Newspaper Page Text
D. W. HOOBE, Editor and Proprietor.
' VOL. XXXVI. WHOLE NO.
i (Original !octrj.
r For tbo Clearfield ltopublicnn.
I ODE TO CI.HAKl'llCLD.
S BY WILLIS VT. WASIlBClt.f. .
j tright waters of ClcnrfieU, flow on to your goal,
r mo lie broad river your clear waters roll ;
i Onward! move onward, pant woodland and Ira,
tlbrougU valleys flow gently thy waters are tree,
, Ftal filmtly, slowly throagh valleys of green,
i Yi hero the wild roso and lilly in tboir fragrance
aro ccn ;
fVluro t-ily tbe warblers carol In tboir gloe :
softly down by thorn thy waters are fret.
''Ilb. mountains looh downward upon your smooth
Xu the fair garb of itunmcr is ornately drossod ;
s lireeu loaves hi their beauty float o'er each proud
, TIow onward bonimia them thy waters are freo.
' let yourerystalinoWavolots r. fleet tbo brigbtray
' That spoils on ycur bosom cajh fair niiamtr day;
like a mirror of silver return to tlio troo
. its shado-towera vf beauty thy wntera ai frco.
"Flow onward past hillock, pait florifTerous tnesd,
' i Move fik'iitly ovor your coralino bod ;
' liear away tbo fine (lowers I've oft cast (0 thee,
J Present to lotro "fair eno" try waters aro freo.
" Oh ! oft, in
tbe gloaming, I've eat 'ncath the
i Admiring your 'fulgenco hi you fled thru
Until the gray twilight 'fore darkness would floe,
.Aud night spread its wings o'er thy wutcn to tree.
Your beauty of daytime's enhanced by tlio night,
' V hcn tho uiooq sheds upon oj Lcr pale, lustrous
j To danou o'er your wavelets in fi'.rj-like glee.
As you ri21o this urfaco of your waters to freo.
9 Time, like tho water which flowj down the vale,
8tuls softly on by us, without murmur tr wail j
I 'Twill never turn backward fur you nor for mo,
i l!ut onward koeps moving- tike th caltr,'lit frtt.
Ul.it Horn, l'i August 18, 1S8I.
u 1 - Jt - . r
1STIIS IAS1U OTtU I OOUIO UI IIIO HU-
,: ministration jmpers, since tlio recent cull
for Si.'O.OOO tnorc myn, havo tho aHsuranoe
; to repeat tlic ir fiftieth tiuio told fulschood,
i that it' is w ill now liuioli llio war, that tho
? rcbeU cunnot ruiso another nvuiy, ntid
that a fcw months aorvioo of tl'e new men
' h nil thttt will to required of them, us the
" i rebellion will then Ho suppressed. If
' there aro any folks foolif la enough to.be-
liove such storiev? they uliould 'list with
tho marines, who ore said to believe any-,
I Ihin. ThU war Las been endod on pa
. jjcr every lb 11 ty, tixty and ninety days
j since Us commencement, und to-day, the
rebels aro raiding through our State.
f Thosrt tLat volunteer, and tho people,
ij ruuit not expect to got oil' from tboir cr.-
' pgemunU before tlio full lime of tho
X bond has run, unless Old Abo and his plun
t during, LlJod-lhiraty hordes are swept
cut 0! oflice by the coming elections.
Wab Dotvus.-The emigration cro8s the
plains was never bo lurg3 us it is this se;i
f mm. Tho St. Louis papers stato that ac
i counts from all the tciritories. areo in
5 upeukir.g of tlio emiratiou as being be-
yond all provious report or calculation.
t At one time durinj,' Hie month of May up
wnrd of oiio hundred thousand pople
I werejounioj ing westward, in all sorts of
I oonvevnnces, between IVnver City, Sules
t bur, ' and tlio Missouri frontier. The
I H ' I' Q l , . 1 . t - 1
' t ... A , l... , 1.1 h, nrtr 1 Snn r ran-
.ci.co never did so largo a bun'mostc These
: facta indietito tbo estimation in which
.thousands t-f peoplo aro bcei'jning to bold
1 their nativo couutry. Finding no hope
" of n return to reason and peace on tho
?T'.t of tbo controlling element, they are
'living from the wrutli to come, aud thus,
I by their very abseuca ore hastening the
' desolation and ruin so much dreaded by
j all true patriots.
