Clearfield Republican. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1851-1937, August 19, 1853, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

lowia|fvp?r layproblf,:; fltjih;;’ •
. ■;. ..V;EIRM-6.,' • I .. ;
OHti'COfy VBARat<AWAHCBi ‘ «1
ip HOT Wiko WltHiN hiX moHtiib.
sw*«»Th4abovaUrmi araat liberal aiiboie oI aarothoi
ooeatry jpaporla the State.asd will be eiaptea..
NoiUooatlaukabo wlflbWloweil
beeatoald* )
Dihrif; and m abilitf of rdatMAßt ebb.
Poi)d>M(«l« ; n‘*lWl»kko o ?S(S,d b b» lht»* ta'whoni
»raoa»t»f lh» «übio'lplron tno«"». . _| o tb«r>,
HSS; 5 ««n»y»: «*»•«
July 3,1853.
Editors (Pennsylvania:
‘ D*Xn Sirs’— Tho following lelter was
received front Gov.' Bigler last night, by
Committed on Shop Tax. ,
h Executive Dep’t., Habrisburo.
I To Messrs. James \Vesl, Jos. Erskino
and E. H. Plummer. • '
t jGfentlenen: —Yours of tlio 21st, was
.received during my absence .Worn the seat
fif G-overnm'ent, which must bo my apolo
gy for the delay of answering it.
' Tho object ofyour communication, you
say, is to ascertain tho sentiments oftho
f Committee of the Senate upon tho 11th
of the net of 22d of April, 1840,
I: entitled. An! Act to providofdr tho reduc
tion of tho'public debt in reference to me
i chanics who Keep stores or warehouses for
t the sale of their own manufactures exclu
sively. From the tenor of your letter, I
i may presume that tho matter in conlro
| vorsy has been passed upon by one of tho
» Courts of your city, but as to the prcciso
f- point adjudicated, or tho (acts which gave
rise to the decision of the Court, 1 have no
means of knowing. 1 infer, however,
fromyqpr language, that thopeiaons now
manufacturing exclusively, thus w say.
Those who keep a shop tor tho purpose ol
making to order for their customers such
articles as thoy want of their own manu
facture for tho accommodation of their
customers, who may not wish to have
them made,and those who have the means,
in their leisure time to manufacture work
tosell to dealers, and those again who keep
a store in some retired place for the solo
purpose of manufacturing articles to sup
ply the stores of dealers, and sell tho ar
ticles already manufactured to their hands.
I wps Chairman of tho Committee of tho
Senate to which the bill containing this
section was referred—it was discussed
very fully in tho Commitleo os well as in
the Senate, and my recollection is clear
that the proviso to the section was intend
ed to protect mechanics who made and
sold their own goods, otherwise the oppres
sion upon tho productive labor would bo
severe. This is my distinct recollection
as to the intent of tho Committee and Sen
ate. As to the judicialconslruction which
should bo given to tho section, I can, or
course, venture no opinion—that duty
being properly vested in another tribunal.
This I may say, however, that if by judi
cial construction the section is mado to
embrace any of tho occupations you re
fer to—thoso who manufacture and sell
their own goods exclusively—it wo “' d
seem a harsh .one, and certainly not with
iq the intention of thoso who enacted tno
I law-
Yours, very obediently,
■ Wm. Bioieit.
L ■ Sudden Rising op an
f Sweam.—About four o’clock in garter
: noon thore was a cry in tho encampment,
«'EI want iace !” “the Wady is coming!
Going out to look 1 saw a broad white
eheot of foam advancing from tho south
between tho trees of tho valley. In ten
minutes after a river of wator came pour
irig along and spread all around us, con
vcrtin"our encampment into nnislo of the
valley? The current in its deepest part
' was verv powerful, capable of carrying
away sheep and cattle and uprooting trees.
