Newspaper Page Text
D. W. MOORE, Editor and Proprietor.
VOL. XXXVI WHOLE NO.
IETIER FROM -Capt. McKIERNAN J
hum's Mills, Mat 20, 1865. 1 n""cu, in mo
p. W. Moon-, Esq. " I ono llcl" f Seed case. Mr. Reed a m
,Sir: With one Ml " Uoner a,,cJ ".'uch rbi not privy to
fvocp the JbwrnaZ thinks to annihilate me. cpnvcr5a,inn between the District Attor
But thin "indiwidual'' ' 'atill lives," and "y R"a niJ',elf" 8,ld t '" as slated
h.i yet to learn that the epithets '-fool" i ' V0'y 01)0 lvho know lno believe, not
nd "liar" constitute argument ; .ml then ! wl,1's,andi,1S R- Carnahan'n "it is only
nrycfme wih ill grace from one whose n0CCRftary ,0 ' thal 00 ch inleiview
rVtel stock in trade ia falsehood and i itu- i
If I hare "acquired some reputation n
elr.ve soldier." it is more than my iua
!ijjner hai) ever clone.
The Jvvmal publishes a number ofwhat
j'Mvpcrta to le ruy lellers. '11 ey prenear-
11 gnibbd exttnets. and jet I think
they .""'I to prove more than 1 admit'.eJ
io my letter' to you.
Vou will rero.?0 that I gave reports
nothing rucre pt.d lLl I did not put
ir.cb faith iu them you woulJ Nve learn
ed had they yulliihtd the uhole rf taek !''-lcr.
Under dut of July 11, 1 SCG. I fii.J pub
litbcd, "I hire been informed to day that
a parly of sixty person have been organ
ized to rcfil li e enrolling" in Knox.
Why did they net publish the remainder,
hich says, " To nwmiw I am joinj up la sre
then, and in my next yon will hear f their le-1
:V 'W" No call for troop there, ,
' Toor fuel ' ll etiih I Le, 1 did not fLr
jet lo kcrp a copy of cveiy litter I ever
Mroto to Cel. t'ampbdl, ai d they are free
for the inspection ol all ; and I will forfeit ,
whatever "reputation aa a I tnve foldier" i crno ent, and when nun are created wnh
Imay have ncquiicd, if every letter q'-'o-! "l" society, who U iperior ! And Low
....,,. , , ! I is it that a white man is .uperiot to a
tfd that would maka out a eve aganl ' i .'it
5 iLliirk man, or a tnanio a woman? I
me n r.or imr eJ. and id seveial iiuiancrs .ako it thai women are created wiih the
words, nnv, whole fentrri'ei!, iiJJeJ to same naMiral nghuihat ine.i have ; but
hat 1 did fay.
Whilst at Watoifoid the Pro. Martini !
li'd I, at differeiit limea, cotivrsed about
thenatecf feeling iu Clearfield, and at
one time he talked of sending a Company
i f Invalid Cirp lo thi. county. It wai
arlly in allusion to a con vernation of this
kird that the leller of July '.t-h, 1SC3. wm
riilen. Kut I did not uy, "1 lii.d that
lenty or twcnly-fire caValry will be nc
eeuaiy for my posse." I mid, "Since 1
have leen around through tl'.e courty I
find lh.it twenty or Itventy-Ere cavalry
v ill be quite sufficient."
A ixaierial differcrce, as jou will per
ceive. After I had leen around through the
ciunty 1 found that the people were r.ct
hslf so lad as repreente'. Instead of
that Liter being a eallfor troops, it was vir
tually asking for a reduction of ihe number
July 7, I3G3, I wrote for a mall force
to assist roe in arresting deciter. not
eitisens. This I admitted in my letter to
you. Then wliere ihe necessity of rrov'
ing what was not denied ? But it was al
most two years before the soldiers came.
August 5, 18C3, afier detailing the vari
ous stories in ciiculaiion, I close by say-1
ing "Nolwithsland'uig these reports ail
treat me kindly."
The r ext letter is such a miserable nbor
tion, as quoted, that none but a teo'tator
could have been father to it. What I
wro'e was as follows, at.d you can com
pare the two:
Cl R A FIELD, All. 11, 1SC1.
Col. II. S. Campldl :
Km : Several persons
have been asking me why tnere sre no
notic.' given in our county papers of what
it expected of drafted men, and thofe de
pendent upon them. I wish ii cojld be
possible for you to visit ibis county befme
the draft : you could then appreciate bet
ter the diliculties attending it here. Mr.
