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J. H. LARRIMER, Editor,
VOL Villi. NO. 2G.
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I. II. LARRIMER.
l W. HAYS,
DAGLKKbAA, Memineoiypisi, Ainoroij
pUt, and JUSTICE OF IMS I'KACE,
kersey, fci tounij, i a.
AM. SMITH oners nis proiessionm errvices
. to the Ladies and (leiitleuieil of Clear
field and Ticinity. All operations penurmeu
with noatness ana aospaicu. itoine; laminar
with all the late improvineiiu, ne is prepareu to
make Arunriai mewi iu uie ucm mumicr.
Office in Shaw s new row.
Sept. Hth, 1858. lyJ.
DR. R. V. WILSON,
HAVING romoved his ottiee to tne now awci
Hus o Second street, will promptly answer
profs sional calls as ueretoiore.
H. LaRMMKn. I. TEST
IAKItlMI.K a: l l.s i , Attorneys at uw
j Clearfield, Pa., will attend promptly to Col-
t.wotll, Lana Agencies, ac, c., m hukiu.
Csntre and Elkcouhtios. July ju. y
STILL continues the ousinoss 01 taair .uuimuK,
and House, Sign and Ornamental Painting, at
... r ryt W I
the shop formerly occupied oy iruuiinan
si the east end of Market street, a short umtAUce
wwt of Litis Foundry. June i J, isoa.
THOMPSON, 1IARTSOCK N CO.
Iron Founder!, curwensvine. ai extensile
assortment of Castings made to orders
Dte. 2V, 1851.
L. JACKSON CRANS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, office adjoining lis
siidence on Second street, nean :a, la.
June 1. 1854.
T)hyslclan, may he round ettner aims oiuce
I at Bconeia s noiei, vurwensvme, wnen n
rofaai onal v absent. fee. .v, iani
ELLIS IRWIN & SONS,
AT the mouth of Lik nun, tive miles from
Clearfield, MERCHANTS, and extensive
Manufacturers of Lumber,
July 23, 1852.
J. D. THOMPSON,
Blacksmith, Wagons, Buggies, Ac, Ac., Ironed
on short notice, and the very best style, at his
lid stand in the borough of Curwensville.
Dec. 29, 1853.
DR. M. WOODS, having changed bis loca
lion from Curwensville to Clearfield, res
pectfully offers his professional services to the
citizens 01 tbe latu-r n ace and vicinitv.
Residence on Second street, opposite ti at of
J. Crans. Esi. mT . '.Mi.
P. W. BARRETT,
MERCHANT, PRODUCE AND I, CM HER
DEALER, AND JUSTICE OF THE
PKACE. Lutlieraburir. Clearfield Co.. Pa.
J. L. CUTTLE,
Attorney at Law and Land Agent, ofll
adjoining his residence, on Market etroe
Clearfield. Marcb3, 1863.
A. R SHAW.
RETAILER of Foreign and Domestic- Merch.
andiie, Shawsville, Clearfield county, Pa.
tuawsTillo, August 16, 1856.
D. O. CROUCH,
IIYSICIAN Office In Curwensville.
WM. P. CHAMBERS.
CARRIES on Cheirniaking, Wheelwright, and
hmue and Sign painting at .Curwensville,
Usr9eld Co. AH orders i.roiuntlv attended to
T) 0JERT J. WALLACE, 'attohket at Law,
v uearneld, Pa., Office Ut Shaw'i Row, op
fate the Journal office.
dec. 1153. tf.
PUSTURIXG.-Th subscriber, having
. 'd himself In the Wough of Clearfield
jpi inferra the public that he is propared to
rk in the above line, from plain to ornnmen
ny description in a workmanlike manner,
"itewashing " repairiig done In a neal
w Md on reasonable terms.
wweU, April 17, ISST. y.
Sn TAKE tARE OF Wmill
flR. i U liil ia r.'M
K. A.M. lilt I tn .nnnnnea t
hiS frtTllta mttA AatwAM lid ! nOW Atl.
aU 0f tj, to,. w mperotions in Dentistry.
r" fesiring tin serrlbes will find Dim at nis
aljotnuiir his realdenna at nearlv all times.
