Newspaper Page Text
CI .eax.fi el& fe; lisEMim
D. W. MOORE, Editor and Proprietor.
vht vwtii i......
. . v aaa v i v HOLE NO.
i . . t
ftluhb 11 ff e f r tr
from the 1'blUJelphia Age.
riled to Alrtham Lincoln vpo , p,vcJ1I..rt
utun9 apart Auguit ilk, im, a, a day
fathng, liumilwtio and I'roytr."
' Jrs mce peace this people blest
a iruiuui laoor and Willi bounteous net;
M Eabbath bslis, that oiled tho land to pray
jte tbe sweet stillness of tbe summer air,
(11 our border! o'er, from year to year,
Weber murie broke upoa tbe ear
the broad grain fieldj r the Northern
i prosperous farmers drove tbgir loaded
(fair savannas uf the Eoathern land
sncd with tbe tillago of tbe nogro's band
isimplo negro, laboring with the light,
1 cheering with the dance hi happy night
I faithful heart waa to hie muter bound,
( thougit had he beyond bit daily roud'i
simple duties all unskilled to know
it he njio fed bioi whi hit foe !
age to our souls were battle 'j dread alarms,
r old tuoQ had heard tha clash of artni,
that la ware that made and kept uf free
M all tbe Statei were One for Liberty.
t watched tbe pc-acofld lumiuers eome aiAl
banting fuluen of the gulden grain
larked the daya and told the patting houri
Jlall garlanded, wub fruits and tlowcn;
tow tehold hw changed the happy plain !
reaper falls whora once ho est the grain
era, onceyollew with Hie ripening kroaJ,
with the harvest of tho untimely dead
odden meadows, red with ghastly strife,
i graves to those to Whom they once gave
litnplo slave, torn from the fields ha tilled,
Kht by eravea Vankoe to be killed
I in their stoad to play the warrior's part,
drive the bayonet to hit master's heart !
'.blackened chimney, totteriog to tbeeartb,
It ghastly tokens of tho ruined hearth.
I tun goes down upon some scene ol death
M mangled sufferers gatp forfaiting breath
taiorrow sends the iuoxurable dart
k breaks nod blights some peaceful, hafpv
mt who wail at eve, at noon were Wives
I hour dooms belpleta babes to orphaned
lere we note the months by wbnt they brixj,
ruits ofsuuimer and the flowers of spring
Vat they (die wo mark the passing years,
'louuiy dial watch with darkening fears,
i hours by butchered friends the brave and
More ourcalendar in brothori' blood.
Vkbbllng jester, who, wun uar iuota isisi
Mint a juke on Misery's hidoous wittls,
, wbon Antiotaui's awful field lay cpread
groaning wounded and with murdered dead,
ed oat no helping hand to lift or late,
100th the ghastly pathway to tho grave ;
not a word of cheer or friendly nod,
othe the victims toyonr party god,
Irowued the piteou: cries of human woe
1 tho congenial musle of " Jin Ceo I "
rt like this, of anguish and despair,
iare to summon smiltoa hearts to prayer I
e to invoke the beggared wrulcb to fait
a the poor loaf now left him Is his last !
widows and tboir babes to leave their crust,
Is be who earned it sleeps In Southern dust,)
V that Uod will guide and bless the band
brought this ruiu.cn our itrlokeo land I
k yon will lot fiddle and bassooa
M die leisure of a crowned bufluon ;
tons go round lot not the laughter fail
stintless slaughter tuint the (Southern
ip yocr shambles, seise on legions more
acd and rot where logions foil before
'son from mother, husband tear from wife,
iter on the floods of fruitless strife ;
taught but tears and groans and misery be,'
ho hut negro slave Is starved or free 1
Vhilo the broVen heart Us wol endures,
it no sacred grief with balm of yonrs,'
ma not bursiinir bosoms to despair
ring iriunda that your hands planted there !
aim not duys toai, butdnys 10 Jtca,
lotto wbo suffer from perpetual need,
lot God's temples beagaiu profaned
layer for bands with daily slaughter slain
Won asked for sins of yesterday,
Iswords are whetting for to-morrow's fray !
I long ! Ob, Lord 1 bow loag 1 " the mother
thing. Oh, Lord 1 how long! "the widow
Wo!" (a voice breathes la her ear wbo
kiil! Uod's awful justice only sloe' i
till ! a few inoro months of dark Kiarulo
'riil the nation of this throned fool,
splc's fiat, rung from sea to sea,
seal his doomaud make a people free.
