Newspaper Page Text
1 mm h
BT 0. B. GOODLANDER & CO,
VOL. XXXI. WHOLE NO 1G5I.
8T MM. IIETTY A. VonidioX.
Siding idly by uiy window,
I'floiiiiiR to tho ntituinn rain,
A It is rRlteroil on the lintiso top,
Dusliril againat tho Kiniliiwpanc
H'kilo I dreamed about tho future,
Wrnry turned mo to tho pitft,
Wondering if my sky would tver
Clear froui clouds uljuut it j.a?t.
As I tat thus idly dreaming,
Idly paring on tho ruin,
In the damp a bird camo flying,
Tupping on tny wiudow-pano ;
leutly tappod, as if to auk me
For protection Irowi lheurin,
Said hiii wing were wet and weary,
And that 1 could feed and warm,
Then I roused me from my drei-ming,
Threw tho window open wide,
Kvarlmd my hand and took the wanderer,
Placed hi in gently ty my aide,
lried his wet and weary pluniago,
(iavo him ciumlig from out my hand,
As I listened to his sinking,
"Surely," thougla I, "I've a friend !
" flod has sent ono thing to love me,
One to lore me, nnd not to lonve,
1 will soothe mo w ith his nnic,
It will tcacli me rot to grieve."
Uut this while tho tky was cleuring,
And it gleam of sunsliino fell
On my now-f.iuml llopo's bright plumage,
And ho Hew, nor enid farewell.
letter From Washington Territory.
(Tho writer of tho following letter is n
native of tli Is place, ninl his numerous rcl-
uliveii and friends will no doubt bo p'.cas-
ci to hour from him. I
Snake Rivkk, Wadiir.gt 'i'etii- I
torv, Jan. 21st, 1S01.
Mr. 0. 1!. Welch -
Dear cousin : It is with great
pleasure 1 tako thin opportunity to pen u
few linos, nnd lit I ho same titnu ask to he
excused for not doing so lo:ig ngo. J be
liovo it is tho first I hnvo written to you
inco 1 left Clcnrlicld. 1 am confident that
1 have yet tho first to receive from you. It i
is a great wrong t liat 1 icm Is especially
relatives do not .correspond more fre
Travel j very slack hero, times dull,
dJ I am very lonesome, being alone in an
Indian country. J suppose you would
like to know where 1 am, whnl I am do
ing, nd whnl brought mo here. 1 wiU
givo you ashort sketch of my wanderings.
lliomdi old to mo, it may Ih new to you.
When I loft Clearfield 1 intended to vjajt
eomo of tho Western States anl cities..
auJ then go down the Mississippi to New
Urlcnns, and thence take a sea voyage, as
1 liiid a great inclination to sec tho world.
Heft Cle.irfiold in tho fall of 1X5.1, went
toPitUuiirgh, F.rie, Hullnlo, Niagara Kails,
Suspension Bridgo, Canada, Jiutroit nnd
Chicago, nnd ninny other places, and at
last reached the Missit s:ppi liver at Rock
Island. Put, alas, the groat rather of
Waters was coveted trom shore to shore
sitli ice for miles anl miles above and be
low. This put mo all aback. 1 knew not
what to rio. Jlut mv business hero (all
Kock island) was to look tip an uncle, my
miner s tirotuer, mien ruiierion. J in
quired ot ninny,
ut no one could rive mo '
- ... .
In Ktrolliii'' about t0
relievo my mind 1 fetched up at ,LUe river
nil concluded to step over to Jtavenpsrt. j
in slopping nt a hall way station, or sa- i """ "u ein, uut mm iccoer-
loor. on tho ice, (a place where passengers ! '' l l'ons two women, four men and
wlwcheose tin lep in and leave their s,x t-'hthlren. Tho Indians Hole, all their
quarters,) I learned that my undo lived 1 . 't"o and provisions. Tho sun.i
tlhmipion, let: miles abovo Rock Island, ' vols i0 cilt 1,10 lui'1 bodj-w. of .tlKyr
which place I readied next day, and ro- ! 1:1,0 oompanions, or perish. They even
warned there till spring-giving up my
lea-voyage. Two years later I loll Hump- .
on ror Uglo county, on the nrrival of my :
tather Camden. 1 stopped in Uglo and ,
De Knlb ceuntios almost two years, when .
the Tike's Teak Cold excitement broke
Wl. bike thousands of others. I started .
