Clearfield Republican. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1851-1937, May 03, 1865, Image 1

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ir iv it
D. W. MOORE, Editor and Proprietor.
1-fiISCIPLES, not MEN. -.
To Mr. aud Mrs. Prampton Dell.
t mm. u. c. LEE.
you child too dwljr 1ot(1 f
5h has gone to ilsayea shore,
And would you meet that child 0 dear.
To meet with her In Haaren lecart f
...un;uanni irom every tin,
And let your 6av!or onter in.
jlomewfor liow she lurTored h ore
How patiently her pain the bore,
t5y would you meet that child above,
And with her sing redeeming lore
Then change your hearta from every fin,
And lrt your Suvior enter in.
The Bible trachea you the way j
Remember Uod'a mort holy day,
And let the Sabbath-breaWt roam,
And with Liitie teek a home
laen cieanse your ncnr'i rrom orery eia,
.And let jour Savior enter in.
Keep tho commandments to you given,
They'll guide your soul to peace in Heaven,
Kow-crowned in Heaven dear Linie stands,
n aVHnir, for you to join her band
Then cleanre yonr hearti from every sin,
And let your Savior enter in.
5ow lead your children on the way,
Teach them to love Uod'i holy day,
And then in Heaven yeuwillbo
An undiridod family.
Now Lizzie stands with harp in hand,
Waiting for you to join her band.
A lovely crown'adorni hor head,
Weep not, your daughter U not eaj
But with the shining host? ubovo, '
he sings of Chr!:t'g redeeming 'love.
ow Lmie lUfida with harp in hand,
naitinfj for you to join her band.
Could you buthonr her earnest voice,
Iiopluring yoa t a choice , .
To choose high Uoaven for your home,
Where death and lorrow nover come ;
You would lay Thy will, 0 Lord, bo duno,
Cltanso mo from sin, Thou holy One.
Iter rjiirit pleads for you above,
Oh, try to moet that child of love.
Think how she deeply suffered bore,
l;ut now ibe dwells in lloavoa secure,
Inviting you to join her band,
bear Linie stands with outstretched hand.
Bowin, Fed. 12th, 1S63.
The following letter ai amy be sunnisod
from its date has been on file for several week.
The delay, in Its publication was occasioned by
tirbio rumors afloat in this neighborhood affoet
Id( th official character of Capt. Campbell. As
these rumors have not been confirmed, wo feel it
to be our duty to lay tiis lotter, which may not
tl Insppropriately styled " Chapter I vf the
Hilton of the War in CtcarjUM," bofore our ros
ier. Wo take this liberty the more fae y fiom tho
bet that Capt. McKierja, In a noto accompa
Dying his letter, submits the propriety of Us pub
lication to our discretion. Editor.
Smitu's Mills, March 24, 18C5.
D. W. Mooai, Esq , Dear Sir When
Ibe Ittpullican containing Col. Campbell's
letter was received at this place I was not
at homo, or I think I ahould have been
templed to reply to it.
As it is I want to say a fow words to
you. I know that the Colonel, as woll as
the Journal, alias II. B. Swoopc, Esq., are
charging that I did not volo for Mr. Lin
coln hence one great point in writing
this loiter. It is to bring me into disre
pute with the Democratio patty, andde-
troy what friends I may have among the
vi'uuuiuu. -imiuuv entering luio a
I. ... . , . . .
lengthty review of Col. Campbe l'a letter
I will notice a few of its most nrominoM
features. lie says that I "had frorp. tima
o ica reported the impossibility of ob
taining aid or assistance frorr, thq luhabi
lantt in the prosecution 0f Vis (my) iV
ties, that, on the contrary deserters end
non-reporting drafted caen were secreted,
harbored and eroyed -m defiance of
me laws, dj msny (influential titiieni-.
that hi myj 0ffwrts mut prove fruitless
tt1nCM sustained by a military force and
thai he (I) bad been repeatedly fired upon
(While in tho execution of his (my) duty."
It is true that I did report "the impossi
bility of obtaining aid or assistance," not
'from the inhabitants at large, but from
i4he Republican party. I do not suppose
that there was another officer appointed
by the present administration so feebly
.sustained by the parly as I was. There
but three or four Republicans that'ment, when the precceding fever is at its
gave me anything like assistance, and as
for asking Democrats, it was too much
like asking a man to be his own execution
er. The only instance in which I em
ployed a Democrat, he did his duty choer
fully, and I believe faithfully. But, alas
for himhow much better It would have
been had be "touched not the unclean
thing." Samuel Louneberry will have
causo to remombor to his dying day that
lie was an employee of tho Government.
