Newspaper Page Text
.,1 ! nw.mm-. i i. -t-- .. --, . ..., ........ . ..... .... .
.BTO. B. 000DLANDER & CO. ' ; - ' - ; ' PRINCIPLE not MEsT" ' ' '
VQL.XXXL-WIIQU; NO 165C. ; . . CLEARFIELD, PA. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 5l86s". '
,?flftl 10 tll'll, I . r01n" 01 inrest. PARENTAGE OF JEFFERSON.
WHAT THE WINDS SAY.
What do tlio winds nay to u. ' '
As they hurry in'rom the plain,
Hr ilJy argund tint bill lot.,
'.'otninjt ilJ(fiinj agaiji 'I
JVIial iio thy iuy to OS ev.ur,
' j As they whu er uuugg llio trees,
" 0! Jiiurniur no iow in the hurlies,
' 1 ''Ftirritig tlig pendant leaves ?
jiurk l ewu now they urn harping
Through tuy halt upon ilor,
Ureal hiur their strange sweat melody,
lVepering more and mure.
What is the Hiiv'Mjy they hi artii",
Stuvpih io lr a tliry -4 . '
i aflftij! the lh of the joyous, -
JiiLi.iijj; trails of wo ? ' '
.'Til.l'b'diivc, iu their lesson,
Tmiht sliks Ijv all,
Xhat Heaho naU'hoth the uparrov,
' Keeping it t"t it fall,
Watt belli alike d'er tha winM -blasts
i '. T"nprinS grace their puwyr
Milking Hieiu liearen of lore ifift,-
Multiplied every liuur.
Aud so iliey kijjny casement".
Or rudely' kimce'd at ay door,
Ortohi;ly'nick the txoe top,
LtHghuiK o'er and o'er,
I tny, All hail ! ye wind powers!
Come t'Uuo wbun you will,
Vou uinst ever repeat a:e tire lesvon
That l'rovi Jence keopeth me stilL
Thqught She' "flight. b'e-inducpd,", . .
Tlio fraternity of widows has bettt
tartly dratted upon for material to joint
mtfals and adorn tales and stones, llie
lgrj I Hi" abiMjt to relate happened-or
Lfiiuiijs tii'L nutJiappcn ami was a Ktir
lUnijcke villi a l.unous wug no niuny
years nt., itiut ii can ,io no Harm
now to rolite A in print, rh Iio olfn did
n tlie) social ciwMe, noiucwhut in thjj
A rniulivo of Daniel elister, wh jni tvo
cull Col. Webster, had the misfortune
ti) line his wife, to whom he was louder- ton n within eighteen miles of 'tviiK'hesl
ly atlii'hvj. Ho was i m in cliaracte,ri,;-d er. hence a railroad continues to liar-
hjrfllucli of the crolr.ess. wit, and fthivvrd'
nus of tin1 family. Tinve gnujiiully sooth-
iwii his gncl, and finally lie Ml, Mil-
fiHenllv lonely to ilc-ire. the companion-
chip of a wife once more. In the course
f a iiinvtrsation on tlio Mitijc.t t, I'unicl
niirile'l that the widow of a near f 'icnd
tit On- colon il woulrl suit bis case very
aibfuotonlv. and advised limi to inakua
(inure in that direction
The colonel pondi'fpt
and "anie to a favoi'al.h
over tho matter,
as not aripia luted with the Inly, and,
indr.-i, liiul tievr even seen her, but the
eh'oire of o !tr:elleiit a man as hiJ friend,
he felt persuaded, must be li worthy one
Iirliim. Accordingly, urged by uniel,
liriuado an early Malt to visit the widow
mil propose hm fctiit. lie ai ri d at her
house, which nas in a Iv'evv Hampshire
village, he npologi zi'il kv any seeming
Iretilom' on his part in calling, ai.d plead-
1, in exeute, hr intimacy with her tie-'
iivsiti lord. He .vis glacious'ly received
jii'l invited to reman. A view of the
dim and nn f-vening sport with her did
inil prove i s propitious as his hopes had (
Ifil linn i.i r. iiect. Tie good .lady was
lull or tier admiration and tender memo
ries nf lire deceased husband, in whom
liff heart still teemed wrapped up. in
lirr praii's of tliedi'id tie colonel cordi
ally joined ; but ho Ml nil awkward disin
Wination to dike lo his bosom a wile
wll'KMi Iijvc was' so-very ardent and wiirni
Ij ilevuttil to the memory of a pi cd'.-ct s
lliweveiv the colonel was a inailer-of-fact
man ,: pntl, bas ing come upon s-pveial
Imtines., he eoiu'liidit to io'Compliih It,
nil lake Hie hazards. Accordingly,
'nUut'tlie lime for retiring, he opened iiis'
.mbject, hiiiI -liiit'il the pu'-p so of his vis
it, a n! Ii is belief that tliev could increa-e
mcir mutual happiness oy mi up lor eucn
Mher llio pllice.s of I heir li:vascd part
"f. , , . ,
lleietipoti (he widow burst into violent
'Wping - v a Mil nrised he hud dared do
'i'ucJi u thing -r.rould . nevr. Iovm . another
miuj would nemr wed .-uMrir,' never
nuti ron-eerate all her .lite t. the drar,
Ipvtti one., d: cmeUv torn- from l.er
Via", 'and now in'lho coM,' cold grive
nJ kfl on ;. insliiill bay it? widow
fashion. " i ' .
