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" CLEA1FIKLD EEPIBLICAV
eoSUtSB BtBBV WaBBBSDAV, 1
: OEORCB B. UOOIH.AHDKB.
CLKARFIBLD. PA. i .
BUTABLIIHBD IN IB!.
rhe largest I'lrealatlsa ifu; MiwtfiH'
la Nortk Cealral Feaaejrlvaal.
. - Termiof Subsoription,
If paid In idrutM, or wlthla I nontbt....99 (HI
If potd kfur t and Won 6 monlh..u 9 50
rr Hld Altar tbo oiplratloa or uoatba... S OU
Rates oi Advertising. . .
frutlant adrortltontntt, par tquaroof lOIinoioj
1MB. hum r .
ldmtnUtn.Ura'aad Exooutort' aoUoot...... I )
Auditor' notio -
Caution aod E'trty M .,., I
Di notation notloaa t
Profaaaionol Corda, i Hot or Ifia,! year...- I
Loeol n-.tleaa, por 11b...... .. W
1 ar....v W M I oliimiH.,.,HH,M
I aquaru U 00 1 ft eoluni..M.H. ft
I iqun M I ulu 120 Ot
OBORQI B. OOODLANDKR,
K.tiior Hi Pobllahor.
not. i. ai et.r. ctbub eoaaos.
MURRAY & GORDON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
1:107. CLKARFIKLD, PA. ' '
1 FRANK FIELDING, '
Clo.rUeld, P. .
Will illial U .11 kuaiiiH. e.inutrf lo hi"
ptoupUj .nd 0iuin.ii.
WILLI. A. WALLAOl. TIB I Kft.M.
Ar r. W4LLAl:. J w- W.IOL.T.
WALLACE 4. KREBS,
. (BuKMion M WtllM. A ri.ldi.(,t
. ATTOBNK Y8-AT-LA V,
111I7S ClMrfl.ld, Pa. '
. . WILIOf, . . . TA TALIAI, . .
DBS. WILSON & VAN VALZAH,
0m la rt.ij.ac. f Dr. Wlltoa.
" Orrira llofaai From It U 1 r. . Dr. Van
Taliak caa b. fooad at tifbt In hi. room", nil
door to lhruwlca A Irwin'i Draf Stor., p
lain. " .
Will proapU jf attaad all call! la la. Ha. or hli
nun s. a'aiAur. Aiaa w. coaor.
' MoENALLT k MoCUEDY,
-Legal baiinni .it.ndtd I. promptlr wllaj
i.l.l.tr. OBo. oa Heooad itrwt, .l. tk. Fir.l
Natlooal Ilwik. Jawl:H
G. R. BARRETT,
ATTOHRir AND CoDMSELOR AT LAW,
llaTlat r..ind kit Jadgaihlp, kal Mil.!
th. praalio. or Ik. U la hi. old olio, at Cl.ar
lleld, Pa. Will atl.ad tho ao.rtl or Jefanoa aad
Klk oo.otlu wb.o apMiall; r.talal la M.antioa
.Ilk mldeat kuuwI. I: Mill
WrVT. M. MoCULLOUGH,
ATTORN KY AT LAW,
-Ofllo. la Court tloooo,
b.alniu prompllr all.adtd to. R.al tat.
bought and lold.
A. W. WALTERS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
. Claarneld, Pa.
Vt.0fflct la Or.h.m'i Row. dMl l;
" H. w.'sWth,"
ATTORN EY-AT-L AW,
tlil.ri ClaarHeld, Pa.
W ALTER- B 7r R E T T,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
IBM bb S.ad St., CI.arB.ld, Pa. a.rll.M
ATTORN KY AT LAW,
. Clearfield, Pa.
jaw-OSe. IB Plt't Opera llo.aa, t JjrliaJT
JOHN H. FULFORD,
. ATTORNEY AT LAW, '
: ' ' ' Clearfield, Pa.
aC-OBot'la Pie a Optra lloaa., Room No. I.
J... I, l7l.
- JOHN L. CUTTLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
lad Heal Batata Agent, Clearfield, Pa.
OBe. .a Third tlrttt, hel.Cherrj A Walaat,
ay-t.apMtr.ll tftrt hit MrrlMfla a.lhag
lad ku.lag laada la Ol.arl.ld sad adjolalog
waatlaa Bad wltk aa tip.rUa...f ..artwtatT
rem aa a aarvayor, tattara klma.lf tkat k. tea
renter aallafaelioB. : I'tb- llil:tf,
FEEDEEIOK O'IaEAET BUCK,
8CKITENER & CONVEYANCER,
General Life and Fire Ins. Agent.'
Dttda ot Coarejtnot, Artlelu of Agra.ta.at
aad all legal pantra at.aptl. Bad aaatlt e.e
aled. OIKo. la Kei 0Mra Hoauea, Rwta Ma. 4.
Claarltld, Pa, April 1, W.
J7BLAKE WALTER 8 ,
REAL ESTATE BROKER,
ABB DBAUB II
Haw Log and I.untber,
Ot ta Srakaai'i Row. l:tiTl
aTTOBN!! - Al - IiAW,
1:11 Oeceela, Cl.arlleld Cow, Pa. j:pd
rTallaeeloB, Cltarield Ceaaty, Peaa'a.
tA.AII Itgal bulla... proaiptlj atuadtd to.
. DR. T. J. BOYER,
PHYSICIAN AMD S 0 RO EON,
OBot aa Htrbtl 8tmt, Cler.ld. Pa.
'"OBm koarai I ta II a. m.. Bad I lo I p. BV
R. E. M. 8CUEURER,
00a. la ratldtaea em Market at.
April U, H71. CltarA.ld, Pa.
DR. W. A. "MEAN 8,
PHYSICIAN k 8DKOKON,
Will altead profeailoatj ealla prnmpllj. auglOTI
J. 8. BARNHART,
ATTORRRT . AT LAW,
Will p net lee Ib l'learl.ld ed U "f Ik. Ce.rlt af
tk. 14lh Jadieial dl.lrtel. KeeJ MtaU kulaee.
bad -olleollo. .1 tlalaaa aaad. aptalalllM. al'TI
BARBER AND HAIK DRES8ER,
hep Ib .Id W altera Hotel, earaw of Market
Bad rjMad etreeu. lJoa'
BABAEB ft HAIB DEESSEB,
)yl CI.RAIFIBin, PA. (U
JAMES 0. WHITE,
BARBER AND HAIR DRESSER.
Raeai Ib tkt IaMaard Ho.a.,
bepit'Ii Cltarield, Pa.
T. M. ROBIN80N
MaBafaetarer aad doaVar la
Oarness, Saddles and Bridles,
C.llara, Wklpa, kraakaa, Fly Ntta, Ttlaaaiaga.
Herat Vlaaatta, t.
Vanaa, Fraab MIIHri aad KtaufMt 011a.
Ara.l far B.lle. aad Wllna'a B.niM.
Orden aad r-p.lriag prmptly tua dad la.
Shop ea MarBat ItrMa, vieoraoi., ra., ia re-n
ftraaarly aMapead ky Jaa. Alaaaadar. (I:'7d
The Bert ii the Cheapeat!
Tkwat RaiJIi aea e.e.lrad aMaor larg. let ml
"MIWa.ll WagMa," aklek are aaraaf Ike .aey
kl aaaaarMawd, aa4 arkltfe be will tall at the
ot. rauraaWo ralta. lllaauak laaladaa alaae
all aheartpliaaa M w.geat lawgaaad Baaall, wade
Bad aarraw lra.k. Call aa I ad. Ihaaa.
epre 'a IUOMAB RRILLT.
JAMES K. WATSON A CO., ,
. RKAL B9TATI BR0KBR4.
