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.,n1 :TIE ,r
it I'viiliihiio ivunr WKUSIHOAT, ?
1 fJEOHOIS II. (JOOlLANIKR.
' ULKAliriKLI), PA.
T .4 II LI til (CI) IN 181,
rue larjjeat Clrnilattou ormjr Kawapapar
Ih North Central PoimaylvaiiUt. !
. ... Terras of Subscription
I ptiiJ Id advai-ioa, or within I moatb (Ml
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rrnnolrut AlrorIinint, far -quire f 10 tin wr
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t-nr vtt!i aLttnuiianl liiaartluat M
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Auditor' nuti"... 1 Ml
3ution ami Ktrsva, I M
hUmliiti-m nutUwi . t Ot
. t-Wi--ma. Cr-1, & Una or Jaea,l roar..... I 110
,u4nl nut ima. iter lint - 10 j
YIUIUY ADVKHT1MKMK.VTH. I
t .ymrt. '. Olt I autumn (At 00 j
I a iiar 1 Oil aolniun 70 Ot
' (ju-m,m 20 AO 1 (NilTimn 120 Ot
UEOIME n. nOODLAXDRR.
i JMI tor and Publisher.
tso. .rHr. 1 ' ' - crpot oosik.
MURRAY & GORDON,
A T T O.Jt N E Y 8 AT LAW,
Wt't, ' CLKAR-'IKLP, PA.
A T T O Tt N K V - A T - I. A
' t-lHrfleld, Pn.
"x , Will alien- to nit -ualne.e Bntraeted In bta
, piuiupth .nil fail-lull.
.' nai-u'it A.'w'tf.Uf-B.J
.11 IUKY f. AI.-A-.
ear I I'll
liiTIB I.. BBBBB.
JOHN W. WKIOI.BT.
' WALLACE & KREBS,
' " (Sirccaanri lo Wiillupo Kiel-ling,)
Zk T To U X K Y 8 -A T -L A W ,
Ill-'fJ Clearlltld, P
B, V. Wlieo. B. B. .. . II. B. VA VAI.IAH, S. B.
DBS. WILSON & VAN VALZAH,
u i . - Clearlleld, Pa,
Olllon In -ild.noe of Dr. WileoB.
(Wli-a Hiirnai from 12 to 2 r. . Dr. n-
Valrah oan bo lound al i(M 111 hla roouii, B.lt
door to ii,.ri.wi a lt.io'a iruj Hto,., ap
, .Lir,, . norJO'TS I
l) WOOULANU, PA. I
H If h h i IMM 1.11.. '
w 1 nrumol r all.au all nana in m. ,!
rwipn a. a'MALir. baii. w. a'cuanr.
McENALLY & MoOUEDT,
A l' I'OltN KYS-AT-LAW, '
. - - viearncin a-a. 1
' ' r.VUm lm.ln... allond.d lo promptl. lthj
' I..il Dltiioon ticmind atrort, allot, tha Pint,
National Bank. ian:l:74
G. ft. BARRETT,
ATTHIt!rtT AND CoUNBKI)". At JiAW,
tlarlnj rr-lirnrd bl. Joilltaihip, baa nanined
' 'h. iimrlli'd of tha law in hia old 0IB00 at Ckar
ild, Pa. Will atl.nd tha ooorl. of Jn".r.oB and
hlk oountln. whpn .iiecially r.lainod in oonnactioa
irh ri.lr.nt ooun.i'l.
1 AYTOHNKY AT LAW.
. t'loarlltlil, Pa.
aOfflr.. in Court llimie. IShariff'a Offlo.).
r....l KH.li..a. nroniDtl.attendod to. Hr"l ctnla
bou(litami .old. , , 1 J"1' ..
-'A. W. WALTERS,
ATTOHNET AT LAW.
.,!, ritarflFlrl, Pa.
1 fj.Oaa In Urakanj'. Kua. - (ilJ Ijr
:ri . learnrin, ra.
WALTER. BAH-rlt I I ,
" ' , ATTORNEY AT LAW.
'Boa oa rSaoond St., Clearn.ld, Pa. noTll.tt
. ISRAEL TEST,
' ATTOHN BY ' at law,
, , ' V, 1 ... Ciearflcld, Pa.
PT-oaoa la Pio'a Opora Uoaaa.
JOHN h. fulford;
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
j-Oir.. In Pl.'a Opara Houm, Room Ko. 6.
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
. .. A.rt fllaia.flwM. P..
..... i . r. . -
,, OSaa oa Third atraal, bet.Cherrj A Walnat.
.a-UaiuMll. r ouara nia aar.iaaa la aouina
.ad aojlaa. laada la Claarlald and ajjolalaj
laantiaa and with an aapariaaea ot over twant.
raodar aatlafaolioa. t'ob. lliriaar,
TREDERiCK O'LEABT BUOI,"
SCIUVEN'ER 5 CONVEYANCER,
' Hftrtnal I ifa anrl Pira InQ. Atrpot.
uunviai un iim "w .i.w. "Cj-"
. tl.1. of C.n.oTaam, ArtioUa ot Afr.cm.nt
and all Waal parara prompllr aad u.tll aaa
aatL Una. m tia'a Opara lloaaa, Room Ko. 4.
Clcarnold Pa., April 2, l74.
J . B LA K E W ALT ER8,
, , REAL ESTATE BROKER,
aan PBAkra la
Snw liOirH niidXiiinbor,
Diet In Qrahaa'a Roar. I:i'.L.
1 1.1 1 m n 1 p. .
a I II aaa aaa. w I
AT T O R N E Y - A T - LA W,
Iris . tl.rtnla, Clcarneltt Cth. Pa. r pd
' f n "n tj BO Y Eft.
-OSi. boarai I to I a. nv, and I to p.
ryi e7mT sen eur e r, .
'!" Olltea la raildi-nc. oa Market al.
' April 21. 172. ' ' Clmrfirlil, Pa.
DR. W. A. MEAN 8,
I'llISlUlAJt a, SUHUlVfli
LUTUKRHnURd, PA. ' I
Will attend proraaalonalaallapromptlr. aol'70
" J TsrBAll "N HA"r t,
ATTORN KT AT -'LAW,
Will pranlbw in Clearfield aad all of tha Cenrla of
the -Ml Jadlrlnl rttetrlelf Beal aaiaaa na.inoa.
and eolloctlon or aialma mane opeeiame. n. ,
' Q, W. WEAVER b CO.,
DRIKiGlSTS Si APOT1IKCARIES,
Ueal.ra la all kind! of Ilrow., Mtdlelnea, Faa
e Hoo.1. and llrami.l.- Sundriee.
Corwonerille, M.roh 17, l(7i.
GEORGE M. FERGUSON,
W. V. LlPPIXtOTT ft CO.,
' dealers ta '
HATS t'Al'S, ROOTS k 8 ROES
LIT Ml Market Street. Philadelphia. 7b If
CHARLES H. ELLIOT,
with Joas W. Saatoa t Ca.
Stock and Bond Commission Broksrs,
111 Boath Thlr Btrsat, rhllad'a. .
I'artlenlar alUatloa iaa to parehaeea aad
aale. of (loeernmrnl Rimda.
Refer ta M. W. Woodward, Res... Chief Maa
afaalarers National Uaak I Cbarlea lll.n.ba.d,
r.n, lumber Merchant I Harlrt HmhIJ ..,
Lalnl.er Mertliaatsi Wm. Moalallas, R, Vlaa
I'rr.i.lrat ll.ak of Aoaifa; Powell A Co.. Rank
era, W.ll.am.port, Ta. mcb TA-lea
A. H. MITTON,
M.r,rrary a 11 dealer ta
Harness, Saddles and Bridles,
Cellar., Whips, Prtabev "Ut Kola, Trlmmlaga.
Il. r.a lllant'l., Ae.
