Newspaper Page Text
BY 0. B. GOODLANDER & CO
VOL. XXXI. WHOLE, NO 1G57.
Io i Inly who proposod In woar tho ratriolio
Korelte of Rod Whito nnd Blue.
BY PAVIO tAlX BROWN.
The ling you brunt if nsture'a gift,
Forever frenh nnii new,
Vou br dixptnvM upon your face,
Tlx Rod, theWliite kikI Blue.
Vour fitir completion in Hi Whilr,
Your even ol' nitro lino:
The row thnt mntl on your clicok
Compli'to White, licl nub Jlluc.
A p.i'riot, th if 1'T nature fruuie'd
froornn arlincisl Inri.,
Ami, DUturs'd by the rinilt- of licuv'ii.
Through time iid1 chiinjro rtiUure.
lint yhoull yonrbriglit ccmpleximi f; I
nur oyc furj'M to lniu,
And ll tho beautici of the rov,
I'rm fleeting h Ji cum;
Hill fur beyond all outward show
Tlmt captivate t-o cy-,
Within your gentle boaom glow
Virtues tLat Dover die.
The patriotic licart is ever there,
Change colon as they will,
In war or pence, hope or despair,
True to your country till.
Charge of Murat at Eylau.
It is at Kylau that Murat always appears ,,,
in his most terrible, aspect. 1 hu b.ittle, I
fought in midwinter, in 1X0,, was the;
most important and bloody one that had
thtn rccuireu. n.u. aun uUBSI
never Iw.-foro opposed such ctrcngt.li to each
other, and a complete victory on either
.idu would have settled the fate of Rurop-;
in possession of the
field, and that was nl'. ;
so liko a defeat.
no victory was ever
was covered with
The field of l'.ylau
mow. ana mo utile ponus inav lay scat-'
tereel over it were frozen sufhoiently hard V.C from suspicicn. The stupidest sti ick
io tear the artillery, i Seven ty.onc tlious-1 Btcr mif,t wi lig f.lilh n,i deceive him;
md men on one side, andcighty-live thou-1 IUi to ,) 80 even with subsequent impn
wndonthe other, aiosc Irom tho liwn nilVi for ire does not know what it is to
field on which Ihey had slept the night of j )enr Pn.iilriri; malice. In spite or this
February, without tent or covering, to Uovisll simplicity, however, he is tin
I'iitlle for ft eontmcnt, Augmen. on tho nl;ltchcd in invetitjon nnd rcsmiroos. U j
left, was ulteily routed m the morning. lv0(ilI live, and live well, Hicie ingenuitv
Vlvaneing through a snow storm so thick itself would starve. He would succeed
lie could not fee tno enemy, uie ltussian
aimon mowed down his ranks with their
destructive fire, while tho Cossack snvalry,
ivhich were ordcrinl to charge, came lhun
flering on, almost hitting the French in
Uiilry with their long lunccs before they
sore visible, through the storm.
Hemmed in and overthrown, the whole
division, composed ol Ib.tjOO .men, with
die exception of l.fitK), were captured or
slain. Just tlun the snow storm clearing
up, revealed to Napoleon the ioi-il to
tliich ho was brought, and he immediate-.
ly ordered a grand charge by the Impel nil ,
liiwrd and tlm wiiolo cavalry, .oining
ns further from llonapnrte s wishes or
(ii!tation, than the bringing of his re
serve into the engagement fit this early
ft.'gp of the battle, but there was no other
rriource left him.
Murat sustained his high reputation on
ihisorcaskm, nd proven himself, for the
Imndredth time, worthy of the grent eon
liilonce Napoleon placedn him. Nothing
could be mors imposing than thabnttio
licld al this moment, llonaparte and the
Kmpire trembled in tho balance, while
Murat prepared to lead down his cavalry
lo save them. Seventy squadrons, mak
ing in nil .14,000 well mounted men, be
ln to move over the slope, with the Old
liuard marching sternly behind.
Bonaparte, it is snio", wes mote agitated
at this crisis than when, a moment before.
Iio was so near being captured by the bus
lians. But ns he saw those seventy squad
rons cosnc down on n plunging trot, pres
sing hard after the white plume of Mural,
(uat ttrcamcd through the snow storm
far in front, a smile passed over his coun
tenance. The earth groaned and trembled as they
Mssed. and the sabres nlove the bark and
iigry mass below looked like the fonm of
NA wave as its eresl break on theueep.
