Clearfield Republican. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1851-1937, November 14, 1860, Image 1

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Select 'octrj.
Vot again ! when fund heart ie?er.
. ...
v r na our K"1 outpours 111 teats,
. ' "jTli the thought that tlirilli ua ever,
1:1. Through tne Inpso of lonely years.
f. 'After absence meeting's dearer
1(A h ParUng houre are full of pain ;
nfx-iut we briner the loved onei nearer,
-ff 1 While we bop to meet again. .
J But aim ! too oft are parted
''" Those on earth to memory doar,
J And we mourn them broken-hearted,
Ii ' Nevermore to greet them here !
Still, affection lingering round them,
sjoS . Can its yearning! ne'er refrain ;
.J,,.'.- jAnd we auk: ' In that bleat morning
taiil "ball w 'h00 all mBet gaia ?' '
Meet again ! 0, rapturoua greeting,
V"5'1 When we've won that golden aboro,
-"Wher the Tree of Life, all heuling,
"Ua ) Wa-ea ita olustere ever more.
.finried love regain! iu gladneaa,
nj K , Buried nope revive! ita bloom ;
lonqjerors ill me luaiusome onto.
" S Meet again! hew iweet and bleased
.X'Ls la the ho to moet once more,
,nt.: Where the friends we lore are death leal,
j OS.-' ;Abd our parting! all are e'er ;
Iicund in lovo'e unaevered chain ; .
viii, U.V....V,, a0, VIU.UDI)
Clasp each otiier'a haad'a immortal
Meet again, moet again 1
, 1778.
,,Froni Bancroft' forthcoming History of tho
Unitod Stutea.j
.vmTiic month of Mav robed the catalpa
sftnd. the oleander in their goreeous mas
, to of flowers, and the peace of Charleston
fKWetill undisturbed except by gathering
jUtuors that the Knglih fleet and trans
, ports destined for its attack had arrived
j;JJ;Cpo Fear rivor. All the mechanics
& and laborers about town woro employed
iil frtreiigthcning its fortifications, and a
great n nrnl er of negroes, brought down
(,iVpm the country were put upon the
i work s. The Doom of the magnolia was
.turning yellow in tho hot sky of early
ivmrner, wlien on the hrst day of June
UK expresses from Christ Church
news to tho President that a fleet of forty
or.tilty sail lay anchored about ttenty
I miles to (he north of Charleston bar
.linppily the colony hnd ah-eady organ-
ixl an etHcient government, and invest
ed Uutledge, its chief executive officer,
with largo power. He ordered the alcrm
, lo be fired, und while tho citizens were
' r... i ... . . .
wumiig uuv ior norses, carriages or uoats
to remove their wives and children, he
... .. .
iiamenou uown the militia Irom the coun
try, by expresses, and in company with
" Armstrong visited all the fortifications.
.Barricades were thrown uiinitainsi. th
principal ttieeta ; defences were raised nt
tue poin'.s most likely to be selected for l oint was impossible, and not being per
, landing ; lead, gathered from tho weights milled by Uutledge to direct the total
i bouses, was east into miisket balls, and a
respectable force in ruen was concentra-
v i'iiMtii'D vi liiuiliiub unu untrilllli;
Mm- ', twl in the capitol
. . Tho eyes of the whole country were
r turned upon the people of South Curoli
itrtt ( na Their invitdeis at a nioiiient when
11 ' instant action .vas cstential to their tuc
Cf?s, were pcrilcxeu by uncertainty ol m Mouth Carolina had sympathy with
counsel between Clinton and Sir l'eter , Moultrie, and mechanics and negro la
'Farker. the respective commanders efthe borers were sent down to complete the
army anil the naval torco. On the sev
enib Clinton would have sent on shore a
' proclamation by a Hag of truce : his boat
' was fired on by an igiioiautscr.tinel, but
next day Moultrie ottered an explanation
' through one of his officers, nnd received
the proclamation in return. In this the
.British General declared the existence of
''a most unprovoked und wicked rebellion
' within South Carol ina, the succession of
"'crimes of its inhabitants, the tyranny of
1 ita congress nnd its committees, tho error,
' thus far incorrible, of un infatuated and
.'mwguided multitude, tho duty of pro
ceeding forthwith against all men in arms,
"congress and committees, as open enemies
of the Stato ; but from humanity he con
' tented to forewarn the deluded people,
" and to offer in His Majesty' name free
pardon to such ns should lay down their
arms and submit to the laws." Having
" done this he consulted Cornwallis on the
' beat mentis of gaining possession of Sulli-
van's Island ; and both agreed that they
"could not more effectually co-operate
With the intended movement of the fleet,
tllan by takitic possession of Lone Island.
z ' which was represented to communicate
f, ) ' with Sullivan's Island at low wato.', by a
C(n ford, nnd with the main body by a chin-
, iiuvigariie ior iioats or light ura!t.