wrmimiiw it.iiioraiio. j .can uniy givo
)ou, at present, a very -short sketch ot mv :
travels on tho Plains. It was a verv rainy ,
J:y in April, lf,V.t, when I took Jcavo of ,
my friend, in Ogle county. 1 .'.pent u week
'n tinninton. whrii mv nai tncr and woe-
on arrived. Though the roadnwetio .bail, ft
e tnado our way tlnough to Council
nlulf on the Missouri river, in three
weeki. Here wo bought hix month
IT or provisions, and ctosscd
wka. We got nlong very woll until j
L-an to meet the mnigration pouring
Jie other way, with these bouut fully I
"'Ustralcd mottoes painted upon their
Wllgon covers, "1'ikeV Teak a humbug,"
norao, sweet home,"
"It homo you otiRht to bo
Home, dearest homo,
.In joui uwu country,"
! ftr. Thiu vntlit lou-reil our sails n
little; but concluding to no and see for
I Ourselves, wo kept np the nortli of the
"uo river to l ort Kearney, intending to
trosoverl meeting every day from seven
jHivo to one bundled wagons on tho
ck track. Kvcry camping-place wns a
""ne of destruction, l'rovisions nnd uiiW.V 'he (toverntnent, nmonnted to ?;i3,!Hf,
n'"g tools wero du:upcd out and lel't'nt 'WH. Cf these bids only about 3.00(t,U(R)
.'"niorev of the wild beasts, rather than
te:tniUod to obstruct their homeward
r horewM no forry on tho Tint I', nnd
fc&tel' liftil rnivlwl mn tlint. u o enillil not.
M it with safely, and wo travelled up to
TJ to tho new gold fields, and only sev-'
- "hi iiiiii ". Hill l.'ltl I'liui ii it iiit inn
nt, or 500 miles from tho .
I.. r7-"VCT Ultllll,,
UWUri river. Tho irnldon limil Iminrf
Wow urn- wn ,.,.i.i..,i ir. i;., nv.
"jjror two and tako a luilalo hunt and i termined not to receive depreciated mon
up our minds us to what we hnd y except at banker's rates. 'I here is cv-
'co. Tins erent moimnnlin. or Can- i
'Ittpili, .. .- t i i
.....: . t i
l,u',ho ffni.it Ht,ii.i;n v,.i. U'mi !
nils in unronr rnni piiii innn i.
mvj in uproar lrom cnu 10 eon
parties dividing somo going !
. ... ."in' WJ iUQ
VUmn ro t.liA I 'r. Lr n.,.l nl hri In
nurnin a,..r 1 1. . i:..: i- i
pu" puriners iiiviuiiig
toaws making carts out of their
M-aiij throwing out others loads j
l for long journeys. Auctioncfcis' '
voices were heard in till direction, selling
wagons, teams, ,te. In cases of
olhcers wore appointed, juries Mil in the
brush, free ofcharge, where damages were
claimed lawfully by the plaintiff the los
or's team, or wajon, if ho hud either, was
put tip nnd knocked off to tho highest
bidder, tir.d tho claim satMicd. Many a
poor fellow was loft Ihcro without a dollar
in his pocket.
After considerable consultation as to
our future exploits, our iittlo party very
agreeably settled up all (standing bills nnd
divided into three parts ono for home
one for Cherry Kidgo (Tike's IVak) the
other for California, to which I united.
We took down our canvass, while others
were still pouring in. pitching their tents
and keeping up a continual hum up and
down the river. Tho gold question was
being expounded by male ami female
the latter bouncing about in their hoops
ns it promenading Kroedwny. 'J'he thous
ands of cattle, horses, mules, wnuons. tfc.
in that, vieiniiu fin.l n ... i i
l ie hr.m t !... .11.. .:..:.' ' .....
dnjiarting, gave the place the nppenraneo
of an old settlement, liut I must be mom
brief. It would tako me a month to write
all I saw, heard, nnd experienced
Uur load being heavy, wo sat part of our
uovi.sions aside, though wo needed them
before we got thioiiyli. We poon struck
what is culled the Hlack Hills over I hem.
, vwiiuiiuilllt lllllVllllf Jill ll I
and wo are climbing the eastern sloop nl
the Rocky Mountains. Day aftor day,
trudging along beneath a burning sun,
shaded by nothing seept clouds of mos
quitoes, all claiming kindred. IIaving;no
fan, 1 was compelled to carry a brush
undo of twigs to fight my way, or be
smothered with a coat'or blanket wrapped
around my head. These sufferings can be
better imagined than described. Wo
worked on day after da v. ami week after
wcok, until we rea, Led th, junction of
the California and Oregon roads. Hero '
was another mass meeting. 1'arties here
,, .ml. ........... . . i) . i .
mother mass meetnm. Parties here
wont through the ilividinii 0!eration more
pr. clically, After resting our stock a few
days we drove up to tho turning post, ex
changed compliments, good wishes, Ac,
and hcpirulod, perhaps foicver.
land my partner, Mr. 1 lorl'man, took
tho Oivgon road, Tho Indians on this
road .are troublesome, though the only
harm tliey done us was to steal five horses
nnd a few .titU.tlf,. Wo made ji a train of
twenty wagons, or in persons, men, wo
nen and children. We run short of .pro
visions before we got through, and wero
put on short allownr.ee for a long spell.
We then overtook a government train of
oldiers, (the only train ahfad of us on
this road,) going from Salt l.ako to Ore
gon. They bellied us tsouie, but wore
short themselves. It was then wo thought
of what we had thrown away on tho I'lains.
We lived en (i-h.and water, nnd a short
allowance of bread, until wc got near
enough to send ar. exploit through,
when lbs government tent provisions' to
There were some emigrants attacked on
tbiie rotd towards tiio "last of the trovel.
