Clearfield Republican. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1851-1937, September 06, 1854, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    f II fl J
WEliKLY I'M'KIl: ITT.LlSl I Kl l
Tews. S'l 00;tH-;iri!i inlvanrn,
THrm: oitiv r.Mti .ii
Tho lil:ick-l)irJ rnrly Icu t
To meet tho .'iiilni' mi.:::.
Anil puttier trie-men'..- .,r in n
From upland, v I, ,ti,, Imv,
TO 1(.
TI10 luy Lee. that it : ui.v
'Mill sweets i.f :ir' v Im...
And every Honor, wi 1,, 1 !,.
"There's Work ucii-li lo do.1'
The cowslip niul the .'-p;
Tim daisy in tl,
The no -iliup iiin.l 1 lii
freueh pennon-. 1,,. v.. pa,-,
The ant, w ithin liij c;:Y.rn (
t oum uii uj l:i ! r p. ..
And writes upon hi.i ti..y h.-:i 1,
"There's wmU enough to do."
The planet?, at tli.-ir M il., r'.- u ,11,
Move onvir.l in their r.irs:
T ir Nature V ii..v. i never Miu
Pmxrt'K'.vi! a- 1 U nut '.
The leave th::l Ru"er in tin air,
And FUimn.r lrvifs in, 1
ilD'J o!v..n trn'.li In nun ilerlnri",
"There's Wu:k emuli t.nio."
Who then, .-1
Is acttvo, lrc.-li
.0i, in n nil 1
II Mil
Fusil mun-c.'i:!i i:i'' l,,r.l l,e li.un 1
Less busy tliun t it I'Ih ?
Our courts and n!'..-;. . arc the fieM.
If Diun would :: i: t "ri.-i.i Uir.iut-li,
That lust tin- nwcet of ! . i . , r vield.
And "woik vnouh to do." '
To have a heart for lb:.-o v, ho wee;,.
The .lotti. li dn.11 ;ard uin ;
lo rescue all the 1 d
In iirimruuee ai d -i ". :
To help tiie poor, t':e hurf -ry feed.
To pive him coat and idine ;
To see that all eun write ami rend,
Is "work enough to du."
The time isfdinrt, the woilil is v. ide,
Ami much has to he d nio ;
This wond'roiis earth and all it. t ride
Will vanish with the miu !
Tho momenta fly on lihti. iris's
And life's uncertain too.
We've none to unte m (noli.'n tiling
"There's work i noii.-h lo do,"
Or my riuMjicciia Tour.
In the summer of 1 was wotkin",
with two partners, n clnini on the North
Fork of the American Utverin Caia'orni i.
Our lead, which had been a pretty good .asseried by the woiihy ghost of .Mr. 11am
ono was running cut, and we had for some ' l-'1'" hither but they exi-.t no longer. It
time been diseussiiiL' liie propriety of Itav-' s'""R;i' tonic as if a whole stood
ing it and going prospecting. This move -
ment 1 had opposed lor some t;me, thin'r
ing that, as long as we could do reasona
bly well where we were, it would be bad
policy to leave our claim tin J team over
tho country hi carch of better diirgins.
One evening, however, when the results
of our united day's labor were declared to
be five dollars, 1 came to tl.e conclusion
that perhaps wo could not clo belter than
make a liltle trin en in the pniohhorhood
for the nti.-nose of S . after
. n
a little discussion, (as, of course, it would l!iC clli,,y uv'-1 W('"IJ lifvo mid.; ap
notdo for mo to come round too suddenly.) ' rarc,it lul' ,nJ' fr'U w hich rngrossed
l wns i ce i ei that we s 1011 , trv the vx.
pcriment tho next morning.
Tho moraine- dawned, and after stowing
away our surplcs possessions in tho tent, ! Iar "reaming disi.netiy. i lie night was
wo took our nicks and nans, with our,so ''"r ,ll;it I roL)W hardly see him, but I
blankets and several days' provisions, and,
separating, sallied in different directions
It was understood that we should return
in three or four days to the tent nnd re
port progress. Alter travelling several
hours, I sat down to rest during i!k; heat
of the day, intending to resume my jou
ney in the aWrnoon. Stretched on mv
Lack under an oak, its cool shade and sti
ness of the scene around mo soon calmed
me to sleep. When I awoke it wus late
in the afternoon, nnd I jumped up, some
what alarmed, as I had intended ma
king a camp some twenty miles olT, my
stopping place lor thut night, lie-adjust
In,, mu l.lnnL-Pta r.n mv l,M: I u nc ..l.nnl
resuming my journey,' when my attention
was arrested by some singular foot-prints 1 "IP ni" r tl,j--on
ihe trail. Dending over, I exaniin-d 1 ,r,y bb:!:..ets a;
them closely, nnd came to the conclusion mysell to sleep,
that they were thoso of a grizzly bear.