H-ataa aad 0aea I. M, CelUrtW biiu.II.
aiade, aad tratlaaa Cal atal Flia-Qlaa Uoda
aad Taw. area arty I
OB. La ki
BeUI B.IMlag II f I
' " iii in ' i i " ii , i " i ; i ' 1 ii i i i i i i ----- i " ....,.-,. ' ' ........ - " -' " " - ' " - ' " " :"-- f"T'
GEO. B. COODLAJTDEB, Proprietor. . . , , I . : . PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN. , 1 ,,: ' ;! ; , ; ; 1' , "i 7 " TEBMS-$2 per annum in Advance.
. - i " : ; "7"T7 'f.f"nr " " ' ' . . , (- r - -? -
VOL! 49-WHOLE NO. 2405. ! CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 27, 1875. ''..: 1 ; "', . : NEW SERIES-V0L. 16, NO.1 4.
", , , i ,, ; ,;. ,, . ,::.)... i . I ' r .! , i I -iM . i . .1 1 ..,fl," ; ; ....... !! ' "' '' '
A. G. KRAMER,
BmI lilata aad OoIImIIo Au'i
WIH pttwptlr all.ad I. all lf.l kailaMa i
ptrOtu la Pid'i Optra M.ae aHd oor.
l.ka 11. Orrll. O. T. ALaaadar. 0. M. Do.tn
OEVIS, ALEXANDEB & BOWIES,
ATTORN BYS AT LkW,
Balleront., Pa. JaalBlt-;
J. H. KLINE, M. D.,1
PHYSICIAN 4 SUBGEON,
TTAVINU looaUd at P.natld, Pa.. olT.rl kit
I I pro'taiional urtlo.1 w uit pw.pi. '"
plu. aad turroaadial raaalr;. Alloall. prompll
tlanriad to. "
7 i.. p. nvm, . . .
PBALBB IB .
lvjiber, auMjrai.Ea, tit.,
Carwaanlllt. N.r. , 1174.
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
JljitlM .f tkt Ptae. aad 9.riT.o.r,
M.C.IIulloaa aiada aad noat- promptly
.ao. AUaar aaaar Aum Aaaaar
W. ALBERT A. BROS.,
ar.nna.tHr.r. A axbnriT. Dwltrala
Sawed Lumber, Sauare Timler, &o.,
. WVUVhABUi rn. .
w-Ord.n wllclltd. Bill! tll.d aa akarl aoliot
ana rhvd.u.. i....
Addrau Woodlaad P. O., Cltarlltld Cs., Pa.
,jj.ly W A.LBKHT A BROS.
fr.uh.llla. tl.arntld Coaaty, Pa
Kttp. aoaitaalljr B kand a hll auortmtnt .r
Dry flood!, Hardwan, Orot.H.a, aad aTwylhinf
naoally kt la a ntail- ator., wkltk will b. .old.
ror tub, ai taaap at .itawntr. '
Pi.n.klll.,Jua. , 18Mj.
THOM A8 H. FORCEE,
GENERAL MERCU ANDI8B,
c:R AHAMTtlN. Pa.
AlK, .ll.a.l.t aiaDara.tar.raad daalar la 8aara
I in. oar aaa oawo. -" .
-Ord.rt aolltUtd aad all killa pranptl;
Dlltd. I ' "
House and Sign Painter and Paper
tam Will a.ayula Uk. la kia llaa BnCUptl tad
.. a wvr.naraiiK. aaannvi.
" G. H. HALL, .
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
MAR CLBARFIRLD, PKNR'A.
u t.rf bk .I aiaJa I. ant.
.a akort aotiee. Plpa bartd oa raaeoaabla Uraia.
en h ..rraBtad ta ranHar a.tlafaetioa. Bad
dallrarad II dtalnd. a.jl.:l;pd
E. A. BIGLER A CO.,
. . . - -a .
ALL KIHDBOPBAWED LCHBKR, '
(.HI CLKARFIKLD, PBNN'A.
JA8. B. GRAHAM,
Beal Eatate, Square Timber, Bo&rdi,
8UIHOLB8, LATH, riL'BKia,
t:1071 Clearfield, Pa.
f AM.KS MITCUELL,
Square Timber & Timber Lands,
J.U"TI CLKARFIKLD, PA. 4
DR. J. P. BURCH FIELD,
Lata Sargaaa ef tkt 13d R.gtaeal, Peaaejliaala
VtlaalMrt, ka.la r.taraed frea. Ik. Amy,
ofara kit ar.faaal.aa) atnlasB la tktaillaaM
of ClearteU ooaaty.
aaarPrcfe.alon.lcalla preaaptly attaaitd to.
OBe. oa Baaoad atr.et, toraeritetaplid by
Dr. Woodl. ar,'-U
Ha Fe N AUGLE,
WATCH MAKER & JEWELER,
aad dcakr la
Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Silver
ana natea ware, sc., 1
Jtirrt CLBARFIRLD, PA.,
8. I. 8 N Y D E R, ,
l iB BBAtaa IB
L Watcbei, Clocki and Jewelry,
oVaaaa't Jfetr, Marktl ArMf,
All klada af naalrlaf la Biy Hat promptly al
aiiMto. April M, UTS.
' REIZENSTEIN & BERLINER,
. . wboUwto datvlcro m .
CETS' FlRMSHIIiG GOODS.
Hotb ronuTMl to l7 Chirek BtrMt, Witii
rrtnkl.B bb(J WhIU iW., Maw York. 71
Miss E. A. P. Rynder,
Oktkorlag'a fiulaway 'a aad Kaaoraoa't Floaooi
BoiU't, Htdtoa a naania a o roiowaot'a
Orgaat aad Mtlo4ooaa, aad 6 ror or A
Bthor'a Bowiag Moohiaoo.
a MO TWACBBB OW
m aj. uaiiev, ufMi aiaTaaatj mmm tbwi mo
aU. No popU Ukoa for loot thaa bolf a Urai.
mr Kooow -pp" oua raraiiara mora.
Oloarltid, May , B6f.tf.
I. IOU4WIVH . a. I -.) BoftATiaCAaat
HOLLO WBUSH A CABE7,
Blank Book1 Manntbctoiren,
AMI ITATIORBRJ, ,
SIS JdrM Ma, riUlmdelpMm.
bata-PaMr Flavr gaaka Bad Bega, ftoteaaa.
Lallar, ja.ee, wrappuag, ayaruia aa. nan
TONE'S SAW GUHUER8 AND
8 AW UPSETS. ,
Wt havo rooolvod tho agoaoy M tho ahovoaad
wmtollthoBaAmBafaotBror'tprtooa. Ooll aad
ot mb too thoak Tbay art tho boat.
)0lf-TI " N. . tVIULBH m vu.
A. M. H I LL8
W.ald rarpeetrelly aellfy kit aalleala
that k. kat rwleeed Ike prlao tl ARTI-
riv.nuia,a,ini. a.vn par wmt or
(SI M for a double eat. For asy Iwa partoaa
a. M aaast IIBSt, 10 .... ,UI BB Bppet
art, will get tka two tell for J tO, el
Tertat lararlably Cata.
Clearlald, Martk It, tin.
Lire Insurance Company.
OF HARTFORD, COBB.
Atetd... . ...t3tH,H
tkatl. t. aaeOT. a. atiewiiiueau.. g
fm aleket lata raw ta at tko my lowttttat
FelUiy betden pwlielpal. ia Ik. prtdu ef tk.
Oeaapaay, tkaa aaatlaaaliy padaalag tkeaaaaal
Fee rata., At., tail oa or addraaa
R. M. MoKNALLT. Ataat.
OBe. la Bkawa Boa). Olaardati. Pa. floTd
WILLIAM II. HENHY,
a Paaaa aaa aMrraaBa, MTMBBB
CUT.' Oaai.Mut aaaata waB a.aa., pataprly
atad a-..teltaaaa aalaiaaaal aad daada of
lalaa aaa warraaled ear.
