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VOL. XXXll. WI10LK NO
A M)(i OK PKACi:.
II r W, L. SHOEMAKICa.
Ob, lon will tlioii benignant Ponce !
Smile on our hopeless Innd again ?
When will tho ilnua and truiunvt cen.o
To call to arms each pntriot fwain ?
When will tbo (word be laid aidi?
Tb cannon cense black Denlh to pour?
Jlic bitter tears of grief be dried,
Aud hopo bo ours to faint no more ?
(h, fome svreet peneo! and breathe agin
, Thy bleasingn o'ur our broad domaiu !
.'0' every heart routine thy away,
A(!T?f'' tn loads of war away !
The Genius of Columbia tigln
To me tho lun t with dangeri rifo,
And armed hosts with hobtilo cries,
Rii-h to a fratricidal strife, .
Fair Freedom vails her starry bead,
Angry to boo her home profaned,
Her Held." with blood of brethern rod,
Jlcr Krearus with blood of brelborn stain'd
0, come, snoot I'cuce ! rfc.
Witt vundor and with pain the world
Locks on tho strife, and asks us why
Tliero nro two bannors now unfurled,
When only 0110 should ware on high.
Alss ! when our forefathers built
Our glorious Union up for us,
Tliey btareo imagined then the guilt
limt would our nation sever thus.
Oh, eouie, tweet Pence! 4c.
Ah ! sal the Hglit.anl sad the day,
When first outlmr-t the fires of huto,
And false uuiliittou led the way
To break the bond ol'Statoto State,
0, North , South. Kimt, and West, resuiud
Tin ties that tuado yo one beforo,
Or Freedom's llowers no more will bloom,
So time your glory will restore !
Oh, route. wool l'eace ! cc.
Depth of Mines.
TUB WORklNU OP THE ENUMSU MINIS.
An Knir'.i.-li journal, says the Baltimore
Sua, niter valuing tliC total product of the
minis of Groat Britain at X 1 1, I'.tl.lOJ jut
annum, n ti ' 1 computing that Englan d'i.
fUiily of coal will last ut least seven hiin
JrvJ years longer, :it resent rates of con
wiuusion, gives tLo twllcivin dccAiint
the (Jerith to width tliQ bowels of theeanli
bye been pierced in England:
l lie depth to which we nunc lor com
LalreaJy great. Tho pit at Duokeniiold,
in Cheshire, U 2,001 feet below tho sur-
bee lo tho point whore it intersects the
iiUck Mine Coal,' a seiini which is four
feet six inches thick, and ot the. bo.-a fluid
ity fur domestic and manufacturing pur
t; from tkis point further depth of
M leet has been attained by menus of an
engine phirio in the bed of coal, ho th'it a
prat portion ol lie coal is no raised li'otn
(lio enormous depth of 2,511-1 feet. At
rVudleton, near Manchester, coal is da:iy
iwrked from a depth ot . I .'J5 feet; ami
ikVC'antial coal ol igaii is brought fro ii
luo feet below tho surface. Miny of the
huiliuui colleries tiro equally deep, and
fat more ewtended in their subterranean
Lfcyiinths. Some of those, and others in
Cumlcrltind, are woi ked out far under the
bed of the tea ; and on both sides of tiiu
island we are rapidly extending our sub
"flieDulooatli tin mine, in Cornwall, ir
tow working at l.cW feet IVom tlio sur
ges, n nd .is rapidly sinking deeper. 1 lio
depth of Tresnvean. u copper initio, is
.1,160 feet. Many other tin and copper
ui i lies pre approaching these depths ; and
ander the Atlantic wave, in Botallack,
Levari und other mines, man is pursuing
hi ialxirs daily ut half a mile from tdioie.
