Newspaper Page Text
ft FW ""'W P
y i n
D. V. MOORE. l-DJi..
0. B. GOODLANDER. J
VOL. XXXIII. UllOt.t MO 1731)
PRINCIPLES, not MEN.
TERMS-$1 23 per Annum, if paid in advam
NKWSKHIKS-lVOK. III. NO -21
CLKAKFI KM), I'A NVKDXKSDAY, I)K( 31, IftG'i.
Hll'.! 1 lU.I.MI'A, ltll:!
rom ih CrUis, Ghlo.
Ffmen, arir.0, if nill ona drop
Of palriotie Hood flown in jour veio i
If Hill on r apiLrk of freedom's r,
I'pnn your n'liri yet Miuain.
V'il ye ptiii.il lamely hy and hop
Your br.iili " our lyrnnt's chain ?
II nuch 1 1. in ; in ujr lind way bo
Then have .or full died iu viu!
A lua ! for frecd'ji", 'if her ons
Must lili'Cr in u felon's cell.
i '.t daring to ii'.'oi't the rij.'htii
i'or liiih nor fathers f atjrht and fell.
Ami hnvp tlicy wuplit ",lr Katie's wins
To Hwccp lliro' heavi-n's broad arch in vain,
II, fore mnnn iniL'lily power to bring
Thoo heiues from their gravo again ?
Tlnv would ti ll trailer's spirit grieve,
How would caeli ouwiird's i-ye frrow Jim,
It' eolioiniron Itu- sudden (jiilo,
1'hT" cwnn tho living voi'-" of liim
V.'h,. si-banner waved o'er Hunker's height !
Whof:c voire rung frro on Monmouth jiluin.
(I ! that ins j i r i ( . power ami might.
Might (uidi; our nation' Lehu agai'i
1.4 tlii t!ie noble OldV reward.
1 4 Ill's the garden of the free,
l.eng in . 1 . 1 1 of weary silent toil,
A UK- of!' 'ple4 flu wry 1
Jionealh on: country's Hug ( f light,
If such niu i. ho tin) patriot's doom,
Blot out i'1'.j Mar ofulury bright,
And chain her Eale to tho touil..
II from 'he BoTr.oi'rat'p fair ranks,
llir a i.le.-t o,ii liiUJt lh oo tirn,
oon shall the Ut de.-pari" cry
of freedom on tho winds be toirno.
And we fhnll see u de ot's (la;.
Valine ah: ' e our father's l-mes.
And need a revolution! fir,
To nirily our fallen '.'irou-'S
A Hasty Woman. Is she not the very
sparkle und sunshine of life ? A woman
w ho is happy bet .i-e she can't help it
whose smiles even the coldest ? rinkle of
niisfortune cannot dampen. Men nmke
a terrible tnistuko when ihry many for
beauty, for talents, or style. Tho sweet
est wives pre those w ho posse's the magic
secret of being contented tinder hny cir
cuinstai'ccs. liich or poor, high or low,
it makes no difference ; tho bright little
fui; :i tain of joy bubbles up just us musi.
eal'.y in their hearts. Do they live in a
log cabin, the lire leaps up on its humble
hearth becomes brighter thuii the gilded
clmn lelicrs in no Alladin pal.ice. Were
th'- sleum of life fo daik and unpropi
tionst! at t!ie tunshine i.f a happy face
fil'.inc on the tuibin tide would not awa
km an answering gleam. Why, these
jo ous ttni ereil people don't ki.ow half
tho good the) lb'.
CaT A country girl desirous cf mat
l iinony received l'r )in her mistress a
bill ns her marriage gil't. Her
mistress; desired to see the object of
Susan's l'avoivuid a ditiiu.iitivo fellow,
swni'iliv as a .Moor ami as ugly us an
ape, mad his iipeasaiK-e.
" ( th, Susan !"s:iid her miMrcssy'how
small! what a slrunge choico you
have made !"
"La, nia'aia !" answerO'l Sue, "in
Pitch hard times as these, when all
the tall and handsome fellows are otl
to the war, what more than this could
you expect f'. r twenty dollars."