Again, "deserters and non-reporling
drafted men were secreted, harbored and
employed by citizens," "not many in
fluential." These words were added to
my report. ' I was advised to arrest these
men and hand them over to lho U.S.
Marshal at Pittsburg.
The deserters of most notorioty at that
time in the county were Tom. Adam and
Jim. McKee. It was patent that they
were employed by some one. A. T. Ma
son and myeeir, left Clearfield town
morning, with tho intention of arresting
knowledgmont I arrested Mr';Jaccb Heed
m having had them employed. I then
knew nothing about the man or his poli
tics, nor did I care. All I wished to do
was to break up the nest of those bad
mon, danis and McKee. I took Mr.
Rpeil tit PiII.Iim.. ..J I 1 . .
- - uv.( uul ou Uli own ac-
- -'"""s nun iittnaeu mm over
to tho District Attorney. About tho first
noru mo Attorney asked me was, "Is this
man a copperhead ?" I said since arrest
ing him-ho tolls ma he is a Republican.
He replied by saying, "this is not the
kind of men we are after. Wo want an
out spoken Copperhead, one that is oppo
sed to tho drafi" or words to this effect
He then asked Mr. Reed if he know any
such man. Reed said he did, and upon
bis making oath against Mr. Geo. SIoss as
the kind of man wanted, and his having
done the same thing that Reed was arres-
lui.uir, ugjj WM permillo'l
turn homo.
When I fouud ihat nc
e Dul Democrats
were to ,
- prosecutej I maJe no mora nr.
lje fact is I do not know of one
Well-authenticated caso of a Democrat
" lecret ing, harboring or employing deser
ters, or non-reporling drafted men." You
yourself know it was curiently reported
and believed at Clcarfiuld town that Ellis
Irvin, a Republican, harbored and em
ployed Oscar Shirely, a deserter, and Jos
eph Lansberry, a non-reporting drafted
man. And tho oiy time not repeatedly
I was " fired upon," was by Lansberrv.
whom I had just found in the employ of
a ttepuuiican. Again. It is truo that 1
told the Colonel that my "efforts must
prove fruition" in the arrest of de.crters
" unless sustainod by a military force."
Tho Colonel fails to tell his readers when
I asked for this " force." It was immedi
aloly after I was appointed Deputy Tio
vost Marshal. I told him then that thero
were a fow deserters in Clearfield, that the
county covered a very large scope of coun
try, was sparsely sottled, ana tuai two u.
three deserters could keep me running af
ter thein all summer. Soon alter this he
wrote to me that Major Myers had writ
ton to him from Harrioburg that Thomas
Adams, James McKeerAlei. McDcnaM
and others, all deserters, wero in Clear
field county, armed and ready to resist
the oflicors of the Government, and that
he should sond " a military force " to
hava them arrested. "But," continues
the Colonel, " I do not wish tg io lh;a for
fear they i. e. deserters, will ru cut of the
county. (Surely tua:e cc.uld have been
n harm in ri'kniog Ihem out of the
county.) V.'erenot these men left as a
nucleus far disaffected persons to gather
round! There must have been some ul
terior motive. I believe if he had sent
me at that time half a dozen soldiors to ar
rest desortors, not pcactalU eititens, that the
" numbers of eoserters from other coun
ties ir. the State " would nover have been
bero. As to my havinc asked for a " mil-
:.. ,, , r . 1 ,
I'ary force" to enforce the draft I donv
n , T . .
in toto. . On the contrary, I was elronclv
urged and adt ised by A. C. Finney and if.
B. Swoope, Esqs.; to not attempt to servo
the notices in Knos township, but without
reporting to Col. Campbell, to go to Gov. Cur-
tin and ask Lira for troops to assist me.