As may bo imagined, this discovery was
any thing but a pleasant one. I had i,"ver
seen a grizzly, and was nflt particularly
desirous of making tho ncquniatance oi
one, even armed; but now, with nothing
hut a nick, the thought was nnvthing but
enlivening I had f.eouenllv ridiculed
such of my friends ns were in the habit of.
..lM,r,lnr, r,.H riflee CliVs revolvers.
i t,a .t. :a., r.,n,,M,lv.r.
aiiu i.i.iijuu oi iijl ..- v..,..' -
inc ourselves with, such tistdtiss baggage.
But, at the discovery of these t.racl:s, my
Mjntiments underwent an entire cham
A whole armor would not have been nn
.unwelcome companion to me then. Un
...rntnt.. Ino tmnha I fminn lint lIlOV
Jead in tho same direction in which I was
acnu i uiu flfii'i. ...w,. ...
going, nnd that consequently, 1 stood n
. . 1 e . j
good chance of overtaking mv four-footed
friend, if I hurried: und if I loitered 1
would be obliged lo t.icnd tho night alone
in the mountains. "
' . . . .... ..
Moving slowly along, calculating me
chances offered by either of these two u''" "" ' jrutcs, wi.i in u icw i.jS cnango mc nur- rumbling und creaking ol cart wheels un-
plans, 1 did not observe that I was descen- A thousand tlioughls passed through my lest skin on earth to ihe real African hue, greased. Now and then ihe chief ejves
ding into a little ravinu, through which a mind while the beast lt.y on my leet. and that lb-; children of thoso thus black-1 u signal with his hand, when tho whole
small stream ran until I stood on tho edge! Sometimes 1 thought that 1 could remain .cued will be black or half blank, as wasiCon,pnny begins tho most (rightful cho
nf ih creek I had worked Ion" enough '. quiet until morning, wh"n he might get ', the case with iheir parents, ami that n!truS imaginable, and with another sign,
in the dicing to know some of tho indi-1
.firMH nl Ihn rVIS.C.ICO O. tl.'J lie(liU,
cauoiia ui wo I 1,
metal and as soon ns my nltention was
.Y.rrriaA m thft Rtrenm. I made nn mv m.nd
lhat the dirt was worth "panning out," bv
way of trial, at once. Ail thought of the
bear wns gone Gold was moro potent
than grizzly for the nonce, nnd hastily un-
l: : I rrnt n.nt mv nir-L-
and pan from my luggage and went to
work, tyy success astonished mc. Two
ounces from the first pan, nnd one from
.8' 8 " 'J ' b , '..
CLl'AUFlKLl ). l.V i. W. .UOORK
Jo if within tl
in:c moKtlis
RtToutl! isiiitiNiil' imiiiftiii.'iMiiiiili'iiiv
swarni bt-loro mv rv's. liull I 1,1
I'or II moment n!v nnr I lir-vi.
talod wlu::l:cr I slumM ;;'.lKiflt to mv i-.t rt -
Ini-.s, rr iriiuii ihe secro. tor mv tiwn
I'y ill'1 lini'j ! h;i. I ,.-, overt J nr, ?i,5os
jsuninrntlv to N :ivo !; I,, l,t visions of
I fun future, n c-:t!rri!,- eoiiMii. r my pr-";-
; nl , i;, :.. , ', '. ,
... ........muuii, 1110 sun MUSI MMKlll'.' iMdUIHli
;tli'.' Iilil.s. (Ji'i'OiirM- I :,u! 1,0 iiilrnlioli of
1 ""' !":,ll'f 111:11 nbl. , v l'-:iv-
,10- inu location 111 Ibn .!ail;, 1 mi-ltt l:iili
f r I it II ' , i
. i nun 1. 11:1,11; iiii'i 1 was 111 1 )
to 11:11 any such 1
iliotlld have men-
1 I I . I"... .1. . I
u'Mvii ia;hiii! ii:, I was not tuveiln):'
iuuy iraii, but over the. mountiun:,, with no
!",on!e. but my cotrpass tuid the sun. On
. It-'flili'' ill IllV let lor HIV lllfllelh i In
.il a lire, 1 loiind tnat 1 had neglected 10
rm,,' tliem. Mutteiiti a slHit anathema
' 011 my li.nv
IllUlK IK'll il
111 not carryitii; lire
I ieeo of hard I. tea.!
arms, I
to r my
'sppti, ai:d Iml dowai 111 my blankets for
j tho n:;;ht. I lay awake some time lookipg
i up into the heavens as the bine vault .'rev
Ularker and darker, and the stars came out
'one by one. 1 remember tliinkiiir, just
,as 1 went to s'.vp, tb;lt it was- the darkest
iniolit 1 had i:er been, and dtvanit that I
j made st:eral millions in the claim I had
been prospecting the v. bob' of which I d.;.
voted to Iiolit'n-' the mines with gas.
j It must have Let 11 midni",!)! when 1
;uwoke. My lhroat was dry and parched,
: and 1 i;ot ti; to oticncii toy thirst at li'ie
! stream. Jienuin
ever, 1 tiraiii;
d in cold water.
