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J'M'.J-U DKVOTKn TO POLITICS, LITKU.VTUKH, AGRICULTURK, MORALITY, AM) FOREK.N AND DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE
Ifrms. S'l 00a oarm acUancosi 'Jo if paid wiilnn thrct; months, $ rA) if paid within six month, 1 75, if paid within nino months, and if not paid until tho expiration of the year $2 00 will bechacd.
tTAT TTIf n - - - " - - ' -
JP II- P
kokkivk AM) l ti:c; ii
BT T1IK jIITIIuII or "l-ltnV fl:Hl I. I'llll.oSnl'llY."
When ftrcnms of mikimlnes bitter as enll,
ltubbln up from tln heart to tho tongue.
Anil meekness riai' in torment and llirnil,
By the hninl of luj-rutitinlc wrung
In thi heart of injustice, unwept and unfair.
While tho anguish it I'cMeriiiK vol,
Jiono, none but au anpel of liod eun declare
'I rau forgive ami lorget."
.But if tho had Kjiirit if chased from the heart,
And tho lips iiro iu penitence steeped,
Wilh the wrung so repented the wrath will li:irt.
Though ji-orn on injustice wore heaped ;
For tho best compensation is paid fur a!l ill,
When the cheek wilh contrition is wet,
And every one fools it is probable, slid,
At once to forgive ami forget.
To forget? If is hard for a man with a mind,
However bin heart may forgive.
To blot out all perils anil dangers behind,
And but for tins tu'ure to live:
Then how shall it be t for at every turn
Recollection the ?pirii will fret,
And the ashes of injury smoulder and burn.
Though we itrive to furirireand foriret.
01iAh;nrken ! my tonpre sliu'.l the ridd'.o unnnl,
And uiind yl XI be aitin-r with heart,
While thue to thvM If I !M fii..i i.'tice n-vct.1.
Ami fhow thee hew evil thou art;
Renumber thy follie.i, thy sins and thy crime;
How vaft i that iiifitiite debt?
Yet Mercy until .--v .;n by sevn'y t!m'"i
lietn twifl to furjrive and forpet.
Brood not on insult or iniitries old.
I'ut thou ail iniurioiis too
Count not the rum till the total U t M,
For thou art unkind ami iiptrue;
And if thy hnn are forgotten, b riren,
Jiow mercy with ju-tiro i met :
O, who wouldn't p'.adly t:.k- 1. -.- u of Heaven
Xot lenrn to forgive and f jr-ret ?
Ye. J o?-, It a man when hii- cm try w.'i .
He ijtiiek to receive him ti friend :
Tor thus on hi Load in kimlm -s he h- r "
yt tin '
llot cualf to reLim ami fmeiij;
And hearts that are ( hris'i.m lu'.r-! esci
Over lips that, once l itier. to l'. tiit"!:.-c 1
And whipcr "birch e ami forget."
TUB SLIGHTED SCIWL1S.
Cases like the one I nm about to relate
are mod. too frequent in our country, and
thev are such, too, n3 tthould ho ?uarde,l
. ' . r
against bv all who hnvo an interest in ed
rri. ..... i ,.
, , , i . i i I
mind bv henrinr' a complaint made bv the
"c b, i u ii "
parent of a poor bov, who had been gross.
1 k .t. .' I,. . e .k .f7i.
1 IIU lllLlUflll WU3 uiu;r;i!i i.i
11 ii' llti:-ivu uv iiiu n-iivin i ui iiiu ,n.oeu i
' , , i , . i c
school, neglected simplv because ho was
, . ,, , '
poor ana mendicss: i , r, . ,i , , i- j
1 , . ,, Alter the school was dismissed, deor'Te
Many yean ago. when I was a smal rk,nrv d -
boy, I at ended a school j,n the town of (;r cnitd , -m (o
. Amonfj tne scholars t tie re was a i v,, r- ., , . . .
, .,B ,, ,, r ,, .i "Aow, said Air. Kelly, "I wish o know
boy named George Hen rv. His father I , ; . .
' , . , . - i .i r . I w Ii v it is that vou have never learned any
was a poor drink mr; man, and tho unlor- v , - . . . . . . . '
. i . r- 'more. 1 ou look brid.t , and vou oo k ns
tunale bov had o sutler inconsequence.! , . . . r '
, , , , . .. , 1 , i Ihouoii vou miolit make a smart man.