It was not after iw T .Vo,l ,J,!nf
thesa per . i .u, : i . ri3m nnu Blana luloro i"o won- ot tbo Treasury, and Air. Jdulilon Dicker
..ese geticmon and seldom took it when ,i. nn,l .HmiPBiinn nf thA wrrl,n . nr.. ...... . .
givn gratuitously. Hence the "charges"
against meal Brookville. I had no fears
of the poople of Knox township, and the
notices fere served quietly and without
tho tronps,
Feeling conscious that I havo dono no
wrong to the people of Clearfield county,
I am, sir, respectfully,
CSyThe mode of treatment practiced
by the Chinese, and the English oflicors
in China, for the sma'.l-pox, is to rub the
nil net with ornton oil and tartaric oint-
heicht. and just before tho eruption ap
pears. That causes the whole of tho e
tuption to appear on the chest, and re
lieve! the other parts of the body.
QSParisian society has been saddened
by the death of a young lady of rank and
fashion. On a post mortem examination it
was found that her decease was owing to
tight laoisg. Her stays had forced three
of her ribs into her liver. What a sensi
ble woman 1
BCVBricham vn. s. -r.,n I
tral. In a recent sermon ho said: Tho1
North nravs thai their .frib-a 1
into the heart of every Rebel, and I say.
Amen i ahu mo oouin prays that the
North may cut down on a thousand bat
tle fields, and again I say, Amen 1
JM?-"Oh, mother 1 do send for the doc
tor 1" said a little boy of throo years.
"What for, my dear:" "Why, ther's a
gentleman in the parlor who says he'll of Independence, both provide for Soces
die if Jane don't marry bim aud Jane' sion- But there is no time for words, I
ayt ebe won't!" , write in haste. I know how foolish I
. Tho folio iving verbatim copy of a letter
in writing which i the hand-writ tl tr
;pu uim?'"i M "Pen furnished ua bv
V r.S. m' " 'ard. United States
Marshall nf ., ., -;.y, . u .z
.v, VOI u isirici ot ienn
sylvania. It was handed over to that of
ficer by John S Clarke, who is a brother-in-law
of Mr. Booth- The history con
nected with it is somewhat peculiar. In
?e&rf ''.r0 Fr ty 00,h' 10 a en
velope, "for safe keeping." Ur. Clark bo
ing lgnoraut of tha rAnMi. r i.
jry last Booth culied .7 Mr." C.ark". ZZl
, j' . i'v-uso, ana it was given
liini. t 13 now Simnnco.l l (,.. . . l . .
tin o he took out the papor and added to
it . his s.gnature, which appear, to bo in a
dillerent .nk from that uVed in tho
of the letter, and also from the bua
employed could not have boor ,)U.b
or.ginally. Afterward h- Z-Zl th
package to Mr. Clark hRi , I"
"j wince. Bih 'vv prc ptwn
Tho loi - . 1 MiMptM J rest.
IDfl U'.lT lifts frtllnw..
iuiuk dosi- jsui as tumt may wish
know when, who and u-hu un i o. I !,,,
not how to direct, I give it (in tho words
of your master)
Right or wrong. God judge, not man.
rot bo my motive good or bad, for one
thing I am sure, tho lasting condemna
tion of the North,
I love peace moro than life. Have lov
ed tho Union beyond expression. For
four years have I waited, honed
. r. .i i i. ,i . ' .
iui iiiu tiouu io oienK, ana
toration of our former sunshine,
longer would bo a crime. All
peace is ueud. JUy Diavers
1 -
as idle as my hopes. Gods will bo dot;o.
I go to soo aud sharo the b ittcr nd.
I have ever held the South wero right,
"o ery uoiuin mon oi Aoruliam Li
: ,.i
four v .mm i. . '
, , ,,mjl war war fiio na't grown. U bow I have lon-ed to
upon Southern right, and institutions. ' see hor break from the mi ? of lood and
11 a elec ion proved it. "Await an overt death that circles round her folds 6. o " I-
v u iv! 1 r b b0Ut.h wus Wls0-1 But D0' tl;,v bi" llllv h b been dra-nd
n ho thinks o argument or patience when 'deeper and deeper into cruelly aa on
h. finger of on. -i.emy presses on the ' pression till, now (in my rj" her oZ
trigger war I, too, could bright red strines look 1' 11
say, "country, right or wrong." But in .'on V. faeo c f 1 a n 1 fotklJTiS'
struggle nek a ours wheie the brother ' on my early r.dmirat iar Jh JirZ, ?'
trios to pierce tho brother's heart I frlJr-m f. . " T- , Ud.n.of her Z?ut u a
God's sake, choose tha rioht U'h- .
