Clearfield Republican. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1851-1937, August 10, 1864, Image 1

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    D. W, MOOEE, Editor and Proprietor
VOL. XXXViWHOLE NO.
jjinjtl Jj0ttrjf.
For the Pepublioan.
MY SISTER HAS LEFT ME.
hi W. W. WiSOBlRNH.
y i her dost Ih.ne own pure spirit dwell ?
v. (VIl U eg,,,, UU1,U(r jjny J
Oh ! you, my dear iter, nave jone from my sigh t,
ou, with whom 'twas my fondest delight
To laugh like the sunshine, to rauibU and play,
To mingle our hearts on a calm tuminer day.
It seems but a moment time spoeds along
Since Death suatch'd tliee from life's busy throng j
let months have elapsed since dth iu h...
liUL whAFA rlkA. ; .... 1 , . , J
away,
Aod
thou can'st
day.
not rctura on calm lammor
The Bowera of summer hare faded and gone,
And the sweet birds from our bowers hive flown,
The leaves of the forest have fell to doeay,
But again they will greet us on a calm 'miner
a ay,
All fair things bad faded when you sunk to your
When you flew to your God -to your homo with
the bloit;
When your soul took its flicht to Hoaren ....
w here it shines in its glory on a culm summer
uuy.
There rest my loved sister, thy soul be content i
Thy days of terrostrinl trial are spent
On the hillside your body was placed to decay j
Its tomb I can visit on a culm summer day.
tlLKN HoPK, JuLT 2STH, 186 1.
LETTER FROM A CONSCRIPT.
Danville, Pa., Aug. C, 18G4.
Mr. lirintrr; 1 ond a letter to the
llftmm's Shernal, but id wood not brint
Id. I asks Leroy do reason ; ho says I
used disloyal lang.tge ly calling on do
loyal loeg to, in a body, march la de front
to assist Grant.
J)e loyal lode ry enmo of (e-dny ad Wil
liamejtort, dis Slate, I drew a hi Lri;ea
bloo soot, a lig overcoat, napsack, and
soger gun, mit $10 a uiont of de est muny
dut ever was during piy nateral life.
1 ant opposed to gambliog: derefore, I
wm give my vaiuaoie Druse toue McIuchJuI
.church. My helth is shattered. I want'
io go vo ivauuua 10 recrooi it. 1 ainK 1 !
vui lie veu wnen ae iter ts over.
jiuperucuiauj is on ue increase nero.
I-eroy says ho "likes to preech in favor uv
war, but hates to fite in id." He says "if
ae uovorment will not burn de call for
live hundred dousand more, he will vote
eguin it as suro as he roust tile to free do
ttpi;or."
tvesdroprrr (s going Into de substidute
liiseH if he can (urn an onest
peny
or
low. He set his "Abolishun brtnciples
rrwy go to da wind he will go into dc
sluvo trndo if Le can make ruunny oud
of id."
Do liretdenl of our loyal Iceg ish able
bodied. Lingon diafted him. lie got no
substidule, paid no dree hundred lollars,
nor will he risk his sacred life to brolcct
do best gnvermcnt dut ever wos.
Just before de New York ryot de traler
Puynioro tent agents to government lo
w about the city's kwo'a. We all sed
he oulit to lie Lun Jur eiuliarasvng iAn
gon. New York had t lr iproper
.credits. Vel, our Uush township has not
her rite credits. Vel, our loyal lecg Bies
iilent strikes hands mit a thin thinned kop
erhend, and goes down to Ilarrisburg to
gel our kirta riuced; and in dis way is
trying toedeet theGovermendoutof men
fliUit as much ns de disloyal Governer
Saymoro did a yeer ago. Porois someting
rotten in lieamark, and when 1 gets lo
Kunady I vil rite to I.ingon lo have de hi
oliser ov de loyal leeg and de koperhead
.dut aids him sent to I'ort Lafayette, ware
all do draitors belong,
From Kunady I will go (o Soil river, to
niftke dings in order, for you no on do 4th
March de G overmen! will start for dare
on a bleshuro drip.
tioot by til de war ish over, and de nig
gers free. Your enemv,
DETKICk EX LINE.
Dawn-ino Hbasov. Dr. 0. A. Drownson
as one cf the diKlinguished speakers at
Hie Frcetnont ratification mcelingio New-
York. He said ho voted fur Uuchanan
I in ls5ti, which he considered sad opera-
Hon, and in 1800 he voted for Lincoln,
i which be thought was decidedly worse.