. THI OLi FARM NOUtC
Tbo tMf obklr, all ptxttbod wltfc w j
Ii pUeW ky Iht td kprt-.rtOBo
With wMohiag graet, Ib Um oW lrv-plMf,
Tb OTtrfTMtU BP ItraWB,
Ab1 plotttm hB( tbt wbiUnod bII,
Aad lb old ctock tiokt ta tho oottag ,
Mofo IotoTo Milt, oa tkt wiadow III,
Tko im9f4 lowort not,
White sttUl tho loofoa oa too Moat-grom mtm,
Bbo aaartia balldi bor owt
Aad all dy long tho an mar brooao
ll wbliparlng ko lo tho bondod trota. '
Om tho door, an eororod o'or
i WIU aaeh af dork grooa bIw,
Loti a aiaokot m4, vkvoo worth ia told
Ib tho ovtnta of othor cUya (
Aad tho powder loth, aad ibo haoUr'i hora, .
Ilavo bs bootdo It for uaaj ft aiora.
For yoaro havo flod, with doIhImi traau),
Lifco fairy droaoii wy,
Aad ia thalr flight, allihoraof IU ailght 1,
A flhtr old Bad arav i . -
And tho toft winda play wllh tho mow whlU bolr,
Ana tM ola aii uoopa ia bit oatj oaair.
Iaildo tho door, oa tho untied floor, '
L.gda. tj dpitpa -
And a mairlta firf with floiaa hair,
Kaeola by iho old ataa'i aide
An old oak wroekod by tho angry atom,
ft biU tho try oltaga to ita IromhllBg form.
WINTER SPORT W THE MIS
BT rABBAB WTDB.
The extensive tract of lowland, for
(wt and swamp, known ait tho Miwig-
ippi "Bottom, is one of the various
regiona. m ctirroront qunrtcm of the
l'Iodo to whicli, at one timo and an
other, 1 have resorted in search of
sport j for there, at certain seasons of
the year, an abundant variety of game
is to be found. The Bottom is not to
lie recommended to anybody as tho
rilit plneo to go, cither in the Hummer
or In the Pall, tor at these seasons the
nnlortunnto sojourner w so soroly af.
Dieted with the tropical heat, the ajjuo,
and .1 ho mosqmtoeii and othor blood
sucking insects, as to make life seem
well nii;h intolerable, and death a bless
ed relief. Hut with the first month of
Winter the lileasant time boeiii. and
for two or three months thereafter the
man who love a genial sky and brac
ing atmosphere, a rough labyrinth
territory to explore in, work for
his gun 'in variety and abundance,
and last, though not least, vory irood
living, that man will find in the Missis
sippi liottom all these attractions. It
has been my lot to shoot on both sidea
ot the river; but 1 prefer the eastern
shore, although the mallard in Arkan
sas has always teemed to mo to be a
bird ot bigger size and brighter plum
age than his kinsman of Mississippi
Of course, that ia nothing more thau a
mere ihney. At a distance Irom any
of the towns, the country on the Ar
kansas side la sparsely settled, and my
recollections oi are not inc pieasant
ost. Many a weary mile have I ridden
in search of a cup of cold water, and
often have I turned away from mile
cabin and log huts almost always
with the same answer a scowl, and a
slam of the rickety door. But 1 have
found an excuse lor such rude treat
ment, similar as It was to the inhospit
ality Goldsmith's "Traveler" may have
wktrt tht rutt Cerlntbl.n boor
Agaiaat aa. aoaaeitta meager abare tb. dar.
I say I have found an exense for It, in
the sickness prevailing among the peo
ple, for all seem to be wan and yellow,
worn out and shaking with the fever
and ague. '
Ho such miserable exiienencca min
gle in my recollections of Mississippi
only happy memories recur to me In
thinking of that rich Rtate. It cannot
with propriety be called an Arcadia,
bnt there ia nothing in it to repel any
one somewhat used to roughing it, and
not afraid to wet his ankles. The
temperature at this season of tho year
ia apt to be changeable, and the ice of
the morning la melted at noon. . A
roaring log Are is very desirable at
nigbt, especially In tho airy frame
houses of the liottom, raised oft the
ground on trcascla as they sometime
are, to keep them free Irom tho damp.
Nevertheless, it i no difficult . matter
to pnt oneself in a perspiration tramp
ing through th woods in tho daytime.
But what a country It is for sport,
when once the aquatic birds begin to
fly south I Hore they find great scope
ot open water ana great scop or corn-
fields. The crops that are grown in
tb riottom are corn, cotton, and
sorghum the corn averaging eivht
feet high, and the cotton five feel,
and the fields are now no doubt whit
with cotton not yet gathered. But
the cultivated land Is a mere patch in
comparison with the extent oenpied by
the swamps, the woods and the cane
brakos. Let me try to describe the
features ot the region.
Immediately behind tho levee, con.
structed tokoep tho "Father of W atcrs
within bounds, there is generally a cy.
press swamp, a belt of Cottonwood
trees, or a canebreak the can being
so dense that a man on horseback has
a hard and painful job of it to get
through their ranks, tho while they
conduct a vigorous bastinado onevcrv
port of hia luckless bofly. After all,
be may fail to penetrate. Behind these
swamps ana cane-brakes lie the culti
vated fields and the tracts of "deaden
ing," in which the troe trunks lie rot
ting, or stand upright, black, charred
and spectral, amid the tall rank grass.
now tine ghotiiB lueau rjincK trunks
look in the dusky twilight, aa they
loom up from the vaporous irround and
are dimly ontlined against the murky
heavens 1 And what a bard time you
would have getting a "colored brud
der" to pans in their awful vicinity
after dark I In these fields of "dead
ening" the deer lie ruminating, and
doga give tongue era they tiava been
in their covers many minute. Deer
are to be had either by still banting
them or by running them before the
dogs : bnt a the former method re
quires not only great experience, but
also an accurate knowledge of the
country, a stranger will find tho other
the more productive and satmutrtory
of the two. Although some of the
planters In the liottom keen their own
packs or bounds, yet It will be aa won
tor the sportsman, if be go south with
the intention of running deer, to take
along a couple or dogs, 'lbs pooplo
are generally very readyto point out
the deer passes, or "stands, and 1
acknowledge that with or without
dogs I never found myself in a difficulty,
or came away disappointed. Howover,
it should be borne in mind that a letter
of introduction, though not absolutely
requisite, will he found a never failing
"open sesame to the hospitality and
goon omcea oi tne people.
jtonma tne swamps ana cane-DraKeH,
behind the cultivated field and the
tracts ot "deadening," stretches the
great forest, encroarboa upon at Inter
vals By patches of cleared land, and in-
teraected by lengthy bayous and broad
lagoons. These are the winter haunts
of aqnatie birds, and tht is a veritable
sportsman's Mradia. rlvalinv the hv
potbatieal hunting grounds of the red
"era tne sportsman may i
aB and gaes Innumerable, i
(Wat also, IT h can find them. All
kiads of water fowl are as thick aa
blBckherrle n August, and may h
shot in many places where they are
easily recovered at tho cost of a wet
ting ; but when one has to thread his
way among the lagoons and bayous, a
good retriever is an almost indispensable
assistant, some oi the lagoons are oi
great extent, and are almost invariably
provided with a skiff, a dug out, or a
floating machine of some sort, the use
of which is generally to be had without
any trouble by an application to the
neighbor planter, whoso property it is.