couiury lino
side, she forfeits
the allegianco of every
honest freeman, and should leave him,
uutrammeled by any fealty soever, to. net
as his conscience may approve,
reoplo ofthe North, to bite tyranny,
to love hboityand Jus'.,ce, to strike at
wrong and oppressio., ii,-'
ui vui iuluu'o, ha Blinlv r.rniirnuHir hiti
'"'J 4 D0 let me forget it, cud may It
-it J J
J .iiS country was formed for the white,
not for tho black man. And looking up
on African slavery from the same stand
point held by the nolle framers of our
Constitution, I, for one, have over consid
ered it one af ibe greatest blessings (both
for themselves and u.) that God ever be
stowed upon a favored nation. Witness
heretofore our wealth and power ; witness
their elevation and enlightenment above
their race elsewhere. 1 have lived among
it most of my life, and have seen less hartb
treatment from master to mnn than I have
bnheld in the North from father to son.
Yet, Ito&veu knows, no one would be will
ing to do more for (he negro race than I,
could I but see a way to still letter their con
dition. But Lincoln's policy i3 only proparing
the way for their annihilation. Tho South
are not, nor have they been fighting for the con
tinuance of slavery. The first battlo of
Bull Run did away with that idea. Their
causes since for war have been as noble and
greater far than those that urged our fathers on.
Even should we allow they were wrong at
tho beginning of this cou tost, crue't' and in-
';'" have made the wrong becomo the
rr C i I 7 r , ,
reading of their deeds, Thermopylm will be!
When I aided in the capturo and e.o -
cution of John Brown (who was a .mur -
uorer on our v esiern uorner, onu who
was fairly fri'd and eont'totc'i, before an im
partial judge and jury, of treason, and
who, by the way, has since been made a
gou.iwas prouu in my n .10 stiuro in
tho transaction, for I deemod it my duty,
and that I was helping my common coun -
try to perform an act of justice, Hut
what was a crime in poor John Brown is
now considered (by themselves) as tho
greatest ami only virtuo of tho whole Re
publican parly. Strange transmigration !
Vice to become a virtue, simply because
more indulge in it.
I thought then as nme, that tho Aboli
tionists were the only traitors In the land, and
that tho entire party deserved the same
fate of poor old Brown, not because they
wish to abolish slavery, but on account of
the means they have ever endeavored to
use lo effect that abolition. If Brown were
living I doubt whether ho himself would
set slavery against tho Union, Most or
msnv in vho North do, and oponly curse
the Union, if the South are to return and
reUlQ 11 lln3lc riJhl guaranteed to them by
every tie which we once revered as sacred.
The South can make no choice. It is
either extermination or slavery for than
selves (worse than death) to draw from. 1
know my choice.
I have also studied hard to discover up
on what grounds tho right of o State to so
ceed has boon denied, when our very
name, United States, and the Declaration
shall be dpm,i r ... . .
now I have Z Tl... T ' ' plf'!
...... a " ;.c.s,i,sji ,r
Godismv ",.; V, Sfte!ns ln8a,,; Lul
I do 1 .love Juslic limn
u.ury mat disowns il :
ITilO P.lifl bl..1.1, t t r
mnrA limn
A Paid wealth : moro II
mo .f wrong) more than a happy home.
'avo nevor boon upon a battlo -field ;
but U, my country mon, could you all but
seo the reality or ellects of this horrid war.
as I Lave soon them (in every State, save
erfi'"".) I know you woulj thiuk liko
mo, and would pray tho Almighty to cre
ate in the Northern mind a seiie of rijht
and juttice (even should it pooss no nea
sonuig of tnercv.l and that II.. i .1....
t(J tip tins sea of blood between us, which is
B'u"'''SSYRier. Alas! poor country,
is she to moet her threatened doom?
rour years ago, I would have gien a
thousand lives to seo her remain (as 1 had
alwajs known her) powerful and unbio
ken. And even now 1 would hold my
hfo as naught, to see her what tho was.
0 my friends, if tho fearful scenes of Hie
past four years had never t een onacUd,
or if what bus been had been but a li iiiht
rul dream from which wo could not a
wake, with what oveiiW im. i.,.rtM ..1.1
for a res- ; we bless our God and pruy lor his con tin
Jo wait ued favor- How I have loved thewM.,7
- nun uu IVI1U1VI), A IUW Vl illS
since and the entiro world c.nild boit ol
none so pure and spotless, j'.ut 1 havo ol
late been seeing aud hearing of theWWy
u-.i of which bho has lem m.u'c IhccmlLm.
i ii i , . . . . -"ikt
" D"uul' lu l,11UK 0W Cliange.l
1 T. eZ .-Su llJln-'3 bUnU l0"uy-)
is for the Sou.'.h alono.
