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' UUOD1AHDBR HAOIITVt
IC.TAIILISII BD III .
fb larfeat Clrcalatlaa of any Newspaper
U North Uanu-al Faun.) Ir aala.
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:( paij la adranoa, or wltkia I moalka....M UU
tf paid afttr aad bafon t month. t SO
If paid aflar tha aiplratloa of 8 moalhi.,. B OO
Eatei ol Advertising-.
Franilaat advartlaamaati, par aqaaroof llllnoaor
la.., t limai or Um..
For o;ab aabaqaaBt iaaortioa i
tdmlBlalratori' and Kanalon' aolloas...
Aadtlon' aot(M......M....M . .
btaaolallon notlooi .............
.. I 60
.. I tl
.. I 40
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Proraaaional Oarda, Hum or ku,l yoar..... t 00
Looal aatlooi,1r Una....
U 00 I ooloma. 150 00
00 I oolama. ......... 70 00
,..... 00 I ooloma.. 110 00
OBOROB B. OOOIll.ANDBR,
taoi. a. aiaa.r. crai'i aoaooa.
MURRAY & GORDON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Will attood la all baataaaa aalratlad hi aim
ataatplly and roltbialiy. ,- , . aarl 71
wiM.ua a. wamacs. . iaib L. aaaaa.
babbt r. willac. wt w. waiaiatr.
WALLACE & KREB3,
(Buwann lo Wallaoo Fi.ldio,,)
11-12 7S ClearSeM, Pa.
a. t. n.ao. a. a. . a. a "u
DRS. WILSON ft VAN VALZAH,
OSm In rraidanoo or Dr. WiLon.
n.... 11... ua : Fr..a llali. a. Br. Vao-
V.liab oan b found l nibt la 111" rooina, Ban
du,.r to Uaruoiek Irwla l urog
t n. J e k k k kson ijtz,
I I W1111I1I.AND. PA.
Will promptly atuiud all oall. la ll Haaof Hi
uaara a. a'aaatiT.
daiirl w. b'ccbdt-
MoENALLY s MoCUBDY, .
t-Uf blln. atlondod to promptly w thj
VI-hlT. fnioa.BH.ad ilroot. abor. ta Fir.t
National Bank. ""
G. R. BARRETT,
Attobnet and Counselob at Law,
Ilarinf raaigo.4 klr Jadjaihip, kal Momod
kJ ;J2S- of .k. U. 1. hi. old '"'
0.1.1. Pa. Will allaad Ih. aoort. of J.fra .ad
Klb Jaatiaa .b.a apl.lly " '
with roaidoal oobbmI. l.ia.n
WM, M. MOCULLOUCSH,
ATTORN KY AT LAW,
I'learSeld, Pa. " '
rOnn la Court Houa., (Su.ril'a paa).
L.i.1 boiin.ij prompllj altead.d to. R.J ."
boujbt and t.ld. i . ..
" J . W. BANT Z,
MlfOllitm la Hi. Upara ll.aia. Boom
Allial bo.ia-1 MtraiUd to b a ear. P'l;
tuudad to. W
"A. W. WALTER 8,
ATTORN BY AT LAW,
aualo. la Or.b.ia'i Bow. Jl'1'
11:1:71 Clearfll01, Pa.
"WA L T E K BAR R E f T ,
ATTUKNEY AT LAW.
M m Raaaad 8L, Cloarl.U, Pa. aoTM4
ATTORNKY at law,
aarOBo la Pi.'i Opora noaaa. tiyll.'Ot
J C irTNHTF UL T 6 R D,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
aaT-Oan la Pit'. Upara H.om, Boaa Mo. I.
j.a. , l74.
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
tad Mal Eataia Afaut, ClaarRaU, Pa.
OBI. a ob Tblrd lr..t. bat. libarrj A Walaat.
(-Haipoatfoll; off." bli larrlHi la i.llla
ad ballot- laad. la Ulaarl.ld aad adJ.lalB
aaalloa Bad arith aa aip.rloaoa ol ar.r lwaat
l.ara aa a r.a,.r, attar. blan.U that k. jaa
r.adar aatliraatlaM M'"
FEEDERICK O'LEART BOCK,
8CRIVEKER A CONVEYANCER,
. General Life and Fire Ins. Agent.
limit, of Coarnanoa, AWI.1.1 of Airool
and all l.c.1 pap." promplly aad aaatlj . aia
taiH. 0l. la Pi.'i Opara lloal Boom Ba. 4.
ClMrl.ld, Pa., April in, 174.
J. BLAKE WALTER8,
REAL ESTATE BROKER,
aio bbalbb ia
Saw Ijogft und Idumber,
OBn. la Unbam'l Bow.
1:10 threoll, (JloarRrld Ca., Pa. y:pd
rVallaratoai. ClaaHleM Coaaty, Paaa'a.
"j,AII l.gal bu.loaai promptly attoadod to,
DR. T. J. BOYER,
PHYSICIAN AND 90 RO EON,
OSo. oa M.rkot Stnot, Claartald, Pa.
prom koarr: I to II a. at, aad 1 to I p. m.
rR. E. M. 8CUE0RER,
OAoa ia ra.id.a.0 aa Harkat at
April 14, 1171. OaartolM
" DR. W. A. MEAN 8,
PUYSICIAN k 8TJ RGEON,
Will attnd profoialoaaloalliprampUy. aaflOTO
J. 8. BARN HART,
ATTORNEY - At LAW,
WUI prartlaa ia Cloarlrid aad all of Ik. Ooarta of
loa x.ia immui i"n.w mm. ........
aad oalloMioa of alaima mado aaioialtloa. al'lt
BARBER & HAIR DRESSER,
lylll CI.BABrlBI. P. PA. (ti
JAMES 0. WHITE,
BARBER AND HAIR DRESSER
Roaml la 4 Uaaard llaaaa,
lapil'74 CIaar.M, Pa.
t. a. or.
T. A. FLECK tV CO.,
A Mil ! CIwM MBIT r tit mk ti
tU BUTTBRICK Cat)
Fashionable Pattern! of Gai-meati,
114, ItTLM I
T. M. ROBIN80N,
Uaaafaalaror aad daalor la
Harness, Saddles and Bridles,
Collar., Whlaa, Braibal, Fl; N.U, Trimmlap.
Il.rot Blaak.u, Aa.
Vanam, Frank Hill.r'l Bad Naallfoot OIK.
Afial for Bait., aad Wiltaa'l Baarloa.
Ord.n aad rrpairla, promptly attoadod lo,
ftbop m llubot Hroot, ClMrOald, Pa, la room
fcrmarly aompiadl by Jaa. Alai.ador. (I:4'7I
JAMES K. WATSON k CO,
BEAt, BBTATI BROKERS,
Unaaa aad OOjoaa to lot, CallooUaai promrtry
mad., and Orat-olaaa Goal aad Plra-Umy Laad.
aad T.w. ar.p.rty for aala, OOtot ta wiotira
Hotol laildli, (Id loor), Soroad "t. (myU Tty
GOODLANDER ec HAQERTY,
VOL 48-WIIOLE NO.
A. Q. KRAMER,
Raal R.taU aad Cvtlaatloa Anl,
Will promptly alt.nd to all l.gal buitntH aa
trart.d to at. oar..
arUflla la Pl.'l Opara Homo, araoed loar.
aprll I -Bui
foha II. Orrlt. C. T. Al.iandar. C. M. Bov.n
0RVIS, ALEXANDER & BOWERS,
ATTORNEYS AT LA W.
