Clearfield Republican. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1851-1937, April 01, 1852, Image 1
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REitit4l.cgieEs et the .imerican 'Revolution. !jilt .BiVE-7*;e22-.OIM. WEE 7; Bo3lon Iffassatte—Trial of the British, Soldiers and their Acquittal. ;Thi§ event had n msire important Witt. inc,e in securing edit independence, than has generally been. imagined. As soon arrthellritishiroops were quar-' . toted in Boston, a bitter feeling commenc ed between them and the inhabitants.-- This Was, frorn time to time, increased till Match 1770, When the crisis arrived.— Captain Preston, an officer Hof experience, firm and courtly in his manners, was on duty., His menmere parading in State st. Tile, populace continued crowding upon his ranks, and his repeated entreaties were of no avail in -protecting - hia man from the sneers and •insults constantly poured upon their; at length the. populace commenced threwing stoneaat them, and two men were knocked down in • the ranks. `The soldiers had now become enraged at this treatment, 'and ,Captain Preston, finding the crowd 'pressing upon him, or derekhis men to fire. This caused the' death of three respectable citizens, and feoin thnt moment 'the fury , of the populace could' hardly be restrained long enough to enable the civil power'to place Capt. Pres ton and his tnen in prison, where they gladly went to preventbeing torn in pieces. The next ste was to have the captain and his men indicted for murder, and tried for that crime. Their chance of escape appeared limited, when it was seen that their judges, jurors 'and witnesses, were to be taken from this excited populace. As evidence of the_prevniling feeling, after the Elder Adams, Samuel Dexter and Josiah Quincy, three young men just then estab lished, at the bar, had been retained by Captain Preston; the, father of Quincy catneio Boston; from Braintree,to entreat his son to' have nothing to do with such a criose, as its unpppularity would destroy bis future prospects. ' The trial chine on ; Adams appealed to the jury to be as deaf as adders to the cry of-the populace—and Dexter argued that the troops, with mus kets n theur hands, were no more deadly weapons, in law, than an axe in the hands of.ri Carpenter... Theta came the • impartial editor of .the judge, and the triumphant acqulttal of the jury. The people bowed in humble submission to, the majesty or the but never became .reconciled to the Britiah, troops. . In , the meantime, this event, became known in Europe—where the idea of giv ing Captain Preston and his men a fair trial,.under such circumstances, was not only considered a perfect mockery upon justice, but their condemnation and execu tion was considered certain. When 'the friends' of liberty in Europe heard of the result of the trial, after reading the evi dence, and the arguments of counsel; and the charge of the court, great was their re joicing as they saw America contained a law abiding people—When they saw that such a fair-trial could be given under such excitement,• they proclaimed that ma' a people can never be enslaved. , This trial commended the American character to all Europe, and it was the colatteral security upon which subsequently Congress obtain ed their fleetri and armies which secured independence. • „I In Boston,. the massacre could , neither be ; forgiven ,or fbrgotten.. ..On: the other hand, time ,appeered,to,impart deeper the thorn in tile affections of,t,N) people; At each anniversary of the massacre, all hearts Pelted ini'determining to celebrate the . day. From the surrounding country the people poured in---stores Were closed--crapo was placed uponthe doors--bells tolled—drums were muffled-•--processions formed, and an oration-Orkli,4,4tjbe‘ohl Sollth_Phur,ch, 'Wherel,kpresonceofithn ,British officerp, te, details or tyranny' weio illustra 434 apd,the