I to tho filthy purlieus whence be oatno
skulk, disguised, this wretched spawn of
i, dcrpiied, seourgod by a twofold rod,
Kora of miiliobs and tho corse of God! '1
Jamsi 1 Euukc
i,Pa', Angust 4th, 1881. '
- 1 L. ...
VTbe kind of peaco to bo had in the
I Slates undor Abolition rnle, is now
illuslratod in Missouri, racificated
veer sinco the rebollion besan. bv
4 sword, in the words of the Tribune,
guerrilla war, moro ferocious than
at has nrcceded it, has broken out
19 wbnle State, and imperiled the
ty and tho lives of the uncompro-
. i i r t
? UnioniBtS ana anti-siavery men
it may bo lafoly asserted that, da
a nast few weeks, it haa in no oth
I of the Union been mora danger
pointed out as an unconuiliona
nan than in Missouri."
he radicals achieve all the success
lUittt dream ever pictured, and
X be the condition of the eenjuered
,'orover, Jioiton I'ourtfr.
lo who pays dollar to an Aboh
litical preacher might as well pay
adiary to sot fire to hii orn house.
'ub prevailing eenliment Lot it
a rainiug. Any amount of rain
popular except a roign of terror.
.Neuemir of Thnrlow Weed de-
ainl ai a good aample ef Vfiidom
To the Senate and Hume of Eepresentativ
r ; I havo called you together
f your adiaurn.l .a; r: '
in advuuee o
)h!rS? ?H lakJP& 0n?? acUon for' lhe I
Ai5 U'e- -
&?' d0r"er :.hL dut' l? lh;
Hvvuvi t w l xxo iii trat-1 1 i. rnrm i nn I 'nn
:. , " or suuiiiern parimem. AI tbe proposition did nrt
counties do, in the immediate vicinity of, meet their approbation it Z rejected
tho border, and thus exposed to sudden 'and the genera order chanced to c d
mvan a aelfuh policy would have led , the State6, named and ?Va.liSto ?t
her to rolaia agulliuienL part of her vioinily.
ti.rr tOrce lOr lief OWn defpnn. In r.l n nnrl rf 11.. .!.! .1 .1
doing the would have failed in her duty ,
to thewho.e country Not only would
uer men navo ueen. withheld lrom tho
neia ot active onerationt. but th In in 8
ana taxation wiuch won,! hnro annm
- - - - ,
nccessasr. would bare, to a 1
diminished the ability of Lor people to
comply with the pecuniary demands of
tue i nilod Males. She would also havo
necessarily interfered with and hamnpreil
if 1 . 1 . , . ' ,
all the military action of the Government
ana maae uerseli to aamo extent mnnn.
, j " - v.iuuhuuiii ill. LibHICU
mbU' lor any lailures and short comings auctesses of our Iroops were also aniiounc
that L'lflv have occurred. In Dursuaru;a cd. and the nnnnln nf )); Mtnia i.-.i
.l. ; i:.. a... jiti . . . . .
ut iuo .u;tvj iuui ucuuuruieiy auopteu,
this Stale Jiai steadily devoted her men
to the eenerl service. From the becln-
nlng she has always been among the lirst
to rstnond to the calls of the United
Stiles, as is shown byiier history from
the threo months mei'i and the Keserve.
Corps, to the present moment. Thus
faithfully fulfilling her own obligations,
bo has a riiht to be defended by the Ku
tional forcp, as part of a common country
Any other view would be absurd and un-
ust aha of course cannob couipium
when the sutforg by the uecestary cor.tin-
goncics or war.
ibe rcllections that have in too many
quarters bueu mado upon the people of
tho southern counties, are most unfound
ed. They wera invaded in iHli2. when a
Union army, superior to anv force of the
rebbls, (apd on which thev had a riuht of.
courso to rely,) was lying in their imme
diate Vicinity, and north of tho Potomac.
They were again invaded in 18(53, after
the deieat of the Union forcos under Mil
roy at Winchester, and thev have neain
suffered in li)4, after tho defeat of the
Union forcei under Crook and Averill.
