Newspaper Page Text
feY 0. B OO0DLANDER & CO.
VOI.. XXXI. WHOM NO 10,57.
.Sflcd y octvn,
lii'ly who propofpd to w.-nr itie Palri,
lloetto of lied White nnd lilue.
KY lUVIIl I'AI t. IIIIUUN.
ill c Hue, J oil beaut i imlurea gilt,
forever fresh nnd now,
V011 bear diihiy'd iihiii your fur.
The lied, the While and llluc.
Vuiir fuir i'oiii'lisi"ii i the While,
Yniir eves nf siro line:
Tbo ruse iliut iniuitlx en your ehoek
iileie White, Ken uu iiiuc.
, cl.tr bv nature tVumc'-l
! trornn artifu-inl luron.
And, n u 1 11 re d by Ihe muile of hea n,
Through tiniciinil change endure".
' lint .should your bright cuiiiilexion fade,
1 (jU,- eye forget to benm,
And nil the lienuliri of the roc,
1'rove fleeting a a dream;
Mill fur beyond nil outward tdii.w
That cnplivutcf t')e eye,
Within your gentle boroni gluw
Virtues that never die.
': Tne patriotic heart is ever there,
Change colora as they will,
' In wnr 'jr peace, hopo or despair,
! True to your country Mill,
Charge of Murat at Eylau.
It 5 at K.yliiu that Mural always appear
in his most terrible aspect. This u.illlc,
fought in mid winter, in ISuT, was the
most inipoi tanl timl bloody one that had
tlicn cetirrcd. France ami Russia had
Iievci tloreo osei sucu nrengiii toeacn
oilier, and a complete victory on either (o,.i0) ,,ut )uI1 r kindliness ami .devoid of
would havhcti led the late ol hurop; I 0I1VV 1Ie ,vil; beiove 0-otlprfc sl0,.it., to
pnnaparte. remained in pscsMon ol the haM M ma.ve:iolls a,, i,e rolltog of ,lim.
li. ld, and that was al. ; no Victory was ever 8ulr ,lml Rivc lliptn entire ,.r0(lil fo. nny
.e ? , lJ" ,. . , ., I species of impossible adventure to w hich
Jl'cti. d ot Kylau was covered "it (f10V Im,v lav claim. His-mind is at once
lt,ow and the little ponds that lay scat- w, umvnuilhv, vet bin-ularlv
kred over it were Irocn sutticicntly hard lnQ fmm ,u,,i(.icn. Tllc stupidest stiick
to War the artillc. v. Scvcnly.onc tl.ous- u.r wj j.j, f.lith ., (Jowive in
and men on one sale, and eighty.fivc thou- Ul),i to 0 s0 pvcn wit)l KUiJM,,11IC,nt imt,.
fcwid on tlie other, niose horn the lrT).en 'nitVi ror l,c does not know what it is to
hold on which they had ulepl the night ol 1 1().(ir pn.iurini; malicp. In M.ite of (hi
February, wjlbout tent or covering, to bovish simpiu itv. however, he is tin
battle lor a continent. Augurea. on the ni:ltcliol in invention and resources. II j
kit, was utteily routed in the niorning.- W01),(l Iivei and livc wvU v wto ipj,enuilv
Advancing thro-jgli a tncw storm no thick :tselt- ,vouI(l tUvvc H(? ,voul(1 guocppi,
he could not see tho enemy, the Russian where lvis(iom ant CXpericn,.e incarnate
chiiivmi mowed down his ranks with their ,Votild fail. He is brave to rashness, nn..
dcMrucUvo tire, nhde ihat.ossack sav.il ry, Pel)isI, to chivalry, unexaeting. jrood-hti.
In. Ii were ordered to charge, camo thun-1 MQVi,tli ,Pll(iv t0 oi,;,.,, cr ilssjst ot1Pr5 to
neni.fc- on, almost i.mi.ig tne r -encn in- A
ii 1 1 1 t " i i 1 1 i . 1 1 1 1 ' u ,u i' k laii'ii nn:
vsr-i visible, tliroui-'li tho storm.
