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; From tleii Nevi Tote Neenlet Post.
et the .imerican 'Revolution.
Bo3lon Iffassatte—Trial of the British,
Soldiers and their Acquittal.
;Thi§ event had n msire important Witt.
inc,e in securing edit independence, than
has generally been. imagined.
As soon arrthellritishiroops were quar-'
toted in Boston, a bitter feeling commenc
ed between them and the inhabitants.--
This Was, frorn time to time, increased till
Match 1770, When the crisis arrived.—
Captain Preston, an officer Hof experience,
firm and courtly in his manners, was on
duty., His menmere parading in State st.
Tile, populace continued crowding upon his
ranks, and his repeated entreaties were of
no avail in -protecting - hia man from the
sneers and •insults constantly poured upon
their; at length the. populace commenced
threwing stoneaat them, and two men were
knocked down in • the ranks.
`The soldiers had now become enraged
at this treatment, 'and ,Captain Preston,
finding the crowd 'pressing upon him, or
derekhis men to fire. This caused the'
death of three respectable citizens, and
feoin thnt moment 'the fury , of the populace
could' hardly be restrained long enough to
enable the civil power'to place Capt. Pres
ton and his tnen in prison, where they
gladly went to preventbeing torn in pieces.
The next ste was to have the captain
and his men indicted for murder, and tried
for that crime. Their chance of escape
appeared limited, when it was seen that
their judges, jurors 'and witnesses, were to
be taken from this excited populace. As
evidence of the_prevniling feeling, after the
Elder Adams, Samuel Dexter and Josiah
Quincy, three young men just then estab
lished, at the bar, had been retained by
Captain Preston; the, father of Quincy
catneio Boston; from Braintree,to entreat
his son to' have nothing to do with such a
criose, as its unpppularity would destroy
bis future prospects. ' The trial chine on ;
Adams appealed to the jury to be as deaf
as adders to the cry of-the populace—and
Dexter argued that the troops, with mus
kets n theur hands, were no more deadly
weapons, in law, than an axe in the hands
of.ri Carpenter... Theta came the • impartial
editor of .the judge, and the triumphant
acqulttal of the jury. The people bowed
in humble submission to, the majesty or the
but never became .reconciled to the
. In , the meantime, this event, became
known in Europe—where the idea of giv
ing Captain Preston and his men a fair
trial,.under such circumstances, was not
only considered a perfect mockery upon
justice, but their condemnation and execu
tion was considered certain. When 'the
friends' of liberty in Europe heard of the
result of the trial, after reading the evi
dence, and the arguments of counsel; and
the charge of the court, great was their re
joicing as they saw America contained a
law abiding people—When they saw that
such a fair-trial could be given under such
excitement,• they proclaimed that ma' a
people can never be enslaved. , This trial
commended the American character to all
Europe, and it was the colatteral security
upon which subsequently Congress obtain
ed their fleetri and armies which secured
„I In Boston,. the massacre could , neither
be ; forgiven ,or fbrgotten.. ..On: the other
hand, time ,appeered,to,impart deeper the
thorn in tile affections of,t,N) people; At each
anniversary of the massacre, all hearts
Pelted ini'determining to celebrate the . day.
From the surrounding country the people
poured in---stores Were closed--crapo was
placed uponthe doors--bells tolled—drums
were muffled-•--processions formed, and an
'Wherel,kpresonceofithn ,British officerp,
te, details or tyranny' weio illustra
434 apd,the hOrioisOr'the maisacteviiiid
ly portrayed. Gen. Joseph Warren was
t)tkerator of the day,. and he was unspar
ing upon the cruelty' ef,ibePritish. . •
Every year the day; continued to tie
,gawked...with the same solemnities, but
with an increasing in i ter,est, till 1775, whets'
the Britiah_officexa gayei4ut,that it should
soWU lito who dare. to
pronoonee, another oration -upon the next
Puivertary. AS edon„us this threat reach
etWiyarren, he sent in to the Selectmen -a
*quest that he might be the ovitor of the
day! Being withom sp:appetifor,. he - was
advance appointed. Op the morning of tho
,4itlyi , the British officer's, ell' arnied, Cever-
Wl' the pulpit sitars: Warren , tied ;his
MOWS tifttved,.lkaraladdef Was" ptiottit
4A-on-which he entered the pulpit - window.
