Newspaper Page Text
BY 0. B. GOODLANDER & CO.
VOL. XXXI. WHOLE NO 1646.
I cu me from haunts of coot and hern,
I inaka a luddan tally j
And sparkle gut among th Corn,
(To bicker dowo tb valley.
By thiraty'hilli I hurry down,
Or flip between ihe ridden,
By twanty thorps a little town
And half a hundred bridges,
Till lost by Pbillp'a farm I flow
To join the britnuiiug rirer;
For iuin may coma and men may go,
Hut I go on forerer.
I chatter over stony ways,
In little sharps aiid treble;
I bubble into eddying bays,
I babble on the pebbles.
With many curve ny bunks I fret,
l!y many a tiold a fallow ;
And utility a fuiry furuluud tot
With willow weed and mallow.
I chatter, eta Her, as I flow
To joiu the brimming river,
For men may come and uiru limy go,
II ut 1 go on f rover.
I wind about, and in and out,
With here a hlotsun failing ;
And here and there a lut.v trout.
And here and there a grayling;
And here and thoroi. foamy H ike
1'pou me at I travel ;
With mnny h silvery wale-trunk
I'pon ILC golden gravel;
I draw them all along, and flow
To join the brimming rirer;
i'or men tray come and men uay go,
Hut I go on forever.
I tcol by lwi and grassy plots,
1 (liilo ny haiel rovers;
I move the ewcet forget-me-nots
That grow fur happy lovera.
I slip, I slide, I gloom, I glance,
Among my skimming swallowi,
I make I lie netted runbeauis dnnca
Against my sundy thulluws.
1 murmur under moon nnd stars,
In bnluiy wildernesses ;
I linger by my shingly bars,
I loiter round my ere rses.
And out again I curve and flow,
To join the brimming river;
For men any come and men may go,
But 1 goon forever. TiiNSrsoa
Military and Civic Display and Pre
THE 1XA VU UU A L A J1)I( Ki'S.
THE FEELING IX THE SOUTH.
(Special Dispatches to the Now York HornlJ.
Washington. Mnrch 4, 18G1.
The caiiit.il city is to-tlay Iho scene of a
life and excitement unequalled in the his
tory of tlie inaugurations that have taken
place within it precincts since the forma
tion of the government. The fears ex
pressed of disorder, the anticipations
aroused by a thousand flying rumois, the
peculiar circumstances attending nnd re
sulting front the election, the condition of
the country' and the surrounding train of
ciieunist'inees. till conspired lo invest the
occasion with no ordinary interest.
With day break the- vast crowds congre
gated here from nil parts of the country
''".an lo move up and down Pennsylva
nia avenue. As early as eight o' clock A.
M. throngs of men, women nnd children
coaiincncid assembling in and nboul the
Capitol and W Ward's Hotel, nnd nt tii
iauince.HMiecis were .e..i..v u.,v ,
"nil unman H v. 1 UO.--0 in noni 01 11
1 . .... p . . r :l
iarls found plenty of pnsfunc in watch
ing Ihe puling in and out of distinguish.
edcallarson the Pret-ident elect and tho
marching nnd countermnrrhing of milita.
rj companies en horseback and afoot, am
hfneedid not mind tho delay in lho in
U2Uraiion ceremonies occasioned bv the
late appearance of President Buchanan.- j
TI , 1 1 1 l.rt.l .A.(,Aun,l (lnnn
ui events ot tne nine nno tocod-um-neea
f it. - i tl.f.!,. n,-.vl 1, ii ninr ivaa
"I UIC limilieui, nun mtn j,.-"..
it:i...i..i -..I- ..l.-r. ...t.inptf. 1 in lm
manipulation of the soldiers and police
I ... , -.1 JM Mafxatn . I b 1 1
men. n n nntieuvu en i iwnn'" ...v..
Speculations bused upon the rumors of
impending disturbance!; of tho inaugura
tion were freely indulged In, nnd many
pretended knowing onos frightened the
Ijmid by predictions of Woody scenes.
The procession commenced to form at
boul nine o'cloc k, the locale being in front
oflha City Hall, at the corner of Four
nd a balf street and tho broad Louisiana
Menue. It was under the charge of Mar-AaUin-Chief
B. B French, an old Clerk of
the House of Representatives fifteen years
go a commissioner of Tublio Buildings
tinder President Pierce, his schoolmate,
and an active citizen generally of Wash
ington in all that pertains to its publio af
fairs. The procession commenced to move at
leven o'clock, passing through Louisi.