I heard
I ana hatnea my boa::
a ru.itliii!' in 1 be la.
behind ir.e, and
! tamed lo sci
what it w
jMeriti Sat
il stand-
tituiMi ! a luiL'e L!a- k anirea
ing on my blankets, devoui'.n
mv i ro vis.
l'.'tis !
I once had tlou'ds in Pa ar, t. tho
po-ssibiiiiy of lniiiinn iiair nssianin under
the inlliiencc 01 terror, the
erect position
! uPon m.v I'fad ! N
ow w
it was I to do?
The sli"btest mni'nmri't mni'
attract the
beast's notice, and the idea of furnisbiii"
him with a ptlil soj rr ; mv xpeno was
not at all to my liking. I t t.vd in the
bushis, looking ct the animal, half an
hour, when, li elin somewhat fati 'tied. I
j thRl''- 1 would try to sit down without at-
s Hating his attention. In the performance
( 01 i;iis minteuvre a lew Pilars ana sharp
sticks quite plainly notified me thai i.iv!
1 r . 1
! ' . . I 1 1
1 w:,s ""' fftrmnt
a act w nc i'
'v uuemioit. i.v 11. is time Mr, i.ruiunaa
conijiosed himself to slumber in mv blan
kets, and I could hear his deep and regu-
camo 10 ,:'c conclusion that be was not so
large as some of wb-m 1 had heard stories
related. lie was quite large enough, how
ever, in my estimation, lo cut oil your
humble servant in the flower of Lis vouth.
Cold is powerful, but 1 would have given ! pai'.ners were working mere, llow sue
all that 1 had dreamed r.f making to have ce-sful we were'may be inferred from the
i ln 'I"itly sleeping in some house or tent;
within the borders of civilization at that
In about nn hour it seemed u Ion
week lo me my visitor got up and walk
t'u uinvu 10 1 le: wiuei , nni'ic 1 iimciu iuiii
-.1 .1 .1.. .... ... 1 1 1 1 1,:...
, . , . I '. f t t '
drinking, w u e 1 indolgeii 111 somo pious
,n. , 1 ,
wishes lor in., strangulation. 1 was men,.,. rP. . , .
rejoiced to IlClr lliin t'l'ingl! illll) lite Water
and force his way through fie bushes on ( (,
Shivering, I crawled into
t'tin and tried to compose
No s.mui'T bad the drew.
sy god vouchsafed mo the .slightest wink
ol slumber, viien splash wept something
into the water again, and tin next moment
tho Hack form of ir.y turcctitor emerged
from the bushes. I thought my hour bad
come. Home, wife and children, nil Milt
ed Lc.'ore mv eyes. No kjtal friend to
br.-ak ' my '' I'1"
litives the tidings of mv
l''"; y roir.lorf.n a.suranc-
t-itriStlfin humil ! J.Ut liei'e, 111 lh.1
I wilderness mv form must li ', ill
r liit? prey oi
the wild bc;tst ; and as my bjties gtew
white will, exposure and' cnanbied into
dtisl, my friend-, in the heart of sickness
of hope deferred, would vainly conjecture
what had been mv fate ! Nearer ll.o
monster approached, till at la.-t he stood
j"' , VNl;"n 10 surprise lie co"ij
r -
1-uJ Ins Bhn-Sy wet form acres, Hem o.v
iho t.uw.f nw i nn .-et I ifir. v ( are. I lot
, "1I 'y 1 ,,nr'!'y ''"' "!
1 breathe, every nmc - was r.giu, anl 1 lay
. . ii . . I i ii . 1 .
, momemuruy expeeung u.s. a.i.ttK. .uy
t grew numb with his ttt'ig..t,aml tho water;
l.-rtrn l.-iir i-.!.L-nd f I. r. 1.1 n II t lir I . .1 n L'et ?
- a y,
up and move oil', h aving mc unmolested,
I4ls.i1 II nuutu .hiiu iii.lf ui. in int. ...ii.
