Clearfield Republican. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1851-1937, August 19, 1853, Image 2

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

CLEARFIELD, AUG. 19, 1858.
Democratic Nominations.
Supreme Judge,
JOHN C. KNOX, of Venango county.
Canal Commissioner,
I'HOS. H.FOR&YTHiof Philadelphia co.
/ Auditor General.
EPHRAIM BANKS, of Milfip county,
Surveyor General.
J. PORTER BRA VV.LEY,of Crawford co,
£fcs“Tho Democracy of Clearfield Co.,
will bear ip mind that Saturday the 27Hi of
August, is the day upon which the Demo
crats of the different township meet at their
regular places of holding elections, for the
purpose, of electing Delegates to represent
them in tho County Convention.
~Georgetown, and its Associations.
.Tho city of Georgetown is situated on
the ■Northern bank of tho Potomac, ad-
joining tho Western side of tho National
-Capitol, and, with its surroundingsconery,
its magnificent churches, colleges and
schools, is one of the most'interesting lo
calities in the United States. This is tho
head of tide wnter on the Potomac, where
tho Chesapeake and Ohio Canal crosses
ihe 'riverby means of an acqueduct, which
togethor with tho shipping by the river,
gives to Georgetown a considerable com
merce, which is destined to increase with
tho growth of our country. Tho town
stahds upon quite an eminence, and which
eminence rises still higher to tho north,
interspersed with some of the most beau-
tiful country seats and private residences
to bo met with in any country. From
these heights, tho prospect is truly grand,
npd is well calculated to make every
American doubly fond of his country. To
the East lies tho city of Washington, the
beautifully shaded streets of which, viewed
at that distance, presents a not very inpat
likeness of our common country with its
diversified scenery of town and country
from Maine to'Texas; and tho imposing
while pnarble edifices, such as the Capitol,
the President’s House, tho Patent Office,
Post Office and Treasury Department, to,
gether with several other almost equally
imposing edifices, looming up hero and
there as monuments of a nation’s strength
and greatness. To tho South-east is spread
out the broad basin of tho Potomac, with
hundreds of sails floating to tho breeze,
spanned with what is called the Long
Bridge;- whore vessels of all classes are
passed up and down by means of n draw.
To the South and West, tho Ohio and
Cbepapeako Canal stretches out on its
windjpg voy towards the Apalachian chain
of mounloip?) apd the valley of the Po
tomac, whilst dye South other heights,
equally imposing, rise up, affording equal
opportunities for comfortable .country re
But Georgetown is most celebrated for
ifao popular and magnificent college which
( wps established there by the Catholics, at
,nn early day, and which is s'ill under their
eh&rgb, and is irin most prosperous and
flourishing condition. The buildings are
quite largo,, and can accommodate
two to three hundred students, with every
cpmfdrf. Excellent sleeping apartments
aro provided, which aro well ventillatedj
and where the utmost care seems to bo
taken for the Heallh nnd comfort of tho in
i>lntes--somo of tho memberr of the fa-
Culty being constantly with the hoys',' night
and day, sleeping or waking, The library
of'this College,'perhaps contains some of
the most valuable works in the world, and
jjs.ver.y extensive. Hero are some of the
.fimt copies of tho Biblo that were printed,
wilh tjie manuscript in tho Greek, Lotin
and. Hebrew languages. The collection
ds yerv extensive, with the rarest and most
useful Tho museum of natu
ral' curiosities is also extensive; but a
person who lias visited the curiosities ho
longing to tho Smithsonian Institute, ilow
in IheTJatfonaT Pa tent,Office, will not bo
particularly interested hero. Still the se
lections aro rdrp and in good taste, Tho
1 lh?BQ buildings aro ,jhung, with
some of tho best and richest paintings (hot
leVier CattlC from the hand of the artist, with
excellent' specimens of sculpture,
iKe, grounds beJdpgijig tp the estab-
are, if possible, qu'tto as iptejrest
as thh buildings l themselves. The ip-
oWps & large quantity of lam), on
tfey have pn extensive farm. A
'jgteep house is attached to tho building,
HxvWch is under tlwj immediate attention .of’
‘iwieof the Fathers, nnd in which nro plants
and ebrubs of ove/y climo $' together with
;h\ wnsmrd/ GQfltpjfling -fevorol] a<jres jn n
‘highly productive stata. i Immediately in
the West of the college a drriull: run mo-j
polders its course to tho fiver from the.
heights to the North, fur down in tho deep
dell. Along the cQurseof this stream are
laid out the walks belonging fo tho college.
