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LA li It I M Kit & WAlil).
i . " -
'rilti fur tl. Jlrimbliivn.
MY "LICK RUN" HOME,
My hnini' in oil Liek Hun, where the tiill pine
ll hero tlio Miiy-npples hluuin, 11 ml where hlus-
KiniK the rose,
Wliero tlio wooilii arc covcr'J o'er like a bright
rvu of floweri",
Ami mveet cining birJi wliile awuy tho Iml
I ivo Hint fnir ppot, where the wild rust- hlooin.
Oh ! how dcnrly I clicrinli my "lloek t'uttngo''
0 ! n lionie on tho run, the bright sparkling run,
A homo uu "l.iik Kim" for inc.
Jly home in ill tho wood, where the red deer
Where the Ihrimh nnd tho blno bird hnvo mtide
them their home,
Whero the umns mid wild linen creep over thu
Aud bright gretu lenvcc dimeei to (lie fon of
the breeio ;
Where rent the soft bennts of tho set of Iho sun,
Oh ! how fondly I lore my dear lieine on the linn,
A home on "lack liun" lor me.
I can see tlie h In e waves of the Hiisiiiehnnna flow
When tho niare of the evening in the went bright
Tho fprny and the mist from the old dam arise,
And Lear her loud (inthemi ascend to the skies.
With rupture I've guzedon her water's whito foam
1'iit ilearcr's the Kun by our 'llock CottiiKe' home:
0! a home on the linn, the bright ll;irhiug Hun,
A home on "Lick Kun" for inc.
I tore its high bills w here the dark hein'ocks rise,
Where the pines teem to bathe in the blue ot the
Its cool shady bowers, iu woodlands so j;roy.
Where the birds go to rest at the close ofthe day.
Tho' nature luilli charms for me, where'er I roam.
Yet the holiest ilinj; round my "Bock Cottage"
0! a home on the Kun, tno bright smiling linn,
A home on "Liek IU111" for me.
I've seen Winter's fetters, by Spring nil unbound
And the dark waters rush, tire ice Tush around,
I've sut and fvo gazed on the waves is they'd
And threatened destruction to my own loved
Hut I dreamed of no danger, I knew of no fe or,
1 was safe in my home, in our "Collate" so denr:
O ! a homo en the liun, the bright da.-hinj; Hun,
A homo on "Liek Run" for me.
Tho' in Clearfield I've dwult many bright sunny
'.Mid scenes that I loved, and bright scented
With the friend of my youth so blithe and so gay,
Jly lifo has been pa.sed as one happy d;iy.
I would not return to my "old Cleiulield home,"
For dearer by far is my home 011 tho Kun ;
9 ; a home on the Hun, the bright dancing Kun,
A homo on "Liek Kun'' for me.
Pr.y I)kum. Mm V huh'ilo onoeeui's
Lifo A gleam of life extinguished hy
Fame A meteor ilaal:n with its dis
Wealth A source of troiihlo 11 ml con
Pleasure A gleam of sunbliine passim.:
Love A morning dream whose, memo
ry gilds tho day.
Faith An anchor dropped heyond the
vide of death'
Hope A lone star henming over the
Charity A stream meandering from
tho fount of love.
Iiihlo A guide to realms of endless joy
lieligion A key which opens wide the
giiten of heaven.
Heath A knife hy whicli th" ties of
death are riven.
Enrth A desert through which weary
pilgrims wend their way.
Grave A house of rest where ends life's
Resurrection A sudden wakening from
a (itiiet droiun,
Heaven A land of joy, of light and
B59u"lint is tho chief use of bread !"
.ivsked nn examiner at a recent school ex
hibition. "The chief uso of bread V an
swered tho urchin interrogated, apparent
ly astonished at the simplicity of the
question, "tho chief uso of bread is to
.spread butter and molasses on it."
SeaT'A rich man once complained in n
icollee-hou 0 that he had three daughters,
to whom he would give ten thousand dol
lars each, nnd yet he could find nolmdy
to marry them. "With your leave, sir,"
aid an Irishman who was present, stop
ping up and making a very polite bow
"I'll tako tno of thelll !"