The rattling of their armor and the mul
led thunder of their tread drowned all
tin roar of the- batlle, ti with firm, set
wrar, and swift, steady notion they bore
0wr. with their terrible front on the roe.
Tha chock of tlmt immense host was
like a falling mountain, and the front
line ol the Kussian army loll like frost
fork before it. Then commenced a pro
tracted fight ol hand to hand, nnd sword
toiward, at u the cavalry nction nt Koh
muhi. The clashing of stetil ras like the
ring of countleM hamniors, nnd horses
wd riders were blended in wild confusion
together ; the Kussian reserve were order
rtup, and on these Murat fell with his
Serce horsemen, crushing and trampling
thera down by thousands. Buttheobsti
lute Russians disdained to fly, and rallied
gin nnd again, ,o that it was no longer
ovalry charging on infantry, but squad
rons of horse -allonine throuch broken
hotts that, gathering into knots, still dis
puted, with nnpariiuciou oravcry, me ii.-i
Md rent field. '
Uwas during this fight that Mural was
Wen to perform one of those daring deeds
for which ho was so renowned. Kxcited
to the highest pitch of pass! in by tho ob
Uclci that opposed him, ho seemed en-
owea wuu ten fold strengtu, anu ioorch
ore like a superhuman boing treading
lotn holplest mortals, than an ordinary
in. Amid the roar of artillery, and
Mtline of musketrv. and falling of sabre
itroket like lightning abouluitn, that
lofty hito plume never once went down,
hile ever and anon it was seen glaring
through the moke of battle, the star of
"r to Nanolson. and showine that his
"fight arm was still uplifted, and striking
, Us rsjed like an unloosed lion among
a.. . ... . . 'i i . i
toe ; and his eyes, always iwrrioie m
llle. burned with increased lustre,
biUj his cleat and steady voice, beard
oboro tho turmoil of striTe, was worth
more than a thousand trumpets to cheer
on his followers. At length, seeing u
knot of Russian soldiers that for a long
time hail kept up a devouring fire upon
his men, ho wheeled his horse, and drove
in full gallop upon their levelled muskets
A few of his guards, that never allowed
that white plumo to leave their sight,
charged after him. Without waiting to
count his foes, he seized his hrille in hi
teoth, and with his pistol in one hand mid
his (twoid in the other, burst in headlong
fury upon them, ami scattered them us it'
a hurricane had swept by. Murat vas a
thunderbolt on that day. nnd the deeds
that, were wrought by him will luinit.li
j everlasting themes for the ,oet and the
FlllACH ZcHAVK IX TI1K I 'it I At K A.
Mr. Will ik, in last week's Home Jour
I nal, reproduces some passages from a ro
jcent woik of an English ollicer on the,
1 War in the Crimea, not yet republished
I here. In these days of military prcpara
i tion, and imitation of tho Zouave drill the
writers description rf tho French Zouave
in the Crimea is readable :
' . ;.,,,.,,
r,i t',.,.i,..,. u..
jiasJ tllat expression olTaco which prepares !
you ftt on(. ror itnv cooj( intrcpitl, li.u ni-
jCS3 piece of impuflene?.' I say liarmlois,
or amonc fi Ptid: he is soft- learter us a
womnn hJips m0i eso.
- o -
Ioci )Ut fuII of Kindliness and I'evoidof
onvy iIc ,vil; b(.ievc 0f others stories to
tho full as marvellous as he relates of him
self, and give them entire credit for any
species of impossible adventure to which
tliev "1 nv lav claim. His mind is at once
Kin.wi n,i imn..in.itivv vot Ei..iiin-i
wi,er0 nisdom and experience incarnate
would fall, lie H brave to rashness, tin.
selfish to chivalry, unexacting, good-hu-.nored,
ready to oblige cr assist other? to
a degree tint is inexpressibly graceful ind
winning but he must be humored, for ho
believes in himself, but if vou put him out.
he will begin to bilk about ' L-xnlilnl f'ruii .
co:.i,rccnH.i,' nnd then nothing in the
world is to be done with him until ho is
. n(iii0I. A word, however, will pacify
,im. I believe n singlo kindness would
(0llr, ,is generous heart more than
years of wrong injury or ingaiitudo.