Starting from tho building, and following
n smooth well graded path into tho Woods,
leading first to tho right, thon to tjje left,
and so op' alternnteiy/upli! ydtt, crime to a
flne-coofspriiig gushing) out ofj tho .bank.
Here you can croks the run, and aflorpro
ceeding just as far ns you have already
walked, you will find yourself where you
Started, only some hundred feet nearer
tide water level, but not at nil tired, althri’
ypu have wnlkod oil of a mile.
;At tho timq of'our visit, tho College
wns in vacation; butlhe Catholic Sunday
Schools of Georgetown wore having a
picnic celebration. They had met in the
grove at the spring of fresh water above
mentioned, in one of tho most romantic
spots, it seemed to u 9, that nature ever
designed. Horo a great abundance of tho
good things of this world were to bo had
whilst n largo platform of boards were laid
upon tho grass, upon which somo twenty
couple of the lads and lasses from the ten
der ngeof sixteen up to forly-fivo and fifty
wore constantly “tipping the light fantastic
too” to excellent music.
As tho shades of evening began to spread
over the earth, we turned our backs.upon
tho gay throng, feeling that wo hod been
well paid for an afternoon spontin George
(£rThc Regulars, under command of
Capt. Wallace, paraded our
Saturday last. Thoie were about thirty
fivo members, including officers, out in
full uniform on this occasion. It is said
they looked well and made rather a grand
(£5-John Bigler, the present incumbent,
has been nominated by tho Democracy of
California, n 9 iheircandidntc for Governor,
nnd Wm. Waldo, has been nominated ns
tho Whig candidate.
Steamer Illinois, from Califor
nia, which arrived at New York on tho
lOtli inst., brought three hundred passen
gers, and one million one, hundred and
throe thousnnd dollars on freight.
OO’-Tho Yellow Fever is prevailing at
Now Orleans to an alarming extent. The
deaths in that city for two weeks ending
Augusts, omounito 3,221, 1,445 of which
wore from Yellow Fever.
railroads from tho Ist'of Janu
ary last, up to the 12tl) of the present
month, sisty-fiyo cnsualities havo occurr
ed, by which ono hundred and thirty -three
persons have been killed and three hun
dred and thirty-three injured.
(KrVVe arc informed by a person who
has been on n tour to tho upper end of tho
county, that while n party were engaged
ono day last weelc, in tho edge of this or
In Cambria county, gathering Whortle
berry’s, n small boy in tho party was bit
ten seven timos by a Rattle Snako before
he was enabled to get out of its reach,
from the effects of which ho died in a few
minutes afterwards. We did not learn
tho name of tho boy.
OirTho, Methodists .have been holding
meetingsßegularly every night in this
place, since tho adjournment of tho camp
mcetiing on Wednesday the 1 Oth,and have
beep rather successful in their efforts. —
How long they will continue we know not.
oO"Many of our citizens are complain
ing of being annoyed with dogs, which in
fest our town, nnd appear to think that if
tho tax law which has been enacted, was
enforced, it would in a great degree tend to
rid us of these nuisances.
O^7“A Telegraphic despatch in the Daily
News of the 16th, says, that there wero
‘229 deaths in New Orleans on tho 10th
inst., 195 of which wero from Yellow Fe
ver-On tho 11th 217, of which 200 were
from yellow fever.—l2th 200 from yel
low, fifver. —On the 13th 170 deaths, of
which 153 wero of yellow fever.