this' 7etbivdtit he,,phiced
Wrinttlid bixtraget orthqpietnd his
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'walk; in eheostrdhd) WOW, The noble
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A WEEKLY PAPER: . DEVOTED TO LITERATURE, AGRICULTUREiIIORALITY, AND , FOREIGN AND DOIESTIO INTELLI
and clear statement was drawn up of the ,
whole affair and printed—a , merchant ves- j
sel bou9d for England, was just ready to
sail from Salem, under command of Capt.
Derby, on board of which, several hun
dred of these printed documents were placed
for distribution among,the friends of Amer
ica in England. Capt. Derby had a, short
run of twenty days, and those accounts
wore all over England, some six weeks be
fore the government kid their despatches
from Gen. Gage, who had sent a frigate,
that had a long passage.
In the meantime; the excitement was
daily increasing against the govern
ment for allowing. Gage to murderthese
American subjects. At lest the govern
ment sent for Capt. Derby, and questioned
him about the battle. In a day or two the
letters from Gage arrived. The King was
very, angry, as Gage had been ordered to
allow no collision with the people. Gage
was immediately recalled, "to return and
in person to account to his majesty for the
murder of his subjects:
Dr. Franklin as agent of the Colonies,
was now in London. Lord Chatham had
discovered his great knowledge of Ameri
can affairs, and cultivated the acquaintance
of the Doctor on every occasion, and did
all in his power to increase his influence.
The Doctor took very cheap lodgings in
• an obscure street—and was comparatively
unknown among the common people.—
Lard Chatham thought the more the Doc
tor was known, the more popular would
be the American cause. With this view,
on Sunday afternoon, about the hour of re
turning from church, Lord Chatham would
call at the Doctors lodgings, and generally
in coach and six, with outsiders, &c.
This great man's carriage caused the
people to stop in crowds before the house
on their- way from church, to enquire who
the noble lord could be visiting. The next
day, the Doctor found, in going to walk,
that half the people he met took off their
hats to him., They had discovered that
Lord Chatham had called upon him.—
Grocers, boot-blacks, and all tradesmen
called to ask his patronage.
Through Dr. Franklin, Lord Chatham
prepared himself to defend America—and
enabled him to declare in Parliament, "My
lords delay not— instantly' withdraw your
troops—for America can never be subdued.
You never can negotiate with Ainaricans
as long as you hold the bayonet at their
Had Chatham's councils been followed,
peace would have been made the first year,
perhaps, war entirely prevented. After an i
eight years' war, King George, who was
the last man to consent to the independence
of America, said be would be the last man
to allow her independence to,be questioned.
In examining the British archives after
the war, it was discovered that the whole
eight years' war could have been prevent
ed, had" England and America only under
stood each other. Unfortunately, both
couVies were under an entire delusion.
The British had no reliable information,
except their own officers and tories. W hen
the battles of Lexington and Bunker Hill
reached England, the government were as
that these were merely the result of
a surprise—that a few more regiments and
the colonies would be subdued. So, when
Burgoyne surrendered; nd even up to the I I
surrender of Lord Cornwallis, the eyes of
the British governMent were still onopen
ed to the real state of the case.