Clintonliad four days' time to sound the
ford, but he took the story of its dentil on
jit t . (
i fit i t mcw'nin8 t"e "'nib of June,
CTiarles Leo, attended by his .i.d-de--camp
iui i ii i i ii. 0 ort" Carolina, .ftp.
I' ; Iflved at Haddi ell's Toint, After exntnin- J
IS, Tnc its fortifications, bo crossed over to t
ft Tiullivan's Island, wbero he round a nood I
took 6f powder, a fort of which tho front
ari . i ntlA ttlliA tt-drrt 1 III. ini n...l 4
'hundred men encamped in its ren'1 in
' fcttts und booths that were roofed with
pulmotto leaves. Within tho foil numer
ous mechanics and laborors wero fitting
'fttid lifting pa' mctto logs for ita walls.
'Ha had scarce glanced at tho work, when
'tie doularod that -hc did not like that post
at all ; it could not hold out half an hour,
ana mere was no way to retreat; H ws
but a 'slaughter pen.' and the garrison.
'.rrn1il l.rt - :n . r rv i . !
's. e " wu "J t' lvJ
Charleston, Ia?o loucbad at James Island,
where Gadsden bad tho command,
-i I be battalions raised in South Carolina
Were not aj yet placed upon tho continen
tal establishment ; an i although Con
gtew boro tho proportionato expense, tho
disposition of the forces still remained
under the exclusive diiections of the col
ony and its officers- This cireumstanco
became now of great iniportunco. To
Armstrong no command whatever was
conceded ; and hohnd little to do except
to receive the hospitalities of Charleston ;
but General J, en wu tlio second ofliccr
in the American army j his military fanio
was at that time very great ; ho had pow
er from the general Congress to order, und
ho did older butallions from North Caro
lina And Vircinitt : his presence wns a.
cona.ant pieugeot tho active sympathy ot
me continent; ftnu on ins arrival ho was
invested with the military command
through an order from Kutlodgo.
On that samo day Clinton beg.m his
disembarkation, landing four or live hun
dred men on Long Island. It was there
fore evident tliut tho first assnult was to
be attempted not on tho city, but its-outposts
; yet Leo proposed to Rulledgo to
withdraw from Sullivin's Islr.nd and aban
don it without a blow. Jlad ho noted in
concert w ith tho invaders, ho could not
more completely promoted their design.
But llutledge, interposing his authority,
would not6ufTer it, and Lee did not ven
ture to proceed alone : yet on the tenth
day his very first order to Moultrie, ex
cept one which was revoked as soon as is
sued, directed that officer to construct
bridges for his retreat, ami the order was
repeated and enforced several times that
day, and aliuo-t every suco.oediiv: one.
Happily Moultrie ' courage was of that pla
eid kind that could not be made anxious
or uneasy ; lie weighed carclully hi dan
ger and resources; with quiet importura
bio confidence, formed his plan tor repel
ling the impending douhloattack of the
enemy by i ami by land ; und never so
much us imagined that, ho could be driv
en from his post.
