Newspaper Page Text
W. MOORE, Editor and Proprietor.
VOL. XXXVI. WHOLE NO.
IHE EXCHANGE OF PRISONERS.
1 The following correspondence was pub-
Jsbed in Richmond for the satisfaction of
Jio friends and relatives of Confederate
oldiors now held as prisoners of war in
'orthorn prisons. Eeleiving that (lie in
formation it contains is of equal irapor-
anco to the friend and relatives of Fed
eral prisoners of war now hejd in Soulh
jrn prisons, we transfer it to our columns,
kqplng lhat our authorities at Washing
Ion will be able to make a counter state
ment showing that this long continued
Imprison men t of brave soldiers is not en
tirely their fault.
The Richmond Sentinclot September 1st
contains ine loiiowing important corres
pondence: tO tttt KELATIVR3 AND FRIEVPS Or CONFEO
XRATI SOLDIERS CONFINED IS NORTHERN
- Onlhe?2d of July, I3G2, the Cartel of
Exchanges was agreed upon. Tho chief,
U rot only, purpose or that instrument
was to secure the rolease of all prisoners of
' , it.... i if. i t . i
war. iu mm eiiu, me lourtu article pro-
tides that all prisoners of war should bo
discharged on parole in ten dnys after
tbe'r capture, and that the prisoners then
held, and those hereafter taken, should be
trsnsporlod to the points mutually agreed
upon, at the expense of the capturing par
ty. Too sixth article stippulates that all
prisoners, of whatever arm of servico,
re to be exchanged or parolled in ten
days from the time of their capture, if it
be practicable to transfer them to their
own lines in that time; if not, as soon
thereafter as practicable.
t From Ihedule of the cartel untilJuly,
180.1, tho Confederate authorities helj the
excess of prisoners. During the interval
deliveries were made as fast as the Feder
al Government furnished transportation.
As ready as the enemy always has been to
' bring false nccusations against us, it has
never been alleged that we failed or ne
glorled to make prompt deliveries of pri
soners who were not under charges, when
he held the excess. On the other hand.
' J..: it. . ' . , '
.uuritig vue same urao, me cartel was o
penly and notoriously violated by the
Federal authorities. Officers and men
were kept in cruel confinement, some-
times in irons of doomed cells, without
'charges or trials.
a In July, 18C3, the enemy, for the first
.time since the adoption of the cartel, held
; the excess of prisoners. As soon as that
was msde by the Federal authorities, they
'demanded on equal number in return, 1
! endeavored frequently to obtain from tho
Federal agent of exchange a distinct a
owal of the intentions of hisGovernment
as to the delivery of prisoners, but in vain.
I At length on the 20th of October, 1803. I
' addressed to Brigadier-General Meredith,
' the following letter, to-wit
' Rirnuosn, Oct. 20. 13C3 Brigadier-Gen-S.
A. Meredith, Agent cf Exchange: Sir:
More than a month ago I asked your ac
I quiescence in a proposition, that all ofli
j cpts and soldiers nr. both sides should be
f released in conformity with the provis-
.onsol the cartel. In order to obviate
' tho difficulties between us I sugges
. tod that all officers and men on both sides
shou d ho released, unless they were sub-
joot . charges, in which event, the oppo-
fj' Government should have the right of
. V -ing one or more hostages if the re
' '. f'on was not justified. Y'ou stated to
: , in.conversation, that this proposition
( i s very fair, and that you would ask the
1 '.-.onsen, of your Government to it.
Ji As usual, you have ai yet made no res
f ponse. I toll you frankly, I do not ex
4 i 'l' iiy. Perhaps you may disappoint
I r., tm J tell me that you reject or accept
I my p-oposition. I write this letter for
$ tlii purpose of bringing to your recollect
s ion my proposition, and of dinsipating the
idea that seems to have teen purposely
fie iur8r'-d by your public papers, that
tti'j Conleilerato Government has refused
or objected to a system of exchanges,
ji In order to avoid any mistake in that
direction, 1 now propose thai all officers
I snd men on both sides be releaed in con
' fortuity with the provisions of tho cartel,
i the excess on one side or the other to be
I on purole. Will you except this? I hare
II no expectation of an answer 5 but perhaps
J jou may give one. If it does come, I hope
!'f it will be soon.
j KespectfuP.y your ob't serv't.
