Newspaper Page Text
J)t (llhrfirib Stpublican,
Wednesday Morning May 1, 1861.
Wo have taken special pains to give
surrenders tho latest news from tho sent
f war in ns intelligent a shape ns possi
Ho. 'J'ho govern men t has control of nil
I tin flimi ti..li rf In Ti-it'itia I !.., V!.iil rf
Harrisburgand Philadelphia, hei.co the
nl.iin .ii.i . i.. :.. i
j-..u..w ........ ...j.v.iy. ujiiiii lllltlb JO lllllllV
irom passengers. What Wo give is priu
i ipally taken from the, Uarrisburg Patriot
What relates to affairs South of Wash
ington must bo taken with many grains
t allowance. A week ago, according to
the "a cO relinllu information," twenty
v.wsand Scut hornors were within '21 hours
march cf Washington. This was bitterly
true, ns tie "reliable information" did
not represent them us soldiers. It is still
mr opinion that Virginia is determined
to maintain n defensive position only, and
I hat she hns had uo intention whatever of
uuneKing Washington, or going out of
her own territory.
fiuTlt is uiid to be a "poof rule that
wont work Loth ways." l!e this ns it may,
wo arc quite sure there are somo rules that
certain pcoplo will only permit to work
the way they want them. For instance,
our Governmental authorities, both State
ar.d National, have called upon tho people
to lay asido all party Hpirit.nnd tc sustain
tho constituted authorities in their dibits
to restore peace and order. Tho command
i:i obeyed with unexampled loyalty by
Democrats. Not a single voice is raised
ii opposition in nny quarter outside of tho
disaffected States. If tho slightest nllu
Mon is made, Ly a Democratic paper, to
tho past, or thoslightesl reference is made
to tho cnu3o of our present troubles, at
once tko cry is raised, "0, the editor is a
v'CMjio.itrt a Traitor and must bo silen
eed," ami frequently nothing but want
of courage on the part of his assailants
tav6s him from tho vengeance of tho mob.
This is one of tho ways tho rulo works.
And how is it tho othor uviy
Why, Hepublicnns, and Republican pa
pers, it seomn, nro permitted to say about
what they please without incurring the
disploasuro of these Censors of public opin
ion in tho slightest degree, md as an ovi
tlcnce we givo tho following paragraph
from tho Inst Journal, Wo notice a simi
lar article in soveral other Republican
"Joiin C. ErrKKiMiU'cr. It is Mniid tlmt
John C. Breokinridyo, wlio bns hcrotofure teen
luotcd oi a Btouncli Imiw man, linn it last
can o oiit in liis true colors, nnd agrees to fiir
uifh 10,000 men, frim Kentucky, to tlio Rebel
iirmy. Bo Juhn C. mid hit fiicnd Joo Lnno are
loth (eccffionistf nnd are giving u'nl nnd com
htt to He ribelf ."
Even if this were n.r, in all its literal, em
phatic and unqualified distinctness, we
submit that, now thai tho Republicans
liavo the most unmistakable proof that
thoir lato political opponent whether
Pircckinridge, Douglas, or Hell men nre
ai ready as themselves to take up arms in
defence of tho Administration, such pub
lications arc 9nty made for mischievous pur
l'ut, wo nt lenst Joult the truth or the
nbovo paragraph. 7 ho last notico of Mr.
Ilrcckinridgo that wo have met with, was
that ho had addressed Lis fellow citizens
Ht Lexington, Ky., in which h took
ground against tho secession of Kentucky
at this time, but to mnko ono more effort
ro save tuk Uniox, by obeying the rrocln
mntion of tho President bo far as to hold n
special eloction for memlers of Congress
for the extra session on tia 1th of July
next, and for her Senators to appear in
thoir teats, and, as a last effort, demand
of tho niiministnition nnd the reprcscntu
t:vc from tho North n lint tho Southern
States claim to bo thsir constitutional
rights. If they fail in obtaining a suflW
cient guarantee that something of this
kind will bo granted, it will then be the
duty of Kentucky to cast her fortunes
ith her Southern sisters.
Does this make him a traitor ?
Hut why is Mr. Ilreckinridgo singled
outforsich bitter denunciatiin T If tho
object was not purely mischief, why is
"honest John liell of Tennessee allowed
to escape J Wc belicvo his soccssionism is
now without qualification, as the last we
hoard of him was a speoch somewhero in
Tennessee, in which ho urged the raising
of OO.OdO troops in that Stato to meet tho
CoMC.REss.-The President having issued
Lis proclamation, convening Congress on
the 4th day of July noxt.spccial elections
will have to bo held in tho following
States, if they desire to be represented
ihoroin. Alabama, California, Georgia,
Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland Miss.g.
sippi, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Tennessee nnd Virginia.
Wo presume no t lections will be held in
any of tho seceded States. Whether tho
border Slavo Slatos will order elections to
lie held has not yet been lully dctcruaiucd
Extra Session of the Legislature.