On tho tenth of June, while the Conti
nental Congress was finishing tho debute
on independence, the Bristol, whose guns
had been previously taken out, came over
tho bar attended by thirty or forty ves
sels, ond anchored about throo miks from
Fort Sullivan. In Charleston, from which
this movement was plainly visible, all was
action ; on the wharfs, warehouses of
great value, ?icro thrown down to give
room for tho fire of cannon anc' nius-
Keiry irom tue lines along host mv ; in-
trenchmcnls surrounded the town ; the
i barrteaUos, raised in tho principal streets
rch Parish bro't'wero continued to the water; and arrow -
I headed embankments were projected up-
Ion the landing places. ecroeg from the
country took pari in tho labor: tho hoe
and tho spado were also in every citizen's
hands, for all persons, distintion,
'labored with alncrity,' some for the Mike
of example some as the best way of be
ing useful. Neither tho noon 'lay sun nor
the rain, which in that clime, drons from
! the clouds in "ashes, interrupted their
... '
Cn the eleventh tho two regiments
from North Carolina r.rrived. Tho same
nay, u-ing told that a bridgo ot re
I treat from Sullivan's Island to Uaddiell's
i cii.uiuiuii vi mu inutiiti. oikirit'ii uiuuiu ir
immediately to send tour hundred ot Ins
men over to the continent; in his post
script ho added : 'Makeup tho detach
ment to five hundred.' On tho thirteenth
he writes : ' You will detach another huu-
: dred men to strengthen tho corps on the
other side of tho creek.' But tho spirit
tort: but hard as they toned, it was
not nearly finished before tho action. On
the I'2th the wind blew so violently that
two ships which lay outside tho liar, wcro
obliged for safety to btnnd out to sea, and
this assisted to delay the attack.
L'n the fifteenth, Loo stationed Arm
strong at Haddrcll's point, nnd Arm
strong, as the superior officer, ever man
ifested for Moultrio a hearty friendship.
On that same day, Sir Feter Parker gave
to tho Captain of his squadron his ar
rangement for the attack of tho batteries
on Sullivan's Island, and on the 1'Uh ho
communicated it to Clinton, who did not
know what to do. Tho dilatory conduct
of tho Britsh betrayed uncortair. ty and a
division of councils, and the Carolinians
made 6Ui h use of tho delay, that bj the
17tb they were in exceedingly good state
of preparation at every outpost and also
in town. Cut Clinton intended only to
occupy and garrison Sullivan's Island.
For that purpose, be completed the
landing of all his men on Lou,? Island, a
naked sand, where nothing crew except
' i- i i. - . . i . .. . i i ' . i . e
a lew ousues iiuu inuuu c i niyiiuas in
mosquitoes, and wuero ti e troops sul
fered intensely from tho burning sun ;
the want of good water, and the bad
quality and insufficient supply of provis
ions. A trial ot the lorn wiis made, i.nn
lon waded up to his neck, so did others
,.r i.:. ,ii;.. ,..,,i nn ,.. ,i..., n i.w l,
' Ul Ilia UU11.I.IB, Mill. Ull tliU " .,
: he succeeded in getting ull his men on
shore, he nnnounced through iughn to
'Sir Petot rnrkerthalno lord was to be
found ; that there remained a depth ot
seven feet of water at low tide ; and that
! II, a IpAiiu IInpfnpA .milfl nnt tnke the
fchaio thcv'cxcectcd in the intended at
'i , ... r ,t ,
tuck. His six full rogimcnts, and com
panies enough from others for ono more,
a body of more than threo thousand men,
thoroughly provided with arms, artillery
and ammunition, had loft tho transports
for a naked sandbank that wis to them a
prison. Yet, compelled to do something
Clinton fixed on the 23d for thojoint at
tack. On the night after tho day appointed
for tho attack, Muhlenburg'j regiment
arrived. Ou receiving Lee's ordors it im
mediately set out from Virginia, and
marched for Charleston, without tents,
continually exposed to tho weather, It
was composed chiefly of Muhleiiburg's
old German parisionets and of tho Vir
ginia regimonts, and was the most com-
rMNCIrLES, not
jiloto, the host nvmed, best riot lied for
immediate service. The Americans were
now very strong.
The contidonco of Sir Peter Parker in
an easy victory was iinshuken. To make
all sure, ho exercised a body of marines
and seamen in the art of entering forts
through embrasures; intending first to
silence Motiltrio's battery, then to land
his trained detachment, and by their uid
enter the fort. His presumption was jus
tified by t he judgement o f Loo. That gen
eral, coming down to tho Island, took
Moultrie asido ft id said : Do you think
von can maintain this nr.r. V !tfoiiUrin
answered, ' l oa 1 think I can.' lsut, Lee
had no faith in a spirited detonce, fretted
at the too easy disposition of Moultrie,
and wished up to the last moment, to re
move him from the commnnd.
On tho 2.'!i tin unfavorable nind preven
ted the joint attack. On tho 2")th, tho
squadron was increased by tho arrival of
the 'Experiment,' a ship of sixty puns,
which passed over the bnron tho 2th.
