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II H H El I? n
PRINCIPLES, not MEN."
TERMS-51 25 per Anr.um. if paid in advance
VOL XXXII. WIIOLli NO lGGG.
Cl.EAKFIKLD, PA. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 11, IB6I.
NEW SF.K1ES VOL. II. NO 1,
ijt.ni' ix lUKkXKss.
JIow often we, like linear, mourn
When .oii.o uul -okou-fur blight
Ctiii B '" 1,0 "1Jr0 ' ,1,nl
To joys wi fnnrod bright,
f oreeil fri'in our idols lo retreat,
Ami m'k t)io Alinijrlity'a euro,
perclmnio we uro nc.it l'urtli to moot
A doscrt-nnyel there.
Thiu wbo debt 1it.1t Jacob'j will,
The weary hour of noun,
The lnnitil rulnes Tlwu canst tell,
The niiir.oluss iiirit tune.
Thou from wl.oo cros n anguish burt
Tlie cry that ownod Thy dying thirsty
To Tlito wt Uiru, nr l.untnu J first, . '
' : "Our tun ajl rv.Uing Moon, '
From UrknefS licro ntnl dreariness
We nsk not full rcpoMt,
Only tie Thou lit bond, to bleu
Uur trinl-liour of woes,
fa n-,t the pilgrim's toil o'orpald
JJy the clear rill .ind palmy hhado f
yind fee we nut, np eurtli'ii dark glude,
The gat of heaven unclose 1
A Beautiful Thought.
A, in tl.o light of cultivated reason you i
..l.,-v.,l .....I hp., a wmilll. nf l.o niltf i
e i , , : ii . ..
ircfusion o coodnoss, in the work o
!, i i .. . ii ' .. ,, .
hui iv m has strewn fowers ju tho iU
' i . i i
donicss and painted thn bin1, and enam-
ii i , L- , r ,
tlUM III" lll-i-ei. !u I" ii.u fiilil'iii u linn :
?" . i.i i . ,
lesson. An uneducated man dream no 1
, , . ... ...
of tie common sunlight, which now in its
.1 ii i ,i r . i .i
,1en.lor ttwJs tl.o l.rmament and tho
Untoyo: he cannot comprehend h.vv :
"""" , . , ,., , ,
am il.A AIiimAClli1 llni'llltoll At iiolif nn.l
from 'ho composite character of light, and
from tho relied nig propensities ol most
tiliysicul bodies. I f, instead of red, yel
low, mid blue, which tho analysis of tlie
prism and experiments ol'absorrtion havo
ihown to bo its constituents, it had been
liomogenvous, fimplu w hite, how chang
ed would nil have been ! The growing
coin mid (ho i ipo harvest, tho blossom
wi tho fruit, tho fresh greenness of
jprinf, and autumn's robeot many colors,
i a ,, . , i ,i i M
thl line I'Lnl-ir.i.if iliftlil'i' nn.l flirt1..
... ...v. ..v, ...v ..j . . . w
lose, the silvery foam of the rivulet tho
fmeiald cf the liver, arid the purple of
iheoroan . would have boon nbko tin-
fenoM-n. jlio rainbow would l.ao ben
to a palo wtuk ... the gray hky. nmt the
.In!, i..ttfa ...iiilil nn 11 ,1 r. I 1 1 ul yilll
. , i , i ' ,1 i
pioan ui uio ciuuas, ,uncu in uiu ui
of flaming In illian:v, riii t.un his rising
up und going down. N,a ; there would
have been no dist inction between tha
blooi) of tlie children, tho flush of health,
tlie jml.'ueiis of decay, tho hectic of
oihp. imd the lividness of death. There
would have been an unvaried, unmeaning,
leaden hue, w here v.e no see tho chang,
inj expressive eountenance, the tinted
f:irlli mi gorgeous linnametit.
Wajot lienrnl J. F. P.utler is a native of
Si llatipsliire, und is forty three years
lil. Ho is stationed at Fortress Monroo
ilh a large body of soldiers.
Major (iener.'d Vathaniel 1'. Manks i a
native of JIafs.iclutsetts. and is forty fivo
yc.rs old. His command embraeos fialii
more city, tlie' greater part of Jfa.l.nd,
Annapolis ntnl the ltolny houo.
M.ijnr (lenend fleorgo ll. Md'lollan is a
mtivc of Pennsylvania., born in rbihukl
I'hia and is thirty five years of ago, IK; is
now lending tho Unitod Stale foiees from
Wiio, und has crossed over into Virginia,
nil it on his way to tipht the rebels.
Major Gotland -dolm C. Fremont is
native of fleor a, end is forty eight years
oM. Ho inkes com 'Hand over tho Sout h
wstern States and '1'eri itoi iei this hide oT
tlit Cocky Mountain, end his ieiid juui
ters nro ut St. Louis. '
M;y'or (ienond Kobert ratterson was
born in Ireland, and came to this country
Hiiilo yocng, Inking up hN abndo in 1'hil
loljiia, and is sixty nine years old. i I o
is now Actively engaged ivith his army in
llio Northwettoti: part of Virgin!.