Vanm. Frank Mlller'a aad Nealafoot Otla.
Agist for Bailej and Wilaon'e Baggies. .
Orders Snd rapalrlag aromplljr sttsaaVd ta,
Shop oa Market Ureal. Clearfield, Pa., la room
. teraierlg aeaepiad kjrj ss. Alsssadef. Mil4I
. .' The Best la tha Cheapest!
. - Tbeaaaa It Mil. kas raastead aaatbar larf. I.l af
'"MiuhaH W.gwaa,' arniew are w"i '
beat aaaaaawtaewa, aad kteh b. will aalt at Iba
a.a nUo..r,la ram. 1 His steak taatadaa alaaeat
all daasrlptUaa watMa-larireaad email, wid.
' aaa Barrow trass.' van n. " "-'., , ,,
aprs;. - - THOMAS. RRILLV.
GEO. B. BOODLANDEB, Proprietor,
VOL. 49-WIIOLE NO.
A. G. KRAMER,
A T T O R N K Y - A T - L A W ,
Ural K.lale anil Celleetlnn Agrot,
Will nrnuiiiIlT It.Dil to all I.ii.I buiiucu cn-
truit.il tu liU oar.. .
r-ODIo. in Pi.'f 0i.n IIobm, HtoBil loot
PHYSICIAN ,4 SUBGE0N,
HAVINO loi u l'nnncM, P... offwi all
pror.Hian.l ..rviov. to tb. bmpI of that
plM and lurrouuding countrj. All anil, protnptlj
att.od.d to. . 1 L
J. P. I It V IN.
LV.liBKH, SHiA'ei.KH, tic.,
CarwsanlMB, Nov. 15, 1174. "
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Jailio or tfao Poaoa and 8erionr,
' ' Curwenavllla. Pa.' .
ML.Collotlnni mail, and none., ptunptljr
aao. auaaar Baaar 4l.at.. w. a.fRT
W. ALBERT & BROS.,
Manuracturan .attn.lva D.alamn
,U Qnnarn Timlipr fto..
Sawed LnniDer, bquaro iimDer,oto.,
WOOULANC, P E N N ' A.
Mr-Orra aaUoUai. Billill.don ahotttiolla.
and ranaonabla tariaa.
AH.lr... Wooilland P. 0., Cl.arl.ld Co., .'
W ALUKHT A HtoS.
Prencht ille, I loarflcld County, Pa
Koop. oonatanll. on hand a full a.orliinl of
ury iioiui., .iimh., - -i ---- -
anullr krpt In a ralail atora, whlek lll "i",
for aaa.al aheap aaalaawbarata tua aouur.
Franebvllle, Juna 17, lsa71j.
Dr. Hood., iinniwar., "nre-.,
THO M AS H. FORCE E,
Alio, eltenelvo inanufaelurer and dealer In Fo,oare
Tirnbar and 8awd Lumoeroi an a....
4T-0rdara aollelted and all bi ' ' "Va '
REU BEN H AC KM AN,
Housg and Sign Painter and Taper
t.WIll aieouta Job. la bia line prompt? and
la a workmanlike manner. er'Mi
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL TUMP MAKER,
" NEAR CLEARFIELD, PBNN'A.
ja)-Pnmpa alwara on hand and made t. order
oa abort aatiaa. Pipea bored oa reaeoonnieierni..
All work warranted 10 render aall.laetloi, anu
E. A. BIGLER &. CO,
, and manufaoturera of
Al.l. KINIHMH' 8AWU0 I,UIBEB.
S-T'Tl 0I.KARPIKLU, PKNN'A.
JAS. B. GRAHAM,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Boards,
8lltNflI.ES, LATH, A PICKETS,
:I"T Crearield, Pa,
JAMES MITCHELL, :
Square Timber & Timber Lands,
Jall7I CLEARFIELD, PA.
rmTjTp. burch field,
Lau Sariaoa or tha s:td Raf Ira.nt, Paanajlaanla
. VelaaUara, having rataraad from tha Army,
aff.ra hia profaaaioBal aarfleaa to thaailiaana
af Claarlald aoaaly.
aaa-Pnfeaaloaal ealla aroaiptlj alUnd.d to.
OBoa aa Saaaa4 atraot, forarljoaa.pl.d bj
H. F. NAUQLE,
M ATCH MAKER ft JEWELER,
and dealer la
Watches, Cloeks, Jewelry, Silver
. and Plated Ware, ic,
1,19'Tl . ... CLKAHPIKLD, PA.,
i.an nBALna is . ' ' .
Wutelios, Clocks mid Jewelry,
01-nairaVe rfow, Mnrkfi Srtrt,
All klnda of repairing In my tin. pniaiptl; at
ad.dto. April 23, l7l.
' REIZENSTEIN & BERLINER,
wboleaalo dealvra (a
GEMS' HHISlll(i GOODS,
ttava maoved ta 187 Chureh atraat, between
Franklla and While aU., Hew York. (JT.T71
Miss E. A. P. Rynder,
Cblekerlng'a, SUInwaj'a and Emaraaa'a Plaaoai
rjullh i, Maaoa A Uatalia'a and Paloabet'i
Organa and Melodeona, and Qrovar A
Baker's Sawing Maeblnas.
A Lao TBAcana or
Piano, Qalur, Orgaa, Harmon; and Vaeal Ma.
alt. Na p'ip.l takes for leas thaa half a lorai.
Mr Room oppoalt (ti.llcb'a Furniture Flora.
Ulearlald, Mar . I lf. '
iTONE'S SAW GUMMERS AND
We ha.a reoelred the agener for the abmeaad
will aell them at Biannfactarar'a prleas. Call aad
aaamlna lham. Tha; are tb. beat.
j.li.Jl . H. F. 1I1ULKR A CO.
BABAER & HAIR DRESSER,
CLEADFIGl.il, PA. 1"
A. M. H ILL8
Wssld rerpseirollr aotlfr hla pstlenta
that be baa redeood the priea of A HTI-
F1CIAI. TEETH lolJODU par set, or
3i H for a d. il:. sat. f or Bar iws parsoo.
eoming at tha same lime, iw Bar. an an wpvr
sal, w,tl get the Iwe arts fat si.W, sr $17.40
Tatais InrarlaUr Claa. : '
Cleartel.t, dalp lj 18j
JRATZEU & LYTt.K,
AUtUrg IN CLEARFIELD COUNTY FUR
Smoking ft Chewing Tobaccos.
- We Bra enabled ta wholesale ts dealers throagh
aat the aosntj at sHy srleea.
kRATZRIt k LTTL.
JeS-74-tf C'lesrSeld, Ps.
... At RIASOMABLI KATES...
Aad rssaasllallr solUII lbs Fatroaags' af those
,., JAM IS L. LIATf.
C4.aretd, Pa., Feb. la, 1S74. U
The aiHleraliraaw ara aaw rallf araparad
earri aa lbs kseiaeet si
(From InaR.aoro Keaord.)
TIIK OWKST 8ETT1.KH
THE. WEST Vi.ff.IJW7.
JAUKS CALUWKl.I. 8KKT0II OF HIS LIFE
. IIH RECOLLECTION OF TIIK EARI.T
aKTTI.KMENT OF THIS VALLEY. .
Amoiig the old Hetllera slill ivsiiling
filonu; tlio Weal JliHiicli vtilley in II r.
Jnmi'r) I'aldwell, now nearly ninoty
veniit old, who lives in ('hitnniiin town
khip on tlio south fide of tno river op-
fuaile this pla.ee. )lr. Cnldwell is bo
eved to be the oldest settler still liv
Ug along the waters of the West
linint'h ; he is at least tlio oldest er
msnent settler knrrwn to lis for uiuny
miles amiind, linvinj; resided in this
sertlnn of tho Htate for over seventy
tonseentivo years, and lived at his
present home, unlnterrnptedly, for fifty
Mr. Cnldwell was born at II iltiovor,
Lancaster, wunly.iVaV, Jtarch 19, 1780.