' Ho. Ould, Agent of Exchange,
j. On the 29th or October, 1803, 1 reoeir-1-
ed from Gen. Meredith a communication
informing me that my proposal pf the 20,
'was "not" accepted." I was insultingly
I told that if the excess of prisoners was
.delivered they would be wrongfully de
' dared exchanged by mo and put in the
field. To (how how groundless this im
" putution was, it is only necessary for me
to state that since then I have repeatedly
'.offorcd to give ten Federal captives for
, every Confederate soldier whom the cne-
my will show to have been wrongfully de
, eiired exchanged.
From the lost nasnd date until the pre
sent time there has been but few deliver
' ies of prisoners, tho enomy iu each case
1 domsndino a like number in return.
i It will be observed that the Confederate
authorities only claimed tint the provis
ion of the cartel should be fulfilled. I hey
i-nlv asked the enemy to do what, with
out any hesitation, the; had done during
the first year of the operaiion oi mo car
tol. Seeing a persistent purpose on tha
psrt of tho Federal Government to violate
towa f.greement, the Confederate u
thorit ies, moved by the suffering of the
brsve men who are so unjustly held in
Northern prisons, determined to abate
their fair demands, and accordingly, on
the I0ih of August, 1804, 1 addressed the
following communication to Major John
J. Mulford, assistant agontof exchange,
a charge tt fhg of trace bon, whfh cn
the same day 1 delivered to him at Varina,
on James River :
W Dn'ahtiiekt, Richmond, Va., Aug.
10,1804 Mnj, John E, Mulford, Assistant',
Aflcnt Of Axcuinae .
-You have several times nrnnnl
to me to exchange tho prisoners respec -
lively held by the two belligerents, ollicer
and man for man. The s.imn rmr hn
also been made by other ofliciaU havimr
charge of matters connects! With 1 1 1 A AV
changoof prisoners. This proposal has
ueroioiore ueen declined by the Confeder
ate authorities, they insisting upon the
terms of the cartel, which required the
delivery of the excess upon either side
upon parole. In view, however, of the
very largo number of prisonors now held
hy each party, and the suffering conse
quent upon their continued confinement,
i uuw uunseni 10 mo aoove proposal, and
agree to deliver to you tho prisoners held
in captivity by the Confederate authori
ties, provided you agree to deliver an equal
number of Confederate officers and men.
As equal numbers are delivered from time
to time they will be declared exchanged-
This proposal is made willi the under
standing that the officers and men who
have been longest in captivity will be the
first delivered, where it is practicable. I
shall be hnppy to bear from you as speed
ily no pnssioio wneiner tins arrangement
can be carried out.
Respectfully your obedient servsnt,
II. Oi i.d. Aitent of Exchanirn.
I accompanied the delivery of the letter
with a statement of the mortality which
was hurrying so many Federal prisoners
at AnOetsonville to the grave.
Jn the 2Uth or the same month, Major
Mulford rctnrned with the flac-of-truce
steamer, but hrought no answer to ray let
ter 01 me juin 01 August, in conversa
tion with him I asked him if he had anv
reply to make to my communication, and
nis answer was that he was not authorized
to make any. So deep was the solicitude
which I felt in the fate of the captives in
iNormern prisons that 1 determined to
make another effort. In order to obviate
any objection which technicality might
raise as to tho person to whom my com-
miunicaiion was addressed, I wrote to
Major-General E. A. Hitchcock, who is
the Federal Commissioner of Exchange, nefiro' l tl,e expenso of tho white raco.
residing in Washington city, the following', ,U ,has na"gurated schemes to thwart
letter, and delivered the same to Major l9 Plan9 of tUo Almighty in co-mingling
Mulr6rd on the day of its date. Accom
panying that letter was a copy of the com
munication which I had addressed to Ma
jor Mulford on the 10th of August :
Kichmond, Va., Aug. 'iZ, 18G4.