Sumo were wtmuded, but, none killed. It
is reported that ten wagons were attack
ed, and nil the emigrants killed. 'J' hero
were more killed on other roads. Soldiers
"l ln ull";;fu 0,1 rrwm tins summer
until tin y thought tho emigration over.
u "'-or IJiey kit the Indians attacked a
,MU1 '"'tween .-1." nnd -10 per.
,!"' l" make clothos, or mats, by weaving
g1"'- " supposed there are sev-
' ul" f" ,u' "r',JS OI l"? 1 !-,
H is tho .Snako .nd l.anact .Itidi-1
lU:l nriMlning this. I hey will be apt
t0,V cUafy 0,lt hoxt suunner.
Juwo cioso tins long narrative, 'I will
" " T ' ""- "uin . m-
lil Vn,lpy. Washington Territory, we made
iwA foparation. Somo went to Oregon
ome bto.pel here. Wo were just
fonr months .on the way ethers were fix
u iwr i mrou iu inn
ferl.v l:0ftt 011 "in 's'nko river at N'.O per
month ami am still nt tho same. 1 had a
prei ty hard time of it in tho summer, ibut '
..u i .. t ii... i.,. i...,..i ; i..i.
1,1 VIMJ .v 1 II II II I U, II IITLI J3 l-llll.IV
-1..1I .....I i l
in'", nuns uun, nun ijitiii" luiitjniiuia &
' ''ought 1 would devote an hour or so to
K'V'hg you a sketch of my adventures.
1 ,s KM'00t I,In,:c fr raising stock, but
no agricultural or farming country. It is
too dry to produco grain except cloeo
along the small stream. Low, wetland
produces large crops, and beats the world
for vegetables. There, are many uold ex
citements in this country, but they do.not
amount to much except to break up
poor folks. No more at present, but ro
main yours trulv,
It nppcars bv ollicinl statement that tho
bid? lyr the JH,(lOD,U(10 loan ndvertised for
have licen aecentod, nt U4, the bocrcta-
ry believing that lie can procure the
S5i0i'0,0(i0 yet wanted nt the wuno ruto.
Tho schooler Carry, while engaged on
the 20lh ultimo, carry ing coal nnd sup
tdios to tho U. S. shin Wyandotte, oQ
rensacola, was captured by the Confoder.
forces, and will bo confiscate.
T li o business men of I'itlsburu have do
ery intlicalion oi mo success oi mo move.
ininnf 'I'hn fnvmerj nil demand nnd rn.
mnhl TI.A r,n.mnrj nil flAiilnnil find rn
ceivo par funds for llioir produco. So
nu i. ....... v -
wholesomo nn experiment should not be
CUIIUIIOII ll I.ltlHUUIU.
Tho Duchess of Kent, mother of Queen
Victoria, died on tho lGth of March, alter
a prolonged illuess.
CLEARFIELD, PA. WEDNESDAY, APRIL
uv weslf.v iiHArsn.vi
From tho American Monthly.
Tho last time I ever saw Anthony Sher
man was on tho Fourth of July, 1M50, in
Independence Square. Ho was then ninety-nine,
nnd becoming very feeble; but
though .so old, his dimming eyes rekin
dled as ho looked at Independence Hall,
which ho said he had came to gnzo upon
oii(v more beforo ho was gathered homo.
'What time is it?' said he, raising his
trembling eyes to the clock in the steeple,
and endeavoring to shndo the former with
a shaking hand, 'what time is it? I can't
see so well noir as I used to.'
'Ccme, then,' h continued, 'let in go
into the Hall I want to tell you an inci
dent of Washington 't, hfo, ono which no
oue nlive knows except mysoll ; nnd if
you live, you will before long seo it vori-
fioc. Mark I am nut .vnicniilions. but vou
mil ff. It veri fied.'
Jteaentn tiio vwitors room, in
which the sacred relics of our early days
ar9 pi eserved wo Bat down tnon on of
tho old fashioned wooden benches, and
, my venerable companion related to mo
I the following singular narrative, which,
I from th peculiarity of our national af
j fairs at tho present time, I have been in
1 dtieod to give to the tforld. I give it, as
near as possiolo in his own words
I 'When the bold notion of our Congress,
in asserting the Independence of the col
i nmes, becnino known in the old world,
we wero laughed nnd scoffed at ns silly,
presumptuous rebels, whom British gren
adiers would very soon tamo into submis
sion ; but undauntedly we prepared to
make good what we had said. The keen
encounter cnnie, nd the world knows
.t L , .1- . f
' ni , J , t
thT ?. iU Rrnl 't.on to talk
ami wnio u i no u iys oi revruiv sa. tmi.
. nicy iittio Know, neittier can iney iniag
ine, t'ne trials nnd stillerincs of t!ioe fenr.
fu! days. And there is one thing I much
few, nnd that is the American people do
nol properly appreciate tho boou of free
dom. Party spirit is yearly becoming
stronger and stronger, nnd without it is
checked, will at no distant day, under
mine and tumble into ruins tho noble
structure of tho Republic. Iut let nie
hasten to tuy narrative.
