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D. W. MOORE, Editor and Proprietor.
VOL. XXXVI.-WHOLE NO, 1857.
them, their • cause, however lacking in Not to held the disloyal, who trample
soundness, must have a strong semblance upon all our; laws, to be disqualified for
of soundness. And such it, in fact, has, all part, frietri - ; the ballot-box upward, in
thenmi le ue w k e e t withdrawwith
te f hh r
e o m the
The constitutional right of " secession," , making and'adnainistering our laws, is su
et f nd r
it m E
em t e l on i e r
blacks a iciest ved l tn . u o sa l , l izi y a l b
i r t
di cause, as
‘ b f l e ' e l r i e s i n o ch n ex i td
a t t n en th s m t e ves i
save himself, is base and'
e ballot h a has
less directly. Nearly the whole South had with which to
come to believe it, and no small part of cruel ingratitude.
'the North. It is true that the American I Just heressit may be objected, that the
people have now put their final and effec- international code of war, which, I con
tent vote upon the doctrine of " secession." I tend,
should. to the end, continue tie g
They Mee done this, not only on the bat- ern our contest with the South, does not lle-field but at the ballot-box also. Gen.; authorize the Icon truer to meddle with
McClellan's nomination was but a device ' the systemiSanci.ar r langements of the con
to get votes. Mr. Pendleton, an open quered. - Btit it does, as the practice un
uteadlifitehd adder ep rca e o mo t e e re o t f thiepeacritoyct;i•ainned,
e vutt a e b i l.m . dan
,do t h l
justice resp ec t-
I a re u p d re u s n e ri n
President JOIINSON I,
HONORED AND DEAR SIR: Only ten (lays your vast majority over him goes along ing the' object, which had given flee to
with our military victories to prove that the war. * * * H
ago and the country felt sure of an home- e may even, if pru
-1 the American people • have no longer dence so require, renderher (the con
diate peace. The only apprehension was ' any patience with the II •
octrme. Even jliered nation) incapable of d • •
that its terms would be easier than it those who have clung to it. the most tena- chief with the same ease in future." Cer
was prudent to grant. To-day, there is ri• ciously, and those who still see strongwr- tainly, this is broad enough to cover our
• guments for it must give ii up. The na- claim to break up the slavery of the South
strong and wide-spread fear that peace Is Lion will mark with her strong •disfaeor and the great estates it has created, and
afar off. Whence this great change? It, every one who willconti •
nuo to su .
phold to provide at her ballot-boxesforhersafe
comes from the assassination of Abraham this doctrine which has cost her so much. ty and the Beret
y of the whole nation.
Lincoln; and from you taking his place. Nevertheless, not to let the extended con-. I referred, at the beginning of myl t
viction at the North as well as at the South, t
lst, For, w::.!...'" I t '. di , incessant demand ter, to the apprehension that peace, which,
present as well as past, of the truth of the only a few d • ago, ,
for a bloody and rigorous policy' tolTarti , doctrine, mitigate in setaedegree days seemed so very near,
the conquered rebels met with no res- ' -•• of ,
the is now quite remote. I cannot doubt
s sinao the mad-clinging of the Stu- that it is, if the severe policy toward lese
pease in the remarkable kindness and I e
t ern people to it, is to betray a great and conquered rebels, which so many are earl
compassion of Mfr. Lincoln, it is apprehen- 1
, guiltyinsensibilityto the claimsof ing•
reason, tor, shall be adopted. In that event,
ded that there may be qualities in your- candor and
charily. He is not a right- hardly in,my day, or even in yours, will
self to which such a policy, unless con- hearted man who can read without sor- peace return to your afflicted country.
m for G
denmed by your judgen t, would be en- re ,s opera' Lee, and without some For once let it be known that the leading
tirely welcome. Then, by your contact measure of excuse for him, the accounts rebels who shall fall into n hands,•
with the rebel-lion—by year personal ote of his hesitatingur will
between the claims of be doomed to punishment, beitdeath,
servation of its crimes, and especially
by 1 , his countryand his Virginia, to his pars- imprisonment
or exile—and immediately,
what you and your family and friends had I mount allegiance. Charge the general
suffered from those crimes—your temper, with guilt vochoosing Calhoun instead ofthemand .