Sir Inclosed is a copy of acommuni
cation which, on the 10th inst., I address
ed and delivered to Major John K. Mul
ford, assistant agent of exchange. Under
the circumstances of the case, I deem it
proper to forward this paper to you, in
order that you may fully understand the
position which is taken by the Confeder
ate authorities. I shall bo glad if tho prop
osition therein made is accepted by your
Respectfully your obedient servant.
Ko. Ul'ld, Agent of Exchange.
On the afternoon of the 30th of August,
I was notified that the ling of truce steam
er had again appeared at Varina. On the
following day 1 sent to Major Mulford the
follnwingnote, to wit:
Richmond, August 31, 18G4. Major John
E. Mulford, Assistant Agent of Exchange:
Sir On the 10th of this month I address
you a communication, to which 1 have
received no answer. Major General E. A.
Hitchcock, U. S. Commissioner of Ex
change inclosing a copy of my letter to
you of the 10th inst. I now respectfully
ask you to state in writing whether you
have any reply to either of said communi
cations ; and, if not, whether you have a
ny reason to give why no reply has been
made? Respectfully your ob't sorv't.
Ro. Ould, Agont of Exchango.
In a short time I received the following
resnonse. to wit .
Flag ok Trite Steamkb New Yoir, Va-
niNA, Va., Aug. 31. im -llon. R Ould,
Agent for Exchange: Sir I have the honor
to acknowledge tho receiptor your favor
of to-day, requesting answer, &o to your
communication of the 10th inst. on the
queition of the exchango of prisoners.
To which, in reply, I would say, I have
no communication on tie subject from
our authorities, nor am I yet authorized
to make answer.
I am. sir very respectfully your obedi
ent servant. . Jo. E. Mui.ford,
Maiorand Ass'tAa't for Exchango.
I have thus fullv set boforeyou the act
ion of the Confederate authorities in rola-
lion to a matter which lies so near your
hoarts, and how it has been received by
the enemy. The fortunes of your rath -
ers, husbands, sons, brothers and friends
nrAiistlcar to those authorities as their
porons are ptfcious to you, und I have,
made Ibis puoucaiion not oniy as
live of Federal bad failh ; but also that,
you might see that your Government has
spared no etlort to secure the release of
your gallant men wno nave so oub.. .ru.. -
ted death in the defonse of our aacrert
Ro. Oui.n, Agont of Exchange,
August 31, 1804.
Seed's S V," i ""
r - r.
M. Lincoln's jokes will cease.
Mr. Stantou's prUon con ficates will
ceaso. torn ute n i
Mr. Well's long nap in the naval depart -
A oreathostof fraudulent conlr.Mnr.
traps of the
and corrupt office holders and
ment spies and military sat
T.1 .tIil na b nil I uprin rrtnn 1 1 1
Tun Platforms. The rialform of Liu-
coin t "The abandonment of slavery."
The Platform of the people: jh
aVin lcnrccnt cf Lincoln.- Pt'J'i.k Cwrit-.
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 21, 186 k
THE GREAT CRIMINAL TRIAL
Tns Proi-li of tor
Suprsm. Court of th.
1 ..Indictment drawn up and presented by
' !he "orklngmeii of New York, represent-
-toning millions" of Hie Uni-
m of America. It is charged
1 teu" States
against the dofondant
n this case ftha
n tins case, (.tne
J Abolition party,) thet
I It has consigned to untimely deaths five 1 .: , . "eu 01 , ry ProPition sub
hundred thousand human beings the W . , onSre" or an honorable sel
'prfint tnnioriitr nt -f-li.:. tlement pf our national troubles, and stiu-
men producers, contributors to the ma '. ' peace propositions as "dishon
wealth of tho nation. orable."