Ho is a curious study, but the more
you think of him the more ho -vill amuse . 1C. r0urage to lav hands on him. A par
you. nnd the more you will learn to love ,.. of ,1C 8nmc stripe surrounded Mr. Mc-
nlj ndmirp him the reckless, provoking
gallant, shar'i-witted dare devil.
" He is the good-humored despair of
his ollicers. He will submit to no disci p'
line, and he defies punishment. In fact,
it is a positive temptation to him to do
wrong, even wlire there Is no other. He
is a frown up gamin, astreot boy drossed
in man's clothes, and longing to forgot
his dignity, and Invo a game at pitch-and-toss,
or leap-frog. Ho is an artful dodg
er, masquerading with his tongue in
his cheek, and laughing at the company.
"He has a strange, wild, rakish, good
natured face; the longer you look at him
the more you believe in his good nature,
nnd doubt of everything else about him.
He is dirty to a degree, and even slovenly,
except, at particular times, when his dress
becomes strangely attractive and brilliant.
His immense moustaches aro rusty 'rom
want of care one turns up and the other
turns down. If you are a person in au
thority he will begin to twirl those when
you tnlk to mm. as a renciy resource
to cover his confusion nt being detected in
escapade. Ho is always in a scrape, yet
yon cannot, be anjtry viui mm uia is
altogether impossible; for his troubles
are as nbsurd ns those of an Irishman nl a
fair, aud his doings, however reprehensi
ble, ire sure to bo mixed up w iuisome tr
vesistible piece of fun, which absolutely
strikes you spcochles before you can be
gin a reprimand. While you are prepar
ing to speak to him in a voice of thunder,
ha suddenly chokes you with laughter at
his keen wit, or astounding unconscious
impudence, or his consummate acting of
"You internally acknowledge that your
dignity as a commanding officer can only
be preserved by biting firmly into your
cigar, nnd retiring, ns promptly as possi
ble, to a place where you can convenient
ly give ph'y t yur risible muscles with
out bringing discipline and the interest
of the service into open contempt, ine
rogue understands this perfectly, and in
ritn of hU atsumed lias n fulness! nothing
IS SO reassuring io ins mum, mien uo iina
, . ,.: !J I.- I...
been at ant miHchiel. thin a summons in
to the actual j rosence ol ins commanding
niVi.uir . ha knows that the camo is won
then, for it would be a shrewd colonel,
indeed, that would catch him tripping
, ins mtcKi.Essxss.
Thoneh a ready nnd useful soldier when
real niditinc Is to be dor.e, he is quite
hopeless on parade. He has a genius for
anything you like, except tho theoretical
part of his profession. Torpnps he knows.
r.. in coll that eiimoaicnina really is to
IV w - ,
.ltl. Inn inneh imnortAnCO tO tt, and SO'
n.ti. .Moi Hrilline and reviewing a bore
of no common magnitude He would do
anvthing in the world for an officer that
knows how to lead him ; but drilling and
orderly conduct are really too much for
"His dwelling, whether lent, or oar
rscks, or hovel, is a perfect tnuddlo
CLKAKF1ELI), PA. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 12, I8GJ.
strange contrivances. He has none of
the neatness, precision and art of stowing
away things which usually characterize a
soldier or sailor ; when he has done with
any tiling ho throws it down and forgets
all about it, though he may want it again
ten minutes afterwards. He will apply
things in the most remarkable! mar.ner,
and without the smallest regard for the
purpose for which they were intended ;
he would think nothing of drinking bran
dy out of a powder llask. and keeping
ammunition in a sauco pan. lie would
carry a cutlet in his turban, and a uiir of
shoes in a basket, without the least idea
of unfitness of place in cither case ; and
his vanity would prompt him to eie!
awny cutlet, shoes, basket and nil, in mere
gaiety of heart, and to shew his excellence
as a forager.
"Jle is wonderful m a cook, tailoi, cob
bler, w.'isherwoman : but lie usually ap
plies all these gifts for tho benefit of any
body but himself. To please a vwandiere,
or an office! 'w wile, who knows how to
manage him, he would sit up all night,
and give up a petit suuper to mind her ba
by. He would turn carpenter, bl icksmith,
housemaid, for her, withequd energy,
good will and success. He would risk his
life to cull her a nosegay under the ene
my's guns, or to bring her some colleo
from a shop in Solmstapol.