In obedience to the potion of Gov. J
Curlin. the Legislature of Pennsylvania
mat in extra session ycsicruny, iur
. . 1 .. f
tho purpose, as wo surmise, of putting our
1 . - r.;
0,1 a con,l,,c, war fool,B .
not Sfc0 w l,y 1,10 ,cfc,ull,r a0"10"
was allowed to closo on tlio I81I1 April, ,
(nnlv two week ago,) ns thai was much
' . .. .
oiirlinr tl.M.l w U81I.1. nnd t 10 Unsettled
condition of tho country was ns well un
derstood by the Governor and members
Ihon f.s now. Indeed, it was given out in
authoritativo quarters, that if an adjourn
ment would tnke place on tho lKth, the
(iovernor would be under tho mccjsity of
celling them together ngain nt an early
Was this done under an absolute neces
sity on tho part of a majority of tho mcin
bers () visit thr-ir families? Or was it done
for ,ho l,BrPoso ol "" themselves
extra pay and
milage; inepeopio may
inquiro into this matter hereaflnr that is,
provided we urj to be blessed with a here
"fur. Our Stato Treuitiry has been largely de
pleted during tho lato session, nr.d at the
samo rate it will not take long to linish
up the job. Tho pussngo of tho art allow
ing the l'.'.uiks to issue euuII notes to an
amount not exceeding twenty percent,
of their capital stock, will be of great ben
efit to those institutions. Hut will it be
such to tho people? It may appear so
for a time. 15ut thu effect wiil bo to drive
gold and silver entirely from circulation
which has been quite abundant for some
years to the injury and inconvenience of
every one except tho Hanks.
Wo havo had quite a surfeit of legisla
tion of doubtful propriety ; and these war
times will doubtless afford a pretext for
quite an increase thereof.
Among the first and principal objects
fof convoning the legislature at this time,
is the passage of a Stay law. Unless this
is done, scarcelv one business man in an
hundred will be ablo to weather the storm.
Destruction of Government Property at
Nkw Yokk, Aril 2;M, ISfil.
The steam tug l'anift has arrived from
Norfolk. She reports that on arriving at
Norfolk on tho afternoon of tho 17th,
finding that there was n movement on
foot to seize her, she prosciled to tho na
vy yard, nnd took protection under the
guns ot tho nattcry. un mo tern mo
custom house olhcers ot the.Mato came to
seize tho Yankee, but tho commander re
fused to yield her up.
Tho Yankee then towed tho United
States sloop of war Cumberland to Fortress
Tho United Stutes steamer Pawnee, un
der command of Commodore Paulding, on
her arrival nt Fortress Monroe, took on
board tho Third Massachusetts Regiment,
and proceeded to the Navy Yard. On
utriving there they found that tlm Unit
od States ofliocrs had commenced the des
truction of tho public property, in order
to prevent its falling into tlio hands of
llio enemy. I liey had scuttled ati the
ships except tho Cumberland, which was
tho only one in commission. Thev had
cut down the shears, ite.. destroyed the
machinery, nnd preparations were made
'.o make ihe demolition complete.
Tlio bleanier Pncnee, assisted by the
steamer Yankee towed out tlio Cuinb'.rlnnd,
and after passing tlio navy ywl, sent up a
signal rocket, when the match wasapplied
and in an instant tho ships, sl.ipliouses,
storehouses, and workshops were all in
(lames; and so rapid wero they, thut
Cummodoio Rogers, cf the navy, and
Captain Wright, of the engineers, wero
unnblo to reach the rendezvous, where a
boa', was waiting for them, and they had
to bo left behind. IVsido tho buildings,
thero was a valuable st;ck of provisions,
cordage, an 1 machinery.
Among the most valuable property des
troyed aro tho following Government
vessels: Ships-of-thc-lino, I'ennsylvania,
Columbus, and New Yoik j Frigates, Del
aware, Merrimack, nnd Potomac ; Sloops-ot-war,
Gcinantown, ajid Plymouth, and
tho Prig Dolphin ; carrying about 3o0
guns in all.
With tho blowing up of tho dock, tho
burning of tho Navy Yard, and ull tho
other government property nt . Norfolk,
will result in a loss to tho government of
at least $10,000,000. Tho policy of this
net on the part of tho government w ill bo
more fully realized and explained in the
future. A tlirco months invasion by n
foreign enemy could hot havo cost the
government and people moro than this
destruction of t ho public property nt Nor
folk and Harper's Ferry, by tho oflicers
Pay ok tub Taoors.- -Tho following
from an exchange paper, gives tho rato of
pay allowed in tho army of the United
States, to which tho militia is entitled
when called into service:
Second 1 icutenant,
Brevet Second Lieutenant,
First or Orderly Sergeant,
The first column of figures represents
the net monthly salary, nnd tho second,
includes rations, forage, Ac.