The inhabitants are leaving tho city by
thousands, which probably accounts for
tho decrease in the number of deaths on
OCrWe understand that tho Advents;
Millorites, Assenlionists, or whatever you
may call them, intend holding a big meet
ing in this place, to commence in the Town
ftall on Saturday the 2Jthof August, and
continue for several days.
the latter part of last week
and the first of this, it was exceedingly
warm in this region, but we have since
been favored with several refreshing show*
1 era which has rendered it more comfort
able.'.' ; 1. 1
new Post office recently estab
lished at Trout'Run in -this county, is
qallcd S/uucsvitfe, and isriow in operation.
Amemcan Colonizatin Society.—
The reccptaof this Society for the month
ending on the IBlh ultij -@4,797, 'and in*
eluding a legacy of’ @807,20,' left by the
lato 8700
(from tho Virgirtid Colonization ; Society,
jBDOt) from the : Penn4ylfrnnia ''Society,
@720 from Ilio Now "York ; Society, and
©99 : 4, collected ihthoDislricl of Columbia,
tt groiiter poftioh-bf which was Ib.consti
tiito. President' Pierco a life member,'to
I Which object ei-Prcsident Fillmore, ; Secrej.
tnry Giithrio, 1 r afld : Senators' Doliglas:and
Wright each contributed @lOO.
From the London Morning Ad*erli«er
The mother may learn profitable lessons
from her daughter. Young America sets
examples to Old England which it,«.W.ero
well for the latter to imitate. The .Unit-:
ediStatts,though in their, infancy as com
pared with tho natibns of Europe, not only;
greater yigor jthan, tjny ojhqr
cdiiintry under tho sun, but, having tho
giant’s strength, the republic knows how
to wield it for her own interests and her
own honor. America is no craven count
ry. She has courage, and she knows
when and how t 6 No
will insult her with impunity. She Ims
not only a quick perception of what is an j
affront, but she losses not a moment in re*'
scnting it. i .
We havo just had a proof of tho power
and pluck of America, which hhdr astonish
ed tho courts of Europe, and which, being j
afforded at this particular moment, ought
to mako this country hide its head for
very shame at tho contrast which its con
duct, when insulted by tho Czar, exhibits
to the world. Tho incidents of the Symr
ria affair are few and soon told. M. Kos
ta, a Hungarian, and a friend of tho Mag
yar chief,was one of the patriots who took
refuge from the Austrian fury by which
they were pursued in,the territories of the
Sultan. From Turkey ho afterwards
proceeded to Americn. From the latter,
after a resiclenco of something more than j
two years,bo returned to Smyrna. Ibis,!
it is said, was contrary to an understand
ing entered intq with the Turkish govern
ment, to tho effect that ho should not ro
turn to any part of tho dominions of the
M. Kosta denies that he was a party to
any such understanding. Bo this ns it
may, lie was seized by tho commander of
an Austrian brig-of-war, acting in obedi
ence to the instructions of the Austrian
consul. The latter had previously insist
ed on tho Hungarian refugee being at once
expelled from tho place, in which wish the
Turkish authorities were willing to acqui
esce. The other foreign refugees in Smyr
na became greatly excited when they
were informed 'that one of their number
had been forcibly seized by tho Austrian
authorities. A disturbance was tho result,
and one of tho consequences of tho tumult
was, that an belonging to
a family of rank, w'qflHHv.
Wo now come to tl9|Hßpw. q/dho un
fair. On learning happened, on
American officer, (Captain Ingraham,)
regarding tho Hungarian refugee ns a nu
turalized citizen of his country, lost no
time,in the tempornrynbscnco oftho Amer
ican consul, in demanding tho interview
with Kosta. Tho demand was complied
wi'h. The result of Captain Ingraham’s
interference was, that the exiloj
was committed to llieonro of tho French,
consul until the views of tho American j
ambassador at Constantinople should bo.
known on the subject. The latter did not
hesitate a moment as to the course w hich
ho ought to adopt. Ho instantly despatch
ed instructions to the American consul at
Smyrnn to demand tho immediate liber
ation of Kosta, and to instruct the Amer
ican commnnder, it the prisonoi were not
restored to his freedom within four hours,
to blow up, with all on board, the Aus
trian brig, by whoso commander ho had
been seized. The nocossity of this ex
treme step had been, however, supersed
ed by the previous surrender of tho Hun
garian to tho French consul, until the
pleasure of tho higher authorities could bo
This is what may, with the greatest
propriety, be called going ahead. The
Yankees havo made up their minds to
stand, as they themselves express it, no
nonsense, come from what quarter it may.
