. I cBugeae Male, R.
.1 ajauiea U. Ulalua, R. (
1 P. F. Thomas, D. 4 'Thouis. Saeaa, P.
I Chea. B lUoerts, D. I Kit J. Hrnhle, D.
"Wm. J.O'lliieB, D. William Walsh, D.
I W. W. Crape, R. T Jobs K. Tarbal, D.
a aiu.1 W. iluria. R. I W m. W. Warrea. D.
I "Usury L. I'leroe, K. "Ueorge F- Hoar, H.
4 Kulua H. Frost, H. 19 J. U. BBBLTn, 1.
4 N. P. Uaaas, 1. II ('. W.l'baptn, D.
t JC, P. Tbumpeeu, D.
a "nicstuas 9.
I A. 8. Williams, D. i U. H. bursas, D.
1 "lleary H aldraa, R. 7 "O. D. Conger, R.
a e,i... U iti.nl. K. t UN. B. Bradley, K
a Allen Potter. D. t "Jay A. Hubbell, B,
b "Wm. B. Williams,R.
I sKsih H. Punoell.D. I Wm.8. King. R.
i "HoraoeH. Strait, H.
a t. ii n l-t.ee. D. a O. R. Biaaletea. It.
Ill W.Wells. H. . fl Charles H. Mwoaer,D.
I II. B. Moaey, l. HodarK nasi, D.
1 Edward C. Kehr, D. I JlenJ. J. FrankHn, ,
t "krastas Welle, b. 9 Vend Haa, D,
I "Mm. II. Stoae, D. It H. A. Da Bolt, O.
4 "U. A. UateBer, U. 1 1 . Mara, or., -.
t "a. P. Hiaad.D.
fl C. II. Moraea, 11.
ll ajeae M. Ulcer, D.
II "A. H. Maakaar, t.
t Joba F. l'billpa, O.
Urcaso Crasea, B.
William Wanlkeari, R.
I fl..aalN.k.t,D. I E. W. Blalt. B,
X Frnek Josm, P.
saw insane 7.
I C H.fHaoletioa.H. t Aug. W. fuller, D.
I ON. A. Hobble., R. II V. It. Tease. P.
3 Miles Roas, O. f 1 A. A. llardeehergli.D.
4 "Robl. nomlllea, D.
I II. B. Metoetf. D. IS Andrew trillions, 11.
t J.O.hVkumeter, D. 19 'fa. A Wheeler, It.
.1 8. B.Cumtanua, I. " H. H. Ilathorn. K
4 AM. Bliss, II. 91 Samuel F. Miller, It.
t Idaia It. Meade, D. .1 Meorgc A. llagley, R.
asareucl 8. Coi, D. IS Rnau Lord, P.
t Bmlth Ely, Jr.. 0. 14 Wm. II. Baker, R.
Klllak Ward, D. ti I.W.Laaranwartl ,R.
Ksreaade Wood, D. : 0. D. MeDoagall, K.
10 A. 8. Hew lit, D. It E. O. Lapbam, R.
11 Ben). A. Willis, D, It T. C. Piatt, R.
II N. A. Odell, O. 19 C. 0. 1. Walker, D.
II aj.O.Whll.heeas.D. M John M. Davy, ft.
14 Oeorge M. Beebe, O. II 0. O. Hoaklna, R.
It J. Baglay, Jr., D. M "Lym.n K. Basa, R.
It Chu. II. Adams, R. M N.lsoa I. Morton, Jl.
IT M.I. Towneend, R.
BOKTR C4SOWS4 I.
1 Josh 3. Yates, U. A Alfred M. Hoeles, D.
1 1. A. Hytnao, C. R. fl Tbo.ea 8. Aska, V.
t A. M. Weddall, D. ? Wm. M. Robblas, D.
4 Jasaph 1. Davit, D. I "Robert B. Vaaae, D.
,t. .,., anu ja. ... ....
1 ajHItea Sayler.D.. II Joba L. Vance, D. '
'l an. B. BaBBina. DT II Ansel T. Walling. D.
1 Joha 8. 8avage, 11 U. I. SoulherJ, D.
4 J.A McMahon.D, 14 Jacob P. Cowan. D.
t A. V. Riee. D.
IS N.U.VnaVarbea, R.
Frank II. Hard, D.
T "L. T. Nasi, D.
t "Wm. Lawrence, R.