Ists on lyndjys and Katurdaya, unless
Wbta (a ll)ntLlra k mim'Att h, Ik, lAn Via.
' B. All work warmntot ti ka atJifafltorv.
Clearfield, Pa. 8ct 22:J, I85B.
w, and fine market, tri advertisement ff
U vtantxng arms, tt vfrtrtument l J
A III Mlil.I YEA H4 TO COMB.
Where, where will be the birds that sing,
A hundred years to come ?
The fiowere;thal now in beauty spring,
A hundred years to come 1
The roej lip,
Tbo lofty brow,
The hearts that bent
80 Kail.T now 1
0, where will be Lore's beaming eye,
Joy's pleasant smiles and sorrow's sigh,
A hundred years to come?
M'ho'll press for guldUo crowded stroet,
A hundred years to como 7
Who tread the church with willing foot,
A hundred years to coinof
Talc, trembling nge
And fiery yotilh,
At childhood with
Its brow of !rutb;
The rich, the poor, on land and sea,
Where will the mighty millions be,
A hundred years to come ?
We all within our graves shall sleep,
A hundred years to come ;
No living soul for us will weep,
A hundred years to rome
Put other rren
Our lands w ill till,
And othors then
Our streets will fill,
While other birds will sing as gay,
.4s bright the sunshine as today,
A huudred years to come.
I'urmer't Jli.jh Seluiul, April , 1S59.
Wliilo tlie groat jiowprs of Eurojie nn 1
AiiKM'ica ai o enguged repuluting t heir
future intercourse with Cliinn. any infor
mation in leftreneo to that Empire will
be received with iucieusod interest. Jt
hns been the custom of (ho Western world
lo ridicule Chinese civilization and tj
look iion it as undeserving of the consid
eration of our statesmen. Vet that civili
zation stood the test of thousunds ot yearn.
The same polity tl.nt governed China two
thousand yearn before he Christian era,
governs her this day. Our sages who told
us that, founded upon the grossest mate
rial Urn, Chinese society was without any
moral basis, have been fiadly puzzled to
explain the secret of its stability, while
! the vnrions social system of Europe, whieli
lj claimed the superiority of moral truth did
not last. Iho key to the solution of this
problem is furnished in a recent work on
"The Chinese and their Rebellions, with
Essay on Civilization, by Thomas Taylor
Meadows." From what we glean from
an article in the Westminster licvicw on
this work, which is the result of years of
practical observation, and philosophical
inquiry into the moral that underlies
Chinese society, it completely upsets all
the preconceived notions of the west.
In reference to the usual charge that
the Chinese are sceptical, materialistic,
Ac. Mr. Meadows remarks:
"I would ask my English, American and
French readers what is it that the hun
dreds nf thousands of our respective coun
trymen, who hurry daily through the
streets of London, New York and Paris,
nro after? Are they, or are the not, pur
suing wealth and material enjoyments
with ardor, absorbed in materi:,! interests.
utilitarians, industrious and gain seeking?
Why have the English been called shop
keepers, the American dollar hunters, and
why do these names stick ? Why are there
eighty thousand women in the streets ami
public place of London ? and why is thore
an enormous organized prostitution in
Paris?" lie argues that this nionogumic
West is not altogether freo from the vices
of poligamistic nations, and that the vices
and crimes prevalent in both the Orient
and Occident are identical in kind, lie
asserts as the result of long and indepen
dent study, and close observation that the
great mass of the Chinese are sunk in
material interests and enjoyments, nist as
are tho great mass of the English, French
and Americans, and that as there exists
in the est, among its gaii)sceking ma
jority a largo amount of generosity, pub
lic spirit and right feeling, which may bo
appealed to with confidence when a great
causo is imperilled, and which then is
capable, of unsparing self-sacrifice, so there
exists a similar public spirit in tho Orient,
and that there is in both hemispheres a
minority octuated by higher feeling, aim
ing at higher objects. Tho author com
bats with convincing arguments and facts
tho assertion made by other writers of tho
non-existence inChinaof such a minority,
and tho latent public spirit of the majority.