,'Ihapoor colonel, grieved and astound -
W,. though not altogether dissatisfied,
"Cologiied earnestly. Jle was lonely and
Wl I lie ncqd'of R cauipnnion had cher
Hti I he friendship other husband, w ho
s hit iii,timati trw-nd --bad tliouglit
ltt their uijion niijjlil lc in;ilually lesi
'eainl iieiiehouU und niade ijiiite) n
lniihy speei.h, ia self's indii;;rtion and to
"WIliO the disturbed feeling ol lilt till
I'l" lajy and finally t-he mied her
t'lrs and renuod ln.r lnioeiital ions : and
Wttflin .,vi cloicd. liy-UiC,qponc);s .to
uring tr, Led. . , . ,:,. !
'M4he liiorii'ng the widow had rccpvei'
1 hf r peace of mind, and was all atten.
prncinusiiets, and amiles to the good
lnn.- ;0 ij01.t, himsoif with the- ntnen
")'if cniirlly gentleman, and as soon
Jf -Tenkfast was ended, pfeared to stai t.
Thcwittn.v seemed in is. .lnihtly flurry,
i Urged a stay to dinner, but the oolo
M felt nbl iged lo bo on the niovo Iidiiio
'ri At last, be vnt at tli door, nl of
his hand for a parting iresstire.
Ti".;dor clasped it, held it for a mo.
pnt, trembled, blushed, turned aside
Vd, and geHtly niueniured: .
"tt'oil, colonel, I "have been thinkini
"'--of-of what you said, and I I l
; Jh colonel gave her a
"jr-seiioui look, and,
J'l morning.. mad:i
'"'f, an I left for home
, replying with
". entered Is is
Culpepper Court Ifottse, Firfux Court
Uotiso mill County.Miitnusas jp kikI Mu
liHSfin Junction, are now looming up into
cnnseqtit-nce.aml are bothering liHs'y news
pnpe nojt'npierconsiileiaLly. .Culpppor
Court Mouse, the old tiitme it' wliicli wiu
Faii flix, iij th county teat o! Culpepper
county, and is mtuatod ubo'it nixty-lwo
miles fiom A lexandr'a.on tlio Ornago and
AU'.xanili'iii J ftilroiid. Faitt'ax in the coun
ty seat of Fairfax oounty, whicli iiiimedi
itely ("uriOLiiuls thut part of tlio District
of Columbia taken front Virginia, and ih
' about sixteen miles from Alexaudiii, and
al.'i oh llie Oeiwf n KailroR'l.
i Tlicre if a conaidtfiablo body of rebel at
I Cu I pepper, but Ht Fairfax there ihk but
ont)r twoponipanies. As a singliir exuni
pl o'ftlie inability of unexperienced men
i to estimate mmibfcrs in u body of troops,
;evon in plain view, it may be stated that an
i intelligent man alio bad just passed thro'
Ftirfax, on Monday aiorninp, repoiled in
i Washington, that tliere were one thousand
Itivo huudrud rebel troops there, when u
' iviih positively known at the head .ijuaro
! tera of the army that the ivholo body o(
larnnul men at Fairfax, at. that in lentical
time, tiumbered but one hundred and
j thirtythreo men, under Capt. 'I'hnft.
This will serve to.oxpkin ome of the ex
aggerated statements oc lar.-u tmciu s ot
troopi at numerous points in Virginia.