George came to school habited in raided ; ; , ,,, , , r ,
.1 i i i 7" , . , W hy is it that 1 hnd vou are so lonoran ?
carmen's but thpy were tho best he had: , , c .,
be was rough and uncouth in his manners Lc.tisU r.obouy never helps me," re
lor he had been brought up in that man- P!lt J . llor .v- "cs for
he was verv L-norent, lor he had
never had an opportunity for education.
Season after season, poor Geo. Henry
occupied the same sent in the school room
it was a back corner seat, away from
the other aoholars and there he thumbed
his tattered primer. The ragged condi
tion of his garb save a homely cast to hi
whole appearance, and what of intelli
gence there midit have been in his coun-j.
tcnance, was beclouded uy tne -ouu-rcov.
...i t n t.i. . . t. i
erin" oi me ooy. ue seiuom na,mi
eu wiiu muuiiivi v,..uun..., -
l :.l. . U . . . 1. n. nk.lilr.to l-.r llipv scent, i
ed to shun him; but when he did, Tor a
' t ;,h .hcn, i their snorts, he
J ' . j.n -
was so rouch tlmt lie was boon snoveu on
nut of tho wav.
The teacher passed the poor boy coldly
in the street, while other boys, in better
garbs, were kindly noticed. In the school
young Henry was coldly treated. The
teacher coldly neglected him, and then
called him an'"idle blockhead," because
be did not leurn. The boy received no
incentive to study, and consequently he
was most of the time idle, and idleness
begat a disposition to while away the time
in mischief. For this ho was whipped,
and the more idle and careless he became.
Ho knew that he was neglected by the
teacher, and simply because he was poor
and raed, and wilh a sort of sullen in
difference, sharpened at times by feelings
of bitterness, he plodded on his dark thank
less way. , ,
Thus matters went on for several years.
Most of the scholars of George Henry s
. . ., . i.:..l ". t.net,r.
age bad jassea on to me .
of study, while ne, poor luiuu, -... . ,
Ir1 mil wnrui r tuu ui i " CJ
rtill kept his di-tant seat in the corner.
Jlis father had sunk lower in the pit of in
ebriation, and the unfortunate boy was
more w retched than ever.
The look of clownish indifference which
birl marked his countenance, was now ... . u. . o,..
Jiacl marked ins coui ' ,, oult bo no distinction between classes. All
gtving way to a . alike entitled to vour care and conn-
and leehngs, and it s e idcn II he - ( ,
great tunnng point ,n Ins ! im)'re carncst ,ho!d bo your endeavor to
Ho stood j H' 5:lift him np ani, aid him
LlCH me laie ui anui
At this time a man by u.e nam, .
ly. look charge ol tho sc nooi. al J.ogansport, and the!
.nold teacher, a carefu ob"C na'n ! F.ank of Conncrsv.llc, lately suspended,!
man nature, and a really o "r.ilnot to sacrifieo them, as the securities onl
of ruaroiansiop oer o.i ... ..... ..c q.,-. r '
youths had g-ven him "uj BU'hnru; I amply able lo protect the bill holde.s.
way, and in his discipline he was strict, I 1 l
and on wavering. It,ll.nel,er,J C3It is stated bv ibo Louisiana Mis-
The first day he passed in ac'ic" confcrcncc
desk ofonr school was inos.lv ,0,pflho Methodist H. Church, South, extcn.
watching the movements of f nn'" dcd p, jlirisdiction over Kansas Territory,
and itudyios lhe disnos.tiona " h' anJ np.,0in.(.d Kev. Andrew Monroe, Ll-
he had to deal, tp (,eor. !1p"7 ' ( ,)er for tho Territory, wilh a full complc
eye, re,ted with a keen, warch.ng glance f mhl6,Wi
bitevidept'v mad.- little of h.m during I mi
1,10 r ":y i but on the second day ho
It was during the afternoon of the s.cc-1
ond day that Mr. Kelly observed young
Henry in imnaliii'T (In- nr, ib.. .,r " I
i ..... iim ,4 4
i laroo pin. Ho went to tb linvV ri 1 1
alter reprimanding him for his idleness '
he took up the dirty, tailored prinu r from j
his desk. I
"Have you never learned more than is'
in this Look .'" asked the. leuchcr. 1
"A'o, sir," drawled CJeore.
"How loiiff have you attended school?"