, , . .1 . , .i .. 1. .
nuu ncaru uiut a near woiph not uuacit u
man unless molested or very hungry.
That ho could not be in ihe latler condi -
lion, my hopes conjectured from his recent
ittncis on my provisions : and as lo'
esling him, no member of the IVace j
of half a century's standi;)" could ,
my mole
SoriofV l
i. . i: i r... I..U:'. ..;.,
than 1. Then again, tiia thought would
no ie."S llicillieil loi oeiii'-ii:u o na munn
stiikc mc that, ns soon ns t!i" dawn of day
AM) ('I.AliK WH.snN ; DKV)Ti:i
SI ."( if paid within s;iv i .io;itl is, S
tL'vi't.lo'l our positions, I slioiil,! 1k; ( r!rin
lo m.'iKe a liicilJii'.t for my iuiucIlc-mk;
Tin.' uiolit uor.j 00. My limbs grow
roli'iM- cobli'r, niul my hopes lower
b-ss ( nei)iira'iiir ; spl (),,. ,ri:In sCj,ti
My boi:es tiebec will) lit it so lull"
iu 01:0 position, ntnl it seemed if every
moment vns lb.; last that 1 roul.l hop,, to
1 iioid nui wiaioti: movnv'. 1 nc ntunitt tit
Ill . 1 . .
last turnt'd ovf i', and imvo ni'3 an otMior.
ti.11,; y ol nsii,i,ii,..r a new position,
relief was mil v temporary, i Mill re.
! nini ie.l in ;ui rt-'iniv of suspense. How I
i loip'ed for the li.n iiMil. l-'.vrn ihn
, cilou thai mv latij wtis inevitablo seemed
pn:ierr.!)!o to Ibis iineei'taintv. Oneo or
twice 1 was t 'tiiptcd lo move and put ani
end to IIk! a;ur, but my tears prevtnvd
luU'iy me n;jbt nassei awav
How 1 envied tho Leas', at my leet ! 11 ,w
lalse tuid bobov ad the advantages of civ
ilization and stiper.oritv in ilia scale of au-
inial e.xidcnce seenn
in that hour of
At last, mornin" came. Just as the "rav
,. . . c "ii" pin.. .. mi. u,"s" "i 111 sunn: ui UM piiiises, una uceii a sun eel
UrUl ,J Intern sky a wlnsllo ran ; Sally Jones, I think I have mentioned her of violent and at times dangerous cent ro
aioiyh the rav uie. l;qundn.g from my , natl)0 )0;;u.e. 15.,au,if0 creature, lips vcrsy in Congress, menacing the peace of
W'I l.O fOlllllfl IHV.f ll,H.,ll,T , tl.r. l.,,,.tw... , I , , , . , I . . . " 1
1 rose slowly, with diliiculty, on account
oi mv b.-'iiutiibed litni:::, and iii'u r thanking
heaven for my deliverance, began to pack
up my "traps," preparatory to moving on
lo the tamp for provisions. I looked
around to i.ote the place, nnJ "blazed"!
several tic. Ju.-,t as 1 turned to leave, I .
beard a man sbou iu,', and the next mo-1
tuei.t a t a. I bu.:k w .i!s,;ereJ individual an-
"Siranger, said he, "have you seen a
!Mg, l ack St. Ilernard h.j come along tins
,,, 1
w a y :
1 rssur. utlio gentleman tint ca!)l fi' bonne!. I dressed myself in
animal bad passed me, and was turning ; these disguiscl my looks with 'a 'little
away, being fearful of his discovering that , folse hair sto'o a market basket half full
I bad been prospecting in the ravine. j 0f apples, and started down tho road, look
"U e!l, that's rather curious. -h had ig 0r all the world like Uiddy Mc Shane
my blanket!' wrapped on him, and 1 had to the. u-lm web'o In tin. n.i li.
'cep without 'em.
W hy see hefe they
And so thev were, in ihe Lushes thro'l
,. t ,:..l, it,,. ..,. , t 1 1
A l.gnt mvke 111 t.pon me. 1 lie nexl
moment my surmise was confirmed by the'
lit ol an immense black dog, that nine
bounding towards us. Ho was the largest
lg I ever saw ; arid might well have been
....i...i ..i ...-i.
ims.uheu tor a oear a: nignt.
"father a useful animal that'" said I.
i II .... . . . 1, ... .
1 sain ir-, -iif s goo
d to pack ;
and at nigh: lie's cqu'.l to half dozen blan
kets. I havn taught him to lie right across j
my feel. I missed hitn a good deal last 1
Kidding the owner of the dog good
morning, I resumed my journey, nnd
readied the camp 111 tlir alternoon. 1 lie
'amp 111 tin'- alternoon.
dinner 1 then ate would have astonisbr:
The next day I returned to tho ravine.