It may be stated nl.so that General Sand-
ford's proclamation to the peoplo of Fair
lux county was not haued from Cul
pepper Court House, as stated by one of
the enterprising metropolitan journals, but
I mm tlio Mansionof tho late (ieorge
Wdjliinginton Farke Custii.on Arlington
Ucihts,iiniii diutuly op posit Washing I on.
jM.iiiassus Junction, which is now tho'l
to Le an important strategical point, in at
l ho. junction of the Orange, and Alexan
dria Hailroad with the Manassas Gap UiiiL
road, li.tity-srven miles from Alexan
dria. Tlio former road extends south
waidlv and unutliueslwardly to Uiclunond,
Chai luttesville, and I.y nrhburg,intnifying
all through V irgiuia, wuilo llid hitler ex-
tends north w .a. vardly to Ktrasburgv a
pel's Ferry. It will thus be teen that tlio
possession of Manas.as Junction (not the
imp) will cut oil the. llnrpor s terry reb-
els from direct o immuiiicatiou wit h
the. main bodies further .South.
lcsterday a ml last evemi'.g mere was
coneiderable activity visible along the
whole military linn trom l'hiladelphia to
Ah xanr.na, niul It is surtuiEcd that tho
niiv'cnient is induced by a purposo lo ex
tend our lines in irginu towards the
M.uiasiis Junction. This is done by
sending forward troops from the neigh
borhood of Washington and supplying
their ijlai cs by advances of troops liom
points mi tins sido of the Federal City.
Col. Dare's and Col. Naglo'i UcgimenU
at l'errysvlle, Havio de (iruie Iiutii River,
Ac, were in motion last night for the
South. 'J hey were 1 3 be relieved by tho
Kleveuth l'eiiiisylvatiia, und four Compa-
nies from Wilmington. Several addition.
legiments from tho East were also en route,
and Iheie. vro ir.dications at.Suff'olk l'u'-k
that tiie troops encamped there were also
expected to make an immediate march,
All tocse c rcumstances indicate some.
iruporUint action, and utile.- the rebels
follow their usual tactics i-ri'i lull back
I time our advancing army, u conflict
within two or three days seems to be cer
tain. I'liiUiMphia I m j uurer of ike il'JA.
St. Pail's Clock. Havo you ever
liejud ot the great cluck of vt. 1'itul's, in
I oudon r At inid-vlay, in tho roar ol bus
mess, when carriages, and carts, t.d wag
ens, and omnibustv.vgo rolling through
tne stieotsi, how many never hear I hut
great clock striko miles they live very
near it! Hut when the work of tlio day
is over, and' ih.e roar ol Lusinesa has pau
sed nwuy when men 111 e gone to tlccp
and silence reigns in London then ut
twelve, at one, at two, at three, at four,
, the sound ol that clock may be h'ard
.lor rtiilc artiliud. Twelve! One! Two I
Three ! Four! Jlow that clock is
heard by many a sleepless man 1 That
! clock is just like lh conscience of the
.impenitent inun. Whiio ho hat health
mid strength and ocson in the whiil ot
business, tie will mil hear his conscience.
iio drowns and silences ils voice by plung
ing into tho world. Ho mil not allow
Die inner man lo speak lo hiut. . Hut the
day will come when conscience will bo
heard, wlietlK-l Iio likes it or not' ino
daw will ootne when ils voice will sound et
in his oars, and pierce him like a word
The time will coiuo when h must retire
from the world, and lie down on tho sick
bed KmlTook dealli in the lace. And
thei'l the clock of conscience, that sol -
rain cloirlc, will aound in Ins heart, nnd,
if In- Inii not tfpeuied, will bi dig wielclt
I ..,i.erv .ob.ssoul. Oll.no! write it '
down in the tablets ot your licari--w ab
out repvntaiice, no peace... T. Jiulc.
Hrvfl-m x. lnrA.-e-In tho mountaini
lb Tirol, it it the custom ofthe women
and children to come out when it is bed-ledtho danger himself, but kept from fall
tim.' and sing their national songs until ing into the same autre. Might not ov
thev hear I heir husbands, fathert .and ory Christian loam a lesion from this rude
broiher nnswer them from the hill on'son of tho forest, not only to guard
their return home. Oil the shores of the ' ngninst bis own false tteps, but at he
Adriatie cutlom prevails, i nere i
the wivet or (lie tmhertnan come noons
sunset and ting a melody. After finging .
the first stana, they listen for an aniwer-j
ing melody from nil Hie-water macoii.
.. .... li:.iMi;ltPliii ii'n' I It nnwn
"S - y , ,. , ,;u ,i,.,tt.'l Lnnwn
tin no to tmgandlisten till tlisjwo.l known
voice come bourn on he wn.ers te l.hg
that the loved one is almost borne. How
ow. gather artund hnA. must be thosongs
of the loved one nt home, that am to ,
cIleer him ; nnd how they mutt trenglh
en nVl tighten the links Hint bind to-
gelher those humble dwellers by tho mv.