I 'from the opening of the Revolution
we experienced all phases of fortune, now
good and now ill, ono time victories, and
another concpiered. Tho darkest period
we hnd, however, was, I think, when
Washington, after sovei.al revorscs, retreat
ed to Valley Forge whore ho resolved to
pass the winter of '77. Ah ! I ha.ve often
seen the tears coursing down our old com
innndcr's care worn cheeks, as ho would
be conversing with a confidential ollicer
about the condition of his poor soldiers.
You have doubtless hnrd tho story of
Washington going to the thicket to pray ;
well, it is not only true, but he used olten
to pray in secret for aid and comfort from
-that Ood. tho interiiosilion of whose di
vine providence nlono Drought us salely
through those dark days ot tribulation.
'One day. 1 remember it well the li il
ly winda whistled through llio leafless
trees, though the sky was cloudless nnd
tho sun shining brightly he remained in
his quarters ne.irly nil the afternoon alone.
When ho came out I noticed that his face
was n shndo paler than usual, and that
there seemed to bo something upon his
mind of more tihan ordinary importance.
li'e.turningjusl after dusk, he despatched
an orderly to the .quanUrs of the ollicer 1
n,ni.l!n,ml ii'lii (fn il'ncAll I 1 if fl nlloilfl
nnr0 After a prcMminary conversation,
w)lirI, llst(1(1 gomo ,,f Loilr Wshing-
ton, gazing upon his companion with that
Blrftn cp i00u of di gnity, which ho nlone
C01M MmmM(I to , he attcr .
A t k y .,lftI r it js owin to
t . vofmv mili or whati yj.
this afternoon. n I was silting at this very
tablo engaged in prcpating a dispatch,
tomething in tho npartment seemed to
disturb mo. 'Looking up, ;I tnlield, (fund
ing exactly opposite to mo, a singularly
'beautiful female. So nsionislied was J,
T.M I l.n.l .rit.nn clL.I rl'ili.ra lint, in 1,0 f1i
luruPli,tl.at it.wase.no moments before I
follnf. inllae to ::,.(, t10 cuuse. of ,P,
prosenoe. A second, n iniro, ami even n
fourth time did I repeat tho questions,
but received no answer from my myste
rious visitor, except a slight raising of the
eyes. Ity this time ,1 felt strango scnsai
tions spreading throughout me. I would
- ' . .i ... .
have rison, but tho riveted gaio of tho bo.
inc beforo me rendered volition impose
bio. 1 essayed once moro to address her,
but my tongue had beoomo powerjev
Even thought itself presently became .par
alyzcd. A ncv influence, mysterious, po
tent, .irresistible, to possession of rue. All
f could ao was gaze, gazo steadily, vacant
y nt my unknown vistant. Gradually
the surrotuvling ntmospnero seemed ns
though becoming filled with sensations,
nnd crew luminous. Everything about
mo appeared to ratify, the ruysteriou? vis.
nor herself becoming moro niry and yet
more distinct to my sicht than holore. 1
now began to fool as ono dying, or rather
to experience the sensations which 1 have
bouu times imagined accompany dissolu
Lion. 1 did cot think, I did not reason, I
did not move; all were alike impossible.
I was only conscuous of gazing, fixedly,
vacantly, at my companion.
"I rescntly 1 heard a voice saying:
'Son of tho Republic, look and learn,
while at tbo same moment. n;y yjnitor ex
tended hor arm eastwardly. I now be
hold a heavy white vapor at somo (lis-
tance, raising fold upon fold , this gradu
ally dissipated, and I looked upon n
strange scene. Heforemo lay spread out
in ono vast plain nil tho countries of the
world, Europe, Asia, Africa nnd America.
I saw rolling anil tossing between Europe
nnd America, the billows of tho Atlantic,
ami between Asia nnd America lay tho
ion ot the Republic,' said tbo sme
mysterious voice as before, 'look and
'At thnt moment I behold a dark
shadowy being like an angel, standing,
or rather Homing in mid-air between Eu
rope and America. Dipping water out of
the ocean in the hollow of each hand, he
sprinkled somo upon America with his
rightiifind, w hile bo cast upon Europe
some with 'lie left. Immediately a dark
cloud raised fiom each of these countries
and joined in mid-ocean. l"or awhile it
remairnsrl stationary, nnd then moved
lowly westwurd, until itenvtloped Amer
ica in its murky folds. Sharp flashes of
lightning gleamed throughout it at inter
vajs, nnd J heard tho snioothcred groans
nnd cries of the Aireiican people.
