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J j j CLEARFIELD, pa. "
ESTABLISHED I If ISflT.
, , . ; . , . ' t
Tbe largest Clrcalatloa of any Newspaper
la North Central Pennsylvania.
' 1 , Terms of Subscription.
tf paid la adraaM, or wltlila I months.... S9 fM
If paid after I aad before months V Sit
If paid after the aiplratioa of 6 months... 9 OO
Bates ot Advertising.
Transient advortltemenU, par square of 10 lines or
leas, S times or le.e 11 00
For each subsequent insertion 60
Administrators' and Executors' notloes. S 50
Auditors' notices I 90
C autinni and Estraya. .. 1 fiO
Dissolution nutloel M t 00
Trofessional Cards, 1 lines or It. 1,1 year.... t 00
Xoeal notioea, per line to
- , YEARLY ADVERTISEMENTS.
1 square. ...fS 00 I 1 eolomn. fWS 00
1 squares... 10 00 I i eoluma... 4S 00
'I square.. ...... .....30 00 1 eoluma........... 80 00
fllngle quire. tl 00 I 0 quires, pr.qalre.tl 75
f (julres.pr, qulra, I 00 Orar (, par quire, 1 50
't sheet, or less, M 00 I ahaet, M ar leis.SS 00
a sheet, IS or leu, I 00 1 sheet, 10 or le,10 00
' Over 15 of each of ahore at proportionate rates,
' oeohab . ofmnT.AWMnn,
G. R. BARRETT,
ArroRNsr and Counselor at Law,
Having reiigned hie Judgeship, hai mnmed
the praetiee of the law In hie old office at Clear
field, Pa. Will attend theeourtiof Jelfrreon and
Elk eountlef when ipeoially letained In eonnertion
with reeident ootinsel. S:14:?3
T. H. MURRAY,
attorney and counselor at law.
Prompt attention given to all legal bueineu
ntrulod to bil oare in CleaHtold and adjoining
counties. Omee on Market it., opposite Nnuglea
Jewelry Store, Clearfield, Ta. Jtl4 71
wii.liav 1. WAixtra.
WALLACE & FIELDING,
Log(l bunlnpuM of all kindi attoodrd to
alok nannixtnaaa sar.il Hili.lUa it flirt tn paiirliiAfla
of William A. Walloo. Jan 1:73
A. W, WALTERS,
attorney at law,
tetvOftlm in the Court Ilonaa. deoS Iy
H. W. SMITH,
11:1:71 l learneui, s-a.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
ty-Offlee In the Court Home. (jy 11(7
JOHN H. FULFORD,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
OBiea on Market St., aver Joseph Showers'
Oroaery store. Jan.3,1871.
ma j mViti Ai'ntt. v. M .Vmvirn.
2. J. McOULLOUGH & BE0THEE,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Office on Market street one door east of the Clear.
Held County Bank. 1:1:71
J. B. Mc EN ALLY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
JMfIje.Al bu.incss attended to promptly with
fidelity. Office on Second street, above the First
alional Dank. l:I6:7l-lypd
H flRFRT WAI I Ar.F
Wallareton, Clearfield County, Penn'a.
sjAII legal business promptly attended to.
r i 1 n p n r.
u . u r r t d o ,
LAW AND COLLECTION UFFICE,
rdtl,173 CLEARFIELD, PA.
A A rrn n A r n r- 'V
urL i unnnt. i i
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Office aa Second SU, Clearleld, Pa. (novll.OS
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
And Real Estate A (rent, Clearfield, Pa.
Office on Third itreot, bet. Cherry Wslnnt.
: gaav-Respeetfally offers his services In sslling
ad buying lands In Clearleld and adjoining
eaatlea and with aa oiperlenee of over twontv
ears as a snrveyor, flatters himself that ha eaa
radar sell. faction. Ceo. J8S:tf,
J. J. LINGL E,
ITTORNEY- AT - LAW,
ill Osceola, Clearfield Co., Pa. y pH
REAL ESTATE BROKER,
iw lMg nutl Isiimbcr,
oa In Mnsonio Ruildlng, Room No. 1.
a II. Orris. C. T. Alexander.
RVIS & ALEXANDER,
ATTORNEYS AT LA W,
Bellefoiite, Pa. icplS.'DS y
J. 3. BARN HART.
ATTOHNEY - AT - LAW,
Trrat.tloa In tkarflpld and all af tb Courts of
6th aMidiciftl HiHtriot. Heal entata buttnfM
k1 lection ofolainiB made Ktcoiallici. nl '7 1
DR. T. J. BOYER,
lYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
OBos en Market Street, Clearleld, Fa.
Mica hours! I to I a. as., and I to 0 p. at.
)R. W. A. MEAN 8,
ISICIAN k STJROEON,
; LfTnFRSBlKO, PA.
tttend professional sails piimplly. angl0'70
J. H. KLINE, M. D.,
'.YSICIAN & SURGEON,
1VINO located at PennOeld, Pa., offers his
professional services to the people of the!
sod surrounding oountry. Allonlls promptly
ed to. oct. 1.1 tr,
i. J. P. burchfield7
argaon of tha 34 Reg.taent. Panafjlrania
nitMra, harlng raturnad fraai taa Army,
rt hli profatiional lerrleai to tbaeitliani
Pruffiioaai aalli promptly atteolad to.
oa Stoond atraat, fraarlonoaplad hy
TSICIAN A SURGEON,
'INO located at Osceola, Pa., offers his
nsslonal sorvieaa to the people of the!
' surrounding eonntrr.
I ealls promptly attended to. Office
aaee ea Curtia sL, formerly eoeupled
dee. May, l:ly.
mrsa , . . , . a. i.avis cariv.
IsLOWBUSH & CAREY,
i Book Mtnufadnrers,
' AND STATIONERS,
apar Flour Seeks aad Bags, Footrou,
hole, Wrapping, Curtain and Wall
. ; . Jfl ! ,,,, -. ..' f! !' ' :l : hi ,,.';.' ,, I
i .u ;:.f ..,... , '.'!! :. ' -.!..
' 1 ": 1 ' i ' . ... "!. . . ... i i.,-v,..-,. ... ... . ! e
. G00DLANDEE & HAQIETT,'
F. K. ARNOLD & Co
. . . - BANK K1U, . .....