Mijor General (ieorjo Tadwalhuler is a
.Tstivo of Philadelphia, and is now engag-
euni tlie war against the rebels.
agaii.st iiie rclJ'ls- . .
cuit iiiiarn li. rveim .s.t
native of Penti.ylvania, and is in command
f the second division of Pennsylvania
UiigadierOeneri.l .William S. Ilartioy is
native of Tennessee, and is Kixly one
years old. lie is now in oomi.iand of iho
Hiigadier General J. V. F. Mansfield, is
native cf Connecticut, nnd is now com
ending tho troojis at Washington.
niigauier (icneral Irvino McDowell,
native orohio, and is
.Uiff .United Slates troops
lirigadier General Nathaniel Lvnn is
native of Conncetieut, and Is in the coin-
u ol tho United States army in tho
ripudier General E. 0. Williams is a
nilivoef Petiti.ylvaira, on.l is about forty
'"' years of age, Ho is now in command
cftlio volunteers at Chamborsbutg. 1
iipukr Wxteh. Set ft pitcher of water
'"ioni, and in a kw Lours it HI have
orbed nearly all tho perspired nnd re
pretl gas.-es in iho room, tho nir of w hich
' liavo become purer, but iho wutcr
Mllio utterly filthy The colder the wa
Jw is, the greater its rapacity is to con
n these gnkscs. At ordinary tempera
'trcs it will absotb a piht of carbonic acid
!" nd a largo quantity of nmmonia.
'"Urnpaeity is i-enrly tioubled by reduc
Jj! Uio wator to the. temperature, of h e.
'leoco, wnbjr kept in the roqm ayvhilo is
Jwayj unfit for use. For the namu reason
water in a pump utock nhould always
? Pumped out in the morning bforo any
"fed. Impiiro water is mote injurious
,tfi impure air.
is stated that there ate about
hundnvl and fifty beople at tho UnL
'Ute Hotel, S.itAtog.1, all tol l.
From tho riiikntelpbia Prci.
DSATH OF BISHOP BOWMAU.
Tho intelligence of (he sudden and un
expected death of tho. Bight i;.'v
c.-xpecicn '!eatrt 01 tlie Wight J ev. Smuei.
liowMAN, D.D., Assistant jJi,or of the
Episcopal Church in the Dioceso ol 1W
,...i : . i . , . ..
sylvania, has awakened a foclini of nro
found sorrow throughout our whole State,
not only among tho meralicrs ol tho de.
nomination of which ho tvas a shining or
namoht, atul to whose service ho was de
votedly attached, hut among all classes of
citizens, to whom lie lind endeared him
self by his exemplary deportment, his m.i-
iiy.,Ciiitian virtue ii,imttulRn1 com-
manding clinraHer, and his
lie was a son ot JIaj. Rowinnn, ofWilkes
Liirre, Pennsylvania, a distinguished olli
eeroftho ltsvolutiouary army, and born
in tho year l.xoo. It was originally his
intention to embrace the legal profusion,
but, after devoting considerable time to
tl.o study of tho law, his in turn 11 v strong
devotional feelings wero intensely mouse I
by the sudden death of his father, and he
was thus led to assume l ho sacred calling
...i i.- j .1 . ..... i
J' V -111 ,u'-v "V!1,
l''"l.ur r'.'-r." ' " oi (.nil lie I
a Deacon n tun e tv by hop Vuit. in
,, . . 3 , ' . .
the ve.ir lv2., and at once took charge o
V( , , lt . , , , ., .
' t. 'olin Lhu eh at 1 ii iii.'i, Lancaster
,, r ,JOi i i
"counlv. In 1H'2 , ho was ordained a priest.
J n ( Vtobor IS
, he became rector oi 'J'riii
it) Clmrch, r.uvton. as well as of a new y-
'.,,r . , . , , , ,,, ,
estai.lhliea ccntrregat on at Allen own, In.
i.,l...jii " , ... ,
be became tho rfctoro M. .lames
c, , . LmW u.,,icl, Wmvx ,,e
. , , , J . x . , .
election as Assistant JiiMop. in S.iS, and
co deeply was that congregation attached
to bim, thai they would not lermit his
pastoral connection with them to be dis
st I vol, even 'ifter that event. They in
sisted upon his continued residence nt
their parsonage, and that he should devote
as much i-peciil attention to them as his
other arduous duties would permit.
The fidelity which he displayed during
his o!i2 connection with St, .lames'
f'l i. .11 .1.. l: -I -r
i lien it i ie iieeuuiir cum ll hi
ius clrio:il mi l poi-sonr! Manner, wnrmlv
ellllonrpi, ,,inl n v,r . ch.c,lo of
fl.inlvIs nn(l fol. a ,,,, rcrio,t he has been
,m of moFl pronilnon.
nnJ univi,rKaHv.r(lslHctfl(l (livil',0. flf
wc ,ho uIiar r,rilU
I ' .
il attainir.;' grert exoellenco ns a read
a preacher, and a pastor. Those who have
hoard him rend the beautiful service of his
Church, can never forget his extremely
impressivo Myle. Mis sormons and ad
dresses, whether written or extemporane
ous, wer e'laraeteri.ed by a chasteness
and elegance oflanguage, a depth of feel
Ingy nnd true eloquence, which reached
hearts, w hile they entertained and enligbt
ened tho minds, of his hearti'i. A severe
ftudent during the earlier part of his dor..
ic.il enreer, as he ndvnnesd in years the
importance of a closn attention to pastor
al duties "vas deopb impressed upon bim.
nr.d for a long period he labored in this
grofil fplieie of Ids duties with cxernplary
care zeal, nnd ell'eetiveness.