.naavenue to Pennsylvania avenue.thence
'long Pennsvlvanla avenue, past Willard's;
foUl, whore the President elect was stay-1
', up Fifteenth fctreci, where it count
rmarohed, returned and halted on Penn
itoania avenue in front 1 the hotel.
'lho military formed In lino on I wo
sides of tlio hotel, and Iho spectacle then
became exceedingly animated ; staff ofii J
cers and orderlies in their cay uniforms
and marshals decorated with their badges,
constantly galloped up and down the lines
of soldiers and civilians, while bands por
formed patriotic airs, drums beat, bugles
sounded nnd hundreds of standards flut
tered in lho air. .
Mr. Buchanan did not get through with
th signing of bills at the Capitol until
after his term of office had actually expi-
At half-past twelve M., ho appeared in
his state carriage, with liveried servants,'
in front ol tho Indie entrance at Willard's
where he alighted immediately and pro-
cecded to his successor's room.
A brief conversation ensued, nfter which ;
the two Presidents entered upon thoir
first p.nci probably last momentous com
'n appearing in the door a nioderuto
cheer arose from tho solid wall of human
beings on each side of thu passage way,
w hich was kept clear to the curb stone bv
policemen and marshals. The throng in
(heir eagerness to see tho Presidents, pres
sed forward, and but for the strenuo'ts ef-
fjisofthe police, I would have subjected
them to an uncomfortable squeeze. They
however salely arrived nt tho open ba
rouche in waiting for them. The milita-
ry then presented arms, the band played
Hail Columbia, nnd after a littlo confusion
the procession commenced to move.
.Senators Baker nnd Tcaroo rode in the
same carriage with the two Presidents.
It may bo mentioned as an incident, how-
ecr, mat mis prone uownjusi poiore
starting. In a second ono wero seated
t.,,1.,,. n,...; .. ,i nv, nr.i ii r in
Judge Davis and lorn Marshall, of 111.,
and Lincoln's two secretaries.
. 1 1 1 . , 1
The military nrrangements showed that
npprelionsions of a murderous plot against
the President elect still existed. His
carriage was so closely surrounded on all
sides by mat ehnls nnd cavalry as to hide
it from view. A shot could not have posi-
sibly been aimed nt him so dense was tlio
The g-tard of honor was selected from
the most efficient companies of reg.rlar
troops and marines. Tho latter brunch of
the service has almost invariably furnish
ed the only government soldiers fur the
dtli of March ceremonies.
Platoons were likewise stationed every
hundred yards alonjf tho avenue and sev
eral companies held in readiness at their
I armories to bo dispatched t any
I point in case of an outbreak. Mounted
orderlies weto place 1 at every corner to
I ive speedy informal ion to General Scott,
' who remained all day us headquarters,
'and iidicnlouB nB it may sound, riflemen
1 were located even on the roofs of houses
, niljoining tho nCHiie to watch tho np-
! proach of tho supposed conspirators.
Tho new Vico President walked like
quiet citizen, in company w ith n single
friend, from his hotel to tho place where
lie took the oath to perform tho duties of
the second oilico in tho gift of the Amcii
cun peopU. What ft contrast with the
.;i;t...... ,.,,.nnnt 1 -i 1 nt tKiwlr.,1 tho nri-ivnl
,111 M W.I,
J 1 o
. . . . .
him in his position in tho government,
SCENES INSIDE THE CAiMTOI, AITERTIIE AR-
RIVAL OF THE TWO fKESlPENTS.
Leaving his carriage nnd leaning on tho
." arm of his predecessor, President Lincoln opinion whr-iiior tins clause mourn tiueniorc
1 ....... , , i i ,i ed bv National or Stato authority, but surolv
walkeusiowiy trom ins uaroucuo loum
threshold o( to Capitol. Following him
: worn Senators Foot and linker. Mr. Lin-
1 ' n
3 L is vivacity appeared to bavo
loft him. and the instant he Passed the
of ihe Capitol of the nation he
I hunc his head and looked upon tho mar-,
!.i t;i... ; frnnt . ifhnr,t1 thflm
i 1 . . ... , ,
iiu i tar, mm, in .
I i IiIta tnnnvnri.na npntia nt
. .... , , ,
stone that have Jsurrounaeu mm lor
moths past, ofFor him counsel and advice.