To my mind, duck shooting afloat is
better than duek shooting on terra
firma. Pushing out from tho littlo cove
where tho skin has been moored, let
the sportsman paddle towards ono of
the clumps or reeus which dot tho sur
face of tne water here and thero like
little Islands, and let him run tho skiff
close by Its edge, or even a short way
among the rocjs, so as lo leavo a fringe
or them between his craft and clear
water. By these means ho is placed
fairly in concealment. Tho birda in
the neighborhood have of course been
distributed by this manicvre, but be
fore very long a string of ducks flies
overhead, and when onco the firing
has begun all the water fowl on the
luke are set in commotion by the noise,
and ono train after another sweeps
past within easy range and in rapid
succession. Indeed, it very soon be
comes necessary to sot about removing
the dead ami wounded birds, and
though it is with considerable reluct
ance that one proceeds to paddle to
and fro to find the birds ho has hit,
especially when the game is so plenti
ful as to give even a breech loader lit
tlo rest ; yet the' duty should not be
omitted or too long postponed, and no
disabled bird should be allowod to creep
into sodgoB or linger on in pain. When
the birds have all boon picked, the
position should be changed to anothor
clump of reeds ; fur ducks muy soon
become shy of the spot where their
enemy lies concealed when onco it ia
discovered, and are certain thereafter
to give it a wide berth. Swan are
also to be found in considerabio num
bers on these lagoons, but are not easy
to net w-ithin range of : yet I have seen
thorn very readily tumbled over by
making a bullet ricochet along tho ice.
The best sort of place to post yourself
to shoot ducks and goese in the morn
ing and in the evening is among the
rows of cornstalks in some field wilhu
pond in it, as many fields in the Bottom
have ; or, at least adjacent to some
water. A man with an observant oyo
very soon discovers the right spot, and
is successful In his sport accordingly.
Flocks of wiltl turkeys are often to be
met in the woods in the Bottom, and,
for my nart. I nrefor them to come
across my path, tor 1 have not been
very fortunate when I set out to hunt
them with premeditation. Ullen I
have invited them to my neighborhood
with dulcet notes blown upon the
shank bone of one of their own kind,
but my invitations have been in vain.
They either did not hear my call, or,
having heard, deigned not to give it
the slightest heed, a circumstance
mfIiisiV. h-!.!! It l.aa '..ii.n.l ma In aWa
some it my pretensions to be a master
of tho SKrting craft, has unquestion
ably raised the turkey in my respect
as a bird poe cased of some small mod
icum of sense, all reports to tho con
trary notwithstanding. 1 bavo nover
had an opportunity to entrap them by
means of a docoy bird, but at dawn ol
day I have lain in wait for them at
their roost on the persimmon troe, and
have carried on most oi the brood, it
ia the early bird that gets tho worm,
and this early method of circumventing
the turkeys is tho only satistaciory
method I havo learned in my experi
ence. There is only one difficulty
abont it tho difficulty of finding out
their roosting place, but tho roost
found, one must be a vory Indifferent
rartaman If he do not flnu the turkey
so. If the visitor to the Bottom ran
enlist tho aid of any of tbe local nim
rods, he may probably vary tho monot
ony of hia snort with an occasional
bear nnnt. J no Drum oi tne liottom
is far Irom being a formidable animal,
and ia rarely in a humor to molest
anything bigger than a ahoto, or suck
in if pig : but when he haa been smoked
out of his hollow tree, or teased out of
bis cor.y quarters into which ho has
retired to bybernate, or when, possibly,
lie has been slightly wounded with a
bullet, or bit upon tho nose with a
heavy missilo, then ho is no gentle cus
tomer for dogs to encounter, or men
either, for that matter. Bear bunts
in the Bottom are all much alike, and
they invariably have one issue; a
tedious search for the bear the provo
cation of bim to combat, sometimes as
todious a short, sharp tussel with the
dogs a few bold strokes with the
knife and that kt the death of bruin.
The fight with the dogs is the exciting
part of the business, and if the animals
seem in danger of faring badly, the
bear receives tbe coup ae gract so much
The country in tho neighborhood of
Austin, Duuvar cuuiiiy, iuiBuianmin, aiiu
in the vicinity of llclcna, Arknnsas,
some twenty or thirty miles below
. .! Tl 1 1 . ... .If .... t
Austin, answors very closely to the de
scription givon above. Indood, in
writing this article, I had these two
district chiefly In my mind! This
winter three years ago I was hunting
in Arkansas, a hundred miles or more
north of Helens ; but it i a mnch long
er period since last I was in Mississippi
in search of game. The folks then
were trying to reconstruct and rocu
pcrate, and toiling very bard, with
varying luocess, to grow a bale of cot
ton to the acre. The sport then was
as good as I doscrib it, "and from all 1
can learn it Is little inferior now. But
tbe sportsman has this groat advantage
in the Bottom : It is impossible he can
be cribbed, cabined, and confined in ono
spot, for he has only to hail the first
steamer In order to transport himself
to "Jrcsh fields and pastures new."
forest an nm.
California Rttlb. Not long sinco,
a German was riding along Hansom
street, near Sacramento, when ho heard
a pistol shot behind him: heard the
whining of a ball near him, and felt
his hat shaken. Ho turned and saw a
man with a revolver In his hand, and
took off his hat, and (bund a fresh bul
let hoi in It
"Did you shoot at mof" asked the
"Yes;" replied the other party
"that's my horse ; it waa stolon from
"You must bo mistaken," said the
Gorman, "1 have owned tho horse for
"Well," said the other, "when 1 come
to look at bim, I believe 1 am mistaken,
Excuse mo, sir, won t you tako
SwBBTBKiHa Old Laid. Take
small bunch of slippery elm bark and
pat it in th lard, and cook one hour.
' Iloll closed Or repairs" waa tb
uua or ma nev. air. iiuu sermon, in
new Haven, on New Tear night
. . . . . ' -
FASIIIOXS W YALEXT1SF.S.
1 Thero was a time when valentines
wore simply love-letters wrifton on
very fancy note paper, with somo poo
try and a bunch of forget-me-nots at
the head. Years ago my dear old
grandmother made me happy by send
ing mo one of these, which 1 have still,
and very pretty It is, although the ink
is faded to a yellow. Tho poetry is
especially nice, but tho punctuation
marks are lett out, as they didn't care
abont these troublesome littlo things
in the good old days. I think it said :
' "Whaa tka tuBikiBe It aroond thee
' la tbt dark aad alltot aigkt
Ia tbt eotltgt and lue palte.
May thy way balwaye bright!"
Of course 1 couldn't imagine who
sent it, nobody Who gets a viilcntiiic
ever can, but t strongly suajioctcd
Sally Lawton, aril she hud a bite out
of all my apples Initil I found out my
mistake. '1'oinrnV Jones whs her . val
entine, anil I gave liim a punching un
it, too, as no was mean, and pretenden
all the timo that lie didn't like her.
However, the old fashion has passed
away, and valentines arc- now. very
elaborate things, employing thousands
of skillful workmen in their manufac
ture. . They serve as the covers of a 1
sorts of coetly presents, and somo of
tuein are real works ot urt. never
designers are constantly employed in
tho invention of the new combinations,
pleasing effects of grouping or color,
and whimsical surprises. Tho most
careful labors of draughtsmen, lillio
graphem, wood-engravers, painters,
color printerSjCardboard, arlificiul flow
er and feather makers are spent upon
them, to say nothing of the assistance
given by workers in silk, silver and
glass. Kven tho tropical (uresis of
Uracil and tho depths of the sea arc
ransacked fur fresh materials.
Thero is n firm in London which
has three hundred and sixtv-oight dif
ferent kinds of valentines, 'i'he cheap
est are two cent each, and the finest
cost nearly sixty dollars. All are pret
ty, and some are magnificent. . One is
called "Lovo' .'holograph." A tiny
mirror is hidden beneath a bunch of
flowers, and some dear girl finds that
tho reflection of her own face is your
love's photograph. Thero are true
lovers' knots painted on tho softest
satin ; birds of bright plumago under
Sauzo; girls in silver frames, paper
owcrs which bloom when tho valen
tine is openod and close when it is shut;
more paper flowers hidden behind
screens of silver and in little wicker
baskets, with exotio flowors painted
by band on tho finest silk and framed
in silver lace.