Jiow. lh ed tor of ti e llni'tsmin. told me
that in Knox township the people think
that I am to serve iho notices, and ex ect
it toon 10 be done. That il.ey nmt have
pa'r Its on all Hie ti.flereni ioihh, who.
,he, (Mr. Row) sav will shool me the first1
'imelhow myself there. Ho tell me
ihere is no dnub', in his mind, but this is
i a fact. A pleasing ono to nie, is it not ?
I -esrpet to serve the notices myself, and
-if I had (wenty mounted men 1 would
not fear the worst of them, lint without
1hem I Trill go where ordered or duty
.ails. Kespcc fully,
J. S. McKlERNAV.
The difficulties were felt ay all, not in
resistance lo, but a want of underbuild
ing the draft. That 1 did .iiot fear these
"sixty niea" vm evident from tuy asking
for only "twenty" to oppobo them, and
my read io ess io go without them.
But why was not . Ibis letter r ublithrd
entire? Suiely it gives aa sliiiglit f ot-
ward an account of what was to be done
ks ry other ; and mere, it gave the outli
er of lite report. Strange ihnt act import'
rmt information should be jassrd without
HOtice I Those report, weio generally
. . t i ,
. fcivcn to me ly Ihote whote ivuL was iutb-,
er (o (be thought.
This pseudo reviewer blow, hot and
eold in thsnrao breath. 1I "oveilook-
d y shortcomings'" Oenerou. nan I i
with try ir.compe;ency!".B.
' Lsantitbio toal I yol, "as
a f .'.I'..
"a ' could make no oiher report."
But why pursue this farther! My let-
luo Auiar.mg impudence I
I a ill close by quoting, i la Journal, a
fev passages of Scripture lor the Treacher
to contemplate: Matt, xxvn, 5tb, '-And
Judas went and hanged himself." "Go
thou and do likewise." "That which thy
hands find to do, do quickly."
Kef eotfully yours, tfc,
JOHN S. McKIERXAN. .
SFEECH OF ANDREW JOHNSON ,
htli United SUt-sStiate, Dee. 12, 1830, on1
(fi resolution asany for the appointment of
a comnxiU'-e to vives'ijate the fuels attending
the attack upon Harper's Ferry, in (he fail
nf 1830 eomm.onty known as (hi "Joun
. O V.V KaID,"
Mr. Trjinbull. tf iIjo Senator from
Tennessee will allow me, aa he has dwlt
on that point, I will restate my position
in regard to that. I do insi.t that all
. mn urn r)i(ftrl rnii.-.l bit wliiM. t 1 1 nut
m thai all person, 'are o-nai in organ- !
ized soeiuty. The fact is an alutiart truth ;
but when we come to form giverntuenl
and organize society, all penoiu do not
hai e equal right. II ihe .'soualor from
Teur.ejtco denies lh.it propo'iiion, 1
would ask him, in the nUonco of all gov
(hey do not have the same political i ighta
in society. I understand that decinra
liou whicli 1 a been quoted from the Dec
laration of 1 1. dependence, and the same!
language in (he Illinois constitution, lo'
mean simply an asseition of the great
natural 1 1 u l Ii that all men ate created e
qual, lo hold that up belore the people of
'his country iliat everybody niy see it. ,
Now, wh.vti wa orgAuiK our r.oi.ty, w
will infringe as litMo on thai gre:il nat n r- (
al rii;hlai possi'ile; hut no goveromeni is
pet feet, and therefore we do in Illinois
make a distinction between whites and
blacks; and we make a dist inei i ni be
tween the political rights of men and a'o
iiiimi, Whiie we di) that, we al nittlifl
gtea'. God-iveu tiuth that all are crea'ed
Mr. Johnson, of Tennessee. That is
the precise poiui al winch we c mio l" hs
cerlain thiise rights: it is when pnvern- ,
mnts ami socie:ie are to be forirird
Then e iai.se the question at once w heih
er this dfcription of individf.als it equal
io onolher debcriptioii of individuals.
The constitution of ihe Senator's own
Sia'e assumes that all members of the
white ritce, the tae for who'u they were
making and forming government, weio
equal, and created equal. An African
may be equal to his fellows in Ins own I
country, surrounded ly his own kind of
people, who are inferior to the white rce ;
but, bee ue he is transferred here, or
happens to bo boi ti on this com ini -lit. he
is not invested wiih the tame rights with
i lie of our lace ; lie is not cieaied equal
in the very tu'innmg. Tlio distinction
begins with the very germ itself. It de
pends entirely upn whete he i. bom.
