Newspaper Page Text
W. MOORE. I Editon
B GOODLANDER, J--1-0"'
PRINCIPLES, not KEN.
TERMS-!?! 5 per Annum, if rMd in .rlveice
m:wsf.1i:svoi, ii.-ivo 27.
vol,. XXXII. WHOLE, NO 10fJO
GXKAUI'IKU), Wi:i)M;si)AY,.lAN h:g.
tl 1 0
5 tint oflrn.
Tho noblest men I know oa earth
Are men whose hands are brown with toil
W ho, barked by no nnccstriiil graven,
Hew down the woods, and till tho ioil,
ind win thereby a prouder fiuno
Thnn follows kin); or warrior's name.
The wlrkinjj, men ! whatn'er thoir Insk,
To carve the tone, or bear tha hod
They wear upon their honest brown
The royal tnuip and seal of God !
And brighter aro the drops of went
Than diamonds in a coronet!
',o, bless the noblo working men,
Who rear the cities of the plain ;
Who dig the mines, and build tho chips,
And drivo the commerce of the umin ;
find Wei's them ! fur their swarthy hands
Have wrought the glory of all lands.
Fntu Good IIaiuts. Thero aro four
,4 bits a wio man recommends lo io es
fiitia y nccessuiy lor the mnnairemcnt of , ., , , ' , , .
i .. t i ii tof opposing tho war po icy of John Ad
firiDoru concerns ; and these were punc , 11 ' ' , ,
' , . r i i- . i auisjmany papers w.re suspended. Oi),
iubiIV, accuracy, steadiness ami dispu oh. ' 3 1 i . ,, ', '
',. ' , , , r.i i posi'.inn was almost silenced in Congress,
A il hout the first of these, time u waisted ; . M , ,. , , .. n i i .
, .1-. 1 . ; Halls except Albert tmll.it in. hven Jef
s to our own credit and inter- , f tvas 'obliged to shut l,im,elf up for
,t, and that of others may be corns b Monticello. and al-
BItl ; wuhout he h.ra . noih.ng can , denue Ksl ,U
ell clone; and without tho fourth op- , I d , '
p,,tuni los of greo advantages are lost, f fa Administrntion. w hich sou-ht
btch it is impossible to recall. j ou to pPr9ecuta lim under the . 3.
There are somo who see.Ti to think that dition Law." Hundreds fell away from
.liejjoklen age of literature is past -that the Democratic party under tha pretrnce
nothing modern is worthy of notice, and of "no party- support the (jovernment ;"
.hat it i.s one of the vices of ago that uoiue straggled back, afterwards, like the
me discard so much the teachings of the prodigal on, glad to feed on the husks of
literary fathers. I'ut the world of thought Democracy ; others strayed along gloomily
in fxhuustiess, ard we have only to pro- in the quagmires of "black cockade Fed -duct
a liner civilization than the world eralistn." Democratic members of Con
iiu8 ever seen, to sccure.as its consummate greswre insultedat theutres.and groaned
Jottor, a Ikeraturo of corresponding ex- in public meetings. The haheas cotj,t was
silence. j partially suspended ; and all opposition
If you have great talents, industry will KM besilence-.l by mobs or
. ,1 it. 1 - . -I-!-.: , supprewi-d by the strong arm ol the An-
lustry will supply their
... ' ' '
.vnt!iiPji is denied to vyll direct
jiolliing is CVftr he atiaincd without it
A man ni i "lit Irnme ana let loose a ::ui ,
. . . 1 1 . 1 .iH'
to roll in its orbit, and yet not, liavo done
so memorable a thing beforo Uod ns he
wlin lem go a golden orbed thought to
run vuruiigu 1110 g.iici uuuus wi iiim-.
,, 11- 1 1 r .-ii
iio Mness is b ind ; whereof it is still in
. , 1 , 1 ' 1-
cot'iise, but goorl in execut on. ror in
1 ;, fc 1, , .
cou 11 sol it is good to see dangers ; in exe
..,, 1. . .1 1
cution not to see them, except they Lo
' L' ' I
Iicligion is not n thing which spends
itself. It is like a river which widens
I'onlinually, and is never so broad or so
deep as nt its mouth, where it rolls into
the ocean of eternity.
(led has not taken ra much pains in
fiutuiiig, and furnishing, and adorning
this, world, that they who were made by
liiiji to live in it should despiso it.
Tho mind of a man of genius is a focus
allien concentrates rnto one burning
beam the languid lights and fires of ten
thousand surrounding minds.