Luthereburg;, Clearfield comity, Pa.
Money loaned at reaionable rates i exchange
bought and soldi deposits received, and a gen
earl banking busineas will bo earrled on at the
above plana. 4:II:Tl:tt
. Justice of the Peace and Sorlvener,
CarweBavUle, Pa. ,
e.Colkwtioui uMda aad ajaaay promptly
JAMES 0. BAREETT.
Justloe of the Paaea and Lioansed Conveyaaaar,
. . . Lutherakarfr. Claarficld Coh Pa...,;...
JNfColleotlons A remittances promptly made,
and all kinds of legal Instruments executed oa
short notice. may4,70tf
GEORGE C. KIRK,
Justice of the Peace, Surveyor and Convoy enoer,
All business Intrusted to him will be promptly
attended to. Persons wishing to employ a Sur
veyor will do well to give him a oall, aa be flatters
himself that be ean render satisfaction. Deeds of
eonvoyanoe, artioles of agreement, and all legal
papers, promptly and neatly eaecuted. t J.imar71
HOl'SK, PUIS A ORNAMENTAL PAINTER
The frescoing and painting of ohnrchea and
other public builitings will receire particular
attention, as wen ss ino painting oi oarrieges ana
sleighs, tiilding dona In the neatest styles. All
work warranted. Shop on Fourth street, formerly
occupied by Esquire Sbugnrt. ootlll'70
G . H . HALL
PRACTICAL TUMP MAKER,
; NEAR CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
:f7Pomns alwavs on hand and made to order
on short notice. Pines bored on reasonable terms.
All work warranted to render satisfaction, and
delivered If desirod. tny!5:lypd
BAEBEE & HAIR DRESSER,
' SECOND STREET,
Jyl:l CI.EARFIEI.n, PA. It
Till subscriber offers his services to the public
la the capacity of Scrivener and Surveyor.
All ealls for surveying promptly attended to, and
the making of drafts, deeds aod other legal instru
ments of writing, executed without dclny, and
warranted to be correct or no oharge. o!2:i0
J. A. BLATTENBEEGEE,
Claim and Collection Office,
OSCEOLA, Clearfield Co., Pa,
tAr-Conrevanclnl and all leaal papers drawn
with aecurmcv and di.natch. Dtafts on and pea-
sage tickets to aud from any point in Europe
procured. OH570 tin
LAGER BEER BREWER,
TTAVINO rented Mr. Entree' Brewery he
I I knnM kv ..ri.t .It.nttnn to bniineM and
,ku .nn..rnnM nf . antiertor Article of 11EKR
to roceire the patronage of all the old and many
new customers. -m.wgi.
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
Also, extensive msnufacturer and dealer In Square
Timber and Sawed Lumber or ell kinds.
efJ-Onlers solicited and all bills promptly
aao. ALsaav aasar ALaanr.- w. Ai.aaar
W. ALBERT A BROS.,
A oitenilva Dealors la
Sawed Lumber, Square Timber, &o.,
9-Orders solicited. Tlills filled on short notloe
Address Woodland P. 0., Clearfield Co., Pa.
JeSS-ly W AL1IEKT A 11 HQS.
l.-rrnrht llle. t'learfleU County, Pa.
t- . I - r., nv.niMiS of
lry Hoods, Hardware, uroeones, ana averjioing
... . . . ii i.tk in k .i.i
usually aepi in a reiou eium, wuk-u wm
lor Casn, as eneap eieewnerw in iu. eiumj.
Frenchvllle, June 17, 1K07-Iy.
House and Sign Painter and Paper
Will execute Jobs In his line promptly and
In a workmanlike manner. , ar r4,67
J. K. BOTTORF'S
Market Streot, Clearfield, Pa.
ar-rROMOS MADR A SPECIALTY.
NEGATIVES made la elondy aa woll as In
alcar weather. Constantly en hand a good
assortment of FRAMES, STEREOSCOPES and
STEREOSCOPIC VIEWS. Frames, from any
style of moulding, made to order. apr28 tf
E. A. & W. D. IRVIN,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Logs
AND LUMBER. , , , .
Office tn new Corner Store building. !
novli'7l t'urwonsvllle, Pa.
L I HAINAN,
LCTllERflni RO, PA.
Agent for the A-aericaa Double Turbine Water
Whcol and Andrew. Kalbach Wbeel. Lan rnr
alsh Portable (irl it Mills on short notice. Jy 12 71
A Nolorious Fact I
riHK.HK are more ponpTe trtmbUd with Lung
1 mum In (hie 1iwa than any otharplaoa o
Ua Mia In tha Hint?, Ona of tba great eauaaa of
thin la, the aaeot an Impure artialt of Coal, largely
mis id with aatphur. Now, wby not avoid all
thin, and prtervo your Htm, by tt'lng only
lliiaphre)'a Celebrated Coal, free from all
impuritipf. Orden Irft at tha tnroa of fiiobard
Mnuop and Janet U. Uraliam bodi will receive
ABRAHAM IH MI'IIREY.
Cleartlald. Kovrwiber 10. Ifl70-tf.
Miss E. A. P. Rynder,
Cblckerlng's, Stalnway's and Bmersoa'a Plaaos)
Sioith's, Maaoa A Ilamlla's end Psloabel'i
Organs and Melodeons, nnd Orever A
Baker's Sawing Machines.
also ratcaaa or
Piaao, dollar, Organ, Harmony and Voeal Mu
sic. No pupil taken for loss thaa half term.
S-Roora. asit door tp First NaUeaal Beak.
Clsarleld, May t, lSHO-tf.
CUAUUIIE) A CO.!S
' Seeead Street,
Always on hand, Fre.h Oysters, lee Cseau),
Caadlee, Kpta, Craekeve, Cakaa, Clgarl, TalaMslli
Canned Fruits, Oraages, Leaaous, aad all kinds
of frail in season.
,CTBILLIAKD IIOOM ea second (ear.
j.ai il l. Me'IAl'dllEY t CO.
Publishers.' ' ; . I '--i.
garflu-aw, Cintw, tit.
H. F. BIGLER & CO.,
, .... aaAiaai i .
HARD W ABE,
Alio. Manufacturer.) of
Tin and Sheet Iron Ware.
CLIAkf IBLD, PA.