There were not half a dozun persons at
this entrance of tho Capitol when the
President elect passed in. Mr, Lincoln,
with his three companions, immediately
proceeded to the President's room on tho
Senate floor, and there was relioved of a
load of vilainous dust which in this dusty
metropolis is not afraid to invest even
The line of procession faom the Senate
chamber to the portico formed in the fol
Marshal of the District of Colambia,
Judges of tho Supremo Court, Sergeant at
Arms of Ihe Senate, Committee of Ar
rangements, President of the United;3tates
and Presidentelect, Vice President, Becre-
tary of the Senate, Senators, Uipiomat.c
corps, heads of departments Govornors
and other in the chamber
word was given for the members of the
House to fall into the line of the proces-
on, violent r Jh was made for the door
CLEARFIELD, .PA. WEDNESC.W, MARCH 13,1861.
accompanied by loud outcries, violent
pushing and great disturbance,
After the procession had reached the
platform. Senator Baker, of Oregon, in.
troduced Mr. Lincoln to the assembly
Mr. Lincoln is received with cheers.
Ho lays down his manuscript, cl ips his
hand in his pockets and pulls out a pair of
steel bowed spectacles. This it a signal
for merriment in ono portion of the rrmvil
A lusty hawk eyed fellow cries out "Take
off them spectacles, wo want tq see your
eyes," I didn't know ho wore classes,"
remarked another, "they ain't in the
picters," Rnd similar remarks kept the
audience who could not hear his voice in
good humor, until a rousing cheer from
tho Presidential pagoa enlisted their at
tention. The following in the oddress. which he
read in a clear, distinct voice :
Fellow Citizens of the United States :
In compliance with a custom as old as tlio
Government itself, I appear beforo you to ad
dress you brielly, ami to take, in your pres
ence, tlio with prescribed by tho Constitution
of the United States to bo taken liv the l'rcsi.
rlent before he enters on the execution ol his
ollice. I lo not consider it necf ssary at pres.
ent fur me to discuss those mutters of admin
istration about which there is no special anx
iety or excitement. Apprehension seems to
exist among tho people ol thu Southern
States, that by the accession ot n Republican
Administration, their property ami their peace
ami personal security are to be endangered.
There has never been anv reasonable cause
fJr s,lch apprehension. Indeed, the most
ample evidence to the contrary has nil the
whilo existed and been open to their inspec
tion. It is found in nearly all the published
speeches ol him who now addresses you. 1
do but quote from one of these speeches when
I declare that "I have no purpose, directly or
Indirectly, to interfere with the institution of
slavery in the Stales where it exists, I believe
I Iiimto no lawful right to do so. and I have no j
inclination to do so. Those who nominated
nnd elected mo did so with the lull knowledge
that I had nindo this nnd many similar dec-
lliraonsana had never cantofl them. And
more than this, they placed in thu platform
for mi' acceptance, as a law to themselves nnd
to me, mo clear nun cmpuaiic resolution '
which 1 now read.
Iiewafvli1 . (TI:I thrt h, n i nl.tni n... I , i i.tl itn
ot tliu rignti or tlio Mates, nnd especially the ;
right of each Stato to order or control its own '
domestic institutions according to its own
judgniont exclusively, is essential to that bal-
anco of power on which the perfection and en
durance ol our political fabrio depend. And , noes, tiicro shall be 110 attempt to force obnot
wo denounco tho lawless invasion by an arm. huts strangers among the people lor that oh
od force of tho soil of any State or tetritory, ject, while the strict legal right may exist in
no matter under what pretext, as amongst tho thu goAnmeiit to unlorce tho exercise of
gravest of crimes." these ollicers, the attempt to do so would be
1 now reiterate Iheso sentiments, ami in do- ( so irritating, and so nearly unleasihlo with
ing so, I onlyress upon the public attention all, that I deem it better to forego for a time
the most conclusive evidence of which tlio the uses of such officers.
case in susceptible that tho property, peace
and security ol no section aro lo bo in any
wise endangered by the new incoming Admin
istration. I add, too, that all the protection
which, consistently with tho Constitution and
tho Laws, can bo givmi, will bo cheerfully
given to all tho States, when lawfully deman
ded, for whatever cause, as cheerf ully to ono
section as to another. There Is much contro
versy about the delivering of fugitives from
service or labor. The clause I now read is as
plainly written in the Constitution, as any
other of its provisions:
"No person held to service or labor in one
State under tho laws thereof, escaping into
another, shall, in consequence of any law or
regulation therein, be discharged from such
service or labor, but shall bo delivered up 011
a claim of the party to whom such servico or la-
nor may tie due." " ""in 10 luem.