Time is like a creditor who allows am-
pie space to make up accounts, but is in
e.ilorablo at last.
"I bnve or.e request to
to make of you, my :
My dear widow, I ;
u say." "Well, sir, ;
denr Mr. Grant.
fill grant anvlhintr vou sav
1 want to be Granted myself."
Lndy Yat mouth asked Garrick one day
wtiy Love was always represented as a
child ? He replied: "Because Love nev
er reaches tho uge of wisdom and experi
..I . . .
The famous William Tenn had a scape. I
gnco relation, whom his punning con
tempo. arics described as a fen that had,
been "otten cut, never mended."
one aro so seldom found alone, and 1
are so soon tired of their own company.as j
uiuso ciiacouius uo ui v on ine uesi lerms
To give moral subjects their true relief,
you require, a in the stereoscope, to
look through two glasses that of the in
tellect and ttiat of the heart.
'I am afraid, sir, you are in a settled
Melancholy." "No madam, my melan
choly won't settle; it has too much
A lie always needs truth for a handle
to it. The worst lies are thosej whose han
dle is true and whoso blade is false,
He who is false to present duty breaks a
Wad in the loom, and will find the flaw
lien he may have forgot ton its cause.
The right thing in the wrong place is a
love-letter written on a mourning 6heet
An Irish stationer, nfter advertising a
variety of articles, gives tho following
I'Aiionc: "To regular customers I nell
"Does your dog take to the water?"
aid a jri'iit.'omun to a rustic, who hntl a
ter spaniel follow ing him. "Why, yes,
lrif they put meal in it," whs the "reply.
A reserved man is in continual conflict
Wlio die social part of his natuie, and
"in grudges himself the laugh into
Wl"cfi he is sometimes betrayed.
An em:grant to Port JNatal, writins
uome to one of his friends, says : "We aro
leiiing along finely hero, and have ol-
",y lid the foundation of
Old mnids are cross to the
'RWI. because they have no
i mo, nt loiuper on.
ow sadly true it is in these times.llmt
' evej-y man that divos into the sea of
w-tnuiony bnngs up u pearl."
The Reign of Terror in John Adam'i
THE ALIEN AND SEDITION LAW8
T11K LKSHONS OF HIHTOHV.
"tiik rk.iuv or terror i. 1708."
While there aro ninny things done now
which ore unheard of in America, thero in
much, though tew remember it, which is
hut a repetition of what happened just
sixty-threo years ago, in the Administm
tiunof John Adams. Availing themselves
of tho furious war cry against Franco, tho
Federalists of that, day proceeded very
much after the fiuhion of the Federal Re
publicans of the presentday. The ''Alien
Law" whs passed to enable tho President
to get lid of sotno certain troublesome
Democrats of foreign birth. The "Sedi
tion Law" was passed lo allow the Admin
istration to "suitress" tho Democratic
newspapers of the day. Many ofthe Dem-
Illlll ISLI ill lljll. Jlllly till 11119 UVIII1I.-U IIUIil
!. . ., 1 , . ., .
,,, in anI I rtnnii n , ti lln.m
m 1 11 lt r:ll I
!,.. n :i.i .1.
might, after two years, through the ballot
box, and at the Presidential election of
iuiiii 1 ii... ri 1 ..: 1. . 1
iov. - i, iuo ii-iuotim; puny iriuuipumi, 1
Jcllerson was e'.OO'.s;1. i !-. ar.c! John I
Adam's party nn-l his measures, Alien and i
Sedition Laws, and all perished, and be-(
c una n uy ui u mm n ui.?aiiijj uu:i nnui-
wardt. the piison doors were opened ;
, l. .. ,1 , 1
the "rort La rayettes ' of that day were
n , . i- .1 t.
compelled to disgorge the r victims : Iem-
w"'i " " fc . .
ocratic presses were restored ; and oriust
i . .
sixty years tho Constitution and tho L n
i01l were preserved, and tho whole coun-
try grew and flouiished and was prosper-
ous and luopv as no other country ever
was, till the so-cal'ed "Republican party"
obtained power, on the 4th of March, 1 SO L .