Ballefoala. Pa. J.nI8,'t7-,
j. H. KLINE, M. D
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON,
t-TivtNU ImbIiJ al P.aafl.ld. Pa.,
rl arofaaaloaal KT'ln. to lb. poopl. or that
.1. ..d .arroandinl ouantrl. AllaaiU prouptlr
GEORGE C. KIRK,
JaatlaaV tka Paaaa, Rarra7r ao4 Coaojir.
All builoari latral.d 10 bin will b. proaipllj
.,,...1.1 ... k.r.on. alihlna to .oivlnj a 8or-
.or alll do w.ll to fir. biiaao.ll, a. h. latLr.
k: ...i... h. mb r.n.l.r atirf.otion. Dwdr of
ooor.;noa, artiulai or .jr.cai.ai, ano .11
papan, promptly aad o.acly .loooUd. ttuaav74
" JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Ja.Ho. of lb. Puo. and 8. rlrnrr,
VaCollrollonl mad. and
NRr ALHT.m Al-IKHT
ALBERT 4 DROS.,
Maaofaotartr, A txtouilv. Daal.r.in
Sawed Lumber, Square Timber, dto.,
r-Ord.n aoli.llwl. Bill. (IH.d oa .horl aollw
and ro.Mnabla torm..
wr.rh.llla. ( laarQeld fouuty. Pa
Kp. oooitaatly oa band a full
" r: . .. . ji...i.. bmiI vMrvtb no
llrj uooo., iiarow., , ' : .r
aiaally boot la a latatl atra, whioh will b. .old,
?, ...h, aT .b..p a. el..wb.r. la th. .ounty.
Fraaehrllla, Jon. 17, 1D07-IJ.
THOMAS H. FORCtti
Alio, .itaailra' m.anhctor.r and doator la Rqaara
Timber aad m.h ih.o".i
aarOrd.r. lollolled and all kllli prooiptly
R PUB EN HACKMAN.
House and Sign Painter and Paper
l learOrld, Paun'a.
4.WII1 .io.at.Jobi la kil Una promptly and
la a aorbiaanlik. manaar. "I
practical pump maker,
NRAB CLEARFIELD, PKNN'A.
mff-Pump. alwayi oa band and mad. to ord.r
00 Dorl BotiM. Pipo. borod oa raainabl. lorma.
All work warranted to r.od.r aatutaotioa, aao
d.llY.rrd if dnlrad. myJ.ilypd
E. A. BIGLER 4. CO.,
aad maauiiaotarari or
ALL BINim HFOlAWtO LUMBKR,
M71 CLBARPIBLD, rKHW A.
JA8. B. GRAHAM,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Boards,
8UINGLRS, LATU, A PlCKVn,
t:t"li CUiart.ld, Pa, ;
Square Timber & Timber Lands,
J.U71 CLEARFIELD, PA.
DR. J. P. BURCH FIELD,
Uu 9ar,.o. ar Ik. Old R.llm.at, P.anlyhanla
Vataatoan, aaria, rimw. in" "'-7.
atari ki. prof.uioBBl larylaai to tkaaltluai
aaT-Profaiilaaaloalli promptly attoal.d to.
OBo. aa tt.ooad itraat, formorlyoaoaptad by
Dr. Woodl. iapr.,.. n
H , F . N A U G L E ,
WATCH A1B & JEWELER,
and d.alar la
Watched, Clucks, Jewelry, Silver
and Plated Ware, &c,
jtg-T CLEAHF1ELD, PA, .
8. . 8NYDER,
PRACTICAL W ATCUMAKEB
AMU rtBALOK ia
Watches, Clock and Jewelry,
Urate1, Jf.rA.I SlnH,
All kiadl of rapairtni in my Una promptly al
idad to. April S.t, 1171.
REIZENSTEIN & BERLINER,
aholvaal demVara ia
6ESTS' FCRXISI1ISG GOODS,
ll.ra raaiov to 1ST Charak ttnot, bolwooa
Frwablia aad Wblto at.., Now York. (JySI'71
Miss E. A. P. Rynder,
Ohlehertag'a, Suiaway' aad Kaenon'a Plancaf
laaith a, MftMB HaaBiin a ana rtn.M. i
Orgaa and Mledoaa, aad QroTr
Baker' Bawlag Maehlaaa.
also tbacbbb ar
ila. ko pavil tahea for Ua than half ft Una.
Al Aaalt.. .... Ita.aiall mmd Vndb.1 H.
jaajfnooraf appoatt uanea a runs intra rnora.
Qloartcld, May , HMt tf.
ft. UAVU I'aVBftT
HOLLOWBUSH & CARET,
Blank Book Manufacturers,
AND STATION IBS,
SI Jlmrkti rMMtlpkla.
ma.papar Hoar Saakl aod Baa, Foolwap,
Lotur, Nata, Wrappiag,
Carlaia and Wall
P. BIGLER k CO.
ha, faf aala
CAUIACI A WAUOS WOODS,
SHAFTS AND POLES,
UUB3.8POKK3, FELLOES, Ac.
Carrlafa aad Wagwa Maban akaald ataka a
aota of tbll aad aall aad aaamlaa Ik.rn. Tk.j
will bo aold at fair prlooa. may II 11
CTONB'S BAW GUMMER3 ANO
SAW D P8ET8.
Wa aava raaat.a. tb. aaoaoy for tka abaoa aad
WIN MH laorn al maaafaMwrar'i priooa. Call aad
aaamlaa laam. Taoy ara tha brat.
Joio-tl a. 9. BltJLRB A CO.
Mountali Echo Cornet Band,
MimiC jrai.ad for Pamlaa, F.HIr.l., Coa
aorta, Lootona, Aa.,oa roaaoaabla larm.
Addro.1, B. B. eHONIH, Bm,
aiaya-d Carwoarrlllo, Pa.
OOT AND SHOK MAKING.
JORIPR It. DEEH1NO, aa Uarkri atroot, la
Sbaw'i Bow, Cl.ara.ld, Pa., kai )a.l raoolrod
a Sao lot of Praaak Calf Sklai aad Ilpr, tka
boot la tka marh.t, aad lint proparod tom.a
aaaatora anrytklaf ia kli liaa. B. will war
raat bll wart to kt aa ropraMaloS.
Tb. aiilaoM od ClomrSald aad tl.lalty an
roaaaotfally laritad to (Ira aim a oall.
Work oa al abort aoilat. , MI'Tty
THE LONG AGO.
Oh 1 ttooderful iirf-iii li the river Tlmo,
At it runt Ibroujcli (tie mltni uf tunr,
With ftaUltlvM rit)m Rtid a uiuiloul rhym,
And bnler awp, ftiid ft turf ubliuto,
And blnuda lit. ttiuaceHn of ram,
lluw Hie wintrrt " drlfllon, Ilk flk of mow,
And tht umincr Ilk huda bctwtn.
And Ih rwir In ihvtlictf- o ihjr notneaud Ihry
Oft thf rirfr'l hrrftt, with Ita r1b ::d flow,
A II (lido in lb ibaduw ftiid ihicn.
Tttfr' inaf (eal lalo ap th rlrr of Tiiua,
Whr lh onii of alra ftt laltiK t
TiiwtVf a fllondl iky and ft trnjiioal climo,
Aid ft anna; at iwH bj a raiar utiltn.
And ih Jumi will, (ha roiai art; Haying,
Anil tha nftme of tbla lilt la tit Long Ago,
And w bar our trauura Itiar
Thar am bruwa of beauty and buaoeni of mow
Thar ar bi'ftpa mf dual, bul w lovtd IhuM ao 1
Tbirr ftr trinkeU and Irrataa uf httir,
Tbaia si lYtAtfuioiii uf aoog that oubudjr tuga,
And a part uf au inraut'a prayer,
Thart'a luU una -)(, and a harp wit hi.nl
Thar art brukcu Tut, and (lc a of llojd 4
And th gariuaitta aha uard to wear.