It is scarcely questioned that this provision! !' those, however, who really love the U
was intended by those who mado it lor tlio ro-! "ion may I not speak, before entering upon
claiming of what wc call Fugitive Slaves, and "o grave a matter ns the destruction of our
tho intention of tlio law-giver is the law. All national fabric with all its benefits, its meni
meinbers of Congress swear their support to , ories audits hopes J1 Would it not be wisi
tho whole Constitution to this provision 05 to nscei tain previously, why we do so Will
iiiiie.li us to anv other to tho proposition then
...1 1 , 1.:.. . I... 4
llliH Slaves wuosu casus uootu , it inn inu tuutn
ill il.i, plansn. mid "shall bn delivered nn."
their oaths are unanimous. .Now il Ihev would
IIIIIKO IIIC Cllon 111 goon lomper,couiu lliey llol,
with nearly equal unanimity, frame and pass
g by yf .
nanimous oath There Is some diflerence of
,lttt(iiUerenco Is not a very material one. if
n)C Slave is lo be surrendered, it can be of but
littlo coiisoqiienco to him or to others, by
' WHICH UUIIIOl I lb lOtll'IIU. ii mi niiuuni n uuu
-.Lt.L -...1 I... 1, t- A ...I .lini.l l ......
.Inanvcnso bo content that his oath shall be
unkept on a merely iinsiibstaiili.il controversy
as to now u snau uo aopi r Agan.-iii any
law upon this subject ought not nil th? safe
I guards of liberty known in the civilized and
i l.,U..r,i.l.,,... in hti Inlmilt,"...! ...
Immune jurisprudence to be introduced, so
that a freeman may not bo, in any caso, sur-
.'rendered as a slavo f And might it not be
ruuuuieu no" mu.w , .... ...iK.i
well, at tlie saino lime, io proviuo uy law ior
... ..... .....
the enforcement ot thatclauso In the Consti
tution, which guarantees that 'the citizens of
each Stato shall he entitled to all tho privile
ges aud immunities of tho citizens in tho sev
eral States." I tako the oflicial oath to-day
with no mental reservation and with no pur
pose to construe tho Constitution or laws by
any hypercritical rules. Aud whilo I do not
choose now to specify particular acts to Con
gress as proper to bo enforced, I do suggest
that it will bo much salcr for all, both in offi
cial and private stations to conform to and a'
bido by all these acts wlilcli stanu unrepeal
ed than to violato any of them, trusting to
find Impunity In having them hold to be un
constitutional. It is scarcely seventy. two years sinco the
first Inauguration of a President under our Na
tional Constitution. During that poriod Alteon
diflerent and groatly distinguished citizens
have In succession adnunisterod tho executive
branch of tho Government. They havo con
ducted It through many pevlls, and generally
with gieat success. Yet with all this scope for
precedent, I now enter upon the samo tusk lor
the briel constitutional terra of four years, un
der great and peculiar difficulty. A disruption
ot the Fedoral Union, heretofore only men
aced. Is now formidably attempted. I hold
that In contemplation of universal law and of
the Constitution, the union 01 tnese Slates is
perpetual. Perpotuity is implied, if not ex
pressed, In the fundamental laws of all nation
al froornmcnts. It Is safe to asset t that tho
bovernment proper never had a provision in
its organic law for Us own termination. I
snail conin.no to cxecuto all tho express pro-
visions or our JNallonal Constitution, nnd tho
iniion will endure lorever. It being Impossible
to destroy It except by some action not provi-
., Ti1, J 11,0 fnstnitiient itself. Again, if tho
United Stntes b not a government proper, but
an association of States in the nat tiro of a con-
tract merely, can it us n contract bu peaceably
tinmado by less than nil tho parties who made
i 1 ,,"",J' ,0 1,10 con,1;,ct ni!ly violato it,
or break it, so to speak, hut does it not reijnire
nil to lajUully rescind it 1 !
