Newspaper Page Text
. m . " 11 ! - SV'V '''' V 1
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... M4 " l.JT i J .J : .11 'Jt f .:.
D. W. MOOBE, Editor and Proprietor.
VOL. XXXVI.-WIIOLE NO.
THE NEXT DRAFT
JUtrospect Concerning Me Men Called for in
1804-1,200,000 Men tolled or nee Feb-
rvaru 1 What hut beme of Them', A
w v (ne .uacr.
From the Commercial Advertir, Dca 13 .
. i.i ... , .
AllOOUSn IhSI noiinlr mm hhimI ,'..U U. T .nn n .1.-. :n.:
.Solicitor Whiting, and by .riM. other
official outeivinea just previous lo the
presidential election, that the last draft
had been auccessful, and that the govern-
llient had oLtaind all tha man nnH Atron
uienv iu oiuiioeu au me men, ana evon
more iimo waa. iieeaea, to capture Hicb-
in mil. i n a. liih rRi man rAmmti am a -
tlie entire South, and endl the rebellion.
w - vvuiuiuuivniiuii vi
ytt reared Lnd the result of the election
been announced, when the provost-tnar-ahal
general issued orders for a revision
and correction of the enrollment in all the
Stales ; and from this order and other of
ficial and unofficial announcements and
hints, here is now a very goneral impres
sion in the public mind that another
draft is soon to be made. Under these-!
' circumstances a brief retrospect of what
Lai already been done, or left undone, in
tne way oi uraKing, may uot be uninter
esting to our readers. The people are not
eeneiauy aware oi me tact (and it would
hardly seem that the government itself is
conraious oi iij innt since me 1st oi reo
rusry last, a period of little less than ten
months, the President has issued calls for
volunteers and ordered drafts to Gil quo
las not filled by volunteering, to the num
ber cf 1,200,000 men. On the first of Feb
ruary last, be issued a call for 000,000 men,
and ordered a draft on tbo 10th of March
following for all deficiencies not filled by
volunteering at that 4ate. On the 15th
of March he ordered a new draft for 200.-
000 more men. alleging as an excuse the
? 1 ! 1 - . . f . I .
luiiuvuiuio Dt'crtvmes oi me army ana
naval service. On the 10th of July, ano
ther eull for 500,000 men was made, and
a (kalt ordered for all deficiencies exist
ing on the 5th of September following.
With regard to the first two calls, those of
February 1 and or March 15, various ex
cuses were given by the government and
champions of the administration for thair
not proving effectual in -filling up the
ranks to the extent anticipated. A large
portion of the February call, it was said,
tas dicposed of in settling up old claims
nnd striking balances for excess of men
furnished by various States over previous
oalls ; and as to the ILaroh oall it was al
leged that more than half of that was fill
ed by the re-enlistment orvewraus hIicij
in the service, thus bringing less than one
hundred thousand new recruits to the
army. But the last call in July for.500,
000 men was not supposed lo be subject
to any of shese drawbacks, nnd Congress,
having in the meantime abnlinhed the
$300 commutation clause, and compelled
every drafted man to either go him
self or furnishja substitute, it was uni
versally understood . by the peopie, and
so gifen out by government ollicial. that
thiseall would be effective, aud would
bring to th array all te reinforcements
needed to crush the rebellion and restore
peaoo to the country. From the date
of the call up to the timo of the election
the newspapers were full of theso assur
ances, both official and unofficial, and the
people were given to understand on oil
sides that the last draft had heon ordered,
that our armies were already or soon
would be, amply roinforced, aod that the
end of tho rebellion was nigh. As speci
mens of tba hundreds of newspaper arti
cles and official assurances to this effect,
we will quote the following. On the 2Jd
oT July, four days afior the call, the Aew
York Tunes, in an editorial articlo said :
"Tho immense reinforcements which
will be secured lo themtional armies by
the last proclamation of the President, or
course have a most important tnilitaiy
bearing. They will make these armies ir
resistioly superior to any force the "con
federates" can bring against them, if
Leo's and Johnston's armies have not been
able to prevent Grant and Sherman from
fighting their way through the most de
fensible parts of tho " confederacy " with
lho old levies, it is a sound military con
clusion that when the now levisare add
ed to thorn, it will l iu our power topen
etrate to any part of the South, and, and
to drive the rebollion to its last ditch.