'A second limo the angel dipped water
from the ocean, uir.l sprinkled it out ns
before. Tho dark cloud was then drasvn
back to the ocean, i, whose heaving
waves it sunk from view. A third timo I
Leurd tho mysterious voico saying:
' 'Son of the Republic, look and learn,'
'I cast my eyes upon America, nnd be
hold villages, tows nr.d cities springing
up ono niter another, until the wluole
land from the Atlantic to the Pacific was
dotted .villi them. Again 1 heard the
mysterious voice say ;
' 'Son of the Republic, the end of the
century conieth look and learn
At this, the dark, shadowy angel turn
ed his face southward, and from Africa I
saw nn ill-omened spectre approaching
our land. It Hilled sljwly and heavily
over every town nnd city of the latter,
tho inhabitants of which presently Fot
themselves in btttlo array against 'each
other. As I continued looking, 1 saw a
bright njigel, on wlwou brow jested a
crown of light, on which was traced tho
word 'UNION.' bearing tho American
jjiig, which he placed between the divided
minor, ntid said :
'Remember ye nrc bretlwuu .!'
Instantly tho inhabitants, casting from
them tbeir weaioMs, became friends onco
more, and united arexuad tiio national
stun Jaul. And again 1 heard the myste
rious voice, saying :
' "Son of tho Republic, the end of a cen
tury comet h, lowk and learn,
'At this the dark, shadowy nnyej placed
a trumpet to his mouth, and blew thien
.disliocV blasts, and taking water from the
ocean, sprinkled it out upon htiroie,
Asia and Africa.
'Then my eyes beheld n fearly scene.
From each of these .countries nj- o thick,
black clouds, that were soon joined into
one. And throughout this mass thero
gleamed a dark-red light, by which I saw
hordes of armed men, w ho, moving with
the cloud, marched by land nnd sailed by
tea, to America, which country was pres
ently enveloped in tho volume, ol tho
cloud. And! dimly saw these Mist arm
ies devastate the whole country, and pil
lage and burn the villages, towns nnd
cities that 1 had beheld springing up. As
my earsJ-isUMioJ to the .thundering of can
nun, clashing of swords, nnd shouts and
cries of tho millions in mortal combat, 1
again heard the mystirious voico, saying:
' '."'on of the Republic, look and learn.'
'When the voic hail ceased, tho dark
shadowy angel placed hi fj'.utnpet onco
moro to his moth and blew a long, fearful
'Instantly a light as of a thousand suns
shown down from ubov.c me, nnd pierced
and bioke into fragments the dark cloud
winch . enveloped America. At tho samo
.moment J saw the angel upon whose fore
head still shone the word 'UNION,' anil
who bore our natiohal Hag in one hand
ami a sword in the oilier, descend from
Heaven attended by legions of 1 right
spirits. These immediately joined tho
inhabitants of America, who I perceived
wero well nigh overcome, but who, iinme
lialcly taking courage again, closed up
their broken rank and renewed tho bat
tle. Again Amid the tearful noise of tho
conflict I heard the mysterious voice, say
ing: "Son of the Republic, look nnd learn.'
'As the voico roused, Iheshadowy angel
for th a last time dipped water from tiio
ocean nnd spr'iikled it upon America.
Instant l, tho dark cloud rolled back, to
gether with the armies it had brought,
leaving the inhabitants of the land victori
ous. Then once more I beheld villages,
towns and citios springing up where they
had beou befai.e, while the hrjght tinge',
planting the n.ure standard bo had iro't
in the mnl.H of them, cried in a loud voice
to tho inhabitants:
' 'While the stars remain nnd tho Ilea
yens M'Uo! down dow upon the cm th, to
long shall the Republic last.'
'And taking from his brow tho ero'vp
on which still blazed the word UNI0N,'
he placed it upon the standard, while the
people knecjig down said 'Amen !'
' 1 he scene instantly benn ,to lade nnd
dissolve, and 1 at last saw nothing .but
tho rising, curling while vapor I had first
beheld. I his a.so disappearing, I lound
myself once moro gazing upon my myste
rious visitor, wdio, in that samo myste
rious voico 1 had heard before said :
' 'Son of tho Republic, what you have
seen is thus interpicted. Three perils
will come upon the lieptiblio. Tho injsj
fearful is the leoond, passing which the
whole, world united, shall li'.-ver bo nblo
to prevail against her. Lot every child of
the Republic loam to live for his Ciod, his
land nnd tho .Union.'
.With theso words the figuro vanished.
'1 Klnrted from my seat, and felt that I
had seen a vision wherein had jetti
shown tc mo tho birth progress and des
,tinv of tho Republio of tho Unitod States.
'In lUnion she wi'J have hor strength,
in Disunion her destruction.'
'Such my friend concluded tho venera
ble narrator,, 'wero tho words I hoard
from Washington's own lips, nnd America
will do well to profit by them. Let her
forever rcmomScr hat, in Union the has
h-r s'.roiji.h, i Disunion hr i-$trvctk-n.'
The Impending; Civil War-
1 exsacoi.. Fensneola is nn ancient
town having been founded at nn early pe.
nod by the Spaniards. Tho houses nra
huilt in tho olden style, with low, narrow
windows nn.l i.iviiniii,,ff r . ...i i.
V" I'lwjvvmijj iuuio, nnieii in
-- .. ,. ,.,,,,. ,,,-,,,., ncmss
ttlO RlilownlL-a In Di.nnl.:..n) 1.
t I '-HI I II 4 OI XeilKIICDUl,
the Mobile Advertiser, in a recent issue.