There ar faamla thai are wared when lh fairy
By the niiraRe ia lifted In air;
Aod w iDmvtimca hear ihro' ih turliitint mar,
84et totoM w beard la the d;.yi gun boforo,
Whtn tha wind dun th rh'er 1- fnlr.
Ob I raniciobared for aya be thv bleated 11.
All the day uf life (ill ttijjht
W hrn tb evening winifi wi'h ita brautiful antlle,
And oar rytt ore cli-ird lo fluml ar a while,
.May that "gmeiiwtHid" of auul be in it lit.
"L0AKU GRIDED M HlKtl,"
At fl'a (iera House. Clearfield, Pa., ou
Friday evei.lu,Ot-tulier tttli, rH,
A we HtuU'J lurt wet k, ncvor bt'
foro did the citiu'im of C'K-urflt'M bor
ough ao fully enjoy tlicniHt'lvoH ah tliey
did on tlio ovt'iiinpf indicutt'd. The
Htuo wuh Imii'lrMniu'ly tilted up in par
lor Htyle, and irmipk-d ly Stato 8ii
ponntiMidont WickornltHin, County Hu
porinttndent (itvoiy, Kev. A. I" Yo
ctim, Jit-v. II. H. ltutlor, the mpmlrcrH
ot'tho Jtomuph School Honrd. Hevonil
incnilTH of tht Citizens' 'ouiiiiitloo,
and II on. JtH. T. hoonBid, who ivully
Ht't'inwl th nnwt iinconcormMl of tiny
one prt'Hont. Tlio following wits tho
irognimino itrml uMin by tho joint
Frayar; Her. A. I). Yoeoin.
Addrcca tn bohalf ol School Dirpotort, dtdlveilug
tha building to tha eitlaen, Iiy
Hon. Win. A. Wnllaee.
Addrei of accctitance, en lehalf ofeiilarna, hy
br. H. V. WiUoa.
Ddlatur Prayer by Rpv. II. S. Duller.
Addrena by Lion. J. p. W ikerham hubjert :
Addrtaaci by lion. Wm. Iliftiar and othera.
9 ( JdmioOrrheitra.
The School Dalldita waa thruwn otra f.r ln-
apeclioa by tb puhhe during tha alVmoon of
Friday. A ourdial laviutioa loodered to the
oiliieua generally to attend luae exoreltea.
CltiM-Bi' Coin milt i
R V. WiLioji,
W W. UttTB,
J. J. Pin,
O. D. OooDLAltrilR,
B. A. BiaLfttt,
Wh. II. mm
Babubl J. How.
School IHreotori :
Wm. A. WAix(t,
Ja. T. I.toaAait,
Wm. M . AlcCoLiaOton,
F II ARK PlfiniT,
Trios, II Mi' kbit,
Jons V, Ibwi.i.
The oxitoIbcs of Iho ovonin wro
oponeu with a Drayer by Kev. A. Ji.
Then aotne tine mtmiu Iiy the or-
Wm. M. MoCullouirh, Esq.. Socrelarr
of the School Koani, Ihen introilnceil
Hon. Wm. A. W allnee, who, In beliall
ofthellonnl, of which he ia aricinlur.
preaented tho humling to tho cilircim
In the following appropriate ailflrow:
BPF.ICII or IIOM. W. A. WALLACE.
Jjxiiei anil Gentlemen Citi:ena of
Clearfield :, bcttinitia my pUaiuiiit
duty, on thia fHTafiion, aa tlie rcprown
(ntivo of your repreHcntutivitt the
School Directoni of the borough to
narrate to yon briefly, tho oiretmiMun-
ceH under w hich tho building whoae
dedication you thin evening celebrate,
lias been orectrd.
In the retromwt of thirlv Vt'itrs of
Hchoola In Clearfield, we find tbnt tbciti
nolliinu new tiniler the huh, tor wo
to-day do but amplify and enlarge the
inouniaiHipraciici'imti which wus in
exibtence in thin villum thirty yearn ago.
Yet it reqtiireil the exercwo ol no onli-
nary deirreo of forbcantneo nnd eim-
ceHnion on tho part of the reprcarnta-
tivi'H ol the two uitltTcm or;iiiii7.atiiin
within tho Horou);h, to bring nboutlho
result, that haa given to uh tlie grudod
school. niBt now put in oiierulion
Thirty venn ago tltoro arc many in
this assembly who will remember we
ad a common slioul, nmt an ni aaeniv
and tho funds of ono were united with
thoso of the other, hut, for a period of
yearn, they havo been separated. In
the common school, children were
taught under the common school sys
tem of the Commonwealth, while the
academy was conducted under its own
The legislature, in tho year 1H71, at
tho desire of many citizen of the
Borough, enacted a statute, the pur-
ises ol which arc lound in theprcum
e thereof, in these words :
"Wiiehkas. Legislation is necessary
for the purpose of establishing, in the
hnronuli of Clearfield, a system of grad
ed schools in which the rudiments and
lower Knglish branches shall be taught
free, and tho higher English brunches
and the languages and classics shall be
taught at niiKlc rate prices, ami in onler
to secure to the children of all cititens
thereof an academical education, if they
shall desire it, and to insure tho keeti-
ing open of the schools tho longest
period possible, in each year, consistent
with the resources 01 tno tax payers
therein : And tehrreas, It is believed
that these object can Iw obtained by
uniting the resource and properly of
the Clearfield Academy with the re
sources and management or tho com
mon schools in said borough, under an
arrangement made by authority of
law ; therefore, he it enacted, Ac."
Then follows the enactment whiuli
authorizes the directors of the common
schools, and the authorities of the
academy, to unite the funds of the two,
for tha advancement of these ends and
objects a graded school within the
'liopongh, in which the ordinary English
branches should be taught free, and
tha higher English branches and the
classic, at the lowest rate practicable,
consistent with moderate taxation, and
the resonrtrs of the academy m that
the child of tho poor man should have
the advantage of both. This wa the
fiurpoae of this statute; this wa the
ending thought the great idea. The
school directors have done what they
could to accomplish this beneficial re
sult They couio to you to-night to
you whose servants they are to giv
an account of their trust. They have
erected, on a commodious sight, a build
ing which ia certainly no disgrace lo
your villago. They nave mere openen
public graded school, under control of,
and directed by Principal and five as
sistants in which the purposes of the stat
ute may be attained in which socnm
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 21.M871.
men school education may lie given,
and mat hematics and tho liingungcs
may lie timglil. Here, your children
may not only receive a common school
ediiciillon, but may also tit themselves
for entering college.
In the performance of this work, you
would have lieen heavily taxed. The
resource from tho ordinary shool rates
tho entire school revenues of the
borough would not havo stifllced to
nrodiico this result, but we Ion nil one
of our own citixens ready and willing
to aid us in tlie attainment ol this ob
ject iu the prosecution of this work.
In tlie conilition ol tho llnunces, when
we hosituted, (and were about to stop
the work,) we found in your niidst.ono
who wus willing to take hold and aid
us with bis counsel, and his menus.
The building has cost 8-!!l,-IUII. Of
this sum, 8111,0(11) in cash have been
advanced by ,1ns. T. Leonard. The
land upon which the school building
has been erected, hits been donated by
him to tho school district of Clearfield
Borough. This hind is vulued at 81),-
5110. There uro yet 7,00() to be paid
on the school building. This largu sum
we feel is worthily invented ill such a
building, we feel tbut it is un evidence
that there is here a spirit of progress,
it is an evidence tlutt there are thoso
in our midst who value educutioiiiil
privileges. Its completion is an evi
dence, too, that the spirit of benevo
lence exists in ourmidst, and that there
are thoso here, who, with c haiituble
hand, are ready to invest their menus
in the noble w ork of education, elevat
ing their fellow mini.