L'ut I with to ask tho Sena'or a ques
tion. Assuming equality to Lotlioiule
in a natural slate wnereihoio is no law,
he assumes, Uten, tluit the black muni
createl with the ttne rights that the
white man is. Vou as unie that Ihe
power of the Federal (joverntiieu is sover
eign ovpr a Teir I iy. You now go into
a community where there ai e no whitei
established. Will yru, undrr this gwner
al idra ef liberty, and Ibis declaration
that all men ate created cquid, in the oi
gaidzation of your teiiitori.d goveit nient
under your sovereign power, make Ibe
negro equal to ihe white man ? Will the
Senntrr answer that ?
Mr. Ttumbull. lloes Ilia Senator de
sire lhat I should answer Jiim now?
Mr- Johnson. Cer'aiuly, if jou think
Mr Tiuoibull. I should bo governed
by Ihe eiicuiiistances of the eop'e. I
would not give lo the negro population
Ihe ssme jiolitical rights that I would to
the white population in every case. I do
not know that I would in any ea e
WIipii wo come to form our politic d
rights of the perso ,s who are to c. orup-ne
it, I am Pol prepared to say that 1 would
givo Ihe sntne political right either lo
females or to negroes that I would to tho
w bite male population. Under ordinary
circumstances certainly I should not be
in fiivor of such a proposition. ;
Mr. Johnson- Mr. 1're.sidunt. all that
I wani is, to get at the truth, and I want,
no fog or mystification uhooi i he subjaet. 1
lo not iitiderland me as assu ruing that .
Ihe Senator is intentionally ihro vina fog i
about it. rhe fiu msy tsnn my part,
not on his. Hot peihhps I can make my
proposition understood by a-kina another
quesiion. If, for instance, tho Territory
of Arizona wis colonized and filled up
with a free colored population altogether,
ivolIiI tho Senator be willing lo admit it
I .i. - ti r o . . i - t e
into Hi o eijirju ua ii oiuii'irit un nu.u iii-
" l, . . -...
Mr. Trumlioll. My idea nlvtul. th ad
mission of cow Stales is tins - I would n.st
, ? K
in.;:,n , ,.;., r 4pnoe 1 was en-
' I dticgoring the peaca of the Uniou itself.
' la tuy judge.ueat, i Issii tbo other day
. i.ftn.,n lhv st lha niilll nap;
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, MAY 31, 1865.
when discussing this question, there U
distinction between the white and the
black races, made by Omnipotence him-
Mir. I do not brieve theno tVon.ce, can
live happily and pleasantly together, or
enjoy eq,al right, without on- domineer-
ingover the other, and therefore I a Ivo-
cue the policy ol eeparating these races
by a .yaiem which shall ri-1 the country
of tho black race, as it become, free. 1
y I .houl 1 not be prepared, i the ex-
ftl 'inW . aa'uit- "
I'l fll II iiluln III I. IIH I ! I1 1 (ill A n im m n r i w
.T-i.. i: ,i ' " '
Johnwn. I thank tho Senator fir
the admission ho hm made, and I wNh In
nrcsalhA mnllor. lint.. Im.iI.o.. I . t. ; n
( , ........ . tiiiii 4 inula
wo thull get together dirtc:ly ; I think we
are traveling in convering lines, ar.d we
are traveling pretty much to thj same
conclusion. Suppose lluj four million
tlaves in the tlave States were all eru.moi-
.i i i; i ... c ...
y, a.i iu u i uj, one ui our iur-.b,icli on the leaching o 'role-mr llotr-
ntories and apply for adiuUaion hero, it , nan, ir lLo sv.tem of ethics recently in
tcems to mo the Senators answer wool d j culcaied u to'be fasten. d on thee untrv
appiy to mom a well a to tlio quest i ni
1 havo put. It I am wrong in construing
it so, Lc rtaa c rrect me ; but, in l-is hot
remarks, he has auiued that I let out
to prove, which was opposed to Ihe whole
tendency of his argument and the c'oc
Irine he laid down a few diy. since, and
what.it seems to me, acordmgto my
understanding, the honorable Senator
has been deny ing. He admits to-day, in
his explanation, that the Creator himself
has madrt a dillWence between the while
anil the black nee.