Du: after tho surrender of Yorktown, a
different sentiment prevailed. • Sir Henry
Clinton was then • recalled, and Sir Guy
Carleton took command. From the me
teent of his arrival, - all hiecorrespondence
and intercoUrse, official and otherwise, was
of the most conciliatory character. His
first letter to Washington was that he had
great pleasure in releasing several Ameri
can prisoners who were anxious' to return
to their homes, Had this, policy been
used in the early part of the contest,. our
independence would not' have been scour
cd—as the Cruelty of the' British appeared
to be necessary to firmly unite the whole
country. ' •
Death of Geri. Warien;--Battle of Bun
- In my last number, .General Warren I
wa6 described entering , the pulpit of the
al South Church.through the window by
a ladder—the stairs. to the pulpit being
covered by Mined Britishofficers,.whe had
'thrcatened his life: if . he 'again spoke upon
the Boston reassadre.; Warren wrote with
the fire of genius, and the boldness of a
Sero. This last oratinn was the knelt or
liiii - own obsequies, for in a few months he
was slain, - in 'suPportingthe doetrine, he,
on'the sth of March 1175, prointilgated;to
bi4countryinim. Thet‘martyrElblbod sihat
.8d the patriot'is)nder4;•drid the •soil'
drank thlOitferrin '•iaf life-gtows holier
er , ( , t ,
-' ,l An aillliVilllints,4!iiileceded''. his exodi.l
"iini. l Etiebbniari , in .' ihtit vast inieeinbly felt
ilui:palpitatiniititif Ida oWn heaiti and saw I
ihei§ale but Uteritiiithefnce of his neigh.;
iSoi: VW Willi, 414anblime. olic patriot,
in kihora:tlielfhish'Or iobth andqice grace,
.intivldignitylliStkrithiltda Vire fitio t tubined,
arida armed iwitkillowAlf (IA &Ong
thP ‘ oppressors of tho country, who literally
stood with their bayonets at his breast,
There was in this last appeal of Warren to
his countrymen of the sufferings they wore
enduring from the British, a holy horror,
that must have chilled tho'blood of 'every
sensible Toe. •
On the 17th of Juno following, as soon.
as Warren (who was not in actual imme
diate military command; but President of,
the Provincial Congress of Massachusetts,
which was on that very_day in session at
Watertown,, within six miles of tho spot
whore Warren fell) hetird•that Gen.,Gagi3
wag moving to the attack, lie left his seat
as President, mounted his horse, and en
tirely unattended, rode rapidly to Bunker
Hill, up to the redoubt. The enemy then
were coming up. Col. Prescott had the
command, and as soon as Warren came
up, Prescott said, "General, I have work
ed, here all night, and am now ready for
the, enemy. Have you come to tak6
"No, Colonel," replied Warren, "for'
God's sake, no. I come only as , volun
teer ; all I ask, is, let me share in the glory
of the day, entirely. under your orders."—
At this moment other divisions were com
ing up of the American troops, over ground
which was being raked by the canconj
from the, British ships. The raw troops
trembled in : approaching it, and Warren
planted his horse in the most exposed po- '
sition, cooly and calmly holding - his life in
his hand, as an example of heroic courage,
before he knew whether, his blood was fgr 7 . l ,
tilizing the soil of liberty or of bondage.'!,
As before observed, the Provincial Con
gress were during the whole of the battle, i
in session within six miles of the redoubt; i
yet their records show, that notwithstand
ing their President was slain, the inces
sant roar of cannon, the awful conflagra
tion of Charlestown, the whole town being,
in flames by order of Gage, the dwellings'
of their friends and neighbors, and per
ps some of their own member tire,
yet not a man left his seat—and jour
nals of proceedings on that very day is;
very full, and marked with perfect deliber
ation—no allusion is found on their records
to the general alarm extending thirty miles
in every direction. They oven made no I
mention of the death of Warren till three
days after the fight, and then only in con
nection with nominating his successor.
