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proceedings on habeas, corpus almost the
only authorities bearing on the questions
arising outoftho subject, are the opinions
_j>fBtate Executives. Solar as I have been
able to examine them I find them against
the position ussumed by your Excellency.
Theso controversies imvo had reference
mainly to the sulficincy of affidavits, the
/orms of requisition and to tlio construc
tion that should bo given to the terms
“othercrimcs” as used in the Constitution.
Prior to the act of 1839, Air. Edinun
Randolph, then Attorney General of the POSIT-OVOI' TilL HIKE BLACK MAN
United States, in discussing the very point In tho East, and to some considerable
raised by your communication of the2d, degree every whore, except where tho An
says, “In tho present instance n grand glo-kiaxon race prevails, there is little or no
jury convened before two oftho Justices of prejudice founded on the distinction of col
the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania have or. Tho avenues of preferment are open
made it (tho chargo ofgulltjand thus have to all; and ho who is indus
furnished tho ground lor bringing tho fore- trious, persevering and accomplished, in
going persons to forma,l trial. Should such his business or profession whatever his
n procedure as this, bo declared to be in- complexion rnny so, whether ruddy, pale,
competent ns n charge, the object of this brown, or black, is most certain of success.
£ article in the Constitution must either be But it is notpo with us. It is no mutle'r
defeated or bo truly oprpessive. I'br, be- whether tho prejudice that prevents tho
twcon an indictment and trial there is no amalgamation of tho Anglo-Saxon and Af
intermediatc examination of the facts and riean races has arisen from the mero force
to wait for the ezaminalinof an absent of circumstances, or was implanted for
culprit- , before a demand would compel a wise and holy puiposes by the Creator, at
judgeniciit to bo rendered behind his back, or before the dispersion at Babol, which is
Governor of Georgia, in a most probable. It is enough that it exists ;
/-ommuniculion to Gov. Seward, of New and exists with such a resistless and per-
York, in Juno 1841, when insisting upon vading force, that on assimilation of the
the delivery of n fugitive on a requisition races, if it wero even desirable, is übso-j
susluined by affidavits only remarks ; lutoly impossible. j
“The object of the Constitution is to se- Tho freo black man, w ith us, is neither j
cure the arrest of a criminal in the State a free man or a slave. 110 is cut olffrom
to which they may flee, to he tried in-the the protecting caro which the interests, if
State withinWhoSo jurisdiction the offence not the humanity, of tho owner oxtends to
was committed and not to try them before the slave; and yet, ho is subject to all the !
arrest in the State where they may be prejudices of color, and denied many of the
found. All that tho Constitution intends privileges accorded to tho most ignorant j
is, that when n person charged with (reus- and depraved white person. To a great]
on, felony or other crimes, in ono State Latent, tho free people of color in the Uni- j
shall oscapo iplo another, the officers of| led States are n sort of intermediate class, 1
the Uniteu or if your Excellency ploase, of j having no bonds of common interest, no
(ho State in which he may he found shall ties of sympathy; and uregencrallyindo
arrest him upon the sumc evidence of guilt lent, improvident, and ignorant, and the
and.no moro than would have justified his consequence is, that collectively they are
arrest in the State whenco lie lied. An in- the most depraved and unhappy race on the ]
dictment is nothing more, than an accus- American Continent. !
ation or charge of crime,” and “it cannot Tho only hope of tho freo black man is]
he pretended that the evidence on which removal to another continent, beyond tho,
the Grand Jury based their chargo should barriers of thoso prejudices and circum-]
be communicated to enable your Excel- stances that oppress him here, and to n|
fency ’ to determine ffvJtetJicr their conclu- soil and climate for which ho is suited.—;
sionsioere erroneous in laiv." It is impossible for him ever to be happy]
Thatlearned gentleman further roninrks,
“that no discretion to pass upon its suffi
ciency was intended to he conferred upon
the Executive upon whom tho requisition
is made, by the act of Congress requiring
a copy of the bill of indictment to accom
pany tho demand in certain cases, and
yet tho submission of a copy of the bill of
indictment would “not bo an idle cere
mony,” nor tho provisions of law direct
ing it “unmeaning and useless,” for as the
till of indictment is an authority in the
Stato whoro it is found to, tho presiding
judge to issue his warrant for the apprehen
sion of tho accused, so is on authenticated
eppy of it authority in the State to which
ho may havo fled for a warrant or order
for his arrest there.”
