Clearfield Republican. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1851-1937, April 07, 1875, Image 1
TIIK ! 'ILKAitntLK Ktl'lllLICW,"; PtTBLIINRD BVBHV WBPxasnAr, IT J UUOHUlf II. li()UUI,AM)l:H, CLKAHFIKLU, fA. ' UN'I'ABLItllliU IN IBt. lie largest Clrrulatlou ef Buy Newapapar lit North Ceutral eeuusjlvaula. Terms of Subscription. I paid In advance, o wllliin 3 monthi....$'J (Ml (I paid after H tnl before 0 taunt hi 9 AO fi puid Hilar the expiration of 6 umnlhi... 3 M Buton oi Advertising, Cran.ient IrartiiouKt.ta. per iquum uf III llneaor lew. It tltuoi or lci ...$! ytt n wli uliciinint Infertiun 40 (lTniiiiirn(ri' nitl Kxocutnri' naiW I SO Audi tore ii'ithnii S 58 L'autim nd K'trayi t 51 Oinmdutii'Ti nnttorf t M Prirtnat Cat A. & Hum or leai,l year I 00 b-x!l nitinc,fr Ir..n tfl YfAiti.v auvkutikmevts. I vituiruft. 11 OA I 4 tluiiin. . TO 00 mjUHft.. 'Jtt i)it 1 mliirun 120 00 B0R,1B 0. IOOD!ANtKK. Kditor and Publisher. CarflS. ',- oi nn uoBiioB. THOU. H. MlMMiY. MURRAY & GORDON, ATTORXKYS AT I A W, :W74 t'l.KARr'IKI.U, PA. FRANK FIELDING, ATTO U S E Y - A T -1, A W , ClearOelel, Pa. Will attend to all business entrusted to fatal pioinplly and faithfully. BOvl2'73 wnxfAB A. WAlXAra. HARRT r. WAI.I.ACR. iAvin u vaaaa. jon.i w. wmui.rr. WALLACE & KREBS, (Su ociur In W nil hoc lielding,, , ATTOIINK YS-AT-J.AW, I 11-117.1 Clearfield, Pa. i R. V. H 0!t, . 0. H. I. TAB YALXAM, . It. j DRS. WILSON & VAN VALZAH, i ClrarUelil. Pe j Ottk'e hi reiidence of Dr. 'ili.m. Orrtcii Hui:hr: From 12 to It r. H. Dr. Van Vulra't can bo found at night in hU room a, next dor to lUrlKk s .rtma Drug mora, op Hairr. norlfl'7Jt Dll. JEFFEHSOS I.ITZ, WOODLAND, PA. Will iiromilly atlnd all ctlli in tha lioeof hia prufvKiuii. ' aoa.l-i loBrn . 'l.u. BAlt w. n'lTBor. IdcENALLY & MoCURDY, ATTO UN EYS-AT-LA V, t IcarDcId, Pa. ' J( r- Letrnl bualnoaa attended to promtly wilbj .l.lulitv. Otn.'O on rtoconj Mreet, aIiotb the Firri Saliooil UIB. Jn:li74 G. R. BARRETT, ATTORNBV AND CoUNHKUm AT I,AW, CI.KAKVIEl.D. PA. Ilini( Tf.ltni'd bi' Judj(e."hip, hi rcftnned llin praolicr of the Uw In hi. old olth al Clear-H-t,l, I'a. Will attend the nnurte of JeRerion and KIk oounttm wlien ,ncoliilly tctaiard in oonneetion irith n-fidnnl eouniol. 1:14:71 WM. M. McCULLOUGH, ATTOKNKY AT LAW, Clearllcld, Pa. ,T-Omre In Court llouee, (SberiJ'a Ornoe). Li-gal bueinnu proraptlT altrniled to. Hrole.talel uglil end laid. J.ill'73 ' A. W. WALTERS, ATTOHSKY AT LAW, Cleartlrld. Pa. iuOflioe In (Irahaiu'i Rus. ilofl3-1y H. W. SMITH, A TTORNEY-AT-LA W, i!:I:7 riearlield. Pa. WALTER BARRETT," ATTOKNKY AT LAW. iCij. ob S.ond ht., Olearleld, Pa. nuTll.M ISRAEL TEST, ATTOltNKY AT LAW, tlcarlicld, Pa. fl-OBoe la Pie l Opera llonte. Jjrli,'7 iaum u mi tad n sunlit . rwwiwiaw. A'n-tRNEY AT LAW, rirartlrld, Pa. rOHloe In Ple'e Oiiara llooie, Room No. t. Jan. , 1874. " JOHN L. CUTTLE, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Ind Ileal Ktate Agent, l learflrld, Pa. Offiea oa Tblrd itreet, bet.L'berrj Walnnt. jr-Heipeetfall; offers bit aorrioei la asllisaj ind boring landi In Clearleld and ailjolnlng euntiea and wltBan aipeilsneaol arerlweatr i.are aa a .nr.. Tor, lattari blmeelf that be aaa render aatiifaatloa. IPeb. J:S:tf. FREDERICK O'LEARY BUCK, SClflYENEIt & CONVEYANCER, General Life and Fire Ins. Agent. Deoda of Coovejanoo, Articles of Agreement and all Irgal paiiera promptly aBd neatly eie ouied. OIBje io Pie's Opera lloaee, Room No. 4. CleardoW, Pa., April W,l74. i. BLAKE WALTERS, REAL ESTATE BROKER, AB PBAtaa IB Maw IK and Isimiber, CLKARFIF.LD, PA. luce in Urnham'e Row. 1:JJ:71 J. J. L INGLE, ATTORNEY -AT - LAW, 1:11 Osceola, t'learllf Id Co., Pa. rpd DR. T. J. BOYER, PHYSICIAN AND3UROK0S, Office ott llarket Street, Cleardeld. Pa. (T-Otoe hoars: I to U a. m , BBd 1 to p. E. mT SCIIKURER, 11014 IKOPATIl 10 PHYSICIAN, Ollloe In reildenoa on Market St. April 14, 1871 CleerHeld. Pa. D R. W. A. MEANS, PHYSICIAN 4 SURGEON, LUTllKRBIUIRd, PA. Will attend professional oalla promptly. auglOJO j78"b a r n hart, ATTORN KT . AT - LAW, Hrllrlimte, Pa. Will practice IB Clearneld end all of tbe Courts of the 2ith Jndicisl di.lriet. Real estate uu.inraa and eollsclion of claims made siieclaltles. al 71 C BAKER HARDER AND II AIR 'dRKSSER, CLKARF1ULD, PA. Sh.,p In old Western lintel, eorBer "f Market and Hecend streets. Jjn? !' - JAMES CLEARY, BARAER & HAIR DRESSER, HCOND 8TRKKT, jyM CL KADI' IB I. . P. t .... - "M - r5b7n son Manufaetarer and dealer in lliiniess, Saddles and Bridles, Collar., Whips, llroslies, Fly Nrls, Trlmmlags. lL.rse lllaokrtt, Ae Vaennm, Prank Miller's and tTeatafnet OIL. Aginl for llailoy ns misons nni". fir.iM ..halrin nromotlr atteaded to, Sb lop en Market siren, n"n..i", - - nnerly oeeupied by Jas. Aleisndar. a: J form' MITCHELL WAGONS. The Best is the Cheapest I Tbomos Rellry ass reeelred aaolber large lot of "Mitchell Wagons,'' wbleb are among the rery bwt manafariared, and whioh ba will sell at tlie moel rea.onal.le rates. II Is stock Includes almost sll descriptions of wagoos largeaad small, wide and narrow Irsek. Cell aa I sea Ideas. spr74 TI1UMAH RKILLY. gTOREKEEl'KKM, TOREK EEl'KKH, ATTENTION I W ri..lr i. A.li nar attention to our esteaslee ComrsiMioa bu.iness and teour facilities for dis. pusig of sueh produce a. our eon. ignore send us. Having b lerge trade with aity etoroe,we are en abled le make quick returns, at fall ptioee. Kturekeepers having Chickens, Huller, Eggs, er eiber produce, will ds well le (lea aa a trial, ft here Urocerlos are takea la asebange, ae earn, miasiea will be eharg.d. at. L. KIRK,OI A CO., Wholesale Oroeors and Cemmiooioe Merchants, Ne. IS N. Tblrd alreel, JMliedn. prly JAME.S" WATSON A CO., REAL KBTATH lIROKKItS, . . cLKAririKl.il, PRNK'A. Ilaeaee aad Omeoe U lei. Volleetloa. promptly made, aad Irsl-eleae Cool aad Fire Clay Leads aa4 Jews properly for aele. Ofaoe la Wesura Hotel Belldlng lid toor,esoB4"t. myl'7ly CLEAKIIEED V" GEO. B. GOODLANDEE, Proprietor, VOL. 49-WHOLE NO. j " 1 "' : Cauls. A. G. KRAMER, ATTO U SKY-A T - L A V , Heal Estate mid Collection Agent, 1 IHAHKIUI.I), PA., Will promptly attend to til legal buiineaa ; truitcd to hia eare. , tf-OHW in l'te i Opera II.Mr iteooU floor. r-ril l.ui ! J. H. KLINE, M. D., PHYSICIAN 4 SUKGEON, HA VINO located at rconAeld, Pa., oden hit trofofi vital aervieoe to the people of that plaoe and urrmindiiig country. All ealU promptly ittendrd to. u. IrKALKI I i (i EN KB A Ii JI EUCIIAKD1SE, II.MBEI, Sli;. tll., aVr.i At TUB CORNER STORE, Curw.nolll., Nor. St, 1874. JOHN D. THOMPSON, Jimtlea or tlit Puaoo and Scrlvenrr Curwenivllla, Pa- MLCollt-e.lwtit tntJe anil niunvr prompt ty paiJ over. f,I.J2'7llf I.I!BT BJr AI.BBT.......W. AI.IBBT W. ALBERT 4. BROS., Manufacturer! A oxtenllve Dealer! in Sawod Lumber, Square Timber, &c, WOODLAND, PBNN'A. O-Orden ollelled. Bills tiled OB ibort nollea and raaaonalile terma. Add.. Woodland P. O., Oliarfteld Co., P. rj.,lj. W Al.HKKT A DKtiS. FRAc7sCOUTRiET, MKKCH.AN'I". frcuchTllle, 1 learlleld County. Pa. Kucli. eonltantl; oa hm.J a full aiHirtmenl of Dry Uiio.lt, Hardware, lirororlcl, and e.