Descending from these general principles,
wo find tho proposition that in a legal contein-
Illation of lho case, Union is perpetual, con-1
firmed bv the hi.stnrv of ii,,. I7,,ii,ii itu,.li' ti... '
---j - . ...., 1 iiu
union Is much older than the Constitution, decided by the Supremo Court, nor do I deny
It was formed in part by tho articles of usso-j that such decisions must bo binding in any
ciation in 1774. It was matured and continued case upon tho parties to a suit i to the ob
by tho Declaration of Independence in 1770. 'ject of that suit, w liile tbey aro also entitled
It was further matured, and the failh of all the to very high respect and consideration in nil
then thirteen States expressly plighted and en-' parallel cases by all other Departments of the
gaged that it should bo perpetual by the nrti- Government. And, while it is obviously ;ios
clcs of confederation in 177H, and finally in ! sible that such decision may bo erroneous in
178U. Ono ol the declared objects for ordain-! any given case, still the effect following it be
lug nnd establish!!)? tho Constitution, was to 1 ing limited to that particular case, with the
form a more perfect Union j but if the destine-) chanco that it may be ovenuled and never bu
tion of the Union by one or by a part only ol come a precedent for other cases can bo bet
tht! States be lawfully possible, the Union is ' Kt homo than could tlio evils of a different
less than before the Constitution ; having lost 1 practice. At the same timo tho candid citi
Iho vital element of perpetuity, it lollows from 1 zen must confess, that if tho policytif the
these views that no Stato upon its own mere
motion can lawfully gt- out of Hie Union ; that
resolves or ordinances to that effect are legal
ly void, and that nets ol violence w ithiu any
Stuto or Slates against tlio authority of the
Limed stales, aro Insurrectionary or revolu
tionary, according to circumstances.
1 therefore consider that in view of (he Con
I stitntion and laws thu Union is unbroken, and
to the extent ol my ability I shall lake c ue, as
I lho Constitution expressly enjoins on 1110, that
I the laws ol lho Union be Ijilhlully executed
j in all the States. Doing that I deem tube
! only a simple duty 011 my part, and I shall
1 perform it so far as practicable, unless my
! rightful masters, the American people, shall
withhold the reijuisite means, or in some all
I Hum Native manner direct the contrary. 1
irusi mis win not lie regarded ns a nn-nace
but only as the declared purpose ol the Union.
that I will constitutionally ilelend and main
tain tt. In doing this there need he no blood
shed or violence, and there shall lie none un
less it be lore.nd upon the National authority.
The power confided to me will he used lo hi Id.
occupy, and possess the property nnd pi ices
oeiongiug io mo government, tilt I lo collect
I thu dutiesfon imports, but bt-vond what mav '.
bo necessary for these objects tln rewill bo no
invasion, no using or lorcu against or among
the people any where. Where hostility to the
Unite 1 Slates in any interim locjlitv ahull be
' so grout and so universal as to prevent coinpo
I tent resident citizens from holdin" Federal of-
The mails, mil- ss repelled, will continue to
be furnished in, all p u ts of tho Union so far as
possible. The people everywhere shall havo
that sense of perfect security which the most
favorable and calm thought and reflection on
tlio. part of tho Government can give them.
The course hero indicated will Iiu followed,
unless current events and experience shall
show a modification or change to bo proper,
and in every caso and exigency my best dis
cretion shall bo exercised according to cir
cumstances actually existing, and with a view
and a hope of a peaceful soluticn ol the nation
al troubles nnd tho restoration ol Internal
sympathies and all'ections. That there ore
persons in one section or another who s -ek to
destroy the Union at all events, and are glad
ol any pretext (o do It, I will neither nllirm
( nor deny ; but il there bo such, I need address
J on hazard so desperate a step w
lo there is
I n 0 v- t.ituui I ii! il tleit tin I. ti nt' llin il Id I'.m
i " ... j ...... ....j t-. . . ...... , , .... j ....
i fly Irom, havo no real existence 1 While the
certain ills you fly to nre greater than all the
real ones yon fly fi oin, will you risk tho com-1 ns it allows tho amendments to orlginato with
mission of so fcarlul a mistake f All profiss t lho people themselves, instead only of permit
to be content in ihe Union, if nil C institu-' ting litem to take or reject a proposition orlg
tion il riifhls can bu maintained. Is it true ' inated bv others not especially chosen for tho
then tint any riitht plainly written in the Con-
slituiion has been ileiueil I I think not.
no party can reach fo the audacity ol doing!
this. Think if vou can ol a single instance ,
In which a plainly written provision of tlio,
Constitution has ever been denied. If, by the
mere force of numbers, n majority should de-j
privo a minority of any clearly written Consti-1
tiition-.il right, it might in a moral point of
viuv, Justify a revolution, it certainly would,!
if such a right wero a vital ono. ' But such Is
notonrcaso. All tho vital rights of minor!-'
tios and of individuals aro so plainly secured
to them bv atlirmations and negations, guar-!