The draft is to take place oo theith of
September. In many, and perhaps most
portions of the North, it will be fully met
in advance by volunteer enlistments. Iu
all, the draft, without serious dilBcull),
will supplement any deficiency m volun
teorine. There is little or no doubt that
before the end of October the enure
force called for will be under arms. From
the time this rosult is attained -we iuy
ay, indeed, from the time when it be
comes apparent to the rebels that it will
be obtained signs, we beliovc, will mul
tiply of a new anxiety on their part for
On the 28th of July tho same paper
gave the public the following editorial in-
lormation : , ...
"Several of the Stales have credits on
other calls, which will reduce the number
of fresh troops actually supplied by the
rresent call to about four, hundred thous
and men. With the vast addition to our
present forces which will be eiven by this
xsall of the President, every main railroad
now loft in the confederacy," ought to
be, and under tho management of Lieutenant-Gen.
Grant, unquestionably would
ha hpntinht into our control within three
. Tr.Anih. hnn that is onoedone, the time.
lor rebel surrender would soon come, even
were net another gun fired."
TDK DRAFT HOT TO M W80XK.
The following editorial extracts and
Washiagton dispatch! to the same paper
will show that thej fiovernment authori
ties were determined that this tast call
should result in filling up oar armies, and
that the President was resoiveaw smw"
tie draft at all hazards
j i . ii i j
ThtSs.'UJ fane" that the adoxin Wrv '
uon irii w Duugmi trom the duty or e-
S!, ?U.0'cd P?.io-l
At I 1 si m .
i . T.i P08,llvf made' " the
ffTrVJTa ""d" that it
should be. General Grant is awattinir ita
fruitii to tuaKea aura thing of Richmond
The determination on tlaia acore u irrevo-
cable, nnd Mr. Lincoln declarea that if hi.
. . . .
J re-e.ection i. to be bau.ked by mVan. of
thin measure, he will at least hav tl. au
Ufaction of going down with the colors
flying I" wim, lty. 23.
MTk.?u;,Uni .iLn.l. i
" ibe i'resident eland firm ncainst ev
ery solicitation to postpone the draft. To
' i: i l i .
the procrastinatora who have nsiced if.
that they may fill tboir quotas by volun -
teers, his reply is, lhat for
this end his
proclamation gave ample time, and that
the army is not to be punished if that
lime has been wasted. To the alarmists
who are concerned lest the draft cannot
be enforced without reiiistance and insur-
rpoilnn hi. ir.ltr U ii.a if it i.. .
iL' it ! 1 .a
ion, tue qmcner me government proves
its powers to maintain its laws, the lietler,
to the little calculators of his rartv who
are exorcised lest the, enforcement of this
draft will defeat his election, his reply u,
Uiat whatever his fato, he shall do his du
ty. We rejoice in this spirit. "It is pre
cisely what the crUis demands." Times,
August 25. 1
WUAT GENERAL GRANT NEEDED TO FINISH U?
It is no mere poor judgment of mine,
but the authoritative utterance of the head
of ail our armies, that it is in the hands
of the people to end the rebellion at a
blow; Lieutenant-General Grant has de
clared that "if he had now but a hundred
thousand freh men he coulJ, in fifty
days, do up all the fighting that tuods to
be done during the war.,' This in no shal
low heresay; it is the authentic declara
tion of the high name given ; and the sen
timent is affirmed by every military man
1 have latoly met.. Half that force added
lo General Grant's 'own immediate army,
would enable him lo stretch bis lino a
crois lo the Dunvilie road, and positively
compel the abandonment of Virginia; the
other half would put Hoods army into the
hands of General Shermnu. Is there liv
ing patriotism enough left in the country
to evoke lho means fi.r so glorious a con
summation T If there were net, it might
well raise- the question whether such a
people doserved to be saved f The druft.
is designed to give General 6ranl the hun
dred thousand, and three times the hun
dred IbOUBUlid lllm, lig uv. .1. nnnoluda
the war withal. That measure rings thu
death-knell of the rebellion. The leaders
or the rebellion in the South know it; the
nbbettors of the rebellion in the North
know it, and henno their efforts to thwart
it. The draft will be made in spite or
both. Time i' Watuiittv Dispatch, Auyurt
WUAT BECKCTARV S7MXTOS SAID.
The Toregoing was confirmed by an offi
cial dispatch of Secretary Stanton to Gen
eral Dix, dated September 3, in which he
The naval and other credits required
by tho act of Congress will nmount to a
bout two hundred thousand, including N.