In a cuse before Judge Ray, of South
Carolinu, decided in 1841, “where certain
persons were brought before him by ha
beas corpus, who were under arrest by or
der of the Executive of South Curoiina for
■he purpose of being delivered to an agent
of the Government of New York, who had
demanded them as fugitives from justice in
!hat atnte, bills of indictment having been
found against them, their discharge was
moved for on various grounds; but the
judge decided that ho had no power or
.authority to discharge the prisoners, or in
jiny way whatever lo interfere with the
■mandate of the Executive—that the ren
dition of fugitives from justice, is a minis
terial duty imposed upon the Executive au
thority, by tho Constitution und laws, and
ihat it might be considered as a case ex
cepted out of the State Habeas Corpus act
by the constitution ond laws of the United
As.to the plea that an impression was
created or an understanding had between
il*o attorney's in the trial for the freedom
of Rachel and Eliznbeth Parker, I cannot
nee that it can relieve yon or myself from
mu obligation to carry out the demands of
the law, in the prosecution against Rl’Crea
ry, I cannot doubt that Judge Bell and
Judge Campbell, attorney’s on the part of
Pennsylvania, as well also as the attorney’s
on the part of your State, did. what they
considered to be right under all the circum
stances. But I cannot recognize no official
connection between the trial for the free
dom of thu Parker Girls, and the prosecu
tion against Thomas M’Creary and John
Merritt, for an offence against the laws of
this State. Judge Campbell did not ap
pear in the deforce of the Parker Girls, in
the capacity of Attorney General but as
one of the attorney’s selected by the Gov
ernor, under the resolutions of the Legis
lature. His powers were the same as those
of his associate, Judge Bell and no more.
But as Attorney Goneral, under a late law
of the Stato, ho could exercise no greater
than an advisory power ovor the pro
ceedings. The power to stay the prose
cution against the accused, is vested sole
ly in the Court and District Atjorney, of
Chester county. Had these ofticinls seen
in the proceedings in tho case of the Park
ier Girls, reasons sufficient for entering n
nolle prosequi, the prosecution would have
terminated. They deemed it to bo their
duty, however, to send tho case to the
grand jury, and a bill of indictment was
Sound against tho accused. On tho pre
sentation of a copy of this indictment I
- conceived it to be my duty, under the law,
|o nwke a requestion on your Excellency
for the nrresrand delivery of tho accused"
and I can see no relief for them, save in n
trial by a jury of this State. Whatever
facts and circumstances there may be con
, nented with tho trial for tho freedom of;
Parker, which should be plead in
defence of M’Crenry and Merritt, will, be
subject matter for flic consideration of tho
C,onrt and jury, when inquiring into the
I'sicfe of jhe .ease. ; v ' , ; '
In conclusion allow rue to express my
regret that a difference of opinion should
havo arisen between your Excellency and
myself on any subject, and. to say that
I sincerly trust this unpleascnt nflui r may
not, to the slightest extent, disturb the ■am
icable relations w’bich Imyo so long existed
between tho people of tho two States.
With the highest consideration, I ro
main your Excellency’s obedient servent,
; \VM. BIGIILER.
among the whites. The frequent conflicts
between tho free blacks and tho whites in
our principal northern cities, arid the ex
clusion of them, or attempts to exclude
them from entering many of our free
States, show that to them, cn our soil,
freedom carries no healing on its wings ;
and liberty, that blesses all besides, has
no blessings for thorn, and tho glorious
flag that hos animated tho hearts of freo
men on so many fields of battle, and car
ried our commerce over the whole world,
has nothing but stripes and imprisonment
Another part of their misery is, their
subjection to a feeling of inferiority. Noj
man can flourish and grow in u stato of!
conscious inferiority, any more than nveg
etablegrows.in the dark. But tho black
man cannot come out into the sunshine of
heaven's equality among while people.
