Newspaper Page Text
u I Ot
PRINCIPLES, not MEN.
TEIIM3 f 1 25 rcr Acntirc, if jeid in icb n
ni;v SKIUKS VOL! 1 1. NO W,
- t f a vttt M'OV.nrs
b. uuunJ.a ii villi-
r t.-n. t
CI.KAHFIKM), i' WEDNESDAY, MAY 13, ICC3.
Ok XXXUI.WiiOU'. IvO I7;?
'I" - -i .
rBOM THE POTOMAC A I' MY
I Vi'4,nt':u; -WlM'V
' l't tSeveri I igh'.m in l.,it
i'r'.lixj 7Al Knemu Ikctwcd
ly a feint
,1,1.1 iViot'j Han Ui An
FiuHurjfi Let t BrQide. dc.
I'nJM iho abov. head the New Yoik - romarked ,.j Mtk , caQ
Jm ot veslerciaT puhhlie the tjllonmn niaU h,m c0Je out an1 fij,nt rae on py
deiaili of now from iLioariny ot'tho I'olo ;own ground." In two hours the assertion
rnao. To tho loiters, it will be eeen, are as proved. The enemy miitook our
attaclie.1 the camcs of the writer, in purl voluntary retiroment for a check, and
, , , , , i lollowed us i Kindly an we fell back.
uance of the late order of Major General , g.syke.' division had got in their
Hooker : I old position, and pickets thrown out.when
Conefi'ondeuoe of tlie X. Y. lia-e. 1 the enemy again appeared in force on Ijie
Delaiie Of the Ili:pOitaiit OpcrutiOlii at t'dfi''. at the l.i.n ol which we lay. Our
,u m ,. l., . "-" had mack.-d arm and were at rest.
ChancfcJorsvuleou tuy- ,1(, w(i, Mive the uuryeftz0u.
iiiii.iit'ARitiiii AuMr of iua 1'u1o.iac, ' ,iVi-, ere Iu ing at. nearly right angles
Jn th fte'd nr VhaiueUrwMi, V'. V with i(iero'. The Zouavet were paial
rriJi.v iivoiiitij:, Mv 1-iUp. in J
jpon id riuin
fioai L'niled iiales
i'oft th'a ILiOfDinj the tii news tiiul.
grcete(i U'j' ,t a tlicOiiuii m al
Inlit ai d .lii-'uiiiilat'le ttticer, i-u'.ui. '.-i.
McVicar, coiuuiaiidiiif nif miu i'oik
Cavalry. It wouitvu lui tn;li, dunug a
'..riKisni ai,d daring nciiiiiuiiniicft towuid
,,niivKnni:i (Juuri Uuu.e. i ue auair
was the boldeiU aci ul me
far. The charge ol
It-o-. Imli 'JU ul our
meu lipcti Iho whole ot riiMiUgn we
i &,.l iu.--nntLii escaiie ul our
i..rou wis a tit and stilling
" ' i ... . ,
ipoingof this grand latile.
1 iio stcond army oois came up during
the night Slid encamped near tim lelt id
"ur position. '1 he lunu corps 1-0' between
Bar.kV aud United 6laie furda during
the nicUt, aud
reached tbo HviiL uuoui
We hold (be Gordonsvilie rr.id securely,
j i, ... f l i.q iv.. in,, I j
' Fy 6 ...
road lead;i,g lo ipoiif) ivani.i ,
;iuiibouse : four miles to tlicuar is an
other, liieir (hi uk is thus dangerously
e posed, fur if they letieal they aie bar
imsed by flcnk and rear ; i: they light they
iuus' light in an open held, on equal terms,
it!) j orhai gi cut adjutages in our f.i"
Evidences hourly accumulate of the fsct
(list iha eiiUiy is totally ftiiprised at our
i-iioioiis opeialions, anu in a ,;teii mrai'
.11 U ICf. ;
... ..4 ,, .nn,.i ,w ' ,,.1 ia 19 li rvnil' Ue CIWI11V iu:iuiiiiiiiuumj mumu,
rervoii is evident from the mauiier in Although this attack was so handsome
h:eli he fulli to diggin;- riUe pus in ev ly repuUed. it proved to be only prlimi
er? convenient locality. If any further i.u.y to still greater operations. At 4J t.
.. i.la of iho fuel were needed. H i i
hund i:i thocapturoat this point y enter
ii iy ol 4 d.
i atch from G,"1!). Lee to an en,
t hfre. saying in substanco
ht l,,i rs very much surt rised at this
'r.i.vtment, had net anticipated it, and
was ui'prej ared to give him insirucuons.
This difpntcli was dated Aptll '1'J- One
ujcto Met: McVicar captured, in hi.-,
, charge int-t niht. a dispatch Iioin Genera!