The building which you dedicate to
night, erected under his supervision,
completed with his means, is mtmcd to
testily your gratitude toward your
benevolent citizen, the Jinn. James T.
As the representative of the School
Hoard of the School District of Clear
field, and as an evidence of tho comple
tion of our task under the statute of
1871, I deliver to you, as tho represen
tntive of the citizens nnd tax-pavers of
the lirstrtct, the "l,eoiiRnl Iiiiiiieil
SI'KXCH or iib. n. V. WILSON.
During the concluding portion of Mr.
Wallace's address lr. It. V. Wilson,
who appeared as the representative of
the citizens, hud arisen to his feet, and,
as the former gentleman took his sent,
stepjied forward and received tlie build
ing on behalf of the citizens, Buying:
r: 1 rise lo discharge the agreea
ble duty assigned mo a duty the more
agreeable in thai It can be performed
by a few wonls. On behalf of the citi
zens of Cleiirfielil, I accept the elegant
presentation you have made, anil in
their name tcndei'to the School Hoard,
to the Hoard off rnslocs of the Acade
my, to Judge Hconurd, who by pecu
niary aid and gnat personal labor, has
brought this comely building to its
final completion, their sincere thanks,
and wo receive it, not as a toy to be
coiuo tho subject of popular caprice,'
but as a sacred and solemn trust to be
held in perpetuity for tho benefit of
our children and their successors.
Ladiel and Gentlemen : It may not
be inappropriate at this time to notice
tho growth ol the educational interests
in this town anil vicinity. ''
In the year 1803 was erected the
first school house in Clearfield county.
It stood on the north aide of tho river,
two miles east of this placo, on prop
erty now in possession of J udge Clyde.
Its architect lire wassimplc auii in keep
ing with tho means and other circum
stance surrounding tho few people
who then took the first steps in the
direction of the education of their chil
dren. Its walls woro built of round
logs, its floor was mado of hewn logs ;
its seats or benches were made ol'slnbs
tho round sido upward; its desks
were composed of tho same costly ma
terial; its roof of clapboards shingles
at that dato not being in use.
One end of this model structure Was
occupied by a hugo fire-place, kept
lively iu cold, weather by a great fire
of logs, pine knots, brush, etc., of which
there was an abundant supply in the
immediate neighborhood. I'o prevent
the heat escaping through the open
roof, or rather to confine it lo tho lower
room, noon the ioists was placed a layer
of round poles, over these a layer of
earth a list or more in inieKness was
spread, muking matters all right and
tight. Light was admitted through
four-light sash. ThfNo were filled with
greased paper through which it vain
ly struggled fur admittance except
ing tho one behind the master's sent
which was dignified with four panes of
real but uot over-traiispurent glass. ,
Here were taught orthography, read
ing, writing ami the simplest rules of!
arithmetic, by .nr. Samuel nilton.somo
time since deceased, but v eil anil fa
vorably remembered by our oldest cit
izens. The text book for reading was
tho MtJe, and doubtless the lesson
taught In learningtoread its sacred pages
lasted through and largely inlluenced
tho niter-live of the scholar of this
school. "Of all tho friends who were
schoolmates then," but three are now
living, viz.: Mrs. Jlarv, wife of the
lion. KichaiM Mhuw, 31 r. J mm i rvinr.,
nnd one other scholar, Jmlgo (.eoiiui d.
I'.d.l then a lad ol nine years ol Bgo,
Ho entered this school, pursued his
studies, and In three winter terms,
of three lunnths each, completed his
scholastic education, atler which bo
IcvoUhI his energies to cultivating his
father's farm, and otherwise aiding
him iu poviding for a large family of
i-oilliL'cr children, no heur little ol
uiin until in the year 1828 (great prog
ress meanwhile having been made in
educational matter ),'Whcn wc find tbut
he had placed a younger brother, who
ho was anxious should enjoy advan
tages denied to himself, in the Academy,
just then completed and in charge of
Mr. Liatlorty. J he latter suggested
that he should provide his brother with
a grammar-book, geography, and atlas,
of which ho guve him the titles, but
was unable to tell mm whore tney
could bo obtained. Ho next applied to
Mr, Fulton for the desired information,
hut he was unable to give it. He then
mounted his homo and rode to the
tieiirhhorhood of what is now Lumber
City, to eo Mr. Kergtison, and if pos
sible to obtain tho desired intormation
from him, as bo was a surveyor, and
otherwise regarded as a person of con
siderable learning. Neither of these
gentlemen could tell him w here they
could bo obtained. They bad heard of
such books hut they had not been used
in the schools to which they went.
The books were subsequently obtained
from Mr. Wythe, of llarrisbiirg. These
were Kirkahms (rnmmnr, Adams
(ieograpby, and Mitchell's Alio. He
thus haa tlie undisputed honor and dis
tinction of having been a scholar in
tho first school oiened in this county
an, ol having bought, paid lor, and in
LriMluced into use, the first geography
and atlas, and tho first work on English
grammer ever used in this section of
the State. And now, in the evening
of his days, he crowns the labor of a
long and naeliil hie oy erecting a monn
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
. . .1
ment to himself niori Vultuiblo than 1 establish fho work of our hands upon
marble or bronze,, I feel assured that'ns: j'ea, the work of onr hands, tstnb-
I do but echo the scn.mients. ol' this
largc and appreciative ntmicnce wncn
1 express the 1iohi th it he uuiy long
live In enjoy ins won earned compe
tence, and seo in full fruition the re
sults of his w ell directed eflbi'U in be
half of Mimlar education, i And 1 do
not hesitate to Bay, as the measure of
nil' iiu-ll ambition, that a ven the meuna
and opportunity, 1 would rather found
nn institution of learning than wear
tho robes of the inagiatrule, or rcocive
the highcot civil honors ul tho State.
Hut, with the completion of this ele
gant structure upon the hillside, which
is now, and hereafter, uVatined to be
tho pride and ornaiiicnj of onr town,
with all of lis appoint!. kills perfected,
our work is but bogu a A part, it is
true, a most important j Brt.of this work
is finished, but cuuuut "tomo success
ful without ccrtaiiii.iaiA'.Oi'i'diuiMis.
These are as follows : i
1. A corps of thoroughly educated
and thoroughly trained teachers, im
bued Willi a love of their culling and a
burning zeal in if prosecution.
r.vcr niagnilying it, und believing
their prolessiou to bo one of the
most honorable, as If certainly Is
ono of the most useful of human pur
suits; knowing well, not only the sub
jects to he taught, hut, what ia of uul
iiuportiiiico, having a know ledge ol the
brain which is directed to receive it.
The "grind-stone" process in education
has become one of the things which
are buried in the past it ia to be hoped
never to bu resurrected, A competent
teacher no longer regards children as
so much grist brought to the educa
tional mill to be thrown into tho bop
per promiscuously, and subjected to
the then imperfect machinery of the
school, aa so much wheat or plaster
On tho contrary, they do, and ought
to study tho individual trails of dis
position, the qualities of mind and char
acter of those who are placed under
their (barge. These qualifications
should be thoso of every teacher.