The following, from tho pen of Hon D.
P. Thompson, we find in the editorial
cojumns of the Green Mountain Freeman :
The circumstances of the union from
whicli spn.ng the illustrious American
statesman, Tlioma? Jefferson, have never.
wo think, except in such general terms as
would convey no definite idea of thoir pe
culiar charocter, yet reached' the eye o;
the public. Hut having learned "them
from tho aged iieithbrrB of Mr. Jefferson,
during a former sojourn in Virginia, and
being won convinced oft'-eir entire truth
wo wil.. venture to relate thorn for the
i amusement ot our readers.
Mr Jeflei'hon'i father was poor, but an
intelligent and industrious meehanii;, and
us society was constituted in Virginia, he
was wholly excluded Irom the ranks of
t no aristocracy, and could l ave had no
hope of forming a family connection with
them, but for th following incident :
One of the proud and lordly" Kundolphs
wishing some repairs to be mal o on the
door-steps of his mansion, and having
heard of tho expertneas of tho young car
penter, Jeflersnn, who resided in tlieBame
parish, sent for him to come and do the
work. In this family there wero several
beautiful and accomplished daughters who
worn tno acknowledged belles of that nart
oi me country ; wniio ono or the ulsters
was so far behind tho rest, either in an.
H- - . . .' - I
cnmplishments or thft faculty of showing
ofT to advantage, that she was subject to
mortifying neglect by the young men who
thronged the establishment, being gener
ally left at homo while her 'nore favored
sinters wero taken off for the constant
round of parties and pleasure excursions
in vogue among the wealthy families of '.he
place. It was during ono of these instan
ces nf neglect that oung Tofforsrm hap
pened fo bn at work on the steps, and the
rotp-vtful attentions ho then had nn op
portunity of paying tho slighted girl, so
strongly affected her with the contrast
with thoe she had boon accustomed lo
receive from nil other young gentlemen
who were admitted to the house, that her
actions soon revealed to the, quick eye- of
the nmbiti otis young Aicelinnio, a condit
ion of henrt that ho thought he might im
prove to advantage. And acting on that
belief lie persevered, and so well profiled
by his opportunities that within a few days
a mutual engagement was formed, and "a
runaway match concocted and carried in-1
1 .11-1 r... . ....
"v ,. , , " "', i" 1 "j.k
rumpus lcickr-d up by the proud Ran-
dolphs when it was dis-overed that ore of
the family had disgraced them and herself
as they esteemed it, by running any
'ii i. and marrying a poor mechanic. Put
... ...,s ninn no ii.-iji 1 01 . 1 , ai.u nre, jirov 1 n g usetu 1 I o t lie V trill n lans, n ud
learning, upon inquiry, that the young ' n, t be Chesapeake terminus of the Dismal
itnn was as smart as ho was bold, they nt .Swam) Canal through which parses the
eng'h roenKI th truant daughter with j commerce of Aldemarie and Pamlico
her hit-band, installed them into thf fam - sounds. Into Ilarnnton Koa l empties the
ily and pave them their patrimony. . James river, aft'ected by tho tide one hnn-
From t.Ms ma'ch. sprung, wo believe dred miles from its mouth, at which point
two sons and several daughters, a part of ., fnlln and rapids, with a descent of one
whom, like Thymus Tefferson. tlio stilw- ' l,n,lro,l feet in two miles, effectually
rpient stnfesmnn ,rd president, strikinely ' blockade further navigation, 'iving, at tho
inhesiled tho intellectual characteristics ' Sftm! timo nn unlimitud water power. At
orthe father, and tho other part the quite ( this point is situated tho city of Rich
ordinary tind commonolace trails of tho mond, beautifully built nn several cleva-
Slanpbk. If you find a man circulating
malicious reports about his neighbor, it j
may l e set down as inviolable rule that ,
any such person is dishonest. Not only
dishonest, but, from his infamous dispo- j
sition, dangerous to nil wiih whom ho
may be acquainted.. He nirciilates Talse
impressions, and sets people upon an er
roneous course of judgment and conduct
in respect to others, which may frequent-
ly no ruinous to tneir prosperity, it does i
a general injury to society, moro tiuni to
(he party slandered, as it destroys confi
dence. The man ivho is guilty of circui t-'
tinu malicious reports musl necessarily be
deceitful, nnd therefore dishonest ; he
must be nhondoned to every principle of
moral incline. In ancient tunes, w hen a
mail was convicted oT being a slanderer,
he was 'toned to death as being a danger
and a curse to the whole oomnrtnity. In
modern times there is even a belter rail
edy than this it i.s to cease all association
with such characters. Treat them like
lepo-s, abandon them to their ow n kind,
which is n social death, one by which they
serve as an example to others. This rule
h observed among all intelligent people,
and should bo ivuriably carried out.