. I.co to Filshuin Lew, ordering his cavalry
. 1 rijjuda lo be at Spoiuylvaniu Courthouse
en Arril 30. Thus Lee came in on Mo
Vi car's rosr, who was also bound toSpott
fl'is:iiilics among the pickets were car
ried ou Juriug the night with slight loss
Watson battery, in Meade 3
- - - -
loti ttro men and eight horses
nn. ,l.i..h-,i.ed List nizht. the troops
being massed in proper locations.
I be forenoon was mainly occupied by
Gen. Hooker his ftaff, and able corps
mm-videt; in consultation, and in mate-
log disposition, of the columns. At about
,5,,' i. f..i.. u, .,.nt
forward ou the left, by the Banks' F.-id
V ft iirUL ITfll .H siKS llltllU'ii "Hi w.. w
,road, to make an attack, ant
to develop his trotictu on mat
Ha moved nrompilv into position,
I'll il a. im uioicu i" "... !" j . . ' t'" --'
iv ... i'. i'.,.v u ,,,i ii. i,ui.
Willi Ill-til P III"" ,Tvaw; .iu.u.
rui! mi... r,r.,i hif ihn pn.,
. VI V, lie Ul.l IIUII ., H. .. . .v ......
1 1 , v huii i v . - . .. . - J -.
mishiiii coininoncea, our men .mimji nig : iiure.i lu.nuic- -' j
'ht field wilh much enthusiasm. The Mi ;episode. Of course theeuemy weresevere
VennylvanU Cavalry skirmished in the.ly repulsed, and with heavy loss. Their
verv lront for ssme time, and suslained a killed and woanued fell id the timber lei
nallinifue from the enemy's infanlry.but in front of our batteries, aud leaves and
Shaved tMth great intrepidity. They brushes basing been set on fire by our
cborgeda.d recharged upon the infantry, shells, the poor wretches are suffering a
rooly tobe in turn diiven back. General doubledeath.
vkes then threw forward two companies After this hour there rererio more vig
or infant.y, without knapsacks, on the oro-i attempts on the part of the enemy,
'double-quick, who supported the cavafry, For an hour or more a sharp rhelling was
, . ' . , J, . :. -r .1.. I..., ni,n.;n.l Aiir arlmllf A t. orCUDII'U
and checked the lurtner pursuit . mo rt .,.,,,.. ....w... r
ecemv bv Gen' iIea,le- G"n- Couch's force were
' The action now became quite general , deployed early in the afternoon, and ren
faotweon the two forces, each seeming to la"'V'
be about the same strength. The rebel : centre. General Sickles s column acted as
division th's engaced ws that of Ander-i a reierve. ,
..on, part rf I.ongureofs old corps, and The centre operations of aay indicate
.consoling of ihe brigades of Tasey, Ma-. , that tho enemy was engaged mainly in
i ...t wii.,,. b. f,i.i n,a i.ir, 'fAJinn our lines, endavoring to nnd a
brigade at Gaines Mill. The rebels con- ' weaK point, ana io a.ceiimu vi-"b... , cimiuin. i u.s uu urtu ouiiciimic.-, m
tested the ground vigorously, giving wav of our position and forces, but he was re- it, was supposed that after his column was
only when pressed verv hard. Our troop's 1 pulsed at every point, particularly in his !cut. the corps of General Howard (former
fought for fully an hour with great opirit. attempt to retake Chancellot ville. and in : ly Gen. Sigel's), with its Bupports, would
and drove the en omv frora to successive the in.ane charge upon our battel ies. be sufficient lo resist tbe approach, ana
sod slrocg positions'upon ridges of land ' Every thing goes to show that Lee will finding that he was himself assailed in the
which run parallel wilh the Ruppahan- open the stuck early this morning. It is rear be would turn about and retreat ta
nock. The dif-tanco thui gained v now 3 o'clock, m. May 2. Our troops escape capture.
nearly one mile, aud some fifty prisoner, hve been at work all night, and the woods; But to the disgrace of the Eleventh
raostlf belonging to Virginia regiments, reouiid,with tbe ring of axes. Both parlies Corps be it said, that the division of Gen.
wsre captured. They gave themselves up are busy building earthworks and abattU- Schurz, which was the first assailed, al
ariiiv man of t hem manifesting ideas- Certain changes are being; ruadein our most instantly gave way. Threats, en
ICAUii;, -" . ,, ,, . .. I .l..ll 1-. r..ll f..r, snv . il.. ..J .J... r r,mn,.i,it.,. mum
U. their pOSlllOn. . AUOUl 17 U V.UUI-,
imt as Col. Ottoman,
commanding a on-
side of regulars, had expro-sed adcs.re lo
"take anotber ridgo."an order wasreeeiv
by Gen. Sykss from Gen. Hookef to kus
jsnd tbe attack, and retire nearly to his
forratr position. This appeared inexplica
ble to toth officers and men. and a the
latter came baok slowly aud in good order,
lnZ shout h-in,-'on the retreat ain."