The claim proved quite as rich as I had
hoped, and u week afterwards myself and
foci, that I have never since gone "pros-
j peeling.
Everybody knows, wo presume, that
Henedict Arnold was the object of scorn
, .,,,.:' 1 ...1 (-. ,1 I
UliU v.ll.l 1.11 I I , III A..I.,.iAl... , Ulll.1 111 11. nun-
. ,,' , , n , . ,, ,
1 cry, and lhat be was grossly insulted in
that country. J lie following anecdote,
how ever, may be new lo some of our rea
Shortly nfter the peace of '80, Arnold
was present at court. While the King
was conversing with liiia, Lord ildcarras,
a stale i v ild nobleman, who hud fought nn-
.lot- Itnnr . .0 ! 1 1 il i- fn ' in ll.n i-omivii
us of
America, was presented. The Kin:
irouVccl llt.-m with :
"Loi l Balctirra." Ccn. Arnold."
"What, sir," said the haughty old earl, long hanging down from the chin. This
drawing up his lofty form, "The Traitor ' gives it the mock air of a Capuchin friar,
Arnold !" and refused to gio him his hand. from which it has acquired iho ol
Tho consequence ns may tic anticipated the preaching monkey. They are geti
was A challenge from Arnold. 'J'hey met, orally found in groups of twenty ortbnty,
and it was arranged that tl.e parties should except in their morning and evening
lirn together. Al Ihe signal Arnold fired, meetings, when they nssctnbled in vast
But Lord Baloarras, throwing dow n his j multitudes. At these times, one of ibem,
pistol, turned on his heel, ami was walk-' who appears by common consent, to be
ing away, when Arnold exclaimed: j leader, or ptesideii', mounts to ihe high-
"Why don't vou fire, my Lord?" tree that is near, nnd the rest lako their
"Sir," said Lord B., looking over his
(jj10,lt,r t.j leave vou to the executioner.' '
KAMTArTi kkof Ar.onor.s.-Ur. an -
U.C, ol Mi.-siss.ppi, says the Kulaw Whig,
writes to urn est Aiatjamian that a i)r. i
Lk.bergs has discovered a tincture or.
.mnnl1 l,t..l, tf I t,..
,MI""" " un-nm y uu.iiu
the soap nnd water in tho world cannot
.' - ......w. . u iuui u.T l.iu 111W..1 mini .uin. uuii ui't.i.i in..'., .1 n; ii' . 1. 1 1 . 1
!,..... ..t. ...i.:u 1..:, ..... . , . . I .. . e 1.
"nuinu n.iau nun u manes mu nair usnnu most mucous, me imagination
, kmuy its mai o: me real Airican. i lie
1 enJ of il fill it., In i-tiu i.vAm n i.cgroc.
J Wo think lho Southern Stales should pur-
chase tlw patent right of it, kidnap till tho
nbolifmnists, black them, r.nd make them
as black of skin ns they are of heart. -
1 t 'r....lo wn. il.t n.rtri'nlu rn.itiirn 11 il.uil.ln
""'V ........ " -
coat ; iar, However migni answer wen tai -
ougli for lho first.
-X Q.'CrrsatU.
75, il within nine i illis.
'I!i.b, iliil you ever svt; a !oi ,
it swimmiri''
o, tii.ver did you .'' 1
l, t.'s, anil .such a look 1 nover expect
lo .see ;ioain.
of siiilit."
J hey ui.'.'i! mcrmaiil.s out
"I ox per: t bo but where did you ob-
,; vou,. kiiowlod -0?
"Listcn ft nil I'll propel. You know
Si-'s Ihisenbury of Strawbury Hill.
xes, of course, 'you d, Well, tiss, the
other day bad company, fourth n satn
pk.s of tbim'nity, that would have infused
vijl.ed ideas into the head of tin anchor
ite. Anion ' the number was Sullv Jones
and l.eeky .loceivn. Well niter tea Madv,
leutii'ul crcatnrt proposed to ba'.bii)''.
Yon may want to know how I heard that, sinned that ho take.-, an interest in public
I listened through 1110 key-hole. The afiairs, and has not been an inaltentivo oh
girls juinj.ed at Ihe idea, and us soon uh server that there has existed a diversity of
tho 'cups and sausers were wiped, on
went bonnets and ribbons and awav went
jtilt. w1i-j!i; fourteen in pursuit of Clo -
' Veriktle fjake. when; till! immersim was
1 1 1 .1 i,. 'n, ...... ,i.
, ,or ,,, (),.:i,fM. rartri,br, .