2. Tho hearty and cm-dial co-operation
of the parents of tho children, and
the citizens at large. Without this
hehi the ablest and most conscientious
instructor will utterly Jail, not only in
maintaining the pmiicrdiMmilinooftho
school, but will disappoint our just ex
pectations. 1 hits tar, ladies mid gentlemen, we
have been considering but one side of
meutul development We are too apt
to forget, indeed it occurs to very few
of us that man's nature is two-liild
ntellrrtuid and moral. In cultivating
the former we are all loo likely to for
get the latter, (ailing to recognize the
tnc( that no talents, however splendid,
no attuiiiuiunts however varied; no
lMiwera, howovor exalted, can possibly
make up a complete character In the
abseiico of high ..moral endowments.
Where is this moral training to bo hail?
At the fireside, in tho family circle; in
tho Snbbntb school; in the Church;
teaching our children to follow and
nracl ice the precept of H itn w ho healed
by the way-sido who taught by tho
sea. li the intellectual and moral train
ing of our rhiklrvn atraU be thus har
monious and systematical -if learning
and rcliirion shall thus L'O band ill baud
then out from tho halls wo to-night
dedicate to their uses, will pass to the
mill and the mine, tothework abopand
factory, to field and forest, to the coun
ter of the merchant and office of the
professional man, to tho wide circle of
homes that are yet to be, those who
will quicken society with a higher lite
and inspire it with nobler purpose than
wo havo Known. Ana tnus our worn
will continually multiply as tho ftituro
years shall come and go, extending its
blessing to this town and county, Stule
and country, an Influence that, in tho
beautiful language ot I'rotessor jyntinil,
will b felt "long after you and I, like
streaks of morning cloud, shall have
melted into tho infinite azure of tho
past." . ,
PRAYKrt or iif.v. ii. . lU Ti.r.it.
The "HodietaUiry Prayer" was hei-o
oli'cred up by tho Itev. U.S. Hutler,
which was as follows: ,
O Then Almighty One, Father of
light, Iroin whom comet h down every
perfect gilt ;' Jiermit us hot to thrget,
as wo are axminibled oa this iutorostiiig
occasion, that we owe all to Thee, lor
the reason and faculties w hich distiu-
f;uish us from the brutes that Thou
last given us an enlightened civiliza
tion anil freedom in this much favored
land, nnd this much favored society iu
which we dwell that Thou hast given
us mutenul wealth, by which w arc
enabled to claim the greatest advant
ages. O Lord, J lion bast put it into
the hearts of men to give liberally ol
their substance to advance knowledge
for the benefit of this conimmnly, and
the rising generation. Wo acknowl
edge that the motive has been given
by Thee we would j;iyc.ln Tbce all
the glory. . . , , , , . , : , :
And now, O Lord ! wc adjure Thee
that Thy richest blessing' may rest
uiion this enterprise so well heguil.
V ill Thou givo wisdom and stivngth
to those to whom its temporal interests
am intrusted; that they may be al in
to inunago them so that they shall re
dound to the lKtgood ol" nil concerned,
Wilt Tlum then especially grunt thy
blessing upon him through wlioin (his
enterprise has been "Thus carried for
ward, and will Thou give him richly
lo enjoy that which Thou hast permit
ted liiin to do. ('Irani unto thoso who
shall teach thy richest blessing, and
may they know how to impart knowl
edge, and w bat knowledge to impart.
(Irani that they maV havo such luflii-
encc over those whom Ihcy teach, both
by precept and example, as to lead
them siilely both to learning and to
Wo beseech Thee, give Thy stiocial
blessing to those who shall be taught
in this institution, (irant to give them
teachable minds, and docilo hearts. O
keep them from every dissipation;
keep them from evil thought and wick
ed ways. Muko them all honest,, and
Helmed to do (heir duty to inose who
havo charge of them. : ,
(rant, we boseecii inec, Hint me
foundation of intelligence, morality and
piety, which are hero laid, niay rise
into a structure that snail gladden and
Christianize this entire Community, our
entiro Stale, and our wliolo beloved
Wo pray Thee now, O Lord, that
Thou wilt accent the work ol our nanus,
which wo acknowledge is Thine Thine
is tho work and Thino Iho glory.. Do
Thou take chargo of it, wo Useecli
Thco; guide It, in all Hung; keep it
from all error, Horn all evil, (iiant
that truth and morality and religion
may bo promoted by mean of, it, and
that tho rising generation may be bet
tor fitted to take places of responisbili
(y and trust than those who are pass
ing away. May its infliieiiee lie fell,
not only to-day, Init always, through
coin i ui? ireiicratiuna. -May the work
now began be tho ineaiis of rich and
constant blessing, e acknowledge
that Thou keenest all thinirs, all men
in Thv hand : and wc lieocech of Thee,
V I A
llsh Thou It; and unto Thco, the Ka-
tlier, Moa, and Holy tiliosl, through
Jesus Chrisl, shall be the praise. Amen!
SPEECH OF HON. J. P. WICKKnSllAU. i
1 came up hero in this county, Ladies
und (ientlcnien, quito as much to pay
a debt, as to attend these exercises.
A a Superintendent of Common Schools,
1 acknowledge : my indebtedness to
sevorul citizuns of this county, and I
claim to be ono of a class, which I fenr
Is diminishing in numbers of late, who
like to pay thelrdebts. ' I acknowledge
myself indebted to Mr. M'Culloujjh,
who served in the Legislature two or
throe terms. 1 acknowledge myself
vci-y deeply indebted to the distin
guished gentleman who has represent-1
ed this county and district in the Ken
ate of I'ouusylvaniu ever since I have
been uboutllarnsburg. , 1 want to nay
here, in pvesenco of bis own people, as
emphatically as I can say it, that I
havo not met a more studious, more
determined friend of popular education
among the Senators of Pennsylvania,
for the last nine years, than Senator
iillace.olyourown town. Applause.
1 acknowledge myself, also, veryi
deeply indebted to your distinguished
fellow-oitizen, Ex-fiov. Iligler, who, 1 1
hear, is on his way here, and I trust
will mako his appearance in this bull
before (be close of this meeting. Ap
plause. Tho school law of 1854, by
far (ho most important enactment of
the Legislature since tho adoption of
the system, was pasaed under l.ov.
Biglcr' adruiuistiutiou. . I had some
thing to do in preparing the way for
thu passage of that law. The most
prominent feature of it, wa that pro
viding for (be election of County Super
intendents ot Common Schools. Jt
hnpcncd that 1 was the first County
SiiiH-rinteiident elected ill the counlv
of Lancaster. My duties took' mo very
frequently to llarrisbiirg. This brought
mo in contact with (lov. Higler, and I
say to you, ktiowiug what I say, that
the friends of education all over the
State, during the trying times we
passed through in putting the law
in force, I had a warm friend in Gov.
Higler nnd all the friends of education
are very Ueeplj indebted to him. i
know tbut all these gentlemen of whom
I have spoken, feel that I can pay this
debt in no better way than by helping
on the w ork of education in their midst
I shall he glad of it if I have in the
past, or can in Iho future, do some
work in (he payment of this debt to
the good people ol the county of Clear
field. I am glad to lie here on (his inter
esting occasion. Ceremonies ot tins
kind uppcar to me as peculiarly appro
priate. 1 am pleased that tho Hoard
of Education the directors arc here
to present the building; 1 am glad that
the iieo.ile are hero to receive it It is
a school of the people the people's
Bohool where tho people s children
uro lo be educated. It Is nciitting
(hat tho School Hoard should present
it to (ho people, nnd (hat the people
should receive it. Now, having re
ceived it by your represent a(iveH, it is
your duty lo caro for it I trust yon
mean not only to have ono of tho finest
school buildings in this section of coun
try, but you will put into it one of the
beat schools iu tho Htate. I visited
your school building this afternoon; I
examined it from top to bottom, and
think l ought to Know, lor I nave prob
ably been in more school buildings
than any man in the State, and 1 say
that vour nrhorrl- house is well built
and that it is very beaut tftily located ;
tho school luriuturo is tho best X have
sees anywhere iu this whole district
It is a credit to the noaru, a crcuu to
tho town, a credit to this part of the
State i especially is It credit to tho
gentleman to whom rclerrueo boa been
made tlusovenuig, I liou. J. 1. Leon
ard Ku who has ueeit so generous,
so liberal, towanls it.