Webster for his expounder of the Conan- bounds. Tens of thousands will burn
among their followers sympathy with
rage against us will know no
unless marvelously controlled, could not r his expounder
have failed tote excited, and to call for tution. But admit it . i • • •
to be more his miss with verigeance, and will care for nothing
the severest punishment on the leaders of ' fortune than hisgui t that, i•I n respect to but to gratify it. This
will be true, as
State sovereignty, he grew up under the well of persons under paroleof others.
3d. While Mr. Lincoln was yet Miro, as
teachings of Jefferson Madison
and instead In that state of things a guerrilla warfare
Government was incessantly called on by of those ofWashin d Hamiltonand
soon an would ensue, which, if not pacified by
public meetines bysermons
, 1 Jay. Candor will allow the like plea even concessions, and such concessions too as
saturated with the vindictive and blood-, for . Jefferson Davis. Let him who " •
is wou:d fatally invade national and human
thirsty spirit of the Jewish theology, 011 1 without sin "—this sin of taking as a po-rights,might run 'bre - ugh many years,
by voices innumerable, not to spare these political authoritynot Calhoun merely, h •and
leading rebels. No wonder then, Hutt the ut even Jefferso or Madison —"let
wasting our armies, and
manner of his death is made use of to in-The fearfully, if not fatally, to our
first cast. a stone at" JeffersonDavis,D '
at arts ready vast debt It must not be forgot
crease their thirst' for blcod. For, absurd simple truth is, that our nation had it .
hot, ten that cost our nation many years.
as is the. charge, that the assassin was leared that God did not create one race ' •
!many lives, and thirty or forty millions
their tool, it nevertheless gains extended -of his children to be trampled
upon by lof dollars to put an end to the guerrilla I
credence. They all knew Mr. Lincoln's another ; nor that she is but, a single na-1 war carried on in Florida
on a by a handful of
characteristic clemency, and that the th ee i nstea d of a e eeen , eenati •
ons. These Indians and negroes. Nor must it he for
terms of peace he was intent on were cx- lessons she now learned,
The war has gotten that the hundred thousand Demi
ccedingly mild. [fence, how insane is the taught them it ; and the cost of learning nicana are just, now enjoying a complete
supposition that any of them sought his them has heon too great that aha should end final triumph over the many millions
ever forget them. From the lack of of Spain. • Rome, like ourselves, was a
lint why should not vnvnr went refe r , le • ,
to actopt, or, even no one ni enr, go ne• i ~-d m ar l inktfirn heifer 4.neScMlll pia'!' Tett tiellgeterenyuyekeseeseterinetieriesiee trefor '
en to, thip rigorous and bloody policy l— I North had been willing to learn them, so to achieve an entire conquest of the few
Why should not government deal with neither can put the entire blame of the Cantabrians. The lesson of such cases is,
the conquered in this war, as it would deal .war upon the other. H en ce neither is to that a people, however great, should be
with the conquered, were it. successfUl in punish the other ; but both are to forgive ware of driving to desperatiOn a people
a-war with Mexico? The answer is—be- each other. God says to the North as however small. It may be hoped ta st
cause it is a civil War. But is it not such well as to the South, "Go, and sin no the negroes of the South would stand in
a civil war as the ablest publicists bold mom ', the way of this apprehended guerrilla war
s / hould be conducted by the rules of inter- I I called "secession" the cause of the fare. A part might. But the remainder
national war. Says Vattel: identifying it with justice nod mercy.