No florist ever succeeded bettor than
tho modern valentine-makee does in
putting together the prettiest colors.
Blush rose and forget-me-nots; ca
melias, with rich dark groen leaves ;
lities of tho valley, water libra, ferns
and pansies aro combinod with a won
drous degree of taste and skill. Home-
times tho valentine is tho miniature of
a transformation scene in a theatre.
It ia folded and unfolded by an ingeni
ous arrangement, which roveals a gar
am, wltk - not of birds flvint
it, and a lake of mirror-glass, with a
swan upon its shining surt'nee.
Sometimes, too, the flowors aro neith
er painted nor made of paper or muslin.
Far away in Brazil, there is a largo
convent, in which the sedato nuns
make gay artificial flowers eutiroly out
of tho leathers of tho gorgeous birds
that haunt tho forests ul South America.
I cannot give you an idea of how rich
and lustrous they are. More than this,
marine flowers gathered from tbo bot
tom ot tho Mediterranean Sea arc used
in valentines, and real bfhls aro quito
common. As Lucy opens the box that
comes for her with a whole string of
postage stumps upon it, it is possible
that sho will find the ciinningest of
humming-birds in a little nost, holding
a message in its beak. Not tho pic
ture of one, mind you, but a real one,
that has been caught and slutted tor
Tbe latest fashion in valentines Is to
combino them with useful articles. A
lace or pearl-handled fan, costing sixty
dollars, is secreted beneath flowers and
mottoes and Cupids. A fine silk neck
tie, for a gentleman or boy, is wrapped
in whit gauze, with tho tender senti
ment: "Through cloud and sunshine
I am thine." Articles of dress or jew
elry often are enclosed. Hometimes a
smoking-can or a pair of embroidered
slippers. '1 be descriptive catalogue of,
Mr. liimmel, tne jjonuon pcnuiner, in
cludes valentines containing Japanese
ornamental hair-pins, cravats, pin-cush
ions, chatelaine bottles, brooches, gold
watch trinkets, lockets, turquoise a'"1
garnet rings, silver filigree brooches,
ear-rings and bracelets, head-dresses
and double smelling bmtlo. Then, too,
there are musical valentines In the
form of glove and handkerchief or
jewel-cases. ' One magnificent affair
costs forty dollars. 11 is made ot blue
silk, and trimmed with gilt. At one
sido is a compartment for gloves, and
at the other a place for handkerchiefs,
with two beautiful smelling bottn-s in
the middle. As tho lid is raised, a
musical-box, hidden underneath, plays
a favorite air, such as, "Then you II re
Miawnbo. an.," or on air iVom an opera.
I am not suro that the now custom
of making expensive presents is better
than tho old ono of writing a love-let
ter, and It certainly Is not a proof of
greater anection in the senders.
A pleasant Improvement might be
made upon both the old and new cus
toms withont sacrificing tho observ
ance of tho dar. Let the boys and
rls mako their own valentines, dur
ing the long winter evenings. All the
noccssnrv materials may be purchased
for twenty-five or thirty cent at a
stationer's storo. Suitable designs aro
to be found ill many books, and some
tinBcl, crayons, water-colors, and laco
pancr would enable clovor young fin-
5crs to nioduco vory pretly things,
'here might, fur instance, ho a simple
Grecian border around a sheet of laco
papcr. and. inclosed within this, a lily.
a rose, or somo inuminnieu verses.
Docnlcomanio would do very well, In
case thovalontine maker could not draw;
or, better still, pressed leaves might be
called to the service. A rod autumn
waif or two, carefully dried, pressed,
and mounted on tinted paper, and snr-
by a wreath ol ivy, would uo
rutty. Or one might mako something
lovely out of vory delicato grasses,
mosses, lichens, arranging thorn at the
head of the paper, leaving spaco for a
letter beneath. This would call lor a
tasteful box-envolopo. A littlo care,
taste and patience would work wnndors
with th simple materials.
Valontinas of this kind would be
more highly priaod by a sincere friend,
too. than the finest productions of the
professional valentino-maker. At tbe
name timo. their preparation would af
ford yon many hours of amusomont,
and exorcise in the us of color and
from that would bo profitable to you
in oountloM ways Alexander n am-
right, !n ft. Nicholas fhr February.
TURKEY HlhVTTXO BY MOOS-
Having beeu sent aft era load of corn
lo Tyos bend, Rod Itivor, where we
would havo to slay over night, C. and
I placed our guns in tho wagon and
drovo liko Jehu to got there in timo to
go hunting. Arriving some two hours
before night, and mine host not being
in, wo shouldered our guns and march
ed down a deep ravine to Red River
bottom. After starting several doer
without getting shot, wo started back,
traveling single tilo up tho ravine, C.
in tho advance. Huditcnly turning an
angle, wo cume upon a flock of wild
turkeys, anil almost instantly C.'s rifle
broke the silence of twilight, and a
moo gobbler was fluttering on tho
ground. Hastily reloading, wo ad
vanced but a littlo distance, when ('.
droppod bis turkey and brought his
ritlo to his lace. 1 hen turning to me
he said :' '
'Must 1 shoot?"
1 replied, "1 seo nothing." .
' There, across the gully : don't you
see thul object ?" , . ,
' 1 eel, shoot I
Bank goes C.'s riflo again. The small
white object, that had been partly ob
scured, now became clearly visible, and
it was evident that C. had missed 1
now brought old Spitflro to a poise and
fired. From tho movements of the
littlo animal, I was sure my shot had
taken effect. Hurrying to the spot. C.
said : .
" Well I isn't it pretty ?"
"Yes; what is it? , i
'I don't know; what do you say?"
"I don't know ; unless it's a polecat.
It liH)ks liko the picture of one.
"rsliaw I said u. "1 have soeu many
a polecat in T , but they were not
half so big as this. o'll have ifs
hide, any how."
Abont this tuno the stranger made
somo struggles, and C. commenced
stamping on it with his heel. Suddenly
wore our olfactories' saluted with a
scent that sent us off as lttst as our legs
could carry us, C. crying out-
it is a polecat : wo won t skin It,
On arriving at the houao we found
our friend Mo., who, on hearing of our
adventure, exclaimed, "Green from the
States," a term commonly applied to
persons not up to all 'iexus tricks.
After supper, Mc. said:
"n ell, now get your guns, and we 11
go down in the bed torn and kill somo
I bis idea was quite novel to mo
killing turkeys with a ritlo by moon
light. Tbo fact is, I doubted killing
by moonlight myself, and thought best
to let Ma. and C havo tho first shots.
The moon was not quito full, and just
about thu right height for shooting.
And lust hero 1 will stute that not
only 1, but almost every man on the
border of Texas, feels a strange, sad
feeling at lieholding tho full moon, lur
ho knows Unit by the light oi almost
every moon flic stealthy savago assails
the sleeping frontiersman. Hut i digress.
We had not traveled fur until Mc.
pointed upward and wnispered, "There
alio. HIV. ., I. .1.1..., In .U. .. -C
some tall onks I saw two durk objocu
tollentblvplain. Mc.and C. already hBil
their rifles pointed, and 1 thonglit I
would try my luck at a venture. Mo I
raised my gun, and bang, bang. Thump,
thump, came tho two turkeys.
iow ensued quarrel between V.
and I aa to who killed ono of the tur
keys, which was only settled upon 0. 1
finding that hia gun had not been fired.
We now hunted but little longer, as we
had about as much aa we wished to
In this same locality, somo novs in
vited a learned divine, recently Irom
the Stato, to accompany them. Of
courso the gentleman accepted the in
vitation. The' soon found a troe full
of buzzards, and yen- generously
tendered bim the first allot Imagine
bis chagrin at killing an innocent buz
zard, and the boys crying, "Green from
tho ritales. ' ,
ABOUT THE II AIR.