1HTA young and pretty littlo lady re
marked tho other day that "a young man
who didn't take a newspaper, was not do
nerving of the Affection of nn amiable la
dy." A bensible girl that, and if aha was
for sale we would set our cap for her.
J. II. T.AnitlMKR,
R. FENT WARD, Jr.,
MY LAST BALL.
II V I'ltnl K-MOtt SNOIX.I: SS.
Some people stand ii i in rt when they
waltz, lis if they were afraid tlmt tliry had
IVirtiuii matches in their pockets, ami
might accidentally get up a blaze. Hlters
roiiii up In tin- wm-k like martyrs, fully
resolve to trust to Providence under des
perate circumstances. Whicli of these
modes is the most proper is not tlio qiics
limi now, because tlio Ut?v. Mr. Sptirgcon
lias itit liis vi'to on waltzing of every de
scription. The reverend gentleman says
persons, when waltzing, are very liable to
entertain unholy thoughts. Now, inas
imn'h as Mr. Spurgeon was telling his ex
pel ielii e, it must ho tnkell as reliable tos
tiiuoiiy. Ami I would add my testimony
to his, ami warn the kingdom of New Jcr-
-v 111 general and the rest ot Hie vuuld lit
I'iH tii ular, against the jirnetieo of kicking ,,.m, and turned mv cut water in the di
ii p their hoM iil time with thu ihriitions j r,.,-tioii ofthe hall. " A l-.-.i11v companv
4 .... 4 : . I iii ' "
i ciii ui iiiiimi.-.
wish to warn otiicrs. oeiau.-c 1 am i
competent to do so. I have partaken ol 1
the loilnddeii fruit, and know the cnn-
sequences hy awful experience. I was led ,
into it forced, I may say hy women ; i
tho-e Lewi teh i iil' imps, who have had their
fingers in every pie, since the. lirst apple-j
dumpling was made in the garden of Kden, j
I will tell the reader how it happened: I
I am 11 native of the United States, and i
when I first dumped my dunnage in this .
kingdom I was innocently ignorant of all j
sueli customs as tairpri.se parties. Well, .
soon after easting anchor in New Jtrutis-'
wick, I was inducted into the mysteries; of
a performance that seduced me from tho j
path impropriety, and hrought on a fever j
that allows me no rest day or night. hie ,
dark, rainy night, after I was snug in Led, !
a faint rapping was heard at the front I
door. My wife opened the door, and in
rushed eicht ladies, and ns many Kcntle-i
man, acconijinnied hy a dancing master,
with a line fiddle uudcr his arm, and with
out as much as saying "how's the folks?"
they galloped into the parlor and made
themselves perfectly at home. On learn
ing that 'the mini of the house' was in hed,
one of the ladies opened the hed-room j
door and henovolenUy informed 1110 that
if I wanted any assistance ahout dressing,
1 could have it on short notice. I'eing ,
naturally of a modest disposition, J de- j
dined the assistance of her ladyship, mid j
got up snd dressed niysell. When I en
tered the parlor I was lillea witti
bin. I liftcd-iip my voice and says 1
"Ladies and gentleman, I urn a member
of an orthodox church, in good standing"
what I said after that was lost, for, just at
that point in niv exhortation the blas-
' i'"" " " , ,
'.out ol his fiddle, and away wentthe wholo
around t lie room in the polka I sat down
perfee y resigned to my ate, whatever .
it miL'ht be, and, alter contemplatins: the 1
scene before me lor a few minute, l" be-
I came satisfied on two or three points.
I First, I was sati. d.'d that thetiddlei was '
a very good player.
Secondly, I was satisfied that the
cers kept very good time.
Thirdly anil lastly, 1 was satisfied that
those einht you iii ladies, in beauty and
grace fulne-,s, could not be surpassed by
j any eijiial in number that ever rattled
j crinoline over the llooi of a dancing room.
