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j"e J. H. LARRIMER, Editor.
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; Jfpaii in advance, or within three month., $1 25 . ' 1,10 mo,n' August Oth, tho pat
If paid nny time within the year, . . . 150r,l8 "Wired tlic fort. Herkimer found
Ifpa.d alter the expiration of the year, - 2 00 , means to warn Ganesvoort of hi n'-
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J. II. LARRIMER.
THE BATTLE OF OPJSKANY.
In the Snrini? of 1777. ilm L,l,r ki
Indian chief Brant iuvadod New York
i from Canada, with over five hundred
:l warriors. Gen. Herkimer, who command
led a smn'.l ami y of American troops, held
? a conference with Brant in an open field
I near Unadilla, "and endeavored to treat
I with 'he savages. His attempt 'vm un
I -uccMsftil, and after a stormy council, du-
ring which thelndians were vervinsultin '.
i th two forces separated, and Brant join
j ed tho British army, which, under the
!jiumand of Sir John Johnson and Col.
j John Butler, was organizing at Oswego,
jj jirepuratory to an expedition against the
j defenceless setilcments of the Schoharie
,4and Mohawk valleys.
n It is a stain upon tho British charneter
t (if such a thing is possible)that;both in the
; Kevolutionary war.and tho contestof 1812,
, tho royal government hired savago butch-
. ers to loilow kilieir armies into the field.
Dating Indian outrage, many dreadful
. massacres, con migrations and butcheries
I, were instigated and allowed by British of
ficers and British agents. On this occa
sion the Indians were invited to a grand
war least by the royal officers, and they
then enlisted as enemies of the patriotic
The fort at Oswego wps crowded with
the grim sons of the wilderness. They
were furnished with the gay dresses, new
arms and "fire water" in abundance, and
before the council concluded thj great
tribes of the six nations numbering at that
time pcveral thouaund warriors, entered
into a firm alliance with tho British, and
theyagrood to fight until King
had subdued his rebellions subjects. Each
Indian was preseu ted with a gun, toma
hawk, swiping knife, ammunition, a brass
kettle, a piece of gold, and a suit of so
let clothes. In this manner Emrlnnd i'V
gaged her ssvago allies J It was a shameful
bargain; but characteristic of the British
Government, noted for its rapacity, cruel
ty and faithlessness.
Rumors of the British preparations
reached the patriot settlements in Tvron
jOounty, and Col. Ganesvoort, who com-
imtvlodasmall, half-finished fortification
known as Fort Schuyler, implored tho aid
of Congress and the Stato of New-York.
But at that period the American army had
enough to do with tho forces of England
in tho field, and congress could not afford
mueh assistance. On tho first of August,
J1T7;, over boventren hundred Britisirand
ilndiuns, commenced their invasion, and
oon appeared before fort Schuyler. Col.
yJaiieivoort's forco numbered seven hun
j'lred and fifty men, with a few small can
nons They had no flag I But this latter
l"...v.iu soon supplied ; shirts were cut
(p tor white stripes and sewed upon tho
yod lining of a cloak belonging to ono of
itieofhcers, and it was thrown nroudlv
ut to the forest wind.
The siege instantly commenced. Bombs
pvero thrown into 'to fort, while the eava-
with their rifles, rotehoil
? "nity for a sliot at tho besieged. Every
'ight they filled the air with horrid yells,
'nnd endeavored to set tho works n fi,.,.
1'cAmeiicans.however.wero not intimida
i0'1' Thoy refuf,c(J t listen to St. Leger'g
,.v urnmons to surrender, and maintained a
1 In 1,10 moantimo. Gen. Herkimer, a
1'iave old soldier rallied the militia of tho
wrroundmg country, and was soon on hi
V to relieve the garrison with a force of'
ILL. . .
nundred men. But younger men 1
euOeavoi-ed lo supersede him in command i
T reproached him with being two cu-
us, and liniillv rK- n. -m
J' with being a coward and a tory. Cols. 1
,vaiui i ans were loud m their taunts,
t Gen. Herkimer calmly replied that he
s placed in command as a guardian and
father, and that troops should not bo
5 into unnecessary danger. According.1
' he advanced with great caution ( tho
time tolling thce who were so lx-
to luce the Mian,v.t,ut 1- r....i .u...