They portrayed a people, ho says, that
could have no existence, any more than a
nation of centaurs; they depicted a peo
ple noi human but inhuman. In assum
ing this position, the author maintains
r,nthimz more extraordinary than that tho
'hi'ncso nre a ration, composed of men
auai Vfomen, bahi-'b " -of
(iliWiVr in degree and quality, than
other epilations of men nd women call
ed naliynsl 'fha charge that the Chinese
are iceptiVpil.leWrtut of moral feelinu, he
refutes by pointlqjt the fact that every
newsiaper and official document of the
Chinese has it moral tail-niece, invaria
bly ' ending with such admonitions as
"This Is right," ".Obey ttU," "Tb virtu
ous thin mint be dmie." He proves
philosophically that the whole scheme of
Chinese society is a spiritual product,
whose' aims ate ettioal 'anoj means moral,
whatever the eorruptlrt taghi be that
CLEARFIELD, PA. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 27, 1853.
I a . . . .
urougiit it into jeopardy. Tho author tells
us nun while tho Christians start with
man s fall and redemption, believing man
born m sin, tho Chinese believe that man
is born pprfectly good, and that from this
i . 1110 political pecuIiui itiesofChinaare
directly derivublo. "For instance, the doc
trine that man is radically good, sanctions
nn appeal to tho mass of men whose de
cisioiis must bo right, as truth or good
ness is their common point of agreement,
while divergence proceeds from individual
want of harmony with tho whole. Ac
cordingly for a thing to bo publicly done
IS equivalent to its beinir rM.r. Ito,,,...
the publicity of appointments and of all
sociul transactions in China." I'ublio of
fices in China, we are informed, ure con
ferred under a process of severe, public
examination, giving on equal chanco to nil
men, to the ablest and most worthy. No
distinction is made between ini,.fln,-tiiui
aud moral qualification. Education is
generally diffused by a svstem of iml.lin
schools in which the same lessons were
taught four thousnnd years ogo. Tho sys
tem of training youth for public ollice has
worked very successfully till lately. We
hnve seen it stated elsewhere thiit'tho re
cent practice of selling high positions,
which is regarded as one of tho causes of
tho present rebellion, was thcconscqiicnce
of the financial embarra.-smcnt of the gov
ernment, occasioned by tho liritish opium
war, and opium tariff. Chinese revolu
tions are never a'!;'?cted ajrainft the prin
ciples of government, which have been
authoritatively decided on as Iho best,
but against the rulers who are not mas
ters but servants of the form of govern
ment, and who must bo removed when
they disagree or pervert it. Their coin
mission is then considered ot an end.
This doctrine explain) that while so many
rebellions have swept over the Empire,
deposing dynasties, tho government re
mained unchanged. The following mien,
we arc assured, form a Solemn part of the
instruction of every educated Chinese:
"1. That the nation must be governed
by moral ugency in preference to physical
"2. That the services of tho wisest and
ablest men in the nation are indispensa
ble to its good government."
"3. That the people have a right to de
pose a sovereign who, either fnim active
i wickedness or vicious indolenc, give
I cause to oppressive and tyrannical rule."
So far from China being the unmiiiga-
ted despotism which we hold it to be, even
the succession or the throne is under the
above rules better and more rationally
.regulated than in any European country.
I While it is usually restricted to the mem
,bers of tho reigning family, the crown is
awarded to merit within that family, in-
stead of seniority.
I The writer contends that the centri li
zation uf the Chinese empire is not an evi
deuce ol despotism, lie proves by the
condition of England that freedom and
self-government are not always the sinic
! thing. It was to be remembered, that tho
j apparatus of government in China, is not
one of physical force, but of intellectual
superiority and moral persuasion, and
ithat under a doctrine of the radical bad
i ness of man there must in all consistency
: bo a govcrnmeut relying more upon force
and less upon trust, than under the oppo .
j Tho practical evidences which Mr.