" But when a nation becomes divided into two
, rebels.. ,
Perlinps, it will be said, that not
might hasten to identify themselves with
pastievabsolutely independent, and no-longer no- i "se -
on ' but slavery was ft • - Neverthe- it. Moreover, if our Government shall be
knowledging a common superior, the state is 1 loss if slavery was the ultimate.
guilty of what seems to be bad faith or
dissolved, and tho war between the two parties toward I• to perpetuate that abomination and ex-
cruelty rho conquered rebels.
stands on the same ground, in ever y respect, us . tena its borders was the end they had in
a public war between two different nations. • I v iew still it cannot be denied that ese
ceset - would there be e disaffection at the North
* • They decide their quarrel by arms as two •' an l, was their proximate cause. far more alarming than that hitherto man
different nations would do. The obligation to , ifested ? In a word, would not the Gov
observe the common laws of war toward each ctrl- ,
i But it will be said, that the South does ernment thereby neske an enemy of the
or is therefore absolute—indisponsahly boding' not abide by the rules of international South and an enemy of the North also?
to both parties, and tho same wl:00311 the law of war • and that, therefore, the North is re- I have glanced at the painful conse
nature imposes on all nation! iu tnruSietions be- '
leased from them. Sorry am I to have quences of a harsh and unfair treatment
twecia state and state." .
to own that she does not. She starves and of our conquered enemy. But how bless
[low emphaticalle this applies to our murders prisoners of war—titan which ed would be the consequences of a wise
- A MATEIRMATICAL Puzzr.g.—The follow
ease ! Chi Sr half of our nation, : there is no more abhorrent crime. But and kind teentmenteofoliateeriemy I Then
log is decidedly the neatest little mathe
containin many millions of people, broke , what is rho spirit which prompts her to the South would be at peace with the
,marital puzzle that has come to our no-
I awn Y ;rem the Northern haleand h • • • - I Wit. The same North ; would soon learn to like her ; and
e became it ?, It Is the pro s every spi .
• • Ike: B . man ifestly a nation de facto as was the spirit, which ignores the rights of black would soon welcome the tens of thousands
!Ili: - TessA man has sixty apples i- he bells thirty -se
i Northera half. We could not proceed men, allow the rights of no man to stand of families that would immediately begin
for fifteen cents, wistieh is bali a tent al against';
those many millions as against •
nst,in her way. And is- the south alone res- to emigrate from the North to the South.
hi' . piece, Or two applee f -- He a °'"'
en. One cent, traitors and pirates, and try them by mu- ponsible for this spirit? The North is Then the North and the South (slavery
11 ' -. ' llan. . theremaininglli'l I for ten cents nisi
- ""'s -
le el a third of a cent a piece, or three
beyond the scope of the Constitution, and' commerce, politics: religioue and social come one in interest, and one also in
a .• ese
'Apples for one cent. Thus we see .that
took its place under the provisions of • in- •,
influences in the North were mainly in character. Moreover, the whole world
for 'five apples be gets two cents ; now ternaticnal law.. Belligerefit rights were tire service of slavery ; and did much to be blest by the termination of this most
'bow nanny cents does ho get for sixty
accorded to our enemy by our own as well I give strength and rampancy to its infer- horrid war in a peace so full of reason.
Apples? The problem scorns plain enough,
i as by other nations. There were truces, ; nal spirit. Nothing like half the people justice and love. Christianity would be
e. , and the rule of three gives
the immee; " - e'that the dead might, be bu:•ieci and ter of the North thought a man disqualified' honored and advanced by a peace made
e,s4. ate result of twenty-four. But on the
other purposes. Captives were not, killed, by his slaveholding to preach the Gospel so strikingly in her own spirit. In that
•eel' other bend, .if he gets fifteen cents for but held as prisoners'of wee. There were •of Jesus Christ ; and scarcely one in a spirit we cannot shed one drop of blood Too Mesh FOR Hime—A Cincinna.