9 E. F. Popnleloa, D,
It "Chariot Foster, R.
IS aLefcoeo DaBford,R.
17 L. L. Woodwortb, R.
It Junes Monroe, H.
19 Jamaa A. UarHeld, R.
ti Henry B. Perec, D.
Lafayette Lane, D. e
1 Chap. Freeman, R. li Joseph Powell,
I "Charles O'Neill, H. Ir) "8obieske Hoss, K.
1 "8. J. Kandell, D. 17 John Keilly, D.
4 "Wm. D. Keller. R. IS Wm. 8. Btengtr, D.
t Joha Robbias, D. 19 Leri Maisb, D.
"W. Towasend, K. 29 Lerl A. Mackey, D.
7 Alaa Wood, Jr , K. II Jaaob Turaey, D.
euieitar Clymer, D. 31 James II. Hopkins, D.
9 "A. Herr Snub, R. ! Alei. II. Cocbran, D.
10 Wm. Mulehler, D. 24 Joha W. Wallace, H.
tl Francis 0. Coliln. ,11. 11 Oaorga A. Jraks, D.
II W. W. Kctehum. H. IS James Sheakley, D.
II Jamaa B. Heilly, D. 27 Albert it. Kuban, D.
It "John 0. Packer, R.
BttODB IBLaSB 2.
1 "lien). T. Eamee, R. I Latimer W.Ralloa,R.
. eaiTnasoLtBa fl.
1 "J II.RalBey.CR. 4 'Alet. S.Wallaaa, B.
1 K. W. M. Mackey, D. a Rcabea Smalls, C. R.
I 8ol. L. Iloga, R.
e Tsaasaass 18. .
I Wm. MoK.rl.ad, D. John F. House, D.
a). M. Tbornburg.R. 7 "W.C. Wbill borne, D.
1 Ueorge II. Dlbrell.D. fl "J D. C. Alkine, D.
4 Vacancy. t Wm. P.aldwell, D.
4 "John M- Bright, D. Id H. Casey Yoiiag, D.
I John II. Reagan, D. 4 "Roger Q. Mills, D.
I D. B. Calbersoa, D. fl "Joba Uaacocb, D.
I J. Tbreekmorlen, D. Gee. Schleicher, II.
" . enanoBT I.
, I Charles II. Joyce, R. fl Oeo- W. Header, R,
I u. I,, iwinieen, n.
B. B. Donglaas, D. John R. Tocher, D.
3 ejnka Ooode, Jr., D. 7 "John T. Harris, D.
t Ol'bertC. Walker, D. "Eppa Uuauo, D.
4 "W. H. H.Btoall,R. t William Terry, D.
i Ueorge 0. Cabell, B.
wast vinniBtt 1. .
I BrnjaiaiaWllsoa.D. ( "Freak fterelord, I).
1 Cbaa. J. Peulbner.D.
1 "C. tl. Williams, R. a B. D. Borrkerd. D.
1 Luelaa B Caswell, R. A. M. Kimball, R.
I Henry 8. Magoon, R. 7 "J.re. M. Rusk, R.
4 Wm. Pill Lynda, D. Ueorga W. Cala, D.
Arlsona Ilisan I. 8vavas, I.
Colorado Thomas ef . Pattorcen, D,
Dehnta Jefloreou P. Klddar, R,
Idaho Tbomae W. Beoaett, R.
Montana "Martla Magiaals, D.
New Meaica Slephea B. Ilkise, R.
Uisb "Usobob Q. Caaaoa, I.
Washlagton Oraaga Jaeabs, R.
,-..,- J.WIIIi.ei R. Steele, D.
coMsaran anara in tan noesn.
Suu. feel. Orarssled bf
Alebamn tlarelsoa,R-.Fred. O. Brombarg, D.
Flertda WallaJC. H.. Je.m JJ. Fiaky, D.
Illinois Ferwcll, R.J. V. LeMoyne, D.
, , . . I Moray, R.Wm. B. Spencer, D.
Louisiana. ) ..' .-,, n.
Ma.saeka'li..Frost.R J)slah O. Abbott, P.
Mlaaeeota Strait, R...-R. BL Jaliaa Cos, D.
Virginia Ooode, D...-Jemss U. Plait, Jr, D.
PAraoSABl orrtoaaa nr t hi arocas, wtrn aat-t.