We compile nod condense the following
nana ive trom Randall's Life of Jefferson
a work wiitten several years prior to the
events of the proser.t time. The reader
cannot, tall to onserve inn MriKiug simi
larity between the two periods. Let eve
ry Democrat take fresh courage from the
result of therrible struggle for "Liberty
and Union," in which their lathers, sixty
vears airo, were engaged. Let them never
despair of the Republic :
When tha X V Z despatches were
spread before the American public, fierce
f h'd not
fajJ. "but in
bust throughout 'lie land.
not only been insulted,' it was
nfamously degraded by being
aked to absolutely purchase a hearing
from the French Government.' All con-
siderations of prudence fell like dry grass
in the track ot rushinc tire. 'Let us tight,
if we are annihilated,' was the cry that
went up from the very heart of a gallant
people. Party lines perished in a moment.
1118 imocraw we re .nsranuy reuuee , w
. ... I..
l,ucu'"r 11 , w" uur'i
1 ,M lJ'eJ bn.n"' day before, since
,.r o'gnn?"""" s V"ly. Some
of the Doraocratic members of tho IIous
0f Representatives instantlv cluingM idts.
Others abandoned their posts. Jefferson
wrote to iladison, Annl BOth, IT'.KS ;
iiles Clopton, Clubell and Nicholas
have gone, and Cluy goes tomorrow. Pack
er has completely gone over to the wir
patty. In this state of things tlioy will
carry what they please."
This was the same Colonel Packer who
had taken such an extreme position a
gainst Jay's treaty ; ami hopeless must
have been the struggle w hen John Nicho
las turned his back 1
War measures bills for preparing fleets
ami armies and fortifications rapidly t
liiu i 'truiui;! tit . ictiiTia Un utrii 111,111 11a
passed Congress, junta of aUen and sedition declaration ot intention and residence in Two millions ot dollars were entrusted to
has became rie, Tho most obnoxious j the State made necessary. And aliens a poor, unfortunate, honest, but entirely
French residents, dreading somo violent ( were required to report themselves and be incompetent editor of a paper in New
action, chartered a vessel and (led homo, i registered by the clerks of tho district I York, to dispense it in t lit be-t manner
Kosciusko even was among the fugitives. t courts, under a specific penalty in money, ! he could. Straightway this gentleman be
Intimations wet'o not wanting among tho and under penalty cf being mmpe'led to ' g m to purchase linen pantaloons, straw
inntimeu ani iriumpnani reaeransis mat
even the leniocrAlie leader in tlie House,
Albert uattatin, a natuialized citizen, try was made the only proof of residence
should be reached by some law, and driv- (for emigrnn's coming into tho country
en outof thecountry. When others sue- after (ho passage of the act ) for the pur
cumbed to the power of excitement, he jioso of naturalization. Natives or nub
neither yielded nor (led his jKist. jects ofcouniries with nhich the United
AetdresHes rained upon tho President
from military, civic, and unorcanized pub
lie bodies, tendering their rupport to his
measures. Hut the masses were still, it
appears, divided, at least in some places.
Jefferson wrote to James Lewis, ir . on
tho 9th day of May, 17118, as follows : depart therefrom, within such time ns
'1 ar'y passions are indeeel high. I re-1 should be expressed in such order, and if
coive daily bitter proofs of people who the person ordered to depart was after
nevor saw me, nor know anything of me wards founel in the country, ho should be
but- through lorcupine, (Cobbett.) and imprison,;! fur three years. The President
lerno , 'rederal editors.) At this mo- waa empowered to order any nlien to be
ment all the passions are boilingover, and forcibly removed out of the country, nnd
on who keeps himself cool and clear of on a voluntary return lo be imprisoned at
the contagion is so far below the point of his (the President's) discretion,
ordinary conversation, that he finds him-. Un the Ctli or July. 17'J8. an act was
self isolated in every ocioty. However, pnssed that in all cases ot war, or an invn
the fever will not las . War, hind tax. in, or predatory incursion m.ule or
nnd stamp tx ore soiat:yes which must threatened, all natives or subjects of the
cool itsardor. Ihey will hnnir reflection, hostile. nmr, in iur,,;UKigi.i
nud tint with information, as nil which
our countrymen need, tobring themso
and I heir allairs to rights."