How could an agricultural people iu an
open country be expected to ris up iud-
uuiuy ana ueut buck hostile rorces which
ueraioU organizeu veieian uiujiodvi
Government? It is, of course, expected
that the inhabitants of an tnvadod coun-
try will d-j whtf is in their power to'resist
the invader and the facts hereinafter
slatod will short, I think, that the people also threatenoa in ins rear ana on nis lett
of those countioi have not failed iu this, by the column which crossed at Shcppards-dul-
town, he therefore fell back upon Green-
If Pennsylvania, by reason or uer gco-
eranhioal position, has required to be de-
fknHM h ll.n Na innal Inrcoa. II tiLU Onir .
the common enamv. It has.
never Leen necessary to weaken the army
n the field by sending heavy detachments
of veterans to save her cities from being
devastcd by small bands ot rutliant Coni-
oscu of their own inhabitants, nor linvo
her people boen disposed to sneer at the
great mass of law abiding citizens in any
tale who nave required such protection.
Vet nlten a brutal enemy, pursuing n de
feated body of Union forctw, crosses our
border and burns a defenceless town, th Joined Cen. Averill. Tiro town of Cham
borrid barbarity, instead of firing the j bersburg was held until duv lihl, by the
hearts of all the people of our common small force under Gen. Cuucb, during
countfy, is actually in some quarleri.mado which time the Government stores and
the occattort for mocks and jibes at the
unfortunate sullerers. thousands of whom
have been rendered houseless j and these
hearileea scoll's proceod from the very
men who, when tho Stato authorities,
seeing the diwiger, were taking precau-,0'
tionnrv tiieaslires. ridiculed tbe den of
there boina anv dancer sneered at tha
axortinna to iirennro fnr mnelinc it. and '
succeeded to some extent in thwarliogl
tueir euoris to raiso iorces. inesemen
aro themselves morally resi.onsible for the'
calamity over which they now chuckle and
rub tueir bauds.
It might have been lroreL-nav. we had
a right to expqot that the peoplo of the
loyal Mates, bngngsd in a common ellort
to preserve their Government and all that
is. dear to freemen, would have forgotten,
at least for a tiuio, their wretched looul
jealousies, and sympathized with all their
loyai iciiow-ciiizens, wuerever resiuem
within the bordcriof our common country.
it should be rememoeied that the original
soutco of the present rebellion was in such
jealousies encouraged for wicked purposes
by unscrupulous politicians, lue men
who for any purposo now continue to en
courage them, ought lo be held up ai
publio enemies enemies of the Union
and peace, and should bo treated as such.
Common feelings, common sympathies,
are the necessary foundations of a common
I am nroud to ear lhat the peoplo of
Pennsylvania feel every blow at any of
her sister Stale, as an assault upon
themselves; and give lo them all that
hearty good will, tho expression of which
ia sometimes more important under the
infliction of calamity than mere material
It is unnecessary to refer to the ap
proach of tho rebel army up the Shenan
doah valley on the 3d day of July lint- to
the deieat of Gen. Wallace on the Monoc
acy. their approach to and the threatening
of the Capital, or to their destruction of
Sroperty and pillage or tuo counties of
aryland lying on tho border. These
eventa have passed into history, and the
responsibilities will be settled by the
judgment of the people.
At tnat time, a can was maue upon
Pennsylvania for volunteers to be muster
ed into the service of the United States
and "to serve for one hundred daya in the
Slatea of Pennsylvania and Maryland and
al Washington and Ma Vroinity." Not
withstanding the embarrassments which
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, AUG. 17, 18(5 k
complicated the oruers for Ihcir orguniza-
' ? .aD J 1mu8tei 6,x regiments vvere en-
sled and .organized and a bitlalliun of
SIX rvim nniuaa 'ri. i. . i
drawn from the Slate, the last leaving the
mm. r ' ".ib "'o
1 desiltd tbftt 81 leat Pa' ' of this force
Confined in thePir service to,
mdioi ai 1'ahm..i...u- I a- i
mode sucU an appHca'lion to the War He-
had cotno within tba Stale. Tho people
of tho border counties were warned and
removed their slock, f nd at Chambera-
hllTlt Anil Vriflr taa riKnnnlnnrl . . 1 . . 1
fi.i ihoii. : i k .n
v " m I'lutctiiuiit a naa uufc fjui-
, Federal armies and of course not of the
.strategy of their commanders, but it was
slated iu lha nowapapers that the rebel
nrmv u'na lnsolv i.nr.nn.l .11.. ;i
j j jw.Dr.v unci 1 v unu
crosnl ilm Pntnmnn n,i
tho vaMnv of tim kh on a n Inn It l.'Annn I ai I
causo to Lelieve that Quite sullicient
' . . f. -"" .. "--.