1 Ami there I sat exposed to the. lire of
' a battery that was demolishing the ram
1 parts behind which I had found protoc
I tion through a long and very exemplary
1 life. When 1 was sufficiently fisoinnted
by the artistic evolutions of the dance,
i one of the ladies walked up to me with,
; "I'auce the polka air ?" at the same time
j extending a hand that was too tempting
j to le let alone.
j I shall never blame Adam again for
; eating that apple that upset all creation,
' for I believo that Miss Kve danced the
, polka or the Highland Fling, just before
.he oiiered it to him. And I appeal to
I the masculine reader to know what he
' would have' done if he had been Adam or
. Professor Snodgr.iss. Only thing of it.
j there stood a lady right before me, look
1 ing at 1110 with a pair of black eyes that
I must h ive seen tno wall right turougii
1 me, and .'Lskini; me to dance. What could
I do? It's 110 use to tell me what I h,,M
have done. It's too late for that; but 1
ask nny man who aspires to the politeness
of a baboon what he .w ouhl have done in
1 remember well what I did ; I got up
nnd "sailed out.'' Sometimes I trod on
my partner's toes, and sometimes I didn t
meiit ; there stood eight coupto mining unJ ghu :ust tol.1(yi . ti10m with the tips I'0"' l '"',lo' 1 opportunity to vote
each other on the floor, ami jn one coiner )f j(eJ. fibers tltrevf iter bedy forward to1 ,or '''''''gs it "t pretended was nni-
Ptood the fiddler, with his bow in his hand angle 2f fortv-twwh'grees-and trotted i vorsal or unexceptionable, hut it certainly
nnd the butt end of his fiddlo under his arouml mo ln nVi,.clc fifteen feet in diam- wns iim'' c?,nsl,lorm? the eharnder of the
when she was hopping, up I was hopping 1 in ol"er noJv ll'iin 1 ",1W V"'n ;, Uiele ved by the laets I have i tated. The op
down ; but if I tried to stop she declared arc frosty spots 111 the. tinder-jaw depart- portuiiity to vote was sufficient. The nu
I was a first rate polker, and away we ' ment of my whiskers ; but to my everlast-1 thority, therefore, of the convention was
went n"rtin. lieforo midnight every lady ' g weakness be it said, that if one of, perfect, and its proceedings were regular.
11 the party had thrashed out a flooring thoso peculiar institutions called women, Mr. Doolittlo Will the Hon. Senator
with me and after they had departed niv should look sweetly at me, within sound . allow me to nsk hiin a question on that
wife put on her spectacles and took a long
look at me, before she could believe that
1 was tho chap that used to wear such a
long face sermon time.
m. ih l.r.-innm.f ,S i eniible, that,
would have set Job to swearing
iO A pl-
I havo been within half an inch of fifty
eowhidings for dancing with other men's
partners without leave, which is contrary
to the rules of this kingdom, women be-
ing considered a chattel at public (lancin
I look back now at the exciting scenes
through which I passed, and wonder that
I am alive. Fifty times I vowed never to
lilt a oot 11 en in to the musio of internal
fiddle, and vet I attended no less than one'
hundred balls and soirees in two years. I hut sail. ;
One night I went to ft Methodist revival,
nnd the words of tho minister had such B3uloetick8, the funny writer, has
an cll'ect on me thai 1 borrowed a liible taken unto himself a wife, and is now said
mino had got mislaid in the hopo of to bo engaged in a work entitled matri mo
finding something to guide my future iny and its results. .Several editions ure
course. As tho devil, or tho (lancing-j contemplated.
CLKAIIKIKM), PA. WKDMvSDAV AI'KliVJI, mi).
llia-ter. Would hove i( I opened an
I how Ihui'l dahecd (ho fall' lahgo
j the Ark of the ( 'ovenant, in the sir
lei lisiilem, ami kieketl so high tlmt his
! wife was M'limlnliseil. I dosed the I k,
smoked a penny segur, ami !elt beUcr.
Alter smoking u good spell, ami medi
tating a spell longer, 1 he;;oti a convetsa
tion with myself, ami says I .- "Profe-sor
Snodgrass, if you keep on tlrs way you
will soon he a miserable old cuss, and your
latter end will he too awful to think of."