This is one of the most interesting phen
omena I havo witnessed during my present
tour in Africa. Tho scene indeed, was
perfectly African. Rain had been observ
ed lolling in the south ; black clouds and
darkness covorcd the zone of heaven;
and an hour afterwards came pouring
‘ down this river of water into l, ‘° Pe™'
ad-up valloy. This accident of Wady Tin
fa-chodn explains, tho scriptural phrase,
< “Rivers bf water}” for here, indeedi was
h rivbr Of water appearing in JV®,
and almost Without notice.— Rtcherthons
Narrativo of a Mission to Central Af-
f - Pittsburg -Dispatch: of,T«*d*y»
«tbto: a letter to, the Governor,* m°Ptb
purporting to be from. the P«litpr of
ffipapSiorgiDg. bim to WW ft .<?Pft b ;
woriantlnthe Jewell case.andstatfngtha,
it was gnerally believedltbat hq .had been
•bribed motto da so* Tho.scoupdrel coof
•ly snvasi*li i\ad .intended to make ll' l Mbo
•luUiffil.oEian editorial,: jbid! sfi9el«jde<UP
•riifonWcuithesa!fewdines»idW-! ..Pf-SW*. • j
aEo Govtemarat ortc£> detected -the;r.ascf»l!y
•forgery,: naihcj author fteeW 3 ’ tft dJftV.ft
Itba'ignniant to Carry, lOAt.bift! .dpßtgn, ®9J*r |
jtodaoiwoflny 'j?hß;lpiiPs! > ,#lP
.ntaJoßßigtriiOnd oshopld! 0
notiberweli Joribinv;; w...:, •
i »ofPnp"\^?! n G. e
l‘ ‘ jlfoldlrfpctolsifwfflftfW 5 '
k '.mum*
Kti -distributed,id pwnM ul P!\?»
11 • itojUWk
H>t! uoothekdipd
fp. to»j»%o&ta?*PB >■ til
r.:i v;!3. ii? «c.> y<WSs.c.n« ! > ; ;i todnatn ftfiti. oil r/’fl nmr
L'klSk). (KJ-hi -ioj/f?am\ all .WfiMoil ndi reov.ft . .UKtMr.u Ur,sl {Jl..u >.
• r v..-.: ; rot iiy.fsiv.tT V- nti rnm>! \m -wton
'A f
I( 'j ... i v«n-; ...h I: . 1 *.H ... I■' l!*t nivm. ■'i": 1.. .1 pil'. I I i'UB .•.« ‘ '
9 f 1
Volume 4,
vFrum Sharpo'* Magazine tor July.)
From the bondman, trembling undor a
scourgo in the American plantations, we
sometimes, turn to Africa, the: mother of
bondage, who forges chains for her own
children. Oftho iron dug from her own
mountains theso fetters nro mndo, and the
tribes oftho sons of Tubal Cain beat and
shape them on her own soil. In the Soli,
tudo of those control deserts man keeps
tho gato open to his enemy. The sword
never found a pnssago thither. Nothing
but gold over penetrated tho Sahara. Its
dwollcrs were never conquored by an Al
exander or a Ctesar, but any truckling
kidnapper can corrupt them. It is a bit
ter Witness to the broken faith of man with
man, to see creatures born under tho
pledgo of a common compact and natural
law betraying and degrading one anothor ;
but the most miserable sight in tho whole
dark range of human debasement is that ol
the beginning of the slave’s sorrow. Ho
is pilioblo when ho has grown old in servi
tude,but still more pitiable when tho ank
lets and manacles aro new and bright up-
on his limbs, when liberty still lingers in
his thoughts, like tho sweetest tasto of
childhood, and ho is torn from homo, cast
ing n longing, wretched, hopeless look
Remote in tho wilderness of Central Af
rica slavery brings forth its offspring. —
There, among beautiful hills arid oases,
watered by delicious springs, with dato
grovea shading hamlets which seem all
pleasantness and peace, mothers nurse tho
young brood which iB to pine and toil, and
perish in tho sugar or“’tobacco grounds of
Cubia or the Western Continent.
A groat lielt of populous country stretch
es across the desert, which spreads over
the contra! reigon of Africa, and was by
the ancients compared, with its tawny sur
face and spots of hill and verdure, to a leop
ard’s skin. Four great kingdoms arc sit
uated upon this populous belt —Wndal,
Bournou, Soudan, and Timbuctoo, whence
four caravan tracks lead down ncross
sandy and stony wastes to tho Barbary
coast. Lessor kingdoms lie around about,
each in a oasis of its own; and from all
of these come annually to tho sea-trains of
captured slaves, to bo sold in iho cities
and ports, while others go westward to
supply tho traders who ply to tho shores
ofCuba. Ivory, ostrich feathers, senna,
wax, and indigo are also brought down ;
but this legitimate traffic is comparatively
small, of recent growth, and never jikely
to become important without diminishing
or extinguishing the commerco in human
Melancholy everywhere, tho slavo sys
tem is most melancholy in Central Africa.