This"is accounted for by the policy of
the times, it being considered unnecessary
to make any parade for the death of a man
dying for his .countryi This Congress
were in fact the commander-in -chief of the
army. They gave all military directions,
till Washington reached the camp. What
is equally singular, the records of the
General Congress, at Philadelphia, are
not only equally free from all boasting on
account of the wonderful victory, but they
even omit a fair and just account of Amer
ican bravery. The enemy construed this
extreme modesty into fear. Even their
addresses, both to the army and to the
enemy, were equally free from ostenta
In the spring of 1777, the English fleet
in. Now York had become an object of
much interest, and, the ingenuity of the
whole country was i n requisition to invent
some plan by which they could be blown
up. At length Mr. David Bushnell invent
ed a torpedo, with submarine machinery,
to be fleeted under water a long distance,
with a man to operate it,who Could secure
it under tho ship, anti then' havenn hour
to make his escape before the magazine
would explode. This \VdS so, far made
practical as to blow up a tender of the
frlgate.Cerberus! Commodore Simratins,
without suspecting thecause made 'an iof
ficio.l communication to Sir Peter. Parker
upon this eingulardisaster. Shortly after,
another attempt on 'the frigate Was made,
and :before the explosion the end of the
lino, as the tide receded, came to the sur
face, when it was drawn on board-,-and
while the machine was being oxen:fined, it
,ezploded and killed several' Mon. The pint
was thus discovered; and produced great
consternation among the English nZni-of
war, afterwards, whenever they.carrie into
port.. • There was st , general fear; and al
most. a' stipersticious dread of theselnfer-
Nair; as the pnglish. called them.
the fleet ia Phil phia--;--titid caused than
to cut their cables, by placing dti the Del
aware, aliotte the cityl h largestitiadrent'Of
kegs, which were•tent adrift, With' the ebb
of the tide, on the - shipping. The, kegs
were actually' charged with'ppwder, Wand
so centrived 'as •te explode= iia attiking any
object--one' Of the Itegsi Strif,ck "a' strait! teW
boat and ontleded;'atid that Created a' pan
,the ildet--- 7 0 • thq whi4t
!nig* be'lfrnier the iteter , 'Wetild destroy
thorn. 'The 'Whilifel and'-atfeeise_ id Phil&
•• • „
inelphist weredroWded tilth Ouiikiratid
taiirgiliti Were' fired along 'the Deid4vitee
at evert floittitiitobM: todOii!tiltied %Ma
to 'the ! ddajeetutoS .
Ybinke's/tykight '‘thkrt:Waii Wllm6el the
"Battle of the Kegs"—and'prObslblf ejt
I,copt, ff Yankee Doodler:1 no:fa:nig ',lima ever
ctimpokedi I that OW ;more: poaticit lead,
1 tifsa Ws fall, hig i iihicir'wuspampasadAy
&paw. • .klopkiasoira bairn/sung
toll the Ara " thapprielogs;
the irison ahips, smi:Qpidusid.o Pita*
Apr i I 1, 1852.
of it interested the 'French so)di rs, who sn
broken English-would sing and, make much,
merriment : • , • .
T'woa early tloy os poen' eny,..
Jtiat when tho eun wturriaing, ,
A soldier stood an a log ol wood „ )
And Raw a righOßlrPrillingo.
As in amaze he stood to gaze,
The truth can't be denied, sir, „• •,
lie spied a score of kegs or more
Como floating down ; the tide, sir•
A sailor•ten, in jirkin blue, • •
The stiange appearance viewing,
Frst damn'd his oyes in great surprise.
Then said, ome mischief's brewing.
These kegs now IMId the rebels bold.
Peek'd upliko pickled herring.
And they' have coals doWn, idattgek Ilia sown,
In this now mode of ferrying.-
Theloldlere qew;lthelrattere ton—
And 'deed ohnest to diiiith air, '
' Woie mit their them to spiead the netfre,
•Alrid oht , of breath, air. • '
'Now u'v owl ddwn, throOgbout the totyn,
Most frantic seened were hhactOd,
And some ran hero, end sOl7llO tan there;
Like inert alrriost diatidhred. '
Some fire cried, which some depict),
But - said,the curth had quaked
And hoy;'ntitl tvith bettiout , noise,.
Run through•flus_iciivri half naked,
Sir William he, &ogee fen ,
Ltty,ali this time a 'norm& • •
• Nor droatut M harm, as be lay warm
In bed with 11 , 1ta 7 b;---
Hero life fright heatriiii•ukight , '
Awakened by Such Clatter;
He rubs both eyes, anti boldly. cries,
For God's sake, what's the hitter '•
At his bed side, he then earned
Sir Erskine rit, cornmand, sir ;
rpon ono loot he ant , boot.