thirty of his apples, and ton cents for negotiations for peace ; and•that one occa- ' hundred of them would have refused to 'of our subdued foe. If peisessecl of it, merchant and his wile—fond of practice,
.:the remaining thirty, it seems pretty evi-,
I sion the President. and Secretary of State ; vote for a slaveholder for President.-- we shall forgive and forget the' wrongs jokes-- recently entered into a wager by
.'. dent he gets twenty-five cents for the six- were qur negotiators,, and went to meet 'Surely, in the light of their common res- done to the North. and shall feel that the which the one who should first be sold
,iii" • .. theirs, showed, not only our respect for' poneibtlity for slavery, an d, for the spirit South has suffered enmesh, and that she by the other, was to submit to a penalty
the enemy, hut hoer entirely we recognized it generates, the North as well as the deserves to he soothed and comforted, and imposed by Hip triumphant party. For
sl ' MIDNIGHT,—There is something as beau-, the Law of war in our c
with him. I South is to be charged with the rebellion, Ino more afflicted, by us. ' some days both wore equally vigilant,
ttiful as sublime in the hush of midnight.' Both parties were vitally interested n and, with all. its horrid fruits, including, Largely on your wisdom and magnuni- and every attempt at, a joke failed. One
.i 'The myriad quiet2•sleepers, laying down I subjecting the contest. to this law, and in I even the starving and murdering of pri is miry do r r
, most' • mum:lmy 'Warm hppes o f see- evening, as the couple were about to no
- el 'each their life burden, insensible alike not letting it sink into an internecine and ones . The whole is the work of both ; hie this war give place to a bloodless, tend a party given by some friends, the
'to joy or sorrow; - helpless alike—the e piratical one. Both parties were equally land it is the foulest hypocrisy, as well asand this
kind, forgiving, and, therefore.. immedi- lady complained of indisposition,
• istrong man as the infant ; and over alit
, concerned to save life, town and property ; , the deepest injustice, for the North to are peace. But this is not all for which husband went to procure a carriage. f
S tthe sleepless Eye, which since the world and to have the war of so civilized a type, I
,punish the South for any part of it. If I look to you. Now. while we have this While he was gone, a negro woman ofthe .
:, 1 1 'began has never lost sight of one pillowed; that their citizens would not shrink from ' a drunken father has brought up his sons fresh sense•of one of the worst wars—now, wife's size and height was bundledeven
I 1 e lintel Thoughts like these come to us in becoming soldiers and sailors. God for - `
,to be drunkards, and if, in one of their while we can contrast its ugliness eith her cloak and furs, and when the carriage
- tour wakeful night hours, with an. almost' bid that now, when the tide of war setsthe husband,
carousals, they fall upon him, he the beautiful pence, which, unless we ;come took her place beside h
s e painful intensity. Then eternity onle ‘
e stronglyin our favor, - we should be guilty I should not, if he shrill afterward get them thrust it, from us, is just at hand—now is! with a thick veil drawn over her ice:
e • seeems real, and every day's: life a feitetee'`of thrusting the Constitution into thein his power, punish them either for their the time for our nation to be the first of ;On reaching his destination he led his
But morning comes, and the stir and hum , place of the code of war, and of holding' drunkenness or for beating _ him. All it ' all nations to propose nn end of national !supposed wife into the house amid the
of life chase these thoughts away, as. the, and trying as traitors those whom we • becomes him to . do •is to guard himself wars by means of an International Con- 'other guests, when lifting the veil a
sun dries up the dew drops,-the' (none the less really if indirectly) agreed I and them for the future; and this he can ' grass, whose decissiona upon the disagree- 1 ered the "sell." -The next day the die
,our thoughts, performed their reviving to regard but as enemies ; and whom e ley I most effectually do by clearing his house, ! - enents and controversies between nations confitted husband submitted to the
mission ere they departed, I all the conclusive reasons of the case aside and forever keeping it clear, of in - , shall be final. Yours be the glory to fit-' penalty and wheeled a barrel of flour
from such agreement, we are bound to re- 1 1 ting liquors. So, too, the duty of the. vor a measure fraught with more honor through the several principal streets to,
gard in that light only. We must not be'
1 North is not to punish the South,• but to God and more happiness to man than his own door.
guilty of this bad faith. We must not simply to provide for the future safetyo- f
,any, or oven all. other measures ! Yours' .