A few months earlier Aloxnndoi' Hum
llton was the eartnst ndvocato ol peace
tho strenuous supporter of sending for , al Inutility or other orimeagainst the pnh
jthal object a mission to Franco, n hicli 1 lie safety, should bo allowed the time to
should contain the names of Jcllerson and J dispose of their trends stipulated bv treaty;
Now, on tho contrary, he was the strop-
uous advocuto of tho most extensive
p'epnrntions of far more extensive prep-
nratinns, indeed, than the most inlhitnmu.
ble Congress could be induced to sanction,
Of course every dibit wis iiiadu to rep
resent tho Democrats wLo opposed the
war, ns "traitors" und "lacobins," tht l.iU
tor then a term of especial reproach. Jef-
i ferson was charged with sending an eniis
jsary, (Dr. Logan) to France. In a letter
in June, l'.l'i, to Madison, he says:
"I)r. CntMiti obniit. 11 liii-tnieht niro. sail
ed for Hamburg. This was seized by tho
Il'ur Hawks and given out as a secret mis-
sion from the Jacobins here, to solicit an
army irom franco, insiruct iiieiu us io
tneir lanamg, ivc. mis extravagaucH
produced a real panic among toe citizens;
and happening just when liache publi-li -
ed Talleyrand's letter, Harper, the Feder-
. l I 1 .1 i.i.i r I . . . . I
aneauer, on li e 1111 01 .li ne, uruieiy
n 11 rwiii n 1 rn tli.i I I mi uj wkf K'utirnmiifi 1 11 I
lives that thero existed a traitorous cone. Mr. Jawes then rcsiun, d his nrgumot.t
smmUnce between the Ja.-obins here, ("sc-! 11,0 eivil apprnpnat.on bill. Ho said :
oessioniUs") and tho French Directory ; 1 ,,01e ,i,re eigl.ty-thre regiment ol cayal
that he had got hold of some threads n,",d lT'y' ':' ll,f,,,'",!.",1 s"''-"'-.
clue of it. und would soon bo able to do- "V" ," t0 l,ul on" ' ""'T ,"" l't1s 0,1
velnne the whole. This inrrejiaed the -v. '"" ,"'ll,ro 11 " ",OVP- 1 " l,".V Millions
larm, tho libetAlists immediately set to
work, .lirectlv and indireetlv. to comoli
cate whom thev pleased. lWui.inefUob- i
belt) gave me a principal idiaie in it, as,
I am told, for I never read his papers."
And just about the same time, '(Junej
2'.l, 17'JS) President Adams, in reply to an
address from tho Legislature of New ILun
shire, said :
"I am happy to assure you that, tn far 1
W nil' i ,1 fnrm 11 1 inti pvlntirL I 1 1 a nil, ,wi I i , ill
to the Federal Governmnt in all the
er States as well as in Niw llmiijltire, is
too small to merit the name of division."
So little was there then left of tho Dem
ocratic party, thouirh Jeti'crson hinuell
was living and at its head.
THE WAR I EVER.
The ivnr fittil'if. lmrf nut nnitiv in rmi-
cress. Tho President had been alrea.lv
,nl,nri-,o,l in nci,l,Kl in,,,i.a 1 1, a
navy ; to expend Jf-JjO.OOO for harbor for-
tilicution; to purchase ?SHt),(KiO worth of
arms and ammunition ; to enlist a provis- j
ional army of lO.OUO troops for three years,
in the event of a declaration of war, or;
imminent danger (in the President's opin
ion) of an invasion; to order our navy to
.,;...,.( (...!.,., inl ,,nvl. .nv nei. oil vw-
sol which had attacked American vessels,
or which should bo hovering on tho coast
ofthe United States for tho purpose of
comrnittins depredations on the vowels
belonging to citizens thereof; and to sus
pend commercial intercourse! between tho
United States and Fiance and its depetix
The next day after receiving th Presi
dent's message, (June 2J, 17','S.) Congress
authorized him to otlicer and uimhe pi )
provisional army. On the "oth it author
ized oui' merchant vessels to forcibly re
sist any 8?arch, restraint, or seizure-, from
any vessel sailing under French colors, to
capture tho latter, and mako recaptures.
On the 28th, tho President was authorized
to treat persons taken on board captured
vessels, as prisoners, On the Oth ol July,
it was enacted that 30,001) stand of arms
bo obtained and sold to the State Govern
ment. On thu "III, tho treaties between
the United Siatcs and France were ele
clared annulled. On the 'Jih, the Presi
dent was authorized to direct our navy to
capture any armed vessels of France, and
to grant commissions to privateers to do
the same. On the 1 lth, he was authorized
to raise a marine corps. On the 14th, a
direct tax of $2,000,00i) was imposed to
meet expenses. On the 10th, the Presi
dent was empowered to raise twelve regi
ments cf infantry, and six troops of light
dragoons, and oflieer, lo borrow $.", 000,000
for the public service, and to borrow .2,i
000,000 of the bank of tho United States,
on the credit of the direct tax.
