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D.W.MOORE, I VAittri
PRINCIPLES, not MEN.
TERMS $1 25 per Annum, if pnid in ndvnrre
NKWSKHIIvS-VOL". II.-NO 23.
VOL. XXXII.WllOLE, NO 1CCC
CIsKAKFIKLI), I'A. WKDNKSIMY, DDC. 5f GX.
II I m
V V T V t
TO MY COAT.
I ROM THE FRENCH OT ntRANGFR.
'Though hardly wurlh on paltry groat,
Thou art dear to m, my poor old coat ;
For full tea ynrt my friend thuu'st been,
For full ten yean I've brushed thee clean
And now, like me, thou'rt old and van,
'With both, the glow of yoajh la (one j
But worn and lhabby as thou art,
Tbou and the poet shall not part,
I've not forgot the birthday eve
When Drat I donned thy glossy eleeve,
M'heu jovial frieadi.iu mantling wine,
Drank Joy and health to roe and mine.
Our indtfrenre let enme dopie,
NWre dar M over in their eyei ;
And for thoirsakea, old as thou art.
Thou and the poet ahull not par!,
One evening, I remember yet,
I, romping, feigned to By Liselte;
bhe strove hor lover to retain,
And thy frail skirt was rent in twain.
Dear girl, ihe did her belt endeavor,
And patched thee up as well as ever ;
For hor sweet sake, old at thou art,
Thou and the poet ahull not part,
Never, my eoat, hast thou been found '
Heading thy shouldori to the ground
From any upstart "Lord" or "Uraee,"
Tn beg a penaiou or a place.
Wild forest flowers no monarch's dole
Ailurn thy wodott buttun-bolo;
If but for that old as thou art,
Tbou and the poet should not part,
1'onr though we be, my good old frionj,
No gold thall bribe our backs to bend ;
Honest amid temptations pant,
We will be holiest to the last f
Far more I priie thy virtuous rags
Thui all the lace a courtier brngs;
And, while I live and have a heart,
Thou aud the poet shull nor part,
Roads to Ruin,
ft is the easiest thing in the world to
find one of these roads, for thejr run in all
directions over the social ,Uin. They
present, as the advertisements have it, "a
wide field for choice." They comprise
highways and feye-wuys, round-about
roads and cuts across lots, smooth paths
und rough paths, ascents aud descents;
nnd as they intersect each other at points
innumerable, travelers to the common
terminus can turn out of the road they
tiave Btarteu on into a new one, at thir
pleasure. The outfit for the iourr.ev. ha
it long or short, is not of mueh conse-
quenee, kinco destitution and despair
await all who persist in pursuing it. Some
set cut with pockets full of gold j others
with their .pockets empty, hoping to fill
them bv the way. To some" the Fiend
Speculation plays the Cicerone, ni-irshall-
iitg them to seeming Dorados in tiie dis
tance, that melt into moonshine as they
travel on. Tho Will-o'-the-wisp, Gam
bling, with his pasteboard signals, be
guiles others to the brinks of prcipices,
whence they tumble headlong intoii rem
ediable shame. 1 he Goblin Hum, heads
caravan of sclf-deslruolioijisls
name is legion.
All "easily LesettinL' sins" null arte tcav. '
and betray their victims into oueor other , "8row" 8oI.e1,vl1' T V
of the ninny roads to ruin. The only I 1 he President, in his message nt the ex
trust woithy safe-guard against their en- "Ira session of Cjngress, gave us his rea
ticements is resistance ut tl.o outset.- wn for l.w action in the niattpr.
