Newspaper Page Text
. . II',,,. l,t pits M I"ti'H'M I'1'
Ot tflfilllUlu iff lUU U.HI, ',lfl,.lM.riVii.limtl"mlHfi--.tlH
liniihwn inln'il ,",'I,B ' """" n"
l.thriwli our plain 'lty I" yields
willing mppoit to Mid i-n-nprrnllon Willi
llioo polnKl to ndministcr the gover n
' inciil nml execute the law - holding them,
the alinln nvilijed world wiM hold
t . i
Wcdnciday Morning April 17, 1801.
llirtn, to ft strict neeountnidtily for the
mnnncr in which these lirnvy responsibil
ities are discharged.
Loc king to sin h reidorntion. we believe
the Iemocrats from Main to Texas, llio't
t lie best, snl'est, nnd the mint honorable
'course for Mr. Lincoln to have pursued
THE DUTY OF DEM0CRAT8. would liavo been the withdrawal of the
,i United States troops from tlio Forts with
Now that our country win nn actual , nim' '' , 1 ,, . , .,.,,
Uate of Civil War
-a fai t w Inch we nro
ure very many of our readers will find it
diiliiult to rcalue it is well to inquire
what, in suh an emergency, in tlio duty
of 1 nun-rats? The answer in best
furnished by a reference to the past hutory
Ih.ninriiitii! Dlll lV. Hlld tO tllO I liar- ,
-..-i.i :.....,i i n..ini.ii,lrl'i mind, a ns
upon which it i founded ; nnd, H.though i
.. : .... t it- !.. onni'itn I lnmnrr.'il 4
T , . 'quantities ware recently sent thore by sen,
.l.nl,l nniv mirsue ! mnv vnrv ns muoll S M"""""" . ..
ihey evei have upon any other question
presented to the American people, yet wo
in tlm limits of tho so called Confederate
States, and n few days after his inaugura
tion, it was announced, with seeming an
thority, that such was his determination.
At this prospect, tho whole, country ro
joiced. It now seems that either this was
a folse report, or else that ho has changed
order for the evacuation
of any or these forts has yet been given,
hut on tho contrary, provisions in large
apprehend that thoso who lully compre
hond, nnd properly appreciate, tho pur
poses of its organization, can have no dif
ficulty in deciding what course to pursue.
Every Democrat can consolo himself
with the relleetion that neither he nor his
party is in any respect responsible for our
present troubles, beginning with 18-10,
the Democratic party, foreseeing the cer
tain dissolution of the Union in the event
of tho practical application of the North
ern Anti-Slavejy sentiment in the Admin
istration of the General Government, was
careful to embrace in nil its platforms, the
uluin nnd clear doctrines of the Constitu-
tion, and which w ere as cordially accept- i
able in the far South as in the Noilh. Its
competitor the old Whig party-did the
same thing. lletween thcte two parties,
. therefore, the country, o far a the ques
tion of Slavery, or questions of sectional
prejudices were concerned, was entirely
safe, flut, ten years later, tho Whig par
ity, finding itself controlled, in a great
measure, by the Abolition spirits of both
i Old nnd New England, censed to Iks a Na
tional parly, nnd its ppevdy dissolution
followed and out of its ruins grew tho
present sectional Jlepublicnn party, which
is completely under tho control of tho
Our present troubles nro tho legitimate
: fruits of tho success of a party elevated to
the control of tho Govurnmer.t upon tho
distinctive doctrine of hostility to the in
stitution of Slavery, and for which, we re
; peat, the Democracy is in no way responsible-
having done ull in their power to
prevent tho iucccss of that party , by warn
ing the people of tho consequences that
Tin iMiitifinlly are I'tr-nily rcit"l,
mill me r-l tit'H " Mtn. k I.viiIkM.
up to hiidnitfhl no ib'monliatlin hs
ken hu , nnd pinhnhly no Mtm K ill I'O
inn In ti-nlhl.
I h military In the eily rc tindet itnu
but all Is quiet.
Another regiment will unlve hern to
It Is estimnted that betwern ll.W
7,1 H HI men nre stationed on Morris
Sullivan's Islands mid points along
In hii ht H lhfni trllifntrl mi tlt
ft Sumter in smnll ImnK
It In n's" IhoiiL'M, fimit lb teLMihir nnd
ie.i'irnt flrii'ft id Mnji.r Andeis.-n, that
lin Iim imii'li Uiper lorei rd nu n than
mpponl. At any rule, he U flehling
lid it I" rhumeter, Mid
Cm m.sTON, Ai'iil M f.VmiV Ho
lilitiei have for tlio pfselit reiHed and
tlm vietorv beloncs to South farolina.
tlio With the display of the Hag of tim e on
(he ramparts ol rorisunnerai nan pirn
l 1 IPi'll AH hhini,
'llll llie H . r. , - V,M
.... .. . I VI i.. .i
I Will, b.r HmtiV Wreks ,,,, "
(tl'tlllllllV mi'l I Ml tlPvlly () ,
Sale within the Tui,,,, , '
linli'pi ti-nl.il. bmie r, iv., "
n I, hi inn lit I ln I,,.l. J , '''))
mi'l-1 1 o'clock, the filing eeaed and an iineon
d iinmd surrender was made. Tho Cur-
General Iteauregnrd will lonvo at
ninlil for Morris Ulund.