Juimned in ana overthrown, the whole i
du isiini, eiiinposfd of li'i.lHKl men, .villi '
Ihe cxei-ptn.ni i 1,1"", weie cnpiuiea or
h.n. .lust l!u n the snow storm-clearing
Op. revealed to Napoleon tho peril lo
which bo was brought, and he immediate
fy ordered a grand charge by the Impel i ial
Guard and the whole cavalry. Nothing
uns furtnor irom Jonapaiies wi.-iies or , you t,)nVc ol him the : more he "vill annie ,1C murage to lay hands on him. A par.
expectation, tlian the bringing of his re- yOU nn( t,e mre y0U w iPnrn to love (y t, tie saine tripe surrounded Mr. Mr
ervc into the engiigenient r.t this early :ul admire him the reckless, provoking, i;ieor's house in Canton, in which were
kU gf of the battle, but there was no Other
resource left him
Murat sustained his high reputation on
thin occasion, and proccJ himself, for the
hundredth time, worthy of the great con
fidence Najsulcon placed in him. Nothing
could be mors imposing than th battle
field at this moment. Konaparle and ine
ne i i at i i s moment, ixtiiiipjino mm .u--
Kmi.ire trembled :n the bdanc-, while
E at prepared to lead down his cavalry
, atV.h in. Seventy squadrons, mak.
ing in all U,fMMt well mounted men, be
gan to move over the slope, with theUhl
Guard marcliing sternly behind.
, Honaparte, it is saio1, vris moie agitated
t this ci iis than when, a moment before,
he was so near being captured by the Ltis
tians. Hut as he saw those seventy squad
rons eome down on a plunging trot, pres
ing hard after the w hite plume of Murat,
that streamed through the snow storm
tar in front, smile passed over his coun
tenance. 5 The earth groaned and trembled as they
tiftsspd. and the sabres love the bark and
anjrrv mass below looked like the foam of.
sea wave as its crest breaks on the ueep.
The rattling of their armor and the muf
fled thunder of their tread drowned all
the roar of tho battle, as with firm, set
may, nnd swift, steady notion they bore
down with their terrible front on the foe.
The f-hock of that immense host was
like a falling mountain, nnd the front
hue ol the Russian army tell like frost
work before it. Then commenced a pro
tracted fight of hand to hand, nnd sword
to sword, as in the cavalry action at h
imihi. The clashing of steul was like the
ring of countless hammers, nnd horses
nnd riders were blended in wild confusion
together: the Russian reserve were order
ed up, and on these Murat fell with his
fierce horsemen, crushing and trampling
them down by thousands. Hut thecbsti
lute Russians disdained to fly, and rallied
again and again, 50 that it was no longer
cavalry charging on infantry, but squad
rons ol horse "al loping throucii broiten
.hosts that, gathering into knots, still dis
puted, with unparalleled bravery, the red
and rent field. ,
J It was during this fight that Mural was
een to perform one of those daring deeds
j for which he was so renowned. Kxciled
to the highest pitch of passnn by the ob
sUc.lc8 that opposed him, he seemed en
i dowed with ten fold strength, nd looked
; more like a superhuman being treading
down helpless mortals, thi!i an ordinary
man. Amid tho roar of artillery, and
rattlinir of muskotrv. nnd falling of sabre
"strokes like lightning about him, that
i loftv whi nlumo never once went down,
(while ever and anon it was seen glaring
through the t moke of battle, tne star oi
v hope to Napolson, and showing that his
'right arm' was still uplifted, and striking
s for victory.
! He raed like an unloosed lion among
I i he loe ; anU his eyes, always ternoie in
battle, burnvd with increasod lustre,
hile his clear and ileady voice, heard
above (ho turmoil of strife, was north
more than a thousand lrtuprt to cheer
on his followers. At length, seeing a
knot of Russian soldiers that for a long
time hail kept up a devouring liro upon
hit men, ho wheeled lm horsei and drove
in full gallop upon their levelled muskets
A few of his guards, that never allowed
that white plume to leave their Right,
charged after him. Without waiting to
count his foes, ho seized his bridle in hi
teeth, find with Ii is pistol in one hand and
his sword in the other, burst in heailloni!
I fury upon them, and scattered them us if
in hurricane had swept hy, Murat vas a
I thunderbolt on lint day, and the deeds
j thai were wrought hy him will turnih
j everlasting themes for Die toet and the
Till. I'l! r.Nt'll Zol'AVK IN THK. (.'ltl.MllA.
Mr. Willis, in last week's I loin..' Jour
nal, reproduces some, parages from a re
cent woik of an English ollieer on the.
War in tho Crimea, not ycl republished
liete. In these days of military prepara
tion, and imitation of the Zoiiavo drill the
writer' description of tho French Zouavo
in tho Crimea in readable :
a ( 1 mors sti'UV.