Tensaoola is historic ground, and its his-
lununoie. is essetiatly military. Centu
nna n nn 1 1, a n -I : I. ... . - I ...
.....j, ,tuihhii rvenis oi wnicn it, " 'in inner or fevon two rivers, tno
Willi lim L'i.i..l.r ...... - :1Jl.,,Ann,l.:n 1 .1.. 1.1 . . r . .
-.i.ii,, , nna u scene, ff.ive
nmni) n n iki il, .i- i
........ ,....vv, j,j;u ui insiury. in
lt.4 tltrp It. lino t nn.n nn.... M A I
........ uiiu-in, iiiiu
none surrendered it except of necessity,
few without a strue"ln. nnd nonn irniiio,! if
. . , co' - .v
eXCOT it. lit I nA ..At.'nM nf 1 i
IS a "debntnlil nmnn,!'' I,v ;iD irn,i;i;.. i
il 1 v 11 ' , ""i""'"""- ji
. " .vm.. ... ,,n iitiviiuuil, I I
i i nioi:ii:ie arji its local condUions, lto
fore the days of Do Soto it wns not the un
disputed possession of tho aboriginal na
tionalities; for our meagre records of those
times r.nd people show that different
tribes came nnd sojourned on the waters
of the !nv and mada it fl sort, nf nnmmrn
j territory n quasi neutral ground, tciwrt
I they could tpend a warm season in fishe-i-y,
and fnjoy (he cool Hulf breezes which
j fanned tho waves of the bny of 'Tonsneo
Ja" of "Ochtis" of "ran'zacol.V ir of
J ensacola," as we of this day linu'.Iy have
it in its confirmed nomenelaturo- In later
limes the Spaniard, the Frenchman, the
Hritisber and Amdo.A tliei'iraii innti.tiil&i)
j for it ownership, and tsatjj snd all kjs.
sessed nnd held it et arnu piimnrily. nnd
some by treaty right, for n time. There
.itteuHori ndded something of faino to bis
name there I'.iilon fought with Spaniard,
Spaniard with French and Indian, and
Indian with Indian nnd now ngair. it is
the fair bone of contention between the
rival races of Anglo-Americans. I th.n&o
latter days of in, history it is become he
point of interest in Hit? eye of tho nation,
and may possibly iwvo'tho eyos of the
world directed to U as the Crimea of the
New World. Jt us consider this possU
bility, premising that His contingent upon
the course or governments, and not upon
the humors of those concerned in tho pro
ceedings of tho local,-. Tho war between
Ihoso mighty Towers, Russia, K ranee nnd
England, was fought out on tho narrow
field of the Crimen, nnd now, before hUow
is struck, it may be eonsi.tejed that, in n
large measure, the complexion of our dif
ferences with the United States mny be
decided by tho course pursued nt this t.ew
Crimea, the classic " Ray of Ochus," nnd
before this Sebastapol of" Pickens. Jf we
get into dilh'culties, it may be through Che
nfoncv of this samo troublesome locality
in its proving true to its tradition.
As a summer residence, l'otisncola is de.
liubtful ; for the town is plensant. the
drives ffoA, the scenery romantic, ia
water excellent, nivl thoro is a fine breeze
from the Ben in the hottest thy of tmm-
jiuer. 1 ue sunset scenes are as beautiful
ns nny in the Hay of Naples.
rensacola P,ay is twenty seven miles in
lemth, and in its broadest pari twelve
miles in width. It lies immediate!- ,d
tho mouth or the lXvimbin river. Run
nine aloii'' tho front of the Lnv for fn,,r
teen leagues, nearly east and ' west, i. n
long line of sandy shore, nnrrow, barren,
j nnd as low thnt in n severe ga'lo His rand
j waves dash over it. Pensacola buy has
raro properties as n hnrl.or, nnd cannot be
excelled on thoulf. if l v in iZ
large r.e tl-.ero heing twenty one fuel of
water on tho Inr : nnd when onco inside
,v . . r : yy
the M, ,,p of o.r navy could ride in
ly. 1 be channel runs near f it. ,.nt
salety. 1 lie channel runs near the coa
rcross the liar, which is short aud easily
t.asscd. The hnrW i. "1 ""1 ii..i
,i 1 .1 1, '"i"" ' '""''-
locked, and tho roadstead car, niMona
I he peculiar position ed Pensacola .Lay
mnkei it desirnblo ns nuavjii sfntion, ns
excellent positions for dockvnrds can be
iounu in 1 110 nnr:or
.... ., -
vlien tho railroad
now in progress of
cumpieiion. snail havo been linished. the'
I... 1 .- . 1 fe---- "
'lI'llltlAU 11 l inn I. 'Ill I
i , . ' f" I r' r'f.1 I" ' b",?0
FORT n;i Kr.ss.