1,1 .... a. I I 7
hl be th flmt to retreat.
proaeii, and requested when he should
1 hear tlin aniin.l nf i i.-
J upon the British camp. St. Legcr sent
iu luuivl u some
i lorward a strong forco to meet Ilc.rkimnr
and formed nn ambuscade for his troops
in a narrow deep ravine. It was about 9
o'clock in tho mormng, dark and sultry,
when the relieving army entered tho vnl-
ley. In spite of the General's instructions
tho vanguard were very careless, or the
ambuscado would Lave been discovered.
Oncregimentof tho forco had entered the
ravine, when Brant gave the signal, and
his warriors, sounding tho warwhoop,
poured iti a galling volley from their ri
fles, and rushed forward; tomahawk in
hand ! A portion of tho militia as Herki
mer had predicted, instantly broke and
fled to tho rear, but the General's divi
sion boldly and firmly held their ground.
Herkimer was instantly wounded, and
Col. Cox and Captain Van Slyk kill. .1 at
tho first fire. Herkimer was carried be
neath a beach tree, where, boated upon
his saddle, he calmly directed his men,
and cheered them on. The militia fouilil
'- ' ;oration, r- eeiving and givinj no
' i'- Tho balls flew like hail. mwHi.n
war whoop rang shrilly through tho for
est ; the patriots soon discovered that the
Indians were watching until a man dis
charged his gun ; then they would rush
forward with the tomahawk and knife.
To prevent this two militia men stood be
hind a treo together, and fired alternately.
While the fight was going on volleys of
musketry were heard in the rear. It was
a sortio from tho fort . No sooner did Col.
Ganesvoort hear the roar of the buttle in
the forest, than he ordered Col. AVilU-tt
with two hundred men to fall upon the
British camp. Col. AVillett execut-d his
commission in a splendid manner. Like
a thunderbolt his little forco burst upon
St. Leger's encampment, and tho mon
grel force of toiies and Indians, and the
few regulars present, were scattered like
chaff. Tho savages fled into tho forest,
while St. Leger and Johnson brrcly esca
pedthe latter without his coat. Twen
ty one wagon loads of spoils arms, am
munition, clothing, provisions, blankets,
camp equipage, money, valuable docu
ments and papers were hauled into the
fort, together wilh'five British Standards '.
Willett did not lose a man, and he was re
ceived into the fort with loud cheers. Tho
British colors were all hoisted upon tho
stall', under tho rough American flag.
Herkimer s men, greatly encouraged, at
tacked the enemy with renewed vigor.and
thelndians, having lost nearly ono hun-
Ired warriors and several chiefs raised tho
cry, "OwwiOonah!" (th0 shmal to re
treat,) and fled deep into tho forest. The
British soon followed, and, after a
tPiiiblo battle of six hours, the Americans
were left masters of the field. Tho patri
ots lost one hundred and sixty men kil
led, and near tho same nnmbcr wounded,
iroiiius oumu prisoners. mo enemy s
loss was mucli greater, though never ex
i . 1 rni
uuuy usceriiiineci. j no Indians were
disappointed. General II erkimer died of
his wound a few days after tlio fight. His
army having no head, and being unable
to reach tho fort, retreated.
Smarting under a sovero lo -s, and mor
tified at the sacking of their camp, St. Le
ger's army attacked Fort .Schuyler with
renewed vigor. Lying niessag--, to the
effect that strong reinforcements were at
hand, were sent by the royal commander
to tho fort, coupled with threats of massa
cre unless it surrendered. But Col. Gan
sevoorte scorned every threat and over
ture, continuing hisdefeneo in the bravest
manner. Day after day the siege contin
ued. St. Leger began to approach by re.
gular parallels, and employed the sap and
mining system. With great danger Col.
Willett and Lieut. Stockwellsucce.Mled in
passing the British lines, and hastening to
General Schuyler, implored" aid for the be
sieged garrison. In fact tho fort w - be
coming straitonod, when suddenly tho
enemy broke up their enmp and fled to
wards Canada. This sudden flight was
caused by the arrival of scouts, with the
intelligence that a strongforeo was clo-o at
! rC tl' frt- 1 1"8 rumor WM
fi.lun 1...I V, 1 ll... 1.1! l.i ... 11
" ".u ucnevcu u, nnu na-
V!ng 10001,10 WCttri(!l1 wilh tho Bi'e' thoy
0n. Startod Tha l,,inio w,ls conl"
nwmcnted to the remainder of tho armv.