When morbid appetite or inclination , 1 "av" authorized that ll e writ of ktbeat
pulls ruin-ward, bra e the moral system enriy upended. and before he did
against it ; put manhood agabst tempt- eo 1,8 "''K6'1 considerably of his right and
tion; ask lielp from Heaven. Christian he propriety of his doing so. lheprivi
obstinacy is more than a match for Satan joge conferred l-v the Ar6u corpu, is to
and all his agents. Misfortune is not ruin. tMM J command an inquiry as to
In thut terrible word, in its true interpre- whether person n held by competent
tation, is involved loss of character, of nulunnty under a charge of crime. If a
self-resjt, of moral couraiw, of all that j'erBon "o held he is remanded, ami if
renders life valuable. Beware of the first he is not he is discharged. 1 hat provision
tep leading to such a consummation ! i or,,1,e, corl' not has never been in-
- j vaded by the executive power till now:
A Touou One. A correspondent of one Sir, tho object of this suspension and the
of our cotemporarias, writing from Web cflectulso of ii is to prevent inquiries into
titer, Western Virginia, tells the following the legitimateness of tho imprisonment
rather touch varn; I under niiiitsrv power. The object of this
"While out scouting." he says, "a cap- ,
viiiii uiiu eiAiyiour men were eurrounoeu
by three thousand secessionists, so he
stretched his men out in a long line, and
as soon m they fired they would jump be- j
hind a tree ; ut the same time t'.ie captain '
was bellowing out at tho fop of his voice
for Col. so nnd so to bring up that bat-
talion, toll Captain so and so to bring
those cannon here, ami kept holloing at authority to seize, to hold and detain all
such a fierce rale that the secessionists got 'persons not engeged in the land and na
frightcned, and a general stampede took I val forces, not men engaged in enterprises
piace. in their night they threw away
blnnkets,knapsacks, revolvers and sworJs.
The captain hadn't a man lurl, but kill
ed seventy of them, found over one thous
and blankets, about two hundrod and fif
ty knapsacks, swords and revolvers.
As InvestmationDkhandeu. It is said
that General Patterson has, at length de
manded a court of inquiry, and wnare in
formed mat me neccessarv
. . it-. 1 , J
sent to Washington more than a month i
v nauers were .
since. It is said that no response lias as
et been received. Ueeentlv the matter
as ncain been agitated bv the General.
I hut, as before, without any defin ite results.
As a reason for this delay, a Washington
correspondent stales thatar. investigation
t miaht afl-jct the character of Gen. Scott.
Yril friends of General Patterson, on the
4lhcr hand, allege that the demand for a
court was preferred tefore Gen. Scott left
the country, and doclared that an ollicial
I report of the campaign musts be obtain-
I pHow quickly Democrats rally to Ihe
.support of the President when he places
ihirasolf upon the platform of the Consti
. tution, is thoffn in the general aoclania
( of the Democratic press, sustaining
"im 111 his controversy with rroniott.
t.A. man who likes to hear a woman
cold has Just hired a saw-filer to play hiui
THE WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS.
M'KKCH OF MR. I'F.XDLKTON.
Tho following is a full report of the
rech of Mr. Pendleton, delivered in the
House of Representatives on Tuesday tho
10th inst., a brief abstract of which ap
peared in the telegraphic summary of the
Mr. .Pendleton, of Ohio, moved that the
memorial of Messrs. Howard, Gatchell and
Davis be relerred back to the Committee
Jn Judiciary, with instructions declaring
that Congress alone has the power, under
the Constitution, to suspend the writ of
habeas ewjHi. Mr. Pendleton said : "Mr.
Speaker: These memorialists nre members
of tho Uoard of Folico of the City of Bal
timore, On the 1st d iv of July lust, at
the dead hcur of the night, they were ar
rested and conveyed to Fort McHenry by
a detachment of U. S. soldiers, under the
command of Gen. Banks. They were in
the performance of the duty assigned
to them by the laws of their .State.
The peace of the city was then un
broken. The Federal courts were in
full operation within her limits. Judges,
Marshals and the District Attorney were
in the exercise of their accustomed func
tions. The process of the courts, if I am
ruhtly informed, had not been interfered
with, except ir. one memorable instance,
and then by the authority of the Presi
dent of the United States himself. These
gentlemen were arrested without a war
rant. They have been detained tithou'.
nn indictment. , They nre deprived of
their liberty without due process of law.
They have tot been confronted with their
accusers. Thpy ore not informed of the
nature of the accusation against them.