Y which has not teen reported yet to
the department; so that the President's
call of July 19th is practically reduced to
three hundred thousand men. Ur:o Hun
dred thousand new troops, promptly fu
nished, are all that General Urnnt asks
for the capture of Richmond, and to give
a finishing blow to the rebel nrmios in
the Cold. I he residue ot tne call wouiu
be adequate for garrisons in forts and to
guurd all the line of communication and
supply, free the country from gurillas,
give security to trade, protect commerce
and travel, and establish peace, order, and
tranquility in evory state."
WUAT CENfRALS GRtVT AXD SHERMAN SAID.
In order apparently to bo thoroughly
fortified for the enforcement of tho draft,
the oovernment urocured from Generals
Granl and Sherman an expression of the'r
opinion upon its necessity, and according -
Iv wn find them both teleffranhmc to Sec
retary Stanton on the same day (the 13th
or Sept. J lueir views oi iub buojcuv u v
10 "General Grant said : "We ought lo
have the whole number of men called for
S! p.Wr.iJn. n iha ihortest possible
ujr . . . " i r.,r. 1
1 1 ma
rrompi Miion ..i u ... t
will have tnoieeffeto upon the enemy than
a victory over them. I hey profess to be
lieve and make their men believe there is
such a party North in laror oi lecognuiug
southern independence that the draft can
not bo enforced. Lot them ueunueceive'i.
Deserters ootno into our lines daily, who
tell us that the men are nearly universal
ly tired of the war, and that desertions
would be much more frequent, but they
ill be necotiatod after the
Ml election. The enforcement ofthenswvv
draft and prompt tilling up of our armies
will save therheiiatng oi uooa w u im
Goneral Shcrmau's dispatch was as fol
"I am very gld to her.r the draft will
be enforced. First, wo heed the ruon ;
secondly, they como as privates lo fill up
our old and tried regiments with their
oxperioncoil officers already on hand ; and
third, bocause the enforcement of the law
will manifest a power resident in our gov
ernment equal to the occasion. Our gov
ernment, though a Democracy, should in
limes of trouble and danger, bo able to
wield the power or a gteut nation-"
WQAT 8ECRRTARV SEWAROSAID.
On the 5th of September Secretary 5ow-
ard ode speech in A burn, in which ho
said that ''we shall have no draft, besiuse
the army is being reinforced at mo rata
ror tn thousand per day by volun-
hut in a tubsequeni speocn,
mnrla in Washineton. he modified, tao
slatoment as follows: " j-rllow - citi -
EKNS ! in a Bpeeen l idhub """
tht thee should be no draft became
In a speeeh I made a uourn i
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, DEC. 21, 1861.
the army is being reinforced by five to ten
.lUouwDd voluntas per day. M Plo
understood me and cleared
their district of the draft by voluntoorinc.
Patrjptic men in Philadelphia write b
that thera ih .,,ia,.t,i ....
. ...v.w v i yuuriaiuiiu lilt L i !l7
that there will be noJraft. ond thersfo-o
they atop ?obinteering. I a mil myse'f
therefore, of Si-ocasion to m,r.,iih.!
J.. . r .1 . j.o.. .
,hn i,...ir il S li. " f a.1 00 7.
ii.uii ut nui.9. hiiiiih fi rii 1 1 n 1 1 1 1
. , " . , . iuoi atrocious '.n.faHurn "Wo mutt "
we do not volunteer and so DreJKai,i xr. . v ..mur
I hope that roint is
-' tUB DRAFT ORDRRED
!G un 11)0 l ith of September Secrlnry
' . miegrapiieu 10 uenerai LMxas tol-
"The draft is ordered to comence in all
IhoRtates and districts where the quota is
not filled ty voluulecrs on Monday, tho
l'.Hh, and will go on until completed.
I oiunteers ana substitutes will bo receiv-
u anu creuiieu i us mieu periou an pos
sible. olunteering is still progressing
with vigor in most of the states."
Subsequently the country was informed
that both tlw private secretaries of Presi
dent Lincoln had been drafted, which was
considered pretty good evidence that the
draft was being enforced to the letter.
Now, '"on perusing the foregoing, pcveral
reflections and inquiries naturally suggest
themselves to every mind.