The free peoplo of color are not at home
amongst us. The All wise Creator has
placed upon the black man tho mark of,
seperation. Man being gregarious und so-!
ejal in bis habits, it was necessary for tho!
subduing of the earth, to the nrls of peace,
that men should be dissociated, segregat
ed, and driven out from their cradles. It
is a blessing, therefore, that there are caus
es sufficient to prevent the perfect assimil
ation of all the races into one. It is not '
one of the least indications of Divine good
ness, that there are such a variety amongst'
the races of men, as to render their seper-!
ation not only desirable but necessary, nnd j
at the same time, also, to fit them for dif
ferent climates and pursuits, so that the
whole oarth may be the home of man, and
made contributory to his welfare. j
The black man, socially and politically,;
,can never mingle with the wlmo man us|
his equal, in tho same land. It is worse \
than visionnry ; it is vnin and mischiev- ‘
ous to labor to bridgo the gulf that ihe A I- ’
mighty has made impassable. And I re
gard it, osn most wise and necessary pro
vision in the constitution of Liberia, that'
it forbids a white man to own a single loot
of soil in that Republic. No dream of
Ihe Arabian Nights is more fruitless, than
the aUempt to make the white and the black
man stand uponMhe same platform of po
litical and social equality. Thejf cannot
sit down together, as equals, on the same
soil. The one or the ether, like Pharoah’s
leankine, will devour the fat and well-fav
ored. The one must increase, while the
other decreases. Tho only relation that
can subsist happily, and for the good of
both, between tho white and black man on
this continent, is that of master and slave.
To muke them live together ns equals is
"Like cliflii llml li.ivo rent iiaun 1.-r,
A (irrary sou now roll, ticlwi-ou :
Bui mutlifcr lirui, nor Irosl, nor iliumlcr.
Shull ever ilo uwny. I ivoen,
Tlio marks of dial wimli anua hath lict-n."
If the black man is released from invol
untary servitude,ho is still n slave amongst
us. There is not really a free black man, i
from Canada to California. Wherever hoi
goes, he must carry with him tho titles of
his freedom—and if found without his
manumission papers, he is cast into prison.
Nay, he must produce tlio evidence and
the seal of tho very court in which the
evidence of his freedom is recorded. And
into many parts of our country, ho is for
bidden to enter at nil. There is no place
hero lor him to rest his foot, or for his
children to riso to comfort and honor. —
There is no bright prospect before him—
there is no clear sunshine of tho present
|day,and thero is no hope for tl>o future;
nijd gloomy as nro his personul prospects,
lt)o most withering, crushing, virtue-ex
tinguishing, of all that is before him, is the
absence of hope far his children after him.
To my mind, the bitterest portion in the
cup. iff Ihe poor of Europe, is that they
liave no hope for their children. Parents
might be content to be starving operatives,
and even to perish without living out half
their days, if their childern could rise to
anything bettor. But what hope is there
that .they, themselves, or their children,
cap ever become any better off than they
arp now? They are doomed to tread round
iand round in the mill of toil nntf burjlen
bearing, ignorance, stupidity, and hope
less suffering, and bo the hewers of wood
and drawers of water from father to son,
and from age to age. And consequently,
overy stimulant to virtuous action, every
motive.to industrious habit, is taken away.
And just so it is, nnd so it will bo with tho
[so-called free people of color in the United
Stales. Of course thero are exceptions,
and 1 hope thero will bo many tnoro;
but the general mass are, and will be
such as I am describing.
