The Potter journal and news item. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1872-1874, October 29, 1873, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

Jnu. S. Mann, F. Hamilton,
Prol>rtetM '' IbT '"V7" £3 I T *T-T! Publisher
ri ER.
•orniaisPOitT, PA.
(jjfin Cor. M"in and Thi d.)
S. F. Hamilton,
><>• J" 1 - aUIU pMMier.
l)Kl. M'ULAUV. M.1..,
(()l I>K ItSPOKT, I'KNN A.
ttorncv at Uwwi District Attorney,
, , itsall Imsinrv* pret.iininu to his profession.
Specialatteiitioi giventoeoßecMeenk
iilornrvs at Law ami Conveyancers,
AU •, ,rtKi:sih>KT. l'.v.,
promptly atf-n.l- rt to.
Arthur B. Mann.
(,fun! lU"nratico Ajjiut Jt Notary i üblic.
„,H. t .VI K ro*HTK*B STORK,)
v St. Court ;
Kftrwy at l aw and Insurance Agent,
D i „
,J F ,■ p; i I l\ oI.MSTRr. 111.0. K.)
Baker House,
BKOWN A KKU.Y, Propr's.
I iwrner of SVA'GNH ami EAST Streets,
> ;?];ii*J
■1 -ry attention priiil t< the convenience aim
1 1 I eoinfort of quests.
■ kl frt.i.Mßistabling attaehHl.
; 1 Lewisvilie Hotel,
1 Unicr of M IN and NORTH Streets,
If • v;, M.; ~11; i li.-d.
I f, Glazing, Graining, < ilcimlnlng,
I --''.Mptiing, Paper-hanging, etc., 'lone
with tiifttness, promptness ;uil
ilUoHtch in all cases, ami
satisfaction uuitr
a ii t i e d .
I'.MNTS f< r sale. 24211
■ (its Medicines, Rooks, Stationery,
I c,,r. if.n'n anil Third Sis..
- 1 1 ' rn<r Main and Third.)
I •• -H. Ball Jointer & B;ltin;> Machine,
B MAHOXIXO, Cameron co.. Pa.
■ ■ ' lIDK < 't'TSffIXGLK MA L'HIXE •
. '
H 1 * ac^*Qes HD( * cu *' ril * Custom Work
1 -chn Srcm,
Pmifte. SI rti.
>r ; 'l I decorative & Jrfsro
' .Ai! A INTER,'
i !V,N< ' ;i n,l IA| kh HANGING done
H 11 Uea tness and disiKiteli.
"-ion ifuaranteetl.
®° fi ■ " V Iit,IJSK
" m Fl to.
|,. RslAr
I 1 hft FACTORY.
, | ■' ■ tr . ; Hla.'ksm!ttilii|r,
■ i'-wrl" :
. "'"'aa ami •luralilllty. ct.nriT^s
■ '(! i vv °RIU
[ 1 ' lh 'iiißt,],.'. a:,,i workiiiauatiip, on
• #? ut lv r 'p.
I **• Ifii K I |i\'' r Jy' l at theofllec <i JOFR
• twelve prompt 4^ittnrv.
A Leeeon in History.—A D. 1900.
It wai a summer evening,
Old Mr. Smith had come
From San Francisco, by balloon.
Testis suburban home
Where, by the shore of Klamath lake,
His pleasure he was w uit to take.
He saw his grandchild, Ct Ifaxine,
While playing at crtniuet,
Roil something largeand smooth and round
To her brother. Henry Clay,
And ask the young sport if he knew
Where that Queer paiezoie grew.
The old mail Smith stepped up and took
The relic in his hand,
And shook it till it rattled out
A ball or two of sand.
"'Tis some squaw Modoc's skull," quoth he, :
"Who fell in tae great victory."
"Now tell us what 'twas all alout,"
Young Henry Clay inquired ;
While on her mallet Colfaxine
Leaned with a look inspired,
"Come tell us who the warriors were,
And why they killed each other here."
"It was the Yankees," said old Smith. ;
"Who made the Modocs run,
Because they coveted the lands
The red men hunted on
It's somewhat mixed, but all agree
That 'twas a famous victory
"Men. babes and women, fifty-tliree,
Followed the Indian e.,ief;
fine hundred times as many whites
Brought Mr. Lo to grief:
And every red was killed," s aid he,
"In the great Modoc victory."