hOrioisOr'the maisacteviiiid ly portrayed. Gen. Joseph Warren was t)tkerator of the day,. and he was unspar ing upon the cruelty' ef,ibePritish. . • Every year the day; continued to tie ,gawked...with the same solemnities, but with an increasing in i ter,est, till 1775, whets' the Britiah_officexa gayei4ut,that it should .costy ' soWU lito who dare. to pronoonee, another oration -upon the next Puivertary. AS edon„us this threat reach etWiyarren, he sent in to the Selectmen -a *quest that he might be the ovitor of the day! Being withom sp:appetifor,. he - was advance appointed. Op the morning of tho ,4itlyi , the British officer's, ell' arnied, Cever- Wl' the pulpit sitars: Warren , tied ;his MOWS tifttved,.lkaraladdef Was" ptiottit 4A-on-which he entered the pulpit - window. Before, tx this' 7etbivdtit he,,phiced Nititistelo't Curia Wrinttlid bixtraget orthqpietnd his 404emiliailitilirittsh officers h t legopie 'walk; in eheostrdhd) WOW, The noble '111411P1? of WArgOO PjViliVO their thrflati e4nted . "o . 'r o #F liC k - : 11 ,9 411"tiv-biwir: l o lo .! se.x of Lenin Lexin iltifkullialwalbf.Mhth, reached eti" 4 t. ng wad at once Coil . . ' . . . .. . • -."' .?.:':"‘r.'it'i.ol.....`Ver-:,:t4.i...Tr-..!.:-.'f":- '''''''.':"."!•?...' 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'' - -- -- . -'-'-'--L---- lira conoreil into; the moroe tot - ------- - -•-• ~ • - :. , . •. : the [ renter will lytt hit Profits. , . . . $1 OL 1 25' 160 196 900 • GENCE., A WEEKLY PAPER: . DEVOTED TO LITERATURE, AGRICULTUREiIIORALITY, AND , FOREIGN AND DOIESTIO INTELLI .••• 4 Volume 3. and clear statement was drawn up of the , whole affair and printed—a , merchant ves- j sel bou9d for England, was just ready to sail from Salem, under command of Capt. Derby, on board of which, several hun dred of these printed documents were placed for distribution among,the friends of Amer ica in England. Capt. Derby had a, short run of twenty days, and those accounts wore all over England, some six weeks be fore the government kid their despatches from Gen. Gage, who had sent a frigate, that had a long passage. In the meantime; the excitement was daily increasing against the govern ment for allowing. Gage to murderthese American subjects. At lest the govern ment sent for Capt. Derby, and questioned him about the battle. In a day or two the letters from Gage arrived. The King was very, angry, as Gage had been ordered to allow no collision with the people. Gage was immediately recalled, "to return and in person to account to his majesty for the murder of his subjects: Dr. Franklin as agent of the Colonies, was now in London. Lord Chatham had discovered his great knowledge of Ameri can affairs, and cultivated the acquaintance of the Doctor on every occasion, and did all in his power to increase his influence. The Doctor took very cheap lodgings in • an obscure street—and was comparatively unknown among the common people.— Lard Chatham thought the more the Doc tor was known, the more popular would be the American cause. With this view, on Sunday afternoon, about the hour of re turning from church, Lord Chatham would call at the Doctors lodgings, and generally in coach and six, with outsiders, &c. This great man's carriage caused the people to stop in crowds before the house on their- way from church, to enquire who the noble lord could be visiting. The next day, the Doctor found, in going to walk, that half the people he met took off their hats to him., They had discovered that Lord Chatham had called upon him.