1 TSIANITED YOUrrt . A good anecdote
break this solemn bargain. The South , both North and South. I scarcely need . beethe glory of identifying your Adminis- . • , •
s told a houseointer'a son, who used
would hate us for it! The world would! sa y, that the main thing to this end is to , tration with the cause of international 1.
the brush dexterously, but had acquired
despise us for it, I Ands' would not the' rid the land of slavery • , and to restore to peace. • tiro habit of "putting it on too thick."
North herself, if not despising us for it, l
1 its victims the civil and political rights of With great regard. your friend.
I be, at least, fearfully divided in regard to which it has robbed them. To this I would GERRIT SMITH'. One day his father, after having frequent
it? Greatly s should we all love our noun- add no death, no imprisonment, no ban' - ly scolded hirnfor his lavish daubing, and
- .all tonopurpose,are him a severe flag
ry, But there is one thing we should all! i s hment—nothing but the breaking up of eiiirNevada, "the baby State"of the ilt. , g
love more ; and that is fair dealing."Our '
, the large landed estate of the South for , Union, produced last year. fifteen intl , l- , e
, s , ion f-.
Country right 1 "--- not "our country right I the benefit of the needy, and the perpot- ions in silver% That child of Uncle Sam s l 'I here, you young rascal," said he, a . ,
• duty "how dO
or wrong!"—should be our motto. ' I cal withdrawal of - political power from
.was certainly born with It
silver spoonin - ter perrorming the painful• 1
likethat ? '
I you I
But-there was another and no less con - 1 the disloyal leader's, and the temporary its mou th. ,
1 "Well, I don' tknow, dad," whined the
elusive argument for conducting the eon-, withdrawal of it front the disloyal masses.
" N w York Tribune it s emis to me that'
the one case, . 4EN sex wr..—lhe e , . boy,- in reply, "but .
test with our-enemy on the most liberal I I admit that the probation in ' rig 1 t thicker
saysjustly :. "Let not the victory of the' you put:it on a thunderiu 1
and. humane principles. It was that it is would, he liable to be shortened, and the
aka- republic be stainedlby a single act , of yen- than I did I" - . -.- •
reasonible,,and charitable to conclude, not I •absoltete denial in . the other to:bwrep d
I he ranee, by one wanton infliction of pain. , .
Wiay is a hen'seaterl on a fence lik,a
only that Chere 'Must in order to ref)" ed. Nevertheless, since safety shoe _ , . .
-lot even this Jet not. the national ensign be stained by i ts.s' s
I B toe the head is on ono side
such vast numbers, be their sincere beliel, ou'r sole aim, I would say l er e, c,ent r eea
the , d r ier.
- l ,o Ba r e tx, one.drup of blood shod to,, punish ,rat t
__ , taw . f a e on the, other.
in their cause, but that, considering how I take pliese whenever it should. - - • than t'd save. ' ' - .. ... an,
. ~ ..... .
Many wise and'good men there are at.unng have it take place.
,:. , , __
- - - ,I ' •\ • . . .
THE FAREWELL OF M. J. BELL.
BY MRS. M. C. LEE.
Farewell, father, I have suffered—
Oh, you know I've Buffered long—
My temples throb—my head is oohing—
And must I suffer, suffer on ?
I am weary ; Oh, how weary
And I long to soo the bloat,
Per this world is chid and dreary
Compared with this bright land of rest.
Farewell, father, 1 am d 3 ing ;
'Don't you see the Angel's hand?
:'Don't you see them coming, !Hying,
"To waft me to, that better land ?
Tell mo, father, will you miss me,
When your children meet at eve ?
Tell me, will you try to moot me,
When this sinful world you leave ?