"But what good came of it at last ?"
Asked gentle Colfaxine;
"Good ? Why. we got their land, you bet —
The home you're living in;
And many a heathen scaip won we
lii that brave Christian victory.
"Great praise our Colonel Killem gained, ;
And eke our tlag I ween."
"But did they read the bible then ?"
Said pity ing Colfaxine.
"Why, that 1 'annot say." quoth he,
"But 'twas a glorious victory."
[From the Philadelphia Pr ss ]
Broad and Brown Thoughts.
What is "a leaf"?— Ha. lxiv. d.
Of all the seasons, autumn is per
haps the least understood. In art it
is rarely depicted correct Iy. and in j
I religion it is fearfully obscured by j
1 morbid sentiiuentnlism. "Wr all do
i fade as a leaf," is the great common
place of the superficial and by them
is made the text of lugubrious gar-,
rtility, as false in statement as it is !
degrading in influence. Because na
ture is not grace, it docs not follow
; that untruth in science can become
j Until in theology.
MODF.I. OF BEAUTY. —Scrutinized
! under a microscope, or gazed at in
| the blucness of open sky, few objects
are more charming than forest leaves.
Simple in structure, graceful in
; shape, and rich in color, they form
an exquisite veil between the ardent
sun and coy earth, through the deli
cate network of which flickering
j lights and illuminated shadows give
her homeliest features a wonderful
fast illation. Whenever a green leaf
trembles in the ocean of transparent
air, there the spirit of beauty pre-'
sides; and, like the olive leaf in the
dove's bill of old, gives assurance of
! present security and prosjiective
i peace. Where leaves are indigenous
| and keep the feast of taberr.acles
j with that music and poetry which
are spontaneous in their growth,
the sterner forces of natures are un
' Leaves have as much human inter-;
est in their associations as of intrin- j
sic beauty in their appearance; since
upon them we depend for bowers f
delight and beds of renown, wreaths
for the brow of fame and chaplets
for the toiub. The sight of them is
i a soothing cordial through our mor
t tal career, and a blessed symbol of
what lies beyond; trees that grow j
on either side of the river of life,
whose leaves are for the healing of
the nations, and under whose shade
God shall wipe away all tears from i
our eyes.
ists have done well in teaching us I
| that a leaf is the type of a single per
! son, while the whole foliage of a tree j
symbolizes a generation. \\ hen al
j together stripped,standing bare in the
wintry blast, the trunk and branches
! remain unharmed, so individuals j
and entire generations die but the ;
j race survives. The leaf is annual
but the Dee perennial; and man is
! perishing, in regard to his phenomi-'
• nal vesture, but mankind, as an im
mortal entity, independent of the
earth it for a season wears, is an ex
i istence forever to endure. The trunk
and branches of a tree grow from
' the outer and uppermost tips down
ward, all the solid wood lieing formed
solely by the leaf. Walking in w in
ter amidst woooland giants, you l>e
hold nothing but the majestic and
useful monuments of Juried leaves.
And so was it designed to be with
• man. He should employ all his life
in works intended to survive him
and calculated to reflect honor at
once on his dignity of endowment
and nobility of toil.
How Do LEAVES "FADE?"-— To this
j question we need give especial atten
tion, lest we misunderstand one of
the most instructive and consoling
lessons which God in nature gives.
| SINGLY. —As each leaf is an indi
j vidual organization, working out its
I own life-growth by itself, so is it
separate from all otners in its decay.
The foliage of a landscape suffers no
simultaneous stroke of death, nor
does the multifarious vesture of any
i one tree fade alike or at the same
: time.