"Going into Subastapol; indeed, is his
tavorite exploiljust now. it is idle to at-
u'l"t't to look n,'u''' 1"M1 ! K0 1,0 llsnq.ei'
whenever it suits him. , He lrees hi
in "'nie UuWun uniforin, found i
the field of battle, and joining some de
serter, with wh sm he has contracted n
uddeu but affectionate Iriendship, Ihey
lay in w.vt, and bide their time. When
there is a sortie, t'ney join the retreating
Hussinii!" and enter the town with tliem.
If they are interrogated, they feign to bo
drunk or stupid ; their Kursian compan
ions get tl cm out of the scrape, 4br many
of them return sound and unharmed with
sonic indisputable t"ophy of their daring ;
but many other?, prolubly, fall victims in
some way to such inconceivable te
merity, it would be a stein man, howev
er, even for n Uussian, who could hang a
xiuavc;and it must be a bad business,
indeed, if 'he could not satisfy nnybody
who could speak French of the purity of
his motives, and in all probability, turn
his intended punishment into a r-uvard.
The tales they tell about themselves, in
deed, when they do come back, are far
tnoro exlraordinury than all tho stories
of Baron Munchausen put together."
Moiimvg a Df.wocaiTic KlUTOR AND III"
1'am'iI.v. A 'jowardly mob of Black Re
publicans attacted Mr. McGregor, the edi
tor of the Stark County Ihmocrat, at Mas
silon, Ohio and endeavored to lynch him.
Mr. McGregor took refugs in tho Mayor's
otlice, whence he was driven out of town
in a carnage loiioved iy a iiooting ami
v11ini, multitude, whn. however, lind not
tireor s house in Canton, in winch wore
his wife and little children, in his nbsor.co,
and frightened them of course, considera
bly. Alter all this manl) performance
they retired. In reference to this em
phatic (illustration of tho 'Tarty of free
speech," the democrat says ,
"Wc know the names of somo of the
leaders in this outrageous affair, nnd regret
to say that our men of property nnd have
families and ought to feel an interest in
preserving good order and respecting per
sons and property. We nro gradually
getting the names of the cowardly insti
gators of the mobbing and tho lynching
codo in Canton, and shall very soon give
their names in glaring caritals. In the
list w ill probably be the names ot men in
public business Men who make open
nrofesBions of Christianity, and who are
just now loud mouthed patriots, butal
wavs heretofore opposed their own coum
trv wiaen tnuaired in witr ' with a forolgn
(no. As publisher of the
Stark Count v Democrat wc have ever exer
cised tin t wholesome, nnd invaluable
right of freely publishing our sentiments
and views, nnd shall endeavor to contin-
ncjodo- io rowuyi.sm nor i.nieais io
lynch will be likely to convert us to Abol
itionism. Anotiich or the sank. Mr. Livermors,
editor of the Troy, (N. V.) Xein, wns vim
ted by n committee, his office moblied, and
himself compelled to tnk refurc in Cana
da, for expressing himself too ficelyon
tho causes of our present troubles under
tho delusion that (his is a land of ' free
speech and a free profs." He publises a
statcmcn of the transaction in thoToronJ
to leader, that paper remarking as fol
" Tho letter wo print this morning from
the pen of a brother editor toils a tale that
should bring the blush of shame to the
cheek of every Northern man and will be
rend w ith astonishment by those on th e
other sldo of the Atlantic, who immagine
that mob law is peculiarly a Southern insti
tution. Here is accuse in which the con
doctor of a iorunal. for no other offence
than the moderate expression of honest
views, is compelled to abandon ins esiuo
lishment and flee to Canada for safety ; the
Mayor of the place confessing his inabil
ity to protect persons or property, and
tlie whole community passively acquiee
cinir in the outrageous proceeding of a Vi-
ciianco Committee. This accurs, remem..
Ber, not in South Carolina, nor in Alabam-,
a, nor in far-ofl 1 exas, but m the Stale or,
New York and in the - Northern City of
. ... : i: :. i.. r.