I, otters of encouragement came also from
Tonyn, then (Sovernor of East Florida,
who was impatient for in attack on fieor
gia; he would have had a body of Indians
raised on tho bank of South Carolina, and
a body of royalists to terrify nnd distract
so that the assault at Charleston would
lnvo struck an astonishing terror and
aflright.' lie reported South Carolina to
be in a mutinous state that delighted him ;
tho battery on Sullivan's Island would
not discharge two rounds.' This opinion
was spread through the fleet, and became
the belief of every sailor on board. With
or without Clinton's aid tho Commodore
was persuaded that with his trained sea
men and marines, he could takeand keep
possession ot the fort till Clit.ton should
send a many troops ns ho migh think
proper, and who might enter the fort in
tho same way.
Capt. Lampyrer, walking with Moultrie
on tho plattorm, and looking nt tho Brit
Lsh ships-of-war, nil of which hnd already
come over the bar, addressed him :
"Well, Colonel, w hat do you think of it
now ?"
"We shall beat them," said Moultrie
''The men-of-war," rejoined the cap-
tuin. "will knock your fort dotvn in hulf
un hour,"
"Then, said Moultrio, "wo vill lio . be
! im,i xlQ rujIIS an,i prevent their men
; f,.om landin"."
, Qn l0 nl0rn
On tho morning of the twenty-eighth n
"entle sea breeze procnostigated the a.
tack. Lee from Charleston, for tho t" nth or
eleventh time, charged Moultrie to finish
the bridge for his retreat, promised him
re-enforcements, which was never sent,
nnd still meditated removing hi in from
his command ; whilo Moultrie, whose fac
ulties under the outward show of imper
turablc and even indolent calm, were res
trained to their utmost tension, roue to
visit his advanced guard on tho east. -Here
tho commander William Thomson,
of Orangeburgh, of Irish decent, a native
of Pennsylvania, but from childhood a
citizen of South Carolina, a man of rare
worth in privato life, brave and intelli
gent as an officer, had, at tho extiemc
point, posted fifty of the militia behind
sand hills ami myrtle bushes. A few hun
dred yards in the rear bo guarded breast
works that had been thrown up, with
three hundred riflemen of his own rogi
ment from Orangeburgh and its neighbor
hood, with two hundred of Clark's North
Caiolina regiment, two hundred mora of
the men of South Carolina under Horry
and the raccoon company of riflemen. On
his left ho was protected by a morass : on
his right by one eighteen pounder ami
one. brass six poundor, which ovelookcd
the spot where Clinton would wish to
Seeing the enemy's boats already in mo.
tion on tho beach of Long Island, and the
men-of-war loosing their topsails, Moul
trie hurried back to bis fort at full speed.
He ordered the long roll to beat, and offi
cers ncd men to their posts. His whole,
number, including himself nnd officers,
were four hundred and thirty-live, of
whom twenty-two were of the fourth reg
iment of artillery, the rest of his own reg
iment ; men who were bound to each oth
er, to their officers, nnd to him, by per
sonal ailed ion nnd confidence. Next to
him in command was Isaac Mottc ; the
Major of his regiment was the fearless and
faultless Francis Marion. The fort w is
square with a bastion at each angle ; built
of polmctto logs, dove-tailed and bolted
together, and lain in parallel rows sixteen
feet asunder; between theso rows tho
space was filled with sand. On tho east
ern and northern sides the palmetto
wall was only sevon feet high, but it was
surmounted by thick plank, so as to be
tenable against a scaling party ; a traverse
of sand extended from east to west. Tho
southern and western curtains were tin -
ished with their platforms, on which tho
can n in was mounted. 1 he standard
which was advanced to the south east bas
tion, displayed a Hag of bluo with a white
eresent on which emblazoned Liberty.
The whole numlier of cannon in the fort,
the bastion!, nnd tho cavaliers, was but
tliirty-ono, ol which no more than twen-ty-ono
could at tho same time be brought
into uso ; of ammunition thero were but
twenty-eight rounds for twentysix can
non. At Unddrell'a Point across the bay
Armstrong had about fiftceu hundred
men. the hrst regular rsoutn (..arotina
regiment, under Christopher Gadsden,
occupied Fort Johnson, which stood on
tho most northerly part of James Island,
about three miles from Chnrlestown, and
within point blank shot of Ihe channel.
Charleston was guarded by moro than
two thousand men.