e.cotcmporuryjsaya very ju
t!y : "Ihe idol
of 'resneclfcL 0 smidovment is tlio roeit
i upon which thousands pplit, and ship-
j wreck themselves and all who depend up
,on thetn. All employments aro resnec
S table that biinu lionett uain. Tho lubor-
ier who is willtn;? to
turn his hands to a-
i. ny thinq, is as respectable as the c.erlc or
.ilapper tloro tender. Indeed tho man
T who i rendv to work wlienevcr work nf-
v fees, wlml.iver it tniy be, rmher than lie
Kidleand bee, is a lr more rcopectablo
imn than one vho turns nil his noae at
i hard labor, worries bis friends with his
..comnliiinU becauso he can get nothin
. ropeetnble to d, pockots their benofact
,ions without thankfulness and goes on
'from day today, a useless, hwy gruua-
Donc.iNo a Patrol. The Woshinglbti
f-'tar tolls about a soldier, who, in dodging
:, away from a patrol, hid himself in a res
v? taurant by jumping into a largo box used
1 for steaming oysters. Tho lid closed with
spring lock, and Ihe disappointed patrol
.( went on bis way batlled. In a little while
the colored man attending tho apparatus
turned on a full head ol ateam in order to
' prepare a mess for soma customers. Tho
soldier began to get uncomfortably warm
V mid kicked nr.d yelled lustily lor liberation
until tho fiightend negro r;n ntny shout
J, ingthat the tie be I was in the steamer,
t Othor employees gathered round, and re-
leasod theperspirinu soldior, who bound
ed out with tho speed of a machine whose
1 tiiotivo power is steam.
' WonkiNGMKN PnwARF. An association
? oraUlitiomsts located in New York city,
falsely calling thomselves the "Domoerat-
I io Workingmen'a Association" aro flood -
mg tho country witn lying um.ea u -
.1 .. . , ' .. ,Ua wn.lrin ffnlflll in -
utravorin" 10 ueceiv v"n
to tho sopport of the present corrupt and
fciA child five years old was shot by a
oldier who fired at a deserter in Phil'a on
the 11th inst. The deserter escaped and
e child died.
tSFlt you would make caps to fit some
U matt them of foolrcap.
AN IMPORTANT PAPER.
Protect of leading Republicans against
A CAUSTIC EEJiUKE.
Senator Wade, 0 Ohio, and Jloprf.ier.M'.ve
Davii, of Maryland, holdup Lincoln's Usur
pation of I'ovcr to the Ji'eprohat.on and
Scorn of tht Freemen 0 the United States.
TO TH8 SLITOHTtaS OF TIIK GOVERNMENT.
v e LftVO read without surprise, but r.Ot
1110 piofimn!inn 01
the President of the 8th of July, lGL
The supporters of the Administration
aro responsible to the country for its con
duct; and it is their right aud duty to
check the encroachments of tho Executive
on tho Authority of Congress, and to re
quire it to contine itself to its proper
It is impossible to pass in silence Ibis
proclamation without neglecting that duty;
and, having taken as much rospomubilily
as any Oltiers in supporting tile) Actminis-
tration, we are not disposed to fail in tho
olhcr duty of asserting tho rights of Con-
Tho President did net sicn tbo bill "to
guarantee to certain States whoso Govern-
menr-j havo been usurped a republican
form of Government," passed by the sup -
porters of his Administration in both
Houses of Congrefs after umturo delibera-:
Tno bill did not, therefore, Lcccuio u
taut, and it is, therefore, nothing.
the proclamation ih neither an approval
nor a veto ol llio bill; it is, tlierelore, a
document unknown to tho Constitution
of tho United States.
Sj fur as it contains an npolocy for not
signing the bill, il is apolitical manifesto
against tho friends of tho Government.
So far as it proposes to execute the bill
which is not a law, it is a grave Executive
It-is fitting that the facts necessary to
enable thefiiendsof tho Administration
to npprec iate tho apology di.d llio usurpa
tion bo spread before them.
The proclamation says :
And whereas tho said bill was presented to the
fro aidant of tho United t to ten for bis approval
lofn than ono bour befoio tbo oic Jit adjourn
ment of tbo tettion, slid ut.s not signed by bim
If that be accurate, still this bill was
presented with other bills which weie
v, ltnin Hint hour, mo nine icr uio nve
die adjournment was ihreo limes post
poned by tho votes of both Houses ; and
Ihe least intimation ot a clesuo lor more
time by tho President to consider this
bill would tavo secured a further pot
ponement. Yet the committee sent to ascertain if
the President lmd any further communi
cation for tho Hcuso of lfeprebentatives j
reported that ho liail none; ana mo
menus ot me oni, who nan anxiously
waited on him to ascertain its late, had
already been informed ll.l tbo President
had resolved not to siun it.