SILENTLY. —AII the operations of
nature are hidden. In every realm
: secret things belong to God, because
j they are not essential to our highest
good; but things which arc revealed
ito ourselves and our children are
rendered profitable in proportion as
; with increased care they are scruti
nized. This is better in the.end than
. truth so transparent as to require no
research. If a cloud of night veiled
God's purpose from the Israelites
at the Bed Sea, by a yet more
H. ■avenly interposition the miracle
of merey stood revealed in the suc
ceeding dawn. In nature, as in grace,
we arc not to wait for processes to
be explained,but humbly and prompt
ly accept results. Spring steals witli
noiseless foot along the earth, and
the bud expands into a full-blown
i rose, with an unfolding as secret as
it is charming. "The star of evening
sparkles like a tear in the spot
j where the sunset dies, but no one
| marked its falling from the dewy eye
;of heaven." As with the glory, so
with the decay of earthly things. A>
fades the 1 at', so silently do we ail
t fade. No awful handwriting appears
on the wall, flashing out to us iu our
rejoicing as to Belshazzar. "Mcne.
raene, tekel, upharsin;" but the quiet
message from every October bough
admonishes, as to Hezekiali; ".Set
; thine house in order, for thou shall
! die and not live."
SEPARATELY. —Leaves organize
the tree that upbears them, while
they yet further elevate themselves
by sending all growth downwards.
They constitute the great laboratory
wherein, under the action of light
and air, crude sap is transformed in
to diversified substances essential to
the health of the tree and the growth
of valuable products for universal
good. Not until fruit is produced
and perfected—the final end of all
| activities—is the leaf's occupation
gone, and its gentle ministry being
nfl longer needed it serenely drops
Defoliation is generally attributed
to a deposit of earthly matter at the
base of the leaf, by which the pass
age of sap into it is obstructed. It
dies from want of food and is gener
| ally expelled from its resting place
by the nascent vigor of the new bud.
It is by the aggregate work of sepa
rate leaves that the entire structure is
formed as well as the whole of its
bearing crops. As the result ol this
every season sees an increase of
height, a new laj'er of wood and a
larger or smaller produce of fruit.
I Leaves in their very decay, impart
i a richness to the soil which results
; in a new and vigorous growth the
succeeding spring. We largely owe
i the bright green of fresh leaves to
; those withered ones which some
months hack lay unheeded about the
| roots. They were not shed like an
untimely product on the earth, but
have been in reality converted to
highest use, being made to utter
their voice in another form to an
other generation, even as the witlier
ied leaves in the fabled island of the
' Hebrides were said to be changed in
to singing-birds as soon as they had
fallen to the ground.
SUPERLBY. —Variety in unity is a |
: prevading law throughout creation, j
and is the most striking feature in j
autumnal foliage. To the critical
ol server, variety of tint enters into
and variegates the most uniform
tone of the vernal landscape. As
summer supervenes this becomes
more manifest, and, iu autumn, the
sunset of the year appears most cap
tivating. No two tiees xiiii it the
same appearance. Each individual
hidden until the ripening hour,
throws out a witching charm to the |
calm panoramic view and helps to
form a commingled splendor which
outblushes all the gorgeous banners
of the most splendid Orient. This |
is not death, as stupid sentimental
ists pretend, but life at its height of
power and promise. All noble vital
ity bears a florid tone, not raw but j
rich. No relationship is more inti
mate and divine than that which ev- 1
er exists between the beauty of holi
ness and the holiness of beauty; and
this is best exemplified by the fading
leaf at the culminating moment,
when the brightest tints express the
ripest life.
Thus it is with a departing Chris
tian. "Precious iu the sight of the i
Lord is the death of his saints;" pre
cious and also beautiful. They come
to their last hour like the mellow
fruit that gathers into itself the en
tire life of the tree, all the dew and
sunshine of summer; aud, giving up
to heaven the glowing wealth ot
priceless hues thence derived, at last
bends and breaks the branch from
which it hangs.
Such an exchange of being is ut-'
terly separate, at once its own glory
and reward. Sadness is swallowed
up ni victory. It is not death that
destroys, but life pressing from a
lower to a higher sphere; the pass
ing shadow between faith and sight,
hope and fruition, transeient and
transparent as the las filmy cloud
that veils for a moment the full
splendors ot sunrise.
SECURELY.—A leaf, however sym
metrical its form, loveh its hue and
exquisite its texture, transcending j
all human inventions, is only organ
ized dust. What you hold and the
hand holding it, as material things,
are a! ke subject to the doom; *'Dust
thou art and unto dust thou shalt re
turn. But the plastic life which
substantiates, stands under, the tran
sient material, to mould its delicate
libers and etch its tender lines, is
spiritual and knows no grave.