'And 'tether in his hand, sir.
Anse, cattle Sir.F.tokiee
•l`he rebels! more's the pity
Wit bout a boat, nrotall afloat,
And range) before the city..
The molly crew.in vessels now, . •
With Satan for their guide:sir ;
Packed up in bags, of wooden kegs.
Come driving down the tide, sir.
Therefore prepare Tor bloody war,
These kegs must all be routed.
Or. surely. we despised shall be,
And British courage doubted.
The royal band now rrody stand,
All ranged in dread array, sir.
IVith stomachs stout to see it Out,
And make a bloody day, sir.
The cannons roared, from whore to where,
The,smull arms made a rattle ;
Since ware began, I am au re no man '
E're saw so strange a battle.
Tue fish below swam to and fro. '
Attacked from every quarter :
Why sure, -thought they," the devil's to pay.
'Mengel folks also ve the water.
The kegs,'fis said, the' strongly made
01 rebels staves and hoops, air,
Could not oppose their powerful foes.
The conquering ftritish troops, sir.
'rho rebel vales, the rebel Jules,
With rebel trees surrounded.
The distant wood the hills aid Iludds,
With rebel echoes sounded.
From morn to night these'rnen et Might
Displayed nranz ng courage.
And when the sun was fairly down.
Retired .to tiu'p their porridge.
A hundied tiled; with each a pea,
Cr tadre. upon 'my yvotil , , atr.
' It is most true, svoilltl be too 'few.
' Them valor to record ' . sir.
Such feats did, they perform Mot
,Upon there Filched Kegs; (Fir. •
not yearem come. if, I!)e)..gf! home. :to
•TIIE SECIM"OF 'flecEtt.' .
,of,sticcess is rr wliat,,is .
It lies in the pursuit, of inteliisee,c ;tem
perance and frugality, • If the great for
tunes which daFie the
,misjudging poor be
analyzed,they will be !blind in ninety pine
out of a;hundredeaSeS, to . haye sprung and
matured from, Cahn, patient and simple
(Oil, Which' ha • afi'.andurance • an4 a - faith
behind," and an object of hope before it.-
So, too, in success, whatever, main seelcslO
accomplish. • •' lown ffitty stumble upon
a splendid iy- in art or sciande,:but
a -fixed , gener law , provides that ,high
aelifeyerneuifir shalisequirn profound and
edriaelow labor. ,Tho,prico of. success: in
isoiatedviaesiis the devotion of cue's life.
HO!is.4 rusts:;to :arty:dream -Air
accts.:With:it • the. pso4nt , ,Okerelee:*or.his
;otvq, energy • gad ,Judgment.; t The - little
.1315rine, inlthe, mountain ,rocit'lbeecitas
brook, a Aorrent,:cy:witla rolling riler,.add
•titParA of, the! fathoraless...optia'ni:slmply::by
pushing steadily and bravely forward4o.:l
;%:it 0;:r1 1 ,110-• *oral :th ing growl fat pn, is .
Ltitivy. I , ln our opinionitiCistair difilaalt,fdr
a :grudging tratin.;tol ,raise, mtiouble,ell in nil,
it, is fntt a , , : bapkruptr.tott raise
Phg n IPMT F9irrfliP,ot ( I :9s l •Kfistl l 24;
from a good hcatt 9RJ cheerful disposi , .
4,ißikr:44.,ffickitfA• :1, .1 •
worth one month in.fttolettillit:lirt
Boys flone Away Withf .
- . There' are , no.boys:- Tho crop is Juni- .
ested 'in many a parlor, to-night, the grain
is called :f!Young.!.gentlemeti-:" • .Even
my old preceptor, who is shaking on • the
grave's. verge, has stowed away his sign
of, "Boy's Acaderriy,"• and nails . up in fan
cy lintels, "Youg Gentlemen's Institute,"
Our discarded tailor , f , Snipper," has drop:
ped the Word roundabout . from his bills,
and lsperiks.of "coateo for young gents.',
' ' "Voung gentsl": • • •
The race Who strut with 'canes' at five
years'of age, and tire critics in ,'pornatutn'
nt,eight; who are' learned "in cassirneres
at ten, and understand' the ' mySteries'
antautett6 saufie at twelve whd tyrannise
over their shoemaker at fifteen, and'
fess the mysteries . ofthe'hallet at thu same
age, who boast of anzazirs at . eighteeti,and
scandalize, their mothers' at twenty!