The Sneaker.....-, -fl,IM
Serk at Arms 4,l
Chiel Clerk ........ ..."10
Joaronl Clerk . "M9
Poor keeper -
Aulstent lournal elerk 1,940
Tee r-adise clerks. each. S,0ne
Telle elerk - S.OOil
Four asrisuat clerks, each 2.491
Oae aeeuat elerk 1,410
6il assistant el.rkt, each 3,140
Libra riaa ef the Heuso 1,10
Assistant Librarian of tba Moaaa 1,140
neiiateadcBt document room of Hoaaa... 3,100
Assistaat SBperinlendcBt deoamenl room
of the House
Saperintendcat folding room
Supl. document room elerk's efloe ..........
Poor-keeper ia abarga of hall
Assistaat Postmaster ....
File clerk document rrom
Clerk to Speaker .......
I'rlvate neeroiary la opeaaer....
Fire ofleial raiiorters, caob ......
Twa ateaographers fat Cammillaaa.........
Chanleia - -
Engineer af ventilator I.'
Three s.st. engineers of ventilntor, each.... 1,144
Sit SremcB of venttlelor, aaea i,"'
Chief Meiacager of Houee 3,090
Threw Assislall Measengers ef HoBea.....-i. 1.440
Clerk teSergennl-al Arms... l.sew
P.tlsi teller to Seraeeat at Araae.. ... 1,S0
Messenger to Sergeent-al-Arms 1.440
Seven messengers for Postoaca 1.400
Seven mHsengers tor PastoBoa 1,100
Mra meoscBgers tar uoor Beeper - i,"v
Sla asesaeagara far Door keeper 1,440
Twelea messengers (during eeesioB) for
One Iclegrapk operator ......m l.isn
Clerk te Approprialiene Ceurmittee - 1,493
Clerk te Ways and Meaae Commlllee 3.491
Clerk to Claims Committee 3.140
Clerk te War Clalma Committee 3,IM
Cletk to Peblle Lands Commltlae.......... l.iao
S-uuea u Wavaand Means. .- 1,314
Messenger te Appropriates I,H4
r.fteeo laborara, ssb. - 110
Seven laborara (daring the sessiea), each-. 7.4
One leberee tlfl
Oae female atlen4.nl, ladles retiring room. Set
Onli wbea llkst ky present
Tl,r.re an. noma flflV emloV08 paid
per diem, Including most of tho Com
mittee clerks and the pages, twenty
eight in number of tho latter, who re
50 nor day. The clerks to the
following Committee are also paid a
per diem ranging iron- n.ow to .uv,
ein- Accounts. Agriculture, Banking
and Currency. Commerce, District of
Columbia, Education, Elections, tor-
eiirn Affuirs, Indian Anairs, invauu
.... . 11 1!. . ftmr-Ias-m
D.naions .1 tin lflltrV. .TI 1 IlljmrV A USUI,
Mines, Naval Affairs, Pacifio Railroads,
Patents, Postotuees, Printing, Private
Land Claims, Public Huildingt, Rail
ways and Canals, lleviaion ol me i.sws,
and Torritorios. The total oxpendi
tare per Tear for tho above officers
.mounts to 1249.500.29.. Tho total
nnv ot members il.B50.TOU. 1 Itctr
mileage ia 1100,000..
A Detroit man. who was greatly an.
uoyod because his wife was not bolter
posted in history, procured a volume
and asked ner to siuay u. pus
nlind. and when he came borne to sup
per he found her reading away, hair
down, slippers on ; all the Urea out but
nnn. and no si en of sapper. Bho said
she was not sick, knew nothing about
bia auppor, but ah replied, as alio set
tled hsck In her chair, "I can tell you
all about the first ditcovorr of Florida,
at straight as a string f That hiatory
baa not neon openeu mrrc- tuna wvar
Ta Frn na The a-lory of an age
is olten hidden trom itself. Perhaps
some word baa beau spokca in our day
.hirh mm knva net dtiirned to bear,
but which ia to grow clearer and louder
through all agetw Perhaps some silent
thinker among nt It at worn in mi
cinmat. whose oamt la to fill the earth
Perhaps there tlflsipi ia his radl aotne
reformer who it to -novo the church
aad the world, who la lo open a new
era In history, w It to Are the human
noul with new BOpe ana new uansg.