Fir si. If the draft under lho last call
for 500,000 men was thus enforced to tho
luttor, a the government assured the peo
ple it would lie, and as the country sup
pOBod it had been, what has become f
tho men, and whence the need of another
druft ? We have seen that according to
the lowei-t estimate or Secretary Stanton,
and after deducting all claims and draw
backs from evory quarter, the draft whs to
produce not lesthan 10,000 men, nnd as
"all that Geu. Grant asks for the capture
of Richmond, and lo give tho finishing
blow to the 'rebel nrmios yet in the field,
is 100,000 meg," the remaining 200,000
"would bo adequate for garrisons in forts,
aiid to guard all lho lines of 'communica
tion and supply, free the country from
guerrillas, give security to trade, protect
commerce and travel, and establish peac?,
order, and tranquility in every state."
&cond. If Ibe drall wan n$t enforced ac
cording to the pregraaime laid down with
snob a llouasli oi trumpets uy me gov
em men t, And why should
tho covviiment talk about another draft
.,..ii r.., ii; u.i nnin all imviiit .
untilit enforces the last one in all localities
.un. .lofinipnpy vet remains? It is not
to bo supposed, after lho euipnaui; uou.
anccs ol government officials to the con
trary, that the President refrained from
enforcing lho draft in any locality before
the election for politicrl reasons, and yet
kb hi.v board within a week past of sup-
drafts in Washington, and of
a draft ordered and then postponed in
Kentucky. What is tho meaning of these
reports? is it true that the last draft still
remains unenforced in any part ..of the
country? If so, the government cannot
be too quick in completing it, and, until
they do this, lherBhould bo no talk of
another draft in thoe stales which hove
filled their quotas. Should it eventually
prove true that the heads of departments
at Washington, from Secretary Seward
down, as well as the comanding general
false prophets, and that
another half million of men will be need
ed to do what 100,000 was to do in three
moths, we may then have a worn to Bay
about lho wholo business or uraanig as
hitherto conducted by tho government
oV.mii Mm utter lack of system and
la!in disnlnved bv tho head of
the War Department In his spasmodic, op
pressive, onerous, and expensive efforts
to raise men for our armies. Tho friends
of Secretary Stanton say that he is the hard
est working tucmbor of the cabinet ; that
bo works sixteon hours or mjre P5.r,'i'!y
We would respectfully suggest that if oo
would work but eight hours n day, he
I (i r- purer bead, and, by hav-
I n nloro time to think, might be ablo
' reduc0 the business of bis department to
nma kind O SVSieni. wuilu nuu...
j ,j8 labors, and prove much more accepts
j,le to the people.
AlmanM for the joai rul'" " 1 '
! Lynchburg, Va., gives a statemen f the
i killed, wounded and prisoners iu
I ;,' , tllo war.for m-"V3 a.
battles of tho war.for !8ol- J ami 1. w
publishers say that tho returns for tho
first three years are accurate, ua.... -compiled
from official souices. Those for.
1SG1 are approximated, as no official
statements have been published, but they
are nevertheless nearly correct :
Killed. Wound. Pris.
1,031 3.812 l.fiOft
13,18'J 49,534 . 5,'J7o
12.200 48,000 71.2(H)
It 1 4'0
1 802. 20,275
Tot. 107,573 242,204
Federal loss in battle,
1 by sickness,
US, 18 1
, . , ... r-Q
Confederate Iftss in battle, .4..-ii
, ' by iiekucis, la0,000 u,n
.- . 1
Excess of Federal loss,
i its I Know I am a hcrtect osar in
( roanneV," said a young farmer
' s weet-ho.fr t. ro, indeed, you
joajn i ycu hwo newt uugea
.iosjti : jiuimnmm uuw
! y01l 4re .aore sheep than bear,"
" ....... ." '
EXECUTION OF THE GIRONDIST
r JOHN C. AB.10TT.
. During the progrew of the French Rev
olut.on, here wee two partiM Khj h V
rose, and for a long limB contested for
ilia ruiJIOlIlUCV. Ilia II irnnrl il. ... I t.U-
' T 7"? 8t, lha
i lho Jaoobina and iustainod lhm n ilir
. . -
i t is our only safety.'' . The Girondists at-
venipiea 10 nrrest the progress of the
frightful inassacrcis in nhich the Jaco
bins were engaging- They thus exposed
themselves to the dangerous charge of be
ing in sympathy with the aristocrats.' The
strife which epsued, a strifo involving life
or death, was one or tho most terribie ro
cordod in history.