They have been denied the right to a
fpeedy and public trial by nn impartial
jury, t lie 1 resident or the United Males,
in his message to this House, in response
to a resolution ol it, lias declined to fur
nitsh the grounds for their arrest. On the
very same day when he did so, while their
petition lor redress of a great grievance
was pending before the house, the Presi
dent had them conveyed out of the dis
trict and Slate in which they had been or
rested, and where, if ut all, they had com
mitted the crime, fint to Fort Layfayette
mnl then to tort Warren., 1 hey are arbi
trarily held by military power. They
have presented their memorial lo Con
gress nuking that Congress may examine
their case or that it may be remitted to a
judicial tribunal, to be legally heard and
determined, and my colleagues on the
Judiciary Commitiee can find no more fit-
t,nS response to a reasonable request like
tuilt tl,u tl,ut this respectful pelition
hn" lie unanswered on the table. 1'he
,Trit ol Rubens corpus was invented for the
P"pose 01 meeting me exigencies or just
such a case as this. It commands that the
nody of a prisoner shall be produced, that
the cause of his commitment may be in
quired into, and that he may be discharg
ed if he is illegally held, or rem muled if
he is held by competent authority on a
charge of crime. These gentlemen would
hRV0 bent IS'11 lo vft'l themselves oJ this
writ, which uie i. resident commamieu uw
general to smpena niia to now iiiem at
. , . , i .
evasion of the great charter of liberty is'
to cnaoio niiiiiaiy ouiuers or ouiers who
have like power to arrest nnd imprison
men though they have committed no
crime against the laws of the land, and to
punish them, not as the law prescribes,
bat in whatever way those who have the
power may ordain. If I rightly construe
the mesnge of the President, he claims
against the Government, but all persons to obey its prohibitions. Whea the Con
whom he tniy suspect, nnd to imprison Utitution falls, (hen indeed the Govern-
them without regard to the provisions or
process or law. ilia President further,
claims the authority of the Constitution, j
of which it is n complete violation, to ar-.
rest whoever in his judgment he may I
think pioper. The President says his
authority is derived by implication, .nd
because, I suppose, he deems it inconve-
"'T iV l" UHnw ,
. ...l. .. 1 .1
writ of habeas corpus vested in Congress
alane. Now, I he only clause which refers
to the subject is one which provides that
the writ of habeas corpus shall never be sus- j
ponded except in enses of rebellion or in-,
vasion, or under circumstances when the
publio safety demands it. This is un
doubtedly the only implication that can ;
bo derived authoriaing the suspension of !
the writ of habeas corpus. Who shall sus'
pend it! That is the question. It is ,
not e"tedin tho executive exclusively.but ,
... ...i nio uepartments ol uovernment. 1 tensely excited. Now what is the fact ?
vvn ln,at"n',or the arbitrary ruU of Citizens are committed and imprisoned
LliEabeth of England, and during the ear-'because in the publio newspapers they
ly part or the reign of Charles the First, it' dare criticise the acts of the Government,
was exercised by those monarchs, but Newspapers have been stisper.dod.and Ihe
Charles was compelled at the price of his ' whole power of the Government despoti
ttrone to assent to the Bill of Rights, by cally exercised without a public murmur,
which be bound himself never to imprison I We are told that when this public dan
a man without due process of law. Charles ' ger shall have passed away the Constitu.