The time of presentation, thereforo,
had nothing to do with his tailuro to ap
J ho lull una Lecn uiscusFea ana ennsiu
cred for more than a month in tho House
of Representatives, which it passed on tho
4th of May ; it was reported to the Senate
on the 27th of May without material
amendment, and passed the Senato abso
lutely as it enmo liom tho liousocn tho
2d of July.
Ignoranco of its contents is out of the
Indeed, at his request, a drnfl of a bill
substantially tho samo in all material
points, and identically in tho points ob
jected to by the proclamation, hail been
laid before him for his coiibideration in
tho winter of 1HG2-C;J
luero is, mere ore, no reason to sup -
rose tho provisions of tho bill took tho
.1 1. i - 1 !
resotveaon long ueioretne oiu puiSeu .wo
We are informed by a gentleman en
titled to our entiro confidence, that boforo
the 22d of June, in New Oilcans, it was
stated by a member of Gen. Banks' stall",
in the precnco of othor pentleuien in
official position, that Senator Doolittle
had written a letter to the Department
that tho IIsuso reconstruction hill would.
bo stavea 011 in me oen.ue " 'u" 'V.
. ,,. .1 . 0 , . . - :.i ,
.veto ronuir iiv a iwitn tnw
. 1 . - . . 1 1 1 . 1 if t : 1- 1
order to dcteat It, ana tnat iur. i.n.eoi.
UQ 1 no contrary, we i.avo rea to (,,r,,,,w ;v uil authority,"
Love t .om to have been so well known J , thm, uro no siaie
that his method of preventing tbe 1,11 . ll(lU in lhl, K,be Sta t, a::J Pro
rrotu becoming a aw w.thou the const.- nfor , ir orcction al a r tiiM
tut.ona raspons.b.l.ty of a veto !,,. bee, j c ' r s , Hou'K0 ,f ,
would retain the bill if .necessary, ana thn lvi of coll,re,8 raiber than
thereby defeit it. . llis Uovernmout in Louisiana and Ar-
Tho experience of Senator W ado, in blfl,kara,
various etfarts to gel the bill considered 1 Tie ju,, nent of Congress which the
in tho Senate, was quite in accordance ; j,. dt.lU.a WM tlie exercise of an au
with that plan, and the 1 fete 1 of tlso Uill 1 lllorilv exclusively vo--lcd in Congress by
was accurately predicted by let ers reeeiv-; lhg Co'ns,itutioll to determine what is the
cd from New Orleans before it had passou 1 , . , . ,
nvrM-miinii f in a Slnte. nnil in
tho Senate. .Jitsowu nature and by the highestjudi-
llnd the proclamilion slopped here, -t ciiJ EUlll0ri(v i,ind,g on all other do
would havo been only one other defeat ol ; ...,,..,,, of tia Government.
tho will of tho people by an Executive,' f'.,r i,OJ r.F,,ii, ,,..
Ii'rveiiuQ 01 wie lonsiuuunn.
nut it cues iuriner. ino iiesiuenti
- UIO llt.U III IIV-H- in in; vliniiinuwu irijuii-
sfl5 ! in" the United Slates to guaiantce to cv-
And whorei! 1 the said bill cnntnins ainonj; o.ther C.Z sjute a republican lorm of govern
things, a phn for restoring tho Siulaa in robdlinn . ..,, , r.,nr-tito J .
to their proper prieticat relation in tho Union, I laon'' f . ?r?T,M, " A."al
which plan ospr.eises tin sens, of Congress upon .government is Vii eHUmsl.tj one ii rt dlu.e ;
that subject, aud which plan it i now thought , and 'VAcn iS';n.;A'r aad UepresentaUecs ot a
ifi , - befuro ,hi p for thoit con,i(,0-ra,
By what authority of the Constitution ?
In what forms T The result to be declared : publican character, is recognicl bi the prop
by whomt With what effect when ascer-i"'" toniiurional authority, and ilidicLwn is
tainedT Ending 0.1 every other department 0 tin Gas-
It it to bo a law by the approval of the ; crnmcnl tribunal. It is truo that llio con
roople without the approval of Congress , tost iu this case diJ not last long enough
. . - :li -t a I. T)--.' I IS I Irt Yr ntr llio niAllAr In lb la iaaiiA nn.l n.
Will the President, ou his opioioo o
(he popular approval, oxeiteit ai lawf
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, AUG. 21, 18GI.