-orylhing n.u.llj kipt In a retail euire, ahirb aill Utcdd, for caeh, ae ebeap ae elassbere In tbe eoantjr. franebville, June JI, 1SH7-1J. THOMAS H. FORCEE, BBSLBB IB HENKHAL mkrchanuisr. C.ll All AMTtlN, Pa. Also, ellenslre Ulanufsctnrer and dealer In fqoara Timber and Hawed l.uiolier of all kinds. trOrders solicit"! and all bills promptly tilled. . lJyii REUBEN HACKM AN, House and Sign Painter and Paper Hanger, Cleartlrld, Penn'a. Vo.Will eseeule Jobs in his line promptly sod ..in s workmanlike manner. srr4,7 ! G. H. HALL, j PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER, ! NEAR CI.EABFIKI.D, PENN'A. ' 4-Puinps always on band and made to order I on snort Bom-e. ripe. uo,,o ""'- I All work warranted to render eoti.lsction, and ! delivered if desired. aiyji:! jpd i E. A. BIGLER & CO., ltlAI.KK IX 'square timber, 1 and msBufactBrsrs of ALL kIMM I IV a)AWKI l llMBIOR, -7'7J CI.KRFIKLD, PENN'A. ' JAS. B. GRAHAM, dealer IB Real iBtato, Square Timber, Boards, gHINCILES, LATH, k PICKKT3, 9:I0"7S Clearfield, Pa, JAMES MITCHELL, nrALBB , Sfiuure Timber & Timber Lands, Jell'7J CLEARFIELD, PA. DR. J. P. BURCH FIELD, Late Sorgeon of tbe R.td Regiment. PennsyWania Volunteers, having raturaad froai the Army, alers kl. professional seiTlcee to theeitiisno of Clearoeld Bounty. aHVProfeselonalcalls promptly atleod.d te. OOee oa Seeoad atraet, former oseaplsd by Dr. Woods. (apr,'-tl H. F. NAUGLE, WATCH MAKES & JEWELER, and dealer ia Watches, Cloeks, Jewelry, Silver and Plated Ware, &c., islV'TS CLEARFIELD, PA., I, SNYDER, PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER ABD PBAI.BR lit Wntchos, Clot'kg and Jowolry, Oralaas's H, Naih'l Sirnl, CLKAHUf l l), PA. All kinds of repairing In my line promptly Bl ended to. April 23, 1S7I. KKMOVAL. REIZENSTEIN k BERLINER, wholesale dealer In GEMS' FIRMSUIVG GOUnS, llsre remoeed to 1ST Otiuroh street, netwren Franklla and White ats., New York. JyH'71 Miss E. A. ?. Rynder, aaiNT worn Ohlekerlag'a, Sulttwa'iand Kmertoa'i Planoat rJailtb', Maaoa 4 lUnlla'e and Peloabet't Orgaoi aad Melodeoat. and Graver 4k Uaker'i tfawing Machinal. also tbacbbb of Piano, Guitar, Organ, Harmon and Voeal Ma lie. N pupil taken for Itfl tbaa half a term. ptfKnomr oppueit Uullch'a Furolture Store CiearReld, Ma 4, 1f.irtl.ir. C TONE'S SAW GUMMISR3 AND We here received the earncy for the above and will aril them at minufiicturcr'i prioei. Call and. i ami iir tlirm. They are Die beet, j.l V 73 II. F. Ult.l.KU A CO. A. M HILLS Would re.liei tfully aollfy hi..atirnls lhat he bas reduci-d tbe price of AHTI- PIC1AL TEETH to 2U Oil pel eel, or U5.00 for a double seL yor any iwopereons coming at the same time, to hare each an upper set, will get Ihc two lets for $31.00, er H7.M each. Terms iBvariably Cash. Cleerlleld, July l, 1H74. ., JIiATZEIl & LYTLE, AllKSrS IN CLEARFIELD COUNTY FOR LOniLLAUItN , Cclebratetl.Drendi of Smoking & Chewing Tobaecos. We are enablrd to wbnlrtele to dealer, tbrongh- oat tbo eonnty at elfy pricf. , KHA 1 .r.n m i-uur, Jt?l:7l tf neerfleld, T. NDERTAKIN (i. The aadeeelesee) are sew tally prepared le earry aa the baileees er I IKItTAKIC., AT RRASDNAIILi RATES, ' And reepectlelly eelloll Ihe patronage of faon - JOH T.10I.TMAN, JAMES L. LKAVY. Clearleld, Pa., Foe. IB, IS74. TIT I I.I.I A lil M. IIKNRY, Joan y er rna Psaw ass Bciitbsbb, LI'siriER .1,1 . ,ada sad mosey nmmplry paid erer. Arlieleeef e(vea-eat sad deede af onteyanee aeatly useateel aad artantee' oat reel er bo rhorga. --, i-jy 71 s. IT - 2 - 1I5. . SPEECH OF 1I0. UILIIAM A. WALLACE. Itrllrrred In I he United States Senate, March 23d, 1875, t)N THE I.()liINIAN OllTIIAOliM. Tlie Siimto ii'Btimoil tliu eonsidi'rii tion oi tbu resolution snLiiiitlwl hy .Mr. Fivliiighuyricn on tlio 10th iimtuul, tbe pcmling (jnoHtion being on tbo nmt'nU ini'iit ol Sir. Anlliiiny. , ill'. Wnllnce, ol I'l'iiiiriylviiiiiii suitl: Ir. I'li'Hiilfiit, tlio resolution of tbe Senator from New Jersey, ilr. i'ro lingbiiysen, wbieli wun inti'uilui'eil into thin body on tbo llltli ot. .Muirli, and wbit-b U in thene words Uttalvnl, That tbo Senate spprnvo tbe notion bi ri'tofore tsken by tbe Prriideut of tbe Tnited rtislcB in protretiog LoBi.isna from doinestie rl olenea, and sra of opinion that he should coo. tinue to recognise lo tbat Btato tbe existing Slate goen.uieiii L't'iim to nii'tin it conilonntion of tbo past nnd n rnrte blanche for tbo I'tiliii-o J'bia rexoliitiou was ivent to a tribunal of Ibis body composed of tbo members upon the otlicr side of tlio Cbmnbcr, mid it.roninined tbore until Ibo 2()lliof Manii lullowiiiL', lour ilnys, stibnntteil us wo must suppose, to (bu crut ible niul tesl ol ciiueus liented hy party ills eussion. n lien it returns tolbisClium- ber, it leturns under tbo nuspices of tne M'tinior Irom itliodo IkIiuuI Mr. Antliony mid from it is eliminated iminumly Inr tbcliiture. Tbe ameud meiit proposed by tbo Seniitor Iroin Rbode iMland is in tbeso words: Thst the action of the President la Drotcelir. the guverninont of Louisiana, of which W. 1. Kctlogg Is the executive, aud the people of that Stale against doo.e.lie violence, anil IB enforcing low. nt Ihc t'nitcd fitalca In that State, is an. proved. lint buniiciied in tlio tribuniil to wbieli tins resolution wus oriirinullv sulimilted, ns a matter of eotu-su, wo are unable to deleriuiite; but ill my brief experience 1 iinro learned to as eei'iuiu Ihiiu tboso things tbat are omit ted in doeumcnts diseussod nod tbat lire not stated much Unit 1 cannot learn Irom those tilings that arc staled. When wo seek to coMmst tbo resolu tion of tins lGtii of Alun.li with the res olution of Ihe 20l.li of .Mareh wo And tbut they dill'er in turnis, differ ill sub stance, differ in effect. Let us see. Tbo resolution of the lGlh of .March approved the action of tho President "in protoctinK Louisiana j" the restilu tion ol tbo 2Ulh of .March uprovcs the at tion of the President in "protecting Ibo L'orei'iiiuent in Louisiana of which W. I'. Kellogg is the executive I" "Louisiana" is tho State. Tho pro)osi tion in tho former is general, is vague ; tho proposition in tho latter, howuver, is distinct, emphatic, pointed "in pro tecting the government in Louisiana of which W. V. Kellogg in the execu tive." Why this is, it is not lor 1110 to SSV. YYo llinv bnve nnr ntiiiilmia ntirt our views on tins sunject : Hie UisiTnc- tion is there. Is it that tbo latter is distinct and speciul bocauso it is tho source of wrongs in tho past and tho hope ol tilings in tbo liituro f Is it 1 1 1 11b then) is a hereafter in which "the State" ii to bo different from "tbe gov ernment of which William 1'. Kellogg is executive," or is it a mere difference in tbo way of stilting tlio proposition ? Aguin, t o find that in the one the term "torccognia)"iusel,"recogniiein tbut State tbo existing Stuto govern ment ;" in the other 'Jto protect the government." Tho recognition of a Statu government implies pre-oxiL-ence. It implied that there was a day anil an hour In which there was a Stuto government to recoguieo. ' The statement of protection implies tutel age, parentage, and care. The one In dicates that there is a sovereign Stuto, the other that there is a cronturo ol paternal government. Tho 0110 sug gests that there is a Slute knocking at the doors ol the .Vnutc Chamber lor admission hero to her constitutional ronresentittion : tho otlicr suggests that Kellogg is simply tho representulivool a Statu government tliut ia not the Stale. Tho whole question is begged in tho difference between tho resolu tions. Tlio 0110 is recognition, tho other paternal government and tutel age, is this tho doctriuo of the ma jority 111 this IhanilK'i'? Is it tho avowal ot tlioir doctrine that wo are to loud toward pntoniul government in this country ? . If this bo so, it is for us to meet that issue upon tlio lurosuolu. V) e want 110 paternal government, hut solely and simply the tiovernnient that (ho Constitution created: maintained and cnlorccd, as it ought to bo, by those w ho are placed in tho places of power and trust under that Constitu tion. If tho power to recognize the Statu government or the Stale itself resides somewhere else tuun in tho 1 'resident, then the term "protect" isa very proper term. Ifitshull be found on cluso ana lysis of tbe luw, on an examination of tho theory of our (iuvornment, that it resides not in the President but in Con gress, then tho term "protect" is a very proper and sate term, "liocog nir.o" could not well bo used by those who Introduco this resolution if tboy hold tho view I suggest. In tho shad owy future that tluwns upon ns this distinction may be a uitlerenco import ant and vital, lor there may be 1 Slate, there may be a government there that Louisiana and her pcnplo recognize thnt will differ Irom tho government now controlled by William 1 . Kellogg tho present executiro of tbo Stuto of Louisiana. It may bo tbut Mr. Kel logg, tho executive of the Stute at tbo present time, who Is to bo protected and recognized under this resolution, may conduct this government beyond ami through another election, and it may becomo