. nurH imntiml
Bat the sequel proved tint there was a
mind overl. who directed wUt mu teet
' ti -. tr' m e:.-.. tit was the
' lii.it Geo. I! iMki-r had received it.for
t . ii IP . ii hi U'vlqu.rtrs that llieen
v lis! ti.ionn I im (renter j'lirt of til
( o.i r u'. l Ii" mi'c ul tiif t'orlihonU'iiiw ;
re i.'.v i i many ' me guns "'
!:liM-: i',J, And I. lured llH'lll III
-ill -it n
tin ui'i rr end
.t :. t.n-
ur,g mi iiilelillon u: iimhuig nil
u. lie tlieiel'oie su-iended '
lm rn 'I military alUck ul once, which had I
In en mi ranired hi it prelude to important !
operations eisewnere, ana rignuy surmiHcu
t tiuL U Hie enemy did really mean to ai'
tack u they would lollow up our retire
M wun iie roau. Quick as thought Gen.
y kes r.n-ulit ills lix-ti mio line, wie iius
i . I i. r
aves i n the left half-wiieeling into line of
tiHilif like a machine. 1 he rebels paused
a moment oa the lop of the ridge, and, to
nerve them for the onset, gave one of
their scattering, demoniac yells, and then
catue dim n on the doublequick shoot ing,
CuLtuiing and literally running over our
pD.)f pickets, who BcraiuuleU beuiua all
noils ot oosirucuons. i,ui 10 an instant
more a terrible crash resounded from the
Z'jiiive end of the line, and down the coU
..! ... Iliu rtincl dbiifuniniF rnnr nf
lum-keiry that in all my war experience
has ever met my ears. It did not last.ap
parently, l'0 minutes, but its work was
I lie attack was very fierce, and btiugso
much neaier than the previous firing had
besjii, created considerable cotnmotiou a
round the crossroads. It at once brought
(i-n. Hooker into the saddle for the first
'.: I, ...;.., , I,., qm.1 ihin.ra wp-e I
imub uui ... -..j , 0- --
...jn.liii; i, ut in shane. Ilus onslauizlit i
was (or the purpose of retaking this very j muskets. From General Howard's front
: i.ninl Thfl first, (hint f.ITIII'....rt . rann.! 1 1, r. 1 I Iio anam v wfl pmrflired
llllilL'I im,w I'wi'iv. .w c ' '
iv iw i Iio iiiR-inni! ef artillery near the roads, i
and in htteen minutes iwcniy-iwu g'uis
wore sendingshell into the voed-, and the
roar ol aruueiy uocauio ien inu ;s uiuir
deafening than that of the musketry had
baen. Tho work was soon done. Tue
iniiti lnled three a-jai ters ofanhour,
w.,...-. - ,
Ji wi. uiveu, mu wm,,.; u.,...
ers on the piank road, reported the ene
my advancing in force and driving in his
pickets. He was soon disoovered deploy
init lo the riuht, and Gen. Slocutn prompt-
v met l lie m ve uj oruumg vj..,j
it lliinoton's battery. The at
tack j roved to bo only a feeler, however,
and iue next thing was a development
still further on our right, which was again
checkmated by Gen. Williams, who, with
three batteries of artillery and his own
division, replied very effectively to the
'enemy's fire, which was sometimes brisk,
! but never heavy. Beyond this ho did not
I go, except to occasionally shell oar ex
I ireme riirht, under Gen. Howard, but his
- - . . .. i.i tl 1J
troops were very pucid, and me sueusum
! no damage ,
For a while there was a eessation t in
desultory and spasmodic hring whicunaa
been going on lor two hours. But at 6J
o'clock a desperate charge was made for
our batteries commanding the plank road,
; The rebels advanced through the woods at
runid naee. and cot within point-blank
...... , - - f t .
, canister range of our guns
'also, came up the road wildly, ueary m
inem uu gio i .-wiufi... ... 0
a regiment into the road, a oeauiy vunj
- ' o - . , ,
! w,w nnnred into their advance. At the
- I LI
' :imn time knann and Hampton tloubie-
. . ,
puoiieii inrir giuio in. ......., -
. n . , , - . .
UHtw, inn - O linn w uil ratj .v..