TESMS 12 pn unnm In Adnnot.
NEW SERIES-VOL. 16, NO. 49.
QERMAXTS XE.YT if All.
FOR A TUSSLE
Col. Chesney, un cminonl military
eritio, baa contrihutotl to McMillan's
Magazine an article in which he die
cusses the militury future of liermany.
A distinguished officer in tho Royal
Engineers, Col. Chesney, writefl with
the authority of a scientific soldier, and
he possesses the acutcness of a koon
political observer. His parser throws
light on tome obscure part of European
politics, and we therefore state its tali
The timo has gone past when we
could consider tho next European war
as! a simple duel of nations fop ompiro
in Europe. It will not be Germany
againtt France or Germany and more
than one power arrayed aguinst ber.
Haw triumphant arms have raised Prus
sia to a position far above that in
which Frederick the Great placed tier.
Sbo holds the first rank in the world
aa a military power, but on the Euro,
pean Continent there is not a nation
that is friendly to her. She has harv
ested a measure of 'the hatred that
Napoleon I. brought on Franeo'by his
aggressive wart. Germany recogniaos
this, and it perfecting her military or
ganitalion to a degree the world bus
never before witnessed. Instead ol
relaxing hor efforts, nfter conquering
Austria and France, she has entered
with renewed vigor into the tusk of
strengthening the power of tho tword.
Against whom are these great pre
parations being made ? Docs Germany
contomplato an attack on some great
power 7 There it no single continen
tal power the could not with her pre
sent sirenirio ousiiy conquer. tier-
many looks forward t Russia as ber
groat antagonist of the future. The
preparations are hurried forward to
enahlo ber to meet Russia, aided by
another European power. Germany
baa to consider the possibility of a
direct attack, from Russia and a flunk
one from Franco. It is to meet such
odds that tho bat turned her kingdom
into a huge camp, whore tho clank ol
tho sabre is beard mstead ol tno Hum
of industry. This explains why she
is perfecting a mighty line of fortres
ses from Coblents to Strasburg on the
side ol France from whom alone tho
has notbinit to fear and leaving her
western boundaries unprotected, nne
prepares for an activo encounter in the
open field with Russia, and she is build
ing a barrier against prance, irom
whom she expects a simultaneous at
tack. lictween Russia and Germany are
all tho elements that lead to war.
Both ambitious, thoy have their mutual
feelings of envy and dislike, and view
eaob other aa obstacles to their respec
tive aggressive designs. The German
officers proclaim it as their next duty
to thoir country to bumble itussia.
Tho bettor class of Russians aro deter
mined to raise Russia to the position
she held under Alexander 1, and tbey
say it is only a qustion of timo when a
quarrel will he fastoned on thoir Ten-
Prussia and PrusBianixing, and repro-
sents the war spirit.
In numbers the ltussian army is
slightly stronger than the German,
but in every other respect it it inferior.
Russia bat resolved to remove this in
feriority. She baa entored on a course
of gigantic army organization, and is
pushing it vigorously along. When
completed (which will tako fifteen
years) she win be able to aummon to
arms 2,000,000 effective soldiers, be
sides garrisoning her country. She is
forming, too, an immenso Landstnrm.
Altogether it will make a totnl of 6,
000.000 men. After making reasona
ble deductions it will be a colossal army.
Russia needs no such preparations
for defense, situated as the it, and there
is no power but Germany worthy of
such preparations, tne peace army
of tho latter is 400,000, and can be
trebled at the word of command. Tho
new Landstrum law is to provide her
with 240 additional battalions. Her
army is tho best equipped, the best
officered the world ever saw. Against
Russia unaided she has nothing lo fear.
Colonel Chesney seoint to think that
Russia, with an army orgunned aasiie
nrotvoses. and with Franco as an ally,
would have to aubmit at the bands of
the Germans by virtue of tho unity,
the superior education, training and ex
perience of tho latter. Tho cordon of
fortresses he deoms would bo well nigh
impassable, except to a forco controlled
y a mind ol superlative strategic
bilitv. Tho timo when this fight will
take place and the nations that will be
implicated in il, nono can confidently
TIIAD. STEVEXff HOUSE
KEEPER. Tho housekeeper of Tbuddcus Stev.
ens, Mrs. Cecelia Smith, is suing the
estate lor 1200 per your for services
since his death, although sho was
remembered in tho statesman s will to
the amount of 15,000. During Mr.