It h4s arrayed brother against brother 1 7 nM.doIined to restore the Union
and pitted the father int ib ann in u.nleM tho xuhern Stales will abandon
It lm ilanaA ik. M i
av to if 14 ill UIUUU .fsl I 1
whitened the fields of the South with tho, t'19 lani . . c . , ,,
bones or the slain. I ,,n 0 "ori having filled half a million
It has brought grief and sadness to ? 8ravs' a.n,d Clled country with mil
nearly every fnesido ll0DS of w'dow8 and orphuns, it now re-
It has opened up broad avenues for f"90'!0, rno peace or restore tho Union
peculation and plunder of tho publio untl1 wl"te me! R"d neProe8 re reduced
finances. t0 a common level until our heretofore
It has deranged the currency of tho Prou.a wllile KfPu' shall become a dis
country. ( gusting mass of mongrels and hybrids.
It has enlarged beyond all necessity the
It has taxed the present eeneration be
yond all precedent, and entailed burthens
that will fall with crushing weight upon
It has taken from industrial and pro
ductive pursuits over two millions of
It has shieldod the rich from the
clutches of repeated "drafts," by the pay
ment of sums (to them petty and signifi
cant) to the Government; whiie it hai
compelled the toiling masses to enlist, for
ino pia:n reason tnat their actual necessi-
ties required it for tho immediate support
of their families.
and petty postage stumps for the common
...6.,0.. uoouuimmciB, Kn-cii pij.t-r
currency ot the country.
It has created a fluctuating and uncer
tain standard of valuo.
It has used the people's money without
legal authority, in useless and vain at
tempts to butter the condition of the
It has allowed defaulters and defraud
ing contractors, paymasters, public officers
and even piivate individuals, to swindle
the people out of millions of dollars, and
hss dared to send some of them on for-
S .'i;..-'-' v
It has ignored wsll established laws of
Congress. j fathers, believing the Union csn only bo
Ii has disregarded the Constitution un- restored by the same menus it was formed :
dor the plea of "military necessity." i by a spirit or conciliation, statesmanship,
It has taken the edicts or the President compromise; and every Americau citi
es laws of the land, which laws they con- zen'a aim should be to give his influence
travened. ' I against the further desolation of our coun-
It has indemnified public officers from j try and the bloodshed of our people,
suits at law for damages on account of I Resolved, That we fii7or an armistice nnd
outrages upon the rights of citizens. ' a cessation of hostilities in order to termi-
It has arrested good and true men and nate the terrible slaughter of our men
patriotic citizens without leual authority ; and avoid the utter bankruptcy of our
dragged them from their homes, friends nation, and prevent the erection of a unl
and families ; sent thorn beyond the limits jury despotism on the ruins of civil
oi me maie in nniuii wiry icoiuun , mum-
cerated them in hastiles, and falsely de
nounced them as traitors.
It has trampled down the great bul-
warks of civil liberty, the freedom of
speech and of the press.
It has abolished the writ of habeai corpus,
aricht which no other enlichtened Gov-
crnment under heaven would seek even
It has set aside our system of tml by
jury, and substituted arbitrary power for
the laws of the land.
It bos declared military control whero
the civil tribunals were in the faithful dis
charge of their legitimate duties.
It has created unnecessary departments
in the General Government, thus causing jury, free speech, free press, and free reli
mote expenses, increased taxes, and heavi- gious opinions.
er buithen3 for the people. The meeting then adjourned to Ihe fol
ic !.m organized new Slates from tho lowina Salurd.iv night.
mere fragments of the original ; admitted
. . . i. . - i
members from these so-called Slates to
seats as members of Congress.