An educational strue'tnre, (ho speak
er said, of (hat kind means something
beyond lis ooUinsible objects and super
ficial purposes. A scbolur, ia studying
olio uf tho pyramids of antiquity,
learns something more tlmn super
nViul ohiTvor--it I to blin moro than
a iiioxsol bricks or stone. . Ho learns
Iroii! it much resieetiiig tho iroveru
ment ol tho country, tho manners ami
customs of the people, the state of civ
ilization existing lit (he time of tho
time of the erection of these pyramids.
So, too, studying' one of the obi castles
of Knrope, biiilt during the middle ages,
w-e may loam aomotlnngof tho history.
and gather impressioas of ( h spirit, of
the most iniiiortuiit lessons. ,
Tho speaker went on to explain
what lessons he thought were especi
ally taught by sch a structure as the
school building wliH'U wa this even
ing dedicutod, It was to provide the
means of cheap education for iho chil
dren of nil classes rich and pmr
Republican nnd Democrat ; to educate
tho children of this town by the sys
tem of select school w ould cost ten
time as much n through tho institu
tion now erected. To send out of town
to olnoB(o (en nova, or girl, would cost
a Imioli as to educate tho entiro Bmr
hundred children your, town through
the means now provided. , Organiza
tion is of the first consequence. Hy
means of thorough organization (he
olHeiom'T of school l irreatly pro
moted, while theexixiuse iseorTespomi-
uigly lessened. tins scuis.il liousc
mcunschcupcducnlioii. . I do not mean
bv cheap education, poor education
-Li mean, also, good education. Hy
mean b( thorough organization in this
graded school, those children will re
ceive (he vury best fiUucaUon. Thoso
four hundred, children ought to be in
eight or ten clnsses. A boy enters
school nnd passe up, step by tep, un
til ho reaches the highest class, and
leaves school titled for college, or the
actual duties of life. t t ou cau see them
there every duy, mounting up, as if on
a ladder, taking ono step alter an other,
aa years pas by, until they graduate
at the top. ' ' ' '
- The teaching fbrea. ran be IwUer
utilized by means of tho graded school ;
tho best result from a given numlHr
of teachers, nnd a given amount or ex
penditnre, can be produced hy mean
of this ytem. . This graded school,
to any llitntrlng,-intelligent person,
means good education to tho chil
dren of your town it means something
more than reading, writing and antu-
mcuu j it means uuuuwiiuu m uiv uiauu
brant he, also. We want l'ennsylva-
nla bov and girl to lettrtl noma-
thlnr? niiiro than the common hngllsh
branches, it is tbe duty of every citi
zen lo see that the tckool are kept
properly graded, and that the higher
branches aro taught County Sujier
IntemienU are iccially urged to see
tbatihia mtimrlaiil mat iter is net neg
Tho time will come, said tho icaker,
tbe time tnnm iswne, when all rvnn-
Tlvama girls wi boy s shall have the
Iinvilego i uf .studying' the . higher
iranches. Jt was staled that a charge
will lie made for teaching the higher
m w a :
JL UJ JL Villi!
branches; I trust that part of the
statute may very soon remain a dead
letter. 1 trust that tho school board
of this town, and the generous man
who has given o much, will never ex
act from any child goiug to that school,
a single dollar for any branch of In
struction. Let It bo a free school
free for all. If there are any among
these boys and girls who can reach
tho top of the ladder, nnd arc prepared
to study Algebra, Geometry, Latin
and (ireek, you will sue to it that they
have the opprrrtnriity, without money
and without price. I should bo very
sorry to hear that your children are
taxed for instruction in tho higher
branches. Let it be an academy for
the people in every sense. If a poor
man's son is a good studont, and wishes
to study the higher brunches, do not
tax him, but givo him a fair chance.
You will find some of the best scholars
will come from the poorer families iu
your town. In Pennsylvania, as well
as other States, in the State Senate, as
well as the Senate ol the I. lilted htatos,
some of the most efficient, the most
distinguished, havo been tho sons of
poor parents. Talent and worth como
quite as often from the families of the
poor as from those of the rich.
. The siieaker was in favor of giving
an oqual chance to all for a good edu
cation. Said he, I see written all over
that building up yonder, outside and
in, I seif written all over it in letters of
light,"l'niverHal odueation" education
for nil. That is the lesson, the great
lesson, that public school houses teach.
Education for all, not education for tho
children of thoso who belong to a par
ticular party ; not education for chil
dren w ho belong to a particular sect,
nor for those who belong to a pnrticu-i
lar cas(o ; not for the children of tlie
rich, nor for those of the poor, but edu
cation for all universal education.
That is what tho school system of
Pennsylvania tho school system ot
(his couidry menns. I say to the
Board of Directors here, it is your duty,
in accepting the ollice of intellectual
guardians of these tour hundred chil
dren, to see to it that all boys and girls
of school ago in your town, have an
opportunity of attending this school;
inai ait reaoiiaoiu iiiuticemciiirj ore
held out to them to attend public
school. They ought not to allow a
single boy or girl to remain outside of
this school, if it is possible to have
them in. It seems to mo it would be.
a high crime, in onr time, to bo born
in a town like yours, for any boy or
girl to grow up without having all
possible inducements held out to him
or to her to obtuln an education. Ap
plause. Tho responsibility, Mr. Wiekershain
contended, is, (oa great extent, upon tho
Board of SchKl Directors to see that
all children are properly educated.
Mr. Wickcrsham suid ho had some
times imagined the eight hundred thou
sand school children of Pennsylvania
drawn np in line, he then passed along
the line to see that all had an equal
chance. Then, having tbe great race
course of life before them, he gavo the
word of command, "Ready forward!"
anil tho whole eight thousand started
with equal opportunities. That seemed
to him a fair picture of what onr com
mon school system is doing. The
schools should bo entirely impartial, in
Thero are persons who find fault
with tho common school system. Ho
had heard fathers, mothers, and chil
dren object to the public schools ou ac
count of thoir associates; parents say
their children associate with all classes
of person in (he public schools ; that
they learn bad habits, pick up slang
expressions,, and bad manners. Ho
would say in auswor, that tho children
of the highest classes learn bad man
ners and bad habits. It is owing to
bad management. It is as much, and
more, the duty of teachers to teach
good manners and good morals to tbe
cliildi un iu school, than it is to teach
arithmetic and geography. The chil
dren that go to school should lie taught
good manners, obedience, and morals,
from tho Iicginiung7 ' The very first
lesson should no of this character. Ho
would rather his own childred shoudl
be (aught good manners and morals
to tho neglect of arithmetic, than to
the contrary. H in ohsorvuijuu of pub
lic schools led him to believe that the
children of poor parent may be just
as high toned, In every way, as those
of any other ehucv - i'or himself, he
was decidedly of , the , opiniou that
the vices existing among tho children
of the poor were not gi enter than are
to be fonnd among tho children of the
rich. They may be of a different char
acter, hut they are no worse. Said ho:
li' i luid ua many children as old Prituu
nnd he had (wo hundred 1 would
send them all to the public schools.