For, in thoso distant countries, defended
on all sides by deserts, and only mado ac
cessibly by the cupidity of man, wo per
ceive the slave in his original homo, en -
joying that happiness which harmonize
with his natnre, and is interrupted by tho
stealth or violence of the kidnapper.
Wo may choose a city of the onco fam
ous and mysterious kingdom of Bournou
tho city of Zinder, buried deep in tho cen
ter of Africa,* it is picturesquely situated
amid undulations of green hills, with
spinklcs of gigalic knolls. Mondows he
around it with fences, and corn stacks
and granaries stand in tho open country
without bolt or guard, illustrating a reel
in" of honor among these “mighty hun
tors” of their follnw-mcn. About twenty
thousand pcoplo dwell hero in habitations
which is scattered over a vast snaco of
ground, A conical hill, or a block of
granite, marks each soperato quartor. Cir
cular walls of matting, enclosing a num
ber of huts, mud-houses, denotes tho resi
dence of a chioftain, whito irregular clus
tors show whoro tho inferior qualities of
the population, are congregated. At sunsot
oneortwo hunilred vultures fly in n. circle
over the city, nnd clean it from refuse col
lected in tho dav. Thorp aro two wook y
markets,'.when cattle, camols, sheep flesh,
fish, wheat," honey, hotkabobs, and sweet
potatoes aro exposed for sale, besides mer
chandise and slaves. Fruit and vegetables
bfthe,pnost cooling kinds are brought from
gardens which’ pleasantly encircle* Zinder,
qnd thus a strange nation passes a strange
but unromantic life. ' . .
I’ho great .trade of the kingdom is in
slaves, who are classed in a peculiar man
ner;"’the men art, assorted into those who
have a btsard; tlioSe who liftvp none, and
those who have a 1 heard .hog'nniilgrwhilo
the women : nre ; valued; accprdinrto 'the
size olid shdpo of their bosoms. The bfcst
of-lhotngo to the city ofNiflec, to bo.tnore
Shipped ffoVi A'mbnca. ; There.!»
traffic;in thososlaytW;; ; -whMreex--
chdhiyd for Arnericah 1
to bo-fbund in these markets ffiwo nbunb
ontly than thoso of ahy 9thfr cb,unt^y.*—
Tile'chiefsiavb hunterd in. these kingdoms
nrb, j of cohrse^ 1 ilie Hungs -themselves
£&mo ! iJf theiif jgo’but once
SsSa'hibhthiflhd I hh\ I vfrTouß , ‘.preenc9s,
Mr* word Moslohvy, and ‘h°
latcrs, a religious cry covered the shame
ClenrHeldy Pa.,Aiig. I©, 18S3.
had before) hunted tho Kaffirs or .infidels I
There common plan is this: A chief fom
ents n quarrel tvilli some town or village
within his territories, Upon somo affair of
taxation, and captures all the inhabitants.
In Order to enjoy this privilege ho pays a
tribute to tho Groat Sheikh, or Lord of
A regular razzia, or slave-hunt in tho
Sahara, is perhaps tho most extraordinary
of all tho operations invented by man to
obtain wealth. F*or somo timo before,
there is generally a rumor in tho city that
this event is to tako place, and great is the
excitement in tho bordering countries un
til it is known in which direction tho sar-
Icce or governor will march. This vill
age is now named and now that; but a
mystory usually prevails till within a few
davs of tho start. Monnwhilo; small
parties aro sent out from timo to timo to
steal “a family or two,” in order to bo ex
changed for certain nuts which tho sarkco
is pleased to like. Then, perhaps a boy
pilfors a little fruit. Public justico must
bo vindicated ! Ho is sold in tho bazaar,
and not only he, but his father, mother
and"sisters, and perhaps tho whole circlo
of his relations, tho money boing appro
priated by the chief.