'"The two-fold man
Holds firmly to the natural, to leach
The spiritual beyond it;
Some call the ideal, letter called the i
The falling of a leaf is preparation
for a new life and is necessitated by
it. It falls naturally only when that
using from the root, has first perfec
ted and then pushed it oil". Only
the mortal portion goes down, the
same that came up, and only to be
succeeded by another exactly the
same .without a particle lost to the
universe. It is the law of vegetable
existence that no specimen shall be
diminished until a new one lias been
fitted to take its place. Life, in fact
never more abandons than the season '
of apparently universal death. An
other year is hidden along the most j
naked bough, every tiny bud ofj
which carries the sure prophecy of;
uninterrupted being in its bosom.!
With the great A post le of analogous '
life each leaf may say, "1 die daily,"
that 1 may live eternally. Nature,;
superabounding with vitality, is
careless of her dead and for the rea i
son that her robing of life is cease- j
less, she never puts on mourning.
The forest does not miss the fall-j
ing leaf. So with ourselves. We|
• lie, but others will step into our
places as we superceded those that
went before, and the world will go ;
on. The branch cf society from |
which we depart abates none of its
productive power, but is allowed to
unfold a lovelier hue and diffuse a
healthier influence. The most bene
ficent. law requires the individual to
retire that the growing aggregate
( may advance. Thus the humblest
leaves in the ever-growing forest of
humanity are made to contribute
even the ashes they once wore to j
minister strength about the roots of i
coming ages. Death in every place '
and form subserves the interests of
life, and, though vicissitude is Un
law of earth, thereby most perma
nently is the blessedness of celestial
Providence displayed.
The tree, when most denuded of
recent foliage, is least dead, because
its roots arc in the soil, and not only
full ot all its past lite, but just replen
ish* p with new. It threw off the
sere leaf to put on another and a love
lier garment. Infinitely better con
ditioned than plants of sublunary
growth, oni life, emanating from the
o - i
Supreme Sun, and vitalized by all
j its divine warmth, will dress itself in
another garb. For "there is a natur
al body and there is a spiritual body."
And "we know that it our earth
ly house of this tabernacle were
• dissolved, we have a building of
God, a house not made by hands,
eternally in the heavens." There is
no ground for presumption nor oc
j casion for despair, if it may be truly
said of our condition: "Ye are dead,
and your life is hid with Christ in |
God and when He who is your life
shall appear, then shall ye also ap
pear with Him in glory." Be true
to yourself, and like inferior crea
tures, honor your destiny. The lull
ing leaf is Jehovah's honorable dis
charge to a faithful servant whose
work is well done.
destroy the Republican party be-!
cause a few dishonest men have
crept into office through its power, I
would be as wise as tin 1 killing of a
healthy individual because a few boils
trouble him. The party never was
moie healthv than at present. The
few officials that arc proven dishon
est, as to the great body politic what
the spots on the sun are to the blaz
ing orb that gives us light and
warmth. As long as the masses.of
the people who compose the party
are honestly inclined we have no fear
of e party itself. Every Republi
can convention which has met thus
far lias placed itself on record as
being determined to drive men from
ollice who fail to practice economy
and honesty in their public duties.
We shall never free ourselves entire
ly from the influence of bad men.
They will creep into power in spite
of the greatest care and watchful
ness. We can, however, throw an
increased protection around the pub
lic service by a more thorough ex
amination of the character of the
men who present themselves for our
support. A good citizen will gener
ally make a good official. This is a
simple rule which, if practiced in the
j selection of candidates, will greatly
protect the public interests. Inquire
into the private character of the man
who wants your vote, and if you find
him honest, indusf rious, charitable, a
good neighbor and a public-spirited
citizen, you can safely give him your
vote and support. You may run the
risk, even then, of being cheated:
but the chances will be so small that
you can well afford the risk. But to !
expect to secure an honest official in
the man who never pays his debts,
who takes advantage of his neighbor,
whose character is s k ained by intern-1
peranee or profanity, is to expect a !
| clear balance-sheet in the other j
! world without paying your printer's;
| bills in this. Nominate your best men ;
! for office and the risk of finding dis- .
honesty in high places will be exceed-;
| ingly small.— Washington Jiepubiic.
| " * m•
Industrial Schools as Preventive of
; Among the noted men whom the!
i Evangelical Alliance has called to!
| this eountiy from the Old World is j
! Rev. Dr. Robin, of Paris. This old I
! gentleman has for years been engaged !