7 He then rent on lo say :
"Now I am ready to support any man
f ho will defeat Abraham Lincoln. His
ses and applause. My first object the
; tuing which lies nearest my heurt is to
save the Union and the Constitution,
ft which has made its strength and lis glory.
, sw.w iu oufui nuj jhuiji vi fsj
'man Horatio Si-ymour t yes ; or Val
landigham. Hisses and cheers aye, or
jtfernanda Wood Good, and applause
!-any man whi can defeat the ro-eleotion
of Abraham Lincoln. Understand me:
'while this is my first objoot, to defeat the
nominations of the lialtimoro Convention
l"Rullv." and applause!--! am ready
to join with all honest, nil sincere and all
nrnest Amerioansor American citizens
who will defeat Shoddy and Shoddy's de
fenders." '
KEG ROES 1
LOANS!!
TATFSft!
Such is the work of ft
1 Ann OAs at i-i n ftf
the Amprican Confess
Not a single
toeawre looking to what the people prny
ior
Jeace,
ADJUSTMENT,
f' RE-UNION '
But allto elevate the Negro, impomi
, p i i
tue country, and gnni aon ine pec-
le. Was ever a change of ruler, more
.toperaiWely demanded than now f
VlQ-F.verv railroad h a amokln car.'
miehtsava tha feelinpi of ladies and
ntlemon If ever nna haul also a twear-
-g car.
1819.
I CONGRESSIONAL ADDRESS.
Ton have not, as good Patriots should do. studie d
The publie good , but your particular ends :
Factious among yourselves, pr,ferri, .uek
10 bjicc, and kanor;, a, ne'er read
The element! of earing policy ;
11 IT DEEPLY SKILLED IN ALL TBC rBIXUIFLBS
THAT IWKH TO DESTRVCTIOIf.
Timotcon lo I fie Vithtne of Siraente.
AJf A DDK ESS
To the rtople ttfthe United States, and particu
larly to the people ofiU Slates which adhere
to l.s federal (government,
Concluded.
RECONSTRTCTIO.V.
The propositions which should oblain
, - . . . vwmiu
M , :ZZTtiyr..
V Tl. it T ' en contrnsl'
cu una me policy of the Administration
..... recuimr aavantage.
e.
as 1 before the war, except as to changes
which maybe agreed upon between or
es stiaintand
uiuong mom. iuo Constitution of the
United States is the rightful and only
bond of union for the .States comprising
the Confederacy, and it is to stand us it is,
in its full illtCElitV. Until the nnrli... -A hr.
inem
are bound by n shall change its terms or
add to it new provision!. Auy other doc
trine is revolutionary and destructive and
lo bo utterly rejected, whether founded
upon Presidential proclamations or stat
utes enacted by Congress. The powers of
the Federal Government in all its brnnnh
are confined within the provisions of the
iousniuuon, ana cannot transcend them.
Therefore the Constitution ns it is, inclu
ding its power of regular amendrneut, is
the leading doctrine of the great party
which proposes to save the nation lu this
the day of its sore trial. Let the false and
guilty doctrine that the President of tho
United Stales by proclamation, or the
Congress thoreof by statute, can prescribe,
alter, add to or diminish the conditions
of Union between the States, be discarded
at once and forever, and most of the diffi
culties which appear to attend the ques
tion of reconstruction will wholly disap
pear. Those denarimnnLa nf lha rinii.ri..
meut are confined to particular legislative
and executive duties, and cannot touch or
aotermine the relations of the States with
esch other. That field of power is sncrcd
to the great organized communities by
whom the Union was formed and by whom
done it cun he subjected to modification
or change. We have fought to restore tho
Union, not to change it, much less to
subvert its fundamental principles, and
the accomplishment of its restoration is
the compensation we propose to ourselves
for nil the cost aid sucrificss of the
struggle.
But what is impossible to the President
or to Congress it ia competent for the
States, in their sovereign cupacily, by free
mutual consent, at the proper lime, to
perform.
Tue American Slates required a compact
of union to go through the war of the
Revolution, and it was made. Subse
quently ihey required on amended com
pact, creating a more intimato union, to
secure to them the fruits of independence.