LOT OF SADDLES, BRIDLES,
Harness, Collars, ete., for tale hy
" ' H. F. BIGLER i CO
pALUKR'S PATUNT UNLOAD-
lag Ray Vorke, tar sate by
H. F. BIQLER CO.
QIL, PAINT, PUTTY, GLASS,
Nails, ate., for sale by
", "" H. F. BIGLER 1 CO. i
TTaRNESS TRIMMINGS i shoe
Findings, for sale by
II. F. BIGLER CO.
QUNS, PISTOLS, SWORD CAN ES
For tale hy
H. F. BIGLER ft CO.
OTOVES, OP ALL SORTS AND
Sisas, for sale by .
II. F. BIGLER A CO.
RON! IRONJ IRON I IRON 1
For sale by
II. F. BIGLER ft CO.
JJORSE SHOES & HORSE SHOE
NAILS, for sale by
II. F. BIGLER CO
pULLEY BLOCKS, ALL SIZES
And best Maaafaeture, for sale by
II. F. BIGLER ft CO.
MUMBLE SKEINS AND PIPE
BOXES, for sale by
II. F. BIGLER ft TO.
pODDER CUTTERS for snlo by
Mtu.TO-70 II. F. BIGLER ft CO.
nasi. ins i.i
Alio, uanafaettueri of
Tin and Sheet Iron Ware,
Carpenters and Builders will find It to their
advantage to examine oar stock before purchasing
STOVES I STOVES !
We ere now selling the celebrated TIMES
COOK and RELIANCE, tha cheapest and best
stores in ths market.
Irery stove fully warranted.
which will be sold as cheap aa any In the county.
Strict attention paid ordering articles for par
tics who dvsirs it.
r-fr-Roofing, Spouting and job work dona on
Clearfield, Pa, April 11, 1871.
rpiNi Tim tin I
8 TO V ESI STOVES I STOVES I
WAPLE k iIARTMAN
Dssira to Inform the eltlsrns of Osceola and
the public generally, that tbey have just received
a large and splendid assortment of Stores, llonse
hold Hardware and Stamped and Japanned
Wares of all kinds. Also that we manufacture
and keep constantly oa bead a full aesortmsntof
Tinmen's Wares, which wa will dispose of at
either wholesale or retail, to suit parchaasrs,
RooOng, Spouting, Repairing and all kinds of
Job Work dona to order and with dispatch.
Strict attention paid ordering articles for par
ties desiring It.
Consumers will Dud It to their advantage to
riurehase from us. Our stock and prioes will sat
pfy yoa that we do aell good wares at
priece that please the people.
Yoa will find ns on Curtia street, aearly op
posite the Exchange Ifofel.
Osceola Mills, Pa- May 10. 1871-lf
Man,faolured etpeclall for
THE ClsKA It FIELD Til ADS,
roe SAi.a ar
It. F. BIULER A CO.
RIISQl E1IANNA, SUPERIOR.
GOV. PBNN, REGULATOR,
N0I1LECO0K, RATIONAL RANGE,
TRIUMPH, PARLOR COOKS,
SPEAR'S REVOLVING LIGHTS
AND DOUBLE HEATERS,
And all kinds of Heating Stovesfor sale by
aug.r7 H. F. BIGLER A CO.
1 PROFITABLE BUSINESS..
i Light equal to Gas, at oae-eigbla thaeost!
Cannot be exploded. No chimney or wiek need.
Mia desiring a progtaMe buslnoea aaa secure the
s"lclellre rixbt for the eale of Droit's Patent
Carbon Oa. Light Barnaraand OIL for eoaalles
er States. Write lor lararmallon or ean on
M. B. DYOTT.
no. 1 1 rn.ii pmn o. , on.., .
N. B. Churches furnished with Chandelier, aad
Lamps nf every description, Jl par oral, cheaper
Lftse at any oiner esiaatisnmeni in ine evnmr.
i 2 ,
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, MAY 1,
List of Retail Dealers
N Foreign aod Doinastte Merohaadlse 1st Clesir-
Beld eouoly for the year 1V7I i ,.;,.
Close. . tsac .
woonwAaa. . v
10 F.Livaright ' (
14 James Da- f
14 Methiaa la. 7
I Wa. 8. Dickey... 7
U C. J. Ia.... .
II J. 0. Ulasgow.... 10
14 J. 8. Willi!
i a. n. meli g
II Simon McFarlane 16
14 P. Oallagh
14 John M. Oki
km-.. . f
ia 4. ii. uiiioa
14 Rorabaugb A Co.
14 David Boll
14 Robt. Mehaffey...
14 J, B. Kills ;..
14 Thoa. llaadas-
14 jaotaa Cera -.,v t
14 Samuel H . f
14 Wm. Carl. .... I
15 I. L. olaak.ra Tf
I 'ka Halt A Sou 10
. v. o. Daowe... r4l
It Reed a...,CM)
U E. II. Williams... 7
13 Albert BroaaCo. 10
14 llobt Lansberry. 7
14 It. II. Kliuw
II Millar A ln.li i s
ia A. a. Hhaw IS
a n. r.DHrk. ,
0 Riehard Mo. .on o
IS S. B, Carlisle..... 10
13 C.all.Schwemaoo 10
13 Hani tloodlander 10
10 Jos. Shaw A Sua. 10
a a. c. waston...,
a r. a. uau n
14 R. H. Moore
14 John Scherieh.,.
14 J. W. Carlisle..
14 Kunts A Co
14 Jno. Ileberltng
II J. A. Terpe-....
is J. A. Stsdlcr 1
14 C.D.Watson f
14 Lever Fler.l..
14 Wendell Kai
" ai. Ucl'omUer.
13 Horses Petobin.. 10
( nearer a Bella.. 40
T Kroner A Lvtl. so
13 Jackson Patcbm. 10
14 John C. Comer... 7
14 A. W.J'atchin.... 7
13 Wright A Bro... 10
n u. McUsughey... t
14 McKee A Co 7
14 Rose A McCune. 7
i J. 1. Krotier.... :
10 Robert Mitchell.. 10
14 Wm. llooUt....- 7
2 llambenrer A I n III
14 O. P. Picroe....... 7
a neice ue.
3 Francis CoudrieL II)
14 X. B. Is.lt ..
n a. ex. vii. La.