I Or is this merely a device to avoid the
serious responsibility of defeating a low
ion lji,ch 60 wai LcnrU Iel'oscd f,jr sc"
But llio reason no-v nssigred for not
spprcvit ;' the til! aro full ot ominous sig-
The President proceeds:
Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, Trepidant
of tho United .Stilton, do proclaim, deelar, and
make known, tbaf. wbilo nm (as I was in l)o
coiulier l.xtt.when by proclamation I rropnn;,ilo.I
A iJiin for rerrirntw.nl iirn.,......,! t... .. i
ap'rr( , f tl)ia bi ha ihiy cVmmiUvd
to ar.y iDglo i.ijn of roetoratii.n
inat is to sav, the President is resolved
that the t'erido shall not in law take a,j
securities from the lebel States reaiiiBt n
renewal of the rebellion before restoring
their power to govern us.
Ilis wisdom and prudonco aro to be our
sufficient guarantees 1
He further says ;
And, wbilo I nm olro unprepared to dclaro
that tho Kreo Stato (Ynslitutiuns und (Jovcrn
nients already n'i pt"d und in.-talleii in Arkansas
and l.oiii.-iiu.a snail ho set asido and held for
naught, thereby repelling and discouraging tho
l"?"' citizens who kuvs ttt up the same as to fur-
i l.at is to Fiiy, 11. 0 Pres. dent persit3 in
, rocojinizing those shadows ot Govei utnonts
in Arkansjs and Louisiana, which Cou-
grcss foimally ilecla;ed iliou'd nol be
, recognized whose repieoentativo and
declared formally should have 110 electoral
vote for President ami Viee-Precident.
v-uuit 11 iijiii 1. ti an
They aro the. mere creatures of his will.
! iney cannot liveailay without liu nip
cannot live a day without hu
poll. 1 liev arc mere oligarchies, imposeU
ion tlio people by military orders under
the forms of election, at which generals,
1 provost-marshals, soldiers, eamp-l'ollowers
j were the actors, assisted 1 y u handful of
I resident citizens, and urged on to prema-
. turo action bypnvato letters lrum llio
In 111 ither Louisiana nor Arkansas, be
foio Lanka's defeat, did the United States
control half tho territory or half tho pop
ulation. In Louisiana, General Banks'
picclamntion candidly declared : " The
fundamental law of the Mite i.s i.iartial !a"''
On thi foundation of freedom, he creel
ed what the Pi csidenl calls "the free Con
stitution ami Government of Louisiana."
liut of this Stale, whoso fundamental
law was martial lavr, only sixteen parishes
cut of forty-right parishes wero held by
the United States ; and in five of the six-
icon rr. in- l.l
Tho eleven lairishcs wo substantially
held had 2113, l-yo inhabitants ; Iho residue 1
.i'il. C111I.1 ...J llil nc AT:tl'.l7 I
. . r..,. .:i,i ',. o'iinn i' nfi
err of Ge'n. Hank's returned that ll.lUtl
bnilots were csst ; but w hether any or by
whom Iho people of the United States
havo no legal assurance ; but it is probable
that -1,000 were cast by soldiers or em
ployees of tho United States, military or
municipal, but none according to any law,
State or National, andT.bOO ballots lepre
sciit the State of Louisiai a.
Such is the free Constitution and Gov
ernment of Louisiana; and like il is that
!of Arkansas. Nothing but the failure of
a military expedition deprived usofa like
one in the swamps of Florida ; and before
tho Presidential election, liko ones may
bo creanized in evety rebel State where
the Unites have a camp.
The President, by preventing ibis bill
from becoming a law, holds the electoral
votes of the l brl Stales at tho dictation
of bis personal ambition.
If those votes tutu iho balance in his
favor, is it to be supposed tnat his compe
titor, defeated by such means, will io
qniesco? If tho rebel majoiity assert their su
premacy in those Stat.s, and send votes
which eleel an enemy of the ( io ei nr.ienl,
will we not repel his claims?
And is not Unit rail war lor the rresi
; , . , , ,,r ii,
l-nry. inaugurated by the votes of the
1 ret ei .iai
Seriously impressed wijh these dangers.
, . .. . uni,,r lhe au,iKiri,y of
what th President calls the free Consti
tution nnd Government of Arkansas.
Tho President's proclamation "adds or
mug hi" this judgment, and discards the
authority of tho Supreme Court, and
strides headlong toward Ihe anarchy his
proclamation of llio 8th of December in
If electors for President to allowed to
bo choM-n in either of thoo
States, a sin
ister lii-ht will be cast on the motives
iniid the President to "hold for
th'at under the fourth section of
... .1.. r i..f..,.i;,,:., r,.;r.