Federal force had been thrown forward
for its protection upon the line ot the
On Friday, tho 29th of July, tho rebol
brigades of Johnson and M'Causland.
consisting of from 2,500 to 3.0U0 mounted
wen, with six guns, crossed the l'otomac
at Clear Spring Ford. They commenced
crossing at tea o'clock a. in., and marched
directly on Mercersburg. There were but
forty-live men picketed in that direction,
under command of Lieut. M'Lean. U.8.A..
and as the enemy succeeded in cutting
Uio telegraph communication, which from
fhat point had to pass west, by way of
Jiodford, no information could LcBent to
Gin. Couch, by telegraph, who was then
at Chaniliersburg. The hend of this col
umn leached Chambersburg at o o'clock
u. m., cn Salurduy, the oOlh.
The reliel brigades of Vaughn and Jack
son, nunlc'ering about 3.01)0 mounted
men, crossoti the d'otomao at about the
same time at or near Williamsport ; part
of Ihecotnmmrtf advanced on Ilagerstown,
r'' mSi"ii-,0d moved "the road loading
,. ..u,TV. iv u.ceuiuaLiu. -:
other rebel column of
infantry and ar-;
tillery crotsed the Potomac simultaneous
ly at Slicppardstoa'u, and moved towards
ed a force red"uced"To abouf ,0irincur
was ht ilagerstown, and being threatened
ni rront ty V augnn ana Jaenson, on ma
right by M'Causland and Johnson, was
uen- Averui, n is unuorsiooa, was un-
ucr luo uiuuisui umi. j
Hunter, but was
kept as fully advised by Gen. Couch
was posBibl?, of tho enemy's movements
on his right and to his rear. Gen. Couch
was in Chambersburjr, where his entire
force consisted of 00 infantry, 45 cavalry,
and a scetion of a battery of artillery, in
all loss than 150 men. The six companies
of men enlisted for ono hundred days re
maining in the State, and two companies.
Of cavalry, had, Under orders from Wash
ington, (as I am unothcially lnlnr.ned,)
'fains were eaveu. io batteries "were
men piantoa uy wiq enemy commanding
t"0 town, ana it was invested by the
whole comr.aud of Johnson and M'Caus-
for-,'anu. ai ( 0 ciocii a. m., fix companies
dismounted men, commandeU by
.sweetly, entered tue town, iouoweu uy
mounted men under Gillmoro. Themaiti
force waa in fine Ol battle. A demand
w8 niado for ?100j000 in gold, or 500,000
' uoTwuiueun iuuuo, on .u..aU...,
number ot citizens weie arreaieu anu ueiu
as hostages for its payment. No otter of
money was mado by the citizens of tho
town, and oven it they bad nny intention
of ravins a ransom, no lime was allowed,
as the rebels commenced immediately to
bum and pillngo tha town, disregarding
the appeals of women and children, the
aged and infirm, and even the bodies of
tho dead were not protected fioni their
brutality. It would have teen vain for
all tho citizens of the town, if armed,
to have attempted, in connection with
Gen, Couch's small force, to defend it.
Gen. Couch withdrew his command, and
did not himself leave until tbe enemy v. ero
actually in the town. Gen. Averill's com
mand being within nino miles of Cham
bersburg, it was hoped it would arrive in
time to save the town, and cll'orls were
mado during tho night to communicalo
with him. in tho meantime the small
force of Gen. Couch held tho enemy at
bay. Gen. Averill marched on Chambers
burg, but did not arrive until alter tho
enemy had retired. He pursued and over
took them at M'Connellsburg, in Fulton
county, in timo to save that place from
pillngo and destruction, He promptly
engaged and defeated Ihctn, driving them
lo Hancock and across the Potomac.