— Grocers, boot-blacks, and all tradesmen called to ask his patronage. Through Dr. Franklin, Lord Chatham prepared himself to defend America—and enabled him to declare in Parliament, "My lords delay not— instantly' withdraw your troops—for America can never be subdued. You never can negotiate with Ainaricans as long as you hold the bayonet at their breast." Had Chatham's councils been followed, peace would have been made the first year, perhaps, war entirely prevented. After an i eight years' war, King George, who was the last man to consent to the independence of America, said be would be the last man to allow her independence to,be questioned. In examining the British archives after the war, it was discovered that the whole eight years' war could have been prevent ed, had" England and America only under stood each other. Unfortunately, both couVies were under an entire delusion. The British had no reliable information, except their own officers and tories. W hen the battles of Lexington and Bunker Hill reached England, the government were as sured 1 1 that these were merely the result of a surprise—that a few more regiments and the colonies would be subdued. So, when Burgoyne surrendered; nd even up to the I I surrender of Lord Cornwallis, the eyes of the British governMent were still onopen ed to the real state of the case. Du: after tho surrender of Yorktown, a different sentiment prevailed. • Sir Henry Clinton was then • recalled, and Sir Guy Carleton took command. From the me teent of his arrival, - all hiecorrespondence and intercoUrse, official and otherwise, was of the most conciliatory character. His first letter to Washington was that he had great pleasure in releasing several Ameri can prisoners who were anxious' to return to their homes, Had this, policy been used in the early part of the contest,. our independence would not' have been scour cd—as the Cruelty of the' British appeared to be necessary to firmly unite the whole country. ' • . , NO.' 8. Death of Geri. Warien;--Battle of Bun ker Hill. , , - In my last number, .General Warren I wa6 described entering , the pulpit of the al South Church.through the window by a ladder—the stairs. to the pulpit being covered by Mined Britishofficers,.whe had 'thrcatened his life: if . he 'again spoke upon the Boston reassadre.; Warren wrote with the fire of genius, and the boldness of a Sero. This last oratinn was the knelt or liiii - own obsequies, for in a few months he was slain, - in 'suPportingthe doetrine, he, on'the sth of March 1175, prointilgated;to , bi4countryinim. Thet‘martyrElblbod sihat eal. .8d the patriot'is)nder4;•drid the •soil' drank thlOitferrin '•iaf life-gtows holier *ithleverrizigiing74 r,., er , ( , t , -' ,l An aillliVilllints,4!iiileceded''. his exodi.l "iini. l Etiebbniari , in .' ihtit vast inieeinbly felt ilui:palpitatiniititif Ida oWn heaiti and saw I ihei§ale but Uteritiiithefnce of his neigh.; iSoi: VW Willi, 414anblime. olic patriot, in kihora:tlielfhish'Or iobth andqice grace, .intivldignitylliStkrithiltda Vire fitio t tubined, arida armed iwitkillowAlf (IA &Ong Clearfield, Pa., thP ‘ oppressors of tho country, who literally stood with their bayonets at his breast, There was in this last appeal of Warren to his countrymen of the sufferings they wore enduring from the British, a holy horror, that must have chilled tho'blood of 'every sensible Toe. • On the 17th of Juno following, as soon. as Warren (who was not in actual imme diate military command; but President of, the Provincial Congress of Massachusetts, which was on that very_day in session at Watertown,, within six miles of tho spot whore Warren fell) hetird•that Gen.,Gagi3 wag moving to the attack, lie left his seat as President, mounted his horse, and en tirely unattended, rode rapidly to Bunker Hill, up to the redoubt. The enemy then were coming up. Col. Prescott had the command, and as soon as Warren came up, Prescott said, "General, I have work ed, here all night, and am now ready for the, enemy. Have you come to tak6 coin- I mand?" . "No, Colonel," replied Warren, "for' God's sake, no. I come only as , volun teer ; all I ask, is, let me share in the glory of the day, entirely. under your orders."