The number of free people of color in
the United Stutes,is now computed nt half
a million ; nnd if Wo fold our hands, their
natural increase, and the augmentation of
their number by emancipation, will soon
swell this class of our population, until it
can only be toldby millions. The red mun,
the .black man, nnd the white man, have
j been living face to lace for upwards of two
'centuries, on this continent. It would seem
bo tho uppointinent of Providence, that
| tho first should pass away from the earth,
jand also, that the time had now come when
j the other two, tho free black and tho white
man, should follow the example of the
Patriarch Abraham and his nephew—that
they should sepurnte, nnd then one go out
on tho right hand to the homo of his fath
ers, and the other to remain lo possess the
continent before him. But is it feasible ?j
Is it practicable to removo tho peoplo of
color to Africa, that aro I'reo and may be
emancipated ? We answer unhesitatingly,
it is. Minute calculations have often been
made, showing how it is practicable to re
move tho whole African raco to the land
of their fathers, should the nation desire to
do so. Tljc estimate, so far as time ami
expense aro concerned, is easily made.—
We have an instance in modern times,
showing how great may be thcemigration
of persons with slight help from tho gov- !
ernment. The present year (1852,) it is j
estimated that over 200,000 emigrants'
havo left Great Britain. Within live years j
a million and a halfof persons havo eini-i
granted from Irelund alone, and chiefly to !
this country. And all this bus been done i
without materially deranging the com
merce of any nation. It bus been done!
in tho orderof commercial marine. What,|
then, might be done by judicious assis- •
tanco from our government towards send- |
ing tho free blacks to join their brethcrnl
in tho country of their ancestors ? The j
same activity that brings the Irish to i
America, in ten years, would transport;
the whole of our negro population to Afri-'
ca. —Address of Rev. Dr. Scott to Louis - j
iana Slate Colonization Society.
The United States mail stnurnship Phil
adelphia, Lieut. McKinstry, United States
navy, commander, arrived at New Or
leans on the 10th instant, from Aspinwall,
with the California mails and 100 passen
gers. She brings dates from San Fran
cisco to the 18th ult., and from Panama to
John Nesbitt, an assistant engineer, was
insjiently killed while in the discharge of
his duty, by having bis head caught in part
of the machinery, as tho ship was enter
ing tho harbor of Aspinwoll.
The intelligence from California, though
not of important interest, is yet gratifying
on the whole.
I Agricultural affairs are improving in a
I corresponding ratio; and a're found profit
able enough, we rejoico to say, to render
them u fair rival even for mining oper
ations, successful as these are proving.—
This cannot but be a matter of deep con
gratulation to all who desire tho solid and
permanent improvement of our glorious
“Golden State,” and the advancement of
the real interests of tho republic on the
shores of tho Pacific.
The mercantile, community do not, how
ever, seom so well satisfied with the state
oflheir affniis as ihe other classes have
every reason to bo, gratefully acknowl
edge themselves. Nevertheless, wo can
not sec a single reason given for their
1 complaints of depression, nnd are rather
1 inclined to consider them as mere ebulli
i lions of impatience than the result of ac
| tunl want of a fair share of prosperity.
I Affrays, murders, and Indian ravages
-still forma numerous portion of the inci
dents related in the California papers.
Tho papers give on account of a horrible
murder perpetrated on three horse-dealers
who were crossing the country with a troop
of horses for a market. They burnt the
bodies of their victims, and made off
their animals and other property. One'fff
them riding one of the stolen horses, how
ever, led to a suspicion of tho robbory,
and inquiries nnd searching soon led to
the dissovery of some of the remains of
tiio murdered men, the detection of tho!
crime that had been committed, nnd of its *
The robbor Joaquin was still at largo,
eluding all pursuit, and pursuing his brig
andage with impunity. Thero would seem
to he little doubt, however, that the efforts
being mado must soon put a check on his
Bills havo been passed to provide for
the suppression and prevention of gamb
ling, und for the better observation of tho
Sabbath, by prohibiting public amuse
ments, &c., on that day.
fast train on the Pennsylvania
Rrilroad, a few days since, wbenmeur
Grecnsburgh, attained tho extraordinary
speed of eighty miles per hour. A perfect
ly straight stretch of ten miles was run in
soven and a half minutes.