"I doirt know bir. Ii's ever tiuee 1 can I
"Then you must ho nn idle, reckless'
hoy," said the teacher, with niurh severi-j
ty. "Do you realize how mam years j
you have thrown away? Do von know.
I how much you huve lost ? What sort of'
j man do you think of makinrrin ihis way !
jOno ol these days )ou will he to old to
P iu ct.iiuiii, uuu men VWUIO your Colll-
paiiions are seeking some honorable em
ployment, you will be good for noihinn-.
I la io you parenls
"Yes, sir,' ausweicd the bov. in a hoarse
I subilui'd voice.
j "And do they wish you to grow up m
I he an inort nt wonhles's man?'
j The hoy !nmL' down his head n ml was
I silent; but Mr. Kelly saw two reat tears
io,i oown ins cbeeks. In an instant, the
teacher saw that he had soinclliiti bJes
an idle, MuU.orn mind to deal with in the
tao-. ,1 scholar b-foic him. II" hid his
hand on the l..v,-'s head, and in a kind
tone he said,
"I wish you lo s:op a.'ier school w dis-
missed. Do not l.c; afraid, for 1 wish io
asivt you if I can."
. . it, ....
vjtorne looKea wondpringlv into the
s ' 'or.u'c'f,; u"s .
oi Uf (HCC B,t;h V "s
Mf 1 rit t;i .un 01 t r 1 1 ,1 t,-. 1.,,,, ..,,,1 I,,.
thettohf, too, ns he looked arouml, that
me itsi in me seiiomrs refarueu mm Willi
, , . c , ' ,;
i kiinicr countenances than usual. A dm
1, . . , . .. ... ,
tliouht broke in on us mind Hat, from
. r , . , i i i ,
s.niie cause, lie was tom o be happier
,. . r bo 1 1
"'V' ' V .
l.y uegrecs tne Kinu-nenrieu inacnergot
the poor hoy's whole history, and while
ciencrous tears bedewed his own eyes, he
"You have been wrongly treated, Geo.
very wrongly; but there is yet timo for
redemption. If I will try to teach you
will you try to learn ?"
"Yes O yes," quickly tittered tlie boy
tn earnest tones, "les I should love to
learn. I don't want to bo a bad boy,"
he thrillingly added, while his countenance
I Mr; lv,;IIoy rromiscli I? purchoso books
. , . .;., ,l.,i ;.., ,;.,
for the bov ns he r.ou d earn to r.m
, - ,
them, and when Gcorire Henrv eft tie
sciiool-rootn his face was wet with tears.
We scholars, who had remained in the
entry, saw him come out, and our hearts
weii' warmed towards him. Wre spoke
kindly to him, awl walked with him to his
house, and his heart was too lull for ut
terance. On lhe next day, George Henry com
nienecd studying in good earnest, and lhe
teacher helped him faithfully. Never did
I see a change so radient and sudden as
lhat which took place in the habits of the
As soon as iho teacher treated him with
kindness and respect, the scholars follow,
ed tho example, and tho result was, that
they found in tho unfortunato youth one
of lhe most noble-hearted, generous, ac
commodating, and truthful playmates in
iiik juars iia
Lonz years have passed since those
sohnol-bov days. George Henry has be
, of middle age, and in all tlm
t country there is not a man more beloved
and respected than he i. And all is the
result of one teacher having done his duty.
You who arc school teachers, remember
tho responsibility that devolves upon you.
... f nM,i.trtf r.f l'rtn Cflmrda itiorn clii.til.t
a - t i r- I
, of gllhcrn I
un: TiiMiTi it.
IIV It, u. K K('K.
Tetiii.tiikiuu ! (), i, niihcriiiK blight,
l'iill on thy linn ilislmnon il heiol I
Al iiunt ! cm-haiiire-", fn y niLfht,
Thy Imtnl.-i unit crime are imiliy
A slooi, the vulture to its .r, ;,
Then rii.-hi t on our hlceilin heitrts ;
I'e-piir and rii'':i innrl; thy wav,
And fihitij; pcaee tnitn the'dejiartH.
Thou feemesl harmless n. the dene
Thou sn.ilc.-it m the aiiKids xmile;
And yet thy li.s that talk of love,
And hope, ami Innocence, beguile ;
The soul io yiv detc-led throm .
U In im he nn iron e-lre swtiys ;
Thou lovest joy's la: I. feeble ;;roan,
And siiil.in' ho, c..iriin; rays.