Hia father, tunned James Cnldwell, was
also born in the same county, at a ulnee
culled the .Sluto Quarry, some tiheen
milm from Lanoaster city. A brief
sketch hero liven of 1)1 is liitlicr's life,
will lwihniislic read with intorcst to
show the trials and vicissitudes of pio
neer life experienced by the Cnldwell
Innnly. ... i
"Mv lather," anid Mr. Cnldwell, "en
listed in tlio Aincilcan army iiuinodi
alely upon tho breaking out of the
Revolutionary war, and reuinined in
active seivico until tho striiifi'le endetl
uud peace was proclaimed lo tho peo
ple 1 ln-tiH irluili t tho hind. Alter tho
war, ho purchased a tract of html in
tho iieifrhborhood of l'ittsbiirb, where
he went for tho purpose of settling a
lioine tor his luniily liy onirairim'
njrricultnral imrsnits. Hut in those
days the Indians were slroiiir in mini
hem and quite ti-oulilesomo to tho pro
gress of the white settler. A sudden
attack, which, was usnally accompanied
by the torch nod murderous tomahawk.
was one of the things always to bo
divuded by the wlntu aetllur, at tlio
breaking out of tlio least distiubancu
between the different tribes. Shortly
after his settlement tbero, Indications
of an outbreak among the Indians be
cnnio so plainly pereeptihle to thoej'os
of his wili) and neighbors, that he wns
prevailed u.ion to almnduii tho Settle
ment, which ho did immediately by
removing to Warrior's Hun, in Nor
Ihiiiuberluiid county, near where the
tloiiriHliing litllo Mirotitfli ol i atson
town is built. Ho purchased a tract
ot land at tins plaeo Ironi a man nnmou
.Samuel Scott, but shortly after tho
purchase was wade ilr. Suolt died by
atX'iilental drowning, when the wife of
the deceased emnmencedasuit against
Air. laldwoll lor tho recovery ol thu
said land, on tht ground that the
farm was given to her by her father as
n part of a legary and sold bv bur bus
baud without her consent 1'ho result
of this unexpected turn in business at
tain terminated in tho loss of the prop
erty to Air. Caldwell, who waa com
pclled to sill-render it ill an nlmnnl
ruined fiiinncinl condition. Ho then
moved to Youngwoniunstown, Lycom
ing (now Clinton) county, whero he
purchased a tract of land for tho ptir-i
pose of settlement, lint hero, again,
ill success attended his business trans
actions. Ho lived on this tract of bind
but a short timo bctbro trouble arose
about tho title the geuuiuess of which
was in dispute when be settled the
question by vacating it. Ho then (in
18(17) moved uptotliomoiiiii or nemo
Creek (now Wcstport) whero he purch
ased a tract of land containing aouio
three hundred, acres, the same' land
now owned by Col. A. C. Noyes and
others in tho vicinity of Westport.
Here be built a dwelling house, saw
mill and grist mill, cleared the land
and devoted his time to the welfare of
bis family, which consisted of four sons
and six daughters, all of whom have
died except the subject of this sketch,
Nr. James Uaiuwell. jiir. caiaweu,
the father, died about the year' 1819.
RECOLLECTIONS OF EARLY LIFE. '
It is but natural to suppose thatono
who has spent bo many years of -his
lite in this part of the (State where
deer and bear are still found in largo
numbers at this lute period of its his
tory can recall : to memory ninny
pleasing incidents of pioneer life, and
narrate, with considerable correctness,
the manner in which tho early settlers
lived and toiled ill Its forests to make
this country the pleasant dwelling
place of its present ainneroiis inhabi
REV. DANIEL HAUM.H.
The flint minister of tho Gospel that
lound his way to theso parts was Dan
iel Harbor, in tho year 1829. , Ho was
a l'resbvterian in faith and, remarked
.Mr. Caldwell, a gentlemen of fine
uliihty and a great religious worker.
tie came troni a place pallet! vt astung
ton, near Milton, and while with usor
ganixed churches at Youugwoinans
town, Kirst Kork of tlio Siniiemalion
ing, and Sterling linn. 'J'hctirst chureh
was establishedat Youngwomanstown,
at which tho settlers lor ten miles
around assembled. A .Sabbath Mehisil
was also organised here by Mr. Harbor,
which remained in a flourishing con
dition for years afterwards. The next
instructor in religion waa a Mr. Allen,
from Jersey Shore. Ho was not regu
larly ordained, but m tlio tuna alinoncc
ol a regular preacher at tho-Kirst
Kork church, this man voinnieeren 10
Drench to tlio people n llicy wouiu at
tend, and appointed A Sunday several
woeks off lor the purpose." Curiosity
to bear him brought out many settlers
lor mile around. "Shortly alter the
nrcnehinif was commenced," said Mr.
Cnldwell, "John Jordan's boys Mailed
una deer with their dogs, that bounded
past tho meeting bouse, within sight
ol the people nun ran upinocrecK
The people all left their places and
tlicir mtor to witness tne cnase, w men
wasotancxcinniT nature. i neprencn
cr was much perplcxod at tho conduct
of his hearers and exclannetl, solemnly
All In vain r "All in vain ! Mean
ing, of course, that his flock cared uioro
fur the snort of killinir a deer than
thev did lor listening to tuc words ol
. . . . .
the Uililo: but one u mo seniors, ami
had crown excited over the chase
failed to comprehend the inclining of
his pastor's wonls, and in the way of
a rcn V. OUK-KIV rcioncn, ".en, a noes
not know, but I links they'll catch b
yet." "It is nocnicssioaau, conunaea
Sir. Caldwell, "that everybody saw tho
ioko in tho Herman settler's reply and
t ; . 1 1 L. t 1-
TOareU WHO luugmer. r,guniauin
very aad over tho fact t lint , his lieya
did violate bis injunction, not to hunt
on that day, aud promised the preacher
that he would "thrash their Lacks ef
fectually, when he got them home."
The boys, however, got tho doer and
rwaped tnoir threatened punishment.
J her first irrganised school ha ran
remember of was commenced about
two miles alxivo the mouth of the Sin
ootialioiiisg iby as matt lifcrtiad Jnmoa
XI ill. This wag when bia fatter lived
at Kettlo Creek. The pupils genorally
took tbeir provisions and bed clothing
with them Rod remained at thai school
bouse from tho beginning tu tho end
of the term. They went eight and
ten miles to school, which necessitated
thu pi in stated to obtain tbo few eilu
cational advantages offered them in
stuahhlinii iniiians. '
lhu only Indians ho over saw in
this section w ore those who wore trav
eling through tho country, begging
like many of tho whito ieoplo do at
tlio preseiittlay. And these werojiitiiot,
peaceable and harmless. He related
that upon one occasion he attended the
county court, aud roinouibored very
well that an Indian was there, and
that sorao ot the people who were pro
judit cd against tbo race, for the mur
ders ootumitted in tlicir name, taikea
as if thuy would like to extinguish his
life. An Indian woman came to bis
house ouo day nnil asked for provis
ions. Ho gave her all sho could carry,
mid she uppoared very grutx-ful for the
kind treatment. Sho wore many strings
ot beads and was clothed lu gaudy
clothing, a good deal liko some of our
lusliioiiable people ol to-diiy. ,, . , .,
THE EARLY DAYSSFKNTON KETTI.ECHKKK.
After reciting to us what wo havo
written nbovo, wo railed attention to
the early days of bis life on Kottlc
Creek, when he contained : "At the
time of our settlement at tho mouth of
Kettle Creek 1 was about 21 years old.
Tho country was nearly ono dense
wilderness, savo n few small terms ten
and fifteen miles apart, occupied bv
settlers, lu lKlli 1 married Sheriff
McKisMin'adaughtor, llaehel, by whom
two children were bora. In 1820 she
died, and eight years afterwards 1
married my present wife, Sarah Ann
In regard to hunting, trapping and
fishing, ho rein tod tho following .