— At this moment other divisions were com ing up of the American troops, over ground which was being raked by the canconj from the, British ships. The raw troops trembled in : approaching it, and Warren planted his horse in the most exposed po- ' sition, cooly and calmly holding - his life in his hand, as an example of heroic courage, before he knew whether, his blood was fgr 7 . l , tilizing the soil of liberty or of bondage.'!, As before observed, the Provincial Con gress were during the whole of the battle, i in session within six miles of the redoubt; i yet their records show, that notwithstand ing their President was slain, the inces sant roar of cannon, the awful conflagra tion of Charlestown, the whole town being, in flames by order of Gage, the dwellings' of their friends and neighbors, and per ha ps some of their own member tire, yet not a man left his seat—and jour nals of proceedings on that very day is; very full, and marked with perfect deliber ation—no allusion is found on their records to the general alarm extending thirty miles in every direction. They oven made no I mention of the death of Warren till three t days after the fight, and then only in con nection with nominating his successor. This"is accounted for by the policy of the times, it being considered unnecessary to make any parade for the death of a man dying for his .countryi This Congress were in fact the commander-in -chief of the army. They gave all military directions, till Washington reached the camp. What is equally singular, the records of the General Congress, at Philadelphia, are not only equally free from all boasting on account of the wonderful victory, but they even omit a fair and just account of Amer ican bravery. The enemy construed this extreme modesty into fear. Even their addresses, both to the army and to the enemy, were equally free from ostenta tion. In the spring of 1777, the English fleet in. Now York had become an object of much interest, and, the ingenuity of the whole country was i n requisition to invent some plan by which they could be blown up. At length Mr. David Bushnell invent ed a torpedo, with submarine machinery, to be fleeted under water a long distance, with a man to operate it,who Could secure it under tho ship, anti then' havenn hour to make his escape before the magazine would explode. This \VdS so, far made practical as to blow up a tender of the frlgate.Cerberus! Commodore Simratins, without suspecting thecause made 'an iof ficio.l communication to Sir Peter. Parker upon this eingulardisaster. Shortly after, another attempt on 'the frigate Was made, and :before the explosion the end of the lino, as the tide receded, came to the sur face, when it was drawn on board-,-and while the machine was being oxen:fined, it ,ezploded and killed several' Mon. The pint was thus discovered; and produced great consternation among the English nZni-of war, afterwards, whenever they.carrie into port.. • There was st , general fear; and al most. a' stipersticious dread of theselnfer- Nair; as the pnglish. called them. , ''Mt:;Bushriel.n•forned hisattentionto the fleet ia Phil phia--;--titid caused than to cut their cables, by placing dti the Del aware, aliotte the cityl h largestitiadrent'Of kegs, which were•tent adrift, With' the ebb of the tide, on the - shipping. The, kegs were actually' charged with'ppwder, Wand so centrived 'as •te explode= iia attiking any object--one' Of the Itegsi Strif,ck "a' strait! teW boat and ontleded;'atid that Created a' pan le among ,the ildet--- 7 0 • thq whi4t !nig* be'lfrnier the iteter , 'Wetild destroy thorn. 