THE AMEN LAWS.
This was not all. Legislation against
'interior foes' was made to keep pace with
the warlike preparations against France.
On tho lSth of Juno the term of residence
reiiiiititc to naturalization was extended
lo fourteen years, and fUe years ptovious
give surety ol peace and good hrlmvtorst
tho eliscrelion of a magistrate; and regis-
States were at war could not be natural-
On the 2i th of June, 1708, it was made
lawful for the President to order nil such
aliens as he should judijc danirrtm to the
nenen and sn'ptv nf tlinllnitnd Slinim in
tually naturalized, should bo liable lo lo
secured or required to give seem it v for '
good liiuiuvior dt
President, and on
lllO elisoietiotl Of tllO I
I'.iot'l iimat ion, oxi
cepi mat, inoso not cliiirgciibln wit 11 (n-to
and the treaty with Fnmco was the next
I ho special courts of the
L intra states wpio nulhniizoil, on ooni-
j plaint, to npproliondnlions win continued
in the country 'contrary to the tenor or
intent' of tho President's prochiin ' timi 'or
jother regulations' which the l're.-iilent c.
, tnblished 'in the country, to give BUtet'es,'
or bo otherwise 'restrained.' 1
((.'(iioii.si'im m:rt t:crl;. )
REMARKS OF MR. DAWES OF Mass.
Mr. Dawes (rep.) of Massachusetts, ad-
'essed t!ie IL.uso of Represent it ivm on
tho 1,'lth, o:i the conduct of the war, in
w,ich he told some very unple.isant truths.
rontracts he speaks of are plainly
atlributablu to the Si eretary of War. Is
it any wonder
should find it
then, that (Jen. Cameron
convenient to retire from 1
and taken trip to l'uroiio?
.0,' uoll',M ,llnvu ,luH ,'0('" sxponde
i these cavalry regiments betoro they
of dollars have thus been expended on
tlie ''amimients where they
tered into service. And hundreds and
thousands of these horses have been con
detuned and rent back to Flinira and to
nnopons and to this cly l0 spend the
winter. Any day minureils ol them can
bo seen round the city of Washington,
chained to trees, where they were left to
starve to death, (lungs of two hutub'od
oth-'hftwsiii various places have been (litis
left to die, and not till the committee on
thu District cf Columbia have eallod for a
ineasui'9of tegi-latioi) to protect the city
from the danger to bo apprehended from
this horse "(iolgotha." Hesides the con
tracts for these hor-.es, there are others
for all the details of furnishing these reg
iments, in addition to the arms in the
hi'.tids of the liiiO.Oi.iil soldiers in the Ib id.
Numerous outstanding enntraeis inada
' I1'1 l" iv lt0 individuals-not, mado upon
"d vor t ise men t i ot I nude w 1 1 h 1 1 e k n o w I
iV' ' 'u Jl"
tjut ma le I'V ex- mem
bers of Coniin ss.who knew no more ofthe
dillerence ietn i'en one class ol arms and
another than does a Methodist minister.
There are outstanding contracts for the
manuhtcturc of Springfield muskets the
first emc ot whb'h cannot bo delivered in
. ' ,HO"l" 1 hero is a
kix mnnins irom mis date. 1 liere
contract lor the supply of o.io m, hop lmd
nmety thousand muskets al ejs piece,
.'' '' 'lual.tyot musket ,s inan-
And an ex-meinher ol Congress is hour in
Massachusetts trying to get machinery
mado by which he will bo able to tnanu.
facturo in some six months hence, at .'l
apiece, those l ille muskets manufactured
today in that at mory for fl.t ,ri0. lVovi-
deuce before six months will dispose of
this war, or lie will dispose of us. Not
one of those mu.-kets thus contracted will
lie ol tlie slightest, service in this enior-
eene,or ueioieiini pi o iiience oi uon,
-I...H i". i r... ..;i ....ii .i: . ..
ui,,!, 1 1 t , i i.m mi, niu ni.ioau
ol it. lie would ask Ins I: lends Iro n the
North and Northwest how tin y expect to
benefit by an armory at Chiragn, Rock
i Island and at (juiuey, III., when :i million
nnd ninety thoutatid muskets will, nc-
cording to tho two contracts, ho thrown
: upon the country, and that after the war
is over, and nt suc.i
in enormous pt :co, in
addition to other outstanding ton tracts
for the manufacture, some time hence, of
1172. 000 Knrield lilies. Hesides thero aro
7r,5bt sets of harnoss to be ilelivered by
nnd by nt the cost of one million nine hun
dred nnd seventy-eight thousand four
hundred nnd forty-six dollars. He had
not time to enumerate all these contracts.