We saw one this Morning nn 'Upper
it 4 enue- ' It was 'eleven: lfclOaki, and'•
had just risen' from breakfast: 'He had
yawned 'dyer the news from Europe, but
find digested the ."Forrest" case With his
chobolate., He had 'cut out sundry' adver-•
tisements abont dOgs, and some retelling
to mysterkius • interviews, with
.; half' the
levers of, the alphabet. ' 'Ho litid aired a
I RlM:lied dollar dressing case; by hie bath
rtiorn succeeded in severing live
hairs front the skin of hiS chin; witha piece .
of polished Sheffield,' . ' •
Heliad "ctit" his . .father 'for refusing
iiim a';iiitei; 'and' slarnined the, outer door
in the .face, of
,hie eld niiree, who liad.come
to him 'for the' fiftieth._ who
on:account ',of that ten , dellars Which 'elie
. for anindiscreet "put
up" at billiards. .11e:earn° doWn the step
shiiering in rt,cool but bracing air. His
boots were looking glasses:., His legs were
spool,s',whereen threads of cassimere were
rolled. He caused a' passing horse to sndez,e,
with tha scent which hii..hadkerchlef
haled 'as he waved it to a miss of,fourteen,
ho' had Stolen; tO the' droWing Teem
dew oppesite,, to see her, darling Freddy
safe off* " . theSe horrid,. slippery st4S."—
lie had consulted a time piece, and won
dered in 'his mind if it wore too early for
'bitters." He sighed to think that his eli
gibility.for, club , Memberohip,,Was called
in "question," like that in, ...the vulgar
matter of yoting. lie Was looking forward'
to, a walk towards his father'S office ; to 'a
cub handling at Bassford's ; to a cup of
clioColate at Taylor's where he loved to
the country beatifies who stray there
by day ; to a flirtation of the evening
pastime .tit, the opera, Or dash at roll
in the purlieus of the ipierqe Paris,
And, yet in the faittilYßible,•whigh lies
in the garret of his pervenu 'father, he was
written dovin an in ant only eighteen years
ago! . • . .
Boyish mind, as well as . boyish body,
is degenerated under metropolitan atmos r
pheres. It 'may thumb
at fourteen yetir's growth; but it never
realized Robison. Crusoe, or Sandford and
Merton. Classic fictions for youth did
very well,, it thinks, when .thg germ of
young ,America was not yet unfolded; .but
that they are "too slow" now, when Com
pared with ",Mysteries, Reynolds," or
GIVE YOUR CHILDREN A NENVIVAPER
—A child beginning to read becomes de
lighted with a uewspaper, because he reads
of names and, things which are very fa
miliar, and • he will make progress, aCcord
ingly. A newspaper, one • year is worth a
cilAkter'sfielmaling ton, child,, und every
father must consider ,that sustantial in
formatip? is, connected with advaticement.
-TlhP nlOthqrPf o,farnily,heinglone of, its
'head4). ft,P4 , having • rt , • m,ore, immediate
,sheuld herself be•in
structod.„ A minclpccupied becomes forti
fied, againsttim ills.pf life, and, is braced
.for , , any ; pprrgency, „children , amused
by reoding or study, are of course consid.