Mr. Trumbull' Not in their natural
Mr. Johnson. No says the difference
begins with the very origin of man. If
the Deily himself, according to the Sena
tor's own admission, has mado a differ
ence lienveen the race, how can they
have been created with precisely the
fame equal rights and
difference I t-g'iii ivilh
Senator, in hii last exp
ceded ti.e whoK' croa:
the Ileiiy. The
unation, has con
d ; and all this
clamor and claptiap about 1 berty, and
the construction winch should bj put on
the declaration of Independiiioe is clear
in speaking anout i lie latter part ot ltio the following insciiption mil: "Mr .1.
second resolution of the platform of his W ilses Ilooth, in account with tho H ink
party, which put. slavery and polygamy . of Ontario, four hundred and tiftv dol
togethcr as "twin lelic. of bai bin ism," j lars." Under the pillow or bolster he
Ihe Senator in reply to a
t . i ... ... . .
Alahama, ilr. Clay J
tl.e word "ci iine-.'
in citiz.T.s ol ihe
, 1 will not c-ii il about
' I do not call H a crime
South lo hold .tlat'ds at
"Mr. Clay. Is not polygamy a crime?
"Mr. Truuihull. l'olvg a ny is a cn.iit
under somocircuuntances, but not ul arays
actinic. 1 take it that polygamy is no
cr mo in Tui Ley."
Thw Senator makes use nf tlit word
"crime." and says polygamy is Hot a crime
under all ctrcumstunccs ; he say s i in
I wo parts of Ins speech. Mr. I'lvsideat,
1 am ono td tl.e lait wtio should bogiu lo
discuss a q lestion of ethics ; b U for uiy
tell, in eai ly life and 1 have ptaliced
upon ic 8i(icj I tried to lay down in my
own mind certain great rules of right and
wrong, truth and falsehood, vioa and vir
tue. According to my judgment, and the
teaching I have received, tlidse thing x
ist ; and, in my vio.v, n thing cannot lu a
crime in one place, and not a crime io
another, according to circuiu-taoc.n. I
do nol believe that r glit Hnd wrong aro
conventional. We know what the piac
lice of tlie world i ; in tome nations one
thing is practiced and tolerated bylaw
ar.d custom, and in tiuMher precisely tho
opposite. Iiut does that disprove the
gteai fundamental truth of tho proposi
tion i' pon which all religion, upon which
nllsoucil morals should rest, that there
is a gip.it principle of right which lim at
the louiuUlion ot all things, and that tho
practices of thi or that nation cairiot
chance or vary ii? What sort of a UmcIi-
ing is the Senatoi to a nailou ? Nations
iioipt hitvt; nioriU, a well ai itidivubi lis.
Nations must have a high appreciation of, and oyslera imervard. Surratt told turn
Ihe nphl, as well as ind'it idvals. If righl he bud two horses which he kept at How
and wrong, if truth and fulseaoo.l, if vice m'd's stahie on li street, bot.voen Oih rnd
mi I virtue, are to bi mare oonvellti inal j 7lh. Sa Atzeroih at the stable on the
tunis.ns moraliiy, or immorality in iv ' 1 l'h of April, about ln.ll' piist 2 o'clock,
prevail in pal i ictilur localities, v.iiere will ; aliempling to hire a hor,e but failed
thi country and every oi le r country go ? j Wit ness went to hire a bogijy fr Mrs,
lim b individual will be a Ivv unto him- Surratt. Oo Tue'd iy previous witness
self, according to that tyt lil ol ethics ;' had sent lo tho Naiiuiial by Mrs. Surratl
ami to tme man polyeatuy will bo right, ! I borrow Booth's horses and buggy.
ami ncrordine to some other individual ;
it will bo wrong
Arotbe-otho d :ct rinns thai are to bo
inculcated iu this coo ..ry? Ar thu pul
piis and moralists to inculcate the idea
that each man is to hnve his own system
of moral"; lhat each man must
o Ige of
right and wrong; and that tliero is no
rulo, no fundamental role, by whicli this
great princiflo shall bo determined? 1
repeat, that 1 hold lhat, according to my
teachings, there is a great mural princi
ple of riglil which lie at the foundation
of all tlrngs; that il exists from eternity;
that il bejan with the Djity himself, and
will c uitiniio until the termination of
Ilmtcign; that it reigns throughout all
lime as deep and i s pervading as naturo
itself. Now, we are told in the Senote of
ihe United State in the brosenca of tin
intelligence, lhat polygamy may bfl right
.11.1. r ym e.ii nu msbifinua nnil wrom un-
Thj i.uvt ...i.istiiin enmp.s tin. under
what cireuiiisitmcos is it right ? It is said
to be right in Turkey ; which is giren as
an illustration, and lo bo wrong here. If
my memory serve mo right, 1 read the
teaehina cr the doe'rinos of a professor .
called iloir-uan who I think, wrote
l-.,i.l. 'irno :' . . l,..,ir!ro,l
1 .v"r- so.., uV w ...........
ye-ar i.e." ire
w! re t asaod.