Tin u Maike.-I I rll: amid the jotre
Viilh Miinlly o,.-, in I'lirments while.
To lend the le. t that walk sc. lire
In virtue's way, where all is iiicht :
here inlaiev i:i:d ice Male! up,
M iliiin c i ii '.s ili-mnl ,risoim walls,
And 1 In re lire-, in n in ; i 1 , nineiii,
Vihile slerii oeasurc sweeny culls.
Th'Te is n ci,ntii!;ii,n in ihy breath.
Woe i-iid n im i.-r liehiiid thee stand;
The key that . .. s the piles ol'd, a:h,
Is clulehed im - it in thy ri''ht haml.
The olive wreath tint do, -lis thy head,
Is o'er I lie bidden e press w,,ei,d:
Thy f",..,.jis fall al.ove thu tleud.
Ami s:;i! l'i,,h tiitiius sj.ruid iir.imnl.
The youni', the iimocjiit, the lair,
"'ii ill I v to thy cmhraecs fly,
As hinl.- hii-ie to the fh wer's mnri'.
I ir Cutter to the s, r; nt's eve ;
Tln.II I haliL'f.st llo,es to (Ireadt'lll fear'.
l'e.ice into di.-e. rd, joy in woe,
!i altl: to o;.- a-e, ci.d ei:ue-l tears
O'er pale nn 1 wiistod checks to flow.
TIh.ii leads! us to oisi)tied spihiv,
In ro-y p!en -ii,-,. ;i , law i.injr hours ;
Tin u w .-rf hv thy harp's sweet slrintrs
To chasms curtained o'er well (lowers.
Tli v sli i r lnck.s of ii'. by then
Are l..'t di-honor. d in iho fravc ;
J'i.l.t Up ,11 life's l;iy s,.
Thy banner finals, but not to save.
l'n iu the I'roiit Knynl ('u.) Zion's Advucate.
- THE OTlIuLlC QUESTION.
The public mind is much agitated at iho
present crisis upon the subject of Catholic
supremacy in the Uuited Slates; and so
formidable has "Holy Mother" become in
the "land of the free, and the home of the
brave," in the estimation of many of our
citizens, that the ordinary mode of war
fare argument and free discussion is
considered entirely too inefficient to arrest
ti e progress of the old fatly, and hence sc
cret societies have been formed to operate
With this subject, politically, we have
nothing to do in tho Advocate, but in its
bearings upon the church, and as inciden
tally embraced in ils history, we have
something to say; and viewing it in all
ils length and bteadlh, according to the
strength of our vision, we frankly confess
lhat wo see nothing to warrant the cry of
alarm and awful foreboding of tho "Au
To Da ir," and inquisition, that seem
to be coming up from every quarter. We
do not appear as tho advocate, nor even
the apologists, of the Catholics. As reli
gionists they appear bad in history, and
judging of lhe future by the past, and with
their plea of infaliUtitt, wo feel pcrfectlv
safo iu assuming lhat they seek, andmust
always sick, to obtain the reins of govern
ment, and that whenever and wherever
they succeed they w ill persecute all dis
senters ; but in this they do nothing more
than Protestants have always done when
similarly situated ; for we submit this as
a truism, sustained in all faithful tcclesi
tical history, that any denomination
THAT WOULD SEEK I OH OR AGREE TO A
UNION WITH THi; SfATE WOULD I'KItPE-
t'l'TE ALL NON-CONIOKMISTS, IF THEV HAD
the row ek. Tho very fact that they nre
willing to form such an incestuous connex
ion shows iho prevalence of tho samo spir
it lhat w as in her who rode upon tho scarlet-colored
beast, and within whoso bor
ders was found the blood of the saints,
though it may be under the imposing name
The "Established Church oflingland"
persecuted dissenters in this country, when
the colonies wero under the Crown, even
to stripes, imprisonment, and death, which
is but the legitimate fruit of the Union of.
Church and Slate, no matter when or by
w hat namo it is formed ; and the spirit i's
as cleverly and ns distinctly developed
without such establishment, as under it
when ono order is found systematically
persecuting another on account of their
religious sentiments ; and this is now be
ing done alike by Catholics and Protes
tants, if we may credit tho current news
paper report;) of the day ; and therefore
there is little to chooso between them as
Vopixh Catholics or Popish Protestants ;
they are of Kind rid spirit, though of dif
ferent ntun'-s, and hostile to each other.