Wnr Tim Dyino Nkvkr Wtr.r. The
reason why the dying never weep is be
cause the manufactories nf lite stop forev-
ihe human system hax ceased its
functions. In all diseases, the liver is
r' vsiry first organ unit ceases u.
:no by one l ie others follow, nnd all the
fountains of life are dried up ; there is no
1 i. So the eye ol death we-ps not ;
... .,. , i
not mat tlieillieciioil ia u-au in iijm m-nu,
but becauso there are ro tears in it, any
more lliau mere is moisture on me iTs.
Tns Gotimtt iiii.i. H it said of nn In
dian, that wheticvor he got into a bad
place in a swamp, where the ground was
too soft forsifoty. he put up a slake to
murk the place. 1 bus ho not only avoid.
jiravs, ieu us y" ,.,."
DO caretui in rera'ivw ituiwuuiivui,..! m.
Mr. l.iscotN's Rklationb in Viroisia.
We learn irom llie rreuoncitsi u:k .vns
" ,, -.-An,'
, '7 X u, lto George T.Todd,
' oid iiuoe c S
-'b. V -ar,iri".iL--J.
j-Wo know a child that would be a
very pwtty little girl indeed, but for a
inaie - .orm..im.
The Chesapeake Bay Its Riverj and
', : Important Cities.
After making tho entrance to the Che
apeako. Hampton Koads coons to the
right, a broad estuary, with a deep chan
nel a milo ond a half in width tu its nar
lowest point. Eight miles from the buoy
which marks the entrance to the Koads,
on tho north side of tho channel, is Old
Point Comfiurt, on which is Fortress Mon
roe, whoso guns uoniii and the channel.
't ", I'OBTRtSS MOSiltOK.
This fgrtress is the largest and one of
the largest and best constructed in the
United .Slides. It was built like all the
coast loris,5for defence against approaches
of a foe frrh) the sea, and is caseinated
only orf tho"ido facing, the channel, hav.
ing simple wall masonry only to tho land
ward. Against an attacking force from
that quarter it will need protecting out
works, lis walls enclose a'parade ground
of about seventy acres, making it an ad
mirable school for recoutly recruited regi.
nients. Opposite the fort, in the channel,
distant about it mile and a third, are tho
wall, of a small foi tifieution commenced
by government, not finiiliod, called the
Kip Raps. Farther up tho F.oads, And
four miles in a right line acros? westerly
from Fortress Monroe, is Caswell's Point,
where the Virginians have attempted to
erect batteries. At thi point to the South,
opens Elizabeth channel, tlio entrance to
Norfolk harbor. Fortifications at Cas
well's Point, although too far distant to
threaten Fortress Monroo, would ell'cctti-
ally guard Inis entrance. Elizabeth Chan
nel, from its opening into Hampton Koads
to the city of Norfolk, is eight miles, di
rect in ils course, very deep, and scarcely
a quarter of a mile in width. Craney Isle
and lies close to the channel, on the west
sido, about three miles from Norl'ilk on
which me tho remains of an old fort,
which tho secessionists are rebuilding.
Nearer to the city, on the otht r bank of
thp channel, is Fort Norfolk, also being
improved and mounted with ordinance by
NonrotK ASfi its sihi-rb.'.
The city Of Norfolk, situated upon an
id most rnliiely level site, presents but few
natural defences against an attackinc
I nree . I lie eitv- nnfl I orlmoniilli v-iikf!
oppositc. can oo approached rem several
points i roops could he landed from he
.. .. .
seven miles oi : the city ; the approaches
could te made irom i;ondon bridge, on
tho souili, with an eay march often
ni i l.s.
Norfolk is important for its railroad
connections ; as tho location of a navv
yard, whose drv dock and machine shops
tions, the most noted of which are Shock
hoe und Richmond hills, between which
flows .Shoekhoo creek. The city is hand
somtly b'lilt, tho streets intersecting at
rightangles. On Shoekhoo hill are the
capitol and other prominent public buil
dings, and about them are ciuilured the
uristocratic in msioiis of the city. Ves
sels drawing trn feet of water fasten to
the wharf at Richnund, and thoso draw
ing fifteen approach within three miles of
the city. Lines of steamers, before the
secession difficulties, cor.nected Richmond
commercially with New York, FhiladeU
phia, Norfolk and IWtinwro. Kiehmond
has been the great depot of Virginia,
which its mills hnve converted into rlour,
R.Ut.ROAns irom kiciimono.