(KrThc Parker Vein Company have, 1
at their Jackson mine, in George’s Creek,
a lump of coal intended for the World’s
Fair, fourteen feet long and fivo square,
nnd weighing about twelve tons.
THE REPUBLICAN* I CORRESPONDENCE OF THE REPUBLICAN.
r "'' r '~ j sketches of the Mississippi Valley.—No. 8.
CLEARFIELD Pa., June 24, 1853.
THOMAS H. FORSYTH,
Of Philadelphia County ,
Of Mifflin County.
J. PORTER BRAWLEY,
Of Cmwforcl County.
STANDING COMMITTEE MEETING.—Tho
Democratic Standing Committeo of Clear
field County for the year 1853, will meot
nt the Court House, at 4 o’clock P. M. on
the 4lh day of July next. By order oftho
The following persons compose that com.
Mnj, V. B. Holt, John ShoafT, F. G.
Miller, J. M. Cummings, G. B. Goodlnn
der, J. Stites, Francis Coudriet, G.S. To
7.er, Richard Hughs, Thomas Owens,
John L.Dundy, 11. J. Hite, I. VV. Gra
ham, Philip Hcvener, C. Baker, VV. S.
Roy, Martin Nichols, jr. Samuel C. Thomp
son, J. A. T. Hunter, VV. F. Johnston-
Elias Horn, G. VV. Shoafl - , J. B. M’Ennl
ly, J. H. Fleming.
readers will certainly deem it
a sufficient apology for any deficiency
which may appear in the present number
of our paper, when wo inform them that
tho whole task of issuing it, besides doing
a considerable amount of job work, devolv
cd upon two of us. D. W. Moore Esq.,
senior editor, being absent. We expect
soon however, to be favored with more
help, und will thereby be allowed sufficient
time for the selection of copy, &c., and
bo enabled to give our readers n greater
amount, and perhaps better quality of read
in'. matter than is contained in the columns
of our paper this week.
Post Mnster at Spruce Creek,
should be aroused from bis slumbers by
somo means. Papers for this place still
continuo to find their way into the through
mail, and nfler making a tour out west,
return sometimes much the worse for it,
and of course without unv news in them.
And wo also know that scarcely a mail
returns from the west that does not con-
tain several, and sometimes a great many
'documents, for Centre county, returned
'from Cunvcnsville. And on one occasion
jut least, quite a bundle for Spruce Creek
was also returned by the vigilant officer
above referred to. Should such things be
!allowed to continue 7 And if so, bow long
! must wc suffer 1
OirCharlcs Terpc, who our readers will
remember, we noticed in our last paper, had
been arrested and lodged in tho jail of this
county, on suspicion of having murdered
his son, Charles W. Terpe, who disap
peared from Brady township, some months
since, was released from jail on Tuesday
last on a writ of habeas corpus, and had a
hearing before Judge Shnw, was acquitted
and permitted to return to his family.
Wo were not present at the examination
of tho witnesses, but are informed that the
grounds for suspecting this old man as the
perpetrator of so horrible a crime, were
slight, very slight indeed. Nothing how
ever, has been heard of tho whereabouts
of the missing man.
The Lady’s Book, for July, which is on
our Inblo, is tho commencement of the
24th year of that work. Tho taste of its
lady readers are especially regarded in
this number. Including tho Fashion plates,
drawings, &.C., this No. contains 44 en
gravings; tho contributors number 03,
filling 100 pages. Terms S 3 pop yeur;
2 copies 85, <J-c.
(t!7“We invite tho attention of the read
ers of this paper to the adverlieement of
Dr.S. Rose’s Celebrated P'amily Medicines.