Half an-hour after nine in the morning,
the commodore gave signal to Clinton
that he should go on with the attack.
An hour later the ships-o'-war wre un
der wsv. Gadsden. Cotesworth, Pinckney,
nnd th) rest at Fort Johnson watched all
their movement ; in Charleston the what fa
and watrr-sidc iilong tho buy were crowd.
...I ..ill I . ' . .
ivi m.uis uiiiiiT arms anil lookers
on. J he men must foil
their adversary.
or their citv mnv iioi lul, . a !..:.. i, i... I
j f -. , .... it liuiinv. I'u
sacked and burned, nnd tho savages on
the irontior start Irom their lurking places.
No grievous oppression weighed down the
industry of South Curolina; nho enme
forth to the strucjlo from rrenerous sym
pathy j nnd now the battle is to bo fought
ior nor cinei city, nnd tho province.
Tho 'Thundei bomb,' covered by Friend
ship, begnu the action by throwing shells,
which it continued, till' moie than sixty
were discharged ; of these some burst in
tho air, one lighted on the mnttazino with
out, uoin
morass, or
the fort, At about a quarter to eleven
tho 'Active,' of twenty-eight guns, disre
garding four or fiveshots tiredat her while
under sail ; tho 'Bristol.' with fifty guns,
having on board Sir Peter Parker and
Lord William Campbell, the Governor;
the 'Expeiiineiit,' also of fifty guns; arid
the 'Solo Bay,' of twenty-eight, brought
up n ilhin about three hundred nnd fifty
yards of the fort, let go their anchors with
springs upon their cables, and began a fu
rious cannonade. Every sailor expected
that two broadsides would eno. tho strife ;
but tho soft, fibrous, spongy wood of the
palmetto w ithstood the rapid fire, and nei
ther split, nor splintered, nor started ; and
the parapet was high enough to protect
the men on the platforms,
sides from three or four of
When broad-
the men-of-
war struck the logs at tho
same instant,
the shock gave tlio merlons a tremor, but
the pile remained uninjured Moultrio oi seed time and tillage, the joys of the
had but ono tenth as many guns ns irere early and latter harvests, nnd has wel
brougbtto bear on him, and was more- corned tho last of his crops to tho barn
over obliged to stint the use ot powder. and the granary. His store-houses are
His guns accordingly were fired very slow- full, and tho flocks and herds now live
ly, the officers taking aim, und waiting al-1 upon the accumulated provisions of the
ways for the smoke to clear away, that summer. Tho last of the flowers has
they might point with more precision. , 'aded, nnd the frosts have turned field
'Mind tho Commodore, mind the fifty : and forest lo a ruaset brown. The leaves
gun ships,' were the words that passed that pU on such gorgeous coloring in
along tho platform from cflcers nnd .October, aro now either changed to a
men. sombre hue, or fallen, leaving the forest
.-nan i sena ior more powuer ; ojueu
Moultrie of Mot'c.
'To bo sure,' said Motto.
And Moultrie wrote to Lee : 'I believe
we shall want more powder. At tho rato
we go on, I think wo shall ; but you can
seo that. Tray send us more, ifyou think
More vessels woro seen coming up, and
cannon were heard from the north east.
Clinton had promised support ; not know
ing what else to do, ho directed tho bat
teries on Long Island to open a cannonade,
nnd several shells were thrown into
Thompson's intrenchnients, doing no oth
er damage than wounding ono sol.lier.
This firing was returned by Th laqi.-eii
with his one eighteen pounder ; but, Irom
the distance, with litllo effect.
At twelve o'clock tho light infantry,
grenadiers, and tho fifteenth regiment
embarked in boats, while floating batter -
ies nr.d aimed craft get under weigh to
cover the landing ; but tho troops never
so much as once attempted to land. The
detachment had hardly left Long Island
before it was ordered to disembark, for it
was seen that tho landing wis inipraeti -
cable, nnd would hnvo been tho destrue -
tion ofmany bravt. men without the least
probatiiiity ot success. i ho American j worn brute, us he quits the yoke or the
defences were so strong, ami well con-: cart, and regales himself in fat pastures,
structed, the approach so dillicult. Thoin.. ; lie knows nothing better than the grntiti
son so vigilent, bis men such skillful cation of his appetite for food. But man
sharpshooters, that had tho British land-
eu, tny wouni navooeencut to pieces. aim, that wh'ch constitutes his manhood,
'It was impossible,' says Clinton, 'to le- lies waste. The mind must have occupa
cido positively on nny plan,' and he did tion of some kind, and tho release from the
nothing. 1 more pressing esres of cultivation nt this
An attack on Uaddiell's Point would season, should only induce a higher netiv
have been still more desnernto; though ity of the mind.