Or A wretched editor, who hasn't
n wife to take care of hi in, went the
other night to a ladies' fair. He s-ays
he saw there, 'an article which lie fain
would call i is own but it was not for
sale.' lie declares that since that
night lie has been 'wrapturonsly
wretched.' As the article was hound
in hcip, the supposition is that it was
either a girl or a keg of whiskey.
SyT-eaii Swill was once called up-
. . . m
on to deliver a chanty Hcrmon. i
kin"' the rmlnit. lie delivered the fol
lowing, and sal down : "Jlc that giv-
cth to the poor lendeth to the Lord."
'Ifyou like the socurit-, down with
the dust." The result was an unpre
8ayA Publin journal observes that
a handbill announcing a public meet
ing in that city, states with hound-fesSlioC.'Hlit-v'
lli;t,tho ladies without
distinction of bc, ni' invited to in
tend. jjciirWhat a good lesson the oiil ma-o.-m
tnti'dit to children, when she sain
"C hi? 'ren, you may It.ive anythir.g
you want, lut you musn't want any
thing you can't have.7
J"Soine ardent devotees of trade
would go to lull itself if they could
get bargains there There first salu-i
tation or. meeting with tho devil
would lie, "Well old boy, now sui
V:yAn old sailor finding a corked
bottln flout inf on tho sen. opened it,
with the soliloquy, Hum I hope ; gin
I think ; tracts, hy jiugD !' and threw ;
it hack into tho watVr. i
Bt&-If every word men ntter fell to
tho ground and grew up a blade of
grass, most public speeche would be
worth ten times as much as they now
Isjrrromissory noteB Tuning tho
fiddle boforo the performauo begins.
Corrf'pnndcnce of tho Philadelphia Bulletin.
Horrors of the Convalescent Camp.
H'AsiiiNuToy, Suturdiiy Ev J)co. 1.1.
I IjHvejust returned from the so-rulleil
j Convalescent Camp at Aloxamlria, liaving
spent tho day in penivh of sick 1'rnnsyl
vanin soldiers. More, than ever do I re
alize something of 'mun' inhumanity to
man.' You rnny have heard a gnocj di.il
about the nhunes In that camp ; but the
half has not heen told you. The lre.it
mcnt and condition of some of its inmates
some of it victims is positively shock
ini. (toinf! out from Alexandria, I paod the
tintrious slave pen of Trice, Kirch & Co.,
dealers in Slaves.' 1 conjured up all sorU
of horror insido of thoo hioli brick wulU
in day tn:ie hy. i imagined, or tried to,
fortieth ingot' I fie crushed spirit? and bleed
ing hearts and the physical torture of tho i
thousandsof human beings, oldund young, j
knocked off to the highest bidder in the
souis and bodies of moil, women and chils !
iicn in that dirk, dirty prison place. Kut j
coming I aek by it after one day's visit to
that camp in tho mud, alter looking into .
itio wan, spiritless, pitiful faces of the ;
thousands there, who have hoped against
hope, till a'l courage is lost, und seeing ( don't keep them there to die by inches.
w here they cat, and si op, and live, or ras ' Hundred- ol lives, 1 doubt not, have b n
ther die by inches, in the filth, tnd ver, uselessly, rcckle-siy sacrificed there alrc:.
tnin, and mire of that place provoking')' dy, and hundreds more 'A ill be, onle.-s
nicknamed a To ".'-.':; Camp,' 1 con-1 Congrois ,ip.'lies the teiaedy, for the Med
eluded that tho old slave pen of so many cal L'epartnu'iit won't, or it could h ue
ic'.'iitl and imaginary horrors, would be a done so lorgago.