anloes-and prohibitions in the Constitution,
that controversies never arise concerning
But noorganic law can bo framed with a1
provision specifically applicable to every qucs- '
tion which may occur in practical ailiuintslra- sucn, nas routing io no mm u. ins umj ,
tion. No foresight can anticipate, nor any to administer tho present Government as It,
document of reasonable length contain express came to his hands and to transmit it nnim
provisions lor all possible questions. Shall paired by him lo bis successor. Why should i
tnirlilvps Irom bihor Im surrendered bv Nation- i there not bo a patient confidence In the Mill-
al or Stato authority f Tho Constitution does
not expiessly say. May Congress prohibit
slavery In the Territories 1 Tho Constitution
does not expressly say. Must Congress pro -
toct slavery in the Territories 1 Tho Consti -
lution does not expressly say. Prom quel -
..... . .... .. r . ...... I
lions Ol mis Class spring an our vonsiiunionai
controversies, and wo divide upon them Into
majorities and minorities. If tho minority
will not acquiosco tho majority must, or the
government must coaso. There is no other
alternative for continuing the Government but
acquiescence on the one sida or the other. If
a minority in such case will socedo rather than
ucquieseo, thoy make a precedent whl.-h lu
turn will divide and ruin thorn, for a minority
of thoir own will soocdo from them whenever
a majority refuses to bo controlled by such a
,u'"ori.,-. r." '"""T'.. Wh.! ""'"I"!
IIUD VI UUW VUIIIC'UCI tlKiJ jvm ' "w
ImnnA. rliilrjrilv .PPnrln ftffain . liri'Ciael V 8
.01 it-!..- KA i.t. t,. a.
ccdafrom it r All who cherish disunion sou
timents are now being educated to the exact
temper or doing this. Is there such perfect
Identity of interests mnong the States to com-j
poso a new Union as to produce harmony only
nnd prevent renewed secession I Plainly, the
central Idea of secession Is the essenco of an-
nrchy. A majority held in restraint by Con-
stitutional checks and limitations and always
changing easily with the deliborato changes ol
popular opinions and sentiments, is the only
tnio sovereign of a free people. Whoever ro -
jects it, does of necessity fly lo anarchy or to
despotism. Unanimity is impossible. Tho
rule ol a minority ns a permanent arrange -
menl, is wholly inadmissable, so that rejecting
tlio majority principle, anarchy and despotism
in'soin'o form is nil that is left. .
I do not forget the position assumed by
.1... . r1...... , . l . ..
nuiiic tiut vt'iiniiiuiiuiini ij.ivonuua aroiu 1,0
Government upon the vi ul tiuektions. ell'ect-
ing Ihe whole people, is to be irreyicahly fix
ed by Iho decisions ol lho Supremo Court, the
instint they are made in ordinary litigation
between parties ill personal actions, tho peo
ple will havo censed to bu their own ru ers.
having to that extent practically resigned
their government into the hands of that emi
nent tribunal. 'or is there in this view any
nssaiilt upon the Couit or the Judges. It is a
duty from which tbey may not shrink to de
cide cases properly brought before them, and
It is no finlt of theirs if others seek to turn
I lie-it- decisions to political purposes.
One section of our country believes that sla
vi ry is right, and ought to be extended, whilo
the other believes that it is wrong, and ought
not to lie extended. This is the only substan
tial dispute, for thu fugitive slave clause ol
the Constitution, und tlio law for tho suppres
sion of the loreign slave trade, are each as Well
enloi ced perhaps ns any law ever can be in a
com 111 11 1 1 i r v where the moral senso of the peo
ple imperfectly supports tho law itself. The
great' body of thu people abide by tho dry
legil obligation in both cases and a few break
ovi.r in fiii-li. This I think cannot bo nerfect-
cured, and it would bo worse In both cases
i after the se
cparation ol Ihe sections than before.
The foreign slave trade, now imperfectly sup
pressed, would bo ultimately revived without
restriction in one section; whilo fugitive
slaves, now only partially surrendered, would
not be surrendered nt all by the other.