Stevens' life rumor was busy with his
name ill connection with this same
housekeeper. Slio had been in his
house for many vears. and her control
ovor household matters was absolute.
Sho must have been a vory pretty
woman in her vouncer days if the
picture I have seen of her nt that peri
od in any way resembled her. Tho
naintinir rt-ferred to was executed by
an artist of more than ordinary merit,
and represents a woman with lithe yet
MiinPtiniflV rounded nguro. wnowc
small head, dark skin, lighted by color,
and lustrous, flashing dark eyes, shad
ed by marvellously long lushes, ing-
tacst tko inoculation oi me rtpamau
blood which sho claims sho inherits
from hor mother's veins, but 1 suppose
there ia no disputing the fact ol her
father's African origin. This hand
some a-irl was endowed with all the
cratliness and insinuation incident vi
her mdthor't nationality, while tho
nodularities of her father a tempera
mem ev no meann aaiiiniu. .jho u"
lives in Washinirton. koepmg a board
inrr houso. which is furnished with
carpels and articles brought from the
old Pennsylvania homestead, lland-
somo mirrors, neary old rosowooo
furniture, velvet tarpets, damask cur
tains, an oltl fashioned piano elaborate
ly inlaid, all are relics citbor given or
taken from tho houso over which she
held swsy for so many years. Cincin
"Ail wisdom ia sorrow," said a ttingy
hatband to hia wife, who wanted him
to buy the children a lot of new books.
"Ia that so?" exclaimed the wile;
"then what a wretched man yon must
be I" The flattered husband not only
bought tht booktT but gave hit wife
money lor Ber spring nutnt.
If Too. waot to be a "tweli" of the
flrst water, get toe uropny.
WheV. it everybody doing it
stunt timet Growing old.
CHOICE rilUHANT Cirrf.LWti
a IV EX AW AX.
Mr. Copoisud.of Western New Yi k ,
who sent flower toodt to our readers
last tprlng, proposes tblt fall to supply
them with euuings of improved cur
rantt j tlmply requiring tht oost tent lo
aim, lor labur and materials lo put
Usui lo packagttj togvtlitr with post,
ige and prluUit dirwliuui Ibr auccvaa,
to that not more than one In lwuiy
will fall to grow. This require" "''
twenty-five oantt for cauhduxvu order
ed, vus About an plghlb purt, what
plant one Var old ihisI at nurseries.
Ho saya:' 1. The t!titllnir will I...
marked to that the varieties. IU be
eusily distinguished. , t. lie Is pi iuiii'iH
a lurge lot of bearing bushes uf the
Victuria, cherry, and white grapo onr-.
rants; ami . prefer to give away lliti
valuable wood, ruthor than have it go
lO rtustu. 3. ilKHeVUneuesueurveiy
lurge fruit, and Bio vaiuunie ior niiir
kettng. The cherry and ictoria are
a bright sparkling red color, and the
white grape ha a delicious flavor. 4.
In cuso paekitgcs lail li. arrive in due
lime, more wiil bo forwarded, in case
ho is informed of the failure. And, if
the stock runs out, all money sent will
ho returned. 6. II tho ground gets
fror.en, it can bo out through with an
old axe, and the cuttings put in. Tbey
will be found all right, to grow, in the
spring. 0. None need fear the cutting!
will get ary, so as to inunu iuom nu. lu
less; lor they are put up mont, and
ilwm wrumied iu oiled paper, that re
tains tho moiBture for several weeki,
7. The fall, he bas learned by long ex
perience, it more favorable than the
spring, for putting out cuttings of all
Finally , currants promote health ; and
when mashed with aweotening for a '
beverage in hot weather, are more vul
uablo than lemons. All can he sup.
plied. Write with a plain hshd) but
do not use too many words. Address
Rev. J. Cor tl a nd, Lima, N. Y.