From their deliberations on lha latter oc
casion there resulted that most admirable
iiiblrument, the Constitution of the United
States, under which the liepublio has ex
isted ana prosperou tor more than seventy
years. Anil now, under our experience
of revolt and war and misgovernment, we
may conclude that additional securities
for liberty and Union should be establish
ed in the fundamental law. But these
securities must consist of limitations rat her
than extensions of Federal authority, and
must not invade those fiolds of power
which were left sacred to State jurisdiction
in the original lobomo of Union.
The Constitution should provido against
tho uncontrolled domination of sectional
parties, South or North, in the Govern
ment of the United States, as the most
indispensable and vital regulation possi
ble for our safety and continued existence
as a Kepublio. We refer upon this point
to our remarks at the beginning of the
present address, as exhibiting the grounds
upon which this most important proposi
tion may stand, and as illustrating its util
ity and necessity beyond all cavil or ques
tion. An adequate, real, and efficient
check in Government, securing a balance
of power between political interests, is
unquestionably tho highest and most,
important; point, in constitutional sACd
ence and it is most evident that be
cause our system has been founddefective
in this particular, we are now involved in
war and scourged by mi?governmcnt in its
most intolerable, odious, and lawless
forms. The chocks already provided in
our Constitution, and which have been so
salutary in their action and influence upon
the Government, must be supplanted by
some proper division which shall more
perfectly perform tho office aod function
for which thev were designed. For it is
now proved, amid the blood and lean of
this nation, that all balance in our uov
eminent may be lost, and all its checks
be found Insufficient to curb the influence
and guilt of faction, and secure obedience
to those fundamental principles of liberty,
law, and right, whioh were established by
our fathers. We are at war. and blood
flows, and Wealth is wasted, and Canal irism
runs riot, and the Constitution ia I
07 outer griei
nui luiiun 111 mi uur iiuioes, Decauae a
sectiona faction rules ihe Government ofias to the radical Abolitionist, his cup of;
the United states, free from restraint or enjoyment is almost full. He belisve '
niirh. rtt limitation of ill nownra. And II ik.i ...iUm tla l. ii,
- ---- -
made impossible that this oon-j
B,,ouiii uiauo iiu('uisiuio iun iuis oon-
dition f things can exist, after we have
Anna Ttrlrttlnri nursplvea from tha errt,
"
., . . . .....
There should also be a judicious limit a-,
lion upon the distribution or federal pat-
fonsce. The prodigious growth and pre-
ent extent of that patronage in official
appointments, constitute a fertile sou roe
of corruption sod danger. Nearly the
PRINCIPLES,
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, AUG. 10, 1864.
wlirttn f V.l 1 .
, xruersi appointments are
po sed every four year, upon a presiden-
tja election, intensifying and debasing the
struggle for power, and sowing the seeds
of corruption broadcast throughout the
land. Purity, economy and ;
govern
ment become almost impossible
under this system, and their rinp;n
and maintenance demand its amendmeut.
A change by which (he great body of pub
lic officers would hold for fixed terms
and be removable ouly for lawful cause!
Would be on of creat tiirril. imI ividnm
and is among the most desirable objeots
to be sought in our public policy.
AMNESTY.
Another proposition pertaining to re
construction is, lhatas to individuals there
. --"".hiuihhi tuabifa II
"" mnly except for particular
r ,lce3, AU "ie excesses or a State o
far cannot Le visited with judicial pun
isnmont. Uoth necessity and policy re-
Iifelimcnt. Uolh
struggle, the
cover (he pa
, quire mat, at the conclusion of such a
mantle of oblivion shall
past. A nalion torn liv nivil
war demands repose at its conclusion, that
society mny be reorganized oud that the
passions nnd demoralization produced by
war may disappear before the renewed
action of moral forces. Laws of confisaa
tion and treason uiuy be politic and ne
cessary to prevent insurrection or to check
it in the outset, but ihey become inappli
cable when revolt has ripened into public
war, and one entire people are organized
againstanother. Tenal enactments when
dirocted against a wholo population are
odious and useless, and their tendency is
to prolong and intensify war, and to em
barrats or prevent its just conclusion.
Their office is to chastiso individual
offenders within Government jurisdiction,
and not entire commnnies contending for
independence or other public object. The
laws of war nocesparily und properly obtain
between the parties to a war pending the
contest, and displace or 6uporsedo those
of municipal enactment. Amnesty, there
fore, within the limit of public safety, fol
lows of course Iho termination of such a
contest as that in which we aro now en
gaped. It may be added that clear justice re
quires that Unionists who have lied from
the revolted country should 00 restored
to their estates, and that the particular
wrongs upon tnem should as far as possi-
vim va icuiecDBii,
A CONTRAST.