Toiidlhe miner in these severe tusks,
p'gantic steiiiu engines, with cylindor one
hundred inches in diameter, are em ployed
in the pumping of water from thoso vast
'Ifpihs. Winding engines, which aro mas
terpieees of mechanical skill, are ever at
ork raising the minerals from each dark
ss, and 'man engines,' of conniderable
ingenuity so called because llioy tiring
lb wearied miner to tlm light of day, sti
ing luni from the toil of climbing up per
pendicular ladders tiro introduced in ma
ii? of our inoiit j et fectly conducted mines,
'ur coals cost us annually one thousand
lives, and moro than doublo that number
of our iiietaliferoiis mine: perish from
Kcidcnts in the luinec, or at an unusually
""lyagc, thiily-lwo, troiii diseases con
Iracled by the condition of tlieir toil. I!y
tli industry of our mining population
Wo is annually added to out national
ealth considerably more thau thirty mil
lwiw sterling. This, whor. olabor ,lcd by
the process of manulV.ture, is increaseil
i value ten fold. While we are drawing
pon that 'hoarded treasure, guarded by
fgons wliito and red,' which tho en
chanter Merl.n is said lo have concealed
in the caves of tho ea'th, we should not
waselo remember how much of nientul
WiWund muscular power is expended,
J how large a percentage of human life
'annually sacrificed in the contest with
those hydra headed evils which nro very
truly personified by tho dragons of the
"Enjovinu Lite." 1 must pity thai
young man, who, with a littio finery of
wd reeklekSness of manner, with his
tOkrsa in..;,..,, ,.n .1.. I iiiiiiii
'iihice, goos whooping through the street,
giving an animal much nobler in its con
'"ctthan himself, or swaggers iato some
unt ofshamo, nnd calls it "enjoying
We!" Uo thinks hois lutoniehing tho
or'J; aud ho is astonishing tho thinking
fc"t of it, who are nslonishod that ha is
Jt&stDiiish)d at himself. For looking lit
l compound of flesh and impudenco,
?vifoii all this earth there is any
(1gfiiore pitiable. Dews ho know any
""ng of tlu true joy of life T Wo might
lay thai the beauty and immensity
" Universe were inclosed in tho field
H the prodigal son hy among tho
, and the Rwine.
'miin 1ms a right to do as ho ploaso?,
Hol't when ho please to do right.
Why did not President Buchanan Re
inforce the Forts at Charleston and
other Southern Cities ?
lleeauso he had no moans of doing to
Clon. Scott'n letter to the War Depart
ment, dated 2'Jth ol October last, (about
a week beforo tho I'rcsidents election, con-,
tains tho following paragraph ;
'From a knowlc-dgo ot our Southern
population, it is my solemn conviction
that there is some danuer of an earlv act
!of rashness preliminary to secession, viz :
tlm seizure ol sumo or all of the following
posts : Fort Jackson and St. Philip " l''o
Mississippi, below New Orleans, both with
out garrisons; Fort Morgan.beloiv Mobile,
nunotir a garrison ; roil l icUens and Mc
lien, Pensacola harbor, with an insuffi
cient garrison for one; Fort Pulaski, be
low Savanna!), without a garrison ; Forts
Moultrie and Sumtci, Charleston harbor,
the former with an insulricient garrison,
the latter without any ; nnd Fort Monroe,
llampton Koads, without a sufficient gar
rison. In mv opinion all these works
should be immediately so garrisoned ai to
make any attempt to take any one of
them by surprise or coup do main, ridicu
Gen. Seott ho:e enumerates nine foils
in six diri'erent States, all of which Forts,
he. says, "should bo immediately garrison
ed ;'' but ho submits no plan for tho pur
pose, anil designates no troops available
foi that ol ject. In a supplementary let
ter written on the fjllowit. j day, Oct. oO,
ho says, "Thcro i- one regular company at
Boston, one hero at tho Narrows, ono at,
Portsmouth, ono at Augustn, Geo., and
one at I'aton Rouge;' in all,Vtf companies
oi ly within t cJl'i, t ) garrison and reinforce
the Forts mentioned." Five companies,
containing less than 40U men, to garrison
or reinibrco nino fortitications, scattered
over six of tho Southern !
Nearly all of our small army was at that
time stationed u:i the remuto frontiers of
our extensive country, to protect the. in
habit ints and emigrants against the to.n
i hawk and sculping knife of tho savage,
and at tlm approach of winter could not
have been brought within roach, for sev
'.'ial luuullis, liiey were employed ai
they h.ul loon kx years. At tho period .
when our foililicutions were erected, it
was not contemplated that they should bo
garrisoned except in the event of a for
eign war, urd this to avoid the reoessity
ot maintaining a hitgo standing army. No
person then dreamed of danger from tho
Slates. It is a remarkable fact that after
several months had elapsed, and '.ho Pres
ident, at the instance of Gen. Scott, had
scoured the whole country for forces to
protect the inajgurathn of the President
Fleet, all tho troops that could bo assem
bled at Washington, tank nnd lile, amount
ed to but six Juindi ed and thirty. This
is stated in a message of I'rciideul liueh
annn to the llouso of Representatives.