14 Firming A Noel.
14 W. B. Alexander.
14 J. It. Jenkins
14 Justin PlubclL... 7
13 S. M. Coudriet.... Ill
14 S. H.Cranston.... 7
14 Uilliland A Co....
IS Faust AUoodwin 10
14 Reed Bros 7
14 D. 8. I'lotner..... T
14 J. K. Irwin. 7
II Arnolds Ilartab'n 15
It Thompson A Co.ll)
14 Catharine Graff. 7
It Rebecca Killer... 7
10 E.A.s W.D.Irwin 90
It John Irvln 121
14 L. V. B. Boper.... 7
13 Wm. McBride 10
13 Hoover A Bro..... 10
13 Wm. J. Jackson. Ill
14 R. 8. Stewart...
13 Aug. Leoonte...,
14 E. Irwin ,
IS T. U. Foreey
10 P. A A. Flynn..,
JO' 14 Jacob Bilger 7
14 T. A. Priileaul... 7! 14 A. A J. Uates
10 Ueary Allemaa... 10,
It II. W. Sienoor..., 7
14 Nutter.Darisat'o. T
II Ferguson A Rors. 10
13 D. L. Ferguson... o
10 McMurray Ce. JO
It Worrell sJacks'a.U'i
It W. J. Kelly 1J,
It Ches. McFaddcn. 7
14 H. W. Brown 7
13 Coryell A Co 10
11 Henry Swan 12)
14 Wm.J. lloffer.... 7
13 John W. Potter.. II)
14 J. V. McCloekey. 7
14 Patrick Dunn.
14 Mrs. B. Ruckle...
14 Henry Wallsee...
It Michael Berry..,.
10 Mctlrath A Co....
10 L. ClabauKh
10 T. C. Ileluis
14 T. 8. A J. II. I.etl
ft Moshanuon Land
14 D. J. Erhard 7
14 James Tbomp.oB 7
14 James Moni 7
13 Leonard Kvler.... 10
14 Thomas Kyler.... 7
10 V. W. Holt a Son 30
A Lumber Co... sO
14 Ororge E. Jones. 7
1 4 I. H. Good 7
14 J. U. Brow 7
14 Wsple A lLrtia'a 7
U A.o. Uo.llcb.... f
IS Joha B. IlaffrHy. to
14 D. E. A J. U
14 Arnold a Brewa f
Class. ' Xtcsnse.
13 Peter Gamier, Covington 10
13 Charles Shaffer, ClearOcId 10
13 Caspar Leipoldl, do 10
Ch-arOeld County Bank ....30
F, Arnold, Lutbersburg ...13
An anneal will be held at the Commissioners'
Office on Saturday, tha 4th day of May next, where
all who feel aggrieved ean attend.
wm. r. juimpuji,
April 10, 1871.-44. Mercantile Appraiser.
Notice to Taxpayers I
TN accordance with an Aet of the General As-
X sembly of this Commonwealth, approved the
37d day of March, A. D. 1870, "ralatiag to the
collection of Usee in the county of Clearfield'
notiea is therefore hereby given to the taxpayers
residing ia the districts below named, that the
County Treasurer, la aoeordanoa wllh the second
section of said Aot, will attend at ths place of
holding the boroagh and township slsctions on
the following named dsys, for the parpoea of
receiving the County and State taxes and Militia
Fines assassesl for too year 1871 1
For Clearfield and Lawrenoa township, Friday
and paturaay, May so ana tn.
Fur Karthaus, Tuesday, May 7th.
For Covington, Wednesday, May Sth. i
For Girard, Thursday, May tin.
For Goshen, Friday, May loth.
For Bradford, Saturday, May 1 1 its.
For Graham, Monday, May 13th.
For Morris, Turidny, May 14th.
For Decatur, Wednesday, May lath.
For Osceola, Thursday, May lAthu
For lloutsdale, Friday, May 17th.
For Bogia, Saturday, May IMth.
For Huston, Tuesday, May list.
For Union, Wcdnrsdsy, May 121. '
For Brady, Thursday, at West Liberty, May 13d.
" Mi. my. at xroutviiie, May mo.
" Saturday, at Lulhersbnrg, May 15tb.
For Curwensrilla, Monday, May 17th.
For Pike, Tuesday, May 1.1th.
V It, W-.l I V. .ml.
For Penn, Thursday, May oillh.
ror Lumber city, rrlday, May .list.
For Ferguson, Saturday, June 1st.
The Treasurer will not be ia the other districts
nutil afler Juno Court, (commencing shout the
olh.) twon all taxes paid to ths Treasurer
there will be a reduction of re per esai., while
Ave per eent will be Annan te all unpaid taxes,
making a difference of TEN per eent to prompt
laxpayora. Parties esn, from this tlins forward,
pay their Uses et the Treaeurer's office.
. BSBisb r. ntuiun, treasurer.
Treasurer's Office, 1
Clearfield, Pa., April .Id, IS71 4t
Election of Co. Supe rintendrnt
TO TUB SCHOOL DIRECTORS OF CLEAR
flBTi.ni In pursuance of the forty-lbini
sectioB of the Aet of tk May, 1034, yoa are here
by aotiOnd U meet la convention, at the Court,
IfoBse, IB (Jlrarneld, OB lue rtHBl IL C.-UAi
In MAY. A. D. 187 a, being the 7th day of the!
month, at 1 o'clock Ib the afternoon, and seleri
nee woes, by a majority of the whole oe ruber ef
Directors present, one person ef hurary and SSI
entiOe acquirements, and of shill and experience
In the art or teaohlng, as county nupcrintanuroi
for the three suoeeoding yearei determine the
amount of eompensatioa lor the eeme, and certify
the result to the State Superintendent at Harris
burg, as required by the thlrtr-ninth and furtictli
seel Ion. of said act. OKI). W. 8.NYDKR,
ClearOeld, April 17, 1H71.-81 Co. Supl.
DMINItSTH ATtllt'SI BAI.K OF VAl.t
ABI.B REAL KRTATK. By virtue of ea
ordur of the Orphans' Court of ClearOeld Bounty,
the undersigned will sell at public sale, at the
Hotel of John Fouls, In the biimngh ot Curwen.
ville, on SATURDAY, May 4lh. 1071, at 1 o'clock
n. .. the following property A desirable farm
within three-fourths of a mile of Cnrwensrille,
lete the tironertv ef David Bloom, deceased, oon
ulnlng Tl Aeree sad 07 0-10 perches. The
nrnoertv Is hsndsomslv situated, la good ennd
tion, with a frame house, log barn, orchard and
other Improvements thereon. .