Tho election of the Kisht I'ev. Aloti70t
Totter, as llishop of this Diocese, was pre
ceded by an Animated coolest in theCon
vention of Iho Chinch between the friends
of Lishop liowman and llev. Stephen II.
Tvng, lK I)., (who now resides in New
Yoik.) which wa finally terminated by
Iho forluu ito ohnieo of tho ne.-ent in
cutnbent. In 11" Dr. Bowman was elec
ted Wshop of tho Diocese of Indiana, but,
being warmly attached to his conr't egation,
lie li clined tonecept that position. The
failing Iioidlh of BMiop VottT, r.nd the
arduous labors connected with ibis Dio
cese, induced tho Lpiscoprd Convention,
which assembled in thi city in M.v, IS.'iS,
to elec t an Assistant I'.ihop. The contest
was a very nriimaled one, tho division of
sentiment wSiieh existed in relalien (o
w hat is popularly termed Iho I figh Church
and Low Chinch feeling givin-j it pen I in r
interest. Those whoso proclivities V7ero
of tho former ehararter genrrallv prefer-1 patriotism is sought to b.i npptied. I.oy.
red Dr. Bowman, and most of tho others 1 ally and di; loyally patriotism mid treason
favored llr. Vinton or Ir. Stevens. Arierjare not w'.:at llify were in tho palmy days
liflepn rl.Koliiillots. Dr. Ilnwiiiiin withdrew 'of the 1,'oihi!. lie. We live under a new
linnl(,) nrl,i nioved that a committeo of,
(.,(.1.;,vnon np,,ninted to select a
suitable candidate. A recess was taken,
and on the icasscmblingof the Covcntion,
the committee sai l they "rouhl withhold
their report until anoihrr bnllot (tho six
teenth) was taken. It resulted in the so-li-ction
of Dr. Bowman, the vote being as
follows: Dr. Bowman 75 ; Dr. Vinton fi-'l i
I)r ir.oo 1 . bl..,ilc 1. Ite was consecrated
at Christ Church, in this city, on the 2Mb 1
of August, K5S. Altlinuuli some feelingi
,'ino McDowell, 'J w.,,,nr0l01i i,y ,,1( peculiar contest which
i now in coiuman.ir(igult0(l il,hi(,-r)f,.lion itwa5 sonn nl!.ivoi
lopsniAiosamii.n.K I(,(,1) ini nf ,)r Bowman's manner ;
and by his judicious and conciliatory j private rigtji--. lurimicuce ami uioi. v .o.
e,ourse, devotion to his duties, an I peculiar Icnce, and stiil ho w a J'u!ii.t. JIo lnu.t
litnoss. ho peon beoaino n uch esteemed I have a keen scent for treu.ion and 'nu
and beloved If all the. congregations or, tors. Ilo muit diseovci that his honest
the Dioceso, His close attention to the neighbors, who lo not pirtinpaM in his
laborious duties cf 'his posit;on became a violence, aro "eees.sionia(. ' and mildly
Ihi'iuo of universal pi.iie, and it is to his1 suggest lunging. I f I hose neighbors
over-anxietv lo bo thoroughly faithful, j should intimate I hat Ihe President of too
even nt tha risk of injuring his health, lht United States is not exactly a fcoond
his sudden death may be attributed. But ! Jackson, our Pktuot wil marl; Jiim as a
a short line ngosome of his friends in this suspicious character : and if by any chance
citv urgently solicited him topcnd n porj ho should go so far ns to express tho tb,o
lion of Ibis summer at Atlantic City, nnd letu opinion that tho Consti'utioii is tho
bad ho taken their advico his lite mi-ht i ffupl'cmc law of the land, bUipieioii will
have boon spaikd. Bui duly summoned
him to another qiinrtor. end he would not I
neglect its demands. The excitement in , esiaunsiung me cuniouim iu nu iunu
tho v.-esioiM portion of this State,. tuused try c.r pestilent Traitors,
by the discovery of subterranean oil in On the other hand, if a nan ' Ueplcres
that region, had attracted thitlmr a largo tlio exercise of uucor.stitutiomd powers,
enii 'i-ation, and several new Kpeopnl he is ft Traitor, if ho .doubts that war
churclie had been built, which ho wis will accomplish tho rasiorution of the
called upon to consecrate It was during ; Union ho is a Traitor. Ho may perlorm
a journey lo Butler. Pennsylvania, for this all his duties as nn an upright and loyal
purpose, that l.U death ocourrnd, under, citizen ; lie may never have been i guilty of
circumstance of ft peculiarly dislresung
cnaraeter. !l is Inst sermon, we believe,
was delivered in Si. .Inmes' Church, at
Lancaster, ou Sunday, the 2th ult,. and
a day or two afterward ho pjocoedod to
Pittsburg. Heleft that city nt an early
jhnuron Saturdav morning on tlio train of
tho Allegheny alloy Kailroad for Jiuller.