Meadows give us of tho freedom of the
Chinese, agree with the observarions of
I former travellers, who failed to explain
the reason of it. llet-ays: '"The China
;men can sell and hold landed property
j with a facility, certainty and security
I which is absolute perfection, compared
with the nature of English dealing of tho
same kind, lie can traverse his country
through its 200(1 miles of length, tinoues-
tioned by any ollicial, and in doing so can
follow whatever occupation ho pleases"
This and the practice of annual public ex
aminations of candidates for ollice, under
a free competition, contradict the opinion
prevalent hero and in Europe of caste ru
ling in China, which opinion may have
arisen from the fact that children gener
ally followlhooccupnticnsoftheir parents,
but they are evidently not obligated to do
so. Mr. Meadows further remarks that
the Chinaman can quit his country and
re-T.terit without passport or other hind
rance; that the inhabitants of tho inte
rior hardly ever see an ollicial except onco
a year tho tax-collector, and that they are
prompt to resin every kind of tyranny;
that, in tine, they enioy a larger amount
ot practical treedoni than European na
tions in the disposal of their persons and
Another traveller, Lieutenant Foriiks,
testifies to the same ellect. The Chinese,
ho says, "enjoy a fair portion of liberty,
and more happiness than falls to the lot
of most nations. Tho empiro is one fam
ily, and if tho Imperial father sometimes
visits severely tho error of a member of it, 1
yet is ho slow to exorcise his authority;
and though death bo the penalty that tho
law awards for many offences, capital pun
ishments aro extremely rare, and the bent
of legislation aims at providing against
tho ills of humanity relieving its wants,
ami preventing rather than punishing
crimo. For this purpose, education is
general, arts nro encouraged, gigantic un
dertakings ore completed for facilitating
trade, agriculture is held in honor, and
every possible means adoptod for feeding
the people, and preventing and allevia
ting famine, which, without some such
regulations would perhaps oftenter occur."
If some of the above particulars do not
square with European notions, amongst
their fruits may be mentioned that U e
Chinese are tho most contended, good
humored, well-fed, Industrious and happy
population, that in the course of sixteen
years of service in the navy, and rambles
n most parts of the globo, 1 have mot
It seems to us, that whatever the form
of government, life in China is a muob
in wrier affair thin w bav been led to.
l.i i... . . .
of it than wUi presents itself tothestran-
j,,, . " "" 'y wharves
of a sea-port.-
i no L-nineso farmer
is represented as liv.
"fruity gardens, leafy
. i , '
ig in the midst of
lawns, llowerv mUH..i..:. .
poultry-yards, etc. The towns of the in-
tenor uii uv "i w-ti ,i -
.ii-i f 'i .t'uiin piioiiK.
- i t"l lt!8 melons,
and pine apples iced ut command . eating
houses at ll.o elevation of observatories for
tho sake of Rirand tho view; public gar
dens w.tl, juggler,, fortune-tellers, (Ian
emg nn.l k,r.ging girls, ti ,ht ro,)0g nm,
(I rn in ii 1 i s i I.. 1 .. 1
II IDL-BIIOI H TI 111 Ifil . .1 . -
, ""lies ; wiuie at every cor
ner, and m ,.V(.rv R1.e ilil)pr-
ant tiu-u-snien, from the restaurateur to
he dentists, ami all except the lowest la
borers and coolies strut nbjnt in dresses
composed of silk, satin mid crape "
All this contradict, daily (belong tales
ol Chinese misery, poverty, degradation
niKMam.no which reached us from time
to timo principally through tho medium
ot llritish literature, nnd it would srein
Unit tho Lritish, if they ro bent upon
converting and civilizing tho world, had
better begin at home. They evidently
cannot teach tho Chineso much, nor am
lorate their condition by reducing them
to the level of the people of India. The
policy to bo pursued by tho Western
lowers in Clnnashould never become one
or conquest or occupulion, but should bo
A Tale of Horror.
About thirty yeaisago, Mr Joseph St.