OlUcers nro roquircd to provide their
own uniforms and equipments, but the
men are clothed and armed by tho Govern
It. l.n f!u f T. lorn 11 .
On the first of January 1800, the iegu -
lur army consisted of 1,083 commissioned
' - . . . v.
officers, musicians, artificers, and 11 843
t,, io"io JES 1
in .1 oii re ,ionH ut which clevtMi per
sons wore uurneu iu ucaiu, unu
1 - I l.-.l. I l.mi I
.twenty dangerously injured.
J h liru bin o-i lor i0 Iioum w
- men succeeded in putting it ou
.mpposed that at least 1.4U0 barro
out. it is
t - p "l
unloosed Hint at least I.4UW Darrois 01 tin
Wcrt. consumed, and tho well in now yiel
iing lweity IiuitcIb per hou.
11.. IV.,I.,I.. !,.. 17(1, nn nYliln-
. " "-".' .M
sion anil liro oecured at tho vell of
.i. i i... i .....in f
lliu jnuitiiiviiuiy ii'sm" '
which have th
tiro ccnununilv. This well i3 on the Uu
liuiiii 1 qIuviii uivi
chanan farm, on Oil creek, 3 miles from
the mouth and about 10 miles from the
n.,,.,1, AUMi.5nVl.w.(iU ivMi'knicii
employed nt tho well struck a ver) heaw
vein of oil which instantly comnienvcd
flowing over thu conductor at the top of
the weil. Tho immense fori o of tho gas
throw out the oil in unprecedented quan
tity ; generally estimated at the rato of
100 bane s per hour, i he report ot suon
an unusually heavy strike drew to
well a number of spectators Irom tho
;.. .;,.;;(,. a t . ,.i,.it r. IV
M. while the derrick nnd space around i
the well, was filled with u crowd of per
sons looking at '.ho gushing stream of oil,
a sheet of fire, sudden as lightning, en
veloped the building on all sides, follow
ed instantaneously by an explosion, which
sounded to thoe e at u distanco liko thu
report of a heavy pieeo of artillery. Of
the entire crowd, iiiiiiibring somo 130
persons, all were more or less i stunned or
prostrated. The oil immediately satura
ted the clothing of the unfortunates, and
as they returned to consciousness they ran
wild with horror, living masses of flame
deprived of the power to save ihemselvos,
and beyond the reach of aid from others.
Kvery clfort was made by those who were
unL.iured or sliuhtlv hurt, to reeuo and
sist others. All tho people in tho im -
mediate neighborhood nere soon on the
spot lending their aid, and mar.y lives
wero saved by heroic exertions. Several
were, no doubt instantly killed. To those
w ho witnessed tho lea: ful scene it is a
wonder that any ono within tho building
Tho How of oil was not checked by the
explosion, but continued in u stream of
about four inches in diameter, spreading
over tho ground and being ignited as it
fell adding a dense smoke nnd sheets of
fltiino to the horrors of the scene. At tho
top of the hit of oil n steady intense white
flame rose to the height ot 30 or 40 feet
with shoots of fire above that, to the
height of M0 feet. Atiout one hundred
barrels, which had just been filled, wero
soon burst by tho heat and added their
contents to increase the tire. The oil in
the vats also burst out and with that from
tho barrels, and the immense quantity
gushing from tho well, ran in ditches or
covered the surface to a considerable ex
tent. All was ono mass of flame and
within this fiery circle were some thirty
human beingsfrantic with misery und
terror, or lying in death, a prey to tho de
In tho iiu.no and by t.ic au-
. .11 II1U I.M...
L. S. thority of tlio
Wukueas, All armed rebellion
a portion of tho States of this Union,
threatening tlio destruction of the Nation
al Government, periling public and pri
vate property, endangering tho peaeo und
security of this Commonwealth, and in
viting systematic piracy upon our com
Awlwkeieax, Adequate provision docs
not exist by law to enable tho Kxectivo
to make tlio military power ot tlio State
as available and eflicicnt us it should be
tor the common delciico of the Statu rnd,,,ocn ..occIvol to ti ht of Ilolv,,.rul .....
the General Government:
And whereas. All occadon so
nary requires a prompt exrcis,o
Legis ntive power ol Uio Mate ; therefore;
1, anuiiew u. ti'Kiis, uovernor or 1110
Common Health of Pennsylvania j.bj .virtue;
ol tho powers vested in mo by - tlio Const.-
uhioi. . iu Bjr .u ... "eiiuiui
Assembly ol this Common wen In, and re-
quiro the members ol tho Senate nnd
llouso ol Itejiresent ivoa to meot in their
7"im:."muv" V.'1,' ,,,
V 1 1 1 v 1 1 1.' V i i 1 1 ' a 1 1 ,...!. . i ..
i i.i ii. i . i.