1 li is routo was a somowhatcirrnitousone
liit lio preferred it because it shortened
., , : , ,
'.'"t'O "'o noceswjry to reach that town
'7 tho . -ilar tram had proceeded
tune een nn es b'om l'ittsbtirL'. its Inrtber
nineteen miles from Pittsburg, its further
progress was nrrested by some damnges to
tho road, which had been cnused bv n
heavy rain, anil which workmen were re
pairing. A hnnd-car, which conld carry
init limited number of passengers, was
ofi'ered tor the uso of ns many of them ns
it could accommodate, nnd l)r. I'.ownian
was urged to get on it, -but, lie leelined to
rl d i rt.1 ' u-ifti X' nimlii( .P 1.7 T..!!.....
j..'n.., ....... .......... . ... ma iih'in
travellers, ho preferred to walk to the
point, so:uo three miles distant, where
they could again enter tho cars of a regu
lar I rain (or n stage.) The hand-car and
tho pedestiians standi simultaneously,
but w hen they .nri ivcd at their destination
it was noticed that ono passenger was mis
sing, and tho others started at once with
out him. The hand-car started to return
to tho ph co v licrothc first detention oc
curred, immediately, but wh'-n the man
in charge of it reached a point about n
milo from his destination, be saw a body
lying by the roadside and in nn unnatural
position, and his curiosity being excited,
ho stopped to exntnino it, when he found
it was a corpse. Going back to tho breach
in the road, lie round there Mr. I ranktm
Wright, Iho cnginetr, who superintended
the repairs w hich were being made, and
ho recognized tho corpse when he beheld
it as the mortal remains of Dr. Bowman,
whom ho had observed on the train, but
who was probably unknown to his fellow,
passengers, and whose d"ath tv is so sudden
that ho had no tiiend to i-her hislai-t
hours, and no one to witness the depart'
me of his spirit to the brighter and better
world for which his exemplary r ureer, so
htr as human mind can judge, peculiarly
His remains were promptly sent luck
to l'itUburg, and from that ( lace forward
ed to Larcanter or. Sunday morning. It
is Rtippcsed that he died between H and y
o'clock on Saturday morning, and it is bo
lieved that his death was e.iuiod by apo
plexy. When his body was lound u slight
M'latch was perceptible on his nose, caus
ed by the fall, ami he had apparently wet
ted hii handkerchief and placed it in his
hat, to relievo himself from a pain i.i his
head. His countenanco presented a very
iiatnr.il appearance, lie will bo buried at
Lancaster, at 5 o'clock this ( Tuesday Clh)
Dr. Bowman was twice married. His
first wifo was Miss Sitgre.aves, of likes-
I - I t ' I . " T ... 1. . ' ' 1
osrre, nun ins seeo.m ..o pt. ouifiHW
v oars a .'ii I as a d.iunl.ter of Jtev. .Io-ei,h 1
Clarksoii, of Lanciutcri'ounli. A daugh-
tcristho only descendent who survives
The people of I.rne.vler, nfa!l religious
di-lKiminatinns, were so devotedly ntlach-
o I to him that his dealii v, i!l c.ui-o n uni
versal fVolihg of profound regret initial
community, and create a void which no
ono can fill. This feeling, too, will bo
shared by all who knew him, nnd many a
sail ti lend win I'.'ei mat so mucii uiu no
excel most of even thos.i whom wo rrgaid
is tho I.e. t of men, in idl Christian virtues,
in unostentatious, ircnuiiie. and sineeio
pi ty, in all tl.o nobler traits of humaii
exci'llence.that t liey"m.'cr shall look upon
hi.s like agai::."
I'r.im tlio 1'aily I'ntriot i 1'nioa.
TATRI0TS AND TRAITORS. i
In good old times, when we werea hap
py nr.d united people, that man was ie-j
u nded as a Patriot who loved his wh'ilel
country, revered the Constit jtion, obeyed,
the lawn and faithfully performed nil
obligations as a citizen He might sup-,
port tlio Administration in power, or op.
J'U-U lb, li I '. 1 1 v.. ...... . i i i. ... ij ... .v. ... u
Governvient or his patriotism questioned.
Men equally good und trie worn to be
found on both sides. Pitit in theso troub
lous times a somewhat different test of
t .i-i Ii.iiii ,11.11.1 , inu ni h il' ii I m
di.-pensaiion, ntnl word have acquired tin
eliirely novel signilie .nee.
If. lor instance, a citizen who used to
exercise tho l.u'get liberty in abusing (ho
President of the United States, i idiiuilin;;
tho Supremo Court, encouraging viola
tions ol tho 1-ugilivu SI tvo Law, advocat
ing tiio "ii-repressiblo conilirt," and hint
ing that, in certain continyeiicics, the L'u-
timi might slide, is now a last ti lemi ol
the Admiuistratioi., in favor of gagging or
hanging every rer
son who vent ires lo
Mvhi. - per a word of dis.-alit to Us pobey, he
; i ' Patriot, lie may ( ncourage violations
of the Coiistituiion, infm-foments upon
deepen into absolute eonvu lion, and our
Patriot no longer .lonbts tho necessity of
a dishonest, mean or him;, u.u.a.ou uciuh;
ho may have fought the battles ol the
country, and ha contributed liberally of
his means to sustain the Government and
provide for the families of those who have
gone forth ti fight tho battles of t he court-
try. nevertheless lie is a Traitor. Our
Moslem iutriot, with his pockets nulled
out tt 1 1 Ii plunder says no, nnd who shall
I, nm V '"-"" ri i-.ii.i.n
..vj ., iil. iinii veninrn to hop n-n
that if his advice had been followed these
u;mg5 wouiu not now be, and if the zoal
ous patriot does rot havo him Btrung up
for tutoring treasonablo lanungo it will
not Jje his fault.