Fort Pickens, tho great bone of conten
tion in the (iulf section of .the South, is
ier.WVJ);d wwk of defence for i'ensa
ccJa,har.bor. Jt is .built en a low sandy
spot, cn the westernmost end of Santa
Rosa Island, nnd a little over nn miln
distant from Fort McRei. yvhi -h forms
nnolher sentinel to the bav. Fort FickxBs
er appearance: "The lip of 1W SSfJSS-
colt bav rece ves tho Yellowwater or Pen ., . , , '. r .1 1
river. MWdie rive, nnd plnmbin river ' ,,,nk l a I0'0",1 "onW"1
eleven miles from the Gu f ofMexuS t"y " : ' Y-H U'T '
" i iyexico. an (1 lurent ldaoes. omed in tho fnmi! ni
ii'ivm-i v.i.iiii-i w inn ii.iv. roil. jTjcsas vv- " yii triu(oiii.iiii. iriun inai wel
is n first class bastioned wcrk. built, nf come us mav tin 'Ka Thou, (i tioM i..l.
stono for foundation nornoses. with -rslU
of brick nnd bitumen. Its walls are fortv
feet in height, bv twelve feet in thickness.
lt is embrasured for two tiers of . i
bombproof casemate, ttDd opo tr oleai i,cr lUo m ,w? .,MC"n,,w.
or o, Lrbctte.. The work has all tho uTual 7 '.0 .a,' ot tl.r ancestry
ronc.omit.111U of a first class work, vix . of Uioir jjoverty : are very pCt to I19
covert ways, dry ditch jU-Unnd outworks r.pPiirJlo,M, of, 1,on,lvo;.- , .' mm rh)
complete. Tho guns l.om this point radi-1'1."0? n,ot ',,, '"Tr ' t,,n r,n
nto tosll points ol Ike horizon, with Hank ; c,,",in "l .Hi"t.nt life and hying, intellec-
1: i. - . . i . . . iual nnd moral evutnn. fi lrom Ina m. .,..
ami cniniKiing nro in 1110 (iitciiei nnl v-
cry angle of approach. Its guns com' -
1 I I I . ..vlll
ninnd Fort linrrancas, Fort McKuc, the
.mi j in 1, 1. ni in.- iiim.'i wiihj now in
tho possession of tho Confederate Stales',
V. ..I il I 1. . . ..
troops. Tli work was commenced in
lS'JS, nnd lin;s!ie.J in l;.5,l. It cot the
(odernl government nearly one million of
dollars. When on a war "footing the tar -
rison consists or 1,200 soldiers. Its ,,r.
sant armament consists or-ln b:istion 'JO
twentv four nound howit7re . in,.i
2 foity two pounders, 04 thirty two'!
pouri. ors .ij twenty lour pounders j ,
ni . T "'"'" " viii-
infers 12 twelve pounders, 1 u
' - Pllfllf. Illfh tl V.n-n f.
. - - 1 ....... r., K lv
inch columbiad, mounted, and 4 fen inc
mortars in bad order. .
The Dossession of this wort. dim. f..i..
by the secessionists is, or course, or the
lirst tTimnrt.'inrr. for itnl.Gji. ia ......
- - - ,w.....,,v,v''V.l'l..t
- SI 25 per Annnra, if paid m advance
NEW SERIES VOL. I.-NO 30.
by them it wi'.l secure to the United Stale,
troops abuse of operations along tho whole
iulf coast, and keep open road right
into Ue heart or the South, which cannot
lc obstructed by tiny fixed fortifications.
i innn ... ......
i 'iinii wiu pnies or the harbor, nnil
uimy i;uum uo di8omuarKeu at any
..;.! nn ll.. -.-I- 1 '
oint on Urn wido 1 nir U.ii..1i if minlit an-
OCt. It OOlllli riin lln luwnn.l Ilia V
binriernnd land many hours ahead of
nny opposing force hich might be ntTen
sncola. liAsidH nlnotnn n ...:... i
Escambia and the Ulack Water- -by going
r.. I, it ... . - s
;""uj;ii up, jience, Willi a stilt OI at
lanrir,W...Ai.ll -. ll . lr
i..,-.-igiii ionrs, ii eouio march into
I interior Alabama. An enemy holding Fort
Pickens conhl ron, !...... .. --....I
- c. ,uin imvnk lUILn
f I. A. A nn.l I. , , 0 ..
i' up a uiooKgiM or mi tna
lOrt on the (illlf imlosn if nruil.l la ninf.
on the sen. The fort is only npproaehablo
by land on one side. Owine to the opon
ness or the country, which is but a barron
bed o sand, a party attacking Trora that;
quarter would bo very much exposed.
The federal forces now in garrison at Fort
Pickens consist or about Wo hundred, atpi
ftttymcn, under the command of Lieut.
Sleinmor. If rt Pickens be taken by tho,
secessionists. Ponsaoola will be tho great
naval debt of theS iuthern Oonfodoracy,
from which no doubt privateers will bo,
fitted out for the purpose of preying upon
the commerce in tho Gulf of Mexico am
the Caribbean sea,.
I'ORT PICKENS, Jf!jiq(.
This is a small outpost of defence, (Vf.
auxiliary, of Fori Pickens, erected by Lt.