The church of Christ, however, has nev
er persecuted any for dissenting from
her views and never will ; and any spirit
that would persecute even a Catholic, or
an avowed infidel, and deny to him his
just rights and privileges ns a citizen in
this country, is anti-Christian.
No religious test shall ho raised against
any man under tho constitution of tho Uni
ted States ; and the Catholics, therefore,
have the samo rights here as the most fa
vored, and none havo any right to inter
fere wilh them on account of their religion.
The plea of retaliation will not avail the
Pratt slant, for, us ho condemns the Cath
olics for persecuting dissenters, he has no
right to allowin himself what he condemns
in others ; and no necessity can ever arise
in this country of whi.lesomo laws lo jus
tify him in taking these mutters in his own
hands. If tho Catholics commit overt acts
by interfering with the civil or religious
liberties of others, or otherwise violate the
laws, let them bo punished nscV.cci., no
cording to law ; but nothing can justify
their opponents in assailing them on ac
count of their religions sentiments, or to
attempt by forco of arms to prevent ihem
from building houses of worship, and from
assembling peaceably to worship in their
own way, Protestants that do or allow
these things, disarm themselves of tho
most efleettial weapon they have against
I'opcry; for what forco will bo found in
their arguments, pointing to the hibtoryof
tlie Catholic i,jiir,;ij, Hut she has uniform
ly persecuted Protestants, if the Protes
tants do the same thing in return whenev
er they possess the power ? At best it will
be but au n flair in which the litigants mny
mutually balance accounts. Jf the Catho
lics shall, by fair mid lawful means, even
tually obtain lhe majority in this country
over all other d nominations why, then,
according to iho fundamental law of tho
lam!, it will bo their right lo govern, and
to change lhat law, loo, to far as to remove
every impediment in iho way of carrviix'
out their cherished views.
Hut this government must be subverted
and the whole face and organization of
society, before such a result can take place
and by a glance at the statistics of lhe
churches in tho United .States, which wo
compile front the report of the seventh
census, it will bo seen at once how utterly
absurd and chimerical is lhe idea that such
a result is probable, or even possible, upon
the principles of hnman reason. "All
things are possible with God," and should
He give up our nation to judicial blindness
and sutler Ihem to work their own destruc
tion, then tha worst apprehensions might
be realized. I!ut wo hope better things
than that, as wicked as our people are, and
that there are still enough of tho righteous
seed left among us to preserve tho nation
from such a drend calamity.
There nro in the United States, inclu
ding the District of Columbia and the
Territories, thirty-six thousand two hun
dred and twenty. one churches, by which,
we are to understand houses of worship,
and thirteen million nine hundred and!
sixty-seven thousand four hundred and
forty-seven under tho head of "aggregate
accommodations," by w hich is meant the
total nnmbcr of seats for individuals, or
the congregations in the aggregate, in
cluding the members of the churches prop,
er and all that attend worship, or that
can be accomodated with scats. In this es
timate there are ono thousand two hundred
and sixty-nine Roman Catholic churches,
and seven hundred an five thousand nine
hundred and cighty-threo seats, leaving
for all the other sects, which mav prop
crly como under the head of Protestant.,
thirty-lour thousand nine hundred and
fifty-two churches, and thirteen million
iwo nunured and sixty-ono thousand lour
nunurea ana sixty-iour averago accomo-
""""" eiuuiuee uuoui in eniy
denominations, among which the Baptists,
r. !, .1 .. L. .. '
I ? ' ! ? P ' ""I'"
A ' .! j . .1 L1"1' Hn,. ,larfest-
vvuin mien wiiu iiiu iumo ics tne unn-
, . , . ,, . , , 7 1
lists outnumber them in churches about
ru ,i : ,i
seven loltl, and a their conrrcnations
r,f i,,,'. f ,i i , ,, s r
iu"i'i i i"eir tiiure.il -
cs, about nine fold, and in their congrc-
r i t i i , .
canons six fold ; and iho Presbyterians,
.1 u i r ni i'- . .'