Dr. Rose being n regular graduate of med
icino, and having had in Philadelphia the!
pnst thirty years an extensive practice,!
commehdg his preparations to the public.
They arc extensively used in Philadel
phia, and other parts of tho Union, and
are now being introduced throughout this
Stato and all parts of tho world.
Laying of a Cobnkb Stone.—Tho
ceremony of tho laying of a Corner Stone
of the German Reformed, Church, on the
road lending from Luthersburg to Punxsu
tawney, will take place on Saturday the 2d
of July next, commencing at 10 o’clock,
A. M. Tho public are respectfully invited
03“ We would direct the attenliou of tho
reader to the column headed f‘no\v adver
tisements, ’’ as there dre many notices con
tained therein, the perusal of which might
prove beneficial to some.
(Krlt has been exceedingly warm and
sultry in this region for several! days, and
vegetation i? suffering much for want of
Eleven miles below Pittsburgh, ns you
float down the Ohio, on the left, you .pass
Middletown, a small village in Allegbeney
county; and eight miles below that, on
the right, is Economy, a settlement which
i was made by George Rapp, a German,
I who, with a number of his countrymen of
I the religious order called Harmonists, who
first settled in Butler county, Pn.; from
thence they all removed to tho Wabash, j
| and built the village of New Harmony.— j
They numbered then n6outeight hundred.)
New Harmony was purchased in the year
1814 by Robert Owen, and Rapp and his
followers established themselves at Econ
omy. In 1852, a number of them seced
ed and joined Count Leon, who claimed )
to bo a special messenger sent from Heav
en to establish a Zion in the west. They
settled at Phillipsburgh, opposite Beav
er, but tho society soon went down. Tho
Harmonists hold their property in com
mon. They have a number of good mills
l, ero —besides they have factories, and are
engaged in tho manufacturing of nearly all
tho different kinds of goods in the world.
The population of Economy, according to
the last census, is about one thousand four
hundred. As much ns this society has
been ridiculed by other sectarians, it has toj
be admitted by all who know anything
concerning them, that their honesty, in
dustry. sobriety, and morality is irre
Mr. Rapp died in 1847, at a very ad
vanced age. Ho was highly respected by
all who knew him, and was well qualified
for the station he occupied as the head of
Freedom is n small village six miles
below. Population six hundred.
Beaver, five miles below, in Beaver,
county, nt the mouth of Beaver river, is a j
very thriving town, possessing great ndvnn-1
(ages from the water power derived from
the Falls of Beaver. A brunch of the Ohio
canal extends from Akron in Summit co„
Ohio, to the Beaver division of the Penn
sylvania canal, near New Castle in Mer
cer county —length eighty-eight miles. The
Benver division of the Pennsylvania canal,
runs from Reaver to the head of slack water
navigation oil the Shenango side—distance .
thirty-one miles. Numerous mills and!
manufacturing establishments are in oper-1
ation in and around Beaver, and several j
small villages are scattered along the river,
within a short distanco of it. Population
oftho neighborhood exceeds ten thousand.
Vnluc of property in the county, four mil
lion, four hundred thousand dollars.
Between Beaver and Stubenvilio you
puss Georgetown, Glasgow, Liverpool and
Wellsville, which each number about 800
Stubknville, is situated on an eleva
ted plane, on the right hand side of the
Ohio, 71 miles below Pittsburgh, and con
tains a population of about eight thousand.
It also contains eleven churches, five pub
lic and four select Schools, one male Aca
demy, and a splendid female Seminary,
with nbout 15U pupils, employing ten or
twelve teachers. The building cost forty
thousand dollars. There are about thirty
stores, three printing offices, and one daily
paper. In the town and vicinity, there
are three large flouring mills, a paper mill,
owned by Thompson Hanna—one of the
largest and best in tho western country.