Five lines of railroad diverge from Rich
mond tine line running doe north passes
Fredericksburg on the Rappahannock,
and lermihfttes nt Aquia creek, near the
Potomac. A lire running east termin
ates nt Whitehoiiso, mi llie York river. A
third line runt due south to Wilmington,
North Carolina, having intermediate sta
tions ut Petersburg, "Ya., and Weldon,
N. C. The Richmond and Danville rail
road extends in a southward direction to
lite latter town, neat the North Carolina
boundary line, beyond which it is unfin
ished. Tho Virginia Central runs nearly
west, being finished at far at Covington,
beyond the Rlue Ridge. At Gordonville
it forms ajunclion with Ilia Orange and
Alexandria road running northsast, and
(he Lynchburg road running southwest.
This city is thus the military as well as
the commercial centre of the .State, and a
point of great strategic importance. .
Fro n lb buoy nt the entranceof Hamp
ton Ho. ids to the lightship at the mouth
of York river, the distance U about fif
toen miles. From its source at the junc
tion of tho Pamunky and Mattapony, its
debouchment into ibo (Jhetapeake, th
York river flows forty miles, being an es
tuary wilh a heavy tide, varying from two
to four miles in width. It is navigaoio ny
the largost vessels to Yorktown, and by
vessels of secondary draft to itt source. A
land snit separates the mou'.h of the York i
river fiom Mob Jack bay. which inUnd States.
about fifteen miles, with eighteen feet of j The Sew York 12th U righting for TTn
water. Into this bay emptiet the .Severn ' ion and the government of the Constitu
North and Ware rivcrt, incontidcrabloi tion not for Lincoln and the Chicago
streams, navigable a short distance fori platform.
vessels of light draft. From the. light ' ' '
house at Nev Point Comfort to the light-; Union fiATMt. The New York 7Vt6un4
hnuso at the entrance of the Kappahan has been tneering and abusing Democrats
nock, is twenty nines. A tpaoe of four , and conservative men for years, for trying
milei to the south of the light comprises , to preserve the Union Now.it has set
Dm entrance to tho Rappahannock and a' up in the tame line of business. Rut how
small bsv und river called tho Piunkeo-
taok. ' .
tub Rii'ruisN vocK. :
Tho Rappahannock, like tho James
river, riseg in tho mon(ainou(, p0rtlon of
oftheState. At nnn ., 1 ...II.--.
;to , i - -.n.itu imiri irom 'inousand Kncamned
us mouth navigation is storms! I,., r,n,iTi mamperl,
and raruds. The riv.r below the falls has
U.e character of n estuary, bein? broad
and affected by tho tides. At h K,i
f.-i " . s.vuv.
burs, a prent l1,nne ,l 1..:... IL .7
nirg, a great tobacco depot, lyinc on tho
....o mo nicuinonti ana rotomac Ha -
road. Twenty-two miles from tho light-
shlD. moornd nt . l.n n.Ai. .1.. i, .. .
imA r i .A ij:i t - . - ..
-n m IKa
ship, moored at tho mouth of the Kappa
"- me niiinouso ut Smith's
I oint, guiding the entrance to tho Toto..
Seven miles below W8l,i,, ,i08 the
city of Alexandria, tho most imnortnnr. !
town on tho Virginia sido of tho river.
I he shores of the Totomae bjlow Wash'
ington have but a few slight elevations,
and would be diff cult to impede naviga
tion by hastily constructed batteries. Tho
wiuiu ior the samo vane from ore and
a half to fivo miles.- -New York Commer
cial. Military Signals-Interesting; Experi
ments. Major Myor, of the army, some months
since announced the discovery by himself
of a new system of militar signals, whicli
would, in a great measuro, revolutionize
the management of modem forces. The
signals are made by means of a flag attach
ed to a pole, from twelve to sixteen feet
long. The dirterent movements which tho
flag it made to go through represent uum
bors, which in their turn represent num
bers of tho alphabet. The letters, of
course, nre combined into words that lead
out tho message. By the intervention of
the numbers, nono but tho officer who di
rects the flagman, and thoso who havo
been previously informed of the arrange
ment of the system, can understand the
language of the Hag, which flag is moved
in throe directions, to light, left, and
front. This is done by soldiers who aro
especially drilled for the purpose, n nd
who in tho trial mnnagod the bunting with
For night t'gnals, torchos are substilul"
od for flags; otherwise, tho signals aro
similar lo tl.ose made in the
VII tlin inllll,,mArl nnn.,......, l'nH ,U.