Tanas or S ti.n. One-lhird cash on eondrms
tion of sale, and balance In two equal annua par
menu, with Interest te be secured by bond end
mortgage on the premises. JOHN W. KhAD,
eprl!..U Administrator of David Bloom dee.
INSTATE OP 8ANFORD It. WALLACE,
'j deeeaMrd Notlse is hereby gh SB that letters
ol edmleistretton nave been granted to tba undrr
slnied on the esute of Ssnford II. Wallam. deo'd
lataef Oeoeele, la the eesinte'of Clearfield. All
parse ns indebted to said estate are roqueeUd to
mahe Immediate paymenl,and those having elalms
against said eaute will present tacai duly aathea-
tlcaud far aetllemaat, to the aaderslgnod, er te
Walter Barrett, Ksq , tie Attorney, el inesYisw,
fa. U, II. a. KKwKLiU.
. April 10 ft. Administrator
TUevrlCeCS' COSSTABLEaW fit
Wa have printed a large aamher of tha aew
FEN BILL, aad will ea the receipt e( twenty-
Hve eeeia. mail a anay r. eov aaarase.
LANK CNSTABIt.bS SALES FOR
ale at this efice.
; CLEARFIELD, PA.
WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAT 1.1873.
. AN HOUR WITH "OLD PSOBASIUTIEt.'
' Waohinoton, April, 1872 Tlio
Other niht while on ths way home I
was inviieu to aocompany tu com
miltee on Appropristiont on on im
promptu midniehl visit to the bead
quarters 0f General Myer, Ohiaf of the
Storm Signal Bureau, better known as
"Om Probabilities." A mated ot what
wo saw. we all agreed that the ship
men and others who road the Journal
of Commerce should be told how tho
thing is done. We went np to the
fourth floor and examined the ma
chinery. I look fcry much like a
ocienlioo lecture room, where nobody
ia allowed to ait down while tho iii-
Btrnmontn are explained. I propose
III give yuu a, UUBITIIUIUII UI 1110 WI1O10
There ore 02 signal stations in the
United States, tho extremo outposts
being Portland (Muino), Key West,
florida, Ualvcston, bau IJiotro, l'ort
land (Oregon) and Dulutli, Each sta
tion is furnished with a bnrometor.
tliermomotor, hygrometer, wind vane,
rnin gunge, ononiometer and a clock.
The barometer ia tho Green's stand
ard, and ia always carefully compared
with the standard in too otlice before
issue for uso. In transporting it, even
carrying It across tho room, it. is
screwed up and borne with the cistern
uppermost. Wliilo in that position it
is not easily Injured ; but when bung
up a suacien jolt mignt send a bubble
of air into the vacuum at the upper
end of the tube, and the instrument
would be useless until repaired. It is
placed in a room of uniform tempera
turo, not heated or too much exposed
to tbo sun. It is sospondod at the
height of tho ere. near a window, in
such manner as to be lighted perfectly
without exposure either to the direct
rays of the sun, or to the current of
air which aro always found at the
window casings and doors. To pro
tect the instrument from external in
juries, dust, and tho direct radiation of
warm bodies or currents ot air from
the windows, tlio wooden cose in
wlncli it ia carried is luslonod firmly
agititiat the wall in a vertical position
near the window, in suoh mannor that
the cover will open in a direction
risrallel to Ino panes. An opening
argo enough to admit the tuba of the
buromolor is made in the upper end
of tho box and it is suspended on a
strong book driven in tho wall. When
not in uso tho cover is kept closed.
When an observation is tuken it is
opened, the instrument drawn out on
the book clear ol the box and in lull
light of the window. Tho observa
tion is taken and the barometer slip
ped buck in the box. . ,
The tliermomotor is bung at height
of the eye, in the open air, facing the
North in such manner that it is al
ways in the shnde. It is placod so as
to avoid tho light reflected from sur
rounding objects, rain, snow and bail.
Reading the Ihcrmometor is done
rapidly and with great care, so that
it may be done with exactness, and
tho working of the instrument may
not bo influenced by the beat of tho
body or lantern.
Ths byffromctor is an instument
usod in determining the degree of
moieipre in the atmosphere. It ia
pl.toti in the same shelter ns the
thermomotcr, and near it. The cistern
is k it supplied with pure walor at
all I Sica, when tho air is abovo the
froetitig point, and the lampwitk on
the vlcl uiilu is t'litingou at tho end ol
each second month and tho bulb care
fully cloanod. When Ihofcmpernture
of iM air ia below the freesing point,
tho viator is emptied from tho cistern
und tiie wet bulb tnoistenod by means
of a istmel'a-liair brush fifteen minutes
befotf the observation is made, or
long Enough to permit tho ice to lorm
iindJl')' on tho bulb. Tho coating of
ice mjisl bo thin, or tho reading is upl
10 no ucur rum.
Tlit) nnomomoter is an instrument
used to mensnre the foroo and velocity
of tli wind. It is said of General
Mycr, "Old Probabilities," and of
Cnpiain Garrick Mallory, "Young
I'ronauiliues, ' tnai tncy wouiurainvr
;o op to the tool and watch thoso
ittle sauoer travelling around a per
pendicular . iron bar each alter the
other, like s dog trying to catob his
tail, ' than onjoy a state dinnor at
Welckor s. The world may wag a it
will, but their ambition seems to be
satisfied when tbey know bow many
miles an hour the wind blows. The
anomomelor is fixed in a vertical po
sition upon post of sufficient height
to bring it on a levol who me eye oi
the observer, and mast be in an eg.
posed position, so as to receive the
full foroe of the wind. It i usually
fixed on tho roof in frames to prevent
vibration of the instrument. It is
generally believed that this instru
ment Will tell accurately too exact
rato at which the wind is travelling,
but there aro some skeptics who would
liko, when tho atiomometcr snys the
wind goes at tho rale ot s hunarod
miles an hour or so, to soo somebody
test its ace ii racy in a balloon.