important that William P. Kellogg thus hoing recognized and protwted may maintain in tho future some government that shall send here electoral voles, that ahull scud here Senators, ilene there seems to be a listinction with a ililfcroncc. In tho first ivBoltifion tho future is cared for; tho President "should con tinue to recognizo In thnt State the ox istingStatogovernment;" in tho second resolution the fhture is abandoned, and it is not found within it. Why Is this? What is tho bidden purpose of this dif ference f To what ends and in what form ia this resolution to bo pleaded? Are thcro possible dangers iu tho fu ture? Does this condone tho past, or is indemnity for tho past regarded is immunity liir tho future; or does a rati fication of the exercise of illegal power insure its repetition b tho same mailed hand? Or is tho logical result of It passage the adniissiou of Pincbback as Senator from liOTiisiana who comes hero represent init tho Kellogg irovorn ment? if tbo latter bo the reason, . . v.. . -r then wo can nnderwland and well un derstand why the admission of Pinch- CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, hack has been postponed until Decem ber and whv the resolution that is be fore ns ia submitted now for action Why urgo this resolution now if it be not to commit Senators to tlio logicul scquenoo of that which tho passage of this resolution necessarily implies ? Can there lio any answer r In the first resolution tbera is 110 word as to the enforcement of tho laws of the I'niled States. Tho second resolution approves the enforcement of tho laws of tho United Slates in Louisiana. What laws of the United States have been infringed ? Is it tho midnight order ot a federal judge, or is it tbo effort of a Legisla ture to organize itscll 7 Ur is tuis,too, to bo indemnity lor the past, immunity for tho lutiiro, or a plea in bar in be half of tho subordinates of tho man who is indorsed by the resolution ilselt? . J ii tbo suhstilute, special pleading and astuteness appear; but what is It? Jt is brief, nod, torse, and distinct, and in its closing phrase it rings like an army order: the action of tito Execu tive "is approved!" When before in this body w ere resolutions of Ibis char acter proposed ? "Is approved" Hub closing phrase implies our power to approve it. Whence comes our power to do tliiB l 1 lvaties under tho Con stitution are required to ho approved by two-thirds of this hotly; officials must bo confirmed by this "body; hut where within tbe linos of tho Constitu tion are found any words under which, by any construction expressed or im plied, this resolution can be indorsed and sustained? Is it necessary under section 4 of article 4, w bieli provides Hint, . The failed Rtate. aball guarantee lo every State ia this IiiIoub repubheaa furra of govern ment, and shall protsot esrh of thorn sgain.t In. va.iontaadon application of Ihe Lenislsture. or the executive (whea Ibe Legl. latere cannot lie oonvenod) egjiast dumcslio vloleucef more seems to no no necessity hero fur this resolution. I do not find any bidden moaning llioro that can bo tortured to require such an ii provul. If it be really necessary, then thcro should bo added to the close of this section ; "nnd when this power shall be exercised by tho President it slum ho approved hy the .Semite. -No such words aro there. What is the purpose of this resolu tion 7 We hear no answer from uu friends on the other bide. Those who introduco it givo us no sign or token as to what the pur pose of this resolu tion is. but is its breadth and scope? So gentleman rises in his sent nnd says what tho puroso is or what its hrcudlli is or what Us scone is: all our friends are. silent. Is it tho resolution of a town mooting, ns the Senator from Tennessee asked yesterday, or is it the resolution of a party convention, or is it of graver moment and deeper pur pose? If of a party convention, if it be a resolution of tho majority in Ibis body, which is intended to cohere and crystallite their organization anil to make the issue upon this question itself, 1 can undcmluiiu its purpose, its scope. and its breadth. Is that tho determin ed purpose of the majority in this body, to lorce this issuo upon the indorse. VW9...I vC , ha nn,n r.f , f. . t,.nj.,Mn, 0 1l this be so, I can understand wluil the resolution means And appreciate the party necessity that prompts it. Is it possible to vote that the Presi dent is right in supporting tbe Kellogg government and tho Ncnate right in rejecting Pincbback 7 1 commend this 'question to tho Senators on tbo oilier aide who have had souio qualms of eon science in regard to the seating of tlio would-bo Senator from Louisi ana, . Is tho resolution a recognition of a de jure government, ns con tended for by the Senator from Wis consin, Mr. IIowo, or is it tho re cognition of a de facto government, ns contended for by the Senator from In diana, Mr. Morton, or does it cure the vice pointed out by tbo Senator from Michigan, Mr. Christinnoy, or is it intended to cure the legal detects named by the Senator from Vermont, the chairman of tho Committeo on the Judiciary, Mr. Edmunds? Is not tho attitude of the President now ma terial on this matter? These aro ques tions for the gentlemen on tho other sido of tbo Chamber. 1 simply pro pound thorn. Wo have no answer. Wo are allowed lo grope in tho dnrk as to what the purpose of tho resolu tion is, for Senators decline to enlight en us. lint what propriety ia I hero in tbe Hennte of tho United Slates prejudg ing any case? No judge upon tbo bench will discuss with you tho merits of a coso tbat may even possibly come bofore him. Aro wo not in the atti tudo of judges in this body upon tho acts of those who administer the Inws? And yet by this action wo will approvo, in the teeth of tho provisions of the Constitution, tbo acta of an ofilciul which acts wo may be required to pass upon as judges and which by tho Con stitution itself wo aro not required to approve. Our notion will bo mere out side indorsement and have nothing whatever to do with tho case, but it docs nervo to prejudge tbe case from our standpoint us Senators and possi ble judges. Mr. President, I cannot hope to pre sent anything new upon tbo issue in volved in this resolution. I should much have preferred to remain a silent listener of tho debates that hwo oc curred in this Chamber since I came here and took my place upon this floor. Hut it has seemed when all others ivp resenting .Slates upon this floor who camo to this body on tbe 4lh of March had spokon in behalf of their constitu ents that 1, who represent tho second Stato in point of population in the Union, would havo failed in my duty to its pcoplo if 1 had not endeavored to present this question from their standpoint, if possible in a new form ; and whilo I ennnot hope to add any thing new to what has been said on a subject so often and so ably discussed in tho Senate, yet if 1 shall bo able in what I say to arniis.i tho attention of a single mind within the Commonwealth I havo tho honor in part to represent or anywhere else within tho broad ex panse of this Jtentiblic to tbo grievous departures from tbo great doctrines of civil liberty that lio at tho very base of our institutions which are now annimi daily made; if 1 shall causa but a sin- gl mind to lie siiato ana pauso to invos- , tigate tho real iniportanco of those questions, 1 shall have accomplished all that I can hope to accomplish. hat is it that this bnel, terse, and ringing army order askg tho American Sonata and tho American people to ap nrnvo? What ia it? first, the recognilion ny mo j'resl dnt of the United Stales of ono of two Stato governments in Louisiana when the power to do so resides solely in Congress. Second, tho use of troops in Louis! ana without authority of law. Third, blind obedience to or com plicity with a void order mado at mid night by a Federal judge. ., Fourth, denial of the light of petition. Fifth, armed interference) hy the Foil. i ...... jxiZ:, 'L PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN. eral powor with the right of it .Slatti liCgisluluro to jutlgo nt the elections of its own Tncmbors aril to perfect its own organization. '' Sixth, tho niaintonahi'O of n govern ment of force and fraud nnd a continu ance of tho rule of tlie sword over a pcoplo competent find anxious to gov ern themselves. First, tbo recognition by Ibo Presi dent of ono of two Stole governments in Louisiana when the powor so to do resides solely in Congress. On tho 12th of December, 1872, there were two govormcnta in Louisiana, each claim ing to bo tbo rightful one. Tho one was represented br John lIcKiiorv: tho other by P. B. S. Pincbback. Uf tho one, it has been (gain and again suiil uiron this floor ami declared hy oven- coinniitteo Ihtd hns made n re port to this body or lr the House of Kopresentntives thn, ,'i yn it govern ment of force and fraud.