did not stand by his interpretation of the tin ll will In radium. 1 i tta iipiultna v'umr
ancient coMtitntion, and after ten years of
.t.Ma.lA with V ! hamwIa U a 1.!- A I 1
Birugfci n.m i'vvpm uu losvuia turone
and his life as the penalty of hit infraction
of it. Ilia successor ti ied all niean. and
every kind of scheme to retain this arbi
trary power, which was at last swept away
forever bv the oreat charter. Wo are told
llv tho eminent historian, Macaulny, that
Charles II sought to rcpenl the habeas
corpus act, for thut he hated it as only ty
rants can hate whatever stands between
them and their own despotic wills. And
this habeas corpus act win the most string
ent curb ever imposed by a legislature on
tyranny. When William and Mary came-
to the throne they declared that the crown
Ji, DOt possess the power of suspending
the writ, of habeas cornus. and from that
hour to this, one hundred J eari Uf'oie the
adoption of the Constitution of the United
States, England had no monarch during
all her foreign wars and intestine troubles,
wayward and wicked enough, though some
of them were, who dared to suspend the
writ of tutbeai corpus, or whoever claimed
that they had power to imprnon a citizen
without due process of law. All history of
which 1 have access confirms this view to
the case Hume and Mncaulay claim this
right as the principle in thegieat struc
ture of the English constitution. But
here, according to the novel theory of
Government, the President may suspend
the Constitution and the laws ol the Uni
ted States made under it. He may, as it
is claimed, do all this, supersede them ull,
disregarding tho limitation enjoinod for
the exerciso-of his perogatives. He may
abolish all the laws of the hind, and sub
stitute in their place, his nan will. He
may abolish the whole system of govern
ment built up and bequeathed to us by our
revolutionary fathers, and he tuny build up
for himself a new and entirely different
system. All this he may do, it is claimed,
rightfully legitimately, and without inter
ference. I hold this assumed position is
untenable and indefensible; that there ii
no warrant for it in the Constitution, or
in the principles which underlie the
theory of our government, nor in the ge
nius of the American people, nor in the
spirit of liberty which is the boast of our
institutions. Such a proposition will des
tioy the law. it will reduce this nation,
if deliberately adopted to the theory of
government to the condition of slavery,
und 1 say that any nation that will wil
lingly idopt it is lost to ull sense of manly
independence, is lost to the appreciation
c f iti own dignity ami national rmliis4and
for them tho yoke of tho slave i the only
We are told, in defence ol this theory,
that it would not exut only in cases of
rebellion against the Government. We
are alo told that it was not intended that
the Constitution of t'.ie United States
should not be operative in limes of civil
war. Our fathers hoped that civil war
might never befall us, but they knew hu
man nature too well to expect that wo
should forever enjoy profound ropose.
l'hey had freed themselves from the yoke
of oppression, they had successfully con
quered enemies without and tories within,
and then they formed a constitutional
government, recognizing in them thut hon
esty ana good sense which marks Ihe pa
triot. Is it to be supposed that they would
adopt a constitutional government only in
lime ot peace, and that that Constitution
should be superseded whenever discord of
.var would present an opportunity to 6Ct
it aside und substitute for it the will of
military power? The Cosstitu'.ion givss
In I Iim kpv prill dfMinrl menla nl' t liu ( I.ir,r ,1. '
tnent all the power ever intended to bo us-
ed fr any purpose. If the laws of the .
Uuited States are too lenient, they may be before tho tribune of tho people, to sup
made more stringent. If judges are im - poit and preserve the Constitution, nnd
becile, let them be impeached. Let the in virtue of the position we hold here to
whole machinery of government bo revis- support the framework of the Govern-
ed nnd improved, if you will ; but whoever
goes beyond that to support the govern
ment, would destroy the Constitution un
der the pretence of preserving them. The
government has no right to break down
the Constitution to uphold itself. It nev
er was intended lor a moment that the
Constitution under any circumstances
should be superseded. The President
holds office under the Constitution, you
sit there under it, the judges sit and
pass judgment in virtue of the provisions
of that instrument alone, end if you su
persede it, neither you, nor the judges, nor
the President himself, possesses any more
power than the humblest man in the land.
Supersede the Constitution :
as well try to repeal all the laws for tho
guidance of society, and let the nation go
adrift to ruin at once. Tho only way to
preserve thp government is to preserve the
Constitution, to observe its limitation and
ment falls. This is not tho way to pre-
serve Government. AcbUion makes its
own opportunity, and under thin system
of superseding the Constitution in times
of public calutnity, tho public tuind will
become degraded, tho people on every
fresh occasion for the exercise of this now-
er will yield still a little more'to theso en-
"oaenmen s uii iiie pub .0 will w.d bo
detroyed. the publio intellect warned the ' .
national character tarnished, and the na. 1
tioiial life of liberty and independence I
overthrown. They will became the play-
thing of every tyrant, a.id each succesiive
invasion of their rights and freedom is
forever lost. 1 1 is in vaiD to say that this I
is an idlo dream the realization of tho '
fact is beforo us. Six months ago, when I
the habeas corpus act was first suspended in '
the case of Merriman, who was held on a I
charge of treason, the public mind was in-
and the people will bo allowed to resume
. . ... . . .
tneir accustoaicd liberty.
When was this
ever so r When were tho Invaded nnd re-,
11. id. vi a i,eoii is ever restored o
their exac t tikifin vL. . 1 . .
ineir exact position except by the sword r
11 1 . i'l 1 ' .