It is rurrently reported Unit nefotia- olinians had no idea that tho lidjht was at
tion will bo opened to-morrrw between n cn,t So, soon alter tho flag stall
General Iteaurepard and Major Anderson, ,f Major Anderson was shot away, Colo
ilmiil tho surrender of Fort Sumter. nel Wii-fall. tho aid of General IVauro-
Ollicers commanding dilVorent posts in
tho harbor and cost am on tho alert, ex
pecting an attempt will oo made eaily in
the morning to provision and ruinforco
Tho Harriet Lano is reported to bo ofl
tho bar, ami signals are aisplayod by tho
guard boats and nniiwereu by tho batteries.
Ciiam.hton April 11 Midnight.
Negotiation havo liecn reopened bo
tween General lieuuregard and Major An
dcrson. For this reason the expected
hostilities have been deferred.
I i 1... l.i. wlknln iliminanl li, lmi'nl fdree
Ulll. IV! II l 'J liiu ..'. j-"-... ---
of tho government. The Southorn aulh
oriiies, if our last advices arc correct, have
commit led another grave error in resist
ing the supply of provisions to these
Foils, nnd in thus striking tho first blow,
must bear tho responsibility of inaugura
lini! a state of war. This is tho only view
lake of it at present, cuided by
the meagre despatches that hnve alroady
reached us. It is quite posiiblo that when reaching
the details of these terrible events shall cola.
reach us, tlio lacti may near a itinerant
NEWS FROM MONTGOMKKY.
Movthohkrv, April II, 1801.
Tho War Department nro overwhelmed
rlili ainilientions from reeiments. battel-
lions and companies to bo takon Into ser
Dvr ma:i thousand men have boon Ot
Inrtx I from tho border States, exclusive of
two thousand warriors from Indians, who
desire to co-operate with tho Confederate
A proat number of companies m o daily
aching Charleston, Savanah and Pensa-
THE WAR BEGUN.
Bombardment of Fort Sumter.
FORT SUMTER FULLY CONFIRMED.
Message from Gov. Curtin.
The News from Charleston.
CiiAiu.r.sTN, April 11, I, SOI.
A formal demand for the evacuation ol
Foil Sumter was made at tivelve o'clock
to-day. No one believes that Mnjor An
derson will accede. Fighting is expected
to commence in less than twelve hours.
Tho New York Steamer now being 12
hours overdue, it is believed she has been
seized by Northern vessels outside the
harbor, und mode a cover in whirh to
throw troops into the fort.
CiiARi.tsTos, April 111'. M.
Major Anderson hai refusod to surren
der. II i reply is to the efleet that to do
so would be inconsistent with tho duty
i i . . - i.:.. -
i i li-.- 1 .l,:l. . lie wes iw nis tuni uiuuiib.
wuuui ceiiamiy iuiiu., HujredS ot person havo
i now remixing.
But while we are thus clearly blameless,
ve still have duties to perform, ns citizens,
. nnd it id well for us carefully to consider
i what those duties are, and how they tdmll
'be perfornieil. What the Future hss in
store for us, a a nniicn, time can only
unfold. It is tho mighty rrescnl with
.which we arc now iiealing. V,'e thould
i reflect that we are in imminent danger of
losing our nationality ; and not only this.
'but that we are in equal danger of losing "jj"
this nationality only ntier long years on a call has been made for thrco hun
liutestino war, bloodshed and anarchy. I ami mounted volunteers, ns nn extra pn
.And what a reflection! What patriot's i trol in the city to-night. Over one thou-
henrt does not ehu.lder at tho dreadful I nd ,,av? responded. 'fhe Sixteenth
,, .i .i c . 'reciment has nleo been ordeted on du'y.
.thought? Six months ago, the first nmong flt)ll,rHCe!l ull lhe niili,ia of vhi
tho nations of tho earth : now, on tho : ton not already in the urmy.
'very brink of utter nnd hopeless ruin!
. Shill this bet Can nothing be done to
. avert this dreadful fate? Is there no pos
sible way of escape f Alas, we can as yet
inc for hours on tho wharves, and other
points of observation, to see the begiu
ing of the conflict, among them a great
number of ladies.