-' Of tho nth er it has been snitl liv a committee of tbo House of lifjircsentativcs ns well ns by a tsennto committee that it was the rightful government of tbo State of Louisiana. There was no vio lence, no Insurrection ill the Slnte of Louisiana on tho 12lli of Doccmlicr. 1872, Tind 3-ut the President lwognized nnd protected tho government at the head of which was P. H. 8. l'inchbaek without authority of law, without au thority of the Constitution. I ntler tho provisions of section 4, niticlo 4, of tho Constitution it has been expressly ruled that "Congress alone can decide what government is tho established one in a Stuto ;" nnd liir this 1 reler to the case of Luther I'd. Ikuileu, 7 Howard. While this is true, I concede lhat under the act of 17D5 it Isequully the duty of I ho Presi dent, w hen thoro is insurrection w ithin a Stuto or domestic violence tboi-o, to recognizo ono or tho other of the esist ing governments, as such, iu order that ho may efficiently aid tho Sluto under u cull iiiatlo under the provisions of tbo Constitution. Vet, as 1 shall prove in a few moments, 1 trust, on the 12th of JJccoinbor, 1Hi2, there bciiif; iieilher insurrection or domestic violence iu tho Stuto of Lmiisinna, tho President authorized I his telegram to bo sent: Dbi'Ahtuist or Jl STIl B, Dictmlrr II, IK72. , AoliBg liorcrnor Pi.iinBArK, . Arm (MraNS, .oaisiooa ; Jtef ,f 6. ef.r,-eod ,Anr mnu ere eern.,rtise.f te lie Veeiifeel ae lie iowm! erecellre or it:Nieuinii. oad I'nl tic onife mttemiltd mt J.rAaNies' u.ri- refe i Ik IovhI .epilaiurg of rA. Stott, end It is suggested Lhat ycu make proolainalion to that enecs, ssii aieo uiai an ssoe..ery swi.iane Mill be gilt's to yoe BBd the Legi.lalure herein re cognised to protect thn Btate from ili.or.l.'r and icnee. iiko. II. ev ll.bl A AIM, Alfomry - tVeuerof. Enough of this. .My second proposi tion is that troops were used in Louisi ana without authority of law ; the Pres ident used them when there was neith er domestic violence nor insurrection. Tlio resolutions of tho Lousiunu Pinch- back legislature aro under date of 9th of December, 1872, and aro in these words : (Telegram. 1 N'BW OlU.EAVS, Oertmltr), tS7S. We have the honor lo lrao.mil to ver exeol- lescy Ihe following conourrent resolution of both buasss of tho (lenersl Asaeiobly and to rvnuest an ear.l.tai,lju'. HH.. s.iniou,, - .. vened. In eeinplionoa with Ihe call of the Oor- ernor, and oertaiu evll-diepoeed persons are re- poitsd to be lormlug couininstmn. to disturb me polilie pesee, defy tbe lawtal authority, and the State ia threatened with violence : Therefore, "ifs it reeeleed Oy rAe &nle end inee o AVp reeeslalire of lie .Vtare n .wwt.iniia ,'n Utntral Aaeemby renren.il, That the Presi.lsnt of the 1 B ited States be requested te anonl Ilia proteo IIob Kueranteod each rttnte by the t'otistitutiiia of the Tailed Hlsles whoa Ihroatcnod with do mestic violence, and that the presidiog olfioera of Use Ueseral Assembly trsn.mil Ibis resotutiiia immediately, by telegraph or otberwiie, to Ihe Preeideol of the United Stales. "Adopted in ticnoral Assembly ejntensd this 9th day ef Deoomber, A. D. ISii." I. U. B. t'lCIIIIACK. .leaf-.tforeraoroaif ',oe'l. of lAe Steals. CHAM. W. LOWELL, f .Vyieat'cr of (As Ho of Jf.reerari'i.., When threatened with domestic violence." There is no such word with in the lids of tho book. Iu language is, "Shall protect each of them against invasion; unit on application ol the Legislature, or tho executive (when tbo Legislature ennnot be convened) ngninstdomcstic violence;" not "against threatened domestic violence. rirst thcro Is Ibo civil power, tbo great power of the law; next the jmnw com itatu of tho State, under the control of tho governor and the magistracy aud those whoso sw orn duty it is to ad minister the luw; and all of these must bo exhausted before an application can legally ho made to Ihe President of the United States lor troops, lint here tho resolution of tho Stuto legislature itselfdeclnres that there is "threatened" violence and "reported'1 insurrection ! Wo find also on looking buck to tho condition of affairs in New Orleans on that very dny what tho actual condi tion of things was. S. 11. Pacard, I'niled States marshal, in a dispatch luted tlio nth ol liceomlwr, snys : Telegram. Nkw Oni-BAKS, La,, Jmrmotr W. 1972. 1LB. dito. II. Williams, AliorHcy LVeiiernl I mtlr Slnltt : General AsremblT returned hy leant hoard Is Bow orgsnisedal State House. Satiate hn. pres ent twenty Republicans, eight Lltiuoornte House fifty llt lml'llrnns. and fourteen liemncret. : about half Warnioulb'a merohrri rntrtieirsllna. State Supreme Court has sent Elmore, War mouth's usurping Judge of tbe elghlh di.triat court, to Jell t,n duya for contempt, and his clerk Ilia days, and Any dollar! esch. All oio'cf. S. U. I'AUKAKU. ( . . JVririAiif. Rear in mind that is under tliitu of the Oth of December. Then f oo on the same day, December II, "P. H. S. Pinch back, lieutenanl-goverinir, acting gov ernor of Louisiana," telegraphs the president ns lollows: Nnw Osi.bass. Dtnmiir V, 171. Presldsnt flniNT: Haying taken tbe oath of omce and being lb ibe pn.sss.loa of Ibe guberaaiorial oHine, 11 de volves onun ms to urge the noces.lty of a Isvor- atde onnrliterstlon of the reiiuest uf the denerel A.eerooiT as eonreye,! la tne noncurreat rasoiu- tkos of tbia day telegraphed to yoa renaeoliBg the proLeotluB of the I'niled States llnvcrnmnnt. lie pressed to send tbe necessary orders lo tiro. Eniury. This seems te ma a aseee.arr meaeure ef preeaetiim afiAoegA all t's eei.l Acre. r. n.s. riMCiiiMch, Xisat. Goo., Artiay CVoa of .oNi.i'iina. Hero wo havo Packard, the marshal, and Pincbback, tho acting governor, Who on that dav demands troops, uollt of them telegraphing the President "all is quiet here. J lien on tlio 1 1 111, two days billowing, Casey, the collector, telegraphs Ihe 1 resident and gives the situation. Hoes ho say that there is domestic violence or annod insurrec tion? io, hut the contrary ; lot me read his dispatch : Ni;0i.B-e, Vk II, 1871. President (Ibabt t PsrUce iBleleeled la the eor,iasa of tlie Ib-oao-eralls party, particularly ! New OrleaBl rune., are making desperate snorts te array toe people easiest us. Old citueaa are dragooned into aa oppoeillow they do net feel, and pressure Is hourly growing i our members are pnor and adversaria rtea, and offera are made thst are difficult for them io wltb.taad There li dearer lhat they will brash oar eeornei. The delay ef nlaelaa Iroona al Ihe di.ioaal of tiov. 1'ineb back, Is accordance with joint reaolullon of Monday, Is dl.heertealag oerfrieade and ebeering esv eoemWa. If reqai.Mloa al l.egislelere ia oueanllod wiLh.all difflcs ty will be dlssiBSled. IA. pwrrr eweed, and everything go ea smoothly. If Ibis la dons, tha Mdu wilt be tamed al enoe In ear favor. The real aaderlylag eoatimoat is with no. Mil aaa but he eeeesroged. tiov. Pinch- book Is acting with great discretion, as is lbs Legislature, aad lacy will aa continue. JAS. P. UAHlY, : : . IW'rrfor, REPUBLICAN. APKIL 7, 1875. On tlio following tiny, tho 12th of neceniuer, rincltiiuck telegraphs to the President : i ' ' ' Nhw0ni.u,s,)e. IJ.Ists. President Quant:. , In view of the fact thai 11. C. Wnrmoulh, as suming to aol aa Uovernor after