Clair built a cabin in Arkansas, far up to
ward tho head water's of White liiver.
It was then all a wik'erness uround, and I
game was abundant. There ivtw no lack
of bear, catumounts, wolves and panthers.
In tact, that country ivas, at that dale,
HMerfeet paradise lor the practiced hunter.
Mr. St. Clair had no family other than
a young wild and one infant, lie was
fond of hunting, but he cultivated a few
acres in corn and vegetables At first it
was fully ten miles to his nearest neigh
bor's, but during tho eiisiieing Spring, n
man named Williams nude a settlement,
within lialfu tnileot St. C, and the two fam
dies became neighbors and q;iito intimate.
Mr. Williams was a man in humble cir
cumstances and a large family, mostly of
Ul'fm-n llilllirtm-u mill nn .mill rtl. ! 1 . 1 1 ml
Ohe dav in the I.... nil. r.r.l.iiv is-"l. Iihe
first Summer that Mr. St. Uair lived there),
his wile was at homo with the chid, and
Mr St. Clair was oil with his gun. About
10 o'clock in the morning she left her ba-
by asleep in the cradle, and went to the
lii.lil in ar.i,op Kf.,.-r,.- ,i,,.,,u.. nn In., -
return tho child was gone. She, however,
leu no alarm, because she supposed unit
ner nusoanu nan come home daring her
fttacpiipn iinH Vini i,;.iri,.n D , .
uui lui; lie
tho house with tho child merely for a little
a'.. .l I ii i. J
..v iuy.,l( nuiin-'i licit! anOU1'!
I fun ; so she busied herself in preparing din
ner, in on uourortwoher husband re-
turned from the woods bearing his gun
and a young deer that he killed, and on
inquiry declared that ho knew nothinir
'i-i - i . . . ft
1 1 ley now supposeu that one ol Mr
William' fln,ihi..r i,,.,t : ,.,
i iii r
Mis. St. Clair was out. and finding thn ,..
by, of which-she was very fond, she carried
it home. This theory was to them o,.it
theory was to them
satisfactory, for there was no other nuinh
bors, and the child could not go away, un
less carried. How elso could it have" hap
Dinner being over. Mr. St. Cla'r walked
over to the neighbor's, to bring back bis
treasure of a baby that Miss Lucy said
that she had not borrowed the baby she
had not seen it that day. Mr. St. Clair
was hard to bo convinced that no one of
the family had taken the child, but all as
sured him that they knew nothing of it.
It was now tiino to be alarmed. "What
has become of the poor child ?" was his
exclamation, nnd he ran buck homo in
great agony. The mother, in like manner,
was almost frantic. They could not con
ceive who had taken away their child
Mr. Williams's family joined in the grief,
but could afford no aid, no consolation.
Tney could invent no theory, nor doviso
any plan by which tho child had, vi . i
any degree of probability, disappeared.
Who was to take it away? Why would any
one wish to have it ? They wero utterly
at n loss.