Tho people are out on tho houso tops,
watching with feverish interest tor the
first signal of attack.
The excitement in this city is intf nse.
Every train brings throngs of citizens
and soldiers to town. Twenty-two car
loads camq from Columbia to-night.
There are no signs of tho supply ships
of the fleet as yet, but it is rumored that
the Harriet Lane has been seen by a pilot
Major Anderson is said to have fired a
eignnl during the morning, for what ob
ject has not transpired. He has been
busy all day strenghening his position.
'l he movements at Fort Sumter nro
plainly visible fvilh a glass.
The State has thoroughly prepared for
the event. Tho supply of ammunition
jand artillery is adequate to any emergen
cy. The confidence in his ability to do
all that is alien pled is unlimited.
File bignals nre now buring in the har
bor. Senators Wigfall, Chesuut, x-Govennor
Manning, of South Carolina; Hon. W. P.
Miles, ex-member of Congress, and 1'ryor
of Virginia are on the siniV of General
Beauregard, doing duty to-night.
Advices just received state that Georgia
has ready fifty thousand men, armed and
equipped for service.
Stirring times nre at hand. Tho bull
may open nt any moment with grenl
see no hope, nnd can only rely upon the
inscrutnblo providences of the Great King
of Nations for deliverence.
In tho meantime, it is our duty to sus-1
'tain "the powers that be;" and altLough
we emphatically condemn and denounce
the policy of tie President, yet we nro not
insensible to the fact that tho Govern
ment nt Washington is entitled to our al
legiance. Constitutionally elected, Mr.
Lincoln is tho Chief Magistrate cf the na
tion, and as such must to sustained by ev
ery good citizen. But le is aConslitu
tional President not a Iktalor nnd his
duties are as clearly defined, and as nice
ly restricted, ns those of any of his subor
dinates. Beyond these restrictions he
cannot move without authority from Con.
gress. Hence he cannot declare war, nor
call out tho militia, except in case of in
vasion. Should ho madly attempt the
subjugation of the seceded Slates, rnd ly
force of arms undertako to corcpel them to
return to their nlleginnce to the Union,
it would be folly to expect to bo sustained,
for tho plain reason that tho common
sense of every unprejudiced mind would
toe that the end des'red tho restor.
nl lAH SlT I It A TTn!nn . Ml.
... .. ... ------- i fcX -senator Chestnut, tho special aid
attained in tlm way. Henco we sen th!nL wiit. rvi ri.;ti,,i ..!-.'.-..
wisdom of our forefathers in so carefully Beauregard's Stafl; have iust returned
Yri . vuiui innjioirmB, nuiii rurv aumier with tfce
VIRGINIA VOLUNTEERS EX ROUTE FOK
Wapmsbto, April 11, 1861,
I lirn from ft raliabU ourc thiit vernl mil
itnry rainpftnisi hi (trretly In ft Kichmnud,
rd olhtr placei iu Virginia, for South Crolio,
witliiu the (n dsvi, nd that more re reftJy to
follow pu the nr"t iij;n of hoitilitr. This it in
rather striking diiionance with tbo preteidoJ
pvace minion of the Virginia Committee of In
ijuirr. Th F. V.'i" are getting indignant at the
impudenre of lien McC'ulloeh in summing to
lead in Virginia. Btreral Virgininm, in alla
diug to hii roarte, to-day quoted the following
language, uttered bj Jon. Kandolpli In the Hnuio
of repreieatatireii : "Virginia will always be
defended by her true font, and will never need
the help of a renegade."
Cnai ESTo.v, April 12, 18l
Civil war has at last begun. A terrible
fight is at this moment going on between
Fort Sumter and the tortificatiom by
which it is surrounded.
In my last despatch I stated that nego
tiations had been reopened between Gen
eral Beauregard and Major Anderson.
This ws done with a viow to prevent an
unnecessary eflusion of blood.
The issue was submitted to Major An
derson of surrendering as soon as his sup
plies wero exhausted, or of having a tire
opened on him within a certain time.
1 his no reiuseu to no, ann accordingly,
at twenty-soven minutes past four o'clock
this morning Fort Moultrie began the
bombardment by firing two guns. To
theso Major Anderson replied with threo
of his barbette guns, after which tho bat"
terries on Mount Pleasant, Cumming's
Point, ind the Floating Mattery, opened
a brisk fire ol shot and shell.
Major Anderson did not reply except
at long intervals, until between seven and
eight o'clock, when he brought into ac
tion tho two tiers of guns looking towards
Fort Moultrie and Steven's iron battery.
Up to this hour (three o'clock Friday
afternoon) they havo failed to produce
any serious etlect.