eV'ted luxury to fiatiy of tho brave, j Then, I mistiust, there are a sit of
good-dieaited fellow on t lie hill. And so thieving, shiftless middlo men and under
it v.eu'id. otlicials, who ojipress the soldier hy their
In the first place ihe whole bleak, bar-1 petty power and filch his foo l. If he
ren hill on which the camp is located is w ants to sell some articles for others his
this day covered in mniy places with sickly appetite will relish, w hich is uccors
itiehy inud, when wo iiave had no rain ding to army regulations the rations uie
fji-a week. In stormy times one can't stopped. The presumption is that when
fail to go in ankle deep at every step. soldiers ate rhort, ia tuch a place as Alex
I'huS.bley tents an huddled 'ogether andi ia, there ii a gio-s neglect of otfieiid
without floors or straw. 1'iteh the soil ns duty or thieving otlichls somewheie, for
you id and it is damp if not soaking wet. the Government is not ut fault. Xo sul
This is the convalescent's bed. If he lias jim Wl.,.e cv(.r Iuore bountifully furnishs
a blanket, wLi-.-u imt ftUvnys the cac, ej ns oms are now. And iIhto is not o:io
that i- his covering. His fuel he brings on ,,., ticle of necessity or excuse for tufi'cr.
his hack two or threu miles, having to j,, 0r even hard fare in this or any other
I ake the linibi out last winter at that point. CJI11p so easy cf access, if ollicials do their
I saw at lcat a dozen cany ing their bun- juty ni lnpn (vj;j ,j0 tieirs.
dies of sticks thus to day, like tho old ruin jt js j,iti P10ugli to see so many poor,
iu the child story, who was met by den h brekenispiriled. crippled fellow gather
on the way. And vet I saw at least twen- n.ou,,j u mull w,0 ,.otej i Q n(,k up a
ty cords of good dry wood piled up in friemj, ami plead .vith tears and oilers of
camp ! I asked one in charge why they a thcir fouPi 01. siXf ort!jj.ht months' back
did this, and ho thought they didn't- ror nl,iny of t)icm ,.ivil't livi :l oent
thought it wasn't necessary-yet 1 saw it, j() fjx montll8i ;fho WJlllll on)y hclj, lheln
and it is done every dry. I ho papers . .... t.aveak0iJ an1 looked and
have said that several men froe to death
in one cold night while thus engaged.
lie said but o ne h'td died by his pile of
sticks, and they thought he was murder
ed ; one was found in the privy, hut they
didn't think he froze to ileath ! Heaven
!y convolution to his friends that will be,
won't it ? I asked the boys why they had
to baik wood when there was wood in
.... . t . : I.
camp .' : hoy saut they got part oi a buck
from some under oflirer locouk their food
sometimes, ami sometimes, they inn nt
never half enough for cold weather. I
asKo-i wny iney .mmh n,ui '
, i , . , l: i. . .1 -.1'
timber standing hall a m.lc or more trotu
the guaids had orders to fire on a trespi.s- hoi.0i wUh a t,lowit,g embusii'.sm to carry
ser-thatafewofihemgotsnmerailsone ie ,j fl.lg bravely through the buttle
cold night and a guard of soldiers cocked ; mm or (,ie lt.neftth it3 slnrry f0ll,,. bes
their guns and (ompclled us to abandon incomes the spiritless, dejected, ruined
t'lC"1' ! objects of pity, caring little, whether he
I saw two roer washing their shirts in a',ivM or dies. sir it is ono of the sadde:!,
creek two mil.-s aw.iy-the nearest good i fMi of my. ljfH And the reniedv is u iih
washing pi i.e. I asked them if they be. (lje anJ t(jp ,c Iet U(tfil ut
longed to too convalescent camp. J"o !
rep'ict 'no; we belong to.the JJeath m
ana 1 believe turn : l heiiM ai: assist-.
nnt tnrgcen toy that a young soldier of
his ward w3 then lying in his tent on tho
ground, with a raging fever find had been
for twenty four hours, because he had no
vacant l i d in tho hospital. I remarked
that such a state of things ought to bo exs
, , I
pei"i. no repneu. you i nn i say too
. ... , l . . i
.....U A'tatnur tin, nhnanu l,tl'A Or mnk'n.
IUUCU . - -
them is b.vl as they are. Kut we (the
Aisiytrinls) lire il-H to bhnno ; we do all
we can; wohve na power. I tried to
have pas issued i.: fet" friends who
have Vieen there since July, to l.C csanun,
ed. He couldn't do it stid t.joro pnsses
were out then than could bo examined in
three days. He andother Assistants had
been prohibited from examining and a spe
cial board of three had Wen appointed.