Gradually, howover, tho plan of tho
great .razzia is completed. A thousand
slaves aro required—so many to bo sent
tho sheikh, so many to be distributed n
mong tho inferior traders, and so many to
bo kept by tho sarkeo. If a common man
catches five, three belonging to him, and
two to his feudal master; if ho kidnaps
two, cafch has one for his share. Thua
the whole, population has nn interest in tho
result eP'tJrcrdxpcctntion ; and all join with
hope and gleo to chaso tho peaceful villag
ers of tho contiguous country, and bring
them homo disolato and in chains. Five
thousand cavalry, and thirty thousand
bowmen assemble on a plain near the city;
tho drums of Zinder beat; tho people
shout; gaudy flags and emblems stream
in tho sun; nnd nway goes tho cavalcndo
I with ns much pomp and pride as Napol
eon’s legions winding along the heights to
conquer at Marongo.
: After three or four hours’ ride they usu
ally encamp, nnd a market is opened for
trafllc in provisions. Since no women
accompany the razzia, tho men cook and
do all tho work. The first advance is of
ten made in a direction contrary to that
actually proposed to bo taken —for tho
(route of tho expedition is kept a profound
j socret, so that an unsuspecting population
' may bo taken by surprise. At night, the
leader calls his choson troops around him,
distributes nuts among them, indicates a
part of his plan, and orders tho hour and
tho line of the next march. This is made
at midnight, or as soon as tho moon rises,
when the whole black army is again in
motion, dragging its hugo length through
date-groves and,stubble-fiolds,nnd valleys
and hills, towards some devoted town de
stined for tho first plunder. The chief
takes care not to expose himself, but
marches with a body guard, which sur
rounds him whilo a battio goes on. 1 here
warriors aro covered with mattrnss.stut
fing to protoct them against arrows and
spears ; while a number of “generals di
rect tho attack, and ehiold-bearers press
forward to capturo or die 1
After several days’ journoy the army
reaches a country whore slaves may be
caught, and disperses itself to tho several
citios and villages. Sometimes tho people
defend themselves hcorically with their
bows and arrows; flying to the summits
of rocks and soiling their liberty dearly.—
Often, howover, they aro surprised while
they are preparing their meals,or dancing,
or celebrating a bridal foast; and then
the enemy rush in, seize them, chain and
bear them unresisting away. If the ham
let be girt with stockades, a garrison of ex
pert archers may occasionally drivo back
the forlorn hope of the slave-hunters, but
a second assault is victorious; and-*tho
dwellings aro loft level with the earth.
Tho hut doors are violently broken opon ;
tho insido is ransacked ; the milk-bowls
and calabashes are taken, with the bows,
arrows and axes; and tho ruin is next un
roofed br set on fire, while tho cattle, the
sheep nnd the goats are swept out of every
field to swell the gonerdl booty.
Meanwhile, in'Zindor tho inhpb'tpnts
await eagerly the return of tho hunters.—
These are sent out todifferent elevations
neat tho city, to watch for tho shaddw apd
tho dust of tho hbmeward-mafcliing; afmy.
At length, after an absenco' more or fess
W6lonledf; ; a cry is bdardy “ *
coming 1” AH tho population lhrengs out
toWrn tho 1 truth, .1(l^is not
iii siglit, tlio fruit of hi? ttchievelniipts are
visible.' ‘ A tifeng,
showing the. way to Uhm'bf
nowlylmado slaves; . Hore conteoa^roup
of liftib ‘fenrWMr.l^B
'dtibut as : though it ‘ word 1 u Jiohddythen
iL siting iof', dragging .tlfe«isolv6s
; olpngi with babes at thqir'breastst then
1 girls ofvirioiis’iiges, some ““"klV’Mobfo.
id but biihiidhaadi oiKto’iMa# «}»•!**■
'iutify; 'tlleU,‘ a ab°RfdhaMkbn'i dtefenbcfcta.
I fiis i ng' ,J tiat'rMtii|bi’ ! bW
ltien'byht ‘ two' dbiißto ‘'.With 1 tlid : Wtfljjht-bf
'iiittoyfc>i»s dfoof>.
heads covorcd with whito .woolnext
cornos aged yvomcn, tottering and helping
thcmsolvcs along with staves, and after
them stout youths, chained neck and neck
together, wlio aro huddled through the
gatoways, never to pKssthcm but in bdnds.
There is joy in Zinder. All'day long
tho triumph is prolonged. Following this
vanguard—the abject trophies of misery,
como single cavaliors, then Ijncs of horse -
men galloping ovor the plnin,, then caval
ry with drums beating, and then a bedy of
mounted Whrriors, with helmets of brass
and padded coats, Wlte rharched around
tho sarkeo of sultan. At length tho mass
of the hunting army appear in sight, toil
ing alpng a rolling cunopy of dust, and
with it comes the spoil of the expidition,
perhaps three thousand slaves. This is
tho beginning of a sorrow which is to end
perhaps with insults and lashes in a plan
tation of Cuba.