W e have thus taken notice of several
questions connected with the subject of
..g.miutuuil auu luuicaieu our views
upon them. How much onnosed thoso
views are to the policy of tha Administra-
uou win appear on tne most cursor v ex
amiDation. They point to the determina
tion ana settlement of deputes upon a
just and reasonable basis, and to ihe se
curity of the country against the recur
rence 01 war nerenlterj while the policy
of the Administration points to a simple
alternative between the subjugation und
independence of the South. If we suc
ceed in war, we have a conquered country
lo hold and govern as best we may ; and
if we fail in the war, a rival and hostile
Power will he established beside us. The
Administration has no instrument for na
tional redemption except physical force,
(which it h:is shown itself hitherto in
competent to wield.) and whether it suc
ceed or .ail, the future is encompassed
with dangers. Kepresenting radical ond
violent elements of population among us,
its party interest require of it an uncom
promising and hostile attitude not only
towards tho Confederate Government but
to the whole Southern people. In fact,
the President virtuully announces to us in
bis bogus Htate proclamation, that he can
trust no men in the South except under
most stringent oaths of approval of his
policy and within the direct military in
fluence of the army. Uudor the present
Administration, therefore, each parly to
tho war strives for a clean victory or au
ut tor defeat, and no agreement betwoen
them except one of disunion is proposed
or is possible. We submit it to our coun
trymen that this statoment of facts pro
nounces Ihe utter condemnation of tho
Administration and ostablikhes solidly the
argument for its removal from power, and
this, too, independent of the other consid
erations which we have presented. Impo
tent in war, incapable of securing a just
and speedy poace, competent only to
waste the blood and resources of Ihe peo
ple, il stands as tully condemned in us
policy against the enemy as it does in its
measures of internal administration. And
we are justified in concluding upon tho
whole case, that if the Union is to be res
tored, liberty preservod, and propeiity
renewed in this country, those results
must follow Ihe defeat and rejection of
the Administration by the American peo
ple. Tin DrriAT ok Mr. Lincoi.v removes
TUB MAIN OI1STACI.I TO REL'NIOX AND RE
STORES AT ONCE THE JCST RILE OrIIR CON
STITUTION OVER TOE ADHERING STATES,
CONULI 8I0N,
ml , . . , ....
I here are out iwo classes or men in this
country who may rejoice in the existing
conditions: irj, Those who make money
out of the war, and second, those who do-
sirewacnieve piDHocipai,.on Dy
to tho former, their thirst for sudden
wealth is gratified and it is not in their
nature lo regret deeply those calamitios
which fall upon Iheir fellow-countrymen
but irona wu cn lupv reexemnieu. And
r-"; " ,
Union remain broken forever. Li'.herre.;
.uu.ai.snes nimproioun.iiy ana wnoiiy,i,houiJb9 accepted or reodfed by the
nil HA MM .U..nl iln. n.l,l... ..I.. fc. - J
and no possibleevent during his existence
oan rorapete with nither of these in merit
aud excellence.
Rut ha not the country borne all it ran
reasonably bear, in fact much more than
it can reasonably bear, for the oraLfina-
(ion of these two classes of men. and shall
not the Admipitration of the Uovern-
not MEJT.
i .
roent under favor of which thev nntl in
power and gratify their unhoW sfSS?i tS
their detestable passion thfowl out
of power, thus re ievin, the oountrv from
'this nightmare of corrSpUonSd St?
.i,;k t. J?10? anU ,l,natl
I teneor U' "8 Ver
Sbort-eightod and passionate men rush
on to accomplish an immediate object. un
able to perceive the consequences which
lie beyond the present moment, and un
willing o believe that new nhiHp in
their path of passion and vengeance will
euccceu to tne existing ones. They vain
ly think thot if slavery bo struck down by
force, regardless of law or civil obligation,
and negro equality bo established" in its
stead, no suoject of difficulty, no cause of
national peril, no "stone of stumbling,"
will remain in our national progress.
Vain delusion ! Such expectations are
proved to be false by a thousand exam
ples in history. The source of danger is
in these wild passions let loose in the land
which will not regard civil obligations, and
which in their headlong fury trend under
foot public law and individual right. We
do not decry theory, but we assert that
statesmanship is concerned mainly in tho
domain of the practical, and that in thn
present imperfect condition of human af
fairs it is obliged to modify general idoas
and adapt them to existing conditions,
which are infinitely diverse in different
countries and at different times. And as
all political powers are conventiocal, that
is, established by express or implied con
sent, (he validity of any political act must
rest upon the ground that it is authoi ized.