I liko to rememb
e i as,
and x';pal event. Ho Ir.id down
doctrine lhat truth was mtsrsiitit'lo
into t.ro parts
anlsll ti.;. t
w as fiui in
falio ;q tiieol
a lilv nm nil !,. . ....
was fal.e in ph iloaoJl.V ThU U I .7 T g
paradox :: and ye. I e ni, . T i
many Xcked U h a.an ? . . '
c"?ed the lej
seem, to L Z S.iem iret wn.,1,
suit the UocSne wlh hS.r 1
tba under The circunwunce. ir?L"r
polygamy iV,.-ec Lou" r i t - 1 1y
I e $ 2ur "nd1!
I ' 11 wrong."' iVuppoie! Vco a I n
. I- . . 4 . . . i . . . . "
i . ,unl ysl(,tl. mat wou!U beiwhtin
St-i .... 7 Ji". i " T
... j , u.v ty0 ITIUH
!,! U k. .. . . . .
! T - 7 .
'"'-'-'"H'i-ationof it.seen Davis and lienjaman, and the," Mid ;
mm an wmt is rigiii in Kepubli-,
n sin . wrong in Democracy, and all
iiiui I? i mm in ueniocraev is wronu in
1 i ... ' . .. . ..
i..-i;uuu.:inniii - i mean uiouern Jieputili-
, cun iK.i) . 1 think
r . "'"
we snail ii.ive lo tail
out l trust aiiu hope it wi.l not.
To be a Uinuei J
THE TRIAL OF THE CONSPIRA
TORS. Even that portion of ibo testimony in
tho trial of tho conspirato.-s, before tho
Court Martial at Washington, which is
allowed by thu Court and the War De
partment lo be published, is too volumi
nous for iho limited space of our columns.
We therefore, havo endeavored too meet
a public want by preparing a brief abstract
of the testimony, so far as already ren
dered. Patriot d'1 t'lt'oi.
A. 1C- Lee, a Government Ihlectlve.
Thisivitness tctt lied to havingoxamined
room No. 12d, at the Kirkwood House, oo
cu,...'d by A (i. Aizurotti, and lo finding a
coat hanging upon the wall, in the pock
ets of which ho found a handkerchief
marked Miry K lloolh, another suppos
ed to be niarkrd 1'. Ii. Nelson, another
marked M. Jl , a pair of gauntlets, a pair
of spurs, a pair ol socks, three bxoi of
S Clirlriili'l'S ami ubnnlr I, a lll.
I . n- - i - - - . wv.v ,. ,.
Uuder the sheets and mattress he found
. - .lu.n 'I'btt ua. lro I
to describe the location of Ihe room with
respect lo that occupied by Vice Presi
dent Johnson, hot failed to make himself
intelligible to either court, lawyer or re
Lewis J, Hud,!! m.
This witness slated that he mile tho
acquaintance of .lames II. Surratt in
Charles County, Maryland, in the fall of
ISj'J, which was continued until lS!j2, and
relieved itl January, lfHi.l. Commenced
boarding ut Mrs. Surriiti's Nov. 1st. lSot,
on II. street, 311. Mul Dr. Mudd and
lloolh by Surratt. The party went to the
National, where 15 totii ord red wine and
Segars. Mudd went into the passago and
called B oth out into the passage, bjr
ratt was then called out. Conversation
ojtsida lastoi eight or ten minutng
Mo ld ap liogi.j 1 lo witness by sayies.
lhat Booth wanted lo buy his larm but
would not give linn his price. Conversa
tion between the thivo resumed iu the
room at h centra tuble, unintelligible
lo wiltness; 15 to til made mailis on a
piec.'ol'au envelopo; did not tee tho
mark nor hear the conversation. Jlouth
frequently called upon Mrs- .Surratt, and
had short private interviews; also with
John II. ."surratt, with whom he had in
terviews up siairs of two or three hours
dotation. A'zeroth came lo Mrs. Sorralt's
about three weeks afior witness became
acquainted with Booth ; called for John
II. Surratt ten or fifteen times. Went by
the inline of Port Tobacco timing the
young ladies. Was with Bioth, Sunatt,
Aueroih, aod Ilairol l at tho theatre
when l'uoth played "i'aseat.i;" had liquor
Booth s nd he h id sold his bogey
gavo ten dollars io lure a buggy tor Mrs.
Surratt Said the horses at tho stable
were his. On lhat occasion (Sund iy lllh)
witness drove Mrs.Surralt to Snrraliville.
ton miles from Washington: Returned
same day stayed only half an hour. Mrs.