.w, at the risk of being denounced as
raitors, we venture to afliini that every
cuurn "i mis rroe i.epumic (wc nro not
yet prepared to admit that this is a mis
nprl, Jias.JliQj.ij.ht to iDamino onxj
criticise all l)o nets id bis rulers public
servants they used to bo styled and to
express cilher Approval or dissent. If ll
V . . ! , . r. ' pocrscoiiu -
(led to him by tho Constitution, ho has a
right to toy so- nn l if H,o;.ub!,o money
is squandered it is his right and his duty
tnproto.it. I he plundn cts may protest,
hut that is to be expected. Thoy lnn
presciiU. hanging, but what or, t? While
law governs there is not much daiv'ne. h
t'.. ..I1.. -I 1 ,
is true that in tho-e times, when the J.tlc-
r c.; ins is a practical nullity, tho citizen
is no; weuro against illegal incarc-ration
but, this power has beer, cxeiciied in vo
few eases that It lias hardly caused a per
ceptible Hatter. .Mm still dare to regard
thene'ves a.; free citizens nf five and
riilighte.ie.l country, and so long as they
i .i n ib i i .i i i i'i r rt ..
ligations, they will continuo to form and
e iii-e..s I i on1 ro ii o kiiiq nn-. iv... I I ...
.1 : .' 1 "ivi
ami unrestrained by the threats of vio -
lence In.tn pscudo I'atnots.
f ,t were not fn sad to se, the bbertie,
o: a r real lint ion ti in nm . (m v .....1 .-
. . r,, , , ; - ' r
low. there would be a nronrn- v ulm i
i 1 , j. '.. i .
. 1 ' ... " . .7 , " ': "
tu re "'I'' ( iiii ("on'ivc." 'rhoiifli its'
crimes against tho Constitution and tlie
lawti of llie Union are monstrous, and'
such ua were never before committed'
ngaiu.it a free people in the wamu space of '
time. yet they aro so grotesque and so stu- I
endoiisly inpiidont, that one cm hardly !
,i ,- i . , i
supprcM Iho .,,spo,.tK.n to laugh at then.
It is a regulni'
Cou.Tess. Its doings aro not
but fV.iTii -(lien. "Vcv.'o, ( :itn,'" is the
word, and all is cliang-d. When Lincoln
went to Washington wo had a Constitu
but ho ttamplod it out, and this
"j'tp-for t,'i,:-i:V4.d Concross
right Wo bad :i Supremo C
en- . tint i
mat has Uen net asijo, and lour.
J r.-ttv, and all is en
. . . . .
uii.i h I iii,u n. V .1 I Hi i l.rni .. n. ....1.
"'- ......... v '"J ' v 'oo-
ted out and laiuico
ner.us ma.io iov
crnors ovel their soveicign peop.e. Tlie
j Con.-titulion says the people shall not Lj
j deprived of. the r'i,bt to possess arms, but
, tho Pie.-iident has stripped them of that
ngl't. und Longiesi smj-s ",'-:,' J Ik.
i..oiisi .uilin (ll.. a was) pi-oii!i--.'. lo pro
tect t'm people from ur.ioaoi;,ib!o!e;irch.
but they have been su! jected to such i.i
suits as having their very bedrooms en
tered 1 y Lincoln's soldiirs, their trunk-,
broken open, und even women have been
stripped of their clothing to see wh it cv-
Udonces ol Ireab Jii a
"i",ht be foiu.d nude
aiiut Mr. Lincoln
Congress says "jr.yf"," and it is pronoun- '
ceil all right. To back up and curry for- '
ward nil those usurpations, and iil'lccn or;
twenty others liko them, lyu Preddiiit 1
aks tjongi-i-s.s for 4oo,0u0 soldiers, and
".." ibey give him 5iM,(idO! Jleaks
for Sl'.UO'i.O.'O, tmd ";.,...," tiiey give1
i - . i i..i.'t .. i. i i .. i .i , ..
:.i;u v,viur,oo","oo . -iiei iiiou j'rn :.
igam. ami tlicy pass a bill to guo the
prcidoht, :dl the money and id! tho
There is to bo no limit to Lin
draft upon tho uiincy nud upon the lives
of tin; people, ex opt his own will. And'
nil thove abominations nro hurried thio I
Congress with railroad speed. All fair
debate is cut oil. i he engineers ring the
bell, blow Cm whittle, iho conductors
mount the car ami cry "All aboard," and j Wise's balloon went up earlv this mm
nwny flies the train, running over every- ning, and when bolwcen Foil Corcoran
ho ly on its Hack, and carrying every-1 and B ill's Cross Boads il was seen to col
tliiug through by steam. Nothing is do- j h.pse suddenly and fall with rapidity. -bated.
nothing is investigated. Somo Ab-iTim general impression is that it was fired
olitionisl reads a bill, and ";rv&'," it is , into. Your reporter was nt Fort Corcor
passod before lL" ghbea longuo can say 1 n a.1 thn lime, and ivjlposiod the sivift
" Jaelv Uobinson." tJn tho word of Mr. descent of the balloon. It "-as too far to
lilair- ft ma i never reinai k.iblo lor
veracity it is resolved that Mr. (.lark, a
nieinbcr from Missouri, shall not bo id
lo'vra his seal un investigation ot Jio
merits ef his cac is asked for; but no no
Investigation i- allowr I "yrcso," ho is
out of his seat without either enquiry or
rrldentu; being pcrmiHed. Somo mem
ber wbo rrmnn'hff hew things m'od lo bo
done in Cong: ess before Mr. Lincoln t-imr
to Washington, asl.-.s for a reference oT
bills and remli-.tions to p-oper commit
tees; but no Ihe whis'lo blow--, "nil
.aboard," and away (ho train d nlies. Mr.