The wind vano is worked on the
samo principle as uro weathercocks.
It ia, however, of sclcntiflo construc
tion, nnd by montis of a dial at tho
bnso. trivos with irrenl exactness tho
direction of tho wind in any point of
tho oompiisH. When the wind blows
violently it vibratos continually, but
by gauging the moan direction of the
wind is rosily determined.
The rain guago is placod with the
top of the runoel-thaped collector a
foot above tbo surface of the ground,
flrmlv fixed In a vortical position. It
la examined daily) tho amount of
water it contains carefully measuroti
with s graduated rod, emptied and
again fixed in place. And theelock,
which ia a good one keeps Washing
With these Instruments, none of
which are complicated, tho humidity
h - - -I I I.' .. i i I : -ii. I
of the atmosphere, forco, vclocily and
direction of tho wind, state of tho
thermometer, and all naviculars about
tbo weather, including tho inches of
ratnian, are ascertained in every part
of the United States. They have also
an iiiBirument oy means oi wnicn
they dotermine the depth of water in
Western rivers at certain seasons of
the year, which information is highly
important to classes of pooplo in tho
dry season. ' , ,
Observations aro made throe times
each twenty-four boars, morning,
ovening and midnight. At 11:33 P.
M. on the night we watched tho o De
ration tho regular nieht observations
wore taken. . As ths docks ar all set
oy vtasitington time in each of the
sixty-two stations, all the observations
aro tukon at the same Instant. By
12 P. M., everything being readv at
.1.. ..I. - . I. .! J
.uu tumgruyii uiiice, a wire on each
circuit was surrendered bv the tola.
graph company for about ton minutes,
and the reports camo rattling in. All
observations ore sent in cipher, only
uuui-rsiuuu uy inobo wuo write and
translate them, but a cipher so well
arrangod that it is certain, if roll
managed, to avoid all mistakes that
would be apt to occur in using figure.
In 65 minutes from the time thev
commenced coming, all tho reports
wero in, except from Portland, Oro
gon, where the line was down, and
from New London, Conn., whero there
was some unexplained difficult?. Aa
there was no preparation for receiv
ing the visitors, it was evident that
the result was not retched with
promptness forced lor the occasion.
Gen. Myer even apologised for the
length of time ocoupiod in getting the
reports together, savins he bad fre
quently gut every one in by thirty
six minutes aaer twolve, and he had
s fow times done a fW minutes bettor
than that. All the reports in, they
are translated and written out on
manifold paper to furnish copies lor
use of newspapers. Then thev take
s skeleton map, and in red lines mark
in circular or required shupe the slato
of the baromotor In different sections
marking inside one spneo "Iiiuh."
and tho other "Low." These spaces
are ia a different place at every ob
servation. The marks are transferred
to a lithographic stone, and the work
of lithographing commonces. A pe
culiar fuce plale is nt hand for use in
priming the diflerontdttU at each sta
tion, aynopsia of reports and probabil
ities. The plale ia arranged by Chang
nig me type 10 sun mo changed pur
ticulurs of tbo new reports, and nrmt
cd on tho map from the lithographic
Daring oar visit the reports wars
received, translated, set up for the
map, maps lithographed and printed,
pnd ready for distribution, and the
wliolo report in Jow York and in
courso of transmission to Chicago in
one hour and five minutes from tho
time the work was commenced.
The bureau is at no oxuenso for
clerk biro. All the attaches are regu
larly enlisted soldiers, detached Tor
this service, and evory act of the bu
reau U effected wilh military precis
ion. Tho expense of tho bureau con
sists in the cost of instruments and
teleirrnnhinir. Lost voar Contrrcaa
- o i - c. a
gave the bureau 111)0,000, and this
year tbey ask 1250,0011, because the
telegraph company ret uses to give
further use of the wires for the sum
that has been paid. Mr. Orton says
it is only one fifth the rate paid lor
private message, and ia to small to
remunerate tbecompsny. J tie mem
bers of the Committee of Appropria
tion are thoroughly convinced that
the people of the country would not
be without tho bureau for $250,000 a
year, and thcro is no doubt Gen.
Myer will got 1225,000 of it.
All scieiilino men who havo exam
ined into the working of the system
say that tho instruments reach the
results aimed at with perteel accura
cy. A handsome young : prolessor,
whoso name 1 forget, explained the
method of telling tho probabilities of
tho weather from the synopsis of ob
servations; gnvo descriptions of num
erous euientilia touts, to show how, by
watching tho shillings ot the low and
high barometer from one part of the
fMiiinlrv In Ilia nLlinr. thev enuhl tell
just when and where a violent or mild
storm wa sure to orcur, nnd oy illua
l ration and dotail of scientific truths
demonstrated to our entire satisfac
tion that this recent step forward in
science entitled the inveulors ol each
of lb storm signals to tho thanks ol
the community, and tho man who
combined the in for utilisation In tho
way tbey aro now employed deserve
monument. Cor. Journal of Com
merce. Mi ma o
Sons or Successful Men. Next to
the inquiry, what beenmos of tho
I litis? an interesting question would
is what become of the sons of suo
cosaful meo t A few firms are in tho
hands of lb sons of the foundors j but
these sr exceptions. The old names
and the old trade generally pass into
the hands of others. "Do you seo
that man shoveling coal f Well bis
children, and children liko his, will
iosllo your pampered sons and rulo
this land," miid un old Now Yorker
the oilier day.
Tho old names hnvo ceased in the
pulpit. Tho lamed man oi the bar
seldom bus a successor. Tho eminent
jurists carry their honor wilh them
to the grnvo. Merchant princes are
Tho reason Is clear. ' Tho father
laid the basis of buaincss ono way and
Iho sons builtl anotlior. Men who
earned their fortune by hard wot k,
by attention, that wore their own
book-keeper, salesmen, cashiers, and
often porler, re folt'-'j , he ami
wno uo as niiiu ua putuiiuiu, wuu uuio
gate to othors nil tho work thov can,
and who know more of the road than
of tho ledgor. , '
Young men who fling the examples
of their sires to the winds, find It oosy
to sqnandur a rultiadlo name, run
through a fortune quicker than it was
carnou, and find themselves, wliilo
young, at the point Iron) which their
fathor started, .' V "'.
. Weston lias been challenged to walk
around tho world.
i.. .1 ...