having boeB iu peaohed and ansposded from hia olbre el' Uov ernor io strict compliance with tho aonslllullon and laws of this elate, lias Issued a proclamation deeJaiug himself , as still Uovernor of tho Msto, and lias assumed to coo vrnc an Illegal body ol men rtyltug themselves a legislature, tbaa endangering Ibe publle peace and tranquility and tlirenteniug domectlo vio lence, 1 re.pcctfully request that the command ing officer of this department be instructed, lo eouipllaaoe with Ibe requisition of tbu Leglilu. lure, lo aid and assist ma in maintaining lbs public peaoe and protecting and sustainlug the legal Diate government. , P. U. S. PINCHIIACK, Aeliog 6'orernor of Looiiinno, That is on tho 12th, three days af ter tho demand of tbo Legislature, and still it is but a threat, still It is but a proclamation, still it is but the effort ot arinotitu. here aiv there tinned troops? Whore is the nruied insur rection of tho domestic violence against wuicii tlio mailed hand ot the J. rosi. dent is to bo raised? It is nut to be found iu these dispatches; and yet upon thai very day the 1'resideut telegriiphs n recognition of tho execu tive, Pinchbnek, nnd of tho 1egialittiire under his control, mid guarantees to him Iroops. Kow, sir, as boat ing on this question let us contrast tho action of a Presi dent of tho United States thirty-nix yeum ngo with tho action of tho Presi dent of lo-diiy, and let us see, if wo can, whither wo uro tending and how this question of protecting the rights of the pcoplo of this country according to the doctriticsof civil liberty, is being turned to their injury and the deprivation of their most valued privileges. Let ns sou whether this is tho normal or ab normal condition of this people. Let iib learn, il wo can, whether precedents aro not being piled upon precedents Unit are sui mtimt but ought not to lie used against this people, to tako from them tho great rights tbat are guaran teed lo t hem under the Constitution of the United Slates mid tbat camo to them from the country finm which they draw their laws and their libera ties. ' Hear now what in the State that 1 havo tbo honor to represent was said by the governor thereol nt a inc mornblo crisis ill that Stuto ill regard to tho condition of things thcro This is under date of December 7, 18TJS : Rut: It Is or exceedingly sntiles.BBt duly officially lo laforin you that such a slate of do- inealle violence exists at this place as hoe put an enu ior ine present to bu ino exercise el tno reg ular faneilune of Ihe Slats goversmeBL, Tbe Sen ate of the Htato bai eeea compelled by tnliiaide tioa to break up in oonfuiiou. Tbe duly su. pointed presiding officer of tbe IIoue of Reprc. icntnttve. was prevented from calling the House to order at Ibe hour to which it stood adjourned aud was ejected from Lite hall by violrnoe. The relate department ia closed, and I hare sot deemed it safear prudent to proceed to the execu tivoohembor Binoethoflretdialurbunoe,wnich look plsro on the 4lh InMnnt. JOS. B1T.VKK. To hia Excellency Mabti Van I) car a, . , J'rttiiit of lAe L'nited Slatti, And uihKt dalo uf tho 4ili of Jecuia Ikt pit.viwiH to that wo find this proo Itiiiitttioii uf tlio govt'. 'in ir of J'umiM) i- Ihe eoauties of T'lillaileliibia, lanaiter, Ada mi, .,. 1.1 et, JI - and othr plaeea, bare aemmbled at tha teat af g(f eminent, wun ine avowed oojcei oi uiiiiira. iug, interruitiiiK,antl overawing the laegiiluture nt fliiii Counnoitwoatth, ant of preventing tie prop er organiaallen and tbe reaoeble and free die obarge of ill dultot, and wbareae tbe id mob have already on tbie dny entered tlie senate eh em tier anJ In an outrageoui and violent man nor by elamuring, ehoutiag, and tbrejteaing vio lence and death lo me of I lie ioeailere of tbat body aad other iiftoeu of tho government, and finally by nihing witbin tbe bar of the eeiule eh am bar la iletiaKee of every eHert to reetrain lb cm, eomKlleii the Senate lo uijend buiiiieM. lloiv i tho nitxtaiiiation and tho dt'iuitiid ou tlit) Federal Kxeoutivo. Now X will Uhk the Clink to road tho uiiHiver niitl.uri..od hy tha 1'ruHideut of tho I intod Mil toft, no mucked in tho hook whii'l. I Hcnd to tho dclc. Tho Chief Clerk road us follows: Wm Dki artuemt, Ptcmltr 11, 8ia : The t iter aMreieil by yoar txeeJIeney to the Preiident of tha tnited Slate, anderdate of the 7th inalattt, waa rewired yeilerday and rrlerred to inn Jnpartnent, where it nax re oeived that renjieetful and earnrit eoanideralltin n which the high nouroe whence ft ainenates and tbe importance of the 'ahjeet entitle It. In thii ootninaBiaatiea your eioellency infumi the l'roident that such a euie of douiealio vio lence oxlile at Harrieburg aito pat an end,rur tha onMent, to all tbe exrrviae of the rtgular fuae tlnne of the Pttite guvernment , and nndere It ynur duty to rpqiient tlie Prentrlciit.in aeeordanee with the Iburih Hvtion of the fvarth art idle af Ihe couatitulion of the I'nited filatee, to take lucafuroi to rotrrt the State of I'ennoylvania aeaiiiMt the tlltx'ti of the dnmeetie vtolonoe which your eioellencj afflrtni to be then ia eiilenoe. iireoiaueo oi ,ik eonfuiuiion w wnico yonr excellency refer, and the act pawed la iurau-; nee thereof, au thorite tbe freeident to eatl out the militia only en tlie application of tbe Legta , latere of a Stale, or af tbe exeoulivo vf a butt, I when the Legiilaiura cannot ba cod vened. The 1 natnreuf tha 1'reiidcnt'R duty being, therefore, i discretionary, it ia incumbent npun him to eier- j eifo tbe attnuat care In examining Into all tbe j eireumetanrea of the aaae. ae well aa to deter-1 mine whether tbe awiuo ooatetaplated by tbe i law haa ooenrrwi, Tlio eiirnuiulioB whioh nnw threatent the peace of tha Comni,,IWcath of t'ennnylreala duee nut appear ta ari rrem any oppoaitiun te tbe law j but grime out of a political ooateet balnatB dif ferent raemberi of the government, inont, if nut all of them, KitrDitted Iu be the legal reproannta Uvfi ti,0 people eon rtltution ally eloeled, about their relative rlihtai and eiecially inrel- ori neetotheurganiaationof ihc popular breach of laegiuaiure. j0 luterfrretnany comraoiion grow ing aut nf a pnntroverfT of ea grave and deli on! a eharanter, by tbe Federal authority, aruiod nn e military power oi ine goveriiiHeuswuMiij be attended with the moat daitRproua ?onHiicn- oea to our repaiilioan inatitutiona. In the upin- '"n or the Trepidant, lila inu-rterenoe in any pu llllcal etimmothin in a Ktate ooutd only be jafti llesH by tlie applinetlow fnr II lielng nlearly WllblB Ihe i uaning ul the fourth lection of tbe fourth article uf the onatituliun. anil of (lie act of con grena parri'd in purananne ibereof, and whew tho dome tit violenen bntiiftht to bta nollea il nf eaofa a ebaraotar tbat tbe fcieie aalhuritiee, livll and nliiUry, af ter having been duly called upa, hare pruved Inaiientinta to aoppreaa It. , 'a a a a' Very itHMMtrullT, your obedient lerraul, i 4. a. rui.i..rT. Ilia Tioellt-nry Jus. ItiTir.rt, Vsa. of t'rnntglriHiit, Nirfithnry, tt, Mr. WALLACE. Mr. President, Il will ho noted that 111 one case, that which occurred iu IHIltf, armed violence had ejected the olllcent of iho Senate and ol tho I louse of a Slnlo Logislaturv li-om tbe halls of legislation. They were idisnhitely driven from the halls. Tho (invernor had issued a proclama tion that domestic violonco nf Iho gravest cbaraeler existed ami thai ho could nut suppress the insurrection men), ana neneo no mans aiuiiicaiioii to the President ol tho Unitwl Slates for nssiHtnnco ; who after consideration of the whole subject declined to furnish to hi in the Irotipsot tho united males hecanso the power of the Commoii- weulth bail not hcen exhaustcii, noranso tho strong arm ol' the civil power that nn commaml at will tlio assistance oi the militia bad not been invoked, and had not boon used to its utmost extent Hut in Louisiana in 18i2, when there wits no siisumctinn.lv' lien all wastiuiet, us both Packard aud Pinchbauk tele graphed, w hen tho whole question was one of "threatened" or "reported'' in surrection, tbo President immediately