in their rhiirebeti (.mr fid.1 n.nl r ilioir
congregations about threo fold
... ,.yU. .VIM, HIIU ll, Ullli
Congregationalists exceed them in
number of their churches upw ards of four
hundred, and about nine thousand in their
,' , . . .. If tlill lliui.11111 . .uiuuril l.iuiliiuiliju:7
cong.cgal.oris ; and the Lpiscopal.ans ; jf hich a few do ; " unJ slti'tlfui inen tion of the laws; that each American ciii
excccil them about wo hundred ... their ; couIJ ru(J , nm.s ilh a roa of iron. zrn, wherever born, should bo permitted
churches, and nearly equal them m their )Am uho nlora evi,9 may bu counted to enjoy all his rights and opportunities
aggregate accommodations. It must be , , if not the nec'ssitv. which i "Jcr the Constitution. Our opponents.
oorno n minuu.ni by tne acquisition on
New Mexico Territory there was an ac
cession made to the numerical strength
of the Roman Catholics of ono hundred
and forty. six churches and seventy-six
thousand one hundred meml)crs, which is
i l - .i ,
embraced in tho estimate given; and, as
thev now stand, nil tho nilur r! .nnnl.m.
. i i i .1 i , , ,.,
Hons combined (and .hough they l'hor
among themselves, yet they make com-
tnon cause against the ( a.hohcs) exceed
the Catholics in their churches twenty. sev-
en and a hall per cent., and in ihe.r con -
grhons eighteen and three-fourths
and with these data bcloro us, how can
any sane or leasonahle man harbor
the thought that wo ore in danger from
Catholic ascendency? Hather wo should
judgo that those who havo raised the hue
and cry against the Catholics, under ex
,' . i
isting circumstances, have a souiun in -
. ... . ,, .. .i d . .
towards an nlliancn w ith iho State and
would do the very thing they affirm isih
design of tho Catholics. At all events,
wc minx u aavisao c as pcrpctua vim .
, . ! " ,
anco is il,o price of liberty to watch
we think it advisable as perpetual
.. .. ., ., ... v.,,1,n.,ai(! aws of ,,10 ,.U) j nnJ tl() cmfUi;l,.r 0r
ii. . . .. i .
ouuiu os auuit tn: tiiiin.'r nn; n'tni i wilier
... . , i. J
t.i ... i .i. , , . . . ..,
as any of her davchtcn.
CirFive ocean sdeamers have ken lost
dutiilf! tho nresent vrar. the meluiieholv
list bein" as follows" : The Citv of Glas-
gow, lhe Franklin, the Humboldt, the City
of Philadelphia anJ tho Arctic. '
SPEECH 01' V9V. BliiLEil.
We publish below (lie speech of (iov. lli;;ler, ib"
livcred ill Washington city, on tle evening of the
Md nil., nl a complimentary serenade "h en tohiin.
The sentiments of the speech are sindi ns mieht he
exploited from the num. u recommend it to our
readers, and feel proud thai while (lovernor Hit
ler has been struck down by an unseen enemy, he
lms the courage to raise his voice, in vhni:cnt tones,
iu behalf of correct principles, utid in defence of
Gov. ltigler said, that unprepared as ho
was for thu occasion, he should feel him
self unworthy of the personal respect of
his friends were lie to lull to acknowledge
as best he could, a compliment so flatter
ing and gratifying. It speaks (said he) n
language inoro eloquent than words can
express, and had excited tho strongest
emotions of his heart. Offerings of this
kind tn successful contestants for power
and placo aro not uncommon ; but such
greetings to those about to retire from pup
lie. life to defeated candidates and pros-
Irato principles are less usual : foreven
in our day of disinterested friendship, the
rising sun is more attractive to some lhan
the setting. Uut Mr. U. said, he preferred
to believo that tho demonstration before
him was more than a personal compliment
to himself. Ho regarded it as intended to
evince the attachment of lhe people present
to the great principles which ho had the
honor to represent in tho late gubernato
rial canvass of Pennsylvania as mani
festing their confidence in the motto in
scribed on the democratic (lag now pros
trate in the Old Keystone. Such senti
ment and sympathy ho could reciprocate
most heartily. It is, said Mr. 1!., matter
of congratulation that whilst tho candi-
dates of our party in that contest have'