"Well, wl
le story.
at has all that
l tj tlo with
Thai fourteen rood looking
girls went a swimming, 1 can iinucrsian.l
nothing is more reasonable. Hut
how c.ii.t! vou to sec them. That's ihe
I'oli bavins
id this sucked his ciear
'j.,,.1 0o!;cd as if bo had rot a certain '.'-n.
: o c -
ttleman in a tpj' ndary.
'l)on't be imputient my fi'end, and I
: will divulge ail. The moment tho girls
elt the house,! '-ot an oid fioch and
: bor,od of the ilill."
Well, g cn."
n 1
vecp cool and I will; having ciuip-
1 pod mys -Il to my bkitig, 1 leit the road
anj stl.Uek out fur tlvj Lake, through a
short cut that brought mo to the margin
just as
"iris bad taken their first
. hinge. Cieat Venus, what a sight.
! j.)on't mu l0 aptistropbize. No Ian-
guage can adequately express my lectins.
In the centre of Iho maids was Lilly
Jones, a glowing ruby in a basin of liqui
fied moonlight"
"Were they ail in ?"
" All in but two, and they wcreaboul
1 . . . 1
' to tint ress. but tnev were ear u "some
! ,,. wou;j come am ni)t frighten them,
1 assured them lhat there was no Janger,
i!,-..t U llm men wer h.isv in "Imv niul
a ! harvesting," while all the boys wero oil"
at school at the neighboring village.
"Did this induce them to
take the
plunge ?"
"Un one condilion."
And what was that ?"
"Tliat I would hold their "things" nnd
help ti "pin up" when they came out ol
the Lake."
"And you of course consented,"
"No, sir I thought of my modesty
and look ihe nearest road home.
The scene closed with a prolonged
whistle from Bob. Wheihcr this indiea
ted doubt or satisfaction we have never
been able to ascertain, Whtu we do we
shall lay the same before our readers.
Niw- York Dudlauau.
Tiie rrfarLin; Jldnhry.
There is a curious animal, a native of
South America, which iscaliedthe preach
ing monkey. The appearance of this ani.
J mal is at once gmiesquo nnd forbiding.
; It has a dark thick beard, three inches
places below. Having by a sign com-
: minded silence the orator commences his
harrangue, consisting of various moctila-
r: u
, ,j ht.wl.s, sometimes sharp and quick,
' ,ien nain slow a..J deep, but always so
ou,l as lo be beard several miles.
The mingled sounds nl a distance ar:
.... i,- r . ,
; g;H,i to resemtue ine rolling oi arums anu
Uilcnc.e is restored. The wholo scene is
rUn conceive.'. A loper after staggering over
i the bridge at Cambridge Mass., offered the
ga'.t.keepr r double toll, for be said be must
i have v-.ilk. J over every plank twice. A
' liltte of ihe f.nmo boiie.slv Would rnnkn tbf
i - - j -
1;ey siaiei rutin u nun uiu money np
paid lor liquor be erit nrnnk on.
and if net paid until the e.piratiMi
(, I85J.
! Mtlri'ss of 1 lie Slak fr ntnil f oiDiiiillrc, So. I
Fia.r.ow-Crt )'i..ns : Tin; rununer ol'or
:"atiiy.iri2 iho territories of NVbrafha and
Kansas, vott will ni'ree with us is not no-
cessarily an issue in this contest it is not
n Ktibject tonnecteil with lb" duties o u
'.Statu Mxeeutive. It is scnretly tinssiblc
that tlie eleeiion of a (lovr rnor, whoever
may sutroo d, iu to-have any practical bear
i"n upoDjthe. future ohey of iluiso terri
tories "nd surely no man v. ill be so un
reasonable as to hold the (iovcrnor of necouiitablo in mi oilicial
sense fur what Congress Las already done
On this subject. It is a subject w ilh which
that officer has had, and can have oflicial-
ly, nothiiiL' what-ver lo do. Asa member
of the Ikmocruii". party it must be tire-
, opinion in relafon to certain features of
this measure
, Since the origin of our government, with
nr-fruinnnl inturcnlc ll.o iiimjOr.n r.l'lrn ir
. r .1. 1 ... . 1.'... 1 r.
! the people and the existence ol the nation'
'al confederacy. Its adjustment wilhin lite
I territories has led lo iho most tbrealeniti:'
stric-lcs. These were invariably renewed i
I by every new acquisition of territory. In
j ISJO, the act cf Congress fixing the Mis- J
souri lino was adopted i intcrdictm'- the ex-
tension of slavery north of :i(3 deg. yf)
: mio . ns a tnentis'r.f vettlin.r the rnt.i m.