It has sent its spies and intormers
ft.,. .rt ll.a nrinninjl nitipfl nnfl towns. tO
mtwufi i l vf-. ;
listen to and report the mt'rmunngs ot
the people touching tho mannof in whicn
(he Administration is conducting tbo
affairs of the country.
It has regarded opposition to the Ad
ministration as opposition to the Consti
tution and Government, than which there
can be nothing more false.
It has -inaugurated a system by which
one tenth of the citizens of a State, instead
majority, may form a Stale Govern-
. prohibited the circulation of
, in lhe Unile(l Slnles mai8
because they crilicisod and opposed lhe
acts of the Administration; it has actu
ally suspended their publication, and
1 .. . n.inundillin nit A I I Yt a ft T 1-1 a H Q till 1 1 1 A
. ub iag 'circulated falsehood and sup-
, e(, tfae lruth
v u hM nluui,,ied, (o an indefinite ex
tent, tho number of subordinate officials,
simply to appease the persistent appeals
of mere demagogues and political pau-
j 1 H b disregarded the reserved righU of
the States. .... ,,
I i"0 fP'r't of mob-law
i wjich hai developed itself n the ptinci-
' I1 cilie in lh8 destruclion of hfa nd
It has destroyed immense amounts ot
" hss destroyed immense amounts oi
public r-.d private properly ; imposed on
indutr burthens too grievous lobe borne;
eoriched the few at the expense of the
.many; overflowed our hospiial wilh dif,-
! abled men, and crowded our streets with
I It has inflamed all the basoi passions of
the human heart.
It has established "KaMoosl Bsnks" ia
evory nook and corner of the land, a sys-
' iu, people "" W
I It has aliowed tniliUrv rfflnM. :.. I...
Tayl ?ur y stem of election by ballot.
' in;titution,on . .
, m TltllZi f.Sv'
iv ous intermeddled with tim n n.
fi.of ,u " ,: . 7, b'
?L. !fflla ,n Con
h!"" congress ior daring
n f .
. 1 nfBi unnuraents 111 re-
gIird lothe wgr anJ .,g conge,iuenoegi
, slavery, thus making the will of the Tresi
dent, instead of the Constitution, the law
Democratio Heeting in Tyrone.
The Demoaracy of Tyrone and icinity
met at the Hull on uturduy evening,
September 10th, 1(G4, and formed a
McClellan and Pendleton Club, No. 1, by
electing the following officers :
ri-esident-M. II. Jolly.
"Vice Presidents J. II. Herd snd Wm.
Secrotary- -W. T. Henderson.
Treasurer Jacob Ueahl.
Executive Committee J. T. McVey
and James McFarland.
The following resolutions were read
nnl n.lnnio.l nn.mmm.i. .
j Wuereas, in the painful exigencies of
me limes, we are drawing near to another
election ; ana believing a chango in the
Administration is essentially necessary,
Resolved, That wo fully endorse the
nomination of George 13. McClellan as our
standard bearer in the coming contest.
no believe it he is elected he will ndrain-
ter the Government in such a manner as
restore peace, prosperity, and fratef-
tity to our unhappy and bleeding
Resolved, That we point with pleasure
to the nomination for Vice President of
George II. Pendleton a gentleman of
ability, liberal acquirements, and unstain
ed reputation, and worthy of our pupport.
loircmO"OI TVVblj? Alol.iUJan..I.Vnll
firms its attachment to the Union of our
Rcsolvcd, That we denounce as infamous
cruelty the conduct of Abraham Lincoln
in refusing to consent to an exchange of
prisoners except on conditions that the
South give up their recaptured staves,
which by laws of nations we have no right
to ask : that by this preference for the
negro to the white man, he consigns over I
i thirty inousana crae soiuicrs to a pro-
jonuued captivity in tho unhealthy cli-
mates of tho South, and thoursnds to a
(lingering death j lor which impartial his-
torv will hold him responsible.