"The Zouavo in a snail, fine-featured
man. rather loosely put together. lie
has that expression of face w hich prepares
you at once for any cool, intrepid, harm
less piece of impudence. 1 fay harmlci.s,
for anions friends he is soft-hearted as a
,vn,.ln ,.. i.nK 1,.u ia i ....
,le;.Pt ,lulis inexpressibly graceful tnu
w.nnin2 but lie must lie humored tor i,e
. Ii IIIIIJMMt. UUI II Mil Mill mil. "Mb
. .;n i,rjn t0 i.,prt nbout '. .m,.it V,n, ;
r: ,,, ;,,i,.s' nnd then nothing in the j
no,i,i , to be ione with linn until ho n
',ai.jnc,i word, however, will pacifv
'. ttm 1 bpliove a single kindness would
,OU(,, ,;s ;,P11Prnns heart more, than
yeal-s 0f wrong injury or ing.rittide.
'He U a cuiioui studv, but the. more
gallant, sham-wilted dare devil.
II IS THICHf".
" lie is the good-humored
ir 11 ti.I.niit In nn ilmi-in' ,
. . ....
T I n .1 ..Tn. ..nnl.limnnl In firt '
1111.-, Hill li" - , - -
it is a positive temptation to him to do
HTf,n. even w Iitc there is no other. He
. ,i.i I ,i
f rwn up !ji,n, a s reel boy dies-ed
in man s clothes, and longmg to forget
nsdig..,ty, and Inve a ganw a V
tosi. or lean-fro". He is an artful dodg
cr, masquerading with his tongue in
his cheek, ntid laughing at the company.
"He has a strange, wild, rakish, good
natured face ; the longer you look at him
the more vou believe in his good nature,
and doubt of everything else nbcut him.
He is dirty to adegree, and even slovenly,
except at particular times, when his dress
becomes strangely attractive and brilliant.
His immense moustaches are rusty 'iom
want of care one turns up and the other
turns down. If you are a person in au
thority he will begin to twirl those when
you talk to him. as a ready resource
to cover his eon fusion at being detected in
escapde. He is always in a scrape, yet
you, cannot be angry villi him that is
altogether impossible; for his troubles
are as absurd as lhoe of an Irishman al a
fair, aud his doings, however reprehensi
ble, ire sure to be mixed up with some ir
resistible piece of fun, winch absolutely
strikes you speechless before you can be
gin a reprimand. While you are prepar
ing to speak to him in a voice of thunder,
he suddenly chokes you with laughter at
his keen wit, or astounding unconscious
impudence, or his consummate acting of
"Vou internally acknowledge that your
dignity ns a commanding officer can only
be preserved by biting firmly into your
cigar, and retiring, ns promptly as possi
ble, to a place where you can convenient
Iv cive play lo vour risible muscles with
out brinsin; discipline and the interests
.... . , n-L -
of the service into onen contempt, ine
rogue understands this perfectly, and in
mute of his assumed bashfulness; nothing
IS SO reassuring wo nini'i, .nin .. una
been at any michief, thin a summons in
to the actual presence of his comtnanJing
nffieer -. lie knows that the came is won
In .i liiin 1.A Vila
then, for it would bo a shrewil colonel,
indeed, that would catch him tripping.
4 Though a ready and useful soldier when
any real fighting is to be dor.e, he is quite
hopeless on parade. He has a genius for
anything you like, except the theoretical
part of his profession, l'erpnp tie knows,
for to well, that campaigning really is to
attach too much importance to it, and se
cretly lotos drilling and reviewing a bore
of no common magnitude. He would do
anything in the world for an officer that
knowi how to lead him ; but drilling and
orderly conduct are really too much for
"His dwelling, whether tent, or bar
racks, or hovel, is a perfect muddle of
cIjKakkikld, Wednesday, jink 12, iar,i.
tiange contrivances. 1 1 o has none of
the neatness, precision and art of stowing
away things which usually characterizes a
soldier or sailor ; w hen ho has dono with
anvthiiu' be thmvi-s it. ilmeti nn il fni-i'ets
nit fibrinf it fltoiK.I, tin ...in. u-fiiil it ai.nln I
ten minutes afterwards, ilo will apply
things in tho most remarkable manner,
and without the smallest regard for tho
mirposo for which they wore intended ;
lie would think nothing of drinking bran
dy out of a powder flask, and keeping
ammunition in a ?aucu pan. Ho would
carry a cutlet in his turban, and a pair of
shoes in a basket, without the least idea
of unfitness of place in either case ; and
his vanity would prompt him to she!
away cttilut, t.hoen, Uisketand all, in meie
gaiety of heart, and to show his excellence
as a forager.