.-.Mill tlLIIV IIUIM II... Ull.l DM II Vlll. , L Mm,
o'clock noon of that day, then and
to tnko into considoiation and adopt such
nicusuies in the premises as tho exigency
may seem to them in their wisdom to do-',
In testimony whereof I have hereunto
!et my hand and caused the Grcut ,vcal of
the Commonwealth to bo uflixed at liar
ri.-buig, this 20th day of April, in tho jour
of our Lord ono thousand eight hundred
and sixty-one, and of tho Independence
of tho United Stales tho eigh'y-sixth. By
the Governor. KLI SLiFKR,
Seerctary of the Commonwealth.
COMPARATIVE TARIFFS OK THE UNITED
Mr. J. SMim Ilovjms (Secrenry (Ac Cham
1n:r f Commerce of the State of Sew York) nnd
W. U. 1AXA, (AWirtry nt .nir,) editors nf tho
"Mr.HlllASTs' MA.IINK ANII CnMUKIK-IAI. Hk-
vir.w,", Now Yurk, huvo projisrod for that work,
and imliliMicl nlu iu a iaiu)hlct form, the Tar
iff ur tiik UgiTKii States, adopted March, 1S0I,
to mIiicu ippeinlcd, for the Jint time, am nlplm
Mr. n 111 nltiliil.
botlcul lilt ol nil article?, tUnwing
the comparo -
tive rnttis of dutv ftrrordim? tn tho
Tariffs of tho
yours 1812, ts 16, 1SS7 ond lsW, thu blowing,
ni a ytavvr, tno contrmt in emit article, the rio
ormo uui in iuo uui.v at ciitii uuic j iu iueu i,
mou in Congress ho advocated or opposed each 1 "' , V"1""' -'i-'i ine puny,
tariff. Tho vicw.areKiven,inacondeD1.odfori.!,'' '"Vitatiori, as cluinnan, and tho con-
of (ieneral llnmillon, Menws. Madison nnd Jef- versauon was cnnuuclod ni iinly between
femon j Ingham, Wright, ISuchnann, Stevenson,) him ami Mr. Lincoln, nnd was not heard
of ' 1'ennM'lvnnin ; Pickens, Webster, llwirht, cntiro by all tho menibci'S of tho deleira
i; ..r i.... it. . i..t..i..k .ii'! c
vi ..i.PBn.iiupvuo, iinituoijiu, V I irgl II 111 ;
Clay, of Kentucky ; Foote, of Connecticut; Mill-
lory and Collamer, of Vermont: Cumbreling and
Silas Wriht, of Now York i Mitchell and Bur -
gom, of Khode Island f Calhoun, Drayton, Hayno j l" I"01'01 'l.llc ,,vc,' received very ork, who arrived in this city last even
and llamiltou. ol Suuih Careliim ; Wilde, sf cordially i,y Mr Lincoln a soi t of rudo ing, says that ha was in Kiohmond for a
Uoorgia, and ether prominent ftato.-iaon.
lo n Inch aro aluo adileil, I
tho Dutiei levied hy each Tariff
. . ,,; "
NIXR I.BADISU nBAHS OKIKfOKTS
i V.O nfll,. Vnl. K. SI.I..U. ...I. T..iir
1789 to 18BI. III. New Commercial neBuU -
I iioni oi ine i mica ciaiei. i no wnoio in a pam-
pntet oi pages, octavo. 1'nicR SO ckhts-
This ii tie only Urtittical sad hintorical ar
rangement oftue Tariff over pupliahed.
Orkat Fiikhhet ik inn MiMinsirri Riven.
Iho St Paul papen furniih accoanU of the greai
flood which has been prevailing in that aeotinn
for some time part Many villages on the Mio-
tributary of the" Father of Watore" hai been ne.
UVNUin rn l' unto urvu nuuuirigeu, aim tnil Krra
Ter o uign oeiore wiuiin memory i that
jcil, indivKi(luB,, the oldest inhabitant.'
width of the Mississippi lelow St. iw avcra-
- " i ,
Rc! m LJMi' ' lltb"' ,lrfd' reached three,
THE WAR NEWS
"" V" ' U 'a
Massachusetts Troops Troops at lllcli-
luoud Hrectlon ol u Hattcryut Yorktuwn
'I,KM Troops at Harper's Ferry ami
3, MM) at Norfolk Schooimr helped Con.
nerval I ve feeling lit Il .ltluiore ... T h c
Italtiuiore Suii-tTlie Stars mid J tripes
Hung to tlic brevce In Ualtiniore, Ac, c.
rEiiRvsvn.Li:, Md , April 20-1 1J l'.M.
Tho llultimoro Hun of this morning re
ceived here, says thnt a passenger train
i left for Washington csterday morning,
i: . . . , . t
ibut on aPPioacliini: tho Annapolis June
. i. V i I
lion luuuil Hie rt'iii'nu iiuujis lining
t ..ti , i 1 . I I
raw. i no iihi . put. imcu , .o comi .c.o.