Major Anderson for tho greater part
oftheiUy has been directing his fite
principally against Fort Moultrie, the
Stevens and Floating Battery, theso and
Fort Johnson being tho only five opera
ting against him. The remainder of tho
batteries are hold in reserve.
Some fifteen or eighteen shots have
struck the Floating Battery, but made
not (ho slightest impression upon its iron
cased sides. Tho Stevens' Battery is also
eminently successful, and does terrible
execution on Fort Sumter.
Breaches to ull appearance, nre being
made in tho several sides exposed to fire.
Portions of the parapet have been destroy
ed, nnd several of the guns the.-e moun
ted hive been shot away.
Major Anderson is nt present using his
lower tier o! casetnato ordinance.
The fight it going on with intense ear
nes'.ness, and will continue all night.
It is not improbable that tho fort will
be carried by etorm.
Tho soldiers nro perfectly reckless of
their lives, and at every shot jump upon
the ramparts, obscrv the efleet, and then
jump down, cheering.
The excitement in the community is
indescribable. With the very first boom
ol the gun thousands rushed from their
beds to the harbor front, and nil day ev
ery available place has been thronged by
ladies and gentlemen, viewing tho sol
lerun snectaclo through their classes.
Most of these have relatives in the aevrr-
maws irotn the' nl fortifications, and manv n. tearful vn
are supposed attested the anxious affection of tho mo
Igard, at his commander's request went to
ll'nri Kiimter with n white fbiu to oiler
assistance in extinguishing tho (lames.
He approached the burning fortress from
Morris' Island, and while tho firing was
raging on nil sides he effected b landing
at Sumter. Ho approached a port hole
and was met by Major Anderson, the
commandant at the Fort.
The Litter said that he just displayed
a white Hag, but the firing was kept up
nevertholoHH. Col. Wigfall replied that
Major Anderson must hand down the
American flag that no parlsy would be
granted. Surrender or light was the
word. Major Anderson then hauled down
liia fin it nnd disnhived Olllv tllO flat! of
truce. Ill firing instantly censed, and
two others of Beauregard's staff, Ex Sen
ator Chesnut and Ex-Governor Manning,
came over in a boat and stipulated with
Major Anderson th.it his surrendet should
bo uncoii'litioitnl for the present, subject
to Gen. Beauregard' terms. Mnjor An
derson was allowed to remove with his
men in actual possession of the fort while
Messis. Chesnut and Manning came over
to tho city accompanied by n member oi
the Palmettto guards, bearing the colors
of his company. These were met nt the
pier by hundreds of citizens and n they
marched up the streets to the general's
quarters the crowd was swelled to thou
Sbouli rent the air, nnd tho wildest joy
was manifested on account of the welcome
tidings. After tho surrender n boat with
an otlicer and men was sent from ono of
the four ships in the offing, to Gen. fiim
mons, commanding on Morris' Island,
with the request that a merchant ship, or
one of the vessels of the United States,
be allowed to enter nnd take off the Com
mander and garrison of Fort Sumter.
Gen. Simmons replied that if no hostili
ties were attempted during the night, and
no effort was made to re-inforce or re
take Fort Sumter, he would give an an
swer at nine o'clock on Sunday morning.
The otlicer signified that he was satisfied
with this, and returned to bis vessel.
Your correspondent accompanied the
ollicers of Gen. Beauregard's staff, on a
visit to Fort Sumter None bat tho otll
cers, however, were allowed to land.
They went down in a steamer, and carried
three fir engines for the purpose of put
ting out the flames. The tiro, however,
hail been previously extinguished bv the
exertion of Mnjor Anderson and his men
I he visitors reported that .Major An
derson surrendered because his quarters
and barracks ero destroyed and lie hat
nc hope of reinforcement as the lleot lay
idly by during three hour and either
woold not or could not help him. Be
sides this, his men wore prostrated from
over exertions. There are but fivo of his
men hurt, four badly and one it is thought
But tho rest were worn out, and phys
ically incapable of continuing the fight.
The explosions that were heard and seen
from tho city, in the morning were caused
by the bursting of loaded shells, ignited
by tho fire, which could not bo cxtin
guishe I quick enough. Tho fire in the
barracks was caused by tho quantities of
hotshot jwu.ed in from Fort Moultrie.