Men beeoino bald I Why ? Because
they wore close hula and caps. Wo
men are nover bald. Sometimes, from
long-conliniiod headache, heat in the
scalp, bud huir-d reusing and soma other
causes, women may nave pare spots i
hero and there; but with all those
causes combined, you never see a wo
man with a bare, shiny, bald head, i
And you never seo a man lose a hair
below where the lint touches his skull.
It will take it off as clean as you can
shave it down to exnetly that fine, but
never a hair below, not u uo lias been
bald fifty years. Tho common black
stiff hat, as impervious as sheet iron,
rotninstlio heat and perspiration, ihe
littlo hair glands, which bear tbo sumo
relation to tho hair that tho seed wheat
does to tho plant above ground, ho
como weak from the prosenco of the
moisture and heat, and finally become
too weak to sustain the bnir. it falls
out, and baldness exists. A fur rap
wo bavo known to produce complete
baldness in a single winter.
A man with a good head of hair
needs very little protection when the
hair grows. Women who live much
w llhlti doors, and who aro therefore
peculiarly susceptible to tho cold, oil
their hair and plaster it down hard
and flat upon their skulls, so as to de
stroy nine-tenths of its power as a non
conductor, have worn for years postage-stamps
of bonnets stuck on tho
back of their heads, exposing tho whole
tops of their skulls, and then going out
of furnace liented parlors, have ridden
lor hours in a very cold temperature
without taking colli and without com
plaint Man, with his greater vigor and
habits of outdoor life, and with his
hair not plastered down, but thrown
up Inoso and light, could no doubt go
to tho north polo, so far as that part
ol his person is concerned, without any
artificial covering. And yet we men
wear immensely thick fur cnjis, and
what amounts to sheet-iron hats, and
do not daro step out in a chilly atmos
phere a moment lest wo tako cold.
It. is silly, weak, and 'really a serious
orror. 1 ho ueator Know wnat no was
about alien he covered a man s skull
with hair, it has a very important
function In protectinii Iho brain, nam
ness is a serious nuslortnno. it will
never occur in any man who will wear
such a hat as wo do a common black
high silk tint with flvo hundred hole
through tho top, so that thero shall be
mora hole than hat. una costs notn-
ig ; tho natter . will uo mat inr you
when vou nurchase your hat. If the
uap be combed back the wrong way,
and if after tbe holes aro made it bo
combed the right way, noon will ever
omervo the peculiarity. Iho hat will
wear quite as long th halters say
considerably longer because it is dry
instoad of moist ; in brief, thore is not
a single objection to it, while it will
certainly prevent baldness and keep
tho top of the bead cool and prevent
POST OFFICII AS A
TECTIVF. AO EXT.
"You have no idea how tiianyof
those lellow who prey on other people
come about us," said an old poatoflice
clerk, "l'ooplulhiuk wo don't see them
when they inquire for letters, silting
a w do Inside of a gloss box, and
nothing of us visible but tbo fuc ; but
if they can't see in wo can sue out, and
wo tako note of what we see. We get
to know faoos by sight as well as the
owners of them do, and take a certain
sort of interest in thorn.. 1 havecaught
myself feeling sorry enough for a young
Miss who i-uiiw daily for letters anil
never (bund any, until I bud a groat
mind to write her one myself, so that
she shouldn't bo disuppointod so often.
That was at tho ladies' window, a long
timo ago. Khedisappcared attorawhilo;
don't know what became of her; city
swollov. ed her up, I reckon.
"There was another woman lady,
I almost said who lived in Newark,
and I knew it, and knew her too, who
camo regularly once a week and in
quired tor letters in another name.
They were for her too. 1 knew well
enough sho. had no such eager inter
ests as her voice betrayed in another
person's letters. Once whon she re
ceived one 1 asked her if she was Mrs.
Statira, and sho said 'Yes,' and then I
knew she lied.
"Once a detective cuuio in and asked
me if a certain man, whom ho described,
called for letters. I knew him as a
person 1 had set down as a rogue with
out knowing anything of bim, and said,
'Yes, ho is hero nearly every day. Ho
comes at such an hour, and if you slay
hero I will give you the wink.' So ho
stayed where he could not bo seen, but
if you will believe it, the scamp never
camo near the place for a week; a
f ;real pilo of letters accumulated for
dm. Finally tho detective begun to
feel tJio lellow had 'lit out,' as be ex
pressed it, and said he would 'just
stretch hia legs a little and como back.'
Of course at that Very momont tho
rascal upieared, and I was in a sweat,
you bet. First thing when I saw him
1 sent a messenger alter the detective ;
tho next thing I stayed away from the
window as long as I dared. When 1
did go to it 1 couldn't hear very well,
and nad hard work to catch his name.
When that had to be stopped I couldn't
seem to find any letter, though there
were a hundred or so right under my
hand. I shuffled them all over, both
of us all tho while on pins and needles,
he to get away and I to keep him so
"How do you spell it." I asked.
Ho spelled it.
" Where do you expect a letter from ?"
1 throw ono, two, three, down.
"Ain't there no mora?" he said.
"Wait a minute and I'll oe. I
stretched the minute all 1 could, till
finally just as he was going away curs
ing mo ftir my stupidity, 1 throw down
the wholo of them, and began to push
them out to him ; he turnod to gather
them up, but was bimaalf gathered up
by the doteotivo who camo back just
id nine, jao was one oi uioee sawdust
A PPEA RA M'ES VECEITFVL.
EZEKIM, WHITMAN'S APPEAR A NCR IN Til X
OLD C1TV TAVERN OF noSTOS.
When Maine was a district of Mas
sachusetts, Kzekiel Whitinnn was chos
en to represent the district in the Mas
sachusetts legislature. He was an
cccentrio man, and one of tho best law
yers of bis timo. He owned a farm,
and did much work on bis land; and
when tho time camo for him to set out
for Boston, hia beat suit of clothe was
a suit of homespun. His wife objected
to his going in that garb, but he did
not care. "I will get a nico fashiona
ble suit made as soon as 1 reach Bos
ton," he said. . .
lieacliing his destination, hitman
found rest nt lloolittlo's City tavern.
Let it bo understood that ho was a
graduate of Harvard, and at this tav
ern ho was at home. As he entered
tho parlor of tho house ho found sev
eral ladies and gentleman assembled,
anil be heard a remark Irom one ol
them. "Ah, hero comes n countryman
of the homospnn genus. Hero's fun."
Whitman started at tho company, and
then sat down.
Say, my friond, you aro from the
country," remarked one of the gentle
Ya as," answered Kzekiel, with a
ludicrous twiBt of the face.
Tho ladies tittered.
"And what do you think of our city?"
' "It's a pootY thick settled place,any-
how. It s got a sweeping sight of
houses in it. .
"And a good many people, too. '
"Ya as, I should guess so."
"M any people where you como from?"
'Plenty of ladies, 1 supposo ?"
"Yaas, a fair sprinklin'."
"And 1 don t doubt that you arc
quito a bean among them.
" r a-as, l Deaus 'era homo tow meet-
in and sintcin schcwl.
"l'erhaps the gentleman irom the
country will tako a glass oi winer
" I hnnk.t. AJo.rt lf u A do."
Tho wine was brought. 1
"Yon must drink a toast."
"Oh. irit ciout, 1 cat toasts never
heard of sich a thing as drinkin' it.
But I kin true ye a sentiment
Tho ladies clapped their nanus ; nut
whut was their surprise when the
stranifcr, rising, spoke calmly and
clearly as follows:
"ladies and gentlemen, permit me
to wish vou health and hniiiness,witli
ovory blessing earth ean afford; and
may vou arrow better ana wiser wnn
advancing years, bearing ever in minu
that outward appearances are often
deceitful. You mistook me, from my
dress, for a country booby, whilo l
fromtliosamosuiiernciul cams), thought,
you wore Indies and gentleman. Tho
mistako has been mutual.