'The 'Whilifel and'-atfeeise_ id Phil& •• • „ inelphist weredroWded tilth Ouiikiratid taiirgiliti Were' fired along 'the Deid4vitee at evert floittitiitobM: todOii!tiltied %Ma to 'the ! ddajeetutoS . Ybinke's/tykight '‘thkrt:Waii Wllm6el the "Battle of the Kegs"—and'prObslblf ejt I,copt, ff Yankee Doodler:1 no:fa:nig ',lima ever ctimpokedi I that OW ;more: poaticit lead, 1 tifsa Ws fall, hig i iihicir'wuspampasadAy &paw. • .klopkiasoira bairn/sung toll the Ara " thapprielogs; the irison ahips, smi:Qpidusid.o Pita* Apr i I 1, 1852. • of it interested the 'French so)di rs, who sn broken English-would sing and, make much, merriment : • , • . T'woa early tloy os poen' eny,.. Jtiat when tho eun wturriaing, , A soldier stood an a log ol wood „ ) And Raw a righOßlrPrillingo. As in amaze he stood to gaze, The truth can't be denied, sir, „• •, lie spied a score of kegs or more Como floating down ; the tide, sir• A sailor•ten, in jirkin blue, • • The stiange appearance viewing, Frst damn'd his oyes in great surprise. Then said, ome mischief's brewing. These kegs now IMId the rebels bold. Peek'd upliko pickled herring. And they' have coals doWn, idattgek Ilia sown, In this now mode of ferrying.- Theloldlere qew;lthelrattere ton— And 'deed ohnest to diiiith air, ' ' Woie mit their them to spiead the netfre, •Alrid oht , of breath, air. • ' 'Now u'v owl ddwn, throOgbout the totyn, Most frantic seened were hhactOd, And some ran hero, end sOl7llO tan there; Like inert alrriost diatidhred. ' Some fire cried, which some depict), But - said,the curth had quaked And hoy;'ntitl tvith bettiout , noise,. Run through•flus_iciivri half naked, Sir William he, &ogee fen , Ltty,ali this time a 'norm& • • • Nor droatut M harm, as be lay warm In bed with 11 , 1ta 7 b;--- Hero life fright heatriiii•ukight , ' Awakened by Such Clatter; He rubs both eyes, anti boldly. cries, For God's sake, what's the hitter '• At his bed side, he then earned Sir Erskine rit, cornmand, sir ; rpon ono loot he ant , boot. 'And 'tether in his hand, sir. Anse, cattle Sir.F.tokiee •l`he rebels! more's the pity Wit bout a boat, nrotall afloat, And range) before the city.. The molly crew.in vessels now, . • With Satan for their guide:sir ; Packed up in bags, of wooden kegs. Come driving down the tide, sir. Therefore prepare Tor bloody war, These kegs must all be routed. Or. surely. we despised shall be, And British courage doubted. The royal band now rrody stand, All ranged in dread array, sir. IVith stomachs stout to see it Out, And make a bloody day, sir. The cannons roared, from whore to where, The,smull arms made a rattle ; Since ware began, I am au re no man ' E're saw so strange a battle. Tue fish below swam to and fro. ' Attacked from every quarter : Why sure, -thought they," the devil's to pay. 'Mengel folks also ve the water. The kegs,'fis said, the' strongly made 01 rebels staves and hoops, air, Could not oppose their powerful foes. The conquering ftritish troops, sir. 'rho rebel vales, the rebel Jules, With rebel trees surrounded. The distant wood the hills aid Iludds, With rebel echoes sounded. From morn to night these'rnen et Might Displayed nranz ng courage. And when the sun was fairly down. Retired .to tiu'p their porridge. A hundied tiled; with each a pea, Cr tadre. upon 'my yvotil , , atr. ' It is most true, svoilltl be too 'few. ' Them valor to record ' . sir. Such feats did, they perform Mot ,• ,Upon there Filched Kegs; (Fir. • not yearem come. if, I!)e)..gf! home. :to They Illahe•!?1,r • , , •TIIE SECIM"OF 'flecEtt.' . The secret ,of,sticcess is rr wliat,,is . It lies in the pursuit, of inteliisee,c ;tem perance and frugality, • If the great for tunes which daFie the ,misjudging poor be analyzed,they will be !blind in ninety pine out of a;hundredeaSeS, to . haye sprung and matured from, Cahn, patient and simple (Oil, Which' ha • afi'.andurance • an4 a - faith behind," and an object of hope before it.