Anu ino re ugJ""'' "
ronto to day, a living exemplification of
ir Althouch no call has bcon mado on
California for troops, a comj)any of miners
win ornm .r v. , - "
nas oeen lormeu i"r mmiue..v. ciuh iuk
a regiment of 1,000 mcu for tho war. P
Debate in ths British Parliament on
Knahnxl Iimarth the Korth and .,. AW
m ,rr.,v;,v,.... k.i;,i..j ,...
liights of II ar
Uur, hnglish files by the America at
Boston bring us full reports of the debate
in 1'iirliiimcnton American afl'airs.of which
tho telegraph has already furnished a brief
sketch. We make a few extracts :
"A I.AWril. HUX KAI'K."
Karl Granvillo announced, on behalf nf
the government, that a lawful hlwUuU
must be maintained by a nuilicienl force,
but it was not absolutely necessaiy to ren
der all ingress and egress impossible, but
to render it extremely diflicult. With
respect to other questions, he stated that
certain articles were clearly contraband of
war, but that certain other articles depen
ded upon special circumstances and con-,
tingencits, which could only be decided
by a pri.c court, and which it was impos
sible to delino beforehand.
vikws of the EARr, or nr.nuv.
Now, wo knew perfectly well that it is
not in the power of tho Northern States,
if their r.vy were three Hints as powerlul , ,n,-r, y, v a Miorrei power, nny Kng
asit is, to effectually blockade all these ' lis,,aii aiding them bv fitting out a pri -ports.
There is no doubt they might eN vateer against the federal government,
tcctually blwkado this, or the other port, 14.()(',) ll0 jmf,tj hcauiltii 4 piracy.
and that would be a blockade which wo i '..
siiiiuju uq oounu m icciiinr; L'uii i yyj
think it is very impot taut that her Ma
i i i i. i : i ... i
jesty's government timtld not eommit tkmi-
selves to the dartrine that the United States are
,o layawnpnn tptcoja umeemn ouxwae ,
that that umeerml blockade would be rcentnmcu ,
. i .i f fi.ij
In her Miiwstu s aoeeriiweid. and that all her !
Majesty's suljects who might choose to
disregard it would be liable to penal con
sequences. Hear, hear. I apprehend
thet to make them so liable the blockade
iiui-t bo one tho validity ol whic't has
been recognized by their government. It
is important, therefore, thnt her Majesty's
government should come to a clear under
standing with the govemn ent of the Un
iled States that a mere paper blockade, or
. . i . i i ,
it is physically mipossii.lo l.ai an euceiii-I
al blockade can be nppl.ed, wd not he rec-
oniMirei asi-altd by th,s country Hear.)
ino oilier poiui is ono o , pern-ips, sin
greater importance. A noble nnd learned
lord was understood to say a tew days sco,
that by the l;iv of nations privateering
was piracy, and that, consequently, the
northern States would be perfectly justi
fied in carrying out their threat to tront
all privntecring as piracy, nnd visiting it
with capital punishment. I apprehend
that ll mere is one tiling clearer man ono
thor, it is that by tho law of nations ;im-r
tffrnm i tint niVn'M Tiu 110 rnacmfmit on the
part of any one. nation can make that piracy as
regards the subjects oj anotner country, which is
nut piracy by tlie. laws nf tuitions, or by the law
nf thut country. Tho Northern States, there-
lore, must not be allowed to entertain tho
opinion although it mny be right that
wo should warn JMilisli subjects mat it
they should engage in privateering expo j
lit ions they will not bo entitled to claim
the protection of their government that my pickets, bringing their women nnd
they are at liberty so to strain the law as ' cuildrcn. Of course these cannot be dealt
to convert privntecring into piracy and with upon the theory upon which I de
visit it with death. Che punishment un turned to treat tho services of able-bodied
dersuch circumstances of persons entitled
to her Majesty a protection would not be my linos, nnd ol which t gave you a de-rien-ed
with indiH'erence, but would reetiee. the tailed account in my last (li patch. I am
most Striou ; consideration by tins country. Jt is
right, on the one hand, that the people of
this country should be warned of the ptr-
il of engaging in privateering unuertaK- men, Willi ineir ennui-en, in entire tann
ings ; but it is essentially necessary, on tho lies, each family belonging to the same
other, that tho Northern Stales bhould not
bo induced to rely upon our forbearance employ, as 1 can dp very profitably, the
with regard to tho violation of the law of able-bodied persons in the party, issuing
nations by visiting privateering with a proper goods for t'ao support of all, and
pemiltv that is not attached to it by that charging against their services tho expense
jaw. llear. 'oftbocare and sustenance of the non-lu
ll is said thut the Northern Slates treat boiers, kcciing a strict and accurate ac
the Southern Confederacy, not ns having count, as well of the services ns of the ex
ilic rights of belligerents, but as rebels, jienditures, having the worth of the servi
whosc nets will be visited with all tho pen' cis and tho cost of the. expenditure, as
allies ot high treason, including capital determined by the board of survey bcreaf
punishment. Td that is vol a doctrine we ter to be detailed. I know of no oilier
admit, because, we have declared that the Nmdh- ' manner in which to disjiose of th'iB subject
em Sttites are entitledto the rights of Icligrrent. 'and the questions connected therewith.