Kate an aitmiMi vno tuu couuci, 01 tne
Uuion. tho authori'' of tho Government un-
, der which i..y arc appointed, as well ns ro-
no Scnatorsor ItepresoaUtives wore elect-
led uudtr the authority of iboGoyerumenU
or which Mr. Dorr was the head, Conaress
was not ca.lod upon to docid.t the cuntro -
vrs ot tho right to deoido is placed
lle ,! r rroo 'im-ition of
1 . ..v ; 0,;, ft"",Illl' 'Ifclares1
that "W Le ber inenibers sent lo Congress '
nm anv .state sha U iul.,iltt.-.,l t.- .,...1.
. .. ; ., . . -
cmtitiil.oi.lli,yre,ts exclusively will, tho
respective llout.es, and
not ton.iv c- tent
not to anj cttut
With the Executive."
A.li!.,f i. i..,... 1
. um " uuu ut-i-,me!
wholly inconsistent with the President's
aesumpijow in that proclamation cf a right
to institute nnil lecogni.u Mate, nor l o
calise the President is unable to perceive
that his recognition is 11 nullity if it bo
not conclusive on Congress.
Under the Constitution the rh.ht to
enators and l.epreseutat.ves is wseparu-,
in h'nin n Slur.. l:;.u ......,..
... ....... . ..uiti mm hi.
11 mere 00 n diaio UOVeilHDent. tie),
right is absolute.
It thcro bo no State Government
can be no Senators or JLi
'J'he two Houses ofCongress aro express
ly declared to ha tlio sole judges of their
ten, tlierefore, Senators and Ilepro
sen'.ators aro admitted, tho State Govern
ment, undar whoso authority liieywete
chosen, is conclusively established ; when
they are ejected its existence is as eon-
- - Mwl.iuii.,r-,ll,vliy,,,,1J.i
The President procee
s to express his
unwillingness "to declaro
al competency in Congress to abolish sla
very in States" as another reason for not
signing the bill.
Hut the h II r.o.vhero proposes to abol
ish slavery in the States.
Tim bill did provide that all slaves in
tho rt 1x1 States should be
lint as the President had already sign
ed Unco bills manumitting several classes
ues in males, it is uol conceived nts-
nble Unit ho entertained any serup.es
touching that provision of the bill rtspco -
ni' ,1111111 11.; is m lei. 1.
11.. 1 .... I 1 1 1 11 . . . .
en only wtint, tlio proclamation covered
- i.iil1' lld n tongres:eiiul title and judicial
! rcmcdici by la to tho disputed title un
der tho proclamation, and perfected tho
work the President professed to be so am
ions to iiceomjilisli.
Slavery as an institution can be abol
ished only by a clmngo"bf tho Constitu
tion of tho United Stales or ol iho law of
the State ; and this is tho principle of tho
It required the new Constitution of the
Stato to provide fit that prohibition, and
the President, in I he face ot his own proc
lamation, does not venture to object to
insisting on that condition yet he defeat
ed the only provision imposing it !
But when ho describes himself, in spite
of this great blow ol'eiuiincipaii.m, as 'sin
cerely hoping and expected that a consti
tutional amendment abolishing slavery
throughout tho nation may be adopted,'
we cuiiously inquire on what his expecta
tions rest, alter the vote of the House of
lieptceutatives at the recent session, and
in tbo Hice of the political complexion of
more than enough of ihe States to pre
vent the possibility ofits adoption with-'
in any reasonable time; and why tie did
not indulge his sincere hopes with so larpo
an installment of the blessing as his ap
proval of tho bill would have secured.
Alter this assignment of his reason for
preventing tho bill from beconiiiiL- a law,
tho 1 resident proceeds to declare his pur-
pose to rreeute U as a lata b, Us p.enarg d.cta-
Nevertheless, loin fully satinped with the sys-'
tetu for tbo r-storation contained in llio bill 11s
or.o very proper plan for tho loyal people i.l'siiy j
Suite chuofiiig to adopt it ; and that 1 am, and ut
all times shall ho prepared to give tlio Hxeeutivo
ni.l and as-dstnnce to any such people so fjoii j
the military resistance to the United Stales shall
havo leen suppress d in any ueh State, nn l tha
people thereol shall havo sufficiently ret'irned to
their obedience to tho t'onstitiuion nrd the laws 1
of tho United States j in which cacs Military '
liovernors will he appointed, with directions to
proceed according to tho bill. j
A more studied outrago on tho legisl.v'
tive authority of the people has never been
Congress pissed a bill ; the President I
refused to approve iti and then by procla
mation puis as much of it in force ns he
sees lit, and proposes to execute those
parts by officers unknown to the laws of
tho United States nnd not sulject to the
confirmition of Ihe Senate.
The bill directed tho appointment of
Provisional Governors by and with the
advice nnd consent of the Senate.