"."..J" 'J V'00 "'roiiUeriMl, ever
" ' ,wp,7 VI00.V hor
iui BUMuuuur oi meir rights no nation cv-
er resumeU them onlv i,r,,i, ti,
rtf it rpvnlnt t,n ..n 1. .
- . . J --.w..e V -Q
n. lion sepVil iVnfti. 11 11 .URO
, m 1 ' 'v ,""e
danger possesses no rights. 1 ou cunnot
incrnuso nnd strencthun irlue. and cour
1 1 a
age, and patience, in a people by teaching
them thai in times of great public calami
ty and danger to the State, they must re
ly for their safety, not on their own virtue,
arid courage, and constnncy, but on the
power and good will of their rulers. Ko
tree nation ought ever to listen for a mo
ment to the argument of State necessity.
The history of those people who have been
so deceived is written in the wreck of free
institutions. It is .-narked with wrongs,
with high hopes destroyed, ami noble as
pirations violated and trampled upon. If
we look over the pathway of desolation
thus exposed ho view, we may easily imag
ine that we see the spirit of American in
dependence nnd American freedom hover
ing over this duy, tearfully praying it, oo,
ma) not be added to the long list of vic
tims immoluted 011 tha altar ofBtate ne
cessity. This argument of stale necessity always
proceeds from the executive power. It is
the voice which issues from the throne
itself, and unless speedily anweied un
less answered now ere iorg comes the
m indute to surrender lo military power,
An imperial throne rises on the ruins of
an overthrown republic; oaths are viola
ted ; liberties swept away ; rights trampled
on, nnd a nation is prostrated in tho dust,
This is but the fniuilinr picture which pre
sents the dire effect of a people submitting
to the pic of state necessity. We are
further told that in times of great public
danger the people ought to sustain the
hands of their rulers by confiding in their
integrity of motives nnd disinterestedness
of action. Yes, sir, I tvouid sustain with
the public confidence while they adhered
to the provisions and principles of the
Constitution ; bjt 1 would paralyze (hem,
til, with distrust, whenever they com-
mence the work ot usurpation. It was
the work ot
told the Athenian that the surest defence
ol a tree people rgninst tyrannv was dis-
trust. The Athenians did not hoed his; mp!)t of error a,,d a RU.rentler of the I)ris
wurning, and from that hour to this Gre- j on(.rs ,vii b rcceived with great jov, but
Ciail independence aild Grecian llher V
have been but a name. Will'am, Prince
of Grange, wisely taught the same lesson
to the 1 utch, when Philip cf Spain aked
their confidence in his administration, and
they wisely heeded the lesson, and the
immortal glories which clustered for two
hundred years around tho Dutch republic
iesuiies 10 1 11c irutiiiuinn-s ot t lie axiom.
I, sir, speak not 111 behalf of the memori
alists upiiizbt und honest men as thev
are, and unjustly deprived ol their liberty
as 1 know them to be I speak in behalf
of the Constitution, I speak in behalf of
the liberties of the nation, I speak in be
half of my constituents, I speak in behalf
o: myselt and in behalf of you, my col
leagues on this floor. And 1 say her - that
the pioposition that the President has the
power to suspend l lie writ of habeas corpus.
aibiiran'y and witluut reason, without
regard to the principles and provisions
und process of h w to detain Ihe citizens
of any portion of this country, is utterly
kuu entirely inueiensit.ie. And 1 tuMher
snv. that it becomes everv member of tin
House, in virtue of his null, luko.i l,m
nieni, ana as representatives 01 me peo-
1 ... rt . .
pie, solemnly in the face of heaven nnd
of our responsibilities to protest against it.
W here are vou WouxnFi)? It had be
come a mat'er of hfbit with the fair ones
to open conversation with tho very natur
al inquiry, "Where are you wounded?"
anil accordingly when u party of three or
four the other day approached our cell
they hur.cheil out in the usual way. Tad
dy made believe that he didn't hear ex
actly, nnd leplied, "pretty well I thank
yez." "Where are you wounded ?" again
fired away one of the ladies. ''Faith, I'm
not budlv hurt at all. I'll be thravrlmi
Lto Kichmond in a wake," replied Pat with
a peculiarly distressing look, as if ha was
in a tight plaoo. Thinking that he was
deaf, one of the old ladies in tho back
ground put her mouth down close to his
ear, ami shouted again, "Wo want to know
where yon art hurt."