,eralei and ,muro. easily governed. , How
I ,rpony„ thqughtleSs: young men, lave spent
th,eir evenings,itt o tavern •or , grog-shop,
who ought, to hayo been reading., How
many parents ,who never, Spent twenty dol
lars for hooks .for , their -families would
have given thousands to roelaim a son or
a daughter,who•had ignorantly or,theugh• -
9ssly, fallen into temptation.;
:gr:rilat was a considerate Seeteinnen
w,hen two „ gnglistnnen visited. the
fictder Arclenechherrt , Where ..siwarcl
waS defeuted, ,refused , to tulip , compen
sation, for„ showing thorn ilia et.the
:plocei!eriying,l na, keep your crown
rcP.dyjer , tield O'o Aronnuelt
-134k111;r:i...if 'l' .1 it
Yf.° 4 PPF3 :!`i A§ / 8 .
towt4 ; 441.1",uttoced
;OM ;TY.9: I I I P.r. idut. . ;:,,, i; i; -.)
-...if:;,,,;,..jAvuthl hytColooll,l3oiyci-r0,.; ,:t
17/ 11 ,1 0 , 0 1 1 0..trittes 000 ;J.i
Hmtittuck tha,kity imitattit the,isildden
*hell brtht4 ileliartai,batir i vhdua , Tespeet.
tibia etiissed,worritut ejacitintecion thc amt..
azamehtaftivitybo'dymil or.;; I!:
WOOlll 11 r ti Vit , ' : ktb
/MOOT Id Ifti?Otitidlti'a
iitillitt , stUltenet9 I =i r • 111 ) • t
( ) 1 1 A
•,. • • • •
'Books,fobs ntid 1111016,
QFi v y*n r ,li D sNt i F ( rti TIMOR PjW, B '
kbvslol4 AT I 7 1B OF FIVE Ps' et!
'CLEAREIE D ahletllll4lCAIN,,
. . .
•lloierhit gYe ISSwipiau4 Vatheil '
Fortlt to, be able to see objects
and di stinctly,, is t ,necessary . that. the eye
should be kept moist and clettn....•FOr'tbie
purpose it is furnished with, A.lttle.glned,
irern whichilows, a
which is spread over the eye by t
and is afterward swept off,by it, anfl,'rune
through a hole, in the bone of thevinner •
surface of the nose, whom the warm air
pasaing . over it while brePtbiug,evapotatei
it. It is remarkable that ,no such glands
can be found in the eyes of, ,fisiti,,,tts; the
element in which they live, answers ;the
same purpose. If the eye had nat. been
furnished with a liquid to wash. it...andAt
lid to sweep it off, things would appattr as
they de when we look through deity,
glass. Along the edges of the eyelid there
are a great many . little tubes or glands,*
from which flows an oily substanceiwhich
spreads over the surface of the—skin • and
prevents the edges from becoming 'pore
for itrited, and it also helps to ,keep the
tears Within the lid. There is, also „six
muscles attached, to , the eye, which
enables us to move it in every, direction.;
and when we consider the different 'mot
flints they , arecapable of giving to thePVil
we cannot but admire the goodness of Him
I who formed them, and has thus . : saved its
the trouble of turning our heads ,evar.)l
time we wish to view an object. Although
the 'eyes of some , animals are ineapahlttof
motion, as the fly,.tbe i beetle, ;and spygral
other psects,,Fl the - Preator:.has . shown
Hi wisdom pnd, goodness. in tikrphthiog
their, eyes with:thousands of flute Ors,
and'hy placing their eyes more' in ,frontpc
their heads, so , that these littleinseewein
see almost around them without turning
their'heads. A gentleman , who ItattAit,
mined the eyes• of a ; fly,. says 44 , : the
two eyes of a common one , are:.
of SW little globes, through everyomeig .