When wo appiopriated nt the l ist session
ol Congress for tho purpose twenty mill
ion dollars, thirty-seven million and some
thousands of dollars had been nlready
pledged to contractors, not for tho ,ur
cl.ase of ai ins lor the men in the field, not
to protect those fighting the country's
hattles in this great emergency and peril,
but for bouie future uo
The riot of the l'.'th April in Haltimoro
opened this ball, nnd on t lie 121 -t of April,
in the oit v of New York, there was org in
j ized a corps e,f plunderers of tho troaniiy
hats, London porter
dried herrings nnd
for the ar.nv till ho
such like provisions
expended -n this way ?,j'.t0,000 of tho mon- Johnson, who gave, her a cow.
ey, nnd then he got scared nnd quit. j
Laughter. Thero is nn appropriation j John P. IIai.e. This republican Sena
alsoforthe supply of wood to the army. ' tur, from our State, has relieved himself
fins contractor is pledged tho pay ment of f)f a WHr speech, i:i which F.ngland and tho
seven dollars a cord for all the wood de- president received about uu fqual share of
livered to the dillerent commands-wood the geMitletna:i's attention, lie wants a
collected after the labor of the soldiers fibt with b ngland and will havo one-with
themselves had cut down the trees to Mr. Lincoln. It is hoped, however, thut
clear tho ground for their batteries, ami tho Pre-ident will survive this attaok.
this contractor employs the army wagons J, Cll ,,ttv tlso clown to perfection; but
to draw it to tho several camps nnd ho w)llM, ho undertakes lo be serious bo
has no further trouble to draw his seven f;ljis Ijlronia New Hampshire Ihm.
dollars a cord, leaving the government to , .
draw the wood. Laughter. tThe following is un excellent con-
It costs two millions cf elcllsrs every day ! dcnsalion of tho proceedings of Congress,
to support the army In the hold. A hun- j not only of Weelncsday, but every elay
Jrcd millions of dollars has thus been ex- since the commencement of tho session :
ponded since we met on the second day
of December, nnd all that timo our army '
has bctn in repose. What tho expemli-
ture will increaso to when that great day
shall arrive when our eyes shall be irbid- !
dened with a Mght of the army in motion
ho didn't know. And this hundred mil
lions will go with the hundred more ha'
Another hundred mil
I to these before the 111,
li'MIS lllliv be Illc
i- t i. ti. i
of March. What it may co-t In put down I
tho rebellion Iih cared very little, provided
nlwavs that it bo put down olb-ctinlly,
liil laith without woik.s is dead, und h
was tree to confess that his faith some-
times fails him-ho ment his faith in ,i,
-not his faith in . cause. When the
history ol those times shall bo written it I
w ill bo a (U"-lion up ui w liom the guilt j
will rest most heavy upon him who has
pi i oil to destrr y, or upon him who has i
proved incompetent, to preserve the in
stitutions bequeathed lo us by our lathers.
It is no wondei that the public treasury
trembles mid (daggers like a strong man
with too great a burthen upon him. A
strong man in an aii'-exluiiiste 1 receiver,
is not more helpless to day than is the
tieisurvol tho government beneath tho
exhausting process to whicl- it is subject
ed. Tho miglitv monarch of the forest
himself may hold at buy the tioiee-t and
mightiest of his loi-s, while the vile cur,
coming up behind him and opening his
fang, gives him a fatal wound, and ah
though ho may struggle or. boldly and va
lienlly, the life-blood is silently trickling
trom his heui't, and he is ut last forced to
loosen Ins grasp, and he grows faint, and
falteis and dies.
In conclusion he said it is impossible
that the treasury of the United States can I
meet and continue to met t this state of
things sixty days longer, ami an iguotni
notis peace must he submitted to unless
; we see to it that the credit ofthe country
I is sustained, and sustained too by the con'
virtion going forth from this hall to the
j people of the country that wo will treat
; ns traitors not only those w ho aro bold
unit muni,.' iiiiiiili i.i i.4 i ii. I',. ,,rt r r I'..,...