Pat, evidently finding that if the bom
bardment continued much longer he
would have to strike his flag anyhow, con
cluded to do so at once, and accordingly,
with a face as rosy as a boiled lobster, ami
with angry kind of energy, ho replied;
"Sure, leddies, it's dufo that I am; but
since you are t'eterinined to know where
I have been wounded, it's on me sate.
The bullet entered behind ov mo breech-
Plato to excuse mo feelings and ax
me no more ouestions."
Comiiixation to Pkolonu the War
Tho Cincinnati Cummercia tate that a
conspiracy has been entered into by Govs
eminent contractors, and others, who
prosper from Hie present civil war, to uto
all their power in making it a long one,
and thus filling their own potkels at the
extn nse of the people at. large. The im-
mense power that can be iolded by
heavy moneyed interest is notorious, and
will bo felt by the Federal Government.
Bg. A terrible accident occurred near
Uonesdale, Pa., on lh& 14th inst., at the
. p , a , ' ', 7
Canal Company. A car fell through .fly
ffet, killing four persons and wounding
six others severely.
ifrarWhy ! life Ihe riddle of all riddles?'
, i . i .. r , l T . i . i i , i . i
Because we must all "give it up! '
IMPORTANT FROM ENGLAND.
r t, ix t,
Cats IUtr, Oec 15. 1 ho steamer
! . . i .11
nf uhIi ni'ton tnaid here nt 1 1 o r
... nirrni" iv;'.h ..,,.,,,.
St h inst
: "V , i
From London to New
York, put into Plymouth on the 3d inst.
Sho took fire the same night und was. cuU
extinguish the flames. Some
t!..,u- .1 ; 1 .,
iiuuiiiruivi'i mi 1 I'i'cu oiiiviili vu u t.1 vn uiv
susripetecl of firinu her.
The itearner Au.-trtlasian has been char-
lered to convey troops ami a bnltery of
artillery, and was to sail on the 12th.
The San Jacinto affair monopolizes the
attention of tho Mess, which denounce it
in strong terms, and active naval prepar
ations are making
The latest by telegraph to (Jueenstown,
to tho 6th instant, suys the excitoinont Is
The Paris T'mps says that Xnpoleon has
tendered his services as a mediator.
At the banquet at Rockdale, Mr. Blight
made an elaborate speech on American
all'airs, but declined to give a decided
opinion in the 1 rent
all'air. He believed
that if illegal, the United .States will make
fittintr reimrntion. He stronidv condemn.
ed Buy wailiko feeling, and scouted the
:.i .1... 1 1. - a . : ..t.:.. t i
idea that ths American Cabinet had re
solved to pick a quarrel with Knglp.nd, nnd
n-.adu a brilliant peroration in favor of the
A letter from Gen. Scott, in favor of the
maintenance of friendly relations between
Er.cland and America, attracts much at
tention. The export of urms, ammunition nnd
lead to America is prohibited.
The Paris l'a'.rie has an editorial fore
shadowing the disposition of France to re-
cognize the Southern Confederacy if Eng,
When the Europa sailed there a more
hopeful look and consols and cotton slight-
ly improved, but after digesting the tone
of tho American press, a reaction set in,
and fears were entertained that the Wash
ington Government would justify the seiz
ure of Mason and Slidull.
The Knidish iou-nals are verv bitter nnd
ItnctaJn nrintinninit in trenf thn n fl'ti ir ft a n n '
TIip instructions to Lord Lyons.on which
1 u,e Cabinet wa
; nmi ...(.rmined
unanimous, are explicit
.pu. r . n uu.l,-,.
if l,n Kurlonl imvermnnnl fV.L In m.nnlv
no male in England will blind his eyes to
the alternative that England must do her
The London Tlmts continues to nssert
that it has been Mr. Seward's policy to
force a quarrel with England and calls for
energetic military preparations in Canada.