i commend the houseless and ruined
people of Chambeisburg to the liberal
benevolence oi me x-egisiaiure, ana Bug-, tu0 iely sgiaiers present, and hold tbe town
gest lhat a suitable apptoprialion be made ngainst any cavalry foico that might as
for their relief. Similar charity has been 8ault it. 500 citizens of York, irrespoct
hcrelofore exercised in the case of an ac-j lveof party, volunteered, were armed, and
cidenlal and destructive tire at Pittsburg, wenl down to the Northern Central rail
and I cannot doubt tho disposition of the road to guard the bridges or hold their
Legislature on tho present occasion. town. This is stated in order to show you
Ou the 5th duy of this luonth a largo: that the "border citizens" are beginning
rebel array was in Maryland and at vari- to realize that by united action they have
ous points on the Pulomao bo far west as . the strength to protect themselves against
New Creek, and as there was no adequate an ordinary raiding party. Enclosed, I
force withia the State I deemed it my du- invite your attention to a letter addressed
ty on lhat day to call for Thirty Thousand to the Governor, together with his en
Volunteer Militia, (or domestic protect- dorsetnent upon the subjoct of forming a
ion. They will be armed, transportedand special corps from tbe six border counties
supplied by the 'United States, but, at io' mot exposed. If 10,000 men can thus be
provision is made for their rmv
will bo necessary, , ,m
action, lo make ,Zinti
pwprialion for that
Feeling it lo boulfe rinf'T.f h (tAMAOnl
Government lo aflbrd full feibteotion to
the people of Pennsylvania and Maryland
by the defence of the line of tho Poloninc,
I united with Governor Bradford in the
loiiowing letter to the Prosideut, dated
July 21at..D. 1864;
Siate or Maryland, Executive DepV J
ANKAl'OLIS, Julv 2f. 1804. f
Ttia prnsiin-, .tL,iiiU!H iincuiu, X' resi
dent of the United .States ;
Sir : Tho repeated raids across lhe Po
tomac river made by portions of tho rebel
army, and the extent of tho damage they
have succeeded so frequently in inllicting,
have most injuriously nilected the people
of Maryland and Pennsylvania, in tlitj
neighborhood of lhat river, and many of
them, it is bolievcd, as the only security
aguinst such looses in the future, are seri
ously conaidering'the propriety of aban
doning their present homes and sppkirwr
safety at the North.
It seems to us that not nicrelv in this
sectional view of the case, but i n its na
tional relations, tho securitv fifth i.4 ttnr-
der line between the loyal und rebellious
.States is an object iustifvinir and renuir-
ing n disposition of a portion ol thu na
tional force with an usreoinl vinw in iu
defence. The Potomac river can only be
crossed in its ordinary stato of tvnti'r ut
some five or six. lords, nnd wo proj ose to
enlist from our respective Slates a volun
teer force that f hull be sulliri..nt. tvitti Hut
aid of the fortifications, which the foico
itself can speedily construct, to ell'ecluul
ly guard them all-
Wo ask the Govern rucnt that tho re
cruits so raised shall bo credited to the
quotas of ou several States on tho cull
last nwdo, and bo armed! enuinned nnd
supplied as other volunteers iu the ser
vice. We are aware that asageneial rule well
founded objections exist to the enlistment
of a force to be exclusively used for home
or local defence, but wo regard such aser
vico as we now succest as un exceptional
case, ana tue complete
protection of this
. nnrt. rif mil f rnn i in. ,a ...I... : i ...
Soon nfter tbe oulbreal. of this rebellion
uio importance of a si.Pniul , ..fnn r ti,
recion borderinir on il... nnnm. p,.im.,
was recognized by the Government, and
the lion. Francis Thomas, of Maryland,
inents with a view'to't'uo proftction of the
counties on cither side ol that rispr
These regiments weie raised, but the sub
sequent exigencies of the Pervico required
il..:. i i . .
iuir eiupioymons eisPtvhere, and they
therefore all'ord at present no particular
security to that region beyoud other troops
iu i no service.
The necessity, wo think, for some such
peculiar provision has now becorae'so ob
vious that we would, with great respect,
but most earnestly urua up'on vour Fx-
cellency, (,'no expediency of accocding to
thosurgestions We have made, and we
will immediately set about raising the for
ces required, and wo havo no doubt thev
Will bo promptly .procured.