Tho President after defeating tlio lr.r,
proposes to appoint without law, nnd
1. i t li nn I t n .1 ! r i.-.i ini.t pnnurn t of tli S
' 0 .lA.V.Air) Governors for Ihe rebel States!
Ho has already cxercisod this dictatori
al uurpation in Louisiana, and ho defeat
ed the bill to prevent its limitation.
Henceforth we must regard the follow
ing precedent as Ihe Presidential lavv of
rebel States ;
Esrrt-Tirr Ma-?io!, 1
TVAsmsoTo, Murch li. Iffil. )
Ilit Ercellcnry, Michael llahn, (jowrnor 'of
Loiii'iaia ; Until further orders, you are hereby
invested with powers exercised h ithorto by tbo
Military Government of Louisiana. Yours,
This Mjchiol Ilahn is no ofiicer of the
U. S., tho President, without law, without
the advice and consent ot tne senate, by
a private note not ev.n oonotersigned by
no nan aiieauy Jiunseit assitmril a rigtil tbreo great dangers. (1) the return to pow
by proeiamation to lire much the lniger ' er of the guilty leaders oflho robelliou, (2)
number of slaves in the rebel States, un- ihe burden of the rebol debt
dor tho authority given him by Congress I Congress required assent to those provis
to use the military power to suppress tho : inns by tho Convention of the Stato ; and
iebellin; and it is quite inconi pivnblo if refused, it was to bo resolved,
that the President should think Congress 1 The President "holds for naught" that
could vest in him a discretion it could not ' resolve of' Congress, becauso ho is unwill
exereiso itself. f ini, ..l0 ,a jnMxit,iy loany onopliin of le-
it m the nioro.uniotella-iblo from the Monition," and the people of thu United
lact (Hat, except in respect to a stnuli part Mates aro not to be allowed to protect
ol Virginia and Louisiana, the bill cover- themselves unless their enemies a"rce
1 the Secretary of Slate
'of Louisiana': '
Tho bill provided foi
'trillion of the lawn r,
, makes him dictator !
led for tbo civil adminis
tration of the laws of the State--till it '
.hould be i a lit temper to povern itself
-repealing nit laws reeognizinr slavery
and making all men emal befot the law'
nn'i.i I l.,.f.A..n 1 1. t
; ti.,.. 1 ...,: ' ' . ' : ;
. ur.-u I'l-ueuiHciiii iirov sions tlio 1 resi-
dent b:n annulled. tU,,!.. :i ) v, 1 ,
,mm V 1 .
( 1 and ak Propty n, buy and
mm nii eers aro necearv. uonorem .
islato.1 for , .71, Tlk !
is.i. u air necessary tilings, ana tlio I're.s-
!','", '";i'nvcs thoru 01 tLo Proicotion of j
t; ., ,, , . I
ho IroMdentspurposo to instruct his
Mi itary overnor.s n., proceed according ,
I lO t lid til . n t)n I-iiali 1 J f rt 1 1 1. . .1 :
,-,,;,, ,' , C, " r. ' V. " 'I ,T I
not merely a gravo usurpation but a trans-
i. . ,1
'proceed according to tho
a.ier proventing it from becoming &
Whatever is dono will bo at his will and
pleasure, by persons responsible to no law,
andtjioio intere-ited to secure tlio inter
ests and execute the will of the President
than of ihe people ; and the will of Con-
gross is to bo "h.:Ufur n.vi-ihl," "unless the
loyal people ot the rebel Slates choose to
11 they should graciously prefer tho j
. ..v ...... ,w n,u UlUUlilUiaUO 1
Ml I " ... I .
ill give no assuranco
that a majority of tbo teoile of the Stales
have taken tho oath ; if administered, it
; will be without leird authorilv: and void
no indictment will lio for fal'so swearing
at the election, or for admitting bad or re
jecting good votes ; it will be tho farce of
Louisana and Arkansas acted over again,
under tho formsM this bill, but not by
nut liorily of law.
Put when we como toHho guarantees of
future peace which Congress meant to
nnaci, me lornis, as well as the substance
o t be ,1 mn.i I ir. 11. Tr...;,ii
; will that none should bo mpitcd.
j It was lh solemn resolve rt Congress to
n oted tlio lovnl men nt llin nut inn ni. iinol
. . - ' 1 f: "
, to it.