Uiigliam Young's position at the
present time is by no moans an envia
ble one. So ill that to move him would
probably bo to kill him, ho it under
guard ut his own house, and tho super,
vision .exercised over, him is so rigid
that tluit his clerk was Hilly justified
in tho remurk that tho government
"was running things now." Ho is cut
off' from tlio society of his apostles
and subjected to hourly visits of in
spection from the officers, who exclude
from bis room evory ono but his doc
tor and nurse. A sick-bed where tho
patient is unchuered hy the presence
of his faithful wife is sufficiently dis
tressing a fortiori tbut sick-bed which
is uncheered by Ihc presonco of several
fuithful wives. In tho 1'rophel'i case
there is lack of sixteen women's nurs
ing, there it dearth of sixteen women's
tears. Yet the Prophet is by nojneans
despondent hy no means inclined to
comply with the decree of tho court
and pay alimony to Ann Eliza, his
bettcr-sevonteoiilii ; be manitesls rath
er his intention of taking tip his bed '
and walking into the penitentiary as
soon as his health permits. This is
possibly tho purt ol principle; if he
yields now and pays alimony to one
wife and counsel toes to two lawyers,
sixteen other wives and thirty-two
other lawyers may descent) upon him.
In Ann Eliza's plea for alimony it was
contended that about one-fifth of tho
husband s income was the amount usu
ally granted ns tho wife's allowance.
If this plea should bo sustained tbo
connubial prophet would find himself
compelled to pay tho soventocn-fifths
of his income, and so ho reduced to fi.
nanciul perplexity scarcely less than
that in which Is involved that othor
bead of a polygamous religion and state,
tho Sultun. Small wonder, therefore,
that he holds out. Small wonder, too,
if his rosilcssness and misery lie as-
. I.. ..! 1. n t-e Mot rAj.Mutrtej in hia
exemption from a winter course of cur-.
tuin lectures. It Is, Indeed, better to
dwell in a boJ room with a deputy
murshal than in a broad house with
sixteen scolding women. Arts Tori
Regular Branch Establishments
Tho most pompom soldier over
known General importance.
The next thing to a direct tax on
lying would bo a tax on gravestones.
"Pray koop your seat," as tho cock
ney sportsman Baid to the wild rabbit.
In love, all men aro fool alike, jutt
as in a durk room ibey aro all ot one
Mrs. Partington sayt she prefers the
Venus do Medicine to any stututo the
know s of.
llo who gets angry in discussion
while his opponent keeps cool, holds
tho hot end of the poker.
A man is generally ready to answer
for his courage especially when it
can't answer for itself.
A secret burnt a hole through some
men's minds as quick lis a coal of fire
would through their pockets.
Tho table which was "sot in a roar"
has been presented as an ornameul to
the lion's cngo at tho Zoological Gar-
A voanir lady in Now York who
had two suitors, engaged herself to ono
of thorn, and then eloped with the
What is the difference between a
person late for tbo train and a school
mistress? Ono misses tho train, and
the other trains the misses.
It does not follow that two persons
are fit to marry becauso both aro good.
Milk is good and mustard Is good, but
they are not good for each other.
A Chicago paper has tlio following
curious notice: "Wonted, a nurto to
tako cliariro of a basket of children led
at this office a short timo since."
"Stranger, don't your lace5 ache?"
kcd a Yankee tavern lounger of a
traveler who rodo up to tho porch
"Io; why oo yon ask t "i ause it
looks to awful ugly 1 thought" it must
hurt you." '
A Pike's Peakcr, writing to a Min
nesota journal, says tho minors are
very much discouraged in that region;
they have to dig through a solid vein
of silver lour feet thick before they
reach tho gold.
"Ah. Jemmy," said a sympathising
friend to a man who was just too lulo
for tho train, "yon did not run fast
enough." "Yet 1 did," said Jemmy ;
I ran last cnouicb, hut I did not ttart
Little Julia, just 5 -yean old, being
cautioned by her brother against eat
ing too much tor supper, and told tho
would have the nightmare, wanted to
know where the nightmare stayed in
M r. Watermore ii a strict teetotaller,
and just a little bald on the top of his
head. Imagino, tfien, hit horror on
beinc asked by the barber who was
cutting his hair whether ho ever ap
plied -stimulants to Itl
An old woman in a ted cloak was
crossing a field in which an old ho goat
waa fowling; what strange transfers
mation took place? Tbo goat tuned
to (butt hor) butter : and the antiquated,
dams became a scarlet runner.
"Here, boy, bold my haise," said
frenlhiman who had drives a wretched,
y lean animal up a tht door of a vil
lags ion. "11 old him I" exclaimed the
boy. "Hold him I J lean him op
agin that Toting tree tltrt, that'll hold,