Some of tho captives takon aro, aftor
the general sale, domcsticaicd in Zinder,
or a neighboring Bournou city. Almost
every householder has ono or two trained
who, from tho mothod in which tho irons
aro fixed on their limbs, cannot walk, but,
when they aro obliged to go about, move
along with little jumps. No sight can bo
conceived moro painful; but if the people
will have slaves it is necossarv for to fottcr
them, beenuso there are so many towns
nnd retreats near, to which they could
escape without difficulty, and whence they
could not cnsiiv bo brought back. Thoy
are exceedingly useful to their ownors,
who enjoy indolgfljßfcnnd comfort through
their indual ryJHHj&r this roason it is,
that when army returns,
60 much dehgiiUnfEPlno population ns they
saluto the nrmywitbtho beautiful Arabic
word “Alborka !”—“Mossing!” In tho
same spirit tne liuium bandit repeats an
invocation to tho Virgin while ho cocks
his pistol I
Tho slaves cultivate tho ground, cook
food, ewoep tho huts, and do all kinds of
menial offices for their mnstors,and when
they ofTcnd, are punishod with awful se
verity by them. Yet they are not on the
whole inhumanly treated, and are allowed
toenjoy some oftheir favorito amusements.
On tho “night of power” in which the Ko
ran is said to havo descended from hea
ven, they urc permitted to havo a feast,
a free danco, und songs;innd thon thoy
forget for tho hour all thought of suffering
and ore as happy as under thoir native
shades. On corlain days too, they visit tho
tomb 3 of their dead friends, burning in
cense over them, calling upon their names,
and praying to be restored “to them and
to liberty after death.” Thoy dress very
gaily on holidays, and derive from such
occasions an enjoyment which seems al
most to compensate for the rest of tho year.
Many of them aro patterns of fidelity,
and after a lengthened period of servico
will die for their masters.
But tho most unhappy are those who are
doomed : to bo sont across deserts, to bo
sold in distant cities, and scattered far over
tho earth in strange lands. Regular car
avans are formod to carry them across the
Suharo, to tho market of tho coast. They
aro either sold or confided to tho dealers,
and marched in tho heat of tho day over
tho dosolato wastes of sand and rock, with
no alleviation to thoir toil oxcept tbo light
ness of their own hearts, and the cheer of
thoir own songs. Tho train is ready—it
6tarts; little time is given for adieus, and
all tho dear affinities of tho heart, aro bro
ken forover. And who shall say that
such pangs do not burn as deeply in tho
bosom of the negro, as sudden and hope
loss partings;‘such as burn young hearts;’
''burn in tho bosoms of tho most youthful
ahd dolicato in England 1
A number of camols with a fito of arm
ed men, march with the weary cavelcado
ofslavos. Thoy may bo ijoen struggling
along tho brown dossort, somo crawling
and scarcely able to movo, others urged
suddenly on by thronts and blows. Late
ly, a traveller fell in with one of theso mel
ancholy caravans. It consisted of twenty
camels laden with ivory, and thirty girls
who had been seventy days on thoir mo-;
rotonous, mournful! way. Most of those
poor young creatures had performed jour
noys on their road from their own happy
villages to captivity, which would acquire
for any Europeon traveller who should
perform them an unequalled renown.—
Some of them had little.children slung on
thoir backs. Thoy met an old woman
who was returning her: own: coun
try,; under tho protection of a ; body: of
whito men.. No ! envy -filled 'their :sa,d
breasts. v Thcy fell upon hor ngnd neplt,
weeping and kissing her, rind blessing her
in return for the kind rivish sho -uttered,
that! the saW happiness, mighli bp iftfltoro
tor rill bf-theni; -1 ' -i|
i Aw'a!y:thd .caravan procceda over the
unmeasured-.desert, tho :camels . pricing
along in iet ringa, j one being tied'to .another
aridiceaQridiling,;in.thedist«nce l n moving l
Irhdss'or ttoDps(’,cspfccitilly:.\vlmh l)tp<mifftgh
mul:ij>lies\i'hetrdong piles tOiiliaoyfiiiiA
solid bed •of rockxonStitutqsf. the.baiis pfj
! the: region, scattered .over-, with vfmMy,
sand i Orbl pc ipe'bbleh, except-.when riifftVP-1
tairi.Splasltes'amid its! little grpp.n :primdt6o ( |
likad snuip-on thd fojcq' ofade i ftolritipA-T"H;v4flti:qB39inHpgO(Of:.rpck|i;l
;m lo T: :i -d.-vo tin o) b»lv?3-.n
.’u;- O.ii (U H'Vw*b It::
V'-e ms***. ' f '-.'-J 1c rdt jjfio-
P ' P.iD f.’li! c! ’V V,* !-'d i;i ■ UV<.