, . . . J
I iv... v"i. 'u ii m ill ii .mini tiiiitki.i
:uan be ,rullHI,orlod ,Voin in, , 'oint , '
; ft illfile mJf aj b(J lm rcadicn for
; worp m (-(l(5 jn the neiyhhorhood of S.nta
i-. . .i , . . . . .
re, in tno latter part ot April, and were
successful in every instance, although un
even ground was especially sdect-
cd. lne first day sigpalj were exchanged
wilhotit difficulty ; and on the third i.ay,
by tho aid of a small ropcating station, i.n
intelligible military conversation was car
tied on bettwen Old i'ort Marcy and Gal
voslon. whicli aro twenty-five miles apart.
In a few Jays tho War Department of tho
Cnited St.tttts will receive an official re
port of these experiments, when the com
manding officers of lbs different regiments
now at the soat of war will, doubtless, be
initiated into the niystorios of the busi
ness N. Y. Times.
Distribution ofCompnnies for the Fif
teen Regiments from Pennsylvania.
The following is the distribution of com
panies required from tho different coun
ties to fill tho fifteen regimonts under tho
new loan bill :
COM PA N I ES. COM PAN1ES.
Philadelphia, 2'i W'arrcn, 2
Delaware, 2, Bucks,
Dauphin, 2 Chester, -1
Berks, 3 Lancaster. 4
Biair, llAllegbonr H
Lebanon, 2, Huntingdon, 2
Mitllin, ljjuniata, 1
Wyoming, 1 W'ayno, 3
Greene, York, 3
Lawrence, 1 Indiana, 2
Luzerne, -f Lehigh, 1
Susquehanna, 1 Soinoreet, 1
Tioga, 4 Tike, 3
Mercer, 2; Venango, 1
Potter, I McKean,
MDiitgomery, 2Monrce, 1
Northampton, 1 Montour,
Centre, li Perry, 2
Elk. 1 (Clearfield, 2
Clarion, 2( Jefferson, 2
Clinton, LCrawford, 3
Columbia, lKric, ft
F'ayetto, Franklin, 3
All companies must forward their ar
plication within five days; tho state is to
pay no expenses until the marching or.
ders are received by tho companies. No
election of regimental oflU-ora will be per
mitted until further orders. Tno compa
nies aredistributnd according to the num
ber of troops nleady in the field from
each county, and also in propoition to the
population, except a discrimination against
the rural districts, in order that sufficient
producers' shall be left at home for liar
Ren-sen to Cheer. Tho New York
Twelfth Roglment it Democratic, atvI
when the President came near their quar
ters to see them as they pniaded in front
ofthe Capitol, three cheers being propos
ed for President Lincoln, tho men xefuscd
tf ehecr, hut proposed and gave, threo
hearty chers, rich as the trained New
loi k boys know bow to give, 'with a ti-
cer,' for the
1'resideol ot tho Lnited
differantly 1 H never undertook to save i
I . I 1 ... 1 1 1 1 I'l . 1 r. . . a !
it ny sunt nnu sunn. . i nut was leu lo mo
humane sTicnibcrs of the Peaco Sooiety !
Wuynr County HrraH,
oi iiuo-wator is tho civ of Kre,lA,i..uJ.U.) ""R3 ,v"ni
- $1 25 per Annum, if paid ia advaac.
NEWSEKlES-VQh, I.-NO faQ
net n J : e .
I fu dl coa wic? 'Z it"10 iWenLy
in o regimen U Lrl " oi ?d
I :!."!nls' -As fiist organized, tho
h-i;ii n s i mm ai.... . '
I l V 1 lo " V Chest
bershnr, ' T n) 'V or- 1 Cham-
""f ois4 ii JiMiiin nt nr .-.i j .
t mo the numk, u;i bv inis
cl .T ped t
1 " ay no is two thousand i V-v
1 MW a v rw
... .u. - aim, oesn
... .u " . -. --', t-si.j(.s iour or
ivioiii u inil i in iaH.i i i
and aW the'lin , Vn'f .vill.,
tral Railroad "ii" V'l.w
...... ,' ine nridges.