Farowoll, sister, you will mist mo
When tho lovo'y roses bloom;
Will you scatter, in remembrance,
Flowers on my lonely tomb ;
You will miss mo most, dear Mary,
In tho lovely month of May,
When next you gather early dowers,
Passive in deatleo old arms I'll lay.
farewell, sister, you will miss. mo,
When you enter the front room,
Alloro I autrere -; - tvliero death found'me,
Where I was shrouded for the tomb;
Dourest Mary, will you moot me
In that bright and holy land ;
Don't you see Jesus inviting
You with blooding, outstretched hand 7
Farewell, brother, you will miss m 0
When you moot at school again ;
When you see my seat is vacant,
Will your heart ha filled with pain ?
When yeu remember me, dear brother,
Think I'm with tho happy blest;
Try, dear brother, when death calls you,
To meet me in that land of rest.
I am coming, mother, 'coming
For a long and fond embrace ;
Whore the blesetd sing forever
We'll see each other.face to face.
Brief years have passed since last wo parted,
But now we'll meet to part no mere;
Come, , deir father, sister, br3thei.,
Meet me on that'happy shore.
tows% APRIL 17rn, 1865.
Tins PUNCTUAL MAN.--Bit• Higgins was
a very punctual than in all his transact-:
ions through life. He amassed a large'
fortune by untiring industry and punctu-,
--slily, and at the advanced age of ninety i
years was resting quietly on his bed, and
' .ealmly waiting to be called away. He
. had deliberat- 1 7 made almost, every ar
rangement tor his decease and 0ur....
• -His pulse grew fainter, and the light of
lifisseemed just flickering in its sockets,
when one of his sons observed—
`: "Father, you will :probably live but a
,-"-" day or two; is it not well for you to name
your bearers ?"
"To be sure, my son," said the dying
man; "it is well thought of, and I will do
tie gave the names of six, the usual
11' 1, number, and sank back exhausted upon
A gleam of thought passed over his
withered features like a ray of light, and
herallied once more. "My son read the
list. Is the name of Mr. Wiggins there?'
"It, is, father."
• ' "Then strike it off?" said he, emphati
cally, "for he was never punctual—was
never'apywhere in season, and he might
binder the procession a whole hour l"
- fiiii""The oil wells in Burnish, it is esti
.ated, have been yielding their present'
:supply of eight hundred thousand barrels
per annum at least a hundred years, a
mounting...during that period to about
• eighty million barrels, English measure ;
• these, if arranged' as previously stated,
would form a continuous line of oil Ler
-1 eels twenty-seven thousand three bun
ri t died miles long. Oil wells also exist in
, : i o• Persia, and it is said have lately been die
i •novered near the sea of Azof, while on
the Island Samos they existed five bun
,, A . 'fired years before the Christian era.
, . an instance of good fortune that
-sometimes attends speculation, the Cin
. cfnnati Commercial is told of a man wb?
two or three years ago was a newspaper
carrier in that'city, and is now estimated
*:0 be worth over two millions. retrOleilVa
" l i/ the business for him.
GERRIT SMITH to the PRESIDENT.
[The following lottor is important chiefly ho
onus° its author is a pure, unadulterated," por
foct equality " Abolitionist. But ha is a man of
great intellect, of largo and long esperionco and
observation, and of the stornestintogrity, It is
to be hoped that his appeal to President JOHN
STON may not be in vain, Should it bo—should
our Government adopt a revengeful policy, and
inaugurate a system of capital punishment for
the loaders of the Robollion—that poaoo, which
is now at the throshheld, may bo for In tho fu
TETERBORO, April 24th, 1865.
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, AY 11, 1865.
PRINCIPLES, not MENA:,
WHERE BOOTH LIES
A correspondent of the Now York
World writing front Washington, on Fri-
Yesterday the Secretary of War,without
instructions of any kind, committed to
C01.4 - tafayette C. Baker, of the secret ser
vice, the stark oorpes of J. Wilkes Booth.
The secret service never fulfilled its vo
lition more secretively. "What have you
done with the body 7" said I to - Baker.
"That is known' he answered "to only
one man living besides myself. It is gone.