To have sent 400 men to Charleston af
ter tho Presidential election, (Nov. t ) to
parrison and defend three Forts, an arsen
al, A custom bouse, navy yard and post
olliee, would have only been to provoke
collision. Undoubtedly the public prop
erty was safer without than it would have
been with a force so totally inadequate ;.
and it is fair to presume that such was the
President s oiunion. Jiesuics mere was a
strong expression on tho pari of thoSouth
ern Stales ugainst any attack by South
Carolina upon the public pioperty. For
this reason, it was not pontic lor mem lo
mako an attack. Accordingly President
Buchanan remarked in his Message to
CoiiL'ress lird December lasl, "it is not
behoved that ar.y attempt w:.l be made to
cxia l the United S'ates from this proper-
ly tiy lorce. in mio w.iu, n n,u juau
Hed by the event ; as there was no troub
le until after Major Ar.derso i retired from
Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter, as ho had
a t iidit to do. first having spiked his own
cannon and burned bis gun carriages.
And suppose it should appear, as wo are
inclined io think it will eventually that
Col. Anderson himself after his retire
ment to Fort Sumter, deemed a reinforce
ment uiiadvisaUc, nnd so expressed him
self to the government ? ,ould this, in
addition to tho lack of troops before men
tioned, justify the President (bucliaiiun)
in not sending them forward 'I
Wo have said that Gen. Scott's letter,
was dated Oct. 12'Jth, Confess met about,
five weeks afterwards, say on the 3rd of
iw..mtier. umt tho Piesident in his nies-
sago at tho opening of the session, callod
tho attention of Congress to the subject ,
at much length. IIuU the ligiit which i:o
then shed upon it been turned to pritcli-,
oil account, and his advice been heeded,
wo should havo avoided tho droadful fia-.
Itricidal war that is r.ow upon us -a war
which according to present api oArances,
'mV'Sf end either in final separation, or in
1 tho subjugation of eleven States to the pow
cr or twenly-tliroo. "tir unim cm-i-a
would have been healed and our Union
preserved on its original basU lie how
ever committed tho whole subject lo Con
Kfss, declaring his readiness to exocuto
the laws, to thf extent of tho power con ,
ferrcd upon him ; ut tho samo timo decla
ring tho existing laws wholly inadequate
to meet the exigencies growing out ot tho
secession of a State or St ates :
"It is thereforo my duty to submit to
Congress tho whole question in nil its
bearings. The coniso of events is so rap
idly hastening forward, that the emergen
cy may soon arise when yon may be called
upon to decide tho momentous question
whether you possess tho power, by force
of arms, to compel a State to remain in
' tho Union.
Hut Congress did nothing. Weekoftcr
! week and month after month passed away,
! but they did nothing. Tlioy refused to
I adopt any measuros of conciliation ivor
1 thy of tho name-lhoy also refused to
1 pass a Coercion law. Congress continued
session until the expiration or lru-i-dent
Uuchanaii's term of service and Hie
! inauguration of his successor. As they
did not sco lit to excrciso their powers, so
CLEARFIELD, PA. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 28, 1361.
neither did he see fit to usurp them.
Thus the whole matter remained in abey
ance; for tho bitter feeling towards tlie
South so persi.-tently manifested by the
dominant party, in Congress and through
the pulpit and press, discouraged tho U
tiion men of the South, while it encoura
ged and exasperated the Secessionists
When that session of Congress onened.
and for seventeen days afterwards, the U
nion was unbroken, no State having yet
seceded. When closed, (:jd of March
last,) seven largo States had declared
themselves out of tho Union, ii : South
Carolina, Georgia. Florida, Alabama, Mis
sissippi, LouL-iunna, and Texa Alltlus
was done while Congress was in session,
ami w hile President liuchaiian was await
ing its action, whether for conciliation or
coercion. In the meantime he more than
once, if wo recollect right, pressed the
subject upon their attention, but without
effectcertainly without any good effect.
With what justice, then, can he be held
responsible for l he noil exercise of pow
ers which he did not possess, and which
congress uiu not see lit to conler upon
him! Much less is by resporsib'e for
their haughty bearing toward i tho South,
and tlieir determination apparently, to
Lave nothing eti'octual done, either by
way of conciliation or coercion, until the
President elect should come into power.