A serious decline is daily taking plueo
in Lmadian secutities amounting lo 12
Tho London Timer predicts throe things
to follow an outbreak with the United
States, namely, tho destruction of tho
of the Northern n, ts. nod iL .eeo.rnit inn
o!" the Southern Confederacy by France
The AnTy Xews that tho American Con
gress meets before the English demands
can gel out, nnd hopes that it will act with
honor and dignity nnd that the golden
opportunity will not bo lost.
A large number of naval vessels are or
dered to be. ready for immediate commie
sion. Tho transport Melbourne was lo
leave Woolwich Arsenal on tho 5th, for
II.t;r.,v (iinno .i.,ir .. 1
quantities of ammunition nnd Armstrong ',"dy bought to the notice of Iho Sen
guns She will be conveyed by theOrph- " e- I ho letter alluded to was 1 then read.
eusoflguns ( It was addressed to Mr. lilch, his col-
Thelron-plated steamer Warrior is to bo 1 1e;l!,' ' tlut he was opposed to tho
ready ror.foreign service immediately, nnd Abulitionibts, but had always been for the
her destination will depend upon the an- ' Perva ion and integrity of the Union.
swer 1 mm Washington. Hie shipment of
rifles from England for Now York contin. j
The English funds fell per cent. on
The London 7W L-ives a rumor that. X. '
poleou had b?en proposed as tho arbiter '
of the fiuestion. I
WHAT GENERA!. SCOTT IS REPORTED TO HAVE
aid Tin: act contemplated in' ca 111 net
AT WASHINGTON. l nan iniieciuaiiy ii'khh iur. uaruuig, who
Itererring to the report that the seizure M''1 the Hn:,r. to yield it to him that he
was the act of the American commander, n'nl ' on language nail the fftlse-
not exnresslv directed bv the ''oveiiimenL I
,i. T '.. ......;, ,i.. ,i ..'i
A tfi' r.i o., a I ti
means that the
Federals had d
liberatclv determined to
seize the Southern commissionc. and it
"s understood that Gen. Snott has declared,
since Lis arrival nt Pans, that the seizure
had been made the subject of Cabinet dis
cussion at Washington long before he led.
Tho American authorities might have
warned :he English steamer at Havana
that it they took on board the Southern
er.voys they would subject tho vessel to
seizure and forfeiture in a prize court.
I They made no remonstrance against tRk
I ing them on board, as they were bound to
I do, but secretly planned the outrage for
I which we r.ow seek reparation. Messrs.
I Slidell and Mason were, at the most, civil
servants to a hostilo power, and were trav
elirg from one neutral port to another, in
a neutral vessel. If the government at
Washington declare them rebels, then the
right of asylum has been clearly violated.
The Times concludes by adjuring the
government and northern peoplo to do
juttiee in the matter
The London 1'ost confirms the Times'
statement, and Srtys :
"Tho demand of Lord Lyons w'dl be
I lain and brief, ard if not compliod with
the diplomatic relations will bo at once
A French virw or the Amtricav Dirn
CL'LTT. Letters from France state that the
of American difficulty caused
imrnt.nPe ,ensation ln Taris. and the first
rftl im ion Wfls that ample rcpar-
munbo mR(,e ,0 prevcn, com
. mmunications have taken place be-
Rn(1 g00 understanding on the
subject was boliuvcd lo exist, as alien dy
ty uoesmo qucMinn 01 policy 10 tie enrruu
.)c 'out with reference to tho Aiuuiican ques-
I Tho Paris I'atrit maintains that the Am
erican government hnd no right to arrest
I lie Soul hern commissioners while on nn
English steamer, ami aserts (hat the Brit
ish government should bo immediately
prepared to send reinforcements to Cant-
The same journal nlso gives a report that
Admiral Milne, commander of the British
Kt India squadron, 011 hearing of the
Sn Jacinto aOuir, detailed three vessels
1 1 etcort the steamers between Havana
and Si. Thomas, for tho protection of
Southerners travelling by that route.
Tho Americans in Paris paid a compli
mentary visit to Gen. Scott Mr. Dsytott
tiding as chairman.