. , y a'HO Un gu, h hunM rre 1
u meir urniiery and sjiare
nnns' r'' SftVnS foil upon and scalped
,llnny of tno nllic" in tho ront- TllR
fott Sc,,u"lor relieved.
, ' '.
a '"'onced ftjaer says ho ha,
fof,1u,,1.froI,n """5 crop
oHmckw ., ;( followed by a crop of ohU
.seeded witti clover, will almost coiuidote-
cnulicate the Canada thistle.
CLKAKFIF.LI), PA. WKDNESDAY AUGUST J, 1853.
TIIK END OF A DYNASTY.
1IY ALEXANDER IIONNE.41".
(T , , , "
T.nn ,, rrl,, tWr from La lw
, ,nT," T , "y " c nrl,,H 01 U' J'"nj - ' -
lish. Her last crowned r.pr cnt.itive is
l, i i . , i .. ..
, j . .
j""eiui inline hi a compiiny
mere-minis, ny some OI its ollie 'rs,
1 1.1. f ...
in a council of war. At the veiy time we
are writing he is on the painful n.a I
exile. The heir of many Mogul Emper
ors, tho Palishnh of Delhi, an old man of
nearly ninety, is condemned to go and a
wait death, or rather fin d it in an un
healthy island, cover with forests and
inhabited by hordes of savages
Tho kings of the c.irth do they not in
tend to put on mourning for this old mon
arch, who is twice os old as their families?
n ill they not shed a tear upon the ashes,,
yet warm, of that most illustrious race a
mongst them all ? We, at least pay to this
out-lawod Emperor, whodeeonds alive in
to the tomb, a tribute of respect which
his Bupremo misfortunes claim.
H'liat man, what prince, has not merit
ed, like Bohadour Shah Sani, the pitv
wl"ch inches itself to misfortune? Born
on thesteps of a throno already totterine :
condemned in childhood to fly before tho
enemies of his house, and i tremble b
fore his protectors; r dueed to tho con
fines of the pat.iec or his fathers; oblig d
to live from tho parsimonious chi'Wty
which the stran-'er ond. . end d t.i n't0w
him, he was vilified by so much grief, his
spirits bioken down by humiliation, and
all manner of degradation that could be
heaped upon him.
Only recently the blazing torch r in
surrection spread its flames from Ca'eutta
to Delhi; ono hundred thousand .sul.ji.ts
of the great Mogul, sustained by the will
of twenty millions of Mussulmans and a
hundred millions of Hindoo-, invited him
to remount the throne of his fathers
consented, and this was his crime. Should great civility. Tho expressions, of tin so
we not say this was his fault. Fortune' poor fellows, upon iirelin.f one onother,
very often conspires against our d - igns j i, full of cordiality. One of them, in Dub
by justice, where nothing more is wanting liu. met n boy aft'er his own heaK, who,
to render it l.vvful of a victory. Foi ty or in the sincerity of his soul, exclaimed
fifty young princes, the hope or theirTam-j ..pat,i(.k , llly(iplrs , epc f(n.
ibes were soon slaughtered, shot, hung I troth , wisl yo W(;1L .. m. gml j
by Uioiole.,ners-havnigbecon,en1astersUnow h Sili ,0 othp!. ..mt "
.-gam of Dell.i-.md even Bahadcur only ,mt tlic ,, of it..llial is 10 ,oasm o of
owed his escape from tins butchering of( lnoctill,, w,s ,,ivi(K.a. If u k com.
kmgs to the irapru.lent penero-.ity of an IIlon r,,ltnv in thc )u1ii wliii
English lieutenant. Of this most gigan- j, llic ,v to guoh j , c wiU j(ko o
tic massacre, history has pre ervod a rec, hi, llllt) allll) if Wg no( know . ,
ord, but of which ho pretext would be fake not fo tell vou so : (for nothing
found m the atrocities committed at Del-' ;a ,,,. r n .1 ' , i i w- "
,.,,,. . . . j is tiioro painfull than to be thought lgno-
lu, under tho influence, and even, it is :..,,, i, ,t;n ;,i ,- , ,
. . . . ' if nt,) ho will cither direct you by an ap
sa.d, attho instigation of these uiilortu- .,, in ,.u :,.,.. ' J
na.e princes, too much imbued to princi-
Behold, into wha jfreams'of blood, ami
in whnt nn abyss of misfortunes thc great
Mongalean Dynasty is swallowed up,
whoso origin is buried in darkness of
time, ami which leaves for a mark in the
annals of mankind the illustrious names or
Gengiskhan. of Ociai, of lloulngou, of , , . " 1
Tr.,Vi r-r i t-n i ,', 1 vthe Ift stage ofextence, met his death
Ivoulilai, of lamerbn, of Baber, of Ac ar. -.i r i i , ,. . .