"lie is wonderful as a cook, tailot, cob
bler, washerwoman ; but he usually ap
plies all these gifts for the benefit of any
body but himself. 'J'o pleaso a virtmJitn;
or an ollicci's wile, who knows how to
manage him, he would sit up till night,
and give up a petH tufr to mind her ba
by. He would turn carpenter, bhck.smith,
housemaid, for her, tvilhcUil energy,
good will and success. Ho would risk his
life to cull her a nosegay under the ene
my's guns, or to bring her some coffee
from a shop in Sobastapol.
"I ioing into Sebastapol; indeed, is his
favorite exploit. ju--t now. It is idle to at-
j tempt to look alter him ; so he disappears
whenever it suits him. Jle dresses him
self in some Russian uniform, found on
tho field of battle, and joining some de
serter, with wham he has contracted a
iiudden but affectionate Iriendship, they
lay in wa:t, and bide their time. Wlu-n
there is a soi tie, they join the retreating
l!unsiani and enter the town with them.
If they arc interrogated, they feign to be
drunk or stupid ; their Russian compan
ions get tl cm out of the scrape, for many
of them return sound ami unharmed with
sotno indisputable t 'ophy of their daring ;
but many others, prolubly, fall victims in
some way to such inconceivable te
merity. It would be a stem man. howev
er, even for a Russian, who could hang a
Zouave; and it must be a bad busines,
indeed, if he could not satisfy anybody
who could speak French of the purity of
his motives, and in all probability, tuin
his intended punishment into a r:ward.
The tales they tell about themselves, in
deed, when they do come back, are far
more extraordinary than all the stories
of Huron Munchausen nut together."
Mor.r.iM; a 1)kuockatic Kkitor ami his
Famii.v. A eowardly mob of Hlaek Re
publicans attaeted Mr. MiHlregor, the edi
tor of the .Stark County IVnwcrat, at Mas
silon, 'hio and endeavored lo lynch him.
Mr. McGregor took refugo in tho Mayor's
office, whence he whs driven out of tewn
in a carriattc follovcd bv a hooting and
yelling multitude, who, however, iiad not
i,js tvifennd little children, in his aUencc,
and frightened them el course, consideta
bly. After all this ruanl) performance
', - .:..
In reference to this em
nhatio ..illustration of the "I
phatic jillustration ol the 'Tarty ol tree
speech," the Jhmocrat says ,
"We know the names of some, of the
leaders in this outrageous affair, and regret
to say that our men of property and have
families and ought to fenluii interest in
preserving good order and respecting per
sons and property. Wo are gradually
set tine the names of the cowatdly insti
gators of the mobbing and the lynching
code in Canton, and shah very soon give
their names in glaring capitals. In the
list w ill probably be the names of men in
nublic businessMen who make open
professions of Christianity, and who are
iust now- lond mouthed patriots, butal-
wavs heretofore opposed their own coun
ti v wi-.cn tncaired in war with a foroign
foe. As publisher of the
Si nek Countv Democrat wo have ever exer
cised thft whole.-ome and invaluable
right of freely publishing our sentiments
anl views, and shall endeavor to enmui
'lie ao do- No rowtlvism nor "meats
lynch will be likely to convert us to Abol
AsoTiim on the s.mr.. Mr. Livermors,
editor of the. Troy, (N. Y.) JWim, was visi
ted by a committee, his office mobbed, and
himself compelled to take refuge in Cana
da, for expressing himself tco freely on
the causes of our prosent troubles under
the delusion that (his is a land of "free
speech and a free pr.-iss." He publiscs a
statemen of the transaction in thoToron.
to Leader, that paper remarking as fol
"The letter we print this morning from
the pen of a brother 'editor tells r tale that
should brii'g the. blush of shame to the
check of every Northern man and will be
read with astonishment by those on th e
other side of the Atlantic, who immagine
that mob law is peculiarly a. Southern insti
tution. Here is aTcase in which the con
ductor of a jorunal, for no other offence
than the moderate expression of honest
views, is compelled to abandon hr estab
lishment and flee to Canada for safet y ; the
Mayor of the place confessing his inabil
ity to protect persons or property, nnd
the whole community passively ncquies
cing in the outrageous proceeding of a Vi-
ciiance Commit b?e. This accurs, reraem..
bcr.notin South Carolina, norm Aianam
a, norm ur-oi lexas, o.n m me cu, vt
New York and in the Northern Oily or.