Finally, it was remembered that occa
sionally there wero parties of Chcrokees
hunting through that country, 1 1 was nfiw
surmised that they had happened to como
to tho house while Mr, St. C. was in tho of the doings of the Swedes at "Fort Casi
field and had stolen the child and carried mir," as recorded in that most comical of
it awny. This was at onco received as nil histories ; the "Knickerbocker llis
plausible and quite probable. I tory of New Yotk." It will be remem-
Eurlierncxt morning Mr. St.Clair and bered that Jacobus Von roU'enburgh,
Mr. Williams set out lo seek for the Indi- Cnnunandor-in-Chief of the army of tho
nn camp, and Mn. St. C. was left alone High and Mighty New Netherlands, was
at home. She was sitting in silence, wee- signally disoomfitted by the said Swedes,
jiing tears of bitter anguish, such as none as there set forth, after which Jacobus re
but mothers ever shed, and wondering iu turned to New Amsterdam, "with a crew
her heart what had becomo of her darling of hard swearers at his heels sturdy bot
baby. It was now about the hour of the tie companions, whom he gorged and fat
day on whioh she. the day previous, had tened, and who were ready to bolster him
gone out. Ere she was aware, a large in all courts of justice heroes of his own
panther, with a stealthy tread, came to kidney, fierce-whiskered, broad shoulder
the door and locked in Jtowerd the cradle, ed, Colbratid-looking swaggevers, not one
Mrs. St. Clair screamed nnd he ran away, of whom but looked as though he could
The truth was now opparamt, ami no new eat up an ox and pick his teeth with bis
liirht has ever been cost upon the subject. ' horns." Tho same veracious chronicle
Memphis appeal. J also describes the wruth of Poter the
'Headstrong, and how he nmrdeied the
Tom atoes. As the season lor this whole- warriors ol New Amsterdam for auother
some and delicious vegetable is rapidly np-
proaching, we give the following recipe for
preparing them, Iror.i the haentijie Amen'
can, which we are assured by one who has 1
made the experiment, is superior to any-
thing yet discovered for their prepara-;
"Take good npo tomatoes, cut them in
slioe, nnd sprinkle ovor themtinoly put-
verizod white sugar, then sprinkle claret
wino suffloient to cover them. Tomatoes
are sometime'! prepared in this way with
diluted vinegar, but claret wine imparts
to them aricber and more pleasant flavor,
more nearly resembling tho ttrwboxry
than anything elee." 1
Tho Northern Sea-
It ii remarkable Hi-it fYnn,
nmong mist races sonio sin-ulnr
'"fling or association of mvsterv attached
ir ,1,.. v...i. n... -r .-. .:
r1'"" . " iy the inspired writer, and
n. wm i.i ti, v i. ,i..
'"on, uui oi uie .nr i ov
i -- tv- Hum 1 1 1 in. nui l Hoi-pprni h
ied to the great source of incompre -
sible lore. And tho mystery has not
unshed in late days. The question of
tho Northwest passage vexed the world tor
years, nnd now that has been solved, one
in every way of infinitely greater impor
tance to science, has been raised in the in
quiry, "Is there an open I'olar Sea?"
"W hat dillerence does it make to any-
ui-iuer mere no such a sea " crv
tnilllV. I he sainn nl
uuv.ii i. ..I-1. 1 tiv
appropriations for astronomy, don't quite
see through tho coast surveys, and, in
short, howl out at every dollar devoted to
art oi science, "Why was not this money
gnen to tho poor?" let even such
know that all practical knowledge is bas
ed on science, nnd that science must mas
ter the great laws which pervade the
whole earth. A question of polar magnet
ism and the center of cold may bo of this
utmost importance iu determining practi
cal points of electro-magnetism and manu
factures. At uny rate, until science has
completely satisfied every question it is
interested in, practical, daily bread, man
ufacturing and arts have no ubosoltitoly
perfect foundation or future.
There is good l emon to believe that
N'orth of a certain latitude, climate be
comes warmer. With this theory aro 'as
sociated muny unsolved scientific rroh.
! lems. It is believed that th ere is n vnt
I'olar sea, and that this is tho great resort
of whales, the observation of many wha
lers confirming this. All tho principal
whaling grounds are just in situations
which seem to bo the exits or doors of
such tt sea, ond the singular fact of w hales
going South from them, utid the munner
in which they disappear or reappear, all
confirm the idea, liicro are also scien
tific observations innumerable, to sny
nothing of the Kano expedition, which
should be deemed nlmo-t conclusive.
There is auother class who say, "there
bus hi en suffering und expense let us
have no morn of tuis i'olar exploring."