Within tort Sumter everything but the
casenien'6 ate in utter rui i. Tho whole
interior looks like n blackened ina-o of
ruins. Many of the guns are dismounted.
i i.ii nl t ("tin
whit ll i lM Ii"l to be b maliib d If
rtiiinf piibbe eli'iiin y, lmo I een f"r
met In e.ilsin id llieMtus. On wlmiev
ir pn ( t these t ittanrdmaiy tnilitaiy
pi i pm Minns my have bet n made, tin
,in posit that my cnitem plnle r.ii'lane"
L i ... ,uii (lit id lhe. lawn. Will meil
nmpathv or rin'iitg niei.l front the ( the recover; of nil tU , '
Vnplo ol this Cnumionwealih. Innyl- II, i Onivctitinn driven M 1 '
vnii in i ields to no Mate in her repct I ir, 1 ( iMiti by Ihn irpm,
nnd be- willingness to pro-tea, by nil
lieedlul guarantees, the constitutional
t ight, nnd eonttitulional independence, or
her kister Slalei, nor in fidelity to that
constituii'-nal Union whose niieqaled
benefits have been showrrod nhko upon
herself and them.
I Tho inokl exalted public policy und Iho
clearest obligation of true patriotism,
therefore, admonish tin, in tho existing
'deplorable and dangerous crisi of itllairs,
ithat our militia system fdioutd receive
from tho Legislature that prompt atten
tion which public exigencies either of tho
State or the Nation, may appear to de
liiiand and what may Hcetn in your wis
dom, best adapted to preserve und mcure
Mo the people of Pennsylvania und the
Union the blessing, of peace nnd the in
tegrity and stab.lity of our unrivalled
constit titional government.
The government of thin greit Stato wu
established I y it illustrious founder " in
deeds of peace " our peoplo have been
traiu'd and disciplined in those arts which
lead tothe promot'n of their own morahind
physical duvelopemcnt and progress, und
with the highest regard for tho rightu ol
others, huve always cultivated fraternal
relations with the people of all the Slates
devoted to the Constitution and the
Union, and ahvas recognizing the spirit of
concession and compromise that under
lies tho foundation rf tho govern nent,
Pennsylvania oilers no counsel, and takes
no fiction in tho nature uf a merino ; her
desiro is for pence, and her object, t lie
preservation of the political rights of her
citizens, ol the true sovereignty of States,
and the supremacy of law and order.
Animated by these sentiments, and in
dulging in an earno;-! hope of tho speedy
restoration of those harmonious and
friendly relations between the various
membors of this Confederacy which have
brought our jeloved country ton condit
ion of unequalled power and prosperity, I
commit the grave subject of this comma.,
ni'ia'.ion to vour deliberation.
A. G CUHTIN.
. - in i
mm on. Inn ilrliii n,l . .
sioli oftlnrp -Met. Stniif'.',1
Hah'loiph to suit upon jr .
inquire whether his l'ni,,n '. , 1
pein e or war. A repul.lt,.. ' "
intimated that thee ilitinw J
ns, ..,,' i.i,- Ulliviij nl
uill fn nw iiv nn n i...r ,1.
e .... "'"tl
i nvn I nn Iwtvf r...-..l, .1
: i"r. ... "ii
. . Ill 1,'.. .n .ll.i 'l '' ipilutp,
Virginia, nnd next the n.,Nr
of fifty thousand men witl,:,,'
for warlike operation.
Thus the only menus for,(,
nf I I.a Pninil y..... .' .
y, ... it v mi,, Hinpiirati,.'
I mucin anu i-ompromisn npne,
(been finally discarded m u-'
The Union, we nro told, ffftr"
rwirfltA PHtTllllll' nf
1" 1 -.11111
1 here have been no
North for trvo days. They
.. !... 1 .,1 1 ... 11'.. !... I.. .. . . . .
ivum.ua-utwiiiiraiu .1 uBiuiigiou tiicr, who and sister, nut not a murmur
An officer just urrived from Sullivan's 'came from a single individual.
Island, informs me that three stoamersj The spirit of patriotism is as i-inc.ero as
hung off the coast for a long period yes. 'it is utiversal. Fivo thousand ladies
terday. Major Anderson fired a sicna'. 'stand ready to-da? to respond to nnv sac-
mice in 111 may do required of them
PiNMri.vM Kxri iTivE Cii amuer, )
H.irnsburg, April 9, 18t'il. j
jo the Senate and House of Rrpretcutatltct o
the lJnmnivnf.a(tn nf J ennxytvania:
The War Policy of the Administration
and the Probable Consequences.
Civil war is cloie at hand. Tho news
that it has been inaugurated in a bloodv
conflict at Charleston may reach us at any
moment. Lieutenant I ahlot, ot rorl
Mimter, on his return .journey to Major
Anderson, has been detumo.l at Charles
ton ; so that the instructions which he
carries to that otlicer nre cut oil'. Thus
the gallant Major will be left to hi own
discretion, although, from the signal
lights which nightly not he displays
from his stronghold, it would appear that
he expects relief and is prepared to co
operate w ith any relieving force that may
show itself at the entrance of tho harbor.