.njT " . i
I 1 ho .Seventh .New oi k llegmient and
part of tho Massachusetts volunteers took
up tho lino of Match from Annapolis on
Wednesdiv inornim;, nrd urrivini' at the
Junction at 1(1 o'clock yesterday inornin
left for Washington. The train returned
to the Junction at -1 o'clock p.m.. nnd
again left with tho Massachusetts Regi
'inent. On I ho arrival ot the
i-..: ... i i'..i.: .t...
ivg.iiiriib iii ii usiiiiijAiuii i in-j
up P ennsylvania avenue 10 uio i resi-
lent's Mouse and fioin thence to the War
Six thousand volunteers aro in Lic'.i
mond reatly for service, Tho Virginia
troops are erecting a battery at Yorktown,
and another one three miles above Rich
mond. Tho steamship Jimeslown is being
fitted up nt Richmond for a war vessel.
Kour thousand troops are at Harper's
Kerry, and 2,f(Ki nt Norfolk, ami it is said
there will be 25,0(10 at Richmond by ike
close of the week.
The schooner Annie .1. Russell, with a
cargo of wheat for a Massachusetts port,
has been seized at Richmond.
It is reported that lht troops at Har
per's Ko ry havo been ordered to another
point and it is supposed will movo to a
pos'.tion near thu Capital.
I'he lialtimoro Sinn has a leader which
seems to indicate tlmt u conservative in.
Iluence is g.'iuiug ground in Paltimore.
Tlio V'ii emphatically declares it is i,ot a
secession paper. It advocates the calling
of a Stato Convention elected directly
from the people. The samo paper denies
the stories of violence done to Union men
Pkkkyvh.i.k. April 20.
The communication with Paltiuioro is
becoming much improved. Tho steamer
which left at ono o'clock this nf'tcrr.oon
arrived bore just as the evening train was
u! out to stm t 'or Philadelphia. It was
boarded in the stream by tho Captain ol
tho Fairy, which brought tho passengers
lo Perryvillo, Anions the pnssensers go
ing North nre five Muine timbermen, or
dered out of Virginia. They report that
three schooners, the Gen. Knox Victory 1
and Georgia, of Maine, had been izod in
tho Parjuka river, Virginia. Cannon
had Icon placed on board the Gen. Knox,
and the secession flag hoisted. Tho men
were ordered to leave on Saturday, und
placed under guard. They obtained a
pass from Governor Letcher out of the
Slate, but wero stopped frequently at
Baltimore. Being intercepted by the
troops, they npealed to Gen. Trimble per
sonally, who cxpreised regrot that trav-
le'.ers were interfered with, nnd protected
Intelligent men frotD I altimorc express
confidence that the sei-enidon mob rule
will soon ho overturned. Tho leader of
tho iS'uii to day is regarded as tho most, fa.
vorable symptom, und an index of future
A gertlonian declared publicly, in n
parlor at Barnum's hotel, that, tlm seces
sion flaq would not Lo allowed in that city
ri.n ..,t i -
lion of public sentiment in Baltimore. A
i..; ,.i.... 1
questioned states that before ho left this
,,, ho ,VIW Klatifie.l to ee tho
,i ,,.:,. n;.. ........ 1 1. r;....i.. r .,...
LeadMuarters and Butcher's Hill.
siU,nco of ,he Ui)ioM nien j
ivo been more powerful than clamor
,..,, , ,,. , ,, . , .
isU ,,,.. tll,ri,.,LMi .:.. own llllrJ(1B
, Tho.0 u g,.cat rwlj, am'()nfi' ,ho
Unessmen for tho re-cstablishment of
,ri1 '' their silent conservatism is
''-'dually changing to unionism. There
Ono of the passengers left Washington
at 8 o'clock vesterdav afternoon, when nil
. in. - .
was quiet i nero was no news ot impor
lie bad I icard nothing thereof tho rumor
that Lord Ljonshad appealed to Presi
dent Lincoln for on armistice of 00 days.
He witne.-ed tho urrivnl nf Ihe seventh
N. Y. Regiment on the afternoon of his
departure. All the regiment reported
well. They had built a bridge on tho road,
and repared tha rails.
While tho Kighth Massachusetts Regi-
mci:i nag moving to asiimgton a.l or-
.1 . ... i . . ...
uvr wns received 10 Mop ut tlio Junes
tion nnd guard Hint point.
Interview with the President
From the linltimom Sun April 23d.