They are determined to mako themselves
respected in nil parts of the world ; and
they are equally resolved to resort to any
meusures which may be found necessary
for that purpose. No one will be. suffered
to insult them, or to act contrary to their
views of international rights wilhirnpunily.
We run no risk in predicting that Austria
will be in no hnsto to try further experi.
mcnts on America enduranco. Neither,
we venturo to'say, will any other power.
America will at least exact, an outward
I show of respect from all governments. —
She has both the means and disposition to
vihdicdto her honor. And she also takes
the most prompt and most efficient way
of doing it.
llow striking thocontrastr-rand to oyery
Englishman how mortifying—bctweop
Amorica and this country) Who has
forgotten, or ever will forget, tho hesi
ation, the poltroonery, which Lord Mal
mesbury displayed in the Mather case at
Florence? There is not a true-hearted
subject of Queen Victoria whoso cheek
does not crimson with shame, and whose
breast does> not burn with indignation,
while he reflects on.that most disgraceful
busjness. Not only ought the .man who
could betray tho honor of his country, and
compromise the great principles of justice
and humanity as Lord Malmesbury did
on that occasion, to have heon expelled
from offico,; amid tho groans and execra
tions of tho people, but ho ought .tO;bnve
also had the doors of private, society clos
ed against him;. That foul blot on tho
national clufracter will never be washed
out not even wore tho. waters of tho
ocean to be exhausted in tho attempt. The
name ofMalmesbury will be ignominious
ly transmitted to tho remotest posterity in
association with that of Mather— thef victim
of an unparalleled Austrian brutality,'per,
petroled in the street of Florence;
Scarcely lesa disgraceful is the conduct
which our' present - Foreign Minister has
exhibited in this Russian and: Turkish
business- i Tho Czpr has daily and hour
|y blustered nnd bullied at our expense
'.ever since the commencement of the affair;
And not content with offering 'ustWgros|
eest nffronts. and literally heaping, his in
solence uptmmsi ho ha's now,! in defiando
of reiifon&te'rances, and in disregard ofdur
entreaties, resorted to an overt act of war
against Turkey. He lias marched his
armies across the frontiers. He has tak
en possession of Turkish territory, and is
already, for all practical purposes, exer
cising "the power of .n sovereign there.—
The no'longer, in point of,
fqct, the of tho are;
the subjects ofCzar.j An<) yet the persons'
ttj whom the of this count
ry is confided hciye not'the coUfirgo to re- !
sent tho indignity done to England, nor to
punish tho matchless audacity which has
planned and carried out this bold .Stroke;
of Muscovite policy.
If our. Foreign Minister 1 and the Premier
had any vestige of self-respect remaining,
they would feel heartily ashamed, as they
contrast the coufago of the Americans'
with their own cowardice —tho prompti-!
tude end energy of the Yankee ambassa- 1
dor at Qonstnntinoplojwilh their delays and j
indecision. And to make matters oil tho |
more disgrucful to England, the American
navy costs scarcely anything, while tho
maintenance of ours subjects tho notion to
an outlay of more than £5,000,000 a
Tho Americans do everything—every
thing, wo mean, which is necessary —to
vindicate the national honor, at a few
thousandsa year. Wo do nothing, literally
nothing, to uphold tho reputation of Eng
land, though our navy costs millions. —
Look on this picture, and on this. Was
there ever such a contrast as that present
ed, in this respect, between America and
England? How long will our country
monenduro sohumilinting n state of things?
It is for themselves, to answer tho ques
Startling Aspect of the Fishery Question.
A Fresh Speck of War — The Fisher,
ies the Private Property of the Farl cf
Washington, Tuesday, August 0,’53.
A new clement —most extraordinary in
its character, and of portontous aspect —
has been introduced into the great contro
versy about tho fusheries, announcement
of which will cause greater agitation and
excitement than havo at ony period hither
to been manifested on tho subject.
A new and formidable claimant for the
fisheries Is in the field.