oppoprg on the horizon, and scorns to the
believing eyo of tho Moslem, somo aban
doned city of tho Jinn. Then a small lake
shines liken patch "of silver under some
palms, and sbmo pretty red and yellow
wild flowers tiro scattorod along the! track;
pnd tho wanderer, unaccustomed to beauty
amid all its drearinoss,
“til linrron dcHortn, with mirprlso,
Bees iiiliCH «prilig,.ond sudden verdure rise ;
And Blnrls uimd the die thirsty .wilds to hear
New In Isuf Wnterniurmuring in his our.”
Tile' slaves ns they march, wear scarco
ly any clothes, and aro treated ns much
like merchandise ns it is possibly for hu
man, beings to be. Three or four arc of
ten made into n “pnrcel”—a y°. un S: wo
man, a young man, and two children.;—
Their condition varies, of course, with tile
drivers. Somo aro grossly and savagely
used, whipped along by day, and made tho
toy of their masters in tho camp; others
aro kindly treated, well fed, and pennitod
to ride in turns. Those with infants in
their arms arc behaved to with tender
ness and even respect —respect, I mean,
of the sort which is paid to women in this
part of tho earth. Generally, females aro
believed to have no souls, they havo no
moral motivo to virtue, no family or femi-
nine prido. no liberty of iho affections, nnd
nro expected to do wrong if they can.—
From woman in such n position what can
bo anticipated ? Sultan Ennoor, of the un
explored kingdom of Ahoor, told Richard
son his ideas on this subject: “The opin
ion of his highness of woman docs not
flutter tho ladies: he recommended us nov
or to listen to the advice of our wives ; if
we dio we should bo lost. Tho women
wero vory well to fetch water, pound ghn
seb, nnd cook the supper, but for nothing
else. He never himself paid any attention
to what they said : they wero awful tnlk
ers.” So much for tho old savage. How
over womon in bonds nro not likely to bo
tho best representatives of their sex.
Hnppy it is for the poor slave-girls on
their march through tho Sahara, that they
havo light hearts. They sing touching
nnd plaintive songs, laden with memories
of home, laden with thoughts of former
joys, laden with the recollection of the
flolds and huts where they spent their hap
■py youth, nnd so they beguile their way.
As soon ns the place of encampment is
rcnchod, they arrange everything nnd
light fires, first for their masters nnd then
for themselves. Tho cold of tho desert
is bitter at night, nnd tho wrechod crea
tures wear littlo or no clothing. Their
rations of food are then served up to them;
nnd too often the barley-monl nnd wntor
which would be scarcely sufficient for one
is divided among ton of tho famished and
squalid slaves.
Thoy may have been on foot fourteen
hours ; they may still be hungry, thirsty,
weary ; yet, ns tho evening deepens, thoy
rise ono by one to tho dance, and trip upon
the sand until tho moon grows pale. They
beat their uncouth drums, and tho young
slaves fly round, often in vory modest and
graceful measures, though ofton, too, in
figures of quite another character. A pe
culiar, hopping step is much in practice
among them, nnd it is by no means an un
curious circumstanco that wo can traco
many of the favorite ncgrodanccs in Amor
icalo their origin in tho remoto kingdoms
•of the Sahara. They oven havo pfesor
! ved some ofthe most singular of the movo-
I monts nnd evolutions, ns well ns many of
| tho native airs, so that the spirit of Africa
is breathed again among the sugar-canes
nnd cotton-funds of Alabama nnd Carolina.