And then I end red into an agreement
with myself to reform immediately, and
for this purpose it seemed advisable to at
tend the next hall, and strengthen my
moral constitution, by acting as ait indif
ferent spectator, ah-faining from all par
ticipation in the ih'Vclti in.-- of i In.- occa
"ion. 1 he next hall soon came, and mirlv in
tie' e I'llill 1 Washeil luv I'aee lllirolionoii
was iisciiiinci, liresi'iintl' a I'loi ;ous oti-
I liol I'.'tlltV
,,,,1 fotiitv for a matt of ta-to to studv the
jv ,.v,.s rested first on the splendid
r,,,.,,; .,,,',1 exnresive face of Man- Kit.-
L'erald. She was the helle of the hall, he-
ond a peradventure. it was difficult to
decide which fitted the host her dress to
her person, or her person to her dress.
Kaeh seemed made fur the, other. And
I felt a throlihing sen
ation in the ,.,.; I
ot the ''i..ai'il when she nrivei
.... . r . .
1 throu"h I
tho cotillion, willt thegrueeliildignity and
elegant cae of an eastern cUecn.
Thinks I to lnvsi-lf: "What a shame it is
that that magnificent girl is destined, in
after life, to be burdened with the little
cares, and little sorrows, and the little
babies of this lower world.'' 1
Next on the list stood Mai ia Irani, the !
fairy huiiunim: bird of that galaxy of'
beauty. Her little feetj as they played on '.
the lloor, bent forth a soli melody that fell I
011 my heart like drops of honey on a hot
The band played a waltz, nnd my friend
Jake, the (lancing master, disappeared 111
u cloud of imported muslin. While ex
ploring for his whereabouts, 1 ls'came
mentally abstracted, nnd, wliile in a stale
of hnlf-way-betweenity, 1 tumbled from
the tolvcr of moral rectitude into the mid
dle of a "cheat and 'jig." 1 was some
what oblivious till ajpung iady planted
herself right before me and come tho
louble pigcon-wingV 7 held out inv hands
llefore long, another living specimen
ofthe feminine gender appeared in front
of my corporosity, and when 1 held out
my hands to swing her, she just lifted her
left elbow to a horizontal position, leaving
l(,1.iM.ltl.ibban.l ,..Xposedas much usto say :
.Tll0 ,.o;l,t is (,M )l(ss ir vol,
want ft ,,.,lmino j, ,,n,h. j .,
... ' , ,, ,. ,
Ihd you ever see a half starved jnekas
wtilk into a hay-stack ? If you did, you
gather a faint idea of how I walked
into the exposed territory o! that lauy s
dan- physical department. .My arm cireum
' navigated her wai.-t in the twinkling of a
lamb's lateral appendage, nnd maybe her
skirts didn't snap before 1 restored her to
I am not responsible for what occurred 1
after that, for 1 was as powerless to resist
tic current as a bob-tailed gander going
over Niagrn Falls. 1 began to fell salu
brious, and i ui;i 1 1 I myself at a carnival
of th' graces. Art and beauty joined
hands in the nuptial ceremony, and love
and melody tumbled piomiscuoitsly into
tho frying-pan of delight. For three 11 g
onizing hours I drifted through a wilder
ness of lla.hing eyes, floating ringlets and
j When the company went to supper, I
found myself scattered all over the room.
Hastily picking myself up, I went home
went to bed but didn't went forest;
for before I ".'as half asleep I dreamed that
I was on the other side of Jordan, doom
ed to vnltz through Purgatory with 11
partner four feet and 11-half through the
ivni.-t. and lour feet and six inches hum
Nothing daunted, I went on, and com
menced kicking the bed-clothes up to the
ceiling, and the foot board out ofthe bed
stead. Let the curtain fall : time rolled on
ward into eternity since that awful night,
and ninny who drifted with 1110 through
the whirlpool of excitement have "gone
'Flint was my hist bull; I have never
been to one since.
I am older now than 1 was then ; there
of a hell Iired hddle, 1 should lly oil tho
1 Perhaps the oldest inhabitants of New
; Ih'iinswich have not forgotten Mary ! it-
t'erald, the belle ol the ball. I here were
inanv outers wno new oyer me lioor nt my
last hall, who, perchance, ere this, have
eu tiered penance for the sin of dancing,
while scouring dinner pots and spanking
1 have written this veritable story nei
t her in sorrow nor anger. And 1 recom
mend its perusal to all who have any rel
ish for quiet rest and pleasant dreams.