We leurn tlmt n delegntion from five of
tho Young Men's Christian Associations
of Italtiuiore, consisting of six members of
. . . ' l
i, ' )'.ostprVly l"051'1' to ashington
'" uiu - resident, tho
j lu" 'l'" being to intercede with him in
neiiait ot it peaceful policy, and to entreat
nun not to pin; troops through Baltimore
1 1U U -
llur ininrmnni l,r.,u. .,..,.!.. r..'H'i.nni iU )I :.l h.i.Li t. it. i
w Triifl IlV .
ll, W n0lV,.,Ul ' .J' 8,lltcg Ua Upon
lamiiiaiuy oi . mnnner ana tno con versa -
1 . ' , m uu-
prejs upon Mr. Lincoln the vast rcspon-
SltlllltV ot tlio position lio OOCIlnifid and
sihihty of tho position ho occupied, and
'..I. - t It . ... li.lt. .Lt.nn .1...I .1... 1
I - """J ' " wt-uim
:vh,,t uPJn '"m Ucl''d the issue of
r.T , ,.
e . . . , , .,. . , . '
Irftlf irlilnl nrtnt n...l r,,. ..1
............ . uu iiiu uiuer,
1e.t?,' mr 1 , ., , .
Hut,( said Mr. Lincoln, " what am I
i.?im 1 . ., .
Why, sir, let the country know that
you are disposed to rccognizo tho indo-
pendenco of the Southern States. I fi.1V
nothing of secession ; recognize tho fact
l.i . .1 , , aci
their on thut they -vill novor bo united Sumter, after various adventure of stir
again with tho North, and peace 11 ill in- ring interest, reachod Richmond on his
- a -
slantly take the placoof anxiety and sus-
uuuT I bhall havo no Government no
Dr Fuller expressed tho opinion that
. ., 1 ... , II 11.. .1.1
an imposing Government, and furnish
lovenue. but our informant could not
.. .i i . ril.
i.it i ho orinorn stales woum consviiuip
lollow llio cxacv mm ui ni i-uiii. .......... lorKBt,
The conversation turuiirg upon the imcnts march up 1'onnsylvania Avcnu9
passage of troops through Maryland, Dr. The New York Sevenylirn as Ml)T
Fuller expressed very earnestly tho hope tod during tho evening.
thut no more would bo ordorod over the j Tho Annapolis Junction road,( heldb,
soil of this .Stale. Ho remarked that three Pennsylvania regiments, who would
Maiyhind had shod hor blood freely in ad anco to the Capital us soon as xtin.
tho war of Independence, sho was tho forcemenls ni rived from riiiladulphia,
fiiMt to move tho adoption of tho Constitu- John A. Ford, forWr'.y u resident of
lion, and had only yielded her clinging Philadelphia, and well kuowu ther, x,b
attachment to tho Union when tho blood arreslod us ho went to h's phico of busj,
of her citizens hud been shed by by stran-lness in Petersburg, on last.Satuiday m0ra.
L'ors on their way tc a conflict with hor,ing, and taken beloro a committee of info,
sisters of the South. ly. Jlo was tried, and ulthouili th.
Mr. incoln iniistod that ho wanted
tho troops only for tho defence of the
capital, not for the invasion of the South
ern States. "And," ho said, "I must
have tho troops, and mathomatically, tho
necessity exists that they should come
through Maryland. They can't crawl
under the enrth, nnd they can't fly ever it,
and jiathoii). ideally they must come
across it. Why, sir, those Carolinians are
now crossing Virginia to como hero to
hang me, nnd what cin 1 do ? "
In some (illusion to the importance of n
penie policy, Mr. Lincoln remarked thut
if he adopted it, under tho circumstances,
there ' would ie no Washington in tint
no Jucktfun in thut no spunk in tlm'.?"
lr. Fuller hoped that Mr. Lincoln
would not ullow 'spunk' to override pat
riotism. Mr. Lincoln doubled if ho or Congress
could recognize the Southern Confedera
cy. Ami we suspect that such a Con
gress us tho ix-xt will be, with all the
Southern Slates out of it, is not likely to
recognize it. With regard to tho Gov
ernment, he raid "ho must run the ma
chine as he. found it." And in lel'oience
to passing troops through Paltimoro or
Maryland', ho said, 'Now", sir, if you won't
hit me, 1 won't hit you."
As tho -delegation were leaving, Mr.
Lincoln said to ono or two of the young
men, ' I'll tell you a story. You have
hoard of tho Iri.hmnn, who, when a fel
ow was cutting his throat with n blunt
razor, complained that ho haggled it. Now
if I can havo troops dirfct through Ma
ryland, and have Inem all the way round
by .vuter, or marched acros out-of-tho-way
territory, I shall bo haggled."
Letter from Secretary Geward.
The following letter was nddressod, to
Governor Hicks, ol Maryland, by the Sec
retary of State:
Dkiwrtmknt or Statu, April 22, 18(31.