Some distinct authority for it must be
shown, or we must determine against its
existence. And to the existence of a free
government, and to the harmony and
prosperity of a country wherein it is estab
lished, there must bo a profound and con
slant respect by rulers and by people for
all those things which have beon agreed
upon or instituted in afliiirsof goverment,
and there must be a careful repression of
all the destructive forces by which tho
bands of society are loosened and license
or abuse introduced into public or social
action. Of destructive forces constituting
capital causes of dangpr, corruption and
fanaticism (before montioned) must be
ranked as chief; and are tht-y not now both
in existence, aud conspicuous beyond any
former example in theso United Slalea.
Are they not predominant characteris
tics of tho pnrly which achieved success
in lbCO, aud has since held and now holds
posessioD of political power? And cuti
thcro be hope of the future so long ns
those destructive principles run' tlieir
course uureUiked and uncurbed ? Tho
sound elements of sociotv must be brought
to the surface, the body politic be purged
01 us unueauny Clements, ami 111 places
oi puuuo trust,jusi, and broad ninided,
pure ond tolerant men bo substituted for
radicals and corruptionisU. Then will
tho laws bo kept ; then will free individu
al action be permitted nnd permissible ;
crime only will be punished and harmony
and penceful relulionsnnd widely ilill'used
prosperity succeed to violence, intolerance
wasto, bloodshed, and debauchmeur. of
tue ualional life !
l'ENNSYLVANIA.
C. R, Buckalew,
S. J. Randall.
Philip Johnson,
Chos. DeniHon,
Wm. II. Miller,
A. H. CoHroth,
John D. Stiles,
S. E. A neon a,
Myer blrouso.
oiiio.
G. II. Tendleton.
J. F. McKinney.
F. C. Leblond.
C. A. White.
S. S. Cox
Wm. Johnston.
Warren P. Noble.
W, A. Hutchins.
Wm. E. Finck.
John O'Neill.
George Uliss.
Jus. II. Morirs,
J. W. White-
INDIANA.
T. A.Hendiicks. I John Law.
James. A. Craveni. Joj. K. Kdgerton.
Jas. i McDowell,
ILLINOIS
W. A. Richardson,
John It. Eden,
A. L. Knnpp,
W. II. Morrison.
C. M. Ilnrris.
Lewis W. lios.
J. C. Robinson.
Wm J. Allen.
WISCONSIN.
Charles A. Eldridgo.
ILNTCLKV.
L. VI. Powell, Garrett lUvis.
VllllilNI.V.
John S. Carlisle.
DELAWARE.
W. SauUbury, Geo. Kee l Iliddle.
NEW JERSLY.
A. J. Rogers.
HEW HAMI'SIlinE.
Daniel Marcy.
Washington, Juty 2, 1SC4.
After the preparation of the foiegoing
Address, at the very conclusion of the
session of Congress, Uo extiaordinary
measures relating to subjects treated in
theAddiess, were enacted into laws.
They were both approved by tho Presi
dent, on the 4th iinyofJuly, and (illy
conciudod the labors of the Congressional
majority. Thoe measures were: ltt, a
w n.o jjiiuii
Iw" mm ivsiMubiuu iiuMuniiiii a
' ananial nnd nnJ
1S53. The former was entitled An net
father to rpgulate and provido Tor tho
Unrolling aod calling out of the national
J forces, aud for other purposes," and au
thorized the President, al his discretion,
to call out iroops lor one, two, or three
years; provided for bounties of one, two,
or turee nuoursd dollars lo eacli recruit,
. t . : .
,ree equal instalments ; and authorized
tirafM for unfillcJ quota after fifty days
. .. .. ... ,, . JJm
rrom me ume oi tue can ; out in case ot a-
ny BUCh draft no payweut of money
Government as commutation to release a
ny enrolled or draped man from personal;
obligation lopertorm military service.