On their door was written. 'So business
don toi-day nor till Monday' by which
tiuio a doien ca-pg or moro s ill have pas
sed into tho other world for examination 1
They were probably off to Washington
having a good time ; they never work
hut threo or four hours n day. I heard a
gentleman telling a member of Congress
from Ohio who was there, that he had
just found Iwo men from that Slate who
were never muttered in 1 They enlisted,
but were rejected cn examination and
went home Subheijuently they were i r
rettcd us deserters, put in there and can't
Col. lk'lknnp, who wni in command,
seemed willing und unxiou to mend mat-,
tcis. Ho sail' lie would shrink from no
responsibility or duly, but he had not
lull ccntio; ho was interfered with ; ho
could not compel tho surgeons toact; and
two of them weio at loggerht-ncU, i-ach
claiming to bo chief. Ilia leqtii-itioti-i
were not promptly tilled, and if he sent to
the Cartel-master Heneral for teams, h,j
was told they had ueh a number and that '
was enough ; while the lact was, many of
those charged to him had been captured
by the rebels nomo time ago.
The trouble, I think, begins with tho
doi tors. Nothing can bo dctio without an
ollii.iul examination, and they don't exam
me nijuarter fast enough. Thef should
be iud!' a lo.en examining bouuls. Vet
slow as they are, (he papci 8 will be gone
tivo or three weeks to Washington for aps
pioval. They should examioo every toon
at once ; il he is down sick, si iul him to a
hospital; it well, to his regiment ; if in
curable, discharge him. Send them otl
somen here, anyv here, hut for God's sake,
waited, month after month to be examined.
They think if they have some member of
Congress, or influential friend, to give in
their names, they will rcceivo attention :
and so they will- But alone and unaided
they look upon nil cll'ort as use'ess. If
they make complaint of abuses, they say
they aregrullly repulsed and told to mind
their oh n business. Thia for men living
perhaps in luxury at homo, and ouito sus
perior ir. position and worth to many of
their petty tyrants, comes ti litlle tough
on true, frecborn American citizen;. And
t)lU3 ie bl,ave, high spirited, enthu.dast c
ung men wl)0 patriotically loft friends
,,,...:. RnJ ... heart calls s
their Congressmen at work, for they c:o
rcf(rn, ti1(!S0 abuses if they will.
Bemakalle Works of Human Lobor.
Ninevah was 11 miles long, 8 wide and
4'i miles round, with a wall 100 feet high,
and thick enough for throe chariots
ablest. Kabylon was 50 miles within the
walls, which were 75 feet thick and 100
feet high, witli brazen gates. I ho temple
' n 1
01 jJinnnii iu r.poesus was
.120 feet lo
support tho roof. Il was 100 yeurs in
building. The largest of the pyramids
was 481 feet high, and C53 feet on the
sides ; tho ba.-e covered eleven acres.
The stones are about oO feet in length and
the layers art H emplojed 3S0HtO
men in building. The labyrinth in Egypt
presents ruins 17 miles round, and 100
patet. Carthage was 2'J miles round.
Athens was 23 miles round, and contained
3riO,000 cit izons and 400,000 slaves. 1 ho
temple of Itelphos wns ?o rich in dona
tions that it was plundered of 5O,OO0,Ot0,
and Nero carried away from it two hun
dred statues. Tho walls of Rome were 13
We find the above paragraph going the
rounds of the papers, and stop it for the
purpose of correcting some of its errors.
It is an unfortunate fact that a vaat deal of
'.be history and information which is giv
en to general readers who do not study
authorities i- of the clavs contained in this
paragraph grossly untrue, and mad- up
by seme) sen-at ion lecturer or penny. -i-liner.
J'orhaps no better illti'.ti:itie! can
he given than by referring to a common Tr
ior taught in minv books and mo-l Sun
day Schools, that Titus, tho Iloynl hopes
rial c'ltcpieror of Jerusalem, plowed up
the sits M tho city and nwrd it with salt.
This I f. i.mi Wius f-tti y f,riein:ited Wiihii)
the present century, mid is without the
slighte.-t foundation in fact. The stones
in Jerusalem that remain in their anon tit
sites to-d.ty show the utter impossibility of
the occurrence, which 'vas net er heard ol
by any hi-tui.ui i r w iter of earlier times.