' J luring bis residence on Kettle Crock
ho said ho often pnsed away his spare
timo by hunting and fishing, lint, bo
continued, it would appear almost in
credible to tho present population of
this valley, to tell ot the abundanco of
deer and other gnmo that Inhabited
theso parts when he flint settled hero.
The first timo that ho ever shouldered
a gun at Kettlo Creek, lor tho purpose
of killing deer, ho went to ono of tho
settlers und asked him to accompany
him in a hunt. The neighbor told him
he could not at that timo go with him,
but that ho should wnlk up the creek
about half a mile where ho would find
all the game ho wanted to kill. He
bad proceeded but a short distnnoo tip
the stream when ho espied a fine buck
standing along tho bank, which be
brought down at the first shot. The
report of tho gun made the deer leave
their places, when ho cominnod, he
truly believed there were fully three
hundred of them. Onanothorocrasion
ho sot a large wolf-trap for "varmints."
After visiting it on throo or tour oc
casions and finding tho bait had been
taken away each time, he concluded
to tnake a tour of inspection through
tbo forest and, if possible, discover t lio
cause, lie bad not proceeded very
far until he discovorod a pnnther. As
he waa not prepared to meet so formid
able a foe, he retraced his stuis homo
ward for his gun and dogs and tho as
sistance of those resitting in tbo neigh
borhood. As soon as he could get the
dogs together bo started with them to
tho place whero he had first discovered
tho animal, leaving the men to bring
the gun. Tho dogs took bis tracks at
onco and toon camo upon him. A tcr-
ritio battle ensuod between them, in
which tho dogs wcro nearly woratod.
Mr. Caldwell advanced forward to their
relief, armed only with a htrgo knife,
resolved to take part in the struggle,
but when he arrived within a few teet
ol the monster, it lost its courage, and
ran some distance away, misgave
much courage tothodogsl they pur
sued it hotly, when, to froo Itself from
their terrors, the pantlior look reiuge
up a tree. Mr. Cnldwell remained near
by until ho was joined by tho men.
lie waa handed a riflo and fired, wound
ing him in the shoulder, but not fatally
Tbo monster, it is singular to add, nev
er loft his position, when soon another
ball was sped into ins uody with intnl
eifoct. A I lor this shot be Inptied bis
tail around a limb of tbo tree and re
mained in his position until lilb was ex
tinct. 1 ho monster measured 1 1 feet
4 inches Ironi the tip of tho nose to the
end of tho tail. ,i . ' .;,'
On another occasion ho killed a
young pantlior, which bo skinned and
drorwx). The hind-quarters he carried
home for Ibod. : He says he nevor tasted
better meat, i . i i.t .
- The streams of this valley wcro also
full of fish during those days. AtKet-
tle (Jreck Mr. Luldwoli croctetl a fjsh
baskot at the loot of the tail raco of
th mill, and during tlio running down
season, in the fall of the year, it would
fill np nearly every night to its lull
capacity. Almost orery tall bis brnlii-
er-in-law, Jesse Hunt, who at thai
lima owned a portion of the land now
built np by Look Haven, would come
up wilu nts canoe lo the laouin ol
Kettlo Creek to lay in a supply ot NhIi.
luvariably ho returned with his little
boat well-filled with eels, suckers, sal
mon, trout aud other fish. '
At ono of theso visits roadu by Mr.
Hunt fur the purposo of getting a sup
ply of fish, nn Btlfrpeat.'d that they
would no KitfKing for tliem at night,
and in the morning they would havo
a little bunt, lu a couple or hours,
said Mr. Caldwell, wo gigged all we
wanted, several bnshola perhaps. . Wo
cot a salmon that wciirtiod 18 pounds,
and several othor olios ten and twelve
pounds. In tho morning thoy started
lor deer. They bunted but a lew
hours when they relumed home with
four very lino ones. . , I
' TOI NOWOMAN'S CREEK. '
The venr Mr. Ciildwoll's parents
lived at Youngwomanstown, ho sayi
that bears were so plenty in that aeo
tion that It required no skill to kill
them. Ho and his elder firomer, vt it
linin, killed during that winter some
eight or nine, besides their dogs treed
numbers of them which they paid no
attention lo. J)epr wcro also as plen
tiful as bears. It was not an uncom
mon occurrence for him and his broth
er to kill three or four deer in half
day. Tho method of hunting deer w as
somewhat different fmm that practiced
I at tho present day. Tho horn wns
men in use as wen as me nounn.
Hunters would lead their bounds to
tha foot of tha mountain, alart them
out on tbo ebase by blowing the born,
anil says Mr. Caldwell, "it wouldn't lie
Ions; boforo tbo vonisnn would be
killed." Speaking of the ainallor class
ot itmo, such as phcaanla and rabbits,
he good huniocedly remarked, "we
nevor bothered with thorn, they wcro
too tnfiinii.' ' i ' i. i i .1. .
' Manv other intm-eatino, iuc itlelita of
Mr. Caldwell's life might here bo re
lated, but we must eloae 1 ha article t
remarking that Mr. Caldwell is sli
enjoying good svaavrUt, and may at nil-
other Urns furnish us with other point
mat may prove, interesting wonr road.
NCIPLE9, NOT MEN.
PA., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 14, 1875.
HECOHDIXO OlIVV DEA Til.
A MAN WHO TOOK POISON ANU THRU
, NOTED EVERY SYMPTOM.
A most remarkable death in Ilrook
lyii on Saturday night promises to
innko a page of. scientific history un
equalled by rtnvimiig in tno treatment
of nervous diseases. Mr. F. W. Wal
ker, an elect lician of 300 State steet,
was in Xovciiher, 1871, run over by a
pork truck at William and Cedar streets,
iS'uw York, and wben ho was picked
up his face was trampled in irunfic by
the borses, aad bis right hand was so
mashed that the fingers could not be
distinguitlied from disconnected flesh.
Ho was carried to the Washington
I. Mo insurance uuililing and intended
by a police surgeon. Then ho was re
moved to bis lioite in PlninhVId, X, J.
and thero he reotveivd, but ho carried
a maimed hand, and the muscles of his
tnco were lluiiouulily involuntary lo
tlicir aulion, polling his features into
cvorV sort of contortion. His eyelids
drooiiod heavily, uid the muscles were
powerless to mise them, so that for
hours ho would be asa blind man. He
managed a large insurance business,
and bis alllictiou made him unfit to
continuo his ooviipntiou. Ho wns
mnn ot very lurire ncnunintnnco and
culture, welt known to all the hangers
on at Washington and ninny famous
Senator, was oil intnnato lriond ol
Andrew Johnson, and as correspondent
of tho ErprrM, before and after tbo
war was begun, ho wns known at the
l apitol and in this city. His laniily
was exceptionally cultivated, and the
large society of friends who visited
him tried to iilleviato his Buffering.
Iii rnkp wiTit nor IRONS.
Ho sought lie. Drowu-Seiiuuril, und
put liiinsell under the treatment that
l)r. Souunrd bad used in Charles Sum
ner's nervous utl'eclion. The physician
scared his forvliuid and fuco with an
iron bentcil to sliite hent and cut
many fiicinl muscles, taking a smnll bit
out and then seating the ends of the
incised muscles, lie frequently re
turned from Dr. Seqiiurds presence
with his face scarred and soared by the
hotiron. Mr. Wnlkorwnshald headed,
and over tho scalp was passed tho hot
iron in long furrow s, back and forth,
until it wait marked liko a chockor
board. Tho scars healed away under
proper treatment. .
nr. sequnra gsve a series ot doses
of strychnine, In ping to havo it act as
sedutivo on the nerves so tout when
they once came to a roBt they might
be kept so by tit uso ol tho ilruv. it
did not prove ab-oiig euough, and its
use was abandoned, Dr. Urowii-Sequurd
iiiittins more litith in the moxa.