Thus the revolution was left to drift on j
unobstructed for several mouths ; and not
only unobstructed, but aggravated by the
neglect of Congress to do anything by'
way ot removing or relieving the grievan
ces complained of. Tho rest is too fresh
in the remembrance of our re iders to re
quire repetition. President Lincoln suc
ceeded io a legacy wh ich he might well
have desired to nIiiiii, and for a few weeks
pursued very nearly the same course
which had been marked out by his prede
cessor, liut his party would not stand it.
Thcro came down from the North and
Northwest an avalar.che of public senli-
inent in favor of active meisures for 'on-
fore. ng the laws,' (i. e. for making war .
upon the South,) that bo was at length
constrained to yield. J ho tirsl slop, win, I has been petitioned lor by a lurger nur.i
to send an expedition to Charleston liar- j ber of electors of the United States, than
bor, for the relief, and probably tor the any proposition that was ever before Con
reinforcement of Fort Sumter. That was gross. 1 believe in my heart, to-day, that
the inauguration of a war policy on tbo ( it would carry an overwhelming majority
part of tho Government, and was so un- : of the pocplo of my Slate ; ay, sir, and of
derstood on all sides. Nobody imagined nearly every other Stale in the Union.
that South Carolina, lifter what had occur- J JUforu the Senators from the Siaic of Misnimjipi
red,' would allow Sumter to bo reinforced, lii this VhaniLcr J heard one if than, uh, now
or even provisioned, if bIio could prevent ' uuuuu'J at leiist to be 1 'resilient of the Oonthcrn
it. When theGnvernnicnt sent that expo.. Conjideracy. propose to accept it and to
dilion.thoy must have fully expocted that uamtain the 1'iwm if that jiroposition could rc
it would precipitate an attempt to cap-1 cticc the cote it i.ujlu to receiccfrom the other
ture the Fort, on tho part of South Car- side of this chamber . l'herefore, of all your
olina. And they were not disappointed. 1 propositions, of all your amendments,
The attempt was made and succeeded. - knowing as I do, and knowing that the
Fort Sumter was captured, to prevent its histoiian will write it down at any time lefure
being reinforced. The American Hag was the 1st of Janun, a tumtliirds cote for the IriU
lowered, and the garrison surrendered as teuden resolution in this Chamber would hare
prisoners of war. This wus enough. Tho saved ccery State in the Union but , South taro
llamo ol patriotism, mingled with some Una.
other flames, was kindled throughout tho Mr. Togh said this in tho hearing of
land. President Lincoln issued his ploo- Seward, of Wado, of Fesscudcn, of l iuni-
lumatinn calling for T-"i. voluntoeis to
defend the capital, A'C. This alarmed the
border Slates, ami scon Virginia, North
Carolina, Tennessee and Arkansas, decla
red themselves out of the Union, and uni
ted their fortunes with the Southern Con
lederacv. Proi,arations for war nere
prosecuted with vigor on both sides
to day two great .rniies confront
other, with every prospect of a speedy and Carolina. I firmly oclteve it would. While
terrible conflict," which, however it" may the C. itlend'en Proposition was not in ae
result, will be but tho beginning of a cordanco with my cherished views, I
struggl" of which no man can forseo tho avowed my readiniss to accept it, in order
end. Journal oft .'omweree. , to save the Union, if we could unito up
rrtoTt'T An.ussT tut War. tho Iowa
AV'iV Journal (Republican) s:iys: .
" The blows dealt by the Administration
to punish disloyally a:e most tearlul in
their recoil. The loyal North west is be
ing ruined by tho measures taken to har
riiss and disturb the eounl.ry of the South
ern Mississippi. Whether tho adminis
trillion knows it or rot is it nuestion some-
liodv else mu t answer. Wheat in ibis
cily, of a good merchantable quality, will
not bring twenty cents per bushel; corn
has bet'Ti sold nnd delivered one hundred
miles east of us l.ir seven cents per bushel,
and s.ill down, down, is the fearful ten-
,l0 : .iKvnvs nimearo! io us that the
itn,'nirv w in drain the South of
fniiviip it. Iw-r-,. I
"The loyal Northwest ami the disloyal '
South feel alike the ellocts of the blow.