which it is capable .nf forming
the object, . prepared tho.s,,yiktor
the 11,y for the purposp,.he pittepitit,belleg;
the microscope, and then lacked thregge
both, in the manner of theteleicepei,PA.ti
steeple which was 22p feet high, nrnt7oo
feet.distant, and he say 4 he conic!,
sec Pr9,1,3b every hePli§ltilerßingfl o
‘v i ltple steeple inverted `or • turned' topside
clown• • • ,
NVONDERS OF Tlitt 1-IEMMATEL-;701' ,Ip
tlerthel, in his essay on the,power a tln
telescope.to penetrate into, qice, i s m§
there are stars so inflp,itely remote : 4 , oQ 49
situated at the distance of twlve,lnillionit
ofmillions of millions ,:of miles fr4tn) our
earth; so that light, which tmvels„wigi
velocity of twelmmilliops of ,Mijes,in a
for its transit from those di#Eint grbsjo
our own • while the astronomerpho should
record the aspect or mutations of, ,quelk i tl
star, would be relating, not its history,fit
the present day, but that
,wbich toolf.,,plar r r
two millions of years gone by r vir . 4lp,
our earth in space so almost infulit9
still more, what is man, .hat he. Shot4d
the speial object of regitd to
Author of this system of worlds! ~„
ANEcDOTE OF pugs, LGTORIA.--7 „1 -
editor of, the dospel Banner, in., the a lan,t
number of his ",.Wallis in ,tho. b,rr3tal
Palaco,"—relates the following insidopt rip
happening under his pWn. observatipm,,it
speaks : well
,fot the, eponulneous.' emotipas
of the Queen's heart':
We never saw. any , pi:ramie...speak to
,her, in the palace, but some ; of her ‘,owp
party ; nor,did we ever .hc r , her .41c•cpt
her discourse to any otters, exnept in,one
instance;, an unfortunate lame girl, ,fear
ing to be in the way ofhpr majesty, atternp;•
ed to rin from, her pre.senee, bqkt fel . l . fq . the
get. e queen spra toikarcip .I,49spikl
riliseo her up f9in/.
kiss upon her pale'4.:heek, spit"
c)( kindness to the phild;:and Alms ~
ed her et. heY feere ' • l.n;
• • A good wife (says :a :Western •eilitor)
is one who puts her husbdnd at the. side
of the; bed next t 6 the., wall dnd :tucks
him up to keep ,him warm in ,tho.tatinftir,
splits all .thd wood, makes tho' fird, itylke
rimming, washes her husband's , face:land
draws on 'his hoots for him; never siddldp,
never sutlers a , rent to remain in. hathuit:
band's small clothes, keeps her rslniqtv..dp
at thopheel, and' bar : stookidg darned.
never :wonders: what , her thuiliand":seas
interesting in .the! young 'wocruanc.6who
lives across:. the .:way; -never , alnaisl the
doori loud !whed,her , hus,band speaking,
anti .alditys reproves., the ehildron , ! . .whett
they ent.theif fnihees litipper t
'• • A iivetim.D;—The 'tidiest
likirid hurebandll 4116 4ho •lids
And erni,kis after breekfa)3ti'Whiti
in one it ttrii Mid .1':011 1 4.)1
:kitaier:oll the othdr. ptireitS4
,IloOur 14 itVlecra to plitets
belie d busbothl tif r2OVIV 4, l htfh star
turns enrintibil'i says deribritikWa
of a "liitfd hesbtind,n:htib.itneattet kt bid
ihori 0(3 watitt . dbythialtb:doliVitth; Lillie
tatygooniiditeoPti kind littsliittid , fEVICWO.
I nideyaltig Mil/I'll4W WI fait& dig4ebtid
tiiitl wat6i do %hit' 6hurtittgrbtlitkti; he
carpets . ; ifOrd-the tioddetiat,ltitt9eirttide
I Aid took the ti , Pallifthi4 fagot.
th , c• tOora wit tient he'r44olldik
-• , •
411 , ,fi detnesbet ir,o3
do months. 100
colooloA4 piptte% du
do do, o booths, 08
oo •do do; IN
°heron 11 n,oolbe.. , SOU
do 12 der Ele de
to!blehetiatve emit ollhis
ii 1 1 .60 11 oi‘d, and le reed by
the Layton% nun of Oar
liiid4ll:6 Mut .4)/ frativied
lad bu 1n,64, Nrald
Efwhattits filitatibott Lad
e,ber tety,./of ,godeo.
liesese 14.1titnte!IMO' tid NV'S
ar t yintisWit '4111110%4ff
easeV.ly "8 !Mem: dileediteee.