Surratt said her business, wa to collect
some money due her from Mr. Northy.
On I'i iday the 1 Ith, w i'.ne.. drove Mrs,
Surralt to Sunattvi.le; nrrived there at
half past four; stopped at Lloyd's; return-'
ed lial.-past six. Identified Payne a a j
mail whucalled at Soma's in Match and'
gave the name of .Wood. He stopped
over night ami left for Baltimore in Iho
morning. About three weeits afterwards
he relumed giving ihe mime of Payne;
stayed three days and said he desired to
become a good loyu! citizen, having iken
thu oath of allegiance, and rore-ented him vi
as a liaol it preacher. Miss Surratt re- Si
marked t hat he was tpieer look i ng Bap-
list preacher. Had a linen oat and ;wo
linen shirt. Witnoss found a false inous-
tache. vliich Payne afterwaids culled for
but did not get afterwards found in wit-
nesV b.iggag e. Wiiurss, sama day Tayne
arrived, found him and Suriottsitiing en
a beM on the third floor pluyiog with bow-
ia L-r.irni thev had two revolvnm ami
y .---'-,.,-.,,- , - - : ., :
jour seiis oi epurs. ivituiiiueu spurs Ilist
f. i.i.d ir. Atr'rnursroom atthe Ki-k-
wi'O L SI o mi k :i .'is in 1 in the bb.:iP
rjj'ii, but di-l not r-e--giii,-e il as one aeon
on that 02vr.ioc. Went wilh Surralt to
l.tre toju for israa ttic n. t'." 'lerjdon
A,lfZM(ii I?"0,? ,r"?na f'ntir.g .rona in tucb a manner at not to
m PP'nS JifuwIIaroldt ur-, te .t firal underwood by witne.s. but fi.
' ,"C9 n lhu3,.?-n,the, ?fUaTn of 8 ' ne uo,e plain, and .aid they
On the 2( th of March, a o- would .be wanted ooo. On the day it
I! l" S f Vt K'ch" !""-n Mrs. Surratt came to hi.
n ' k , . i ' rlurned on Uo"e- 'Sie 'M ere when he came home
'2j'' Surratt drove her into the country, j about live o'clock-he mot her at the
?" T huJAeo"e,lJ wouJ.-f,i, 6,18 lM "e .hoot-
1 f-lc'ir0"a- rraLL . etu, neJ on April 3.1; ...g irons i eaUy that night; that there
lw m" J e ev,,,..r ,,lo!la': M. P'?H WWW Parties call for them: the
a K T n n. VU "f o" ""f
witnes has not teen him aince. tiaw
w'r' : V" u V" ' ' 1 . . "OWJer- aftl0'
" uif i iu. .urrati loia Wlinm lie Ual .
It.climond would not be evacuated. Wit-
ness went to Canada on the lth of Apl
in search of Surratl; learned that he had
arrived at Montreal on the Glh, returned
to the Stales on the 12th; returned to his
rooms allheSt. Laarence on the ISth.
aod disappeared the same night-a
seen to leave the house of a man named
I.ntter field in a wagon in company with,
three others. Carried a-mcssago from
Mrs. Surralt to Booth on the 2d of April,
at half past two, as witness was about two
drive Mrs. Surratt into tho country, found
lljolh and Mrs. Surratt lo tho j alor. Tho
interview lusted on'y three or four min
utes. In December, I ?? 5 4 , Surralt rented
her farm and removed lo tho cily. Wit
nets had boarded with her since then.
Made her acquaintance through her son
who was a schoolmate of witness. Al
wsys was kindly and courteously treated
by her. Her house had six large rooms
and two small rooms ; rented rooms ; fur
nithed board. Youcg Surratt wa ir. the
habit ofstaving away three or four weeks
at a time- Witness never heard any pur
pose expressed to assasinate the President.
Heard Surratt say he was going to Europe
on a cottou speculation that ho had
three thousand dollar advanced to him ;
thai ho would go to Liverpool, tlmnce to
N.vsao, I hence to Matamoras, to find his
hi other, who was with Mugrudor. Occu
pied tamo room with Surratt. Was well
educated, and a student of divinity ; said
once ha was going with Booth to be an ac
tor. Was a stti l-nt with him ; character
a'. College excellent First drove Mrs.