JIadame lloland was one evening urg
ing Vergniaud to rally the Girondists par
ty at every hazard in arrest the massacres,
"The only hope of Franco," said sbe "is
in tlio sacredness.or the l.iw. This atro
cious carnago causes thousand or bosoms
to thrill with horror: All the wise nnd
good in France, and in the worlj, will
lise to sustain those whoexpose thoir own
hearts as the barrier to arrest such enor
mities." "Of what avail," was the sad reply or
Vergniaud, "can such exertions be ? The
assassins are supported by all the power
or the street. Such a conflict must neces
sarily terminate in a street fight. The
rannon are with our roes. Tho prominent
or the friends of order massacred. Terror
will restrain the rent. We shall ordy pro
voke our own destruction."
For several days lho strife raced In lha
Convention with the utmost intensity,
botweou the Girondists ami tho Jacobins.
The party which could obtain tho ma
jority would surely, consign the other to
lho scaffold.- M- Roland, the Girondist
Minister of tho Interior, was a man of
great power, but Madame R )!and wiili a
briiliunCV of iro.ailla flal.lnm anrnnamfl 'tim.
pared for bin; his speeches in the Conven-J
uon. r ranee recognizee ner marvellous n
bilities ; tho one n irty rot'anled her with
I adoration, and the other with hato. Pro
jbablynovur before in the history of tho
j world has a woman occupied such a posi
tion. It soon became evident that the
j rS9, r Jacobins would do.oond upon
I Madame Loland. and sho was urged to
escape irotu 1 arU. the heroic woman re-
ent.' " r r il " TS-A i? Sr- rVu'.fl J'fL1; nwAk
make nny attempt at street escape. My
enomies may always finl me in my place.
I owe my country an example of firmness,
and I will give it'1'
Sho remained in Taris, and soon per
ished upon the guillotine. The Conven
tion consisted ofeiL'ht hmnlred nisn.
Twenty-one or the most illustrious men
oT France were considered leaders or the
Girondists. The Jacobins accused them
of treason, and overawing the m timbers o!
the Convention by a mob, carried the ac
cusation, and condemned them to death.
It was then voted lhat all Poris should be
illuminated in view of tho triumph of the
people. At midnight tho whole Convoo
lion, in procesiion, traversed the brilliant
streets, loading, to grace their triumph,
tbo doomed Girondists. Thuy wero all
then consigned to the Concierperio, there
lo await lho final trral. Summer came ami
wont, whilo illustrious men lingered in
their a dungeons. With fortitude tho re
cord of which has enbnlmcd their tnomo
ries, they stru?glod to sustain eanh other
to meet that fate which they knew could
jiol be doubtful'
At length lho hour of final triumph
eamo. . With the most imposing military
array of infantry, cavalry, artillery, to
guard nnain.H the possibility of any coun
ter revolution, th prisoners wero con
ducted in a long procession, two by two,
to the judgement b ir. It was the 'Mih of
October, At eleven oclocli at niglit
the verdict was brought in, aud they were
doomed lo be led the next morning lo tho
guillolmo. As the sentence was pronoun
ced, one of lho Girondists, Valano, plun
ged his dagzor to his heart, and fell life
less to the lioor. Another in the delirium
of enthusiasm, shouted : "This is the most
glorious day of my lifel" It was midnight
when the victims were condtictod back to
tho Cohciorgeiro, as they marched along,
their voices bursted into tho Marsaillcs
Hymn, in tones which reverberated thr'o
lho corridors of the prison, -and eohoed
through the streets :
"Como children of yur country coibo,
Tbed:y of glory datfhson high,
And tyranny hns wido unfurled
Her blood stained baonor'in tbo sky.",
They ere placed in one largo ball, and
lho lifek'ss body of their companion wfts
deposited in ono corner1 liy decree of
; the assembly the romalns of Valuuo was
t0 he talton with (Die rest, l Iheguillo-
1 tine, and tho axo vns to sever tho head
1 from the lifeless body, and all the head-
Some fr lend s of the Girond ist 9 li -
. 1 .
bo interred together,
alely sent to them a sumptuous bsnquot,
their linal funeral repast. Alargooekcn
laulO s as spieiio. ruivn.iL vn v...? .m
brilWnnt lamps. The richest viands of
nmnla nnd wines wero broUtrhl in. Vases
of flowers smiled and tho costly dishes np-
nrvirpd one nfirr-tfinothcr. until tbo board
was covered with luxury and splendor.