The Northern Slates, on the'other hand, cannot' As a matter of propel ly to the insurgents,
lie entitled tn claim the rights of belligerents for it will beol very great niomeni ino num
thcmselres, and, on theoikcr, intreat the S uth- I er thnt I now have amounting, as lam
em Mates not as helliger ids, but as rebels. 'informed, to what, in good times, would
These are the two points upon which it is be of the value of sixty thousand dollars,
most desirable that a clear understanding t Twelve of those negroes, 1 am informed,
should bo coma to between her Majesty's have escaped from tho erection of tho bali
Ministers and the governmentof the Uni- j teries atSewall's Toinl, which this morn
ted States first, that, we cannot recognize ing fired ujwn my expedition as itjpusscd
"n?i. "I7i.'i si.tM mnv be able to
enforce: and secondly, thai wo cannot. re
the doctrine thai, by any procla-
' mntion or enactment, tho Nortlmru States
i . . n....:ni ii,n Sinutiiprn I .on
iiayep.mc. . h " "" Y-;"" .
federation to treat privateering m piracy,
and to visit iljwitli death.
I.ORD BROIT.0AM OS rniVATITRIMi
rrivatcering. however much it might bo
reprehended, was undoubted, in the ease
of rccngnixd belligerents, not piracy according
to the live of nations, as that law was at jres
ent understood nnd administered; bid. if
any pe'-'80ni' subjects of this country, fit
ted out a vessel ngainst another country
with which wo were at peacv, thnt in itself
constituted a piratical act, and he was
clearly of opinion that the )erson to act
ing would have only themselves to blame
if after full warning they entered upon
that cour-e. Taking into aocount tho
great changes and improvements in all
the applinr.ccs of warlaro which had of
late years taken place, we should hold that
coal might bo looked upon as amounting
" J bolliR(M.cnts to be used in warfare
, le n)i ht mld Uiat he
,.encurred in thoopinion thst it
to contraband or war, n lurnisucu vu vim
. entireii 'i
WM not necessary
that a blockade, in or-
der to be looked upon as effective, should
be of suoh a nature as to render acccis to
any part of tho coast impossible, but that
it would be sufficient to constitute it a real
',-,,,,.. Uiat it prccidcd the existence
. . . rArirrP
J of any reasonable chance of entrance
ax explanation demanded.
I'oru Chelmsford said he wished to bring
the opinion to which his noble nnd learn-
0(1 mend had
civen expression to a test.
TiO Iaiv federated States of Amcrim trrr. nilmit-
tedby Iter Majesty's government to he entitled to
exercise the. rights nf a belligerent power. This
being so, he should wish to know from his
noble and learred friend whether he
meant to contend that if an English ship
were commissioned by those States, nnd
fitted out as a privateer i. gainst the feder
al government, hrr rm.v w.-'J. nj.i
such circumstances, lie guilty of piracy.
British suljects so engaged would, no
doubt, be answerablo to the laws of tneir
own country : but it was perfectly clear
thnt, in accordance with the principles of
international law, they would not le liable to
be treated at pirates. That warning should
bo given to Knglish seamen by means of
the proclamation was, of course, a most
useful and necessary step, and if after that
warning they would engage in such expe
ditions as those to which he was referring,
they must, of course, take the consequen
ces r,f their conduct. If, he miehtadd.
the Southern Confederacy had not been ue
I The Lord Chancellor said his nolle
friend, the President of the Council, had
laid down the law on the point at issue with
perlecl cot redness, if, utter the publish
j of ,e n. ,,,.,.,,.,, ioM, ny Kn
i- i, ...t.:.., .. ,i .. .