1 vr-isv trou-ino- nut r ilm 'nrnnwifl.m r'
j n n " 1
Louiii tna Irom France m lSO:i. In 1815,
this line was extended over Texas, which
has just been annexed to the United States
aland seemed to answer the ouruoso of an
adjustment. In however, when it
was proposed to extend this parallel of
:?d deg. "JO min. from tho Rio Del Norte
to tho Bacific, it was defeated in ihe House
of Representatives, alter having passed
the Senate by a majority of ten votes.
1 he agitation in (he country soon became
general, and by 1650, it had assumed an
alarming aspect. Tho good nnd great
men of nil parties, forgetting former dif
ferences and constrained by a nobler spir
it of patriotism, united in a common eli'ort
to allay the mighty surging of nn excited
public sentiment. Foremost in ibis great
work was the eloquent anil patriotic Clay
sustained by "Cass, Wkostck, Ki.g, und
othe rs. A series of acts were passed, fa-
milliarly known as I lie Compromise meas
urcs, which were acceptable lo the peo
pie and were ardently maintained.
One ofthnso acts organized tho tcrrilo-1
ries of New Mexico and Utah, and on the 1 1,,e lut'al governments, as all other ques
nrincinlesof non-intervention on ihe idan i tions f domestic policy are settled. The
of allowing the people to decide for them
' . . . . : . "-
selves whether Ihey would have the insti
tution of slavery or not. The whole
country seemed satisfied with the doctrine ,
of non-intervention by Congress, in thR
regulation of tho domestic; institutions of
tho territories, including that of slavery.
Without stopping to inquire into the con
stitutional power of Congress to legislate
on the subject, or lo what extent that
power might be exercised, tho p-ople re- I)ot the creation ol circumstances lor our
garded it ns wise nnd politic lo remove this selves, but that we must deal with existing
topic of apgrv nnd dangerous controversy i fo1-"1 sainedimVnlty occurred in the
out of Congress, aqd conf.dc it to those'! rnrly n'story of the country. We had ihe
who may occupy tho territories. We may ; institution of slavery entailed upon us, and
however remark that the question of nuth-' 1,10 ony matter of enquiry has long been
oritv in tho passage of the ordinanco of; I,ow il wns 10 llC managed to the greatest
n 87 under ibeold'confedcration, isa very . ailvanUlt-"J nf bol lho wIlit0 an'' l,lack
different one frnm the pass ago of the Mis'-! taces' killer number several million,
souri Compromise or any slavery restrie-' 0,1(1 wc nrH 1'"rt'e,1 10 lh! d''"'nma of re
tions whatever, imdor our present coi.siitu-' fining largo portion of jhem in bondage,
lion. Under the confederation the institu-' or ,,la'KU ihi-m our companions and equali,
lion ofslavery was not recognised under ' 1,1111 Vrnl them to share the honors of tho
the constitution it is, in three several inr. State, and inter-marry w ith our onugiitors
ticulars : ' : and friends. In the forcible language of
1st. In fixing the basis or representation "Ir- Je"t.kso, "we have the wolf by tho
and direct taxaiiojj. j ears, and wo can neither hold hitn nor
2d. In teieiatii.g the foreign slave trade I sal y ,1'111 f?-''
ui:l!l lbil. And y t much has been dent; in a legal
;)d. In providing for the rendition of fu-' and constilniioiial way fer the ntnelioiation
gitives from labor. 1 of litis unfortunate race of people. Tho
If it even hit clear lhat Congress is pos-! 111 " "l'''10 r -volulion had to deal with lha
sesscd of ample power to l.-isl.-ttc on the 1 institution of slavery as they found it, and
subject (and this is stoutly denied by Gen. : lhcy S('ic',' 'll 'he formaiion of the gov
Cass and other eminent men of the conn-! eriimmit. When these States were col'i
trv) it wns proper lo forei-o its e.xcrci . ' nk ('''''Hl llrl!!,in 1 V''r-V 0IMS wa'1 tt
The resort to this mod) of 'adjustment in ! slave-lmlding province. At the time the
lS.'O, seemed most .auspicious for the lion-! f '-onstiiution was framed, twelve out of tlx;
or, Iho dignity and peace of the States : "'" !c' n w' rc slave-holding Slates. Six of
for Ibe bannine nn,I rr.r.eritv rf iho! tho ongiii'd thirleeil have now become free.
people, and ubove all, for the stability of'
i i i i ".' " i
,. , ....... ,
our national union,
And is not this policy right and just in
itself according lo all our theories of gov
1 erni.-.ent ? Indeed we should allow cir.