telegraphs orders recognizing tho con trol of the government of Louisiana in P. 13. S. Pincbback and tbo legislature assumliled nt Mechanics' Institute to bo the riuhtful one. Tbo iMiint J make, hero ia that, if there was ne thor,tloinustic violonco nor insiirroctinu, Uuin Congreas alono can recognize the cxiating (tovemtnent in : NEW a Stuto, and tho President's rccogni tion ia without authority of law. It Is only in tho cases named iu the net of 17115, the existence of domestic violence or of n condition of insurrection, in which his hand is to bo intruded, ami ho from tbo very necessity of tho case is authorized to recognizo tho one or Iho other. Here in tho luw-mukiiig power, hero among tho representative of the State and tlie people, this ques tion of whether a State government is in existence or is not in cxisteuco is to ho settled and determined. Determined how? Under Ibo Constitution and tbo laws, by (bo precedents (hat Ihe wisdom ol tho iast lias established and that arc maintained und affirmed by all who believe in tho form of government under which wo live. The Constitu tion and tbo laws und tho precedents that they warrant and sustain arc our charts and guides, nnd not those that uro sui grucri aud abnormal. Third. Wind obedience lo or com plicity with it void order mado at mid night by a Federal judge. It is not ilmned that this decree was an infitin oils decree. So Senator raises his voice ill behalf of tho order that this Federal judge niaile liiadeut midnight in a ensu in which he bud no jurisdic tion. It cannot be defended. The inliitny of this onler has not been i Celled since tbo star chamber made its infiinioiisdecrecsor Jeffreys took liliorty and lile from the people of England. It was a void oiiler made in a cuso iu which there was no jurisdiction, at midnight, and to support and enforce it cnine tbo whole power of tho tiny criitucnl ol the United Sttitcs, civil ami military. Ami yet there has bcon no infringement of the Constitution, no breaking down of tbo laws of the Iie puhiic, no destruction of precedents! And we are asked here lo blindly vole to endorso the action of the President in permitting 1 will not say creating but in permitting the destruction of tbo very essence of the doctrines that lio ut the base of I he institutions tinder which wo live, tho essential, the vital doctrines of a government of law and of civil liberty. This decree wus made on the 5th day of .December, 1872. On tbo 3d day of December, 1872, the following telegram was sent by the Atturney (loncrul to S. 11. Packard, United States Marshall ; IlBI'ARTMKST OX JoiTICI., lUnmhtrS, Mt!. I1, It. Pai-bibd. Fsq., ('. . Mor.hol, A'rw UWeaoe, It: Trta are o fofefco the dMiroes and mandates of lbs Colled Stale courts oo matter by whom re sisted, end denerel Kmory will furnish you with all aereaeary troopa for that purpose. 0K0. II. WILI.IAMf, llorwey Utmeral. Forty-eight hours beforo tbo mid night decree was made tho Department of Justice directs tho enforcement of the decrees and mandates ot tbo United Suites courts, which are to mnko a decree, as ia shown by the subsequent action thcro. Forty-eight hours iu ad vance power is given to use the whole of tho military force of tho United Stales in the Stuto of Louisiana to en force, the mandates and decrees of the ni Tlv,iiilier' "nV n,ilT I,. n niton! elovon o'clock, as tho testimony is, the order wns mado by Unroll for the seizure nf tlio Statc-bousc. On thoGth of Decenilier, at two o'clock in the morning, or within Ihrro hours niter the making ol this void decree, the State-honsu wns garrisoned by I tilled Slates troops the Iroops of tho I'nited States, not the civil powor of Louisi ana aud tho ;wr coimlaliu that accom panied it, but Iho tmnps of the I'nited States under the order that was mado but three hours before; and for six weeks I hey garrisoned and held t he Hlato houso of Louisiana. On the Bth uf December from tbo same infamous eonrt crimes the injunction nnd tbe iiii7n(imifj to organize tho Legislature. This injunction nnd this decree, void and inlamous as it was, subverted the real government of Louisiana. Up to this hour there were two govormenls there, tho ono tbe government ol the people, not the government of foive and fraud, but the government ol MeEiiory, tho rightful government of Ihe State ol jjoinsiana. I p to thnt hour, in which tho void decree of a I'ederul judge was pr iinulgated and enforced by Federal bayonets, there were two governments in tho Stale of. lintiisiana, one a rightful ono anil the otlicr a government of fraud, but after the promulgation of tbat decreo the rightful one was subverted and there come, into power tho guvernment of hoili force anil Irutiil. Horn ot a inttl nigbt docreo of n Federal judge, its natnl plaoo surrounded by Federal bay onets placed tbero by the orders of tlio Attornoy-fioncrnl, wo havo its neces sary results. As a matter of course tlio Attorney -(.ioncrul nut not ulono perform this strange work, for tho Do partinont of Justice docs not gonernlly onler troops of tho United Stntes tti act ns It pleases without otlicr author ity. This docreo subverted tho gov- ument of Ijotiisiuna. Upon this sub- led 1 renu bricn v Irom tlio report, ol the t ouiintltee on rnv I leges anil elec tions of this body, made by the late Senator fVoin Wisconsin (Mr. Carpen ter; and his colleagues, tho niajiirilv of the committee: Third. Hut for Ihe Intcrfrrenoe of Jo-lire Tti- roll In ihe uisller of Lht. stoic election, a innuer wholly bcyoad his jarisdlclton.tho UcKoery gov ernment would lo-d ay have been Ibe els uric government of the rilste. Judge Iliirell loler pueed tbe erm, ef the t'nfted States between tbe people ef LoulsieBa and tbe only government which has 111 semlilaBoc of regularity and the result of this has been to establish Ilia Kellogg government, so far aa that stale sow has Buy government, rerio. , oi.iw luiFn.r la a Stale elortloe, asd, hy Ilia employment of Iroops, set up a tlovetnor and liOgMature with out a shadow ol right, and thca to refuse redres. of wrong upon Ihe ground thai ta great relief wenid lis interlcrina wilb the nalils of the Stale, Is a proposition didoelt te utter with a gravo countenance. Anil then the eoniiiiilUio, on pngo41, suy : . It I the opinioa ef yonr eeinuiillce thai bill for the unjuslitlabla Interference of Judge llu rell, w hoee orders were executed by UsiUsI Stales troops, Ihe canvass made hy tho lie Veriet board, and promulgated by the tlovernnr, de elerlna Mealuery le have bees elected Uoveraor, do., and el-o declaring who bad been elected to tho lrfgi. latere, wonld bars ne,a Bqniceei-4 la hy the people, and that governmeat weald have entered ttuietlv anon the exercise of the cover. eigs power of the Slate. He the prneaeding. of Judge tlurell, and the luppo rl gives 10 biru ay tho rotted Slsn-s troops, resulted in establishing tha authority de furto of Kellogg aot Ills assuoi atea ia tbe Stale ofllcee, and ol the persoos de. Blared by Ibe l.ys.'h board ta be eleeled le tbe Legislature. We have already seee Uiat the pro eMdinos of thai board cannot be sasteiBsd wltli- BBl dtsregardleg all the priaciples ef law appK- L, f.iibaui r.-aod. ine uisuae- So. too. the minority of that com mittee, of which tho Senator from Indiana (Mr. Morton) was a part re ported In theso words : Tbe eoedaot ef Jndge Hnrr.ll, tilling hi Ihe circuit sosrt af lbs I ailed Stales, oennot I Jas IIAed er elelended. He grel.ly exceeded his Ja. rlsdicllos, and eieamed Ibeeserolse ef powesste which be e.ld ray so etelat. see Ills er dev. Isseard la the Kellogg ease te the I'olted Hlsles Mor.tal to lake powssloB ol the Blste llou.e ror the purpose et preventing s nlswrul as. aesablsges. snfer whh the Marshal Balled eo hi. ..j . i M aha Amv ot the Untied avals. a. a posee eecairefaa, aa enly be sharaoterlsad aa a gross assrparios. Thua 1 sm sustained hv the majority of tho committee and the minority of TERMS $2 per annum in Advance. SERIES - VOL. 10, NO. H.jfWv ' I elfcti'd to Ihe lower boi " which majority the eoBaervatlres were deprived eBBBBBBBBSBBBBaaBBBBUBBBanauBUBsaxeBBBBassa , by tbe unjust, illegal, aud arbitrary aotiun of Ibe ' returning board. tlio committee, all rcprosontutives of! To the resolution reported to the bouse from tbe tho other side of this Chamber, in mv I "i"oe, "Hon ot the returning , . . i , , i -i , J boeid, we ere ell agreed. , accusation that this WHS a Void order w. understand ibe eommiUoe lo be uoaal tind thnt the McEucry government mints la finding the fool thanks action of the r.