- So, too, in success, whatever, main seelcslO accomplish. • •' lown ffitty stumble upon a splendid iy- in art or sciande,:but a -fixed , gener law , provides that ,high aelifeyerneuifir shalisequirn profound and edriaelow labor. ,Tho,prico of. success: in isoiatedviaesiis the devotion of cue's life. HO!is.4 rusts:;to :arty:dream -Air '.pos,sessioi.or AdVancementifurdeiss.hucoh-' accts.:With:it • the. pso4nt , ,Okerelee:*or.his ;otvq, energy • gad ,Judgment.; t The - little .1315rine, inlthe, mountain ,rocit'lbeecitas brook, a Aorrent,:cy:witla rolling riler,.add •titParA of, the! fathoraless...optia'ni:slmply::by pushing steadily and bravely forward4o.:l .1;:ct ;%:it 0;:r1 1 ,110-• *oral :th ing growl fat pn, is . Ltitivy. I , ln our opinionitiCistair difilaalt,fdr a :grudging tratin.;tol ,raise, mtiouble,ell in nil, it, is fntt a , , : bapkruptr.tott raise Phg n IPMT F9irrfliP,ot ( I :9s l •Kfistl l 24; but from a good hcatt 9RJ cheerful disposi , . 4,ißikr:44.,ffickitfA• :1, .1 • f;coWn4 looriairiem>jrvigitigWitip;ii worth one month in.fttolettillit:lirt Boys flone Away Withf . - . There' are , no.boys:- Tho crop is Juni- . ested 'in many a parlor, to-night, the grain is called :f!Young.!.gentlemeti-:" • .Even my old preceptor, who is shaking on • the grave's. verge, has stowed away his sign of, "Boy's Acaderriy,"• and nails . up in fan cy lintels, "Youg Gentlemen's Institute," Our discarded tailor , f , Snipper," has drop: ped the Word roundabout . from his bills, and lsperiks.of "coateo for young gents.', ' ' "Voung gentsl": • • • The race Who strut with 'canes' at five years'of age, and tire critics in ,'pornatutn' nt,eight; who are' learned "in cassirneres at ten, and understand' the ' mySteries' of antautett6 saufie at twelve whd tyrannise over their shoemaker at fifteen, and' fess the mysteries . ofthe'hallet at thu same age, who boast of anzazirs at . eighteeti,and scandalize, their mothers' at twenty! We saw one this Morning nn 'Upper it 4 enue- ' It was 'eleven: lfclOaki, and'• he had just risen' from breakfast: 'He had yawned 'dyer the news from Europe, but find digested the ."Forrest" case With his chobolate., He had 'cut out sundry' adver-• tisements abont dOgs, and some retelling to mysterkius • interviews, with .; half' the levers of, the alphabet. ' 'Ho litid aired a I RlM:lied dollar dressing case; by hie bath rtiorn succeeded in severing live hairs front the skin of hiS chin; witha piece . of polished Sheffield,' . ' • Heliad "ctit" his . .father 'for refusing iiim a';iiitei; 'and' slarnined the, outer door in the .face, of ,hie eld niiree, who liad.come to him 'for the' fiftieth._ who something on:account ',of that ten , dellars Which 'elie had loanedlo . for anindiscreet "put up" at billiards. .11e:earn° doWn the step shiiering in rt,cool but bracing air. His boots were looking glasses:., His legs were spool,s',whereen threads of cassimere were rolled. He caused a' passing horse to sndez,e, with tha scent which hii..hadkerchlef haled 'as he waved it to a miss of,fourteen, ho' had Stolen; tO the' droWing Teem dew oppesite,, to see her, darling Freddy safe off* " . theSe horrid,. slippery st4S."— lie had consulted a time piece, and won dered in 'his mind if it wore too early for 'bitters." He sighed to think that his eli gibility.for, club , Memberohip,,Was called in "question," like that in, ...the vulgar matter of yoting. lie Was looking forward' to, a walk towards his father'S office ; to 'a cub handling at Bassford's ; to a cup of clioColate at Taylor's where he loved to -day the country beatifies who stray there by day ; to a flirtation of the evening pastime .tit, the opera, Or dash at roll life in the purlieus of the ipierqe Paris, And, yet in the faittilYßible,•whigh lies in the garret of his pervenu 'father, he was written dovin an in ant only eighteen years ago! . • . . Boyish mind, as well as . boyish body, is degenerated under metropolitan atmos r pheres. It 'may thumb ~politictil economy at fourteen yetir's growth; but it never realized Robison. Crusoe, or Sandford and Merton. Classic fictions for youth did very well,, it thinks, when .thg germ of young ,America was not yet unfolded; .but