Tlio order to proceed according to the
bill is therefore mernlv nt tho will of i. Im
rebel States : nnd thev barn thn or.iinn m
reject it, accept I he prclamation of tho Hi h
ot December und demand the President's
Mark the contrast! The bill requires a
majority, the proclamation is satisfied with
ore-ten ih ; I he bill requires one oath, proc
lamation, another ; tho bill ascertains vo
ters by registering, tho proclamation by
guess ; the bill exacts adhcrenco to exist
ing tenitorial limits, the proclamation ad
mits of others ; the bill governs tho rebel
States ; c(;c, equalizing all before it, the
proclamation commits them to tbo law
less discretion of military Governors and
provost marshals ; the bill forbids electors
(or President, tho proclamation and de
feat of tho '.ill threaten us with civil war
for tho admission or exclusion of such
voles ; the bill exacted exclusion of dan
gerous enemies fiom power and tlio relief
of tho nation from the rel el debt, and the
iirohibitalior. of slavery forever, so that
l lie en .0 m essiiiii .;i 1 lie-1 eui'ii e'li 1 11 1 uiiu ij.e 1
our resources to bear or pay the national
debt, freo tho masses from 'the old .lomi-
nation of tho rebel leaders, and em licate
the suppression of Ihe rebellion will double
tho causa of war; proclamation secures
neither of these gutu ifntie.s.
Il is silent respecting the rebel debt anil
(i, ,lfli,,;P ,.1 vni111::,, r.i ,.,i 1.,1,,,.
oav ,,.,,, oxncly wbcro it was bv
,.uv t lh( 0UlTC Qr hn rt b-llion, and
I adds no guaranty even of tho freedom of
! the slaves he undertook to manumit-
It is summed up in an illegal oath.with-
nut n timet Im, niwl iliorefiirn t niil.
The oath is 10 support all proclamations cave, whe:h is very loir, wo oiawiod about
of the President during the rebellion hay- i fifty feel, when tho pawag.i bervn-i si
ing reference to tbe slaves- narrow and tho oxert.cn ' fcrcst Mat fur-
Any Government is to be accepted nt ther pi ogress was coi: ,;dcrc l a uselo's
the hands ofone-tentli of tho people not ! 'f '",lc and p!i;.';ic.d force 'Iho
contravening f-.atoith. bottom, top and side, , -hu small cava
Now that oath neither securos the abol. aro covered with beautiful water form.t
frcedom of tho slave Iho President do-,ti'ns. pendant and gronr-.g upward from
chived free. tho solid limestone lhat iurmod tae bed-
It does not secure the abolition of sla-: rock of the caves. In this smaller cavo an
very; for tho proclamation of ftcedom opening was. lormed. not larocnougli to
itii.n of slavery nor adds security In the admit tlu pas'ng.i of a nan, into which
frceni' rely rrofesstd lo frro certain slaves ' "no r'f H"1 ri'rl" ro-aped a stone, which
while it recognized the institution. I f'l silently eoveial seconds boro it was
Every Constitution of the rebel States at ''"d strike tho b3ttom, thus giving
Ihe outbreak of the. rebellion may bo adop-' sure evidence of still another larger cavo
ted without the change of a letter; for ; below. As we wero limited for time, wo
nono of them contravene that proolama-; did not attempt to cxp.oro tho caves fur
tion ; none of them establish slavery. tber. Put, procuring pucIi specwuens n
It ad Is no security to tho freedom of , we could with Iho aid of a crowoiir and Iho
the slaves. expenditure of strength, wercluinod to
For their titlo is the proclamation of
Hit bo unconstitutional, an oath to
support it is void. Whether constitu
tional or not, the oath is without authori
ty of law, and thereloro void.
If it bo valid and observed, it exacts r.o
enactment by the State, either in law ro
, n. l.l ,i
V I'll s ..11 1 1.' ii, .1 ii mn 1 iiirLuuiiiii 1.' in" , f .1
proclamation title ; and the right ofa slave found, and the formations from tbo roaf
.0 freedom is an open question before the were dripping. I n n.
Stale court on the relative authority of a fe months, "1
the State h.v and the proclamation. ! eaves have been explored, very largo.
If t i.J Mi , ir.Ts the one-tenth who beautiful, and extensiveones will befoutid,
take it isnot eolc oVKhe, nine-'and probably quite a Urge body of water,
enm who succted to the control or the It ev.n would not be surprising if a lar8o
s7vo GomnmtVw it is annulled deposit of silver pre wa, found in one
, ?Unt y , v ! or the eaves, a, quite large and well dc-
ihe State courts would say of the, velopcd vmn of silver ore was being
tree lamalion. who can doubt T worked when tbo rave wa made. One
But the master wotilJ not go into thing is sure t It will become a great oun-ooirt-'bo
would seiw li slarc. odty iu lh:J counltjr of oddities.
50 Per Annum, if paid in advance
SERIES VOL. V.-NO. G.
What tho Supremo Court would say,
who ran tell ?