Tho last stimulated to greater endeavors, '
nv broad acres, and lives while v Ian-1
cuish. We can tell the "blood invoking' '
advocates of this war that the "plain men'.'cpt it. I
of Mr Lincoln's administration are becom- These declarations forever settle the
ii,., n'.iiiunil I icv see ruin
lion staring them in the face. They seo adoption of the Cr.ttenden Compromise
that every avenue which has hitherto br't would have saved the Union and proserv
them wealth choked up-more, thee seo cd the public peace. W hat a leiilbla
evidences of the amwiiM orthis war, and all mistake was its rejection .
f.i i ,i,i; wou ',.ii n luinnwi. 1 Wo arc now embrfiiled :n an extensive
n,.a l,nimiinii to think. Fiom everv hill"
(opof Iowa tbo cry will soon come "Peace, 'attempt being made by the majority ol
take oil' restrictions . unlock the channels ' Congress to settle tho dilhculty peaceably
or Undo give us life and peace." We 1 and amicat ly. Many propositions wero
know it-we state noiliimj from hearsay j made in ihe last Congress, but they gener
.' ., ..?...., i . i. . Lii, ..ill,,, p (V.siii Hie Soul hern men
or coniecture: it is me nionoiouo oi um
peoplo which willbecomo stronger with
the need. Tho Missnsippi river must bo
openod and tho Northwest saved." j
5JTho contractors who h ive furnished
blankets to tho Government for our sol
diers, says tho Philadelphia Jnpnrcr, have
realized the handsome littio profit of two
iii;ni:ifi tiioi sanu dollars. A correspon
dent of tho Cincinnati Commercial states
one of tho sons of Secretary Cameron is
said to havo made rbout fllO.OOO on n sin
gle horso contract.
Cay-A husband or o wifooannot witness
for or against each other, though a wife
sometimes gives evidence of the bad tasto.
of the husband m solectmg nor.
It is dull and hurUul ploasutcto have to
. I : i .1..
do Willi people w iiu arp' uvu ui uu nu v.
Froui the Ciucinnati Enquirer.
WHEBE THE KESPONSIBILITY
Would the South have Accepted the Crit
tnuleri- Compromise An Jin port ant ' Irflosition directly to a vote of the peo
Jig, of Political JJistoru. M "j"l ollored by him, and
J . ,,,. subsequently when ottered by Mr. Critten-
s. 1-NbiAxoioLis, July 30, 1C1. den. Mr. Adams, a Kepiiblicao member
To Ihe Editor of the Kn'Mircr :
I haveneeu a statement in the Knqui
rer, copied ju lo the Sentinel, of this cily,
that the Southern Secessionists, as repre
sented by their leader-.Jefferson i)avis
and ltobeijt Toombs were willing to lake
the ,Uirt'rlwHoiiixiUimi!iJast winter,
and save the Union, but liie ltepublican
Senators refused to adopt that mcasuro,
und hence our present troubles and disas
ter. 1 ii is statement is vehemently dc-
nicu ny my Jiepuuncan lrienus. iliey jinore been any ellort made since. Presi
say that the cotton States headed by ia- dont Lincoln, it is true, recommended in
vis and Toombs would not take that bis Inaugural Address, a Geuerul Conven
compromise, and that no proof can bo j lion of the States to proposo amendments
given that they would. Several of litem to the Constitution. This scheme was vo.
admit that if ttrt would haoc taken it, a ter- , ted for rent ntlv in the llouso of Reprc
lible responsibility rests upon the Kcpub- sentatives, by all Ihe Democratic and Un
licans lor refusing it, und they decline ion members, with Crittenden at tlieir
they w ill never support that parly heieat-
ter if it can be shown by documentary ev
idence. Can you give mo any additional
particulars of tho circumstances under
which Mr. Douglas bore the testimony
which you published in the Enquirer a
few days since, ii, rcforenco to tho nil
lmgniss of the South to take the Critteu-
dvii Compromise if DEMOCRAT.
Wo Inn'o before us the VvnoMsivnal
G'i'ie (tin AnpenilLc for the Session of lMjl)
unu inui. ii our corrcspouociii win lurn
, to tho Ctmyrctoiimul (ilLc of March II,
' 1.-61, he will find in it u debate in the
I Senate, of March '2, upon ihe Corwin Re-
oluliou to aiiieud the Cons itulion of the
j United States. In tho (bourse of tho do-
j bate, Senator George E. Fugh said :
j "I he Crittenden piopo.-ltiou has been
endorsed by the idmos'. unanimous vote
of the Legislature ot Kentucky. It
been endorsed by the Legislature of
nob'e old Cou iiiouwoaUh of Virginia
Lull, ol all the Republican Senators, and
not one denied the truth of his assertion
Mr. Douglas heard it, and confirmed its
truth thus. We quote Irom the Globe re
port of tho discussion, of March 2. Mr.