that they are "too slow" now, when Com pared with ",Mysteries, Reynolds," or "Professor Ingraham." GIVE YOUR CHILDREN A NENVIVAPER —A child beginning to read becomes de lighted with a uewspaper, because he reads of names and, things which are very fa miliar, and • he will make progress, aCcord ingly. A newspaper, one • year is worth a cilAkter'sfielmaling ton, child,, und every father must consider ,that sustantial in formatip? is, connected with advaticement. -TlhP nlOthqrPf o,farnily,heinglone of, its 'head4). ft,P4 , having • rt , • m,ore, immediate charge of:children ,sheuld herself be•in structod.„ A minclpccupied becomes forti fied, againsttim ills.pf life, and, is braced .for , , any ; pprrgency, „children , amused by reoding or study, are of course consid. ,eralei and ,muro. easily governed. , How I ,rpony„ thqughtleSs: young men, lave spent th,eir evenings,itt o tavern •or , grog-shop, who ought, to hayo been reading., How many parents ,who never, Spent twenty dol lars for hooks .for , their -families would have given thousands to roelaim a son or a daughter,who•had ignorantly or,theugh• - 9ssly, fallen into temptation.; :gr:rilat was a considerate Seeteinnen who; w,hen two „ gnglistnnen visited. the fictder Arclenechherrt , Where ..siwarcl waS defeuted, ,refused , to tulip , compen sation, for„ showing thorn ilia et.the :plocei!eriying,l na, keep your crown PißeP,:thcFortglish,inte!PEß4dearonoogh ol• rcP.dyjer , tield O'o Aronnuelt -134k111;r:i...if 'l' .1 it Yf.° 4 PPF3 :!`i A§ / 8 . .aamble es towt4 ; 441.1",uttoced ;OM ;TY.9: I I I P.r. idut. . ;:,,, i; i; -.) -...if:;,,,;,..jAvuthl hytColooll,l3oiyci-r0,.; ,:t 17/ 11 ,1 0 , 0 1 1 0..trittes 000 ;J.i Hmtittuck tha,kity imitattit the,isildden *hell brtht4 ileliartai,batir i vhdua , Tespeet. tibia etiissed,worritut ejacitintecion thc amt.. azamehtaftivitybo'dymil or.;; I!: WOOlll 11 r ti Vit , ' : ktb /MOOT Id Ifti?Otitidlti'a iitillitt , stUltenet9 I =i r • 111 ) • t - • filpip.mber ( ) 1 1 A •,. • • • • 'Books,fobs ntid 1111016, QFi v y*n r ,li D sNt i F ( rti TIMOR PjW, B ' kbvslol4 AT I 7 1B OF FIVE Ps' et! 'CLEAREIE D ahletllll4lCAIN,, . . . •lloierhit gYe ISSwipiau4 Vatheil ' r..; Fortlt to, be able to see objects Cledrly and di stinctly,, is t ,necessary . that. the eye should be kept moist and clettn....•FOr'tbie purpose it is furnished with, A.lttle.glned, irern whichilows, a ,:wateryt,fleidtras) which is spread over the eye by t and is afterward swept off,by it, anfl,'rune through a hole, in the bone of thevinner • surface of the nose, whom the warm air pasaing . over it while brePtbiug,evapotatei it. It is remarkable that ,no such glands can be found in the eyes of, ,fisiti,,,tts; the element in which they live, answers ;the same purpose. If the eye had nat. been furnished with a liquid to wash. it...andAt lid to sweep it off, things would appattr as they de when we look through deity, glass. Along the edges of the eyelid there are a great many . little tubes or glands,* from which flows an oily substanceiwhich spreads over the surface of the—skin • and prevents the edges from becoming 'pore for itrited, and it also helps to ,keep the tears Within the lid. There is, also „six muscles attached, to , the eye, which enables us to move it in every, direction.; and when we consider the different 'mot flints they , arecapable of giving to thePVil we cannot but admire the goodness of Him I who formed them, and has thus . : saved its the trouble of turning our heads ,evar.)l time we wish to view an object. Although the 'eyes of some , animals are ineapahlttof motion, as the fly,.tbe i beetle, ;and spygral other psects,,Fl the - Preator:.has . shown Hi wisdom pnd, goodness. in tikrphthiog their, eyes with:thousands of flute Ors, and'hy placing their eyes more' in ,frontpc their heads, so , that these littleinseewein see almost around them without turning their'heads. A