His Errclleue;t Thomas 11. Hick, Governor
of Maryland :
Sir: I havo had tho honor to receive
your communication of this morning, in
which you informed mo thai yo't have
felt it to bo your duty to advise tho Presi
dent of the United States to order else
where the troops off Annapolis, nnd also
that no more troops bo sent through Ma
ryland ; and you havo lurtlier suggostod
that Lord Lyons be requested to net us
mediator between tho contending . par
tics in our country to prevent the effusion
The 1'iesideiit directs me to acknowl
edge the receipt of that communication,
and to assure you that he has weighed
tho counsels which it contains with the
respect which he habitually cherishes for
the Chief MagUtrates of tho sev oral States,
ami especially for yourself. Ho regrets,
us deeply us .my magistrate or citizen of
tho country can, thf.t demonstrations
against the safety of the United Slates,
with very extensive preparations for tho
effusion of blood, have miido it his duty to
cull out to which you allude.
The force now sought to bo brought
through Maiyhind is intended for iiolh
ing but the defence of this capital. The
1'iesident has necessarily confided the
choice of Iho national highway which
that force shall take in coming fo this
city lo tho Lieutenant General command
ing the army i f tho United States, who,
like his only predecessor, is not less dis
tinguished for his humanity than for his
loyalty, patriotism, and distinguished
The President instructs me to add that
the national highway thus selected by
the Lieutenant General hns been chosen
by him, upon consuliaticn with promi
nent titugisuatis nnd citizens of Mary
land, as the one which, while a route is
absolutely necessai), is further romoved
from the populous cities of the State,
and with the expectation thut it would
thercloie tic the least objectionable ono.
1 hi; 1 icsident cannot but remember
that there has been a time in tho history
of our country when a General of the
American Union, with forces dosigned for
tho defence of its capital, was not unwel
come, anywhero in Ihe State of Maryland,
ni. a ceiiftimy not ut Annapolis, then, as
now, tho capital of that patriotic State
nnd then, alro, ono of tho cnpitals of the
If eighty years could havo obliterated
all the other noble sentiments of that nge-
in -uaryianti, tne rresidetit, woulU Ue
hopeful, nevertheless, that thero is out
tlmt would forever remain thero and ev.
erywherc. That sentiment is that no do-
mesiic contention wnatever. tlmt mav
arise among tho parties of this Republic,
ougnt in uny cuse to no relurrod to any
j foreign arbitrament, least of ull to the nr
j bitrament ol tin Kuropeiin monarch y.
Ihitvelho honor to be. with distin-
guished consideration, your Excellency's
most, oi.euieni servant.
Wii.Uam U. Sewarw,
FROM THE SOUTH.
. t , V , " S . J
A Jewish clothing merchant, from New
, week, und that lie seen all the troops
inure mm inose wmcii passed throuclj du
ring that time. Accustomed to judge ol
mahses of men moving tOL-etl
. r . ... . .
tary form, he think that5 lMK) is a high
ier in a
nstimntA nf nil l,a ,.,.,v, ii,..,..i.
" ... oil" .uui uiviuuii ur
.1... ...... 0
luuv ncre stniioned thoro.
1 A yunl? New Yorker, who had gone
South, nnd was nt Fredericksburg upon
commercial business, eaw two companies
march from thero for Dumfries, a small
town not far from Alexandria.
All flfinnl. trr,n Kaw Vftflr tt A,ln..l
Express company, and who had been driv -
txpres compnny, and who Dad liecndr .
en from Cha'leston at (he siege of Fort
" S- '1 ' "' uVV 11 Q
way North, and as the city was under mar-
that and various othors of the ame cl.
ftiM.Ar WVlttikn iitifin a Innun . ",1
dale or place attached to them.
II - W....I.
muciiKi-ia nuiu " "onumion. wi, i .
there on Thursday at 2 1. Si., report th.)
thoy saw the Eighth Massachusetts Si-.i
IC,.n.tl. n.wl Ki vl v.tiitill. V. - , 'lS,
.crowd cried out "limb him !' "liaibbim '
meaning nang uiiu uui uo gave th
masonic sign ot dist-ess, und prominent
persons interfering, got him away to Man,
I t . ! l.i I
lOI'il. i.O lay mi uiiy ouuuiiy concealed ik
a Kiave yard. Un Jionday gettinu Lis n..
i .... i . . -
ly daughter, a sprightly littlo child of Cv
1.1 l.A.. ...!. i. I 1. li..l.... J .
years oiu, iioBtuiiuii ivi ibiuuuiuuu, leay.
ng ucinnu mm n. ms stationary establish,
ment about eijit thousand dollars north
nf ni'mif.i'ti' '
1 1---.- . .
lie thinks tho socessianiits design to
try their hand at tho reduction of Fortran
Dion roc hcioro mey iry to reUuco Wasli.
UIU.illla it fcV T villi LVV IVkUlUCI B inrilai
.t.tts-iti IT I Iiau anti rrtt I r.t. hnr n 1.
enough army, l hey may nliuct both jim,
ultuiieouslv. Thu reduction of Jlonrot
would giv them control of ull the Cbeu,
peak I5ay waters ; without it the entrance
to every inlet, crook and river can be con
trolled by the Federal Government.