,ptv-i ir. ' , '.with fortitude, but exi.resscs his t." of that
of Djil.anguer, and ofAureng Feb. (,. ,,,.,,,',.,,,.,, ..
He had lived in bettor times, Bahadour
Shah Sani, would have made, without
doubt, tho throne, which he po: mossed on
ly in nppci-tniee, illustrious. Ho join d
to extensive knowledge, high intellectual
and moral qualities; was notsatisfied with 1
mero lovo of letters, whieh ho honored,
but he cultivated likewise the arts with'
great success. Under the assumed name
Zafar, which he had adopted ns asigna-j
tuve to his words, he oeeupi. d tho first,
rank, under tho modern poets of Hindos
tan, in a double point of view originality
of ideus and perfection of style. "Zafir,"
Says Mr. Garicve do IVsy,, "has produe-
All nil L' itl lid if riAnl'fr nml nnrvi m. ....
sal,-, ffHilt, the thumeris have bceo.no very
popular, and arc aim? at publicnssemblies
and by women in the interior of their
Wo iiaveonlvindicatedskclche,f1.Amnst.''a,HO""u. """ ' l,,,a hl"s 1,11,111 wu" ,11S,
striking in tho life and charter of tho
last bueces. or of Gengiskhan. We have
nothing more to add. His career has tor-
n.inated; EngB.h shin transports
liim to tho island of Andnmnn ; nnoJier
English .hip will not f.el to brin; tho
news of his death. J. S :
A Y A N K E E. i
"m,HI""" v'"e J ra"cn "nving called
tho editor of the New York Alhn a Yan-'
Vnn 11. .I... ...nn ...I .. ll'.l. ;
v " feti uu iiiu lonowing i
But wo own up to tho Yank e, and feel
no miio pride in it; nut we didn t hrd
nom uorKsuire exactly. o Have drop, od in money." Tho historian adds, "Tho 1 row to make a complete massacre of our
ped puinkin seed and havo eaten 'hasty Count do Tendilla redeemed his promise 1 party, it was concluded, after much con
pudding and milk in New Hampshire, and like a loyal knight; and this miracle, as 1 sulfation, to al-antlon our po ilion, and fo
havo plowed, mowed, reaped, ami logged it appeared in the eyes of the Agnpid, I retreat to snake river,
in tho Statu of Maine. We have fished is tho first iiiHtance on record of paper j At nlout 8 o'clock, bavins stripped ...ir
for minnow with n pin-hook, and carried money, which has since spread through-Selves of everything that '-. .n the
our bread and butter to hchool ; and wa out tho world tho most unbounded opu-' slightest, impede us, wo le!t tho iidl fully
have been log-driving on tho Kennebec
I river; wc have coaxed a club-footed girl
to slide down hill mado slippery by the
: fall of pine leaves, on her feet, for tho fun
i eeiig her catch her toes and roll over
and over, and have gone into the swamps
Willi WOVnkn r.fnv,n n..,l .oil,.,!
, Hld, when tho snow was five 'f. et deep,
'nn,i .-..n,,, t, ., , .,, ,, ','
, ' ".i-i itu-iri 107s 11 1 1
mm leiicii tr nut
day, and went Imme at niebt full in Hummi
I , , .
! . . ..... ... iiiiht iifni lu ll ll'ff imv
it in 1111;-, that s a fact, and we've been
to luik:iu;.s," to and 'apple-bee
ingV'and "militia musters."