Troy. And the refugee journalist is inlo-,
. . . ... .
ronto iu unj , ... ..-w.-i
1, iiiii,.ui;ii uu i.i vv.. .......u ....
California fo? troops, a company of miners
haa been formed for arming and equipping
a regiment of J,i.w men lor the war.
Debaio in th? British Parliament on I
i Jilli!!'rniUJ'r;,at,(rf EntithJ
Jinjltti oj It ur.
tlur Knghsh files by the America at
Hoslon bring us full reports of the debate
in I'arliaiiicnton American atl'airs.of which
the teiegrapli has already furni.shd a brief
nkclch. We make a few extracts ;
"A I.IWII I, lU.OCKAIlK."
J-jirl I iranvillu announced, on behalf of
the government, that a lawful blockade
must be maintained by a sufficient force,
but it was not absolutely necessity to ren
der all ingress and egress impossible, but
to lender it extremely difficult. With
respect to other questions, lie. stated that
certain articles were clearly contraband of
war, but that certain other articles depen
ded upon special circumstance and con
tingencies, which could only bo decided
by a prize court, and which it, was impos
sible to define beforehand.
VIKWB 01' TUB KAKI, Or llKRUV.
Now, wo knew perfectly well that it is
i oi in u.e power ot mo Northern Males :
as it is, to cllectually blockade all these l1(,1Illall ui.ii,,g tiiel by fitting out a pA
ports. I hero is no doubt they might cN , vnteer against, the federal government,
l'"' '-"' l"'i', ,
and that would be a blockade which we
should be bound to recognize; but I do
think it is very important that her Ma
jesty's government thuuht ,ief commit them
selves to the duetrine that the l.'nited States are
In lay dovn the. principle, of a universal blockade.
that that universal blockade would be rccoai:ed
i i . i, , , . , i .i . ii i on" "uiNi-ui neiB lur ucr lino i te. i vice
tji her Miijesl'i k qovemwent, and that tt I her i , ,, J f ,, , , ,, .,
, ' ,, , , ot i ithcr of the Ullt'ercnts on the other side ut
Ma est" s sul eels who might choose to ,; . .' ' , ,, , , : ,.
i -. ill ill . i i Atlanta-, there could be no doubt tnat
diH-egard it would be 1ml. e to ,,enal con thfi ; ,
u TZ 1 : L"r i1. . "ll;leliC,,11 I punished for a violation of the laws of his
hat to make them so liable he blockade lown BnJ ,j j . ,
must be one the validity ot wine1! has . , . ' , ,- , . . ,, . . b..
, i i .i . .. claim her protection to shield him from
been recognueu lv their governnient. Ill, ' ... - . ,
,r . ,, ,,P , . . . , i any conseiiucnecs which might nriee.
is important, therefore, that her Maiesty s ri, i .. .i
1 ', ,, ' . . J !1 here could, however, at the same tunc,
government should come lo a clear under- . . , . , , , .
standing witii the government of the l"n
ited Sia'.es thiit a mere paper blockade, or
a blockade extending over space to which
it is physically impossible that an effectu
al blockade can be applied, trill, not he rec
ognized as valid b;i this country. Hear.
The other point is one of, pcrhips, slill
greater iiiiporiancc. a nouie ami icarnea
lord was understood to cay a lew days ago,
lil.ii. i' I lie i.i-, i.i ii.iii.'i. i M.iiivui'f;
was piracv, and that, conse,iuently, the
1.,.t 1... fl.n 1..... .r ....Iw.r. .I.,," .InA....... .
noi I Lerr. States would be perfectly justi
fied in carrying out their threat lo treat
all privateering as
piracy, and visiting il
.i "iMiiii until...'. V"", I .linn. I 1
mat It mere is one iiimi-uieart i imuiii'iu-
thcr. it is that by the law of nations prie.t-;
' j ,
vari of an; me. nation can moke that mrac; as
rcmrds the s'djects of another country, vhich h
not piracy hy the lairs oj nations, or lo tic lav: question ill regard to slave property is be
of that coniitri. The Northern States, there- ' coming one ol very serious magnitude.