Resolved, That we are in favor of tho
Union ns it was and the Constitution as it
is. which embodies the right of trial by
. w I-.. i l ii m
signed oy lue onn:er.;
toSs-Perhaps it will not be useless to re-
i .,. ..,.,1.,,,.. that the pltion
. .. T : - .1 -. . : I
nexi lioveniuer is unrniuiiu, uuw biiu-
y whetber we have a Union ,but whether
. navo 8 Constitution ; whether we are;
to be ruled by law, or ruled by a party.
The issue is equally momentous at home!
as abroad. Whether we shall have a
Union is a question about which the
Southern Stales have something, and in
deed a good deal, to say ; whether we
shall again have a Constitution is for us
alone. Every man in Dehware, Mary
land, and Kentucky, who is not a Repub
lican is' not a free man; neither free to
talk nor to act ; perhaps not free to think,
for our Republican friends have added to
the constitution.!! definition of I reason the
crimeof "Ifsanil Puts." To restore those
men to the position of citizensof the Uni
ted States is one or the great objects of
the Democracy. If some differ from it on
other points, they can certairrly agree on
No matter what they think of the rights
of Stales, they agree with us about the
rights of individuals; no matter what
they believe of the wrongs of States, they
know their own. World.
jtayMassachuselts is truly a highly fa
vored State. In all other Ststes, volun
teer who enlist in old regiments are com
pelled to serve out their lull term without
respect to the expiration of the time of
tho regiment; but the Government allows
special favors to that State, among which
is the important one of allowing all the
men to be mustered out when the regi
ment has been three years in service.
Someof the men have not been six months I
id the service. 1 bis is a scandalous piece
of favoritism to that State, and is naturally
exciting great Indignation in the army
A Proclamation from a Presidential
Abraham's instructions to' his provost
The following comes to us from the
"City of Brotherly Love," and has not
been published in the government or
official papers, from which fact some may
be inclined to doubt its Genuineness. We
jare disposed to believe that it is the pro-
iuucuoii oi some "uopperneod wag, who
nas not me learot tbo "widow. maker"
before his eyes .
I. As your office is one that is unkown
to the Constitution of the United States
and to the Constitution of the State, vou
I must endeavor to impress the people, as
wuuu as puBxiuie, wun ine dignity ana
importance of your official position by
erincnig as much contempt as you can
for the foolish, old-fashioned laws of the
Slates, which are now entirely obsolete.
being unfitted for the exigencies of the
2. You are to speak continually and in
all places of the odious, infamous, exe
crable, infernal and damnable doctrines
of Stste Rights.
3. Never under any circumstances al
ludo to the Constitution, and if you hear
the word from any mac's lips arrest him
4. It is disloyal practice for ony man to
allude to the exploded mode or trial by
jury arrest all such.
o. Accuse all Democrats of every crime
under heaven, and if tho scoundrelspre-
sume to arcuo with you arrest tuem.
0. All who talk about liberty or speech
and press are traitors arrest all such.
7. All who piate about the halaes cor-
put aro enemies or the Government ar
8. Studiously avoid the word freedom,
except as applied to negroes an est all
who are guilty of such disloyal prac
9.;Use,whoneveryou can, the earticklina
words, "loyal" and "supporting the gov
ernment," but always in such a way as to
mean the subversion or the miserablo old
government and tho support of my new
system. If you hear any man use the
words in any otherconnection arrest him.
10. It is opposing the government for
any man to spoak of restoring the Union
as it was arrest such.
11. It is disloyal for any man to speak
oi my reel or otherwiserallude tojme ex
cept in praise of my personal beauty,
and or my emancipation policy arrest
12. If you bear any man say that I
to tUliviUC, t'ub .It.ttu'l. MMakv, . 1 v
disloyal arrest him immediately.
14. If you hear any man alludo with
respect to the ridiculous article in the old
Constitution which protects citizens from
unreasonable arrests, seizures (and
searches arrest him immediately. If
you find no conlrabsndPetters and docu
ments about him it will be proof that he
has taken the precaution to destroy them
nnd will be sufficient evidence of his
guilt. Lock him up.