If any man has tho hardihood to enter
n hnll-ror-m after rending this warning, let
him benr 111 mind that tho consequent'
"'e on his own neaa j my .mru aro Clear.
HN. W.M. ltKII.KK,
III Iho Senate of the 1'nited Slates, on t,
hill to admit Kansas into the I'nioii H
a State. Iielivcred ill the Senate, Much
Mr. I'lc-idi'iit, I hail not intended to dis-
cuss this sul.ject further, ami I ih
now intend to do so at any considera
l.le leii 'th. My ohject is to make myself
iinder-tood on a few practical points; to
make a record of a few additional ideas for
my own use hereafter. At 1111 early date
in the session pursued this vexed con
troversy at coiisiileralile length, and I
need not now repeat its general history.
First, then, 1 to the legality and regular
ity of the proceedings for the organization
of Knti'tis a--a Stale: I t It in k as to these
there can no longer he rcasouahle douht.
The history of the 0rga11iz.1l ion of tho sev-
j end States fully vindicate Kansas on these
I points, showing that tin; proceedings in
1 her ease were not only more regul r, legal
land binding than in most cases, hut that
j in these particulars she is an exception to
1 the general practice. Sot no .States have
I been prepared without liny act of ( Vmgress
I territorial or otherwise; some hy enahling
I acts ; some hy the direct propositions of
! Congress: some hy action ofthe Territo
I rial Legislature, without first consulting
I the people. Some of the constitutions
II 1 1 : . . I 1 . . 1 1
nave oceiiM.omiiie.i 10 1110 popular sane-
u 1 "nu niiicrs nave inn. nut 111 Kan
sas t no movement comnietico'l at the vc
rv fountain of political power. Tho peo-
tilo lit tlie regular election 01 !.. wen
I consulted lis to their desire to change
tlieir torin ot government trorn a territo
rial to n State, and they decided to have a
It is true that the Topekn party did not
Vote; but they had been clamorous for a
State government from the beginning. A
law was passed accordingly, providing for
a convention of delegates of the lieonle to
1 form a constitution nnd Stut government
preparatory to admission intg tho I'nion.
This law, it is conceded, was well adapted
1 to the end in view. It has Leon pronoun
ced right ami just in all its objects and
TMinwises. It was modeled tiiamlv. niter
a bill which this branch of ( 'ongress had
passed to accomplish the snmeend. t
was well designed to protect the purity of 'sbue. It was more important to know : the career ot the ,l(epublicnn par
tite ballot box. nnd at the same time to 1 that what tho people did was right in it-; ty in Kansas that they ever desired to set-
extend to each citizen a fair opportunity
to exercise the high function of an hide
country. 1 no registry 01 voter only was
,11 . . c . .
'liable to reasonable complaint; but 110
candid man will pretend that it was so im
perfect ns to impair the legality or the au
thority ofthe election of delegates. Whilst
all were not registered, it will not he pre
tended that tho e who wore, had not the
jiroj erj authority to make 11 constitution :
lor, neerinting to tne rno-t conclusive nu
thoritv, seven out of eiidit of the legal vo-' -Hy 'vl cherished Sti.te, than which there
t. rs were registered, and had the ri'.-ht to , is. ""' " happier or greater in the Union,
vo(,. ' j did not make her fundamental law in this
The facts exhibited by the Senator from "'"' l"'io1' ""' V'al' 18:',s- ,vl"'u ninend-Mis-sonri
the other d.iv has comnlefelv nients to that instrument were submitted
put to rest the allegation that nineteen
counties had been
dislraiiehised 1 nei
not repeat tin
to satisfy any
dred 11 1 1 i fifty
se details. There is enough
reasonable man in a few
Nine thousand two hun
nf names were registered
in May ;
a clamor was immediately raised
liepubliean party ought not to
vote tor delegates, lieeau
the legist rv was
so exceedingly defective; and yet nt the
October election, at the end of r, violent
partisan contest, each party charging the will. 1 did, therefore, regard the Lecomp
other with polling illegal voles, only cle-ton Constitution us under special obliga
ven thousand seven hundred and eighty ! tions to submit the (piestiou of slavery to
were east for the delegate in Congress. ' a vote of tho people, lint I never thought
Here is conclusive evidence that the dis- wo outsiders had tho power to dictate on
franchised vote.as it is termed, must have I even that point, and there never was a
been very meagre, lint the fact, ns e.hi-time when I would not have said that the
bited in the returns, that the entire vote
in the whole ol the nineteen counties, at
the January election, when there was no
registry and no qualification except the
! age of twenty one years, was less than
loiirteen niinureii votes, is pertectiy con
i elusive. If these counties contained but
fourteen hundred votes 111 January, w hat
number did they contain when the regis
try was taken in the preceding month of
April, before tho spring emigiation had
reached tho buck counties: in my judg
ment, and I have repeatedly expressed
the opinion before, thoso counties
could not at the time, havo contained
more than six or eight hundred voters.