Physically speaking, wo cannot separate, we
cannot remove our respective sections from
each other, nor build an impassable wall be
tween them. A husband and wife may be di
vorced and go out of tho presence and beyond
the reach of each oilier. Ij lit tho different
parts of nur country cannot do this. They
cannot but remain face lo face, nnd nn Inter
course either amicable or hostile must continue
between Ihein. Is it possible then to make in
tercourse more advantageous or nioro satis
factory nfter separating than before? Can
aliens make treaties easier than friends can
make laws Can treaties bo more faithfully
enforced between nliens than law nmong
fiiends? Supposo you go to war, yon can
not fight always, and when, after much loss on
both sides and no gain on either, yoa cease
fighting, tlio identical old questions ns to
terms of intercoiirso aro again upon yon.
This country, with its institutions, belongs to
the people that inhabit it. Vt liencvcr they
shall crow weary of the existing government,
they can exerciso their Constitutions! right of
nmend nc it. or their revolutionary rlgiil to
dismember or overthrow It. I cannot bo ig
norant of tho fact that mnny worthy nnd pa
triolic citizens are desirous of having tho na
tional Constitution amended. Whilo I make
no recommendations of amendments, I fully
recognize the rightful authority of tho people
over lho whole subject, to bo exercised in
either of lho modes prescribed in tho Instru
ment Itself, nnd I should, under existing cir-
cumstan:es, lavor, rather than opposo, a lair
.a.. t, l.ulnf nffitrrlmt tltn nnfttilf. in ant.
,.j,.i iuiki j .... ....... ..... ,. r . -
; noon it. 1 will venture to add that to me the
, Convention niodo seems preferable, Inasmuch
purposo, and which might not bo precisely
such ns they won lit w un to ciiuer "c01!'1 or
I understand s proposed amendment to the
Constitution, which amendment, howevr-r, I
have not seen, has passed Congress, to tho ef
fect that the Federal Government shall never
Interfere with the domestic Institutions of Iho
States including that of persons held to ser
vice. To avoid a misconstruction ol whnt I
iinvn aabl. t ilriinrt from mv purpose not to
speak of particular amendments so fur aa to
sav, that, bidding such a provision to lio now
Implied as Constitutional law, I have no objec -
lion to its being niadu express and Irrevocable.
The chief magistral" derives all bis author!-
ty from tho people and they have conferred
nono upon him to fix terms lor tho separation
of tho States. The people themselves can do
this also il they choose ; but tho cxeciilivo, as
mate Juslicn of the peoplo 1 Is there any bet-,
. ter or equal hope In tho world 1 In our pres-1
ent diflercnccs, is either party without faith or j
! being In Iho right 1 If the Almighty Ruler of :
1 Nations, with bis eternal truth and justice, bo
' on our side of tho North, or on yours ot hey
!... Lull, ana llml tnctieAtCtll ft limit
cu.n.i, ...... " j...... -
prevail by the judgment ol this great tribunal,
, tho American people. By Ihe frame of the;
, Government under which we live, this samo
peoplo have wisely given llrelr publio servants
but littlo power lor mischief, and havo with
equal wisdom provided for lho return of that,
littlo to their own hands at very short Inter-
vals. Whilo tho people retain their virtnn
and vigilance, no Administration, by any ex-,
, treme ol wickedness or lony, can very sen -
ously lnji.ro the Government in the short
,PE: l"llZt, , and .h. think ..tail r
- - t -
Ulld Well UDuU tlilfl llOlO MlblOct. AotMng
vtilnnliln mil hn lout liv t.ilcintr lime.
- ; bo an object to hum' ny of you In hot hsste
$1 25 per Annum, if paid In advance
SERIES VOL. I. NO 34.
to a step which you would never take doliber
atoly, that object will bo frustrated by timo.
But no good object can bo frustrated by It.
.Such of you as are now dissatisfied, still hare
the old Constitution unimpaired, nnd on tho
sensitive point, the laws of your own framing
under it; whilo Iho new Administration will
; bovo no immediate power, if it would, to
1 change either. If It were adnilttod that you
I who are dissatisfied held tho right side In tho
1 dispute, there still Is no single good reason
lor precipitate action. Intelligence, patriot-
j ism, Christianity, nnd a firm reliance on Ilim
i who has never yet forsaken this lavored land,
are still competent to adjust In the best way
all our present difficulties,
In your hands, my dissatisfied countrymen,
and not in mino, is tho momentous issue of
'.,t.,;i ...... ti. . ., . ...m, .