fallen, not ono word had been erased from
the motto on the flag under-which they i
contended not ono sentiment of Demo- j
cratic truth had been abandoned not ono i
concession made to the enemy in the fight
nor tuc sngniesi lorucarcnce asked at tncjrj
Mr. B. described the contest in his Siato
as one of nn extraordinary character one
that in many of its phases stood without a
parallel in the partisan struggles of tho
country. For the first time in our history
secret and oath-bound societies, organized
for the avowed purpose of controllinrj the
political affairs, had entered the political
1 V lI . I.I i!
arena, l or the hrst time, too, wo havo
witnessed tho potent and mischievous
workings of an institution against which
tho wiso and sagatious Washington had
warned tho American people. He alluded
to the mysterious operations of this organ
ization, and said that, enveloped in mys
tery and dignified with tho solemnity of
oaths, its approaches were most lusidious
and seductive. Ho regarded it as well
calculated to mislead, for the moment, the
unwnrv and tha wenk Tint hn hnH nn
abiding confidcnco lhat mature reflection
on the part of its members would work its
dissolution. An institution whose tenets
of faith aro inimical to the laws of the
lund, and in derogation of the rights and
j dignity of a large cluss of American cit
izens. cannot long endure tho scrutiny of:
aa intelligent and just people,
. .. . ,, ,
Anainst this, and all similar omaniza
l1 saiJ Mr- B- the Democracy of
Pennsylvania havo taken most positive
t ni .,
ground, dhev are against al secret so-
!b- ,- , ,- . b,-.. ,
cieties to nccomple !i po'udcal ends, no mat-
, i i , .r- .
lorby whom iormed. Tim evil tenden-
1 f . -,-,,.
i si. 10 hi-, .u iuuo: v.ioiiiu.iiiM tuc t;uiuiu(. neo
r,. , ,r, , ,,
of the people. I hoy are moral as we as
isaid he, to long commtnd the confidence
political. For an apt and eloquent des-
;cription of the latter, ho would refer his
i i,.,.,m , i'..i,:.., r. h a .i t
it. 0.1.1:1 wi ! uoiiii.-ion a iuiuwuii auuieas.
Ho looked upon this organization as a tru-
I,, nrnnt nv..limn (l.oni.,,!. .1... 1 1
u "aU or' , cJice of !icltv
iis tendency to destroy lhat mutual confi-
denco which should ever exist between
member of this community to corrupt
and make bitier tho channels of social iti -
tercourselo etultil'v that free declaration
iviuumai; iu taiillliv lllii
c ,jnj0n and mr oc
0 l"ll'on an' purpose,
so essential to the
1 im uinuvojii wi iiiiuiiiuni;'., iinii'i.ii cuiiii-i -"d " J
UC11CC, nnd nwulv ,L-m s!.;(:Jion.s of any c!as. f citizc. Tho Democratic
th(J fr0 ;, inj " ,cnl PXo,,i- cf: party seek only to delei.d the Constitution,
tlc(,ive ,.,,;, J r, lvpri!or , dr.ni,d to maintain that each citizen shall be
j cn.cj ,lilnsdl opposed to ail soeieiies of j milled lo enjoy the rights, privileges
. thi8 kill() ,hat h'B d ccn,pj Jnn J , pportunities which it guarantees to
,0 ,):) Jy fmJ of him. Were the encroachment made upon
, ,,, , , ; )inv other class nf neonle the m.sition of
.... C :..i,. It: ..... i ..it
tllU j'"V'i I IU I UV U ' i IIV," .11 IV, I j I Ml .il) 1.3 11 j ' II I
auily and republicanism as inconsistent I l',u Democratic party would not bo chang
with the genius ol our institutions und ihel-'J- They would still insist upon a just ad
American character. In u rounirv where , ministration of the Constitution. They
ilic people enjoy to such nn eminent de
iVILU llll. IIII.UUHIUI Ol,,.,., II UII4 IIIIIU-.l'l
; ., 1 .
: ol discussion, lliero can exist no necessi-
....oo l',., r,...l,..., ,.r I. ...wl !.. IIKoelo
lies for secret societies. If there be, said
he, moral or political evils amongst us
wliicli demand correction, let iliu worK
' , i t r i . i
j bo an open and a dnvliglit business,
. t t i- ' . .
i it bo applied in n manner consistent
1 tha people. Le
t every man declare his
.,... I , r it r t
' opinions on J iiitenhons liauklv and freely
and endeavor, by fact ami reason, lo con-
. slraiu nii neighbors to the ri;
hi. But let
l'icm shun an iiistitutio.i ihit teae
i nmbf rs to say out! tiling and do nuo'her.