Such persons are not anaie that thou
Bands of whalem. n uniiimlly sutler little
1s3 they probably would in a well
appointed expedition ; and that picked
',lon Cu," euMy ba obtained among them
lor 8UC". ft yi'ttfc'e:, . In KU01't- lf ,lie" who
1 nre perfectly laiinhar with the perils of
1 'ho extreme ISorth, are willing to en-
i;v7UlllvT4 bllVMl, KUU 11 IIIW WllOI HCienlinC
world approves of tho project, (and gives
glory to America for having those who
;uuro uo it, uie question simuiy is. wheth-
.1 ,, " 111 rnlse ule mo"e reT,ll!i'te7
! 1 1 1 fs t. 1 4 11 I I
i . 'ii' ai
Dr. Hayes, who has with Dr. Kane en
countered the worst perds of the North,
is now occupied in organizing such an ex
pedition, we command the considera
tion of it to all our readers. If he and
1 . t ....
others are willing to go cannot raiso the
I l.hirtv tll0USRnd dollars requisite to send
1 ,,n "I -r, 6 1 e Northern
1 Poblc,.mf 1 be true chivalry of the Nine-
i teem ii cen toi-v ? I ma nskinr, nl htn itt.
ly honorable distinction, centres nearly all
around scienco. And it wo oome to his
tory, to progress and facts, wo shall find
that ono new scientific fact is well worth a
thousand lives, though it were a very small
fact indeed. Generations may come and
go without doing anything lor posterity :
bui ono scientific fact is an eternal and ab
solute acquisition to tho cause of progress
and from it may grow a new scource ol
happiness. Js'q one can say how ; but we
defy a man to study the history of science
and human culture, aud not agreo with
us. To those who extend a helping hand
to all such chivalric and truly philanthrop
ic effort, the highest honor belongs.
Theirs aro the truly enlightened minds
who look beyond petty, narrow limits,
and coining generation will do them hon
or ; for it is tho truo scientific era which
is now dawning on tho world.
The Old Swedes' Church. Wilmington.
Wo wonder how many wayfarers, who
aro whisked past tho Old Swedes' Church,
on tho out-skirts of Wilmington, in the
cars of tho Philadelphia, Wilmington and
Isaltimore Itailroad wo wonder how many
of them think, as we did the other day,
attack upon the Swedes, and how the fo-
ray ended and Teter came home from the
wars more wrath lul than ever.
All this was long ngo. The Swedes are
all dead ; the fiery Potor hns gone all to
dust, and the city of Wilmington, under
lar other than Swedish auspices, stands by ;
the Cnstiana. Should a live Swede rise
from the grave yard of the old church,
nnd look from the billon which it stands,
he would behold a city devoted mainly to
the ervice of skilled labor, and his "loamy
ears" would be filled with the sounds of
the hammer and the engine thop. There
are at least a dozen very extensive mar
chine and engine shops, with iron ahjp
TERMS-1125 per Annum'
factories, car wheel works, and other man."
uTactories which irive Wit
V cl"llac ,erf a Manufacturing City'
1 "e rai ro"U ,sll0P9 "lone employ inBnV
HWni-thv 1 . 1. '.
7 : , mm me on v ni
j."' rjh not powerful enough to'
tree the i t a Simla r..i , " ,.
; tT.M f lhnt "I,ivery ""'"'eh is the deeps
,nsu't t?.t'le Free Labor by which it
i liv,e(S f W C , 11 80 rractically honors.
wi it Hwnrn imm n
.,,.0 . F , i. . i . . . -
lsut we need not PCX 4irt I I.a i a.
Manuracturing City .,, America to talk
about labor, so we turn to the Old Swede,'
viiu,,,,,, which uatcs back to A. D.
unu which still stand
tini9. It nOW belonim In II. 1 : i-
J is now called "Triii., ,1
,, . . .... -"'u wjurcii.
uie original bui dinor of n u-.-j...
Ti. hou,nwnl'k, Philadelphia, was
! rectoa t entjx)ne rears before, in 1677 '
i ',?ur yen,rs before arrival of William!"
i nn.but..the '"ladelphia Church was
y rolinilf in I71UI
so that tho Wilmington
ira nl.l.. I i - P ..
u .urc i is two years older. In shane boib1
-.I 1 . '
Churches resemble each other very much.'
I ho W. mington Church is built of dark,
stone which age has only darkened stilV
more, and the walls are at least two feet'
six inches in thickness. The roof has a
very steep slant and the projections at the
ends of the edifice make it look very
queer. 1 he interior contains a very deep
gallery and the walls nro white-washed.