After Dr. Seauard's wilb died be
went to Paris, leaving bis patients in
enru of other phrsicinns. He sent Mr.
Walker lo Ir. Aguow, the celebrated
oculist. Mr. Walker's eyes lici'iui to
5 row worse, and he was troubled with
iplopia douHe sight.
( I TTINU Tlbl kll'SCLES or THE EYE.
Dr. Ilrow n.Scquard, when lie. sent
Walker to, Dr. Agnow, advised him to
have the internal rectus muscle of the
eyo divided aa a remedy for tbo quick
twitching ot eyes. 1 his did not work
well, and the eyelid tbo right one
was cut uroppw heavily down on tho
opposite aide. , Mr, Walker then used
court plaster to mukc the oyclid true
again. Ho iutonded to havo it stitched,
but Dr. Agnow lad the cartilage oil
the eyo divided with no better success.
The interior of tlio eyelid filled with
granules, which inflamed the eye so
thnt It waa very sore. Ilr. Vt alkor
began to experiment on those himself,
and by a giilvnni process bo removed
them. Ho studiid electricity with the
aid of his wife's and son's eyes, cxperi-
mciiled larjruly, and pursued tlio sub
ject so tnr that ho deterniied to uso it
us a medicine, lie wus driven out ol
every culling almost by his grout af
fliction, and bo began to search for
patients for static, furadic, and galvauio
electricity. Ho hoped in this way to
acquire a more competent support for
his laniily, and by research, iH-rbaps,
to find a perfect remedy lor his own
cause. Ho moved to Brooklyn lust
December, and opened an oOice at 1100
State street, ami put a sign on bia
house making known that bo was a
medical, furudic, sialic, and galvauio
electrician. His social and genial na
ture attracted to him a lnrgo number
of friends, who submitted to his prao
tico, and in many cases wcro benefited
"a new remedy. '
Ho turned into bis sixty. fifth yonr,
and hale, In-arty and bottyiint in ovcry
way, bis allliclion was tho more in
tense. Ho went lo Dr. Agnow again
and . fuvnrod a sedutivo drug. The
doctor on Saturday had him ill bis
oflico and begun to administer extract
ofbomlock. 1'rof. Hurley olSt.Thoiuus
Hospital, London, bad directed the uso
of hemlock lor nervous diseusus, and
one day Inst week Dr. Agnow used it
niiccusHl'iilly on a littlo girl who wns
troubled with the terrible ntlliclinn.
Dr. Acnow and Dr. Webster on Satur
day guvo him in their office forty drops
of hemlock, and in a half hour they
gave him forty more, nnil in a bait
hour forty more. The drug was ex
pected to act directly on the nervous
centlli. eontrolliiii nil of tbn' miisclos
ot the body, prouucing a stuio ol re
laxation. Tho 120 dropsdii
d not work.
Tbo doctors then guvo sixty drops
more, nnil tbo 180 drops of tho mimt
energetic poison did not movo the
nticnt. A tea nialo ol nmciock nan
illed Socrates, and throe grnins of tho
extract as home niado nowadays ought,
tbo doctors say, to movo almost any
fiorsnn. Unchnudrcd and eighty drops
isd not moved Mr. V alkor,' Dr. Web
ster advised Mr. Wulkor to stop oh his
way homo and get some of Dr. Kdwnnl
Squibbs's fluid extract of hemlock,
which Is the strongest, representing
ono grain for every minim or drop.
Mr. Walker bounded into his houso on
Katiiiilav nflcruooii. nnd seemed full
of health.1 Ho said to his wifo thnt
Dr. Airnciv had civen him much hope,
Ho went to bis library tablo and began
to dictate to his wife a medical circu
lar. t He dictated a moment, and thon
said' lie Would tnko his medicine.
RECOItDINU THE EFFECT.
Since his oarliest treatment bo had
dictated every symptom ol his disease.
and every effect of his niodtcino to his
wilb. makinif a valuable record ol Dr.
llrowu Scqnard'i treatment. Ho lay
down on his bed with his hemlock be
side him, look tilly 'Irons, ami began
slowly tudictnlo lo bis wilb. His mind
was clear, and his manner lucid, ile
told bim lust how the symptoms would
follow each other, and just how -he
would pass out from under tha drug's
influence. The ohjoct of all was to re
lax all the muscles so that tho twitch
ing of tho taclsl muscles would Cease,
and -when this waa done, a continua
tion of tha hemlock in smaller doses,
it was boned, would relievo him entire
ly, lie took tbo first doso, and his
wifo wrote bis words down astollowai
4:10 P. M.,twk 50 minims Squibbs's
fluid extract of coninin (hemlock); 20
minutes to 5 P. M. effect very decided
in dizziness, relaxation of muscles and
limbs: 60 minims mora then taken
difficulty of walking immediately and
wuiii, Ol .pow er lu uvmrvi iiiuvumviua ,
forced to lie down, but no mitigation
ol spasms, limbs and legs weak, unable
to bold up nead, apoecD thickciiing,
some pain and beavinoss in top and
back part of head ; Milne 66, .
5:15 P. M., took fifty drops: some
nausea, some tremor at base of clavi
cle and in muscles across tho chest, just
abovo the sternum ; no diminution of
spasms nliout eyes nor of photo phobia.
o.io r. JN., drowsiness, Inclined to
sloep. " '
0411 v. ai., eyes difficult to open.
speech difficult, fullness of throat. pros
tration nearly complote,diplnpia( double
signii vastly increased
otiu i'. jm. nuusea. twitchinirs on nctit
side, unable to articulate, eytai closed
iullnesa almost to ssunocotloa In throat,
pulso about sixty, in part six
th r BESUl.T THAT WAS NOT RECORDED,
He railed for water just before ho
began tbo sentence that was never
finished. His wife ran to net somo
coffee, and as she returned she saw hor
husband dead. His Inst utterances
were thirk-toniruod, but ho had antic!
pated this symptom, and exiiected to
7)iiB8 trom it into tno relaxation wherein
lay the cure. Ho was dead from ISO
Imps ot hemlock, and died quietly
The eventful denth waa a Beimel to
un eventful life. In 1861 Mr. Walker
was sent to T. 11., a place twenty-two
miles from Washine-ton. by (.en. Man
chester, to capture Kmack, the rebel
spy. He took a cavalry troop and
minlu -tho capture. Jio put tlio spy
under tbo supervision of two men who
allowed him to escape, r.mack drew
bow io knife, und as Mr. Walker
known then as Gen. Walker was
washing his face, the rebul stabbed him
in tho abdomen, running the knife
tbrouirh the back, and then stabbed him
twice again, but the blows wcro cut off
by a memorandum book. J-.inack
cuiml, and was afterward in charge of
Libby 1'rison, where Col. Mood and
Gen. Michael Corcoran beard him boast
of hisexploit. Ho was afterward known
as Howie Knifo Kmack, tho Yankee
Mr. Walker was poisoned in the Na
tional Hotel in 1857 in Washington, and
as bo narrowly escaped death then so
he did four years later. Alter tho war
he was a brokorat&l Beaver street, He
was afterward deputy intornal revenue
collector. Ho leave family of five
children, one a minister. A largo num
ber of friends visited his house yester
day, and his funeral on Wednesday
from St. I'oter's Kpiscopal Church is to
be under Mnsonio suiiervinion. Mr.
Walker was I'ast Grniid Master of 1111-
Tho Coroner's inquest is to be held
this afternoon. Already the case has
excitod the most intense interest among
Hrooklyn physicians. Tho death re
cord is preserved as an unprecedented
RATES OF INTEREST. .