Douglas said :
'The Senator has said, that if the Crittenden
propusitii ii could huee passed early in the session,
U would hace sancd all the Slates except South
o;l ;0 , iias labored harder than 1 !
have to get it passed. J can am firm the ,V
ator's declaration, tlwl Snal.
itor Dacis himself,
whenonthe Committee of
Thirteen, was ready
at all times to compromise, di the Crittenden (,. R. Early was nominated by acclamation.
pr;jiosition. I will go further and say thai j The convention then proceeded to bal
Mr. Toombs was also." lot for the other candidate, and on the
This makes the matter beyond dispute, - V2li ballot, K. J. Nicholson of Jefferson
that the South would have taken the Crit- , county, having received 7 votes, wus de
louden Compromise as a final setlement of clared duly nominated.
all our dillieultie".
wc win go iiirmer,
however, ami adduce the testimony of
Stnator Toombs, of Georgia, himself. In
his speech in the United Stales Senate, '
on the 17th January, 1S01, he said : ,
liut, although I insist upon tho period
.. . . . I
eoualltv. vet wuen 11 was proposed as i ,
umlersiand the Senator from Kentucky
now proposes that the line of liO".'!'!' shall I
bo exte nded, ackliowleding and protecting
our properly on the south side of tho line,
Tor t lio ssko of peace. 1 said to the Com-1
mittee of Thil leen, and 1 say here, with
other satisfactory provision-,
I would ac-
question, US a po'.ni oi insiory, unit ino
and dreadful civil war,
without mi v real
miji i -
or from orthern Democrats, and were all
m ..etei bv ll. o liepuniieans, wunoui
whoso assent nothing can bo dono. The
proposition of Mr. Crittenden was, as we
all know, rejected by this party. Then
Mr. Ethcridgj, one of the most resolute
of the Union men of the South, and who
is now Clerk of tho llouso of Representa
tives, chosen by the Republicans, dralted
some resolutions of com promise, which
was known as the border State Comprom
ise, ''"his compromiso tho Republicans
rejected. It was not satisfactory to the
Cotton States, but it would havo kept all
tho P i lor States in tho Lnion, and m
Umt cciit the
Cotton Mates could not
1, pr.imiriPil lont out o It. Mr. L0UC-
Ill'.VU -" o -
. Pi, introduced a very excellent scheme of
adjustment that would have satisfied Vir-
,,; a and a the Jiordor niaies. inis me
Jillliu .,i - - - -
Republicans would not accept. 1 hey would
not accept the proposition of tho Peace
Conference Congress. No votes were giv
en for it except Northern Democrats and
Southern Bordor State men. Mr. Iiis-lor's
proposition, to submit the Crittenden
from Massachusetts, now Minister to Knit
land, hail a jdun of compromise, but his
own party voted that down. Kven the
constitutional amendment of Mr. Corwin,
which provided only w hat is now in the
Constitution, tlmt Congress should not in
terfere with slaery in the .States, was voted
against by more than half tho Republican?
in the House. Our correspondent will toe,
therefore, that no attempt was made last
Winter tri settle thiinrs licaeenl lv nor line
j head, but the llopubliean majority voted
Thus we are in a bloody and expensive
war, because the Kt j ublican politicians
would not allow the question in dispute
lo be buttled by a fair compromise. 'They
have evinced wretched statesmanship,
and we fear their patriotism is but little
better. There is not one of the comnrom-
, ises we have mentioned, that tho iicoi.le
j would not have sanctioned by an immense
. uia.ieriiy, lor mo saKo ot national unity
and peace. Tho people understand very
well, that in this extensive country, with
'its vmyiag interests and local prejudices,
tliero nuicl neccssaiily bo compromises,
j in order to keep every thing smooth and
iii older. It is extremely unlortunate
j that a party opposed to any compromise,
.opposed to even having a conference with
tho South in a Geuerul Convention- to see
w hat can be done, is in power. Shrewd
ions gain more by the ptn
than by tho swoid.