He had just spoken when Caleb
Strong, the Govornor of tho Stato, en
tered and Inquired for Mr. Whitman.
"Ah, hero 1 am, Govornor. Glad to
see you." Then turning to tho dumb
founded company he said.
"1 wish "you a very good morning."
Hard times are beginning to toll on
I the small boys of Akron. A physician
tells 01 a ntuo Aaron ooy who cama mi
him and said, "Doctor, I want some
enicue." . "What do yon want II lor I
"Nevor mind, just give it to inc."
"Who sent you here! "iNououy sent
me. camo mvsolf." "I cant let yon
have it unlos you leu m wnat you
are going to do with if "W ell, uoc
tor. our hired a-irl has swallowed a ail-
nu- nuarlAir and she said if I would
give her aomothing that would bring
It up 1 might have it.
Tn Diannisx Castor Oil. Rub two
drops oil of cinnamon with an ounce of
glycerine and add an ounce of castor
oil. Children will take it and ask for
Tho North Bridge, which spans Ihe
ilocu valley lying between tho Old and
Now Towns of Edinburgh, Scotlumt,
was built upwards of a hundred year
ago. Between the arches of the bridge
and the roadway above aro a numlicr
of chambers or vaults which have nut
been opened, till recently, sinco Ike
hridgo was built. Ono of them has
been visited by rrofessnr tieiklc, who
says: ....I ' :
"From the vaulted soiling, and cs-
Ecciully from the joints of the masonry,
ung hundreds of stalactites delicate 1
spar icicles of snowy whiteness. In
many cases they reached to tho floor,
forming slender thread-like pillars.
Usually they wore slim stalks, some
what like thick and not vory weil made
tobacco pipes; but towards the sides
of Ihe vault they became thicker and
stronger, one winch we carncil off
measuring ubout four feet in length,
and ns stout as an ordinary walking
stick. The same material as I hat form
ing the stalactites spread in ribbed
sheets down the aides of the vault. The
floor, too, was dotted allovcr with littlo
monticules of Iho same snow white
"A more illustrative example ol a
stalactite eavoni could not be found.
Tho whole process was laid oiien before
us in all it stifccs. Along the ioints
of tho masonry overhead could be seen
here and thero a drop or clear water
ready tofall. At other places the drop
bung by tho nd of a tiny white stono
icicle, to which it was aJding its own
minute contribution as it ovaHruted.
From tho mere rudimentary slumps,
the stalactites could bo traced of all
lengths until they were found firmly
united to tho spar hillock on the floor.
livery one in mese niitocKs, loo, lay
directly beneuth the drip, catching the
remainder of the stono dissolved in the
dropping and evaporating water. In
every coso the stalactites were tubes ;
even the thickest' of them, though it
had undergone great changes from de
posit on ita outer surface, retained,
nevertheless, its bore. Usually there
hung a clear water drop from the end
of the stalk, ready to descend upon its
white stony mound beneath.
for a hundred years this delicate
tapestry has been hanging and grow
ing and breaking and growing again,
quietly, in darkness, beneath the grind
of our carringo wheels, and yet high
in air, with tne stream ol human lile
flowing underneath it too.
As tho bridge is built ol sandstone.
wholly or almost wholly tree from lime,
it is evidont that the material which
has converted these vaults Into such
picturesque caverns has been durived
Irom the mortar. All nun water, as is
well known, takes up littlo carbonic
acid from the air, and of that acid thero
is in the air of a town nsally more
than tbe normal proportion. Filtering
through the masonry, it dissolves tho
lime, carrying it downward in solution,
and, if made to halt and evaporate,
depositing it aimin in the form of the
white crystaline snbstanco which we
call spar. . It would be a curious ques-
.V.. -JdlOl,. A. !-- Ll.
masonry could resist this action. Cer
tainly, in spite ot what these vaults
in tho North Bridge reveal, the ma
sonry of that atnieture is, to all ap
pearance, a solid and firm as ever, it
is evidently impossible, however, that
the mortar, if necessary at all, can be
piecemeal removed without in tho end
causing the destruction of a building,"
SOUTH AMERICAS BEAUTIES.
A chopter on Arcquipa, in Mnrcoy's
'South America," just published, con
tains somo amusing accounts of the
manners ot the society oi that Peruvian
city. ' Ho speaks highly of the beauty
ot tho women. JUarcoy notes tho pre
ference for foreigners, and espocially
for Kuropcans, which tho young ladies j
'.'In cosmonolitan snirit. vorv flatter.
ing to the self-love of Kuropcans, they
prefer foreigner to their own country
men, with whatever eminent qualities ford, of Plymouth Colony, he related
tho latter may be gifted. A foreigner, ji, good news just received from Kng
though ho may bavo neither youth hBnd as the occasion for observing sin h
nor beauty in his favor, und nothing
whatever be known or his antecedents,
instantly throws in
flutter tho whole
crowd of mammas and marriageable
daughters. They dispute possession of
him, ono with another; they snatch at
him as at a morsel or the truo cross :
bequests and teeadot (presents) of all
kinds, Irom the toilet soap ot 1'iver t
tho silk handkerchiefs of Lyons such
aro tho tokens of friendship peculiar to
theso countries pursue linn even to
his apartments, h tasks nfrdu itecoloqne
littlo attentions, flatteries, everything
is done to catch in the net of marriage
this fino bird from distant Knrope.
whom innocently cruel hands would
pluck alivo soon allorward. Iho
Louses at which ho culls are forever
heating to arms, tho fumitifuro is re
lieved of its covers, jewels aro taken
out of thoir boxes, the family plate is
displayed upon the sideboards and
tables, the servants, propel ly trained,
have orders tomakc themselves agreea
ble to their future master, tho cats aro
commanded to purr and the dogs to
wag their tails when ho approaches.
From tbo venerable gmnd-mut lior lo
tho youngest child in the family, the
only question is, who shall show the
highest appreciation of the stranger's
merits, who shall flatter him most with
sweet words : the claws are hiddou in
tho velvet paw, the lips distil choice
honey, tho teni!erost rose color and the
bluest ar.uro Is spread over all, and
guitars tuned to' tho bymencul pitch
twang Incessantly tho happiness of two
devoted hearts. Kverytlung, in fine
even lo the air impregnated with the
perfume of burning pasliles, conspire
to charm the soul anil tho senses of tho
stranger, in tbe midst ol the mice tn
nmif, of which our poor pro can
hardly convey an Idea, the goddoss oi
the lete, the virgin of the hearth, is
iircnarnd like a shnno. Seated upon
her sofs, her arms supine, her hands
modestly crossed, her eyes apparently
fixed upon a flower of the Aluncolia
carpet, sho is In reality devoutly at
tentive to the effect produced upon the
visitor by tho marriago-niaKing pro
gramme. Somo Europeans, Whose
hearts are cnirasscd In that oca fn'nr.r
of whieh Horace speaks, como out vic
torious from those trials ; but the great
number succumb, and, meekly bowing
their shoulders to Iho conjugal yoko,
harnmn established in the country.
where they presently loso not only
their illusions, hut their hair and their
"Oh I your nose is aa cold as ice," a
Boston father thought ha beard bis
daughter exclaim tho other evening,
as he was reading in the next room.
Ho walked in tor an explanation, but
tho young fellow waa at one end of the
sofa, and th girl at the other, while
both looked to innocent and unconsci
ous that tb old rcntlemaa concluded
that his ear had deceived him, and so
retired from the scena without a word
THE ' KOItltrk rorvLATiox.