,wti t iiu vj.'vuinoieiit .v ill ion US'. 1 11
you. l on can have no conflict without being
yourselves lho aggressors, l'on havo no oath
registered in lu-uven to destroy tlio Govern
ment, whilo I shall havo tho most solemn ono
to "preserve, protect, nnd defend it."
lam loth to close. Wo uro nut enemies,
but friends. We must not be enemies. Tho
passion may have strained, It must not break
our bonds of nflection. Tho mystic chords of
memory stretching f'om evtry battle- "Id
and patriot gravo to every loving heart ni ..I
hearthstono nil over this broad land, will vet
swell tho chorus of the Un ion, when again
touched, as surely they will bo by the better
angels or our naturo.
Dm ing the delivery of the Inaugural, which
commenced about balf past ono o'clock, Mr.
Lincoln was much cheered, especially ut any
allusion to tho Union. President BuchanUA
and Chief, lusticc Tanoy listened with tho ut
most attention to every word, and ut its on
cluiion lho latter admlnisterod tho usuo' oath,
in making which Mr. Lincoln was vociferously
cheered. The Chief Justice seemed very much
agitated, and his hands shook very percepti
bly withemotion. Th Inauguration of to-day
makes tho eighth ceremony of the kind at
w hich J us) ico Taney Las ofliciatcd, having
administered tho oath successively to Presi
dents Van Btiren, Tyler, Polk, Taylor, Fill
more', Pierce, Buchanan and Lincoln. Tim
ceremony was exceedingly impressive. At
tho conclusion of tho Inauguration ceremonies
tho President was escorted to tho Senato
Chamber, thence to his carriage and tho mil
itary forming as in tho procession of tho morn
ing, accompanied him, with tho Committee of
Arrangements, to tho White llouso. Every
thing passed off peaceably.
THE INAUGURAL IN THE SOUTH.
Niv Orleans, March S, I8CI.
Mr. Lincoln's inaugural was Lore yes
terday in three hours from Washington.
It is regarded as incongruous and contra
dictory relative to constitutional rights.
The assertion that tho ordinances of the
seceded States nre void, nnd their acts ins
surrectionary, coupled with the deter
mination to hold, occupy and possess the
government properly, and to collect reve
nue, ate received as an open declaration
of war. Tho assertion that no blood will
bo shed ana no invasion niiulo unless the
South resists, is ridiculed.
Despatches todny from Montgomery
universally concedo war to be inevitablo.
The Southoin Consres was engaged in
organizing a standing army of ten thousi
and men. Kight thousand men can at
once bo id need on a movable war foot
Charleston', S. C, Mai eh 6, (8C1,
Our community has not been disap
pointed, and exhibited very littlo feeling
on the subject. They are content to
lenve Mr. Lincoln nnd his inaugural in
tho hands of Jeflerson Davis and the Con
gress of the Confederate Stntes.
Richmonp, n March 5, 1SC1.
There was a debate in he Convention
to-day on M Lincoln'snaugural address.
The secessionists aro death on Ihe inniig-
and arc lor hard blows, and this feel
ing is apparent nmong the
tlio Union men v ill
oppose hasty actio"
, Convention, and, perhaps, pi even,
tac in lsnjo of th j ordin inco of eovsion.
Wilmingtov, N. C, March 5, lH.
So far ns known nwt of thi contents a; ft
satifuctorily received, cspeciu ily relaiin;'
lo forts and lho collodion of reveim-, bo
cause they are Bupposeil to lavoi coercion
Punnr C Marco, fi lSfil
1 11"w'- "" '' ' '.
The inaugural was luvoraoly receivea ty
tiici Unionists. They think it does well
rincoini t,out.h thoy don't approve i
, ' or J'"'" '"""t", 1
nil of it. 1 he disuniomaH nro dissatisfied
Knoxvim.e, Tenn., March 5, 18GI.
Mr. Lincoln's inaugural, if reported oo.
rectly, is universally condemne !. Ten
nesseowil'. fight him to the bitter end.
I.oiisvii.i.K, Kv., March 6.
The opinions on Iho inuugtirnl are un
f ivorab'.e. It is believed that Mr. Lincola
is d trm'ncd to retake the forts nnd for
,, , ,, r(,volulo
coikci uio revenue. ..... .
At Jackson and Columbia, Mississippi,
aj 'pu(,cum,jttl Alabama, it is conidere4
, . of
declaim "n oi wor.
At Yick burg It m regwded unfavorably,
generally considered ft silly jyrodac
1 -Tw0 foog ftt Lowell, a voorg ma.n
.otmn nml ft Uohelor. rftn ollloUlyt
hund W them .. lhy got eaU.
In the cars, gave three rbor. wavnd fait
hat, bade t)i-m enjoy themelvM if thy
could, and then went borne itm