Surratl into the country on the lllh of
April and again on the lllh; returned
about 'J or III o'clock on the Uth. Her
visits were to collect money from Northy,
she sa;d. So n i one called about 10 o'clock
snip riiitbt but itnnr.p.t nrilv m faw min
utes; witness was at tupper- Had many
callers ; was very hospitublo ; acquaint
ances could get rooms as long as they
c.ho.-e. First heard of the assassination at
3 o'clock next morning. Azeroth stayed
only one night; he taid he wanted to see
John; John was away but returned next
day, and Atzeroth left; he had been drink
ing in his room lhat night; had heard
thorn say that they did not care to have
Atzeroth brought to tho house ; Mrs, Sur
ratt said she did not care to have such
slicks brought lo the house ; ihey wera
no company for her ; that wn April 2d.
Though l no honest person would poises
false moustache ; witness therefore did
not give it to him when asked for; after
wards exhibited il lo some c'e.ks in the
office put il on with fpocs and made
fun with it- Surratt described a six feet
high; prominent forehead ; huge nose;
eyes sunk; goatee, and long black hair.
Letter lo Mrs. Surratt fro n Montreal, said
ho wns much pleased with Ihe Catholic
Cathudrnl ; hud bought a French pea
jacket and paid ten dollars for it ; board
was hidi ; would go to a privato house.
Mrs. Sorratt's character exemplary and
ladylike; member of the Catholic Church;
wont lo church every Sunday; went to
her duties every two week sometimes
in the morning, sometimes in tho evening.
Does not know tho exact dato or of intro
duction lo Dr. Mudd; ul'ter Ihe Congress
ional holidays; never saw him al Surratt's
only heard his name mentioned in tho
house once. Witness wrote a letter for
Mrs Surratt to North about money due,
and figured tho interoHoti $I3'J for thir
teen years. Booth's interviews with Mis.
Surratt lasted only five or eight minutes,
bjt Atzeroth on 4lh of April, taid ho was
going to get a horse for l'ayao.
llolcrt Ii. Jones Clerk at the Kirkwood
Id milled pge of In til ieg!tler, o" he 14
t i of April, o intidning name ot Atzeroth.
Thought be recognize'! oneof tl.e pri-onera
us iho man who took room No. l.t). Gave
a crd of Booth's lhat day (o Col. Brown
ing. Vice President Johuson's secretary.
Would nol know Booth Did not know
whether Atzeroth wr.s out tho nighl of
the as-sass ination ; taw him only between
12 and I 'J o'clock ; he asked if any body
had called for hitn; he paid for one day in
advinco for his room W itne's went oft'
duty al 12 o'clock that dny ; did not see
him tCL'isler : oti Friday, between 12 and
1 o'clock, the man called him te the
counter, and pointing to Ihe name,
asked if any one had called. The room
was I ocko I the chaaib.irumd could not
get in : went with ddtrfetive. Loo to the
room identified some of the srlicles found
therein, when exhibtod to him
Tbi wi'npss kent a tavern at Korratl
vilhv Becarre acouaintod with John II.
.i n.. t lur.t i tr n .i
A tzerolh. Five or six weeks before the j
1111.111 l-L-li 1, Jlvr. illtjl ilj.lUi'l aiiu
asnssination all three were at his boose.
Atzeroih came first went on lo T. U-S
was gone about half an hour and then ry I
lurried wilh Surralt and Harold. .Surratt
called witness icto the parlor, where Ijo
had two carbines, some ammunition anu,
a rope nbout sixteen or twenty feet long, j
SNirrut. lr.hl witness ha Wanted lilIU, 10
. .L!... tn, i.tm and showed
Keep inose iuit;' 7 ,i
Lima i.lace unaer
C'lUl'l 18 minii.-.ii. , - -
. i AnAnin.t . wi n.i n il inpm
a.vuv as (in i'c.::u. un ion .n.
, tho as-i!.io,.nat on nu-t Mrs. orrr-U e-r -..i . ---Hr'rci
to or bialcd -bswl ti-.j tlul! -Le usk the more you nljoiusa..
$2 00 Per Annum, if paid in advanoa
SERIES - VOL. V.-NO. 46.
, . P'P" ? keep
i inr h
nhe asked him tohf.vtvnhMii..nrt,;.'
i reaay, wyiog they would be called
, Ior ,nai nignt. About a
Quarter fip 12
.fM-.,.ls tl.nl U--.1. .1 It
Booth was a atrancer lo the witness Han.
oi( came in and took .he whltll
told witness to get him thoso things. Wit
ness went and got, the carbines, the field
elaas and a mnnlr nif-w,..ii. 'io
mained at the house notover five minute,
Only one carbine was taken; J5ooth .aid
ha could not take his because his le was
broken, liooth drank while sittin on
t!ie porcfi ; Usrolu carried the bottle to
him. As they were leaving Booth said
" I will tell you some news; I am pretty
certain we have assassinated the 1'resident
and Secretary Seward." Witness became
so excited, ho does rot know ir it was in
Harold's piesenco. Witnoss received the
nows ot the assassination afterwards about
9 oolock next morning. Thinks Booth,
name was mentioned as the news spread.