fore, must not be allowed to entertain the The inludiitants of Virginia are using their
opinion all hough il may be right thai negroes in the batteries, and are preparing
we should warn IiritLsh subjects that it
they should enj'ai'e in privateering cxpe- i
ditions they will nol be entitled to claim
the protection of their government tltat
they are at liberty so to strain the law as
o convert privateering into piracy and
visil it with death, the punishment tin-
dor such circumstances of persons entitled
to her Majesty a protection icM not he
viewed '( 'til tntittcrcncc, inn wouui rector ine
most serimi;ennsidi ral'un h this country. It is
right, on the one hand, that the people of
this country should be wai tied of the pt r-
il of ensauinz in privateering undertak-
ings ; but il is essentially necessary, on the
other, that the Northern States should not
be induced lo rely upon our forbearance
nith regard to the violation of the law- of
nations by visiting privateering with a
penalty that is not attached lo it by that
law. I Hear. 1
It is said that the Northern Stales treat
the Southern Confederacy, not as having
the rights of belligerents, but as rebels,
whose acts will be visited w ith all the pen
altie of high treason, including capital
Kiiiii-liitiimi Hut that is not a doctrine we
admit, because, i. e have declared that the South-
ern States are entitled lo the riyhu of heliujercnls.
Th.- Y'.,'n Slates, on the other hand, cannot
to ! be entitled lei claim the riyhts of bclHycrenls for
themselves, and, on the other, to treat the A ttfc I er that 1 now have amounting, as 1 am
em States not as belliyer nts, but as rebels. informed, to what, in good times, would
These are the two points upon which it is be of the value of sixty thousind dollars,
most desirable that a clear understanding Twelve of those negroes, 1 am informed,
should be come to between her Majesty' have escaped from the erection of the baU
Ministers and the government of the Uni- teries at Sewall's Toint, which this morn
tcd States first, that we capnot roeogni.c ing fired upon my expedition as it passed
nnv excent a really effective blockade , bv out of range. As a means of offence,
such as the Cnited States may be able to
enforce: and secondly, that wo cannot re
cognize the doctrine that, by any proela-
. . . . i v .1. t.' i ..
mut iii or unacimeui. mo .oi iiiei 11 oi.ucs
have nower as agairst the Southern Con-
federation to treat privateering as piiacy,
and to visit iljwith death.
. . . ...
Privateering, however much it might be
reprehended, was undoubted, in the ca-e .
of recoynixd Mlycro.ts, not piracy acvnlmy
to the hoe of nat,ons, as that law was at pr"s-1
ent understood and ndministcrcd ; but. in
any persons, subjects of this country, hi-
with which we were at pencw, that in ilsell
constituted a piratical act, and he was
clearly of opinion that the person so act
ing would have only themselves to blame
if after full warning they entered upon
.u.t ,-nnr-e. Takinu into" account the
ted OUl 1CSCI nillllSb nimuiri i.wm" J
great changes and improvements in all
1,1,0 appliances of warfaro which had of
late years taken place, we should hold that
coal might bo looked upon as amounting
to contraband Ol war, it lurnisnea to one
- ," . ,iiirnn, . i, ; warfum
r t i itii: ii.uik'.-
jnit tho othcr. He might add that he)
j concurred in the opinion thit it
nCces?ary that a bloc kade, in or-
"M ..... . t ,
. . l) jooKed upon as cnoctive, snouni
l,n of such a nature as lo render access to
any tart of the coast impossible, but luai
i . . . . A . - . i
it would Insufficient to cons itute it red
blockade, that it precluded the existence
( a '",v"""'" '
AN KM'I.ANATIOV HfMlMlKtl.
Lord Cht.lmslord said ho w-ished to bring
V'ir I'mift drratid Stat s of Aimrira were admit'
led hi her Mnje.tli't yorertiment In he entitled to
exercise, the riiht.i nj n he.lifii rent nwr. This
being so, ho should wish to know from his
noble and learned friend whether he
meant to contend that if an Knitliah shin
(were, commissioned by those States, and
titled out as a privateer ; gainst the feder
al government, her crcv would, under
such circumstances, lie guilty of piracy.
Hritish suljects to engaged would, no
doubt, be answerable to the laws ol loeir
own country ; tut it was perfectly clear
that, in accord auco with the principles of
international law, the; would not be liatdc to
be treated m pirate. That warning should
bo given tD Knglish seamen by means of
the proclamation was, of course, u most
useful and necessary step, and if after that
warning they would engage in such expe
ditions us those to w hich ho was referring,
they must, of course, take the const (men
ces cf their conduct. If, he miuht add.
tIju Southern Confederacy had ot been ,,c
uoulU. m (lout', hi nui ot n r.rv.
the Lord Clrmcellor said his nolle
friend, the ''resident of the Council, had
laid down the law on the point at issue with
perfect eoi redness. If, after the publish
ing of Ihe present proclamation, any Kng
. -.,.. . . , .,
guarded a a pirnto for acting under a com
mission issued by a State admitted to be
entitled to the exercise of belligerent
rights, md carrying on what might be
called a jiititm helium. Any body dealing
with a man under those circumstances as
a pirate and putting him to death would,
he contpndc(f ,,c ,lilty of lnur,lc
What to do with tie Slaves.