. .
elvrs 10 lenr the consetpiottei's ol irtisim
any question or politics or morals wi'h
the people, wheihcr they bo resident of a
Stale or territory . This mode of adj ist
meet rests on great piincii b's, w hich in
their mode of application will be co-exteai
sivo will, all the i.;rril..ry we now have or
as me race ni man. tt is a niineiiiiu in
beautiful harmony w ith our republican in
stitutions the prineipleof self-government
the basis ol our enliio system. It was
for this dot trine'lhat our forefathers peril
led their lives, iheir fortunes and t he ir
sacred honor in the Declaration or Ir.J..-
' nenilriu-p I hot ilnu c' . i.rr..ld,l i.nrl Uerl
, T rt'-
anu icti int ir oones lo iiieiicn on ina rume
fields ol the involution. It was bull.!
oftho yrfir $2 00 will Im cliuri'Cfl.
principle of s lf government, that ll.'y in
voked the interpof ition of heaven Ltnl ac
cepted the irulirred aid of the generous
stranp r. I'or seven long years did ihey
labor to impress upon Lord North rind
(iitoiti;.: Ill, ihe virtue and power of this
"rent fundamental Irulh in the science of
government. The attempt of that monarch
"In bind ihe colonies in all things what
soever,'' and lo impose taxes without rep
resintatinn, rtavo ibis principle growth and
vii'or, iind cost him nrmies and an empire.
Since day lo the present lime it has
been gaining strength in all civilized coun
tries. American e;;pericnc,e bus fully
solved and settled tho problem of man's
ability for self-government. Whe.o can
be found the iusdanco in which trovern
mental ali'airs have been submitted to, or
intrtMed with the people, that Ihe results
have not been salutary ? Who will Ihen
at this day d.,ubl the tittiCss of the Ameri
can people to disposo of any ipiesiioti of
governmental policy found wathin the
limits of tho Constitution ? Who will
then contend for the absurd idea, lhat a
man loses bis capacity for self-government
by emigrating from a Statu to a territory?
Who will say that a man residing in
Massachusetts should,, through his repre
sentatives in Coti'rress, be permitted to
aiPt ""d rco-ulaie institutions of local
P'vernmenl lor Ins lellow man in Liah,
cvv Mexico, Mirmesota, Nebraska or
'nns:is W ill our Whig or Abolition
friends agree tnat when they shall have
1 emigrated to any of these territories, their
Democratic fellow-citizens whom thev
1 , , . , , ,, , . , , , . '
leave behind, shall decide for them what
kind of local institutions they shall have?
that their judgment and not that of the
emigrants themselves shall control as to
the institution ofslavery ! Or will contend
that the people will be careless of iheir
own true interest ? that their government
will be feeble or injudicious ? Whoever
says these things doubts all the principles
of our republican institutions, and disre
gards tho lessons of experience and the
teachings of ihe sages of the revolution.
Wo have already intimated, lhat we will
not discuss the abstract and somewhat
difficult questions of Congressional power,
which has grown out of the slavery con
troversy in ihe balls of the national legis
lature. We care not to decide, where so
many eminent men have differed, w hether
Congress has the power to establish or
abolish tho institution in the territories.
Bo that as it may, we assert tliat it was
w ise in 1 550, as in lisoL to refer lite whole
I question to the sovereign will of the peo-
1)l(" t0 te settled through iho action of
t .- ..: .i " .
rights of properly, the relations between
husutind and wile, parent and child, guar-
l,'un nn(l ward wecan
none more sacred and important in tho
, social state ; ana we sec no good reason
w hy the question of domestic slavery, the
relation of master and servant, should
alone he wiihheld from the action of the
It must nol be forgotton, lhat we have
''' ah-dition nt-ituiion in Congress, but
by ihe act on ol 1 tie pernio ol sever.
Stnies it; tlit tr sovereign cupacily at bonis.
This leaving tlx; question o lli.J people
was first adopted by Congress in l3-"H, and
was intr uded to be general in its applica
tion lo all territories lliereafter In bu or
ganized lhat il was to be a finality as to
Ihe principle lo I invoked, but net a fin
ality as to its application for that would
imply that U" more ten ii'.u ics were to be
nrganiz d. This posjti.,n is huslijined by
the licl, lhat in firming the boundaries ol
Utah and New N'exi'-o, nr respect seems to
have been paid to thr Acl of 162'J, fixing
w ha l is termed ihe Missouri line, nor the
act of It?l", Mending the line to the Rio
Del Norte. Tho larger portion of iho ler
ritory include. I in these nils of organiza
tion wain taken iron, the Mexican uccj'jisi
ti'.u, bul they include ttlsn n portion cftht
Texas tetri'ory nonh of S3 deg. oJ inin,,
and n part of '.he LouMina purchase.