Gur losses yetrdy are not yet Known, threw down their arms, and soon stream'
We had sbout one hundred killed and ,i down the toad toward headquarters.
wounded jn Gen. Sykes' flight early in the The enemy pressed his advantage. Gen.
afternoon. Capt. Marsh; of tbe Sevens Uevens's division, duaflectod by Ihe de
teenth regulars, wss killed. Capt. 0n moraliiation of the forces in front of him
ton. of Sen. Svkes's staff, wm wounded soon followed luii. and the brave General
not dangerously ; Lieut. 1.01. walker, a-
Dill aril itni ISIll uentj.1. IU un,
was wounded by piece 01 shell in the
arm-not seriously. ...
, The troops acted magnificently
raiibebsvlor bss oome to my
knowledge. They go into battle with en
thusiasm. and one idoa seems to animate
every one the idea of victory
L. L. Crounss.
TWO DAYS LATER.
'r ,n Groat Hatt e ot Uianceiiors
(Correspondence of the New York Timet.)
IS TIIE HELD, A EAR
CuaNCEH.orsvii.le, Vs., "sunday
ilav 3. 18030 r. M.
Another blondy day has been added to
the calendar of this rebellion. Another
terrible battle has been fought, and more
fields crimsoned a-itii human blood. A
few more such days ai this will find no ars
mies left on either side lo fight battles.
My last letter brought up the situation
lo Saturday morning. It was then cer
tainly pjtnected that the enemy would lei
n;n ti, iin, ir uu an,-n na it. wiis duv. nnd i
our difpositions woro madu accordingly.
But the attack aid col oegin. r-vriiin
proved that the enemy did design to nt
tack, but ho chose to make that attack in
a manner and at a point different Irom ;
iha am, cliikihIIv anticipated bv us on
Saturday morning. Daylight grew broad-
er and yet no guus. Finally, about six nignt attack ordered to restore tlio con
o'clock, a brass Napoleon, looking down I nection of the linef. Gen. Ward's brigade
the plank road in Iront ot the Cnancellor ;
Llouse, saw a regiment come into the road ,
in column and attempt to deploy. One :
or two doses of canister caused them to
deDlov rather irregularly, aud more like
skii'inishers on Hie ietreat. I
" " . . ,. i
Soonafter. Gen. Hooker ar.il StaB began ;
.- .r i . ... I . : i. n,
There had been only slight disturbances
,l.,.! ik. n!,,!,! am l.nl Ii I'.ivooa hail hnn
umiDg mo t",,,,,
lumv with the r axes rather than thoir
umin; n , v-,,.. v mu. w..v,.-j -. C 15
Hll nii- ht in cuttins a road nast his picket'
linto the riidit. How much attention
was paid to the f ictat the tune I do riot
know, but subsequent events proved that
It waa vri v iikiiiirciiiii.
j .,. r. r ,i kf...i- i i
UUIIUli.il.irriuriiuiiT ui h.iht, ..
htre and there was thero anything moro
even than desultory skirmishing and pick-
A bout 3 o'clock tbe pickets on the
riuhl of Gen. Slocum'a front reported that
from a certain position wagons bad been
seen moving in a westerly direction near-
11113 IUIK(ll UO ClH.ui wv " v -j
events proved that it was part or an ellair
of altogether another nature. To aacer.
tain, however, what it really was, Gen.
Sickles, who was still in reserve, was ot-
deredtomakeareconnois.ance in heavy
force in that direction. This was done
,.f, n;i.. ...i u'i,ini with C.pn
III WCI13, till nr. HUM ii in ,,,v, .. - '
uariu-.vs uiiguue, .. i u i ..'
were pusued oui 10 iuo uuin, uvih.ui a
brigade of sharpshooters having the ad-
vance, and supporting Randolph's battery
Our troops moved rapidly and soon be-
came more or loss engaged.especially villi
tho artillery and sharpshooters as skirm-
... i i .... . . it.. i , iinM,
ishers. lierdan soon sent in some xiy
prisoners, belonging to the :Twen.y-third
Georgia, including one Major, two Lap -
tains and three Lieutenants. Being upon
tho ground, I examined these prisoners,
and soon found that the "wagon train"
which we had seen moving dunngtheday
was composoa rcatnty oi orunanee wnguus
aud ambulanoes, and that Stonewall Jack-
son and staff were at Ihe head ot a coi
umn ot iroops wniuii tue wagons luiiow.
Nothing more was needed to convince
us that this daring opponent was exeou.
ting another of his sudden movements,
and it was at onco resolved to checkmate
on.and Gen. William's division ofSlocum's
-.1 1 - .1 t nA m.t.niA P ! .
coiuma wiw uruuruu iu vu'ui'cintv, j-m-
nni iiuniitiii nucmi n uu ililiiv iuui (---
with Randolph's battery soon sent to the.
rear as prisoners ot war the entire rem
nantoftha Twenlydhird Georgia regi
ment, numbering over four hundred olii
cer and men. The column of the enemy
which had been moving up this road was
now literally cut in two aud Gen. Wil
liams bad commenced a flank movement
on the enemy's right.which promised the
most suspicious results.