14. It is opposing the government for
any man to say that tiie Abolitionisw
ought to enlist and help to do souieof the
fighting arrest all such traitors.
15. Arrest anybody you plesse, and if
any man complains, arrest him, for he is
disloyal and an enemy to the govern
ment. 10. If anybody should blow your brains
out while attempting an illegal arrest,
tell the devil you died serving me. lie
will reward you accordingly. E. E.
ruiLADKU-DU, July 24th,28C4.
A kotiirr Conversion. The Westchester
(N. Y,) Monitor has abandoned Lincoln,
and hoisted the McClellan flag! Tlieedilor
says : "The truth is, the Administration
of Abrahnm Lincoln is a lamentable fail
ure. With mismanagement in the Treas
ury Department, finuncial ruin staros us
in the face ; with want of statesmanship
in the Department or State, diplomicy is
at a discount ; and in the Nuvy Depart
ment, that right arm or tho ration's de
fense on the o.-Pin, imbecility, vaoilation,
ami crvininlion shock the reoulo while
in every other department oi the Govern
ment the some charactetislics rule the
conductor tho present Administration of
the Federal tiovernment. in view ot
these indictments against tbeLncolo Ad
ministration, the revolution in publio
sentiment is astounding, ami the country
with one accord exclaims give us a
change in tho Administration. Influen
tial presses, heretofore its advoca'es, all
cry aloud, J give us a change?' Wo cer
tainly cannot be any worse off. We
must have it, or may high heaven alone
protect our common country from, the ira
I ending doom that awaits us in the down
fall of our Ooveinment."
Tores Desertkrs Siiot. Three sailors,
named Michiul Farrel, John Kane and
James Kenedy, attempted to desert from
the U. S. steamer llurniuda, lying oil the
Navy Yard, about 9 o'clock on Saturday
night. They stole the row-boat attached
to the vessel, lowered it into the water
and started ofl. They wcro noticed by
the guard, who hailed them, hut not pay
ing any attention they were firod at. The
firing af'seted the attention of the Prince
ton an Wyoming. The guards were suajr
moned on deck, and about fifty volleys
fired into the boat. The throe men each
received a wound one of them in Iba
head, one in the shoulder, and one in if e
log. The wounds although serious, will
not prove fatal. Notwithstanding that
the men were wounded, they still oontin
ned to push for the shore, and would have
escaped, but for the arrival of Police barge
No. 2, under officer Grimes, who put af
ter the boat, and suoceeded in securing
the three men and laodin j them safely on
board the Bnrmods.
50 Per Annum, ft paM t advance.
SERIES-VOL. V.-NO. 10.
Tna Exiles or Krntucky. The Detroit
Free J'resi, of the 11th inst., thus chroni
cles the arrival of a parly of exiles, men,
women, and feeble children, forty iu num
ber, under a negro guard, and sent from the
"land of the free and the home of the
brave," by the order of a brigadier-general
in the United States service;
No! ice was given yesterday of tho expa
triation of a number of citizens from Co
lumbus, Paducah, and vicinity, in Ken
tucky, byorder of Gen. Paine, for giving
"aid end comfort to the rebels," The
party arrived in this city this morning, en
route for Canada, under the conductorshin
I of Captain If. R. Norton, Eighth United
'KtafAa fVilAVA' 1mi;1Ia. 1 I ai.
wiu.iu (wiuiut, yutmxj,) una ino
fragrance or about two dozen artillerists.
Their appearance at the Michigan Central
station created quite a sensation, amt
numbers of our citizens engaged in con
versation with the "sympathizers" who
unfolded a "round, unvarnished tale" of
the cause of their banishment, so far as
would be permitted by the guard.