This w as tho only vital point ever present
ed against the Lecompton convention, nml
certainly this has been completely remo-
The Vice President Will the Senator
from Pennsylvania yield the lloor?
Mr. Iligler It is a very bad time of the
night to be asking or nnsweringqnestions;
but let us hear Iho question.
Mr. Iioolittle The question which I de
sire to put to the Senator is this: wheth
er more voters did not reside in the coun
ties which had no registiy nt nil tlinn nil
the voters that voted for the delegates to
the Lecompton convention ?
Mr. F.k'ler-Certainly not, Mr. Presi
dent. Mr. Poolittle T'nl not fiovernor Walk
er so slate?
Mr. Iligler fiovernor Walker did sub.
btantially so state. fiovernor Wnlker
made other statements in reference to
this question in which I eanuot concur.
Sir, the evidence is conclusive against the
objection ofthe Senator from Wisconsin.
In January when there was no registry,
and no qualification except the njfo of 21,
only otic thousand four hundred Totes
ivcro cast in all th0 nnn registeied coun
ties. Now, nir, I repent the opinion expressed
heretofore, from what I how in the territo
ry fnrly in the season, that at the lime
that registry was made in April, before
the spring emigration could have passed
to the back luirt of the Territorv. there
were not mole than six to eight hundred j
voters in all ot these counties. Hint is
the answer to the ittestion which tho Sen
ator propounded; and I trust I have con
vinced him that the defects in the regis
try could not have been sullieient to im
pair the legal or moral effect of thu elec
tion for delegates.
Jut it is said that a meagre vote was cast
for dulgates, and that is true ; but that
does not impair the force or cll'ect ofthe
election, (iov. Walker gave tho discon
tents full notice on this point, lie told
them that they would he responsible whe
ther they voted or not. That liny Other
doctrine would lead to anarchy. And
there never was a truer sentiment. Wo
must cither accept or reject this doctrine:
if we reject it and hold that it requires an
active agency on the part of tho elector to
give consent, then we lay down a doctrine
that would lead to anarchy in probably ev
ery State in this I'liion. In my own State,
on this principle, tho fundamental law
could bo repudiated any day. That State
contains live hundred thousand voters; at
tho last election certain amendments were
adopted to the eonstitut ion, and tho w hole
vote for and against it did not exceed one
hundred nnd thirty eight thousand votes;
and the highest iiHirmative vote reached
only 0110 hundred and seventeen thou
sand : who thinks of doubting the author
ity of those amendments? On this
principle and none other can be counte
nanced the Lecompton convention had
a more complete authority, 1 venture to
say, than any other similar body which
Now, sir, as to the action of the conven
tion. The only objection raised worthy of
note is that it did not submit tho entire
constitution to a vote of the people. I
have said, heretofore that, at the time, 1
preferred they should do so ; but I never
regarded the mode of inakinu tho consti-
tulion a a reason why the Territory should :
or t-hould not come into the Union as al
' s' iiiiire into the way in which
. it. . 1 . . . ,, , .1,,
iiiiu rigui inuig nan neen done, j ney
nan lull authority to do it "their own
way" The right of the people in conven
tion, by delegates, to make nnd adopt a
Constitution: was conceded even by Gov.