Nor do I deem it
a rrioner of this umu,to whomilT'okS
(So much of
misery. If success attend
me, I go penniless to her side. They say
she has found that "last ililch" which the
North have so long derided, and been en
deavoring to forco hor in, forgetting they
aieour brothers, and that it's imnolilic
' ir .mm nn in..nur
. 2 V"VI f LIS UillHUllPO
Should !
her true. 1
reach her in safely and find
will proudly ben permission to triumph
or dio in that "same ditch" by her tide.
A Confederate, doing duty upon his own res
ponsibility. J. Wilkes lioorn.
The assassination of President Lincoln
brings to mind the attempted assassina
tion of Provident Jackson, in 1835. Mr.
Benton, in his "Thirty Years' View"
gives the following account of it :
On Friday, tho 30th of January, the
President with some members of his Cab
inet, attended the funeral ceremonies of
Warren R. Davis, Esq., in tho 11 all of tho
House of Representative of which body
Mr. Davis had been a member from the
Slate of t'outh Carolina. The procession
haj moved out with tho body, and its
front had reached tho foot of the broad
steps of tho eastern portico, when the
President, with Mr. Woodbury. Secretary
sou, iocretary oi tno iavy, were issuing
frotn lUo ,loor of lho Ereat rotunda
which opens upon tbo portico. At that
i instant a poison stepped from tho crawd
. int0 lho lillle opon ,.,nM jo frout 0f the
into tho little open space jn
President, lovelled a pistol at him, at the
distance of about eight feet, and attempt
ed to fire. It was a percussion lock, and
lho c oJo j wilhout fi,.in , the rolv.
, . ... ,. , . - .,
, der ,n tl,e bttrro1- lhe explosion of the
cap wos so loud many thou't tho pistol had
I heard it at Ihe fool of tho steps, far
from the place, and a great crowd between.
Instantly the person droppod tho pistol
which had missed fire, took another
which ho held ready cocked in lho loft
band concealed by a cloak levelled it
and pulled the triggor. It wasalno a per
cussion lock, and the cap exploded with
out firing the powder in the barrel. The
President inutantly rushed upon him with
his u "lifted cane ; Jhe man shrunk back ;
Mr. Woodbury aimed a blow nt him j Lt.
Gedney of tho Navy knocked him down;
he was secured by the bystanders, who
delivered him to lho officers of Justice for
judicial examination. Tho examination
took placo before tho chief justice of lho
district, Mr. Cranch, by whom ho was
committed in default of bail. His name
was ascertained to be Richard Lawrence,
an Englihman by birth, and house paint
er by trade, at prosontout of employment,
melancholy and irascible. The pistols
were examined, a c J found to be ei load
ed ; nml Rr,l r. t ... . . ..
-- , .wrwnrus wituout Tail, car-
rVltlfr II. a,. I. ..II.... ... . . ...
true, and driving
them through inch boards at Ihirt fcBt
y feet
distance: nor could anv i. r. 1
for the two failures at the door of tho ro -
seemea to beat his ease, as if unconscious
or haying done anything wrong refusing
to cross-examine tho witnesses who tesli -
fiud against him, or give any explanation
Of hi. conduct.
A Surrender and Peace Under Consideration.
-77.C Ajreemcnl Countermanded by the
1 resident an i Cabinet.- Jl.jstiUtiet to Recommence.-
(Jen. Grant to take Command
of Sherman s Army.
WAsniNoTON, April 22 Y'eslerday eve
ning a bearer t.r u dispatch arrived from
General Sherman. An agreement for the
suspension of hostilities, and a memoran
dum of what is called a basis of peace, 1ml
beon entered into on the 18lh instant by
Johnston, tho rebel General Breekein id-e
being present at the conference
A Cabinet meeting was held at 8 o'clock
in the evening, at which tho action of
Gen. Sherman was disavowed by the Sec
retary of War, by General Grant, and by
every member of the Cabinet.