The third section reads as follows 1
"Sec. S. That it shall U lawful for the Execu
tive of any Slits to fend recruiting sgonts into '
any of the States declared 14 be In rebellion, e-l
ept tbs States of ArkaqsA, Tennessee, and I,u-
TERMS
NEW
isiana, to rcoruit volunteers umlor any call under
the provision of this act. who shall bi i aralitad to
the provision of this act, who shall be erelitod to
... B...,, ni io mo respective subdivisions
taereof, which may procure thoir oulislmnnL
ine sixth session provides, that in j
drafts onnii.,n;i.o;r
h""0.d'e.1 ?.ere:,t rnnl"4
b.en credited to i,e nnota of nn" tow., K,
ward, or Bute, by reason of their boing in said
sorvios nnd not enrolled prior to February twesty-
fourth, eighteen hundrod and sixty-four, shall be
enrolled and credited to tho quota of tho ton n.
rj,.',?i,L:,.c.t' or "!"i0 !n M
ly reside, upon satisfactory proof of their resi
dence mudo to the Secretary of War.
Such is Ihe law which abolishes commu
tation, ana provides a plan by which ce
tarn States may escape the fre cfa
o L r?" 1 . S J" ' he
southed counlrv to 7 II nn Ih.,: " J
r ,i 1 V .i""-".-
hv -?h v ,0t V -rp.S0 b(,lnPa4
5L i l )n"d,U ll'.ecom1rap,,l
States nl thesadorsand marines who have
of Hoi pliirV,Ce .86i:V1Ce lhe Ulb,r0
credhc to he ' S T"
"hi i e oUiina o Vh oT'lTl'
wueiner citizens or not. Ihe States which
are most enterprising in the race for ne-
gro recruits, and have most facilities for
tantoges otthis arrangement Hut the
r0te ?rom,rhP 8U,"t'r;1fl:ia St?" re:
mote f.om he seabouid will bo subjected
. . , ; ' '
ZP,t lI 'J'6. ?? 1 01 fomnimee of
form wass follow.
lorm, was as follows.
.. , ;, ,, .
ncs. , Hrf, too tueter, Hair, Lane ot Kan-
sas, AlorKun, Morrttl, l'jinoroy, Hamsey, .V,,m,u-,
ion uiunie, nuue, n UKinson, ana IIiukii Is.
"Kavs .Messrs, Uuckalew, Curlile, Davis,
DoulittlP. Illirlnn Ilnrri. II I,.,-... II
j i i i V -...-, ii.-iiuoiDuii, jiuu-
il 'n'tii i I'"0 oflndiuna, Mcliuugull, I'u-.r-
VViircy-17.'' ' i,umuu" uuu I,IU rct.eis u-raaiue.l just louj nnough to
i. . , i 'ee the flames spread and net uii'W iiron-
11 will be observed that one half Ihe cr headway, wlu.ii the alarm was given
whole utTirmativevoio was from the ttutis Unit Avciill was i.pp.oaching the to.vn
east of the Hudson. Instantly oy-ry freebooter was in his sad-
JJut, to meet tho expenditure for boun- dleand hurriedly took to the St. Thorn al
lies under this law, the joint resolution roa 1 with Arcriil in pursuit
before mentioned, imnosimra snetriul in-!
come tax, was iiassod. Jt provides that,
upon the first day of October next, n tax
ui im u j'cr ccmutn uori inoomea ol 1po;.
(in excess of 000) shall be assessed nnd
paid. These incomes having been alrea-
dy fculjecled to tax, tliis tax is a second im-
position upon thesimo oljt-ct for the same
limn. FWxlru llmlnv ii- mntl ,...,,.
from three lo eight por cect. The pres.- stmctiveness aud injustice. The fact
sure of this iiieabiire upon persons ol fix- ,J-'roro us aro these, as ic ited in tho state
ed incomes is feveie, and il sets asido the ruent accompanying tho letter which fol
doctrino that the same article or object ''A'8 'l :
shall bo taxed but once by gnverninciit : 'J'lio annexed lcltrr was written by the
for a given period, its form nnd tito re- youngest daughter of the Hon. Alexander
maining unchanged. Upon (his ground, i K. Uotcler, of'JcU'crson county, Virginia,
a tax upon liquors on hand (which had al- Uoluiling to her sisters the 'burning oi
ready been taxed) was voted down at the their homo by order of Gen. Hunter, unci
lute ecHbion after prolonged debate. jalso tho residence of E. J. Lee, whose
" pluco adjoins Mr. Holder's. Fountain
A r lank Movement. Ono of Sigcl's Rock alluded lo below belonged to Mrs.
sildiern gives the following account of a Roteler, who, with her daughter and grand
foraging adventure he had in Virginia : children, has been thus ruthlessly de-
"Veil, you see, I goes down to dat o'.d prived of their only homo. Mr. A. R.