The usual rate of interest In tho
West, says an exchange, is' ten per
cent., and it is genorally believed that
this is the correct measure ol toe val
ue of money. If tha measure of the
value of a commodity is what it will
bring, this is tniei but if the true
measure of value is what tho article
can be made to yield, it is not true
lixperienced capitalists and business
men give it as their mature opinion
that there is no kind of projierty as
profitable as money loaned at teu per
cenl.-wbith is tantamount to saying
that tho average yield of industries,
enterprises and speculations is less than
ten per cent, on tho amount invested,
or in other words, thnt money is not
really worth ten per cent. Thero are
several eonsidrfntions that strengthen
this conclusion. Money limned nt ten
per wnt will double itself in seven
and ft l alf years j ten thousand will
grow into twenty thousand in that
time, and twenty thousand will grow
into forty thousand. That the average
investments in business ventures and
industries will not do this is too well
known to need a demonstration. While
a hundred men who loan money at ten
per cent compound will, with prudent
management, double their fortunes in
seven and a half years, one hundred
men who borrow money at that rato
will fail, in spile of all the prudence
and loroigla they may exorcise, to
double theirs, Ho far from it, fifty of
them, it nwt more, will break.
There la nothniK mora clearly estab
lished by tbo experience of business
than the tact that a man who conducts
his enterprises on burrowed capital
whoso only resources, or chief resour
ces, are tlio products of bills drawn on
his shipments, will, lu lour cases out oi
tlvo, como to bankruptcy, and a liirmer
who mortgages his farm for half its
value to secure money at ten per oonu
in hope that its net yield will pay the
interest and principal, will, in four
cases out of nvo, bo sold out. Those
plain and well known facts apticar to
prove that the average annual product
of money Invested in commerce, speo
ulalion. industry and agriculture is not
ten per cent , and fiat, while it may
,..iv, is io .van, nui .
I nil classes of borrowers In the
West could bo broutrht lo appreciate
tills important fact, it would be worth
millions to this region. There, is a
world of financial philosophy in it.
Nothing is more nuaurd, and In the
long run more disastrous, than the do.
Iilsion that a man can get rich by bor
row ing money to speculate on ; II Is
the secret of lour-fiftlas of tbo rases of
bankruptcy that occur in business and
of the sheriff's sales that Ink a place in
The Hartford Timet reporta that a
young woman ol that town went to
inquire ine pnee ni rwwnia: rnaeiiiiM-n
the other flay. Mho asked u any re
duriion waa made to clergymen. "Oh.
yea" replied the salesman ; "are you a
ministers wiloT" "nn, sir, waa mo
answor, "I am not" "Are you the
sister of a clergyman T" "Oh, no,"
wns the answer. "Then upon what
relationship do you ask for lbs reduc
tion T" "Well," she replied, "1 am not
a clergyman's wilu, or sister, or cousin,
but I have just been engaged lo a
......I.....:.. . r... .i i i .....:.."
million., in mu iiiooi.'a.n.a. mnimiai ,.
She got tho inuchino al a reduced rate,
A eolMrtetir ope ma I the dor of an
Irishman's shanty in Now Orleana,and,
putting in bia head, in a very pious
tons asked tho owner of the domicile,
who bnpiHined to be iu at tho timo. "if
bo would accept of a tract or tha JJoly
Land," meaning, of course, aa essay on
that iutoreatinE portion i the world.
"Vis, be jabbers, was tha reply of the
Hilwrnian. "a boul sootion, if you give
a good title doed. Hut 1 should like
to know if there is much of it prairie.
or if new Bottlers are subject to the
agar there? " . ,
LEGAL PKC1810X AS TO DU
TIES OF SCHOOL TEACHERS
lo a recent sessiou of the Franklin
county court, a prosecution waa tried
against a school teacher named Kausl
lor an allcired assault and battery on
one of bis male pupils. The chargo tf
tho Court delivered by Judgo Row,
is a clear and concise statement or the
law in regard to tho right of school
teachers to inflict corporal.punishmont
on their pupils. Tho following is the
chargo of the Court as published in tho
f ranklin Jicpomory .
Oentlfmnt at tht Jry .
The Defendant atands indicted for
an assault and battery on the person
ot narvey ileum n. '
An assault and battery is committed
when one unlawfully beats another.
Tbo charge here is that the Defend
ant, a scboolmastor, unlawfully beat
Harvey Kebuck, a pupil of his, In ad
miuisterintt cbastisoiuent to him in the
school room in January lust.
luat tbo teacher beat his pupil by
striking bim with a flat and not heavy
ruler, is ununited and justittud on tho
ground of the authority of a school
master, to correct his scholars for mis
behavior or disobedience, in a reason
able maimer. And tho law is that a
parent may correct bis child, or a
schoolniastAir bis scholar, iu a reason
Tho prosecution, ullowiiiaT this to bo
tho law, insist that the punishment in
flicted on this lad by .his teacher and
master, waa excessive aud dispiiiior
tionale. To consider the law of. the case a
little mora fully: It is laid down that
schoolmaster may, in a reasonable
manner correct bis scholars. Hut the
currectiua or chastisement must be
reasonable, and uot disproportionate to
tho requirements of tho case at tbo
A schoolmaster is liable criminal I v.
if in inflicting punishment iiikiu bis
pupil he goes beyond tbo limit of
reasonable instigation and cither in
mode or degree ot correction, is iruilly
of o,n unreasonable or disproportionate
violence or force, and whether tbo
punishment was excessive under the
circumstuiicos ol any case is a question
lor tho jury.
The chastisement must not exceed
the bounds of due moderativn, either in
the measure of it or in the instrument
made use of, and regard must be bntl
to the ago and strength of the pupil
Tbo law reposes in a teacher the
power of inflicting punishment, and
makes him the judge of tho occasions
when punishment is necessary ; but it
will aot allow bim to irrutify his own
evil passions, and requires bim in in
dicting corporal punishment to exer
cise a reasonable judgment and dis
cretion, and ho must be governed as
to the modo aud severity of the pun-
isoment, by the nature ol tho onenco,
iiiu airu, aiav, biiu niiiiitruiii lruwera 01
endurance of the pupil.
A teacher lias not tho right toinmft
so much punishment as is necessary to
secure obedience to his rules oronfers,
if thnt would require him to inflict a
cruel or unreasonable or merciless
chastisement And to make bim
criminally liable it is not necessary ho
should havo acted from vindictive feel
ing, passion or ill will. Kvon if his
solo object was to prontoto discipline
in his school he is not allowed to effect
that by a cruel or immoderate castiga
tion. Other means must be resorted
to, and effectual means may be found.
vt hether tho use ol tho rod in school
advisable, is with some a debatable
question. Rut it is a question with
which wo have nothing to do. The
law allows it Those who have in
their especial charge the great inter
ests of education in our State have not
asked that the law in this respect be
Tbo jury ouitht not to undcrUtko to
measure In strict scales the precise
punishment deserved, and to hold the
Defendant responsible If he in the least
exceeded IhaT. Kvon H the jury snouid
think the correction severer than nndur
the circumstances as they sco tlicin,
they would havo administered or ap
proved, yet unless It wns in its mode
or nienaure immoderate and unreason
able it would not becriminal, licgurd
ought to bo bud hi the teacher's judg
ment niado with a full vtow of nil the
circumstances, the past conduct and
tho mnnilestctt disposition ol his scholar.
Tho Court and Jury can never or but
rarely havo so complete a view of nil
the facts as tbo teacher.
Kvery Intendment therefore onght to
be made in his favor, and he ought only
to be held culpable when it iippears
beyond a reasonable doubt that the
punishment was immodcrato nnd dis
proportionate. Tbo instrument Used by tho teacher
here Was of proper and allowable kind,
a broad and not a hoavy ruler. It was
applied to a part of the person where
. I.. L.flw.ln.l ill,,,,,. I,,in-
Not one stroke of tho ruler seems to
have hoen unusually severe. A few
strokes niado as these were would not
be claimed to be excessive punishment
Hut the Commonwealth claims mat
there were 20 strokes on the person of
lad 11 years old, wbicli produced
largo and conspicuous bruises, tbo
marks ol wbicn remained some in or
it days, and the counsel lor tho Com-
monwealth contends that the number
of strokes, takon with the ago of the
bov and the results, the nature of his
offence considered, makes the chastise-
ment excessive and illegal.