Five woolen factories—one of them manu
facturing into cloth sixty thousand pounds
of wool annually. Two cotton and two
glass manufactories, three air foundries,
a steam saw mill, two breweries, and sev
eral manufactories of coperasin the vicin
ity —making about one hundred and sixty
tons per annum. The town is in a highly
prosperous condition. About one thousand
persons ar.o employed in its various facto
ries. In the neighboring country, much
attention is paid to tho raising of Marino
and other superior breeds of sheep.—
Through a great portion of this region,
there are inexhuustiblc beds of stone-coal.
It is the county seat of Jefferson county,
VVellshukg, seven miles below on the
left,formerly called Charleston, is the coun
ty seat of Brook county Virginia—three
hundred and seventy-three miles from
Richmond tho capitol of the State. It was
luid out in 1789, and contains a population
of about two thousand. It contains six
churches, one whito (lint glass manufacto
ry, one glass cutting shop, one paper mill,
one cotton factory, sovernl ware-houses’,
six (louring mills, one woolen factory, one
newspaper printing offico and one Bank.
Tho manufactuoing of earthen and stone
ware is carried on here extensively.
About fifty thousand barrels of (lour are
annually shipped from this place to New
Orleans and other ports. It was formerly
the residence of Capt. Samuel Brady, the
famous Indian hunter.
Bethany, eight miles east of Wellsburgh,
is the residence of Dr. Alexander Camp
bell, founder oftho religious denomination
generally known as Campbellite Baptists.
Tho Dr, hus established a College here
which is in a flourishing condition. It was
built in 1841.
Wnrrenton, and Martinsville on tho
Ohio side, below Wellsburgh and Wheel
ing are two flourishing villages,and contain
about eight hundred inhabitants each.
Wheeling, 97 miles below Pittsburgh, is
tho county seat of Ohio county Virginin.
It is two hundred and sixty-four miles from
Richmond, and threo hundred and fifty
one from Washington city. It lies on
both sides of Wheeling creek, over which
there is a beautiful stono bridge. The city
stands on a high bank of the river, sur
rounded by bald hills, in which abundnnee
of stone coal is found. It contains a pop
ulation of about fourteen thousand—has
fourteen churches, two Academics, two
banks and a saving institution, a large
number of stores and commission houses,
four iron foundries, four steam engine fac
tories, eight glass houses, four woolen and
cotton factories, two paper mills, four saw
milK throe white and eheet lead and cop.
peras factories,, two daily, 8n« weekly and]
one semi-monthly paper, - together with ]
many flourishing mills in this vicinity. AI
Telegraphoffice is established hero. There
is over 20 steamboats owned here. The
Baltimore and Ohio rail terminates
hero for the present. Tho mouth of Whee.
ling creek is celebrated ns having been the
site of Fort Henry, which was besieged
in Sept. 1777 by u party of nearly fivo
hundred Indians, led on by the notorious
Simon Girty. It was manfully defended
by only forty-two men, of whom 23 wore
killed; and tho Indians after fighting all
day, were compelled to retire with a los9
of from 00 to one hundred,
The object of greatest interest to tho
traveller, is tho wire Suspension Bridge,
that spans the Ohio nt this place; built nt
a cost.of nearly $200,000. Tho span is
the largest in tho world, being 1010 feet.
It is 92 feet tffiQve low water mark, 21
feet wide, and suspended by twelve wiro
cables, each 1380 feet long, and 4.inches
in diamater, and each containing 572
strans of No. 10 wire. There iso carriage
way of 17 feet, and two foot paths—each
3} feet wide. Tho towors on the Wheel
ing side are 153 i feet above low water
mark, and 60 feet above tho abutment on
which it stands; on tho other side they oro
21 feet lower. This stupenduous structure
was built by n compapy of capitalists, who
obtained a charter in 1847.
Big Grave Creek, at Elizabethtown, 13
miles below Wheeling affords some matter
of curiosity to tho traveller. A short dis
tance up the creek is the largest Indian
mound perhaps in the United Sta'es. It
is between thirty and forty rods in circu.m
ferenco attho base, and about seventy-five
feet in height. Its sides is covored with
high and aged trees. There is an obser
vatory on tho top, erected by Mr. A- B.