Vikws or the German rEs3. The Ger
man press generally takes the part of En
gland. The Augsburg Gazette says that
the Blockade of Charleston is ineffectual,
otherwise the escape of the Theodora
would have been impossible. The com
missioners having reached a Spanish port
,nd embarked in uneHtral English steam
er. co"lu ""t lawfully seized by the
PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS.
In Senate, Dec. 16, Petitions far the abo
lition of slavery, and for tho employment
of Jewish Chaplains in the army, were
presented by Messrs. Grimes of Iowa, and
Sumner of Mas3.
Mr. Ten Eyck of N. J. ollcred a resolu
tion that the present war is for the Union
LCCording to the Constitution, and theob.
')ect 'ns ,0 ttv; .Uie fom,cr anJ eoforoe
j'l'o latter. It was so in the beginning and
should be so to the end That extreme
and ndical measures, and in themselves
disruptive, involving in a common fate
the loyal and the disloyal, should not be
resorted to ; and that in suppressing treaJ
son tho Government cannot prove a trait
or to the organic law. Laid over.
Mr. Wilkinson, of Minn., offered a pre
amble and resolution, as follows:
Whereas, Jesse D. Bright, Senator from
Indiana, did, on the 1st diy of March last,
write a letter to Jefferson Davis the letter
was hern rend, introducing a Mr. Lincoln
j0 Mr. Davis as having an improvement
And whereas, Such letter is an evidence
of disloyalty : therefore,
Resolved, That the said Jesse D. Bright
be expelled from the Senate of the United
Mr. Cowan, of r., moved a reference of
the subject to the committee on the Judi
ciary. Mr. Bright, of Indiana, said thai per
haps it was not improper for him to say a
word as to the truth of the charges which
1 haJ .been mml3 ",n through a 1
centious press, it had been charged th it
he had absented himself from the Scuute
from fear of such a resolution of expulsion
being ollured. It was not 60. 11 had
been confined to his room. He had no
objection to tii resolution. He believed
that in a service ol seventeen years he had
done nothing inconsistent with hij duty
as an American Senator, citizen, or geii
thin. He courted an investigation into all
his actj, public and private, and aked to
iiiives ie;ier reau 111 answer 10 uie one
.. , V, ' ri . ...-ww.wtw
P. 01 l,!e .'ovei-nu oni.
i he resolution wis then referred to the
nmitiee on the indtciary.
In the House., Mr. Conway, of Kansas.
"sing to a question of privilege, ulludod
t0 a dialogue between himself and Mr.
rouke. on i hurs lny. I he former liau iu
ClUUeU 1 110 Ua'.llO Ol l.emOIH !l 111 Uie HO
i' of defeats to onrarms. jJr. iouke
1.1? ' .....ll I..J II. IT ... I! . ,
hood to the counter. Air. Conway had
explained that no obtained ins inlorma-
ol ,,oin 1,10 newspapers, and, as ho did
nut at that lime bear the ofrni-ive lan-
guse, he now desired to know whether
Mr. Fouko intended to mak the charge
of falsehood personally applicable to him
Mr. Fouke, of 111 , replied that he Lad
never heard of any newspaper paragrxph
to that effect, excepting in the Chicago
Tribune, which was afterwards contradict
ed, lie then made a brief statement of
the battle of Pelinon I, to bhnw that it was
unkind in Mr, Contiay lo insist on char
acterising it as a defeat, llo would jer
init the gentleman to make tho duplica
tion of the h ngunge he had heretofore
uttered, as he (Mr. C.) was the only judge
in the matter.
Mr. Oonway, in reply, said Mr. fuukc
had refused to avail himself of his gener
osity ; he submitted to the candid judg
ment of the House whether such conduct
did not clearly manifest, a deliberate pur
pose to ti ing on a personal collision with
out cnuse, and whether such conduct wus.
not unbecoming a member of the House
but raihet that of a b'.sckguard and scoun
drel. (Srnation )
Mr. Richardson, of 111., immediately
called the speake' lo order, saying this
was not the place to settle such difficulties.
Cries of ordr, order.
Mr. Fouke wanted lo ssy one word in
Thi Speaker informed Mr. Fouke thut
no debate was in order,
Mr. Fouke, amid cries of order, was un
derstood to say that Mr. Conwy waj a
disgrace to the nation and to humanity.
Here the tuallcr ended in the House.