The Govcrnmeht has been notified that
an American company —including, it is
said amongst its members a distinguished
statesman, one of the most prominent bank-
ors of Washington, a former Assistant J
Secretary of tho Treasury of tho United j.
Stales, and several leading capitalists in
Wall Street—hialto exclusive claim to all!
the fisheries now in controvcry between;
the United States and Great Britain, under j
title derived from Alqxander, Jiarl of Stirl- j
■ n gand Uayan,Hereditary LioutenanlGcn-,
eral and. Lord Proprietor pf Canada and)
Nova Scotia, and that the company pro
pose testing tho legality of their claim, by
fitting out a vessel manned by American
seamen, nnd despatching her to tho fish
ing grounds claimed exclusively by'Great
Britain, or by granting licenses to tho
American fishermen ol Marblehead and|
Capo Cod to prosecute their business on |
all tho coasts of Canada, Nova Scotia,;
New Brunswick and Prince Edward’s Is-,
lands being moro than threo thousand; extent, in spito of what they pro-j
nounco tho diplomatic blunder of lblB,|
by which the United Slates, after obtain-j
ingfrom Great Britain tho concession of ;
the right of fishing on certain coasts of
Newfoundland, on the shores of the Mug- j
dalen Islands, and the southern costs of
Labrador, renounces forever tho liberty of
fishing within three miles of any other
part of British coasts in America, or of
i curing or drying fish on them,
i The company say that if tho title to the
fisheries is in Lord Stirling, and not in
i the British government, he has the un
-1 doubted right of transferring it to Amcr
■ ican citizens who, if disturbed in tho right
thus acquired, may demand the protection
I of tho United States, which will bo bound
• to see if tho titlo is good, and if so, to de
, fend it.
A collision may be anticipated ; should
the administration decide to sustain the
rights asserted by tho company, the Brit
ish government must make large conces
sions, or war seems probable.
Lord Stirling is now in Washington/
whiihor ho ha? said to have come by ad
vice of somo of tho lending statesmen of
Great Britain, who thought this tho place
most ndvantagoou?ly to assert his, rights.
Ho is n man of yenernblo appearance,
somo seventy years of age, ofdignifiedand
courteous mnnncrs,,and of well established
personal honor and integrity. He is nc
compninediby, his son.
Lord,Starling claims as hejr of his an
cestor, Sir William Alexander, of Men
strie, Scotland, Viscountpf Canada, Vis
count and Earl of Stirling, ,qnd Earl of
Dovan to, whom royal, chnrfors) , under
the great seal, were granted,, which... were
recognised npd ;confirmed by an .act of
Rarlimentin tho presenpp of King,Charles
tho First. These aro all on record at
10th September, f 621—Original char-,
ter ofNQva Sjcpiih.
12th July, of Nova
Damus, of the lands, lordship, and barony
of NpVa Scotia,.
3d May, 1627—Charter, .ortho country
and dominion of New Scotland. ~ (lii |
2d February, 1623—Original charter
ofCanada,includiogfiftyjQagueVof bounds
op botl> sides of tho" riyef St.. Ldwrcricei
and tho Grdat .flakes., . ;
These chartdfe.gnvd tfufUarl of Stirling
vast political and qdmimstrifliye
He, wap rnado . h)s hereditary
i oyer tno, wholp ijbuhi
lr.iSB.of :; Ndyia,Scpha?ahJl!^C^ijitiJa;,.':'fld
;wns,al?<> midd justico-gfjnoij-a^’ adpu-j
: ral, Iprd of, ( jregqljty,'
, /arcl.j-Tho ppiwq/, tyaq jpouferyp^ppomhtm
of making .atate andi juatice 1 , pf
. conferring titiep of bpijor, ojf', coining jrip|
i peyji andithp mating .lowa
'/concerningdfhe public .state, good, gpvprj
I ment of the country. He had the power
of appointing one hundred and fifty bard
nets, called Baronets of Novia Scotia, who
were to take precedence of all other baro
nets. Under this power the first Earl ac
tually made over one hundr^d'-Jjattonet^;
. nearly fifty of thopresent bayonets in (jßenf
'Britain hold tfioir title?front patents gran
ted by the first Earl of Stirling. ;
I ! The,cjiarters of Nova| Scotia and Cqfi
■ n’da give'to Lord Stirling, his heirs and
assigns, the complete right of fishing with
in six leagues of the shore, on precisely
tho coasts which we have relinquished; an
'extent of coast .of, over, thousand j
miles'in length. ' The charter of Nova
Scotia, after giving tho boundaries of tho
country granted, including New, Bruns
wick, proceeds in these words :—“lnclu
• ding all and comprehending within the
j said coasts and their circumferenc, from '
I son to sea, all'the continents, with rivors,
Jbrooks, bays, shores, islands, or seas, ly
ing near or within six leagues of any part
of tho same, on tho west, north or east
[ sido of tho coasts ; and from tho southeast
where lies' Capo Breton, and the south
! part or tho same, where is Cape Sable,
i all the seas nnd Islnnds southward within
i fort}' leagues of tho coasts thoreof,” &c.