Mcnroo has a force of 1.K00 men witliw
its walls. Tho li.dtic was lying in th
stream on Tuesday night with 1,000 mn
ready to rcinroreo thd lort. Geu. Sott
intends to place 5,000 men 12 it.
A Mr. Brown, also a resident of Thili.
delphiu in former years, and lately a resi
dent ot Noifolk, declares that the burning
of tho Pennsylvania was tho branded
eight he ever saw.
Ou Sunday Henry A. Wise mvle 1
speech to an excited crowd of NorfolkitN
from the balcony ot a hotel, telling them
that Lieut. (Jen. Scott had resianeu, and
was detained at Washington by force;
that Lincoln had been inailo drunk by
the extreme republicans in order to hsui
the proclamation culling upon volccteen
und ih.it It the Virginians were firm Lin
coln would fintily yield.
Mr. liiown says further Hint loading m.
ccs.iionisls about Norfolk predict with.
confidence- that Jeff. Davis will eat liii
dinner upon tho 4th of July in the WLiU
House. 1 hey are guilty ot many sunilir
extravagant expressions. In his opinion
the (lower of the upper class is now in the
field, and if they suffer u scvero reverse Id
tho first great encounter, they will never
be ablo to rally under tho blow.
The Border Stato Convention.
It seems that arrangements have been
made for holding a Convent on of I lit
Herder Slave Stales at Frinkford, Ky. on
nxt Saturday, 4t Ii in.it. In reference to
this Convention, a Into number of theSl.
Loui.i Evening J'eus has tie fol owing:
This body is to meet nt Frunford, Ky.,
on Saturday the 4th of Mny next, Mil.
souri has nppoinlO'l delegates to represent
hermit; so has Jcnnessce; a can vast 11
at this moment going on in Kur.'.ucky for
the election ot delegates ; irgmm irifl
appoint delegates to represent her ; and
it is hoped Unit Maryland, Delaware, nnd
North Carolina and Aikansas, will nUobe
procnt in the persons of authorised rop
rcBuntativcs, To give the convention the inline: m
and dignity which it deserves, and to ena
ble it to speak with nil the power ami
authority of tho six millions of l'ltdplcof
the Holder slave State., every ono of tliejt
States ought to be represented in it, and
the entire eight should net as 11 unit.
The North, is united; the South istni
ted ; why should not the cent) e nUo lo
united? Why should not tlio Bonier
slave Stales, to whom peace is ull in til,
nnd to whom war would be utter deiiruo
tijti, insert their iudividuulity, repel (lie
enticements and defy the threats of both
the hostile antagonist, nnd declaring for
neutrality, decluis- nlso that they will
Ireat as nn enemy whoever violates thut
neutrality by treuding on their soil?
If the Frankfort Convention shall set
with t true perception of, und wise regard
for tho interest ol the States it represent!,
it w 11 be un important body, potent for
good. It will huve the power, even yet,
to arrest tho March of the opposing, snd
avert the terrible conflict that will tnke
pluco, if tho combitnnts meet and ciom
swoids. If it resolves to maintain the
soil ot the Border State inviolate, and to
oppose by tho force of anus if nccesstr;,
tho progress of tho army of either poster,
across that soil they will, by this moni
place a wide strip of sacred territory by
tvveen the hostilo Northern and Southern
armies, and thus prevent a general inter
nal strife, in which (he centre of (lit
Union would become the common battle
The contest between Ihe North and
South thus driven from the land, would
huvo tc bo foufht out on the sea, by
menus of privateers. It would bo a mere
extra-Union contest, in which (he psrtici
ulono would Buffer ami even thoy not
severely, since neither would have the
power to inflict any serious blow uponths
other, and both after a time, becoming
wenry of the f ruitless and rcsullless.striff,
would agree to censo from it, and to set
tle thediAputo by treaty.
If tho Frankfort Contention then
would avert a general war, in which th
Uordor States would bo ground to powder
and madu a weltering desert if it would
protect tho truo interests of thoso states-"
let it cast aside all considerations maud
fin sympathy, and nil considoiations of
iinpractieaUo technical duty, declare Uis
oieht border slave States neutral erotind,
anil, if need be, draw the sword to defend
STAMPEDE OF M A KYLAND SLAVK3
llARKisnuo, April 20, 1801
It is reported thut nn ntlack was md
by Marylundea on Hanover, village, York
county, on Tuesday last, occasioned tr
great stampede of negroes. Holiable ac
count say that whole families are crossing
into Adams, York and Franklin counties,
in this Stato. A report places the toUL
loss of slaves by Maryland since ths
troubles begun at five hundred. Great
fears are entertained in tho border coun
i l'u of 'he departure of tho entire shwe
JtaT' Ain't it wicked to rob die chicksn
roost Dick T '
'Dat's a great moral quosfion Gunibo;
and we hain't no time to argufy it now;
hand down auoder pullot.'