It also appears that the cflort will surely
bo made, under the flag of the United
States to run the gauntlet of the hostile
forts and batteries which mu,t bo passed
to rctv.h Fort Sumter, and it is morally
certain that any such attempt will result
in a bloody conflict, or in the ignomini
ous retreat of our relieving squ:idroii.
We nre not disposed to conjecture that
a mere pretence of relief to Major Ander
son is the policy ol .Mr. Lincoln. Our
warlike republican ootemporaries of this
city, especially the terrible Horace Gree
ley, ussure us that tho administration is
iu earnest in this matter, nnd hencefor
ward abandons tho thankless policy of
forbearance r.nd indulgence with re'oels
common sense and the
matiKinri revolt at tins reni,U
subversive of overytlung in the
pre-existing institutions, jt
Abe i.incoln,' ns the first nipaij,
administration. isut-l In fHf(;i
extra session ot ongre-s in te(.
the exigencies of (his fenrf.il cii.
union, revolution and im.
war, una nan i.e prnvniet an
with the seceded Stales forth
num. he might have opened
us .orih nml itith. lor a lut
erance. With the asptriliiin
grc-s, a message from him toli:;
recommending the Crittendi
propositions is thebaxisoft (.';
; . . i,i .
mg i:iiiiipiimiiKi', woiini nnve in,
good work. But the ilml'iiion
tion rules the republican camp,
Mircoeucu )n gaining me mi
the administration. The taw
war policy thin adopted is t hut '
Chandler, that 'a little blofd-i
bo a good thing, and blood itii:
e dire say, too, that the v
party is mor intent upm iouk
stroke of polio- ivl ich ill ret
fierce 'ect ional fires in tliPftimj
by it has come into power, 'liari
plan whatever for the rwloralir
seceded Stntbs to the Uninn. II
our repulilican w ir inakrw ;;.),
nij! or a lengtheneil reievi rtW'y
wiin me oppomnj; .-ouui nuiw
they may be overthrown livii r'
action at the North. Indeed
hope nov ngaiust n civil rof
duration seems to lii in the ovr
this demorali.iiig, disorgiinim;
struetive sectional party, nf win,
est Abe Lincoln" is the tilinntini
Let the conservative people of tl.
t.ien, 01 all parlies, who have id
lose rr nnythimr to save, in vies
ting civil war, prepare ut "life
needful work "I patting dvn
struetive dominant party. -.V
How it i I'onk. We hnve f
heard the rstn.u k lately, tli.il if
ocrats have giitu-l two inomW
gress in Cotiiieo' ii iit st t lie late
the KepubLcuiia have Mrried tin
ture liv h large majiiriiv, whicfi ii
but wo need only refer our n
what a cotemporary says upon tL
of tin caso.
"Thii fact need cref.lo no
when it is considered that a w
oiil'Ii system prevails in Connect
which several townships of k
! l.CtKI iiii.ibitanLs send a mr
j resontatives ,n New I laven, with
ft ion ot -Kiiiiiii. Windliaiii mr
Ihecountn has been do- , a population ol'iU .G!2S. kcikIs HI
I i it . . 1 ... .
c jivea, imii street nas com overreached, tat ives, nearly all Itppubliran
tho sccoisiotints tiiemstlves havo beer. Haven township, with 4!,OO0wl
ieu a-iray, oj me laio pacitic inanitesta
tior.H and profession of tho government
at Washington, and particularly by its
doleful confessions of the necessity of
evacuating Fort Sumter. With a reliev
ing squadron en route to that point, we nro
admonished ol th necessity of holding
that position, and ol the duty of relieving
it, even at the hazard of war ; and we are
further advised that this has boon tha d.v
Ibliemte .mil iiilbv:lil immnii nf (
As the period fixed for th adjounrment! Lincoln from beginning,
of the Legislature u rapidly nt.proiu hing, Anticipating, then, the speedy inaueu
I feel constrained by a sense of duty to!ration of civil war at Charleston, at Pen
call your attention to tho military orgmi- !;leol.i, ot in Texas, or, perhaps, at nil
zation of the State. the i,bipP tl. innni, ;L .La
sends two, and Hartford witli3.l
two more: An equal ratio mlh n"
couii ty in proiortion to poWtoi
jive to those two Democratic tH
50 Hepresentative. They acta.
Wa An extra scson of Cm
been called in the Confederated
meet nt Montgomery on the 29tL
I .tir Twcntv-(ivc to Sixty P
oxprnics per month will bt paid I.'
I Sewing Machine Comtisnj tntbrirx.