From the Klk County Advocate
Democratic Legislative Convention.
in pursuance of a resolution passed at
the convention held at Ridgway, August
lSlid, the representative Conferees of the
counties of Clearfield, Jefferson, Klk and
McKcun, met at St. Marys on Thursday,
August 1;'), for the purpose of nominating
suitable persons to represent the district
in the legislature.
The convention was oiganizod by select
ing Gkokue Weis, Esq., President, and J.
Ii, Oviatt ami Lever Flegal, Secretaries.
Tho following persons presented tlieir
credent als and wero admit tied us dele
Clearfield Lever Floral, Matthew Og
don and Dr. T. J. liny or.
Jotlersoii John Conrad, II. Kretz nnd
Elk George Weis, Charles Luhr nnd
J u litis Jones.
MoKcan Seih A. Packus and J. Ii.
On motion, the delegates from MoKcan
were allowed to cast thrco votes in the
The convention ias addressed by Mes
srs. liackus, lioycr nnd Conrad.
On motion, the convention proceeded
to make nominations.
Mr. Conrad nominated R. I. Nicholson.
Mr. Luhr nominated Di. C. R. Early.
Dr. lioycr nominated Jas. II. Larrimer.
The convention then proceeded to ballot.
Dr. Early had (i votes,
las, II. Larrimer had 3 votes.
R. J. Nicholson had o votes.
There being no choice, fin motion, Dr.
un motion, me nomination was matto
Dr. Early, being called on, addressed the
meeting in a spi; itod nnd patiiolic man-
iicr. He was lollowed ly Mnj. Nicholson
both speakers pledged tliemselvcs to use
l . . .... . i ... l...
mtir oesi enoris io omi- uoout un uonoi-
On motion of Dr. lioyer. a committee of
one from each county was appointed by
the Piesident to draft resolutions: Dr. T.
J. Iloyer, Selh A. liackus, John Conrad
and Julius Joi es were appointed said
un inoiion, it was resolved llial tho next
representative convention be held at the
iiurougu oi -i. iu,u j -, un mu tnuu i nuia-
tiay oi Augiisi i.-o.
I he committee on resolutions, throuidi
tlo'ir chairman, Dr. lioyer, reported the
following, which were unanimously adop
liesoloed. That it is the imperative duly
of eveiy lover of the country of Washing
ton, of every age, sex and condition, to
stand decidedly for peace, to stay the fan
aticism of the hour, which must crush the
hopes and extinguish the brightest sun in
the constellation ol'govcriiuieiits ; tocoun
cil moderation, arbitration, compromise
showing by unequivocal nets that the in
terests of the South shall be equally safe
in nil their extensions in the luture while
wo havo tho supremacy of power, as ours
were in the past when they bail the as
cendancy , and in the parting words of
the Father of his country, ' Frown indig
nantly upon the tiisl dawning of every
attempt to alienate one portion of the
country from the other, or to dissolvo the
political bonds w hich unilo us a ono peo
ple," knowiug no North, no South, no
East, no West, but uniting in one common
brotherhood, in tlm spirit ot compromise,
thecutiro combined interests of men.
Resnl'fd. That tho courngo and patriot
ism manifested by our bravo ami loyal cit
izens in responding to tho call for 7.JKH!
men to dcl'cn I tho Capitol is woi thy ol
$1 25 per Annnm, if paid xn advance
SERIES VOL. J I. NO G.
our most profound approbation and re
flects lasting credit to those brave spirits,
liut that wo most solemnly, nnd in the
name of humanity, justico and Christian
ity, protest against tho late acts of the ad
ministration which haw for their object
the subjugation of tho South, nnd the be
trayal of our brave soldiers into acts of
lawlessness find opposition to tho princi
ples and feelings which actuated them in
tlieir inarch for the defence of tho nation
Jic.tolccJ, That with nil good citizens wo
deeply deplcre tho recent slaughter of
Americans in Virginia. Wo pily . the
Northern widow and the Northern orph
an ; we pity the Southern widow and tho
Southern orphan ; und wc swear ugain,
that wo will stand together, and strive by
the use of all honorable means to bripg
about peace, ami restore to their friends
our young men now sickening from the
t ll'ects of a Southern summer.
llesoleed, That tho threats of Abolition
ists pass us like the idle winds, which wo
regard not. Wo nro frecuicn American
citizens, and wo will protect ourselves, nnd
each other, in tho exercise of the rights of
American citizens to tho last extremity,
ami with our lives, if need be.