In 6ilence they tonk their places at tho
i.i.i.. till,,, .11 ,,. rf lirilliant in.
I lll"U. iiicj imoii
tellcct, and most of them eloquent. A
,,rjost, Abbo. Lambcit, who bad gained
admission, with his pencil nolod down
i. !.: i ii.;. ;n,i;n.
llieir win ur fc "l'i nvjii-fiio, .(.i. .....iv-
. r l ! iT Tl. .. ..... ..l.
. ..h.i. .1 f....ii.. (..! 1 1, -
lions OI liuroinui. uu . uijs. nm riutuir
ted windows. - When the cloth was re-
moved, and lha fruits, the wine, and the
- flowers a one remainrsi. the conversation
became animated, wita occasional oursts
nt tfiintr' A fV nf the tinhelinvers in im-
' rnprtality pprleayorcij thus to meet thoir
doom. But it was hilaritv unnatural, and
unworthy of the men and their condition,
uvaia is not a jest, and be who attempts
to regard it does but dishonor himself. .
"WbaUhall we be doing at this time!
to-morrowi" asked Dacos. !
"We shall sleep," responded'one, "af-i
ter the fatigues of the day, to awake no
more. Death is but an endless slumber."
"No." reioined FniiMint. nnitiiloi.r..
i is not our destin v ThitOA Iwwlina mfiuW
PL... ,L... . . f""""'
j homj mougnis never die. To-morrow,
in other words, wo shall Lave soljed the
problem of the destiny of the human
Ail turned to Vergniaud m by a com
mon impulse. His discourse wai long,
nnd has been described as tho most elo
quent ever uttered by human lips;
"Death." said ho, in conclusion, "is the
greatest of life, It introduces us lo a no
blo existence. Woie it not so, there would
be something greater than God. It would
be just man imolating hi.usclf anelessly
Jnnd hopelessly for his couutry. Nol-r
Verguiaud is no greator than God. God
will not suilor Vergniaud to-morrow to as
cend tho scaffold but to' justify andaver.'ge
him in future ages,"
As lho light of morn penetrated Ihe
dungeon, some sought a moment's sleep,
others a last line to frionds, whilo others
gathered in groups for conversation. At
four o'clock, the censd' armcs entered
with the exoctitioLcrs. The bnir wns cut
from thoir necks, lhat it might not im
pedo the axe. Gtntciino picked up i
lock and sent it to his wife Saying :
"Tell her that it is the only memorial
of my love, which 1 can transmit to her
ami mat my iuou"Uts iu uuatu were
ereinnua fcraicueu upon ins watcli a
few lines of tender remembrance, find sent
it to tbo youn;; lady to whom in a few
ciay sho was tojbcjnmrricd. Five rude carts
conveyed them to the scaffold. Each cart
contained fi vo poifc ons. The streets thro'
which tbo sad procession passed were
thronged . with countless thousands, It
was one of tho most splendid ofOotober
mornings. As tho carts moved, lho Gi
rondists rang tbo Marseillaise Hymn. . At
tbo ond of each verso there wns u mo
ments silence, and thon the strain was
renewed loud and sonorous. Arrived at
tbo scaffold, they all embraced. They
tlien rosumoa tneir luner.u ciisnt.
Wne after another nscended tho scaffold
continuing tho song until his beud fell
into tho basket. There was no weakness
No voice faltered ; on each succeeding
gWWIUdifl'ilWrVJ aCfer head fell, tho rob;'
alonp. Long conlinemeut had spread s
deadly palor over his intelleotual features,
lie useended tho steps, tho chorus having
died away into a 60I0 of surpassing rich
ness. For a moment be gazed upon the
headless bodies of'his friends. And then,
ns ho Biii-rendered himself to the execu
tioner, commenced anow the strain, .
l.'nuio cliililioa of Mur country, como,
Tho day of glory dawns ontiigh."
Tho axo foil, and bis lips were silent in
death. 'lbuJ perished the uironuists
Tho history of lho French Revolution, in
all its sublime annals, barf no I a tragedy
Ravages of Wit.n Animals in Soctuerk
California. The San Fransi.iuo BnHdin
sev's ; The Jestrucliou caused by wild an
imals to tho flocks and heids has been
very serious this year. We are informed
of rancheros in the lower countries who
have lost hundreds of sheep, horses, and
catllo by bears, lions and coyotes. .These
destructive brutes appear to have been do-
priveii, by the excessive drouth, o. liioir
usual supplies of venison, squirrels, coons,
badgers, oats, acorns and wild fruits, and
have ottdeavored to make up their loss by
waylaying the fattest and younett ianch
animals which have survived the season.