We find ropeati ,1 in the above pa ra .
graph a very common story about the
fi.e of the - tones of the pv ami: Is of i'.ys it .
They are commonly reported to 1 e ol
great si,. The wiiter above named
mak.'4 them sixty feel long! Tho size of
the stones forms no pat t ol the w onder ot
the ;.vt..iii I liere 'ire many st tr.cl tire
iu the worhi containing tnuuh larg-'i nie.u
oliths, und modern archite' t Ireipicntly
use stones larger and heavier tii.m any in
the pyramids. Tho large-it cotir-e oi
s'.ones in Cheops are only four feet ten
inches in thickness, and I ho tOoio..- vary
ir. leng'h fro n four to eight iVot. Theic
ve soir.o stories in the inl.tioi', roofing the
p.e-s'i'.'s and chambers, which aro larger,
but these ate not much heavier than the
slabs wo i'reiiuenlly seo carried alor.g
liroadwny and placed on the sidewalk"
in front of new buildings a- pavement,
and also roofing for the vaults under the
street. Thowoiid-r of the great pyra
mid! is that such a vast mass of stones
should bo t'ilcd up, but it is not to be
doubted if any one eaii'd to sen l a few
million dollars in America, a tac-simile o!
the pyramid of Cheops could be er-cted
Much greater wonders are found in 'ho
Monolithic statues cf Egypt, Mi l in the
columns of tho gicat hall of .'Cat i;-h.
Still the paragraph that w- ot: le is again
in gross enor when it desoii! i-s the luin
of 'l'hebes as twenty. seven miles in cir
cumference, and the story of a hundred
gates but a passage fiom ancient poetry.
The ruins of Thebes arc but few in numlci
and lu iu detached places nvo miles or so
apart on one side oi the hill and about
tho sane on tho other side. The mono,
li'.hic statues, one of which lives in tradi
tion as tho vocal Memnon, aie indeed
wonderful remains of tho grandeur of an.
cient art, and so are nearly all tho Theban
ruins. Nu architect of modern times
would undertake to build one column ot
the twelve gret columns of Karnak.
F.ieh of these is a column tweve feet in
diameter and nearly ninety feet high
made of sections of stones piled one on
The great stones of ancient art are
found at K.iulbock in yaria. The Woman
ruins there overlie the remains of a Cy
clopean age. History ami tradition arc
silent as to the men who hewed those
grandest remaining memories of the days
of giants. Ten stones in one course, side
by side, are each about thirty feet long,
thiil. en feet high, and tor feet six inches
thick. At right angles nith this cour-e
is another of six similar stones al out the
same si.o as the former, and on these six
stones lie tho three, groat monoliths of an
cient workmanship. These three stnn-
measure, in gross l -.i l.-et iu lenirth each
being feel long, 1J feet hih and about
the same thickness. No man knows who
hewed them and laid them there. A
fourth stone of the same general dituens
sions, lies iu a quarry a mill. distant,
win nee it never was removed, doubtlos
it has lain there more than three thous
W might correct other err ns in the
paragraph we have eopied. The siege ol
Ninevah and that of Kabylon are merely
conjectural. Tho story of tho Egyptian
labtynth is from the fa.her of historian,,
and some piolane people have regirdel
Herodotus as a father of fuhehood ton,
thocgh, it is not to be denied that modern
ij.sooveries are doing much to establish
the credit of the old Greek.
iV. '. Journal if Commerce, j
C-f"I am glad this colfee dont owe
me anything," said Krown, a boarder at
the break last table.
'Why?'' said Smith.
"Because," said Krown, "I dont believe
it would ever settle !"
JsyTwo kinds of eggs are ,..-ed in ma
king 'Tom and Jerry,' namely, hen's egg
and nu tm eggs-
jptrjuWhy is a lady who has bought
a sable enpe at half price, liko nn offi
cer absent on leave ? Iketusc she's
rot her fur-low
fisa? Why is a kiss like n f e-rinon ?
It requires two beads r.nd an application.
From the New Ilainpsl.iro I'u.ri.a. I BATTLE OF FREDEP.ICKSBUHO.