Wo have the honor to be with great res
pect, your obedient servant",
(Signed) A. W. I'.UADFORD,
A. G. CUitl'lX.
The following letter from tho Assistant
Adjutant General, dated August 1st, x. d.,
is the only reply received by mo up to
this time :
Adjctaxt General's Opfick,
Wasiiisotok, D. C, August Ut. lstj 4
II in Excellency, the Governor of Pcnn.xyl
vamp, llarrisburg, i enn a:
Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge,
the receipt of the joint letter from jour
s'eff hnd the Governor of Maryland, dated
July 21, 1804, asking authority to rniso a
volunteer force in your respective States,
to be exclusively used for homo or local
defence, and for guarding the fords of the
In reply, I am directed by the Secreta
ry of War to inform you that tho proposi
tion has been fully considered, and that
the authority asked for cannot bo granted.
Iu this connection please seo the act of
Congress, approved February 13, 102, as
promulgated iu General Orders No. 15,
series of 102, from this oflice.
I have the honor to remain, sir, very
respectfully, your obedient sorvatil,
(Signed) THOMAS M. VINCENT,
Assistant Adjutant General.
MsM. Similar letter tent Hit Excelknn,
the Governor of Maryland this dale.
How tho reason given for tho refusal to
acton this proposition, can be made con
sistent with tho enlistment of men for one
hundred days, to serve in Pennsylvania,
Maryland and at Washington, and vicini
ty, it is hard to perceive.
On this suggestion mado by citizens of
tho border counties, tho following com
munication dated U July, 104, was
mado by Major Qonoral Couch to tho Sec
retary of War:
IIeawauters, Dbp't SrsqrEiiAMSA, )
Uarrisbur,, Pa., JmlUj 22, lSljl. j
Ifon. Edwin M. .Stanton, Secretary of War.
Sir: During tho recent raid into Ma
ryland, the citizens of Chambersburg turn-
ej out with the determination lo stand by
organized, its existence would bo a pro
lection and give confidence
Iara informed that the goneral senti
ment of the people in question is in furor
01 aompt n mir Km.. . -ln
I ""'"b .tuiiu ub unco, ana hs a
.military measure, think it will be of es
sential service to the General Government,
",,u ivuuiuuieuu inai me war Department
encourage the movement by authorizing
the loan or issue of uniforms, provided tho
law In question is enacted.
It is'believed that the new militia law
of this State.will prnrfirMu -f
value, excepting thai au euiollmont will
probably be made.
I am sir, very respectfully, your obadi
ent servant, (Signed.)
D. N. COUCH,
Mnj. GenComd'g iJep't.
IlEADQCAUTUnS, IE.'T SlSQUKIIAN.IA, )
llarrisburg, August Jib, IbW. J
A Irue copy respectfully furnished for
the information of his Excellency, Gover
nor A. G. Curtin.
JNO. S. SCHULTZE,
Ais't Adj't General.
On tho same day I Approved in ii iiini.
of the proposition, and expressed my opin
ion thut the Legislature would pass an ai t
in accordance with it nt its adjourned
session on the 23d of August. I am fur
nished with un oilicial copy of the follow
ing reply, uaieu August 1, lou4, to tho
proposition of Gen. Couch ;
Waii Dlp't, Auj't UiiNimAt's Omen, )
Washington, D. C, Aug. I. ISUI.
.l.y. Gen. 1). X. Couch, Commanding, de.,
Goneral: 1 have tho honor to acknowl
edge the receipt of your letter of the 22nd
of July, relative to tho United States pro
viding uniform for :i Special Corps " of
militia Irom certain border 'comities of
Iu reply, I um directed to inform you
lhat tho subject has been oarefullv nonsiil.
ered by the Secretary of War, who cannot
sanction tue issue ol clothing in question.
I am, General, very respectfully, your
obedient servant. (Signed )
THOS. M. VINCENT.
Ass't Adj't 'General.
ERS, I)K1''t Si' SOI EnANXA. I
HnrrisburE, August Olb, JSlU. j
A true copy reepecllully furnished for
the information of Lis Excellency, Gover
nor A. G. Curtin.
JNO. S. SCHULTZE,
Ass't Adj't Gen.