gentleman , who ItattAit, mined the eyes• of a ; fly,. says 44 , : the two eyes of a common one , are:. of SW little globes, through everyomeig . which it is capable .nf forming ,aninittigeter the object, . prepared tho.s,,yiktor the 11,y for the purposp,.he pittepitit,belleg; the microscope, and then lacked thregge both, in the manner of theteleicepei,PA.ti steeple which was 22p feet high, nrnt7oo feet.distant, and he say 4 he conic!, ,pjainli sec Pr9,1,3b every hePli§ltilerßingfl o ‘v i ltple steeple inverted `or • turned' topside clown• • • , hll NVONDERS OF Tlitt 1-IEMMATEL-;701' ,Ip tlerthel, in his essay on the,power a tln telescope.to penetrate into, qice, i s m§ there are stars so inflp,itely remote : 4 , oQ 49 situated at the distance of twlve,lnillionit ofmillions of millions ,:of miles fr4tn) our earth; so that light, which tmvels„wigi velocity of twelmmilliops of ,Mijes,in a minute,would reqdir9two for its transit from those di#Eint grbsjo our own • while the astronomerpho should record the aspect or mutations of, ,quelk i tl star, would be relating, not its history,fit the present day, but that ,wbich toolf.,,plar r r two millions of years gone by r vir . 4lp, our earth in space so almost infulit9 still more, what is man, .hat he. Shot4d the speial object of regitd to Author of this system of worlds! ~„ ANEcDOTE OF pugs, LGTORIA.--7 „1 - y editor of, the dospel Banner, in., the a lan,t number of his ",.Wallis in ,tho. b,rr3tal Palaco,"—relates the following insidopt rip happening under his pWn. observatipm,,it speaks : well ,fot the, eponulneous.' emotipas of the Queen's heart': We never saw. any , pi:ramie...speak to ,her, in the palace, but some ; of her ‘,owp party ; nor,did we ever .hc r , her .41c•cpt her discourse to any otters, exnept in,one instance;, an unfortunate lame girl, ,fear ing to be in the way ofhpr majesty, atternp;• ed to rin from, her pre.senee, bqkt fel . l . fq . the get. e queen spra toikarcip .I,49spikl riliseo her up f9in/. kiss upon her pale'4.:heek, spit" c)( kindness to the phild;:and Alms ~ ed her et. heY feere ' • l.n; • • A good wife (says :a :Western •eilitor) is one who puts her husbdnd at the. side of the; bed next t 6 the., wall dnd :tucks him up to keep ,him warm in ,tho.tatinftir, splits all .thd wood, makes tho' fird, itylke rimming, washes her husband's , face:land draws on 'his hoots for him; never siddldp, never sutlers a , rent to remain in. hathuit: band's small clothes, keeps her rslniqtv..dp at thopheel, and' bar : stookidg darned. never :wonders: what , her thuiliand":seas interesting in .the! young 'wocruanc.6who lives across:. the .:way; -never , alnaisl the doori loud !whed,her , hus,band speaking, anti .alditys reproves., the ehildron , ! . .whett they ent.theif fnihees litipper t '• • A iivetim.D;—The 'tidiest likirid hurebandll 4116 4ho •lids And erni,kis after breekfa)3ti'Whiti in one it ttrii Mid .1':011 1 4.)1 :kitaier:oll the othdr. ptireitS4 ,IloOur 14 itVlecra to plitets belie d busbothl tif r2OVIV 4, l htfh star turns enrintibil'i says deribritikWa of a "liitfd hesbtind,n:htib.itneattet kt bid ihori 0(3 watitt . dbythialtb:doliVitth; Lillie tatygooniiditeoPti kind littsliittid , fEVICWO. I nideyaltig Mil/I'll4W WI fait& dig4ebtid tiiitl wat6i do %hit' 6hurtittgrbtlitkti; he carpets . ; ifOrd-the tioddetiat,ltitt9eirttide I Aid took the ti , Pallifthi4 fagot. ethiareutt th , c• tOora wit tient he'r44olldik -• , • wo ' pato ' 401) 411 , ,fi detnesbet ir,o3 do months. 100 colooloA4 piptte% du do do, o booths, 08 oo •do do; IN °heron 11 n,oolbe.. , SOU ,ftte :ti do 12 der Ele de to!blehetiatve emit ollhis ii 1 1 .60 11 oi‘d, and le reed by bflbbU►tl the Layton% nun of Oar liiid4ll:6 Mut .4)/ frativied lad bu 1n,64, Nrald Efwhattits filitatibott Lad e,ber tety,./of ,godeo. liesese 14.1titnte!IMO' tid NV'S ar t yintisWit '4111110%4ff easeV.ly "8 !Mem: dileediteee.