In August and September past, tho bears
in lho mountain pastures o( SanU laibra
and Los Angolos, Lave killed them for
weeks, in groat numbers, particularly cat
tle. The farm-houses in lho San Marcos
mountains have been rodcoed often, night
after night, by grizzlies of tho biggest
breads, and their trucks lie about next
morning as thick as iroia a band of horses.
Their boldness is extreme, and not with
out much dangor, even lo the bcsl hun
ters and vatwos.
Cats, lynx as, li)ns and coyotes have
truly been death on sheep and colts. Hut
what is curious, the coons, during the
summer and fall, have left tho mountains
in great nunahers, nnd descended to the
cultirated lands in Los Angolos and Santi
liaibsra, and eaten up entire crops of gar
dens and fields, and cleaned out egg',
Chickens.-ophers, and squirrels. Tney
arc called ruapaches by the natives; and
their holes and those of badgers may fre
quently be .seen excavated by the grizzlies,
in their savage ctiorts 10 get a lasie oi
copn meat. In faot, tho ranoheros say
they were driven out from their retreats
in the higher canadas and hillsidos, and
several fields were lanJ out by thorn.
, Angular to say , hero has
beon n great
mortality among the ground squirrels, and
thev have beon tremoudously thinned off
by starvation tnd the predncious birds and
j Ladies vs. Gentlemen. Threo things a
. lodv rnnnot do :
1. She cannot pass a millinery shop
O Kho cinnnL nn a tilenn of lafiO Wlth-
...l. ........ ,
out aking tho price.
' 3. She cannot -see a baby without kiss-
ing it. ..
a i.,i r on.iiintanco turns the
' ...1.1 .1.. .nnltitmon BS follows
i wij i . ... -
lai'ius Ull mc KL.ij.tLi- . ,
t in..,, ii. wnt ifflin ennnot uo :
1. lie cannol go through the house and
shut tho door oner
shirt made to suit
a. tie rnimuk
Ilo can never l3 siilncj nUh
$2 00 Per Annuo. If paid In advance.
SERIES - VOL. V.-NO.- 23.
Thieves and Knrdercrs Among the Pris
oners Bt Andersonvrile. t
Corrsspondonceof the rhils IolpLia Iniuior.
Asxatolis, Md., Nor 2'J.
It is painful'lo record .anvihiiif LLnf
would exhibit any. of the trnion. aolJni
of our army in -a wicked and murderous
light. Uut the men recently released tell
a sad story. At Camp Sutuier, at Auder
aonville, over thirty thousand of the Un
ion solders were conciliated to?et.hrF
Some two hundred of these wero terkloss
characters men who were, prbps' 4,fc.
lore tney joined-our army, e u ilty , f , rv
Vice ; thieves, and even murdPr- Ti,i
all banded topether to practice thc:r Nmo
evil deeds in thistramp uu ,.i.. r..,
nate men confined their as prisoners frdtn
their own army, llieir custom na to
seize and rob him of all ha had. and if he
made the least resistance or outcry, to
murdor him on the spot. They murder
ed many. In some instances the bodies
ot those they had made way with were
found buried in their tents. Ibis state of
things had assumed such a pitch, that all
the better portion of the prisoners' felt
that something must bo done to stop it.
and bring these men to punishment- 'At.
lengin tticy conferred with the rcht l (iu
thortties. They consented' to arrest tbo
suspected ones. ' Aguaid was sf.nt intJ
camp for the purpese. f iver Ivso hundred
wero picRctf out and laken out si.de tho
stoayndo. They wcrerill cxamiced. .The
result was that six of the ringleaders wire
delivered up toapolice force of tho Union
prisoners. They took thwn, formed a
regular court, obtained 'rtvvvor.), nnotiint" '
jury and gave ihern art iir.jjar'.lal nmlj-. ,
trial, j'.very laeiuiy vas fcitotdr-' "-i --v.
tljat they nihjhf have justice dm
Hut uftcr all was ended flier ' ' -
evidence lhat the.-o nion lud c'ni
a cumber of tho Men in wrup. v" ' '
Tbey wore aonJomucd !jy a jtl .