A recent import .from the United
' Slates Bureau of Statistic at Washing
ton, contains an Interesting tablet! the
population of the earth, taken chiefly
from tho work on that subject, issued
ibis year at Gotha, by Drs. Behm and
Wagner, and founded on the most re
cent authorities. By this statement
the aggregate imputation of tho earth
is given nt 1.8!H,uX',000, Asia being the .
most populous section, and containing
70S.0Otl.lMI0; whilst Ktinipchas.'iftlJ.rilM
000; Africa, 2ftJ.W0.W0, America, 81,
SOO.000, and Australia ond Polynesia,
4,500,000. In Kuropo the leading na
tions are credited with the following
numbers: Russia, 71.000,000; the Ger
man Knipiro, 4 1.000,01)0, Franco. 3ii,000-000;Austro-lluugttry.3!i,nt)O,000;Grcut
Britain and Ireland, 32,(lOO,OUO; Italy,
nearly 27,000.000: Spain, I,500.0(KI,
and Turkey, nearly 10,000,000. Tho
other countries do not exceed 5,000,000
each. " In Asia, China, which is by far
tho nvoat populous nation of the eurth,
is credited with 425,000,000; Ilindostan
with 240,IWO.O00; Jau.- M.UOO.OOO;
the fast India Islands, U0.500.000;
Bunmth.Siam and ihrthor India.nearly
20,000,000; Turkey, 13,5110,000, und
Hussia. 11,000,000. Tho Australian
population is given nt 1,074.500, and
tho. Polynesiun Isluuds at 2,763,500,
.New Guinea and .New Zealand being
Included in the latter. In Africa, the
chief divisions uro West Soudan and
the Central African region, 3P.0O0,00;
South Africa, 20,250.000; tho Gulln
country and tlio region cast of the
White -Nile, is.mio.ooo; Samanll, tf.ouo,
1100; Kgviit, 8,500,000, and Morocco,
(i,000,lKHi. In America, two-thirds of
'the population are north of tho Isth
mus, where the United States has near
ly 3!l,000,0OO; Mexico, over U.000,000,
and the British Provinces, 4.000,000.
The total population of North Ameri
ca is given at nearly 52.000,000. and of
South America. 25.500.000. of which
Hrazil contains 10.0o0.0oO. The West
India Islands have over 4.000,000, and
the Central American States not quite
According to these tables, London,
with 8,254.200 inhabitants, is tho most
populous city in tho world, while Phil
adelphia, 071,022 inhabitants (in 1H70)
is the eighteenth cityin point of popu
lation. i'heso eighteen cities, in their
order, are tho following : London. 3,-
254,200; Suit-hull (l hina 2.000,000;
Paris, 1,851,7:12; Peking, 1,300,000;
Tscliaiits-clian l'u, 1.000,000; llangts-ta-fu,
1,000.000; Canton, 1,000.000; Sang,
nan-fu, 1,000.000; New York, 42,2'J2
Tientsin, 000.000; Vienna, 834,284; Ber
lin, 820.341; llankau, 800.000; Tschin-tu-fu,
800.0OO; Cnlcutta, 704.G45; Tokio,
i eddo, 0,4.447, and riiilndclphio, ti4-
022. Of cities smaller than Philadel-
hia, the leading ones arc, St. Pcters
nrg, 0fi7,!lfi3; Bombay, 044.405; Mos
cow, 611,970; Constantinople, 000.000;
Glasgow, 004,B3(i; .Liverpool, '1!KI.40D,
and Jlio do Janeiro. 420.000.
RA Tli IXLOSl)OX.
Inn few yean' time, sajs tho i9iVf-
er, unless some active measures are ta
ken, London may expect great trouble
from rate. It ia a startling taut that
ono pair of rats, with their progeny,
will pmduco in three 3'enrs uo less a
number flinn 010.808. A doc rat will
have from six to eight nests of young
each year, for four years together, and
from twelve to lwenty-1hree at a litter ;
and the young docs will breed at three
months old ; and thero aro ninro le
males than males, at au average of
front ten to six. If they ron about
the streets liko cuts and dogs, tho pub
lic would no ten-mod, bnt as they hide
and work in the dark, men seldom see
or think of them. Brick drains are
their chosen haunts, skirting boards,
backs of firoplacos, under the flooring,
or between the rafters aro their place
of breeding. The London scwermen
state that brick drains aro the rats'
best friends, and that nowia,
... r:r-u ",tIJ tivw.j aluk uaHi will
atop the sewer rata from getting into
houses. They will uot go up pipes for
the fear of being drowned, knowing
they havo no means ot oscnpe. They
are seen In tho sewers miLrrattni; in
communities to some discovered quar
ter for food, and the sower-men believe
t hat t hoy huve a language of their own.
Jf builders were to case skirting boards
with galvanized plating, particularly
at each corner, it would stop the ver
min considerably. Cure should bo to
ken nlso to fill with concrete and small
stones or broken glass tho space under
and about fireplaces, as the doe rats
choose that quarter for breeding on ac
count of the warmth.
The First Tiiasksoivi-io dav. It
was in tho early summer of 1032 that
Governor Winlhroo. of the Colony of
Massachusetts Bay, made tho first pub-,
lie proclamation for a day of thanks
giving. In a letter to Governor Brad-
a day, and invited tho neighboring
colony to unite with the People under
his own jurisdiction in the celebration
ot it As the good news related as
much lo tho Plymouth people as to
the people ol lioston, ana as Wmlhrops
words 'I doubt not but you will con
sider if it be not fit for you to join in .
it express confidence in the action
of Plymouth, it may be presumed, al
though wo can find no distinct record
of tho fact, that the day wAs observed
in commoii by the two colonies. At
any lute the Boston people kept tho
-day on Iho lth of Juno, 1G32, as wo
learn irom tne journal oi o inviinq,.
Thus the example ol a day or inanKS
giving was first set, winch has sinco
Iwcn liillowod by so many of the com
monwealths of the United Stales, and
at last by tho nation ilsolt.
To recognize tho character of a per
son by his laugh is not difficult. Thero
are as many kinds of langh as there
are vowel sounds. Persons who laugh
in A arc frank, inconstant and fond of
nois0 and motion. Tho hutgh in K be
longs to phlcgmntiee and persons dis
posed to nu'kmcholy. 1 he () indi
cates generosity of sentiment ami bold
ness in movement. Tako care of its
possessor if you belong to tho opjioeito
sex. Tho laugh or giggle m I ol chil
dren and Innocent persons denotes a
torrid, Irresolute devotes! and pliable
nature. 1 ho blondes laugh in 1 but
tbuL-Uoce nol any that they aro all in
nocents. Avoid liko the pest Uiose
who IniiL'h in U. Theso aro the avari
cious, the hypocrites, the misanthrope.
r or them t lie joys ol lile nave noriinrm.
An Knelish teacher, enjoining upon
(he members of a training class their
duty in giving to children bright and
happy thoughts ol religion, illustrated
tho danger of an opposite course thus :
A little girl, ho saiil, onco inquired of
her elder sister nliout heaven.
"Do they play in heaven ?" she asked.
''No, they do not play t here."
"What do they do?"
"They sing, and are very good."
"Aro thero no plaything there ?"
"No, not any."
"No dolls, kittens, nor Noah s arks?"
"Then," said tho little ope. "I'll toko
my dolly nnd go lo hell."
Ha riu Transit of tiir 1iad. The
dead arc to bo furnished with "rapid
transit in lenna by means ol a pneu
matic subterraneous railroad, with tor
mini extending from the cellars of een-
, n. H ,. (M-0H ahnna a in II.. nl.B ,nll,a
cemeteries. After the funeral service
in th cliuNl tbo coffin will be placed
lengthwise on a small platform-car
moving on rails, and then shot off
through the tunnol to tbe cemetery at
the rate of Ibrty mile or so an hour,
where tli undertaker will receive it.
Then the mourners will disperse IVom
Ihe ehspel and the funeral will be over.