The evidence of tho Commonwealth
shows ot tends lo show, that the Isry
Harvey, 11 years old, was on Wednes
day making- soma pictures on lift slate
or exhibiting some Inado by others,
which caused laughter among the boys
around bim. Tbut for this he was
ordered to take a scat, a vacant seat.on
tho other sido of tlio room, occupied
by tha girls, which he did. That next
day having of bis own accord gone to
his old seat, ho was again ordered to
the new sent assigned liini.lo wbicli ho
demurred and the master gnve him
three tans with ' the ruler, which in
ilniwl Liin in im" That nti Friday his
father, having learned ol these tbings
in tho morning, lold liarvcy to convey
this message lo his teacher, viz :
That bia father had told bim to go In
school and be a good boy, and say that
ha waa not to iro nn tho cirls' side an-
loss othor boys did and if ths teacher
required him to do so, ho was to take
his books and como homo. That the
bov went to school that morning and
took bis old seat, and when tho master
ordered bim to tho other, gava the
message from. Ins lather. That the
master saying ha would aoo wbothcr
ho (tho boy) or tho ralcr was the
toughest took bim by the coat at tho
neck, leaned him ovor the desk and
whipped him, inflicting as ono witness
says 19 blow as counted by bim, and
then atoiioed and asked tho boy
wbethor bo would now go ovor, to
which be replied "I don't know," when
one stroke more was ifivon, whon the
one -roka more was (rivon, whon th
boy said gweas I will," and thenth
1 ' "
. TTTHT T"rr"
TEBMS-52 per annum in Advance.
NEW SERIES-VOL. 1C, NO. 15.
wliippiiig waa over. Thut this whip
ping left distinct, discolored murks on
tho lioy's person which remained soino
10 or 12 days.
Tho Defendant's witnesses show tho
same stato of facts in tho main, but
touches are ndded which give a diln-r-out
color to Harvey's actions.
.The testimony on this side shows, if
believed, that Harvey wns misbehaving
on Wednesday wben ho was taken
away from his former scut, and assign
ed ouo on tho other side, a vacant seat,
with tbo injunction that bo should re
tain it until bo bad received permission
to go hack to tbo other. Hint lor
three days he liersistantly disobeyed
tills injunction by returning to his old
scat aintin and airain after recess nnd
and adjournment nnd was repeatedly
ordered back again to tbo now neat.
1 hut he said once when so ordered
back, "you may sit there yourself, I'm
going home. That on r mlny morn
ing buying lujteu his old sent without
permission, tho Defendant told him to
go to tho other, and went on to hem- n
spelling elnss for half an hour. After
which lie went to him and SL'ain ord
ed him over. He refused to go, snying
"this is my seat. I np said 1 should
sit here." "I won't go unless the rest
of the boys go over." That Dcfcndnnt
waited lor him to go two or three
minutes, nnd then look bold of him
and whipped him. Thut the teacher
was uot excited or align, Hint be
stopped to risk tbo boy whether be
would obey and po over to Ins seal, to
which ho replied "l don t know,'
when one more blow with the ruler
wns iriven, uud tha boy snid "1 guess 1
will," and went over. That at recess
he went home und did not come buck ;
that ho was marked, but not hurt and
was next tiny aide to sit and walk- out
The only comment 1 think il neces
sary to muko on the evidence is this :
if Mr. Keljiick was dissatisfied w ith
4ho conduct ot tbo schoolmaster in re
quiring his son to sit on tho girls' side
of the room, bo bad two courses to
pursue, cither of which would have
To keep his son at home, until be
should huve compluiued to tho School
Directors nnd an-ed redress of lliein.
or to hove himself gone to see this De
fendant mid conferred with him about it.
Hut it was wrong in my opinion,
for him to send bis son to school with
a message such as he says he scut it
was an attempt to interfere with the
conduct and discipline of the school,
by ono outside of it, and on tho state
ments of oncsidoonly to thecontroversy.
And it tended to impair the authority
of tho teacher in his school in tho eyes
of tho young lad who carried tlio mes
sage, and ol every boy and girl who
beard it delivered.
An error on Mr. Rcbiick's part in
this respect would not, however, justily
an immoderate whipping. Hut the
teacher was not bound to regard the
message. Tho boy might havo boon
kept at bonis but when sent to school
tho father s directions were nuiratory.
It was for tho teacher to govern bis
We must take care not t" iuiM.ir the
efficiency of our common school sys
tem, than which there is nothing
which concerns simply mundane in
terests thnt is more important. And
wo shall impair it equally by deterring
teachers from exorcising a saltltary
discipline id their schools, nnd, on the
other hand, by encouraging them to
become petty tyrants in their little
realms, inflicting punishment beyond
the hounds of moderation.
TOM SCOTT'S FIRST RAPID
, '., TRANSIT SCHEME. .
Now that lion. Thomas A. Scott
has liecomo tho acknowledged "linil
road King" of tho world ami his man
ipulations arc attracting no small share
ol' tlio public attention, il would not
lie uninteresting to relate an episode
in his lifo that took place at Mercers-!,,..
burg, wben he was simply a dry goods
cieia, anu ionK isiei- ma n-.i -
prise was dreamed of. Arnold Hrooks,
now deceased, a colored hostler, well
known In Mcreersburg and a universal
favorite, had charge of the stables con
nected with ono of tho hotels of that
place, tho owner of which had some
splendid trotting slock in which Brooks
took great pride, and the speed of
which formed a great staple in bis con-
vorsation. One tiny, when he wns
UlinilllK Ull -IIU iiiv.nn v, in. i vaj rvi nt.
animals Willi more lunuustiui unction
Scott interrupted bin
nil with the rather!
stiirtliiig banter: "Brooks, III bet
you five dollars that 1 can produce a
iiorso you have got in Iho stable can
-.ii iii-i. -mi i,-.-v v j I
trot Itrooks accepted, the banter im
mediately : preliminaries wcro ar-
ranged and a handful of "lips' and i
levies" tbo perquisites of bis position
was put up by the enthusiastic host
ler. Tho rnco cnino off. It wns Tom
Scott's first triumph in rapid travel,
uud Brooks was lindlv disapiHiinted
and defeated, and as he oflc.u remarked
in telling his story, "d n it, ho took
do money, tint war. de wust." Hut the
unfortunato horseman -wns not forgot
ten, aud np to the timo of bis death ho
received from tho grent railroad mag
nate, at. nnoxjMK'led limus' many a
Inrirrsa of no mean amount. Futiun
Six Thoi sasd Dollars for a Broken
II bart. May Chamborlayno, who is
now 16 years of age, sued John Bute
Holmos, a city surveyor and a resident-
of New York, who is about 50 years
obi. for breach of promise, claiming
fifty thousand dollars damages. 1 be
trial waa ended nn Monday last. At
tbo conclusion of tho ovidence, Mr. G.
Courtney addressed Iho Court for tho
plaintiff in a vigorous discussion of the
motive thnt be attributed to the de
fendant, and Mr. Holmes boramo to
much excited thnt ho writhed in Ins
sent in uncontrollnlile anguish. When
counsel touched upon the fact that the
vonnirest child of tho defendant hnd
lM-en kept in the court room during I lie
entire trial. Air. iionncs excitement.
knew no bounds. "lis false; abuse
me as much as you liko, but you shan I
nliiise mv children." ho exclaimed, and
he sprang with clenched fists upon Mr.