In each of lhe three years, i02, 1803
cull tho Sluto militia for the dufcm-u uf
the State, tnd this has boon done with tho
assent and assistance 6f the General Gov
ernment. Fiom tho want of organization
ive havo been obliged to rely exclusively
ou lhe volunteer militia, and With few ex
ceptions to organizo them anew for each
occasion. This has caused confusion anil
a loss of valuable time, and has resulted
in sending to the field bodies of tuen in a
great measure undisciplined. Tho militia
bill pa9-cd at lhe last vession is 1 think
for ordinary timos tho best bill wo ever
had; but under tho existing extraordina
ry circuihstnnces, it seems to require mod
ifications. I suggest tint tho assessors lo
directed to make an immdiatc enrollment,
classifying the militia as may bo thought
best ; that tho olliceis bo appointed by tho
Governor, ou tho recommendation, ap
proved by him, ofabonrd of examination,
composed of threo Major Generals for
each division, of whom tho M ijor 'Jcneral
of the division fehull be ono, tho other two
to be designated by the Governor, from
adjoining divisions, or in such other modo
as the Legislature mny think lit ; that in
all cases the oflicers'bhall bo selected by
preference from olliccr nnd men who
havo'been in service, and fchail have been
honorably discharged by tho UnitcdStates,
nnd that effectual provision bo made for
drafting tho militia When required. Tho
recommendation in regard to appoint
ments is mado to avoid tho angry disscn.
tions, and, too often, political jealousies
which divide military organizations by the
election of officers, and to sectiro the ser
vices of tho most deserving and competent
The election of officers in tho volunlcor
forces in tho Held has been found to be in
jurious to tho service, while promotions
by seniority, and appointments of merito
rious private.', has produced harmony and
stimulated to faithfulness. In tho enlist
ment of new organizations tho plan adop
ted of granting authority to ollieers to re
cruit compauies has been found to bo the
best policy. I also recommend that Iho
Governor bo authorized to form (either by
tho acceptance of volunteers or by draft
in such parts of the Stato as he may deem
expedient) a special corps of militia to
consist in duo proportion of cavalry, ar
tillery and infantry, to bo kept up lo the
full number of fifteen regiments, to be
styled " Minute Men," whoshall bo sworn
nnd mustered into tho service of the State
for three years ; who shall asemblo for
drill at such times and placets a3 he may
direct, who shall be clothad, armed nnd
equipped by tho Stato. and paid wheli as
sembled for drill or calledsnio service,and
who shall at all times bo linblo to be call
ed into immodiate servico for tho defence
of tho Stato, indppondent of the remain
der of tbe militia.
As this forco would be subject tosudJen
calls, the larger part of it should be organ
ized in the counties lying on our extreme
border, and as tho poople of those coun
ties have moie personal interest in their
protection, the recommendution U mado
to authorize tho Governor to designate the
parts of the Slate in which it should bo
raised and to save the time and expense
of transporting troops from remote parts
of the State and the subsistence and pay
in going to and from the border.
A body of men so organized will, it i
believed, be effective to prevent raids and
ineursious. The expenses of clothing,
armine and equipping such a force cannot
( bo correctly ascertained, but the Quarter-
$1 50 Per Annua, if paid in advance.
SERIES-VOL. V.-N O.
( master General has been directed lomaka
(approximate estimates foi tojr imf.irm.
I lion, which will be iudependont of pay
The Slate Bhonld provide at Ieai-t six
rour-gun batteries of Held artillery with
all tue modern impiovoments.
Tho suggestion has been frequently
made i by unieilecting persoosthat iboSluU.
alioul I ruiseaforooandkeepitpormancni-
, iy iu mo new ior ncr acieticc. Apart Irom
jotbor considerations, it is to l observed
be quite beyoud the prosent ability of tho
To raise and maintain an army of fifteen
regiments would involve au annual ex
penditure of moro limn fifteen millions of
dollars, and any snijller foico would bo
inadequate. Tire plun which I havo
above proposed would, I think give to tho
State efficient protection, and if the Leg
islature should think fit to udoptit, thu
expense can be readily provided for by '
lean or oiherwiso
Having nn organized force under thu
control of the authorities of theStaie. nnd
I mustered into service for domestic prolec
I lion, we would not as heretofore lose limo
jln arranging for transportation and sup
plies with tha National Government,
when it bec.imo necessary to call " it iuU
mo nei.i. iv neii tnroumy organized, it
should be in all iu appointments an army
which could be incic-aictl by draft maJj
from our enrolled und rlas.-sfied citizen.