How Richmond wn.i not Taken. pFsrA'l'('II Ff:nM (,';.v. JU llX.SIDK
When (ii'ii, Met'lellati went, to York-; yrj f,7,',. IA I.I.Fa'K.
town hist spring I,., bad the p.omiso of! Partieulai'g of the Engagement
ce.tain forces for the rapt urn of h'iel.nionil. 1 1 k: not iu. rs Aimv or ruu 1'otomac, )
I'pon h is in i ival bcfoi e t he ri b, I works Deconiber 10. j
Mt Voihton-n he was informed by tho ; To M,ij.,r (, r,d I. It'. 11,,'la-k, (Jo.crat
Washington authorities that u largo por-' ta-(7 ,',. S. A ., fl'uio'ii-'.Vn :
tion of tho-e fin. Mchowi 1!V. corps find j i.lcucnv. : I havo tho honor to offer
I'YntiUi'iY di'.'i-i'.i'i, some lH',('.t.i,j w ould t he following reasons for moving tho Ar
not he oil...'. . 1 to joiti hi:, i : h;it Meitow- ' my ot the I'oiom.ii- across the liappahan
ell's -!. were m nt to i . I in idleness n I j nock sooner than was anticipated by tho
I i ei!.i ii 1 kit g. Tin- inlei iereiice with ; I'revider, t, Secretary of War or yourself,
hts plans aie I diminution of his forces not land lor crowing I a point different from
only pit vi nte I I.
rebel army ,.t Vm
i ing the ea pi u; i: .
;n fiotn ''bagii:,!'' the
l.iov, n. nnd thus s.'tu
I' Wiclimend, but caused
all the terrible h .-...-, and suil' ring- of tl:
-tib-equc.nl c ampi.i!:;n.
AlleiwauU, in Mvy, when ien. t'oit-r'i.r.f his force down tho river and el.-owhore,
cotj s marched to If. imve.r Court 1 1 u-r, t Injs weakening his defences in front ; and
0 miles nrilh ot Wiehmond lowanls j I nho thought 1 discovered hint ho did
bredei icksbut".', it M.-hoivcll then i:ad
been pciiiiitteil to join him there, Ki. h
inond would have been taken, and all '.he
I. uses and suil i ings id hope's red eat and
the Mar) l.'.r. 1 I'ampaign would have be in
kvo: le 1.
'I he-e :ue nov: facts of history. suh-Uu-tia'.ed
as conclu-ive'y as such lac's c;.n
ever be pioved. Such is the te-'.imniiy t,l
Gen. McClelian, irn ntiy given in a Coun
Martial at W,i diieton in thoca-e o: 'Jen,
Meliowe!!. In (ii.it ("-tiniony ne raid :
"I huv.) no doubt said, fir it has ever
been in)' opi'iiioi. that ' Army it' ','ic' '
.,;..' U0-'l'l ,"' "' li,cfi:n0,.i ' ( Ihl
r-f.i nf (J:-n. M ' ' e, ',' l,o''1 t- irutMf ".
It isals.i my opinion thai had the com
mand ofGen. MehoPcll joined llie Army
of the I'otoin.ie i:i M.av, by wny of Hall"
ver Coin t l!i. use I iv. in I'leden 'li-burg, n.v
."A ,,; I, hi l;:,'hi..- I e -'.i.l . '.' llf'il
t,'.hrt;., 1 i'o llOt bold lieu. Mellow.
cil i e-pon-i1.!.', in toy mind, tor tho fail
ure to join me on t iitier occasion-"
i'e i)l-o testiiied that the troops for the
deli'iisc of Va'iiiigtoii numbetcl about
7n." , exclusive c) Mcilo'.vell's corps.
''o i.. M !'e Ilan, in Mi-wer lo certain
e.isl i i'-. to' t i.o 'jitrt , ve his cpiui 'i;
' li'i! I :eh on' movement a rain.-1 I ielieial
"an! s was n prevent reinl'.rvment.; be
icg -cut to the army of the Potomac, and
he r-;p!issod that opinion to the Pr-i
dent in a ti legrani within a day of the
lime he (McChdlan) received information
of Jackson's movement. If Mchmvell
had moved direct upon Hanover Coin'.