: ,lt. ,i(,U .... ,. ,,0,e..ia0 u.1(.
clandestinely and stealthily suck the life
blood from ns in the mighty struggle.
Hon. Mr. Ely on the War.
The Hon. Mr. Kly, the member of Con
gress Irom New York who was taken pris-
Jonrr nt the battle of Hull Hun, und con-
lined nt Richmond until recently was
honored wit h a public reception on nni
I ving at New York. He addressed the
ciowd tluit had congregated in tho street,
1 and in the course of his remarks, spoke
as follows :
I Gentlemen, I am persuaded that tho
.vast iivniv lommilted to the trusty hands
eiftieu. McClellan has loo much lo do. If
,i i i ... i . ,
i nave le.iineo anything in n o past it is
tluit we light a penpie teiriKy in earnest.
The e-ry o l'alatoix nt Saragossa "War,
even to tho knife"- -is still their cry.
Firm in the belief that we seek their sub
jugation, they have waxed desperate, nnd
neither life nor treasure will be spared to
. . , i .,
procui ;n uuvanee ot our arms, A re
bellion so extensive and zealous as that
which now- rei'Mis throughout thu South
' can only be overcome by the host nnd
stronge'-t cll'oits of a united North. We
inust, us erne man, shoulder to shoulder,
heart to heart, forgetful ol party, of prep
udice, of all but cou-.itiv, join tviih the
government in its exertions lor the pres.
ervation of the republic. So only may
e, by God's good help, restore tho r.a-
tionai bt.nner whence it h;-.s boon rudely
torn ; and, by e-onquest, win enduring
peice, ana etai.li-h our power to e-ni
.i . :. . , 1 ., 1
wuii iiauors ai iinine as suceossiully ns
we have with foes from abroad "
Whilst in Richmond, Mr. L'ly had ev
ery opportunity, by mingling with people
from all parts of the South, to learn their
real feelings, mid his conviction that they
are "terribly in earnest" is very frankly
The gre.'it mistake of the people- of the
North always has been I lull the character
and energy, -.he power, strength and de
termination of the Southern people, have
always been underrated by them.
KiiiiiT Ciiii.nrir.N- at a Ii it t ii. On the
2d of August. Mrs. Timothy Bradley, of
Trumbull county. Ohio, gave birth to 8
children three boys and live girls. They
are all living, and are healthy but quite
small. Mr. IVs. family is increasing, lie
was married six yours ago to liunico Mo-.v-ery,
who weighed 2'J7 pounds on tho day
of her mar. iage. She has given birth to
two pair of twine, and now- eight more,
making twelve childieu in six years. It
seems strange, but neve rtholess is true,
Mrs. 1',. wa-a twin of thiee. hor mother
and father both being twins, nnd her
grandmother tho mother of five pair of
twins. Mrs. H. has n lined her children
niter notorious men ; one nfter J. R. GiiD j
elmg-. w ho has given her a cpleiidid g,.l 1 ,
medal; one after the Rev. Hon. Kliiali '
( hanipbun, who gave her a deed of filty
acres of lar.d : ami the other after James
Cor., N. Y. Kx press.
ftrpnrt rtf Congress H ednesdmi.
" Negro," ', " Negro,"
"Neiro." " Negro." "No
- 'cro," "Negro," "Negro."
Yours, etc., WritiMa.v.
enitor i'osser.den, of Maine, a leading
Republican in Congress, in u recent
speech, urging the necessity jor moio
economy in the public exjieinlitures, said ;
ii l' i i ...
I, , ,T t , , l' 1 ,
' 1 !!
Lxemtivo niipears to have been tn so" who
cuiild tallc liiuilest about tho largest iim't
of money to bo spent, as if that would ac
complish tin, I'lirpo-o. 1 warn Sonatina
that wo must begin soinewhnvi in the,
work of retrenchment und begin hj rodj,
ly ; and, for my p.irt, I mean to begin at
tie very first point that pieents itnelf to
economize the public money, or ivo shall
soon bo in a position where we shall havo
no money to economize upon.
Look, for instance, nt one example of
the manner in which thingi are managed.
Tho government ofthe army started with
the idea that we wanted no cavalry.