th 3 Commodore, nt Clintons request, pent It is indeed well to employ a portion of
three frigates to co-operate with in that this leisure in visiting frieyds and rela
design. The people of Charleston, as lives, nnd in keeping nlivo the sympathies
they looked from the battery with senses and associations of earlier years. Some
quickened by tho nearness of danger, be- uro so situated in their business, that this
held the Sphinx, the Acteon, nnd the Sy. is tho only time when they can return to
ren, each of twenty-eight guns, sailing ys the old homestead, to look again upon the
if to get between Haddrcll's Point and familiar scenes of childhood, and to
tho foot, so as to enfilade the works, and receive words of blessing from father and
when the rebels f hotild Ve driven from mother. These social reunions at the
thorn, to cut off their retreat. It was a annual Thanksgiving, aro worth all they
moment of danger, for the fort on this ' cost, and more. Tl ero is a reviving in
sido was unfinished. Hut the pilots kept ' flueneo in goinu back again to the old
too far to tho south, sj that they run all hearth-stone of childhood's homo ; the old
the three upon a bank of sand known as , well and its oaken bucket, the ancestral
the Lower Middle Ground. Gladdened trees gathering now glory with their ii
by seeing the frigatis thus entangled, the j creasing years, the garden, tho orchard,
people at Charleston wero swayed alter- the fields, the forests where our eyes first
nately by fears and hopes ; tho armed in- opened upon tho world. The farmer is
habitants stood every ono at his post, un. nrtd a better citizen iv l a better man by
certain but that they might be called to thus cultivating his social nature, and
immcdiato action, hardly daring to le- keepine alive the tics that bind him to bis
liove that Moultrie's small and ill-furnish kindred.
ed garrison could beat oil' tho squadron, Theso 'annual visits nro also profitable
when lhold : his llag disappeared irom
I their eves. Fearinc that bis colors had
! boon struck, they prepared to meet the
invaders at tho water sedge, trusting in
Providence and prefcring death to sla
very. In tho fort, Willi.wii Jasper, a sei-.
gcant, perceived that the flag had been
cut dowu by a ball from tho enemy and
had fallen over the ramparts. 'Colonel,'
said ho to Moultrie, 'don't let us fight
without a flag.'
'What can you do?' asked Moultrio;
'the staff is broken off.'
'Then,' said Jasper 'I'll fix iton the bal
bred, and pUco it on tho nverlon of tho
bastion next th enemy ;' and leaping
. tiirougn an cui'imme n i"j
thickest fire of the enemy, bo took up the
flag, returned with It safely and planted it
'as he had promise, on tho summit of the
' merlon. The day was exceedingly hot,
I thoalmost vertical sun of midsummergla-
red from ft cloudless sky, and the temper
ature was increased by tho blaze from the
cannon on tho platform. A I of the gar
rison threw otr their coats during the heat
of the action, and some were almost na
ked ; Moultrie and several of tho officers
smoked their pipes a they gavo thoir or
ders. The defence was conducted within
( sight of those whose watchfulness was to
.-'.II i;
them most animating.
They know
innt tiietr movements
by the inhabitants from
was observed
tho hotisetons
ol Charleston :
by tho veteran Armstrong,
aint tho little, army nt lfaddrells
I... i"!...l.. 1-... r , . '
v.iu- .ei. t i ort.,0 nnson, who wUs nl -
most nenr enough to lake t.nrt in tho n-'..
gngement and was cha in with diseon-
tent at no being himself in the scene or
danger, hx posed to an increased can-
nonade, which seemed sufficient to daunt
the bravest vetorans, they stuck to their
gun w. l, the greatest constancy. Hit by
a ball entered through nn embra-1
..ire. Mcl aniel cried out to his brother
soldiers: 'lam dvini but inn't Uf i !,.
'Tia ensy to resign a toiUom i pluco,
Hut not to inonnge leisure with a grace :
Alucnce of occupation in not. rot,
A mind quite vacant is a mind diftrotaed.
ti, ...... a i - . i . . . 1
1ILT " ' .ta.l' l"r 'r?.1 I
in kind eoinpiuwon of tie fuilinif atrenirth.