Stammer's orders It is siluatod about
0110 mile and n quarter from Pickens, and'
commands the Warrington Navy Yard, in,
possession of the Confolerate States troops.
Fort Pickens, ,)r. is nniv used as a statioi
for picket guards, and it will answer the,
purpose of cUectually proven ting anything
like surpjLe of the main fort.
Can you jjjnd a tomb in the land where
scaled lips are, that have not sung that,
tune? If they were grev old men, they
had heard or sung ' Old' Hundred.' Sin
ner and saint have joined with tho eni
less congregation where il has, nnd with!
out tljo peidi.nggrgan, sounded on tho sa-j
e,-.od air. The dear litllo .children, Jook
ing yvilh wondering eyes on this sU'jwigA
world havo lisped it. Tho sweet young!
girl, 'i hoso tombstone told of sixteen sumi
mors, she, whoso pure nnd innocent face,
haunted you with its mild beauty, loved.
Old IJuudrJ." and as she sun.' it. VIou.
d her eyes and seemed communing witlj
win nngeis yvno were so soon to claim tier.
He whoso manhood was devoted to tho.
service of his (lod, and who with fullering
stops ascended tho pulpit stairs, pitu
whilo hands placed over hw laborin
breast, love. t ' Old Hundred.' A nd flirt
sometimes bis lips only moved, $wny
uonn 111 ins heart, so soon to ceneo
throbs, the holy melody ivas sounding
'Tho dear white headed father, with
tremulous voice how ho loved 'Old Hun
I 1 I . V .
urea : jio you sc.! linn now, sittmg nj
uie venuraute arm chair. Ins iiamlu xnu.
sing over the top of his eano, his silyory
Wcks iioating oil Iiom Uis ioUqw Umplos
and a tear, perchance, s'.ealing down his
furrowe 1 cheeks, as the. noble strains rinii
out? Do VOU hoar that thiu. uuiverinir.
faltering sound now bursting forth, t)ov
listenc d !or almost in vnin '! If you do
.not, we .Jo; ncu' from such lips', hallowed
f ' 5
i.i.-u, vm iiuii'.ium d JU il' I ill' leu'-l II DU
1 ou may 1.1 your cuurc 10s wit 1 choirs.
with S,l,l,t:, p,iu,n donnas whoso daring
... . , 4
You may f'.ll your cliurchos with choirs,
, .. . .....
;l u;otes emulate the steeple, and cost almost
. oiicu, out givo us u.o spu n stirrin
ns much, inn givo us tho spin! stirrinc
tones ot ' t Mil IJunured, suivi .y youim
1 . . . . .'...... .' A
(inn oi'i jsigeiner. ii.rariyrs nayo naiiqwa
i-t it has gone up from the dying bods of
saints. The old churches, where gonora-
1 : . Il . , 1 1 , "
uuii oner ii'iiri ii'jmi ini.u iievoiuiy
.....oi.: 1 ...i...- r.i.. .1 '
1 1 ifcim nii.10 1 1 1 j jr ui lull UW1IC
jeid lllvo Uv carri0j an,t 18corQ
ueiu nave Leen
11, i .i.. n, ,... n.. '1.
I I'. 1. , ' 14V.I. J tIV VII UllilUlTn UI
od. ec. to b.catt,of Old Hundred J
tune! I'lirong upon throng tbo storn,,
the timid, the gentle, the brave, tho beau
ful their, rapt luces idl beaming with tho
inspiration .oYittUur heavenly sounds,
"Old Hundred! " King or tho sacred,
band or nncient airs! Never sbnll nnr
ears erow wearv of niiicin.f tlml
j o'-'o .....
when we net to Hciven. who knnivs
wvut the hrs Iniiinphanl. strain that wel-
I ted bieh ! ' ' N
I . . 7.t . . .. .
I V ' ATnr.ns.-ii is wise ocoasion iay t
llw,,r ? scntiuionts and tg the elm-
. , . , .
; Tv 1,0. "s P;,R,-.0,"y. "''.' " JHy appro
. . bv. v... . v:.,.i.i 11 III.. l IH:.JHJ llj
Ii i in
Tho contemplation cf oir ancestors ci)J
1 1 , . ' . . ,t
"'"i11"" u'"ver to bo within
e . , m" lno" nuocuons. in.
" . lu " nuei
1,"l'" "ft'" o co"'p, n,,fe.r ni
1 1 ,on "nly (l l'10,Vs1c,vP J',stuo W,'V
, t"' ' ho blood wc inherit, nm
lru tu ll"HC lJ l,.'"u w0 ,.'.Ve
1 nu!ar"! ' transmitting that Llood
The cilv oler-Uon'hold atSt. Paul. Mi.m
r, illB,.inti wul)l .V;30crilUo Columbus.'
.... . . .
(lino, lor tuo lust time, lias also
J.cmocralic tit' od.cq s.
Tl... r ...c.-;it.. 1 w.. .-
r ,..... i i .r .. !.....,... .. 1... ..T
moro promising than now in that sootior
,.r 1... .. i - '