Tho plan which I have above suggested
b the isu!t of reflection and exporiifuoj
which 1 havo had during tho hut threu
yearf, and I havo fult it tj bo my.duly to
bubinit it for your convidcration." Of thu
purpose! of providing for ilia eilectuul de
leiice of tl.u Stale, I ;f courso CHUaot
doubt) our approval. If tha Legislature
should prefer tho adoption of any oilier 1
plan more efHoiont, and economical, than
tlm one which I have htiein proposed, it
will give me pleasure lo co-operato heart
ily in carrying it iulo olleot.
In accordance with the uct cf MJy 4th
1801. I havo nppointed forth Easteru,
armies Col. F. Jordan as ngent at Wash
ington, nnd Lieut. Col. Jam us Gilliland
us Assistant Agent at that pluer. ; and al
so fur the Southwcstci a aruwci Lieut. Col.
James Chamberliu i Agent at Nushville.
Theso Agents aro now actively engjad
ii. the performance of their duties, aii'd iU
is desirablo tkat our people should Lo
aware lhat a part of them consist in the
gratuitous collection of ullcluims by renn-
wmuriV".:!'-":,':" : H1 .v-
ernuicnts' Volunteers liaving claims on.
either of theso Governments,' cau Lav
them collected through these agents with
out expense, und thus Imi re6ejecd front
the extortions to which it is feared they
have sometimes horelol'oi e been subjected.
Having received infoiination from thu
agents of the Stato thnt our sick nnd
wounded wero suffering greatly from th
want of comforts and even neeossuties, 1
havo been recently compiled to call ou
the! peoplo to oontiibule supplies mainly
in kind for their relief, and it give mti
plcasuro la say thnt this appeal has been
cheerfully responded to, ts have been ull
my former appeals to tho same end.
It eeouis impossible to exhaust the liber-
ntilv nf mil iiiiiinmiij ?..i.i.T. ii-l.i. ll...
well being of our bravo volunteer is in
I question. In my special message of 30th
April last, 1 staled the eireuiiHtanco at
tending the advance of bauks und other
corporations, of fundi for the puymcnt of
j the militia culled out in 18(i;i. In conse
quence tho Legislature passed the ant 61
hh May, 1801, authorizing a loan fur the
purposo of refunding, with iutorcot, tho
,nmount thus ndvanccl, iu cajs Congreas
jBhouId fail to make tho nccOosary appro
priation nt its then current fo;sion. 1
regret lo say that Congress adjourned
wiiuuui uiuiiing sucn appropriation.
Tho balance in Iho Tic.isury being
found sullicient to reimburse tho Hand so
i ... I. ..,... I i..i.. .i:. ..:..:!. .v...
u'ii anut:Li, niiunuiuiiuuij (illiuuisii 1 1; mu
Sinking Fund, I havo deemed it advisable
not to advertiso f r proposals for the loan,
and recommend the punsngeof on nctdi
reeling tho payment lobe mado out oi
the moneys in Iho Treasury.
As the omission of Congress to net on
this subject involved an unprecedented
disregard of the good failh of tho National
auihoiilip.-i, I recommend that tho Legis
lature tuko mensures for jirocuring an
appropriation at the next session of Con
gress Tho revenue bill passed at Iho last ses
sion has boon found to be defective in
several points, and I locommeud a careful
and immcdialo revision of it.
The bounty bill p:i-d ut the last eossion
is ftiuml (o bo defuctivo and unjust in
many ot its prwvinions, and front the man
ner in which it is administered in soulo
parts of thu Stale, opprosMvo on tho poo
ple. I tliorofoio ricjuiuiond a c.utful
icvision of it.
As tho present session has been called
for tho consideration of muttors of vital
public iniportanco, I recommend thoia ti
your earnest and exc!uivo attention.
A. G. CL'KHN.
5rTiiE publication oflice of the Citi
zen at Frederick. Im' bepn coloseil, and
its proprietors, Messrs. auliman & Nor
ris, aro under arrest. They will be sent
pefjuA coTEMPOtar hopes Washington
will I in nut of danirer sotno day. ll can
not be ivliile this administration U there.
t-Tut Eost ayi New York smells so
badly that people cannot livo tluro. It
is a yery olfonsive city in many rospecls.
tuTTiro huadrod thousaud aero of
laud ia Ireland has Uw.i pormile 1 to fall
to wuite and sterility the past year.
8?A onis'ri.jr paragraph tho "1
raont Uiat 155.0(A) patieuH aro in tlfi' noil