fellow's blaco dat has a beech orchard, Roleler will be remembered as a mcmbcr
vere vewns stationed, to steal some beech- of the Federal House of Representative
es, and ven I cets to de front cate vat von in lMill-fil. nml na oeiiunlv n,Tnn,i .,.;.i.
dinks 1 zee ? 1 zees dare a pig pull-dog, ) Mr. Crittenden and others "in resisting se
and he looks mighty savage. So I dinks ccsfion : but after tho call for seventy-five-I
frighdens him, and I says, 'Look here, 1 thousand men by tho President nf tho
Mr. rull-dog, stand back ; I fights on dis United States, acted with his Stato.
linA nil 9iinimni' Tint 4t.n ...ill I... I f..l:.. r..... 1- . i
line all zummcr.' But the pull-doi; ho
don't care for dat, so I vhmks him."
"How did you do that?"
"Vv. 1 pops vnv nrniint. an n ilo mil!.
ilog couldii t see me. and ven I gets to de
uacK gate, vat you uinks 1 seer y,dare
1 see dat same old pull-dog ! So I vluuks
him again."
"llow did you do lliat ?"
coulun'tfiee mo, to another Ijcech orohnrd,
nnu vcu j Kui mire, vav jnu iiniKs t "i-flr
Vy, dare 1 see dat tamo old puK-d.-g! So
I vhir.ks him ncain."
"How did you do that?''
"Vv. 1 PI1VS tO lint old ritlll.dmr T wilr
nere, wisier l uu-iig, I vianks you (iree
.. i ,. , .. V
limi 8. and (Verv dimo I liiids vou desninn
,, ,,i , ,
Oul rull-ilon. lam vour old beeches :
A-lli furou f.irvniip.ilil I .nnr iaj I r 1 mi ft
: -
is out next month, and l!ie rounlrv mnv
go to the devil for beeches: so I goes to
my. tent." F. S. C.
2vew lork Tuna please copy.
SiiTvinriVT Soi.nirnq I.PTTrn TIia fil-
lowing is from lhe lnteeditur of tho 'i'unk
hannock llcimbltcan nJK-epublican sheet-
EAI IS TE'ISIIIHU, a., July ,i, llSut.
Thar ll'i!:; A prfnt mnnv wnnl tn Lnnur
I suppose how the Inst battle went. My
answer is, invariably, that we U
themselves with lhe belief that this rea
son will end the war, nnd I believe to
myselt, If we can t whip them by full we
never can. lhe soldiers will stand it no
lonaer. Thev will iro for a new AJminis
tration.' In fact, 1 have changed mv
viewa coni:iciably from what they were
when I left home. There is ton mnrh
nigger in tho present Administration, nnd
ioo mnnv lies puousueu in inn newsnnner.
I find if I want to approximate nny-
wuero near ine truth. 1 nave to taka it
from Democratic papers.
inclosed you will rind a silver dollar,
(if il ever reaches you,) which I sen 1 10
the little "cherub." nnd nne whirh 1 tri?e
quite highly for two reasons . one is, bc
c.ime they are rcarcc, aod the other it
I. . !. !. 1:- 1 ll,ft V.nf lln.flalil
Muoauna is is H rcnu irom
near Petersburg, and onco tbo property of
some Reb. I chanced to pick it up shortly
after lhe battle
11. a. 1 irr ant.
COld men love their eirly tnetnoriri.
Like the Greeks, they Jraw pictures of
Hiss, as it were, on the marble sarcophagi
of their cbangeij, slumbering x.X.
50 Per Annum,' if paid ia advance
SERIES-VOL. V.-NO. 4.
' PARTICULARS fP Tin? "nTQTWTTn
, rA -VJlT J1KS 0Jf THE DESTKUC
TION CF CHAMBERSBUEG.
llARaiSDL-RC. Jlly 31. 180L
1 uen. wcUausland was n command of
the rebel troops when (hcv burned Cham-
Gen. JfcCausland was in command of
jattnant paaaiona. After ha had takeu
,ornlul "eblon or the town he mado
proclamation demanding ono hundred
thousand dollnrs in cold. Jt v. as of COU so
impossible lo eimt.lv .1
niade, no doubt, in full cihlf .J m"
V. 113
tJilure, and ture of its afl'm-d
to execute tho premeditated pir.a for des-
nw., ..,g uiuuucrsuurg. i no luct Wiat tho
most valuable portion of the merchandise
had H JoX
, d "hen. they" were thus ins.