' j lish subject were to enter into the service
ot either ol the. ticlligercnts on the other side oj
tlic Atlantic, there could be no doubt that
the person so acting would bo liable to be
punished for a violation of the laws of his
own country, nnd would hive no right to
claim her protection to shield him from
any consequences which might arise.
There could,, however, at the same time,
bo no doubt thnt he ought not to be re
guarded at a pirnte for acting under a com-
mission issued by a State admitted to bo
cntitlc(I (Q , t.xe,.(.ise of hclliuerent
M)U carl. yi on ,vhut mi ht be
M ft j(is7,())( M(vm Any M deg,in
nnder (ho.0 circumgt(inces ns
t j .(uUinir llim to ,lenll. wouid-
lie contended, be guilty ot murder. Hear,
What to do.with t'-.e Slaves.
General Butler's despatches to Lieulen
ant General Scott, asking for instructions
s to tho disposition of the fugitive slavos
j that have come into his quarters at For-
I I I'iKt Nfnfii'ii niinnt III, n (inn nnn.linn r.l'
no trilling magnitude. Gen. Butler says;
"Since 1 wroto my last dispatch, the
question in regard to slave property is be-
coming oue ot very serious magnitude.
The inhabitants of Virginia arousing their
negroes in the batteries, :ml are preparing
to scud tlie women and children South.
The escapes from them aro very numerous,
nnd a squad lias come m this morning to
men nnd women who might como within
in the utmost doubt wluil to do with tins
species of property. Up to this time I have
had come within my lines men anil wo.-
owner. 1 have, tlieietire, determined to
1 therefore, in tho enemy's hands, those no.
able-bodied, aro of tho lust
importance. ithoul lliem uie iiatiories
could not have been erected, at least for
weeks. As n military question it
., ,A i,n mousme of necessitv
to depriv their masters or their services
Humu i" v. .... ----
How can this bo doner As a a political
juestion and a question o! humanity, can
j rC(.eivc the services of a father and moth
er, sni noi iaK me nm'" vi
humanitarian aspect there is no doubt; of
the political one'l hnvo no right to judge.
1 therefore submit all this to your better
. . I. n 1 . . I . I .. n T 111 .l,A
judgment. As these questions have a jio-
litical nsjiect, l nave teniuira, '" nuui
1 am not wrong in so doing, to dedicate
the parts of my dispatch relating to this
subject, and forward them to tho Secreta
ry of War."
Tho whole subject, it seems, was then
submitted lo tho President, and by him
to his Cabiuct, which resulted in tho trans
mission of the following lettor of apjrovnl
and instruction lo General Butler:
Was lsrARms.NT, Wabbinoto.n, 1
; May 30, 1801. -.
Sia: lour action in respect to tlie ne
t-roes who come within your lines from
the service of the rebels is approved. Tho
department is sensible or the embarrass
ments which must surround officers con.
ductina military operations in a state by
the laws of which slavery is sanctioned.
The government cannot recognize the re
$1 25 per Annum, if paid in advance
SERIES VOL. I.-NO 46. '
jection by any slate of its Federal obliga-
"""i uu'Tvcr, nu ijiiu emi oo more im
portant than that of suppressing and dis
persing armed combinations formed for
the purpose of overthrowinir its whole
constitutional authority. While, there-
iore, you win permit no interference, by
tho persons under your command, withi
the relations of persons held to service
under tho laws of nny state, you will ori
the other ha id, so long at any State with
in wh'eh your military operations are coil
viuuuiu le uiiuer mo control ot armed or
ganizations, refrain from surrendering to
nlledged masters nny jiersons who may
come within your lines. You will emulov
such persons ir. the servico to which they
may be best adapted, keepine an aeeoufit
of the labor by them performed, of tho
value ot it, and or the expenses of their
maintenance. The question of their final
disjiosition will be reserved for futuro de
S. CAM KROX, Sec'y of War;
To Miijor-General Butler.
Jefferson Davis' Fast Day Procfamatiori.
to the rEoi'LE or mt confederate states.'