TEEMS $2 per annum, in Advance.
The California Earthquake.
California newspapers contain vol
uminous dispatches relating to the
earthquake of Tuesday, March 2Glh.
It extended from Red BlutT, in the
northern part of the State, aa far south
a Visalia. ' It seemed to have increas
ed in violence as it moved southward,
and to have reached up the Sierra to
an elevation of throe or four thousand
feet, so that the wholo of the thrco
valleys of Sacramento, San Joaquin
and Tulare were in commotion, and
an area of the State about 000 miles
long nnd 100 broad. The tiro of the
shock followod to the trend of the
Sierra, proceeding from southeast to
northwest, and tho centre of the great
est violence was, a far as wo have
learned yet, near Visalia, In the Tulare
Valley, which lathe bed of a former
A Visalia dispatch says that up to
Wednesday morning, March 27, fully
1,000 distinct shocks wcro fult. At
Tibbot's Ranch, 15 miles abovo Inde
pendence, 40 acres of ground sunk
about seven feet below the surfuco of
the surrounding country. Big Owen's
Luko ha rison four feel since the first
shock. Owen's River run over its
bank, depositing shoals of fish on tho
shore; afterward it rccoded. For a
distance of three or four miles through
Lone Pino the earth is cracked. One
side remained stationary, wliilo tho
other sank seven or oight feel, leaving
a wall of earth, extending over three
miles in length, whero formerly was a
level plain. Innumerable cracks were
made throughout the valley, tvorn
and Owen's rivors turned and ran up
stream for several minutes, leaving
their beds dry; finally they returned
with largely increased volumes of wa
ter. Some of the shocks wero preced
cd by a deafening report, as though
the mountains wcro being rent in two,
while othors were accompanied by a
low, continuous rumble, a of s train
of cars running underground. None
of the sufltrrors evor experienced any
thing so frighlful in all their earth
quake experience. The most correct
estimate place the number of killed
at loss than 30, wliilo the wounded
will probably foot up 100.
The Visalia I)e,lta of March 28 say
At about 2 12 o'clock on Tusday
morning our people wero frightened
out of bed and propriety by tho occur
rence of ono of tho mosl extraordinary
earthquakes we have over experienced
or reud of, at least in some of its par
liuulnrs. Its duralion was its most
remarkable feature. The wavos of
trouble seemed to come from tho south
west, and they wore so near together
and followodjcach other so unremit.
tingly that ono gentleman assures ns
llml tho first shock lasted 15 or 20
minutes! And he is by no means
alono in this estimate. Ho says he
counted 32 distinct shocks before -1
o'clock. Tho motion was unlike that
of any other we havo felt. Tho great
shakes of 1850 and 1858, as tbey visi
ted San r ranotsco, consisted ot a sort
of rotory motion, as if thing nndor
the surface were being ground togeth
er as by the revolution of mill wheels;
. . . r t. i! j
but mis scorned more as u some aonu
body was being projected against tho
house, the effect being like a series of
bumps. It was accompanied by s
great deal of noise, resembling tho
roar of distant cannonading, and this
nreccded the shocks aa tho flash of a
cannon precedes the sound of its dis
charge? indeed, somolimes the roar
and rumbling wouiu te nearu ananov
bo followod by any shock. Several
palpable quivers wcro noticed through
out Tuesday and J uosdny night as ii
tho internal commotion had been too
severe to admit of porfect restoration
at onco. Many places in tbo bed of
the Pottorsville Sloogh were changed
from drv sand to wet, boggy soil ; in
several instances columns of water
wero lifted in tho air, and sufficient
raised to cover tho bed of the slough,
and make quilo c, stream. Largo
bodies of black soil and dead wood
wero thrown to the surface from con
siderable depths, and in tho hard road
scams were opened for a hundred yards
Tho ccntlomati who left California
Iho morning of the disaster suys tho
houso at which ho had boon staying,
was crumbled in an instant into a con
fused mass of broken furniture, bricks,
pieces of board, &o., and it was by tho
greatest miracle that be escaped un
hurt, in mo nouse wore two inmaico
beside himself, a farmer and bis daugh
ter. After tbo shock be saw tho lut
tor lying insonsiblo upon tho ground
at a disttineo of some twenty feot from
the site of tho dwelling. Tho fathor
was terribly brotsed, and biooa wa
pouring from a wound on bis forehead
whore a fulling btick had struck him.
Wiping It nway, the two began rub.
bing the hands and chafing the tom
plcs of the senseless girl, bat it was all
to no purpose, alio baa oviaenny
beon killed instantly, having fallen on
hor buck. The groans of Iho unhappy
parent a Iho realisation burst upon
him, and bo benl over and rained tears
upon the fair, upturned face of his
child, wore agonising oven to hour.
At that instant, a bo says, a numoor
of men rushed by. Seoing tho two
standing there they dragged them
wilh thorn, listening to no remon
strances, and saying thsl they needed
nil Iho help thev could ucl to rescue a
ot of miner who wero in tlio bowels
ol tho earth at tbo disaster. ! l could
Ihink of nothing," ho said. "Iho
noiso. nnd rumblinu, and confusion
neninnil to nnrfucllv bewilder mo. Wo
hurried along, leaving Iho poor dctttl
girl whoro sho lay, ami Die father with
us, moving mechanically, a if ho wero
not in his right mind. We soon roach
ed the mine, nnd to our relief tountl
that the cnlranco as least had not boon
'.RSf4y tU-tjJi'suIsian. Sftrpral oi
tho parly grouped their way down,
and after wuiling time it ecemoil
an age, it could have boon but a few
momenta, they r appeared, a half
doxon of the minors witli them. These
Inst had been struck motionless by the
terriblo rumblings, which whoro they
were mast hnv been heightened
thousand fold. Had not nssistanoe
com they say ;iioy should have re
malnrd where they wore goodnosa
knows how long, so completely' holp
less wilh fright wore they. ' As it was,
two poor Mloesrrs siisoinennd w
1. . Laus a.n.s.1.. r .1 w . ,
u.tb eveju uieuiug i aurjiq ei ljuo, vns
passags to tba place where they were
boing completely blocked up. I left,
the place as soon ss I could get swsy,
I have never boon able, to got rid of
those horrible rights and frightful
shock. Tbey oliog to me now. In
my sleep every night I soe tbe wbolo
soeno repeated. Tbo groans of that
poor farmer are ringing in my ear
yet, and that pale face of his dead
daughter is before mo constantly."