But at five o'elock a terrific crash ol
musketry on our extreme right, announ
ced that Jackson had commenced bis opt
: . tl:. ..... i ,,i i..,.
b.rni.Cl OIIH VM..o, v. tvm luiuiuLi a
01 no avail, luuumuu'ui iiicsu uunmus
was for the second time wounded in the
foot, while endeavoring to rally bis men
Gen. Howard, with all his daring and res
olution and vigor, could not stem tbe lid
of tbe retreatinsr and cowardly poltroons.
The brigades of Cols. Rushbeck and Me.
aij inspection oi our lines, uicu uttupn-u v-..-.bv, j . s , ' .
Cull two hours. Every portion was visit, lion or the artillery lost by Howard was
ed, and the work of tho night was oloscly gallantly retaken by General Hob.irt
inspected. On tho extreme left now lines . Ward.
were chosen, aud the engineer officers! This rught attack was the most grand
Kion nuukedout the line and character of and terrific thing of the war. Iho moon
Hie defences to be ereoted. When the ; shone bright, and an enemy could bo seen
inspeotion olosed.theentrenchtuents were at good musKel range. I he air was very
pronounced to he of the very best charges still, and tho roar and reverberation o.
ier, especially those on tho right, where tho muoketry and arti lery past all con
the columns ofSlocumand Howard, wore coption. Malvern Hill was a bkirmisli
Lrn onV remairiPil fighting, and main
tained tlerrselves noly as long m possi
ble. Dii thoy too, gave way, though in
goodonhr, boforo vastly superior num
ber!". Oen. looker now sent to the aid of Qen.
Ilowaralhe choicest division of his army,
the creation of hi? own hand the famous
Second Division of the Third Corps, com
mnndedby Mnjor Gen. Berry. Captain
Burt sooi moved his outcries on a ridge
runniugacross the road, and after a short
but sangiinary contest the further ad,
vance of the enemy was stayed.
Ofcotrse (hi diaantcr compellod the
rnrW .iT ieklea and Slocuui. who had
boon pursuing their work w ilh remarka
ble vieor (ieneral Williams's division
returned onlv to find a portion of their
works tilled wilh the enemy. Sickles's
division could not communicate with the
rent of the army at nil by tbo way they
advanced, and only at great risk by any
This was tho position at dark, and it did
, uut iuoh. vuiy Muimiiig. ij-.iv i
igetic conimuudtr was more than equal to
the emergency. New depositions to rc.
pair this disavter were at odco resolveu
unou. Communication was at onco Jiad
with Gens, Birney and W hippie, apd ft i
ot Gen. lSiruey's division, mane ino uuhck
at 11 at night, aided by Captain Best's
guns, massed on the ndgo in front of tho
enemy. Birney s pomtiou was cn the ox
tronce left of this new lino ot battle,
Waid's terrific attack was entirely
.. , - ..,.i..i ,i
cessiui, coramumoU..uU ."' "J-
n n p larna in m nv i H , ill ,. tx uui "
.oompared wim tins, save iu uie uogicc vi
slaughter. 15ut it was successful, tho
were driven baoK nearly nan u
mile, and our lirod men once more slept
on their arms,
That night work was
k' T I C 1 .
Now 1 come to burida).
It was per-
teeny evnter.i, irom pus. uu.. u . ......
on Saturday night, that there must bo a
ohango of our lines, which would throw
f hn nisinr out of our rear and into Oilf
i j - - ... , . . , i -n
front acam. It will bo seen by wnai skui
rul irpneralsbiD the onemv was fotilit am
- , . .
checked on front, and Hank, an I resr,
wbilo this was being dcue.
i Gen. Reynold's First Army Corps arri-
' ved at United States Ford on Saturday
afternoon. It was immediately put into
josition on our light, which was with,
drawn Irom the plank road to tho 1-ly s
T.- m. I l.ik.nv. I 1 i . liiwi in I m tilf.i I I ii f it.
. - All f
Meade, the latter s pomiion, en ho left,
having been relieved oy General Howard s
LlesenlU Corps whioh, notwithstanding
its disorg;tni.ed condition was so Dr reor-
ganized during tho night as to bo fit for
duty again this morniag. I hey were as-
smned the position on ttie lelt, where it
was probable thero would be little
, ,. . , . ii
, "o "" .7". i.r.... V, f:ro
wnr.1 I L iiim u iv utriiii.i u, uviuiwi
Meade s corps. Our now line now assum-
ed the shape of triangle, prolonged at tho
apex, tho right of the lino being some-
what longer than the left. As the pot.
lion of the line on the right was ncw.timo
- Carried on villorouslV
, by the Fifth and First army co.ps.