We have helped to make cider, and af
terwards ret "a-stradd!e" of a barrel, and
suck, d it with a straw. We have set up
at night m a saw-mill, mid ha.-o set up all
MipiMiiuiii-piii, v e nnve ingii opin
ion ot johnny-Tike etui "mi monger," and
wo have frequently had a gager in the ma-
of the latter; wc have eaten our iduucof
codfish and potatoes, with pork hcrnps,
and we guess we have. licked n proper
portion of hi ' -ei candy, and also boys ;
we have pulled flax for ninepeneo a day,
because wo had a sick headache and could
not go to school, and have had teeth pull
ed with a piece of strong thread ; wo have
traveled over tho field, in spring, with
maul, knocking about what you call-cms"'
and have popped corn in the ashes; we
have turned tho griiuUtono all day to
sharpen a new axe, swopped jack-knivr i,
bioken sf.-ers and colli, set trap; for
skunks and woodchucks, tapped our own
shoe--, "licked" the schoolmaster, robin d
the milk-pans of the cream, and laid it to
eat, pitched into the apple "sass," hook
ed maple smrar, and numberless other
tiling.,'! numerous to mention," but
for particulars of which os nail bills.
A gentleman who has traveled much in
In land, says the native urbanity of the
Irish peasants to each other is very pleas
ins. I have frequently seen them rL-r. nil"
their hats, and salute eneb otlior wifli
j rr ul 01. ,,0 , ;, fi a
for your honor iinmediaf :-ly ;" and away
he flies into some shop for information.
which he isjhappjr to be the bearer of with
out any hope of reward.
Among thc mortuary p'euliaritiesoftlie
Irish, their love for pi thumous honors is
worthy of remark. An elderly man, whom
......... w.. ....... n.iv; im.v.-ill. il Llllie
when the rmploineiiU of spring would
piceni ins j.iuerat .roiii heing numerous
ly attended. Th' lis a general national
tra;t ; and a grev ions iinpn cation, in the
Irish laufcuajo is, "May your burial be for
saken 1" They haveanother very figurative
mal clieiion "May tho grass grow green
before your doer!"
OiiK.ix or 1'ai'Kk MeNKv. Tho Count de
Tendilla, whilst besieged by thc Moors in
tho fortress of Alhanibra, was destitute of
gold wherewith to pay his soldiers, who
began lo murmur, ns they had not the
means of purchasing the necessaries of
life from the p oplo of the town. "In
, (l'k n"""' sa'8 11,0 "''"'an, "what
J"" t'"S ,nost M.oua commander ? J
IIc tukl's tt un''; of "lo inorbels of
'K1' " wn";I' '10 inscribes various sums,'
11 1 "... il ' . t i . l
" Mnl aMue- h l
V T, " M ."clr l'n' Jl0"7
J" f"'' a," th Uh bo lail1
' aP.s of paper t tven bo;-
ii.. o,.i.i: : .iri ...
uuu en l.aiu loo. as will nie.sont v ninUo
' J '
T J , WX "
J'r'K''lUrmtl0n tho people of tho
town to take these morsels of paper for
the full amount therein inscribed, i.romi
mg to r. d cm them at a futuro day with '
gold and silver. Thus by subtle and mn t !
. 1 . 11 .....
miracuioui aiciicmy, did tl is cavalier turn
worthless "paper money into gold and
silver, nndhis impoverished nrmy abound-1
From tho llcmocrntic M'liigj
An Interesting letter.
We are under obligations to our friend,
Col. J. Irviv GllKIJd. for l,nrinUIn in
make the following extracts from a letter
addressed to him by his cousin, D. M'M.
ii:F.;n, a Lieut, of lT.S. Dragoons, station
cd on tho Paeiflic coast, in Oregon and
Washing'ton Territories. Tho writer was,
some few years ago, a resident of this
town, where, cs well rs in the county at
large ho has many friends, who will be
gratified to learn of his good fortune and
gallant bearing, and that he has receiv d
honorablo mention in the official Lej m t
of Col. Stoptoo, his communing olliecr.
The letter, though evidently not writ! n
with the least idea of publication, gives n
very full and plain statement of tho r
cent battle between the emimand of Col.
Steptoo and the Indians, on the Spokane
rivvr. ti:i. Wum,
1'oht Walla Walla, W. T., 1
May a 1st, 18.KH. j
Dear Irv I can only offer ns an apol
ogy for my long silence, the fact that I
have been so unsettled of hito that lo at
tempt to write to any one, could only r -
suit in a failure. (In the 7th of April, I
left Fort Vancouver with my Company,
for Walla Malta, which I reached on the
28th of that month. I had only been here
nlionl I 1 I... i . , . . I
ni ' mci noi got nxod m
quarters, when I was ordered with my
Company on an expidition to Colville.