' palliriif the trie Stewing Mnclunt. u
Miirhine, ind ro niniple in it. cmitm
child enn lenrn to operate it bj W(
' r. 1 r.-
., . , , - , 1 "... wv. ..iv f'.win.uiu KrKl lln"iJU('ll ihimimviiw... tv , itiIi U nuj -
mm the militia system ot tho Slate, du-' ipu f Wn nnnr-l nn. I tlnt i U ir Ml . Mnrhir. in uin. iinH thnv ink thf l
ring a long period distincumhed by thoifirit tho secession of ViriMmn nml tliaif'.v nn'' on' hundred dollar ro
pursuits of peaceful industry cnidusivf.1v 'nl.r ,1.,,. .?.i price is but Fifteen Dollsrt. Thci
has becume wholly inefficient ' I ,V , . ' " 1 ... " ' : -P'-y ent. in .vcrv eoun.Ti.-l
lh!i.ifr....,..fii.r...:.:. .. ' I .v' ,l""'c ""-""'"i i .Mates. Artrtrem, for iiurlicuUri,
r.,T"V.V." . , K",u . ' re-line organization olnn army for the re-.VocA.n. C. 11. Jam, OenerW.P'
' j eueiis, ana to ren- niovnl of tho United States ensign nnd1 Ohio. '
dor it useful and available to the nublle'miiWitiAc fr.,,,, frf,. ..,i.i:..i
buildini! within the limils ol'tlm CoiirdnVT''',v
. - i
ll is scarcely necessary to say more than us, what will bo the probable conseouen-
cun nt 10 A. M.
llusiness is suspended.
The Citadel Cadets nro
J he brilliant and patriotic eond-uet of Mtjor
Anderson speaks for itself, and tilencet the at
battery with heavy car.non. Thousands tacks lateh made at the Xorth i0 A,-,
are waiting to see tho attack common-VrVr and patriotism,
. . , .1 Business is entiroly suspended. Only
One thousand mounted men nnd two those stores ore opon which are necessary
thousand patrols havily armed are guard to supply nrticles required by the army.
Many of our volunteer
not possess nie numoer ol m n ronnir,i
by our militia law, and steps should bo
forthwith taken to supply these deficien
cies. There are numerous companies, too,
that aro without, the necessary arms and
of the arms that nre distributed, but few
are provided with tho more modorn ap
pliances to render them serviceable.
1 recommend, therefore, tnat the Login
lature make immediate provision for these
3d ZZiLrZ VroU for
companies do'erate States, including the White House,
tho t-njutni, and other public buildings at I
Washington. Alter tho secession of Vir-i
from th United States, it is not likely
that Maryland can lie restrained from t he
same decisive act. She will follow the
fortunes of Virginia, and will undoubted-!
ly claim that, in withdrawing from tho
United States, tho district of Columbia 1
reverts into her poscs.sion under tho su
preme rights of revolution. Hero we
who may enter into the military service of
mo .-Mate : ana unit steps be taken to
change tho guns already distributed, by
tho adoption of such well known and
tried improvements ns will render them
ell'ectivo in the event of their employment
in actual service.
in nits connection T reeommeml
citizens war of five, (en or twenty years duration.
iv nat tor J lo'show that wc have a
government' to show that the seceded
Slates nre still in our Union, nnd are still
subject to its laws arid Authorities.. This
is the fatal mistake of Mr. Lincoln, and
his Cabinet, and his pnrty. Tho simple
' truth, r atent to all the world, is llinl I lm
tho seceded States nre out of our V n inn nnd
w aiiim;ton iinmx
FINANCE No. .
Sue. 1. Itt it riuicHd hy the lluy
Council nf the Dnroutjh o,Vir H'o'l
tl ,' hn 'rhu Ordained lv the
tnmr. That within five monlhl i"-'
hereof tlm ownerf of lots tnncinede'C
Hereinafter nstued, be required to
Vi allc in front of their reepcctiT iu
fnlliiwin ff . ria
The outido of the walk to be U
r . 1. . i . c i... . : .k '
irnui iiio mis til lot, wnii fcww .
plnnk, or boards not lem than one"
four feet wiile, laid cromwise o "''"j
running in the direction ol the street"
ak, or pine, nol leu than four
plnnk to be well spiked down i if (
nailed with fnn npiinv nniln rlD . i
to project out over till mire 'hnvtwVj
I Sit. 2. WnlV (n rnmlnvnoe t o"l1
A.l.l.t:.l t..t. :;... "
i. . 1 y.i l "ur,a B ftro f"gflnizl un'r nn independent gov
.., . ...... ...o.uniiiu invs o, mo ernmentoi their own. The atilhority of
Commonwealth bo so mod.fied nn.l amen-' the United Slates within tho borders of.
:Z " T 1 , ,l,4,.n,y organiza- this independent confederacy has been
lion or tlm sidlA .a ;ii:... i - ' ,. - j ..... ..