; It was very evident at daylight this
morning that the day would bring forth a
terrific battle. We knew that the enemy
had been rdiuforcing his lmo all night, at
ine expense, uuuuuuiu.j.j, u w.o.ucup.
of his force on our loft. His inlontion
j was, evidently, to ugti mr ino possession
,01 me piana rua-., -muu. V" l"""
I fectly apparent he must have as that por-
fton or it which we then held, was subject
' to the enemy's assaults 111 front and
, both flanks.
But the possession of this road was not
Umo, at his severest cost, and after one of
I a L, MA .4 JAunnm.l, I ni.lil'ni'll n tl 1 1 1 . 1 nm 1 T
mo iuum uubi-uoiv, aimt,.uu3 wis vtwi-j
luiiiiii.ii. iui 1.0 nnui vava, .... va ,
whole war. At 5 o'clock A. M. tho rebels
could be plainly seen up tho plank road
about a mile and a half from the Chancel
lor House, which General Uookr still re
tained as his headquarters, though a shell
had gone through it tho evening before,
aad another had cut a treo directly in
front of it.
Our line of battle was formed with Gen.
Barry's gallant division on the right, Gen.
Birney next on tho loft, Gen. Whipple
and Gen. Williams supporting. At 5J A.
M. Ihe advance became engaged in Ihe
ravine, just beyond the ridge where Capt.
Best's guns had made their terrific on
slaught the night before, and where they
still frowned upon the enemy and threat
ened his destruction.
The rattle of musketry soon became a
long continued crash, and :n a feiv mo
ments, as tatlallion after battalliou be
came engaged, the roar surpassed all con'
ception, and indicated that the fight
would be one of the most leniblo nnturo.
Gen. Berry's division, which had checked
the enemy's advance the night before, en
gaged him again, and if it were possible
for them to add more laurels to their fame,
then they did it thrice over again. The
enemy advanced his infantry in over
whelming numbers, sml seemed determin
ed to crush our forces. But Ike brave
men of Sickles and Slocutn, who fought
their columns with desperate gallantry,
held the rebels in check, and inflicted
dreidful slaughter among them. Gen.
French's division was sent in on the right
flank of our lice at aboot 7 A. M., and in
a ihott lime a horde of Mgj'H, streaming
rebels running down the road, indicated
.l-. .i . T -r .1 . i: l..l
inai liiiai poriiuu ui ino onnn" imu nau
been crushed. At 8 o'clock, A. M. Gen.
French sent his compliments to Genoral
Hooker, with the information that ho had
charged tho enemy and was driving him
.Sickles maintained the attaok upon his
lino with gre. t endurance. The enemy
seemed determined to crush him wilh the
immensity of bin forces, and, as subse
quently shown fiotn ihe statements of
piiBOners, hvo whole divisions oi me reoei
army were precipitated upon this portion
of the line, for from these five divinions
we took durinit the day an axuretralo of
over two thousand prisonors.
The exploit of our gallunt troops in
those dark, tant'led. gloomy woods, may
never be brought to light; but they would
fill :t hundred volumes. It was a deliber
ate, desperate hand to hand conflict, and
the ciirnnce was perfectly frightful. Cool
officers riiv that tho dead and wounded of
the enemy covered tho ground in heap0,
and that the rebels seemed ul'.eily regard-
1 lefs of their lives, and laterally threw j
! thpmseles upon the mimles of or.r guns.
Many desperate charges wero mails duiV
ing the fight particularly by Berry's divi-
Mutt s brigade made tilteen mis
tinot charges and raptured seven stands of
colors, the Seventh No v Jersey, Colonel
Krrncine, alone captured four a'ands of
colors and five hundred prisoners.
Gen. Couch's Second Army Corps, ihouph
nnlv in iiurt present, didexcollent work.
1 1 1 wa uen
rreneli who cnargd ann
drove the enemy on tho Hank, and it-vns
i tlio indotniiao.o iiuneocit, wiu Li"''"0
w.llt l0 lLe reit.t of ,!l0 Lard puwd
The engfgement lasted without tho
slightest intermission from f A. M. to
8.4.1 P. M., whi n there was a temporary
cessation on our part, oocaiioned by get
ting out of ammunition. We held our
position for nearly an hour with the bay
onet, and then, being ren upplied an order
was given to fall back to the vicinity ol
tho Chniieellor House, which wo did in
order. Here the contest wag maintained
for uri hour or mnre, no' so severely a. be
fore, but with great havoo to the enemy,
and considerable lo9s to ourselves.
The vicinity of tho Ciianocllorsville
House was now the theatre of the light,
and my visits to that Ipnt brcimo less
fiequent. General Hooker maintained
his headquarters thero until 10 A. M.,
when it was set on lire by the enemy's
shells, and is now in ruins. Chancellor.-,,
villa is no lonuer in existonce.having per-
ished with the flame, but Chaneellorsville
is in history, never to do eitaee i.