In such festivities tho unhappy creatures
full into forgetfulness of their lot, and seem
as though lost by an indifference, which,
however only lasts while tho merriment
goes on. Seo them noxt morning setting
out, with unwilling steps,their heads bent,
their oyes downcast und dull, their faces
marked with sorrow, and nil tho illusion
of the moonlit revelry passes away, and
slavery' becomes again as cheerless and
desolate n thing ns Iho Sahara itself.
And so tho caravnn toils along, now
winding in irregular files along the plain,
now crawling up n mountain, now bi
vouacking near a well, and on the green
fields of nn oasis. As if goos, somo of the
victims fail in strength, nnd perish on the
road. Tho very aged especially lea Vo
their bonds in this manner, half-way bo
tweon their former dwelling places nnd tho
termination of tho journey to bondage, It
scorns a gratuitous cruelty on.the part of
the sfuvc-huntors to disturb .tottering ojd
men nnd wemen, who have nothing left
ofl earth but to die’,'and Who, ifthey wore
actually brought to market; would not sell
for morn than one chilling, so fooblo nnd
usclqss : ,qrq ,||ioy, ~Whqn t,hey ; expire,; a dug, qr rather.scratched, ip .tho sand
and ihOy tiro ih'roWh m. dhd a’ loose stone
U.-plofi©tlH>vot ; them«- uN un )hcrs, of euch
gra.ves.nlai:k-|ihe tracts,
ifrem, dimo kingdom > ojj jthe, sf»h“ ra , tp /B 6 ,
jcwitafra l' 11 ??, fi [,c ! un jw^?9>
i !?w
diudoji rfWfl .'Sgftdi
j breathe, npd,.np,mothcr, no,
foewfetm., eyq?,SW9;ty
.;placeVgoi.Pi, Afl.Wdjstmgutshapjp hdlpck
r tWl'd Q = l !PM“ tyj?
Idesert : QV "
y.n'n ’
01 !IJ -J i•: J a
QM c*M f i
Jts&Sm£' r 'aB tt&AS3a£Bg
do Hjnoiubt. 1 44»1 do 00^J&mtom.m ft
' do - 705 l d6\ do IbnojKMllW
3, do u monrbi, 400 1 colamoß njotilhl, / ®
.dd tt Bidnlhi, ,660 1 do ,tf . .do • .1 '»« ft
do 1U mtmthi, 1 8001 do/18 ' • do/•'. w
' A ÜbetrnlredoctUm willbo ando toMoiobanti ond othtOL
who adyenUo by (ho roar. , K-
Oor uwtotoirculatMirfoTarr oolßhbdrbood.QOdU^yW s , o :
aeftrly every tuqUy in ibn coanty—and tbtteloro.nOotda o
oOnvdnieotaml cheap.fu6QM for (bo bttiinen.mcn ol ooj
coonly—tho merobant. ra<xsbamQ*eod pit otbcre~to P? <C *A
thaknr>wled*o ol Iholr locatlob uml'lmilam* \ \W* MiO«*¥
lik4lotutuit**AOard° for •very Meohaaio, Merchant* and
Profeiiionnl raan id the concty. Wo bavo Plentycf*oO»
withoQteDOfoaohHjirupon ourrenaloat columa*,o«d no man
la ftloiUimatobn*lne*» wilJlotoby mlveitfiitiir oxiMoitoir—
for,Aiateneralroto,lboinorootlooßiv<!lr a roan adverlttte
thfcronter willbohUprofiti.
n*.> ■' i ’*i
Books, Jobs and Blanks,
Niiinbcr 39.
Fay I TEE Co.—Win. Do\vn<Vf>rd, Resi
ding on Laurel Hill, was bitten oh me firi
gor by a copper bend, whilst gathering op
tin armful of bay. Immediately after be
ing struck ho endeavored to suck the poi
son from tho wound, and it ia supposed
partially succeeded, ilia hnnd and arm
were swollen to twico their natural sizo,
nnd tho side on which ho Was bitten be
came very painful, lurtting black ond hlu’c
He is now much bettor and'thought tto bo
out of danger.—A harvest band op the
mountain was struck by a very large 1 rattle
snake, tho othor day, whilst binding; a
sheaf of wheat. Ho immediately drank o
pint of whiskey, and worked for an hour,
when he look another pint, and worked till
night, without either fooling the effects of"
the: bito or tho liquiSr.* This would sdom
to establish tho fact that liquor though
poisonous itself, counteracts the poisonous
effects of tho most venomous roptiles.;
Spirit op ’7O. —The suggestion that
tho present owner of Mount Vernon is ne
gotiating for its solo has nwakenod tho
spirit of one of tho few remaining heroes
of tho revolution. Ho addresses, a letter
to tho editors of the National Intelligen
cer over tho signature of “8 5.,” dated
Columbus, Ohio, July 14, in which he
makes tho following noble proposition :
“To bo ono of two hundred that will pledge
themsolvos to raise ono thousand dollars
each (no ono to give more or loss,) ono half
to bo paid on tho 10th day of January,
1854, nnd tho balance lobe paid in as the
parties may ngreo on ; the property and
its sacred remains to bo secured by deed
to the peoplo of tho United Stales, and to
be under the control of the goverment of
tho United States so long as the goverment
shall remain a'republican goverment.