Did not have any conversation with the
soldiers next day ; did not tell them that
Booth and Harold were at his house on
the previous night reared now that he
did not. Never had any conversation
with Mrs. Surratt about a conspiracy. Af
ter the last" conversation with Mrs. Surratt
on me evening ot the 14th. witnes. took
me csrbtnes into tho bedroom. Gave
Booth and Harold the carbines after
Booth spoke or the assassination. They
took the road lo T. B. ; Booth rode almost
awhile horse; Harold's horse was a bay.
Witness did not give the soldiers any aid
who:i his promises were searched; told,
them he did not know anything about it;
should havo bocti perfectly froeifhe had
given them the information they asked
for. Witness Las a wife; no son; em
ploys a couple of colored men.
Court adjourned until Monday morning.
TO nt CONTINUED.
How Bodies are Embaljikd. By em
err.hilrriinti ; oeonle tenerall are antto int.
agme mat the modern process consist, of
saturating, filling and surrounding the
dead body with spices, gum. and other
indestructible and preservative substan
ces, as is understood to have been the
process practiced by the ancienls. Such
however, is not the case. The modern
procoss is about as follows : Tho blood is
drawn ofT through the jugular vein. An
incision is then maJe upon the Inside of
tho thigh, through which a chemicalli
quid is injected by mechanical means.
This liquid permeates all the vein, and ar
teries, taking the place before occupied
by the blood, and in a short time renders
the body as hard as stone, and as rigid an
a statue. A portion of the scalp is remo
ved and the brain scooped out' The chest
is opened and the heart, lung's and visce
ra are abstracted. When ihe process is
completed, the body is reduced to a mere
empty shell, having only the outward
semblance of (he departed individual
How long a body thus prepared will re
main unchanged we cannot say. The pro
cess has only been emploped for a few
years since tho war commenced, we be
lieveso lhat time suOicient has not e
lapsed lo test the indestructibility of bod
ies thus prepared Patriot & Union.
ItensDr for tu Cprcclio. A corres
pondent of a Cincinnati paper gir.s the
following statement in reference to the
destruction of this intolerable pest to
fruit whioh we here produoe for tho bene
fit of our readers :
In, the spring of 1860, 1 noticed lomeof
my plums punctured. Having succeeded
in catching the striped bug that is so in
jutious to melon vines by placing wool
ou the hills around. the young plants I
concluded to try it around myplum tree..
1 re.iioved the giass abut a foot around
the tree, placed trash wool on the cleared
ground, and wrapped around the fork, of
the tree. On looking the next day, I
found my trap had caught, a number of
the enemy,' they having become entang
led in the wool, J his tree produced a
beautiful crop, while the fruit on the oth
ers, within twenty f-iet of it, "came to
naught." In 1SG1 I treated part of the
others tho same way, with like result.
Also in 18(32. In ISG3 I treitnd all my
trees the same wn-. A mo e heal ll y and
abundant crop of plum 1 never .aw. I
have eight varieties ; I have , freestone
damson that deierves a place in every
fruit yard and very prolific a superior
fruit for canning or drvine."
To Start a Balky Hoas.. Fi'I hi.
mouth with dirt or gravel from the road
and he'll go. Now don't laugn tnii,
but try it, The plain pliilospl y of the
thing is, It pives him .timething else to
think of. We have seen it triid a hun
dred limes, and it has never f.Led. Ex
change paper. ,
C-lT" 1 taFl"!''.'
' taid iho qum, " yy
' Vos." said the pa-
Hunk mo a tool
- . .... . . i i . - i I,
DHL 1 11 .11 II Ol. I ( 1 III 1VU . i. I . --
'.-.lain ..iv i hniiirh t hi (fplinir my noise .
' 1 1 . . ... j ' v " j n v L
is not a single sudden blow that
rrU9jjt permanently, but the long endjr-
nCtfof neVy burdens, or su accuiuula-
ljon of lra,jer oue..
r-fhere is nothing that so awaken.
. Wjin,ilv Within US as lotty rjQUaiO. 10
.1.. M. u tiim!.Ar
lnB '"' "llu ul 1 " 1 "
j - ;gypt, gods lie ouneu.
CST" you eton I want to get angry, sy
:o. . I,IaII.a.iI Kamamhnrtha