jAnd the charter proceeds to grant to Sir
Alexander, his heirs and assigns
among other things, all “marshes, lakes,
{waters, fisheries, ns well in'palt water as
in fresh, of roya l fishes, ns of others,” &c.
(“marresius lacubus aquir piscationibus\
, am in aqua salsa quam recenti tam rega~
Hum piscium quumtilioruni.") The char
iter also refers to undertakings which the
i grantee may make with “divers of our sub
jects nnd others, who probably shall enter
j into contracts with him,his heirs,assignees
lor deputies, for lands fisheries,” &o.
I It is alleged that,
I I. Courts of compelant jurisdiction hnvo
|judiciously established that the present
j Earl of Stirling is lineally descended from
, tho first Earl of Stirling, nnd tho real heir
jto his titles and estates. j
i 11. The titles of the present Earl ofj
Stirling have been officially recognised on
j the most soleme occasions in England,ftnd :
I Scotland. t I
It is further alleged that tho Earl of Stir
ling’s namo was inserted upon the groat
roll of the Peers of Scotland, in 1831, a
roll inscribed in the archives of the King
at Edinburg, drdwn up by order of the
House of Lords, entered upon its register
and transcribed upon its minutes. Sinco
that period tho Ear! of Stirling has voted
again at tho general elections pf 1885 and
1837. His name is also entered on the
list of these Peers who competed at these
elections —-lists recorded In thd royal ar
chives of the Upper House. From these
lists results the proof tlint from 1825 to
1837 the present Earl of Stirling, always
recognized in his rights, voted during n ’
period of twelve years ns a Peer of Scot- *
land, without effective protest.'
And also, that be has not only recogniz
ed by his peers and, the magistrates and
courts of Edinburgh, but that the Lord
Chancellor Lyndhurst, Earl Gray, the
Primo Minister, the Lords of the Commit
tee of Council,.in the King’s name, corres
ponded officially with the Earl of Starring
and addressed him by his title.
John L. Hayes, Esq., council for Lord j
[Stirling, states that in an interview with]
! the Hon. Robert J. Walker, Into Sccre-j
'taryoftfio Treasury, AJr. Walker said
that prior to his departure for Europo, ho
hud, at tho requosl of Lord Stirling ox
laminod the caso, and although his multi
plied engagements prevented his h“ v * n g
bceen professional'y employed as council,]
as Lord Stirling desired, he (Mr. Walker)]
entertained an undoubted qbnviction,
which was confirmed by conversation ro
lativo to tho case with several distinguish
ed persons, during his late visit to Eng
land and Scotland, of the heirship, identi
ty and legal right of Lord Stirling.
L myself have had an interview witlp
Mr. Walker, and he informs me that Mr.
Hayes's statement is true aud correct.
As further developements takes place
you shall be first informed of them,
The Exeenlion of James Shirley.