Pre-tty snnii they carno to the com lusion
that we did want c.ivnlry, and tlioy gavo
notice of that fact ; and without counting
what was to bo the end of it, and what it
was to come to, they allowed every man
who ofiei ed to do so to raise a regiment
j of cavalry. A regiment of cavalry costs
something 1 1 cost about double what a
I regiment of infantry costs, and perhaps
I more than double; 1 presume it co-da
tfl.oOO.tlOO a year. 1 was informed by a
man who knew all about it, because he is
one ofthe very hiuhest military mon
dial ten thousand cavuhy was all we
could use, or twenty thousand at the out
side ; and how manv havo wo tn-dav ?
We have sixty regiments of cavalry either
raised or in piocessof being raised, and
most of them, as my friend fi. m Iowa
stifcosts, are regiments cf two vo hundred
men each. There is very littlo use fir
them. The Government can do nothing
with them. They are not even aruiod.
and we have no arms for a verv l.u ee pro
portion of them ; and vet they tire raistd.
and the men aro aid. and the horses aro
bought and supported by the Government.
Many ol these regiments are coming here,
ami others are on their way here. Thero
is no provision for them ; no service to bo
required of them when they eomo here.
There is at least sVil 1,000,1100 to bo spent
for cavalry, for which tho men who con
trol the army say they have no use anil
rdl because nobody inquired in the fi;'st
'lace how many wore necessary."
Desolation in Missouri. A letter in tho
Chicago J'rilj'ine, dated at West iVnt,
Mis-oari, I'ccemper 'JTtli, gives this pio-
t ti re :
"I thought that somo scones previously
witnessed had given tuo a vivid realization
of the horrors of war, but nothing brought
them so cleai ly before my mind as tho
country bet veeti here and Ilanisonvillo
and town of West Point, At Grand River
we found the planking ofthe bridgo torn
up to nliHtruct our passage, but managed
to replncit tlirm so as to cross. After lear
this point, till wo tvi;elied camp, tho whol i
country is one scene of desolation and
miseiy. Wo passed through thirty or fori
ty deserted houses, with the evidence of
hasty departure about them. Windows
were broken, doors smashed open, fences
down, und every whero the crops wero uu
gathered. In one house wo found two
families, the heads of which had both been
kilied by tho man tiding parties infesting
tho country. Only one farm that I saw in
thai day's rido had gathered nn ear of
corp. But 11. o desolation culminated
when West Point w,i reached. This was
formerly n flourishing town ol 10 or 200
houses. There is noiv but one family liv
ing in it. The hous s aro windowle.ij nnd
dooili hs, thn stores have all been plunder
ed, and the best buildings in tho pi am nre
used by Newgent's men as st ibles. Noth
ing could bring up the thirg more nle;.rly
than this scene. Hai visouvillo was but
little better than this, and to burn a
country over does not Veavo so sad a pic
ture of woo and misery as this section
Cost op Aiiolitionism. "What Slavery
is costing," says tho Chieag) Tii'jtne, quo
ting Mr. Seero'nn Chase's Repot t, ' is
Nay, good sir, that is what ul-J'-iiowsm is
costing. Slavery was here nt th," birth of
tho Republic, nnd received the protection
of the Constitution and of tho 1 ias of tho
United Stales. While abolitionism
is comparatively a new devil, born of
lust ami fanaticism, but for which the
Union would now bo prosperous and hpp
P.V Therefore say that Abolitionism is now
costing the country almost two million of
I dollars per dnv, nesine a oottoiijlesd ocoan
of blood. Ilrrycn Icnncra.
JCsAJ -1 1 is a curious coincidence that all
tho journals which aro now bawling to lut
tiiv for Emancipation, are tho very same
ones which ngreed last fall with th Now
York Tribune, that "tho South is worth
nothing to tho Union, an 4 if she re;illy
wnnts to leave it we will ' her o if." It
is not at all unlikely that ti, ' Abolition
cries, i-hich ring out with sin li pecubar
fervor at this time, aro intended to ' help
her out." Wheu.er intended or not they
surely have a tendency lo do so. Wicty
Two Thousand Dollars kor a Kict. At
New Bedford, Mass.. tho leleree, in the
ease of Ditn n ck vs. Cleveland, master o"
tho bark Margaret Scott, has assn'seei
damages against tho eiofondant to the a
moiint of ?"2,0iii). Dimmeek was a fore
mast hand on boar J thu bark, and bro-tght
an notion nt-ainst the nia-ter, claiming
damages torn kick by which entnphinar.t
s-as permanently injured. By order ol
court tho deuiii'i is made tir.al.
jgy-Lato English papers state that th '
privateer NasRv ille was stili at S iuth imp
ton, but tho Britibh government had IV
bid her to rtn.