Mr- "' a W!)! a l"ii''"l ri'lieeliim
1 tliat tho Democracy oi Pennsylvania, go
ing into the contest the advocates of the
doctrine of self-government for tho peoplo
of our Territories, with an avowal of their
determination to sustain tho constitutional
rights of all classes and denominations of
American citizons and each member of
our national confederacy, and to see equal
and exact justice meted out to all, should
have been defeated. But that glorious
party the party of progress and the par
ty of tho Constitution said he, aro not
vanquished or disbanded. Thero is still
a solid phalanx of somo 105,000 who have
not yielded to the power of tho new party,
besides many men who were misled by
tho wily schemes of tho enemy, and who
will swell our ranks joined by many high
minded and independent whigs, w ho will
prefer the Democratic to tho new par
ty: these united can redeem the Old Key
stone from the rule of an unseen power.
He made no prctensious to prophecy, nor
did he assume to penetrate further into lhe
mysteries of tho future than any other
man, but he would venturo to predict that
tho day was not remote when tho princi
ples which havo just been prostrated in
Pennsylvania will be vindicated and en
dorsed by iho people when tho Demo
cratic party will again be in tho ascendan
cy ; and also that the policy of the Dem
ocracy in the contest of 1S54 will consti
tute one of the brightest pages in tho histo
ry of our party. It was not tho first timo
that tho Democracy have been defeated
w hile contending for just principles and a
wiso public policy. This lute contest, said
Gov. U., will be recorded as another in-
stance in which that party have contended
for the right, rcgardlessof ihoconsequcnce,
have preferred principles to unworthy sue
Since the election, Mr. 1). said, he had
noticed with much interest, and in some
instances with ustonishmcnt, tho efforts of
certain of tho opposition press to save their
party Irom tho consequences of this fusion
triumph. Conscious that some of tho falso
issues which thev had raised are likely to
cost them dearly in the future, they are
attempting to attribute the origin of theso
to tho action of the Democracy. Dread
ing the ultimate edicts of tho intolerant
doctrines that have just triumphed inPenn
1 ' -!.
syivania, anu ino irignuui error oi array,
ing one class of American citizens and
ono denomination of professing Christians
against another, thoy are vuinly attempt
ing to escape a just responsibility. By
what facts or process or reasoning this
work is to be accomplished Mr. B. said he
was at a loss to imagine. As yet he had
seen no argument on this subject that could
mislead the most dull of comprehension.
The Democracy did not in tho lato con
test nor in any other, nor will they in the
future, attempt to mingle matters of religion
with politics. Thoy have distinctly de
nounced all such attempts. As a member
of lhat party, he had dono so, and should
continue lo do so on all proper occasions;
nor had ho ever sought to conciliate any
sect or class of peoplo by tampering with
their feelings or yielding to their prejudi
ces. How these new questions arose in Penn
sylvania can bo readily discovered. Tho
Whig Mayor of Philadelphia, in his inau
gural address, had distinctly avowed the
doctrine that a citizen born outof tho coun
try should not bu trusted wilh civil office,
and thut he should make this principle a
rule of uclion in tho distribution of the
patronage of his oiuce. Tho Democratic
party deny tho justice of this doctrine, and
insist that the guarantees of tho Constitu
tion must he scrupulously observed; that
no administrative ofiiccr should lay down
1 TIllcS l'tU'OllHlStent With n illSl 11 ll mi 11 idt m .
who had thus commenced an aggression
upon ndoptod citizens immediately raise
the cry of "foreign influence," and charge
j " 'l,c Democracy are tho spcciul friends
l "1 apologists or our foreign population,
a"'' address themselves to tho national
p' v"ccs 01 our peopie. v e aeny mis ai-
eontuin that u-p nm ibn uneci:,! minnliink
wouiu men uo called tlie partisans oi native-bom
Secret nnd oath-bound societies have
been formed for the known purpose of
ntiridgin tho constitutional rightsof Amer
ican citizens bec'iiisi! of the plucc of their
birth, nnd the rights of a certain religious
i denomination of people, whether born in
America or elsewhere. Tho Democratic
party again insist lhat tho constitutional
guarantees must bo ouserved; Hint no citi
zen shall bo proscribed from civil place
because of his religious belief; and nrain
a false charge is rtiiied, to the Co let Ilia!
i wo arc thenpol.igisis of Iho Catholic rc!i-
gion. Wc deny ilnst allegation, said Mr.
1. The Democratic party arc the guar-