General Shenr.nn was ordered to ro
sumo hostilities immediately; and he was
directed that the instructions given l y
the late President in Hie following tele
gram, which was penned by Mr, Lincoln
himself at the Cupi'.ol, on ine m-hi ol'the
od of March, wereapproved by President
Audrew-Johnson, and wero reiterated to
govern tho action of military command
ers. On the ni-ht of the 3d of March, whilo
Prendent Lincoln and his Cabinet wero
at tho Capitol, h telegram from General
Grant w as brought to tlio.Seoi elary of War,
informing him that General Lee had re
quested an interview or conference to
arrange for temiB of prarc, The let
ter of General Lee was published in b
message of Davis to the rebel Congress
P,l T' ' B7,. 1 1 ' ZT.T2X:
few minutes, took up his pen and wrote
wiih his own hands the following reply,
which ho submitted to tho secretary of
Stato and Secretary of War.and telegraph
ed to Genera! Grant,
Wasiiinuto.v, March 3, 12 P. M.
Lieut. (Jencral Grant: Tho President directs
me to Bay to you that lie whihhrs you to
have no conference with General Lee, un
less it bo for tho capitulation of General
Lee's army, or oi. sorao minor and purely
military matter.
He instructs mo to say that you arc not
to decido, discuss, or confer' upon any
t olilical questions. Such questions lho
President holds in his own hands, and
will not submit them lo military confer
ence or conventions. In tho meantime
you are to press to the utmost your mili
tary advantages.
Edwin M. Stantov,
Secretary of War.
The orders of General Sherman to Gen
eral Stoneman, to withdraw from Salis
bury and join him, will probably opon the
way for 1'avis to escape to Mexico or t J
Kuropo with his plunder, which is report
ed to be very largo, including not only
tho plunder of Ihe Richmond banks, but
previous accumulations.
A despatch received from Richmond
says "It is ktatcd hero by responsible
parties that the amount of gpecio taken
South by Jeff Davis and his party is very
largo, including not only the plunder of
the Richmond banks, but previous accu
mulations." They hope, il ii saiJ, to maka term
with Gen. Sherman or some other South
ern commander hyjwhich;they will be per
mitted, with their ell'ocls, including tboir
gold plunder, to go lo Mexico or Kurope.
Johnston's negotiations look to this end.
After tho Cabinot meeting List night,
Gen. Grant started for Nortli Cirolina, lo
direct operations against . Johusion's
Edwin M. Stantov,
Secretary of War.
terms or Johnston's slrhkndf.k ruj ectld
n v tiii: cioveknub.nt.
Washington, April 23- Aa report
have Imen in circulation for somo time of
correspondence between Generals John
ston and Sherman, the following iiiemor -
andum or basis of what was agreed upon j acter, and in doing this never reckon ou
between thoio two generals, ' und tho re- cost
suit, is published : Remember that self interest is more
Memorandum or basis of agreement, J likely to warp your judgment than all
made this, the lSth day of April, A. D, l other circumstances combined, therefore
18(j.r), near Durham's Station, in tho Stato ( look well to your duty when your iutcr
of North Carolina, by and botween Gen. . est is concerned.
Joseph E. Johnston, commanding tho Never attempt to mako money at tho
Con fedoral a
fcrmy, ana Major uenerai
William T.
Sherman, commanding tho
army of lho
Lnited feiatcs, both pres-
l ust. 1 ho contending armies now in
the field lo maintain the stales nuo until
notico is given by tho commanding Gen
oral of any one to its opponent and reas-
onablo time, say forty eight hours allow
ed. Second. The Confederate armies now
;n T;uir.n .... i. ,i:..i i i i .. ...i. i.
ed to their several State capitals, there lo gam your case you aro goner, uy, .osor.
dep. t their arms aHpul l'o property in Avoid both borrowing and lending,
the Stato arsenai, ami each 'olheer and Liquor, "'"2, "fh 'im
manexecuto and file an agreement to chewing tobacco aro ba habiU; they im
cease from acts or iar. and to abide tho1 pair the mind and pocket, and lead to a
Sn o both State and Federal author.- waste of time They tend to et one down
tie Tho number 0r arms and munitions but never to lift one oP, in the regard ol
or war to be reported to the Chief of Or- th virtuous and the good
innee at Washington city, suljectlo the Never relate your misfoi tuoes lo other?,
future actiou of He Congress of tho Uni-.and n t ier jntve cvet wfcnt ycucan pre
ted Siiile, and in the aeinuaje to be us- yolI .