Our new line was now so far established
as to render it safe lo withdraw all our
force on that front, which was accordingly
dono, and at 11 A. M., the rauakutry fir
The encasement had lasted bi.t houis,
I but had been the most terrilio of tho war.
lour a,t,ii0,7 1... nterany ..au,.tcre.i
enemy, and many ot too companies nan
lost heaviiy in men themselves, but the
guns were all saved.
The enemy was now no longer in our
rear, but had boon shoved do vn diiectly
in our front, and is now directly between
. .... -I,
' us and our threes in Fredericksbur,;, and
! rce are again in an entrenched and lui inid-
abb fortified position. The euemy has
'"a ned some cround, it ;s
tr'.ie, but, af. tlio
sacrifice of the tlower of his fcrce, five of
his seven divisions having rjencil io pie
ces in tho effort, and over two thoutaud
of them haye fallen into our Lands.
Our riijht wing, under Gens. Reynolds
and Meade was not engaged, save the div-
'i8ion ol Ucn- Hun.phreve, which went in-
to the woods on tho left flunk, and fought
llantIy UU(ler their brilliant leader.unti:
icir a,munition waJ oxbau.ste 1.
i j)uriu ,jie aflH1 on t10 lMiemy ha.
'n)(tju geveral attempts to force our lines,
, .)ftrticu.iriy at ti1P liex 0f our position,
i Chancellor HojiO, but Captain
I Weed has massed a l irg., quantity of ar.
til,L jn guch a portion IU to repulse with
I creat loss everything placed within its
J The CDJ ;eJ sovenll Ulteries
, an,f ,..,,(., at that point at dilleient
I during HJQ nfternoon, and they
wero nierally dostroved bv the fire of our
tcn.ibIo UU8 Nothing cat live within
! their ranco,
Our present position
is impregnable if
fight as they have
) trooiis continue to
Gen. Lee. the prisoners say, has
issued an order that our lines must be bro
ken at all hazards. Let them uy it again
A-ith what they havo left. They can, and
! perhaps will destroy themselves by making
attack upon tins position.
Our (roups are perfectly cool ard confi
dent. They have fought wilh great spirit
and enthusiasm and will continue to ii j so.
The rebel prisoners report lhat Gen. A.
P. II ill was killed th:s forenoon, riuring
the sanguinary conflict his division had
with Gen. Be rry's division, Gen. Berry was
himself killed while gill.intly leading hU
L. L. CB0UN3E.
IlEADn'ai Arkv or tub Fotomac, near )
Falmouth, Sunday Even'g 10 r. m. j
r I ; 1 1 f . - - M. 11
1 nave arriveu nere 110111 iiiauceiiurs-
.,, , 1 r.t 1 .
ville. and learn of the complete success of
Gen. Sedgwick s attack upon he strong -
hold ot the enemy at t rc.ler.cksburg
Uf 111 l.
The position was brilliantly carried by
storm lo day by Pratt's glorious light divi
sion of the Sixth Army crrps, cppturing
l.vo whole regiments of tebels (he Six
teenth and Eighteenth Mississir pi, one
company of tho famous Washington Ar-j
tillery of New Orleans, and part of Aler-j
andei's Artillery, including iu all fight (
guns and nearly one thousand prisoners,
j'bo storming forces were aided by Gen.
Gibbon, of the 2nd Army corps, who.wiih
a fore, cara9 upon tho flank and resr of
the enemy, planlirg tho American flag
upou their wcrks bpl'ur they hd actually
ceasod filing upon our charging loI.iih ).
I lie captures ncro complole, m. 1 ')'ir
loss only moderate Geu. Sedgwick ufie.
ward engagbd tho enemy and diov b'm
bsek. . At 0 P. M , ho had advanced t tho
Brick Church, fuur miles and a bait out
on a plank road, toward luanceiiura-
Here be had a Revere engagement with
Early's division, teintorced by troops from
Leo, but repulsed thorn, and tent iu an
other lot of prisoneis.
Tho enemy is now hemmed in between
Hooker and Sedgwick, and will, no doubt,
fight with depeiale tenacity to extricate
himself from his desperate position, ut
the advantage seems to rest deoidediy with
us. 1. L. C.
latest Eeporta from tho Battld-Field-Near
tub Battle Fiei.u, 1
Mondxy Night, May Vth. J
Heavy firing in the direction of Chan
cellorsvillo began at an early hour to uny,
Hid has continued ever since. There bus
bon a great battle in that i mriiediate vic
inity. Large reinlorcoments nna come up
for the enemy, apparently from Hichinoud.
which seems" to render it probablo that
the railroad had not been cut. In rrd
to wht.t has been done in this expeduiou
to cut th-j railroad, and as to the ivberea
bouts ol Gen. Stonoman, all is doubt ar.u
uncertainly. Nopositivo advices of Cji
success of ttiat expedition have been ! '
reived. We hive only rumors and hope,
llnd Gen. Stonemau's force met with di
aster, we would have beard ot it from tho
enemy's men. But, had i'. cut, we ought
to havo heard of it m anottier way, uuu
very practically, before thij.