own foHow-pri.scufcrs, ol tiii i ." '- ;.,
hung. AU thu siAiwritfJiUtig , '"''
lho camp. We ba the r.aw. ' ! s
men, but wo fjibt'ii'r to Jub'-!i-i r. n
htve not heard ono say, autot. C.;i .iio
have returned, that he does t: r", r'. u
theact. All say that h.n '. In
good tor them. The prw--' " tl f
court, Ihe testimony, ie . i i i i i, ki .
been all seutu Wasliiluu u..:.. f
fair, . this suuiatnry j.uuuhi.-.' . '. C
wore no moro tuur'icri or lobbi - -i
cimp. . .. v t i
MrTiNV ok Xeoho Tttuors at Mi . m
A not Her alarm and panio occinvd :f Mr o
VJ'ilVeAAilf. WMIUL. Oi tho lith uil
tre, which was untiially crowded. :
ing of heavy cnniioii was hecrd in '.
rrction of the fort ; this was soon f v
ed by tlio ringing of nil tho bells anu i
tiring ul signal guns in the city for usf
blinjt the luililia. Tho ntidionce 'made i
rnpidcxit f'om tlio theatre by all '
nvenucs or egress, wilh Geti. Wiwh'
in the sun maliii(r Inn'jr strii"" '
when Foro5t disturbed his s'umbtn ; .
this time rot wiiLoiit I. is r.eibr i
nienls). Olliccrs, foliioij nn l citi;
were running to nnd fro in thn str
some supposed lo bo iti search rf tlie H
of battle, and soma for hilling pin pes j i .
women nnd children took lo tin c'1
and ravines, while boom, pup, j ' ( ,
tho stiifo wiliiin 1 1)0 Jut lifica'.ions ; I
in a short time nil was quiet npain, mi
knew why. Nor has it heen t'.vr 'nhie I
all tho city press, not.vjthsi;.iid:t ,t i
freedom accorded it by the military
Ihorities ; but as soMoofr'ir prn'.ei
aro somewhat lss reticent thin thp Cu.i
manding general, enough ht.i ir-i'ispi
to sliow that the negro troops, in ilia e: .
berance of joy ou account of thoir itcin.
emancipation, mutinied against tho mili
tary men who seek to enslave them nnew
and tho big guns r.d little puns of lha
fort wero turned upon the poor wrjU hc-.,
and many were laid low in the dust. Thu
number sacrificed is not known, but is
supposed to be greater than has occurred
in tho South ftom keeping all tho slates in
subjection for half a century before thi
Rp.cEirrs tat Never Fail. To destroy
ruts ctilh them one by ono, and flatten,
their bends in lemon-squeezer.
To kill cockroaches get a pilrof heavy
boots, then catch your roaches, put thorn
into a barrel, theu get in yourself and
To kill bedbugs chain Iheir hind legs
lo a troo then go rouml in front and make
mouths at thorn.
To catch mice on going lo bed 'put
crumbs of cheese in your mouth, and lie
with it open, and when a mouse's whis
kers licklo vbur throat, bite
CrTho (hrtmntown Telegraph' receipt
fcr curing meat is taid to bo superior to
almost any othor. It is ns follows ; To I
ga'.lon of water, take 1$ pounds of salt, J
poui)d of sugar, J ounce of saltpetre, I
jound of potash. In this ratio Ilia frkklo
lobo increased to nny quantity desired.
Let these bo boiled together, until nil the
dirt frntn Ihe supnr rises lo the top and
Is skitnmed off. Then throw ilJnto o tub
to cool, and when iWpour it -over your,
jpyTwo cenluries ago not one in
hundred wore stockings. Eifty yirs4.'
not ono boy in a thousand was nl1wed t
run atTlarrowit night. Fifty yetirs t;ro not
onoitirl in a thousand made a waiting
maid of uor motlw. Worrdorful iuiprove
DlOiJt, ill Ibis wnmlerful ag.
6fc2If yoa wish to rppoar ajreubl i ,
society, says Talleyiand. you uiir-'. c i:
sent to bo taught many (Llns wi; i..;. v
Mother Wit A stingy ha-lavi '' . .
offlbe blamo of Ihe lawlessnc . I..
childron in company by saying bis w,f.
always gives them thoir Own way.
M1I.A. 1 1, in ... " unj tl.A i.inm J .mil.'
1AV7'1 IIMK-, ma .( 'i(F(llrv lLflk.
'It's all I have tog'vo them,"