Tomlinson, in 1837. It is well worthy a
visit from those who would wish to view
one of those singular remains of a mce
long since passed away, and of whose his.
lory so little can be discovered. Tho
mound may bo seen from steamboats pass
ing up and down tho river. Opposite
Grove Creek, in Ohio, in 1790 stood a
Fort called Fort Pillies. Yours truly,
Washington, Ind., May 29, ’52.
LATER FROM MEXICO.
(From the Ntiv Orleans Delta, June 12.)
Tho U. S. mail steamship, Texas, Capt.
H. Pluce, arrived ut 1 o’clock, P. M., yes.
terday from Vera Cruz, which place she
left on the Bth instant, ut 10 o’clock A. M.
The Texas brought among her passen
gers, Gen. Almonte, (Mexican Minister to
the United States,) lady, sister and daugh
ter, and Sr. Pacheco, (late Minister to
Fiance.) The Texas also brought $123,-
801 35 in specie.
Senor Lucas Alaman, Secretary of For
eign Affairs died in thecapital,at 2 o’clock,
on the morning of the 2d instant.
One of the papers announce that Gen.
Arista, instead ot',going to Europe, slop-j
ped on the wuy in order to go to Washing
Two executions took place in Vera
Cruz, on the 29th, in consequence of the
late riot in that city. The prisoners were
tried according to the general ordinance
of the army. It was prated that Aparicie
Gonzales and Victoria VAUo were at the
head of the insurrection, and the forme;
was condemned to death.
Aparicio Connies and Carlos Centfm;
were shot on tho 28th, nt 11 o’clock in ‘r
Tho President of the Republic has grant
ed an exequateur both to Alexander Pleas
ants, United States Consul nt Minntitlan,
and to Joseph Bernard,^ ppoinled by the
French Legation ns Vice Consul at Puebla.
Trnnquility is restored in Chiepns.—
The chief of tho insurgents, named Neve
dun, was killed lately in a contcst'with the
The decree against the press has killed
oft’ nearly nil the journals in the country.
The Trait d'Union says 'hat tho sum of
82.0,000 hns been raised bv private sub
scription in Chihuahua, to aid Gov. Trias
in preparing for the defence of tho Valley
of Mecilln against the Americnn invasion.
Wo previously announced this as a forced
loun, on the authority of tho Mexican pa
Tho Mexicans appear to be under the
impression, in the city of Moxico,4||tt the
dispute about this territory has been set
tled. Tho report that President Pierce
had officially disapproved of Gov. Lane’s
proceedings, and had recalled him, to be
replaced by Mr. Merriwether had caused
Private letters slate the number of per
sons killed in the late revolt nt Vera Cruz
to havo been7o, and 130 wounded. Many
prisoners were made by tho Hoops. Tho
city is now quiet.
The Pacific railroad houtk. —Cap-
tain Gunnison, of tho United Stntes topo
graphical engineers, has been in this city
since Saturday, organizing his party foru
reconnoissnnce and survey of a route pf
the Pacific railroad—if such a thing cap
be found—along the line designated bv
Colonel Benton in his application for Lieut.
Beale, and which the administration re.
fused to commission him to perform.
Captain Gunnison’s party, will be compos
edof about twenty scientific gentlomcn,
and he will be accompained by Mr. Rich
ard Kern, whoso letter, read in the Senate
by Senator Gwin, first brought public at
tendon to the advantages of the Albu*
querque route for this road.
At Weston they will bo joined by some
thirty dragoons as an escort. They will
mnke as much expedition as possible, and
will winter at Salt Lake city ; from that
point their reports will be sept to Wash
mgton, in time for the action of Congress
next spring. Tho corps will leave this
city to-morrow. • ‘
[St, Louis Republican , June 8. *
Buchanan, it is said, will snip
for England on the 9th of July.