- was f ho rightful government ami wns rttti)lanled by tho voiil order of Judge IJnivll. eiiloiteil dy federal liayoncts. IJurell has lieen condemneij and driven from ofllca ; be is no longer there in control of tbo adiiiiiiilrutioii of Ihc law ; nntl yet (lie Senate of tbo I'nited Slates and tbo American pcoplo aro asked to endorso the powor that in vited, sustained, and enforced this breach of the law. Ami not iuslitied. am I not wuriiintcd in tho proposition 1 make, unit tins is an endorsement of blind obedience to or complicity wilh n void order mado ut midnight by a Federal judge ? fourth, denial ul tho right of petition. This innv seem to he a trifling matter. Trifling though il is, ; one of those es sential matters w hich were put into the amendments to the Constitution of tho Unllod Slates as a vital and iiu- portunt right, and it is found in the Hist article of the amendments: Congress shall inako no law rspresenlinx aa citublisblucnt of religion, or pruhihiling Ilia free .Berries thereof! or abridging Die ficcdom of stiect-h, or of tbe press ; or the rilit of the people peaaeably to assemble, Bod to petition tbe goiernuioret lor a redress ef grievances. Who is "the government" that is to no petitioned ,' t ongress, when Ihe sulijuct-matlci' relates to tlio action of Congress; tho judiciary, when tbe suhjeet-mutter relates to the control of tho judiciary; the President of the United States, when the mitlter relates to n subject upon which bo is author ized to uct. 1 his is ''the government," liir by Ibis construct inn only can we And what ' Iho gi.vernmciil" menus. When the subject is to be acted upon by Congres, wo petition Congi-ens for redress of grievances. If it iscontnill- od by Iho judiciary, we petition the judiciary. When it is tbo President that has the right to act or assumes to act, wo petition tho President. In this case tlio Exeetitivo claimed the right to act and did act. On tbo 12th of December, 1872, Thomas A. Adams. chairman of committee of citizens upon ' tbo authority of a mass meeling then recent lv held in Now Orleans, tele graphed to tho President : Nbw Orlbabs, Veecer 12, 1-72. Silt : As chairman of a eotnmillec of eilitrus, ppnlnled under authority of a mora meettox re cently held io Ibe eiiy, I am instructed to iufurm you tbat tlie eommlttie ts about to leave here lor Washington to lay liefore you end tbe Cone-rose of Hie I tilted Ststea the lacts of the political dir. neuuies at present existing ia tin. Male, ami fur ther earnestly to request yon to delay exeeutire actios in ,oe pto.. ustil after the xrri-sl e hearing of said ootntuillee, wbieh is composed of : business and profrasieaal moo without legord to 1 uast political afiiUaliona, THOU. A. A OA MR, t'Aoiroine, His Excellency l'.H. Onxxr, frttitnt of Ik 'sired .flares. John MclCnery on the same day lelogniilieil : New Om,baiis, Areee.r 12, 18)2. HIsKxoellsncy r.r?.0nAXT, feesideBl (Nifecl Aerrs . Clnitniug to bs Uovsrner-elect ol this State, X beg of you, io tbe name of all justice, to sus pend recognition af either of tbe dual govern ment, aow in operatioa here unlil there eau he laid before you all faoto, and both sides, touching ihe biutiuuix.f jiLhae-icoveewwwwvl- XSe- ! . ... ... v , -1 r I- ,.. O. beoid through oommittee uf many of our best eitisens oo eve of departure for Wosbiogton, before you recognise tbe oaa or Ike etber of aald govers mcnta. I do not beliere we will be eondemned before we are fully hoard. JNO. Mi KNKRV. And the memorial of one bundled citizens of the State of Louisiana was forwarded and is found in tbo report of these proceedings, dated the 13th of' December. Hero was a petition, a IHl L'l to IIVUUUIO, anil yet Oil Lllltl i . ....I. V,r I-,. t.. ... . I. 1 .l . ......... .1.... c-i villi i iiu luiu ui an, uiiiui-r. tut, i .. , . . , . ., Department of Justice telegntjdiod to ' w, hc a tllls "y Jnl n M..F.flrv M fnllmva- J h Kovornnioiit ol law no man can lion. Jfn. Mcr-aiiv, Arte Oreaaa, It. t Your Tii-it with a hundred eitiiena will be una vailing eo far ae tbe VrmUni it tmcmrtd. Uie . J?':..". .. ''"t",..r. ! and peaoe will be restored. iiho. ii. Williams, Aiien.ey.fc.,i. Hero wns a refusal to hear. Here was lehgrnin Innn tlio ictitioners couched indecorous lunguugo; liuro i was a condition of things in that Stuto ill which tho light of petition Wa one of the dearest rights to that pcoplo. j Aii,y voiuiT viiii, utonvu. ,1, , i l;o iil; aml lay their petition at the feel of him who lias power to act nntl who docs net, and yet superciliousness nnd ab solute denial como to this petition of these citizens nlmost immediately upon the announcement that tbev ask a bearing of their petition, and they tire deined the right to bo beard ; and they I were .iiirneii uvtiiy. -o giiveiinnein under henven, not even the most ili n-! potic government that exists either in Kumpoorin Asia, has cvor denied tho right of jK'tition. It is a conslitu- tmnnl right ; if is a primitive, a nuturul ,ler, for tbo courts were open ; and al right. It is a right which is tho result iin,,.,h hn wns in mien insurrection ho of froo speech and deliberation. It ! belongs to us as tiwmen and citizens j no nvo in n guvei-oiueiii oi eivit liberty antl of law. Tbocreuttiro ninv petition tho Creator und it is the medium ot advancing Christianity. It gives Information of rights nnd of wrongs ; and is a safety-valve that in a government of law may very fre- iptently, whilo tbu putitiou bo not grniiliM, ho muilc to he n menus sonpo for manifold evils. And yet. sir, ho wlto occupies tho place that John tjvtimr Adorns ociniMetl, win, in bis dtry was utmost a martyr lo bis de mand lor tho right of putiliou in tbe other branch ot Congress, directs hisj vtt wn, convicted of murder nnd ex suhordinutcs to reply with supercilious ccntod denial. HerefiisoHloheartheirprayerJ fun the laws trofurther? Yet thoso tho modest lvetition of ono hundred ; citizens headed by an executive. Tho rightlitlgoveriiorol tliei.oinnionweaitii ' nu,t wo have, but that branch of the of I isiunu. who lowly bends hi'G(lvcnirm.it that sils in another por- neck nnd asks to bo heard, is denied lion , tliira building, in Kt parte. Mil Iho right the Constitution gives us all , jgm,, ruled that Ihoso righls do not and a supercilious suliordinttlo fells him j ,.cht on w rilten constitution, but havo his jMitition will be unavailing; and I he ',., i tls us part of the liberties of sooner he bows to the imvilitble the' . people, have deaeended to us as our better ! . fights, our inherent rights, and nil tho Filth. Armed interference by I.e.-, .t, arecnlillod to them, and n belli Federal power with the right of a State j t,o armed hand or tho warrant of legislature to Judge of tbo rpiulilicu -i t,u 0cer attempts to tsko them away lions nf its own members nnd to ior- fy,m ,m ,0 js liuhlo to tbo nnnishment feet ils own orgniiisntion. This f'glit ; (m t,e law metes to tho crimo of is one scarcely to be dented. It lnl never boon sttccessiuiiy rnnirovcncu in any phui, and I think it will U' sciireely denied by any ono on this floor. Tho Senator from Indiana in his rciiort on this subject to the Sennto pf the United States holdsthe language whioh 1 will read. Thisreport wasmadoon the 2lh of February, 1873. It is found on pugo 7 1 of tho report : This principle that eaeb bouse haa tba exclu sive Jurl.dictioa ovar all qaeftioa. touching the e ,!,, anil naal ncal OB ol lis memners, ann re ... i.. .... .