Breckinvidgo delivers a speech in lh::
t'l iiat, remarkable for its candor, logic,
respect for Con! itutiot'.il law, and digni
fied courtesy to the opposition, -which is
answered in ono seitnu.-e "all wo want
here is tho Kentiielry remedy fm traitors
I mp.'' No man attempts to iiiiswit
him -noiH! dare attempt it. But the Ko
pnblic, ui Senator answer all arguments
and all nrpeais losavo tlio l.nion, Willi a
hangsmaii'scry for Letup ! A bill to pun
ish conspiracy vns reported read and ja.
scdin liflCcn minutes .1 bill involving
the rights cf property and of life, to mil
lions, was pissed without reference, with
out (lebale, without comments upon its
structure, as is evident from tho l.iet that
if It has any meaning nt all, it Ls plainly
iiiiccrstituiioiii!. Put then ro have no
Constitution. Tlio man win was elected
to p Imini-der tlio executive branch of tlio
government l:n seized r 11 branches of .it
kicks to one fide tlio Supreme Court,
usurps the powers of L'otigres, and Con
gress, a suppliant tool of Abolition (lisu
nionism, goes down into ubjeel submis
sion, or traitorously joins in the daring
schemo to onnihilato tho cousti't'itional
foundations Of tho government. A bill
to give the Secretary of tho Navv' S3 000
I Kit) to buv n-lintnv
, reported and passed in tho twinklina of
hi. y i nc iiisiuiy oi mo uuniino swin
dlo is no example or no warning. Kcad
llin l.llt I S!r,lli .1. n i. .A' .! l
ui.iii ,iuiio in hpuaic upon
it, b.itno! Blow tho whistle! ring the
bell! "All-aboard !" And nop goes the
?3,(in0,0(i0. fho only thing to l.o said
now is, that perhaps tho timo will come
when tho peoplo will ask whether all
theso onornious sums were raised
spent according to the vpiritor loiter of
Iii3 Constitution.- Arte 1 vrk Day .''...
True Tatriotisin. -
I e i inr,i fli-n fv ..nocm. ..r .
..... i...r.-ii:.-. in .-5UI1.I 11-
iniongsttisnt present who claim to be
true patriot?, and warmly attached to the
Constitution and tho Union, but thty
show their regard for the country in very
1 different waj s" '
j Tho rst ,.,,M ,uo inflIIt.nt!0li ,,y ,vnson
land religion ; they have deliberately made
:,, n,,.;. i,,;,,,!. ,)..,, ,,,. ';. :. ..
1 good one, am! that it is our solemn duty
I to lo ..It in i.,. ...a
- H.I l-ll. ....... . ., Ill l. ill.tl.J Illlll
transmit it unimpaired to coming genera-
t )nr D'vn yoiunlary
we'.lare of tho people, the pro.-.pnriiy of
j lioions liberty throipxliaut tho world, nnd
i no count i v, tlie interests ot civil nn. t re
.. .. ..... . ..... .. I ,. r , i . i i .
all coming lime, and the glory of (jod, all
require thi.--. This class of persons are
-. 1 .1 .1:1 , . . , . . , . .
, i-iioi, ue.ioeiaie, ani urm, nut kiuu ; Miey
1 do not make many violent and denimcr
j tory speeches, nor write many mll.iniato-
1 jv hi tides for tho press. But they nrt ei-
,hc, in 1 themselves, or their
( S(,s ,,ro t, , , . ,;,
.... ... i. 1 .3'1 1
ft"! miliienee are at tlie
"ovrruiiif-m. uiey are great'y gney
at the prefent btalo of affair, and bear
I heir rniiii rv. t heir h i, ,', eouutre nn i
their 1 eai ts (o the iiiercv-seat daily and ; '''-'GiciviO pvr ct.; lealhers, ;10 per ct.; ln
houilv. The burden of their prayen js ! 'ba raiv, 10 per ct.; India lubber, mauu
that God would perpetuato our ga.rious !'":1",'"'i ;; l,u1' pl--. vegetable and uu
Union, and grant us u speedy and honor-' tn.mulaetured, ivory, 10 per ct.; all wines,
able peace. These aro the true friends of. r, Ppr P""1 S1,1 "n1 lh' rmmitfao.
. i ... , . . , . i .
inn coi.iiu v ; nicy are uioso on Whom sliei
, I, i. . : i:..:. n i
i . ii ii inu uMi.-i, iiiiiiii'iif con u leiice
in ,.,,. of .... n' ,
The second class nre very zealous, nowv. I
I t.liiutnl-inrr on. r In,.... ll.., i..j n..ll .". I
I ......j.. ... .... i '.'..I.' . . . I'll IV I 1 I'll .1
sions Ihey nre ready to make biltor and
j ilontineialory speeches, write lnllammatn-1
I "V ZIJ 1 11 u"u.i
thn Cabinet, and all who do not
agree with them, ns tardy in their rrovo-
r-ients, yneiiiatin nmi tuv.bl m their iiol -
. n.... i. ... ... .i . .i 1 ,
. J . I I'V a ' K I I .'1 s i ill I' 1W I IU ..