Cheers nnd laughter. I airi 'not
afraid, as fur as i am concerned, to al
low a child of mine to sidelong side of
a boy becaudo he goes poorly fed, or
weara a torn hat-1 have no kind of
sympathy with the miserable. Ameri
can aristocracy that think itselt above
any other honest porson. believo in
the Kind that trunk itselt a goon a
anybody clso not better," I agree
with the man who thinks. .lumaeli as
good as anybody else a good as a
king n gisxl as tho President but
no belter. That Is tbe kind of aristoc
racy, tho kind of Democracy that we
want in tire public schools of Pennsjd-
vonia, and of America. : 1 want these
boys and girls to think themselves as
good as unybody else, mil no belter. J
want a boy to take oir nu hat to him
1 like Washington s example ; when a
poor negro look off his hut to him, tlie
Uenorul of the American army did nut
think himself toA good to tnke oft Ins
nar, to tno poor ucuro. . .
4 he speaker said . he bad isVerved
tbut where tho manners of children at
tending school, were bad, it was owing
to tlie teacher. J no children were not
taught as they should be. The Board
of School Directors should sac to it that
such teacher are dismissed and better
ones nut in their places. . :
1 hero was another objection to pul-
lic schools, which he presumed did not
exist in some quarter. It is, that
those who havo children to send (e
school ought not to be taxed to edu.
cste the children of others, especially
in the higher branches. Jin would
answer that objection, presuming (hat
no answer was needed here, hut it Is
elsewhere.. People who pay taxes to
build and support school houses, of the
kind you have erected here, are the
gainer by it Schools are manny-mak
uig institutions; they da aot take
money out of the people's pockets, but
thev nut money in. Senator Wallace
would bear ont Ihe speaker In saying
that he had (aid, more than once, to
tho financial committee, ol- which Mr.
Wallace wa a member, tbo appropria
tion 1 ask ia not taking money out of
the people s pockela but putting It In.
The peorire of Clearfield are richer to
day lot having erected that wchoot
building, tie said to tho Board of
School Directors, that he would he
willing le pay every dollar that school
TERMS $2 per annum in Advance,
: NEW SERIE-VOL. 15, NO. 42.
house cost if they would give him the
increaso in value of property in this
town, caused by its erection. Ho will
be willing to do that for every town in
tbe State. . .
lie hod children to oducate, and
sent them to the public schools, lie
might want to come to Clearfield to
live. Ho would give hundreds of dol
lars more for a house in a pluce whore
they havo ouch a school building as we
havo here, than where they havo one
of those old buildings ho noticod else
where. Practical men look at these
things in this way. Having to spend
some fow hours at a Btalion on
the Pennsylvania railroad, ho read the
advertisements on the walls. One of
them offered for sale lands in Michi
gan, and mentioned a special Induce
ment to settlers, that the State of
Michigan had a first-class University
and a common school system. The
man who got up that advertisement hc ro'i to yon, at least iu part, to-night,
was a shrewd fellow. He knew thcaSPohdating the Clearfield Academy
wants of American citizens. The time
will conic when tho lands of Pennsyl
vania will bo recommended, as are
those ot .Michigan, for tbo educational
advantages of the State. We, too,
have n hue university anil good sys
tem of public schools.
Tho lute Judge Thompson sold a lot
of ground in Philadelphia, for a public
school house, below cost ; having other
lauds near, people thought he hud
mado a rnistuko ; but tho rent of his
lurid was so increased In valuo that he
sold it fiir more than he had asked for
thu whole. People will soon discover
that money invested iu schools pays
bVtter than railroadstir bank stocks.
School houses liko this are money-
making institution. - In the last seven
years Pennsylvania has expended for
school house- 818, 000,000 or more
than any other .State has expended in
tlie same. Iho r.nipire Mate of isew
York never expended half the amount
tho same time. People never grew
poor building school bouses or church
es.. 11 lie were asked the question, he
would say that churches pay as well
as school houscs.even in a money point of
view, and that is a low view to take ol it.
You have a fine school house upon
the hill, and I believo you are going to
have a good school organization.
After I had heard of tho generosity of
J udge Leonard, I am exceedingly glad
that you havo given it the name ol the
"Leonard (iraded School." It is proud
monument, (addressing Judge Leon
ard,) and alter you have gone to your
grave, that school house on the hill
will keep your memory green. It
must be gratifying to yon to think of
(ho boys and girls who will go to that
school bouse, generation after genera
tion. It seems to me that it must be
tho highest consolation to a man with
a wurm heart in his bosom, as I know
yon hare, sir, to think of these things.
1 ho speaker then recommended the
teachers and County Superintendent
to establish a literary society, and
name it "Tho Higler Literary Society."
Then, through tho school und tbe so
ciety, tho town would honor two a
good men as tbe Htate of Pennsylvania
bad to honor. I Applause. I
speech or wm. or. H'CVLLOCaif, ESQ.
Ixtdia and Gentlemen : I did not
come here to-night to make an address.
1 knew nothing ot the programme ol
exercises until 1 came into tho hall. J
have no speech prepared. 1 had no
iutention of speaking to you, and I
have no intention still ot making a
speech, further than, if possible, to in
terest yon lor a lew minutes until onr
friend, Gov. Biglcr, may arrive in this
all. And certainly, with no speech
prepared, after listening to the accom
plished and distinguished gentlemen
of high culture and education who
have addressed yon, it would be pre
sumptuous in mo to attempt to make
a speech to such an intelligent audi
ence as this. . ., :
1 never reocived the bonenta ol a
classical odueation. I have gone, as
theso little boys havo gone, to your
common schools. I never graduated
from college. 1 havo never even seen
a college yes, 1 did. ; 1 went tkrmiqh
college, i 1 went into tho lower door
of li mini College, in Philadelphia, and
went out through tho root und took a
view of tho city. I Laughter.! My wile
and I graduated in the same class ; she
was along with me. f daughter. 1 That
ts just about tbe amount ol my eollegi
ate education. ,
. I was not even announced as one of
the speakers tor this evening. My
namo docs not uppcar on this pro
gramme. ' Possibly, I may havo been ;
i will sue before 1 get through. I did
not know it, however, It 1 was. Some
years ago, w hen 1 first entered upon
my professional life, and about the
same tlmo thai I cnUTed upon my po
litical career lor 1 havo been some
what identified with politics when
the Chairman of the County Commit,
tee advertised bis Riooliugs for thia
county, he took occasion to advertise
(ho speakers who were lo address the
meetings. As nn almost invariable
rule, tbe bill read as billows : "The
mooting will be addressed by llou. in.
A. Wallace, Ex-Uov. Higler, and others."
It very frequently happened that Mr.
Wallace wns necessarily absent, and
M r. Biglcr was not present ; conse
quently, "others" had to do all the
talking. J uia nappenco so frequently,
that they dubbed me, along with some
other young mon of this county, as
I tnko tip this programme to-night,
and I find that the dedicatory exercises
of the "J.eonard (iraded School" will
bo held iu Pie's Opera House, this
evening, nt 7 o'clock, giving the pro
gramme as von have bad it First, is
an address by Hon. m. A. n ullaco,
delivering the school building to the
citizen. INext, nn address ni accept
ones by our friend, Dr. Wilson. Of
course, all these exercises are inter-
sjiersed with music. 1 hen, au address
by Hon. J. P. Wiekershain, on the sub
ject of "Graded Schools." 1 have been
charmed wild too interesting address
of Mr. Wickershum. I am always' do-
liuhted lo hear him. Ho is one of the
most popular educators of his day a
credit to tho Stale of Pennsylvania.