I'uubtless this failure iu respect lo limo
v;as severe ou tbe plans of Geu, Hooker.
Another delay was perhaps not le9 so.
General Hooker expected aisisianco from
that Sixth corps in tho light cn Sund iy.
He expected nt that corps would carry
the heights of Fredericksburg by coup j
main at or beforo daylight, match immedi
ately down the plai.k loudand fall np'm
the enemy's rear. Had this lvr. djr.o
the Sixth corps wuuld havo assaulted lu
rebel rear ut the very t'me the rebels wei
temporarily eui-'cewful uguinsl llookei '
A carps on iheir rear at such a tiu.a
wool 1 havo changed ihe faoo of eliair
iiimieiiiily. Butibe Lc.hts weie found
to bo a greater obsUcle than they had
been thought-nnd it seem-, vtry tttangi
that they should havo been under rtuua
tcd when the measure of iheir strength
wi.s so completely Ikkcn in Deoeuiber
Kepotts from the field are fuvor.ible.and
-( feel every c 'nH C.-rica that Geuoral
Hooker will be able to hold Lw positl.Tj
in front ct Ely's ford, which, tLui:h hii
right is Bwoyed back somewhat, h essen
tially as dangemtis a position for t tie ei.
cniv as the one he held at Chancellors'
ville. BeyorJ question, however, '.lili
must depend upon Iho extent t j tvliioh
tho enemy has received or will receive
reinforcements, They havo the correct
idea in this matter. They do nt fear lor
tho lots of Richmond if they car: he-it
'.looker, and they send forward every
man, reckless of eveiy other result. And
sometimes a battalliou moro or lesi has
changed the face of 11 lat'.Ie.
Lai X'J r.-jrut"rri of piiionon h-io l-on
sent in, Il is particularly difficult to form
an estimate ot the number of piisoners.
You s.is them nl.vays in scattered groupi
at different times, and yn.i are very apt I j
forgot how lsrce the groups were aw,-' ho
liiany you had seen. 3j the estimate is
as wide as between four and eight tboui
There is reason to suppose that General
Hooker hus to, day engaged the whole reb
el ar:n and fought oue of the greatest
baltk's of the wur.
Fl rtiier Beactih or the Draft. It is
now said that the payment of $300 will
clear a man only of iho fiist draft, and
that ho is subject to the second and nil
subsequent drafts precisely as if ho ha I
pot been drafted at all. If there are threo
drafts ordered in thme months, you ara
liablo to be drifted three times iu that
length of time and be compelled to g
into the ranks or pay your $300 Ihroo
times, or as many more times as a draft
may be ordered. This seems to be no
tho generally received construction ofthe
law. If such is to ho tho operation of the
conscript, law, it will prove luoreodhus to
the people than it h is yet been supposed
it wonld. The same construction, we
presume, also applies to tho provision re,
spfctinp sultitutes. If a rl-afted shall
hire axubstituto it will not exempt air.t
from further drafts, and be may bo ciile l
upon either to take his place in tho ranks
or furnish another substitute or pay an
other three hundred dollars a hail' hno
times in the course of a year. With this
construction of tho laur which the Hi
I.r.u's .V;i,,r ia fay is the trun on, and
which nobody has yotoontrov rted, jo fir
as we have seen its operation upon tlu
poorer classes w ill bo onerous and oppres.
111 the extreme. In spite of nil they can
do, it will force them to becorno soldier
and to leavo llu'ir families n tho col t
, .. r , , ., ,., , n;,l .,,.1
rrotect ion oT a most I one osMy blind and
r;0 , M t i.-irprisuM
, .. ,ft.lfirinirrncnoftheeountr
, fiioat ('li8inJ,ioil rRttv, 9luiaU ,,0
holdinc public meeting nnd denouncing
this conscript law.
gtjrOf the ministers to Kn'in 1 aincu
Ihe formation of the government, 5. York
has had 5, Maacbusetts, 5 Pennsylvania,
4, Virginia 3, Maryland 2, N'err Jerso;' 1,
and South Carolina 1.
PnfA coteniporsry insiances agenbiacr.
Lake Champlain whotakis h inir ot sk-'e;
and writes a four months' bill on the ice
with such perfection that in lu.s than )
hour tho .'un Iii'i-laei it