I in the work of establishing, promot- j
! inc: and pushing forward industrial
I • I
i schools in his native city as a means ,
|of preventing crime and training
! young people in the paths of indus-j
try, virtue and morality, and on this
subject he recently presented his
views to the Alliance. Thej' are ofj
great value. They are the result ofj
long, patient and exhaustive thought!
and study made eminently practical ;
by vast experience in such a city as •
Paris, where boys and girls are sub-!
jected to varied and strong tempta
jtions; where crime is decked with
i flowers "and crooked paths rendered j
! alluring by countless attractions of
a peculiarly tempting character. The
Doctor's motto is: "It is better to
prevent crime than punish it," better
for the criminals, better for society,
better in point of morals, better from j
a financial standpoint, and hence his j
attachment to industrial schools,
which he contends are the l>est pre
ventive of crime that can be intro
duced and carried on by human agen
-ley and under the fostering care of
civil authorities.
Dr. Robin ohidpa ilimiiii I'"
whom education is necessary into four
principal divisions. Those of the first
class, belonging to rich families, are
destined to receive a superior educa
tion and to occupy a high place in
society. Those of the second, the
children of shopkeepers and small
landholders avail themselves of the
special instruction instituted for
them, which excludes ordinarily clas
sical teaching. The third class com
prises the children f an and
farm laborers, who receive only pri
nt y instruction, more or less com
plete. Then comes the fourth class
of children, in whose welfare Dr.
Robin is especially interested. This
class consists of deserted children,
vagrants and beggars, who are al
lowed, on account of destitution or
j the neglect of their parents, to grow
i up in the most absolute ignorance,
: both of elementary and professional
! instruction, who thus live ex
! posed to all the temptations of want.
'■ idleness and vice. As compulsory
; education docs not exist in France,
! the parents of these children cannot
be compelled to send them to school,
and yet Dr. Robin asserts il it is im
possible to ignore the fact that it is
imperatively necessary not to aban
don to themselves and to t e sug
gestion of destitution these children
whom the absolute want of guidance
or the pernicious influences with
which they are sin ouiuled must in
fallibly lead to vice and tlienee to
crime and to prison. We must pro
tect them against the misfortune of
their birth, against the culpable in
difference of their parents, were it
but in tbe interest of social order.
This mu be done by insuring to
them the benefit of instruction, there
by obviating the danger which they
create for society. The question of
which we are treating here is a ques
tion at once of charity and of public
security." Roys and girls should
not be allowed to become vagabonds
and thieves. Christianity ignores
such an idea. The welfare of society,
es ice'ally in a Republic, is also vi
tally interwoven with the proper
training of the rising generation.
The choice must be made between a
prison for matured offenders and a
school for youths where they can be
taught the difference between good
and evil, between virtue and vice, be
tween industry and idleness. 1 f those
who need such instruction will not
accept it, society must exercise the
right of self-protection and enforce
it by proper means. If a boy can be
put in prison for stealing, he certain
ly can be put in school to prevent
him from committing such an of
As to the particular kind ufindus-
J trial schools that should be cstab
| lislied, three points are not disputed.
The inmates should be divided into
J classes so that merely refractory pu
pils would not herd with more hard
: ened offenders, ihe scholars should
receive an education to lit them for
the business walks of life and at
the same time they should be taught
: some trade by which they could earn
| their livings and add to the wealth
of the nation. Dr. Robin stated in
J his address that in 1860 there were
but forty industrial schools in Eng
! land, while in 1872 there were over
j one hundred. At the same time the
: idea had taken root in France and
i produced the most satisfactory fruit.