TERMS2 00 Per Annum, if paid ia advano9
ed solelv lo
: . B"'Lli 10
maintain peace and order
within th. ' "i V':."? nuu er
w. lavc, respective-
. v .
Third. The recognition i, m. p
'sHJ ? "" Slale,sof tbn veral
the Constitution of the United States and
i wpro conflicting State Governmenls'have
! If," u , ,, ,ora W!,r- tho legitimacy of
of if. uStl.
Foul,l,. Tll0 re-oMnM?;,! -r .
ederal tout -a in ihe several States with
owers as elelined bv the (Jon(i
' 'owcrs
laws of Congress.
' --mhii.kmuuu null
J-i tl . il.e people and inhabitants of
all States to bu guaranteed, as far as the
hxecutive can, their political rights and
fi, as well as their rights of person
and property , as defined by tho Constitu
tion of tho Lnited States, and of the
States respectively.
Sixth. The Executive authority or Gov
ernment of tho United States not to dis
turb any of the people by reason of tho
late war, so long as they live in peace and
quiet, and ubstaiu from acts of armed hos
tility, and obey lh8 laws ia existence at
toe place of their residence.
Seventh. In general terms it is an
nounced that the war is to ceae ; a cen
tral amnesty so far as the Executive of tho
United stated can command, on condition
of tho disbandment of tho Confederate
armies, tne distribution of arm, and the
resumption of peaceful persuits by officers,
ami men hitherto composing said armies.
Not being fully empowered by our rosnec
tive pniidrulsto fullfilljjthr-be terms, we
individually and officially pledge oumolvesj
to promptly obtain aiithorin- nn.l ,;m
endeavor ti. carry out tho abovo pro-
.r . , W. T. SllEllMAN
M ijor General, commanding Army of
bulled States in North Carolina.
,, , J. E- JonvsTOY.
General, commanding C- S. Army in
North Carolina.
It is reporte I that this proceeding of
General Sherman is disapproved
lor tho following among other reas
ons :
first. It was in exorcise of authority
not vestod in General Sherman, and on it3
!aco Bhows that both lift Anil .Tfirmaf
i kDcw. -'nan had no anihor"
lnto uny such
Second. It was a practical acknowledge
ment of the rebel government-
Third. It undertook lo re-establish
State Governments that has been over
loyal lives 'and immense treasureV'aflil
placed arms and munitions of war in
hands ol rebels at their respoctive capitals,
which might be used as soou at the arm
ies of the United States were disabanded,
and used to conquer aud subdue loyal
Fourth. By tho restoration of rebel au
thority in their respective States, they
would be enabled to re-establish slavery.
Fifth. It might furnish a ground of re
sponsibility on tho part of lho Fedoral
Government to pay tho rebel debt, and
certainly subjects loyal citizens of rebel
States to debts contracted by rebels iu tho
namo of tho State.
Sixth, lt puts in dicpulo tho existenco
of loyal State Governments and the new
State of West Virginia, which had been
recognized by every department of tho
United States Government.
Soventh. It practically abolished con
fiscation laws, and relieved rebels of every
degrco who had slaughtered our people,
from ull pains and penalties for their
Eighth. It gavo terms that had been
deliberately, repeatedly, and solemnly re
jected by President LincolnJ and bolter
terms than rebels had ever asked, in their
most prosperous condition.
Ninth. Il formed no basis of true and
lasting peace, but relieved rebels from tho
pressure of our victories, and left them in
a condition to renew their efforts to
everthrow Ihe United SUtos Government,
and subdue tho loyal States whenever
their strength was recruitou and any op
portunity should oil'or.
Bi'siness Rcles roR Young Men. Tho
world estimates men by their success in
life, and, by general consent pei manent,
success is evidonco of superiority. '
Never under any circumstances, assume
a responsibility you can avoid consistent
ly with your duly to yourself and others.
In other words, "mind your own busi
ness." '.Use all your action upon a principle
1 of justice, preserve your integrity of char
exnenso of vour renutatiun.
silo neither lavish nor niu-erly j of the
two avoid the latter. A aiean man is un
iversally despised, but" public favor is a
steppicg-stono to preferment ; therefore
generous feeling should bo cultivated.
Promitohut little i tbink much and do
moro. " , . ,
Lot your expenses be eueh as lo leave
n balance in your pocket. Ready monoy
is always, a friend in nerd.
Keep clear of lawsuits lot even n you