-, whether a lawful nunrnm la preeent to no nu.ines., a. so wan roaviunm SinrtOll (Hit WHU IS euuntianwy lirwvwis thai ii hea heea hoidea by the eoart. Is all , ,( fu in thociise.nnd 1 doafllrm Ihe Hlsles a ehteh the queslioo has arisen, as . ., . t, .11 I " . s..,n.s .r.k. ii.it.a'ttial a nee the duvs of Cromwell and stales, lhat the validity of a siai uu eaeaoi be1 impeached by a plea thai members look pert In its esoelesaat whe ware Bet lawfally Bleeted, or j thai it waa passed Is Ihe abscess of a l.wfat quorum, or that tta eBaotnaent ws. procured by , bribery, or aUesded by elber groe. Uregalarity . It is a vital aud essential right It ia not dented by any one. It outers into the constitution of every Slate in tho liopublio. It comes to us from the parliamentary law of Great Britain. I It is in tho Constitution of tha United ; States It Is oHumtial fo the indnpoti ' deneo of tbe legislative branch of each 'of these governnieiils that this right should exist ; flint it should exist sole, independent, and sovereign, und thai it should not interfered with by the judiciary, or by tho Executive, or by any branch of tho Federal Government, j If tho President can interfere at all, ho ! is able to inforforo with and control I this right at any timo, in any place, I and under any circumstances. ! On Ibis subject I road from tho it port of tbo House cominmittce, as fob ! lows : I We bold, therefore, that la Novenibtr, Is71,llia people el the state ol l.ouli'aoa did lalrly have peaueable, aud lull registration and alee. onB.orvative majority wns ouaa of the leri.lalure. of ; "jrdi"g j Jf," a uoara oas aeieaieu ine win oi mi ima- expressed by them et the polls on tbe Id vouiber. 1H71. The people then elected lo tbe lower hoa,e nf their legi.lstare a majority of ooavervative members t a pjrtioa of tbe eooser vslive members thus elected were refused their eerliflcotes. Thl. is an act of great iejostica le the iadividoats, of gravest danger te the btate and Iree government, and ought te be immedi ately corrected by any power competent to cor rect It. Yet the Legislature being organized, with this clear right and plain duly, going on with its business, armed sol diers intervened on tho 4th of January, 1H75, and dispersed theui. Tho Presi dent says ho know nothing of it prior to this occurrence. Let us see. In Ihe message of tho President to this body on the 13tb ol January, 1875, he says: Hospeetlog the alleged laterterenoe by tha mil itary with the organisation of Ibe Legislature of Louisiana nn Ihe itb instant, I have Bo knowl edge or infnruinlion which bss not been received by me eince thnt time and poblitbeil. My fust information was from tbo papers of the morning of die ot . of January. I did not know that any such thing waa anticipated, aad oo or ders nor suggestion, were over gives lo any mili tary iitbrer in that State apoB lhat sabjeot prior to Ibe oeourrcoce. lint under duto of tho lDth of De cenilier, 1874, wefind this dispatch : Cipher Telegram. Nr.w Ohlkass, La., Urermltr II, 1871. (ltccetred Ueeember IA.) To Alu'T-daxKBAi. IT. S. Abut t The returning board and people representing opposing party differ OB vital questions, k'seb avors against tha otber erime of such eeormiiy thst in tbe present excited state of the public mind violrnco Is Imminent. On the rceasion ef Iho Hib of September 1 wss informed, in a dis p.ilcb dand LiLh September, that tha 1'reeident olrccted yon to say tbat previous orders ere Bot to be ol'scrved : in eonsequeooe of which my or-di-r te Col. Ilrooke to reoxgoise Ooverflor Kel. togg was revoked. Bad an inLerreganm intervened. Tuavuid future misunderstanding in Ihe impend ing disturbance, which may happen at any mo ment or way not oct-ar uutll altar the meeting of tlie legislature In Jaouery, I ask to be faloroi oil if Ibe instructions contained is your dispatch of HeptemVer IS ate to be considered ia form, or if I am to await the result of another applioetios from Uoveraor Kellogg to tbe President f W. II. KMOIiy, CWoms and frercf ,toy.-f7esea C'esssnarfiey. On lliu day on which thnt was re- , ceived we find this dispatch : . Wab llsmiirmur, Adjt. Uxx.'e Orncc, WAritiauTO., I've. IS, 1374. Colour! W. II. Ks,.aT, Commanding lleparluecnt Oulf, New Orlrans, Louisiana : The I're.l.lriit directs that you moke arrange niente to be in teatlineaa lo auppress violence, end have it understood tbat you will do it. I'lease acknowledge receipt. Ily order of Iho Secretar? or War. K. I). TOWNPRND, Adjutoat Oeneral. N'ovr, cither on tho 15th of Decern- her, 1-S74, thO President did kiiOW uf 1, existence of anticipated trouble iu regard to the meeting ol tuo legisla ture nnd that orders hail been sent to the troops to hold themselves in readi- Iness in view of such difficulty, or tho sulHirdinates of the President kept him willfully antl falsely in tho dark. But I again the President says : I repeal tbat Ihe task assumed by tbe troops il l not a pleasant one lolbem: tkat Ikt Army te eel eesipoeea! oj lawyers eepsots 01 jnagieg at a me ment'a notice of Just how far they can go In the maintenance nf law and order, aad that It was Im possible lo give speeifte tnstruclioas providing fur all possible eootuigencie. thet might erise. o!ic.'r Subaltern -and Licutennnt-Gcri-oralolilior and President, aro aliko bound by the flat of the law that con trols, regulates, and governs this coun try, nnd when they, whether in tho highest or lowest place in this licpub I it-, shall deny tho onler and command nf the law; when they, whether they hnve epaulets upon them or have simply tbo warrant of a magistrate in their nanus, shall not bo amenablo to 1 .1 , i ... t , the power and the control of tho law. i tako the liberty or the life of his fel. , low-citizen iu his hand ; and, so long ! ns it can bo, the civil power must bo i held to be superior to tho military Power. In the exercise of theso grave rights, technicalities become snb- stance, lorms become grave reality. pho piilitftry uro tho mere agents of lh0 civii .)owor nnj cannot act, and (llir0 Illlti ac.ti Mve under the order and control of tlio civil ptivror. Whenthoy ,0) tboy act at their poril.' When they ,,, ,vrmt. lhn.a..v in ioonanlv ben U,ey do, they aro liable to pun- isliiiient, anil tho imlividunl who is ag- grieved can recover his tlutnages from (hem. Theso are part of tho liberties that camo to us with tho form of gov ernment we have. All who aro vested with military power w ho assume origi nal authority liecomo offenders liable to the laws ami liable to tno citizen In- j,,mi. jro thnn two cent tiros ago ,10 Cottnt do Lancaster, takon In open trisurrxKitinn, wna condemned to death by mnrtiul law. When it cnmi to be determined in tho courts what this Was, tho courts held that It was mur- was ainenablo to tho, luw and could mvc boon made liablo thcro and pun- shod ior ins enmo. o, too. rsenalora will remember tbo case of Governor Wall In ono of the West India islands, w ho under the authority of a military commission caused SBolilior to be flogged until bo died and twenty years altor ward, having returned to nglnnd, he was arrested and tried for niurdor. and ' , the single quest ion tried thorn was, bad tho military control ot the question or had they no jurisdiction, and this sin gle point being determined in tbe neg ative, that the military power had no control over thn nuestinn (.nvervine &ro our ia,v. U'o ninv fail to find tbeso iu tbo written forma of govern- which lio lin bewn The Constitution provides thai tho President "shall lake raro that the laws bo faithfully executed ;" yet horo is a palliation, an attempted palliation, of the act of tbe soldiery, an attempt ed excuse of tho destruction of one of the gravest rights of the citizen. I need not refer lo tho trip of tho Liou-tonnnt-liencml South. I need not re fer lo what has occurred there since. It see'ms nnnecessary that I should. It seems to mo the proposition that I It SeOUIS to 1110 tbO Ilr his twelve major-generals, w hen he n-ywlod tfo kingdom tO each of them I , Pl. M -h- -llnM.l aa a iirovinco, and thore under alloged lorra 01 laws gave to oacu m uiuevs mujor-gonerala the iowor oi 1110 ana death, of Judgment and execution, no frraver offense against civil liberty or aw has over occurred. .' , CoscC'iird ea nirta J"ter.1 '