When a people who recognize their de
pendence upon God feel themselves sur
rounded by perils and difficulty, it be
comes them to humble themselves under
the dispensation of Divine Providence, to
recognize His righteous government, to
acknowledge His goodness in times fast,
and supplicate, his merciful protection for
The manifest proofs of tho Divine bios
sing hitherto ox tended to the.ell'or'-s of
the people of tho Confedoruto Stales of
America to maintain and perpetuate public
liberty, individual rights and national in
dependence, demand their devout and
heartfelt gratitudo. It becomes them to
give public manifestations oft his gratitude
and of their dependence on the .ludgo of
all the luirth, and to invoke tho continu
ance of His favor. Knowing that none'
but a juht and righteous cause can gain
the Divine favor, wo would iiuploro tho
Lord of Hosls to guide and direct o'uV
jwliey in the paths of right, duty, justico
and mercy ; lo unite our hearts and our
efforts for the defence of our dearest rigli'ls,
to strengthen our weakness, crown our
arms with success, and enable us to securer
a speedy, just and honorable peace.
To these cnln, and in conformity with
tho request of Congress, I invite the peo
ple of tho Confederate States to Ihe obser
vance of r. day of fasting and prayer, by
such religious services as may be suitable
for the oeension.-nnd I recommend Thurs-'
day, tho 13th day of Juno next, for that
jiurposo ; nnd that we mny all on that day,
with one accord, join in humble and rev
erential approach to Him in whose hands
we nro, invoking him to inspire us with" a!
proper spirit and temper of heart and
mind to bear our evils, to bless us with
His favor nnd jirotection, nnd to bestow
His gracious benediction upon our gov
ernment And country.
. JEFFERSON DAVIS."
li. Toom us, Secretary ot State.
Who is "Bti kt" Neai.? Extract from1
a privnto letter dated Philadelphia, May
"I have jul received the Dispatch, of
Saturday last, giving Charles M. Neat art"
overhauling. The editor states ho does
not know "Nenl." For his information. I
will stido that it- is "Bucky Nenl : the
snapper:" and for Ihe Information of Pitts
burz readers, I will stn(6 thut tho "sirttf'
pers,'1 was tliu name of the rioting party
of a lighting fire-company railled under,-
some yenrs kince.
"Bucky was at sea when a boy, and
fell from aloft injniimgone of his limbs
lo such an extent that ho has boon latno
since, Uo had a brotln-r killed in aright
on a steamboat in tho Delaware, a feiv
"1 do think thai tho Governor, whatever
his own merits may be, has been and is
surrounded by a most cotrupt crew of
speculators ; and it docs Neal no injustice
to say that his moral worth, or modosty
has not prevented him from being one ot
the "tiuee.n's Guards." Curlin went for
l ucky for Navy agont at tnis port, but
Alex. Cunnnings wanted his brothor-in-law,
(and one of the proprietors of thV
liutetin.) Jim Chambers, n that position
And in eonsoquenee of Cummings stick
ing so closely to Cameron, he socured the
appointment for his protege Chambers, and
fiiir.HX ..'MA.&lKwW itt'" Wl InPstiVne h,
nus homing as ho doei row the office
of City Commissioner, at a handsome sal
ary. But tho Governor thought thai Neal '
must be additionally provide for, nnd as
he failed in securing for him IU berth of
Navy Agent, he appointed himStu.cagPnt '
to purchase clothing for the sold..rstt
position which lio lias most unwonhjiy
filled, if thestntetiionts of tho Dispa'ch an
reliable. Some of these fellows will gn
their due Leforo they die, and if Hey do
not the li I w ill get mem iieroauermost
assuredly. Tho patriotic fund aid aof
dier's comfort mustnot ho tamperel nith.
A Now Jlamshiro Kegiment passed
through the city this morning, fully amcd
nnd equipped, and taking army wa0r)!i ,
with them. nttsburg Dispatch.
Wuts a man of sonso comes to mrj
it is a companion he wants, not an artis.
It is not merely a creatuic vi ho can play,
sing nnd danco it w a being who ctt
comfort and counsel him one who cao'
reason and reflect, and feel and judge,
and discourse and discriminate one who ,
can assist him in his aflairs, lighten his
sorrows, purify his joy, strengthen bis
jiriiiciplos and eduaito his children. Shsi '
is lha woman who is fit for mother and
mistress of a family. A woman of tho
foimer description may occasionally fig
ure in a drawing room, and attract tllo ad
miration of tho company ; but she is en
tirely unfit fer a nelpuite to man, or tt
train up a child in tho way it should (