Lnpainted benches supply the place of
pews, and the only coloring about the edl
hce is tho red of the plain pulpit cushion.'
Our guido to the place was a pretty little-'
girl, with bright black eyes and a, shawl
pinned over her dark hair. She might
have stood for n picture of "Little Nell ",
as she vainly endeavored to turn the old
fashioned lock, which wo finally opened, -giving
by her direction, "two turns, if
you please. r." It being Monday, the'
church was yet warm from the fire which
is lit in the old-fashioned stove to warm'
the Sunday School children, (classes be-
ing regularly held, as our little cicerone."
told us,) but still the church looked chill.
After our little friend had given the date
of the erection of the edifice and explain
ed that regular Episcopal services were"
held there until two month, ago,, when
the new Church up the Brandy wine was"
finished, she conducted tis to the oldest'
tombstone in the church yard.
Here was matter for antiquarian jubila-"
lion. e sat down on the frozen ground."
as eagerly as Mr. Pickwick would hae'
dono before the "Bil Stumps-His Mark"
relic, and without much difficulty deci-"
phered the following inscription, all beinnf
legible except t.':e data of the death
which being close to the ground hftd auf-
tered more from time than the rest. It'
was a simple head-stoue, made much,"
thicker than is the present custom.
On one side was :
Rom C. 7, 8.-" Ke that is dead is frtt
fromn bow iue It dead with Christ, wt"
believe that ws shall alto live with Him."
On the other side of the stone was th
All European traces in America seem off
yesterday beside tho antiquities of the old
world, but certainly it was something to"
see the gravo of a mun born in 1656. Born!
when there were not thirty thousand"
whiten, where now over thirty-one, two or
three empires, (how many Statos ar
there ?) cover the continent 1
We pass around the church-yard and in"
going out saw a sunken grave, with the"
clny frozen in its freshneis. Hero was a""
contrast 1 This latter grave was that of
man, who was said to have poisoned him-"
self in prison a month or two ngo. Where,"
relatively in the spheres were the souls of
those two men, with nearly two hundred
year between their deaths, nnd not two -hundred
feet between the resting place of
their bodies 1 A grave-yard is a queer .
pluoe for contrasts though said contrasts"
by no means appear on the stomb-stones. "
TrtE DnvuNnvsRWiEr.-It isaslriking -
fact the djinii never vcev. The eireU nf
sobbing, agonizing hearts around produces T
iioiouo icar. is it mat no is insensible,
and stiff already in the chill disolution?
That cannot be ;ferhe asks for his father's
hand, as if to gain strength in the mortal
struggle, and leanson the breast of mother, I
brother, or sister with still conscious aftec-I
tion; and just before expiring, at eve, after -a
long day's converse with the Angle of'
Summons, he says to his oldest brother
the last audible good nightof earth "Kiss ,
me ,kiss mo ! " It must bo because the-.
dying have readied a point too deep fof
our earthly crying and weeping; Xhey.
are face to face with higher and holiorbe-"
ings.with the father in heaven, and his an-"
gle throng, led on by the Son himself:
and what are griefs of a morning, tears of j
a dying faro well -be it that they are shed,
by the dearest on earth in that vision,
bright of immortal life and everlading re
A Yol'nq uax at Niagara having-been,
crossed in love, walked out lo the preci-
pice, gave ono lingering look at the gulf,
beneath him, and then went horatx. His .
body was found the next morning in ,
bed. A very sensible young maan, we
B3''Sammy, my son, do you know that '
you have broken tho Sabbath ?"
"Yes, daddy, and mother's big iron pot .
'?' in five or six Pieoes." "idhis littlla
CSy"Well, Hick, how's your brother 4
Ike getting on these times?" "Oh, first t
rate. Got a start in the world maxriod,
a widow with nine ohildren.
BS.Luey Stone tays "there is cotton loa
the ears of men, and hop in th baaacaof-,
women." Luoy bw pat theeatwo-ra tht
wrrng plice tali time.