Hollidaysburg, Pa, Aug. 12. —James
Shieley was executed at this place, this
afternoon, for murder. At one o’clock,
the prisoner, habited in his shroud accom
panied by tho Reverends John Stillings
and Lloyd Knight, descended from his
cell to tho jail yard, and walked with a
firm step to the scaffold, which he ascen
ded unassisted, and took his ecat on a
After singing and prayin g by the cler
gy, they took leave of him. Thomas
McDpwel, Esq, tho counSol, alko
tqok leave of him, when, Shirley remarked
that, if any bne else wished to toko loavft
of him they might do so.
All tho prisoners present in the jail yard
then shook hands with him, after'which
tho sheriff asked him if he had anything to
eay. " '■; V ,1 ,
Shirley replied—l havo nothing oxcept
that I hope to meet all these gentlemen
present ip PnrpdisQ hereafter. ‘ I die bettor,
than.l taught I shoold. This is not the
backing up of tho spirit of the man—it is
ttye spirit of God that enables mo to do so.:
jf rievjer, iyps ti, bad ,ipnri,. naturally; I wish
tq say jilie epuso of all this was intemper
ance. f ■
~ Tfie cap was then drawn over his face
wfren ho coiled put.: , ‘Bhbriflj’’j(Mie. sheriff
turned .tqflhe.c.ulprit,.whenhe
‘‘ttvill alao'say tlinUytoti, pir, drie
map. .God,blessypu.V '
, . Thq deputy ,sheriff then,asked him if’Ko
Had, any, to .pjpMj $9 * ! ro|»iiec|, !
N0,,1 hpyq nothing tqep^,bn,that subject, ’’
~ Atfwenlyiseyen ijrjmptes ppsiope b’cjdckj
the 'drqp’felli and ’Jpmes BhSilfjjr wflsJ|nyn4
ched from intd eternity. , A,ll,sigqs‘c>f]
life had ceased at eight, minutes after the
drop fell. 1
‘;. Jfdiinspn tKa iciindiddte
Fjom lho Richraond £*urain«r, Jul/89. ■
Tho speculation and interest which *
htfve been excited in regard to this exten
sive region have burst, upon the mind at-, .;
jpnost like the revelation of a new world; ~
and a world now to human, industry and ;I
enterprise does indeed invito tho raerchant n
and the colonist, and offers to both the ; ,
boundless treasures of tropical exuberance.
Up to this time the thick clouds of ignor
npce and indifference have veiled thU !:
vast and luxuranf country from nearly $ll
eyes. Occasionally, it is true, an adveh- ,
turous traveller penetrated tho dense and
tangled forests traversed by tho main cur
rent of tho mighty stream, and astonished '
the credulous and the incredulous by tv
llie tales-of wonder which ho .brought
home with,him on his .return. But the -
1 great valley itself reniain'ed unpeopled,
| unused, and almost unknown from the
timoofits early exploration by Orejlans;
and tho fabulous announcement that it was
inhabited by a race of Amazons. Some ~
rare beasts, a few huge serpants, and sev. i,
eral brilliant orchidaceous plants, consti
tuted, with the , caoutchouc from the 9er.,
ingas of Para, nearly theonfy representa
tives by which its productions were made 111
known to tho civilized world. At length
various coincident influences, happily edei- 1
curring in time and effect, are gradually 11
attracting the attentions of Amorians to :
the oxhauslioss capabilities of the countrjr.
The visit of an American citizen to PAta ’
jand the tower waters of tho Amazon dif- •’
i fused a few years ago a slight and ngreer. 1 ■
able acquaintance with some of the char-' l^
I nourishes of the trnct along his hurried', 1
route; and the zeal and ingenious re- ‘
searches of Lieut. Maury have more re : J
cently concentrated regard on the eminent"
advantages to bo anticipated by American 1
commerce from opening tho Amazon to;'
the influx of colonists nrid tho trade of the 1
world. Prom tho explorations of Lieut. '
Gilliss wo may hopo for accurate, authen- '
tic, and extensive information in respect *
to the resources and peculiarities of the
great paradise; and thus our . 1
knowledge of the interior of Brazil may 1
no longer bo limited to tho occasional in* 1
spectiori of such rare works as the travels ‘
lof Casteinaq, and the explorations of Von ’
Spix and Martius.