Addi iona camps along tho bordor-at
Bedford, Radford county Umonfown
l ayette county have been ordered wb
he volunteers will be in.Tuctcd in tbeir
mi i n,y duties, and at the same t no re
pel the enemy, should they be sofoolhar.
dy as to invade the soil of Pennsylvania
1 hose proposed at Easton and Er e have
been abandoned, a, being too far from tho
.po of action to answer the purpose -
F.n.iAii n'n-rrrj" mnrcn " Erie
Kaston. tho Conf7d7r. ZmSn. or
Tub Blockauk FLEgrTfhis fleet pre
tents the unprecedented spectacle of six
African flag shins, with lull-rank Com
modores attache,! all in ono squadron.
1 he Colorado will fly uie wj(0 ttg 0f Fla
officer Mervino ; the Wabash that of Sam
ual Mercer ; the Cumberland, that of G. J,
Pcndegrast the Sabine that of H. a
r ?' 2',, ,lon ! th. MississiPPi. that of
r. O bel fridge ; and the Mionosota. "the
flag ahip of them all," that of Commodore
String ham, of New York. The PowhaU
an will so.,., have a flag officer appointed
to her, nhd the Ronnakw nWo
The first United States man-of-war oor
corumwMonaa ivlth cxclusivelv Sorth
officers had her ensign hoisted yestorda;
at Boston She is tho steam-frigate Miss
..ppi, late of the China fleet" a vessel
1.6J2 tons burden carrying llgun. and
and 310 mou. Comn.odare Mervino, of
-ew iork, Uto commander-in-chief
l,,. i,- k Ti i lno Mo station,
has his head headqua. tes on the Missle
sippi.which will for a short time take the
men1.'0",1 M ' Cth Qu! f dP'
ment of the blockade, Tho Colorado will
relieve her in ubout two weeks. X V
Times of May 22. '
Tns Rk E.vl.stme.nt .fl,7 Piltsburgh
Ih.pxtch very truly says, that "silly 0.
pressions wo learn, have been made by
perjons who havoiot office 1 thoir service
at a I, either as otliaen or privates, in ro
gard to the positive refusal ofsomo ofthe
men who promptly enlisted for throe
months to extend (, term for- threo
years. ,Sob nonpense and Impertinence
has been uttered by some of thoso elf
preserving individuals, as that all who re
fuso le extend tho time should be forever
stigmatized by the community. That is a
nice sort of moral coercion, 'to do what
might be a ruinous taorifice to eotuo or tho
bravest men, and who surely ought to
have a most honorable welcome, instead of
threatened stigma, if their dearest inter,
etts, or thoso of their families, as in mn
oases, would render it almost n a.lne.ss for
w..M., to re-nnst for tho longer torm,
when hundreds of men not trammelled in
any way would gladly fill their places.-.No-let
every brnvo follow feel that he
can most honorably choose in the case
Wo know those aim had thut eclisted for
three months, would probably takeooca
ston to mako an issue on the stigma
question see whothet they have not the
moral courage to detviso tud defy those
who talk thus."
riisGHEAT A lie or a Horse. Wiikei'
Spu Uof the Tunes gives on account of a
small black Calloway, eleven hands high,
which attained to the greatest ago of any
horso on record. Ho was a residentof a
small village near Haddington, in Scot
land. He was foaled in 4720, and at the
time of his death he was 63 years. A
lew week:; bafore his death he troltod t.,
soveral hours at the rate of seven or eight
nulos an hour, and fed wll on hw hav
and oats to tho last.
ItarFun is tho most conservative ele
mnnts of society, and ought to be cherish
ed and encourcged by all lawful meant
People never plot mischief whon they are
merry. Laughter is an enemy to maiice.a
foe to scandal, nnd a friend to every vir.
tue. It promote a good temper und en
livens tho heart.
" Artikciai, Crisis." Tho importation
of dry goods into Now York for the last
four months, amounts to only fifteen
millions, against thirty six millions during
tho same nionths last year.
' Nobody hurt nothing going wrong "
only an artificial crisis. Lincoln. ,
A wag said: "I loved my wife at first
For the first two months" I felt ts If I
could eat hor up ; ever since, I have bosq .
sorry I didn't."
. "Dos'r got above your business,' m
lady said 'o the ehomeniakrr who was
measuring her ankle in order to aser
tain tho tis of her foot. 1
Tne greatest organ in tho world, tomr
bachelor pays, is the organ of speech in a '
woman -it is the organ wi'hcut stop. .
i , , . . ,
Tns health of Henry A.Wise, of ir.
ginia, is reported by the Richmond paper
to bo very precarious.
'Till State DepaririPtil (jrnntt ftr pm,;
porn lo oltizetit of tcedl States, unlets
they have sufficient proofs of theif loyal
ty- ' ' ::.r';; .' ; ;
NatiiaV ARGrsf.' "Kid., of AVahln(en
City, has been appointed comniiljner of