Walker. Th's was one of Ids special rea
sons for urging th people to vote for del
'cgates. 1 think adoption by popular vote
'a good mode of mnking a constitution. I
! cei b'.inly do not think it is the only good
way. It is not tho way in which the con
stitutions of nearly nil the original States
of this happy confederacy were made in
the earlier and purer days of tne llepublic.
! to.a v0,(' 01 1110 poph;, nnd adopted by a
I minority ot the voters ot tlio Mate.
1 1 did hold, .Mr. President, that the spir
it of the compromises of lx.'jO, and the or
ganic act for this Territorv looked to the
decision of the (iiestion of slavery by some
direct action of the people; that there
' was a general understanding throughout
'.the country tlmt the question of slavery
comeback to Congress unac
by nu expression of popular
submission of the vexed iiuestion of sl.i-
very is nil that the people ol other States
had any right even to inquiro into ; much
less have they a right to dictate n mode of
innkng a Constitution as a condition on
which the people who nro to live under it
mny become n Stale ? Yet this high-handed
dictation has been attempted by those
who call themselves 11011 interventionists.
That vexed question was presented: that
question was voted upon. Now, Mr. Pres
ident Mr. Iioolittle Upon that point will tho
Honorable Senator allow me to put 0 ques
tion? Mr. Iligler Certainly.
Mr. Hoolittle Was the slavery ques
tion in fact submitted to the people of
Mr. Iligler Undoubtedly it was. I hold
Mr. President, that if the majority of the
people had voted down the slavery arti
cle, that, in its own language, in the Inn
gunge ofthe schedule, thereafter shivery
shall not exist in the new State of Kan
sas," the institution would have been abol
ished, and there would have been com
plete authority in the Legislature to have
wiped out the remnant of shivery that
had previously been planted in the Terri
tory. Mr. Hoolittle I desire to nsk the Sena
tor, does not the schedule expressly estab
lish that property in slaves in the Tertito
ry fchnll not be interfered with?
r ... , . n ...
.Mr. Mgior 1 lie property value in slaves
is protected. I never heard :ui body even
in Knn-as object to that. Hut the Senator
is certainly aware that there is another
provision 111 1. '10 ion;ituiion, winch ivs
that the Legislature shall not emancipate
the slaves without remuneration to the
owners; they shnij not interdict tho immi
gration of slaves into tho Territory solong
ns similar persons nre held in bondage in
the 1 erntory.
Mr. Hoolittle That is the slavery nrtl
Mr. liiglor But tliey can, by mnking
compensation, emancipate the slaves.
1 II 23 per Annum.
NKW8KHIKS VOL III. NO. 13.
Tim Legislature has that power. The Sell''
ator did not fail to hi tlmt the Senator
from Virginia, on Friday hist, in his able
nnd eloquent speech, pointed out clearly
the power in the Legislature to get clear
of Mavcry in that Territory without any
niiiendiiii tit of tho Constitution w hatever;
Therefore I answer that, fo far as regards
the iiiestion of slavery, taking thee can-
s together, the power is complete in tho
Legislature as it now stands.
Mr. Ioolittle Let Hie understand thrl
Senator. Is it complete with tho slavery
article in or with it out ?
Mr. lliglor I said if the slavery tirticlu
had been voted out.
Mr. Iioolittle What then?
Mr. lliglor Then shivery wouhl lmve
been completely abolished in tho Territo
ry by the people. That is what I said. I
knew what the Senator hail in view, tlmt
bee iuse the schedule protected tho projn
erly value in slaves, he would hold iIihI
the posterity of slaves were to remain in
bondage; that there was no power in thoi
Legislature to wipe out that remnant or
root of the institution. That is where he
is mistaken. New, sir, 1 want to notice
Mr. Jioolittle I wish to put one further
iiostion to the honorable) Senator, with
Mr. lligler If tho honorable Senator
will allow me, I wish to proceed to anoth
er point in the case.