II mi.-e instead of in the liircel ion of Front
h'oyal, Jack.-on would have rapidly rev
traced his steps to join the main rebel ar
my at Wiehmond. With a strung army ol
oiir om n in the vicinity, and threatening
il, McChdlan did not think the rebels
wor.ld have detached a sufficient force to
seriously endanger the safety of Washing
ton." Here is the opinion of the i.bkst mili
tary commander cd' the country, that but
for the withdrawal of Mcl '.nvell'.s corps
Wiehmond would have been taken. Hire
is n ho hi- opinion that il Mehowell had
been permitted to joi'i him in May, W;ch
monii would have been taken within a
week. Put this does not rest up .n his
opinion alone. Such was Mclloweli's
opinion and that of the a'. lest command
ers of tho Army of the Potomac, Such is
the recorded opinion of tle Prince de
Joinviile who was with the army; and
.oi,', ,: ix ',.' .,y ..'..'.'( e'i ,'...''' i.'o,l t,f(: j,,:,.
ol' l:;.-hm l-.il I'.' This latter fact
is stated by Mr. W. II. Helbelt, who was
then a pri-oiie;- there and had favorable
opportunities of b-urning their views and
Now it is an .-tai'i'siic.l and admitted
fact that Abraham Lincoln alone is re.-,
ponsible l"r 'hi- w ieked in t erlereiieo with
Gen. McClclhiu's pi in and for defeating
Ills success; an'! it is thereby prove! that
the ',"-' '' !l Uo-Ioi-h I "'is ..! '. .', in
the space of
Lincoln w le
two months, by him. This
be denied. It was Abraham
i divided the At in)' of the
: ive it n. Mcll.i-.vell a rep-
arate comm 'lid. It was ho who iclu-ed
III ii ow .Hi '("vei o iiihi leu (Clin, i
lrviro-ii4 vheii Mellowed v.voto (o .11:1
that Little Mac bad reached Hanover
C'oiiit House, and added, "For God's sake,
Mr. President, let me join him at
chicl moment." It was ho who rd,r-; ,.,,am, we wt.r9Suppliel much soon
ed Mclmwell's retrea', even after Serre'a- t-.c ,,:l!orollt bt,f,:U(.part,nents tha:.
rv Stanton, bi'ter .s he ivh (."am-t Mes . , , , ,, .
.. , r . , i was auticil ated when I hist sow yn".
( lell.'in, had '.oven him pr-roiis-nm to ml- . ' 3
vance. In his Icstimom before th- Court 1 ( 'ur ku" 1 """""t 10 hlj- m" f'"''1"'
Mail al, Gen. MeCled.in aid -'T:u- l'rcv about our prisoners nbout yOo
!.,'' ..'(). the r'7'.i.s'.'.y i-i 'viiich bavo I paroled nsd excunng'-" '
MW'' ttin." II,! wanted ' M.v ' fur a,ollt ,he ,amc nutabcr takci by u
Inwell to defend Washington, "ml houh ' t j n l . .u
.. . ,i .,,,! w l , ii J he wounded were all removed to thi
the force m and reun,l Washington, '
says McClelian. "ftas double that deemed side of the river bofor th" ..icuadoi.
neeesfai. by the otlioers." It .;! I'resi- nnd are being well car'-' r.i . Ihodea ,
t7.-.o who has, in every in-'-in . yielded to l.jried under a flag of truco.
the politicnl p-issure fir interference will. .i i( jr ,Pil)it ,0)O. t a ,ullc!l ,nre
McCiellan's i ans. And wlv did ho thus " f , , , , .
willully, as i! ..ernis.defeu. t'h great pnr..P"' .'Oporlmn of sughl wounds. l.Gd
pose? As the Providence says, "we only I cing treatc I in the ! -i,itu's.
had Wiehmond al our fingers end. hut the I am g'-'d ' '.ep-es-nt Hie army at th
pri:e : . tnutchrd aval, h' Ahrnham l.in-ohi I prosnt I, on in ;-oo:i Condition, t'lar.ki"
Was McDowell needed to defend Wash- the governn "nt for that entire suppon
ington" Nobody believes it. lie and mm 'i ' m e which i hi.v i Iways jo
, , Ahrnh on Lincoln he'ieral ',! at the reived t. ;u them.