And turned into the park or mend to graze,
Kiempttrom future aorvice all his dnya,
Thcro feels a pleasure perfect in its kind,
Itnnges at liberty nnd snufl's the wind ;
Hut when hie lord would quit the busy road,
To taau a joy like that he hnd bestowed,
lie proves loss happy than bia favored brute,
A lifo of ease a dillicult pursuit." Cowr an.
The only period of rest in tho circle of
the furiner's venr is now at hand n. noi iml
of enjoyment, bnt also one of peril. Tho
business of cultivation the nnnmnriiKo
1 oecuoation of the husbandman is flnnp
lie has pnssod through tho pressing cares
Dare and desolate. Tho skies have lot
the roseate hue of summer, and begin to
look chill aud wintry. The weather is
fitful, nnd every sunny day is succeeded
by cloud and storm.
In the olden time farmers accomplished
vciy Iittlo after tho potatoes and turnips
wero gathered, and the eider was mado
until the opening of tho Spring. At
home, the cider barrel had its potent
temptations, and abroad, the villuuo tav
ern and grocery held out theirallurements
to drinking and dissipation. The country
was new, tho soil fertile, and the farmer
did not feel tho necessity of those im
provements which prepare the way for
nuvcjsful cultivation. 1 'raining had bald
ly been heard of, and the mnek mines had
t 1 I If. f. I I ! . ..I
nured his fuel for tho winter fire, marketed
I hoi ue-n opencu. ne i on ins came, pre
: his crops, and the rest of his time ran to
J waste. At this season he visited his
friends, enjoyed their hospitalities, and
I too often contracted their drinking habits
and prepared the way for debauchery and
jruin. It was the most perilous period of
the year, beciiuso ho bad not learned how
i to improve its leisure,
j We are 60 constituted that we cannot
'enjoy idleness. This may satisfy the toil-
cannot be satisfied while the best part of
i lor ins business, as nicy atioru opportuni
ties for observation. farming is no
longer a stereotyped business. One can
hardly visit the most limited and obscure
rural district without seeing abundant
evidence that the leaven of new ideas is at
work. The tillers of tho soil are getting
out of the old tracks of tho fathers, and
aro beginning to uso mind in their hus
bandry. The barn is no more a mero dc
positoiy of the harresls of the field. It is
a manufactory of fertilizers, the one thing
needful in profitable tillage. It is the
great hinge on which everything in the
operations of tho year turns. 1'arns are
now a po3 table study, to learn hew
practical farmers contrive to shelter all
their cattle, and to mako the most of their
manure. The plow has beoomo a tool
constructed upon scientific principles,
turning the furrow with the least ex pen -
dituro of strength, and making it broad;
or narrow, deep or shallow, ami laying the
slice flat, or at a sharp angle with the sur
face of the field, at the will of tho plow
man. Tools have become a prime noces.
sity of economical cultivation, and the
strength of the ox nnd the horse is more
nnd moro taking the placo of human
sinews. No n.on ran observe the dirt'ei ent
methods of farmers in thoir business,
TERMS-ll 23 per Annum, if pnid in ndvanco.
ni:vseh!!:s-voi, in.
'without lenriiinK something rrotill,l...
Ho will return with new ideas nnd a new
p. tr Mm .iiii;,.,.i; i.:
Nor noed the season upon Hiieh we am
entering bo wholly lost to tho farm In
' many parts of the North plowinirean Mill
,?., r.. ,i. " ,:... f. J , V
anil the surface of tho f cl'ls left in that
rough, broken condition t w I i 1? J
freCxn,M and thawing, of wi "tT w mc It
benefit tho.,.. There is no 1 n ic
1 f.on that will break down rough clod, and
'pulverize then, like tho S.FnmSi
nre using this season for labor, much mo ro
than they did in theolden time T renZ
... .i... ....i.. , . . " B
nl work an ntTaniionient mticli bettrthr
the laborer than four months of idleness,
ot occasional work fiy tho day. Many
nave mucK deposits so situated thnt they
can bo worked this season. Muck-
thrown up in summer can bo carted, and
the deposits in tho barn cellars enn bo
v ""r1""" l"" win eeuars enn uu
composted with-manure, from the stable
and the sties. Manv imnsovo the leisure
to top diess thoir meudows with compost
from tho yards, and whrre tho land ties
level, nnd is not subject to washing, this
U A good practice. It is found by shrewd
calculators, that tho labors of the next
four months, spent mainly in handling
muck, digging, compos! ing, spreading,
nnd laying up stores ior summer use, tiro
the most profitable of the ye nv
Whatever labors aro attended to or
neglected cut of doors, rending and reflec
tion should be carried on vigorously with
in. The most successful farmer nmv, u
tho mnn who applies, tho' most of thwqht
to bis business. Tho days of routine
farming nre numbered, nnd" the man who
plods on in tho ways of his fathers, is cer
tain to bo distanced. The problem to be
solred is, not how to groT crops not
even great crops but how to get them
economically. We wnni, to get rich by
firming, without selling off all the fertil
ity of the soil under our feet. A rich
farm, giving a generous yield to toil, make3
a rich farmer, whether ho hns much or
little stock in tho bank or railroad. Ho
may bo sure of dividends when banks fail.