' . J -
. . j...,..;,,.. .i10 i(U.i,.. of
Pretty much all they do for 11,. i.- countrj
is ii.uie with the tongue, or with tho po.u.
They nre not to be found in tho army
themselves nor an y of I hose who are near
ly i bied to them: and so from devoting
their ti-.no and n.np'vtv to the servlco oi
t he ( lovornment, they are rageily watrh
iiur every opjioi (unity or promoting their
own aggrandizsment, and fill t heir poi k
ots by plunduriiig Iho m.liou. liit.tanei.-s
ofihu kind of patriotiim m!;,dit easily be
mentioned, but Ibis is not, n.-eci-ary, "
I recently heard n mii.islei c.y, alter he
Jia l preaelicd a llamim: sermon on iho
slate of tho country, v.hcn speakn'i of
I the Sottlh, sa , "Kill the dovils ! Kill Ihe
i devils!'' This, it seemed to me, iva very
unlike (he Spirit of ChrM and bis Apos
', ties, and the entire gospel. 'Iheso per
sons are governed by a bitter, donuncias
. tory, wildly f.tnatic.i! and malignant .spir',
rather l!ia;i an enlightened, ( lu isiim pa.,
iiriotisni. But they arc very (ar from be
ing the Lest friends to the country, on
IvIlOlrl l,rt !'. ..b, l.'ill. fl.r. ..I'nlnul ......
. , .... i . i , "nn in. y ..... . nv i.i ... -
(idvnce in this, tho limo of her danger.
llii.-, she Vviy well understands, and
prcciates tlicin.ii curdingly.
'fur. Prans or W.ut IUi.i.oovs. The
IV... I ...... .... 1 r . i. . i .1. :i .
delphia l'r, w says
I i, urn . i.i . iii .-.ii 1 1 -spi'i loeii i, I. i lie i. o ua-
how many were, in tho car, but
! it is fea'ed Cat their escape from a sud-
I dcu and terrible death was almost impos-
'Iho -balloon was up yesterday, nnd
could bo seen from the city sailing over
. Virginia, ll rested dm iag tho mghf, and
went up again this morning, and was but
n short time in the air before it collapsed,
leaving only a s;:i ill .section of tho top
;;:! d with gas.
Tho dapg"i of nc; Weld from shot will
ever operate us n serious objection to ,ll.e
uso ol balloons over the enemy's ground-:
for, on going near opo'iidi toobiiun a view
of their works, tho baileou is within rea. h
of three and four mile rifle e.u.uon, whe-h.
without any trouble, can be to suspnudnd
as to point upwards, or in any direction
required. Tho lillo cannon of tho second
liliode 1,-land throws shot lour ni'les, aiel
lo l.o of any service a balloon cannot bo
one half of that distance from tl.opot to
be examined. I. von ut tn c'.lv d'am of a
mile, no balloonist could have di. ::o ere 1
the 1 at leries at Bull loin ; but liot dis
coicitug llii'Ui lie might report that no
no such defenses existed ibrrc. The bil
loon may, however, l o used with great ad
vantage In noting the advanco of troops
on ,tho .main road, and in watching the
general Movements of nn army during an
fTbe amount of muny Mnture.Vi.- tht
loysl Virginian", nl th Dunk of Tlonton, V.,
turns out t.. bt 8:'0.lHt. limliiat of Si7,dOO.i
Tliree tlinusnnd of tl.o sum wn nve4 to Ilia poor
laborcru, nml tlicy iaiiuoiliatel.v reeeiveJ thei'
School mister Koherl, compnrc the ad
' Ilobert Cold, cough, GO flill. .
Changes ia the Tariff-Direct Taxation
The now mrifl and direct taxation bill
has passed both Houses of Congress. A
mong the rates of duty, ns given in the
Washington Sunday Chronicle, aro tho
On raw sugars, 1 cents per pound ; on
iinrclitiud sugars, 2 cents ; refined sugars,
4 cents ; cloved and tinctured sugars, 0
cents ; molasses, , cents per gallon ; lea!,
15 cents ; nbnonds, 4 cents ; shelled alm
onds, 0 cents; crude, limestono, per ton ;
rolled liinttouo, fo ; .-cloo, ,4 .cent;., per
pound ; cocoa, c nts ; co?oal;crrlo nnd"
shells, 2 cents; chocolate, 0 cents; cassia,
10 cents ; cassia binl.s,l,r cents; cinnamon,
20 cents ; cvane pepper, 0 cts ; evmie pop
per ground, S cts ; cloves, H et-; currants,
5 cts; tartaric acid nnd liockclle sa-W, 10
cts ; dates, 2 cts ; figs, 5 cts ; ginger root, 3
cts; ginger f round, 5 cts; licoriro pato
nnd juice, 5 cts ; m.ico and nutmegs, 25
cts; uls, 2ct." ; pcpper.O cents; pimento,
(i cts ; plums, prunes and raisins, cents ;
ibe.sij. hemp, s In per ton"; Manilla, and
other hemps, 23 ; ler.d, in pig, si 50 por
cwt ; lead, in sheets, $2 25 porewt ; whito
and red lead, f2 25 per cwt.; salt, in sacks,
IX cents per cwt.: salt, in bulk, 12 cts ; so
da ash, 1 ot per pound ; bicarbonate ot so
da, I el; sal soda, J et ; caustic soda, 1 et ;
' chlorido of lime.