The people of this Commonwealth will
owe turn a debt ot gratitude tney can
novor repay. Applause, lheu we
have Sum music, and after that it is
announced that there will lie an address
delivered by Hon. Wm. Higler. I re
aret very much that the Governor ih
nut here ; very muck, kidewd. lie has
been one of the most active aud cttl-
cient members of the School Hoard. I
wrote to him a week ago, hoping he
would get my letter in tune to be here
, . ...r , .
to-night J Ins Is followed up further
a. Id I. liaa dlVhaiwa-blall tinAllniilllnMrlf tl.oa'
with the special announcement that
the meeting will be addressed by Hon..
Wm. Higler, "snd other," -thai' t me I
Laughter and cheers. , .
' Now, ladies and gentlemen, you havo
certainly been very highly entertained
to-night; that I the reason why l
started off as 1 did. 'I do not prorsme
lonakea speech dsv sdaoation. The
Subject, baa been fauV dbMusaaxL . 1
presume if I were to take a year or two
if I hoi Bulling else to do, and had
some on to take care of my family, 1
might get up a speech on edueatiou.
I could not without preparation, cer
tainly, I have simply onb object in
view lo keep yon here until tlie train
arrives. If the Governor comes, you
will havo a speech.
Yon will pardon mo, for referring to
myself iu connection with tho School
Board of this borough. Thoy have
undertaken an enterprise of great im
portance, and they have not fuill ; and
they do not propose lo fail. ' What is
more cheering than all to the Board is,
they have the grateful acknowledg
ment of (bis people. Als)n( four years
ago, one of tbe members of tbo School
Hoard resigned for tho purpose of re
moving to Virginia, You all recollect
him with pleasure, Mr. Etzwifer a '
very estimable gentleman. He was
secretary of tho Board. W hen he re
signed, I was elected by tbo Board (o
fill the vacancy. I have filled that re
sponsible position ever since. 1 huvjp
endeavored to do my duty ; and 1 say -
here to-night, with all frankness, that
I esteem it ono of the highest honors
tho peojile of this borough could confer
upon mo. I would rather bo a mem-.
her of the School Board, as associated
with tire history of the "Leonard
Graded School," than to be a member
of the Legislature. Applause Bo
causo in tho one, I will be recognized
with distinguished favor, as among
thoso who labor for tho preservation of
tho Republie ; in tho other, I could at .
least hope for no honors. I simply re
fer to myself, in order to give the his
tory of this enterprise and my connec
tion with it.
In 1871, Mr. Wallace, in the Senate
of Pennsylvania, passed the law, which
and thecoinmon schools ol this borough.
Immediately after the passago of that
act, or as soon as possible, the School
Hoard was organized under that law.
Six directors were elected by the peo.
pie, of whom 1 was one, and two di
rectors .Mr. Wallace and Gov. Higler
were elected by tbe trustees of tho
Academy, ror a long tune the que,
(ion of location gave us much trouble,
and for about a year tbo matter was al
lowed to rest At last, however, we
concluded to go ahead, but we had no
more idea, at that time, what tbe school
house would bo liko than the "man in
the moon" had, not a bit.
About this time another member of
the School Board a vory rcspoctablo
and responsible gentleman of this town,
Mr. Robert Mitchell resigned, and
Judge Leonard wa elected to fill the
vacancy. It was a happy day for tho
borough of Clearfield, when Judgo
Leonard was elected a member of the .
Hoard of School Directors, We at
oncesetnbont the work. Weomplnyed
an architect who was also a resident
of Ibis town, Mr. Ale. Ho made a plan,
and we put up the building, which we
now occupy, lhat building cost orig
inally, without any furniture, without
the ground, without anything else,
twenty-two thousand and some htm-.
dred dollars I think 822.175. We
started out upon this enterprise with
out one single dollar moro than would
bear tho current expenses ot the school
district. We have assessed in this bor
ough nlwmt 12,400 of school tax each
year. Taking out the cost of collec
tion and exonerations, we have about
12,000, or a littloovcr, of school money.
At that time it took all this amount to
pay school expenses. Judge Leonard
then proposed to deed the lots tbe build
ing now stands on to the district val
ued at f 3,500, and to advance 110.000,
at six per cent, for eight years. This
J imposition was accepted. We went
orward. After the building had been
erected, aliout 81,500 worth of furni
ture wns put into it. The furnaces cost
about 1800, which with the work done
on tho grounds, amount in the agrre
gatc to probably 130,000 between 128,
000 and 830,000, at least. We aro not
quito done yet. - .
What has it cost the people of Clear,
field borough so fur ? Not ono single
mill of taxes has been added to your
assessment ; not one dime has been
paid out of the school fund of this bor
ough. Lost year, we exhausted the
treasury by paying our teachers three
in number we had employed yet this
building has been erected, your chil
dren and mine attend the school, and
there has not one dollar of the cost
come out of the treasury of Clearfield
borough. Where has tno-money come
from? If I were to ask Judge Leon
ard, he could tell you. He has paid it
all borne the whole expense. As far
as you and I are concerned, we are
none tho poorer. I endorse the idea
advanced by Mr. Wickcrsham, that
the people do not get poorer by build
ing school houses and churches. There
are plenty of children to bo educated,
aud thousands of people who need to
go to church.
Thero is another remarkable fact
connected with thisschooL When we
started out, we had about two hundred
and forty children in the public schools
in this borough. Now, we have over
four hundred. What in the reason ?
Our now school building) ion may
all recollect our public schools. I Jo
in tho old Town Hall. Laughter.
These boys see tbe point, they have
been down there. I used to go down
there too, when 1 was a boy, about as
large as theso littlo fellows, probably a
little larger. My honest conviction ia,
that the citizens of this town should
give some kind of an entertainment or
possibly (hoy ought to erect a monu
ment in honor ot Jus. II. uraoam, heq.,
tor buying that old Town Hall, and
tearing it down. Laughter.
Then we had another school house
a double school house. Laughter.1
Mr. McKcnrirk, who is not on the
stand to-night, 1 am sorry to say, could
tell you something about it. Miss Wal
ters, and others, could tell you snore
about it, than I can. It used to be a
Methodist Church. When it got to be
entirely unlit for that purpose, the
School Board probably thought it was
good enough lor the children to go to
school in. They bought it and paid
S 1,800 lor it. This was all right; they
could not build a ucw one, and they
were compelled to get some place to
pack the children in. The first thing
they had to do, wa to put inside into
it. Laughter. Then they hod to
weatherlsiarditonthe outside. Next
they had to fix the windows, the glass
was all broken, Then they run a par
tition rightslraight through it Laugh
ter. Then they had to lay a board
walk In front. "There was no board-
walk ; thero used to be one, but It got
down in tho mud and they oosld not
find it. l.anghter the boys had
covered it up with mud. laughter and
cheers. After awhile thore came a
rain ; the roof leaked, and it jsst pour,
ed aud ran right through the house.
Tho plastering came off, it hang down
tbo sides and was all mildewed. The
children caught cold, and the teachers
caught cold, and they hsa a regular
sneezing school around there. Loud
laughter. Then my old friend John
son, who is also a member of the
school board, informed us that it was
absolutely necessary, if we did not
want a first class funeral laughter
that wc should put a new roof on that
building. We had to go aud put a
new naif on the western side; but the
other side I It leaked there, and we
had to) jail a new roof on that aide.
After all this was done, we ooncludoi
Alter mti uu. on uuh., w -...v.
ilWtt,IM)t m for anything, and we sold
. ..... 1 r J la
it lo Mr. Graham, who fixed it up for
a tenant house, and he hs made B
rbht respectable house of it. Bat it
is not the old house tbst wss there. It
is like tho fellow getting a new barrel
to his gun ; after ho got that be con
cluded ho must have a new stock, and
then tho gun was as good as new,
Laughter and applause !;
Qmrludei on fourth foot