I- will not tell you where. The only man
that knows is sworn to silence. Never
till the great trumperter comes shall the
grace of Booth be discovered," And this
is true. Lest night, the 27th of April, a
small row boat received the carcass of the
two men were in it ; they car
ried the body off into the darkness, and
out of that darkness it will never return.
In the darkness, like his great clime, may
it remain forever. impalpable, invisible,
I nondesciipt, condemned to that worse
than damnation, annihiliation. The riv
er bottom ooze about it laden with great
shot and drowning mantles. The earth
may have opened to give it that silence
andforgiveness which man will never give
its memory. The fishes may Swim around
it, or the daisies grow white above it, but
we shall never know. , Mysterious, incom
prehensible, unattainable, like the dim
times through which we live and think
upon as if we only dreamed them in per
turbid fever, assassin of a nation's bead
rests somewhere in the dements, and
hat is all ; but if the indignant seas or
the profaned turf shall ever vomit this
,corpse from their recesses, and it receives
humane or Christian burial from some
who do not recognize it, lei the last words
those decaying lips ever uttered be carved
above them with a dagger the history of
a young and once promising life—useless
Mr. LINCOLN ON JOHN 113.0WN.
CHICAGO, April 14.—T0
. the Editor of the
Chicago Times.: Much diss atisfaction and
holy horror have been expressed in some
of the "loyal" newspaper sheets, and by a
certain Tennessee river preacher, because
in one of four editorial 4 you denounced
both John Brown and J. Wilkes Booth as
individual; acting from the same motives
in their diabolical design. Now if they
will refer to a speech made by Mr. Lin
coln at Cooper institute, New York, Feb.
2.7, 1860, they will learn that he did not
consider John Brown a glorious martyr.
lie said "Orsini's attempt on Louis Na
rnlrpet fi—r4g,lss4rl...P.aesr.s•'v. Nitanant, nj,
precisely the same ;" and yet these parties
deify a man whom our late President de
nounced as an assassin. C.
The Firing of Richmond—Letter from
[Washington Chronicle, April M]
The following is an extrac:, of a letter
from the rebel Lieueial 11:well explaining
the partial burning, etc., of Richmond,
during its evacuation by the rebel army.
it is addressed to a relative near this city,
and is dated at I.%)rtWarren, April ISth :
atn . abused for burning Richmond. It
was burned by the mob. There were no
troops to keep order. I bad told the prin
ciple citizens, months before, what would
happen, and urged them to form a con
stabulary force to keep order. But they
would not—only three persons offering
.heir services, when there were hundreds
doing nothing. The lire hose was cut,
and the arsenal burned by the mob. I
have taktin ;every - precaution posSible, and.
the people must blame themselves. To
prevent misstatements as regards our cap
ture, I would-state that- we-- were- order
ed to follow Anderson; that after driving
back an attack on our wagons we found
Anderson cut oft' from those of Lee's ar
toy in front, and the Sixth corps came af
ter me, attacking my troops. Anderson
failed, after a trial, in breaking through
those in his front ; and my men, entirely
surrounded, fighting over ton times . their
number, were captured or slain.
TERMS :—s2 00 Per Annum, if paid in advance
, NEW SERIES-VOL. V.-NO. 43.
THE WOMEN OF RICHMOND.
A correspondent, writing from Rich
mond, three days after its occupation by
the Union forces, tells the following
Around the corner of a square opposite
the Capitol there suddenly burst, at nom
yesterday, a trilliant cavalcade of North-
ern officers and ladies
their horses' hoofs surged to the sidewalks,
and into the faces of a group of the daugh
ters of Richmond who were returning,
from church. The eyes of the female rid
ers, aglow with excitement and pleasure,
were first lifted teword the statue of
Washington, immediately In front, then
fell with a curious look, mingled of irony
and wonder, upon the ladies of the side
walks. in the gaze that returned the
look flashed that keenness of the varied
lightnings of a woman's eye—a quivering
scorn. One of the equestrienne& could not
have observed it. Reining her horse up
to the curb, with an expression of girlish
ardor and delight, she bent a suriny face )
crowned with golden hair, above the as
group southerners, and, sing
ling out one haughty figure from the rest,
said eagerly •:
"I beg pardon, but is it not true that
I retognille a friend. Can it be that this
is really ?"