time' Tho truth is, it was loomed better 1 re'i . u, General, very respectfully,
that e should lose a thousand chances of. Your obeilient servant,
capturing Rich moDd, than that George K. ! A. E. KURNSIDE,
McClelian should capture it '," 1 Mj. Gen. Coro'g. Army ef thorotoma ,
the one i.'idii ated to ycu a our lait meet
ing lit t ho President's :
h'iriiig my preparation s for crosing at
the place I had lir-!. . el .d.Idi e '. red
that the enemy had thrown a .rge pttion
not anticipate the crossing of our uhc'.o
force at l'leilerich burg, and hoped by
rapidly throwing the whole command
over at that place to s.'perale, by u igo: -oils
at lack, thp f'orec-of thr. onetr:" on the
rivjr l.eow from tho forces behind and on
the i.iest, nnd in the rear of ih town, in
which ca-e ( c.-;ul 1 fight him with j-rcat
advar.t.ace in our favur. T.iiiotl.is wo
had to gain a height on the .vtreme right
if the crest, which height coiiil .tided a
new road l.r ely mado by the enemy lor
tho purpose r i ijjore rapid communieatini
al-.nghn linei, uLieh point paired, his
I'osiiion along iheeiest v.ould havo been
-( "lteely tenable, and he could havo been
driven from then .. ily l-e to. ..ttaek on
Ir frvtit in connection t. u movement
in the i I ".' of the crest.
Ilov near wc came to nerimplishingonr
"i';ect futuro reports wi'l sn.nv. put for
hofogand uttitT'tcd and unavoidable
deiay of b..il ling 'he bridles, which gave
the enemy twentysf.'uv ho";.s moro to
C'.r:e'ntr.!,'i his forces in his strong posi
t:oe , we c mid certainly have succeeded,
in which i ase tlm battle v.-oul I have hrn,
in my opinion, !'ar niiro decNdve than if
we had erosred at the place .-'tr.J ; ns it
was, we cime very near suce. . ,.
Failing in aecotni hshing tho main ob
ject, wo remained in order ol battle two
days, long enough to decide that the ene
my would not come out of his strongholds
to fight us with his inlV-nliy, uTtcr which
we roero'sod to (his side cf 'lie river un,
molobted, without tho loss of men or
As tho day broke our hng lines of
troops weie seen marching to their dif
ferent positions as if going on parade.
Not the least demoralization or diaorgam
To tho brave ofti v.-s and soldieis who
accomplish! d the feat of thus reerossing in
the face of tho enemy, I owe everything.
For he failure in tnoiittack 1 am respon
sible, ns the extreme gallantry, eourutro
and endurance show n by them was never
excelled, and would have carried th-1
points had it been pos-iblc.
To the families and fiiends of the dead
lean only offer my heartfelt s)mpalhy,
but h.r the wounded I can oiler my earn
est prayers for their comfort and final re
covery. Tho fact that I (leaded to move from
Washington on to (his line rather against
the opinion of iho President, S'; tnry.
and your-elf, and thai you have 1 't the
'.vholo movement in my hands .ithout
giving me orders, makes me the .io;c re
1 will vi-it ) DU very soon an 1 i lvu yon
more definite in format icr , nn 1 Ii-. d , ml
send jou my defiled iq -.ri, in ... ;, .. ;.
special acknowledgment wdlbemid" o'
the M'l'v'c.s of the difl'oreut gt.o: 1 divi -ions,
corps, und iny general and pscsona'
stall'. iepatlments of thej Army of tho Po
totn.'ic, to whom I mil much iu btod fv
,. , , i' .
! I icir s'i..oi t and nearly c:i-opei itnn.
I IVi1 ...o ....
......... ..i . i ,t..k no uiov.'iiieiii, iv. .
mad.-earlier than you expected , and a!
, tcr the Pie-i'h-nl, Scrot;iry mid yourse'
! re.oii'sted tne not to be hi l.asi,. f , ( b.