Mnco tins has proved to bo
one of thej
most eventual which has been mad
this coast, it is proper I should give you
some account of it. The whole country.
far and wide, is excited, and cxngei.uioii-
are so multiplied that it would not 1 ie sur
prising if tho most incorrect report of our
expedition should reach the Atlantic-States.
On the 7th inst. Col. Stentoc left Fort
Walla Walla, for Colvillo and it-- vicinity,
with the following troops : "C"' Company,
1st Drag. (Capt. Taylor and Lt. Wheeler,)'
h Company, 1st Drag. (Lt. Gaston,)
and "II" Company. ! ,rr.. i
and in all, LV ., .
nine day;- we, to .-
IlICi Ii' II I , Il II ll'll ,M,u, .
. o oppose
oians, eight hin.divd of who.....
armed with rifles. They met us
our crossing the Spokane ric:
them wc had come among them as friends,
all lo no purpose ; and accordingly our
command, on the morniiej of the 17th
inst., at .S o'clock, was attactcd by this
large force. The companies, for tho first
three hours, were incessantly employed
in charging the Indians and resisting their
atiacks. The ground occupied during this
part of the aciioii wad very favorable for
the movements of Draenons. Thn fi.,l,i
wfi almo..t hand to hand, and it is said
by those who were not so particularly en
gaged, that it was really grand such as
we all have imagined might fake place un
der the most favorable circumstances but
nothing similar to which is known to the
history of the Dragoon arm of our service.
In this part of the action, Capt. Taylor
and Lieut. Gaston were killed, whilst gal
lantly leading their Companies; and also,
two privates were killed. ( no of the pri
vates killed was my attendant as gallant
an old soldier ns ever wore auiiifoiin.
The poor old fellow was shot at my side.
'Hie fight was very close, without much ad
vantage to cither side. About 12 o'do.-k
our forces were nsn-mbled on the summit
of a hill, and the fight wes continu .1 un
til 8 o'clock Pm. When on this hill, we
were surrounded by hundreds of Im,!an
made demons by the lo s of many of their
warriors. They fought like white men.
and proved themselves far superiar skir
mishers. So incessant and tcrriflic was
the fire they directed upon our position,
that we were compelled lo crawl about np
i i i ii -,. ,
on uui iniinis nun nnu Kness. isad as v
our situation, we were not without nm -ie
for (he sharp whistle of balls wns ever in
our ears. Whilst on this hill, we had one
private killed and several wounded. Our
i i 1 l . ,1 . . . .
10,1,1 ,oss "p,n8 "10 twelve hours
wp'i killed, two officers, threo privates,
and three of our Indian interpreters ; -
wounded, al .out eleven privates, ono mor-mdorer; and now, as tho eye dim
(ally. The loss of the Indians is not cc - j,in,i tu) i10,ll t gt.la 0i,i nn,i sioWi nn,i tlw
tainly known, although theyacknowled I lithe limbs stiffen and the sunburnt lock
forty wounded, and ut one time, durinl br,( nine thin, the reeollec.!..;i oN.'. birth
the action, they carried olfnino dead bod-l ;. .;, i,0. y. sl,riS h (,,;! to in-
irs, and during a chnrgo mado by Lien
Gaston and myself, twelve more were
killed. I think tho Indians must have
lost, nhont H,i, iv fciii...i rn.n,..i.
ing our nmunition begin to fail, and see
ing ourselves completely encompassed by
tho Indians, who only awaited the mor-
expecting to cut our way out, and mourn.
1 $1 25 per Annum.
NKWSKIUES-VOL. III. -NO 2(5.
fully anticipating that a huge portion, if
not all of us, would fall ; but to our happy
surprise, our departure was not noticed.-
Wo retreated ninety miles in twenty-four
hours, carrying with us our wounded, save
two. At tho starting my 1st Serg't Yw.s
lost from tho command and did lM re
turn fur a week. Alone he hid himself
during the day, travel 1 By night. He
whs three days without f. id."
Thc battle is over, and u are again at
Walla Walla, having h it, behind us nine,
bravo spirits-, whose death will yet be ::-
V' '--'1'" 'crc-ovcied ("apt. I.iyl-.rs bo
, and buried it where we fought. lie
leavi s with ns a swu . uif,. .u-. ; no linle
children. Lieut. Ga-i .n f.-ll ilu, the
hands of the Indiana, and as ..nip. ,.