added to the
of the rcbnl-t.
cny were thus inspired the or-
a issueu to nro tne court-house
town hall and bank buiMing. A strom-
breeze communicated tho flames to tht
surrounding building.. Iar tie" of
havi"S sacke'l " ereral" d uga, J chi
8lor"8' """tu,ed tu. pf ntine ffi.
which lhoy ll,row in flH Jirectious, creat-
ing as many d n'erent flames in diflerirt
)ocli.ie,, Aid soon on Ted io one wner-
ttl conll:.ration Sneedi J i , .1?,. i ,
cracking and roa.itg of the I f! vues as thev
Lax house To hou!e J the &
of tcr.ified women, panic-stricken and
"i mo um nnu ueipicss, lonue l nn udos-
cribubl, scene of horror. The ci K
"'ituout piolo.t.had submitted to plunder
(and had even appealed to the m-rcy of
...v.o, kui iiuiuiii" uutiiu un pease tuu
butcher and incendiary, McCaus and
n. . , , "LuuMana.
I una di.ij-hvb OI 1110 111 OS L
valuable and elegant puLlic nhd lilivaU
1 rp. .
"u.iy.-i Hi-iaucini'jin. i uu iovvn was
fired at about 1 o'clock in tho afternoon.
The Horrors of War in Virginia.
We have betose us n history, snd and
" o uu,u uuiu:o ua ii uisiury, tsnn am
"etirt-i endiiit;, which wo arc suro will scrv
ve
to convince uny luiumno pjiirit that the
l'eslation caused by the war should not
rer''-'''l by an enlightened and Chris-
tiail llCOnle lonL'OI" tO unnu uilh n'l ita An
Cniitain Marlimluln wit a inl'itrmail
one of Mr. Eoleler's daughfers that the
property was not her father's but that of
I. . I i . . a
or
nor inouier noving ueen conveysU to her
many years since. She afterwards sent
word to Geo. Hunter, that ho had not
succeeded in deslroyingone dollar's worth
I of her father's property. All he destroyed-
belonged to Mrs. Rotcler, who was absent
cout Mr. Botclcr's two datilitcrsand tlneo
iiiiio grand children, iliis is the letter
of Miss IJotelcr :
SlIEI'I'ARIiSTOWV, Jri'l-'N Co., rA.,
July l,S!jl-V,:eduesduy Jsight.
aI'i iJcari'fl Sister: I annnnun vnn ivill
nave nenru neioro mis readies you tlial
' i .:..ii
have heard before this roaches you that
i our tit-Hi . ue.iu nun iiiuiie ii in nsnes. 1 es-
;.i.ri.. r l. .1
' 1 . 1 . . . . .... ' .
nine children, ami t. heme at home. Ii
teen of the Firat New York Cai-i.li v I'n.lni-
Captain Martindalo.cotne with oidcrs from
(iencral lluuter lo burn everything under
roof on tho places of A. R. Botclor ond
Edmund J. Lee. They came to us first,
und in twenty miuutes after their arrival
il would have been dangerous to enter Iho
house. Of tho furniture we saved two
little rocking chairs and three other chairs
from the porch. This ii literally all. Tha
: 1 J'g
barn, in which wns stored all the bay just
able historical papers and documents all
- - . ...
are gone. 1 iie meat noue ana dairy ara
still standing, as tho wind blew from them.
Writing this is harder work than 1 Ihcugbi
it would lo, after all 1 Lave gone through
with.
They piled up the furniture and wills
carophene, etc., built the fire that ha
b irned deep into our hearts. Nettantid
1 are at Aunt Naon ie'a to-tiiiih', ; Lizsio
and children at lhe Grove. Mrs. Leo baa
jo'ned her husband, and Fountain Roek
and Hedfjrd are both desolate I 1 My
heart aches to have such trrrihlo tiding
cf the dearest spot in all tho world to you.
I fonr I lnved it too much, but mv trni.tl.
ett grief is for cur darling parents. Vo
usu j vuii nnu an. ua v 1 i 1 u ji
ter, but their life 'tics were formed on I
livitcd there. ' I'll write more in the
morning, when filter for it. How many
wul be sorry to hear all this ! I read 11 un-
l-' order rfivelf had it til mv tiirnU
and tried io keep it to send Papa, bul it
was taken out 01 my run as. ,
Ymir devoted sister, Tirrs.
- If. 1'j It Xewt, Jy 2').