Others havo told ns of the sights
they witnessed. "There seems to bs
but little variation in thera. Tbey are
all sickening and horrifying. 1 wish
I had never talked with one of these
"eyo-witnosscs." A young husband
bad boon silting at hi fireside wilh bis
wife, Ho Intended to depart in tbe
morning for this city, and the two were
making the motto! the last time they
would be togolher probably for several
months; the candle had burned out,
and they were seated close to the open
firo place, tbo wife holding in hor
arms a child of a fow months. After
the shock the husband was found ly
ing on bis face, dead, a beam across
hi neck which in fulling bsd ooarly
severed hi heatl from the trunk ; and
the mother wa so frightfully burned
by the firo brands that she could not
have lived many minutes, and tho in-
lant was discovered lileicss nearly a
rod distant. A family of seven per
sons on the outskirts of Visalia, who
were sound asleep, were sunk, bouso
and all, somo two or three foot bolovr
tho surfuco of the ground. All wore
rescued, however, alive, except a baby
which wus burned to death by coming
in contact with a stove. A in oilier
was nursing a sick child, a girl of 14
or 15, who had bcon taken the day
before wilh chill and fever. After
the shock neither could be found, the
ruins of the bouse itself even being
swallowod np in the enormous fist uro
which had been made in tbo earth
The fissure ran across the ground of a
furmer, who, feeling some presenti.
ment of disaster, in what form ho
know not, went out about 1 o'clock to,
see bis stock. An nnrttly colt bsd
broken loose from bis lolher, and tho
owner was chasing him about tbe lot
when the shock came. The colt dis
appeared, but the farmer has a first
class drain across his forty aero farm.
These incidents of the catastrophe aro
but a few examples of the many others.
Had tbe district been densely populat
ed they would have been multiplied
bv hundreds. Asitistberosreenoup-h
of them. To bear thoso who witness
ed them relato their expediences la
like reading a romance, but they are
facts, and such facts at these fortu
nately aro rarely met wilh. The des
olation that ha visited the country i
indicated by the griuf stamped on
many face when any question relative
to tho disaster is asked them or any
allusion mado to the subject.
Sitting Up for Her Boy,
Hero and there throughout the vil
lage a few light flickor like pale stars
through the darkness. One shines
from an altio window, where a youth,
ful aspirant for literary honor labor,
wasting the midniirhl oil and the
elixir of Lis life in toil, useless it may
bo save as paltence and industry are.
gained, and givo him a hold upon
eternal happiness. Another gleams
with a ghastly light from a chamber
into wnicn aeatn is cnionng anu lire
Une light slimes through a low cot
tago window lrom which the cartains
ore pushed partially aside, showing a,
mother' face, patient and sweet, but
careworn and anxiou. The 4yes,
gazing through tho night, are faded
and sunken, out lighted with such
love as steal only into the eye of
true and saintly mothers, who watch
over nnd pray for thoir children ; who
hedge them in from the world's temp
tation, and make of tbem noblo mon,
and truo and loving women. It ia
nearly midnight, and tho faded eye
aro strained to their utmost lo catcli
the far-off sight of some one coining
down tho street. The mother's listen
ing oar loses no sound however slight
that breaks upon the stillness that
No form scon, no quick slop beard,
she drops tho curtain slowly, goes
back to tbo table where an open doos:
is lying and a half-knit sock. Ths
eat jump op in her chair, and yawns
and shakes horeelf, and gradually
sink down again into repose. No
one disputes her possession of the
easy chair. Up and down tho lilllo
room the mother walks, trying to
knit, but vainly j sho can only think
of her son, and wonder and imagine
what is keeping him. tier mind pic
tures the wor6t, and her heart sinks.
lower and lower. Could tho thought
less boy know hut ono half tho an
cuish ho is ransinir ho would hasten
ol onco to dispel it with bis presence.
Sho trembles now aa alio Helens, luc
an uncertain step is heard s sound of
coarse laughter and drunken ribaldry;
her heart stands slilfc, anu the grow
cold with pprohonsion. Tho sound
passes and dies away in tnu aistanco.
Thank heaven, it is not he. and a glow
comes over hor, and onco more hor
heart boats quickly.
Only a moment for Iho clock on tho
mantle alums on Ha pallid faco that It
is almost midnight. Again tho cue
tain is drawn asldo, and again the
anxious, loving eyes poering into tho
darknets. Hark 1 a sound oi footstep.,
coming noaivr nnd tioarcrj a shadowy
form advancing shows more and more,
distinct; a chueiy whistlo,. a brisk,
light step np the pathway; a throw
ing wido open of tho door, and tho
truant boy finds himself In hi roolh-.
er'a arms, welcomed nnd went over,
lie chafes nt tho genllo discipline ; ho.
don't like lo bo led by apron strings;
hut ho meets bis mother's gentlo ques
tioning gum with one honest and
manly, and makes a half-unwilling
promise not to bo so lute again. And
ha koeps his promise, snd In after
years llinnks heaven sgitin and again
Uiat ho had a mother who walohed
over Mm, and prayed for him.
Ho knows better than alio now, tho
gosu mat, was uone vy nor Biuinkj uil
T .11.. I lAHl.,nld ennntf
jruny i nrtii ii, ino ioi i.u.i. j
lady after whom the fashionable dress, '
lor next summer I named, was ths
charming dnugliler of A London lock
smith, GuUriel Vnrdeti by namo, and
livod in tbo reign of Gom go tho Third.
She afterward become Mr Joe Wil-
lit. ror further Information we wouiu
refer Inqmrer to "Bsrnaby IiudgQ."
Ah,. en,, oir.k BiunA mnrlisto ro-
nwue m j ... ,4w
christened what wero then knowu as,
.. t 1, , .1...... uf..ll..
"cretonnes, sou canou mom -Amiy
Vsrdens." l no nam 1 wa a
confined to tihintts, but it spread to
oilier maierinU. At n dry good ex
position "Dolly-Vardon" silk wero
exhibited, nnd now wholo costumes,
whose like wn never seen on sea or
shoro, sro named after tbo charming
and coquettish lilllo daughter of a