General Hutler's despatches to Lieuten
ant General Scott, asking for instruethne
, .. "
, . ,... .,,., ntn i - miirlers .it Kor-
tvin Monroe mienu itn :i now i,ie.'t lot. ol
I . . . .
no trilling magnitude. .en. Kutler says :
"Since I wrote mv lasl dispatch, the
(o send tho women and children outh.
The escapes from them are very numerous.
and a sipuid has come in this morning to
my pickets, bringing their women and
cuihlrcn. ui course these cannot tie dealt
with upon the theory upon which I de-
signed to treat the services of ahle-lodied
men and women who inighl come within
my line, and ot w hich I gave you a de-
tailed account in my last (ti.-paiun. i am
in the Utmost doubt what to do with this
species of property. Cp to this time I have
had come within mv lines men and wo-
men, w ith their children, in en'iro fami'
lies, each family U-longing to the same
owner. 1 have, theref ire, determined to
employ, as I can do very profitably, the
able-bodied persons in the party, issuing
proper goods for tho support ol all, and
charging against their services thecxpense
'of the care nnd sustenance of the non-la-
boiers, keeping a strict and accurate ac
count, as well of the services as of Ihe ex
penditures, having the worth of the servi
ces and the cost of the expenditure, as
determined by the board of survey hereaf
ter to be detailed. 1 know of no other
manner in w hich to dispose ol tins subject
and the questions connected therewith.
s a tan Iter of propel lv to the insurgents.
it will be of very great moment the mini-
' . l" I' . .. . I, a nnamv'i linnrla llian ti ...
U1L.I CIUI V, II. mi . ,,,,, " ......-, ...vj. v,
groes, when able-bodied, arc of the last
imnortance. Without them the batteries
i 1.1 A I.aam i.nil a1 n I 1 n i l I C.
. count ini nm ucvu viv..v-., ..v -i
many weeks. As i military question it
; would seem to bo a measure of necessity
to deprive their master of their services.
How can this be done? As a apolitical
I tiuestion and a question of humanity, can
,.. .orvif-es nf n futber ami mnl ...
Rnd not takc. the cj,ii,ircn? 0) tiie
,umanilarian abPCct there is no doubl ; of
ic ilicul onc'i i,avc no ri,,ltr (0 judge,
j thcrorore subn,it uu this to your better
jU(JgmPnt. Ag tllC9C questions have a po-
litical aspect, 1 have ventured, and I trust
I am not wrong in so doing, to duplicate
tho parts of my dispatch telating to this
subject, and forward them lo tho Secreta
ry of AVnr."
The whole nubjoct, it seems, was then
submitted to the rresident. and
U0 ,js Cabinet, which resulted in tl
and bv him
mission of the following letter of approval
and instruction tofteneral Butler:
Wi I'rriRTiirNT, Washington,
May SO. 101. )
Sir: Your artion in respect to tho no
groc who come within your lines from
the lervic of the rebels is approved. The
department is sensible of the embarrass
ments which must surround officers con
ducting military operations in a slate by
the laws of w hich ulavcry is sanctioned.
The government cannot recognii the re
TERMS $1 25 per Annum, if pntd in advance
N KW SKHI E.S-VOL NO 4,5. J k '
jection by any state nf it Federal nbllnn '
lions, however, no ono can bmore iin-pot-tan
t than that of suppre.iiing and dis
persing armed combinations formed for
tho purpose of overthrowing its whol..
xinslitulional authority. While, therm
fore, you will permit no interference, bv
tho persons uudor your command, with
mo lelatious of persons held to service
under the laws of any state, you will on
tne oilier im.id, so long aAany state with
in w h'ch vour military operations art eoii-
ducted is under tho control of armed or
ganiatioiis, refrain from surrendering to
alledd masters any persons who may
come within your lines. You will employ
such persons in the service to which they
may he best adapted, keeninc an account
of tho labor by them performed, of the
value ot it, nnd ot the expenses of their
maintenance Tho nuestion of their final
disposition w ill be reserved for futura de
S. CA M KRO.V See'if nf Wnf.
To Majnr-Genernl Hutlcr.
J efferson Davis' Fast Day Proclamation.