Troops are pou. ine into the town bv e aet 1 Vn i u V 1 " L -1 ' , " "7V , "'I''"'? ?"Ppeueu, except in de-
hundreds, but nre held in reserve for tho ! nc ' " 1 ".7 . , ,U il ' - 8
EirSd,:h!JL r-aution,suchnsI l,avo .oC. ' SnSSllS M v.
--p s ' nro wise nnu proper nr. n .. moo ;n . rs.. ii, i . .i t, '
r. i..i...i, n,i 1 . ... . vw,- .... ... no By t-iuerinc
. . ,r. . , r
( . ... f .irAHL i-
oi ii. it. nofe s lot on .liiu" " 7
the South nido of said itreut to t
cornor efsaid lot.
.t ii ttet"
i-r.i...,. . UIIIIIICII1 inn . gl
M Ptiniminff'. .1,,.. lintlflA on .ll-IB
aloig said street to the Norlhwe"'0
M. Itunn's lot on said street. .
r.i,. . vnilllHl IlUlllf(
of Mrs. Irwin's lot on Front tr'"''(,
usiil itTnot in ii.n Snnihuiiit corner
ashincton itreet. thence wet lpr.
desire orwahinRton Ptreettotne eou-
ri. T..U- f b: i n.' ... ...i.t tr(L
How' 5. Commencing at thi 8
oi james linlliiher I 101 on (
doration of our once great and powerful
'Confederacy at the earliest possible mo
imer.t, and upon such a basis of equality
and justice that it may endure forever.
The consummation of this happy result,
rethink, depends entirely upon "the wis-
uom aou aiscrelion ot the present Admin
the artillery can be hoard, tha scone,
Strand we believ. ,n all the States Answer at the pisTfusedaEZ r
SU11 IH XllO UDlOn. 1A 111 lavor nf A rr.av'ninrlnn V. i . . , 1 mo luuuuui' wi : COnaiLlon OI Dtlh in ntlnira Mita JA ' V t ' -n . . . . . " " ' pcriion io do mm live it'fi -
' . v a. - r t lumi eaimuiflni rtAitrmrr ha v- i i .1 . ... 1 0 wuw"w ui liiu a witr win nniv tvirinn ivn,.nu ,
u im, U yctoriijcalculableconwquoi.ee to nnd enlarge nnd conaolidate thin South' I
1110 people, ana rlemnndinc tho cravest era Confoderacv.
Charleston, April 12 C P. M. SWliZft ,,ftn1' U wiU W"."-1
Captain U.S. Parker bring i despatches 1 IntitVl lhi (?ur, " i IT 1,10 raerce, the manufactures, !
Irom the Floating Battery.g SE u l wid, l',, Z SS.S ST?1?"!' " Ta interests of
up to this .time only two havo been woun-'tanco. We ,:". 1 'r..:-" . our,0.nnern Clt,e8 .ftn'1 St'. nl Krn.ed to the undersized on
ueu on Sullivan's Is and. Il
quarters. Every man capable of boarine'
urma la s...A
Absolute secrecy is still observed as
The derrand for the evacuation of Fort
fsumier was made at two o'clock this af
ternoon, nnd Messrs. Chestnut, Chisholm
and Lee were depjtised to carry tho mes-
Adopted .Murcn JVtn, inni. -nH
JOS, H. DBBTH,
Attewt Jacob A. Iihkth, Sec.
4 I.M1XI!TRATK'S MTICM
iV f Administration having M'M
isttatun. All nower is in llioi linn, li 1 tftrn f rnm flan Tint a..
I ho liemocrnts, as a parly, can do noth' Immense crowd aro now al lhe differ-
, ."no uoi now much we ml newspnper ofliccs
jnftydjirar with thcia as lo the policy of for news.
. . .uv'...,. iu .w umv .ill. ill u n nr.. n . : i : i i ii,i-ii il'ii L'nu
mil In r,... ' "1'1'ivonim lllllliarv UOS- nuir thuouji, uA
row through. Major Anderson h dil roM Z Xlr0!-. W FM
lire in a. mall boat. Portions of thT.lniX'n V'.' T .V. 1 .,.J, T.'v r"cn jfo we to restore theso scce- ? ' ?T ;-,.:;,
ihree shins are v h a i n,- rr.- 1 :; i"."" me uei maies to the Un on ! Wo can do it ,uv"." "" ...hes
. . . -v mo uiiuii:. iiiiiuirv. 11 nnr. rna nii.tw aI ii.. iiinn tin nraisni main unit '..
nnrl i ia knl.Au. J 4 . P W t w. VMwemnji. U LIIH UnVPrU OTI I V IV c Ann .1 AH 1 ' " I ' VD"" '.i.
-l-wmocmaaomontttself.tB endangered. Military or-; thi border riati StatcsiU 3ir t "C-o. .