I .The party consisted of about forty per
sons, men, women, and children, all of
whom belonged to tho first families of the
State in which they resided. Judges, ma
gistrates, and weolthy merchants,; young
and beautifull women, widows and their
offspring, were all mado toTeel the iron
hand ol despotism, disgorge blood money,
dignified by tho title of "assessments,"
leuve the houses of their youth and the
scenes of thoir childhood, und sutler the
tortures of a worse than Siberian exile,
without homes, friends, or even a place
in which to lay their hoads. Those with
whom our reporter conversed, expressed
none but the most loyal sentiments to
tho Federal Government. They stated
that tbey knew not why they were order
ed into exile.
They were simply notified that they
must either "go to hell.AfricaorCantda,'
by an imperial ediot from Gen. Pane.
They made no murmur or complaint.
Thousand of thoir friends are similarly
situated, and with that noble self donial
which always characterizes the truly great,
they withhold the sentimontswhich burn
ed within their breasts for utterance, out
of consideration for thoir situation. They
are allowed no trial, no hearing, no oppor
tunity to vindicate their honor or patriot
ism before God and man ; but without a
word or any recognition of their rights as
citizens, they were ordered off in a man
ner which would have reflected credit oa
the workings of an inquisition.
jJjafWhen we "free born a.moricans"
used to read of such oonduct on the part
1'oles, the Uuns, and lheCauoassians,how
our blood would boil with patriotio indig.
nation. But now when they are an every
day occurrence at our own doors when
the victims are children of the samejpatri-
otic sires with ourselves, and perhaps blood
of our blood wo are not even allowed to
express our indignation ! llow art the
mighty fallen 1
The llartford Timet has a letter from its
editor at Chicago, which says :
"There is throughout the West a wide
spread and growing feeling of dislike to
ward New England. I find this foeling to
be bitter, and that it Is largely shared in
by the party, Western Republicans as well
as Dmocrals. Tho feeling that to New
England fanaticism the country is largo
ly indebted for this cfilumitous war, and
that Eastern men huvo been getting nu
ondue share or its profits, while tho West
has sustained the conflict with its blood
and treasure, is more gonerally entertain
ed and freely expressed than is pleasant for
me to hear. In this sweeping condemna
lion, there is liability that but little jus
tice will be dono to those in tho Eastern
Slates who bavo never countenanced fa
naticism, but have Biit5ered from its perse
cutions. If, by any unp oitious fate,
Lincoln thouldbe re-olccted and the South
gain a separate independence, there is but
little bopo that the West would consent
to remain with New England.
Cauhity oh Lars Erie A Vsssst.
Scmr. witu ai.lon Board. The Rochester
Evening Express or the 1st has the follow
ing: The great storm that swept over Ohio
last Friday afternoon, was particularly
severe on Lake Erie, and roportsof serious
maiine disasters are anticipated.
The scow Mayflower, that sailod from
Cleveland on Friday morning, laden with
cji1 for To'eli wa capsized and sunk,
carrying down tho captain, his wife and
throe childron, and his sister, together
with two of the crow, eight in all.
The only soul saved was Sanderson, a
boy, who clung to the topmast, which re
mained out of the water for several hours,
until rescued by a passing tug. When the
vessel went down, the captain's wifa was
seated on tho quarler-deok, holding her
infant in her lap. and her two 5""-p
little gill by tho hand. Tho oldest ci.ii'1,
a little boy, was asleep below."
WarUi-o Woue. In the National
Convention, the ronorable Gov. WickliOe,
of Kentucky, said: ....... P
He knew of a caso in which thirty fin
women of the highest character had been
dragged from their homes in his State and
imprisoned, and the nowspaper were for
bid tit publish the Tact to the people of
the United States. But he, here, at the
risk of arrest, published the fact, and Ct
nounced the tyranny that accomplished
it as the most vile under the sun."
B0"The Commissioner of Internal Rev
enue has decided that a barefooted boy
need not put a Government stamp on his
big toe before he "stumps" It. Consider
ing the high price of shoe leather this ft a
very important derision.