TO THE l'EOl-LE Of THR CONI EDERATE STATES.
When a people who recognize their de
pendence upon God feel themselves sur
rounded bv perils and difficult, it be
comes them to humble themselves under1
the dispensation of Divine Providenco. to
recognize His righteous government, to
acknowledge His goodness in times pant,
and supplicate his merciful protection for
The manifest proofs of the Djvino bios
sing hitherto extended to tho ctl'orU of
the people of the Confederate States of
America lo maintain and perpetuate public
liberty, Individual rights and national in
dependence, demand their devout aud
heartfelt gratitude. It becomes them to
give public manifestations of this gratitude
and of their dependence on the Judge of
all tho liarth, and to invoke the continu
ance of His favor. Knowing that none
but a just and righteous cause can gain
the Divine favor, we would imploro tho '
Lord of Hosis to guide and direct out
policy in tho paths of right, dutv. justice
and mercy ; to unite our hearts and our
etlortsforthc dclcnccof our dearest rights,
to strengthen our weakness, CtoiVh our
arms with success, and etiablo us to secure
a speedy, just and honorable peace.
To Ifcse endis, and in conformity with
the requost of Congress, I invite the peo
ple of tho Confederate States to the obser
vance of n ilny of lusting and prnyer.jv
Pl'cb roll (,lr,it- rf..i''., - . 1. v-i;,'."
for tne ocasicn, and I iccommi.nd lhurs
day, the l;tli day of June next, for that
purpose ; and that we may all on thalday,
with one nccord, join in humble and rev
erential approach to Him in whose hand
we are, invoking him to inspire us with a
proper spirit and temper of heart nnd
mind to bear our evils, lo blesi us with
His favor and protection, and to bestow
His gracious benediction upon our gov
ernment and country.
R. Toomiis, Secretary ol State.
Who is "Uixkt" Neai.? Extract from
a private letter dated l'hila lelphia, May
"I have just received tho Dirpaich, of
Saturday last, giving Charles M. Neal an
overhauling. Tli editor states he does
not know "Neal." For his informction. 1
will state that it is "Bucky Neal ! tho
snapper:" and for the information of Tilts-
burg readers, I will state that the "snap
pprs," was tho name of tho noting puny
of n fighting fire-company railled under,
somo years unce.
"Bucky was al sea when ahoy, and
fell from aloft in juiiing one of his litnhi
lo such an extent that he has boon lame
sinco. Ho hp.d a brotln-r killed in a fight
on a steamboat in the Delaware, a few
"I do think that the Governor, whatever
his own merits maybe, hiis.trcen and is
surrounded by a most corrupt crew of
speculators ; nnd it does Neal no injustirp
lo say that his moral worth, or modesty
has not prevented him from being ono ot
tho "(Queen's Guards." Curlin went for
Fticky for Navy ngont at tnls port, but
Alex. Cumtnings wanted his brother-in-law,
(nnd one of the proprietors of the
Uullctin.) Jim Chambers, in that position.
And in consequence of Cummings slick
ing so closoly to Cameron, he secured th
appointment for hisimve Chnmliers, and
Hucky a felt out in the cold lo seo how
the thermometer stands. At this time he
was holding as he does tow tho office
of City Commissioner, nt a handsome sal
ary. Bui tho Governor thought thai JJea!
must be additionally provided for, and as
ho lulled in FDcuring lor him tho berm of
Navy Agont, he unpointed Mm State agent
to purchase clothing for the soldiers a"
position which he has most unworthily
filled, if the statements of tho Dispatch aro
reliable. Some of these fellows will got
their due before they die, and if they (to
not the P 1 will get them hereafter met,
assuredly, Tho patriotic fund and sol
dier s comfort ntustnot be tampered with,
A Now llamshiro Regiment passed
through the city this morning, fully armcJ
and equipped, and taking army wagons
with them. 1'ittshurg JHspatch.
When a man of sense comes to marfy
it is a companion ho want", not an arlt.
It is not merely a creature who can play
sing and danco il is a being who can
comfort and counsel him one who cat
reason and rolled, and feel amd judge,
and discourse and discriminate one who
can assitit bin in his affairs, Hghten hi
sorrens, purily his joya, wrenf-unn m
principles apd educate Ins cunuren.
r ....! r r.. - null..
m the woman who is fit for a molher and
mistress of a family. A woman of thsj .
lot mer description may occasionally
tire in a draining room, ai d attract the anV
miration of the company ; hut she it en
tirely unfit for a Helpmate to man, or lr
I rum up a child iu the way il should tf