We want to study, not only to get greater
crops of corn nnd grass, bnt to make tho
crops pay for tho labor and manure, nnd
leave the soil richer. There nre manifold
details of husbandry that require forecast
inn roiieciion. ,ow is tho time to lay
plans for the coming year, and for tho
distnnt future. It is a great work to bring
up a long used eoil to its primitive fertil
ity, nnd to manage the old homestead so
that every acre shall do its best, making
us richer while it enrtcbes itself. To solve
this problem will tax the invention and
quicken the intellect. He who does tbi.
will " manago leisuro with a grace," and
grow a wiser and better man, and also
increnso his wealth. Amt.r. Agriculturist.
Ixxock.nt Flirtatiox. A flii t is always
innocent. Young ladies who skip about
from oho resort to another to engage thr
atteutions of young men who nre suscepti
ble of beauty, little think of the danger
which beset such a course. We say a flirt
is al.vays innocent, meaning thereby that
she intends herself no harm. Men the
majority of them nre not so foolish ns to
be deceived in tho character of a youn"
lady who goes about indiscriminately'
among male acquaintances. They readily
perceive that a friendship, if it can so bo
called, regulated by flirtation, has no claim
upon their honor, and consequently nny
ndvanco towards intimacy on their part
can only bo faction-?, leading them to taku
any advantage when opportunity offers.
The record is conclusive upon this point.
Criminality lurks bonenth those innocent
llirtations, boldly apparent to thosjowhi
can comprehend tho unscrupulous nature
of loan's passions. Fathers and mother-'
who have daughters will do well to giv
this subject earnest nttention, nnd so ex
ciciso their control that sorrow mny never
fall nt their door, on accousitof "inno
sent" conduct.
The Last of the Atlantic Caulk. Cap
lain Kell nnd Mr. Varley, who h.ivo been
trying to raise tho American end of th
Atlantic cable, found it broken every twn
or threo miles, nnd have abandoned tho
nttcmpt. The rockoweed nnd animalcule
adhering to some of the portions recover ed,
prove that there arc rocks at the hot
torn, although mud is shown on tho chart?;
but even where it came out of the mud.
tho outer covering frequently parted whi!
it was being hauled in. In sonio place
tho iron wives were coated with copper,
from veins of that ore in? Trinity Pny, Th -gutta
percha nnd the copper wiro were -
good ns when laid down, nnd those po,
tions of tho cable that were wrapped wiib
tarred yarn, wero sound and freo from
Ix A Kctsiii.l. The Gelesburg Clfrvtr
presents the followingconiprehensiveand
ondenscd statement of Kepublieun argu
ment tvud principle ;
Tho Secret ury of War, in his consmuni
catioit to General Harney, in regard b
i. : :., i.ns:..n I.,.,.'..!1,;, nil i Ii on cri
U rpnsurM ,lim for drying tho order in con,l(temtiou o
. - Vfl,llftllIn finrviti- Rml f his high eat i -
maticn of bis character as a soldier, li
is disposed lo bo light in his censun .
General Harney will remain in his forme -
porilinn in t iv nrn
Live I'o'i IVKF.n if at Ski. Tie.
hnrqup An.jnd't Jesse, at Queoustown, r
jrfutt (hat. Sept. 'Jtl., ia bit. W 1'., Ion. II
picked up a J'onii lo Ji'. ,