Mr. 1'oolittle It is on this point.
Mr. Iligler It is now nearly II o'clock
in the morning, nnd 1 have several, points
to make before that hour.
Now 1 wish to mark tho extraordinary
course and policy which has from time tor
time marked the conduct of the anti-slavery
parly in Kansas. I do not intend to
review their acts of folly nnd insubordina
tion, in standing, out flaiiist the'laws, nor
their constant nnd persistent efforts to pro
duce violence, rebellion nnd civil war.
(lovei nor Walker's despatches are full nnd
omplctc on this point, lie describes'tjie?
Republican party as in"opoti rebellion to
the laws during nearly all Ins service, and
as plotting for the overthrow of the gov
ernment. Against the oilier party, the
Leeomptoti party, he made no complaints
prior to his departure from tho Territory
Hut I wish to look for the evidence in
, tie the (piostion of slavery. I can find u
..I....,.., i-i .., ....
eviuenceinat iney inn so desire, ; but mueir
that they did not.
In tho language of
n distinguished Now York politician, (Jno,
van litiren) I do not understand "thi
free .State party in Kansas, who arc all Lhe
while trying to make Kansas a slave State."
The remark is witty and true. The free
State parly in Kansas have never exei ('
sed their pow er when they could touch the'
question of slavery, ln June last, when
they had the opportunity of voting for
delegates to make a free State, nnd when
they daily boasted of being three or five
to one of the population they would not
vote, Hifferent pretexts were set up iit
vifl'erent parts of the Territory as I know
of my perscnal knowledge, some said,
''We will not vote, because the laws under
which this Convention is to assemble arc'
bogus laws." Others said, "110110 shall'
vote because nil were not registered."
I 11111 sorry that I do not sco my friemf
from Massachusetts in his seat ; for ns ho
took the liberty, the other day, of asking?
mo n question relating to my exporiotitv'.
in Kansas, he would not take it unkind if
I linked him one touching his career in
that noted country. I hoard it said rn
more than one occasion that during thft
honorable Senator's tour in that Territory
he had advised tho free Stnto party not f
vote and that he also concurred in tho'
policy of attempting to make Kansas a
free State by allowing the pro-shivery pnr
ty to elect nil tho delegates to mako the
Constitution. I know not whether the;
rumor be correct or not. It is not impor
tant to my purpose.
P.ut it is a significant fact that the CJ
publicans or free-State party did not vote
in June, when the fate of slavery was in
volved ; and that in October when notlw
ing was at stake but offices and a delegate
in Congress, they did vote they did rush
to the polls and carry the election, regard
less of the humiliation implied in there
cognition of the "bogus laws." Then,
again, in December following, on tho direct
question whether slavery should or should
not exist 111 the new State ol Kansas.tlicso
anti-slavery men did not vote. Tho 'bo-'
gus laws and the bogus convention,' for
bid that they should condescend to vota
against slavery, and they did not vole. '
But less than 11 month afterwards, when'
the question i f slavery was not involved,
when office, and honors, nnd emoluments
were staked, they readily got over their
scruples of conscience against the Locomp
ton usurpation nnd rallied to the polls and
secured nil the offices under what they
term tho "Lecompton swindle." Comment
cannot ndd to tho strength of this history.
It is painfully significant. When it was
necessary to get ollico tho "lxigus laws"
were promptly recognized ; when slavery
was at stake they shrunk from it ns from
the touch of death. Constantly hoasting
their power and determination to mako
Kansas n free, State, thoso auti-slnvery
nn 11 carefully refrained from dealing tho
blow, when the institution mine within
their reach. They boasted of the power
but would not do the deed. Tho country
is agitated iroin one extremity to the oth
er about an nlledged design to force sla
very into Kansas ; and yet, sir, within tho
hist nine months, the party claiming to
have theibsolute power, and the will to
do the deed, have hud two opportunities
of abolishing and forever interdicting the
institution; but they would not. How
many opportunities must they have? Hovf
long is the country to bo harassed by the
complaints of men who will not avail
themselves of their prerogatives as freo-
mon? They cannot he mado to voto ft
j y., blilVery, and how can they bo couiv-