ut this lime, while atlQ'n '
lion is draivn to the heart of the southern';
continent, the more liberal policy lately '
inaugurated by somo of tho Pacific repub
lies nffofds the hope of access, and invites ■
enterprise towards the sources of the great 1
river, neutralizing, in some slight degree,
the torpid pna execlusive statesmanship of
the Brazilian empire. The' reports of un- '
told and still unsunned treasures of gold, 1
which aro strengthened by tho conforms-
tionof the country, and by tho, known
abundance of precious metals in tho neigh
boring provinarice, will stimulate ndvon- ‘
turo, and may be, at no distant day, the
means of brenking down tho jealous barri-'
ors interposed by Brazil to any extensive '
navigation of tho Amazon, or any effectu- ’
al settlement of the immenso and richval- '
ley. At ihe timo, wd havo noted '
with interest the dubious statement of tho ‘
prospective occupation of the Gnllipagos is-.’,
lands by Mormon colonists, who may 1
form tho advanced guard and earlier out- ‘
posts of, American civilization in its onward ’
movement towards tho southern continent. 1
We leave to,ihe mdjrp competent hands of
Lieutenant Maury the development of tho :
mcrcliantilo temptations of Amazonia, and:
to Lieutenant Gilliss the moro exact de- ‘
termination of its other characteristics,and
only invite ihe curious and diligent re
gards of our businsa men, roving citizens, j
and curious inquirers, to the field qf nd.>|
venture and wealth which expnqds itself,
so promisingly to. their considerqtiqp.-->
Wo leave to tho leamod and tfavellodi
leisure of thesamo gentlemen tho detailed. |
communication of the varied productions,;
tho natural rosouces, olid the physical,
features of this home of perpetual spring,,
and shall only alludo to a few of thoso po.-, J
culiariiios of tho country which are known,
to us by early and long continued, study..
of tho region. Tho extent and the inclin-,
ntion of tho great water-shed and of the
immense valley fall within tho npprapfP,
ate province of Lieut. Maury, and wecoitr.
fine ourselves to a brief.; notice of tho*#
points which may address - themselves di-,
rectly to popular apprehension, and thus
elict further interest nnd inquiry.;
• Tho main course of tho Amazon is from
wost to oast, running very nearly under,
the equator, but its upper waters and maiq
tributaries pursue for the most part.:*
northerly direction. From the great fallfl
to tho mouth, a distance of 2,000 miles, if
is uninterrupted by either cataracts of
rapids, and is navigablo for frigates at aj|
or nearly all, seasons of tho year. By
thfe Riti Negro u connexion is ’ made with
tho Orinoco nnd tho Caribbean sea, which
is avuilable for largo boats in, tho rainy
season, at which time i a communication
bould probably be effected with the Mag
dalena and the Gulf of Maracaibo., Thufc
besides tho internal communication, ,lwft
Outlets are afforded to the north and tbs
northwest. On the east tho mouth of tb>
river open to the great ocean, i Ut rough tb#
main channel of tho Amazon i.ia frequent
ly rendered-perilous 1 by tho rush - of (At
tremendous tides. The sources oflh»
Ucayali intelock with ■ thoso'of the: Par*-
guay, the PileomayoF.and thefbederasf
(he Rio do Id PUtth;’ furnish An-, escaped*
the south; While thdy areat no great dfv
tanco from the streatnsUhat!descend ink)
the Pacific on the west ; though separated
frdm them 1 by, tjtW iritbrvdning 'chdjn ofthe
'Andes, WHdttj'it i8 l( br'dlfbh'.hy s ita :i higbW
peak?. ■ !! rf l thd l dountfy :l Wdfe settled by top
mdmirmifs 1 . ‘hhd 1 etiterdrising : people,-d
WoulfcP’tiit be i: dfffiBWF;t6 i<! tfp6'n a
jttdl bet«W»d i
tjio ''Atld ptic 'jfnd l I*acifitJi- dhdrfes, 1 and * tj*
ttoebn the Guif of' Mexico'and the Bir
LaPluia/ whilo nll parts of the interior
i wduld pH rendered 'dcidssibjel ‘by ! tbh nurtv
erous - df the'Ante* 1 ®;
Tn a country'Whterdd bydhei lbngs*l*°"