"Yon are mistaken," the Southerner
responded, with the same fixed gate: "I
,have no frierrds where you abide."
Lifting her dress at the curb, the wo
man passed on with just the slightest bow
that was not in the slightest degree re
Yet, let 'us fairly judge them, for there
is something appealing in their sorrow.
humiliated as they are, who in their '
beauty and their loftiness of spirit have ?
been cupbearere of hope to the rebellion,
what have they to sustain them save their
pride ? Here, Where all is over and done
to onr content, we can afford not only to
pity, but to admire them.
SENsTaLE Meirims.—Never taste an atom
when you are not hungry ; it is suicid-
Never hire serva'nts `who . go in pairs, as
sisters, 'cousins, or anything else.
Never speak of your father as "the old
Never reply to the ephithets of a foot
or a drunkard.
Never speak tonlemptously of uwoman
Never abuse one who was once your
boa= friend however bitter now.
Never smile at the expense of your re
gion or your bible.
A good ward is as soon said as a bad
No one is a root rtivntyz; Arm.,
Peace with heaven is the best friend
A PA7qt.NT's Jose.—A sturdy sergent
being . obilged to submitihe amputation of
his hand, the surgeon oflered to adminis
ter chloroform, as usual ; but the veteran
refused, Baying if the cutting - was to be
done on him ho wanted to see it,' and
laying his arm out;he table, submitted to
the operation without a sign of pain,
except a firmer setting of the teeth as the
saw struck the marrow.
The operator, as he finished, looked at,
his victim with admiration, and remark
ed : 'You ought to have been a survey;
'I was the next thing to ono aforel en
listed,' said the hero.
"What was that ?" asked the doctor.
'A butcher ?' responded the sergean't,
with a grim smile, which despite the sur
roundings, communicated itself to the by
KDYERTISINC. -- YOU See 100d8 are like
girls—they must go when they are in fash
ion and good looking, or else a yoke of
oxen wouldn't draw them off afterward.
The man that advertises most doeethe
most business, because be don% make
one's stock last one's lffetime. T
Advertising is like money if followed
up. Merchants think nothing of paying
forty dollars for one sign, with nothing
but a name on 'it. Well, what do you
think of having several hundreds or thou
sands of signs a week in a newspaper? In
it you show your whole establishment to
the d,3untry every week ?
cA certain linendraperwaited'upon
a lady for the price of an article purchase
ed at his shop. She endeay9red to re
mind him that she had pad' him for 'it
when he called some time ago; he declar
ed he had no remembrance of the circum
stance: on which she produced his receipt.
lle then asked pardon, anti said..:" lam
sorroy I did r o recol'ect it?' To vihiCh the
lady replied, "1 quite beliveve you are
sorry you did not re-collect."
SPA lady passing alnng the street one
morning noticed a little 'bey scattering
salt upon the pavement 'for the .purpose
of clearing the mop. I'm sure,"
said tho lady, "that's'real beneyolence."
"No, it ain't -ma'am," replied. 'hp lbw,
The dust from
"I am afraid 1 shall come to wat,'
said an old lady to a young genleman
"I have come to want already,'
" was the
reply. "1 want your daughter.
IThe workmen of the ititiarY. Me.%
navy yard raised $3,330 for John Magraw.
who had both bands blown of while Ell
in_ a estate.
pay-A Southern ut girl sohool at Saratoga
was expelled last Saturday for saying thnt
was the happiest day of her life. • .
VirThe Bergen tunnel, on the Erie
liatiroad, which has been the ecene, ,of
many accidents. is pow lightedi
wttt a cal ,
mum light. ,