) rts pet owl.
saltpetre, 1 ct ; rained Faltpotro, 2 cents;
' turpoht'.ne.lO cts per gal.; spirits of grain.
in.' cts: per gal.; gum eopm mm similar
gums, 10 cts ; per pound.
Tho following nrtic'fa aro also rated at
so much i.r centum ad valorem ;
Arrow root,20 per ct.; preserved ginger.
disposal of the ! l,er mi't-'F. bananas, nr.d other trop
great'y' grieypj . i,,al nit -s, 20 per ct.; Peruvian '.ark, 15 ;
quinine, .;u per cent ; rags. i per ct.;
feathers, .'10 per ct.; hides, o per ct.; solo
liireu sun, m per ct.; kuk anil partly vel
vet silks, J.'! per yaed, or 35 per ct.; silk
ribbons, iVc, 10 per ct. All importations
bey end Iho Cape of Good irope,.10 pcrct.
All goods in store, or in bonded ware
house, will be subject to these dutic". If
Jiot wididrattu in three year
to Im taker
. - . .4
by the government and sold
The bill also nnnorl ions a direct tax of
, -t U1
ili.tliiii among tlio .Males. .M. uy land
furnish l.'Sr.,S2:,...'l3 ; District of Col
li iiibia ? 10,137 33 ; Virginia WS,55() Cli ;
1 'olaw itic $7 I.O.Xj 33 ; Peniisy Iv.uda ."r I , ' lo.
717 33 ; ToniiKsseo WJ.'d'JM ; North Caro
lina S'oi'i.l!' I Ol;, and S. C. S3''.3,57(l f.O. '
'I'he President will divido the country
into collection districts andappoi.it col
lectors, and aftir tho second Tuesday in
February, the Socrotuy of Iho Trcaaiiry
shall establish r.-gula'.ioni to govern Urn
assessment and collection. Attempts lo
evade tlio net or commit fraud will lc
punished. The salary of tho iis.r-(.'u,sors
ranges from 2 to S3 per day. Ui the
event, of a refusal lo pay tho taxes, th'i
coib ctors shall collect ii by ditrniut and
salo r.l the goods, chattleu or ell'ecfsof the
per oils ilelinq'Jiiiil as nforosoid, ul public
auction. I bis distraint docs not include
ten's or implements of a h ade or profes
sion, beads of the plow m'cns'.iry for the
euliivation ol 'improved bind, arms, houoe
hold furniture, and nece-sary apparel
Any (a.dei tor guilty oi'(ipprcssioii,iiiii i
lice or extortion, shiill I'O liable to a fine
ol !2 in 'i i. Any iierson guilty ol perjury
shall be linl.le to' a lino ol 50t.
All income over SjW per milium are
to b.j U.:od 3 per cenl. on tho surplus
over ssuo ; , beu such incomo is derived
from in I err t on trc isury nole-, tho t-njr
shall bo I t per ( nt. ' ids tax goeb into
died January 1, lrdi2. All taxes not
paid Juno 30,' H02, shall draw interest' at
the rate of li per cent, per annum. Nogs
led or ri lus.d M pay this ta. renders the
otlender liable to iniiu isonmcnt unt'l tin,
tax is paid.
sliauld any pf tho people La io ao
fual lebillion at iho timo the act filet
into effect, tho President shall cause ili.
provisions lo bo executed wdihiii hucO.
limits whenever thi gove.i iimont authoif.
ty is rcestjibbsheu. All. taxes thus colic;
ted shall bear interest.
J'he net authorizes tho appointment of
a 'eonimisMonn of taxes in connection
ivith the treasury department, who fch.il'
be appointed by th President - the :e
commendation of (he Secrrlary, and 'ro
eei 'o a salary of Si.inHI por anu.ua, and
shall havo a number of clerks whose sala
iicst'o not. exceed ?!i,0d).
K?vrt YOiin Cim.nnKN T ) Bfd IIapi'V.
Send ; our Ciildii.'ii lo be 1 happy. What
ovcr cues piess, givo it a warm good nigh"!
ki-s, as it goes toils pillow.' The memory
of this, in ihe slormv years which fate
imy have in sloro for thnlitiio fine, wif1
bo like Betl lell'Mil's star to thi bewilder
e l sheph' rds, 'fy father--my molhc";
loved i.io " Fafe cannot lake away thai .
b!e.-od heal t balm. Lips parched will
the world's fev-.T, will become dewy ngaif
at this thrill of youthful memories. Kis)
your little child before il fjcen to bleep.
'fn K.co-.m try pap"rs say that after liar
vejt vulnnteers will llock to the various
.egiiiieiit? now forming in all parl of tlie
Xoi'tlo i n States iiy thousands. At pre
sont mo-t of Iho young men aro engipej
in withering the crops.' . '
A report from the Potomac fleet 6latt;
that thn rebels have a largo body of nc
Sioos nt work throwing up fortifications
on Miisquilto Point, at the mouth of th
terVr. Koch, an old and re'it
citizen of York, Pu., died lust v
Tb brunch cftefctinai'
tlit prenal tiw I