Courtney. One of the court officers
aeiaed his arm and forced Mr. Holmes
back Into bis seat. Judge Spuulding,
in consideration of tbo severity of Mr.
Courtney's remarks, severely repri
manded Mr. Holmes for the offence.
In charging the jury bo took the
ground that they ebotild find for the
platntin H they noucvou vuui. aeouinioi
of mnrrino bad been entored into and
that the dctenilanl nan broken tno
contract without tha consent of the
plaintiff. Ho called attention lo tho
fact that there was no evidence, that
when Mr. Holmes said "cvervtbintt is
oft between you and me, Mny," thnt
tho plaintiff had assented to the roeia
aion of tho contract of marringo. After
an hour's deliberation tbo Jury found
for the plaintiff in six thousand dollars.
N. Y Spial In Ihila. Timet.
COUNT Y S UPERINTENDENTS.
On tlio Hint Tuosduy of May next
! thu eloctioii "I I on my Supenntcn
I drnl of Common Mt'IiiMilH will be bold
I in tlio different counties of the State,
for ft term ot' I In to years, being the
j lint under the new constitution. Tbe
lollowing outu mM,t ha takon by all
county, city mid borough suporiutcn
! dents bolbro they enter upon tlio li-
tbinie of their official duties, instead
'of thut heretofore prescribed by tha
' school luw. When taken, a copy must
! bo forwarded to the school department
! and a copy filed In the office of the
I'rollionotnry ot the county in winch
the same is taken :
"1 do solemnly swear (or affirm )that
1 will support, obey and dcleud the
Constitution of the I'niled Stutes, and
tho Constitution of this Common
wealth, and that I will discharge tlio
duties of my office with fidelity; that
I havo not paid or contributed, or
promised to pay or contribute, oithor
directly or indirectly nny money or
other valuable thing, to procure my
noniiiintioii or election, expressly au
thorized by law ; that I have not
knowingly violated nny election law
of this Commonwealth, or procured
it to be dono by others in my behalf;
thut I will not knowingly receive, di
rectly or indirectly, any money or
other valuable thing for the porform
anco or non-porformanco ot any act
or duty pertaining to my office, other
than the compensation allowed by
fSigned.1 A B-
Sworn (or affirmed) and subscribed
before me, , judge of
the court ol common pleas of said
county (or superintendent of public
instruction, as tbo case may be), the
day of , 187.
Tho School Department officially
gives notice thut com missions to su
perintendents are not issued for thirty
days after day of election. This time
is allowed in order that all who deem
a superintendent elected by a conven
tion of directojs unqualified for office,
mny have full opportunity to file their
objections. In this connection the
Lancaster Exprem calls the attention
of the directors to tho following pro
vision in the law. Incompetent offi
cers have been commissioned because
directors were not fully advised as to
tlio maiincrof presenting to tho school
department objections to its being
'-Jtut if objections to issuing such
commissions bo mnde within thirty
days, and such' objections bo signed,
among others, by a majority of tbo
members of not loss than one-fifth of
nil the school hoards in tb- county
from which such objections are re
ceived and certified to, under oath or
affirmation, by at least threo of tho
signers, the superintendent of Com
mon Schools ninv require such evi
dence, under oatli or nllirmation, in re
gard to the legality of tho elected su
perintendent, as ho shall deem neces
sary, and then shall isstto the commis
sion to the pel-son properly qualified,
who received tlio greatest number ol
votes ; and the Superintendent of Com
mon Schools, when engaged in the in
vestigation of objections filed against
the issninix of commissions to county
superintendents, shall have power to
issue subpoenas and to administer oaths;
and any person refusing or noglecting
to attend and give evidenoe at such
investigation, when legally subpoenaed,
shall be liablo to tho same fines and
penalties as if bo bad refused to ap
pear and give evidence in a court of
record, and tho costs to be paid by mo
purtics subpoenaing the witnesses."
It will thus lie seen that a majority
of one-fifth of tlio boards of direc
tors in any county have power to keep
an incompetent man out of tbe onice
ol superintendent and it is hoped they
will fearlessly exert their power wnen
tho circumstances demand it. Espe
cially should this be the case wbonev
cr facts exist affecting the moral char
acter or lhu person clvcusi. The nec
essary papers can bo drawn up and
signed, if desirable, on tho day of tbo
To this it should be added, howevor,
that object ions, to bare weight in tho
hearing, must not arise from improper
motives or considerations of any kind,
but have strict reference, in the Inn
gungo of tbo law, "to the legality of
tbe uluction and tlio qualifications ot
the person elected County Superinten
dent," and those making charges must
nc prepareu io prcseni inera in a reg
ular way and provo them.
Size in Tnx Eye. Sizo with the
eye, as with tlio brain, is generally
conceded to be a measure of capacity.
Lion M it unquestionably has of ox
A largo eyo bas a wider rango ot vi
,)r01jsioll r tliaxi a small one. A largo
KlU tnko in mor0 nt , g,,co, th o
: ,,rmI)S w jtn ioss attention to detail,
tlmn a small one. licnernlly spak
ing, lnrgo eyes see things in general,
nod amull eyes things in particular.
Tbo one gees many things as a whole,
considering them in a philosophical or
spcculntivo way, often seeing throngh
and Iroyond them ; the other sees few
er things, but usually looks keenly in
to them, and is appreciative of detail.
Some eycs,however.look nt everything
and yet see nothing. Fullness ol the
causing n bulging oi mo lower
is tbe the well-known sign ol
i,',,,,,,,,. Persons with this sign
nrg0 ,KVC m,t only a speaking eye but
flS() Bpcaking tongue, whereof their
ic ows do noi remain iu iiriioraiiee. a
general projection or fullness of tho
eye nliovo and below, which brinpthe
j-.- ,.. -veb-ow, denotes tho quality
eve-nail lorwuru on a line wnu me
of physical, perception, or mo ca
pacity to Bee quickly whatever ap
pears upon tbo surface, of things. A-pei-son
with such an eye on .ntering a
room tor ine nrsi lime, woum nom
rapidly Iho sbiipe, size, arrangement,
and general npeamnce ol the differ
ent articles of furniture in it, tho col
or of tho walls, curtains, eta ; tako in
wilb equal facility, tho features, tbo
color of eyes and hair, sizo and ap
penrnnce of any person who might bo
present In Linking at a picture such
a person would at mice incline to ex
amine thu details of color, number,
grouping, attitude, and costume com
posing it. Annual of Phrenology and
IIlissful Ionorance. Kmerson lives
mostly lo himself, both in body and
mind. Somebody asked him why he
omitted "Paul Revere's Ride" from
"Parnassus." Ho said he never heard
of il, nnd asked, "Who wroto itf"
-Why, Longfellow wrote ill" said tho
questioner. '-Did lie?" asked tho sago
ill amazement. An I'-iiglisbmaa called
on l.oiigliilow one day and askod to
sco his bouso, which was Washington's
headquarters al Cambridge. Hoshow
ed him through courteously, and the
visitor expressed much satisfaction,
and begged to know bis host's name.
"Longlelluw," said tbe pool, not uorea
soimlily expecting somo recognition.
"Ah, indeed; an American." Hut worst)
even than that is the story of somo
Cambridgo tourists who asked the car
conductor to show thorn Lowell's house.
IU snid ho didn't know tho name.
"James Russell Iowell," explained the
visitors. The man shook his head;
' there's a baker down town by the
nnme of Lowell," said he, "but the cars
don't go anywhere near him."
Ono of tho methods adopted by the
authorities of Paris for the enoourage
ment of birds In the parks ii the man
ufacturing of artificial nests so cun
ningly constructed that each variety
of bird will recognize its homoatonno.
Tho nests are mado by women for the
following birds: ine sparrow, wi
mouso, warbler, kingfisher, shaffineb,
cuckoo, blackbird, magpie, and others.
Threo thousand of theso nests bar
been put up recently