When and how is the
question to get
No hahtas cirpus lies for him in a United
States court, and tho President defnniAil
. .: . 1. . 1 e M . . - . . n . . . . .
" 118 extension 01 inai wru to
,UuJ..el ?L ..
ucu are ine iruns ot tins rasn ami at.il
act of the. President- blow t Ihe friends
01 nis Auinisistrnlion. atthe r h-bts of hu-
,,,!i n.,,1 ... ,i, . . 1 c , ,
" . I'fitoiplea ot repubL-
The President ha, craally presumed on
the forbearance which tlio suppor'crs of
his Administration have so long practiced,
i view of tho arduous conflict in which
... - 1 . .
Hro en.?i, ami the reckless ferocity
of our political oniionent
Put ho must understand tlirtt our sup
port is of a causo niul not of a men ; that
the authority of Congress is paramount
and must bo respected'; that tho wkolts
body of tho Union men tf Congresa will
not submit to bo impeiched by hitn of
rash and unconstitutional legislation; and
it' he wishes our support, ho must confine
himself to his executive dutioi abno to
obey and execute, notinako tho law3 to
suppress by arms armed rebollion, and
leave political rnori-ani.af.nn to Congress.
lift Oil r nrt lt-a tF t e flotfnixiMAnt
fail to insist on this they become responsi-
I Rltir I in llSlli'rtnhnii w im h I invr .. Is u.
. " .' I w.ej ..... .v.
of the people whoso rights end security,
commuted to their keeping, they sacntice.
Let them consider Iho ronudy fortune
usurpations, and, having found it, feuritfss
ly oxeruta it.
B. F. WADE,
Chairman Senate Committer".
If. WINTER DAVIS,
Chairman Committee House of Represent
atives ou tho Kebellious States.
Remarkable Caves in th.3 Patajoaian
or Mowry Minos in Arizona.
A correspondent of tha San Francisco
Herald, describes soma beautiful and ra
markablo caves in Arizona.
Shortly after Mr. Brown visited tha
mine, the pick and di ill of ono of the mi
ners, engaged in ruuning a drift on tha
vein, opened into a now and beautiful cavo.
The cavo issituataaboutone hundred and
fifty feet below tho mouth of tho shaft,
and I should judge two hundred and fifty
feet from tho shaft, in, tome, auutikno'.vn
direction. I think, howevet, tho ono wo
went into Had a general 1101 u.oi .1 oour
At tho timo wo viited tho cavo it had not
been very thoroughly explored. Our par
ly entered it with candles and a guide.
For fifty feet after leaving tho drift tho
doscentwnsquito abrupt, then, to tho oth
er ond of tho cavo, a distanoe of ono hun
dred and lifty feet the bottom was quito
level, though broken by largo rocks. Tho
sides, which r.ro over fifty feet apart "Mid
fully forty feet high, join nearly in tho
cenlro, forming an arch, tho whole not
much unliko the genornl interior of an 0
longuted and shai -ii-rirched oven. Them
side j, however, aro covre I v.'i'.h boiutil'ul
stalactitos of all sues and shapes, inters
persed with a formation resembling, in
purity and delicacy, tho crisp snow upou
a frsusty morning. Some of the formations
tiro nearly transparent, r.ml bear a sir'.!:
ing resemblance to icicles hanging front
thoea.es, others are of a delicate wino
color and oilier ones appear like amber.
The tranpirent formation 1 ;'esmoe;h
the colored ones aro rctn-ii not un'iko co
1 si ; while the snowy posts havo sharp,
fine, and bristle points upon the ir deli
cate surface, which cuise 1 us to handle
the specimens we old-iine 1 with great care,
, , , , , . , . .-
l')1",,l, two ff ltl.01 froc-un- tnem
-,r 1''V,"ls f,om :,';ui'y' , 110 V'4
ol "llV''"' U "ero retloetedm a b.ill.ant
and ple.1,1114 manner, causing many ex-
cl imationj of delight fi'o.ii tho various
members of tho party, as sotno new beau
ty was discovered. Brilliantly lighted up,
t his cavo would present a gorgeous appcar
unco. I About two thirds of llio way from tha
I entrance, another cave, smallor and lower
' than tlio ono just mentioned, was visited
bv scv(!r;.l members ot the party. Jn II11J
. mo upper world again
It is hit iiupvei-ion that In general
course of Ihe cave is northeart by south
west, and that tho lowermost one w.'.l ba
found to bo very laro and extensive.
Tho upper and. as at present known'
larger cave is perfectly dry. In thesmallor
ine, which i" en leei upiow 1110 ouiur,
.nvnia small t-asins or roois 01 waiei ncro