Jlet.uleed, Thai, in tho language of Sena
tor Douglas, in his lato speech in the Sen
ate, we "don't undeistand 'now a man can
claim to be a friend of tho Union, nnd yet
bo in favor of war upon ten millions of
people in the Unicn. It cannot be cover
ed up much longer under the pretext of
love lor the I uion. "Win
is Disr.Mo.v, Cfiitain, Inevitahi.e, Final
AND I KHKl'AR MILE."
Jirsrlred, That wo are in favor of a spee
dy settlement of the present difficulty by
Ji'isolred, That when ono section of our
country shall have been subjugated by tho
other, Ve have already become the slaves
of a military despotism.
Jt'e.-olced, That we ai a ready to defend
freedom of speech and of the pros, against
tbopo who havo tried hard to suppress
theso constitutional rights.
Jlesolccd, That wherein the Chief Ma
gistrate of the iiatiop has failed lo admin
ister the government agreeable to the Con
stitution of the United States ho is deser
ving the rebuke of every good citizen.
Jtesolced, That the small patriot band of
Senators and representatives in the late
extra session of Congress, who dared to
maintain the mlegiity of tho Conslitnliot',
under the menaces of expulsion and inv.
prisoninent, are entitled to tho gratitude
of every Ameiican citizen; and impartiul
history will award them su enviable dis
Jicsolvrd, That the persistent determine
ntion of tho majority of the members of
the late extra session of Congress to frown
flown every ir ensure that hail for its ob
ject the peaceftd adjustment of our nation
al difficulties, indicates a fanatical mania
that, would havo much belter became tho
crusaders of centuries gone by, than the
reprrsent itives of a free, intelligent and
christian people ol tho nineteenth cciitu
Jlesolcd, That the candidates nomina
ted this evening, lr. 0. R. Early and Mnj.
R. J. Nicholson, arc worthy of the support
of every democrat, nnd tlu.t wo pledgo
them our determined support nt tho Oc
On motion, Jlesoked, That theso pro
racdings be pullished in the Democratic
papers of the district.
The Convention then adjourned.
GEO. WEIS, President.
J. 15. OviATT,
Oi'R Classic Battle Fields, In tho his
tory of this country wo havo had three
wars and one rebellion the present still
existing eonllict. Many nnd glorious have
been tho battles, nnd chivalrous the deeds
that marked the war of the revolution,
the war of 1 S 1 2, and the conquest of Mex
ico, and it may bo curious to contrast tho
names by which the battles of these three
epoch are know n, with tho names of tho
principle conflicts in the present war.
Tho euphony of tho former contrasts
strongly witb the unpleasant sound of the
latter. In tho revolution we had such
battles as those of Lexington, York town,
and Saratoga- In 1812 wo rend ef tho
contests at Chippewa, Quccnstnwn, New
Orleans, and Wadunsburg. In the Mex
ican war tho liquid Spanish tonguo fur-ni.-hed
such names as Molina del Roy.
iluf iui Vista, Chnpiiltepcc. Chcrubusco,
and Reseca do la Pal run, us the scones of
great battles, liut in the present war we
caiiuol soar any higher in the realms of
euphony than Bull Run, liig Bethel, Scary
Creek, Dug Spring, Hoke Run, Bull Town
and I'tg Point. Alas, for our present clas
s;c batilo-lields. A'. Y.llcraid.
I ii r at Niuiit. Look out for your boys,
fathers and mothers, when night comes.
There is nothing more ruinous to their mo
rals than running abroad at thnt tiuiiv Un
der the cover of 1U1 kiiess they acquire
the education ol crime ; they learn to be
rowdyish, if not absolutely vicious ; they
catch up loose talk, th.'y hear sinful
thoiigts, I hoy seo absene things, they be
came reckless and rio.ous. If you would
save them from dissipation, save them
from prison, see lo it that night find.s
Jessie Fklmom'. Privido loiters from
General Fremont, siys tho Trdmne, speak
of tho great as.-istance w hich his w:fe,
"Jessie," well reniomliered of tho cam
paign of lfCili, is rendering him in this
most serious contest. ,Sho acts as his pri
vate locretary, writing immy of his most
important business letters, and taking
notes of his conversation wi'.h officers ou
matters of moment.
Tho lays of a nightengaie may bo very
delightlul to a well fed man, but the 'lays'
of a lien aro liked much bellea by a hun-