“And now I pledge mysolf, ns otto of
the two hundred, to raise one thousand
dollars for the nbovo sacred purpose ; but
on condition that tho remaining one hun
dred and ninty-nino shall ho American
horn and true, and likewiso that no Young
, America shall have part or lot in tho mat
ter, neither foreign nor American born.
The editors of the Intelligencer lias the
proper name of-lho veteran, and add their
, assuranco that his proposition was made
I in good faith. Wo are sorry lie close
, the door against Young America.
Senatou Douglas. —Our readers may
have olsowhere observed the report that
tho distinguished senator from Illinois had
during his foreign tour, united with the
Roman Catholic church. Wo see that the
Now York Freeman attaches no ergdij to
tho rumor.
A letter from Rev. Dr. Teasdalo, of this
city, (who was formerly pastor of the
church which Senator Douglas attended
with his family,) gives the following infor
Tho gentleman alluded to is undoubted
ly tho Hon. J. R. Chandler, of Philadel
phia, now, or recently, at Romo. It is
known that his present wife (a very excel -
lentand beautiful >voman) is a devoted cath
olic; and it is generally bolioved that Mr.
CliahdTb’r, having for some timo been a
regular attendant with hor on Catholic
sorvices, has now united with that
We are not awaro that Senator D ou g‘ as
has yet reached “the Eternal City.”
Terbiblb Death bv tiie Bite of a
mad Dog. —Edmond Emmons, of Rtdgo
ville, Lorain county, Ohio, was bitten by
n mad dog, his own, in tho month of April.
Last Friday evening he was taken tjipk
about 4 o’clock, when his hand became
inflamed and pained him very much. On
Tuesday ho died in tho greatest agony,
leaving's wife and several children. The
wound” had a long time been healed, and
ho had lost all fears of madness from thp
bite. Ho worked in the field till 4 P. M.,
on Friday, when tho torriblo malady made
i<s nppearence'. Physicians and friends
were sent for. His pains increased,! and
soon his ravings commenced. At loaf af
ter four days of the most intense suffering
ho died suddenly by the burstingofa blood
vesel, ocasioned by his violont spasms.—
Ho was a young: man . highly respected
and leaves,a young and jnterresting fi»tn
ily.—Cleavelanrl Plaindealer , July 20.
How to do up Shjbt Bosoms.—We havo
often- heard ladios oxpressing adesirpto
know by what process the fine oh
new linens, shirt bosoms, produ
ced dnd in order to gratify the'm, ! tvh sub
join tho following rccicpt: i d !
Tako two .ouncea of lino whitogain Ara
bic powder-rput it , into a. pttchpr f p.pd
pour on it a pint or, more of boiling wplcr
(hccbrdih^ i tdthd f of strength jW*de<
siro)and tltoh l hn\iing oovcvcd'lt,"loracsfet
all nightrnio’ the mowing pour itßaromMy
from the dregs,lnto a
and kocp ii'/or usb. A tublesppomul. of
rrunV wtotef, siirVcd into ti pint of starch
lhade ii) tho 1 usual maiiii<ir,'Will giVOSo
lawns-—r-eitlier. ivfailoibr printed*-—id lowiQl
potvngps >yhoi> "JPSJffJo
them ;afior. wds)|jwgy : jj ..<jon?s baa
I RQ'l.'. hfhd whto|i>hr few
vcarsngoy sold .for i .$75: rMoWftify&jfiNf
bridg B^ LPP-d., ■y'-.Moa oil; io lauW oift
.ip 'id; ot eaiuo-.* »ti erduia