Our ea.se was fo depcrato, thai f.,r Ih.uiv
- was n 'incited 1 1 the belief that m.ueol
us would escape. What a different
lilale we mako of life, in battle the ti-.w
of blood, tho groans of the wounded, the
scattered dead bodies, tho hellish ,.i;s o(
Indians, the whiz of balls seeming to )
within an inch Of your head, niak' ono
insensible to that feeling of fear oi'dath
or injury which characterize - us when nt
home in peacw. Tho scenes during the
twelve hours wo fought, will never be for
gt.en, and the remeinbranee cfthciii will
ever be mourn ful.
-.v . .
TKADE IN IfAIH.
Among the many curious occupations of
themetropolis of London, is that ofthe hu-
man hair merchant. Oftln-o there arc
several, ami they import b..iive. n then)
lie '.e . i nn l''.y (mis of hair annually.
1 .lii i.n,;! ind and the United Slutel
draw a large portion oftheir supply of hu
man hair, and of article.; mado of hair,
from France and Pre - ia. A sinuulnr fe:i-
line ou me UOiiiinent is tins 'Innr hnivcsl
as it has been termed.
Young women in En-Jam!, wiio liavt!
beaut iful tresses, areoceasiona'ly, we know,
urged by poverty to part with the n for
i.n'iiey to the hair.vorkers; but in Fuim
und Germany it is a regular system. 'I he- 3
are, we are told, hair merchants in Par's,
VjLo send agents in the spring of e.ichyc.ir
t."!? thc country districts to buy the lu.'r
or" young women ; who seek to obtail: nn
annual crop with the eamccarc as a farmcf
would n field crop. The agents frequent
festivals, fairs, and markets; and have
with them a stock of handkerchiefs, mus
lins, ribbons, ie, which they givo in ex
change for tho far more gta.eful ond nat
ural adornment the hnir.
So sensitive a barometer is commerce to
slight changes in the value of exchange
rblo goods, that tho ngents know the heir
of a particular district to be worth a fen
moro sous per pound than that of a dis
trict thirty nr forty miles nway a fact
which naturalists would have been lonin
finding out. Tho price paid is about 5f's. n
pound. The agent send 'he hair tothcii'
employers, dressed and sort, d and sold t 1
the hair workers in tho chief towns of thc
empire at about lOI's.a pound. That which
ii to bo made into j.eiukis is purchase!
by a particular cla; j of peis 'iiis, by whom
it is cleaned, curled, prepared to a, certain
stage, and sold thc Peruke-maker at iron;
UOIs. to 8:fs. a lb.
Tho peruke maker gives it the de:-iiv'
foi in, hen, asis wellknown, it comma nH
a very high price, .1 peruke is oil'-'i s.n..
for dotil lo its weight in bilver.
lirri nv .M.TK.ti Foi:tv mx Yr. mi A 1
. rxce. Thc Newbury port ivi'.-ays tha.
the old l. ddent of Ward hie w 1 not, 1,
little surprised lately by the ad ot in t'u-'
midst of Mr. rcter Fudge, a.ier an a!
sente of forty-ix years. It was suppnsci'
that he had lotigbecti (in inhabitant f,f th.
spiriliii'l spheres. In 1812 Fudge sail, ii
from Newburyport in a ship belonging t''
the. late Moses Brown, sine" which !inv
no tiilings were had of him until his tv.
turn. His wife wns married twice alio;
his departure, and some years since she
took her flight through ucaths vaultu'l
chambers. Threescore and! ten vrai"
ave rolled over thc head of the returned
C . , ..... . '.,
fjnru 111111 Willi 11 (levii'i: m "oi uinr invn
the homo of h's childhood-
trtf-At tho lato Slato ball of the Eug'
lish (Jueen, tiio Mar.pr'" of Westminster,
the richest man in england, worn foil
splendid jewels, anion;;. t which was tV
famous diamond valued at SI "i'V'O.I, in the
hilt of his sword.
A Letter from Gib' on county, Indiana
nys that not only are tho hogs dying from
Cjolera. but it has mado its appearance a
mong horses and cattle, among whi'h it
in very fatal.