I n the opinion of Dr. Robin u a child's
j education is not complete until he
lias been made lit to provide for him
self by learning a trade or business.
| The apprentice school thus becomes
j the complement of the primary
' school. The city of Paris has re
j eently instituted an apprentice school
land has thus began to make praeti-
I cal the idea that general instruction
' must be completed by industrial I
teaching. Various establishments,
| similar in kind, exist already both in
i Paris and in the departments known
under the name of professional
schools. The industrial school,found- j
j ded for a special object, would unite !
the two classes of the establishments, !
i i. e., the primary and professional
school, but with this special charac
teristic that it would be designed !
for children who would not hope for j
admittance to the apprentice school, i
in accordance to the idea which led
to its institution, is destii<jn for, and
1 --pM 1 1 I such children
as have already received good pri
mary instruction, and are thus pre
pared to acquire general professional
A- v
51.75 A YEAR
i knowledge, which may qualify them
. foi the position of lore ; n in the
; workshopsand for becoming— should
circumstances favor them— masters
jin their turn. The children admit
i ted to the industrial schools have, on
j the contrary, received only a very'
j i per i t primary instruct and
j often none at all. The greatest num-
I Iter have passed the usual age of ad
mission to primary schools, and
j reached the age of learning a trade,
j lh y must, therefore, have the means
given them for making up for lost
time and for acquiring the instruc
-1011 of the school and that of the
j vorkshop together.*'
It is this double character of indus
rial schools, combined with their
correctional elements, which should
recommend them to the people of all
countries. It boys and girls could
be taken trom the streets, from the
arts and influences of vicious men
and women, and given such training
as will mould tlicin into useful mem
bers of society, certainly that plan
should be adopted. I'pon this dutv
t here can be no difference of opinion.
The Age.
. .
-IC T'RMNU to a San Francisco
newspaper M. Alfred I'arafs new
method of manufacturing butter from
I' esh fit is now in operation on a
large scale in that city. The com
pany manufacture butter out, of suet
trom fresh beef, and assert that tiie
article will in every respect equal
that made of cream. The suet is
tirst ground and thrown into a huge
tank containing about one foot of
water. The mass is next raised to
blood heat, and after a half hour's
stirring it is left to settle. The
.scraps tall and the pure fat remains.
'I his is collected, wrapped in cloths
and submitted to presses of tremen
dous power. The olcine oozes
through the cloth and is conveyed
into another tub, where, after the ad
dition ot a little milk and rennet, it
is agitated in the ordinary ma/.-ner of
cream to produce butter.
FN a western State there was occa
; sion, in a suit before a justice, to re
quire surety from two persons in lie
half of plaintiff for cost of the prose
j cation of the action, and it was agreed
I l, y the plaintiff's two counsel that
! they should both sign themselves.
I 1 he senior did so, and turning to his
junior, whose reputation through
j the country was that of a jolly, clev
er, impecunious tellow, who never
paid anything, remarked: "D., it is
your turn. I), looked at the paper,
and then in a quizzical way shook
his head and remarked: "No; on
the w hole 1 guess 1 won't dilute the
atmosphere of northeastern Spain is
transparent beyond parallel. Across
the desolate sierras every crevice in
the distant hills i> distinctly visible
aad the shadows of the clouds fall in
i clearest outlines upon the tawny des
! *'i't. far off, for miles, you can dis
tinguish goats . dwindled into flics
! and soldiers dwarfed to pigmies,
whose colored uniforms and burn
ished arms ate perfetly distinct, and
long trains of mules, with drivers in
brigand-like costume, reduced to the
sizeofachild's toy. Things in the dis
[ tancc, so cle: ris the air. look ns : f
cut by an engraver on a precious
j stone. I was told'at Barcelona that,
when General Savalis made his at
tack upon Mataro, fifteen miles dis
tant, the movements of his troops,
the riding of his aids, the dispersion
of his scouts, and every minute
change during the charges upon the
town were as distinctly visible as if
the panorama had been at the feet of
the spectators watching on the ca
thedral tower.
A CERTAIN lawyer had his portrait
taken in his favorite attitude—stand
ing with one hand in his pocket.
His friends and clients all went to
see it and everybody exclaimed,
"Oh, how like! it's the very picture
of him." An old farmer, only, dis
sented. " 'Taint like ?" exclaimed
everybody; ".lust show us where
it ain't like." " 'Taint! no, 'taint!"
responded the farmer. "Don't you
see; he has got his hand in his own
pocket; 'twould be as like again if
he had it in ■'