Newspaper Page Text
THE PEOPLE'S JOURNAL,
J.VO. S. MA NN, J. A VER Y, Editors
C 0 UDERSPORT, PA.;
TIIrIZSDAV - 31011 - .N - IN - 1;, DEC- 2F, 1853
LT We impe that the friends of
the Nati,wal Era will s ec that moro
papers ❑rc taken this year than ever
Irvin , !," who has writ
ten such charming stories in the
,;Vatiwial Trot, and other papers, ie
Mary Tenney. of Bristol, 'Wis
consin, nor.- tutor in Dr. Bailey's fain
17. 2 7. It is deirable that all tjte mem
ber's of I.:4;litiht Division shon4 attend
the ne:•.t nieetin:T, as t vote will then
taki•i: en the I,:roposition to divide
the State into two Grand Divisions.
Other let iness of impollance will also
be acted 0:1.
0!:r fliend of the
Kean ha , secured the services
of au v.l,!e and experienced teacher,
Mr. ('u..111.1: , ALIEN, to edit au Edu:
cation al o...T:lr!ni:l.lt iu his paper.
Tld, is a:: c\at.ilcot arrang.ement, and
will greatly add to the interest of the
Ci tic, ;I. wilt we could wake a
like aatlitl.:n to 0;11' paper.
roe Tr.. , .112:eri , ,,71, of Erie,
n pat t I,y our old friend
James one of grew. promise.
It has just eoni , leted its tint volume,
and w., 1: !le fri,..nas of ri!form . in
Erie suct a gen-
erfflis stii,i.eit ill etialtic it to corn..
plete it, independent
in pectinit.: . ; as it is fearless
1.1 t I JI Ldv,•,•acv
The I:l•Ltinc- the Literary
As3uciation :`lt,nitly evening main
wino? i c r , , norr intere:t. The debate
\\ a> 41, liztened to by
a lair audince ~ r eat attention.
'lle Rev. S. E. of Ellishurg,
will I..eliirs: Lc-r , ;re the Association nn
TuuL,lay tv;•ninq I)eNt. \Ve hope
there w . :11 a toil
'\V ;Ittent'on to the address
I'l%dt, County Supetin
teodeot t which we
take 'nefore Our
;'c: then c,ornmentun
lo!il • NV: hope to have a
c• , i;)l( . .;.tt; rcien - ed t()
' ! .
from N 1
NVe11,,1),,r0 Literary Insti-
we a:e h v to lcani,
proved CCO'r 'Tti 1 t 11Eln its bc:4,
f r ic, l Bl: eachlLcture draw-
inf: a full
ck.:.rge e cent., admis,ion
five. We nytice I,v tiro advertisement,
tlot -.Toixr..r•rn L. IlitolAN
lecture 1.:'1,,re tile Institute on
an/1 %re hope a few
ot' , .. , ur ci c.lll make it ctinvenient
to eiton - ,1, lb.on•n being one of
ledtee or the
~, oil th( fir,t
P zt ,it', 1
the 1. Po. , t: and \ye hope
every t. ^1":' p, this make.
t- it tliLt .faith-breaking
true colors. It also
th, ; t titr e great fuss 'raised by
tra% ellinu; _tatthrough
Francr. any (oise st) far
Its Franco was officerned, and that
the antics of this ‘ 4 entleman are making
this G,,vernment the laughing stock
of all sen-il,le fortpeys.
rr attention t) the Pro
spectus the No;ona/ Eta. to be
found in ainitia‘r column, and we
trust a simplo perusal of this pro
spectus indlice a godly number
of our readers to sub,cribe without
delay to this invaluable journal .-L:
Their is no paper published• that
gives so ft'llierl and so cleat' a vie—
of what is done by C o n g r ei i, as t h e
,Era, No one paper did so much to
arouse the peopie of the Free States
to the eieirinity oftheNebraska
' But be,ides all this, it is nut surpassed
as a family paper, and hence it has a
just claim en every freeman in the
nation fir a generoui, support.
Martin Korta, the man of - Smyrna
notoriety, r,• as married at Chicago on
the 1:.!11] month.
THE IMPIJI3LICAN, PARTY.
We are glad to see so much unan
imity among the liberal papers in this
State in favor of organizing the party
of Freedom. We hive already pub
lished the opinion of many papers,
and we give below the strong and
emphatic language of the Wellsboro'
Agitator in favOr of the movement.
These are our sentiments; and this is
su9 an important matter that we shall
frequently press it on the attention of
In raising a tyeight, it is a good policy to
keep 'what is gained. In fact, how can sue
cesti be expected- otherwise r Ir is no less
important that the North should hold fast
what has been gained for Freedom in the late
contest. But it cannot be done without a
permanent organization of the anti slavery
forces. There must be a calling, together of
the bold protestants against the prostitution of I
the freeman's heritage to the enriching of one
class, while another groans under a burden of
chains and scourges.
Organization must be met with organiza
-lion, turning the engine of party against
itself, and foiling the arch enemy of Freedom
with its own tveapons. Success does not
necessarily ensue to action. unless that action
is judgmatical mid systematic. Every woods
man knows by experience that if he would
fell a tree in the shortest space oitime,- he
must begin and go through with the opera
tion systematically. Ile must strike no false
blows. Just so in evert thing else—system
indispensable; and the only practical and
proper attitude for the North to assume now
is to result e itself into a great Republican
party, with free soil and free men as its great
In tunny of the Northern States the work
is already begun. Party names have been
laid away along with the rubbish of a dead
past, never, we hope. to' be resumed. It is
true that Pennsylvania should du something;
or. should We worship at Wing and Demo
cratic shrines. and sacrifice to Baal on Whig
and Democratic altars 1 Is it manly to stand
thus upon technicalities, while the best inter
ests of man are hourly crushed by the iron
heel of Oppression ? Manly I—there•is not a
spark of manhood about it! Noble I—it is
ignoble. base, and cowardly! We cannot
persist in a if we arwiten.and in earnest.
The freemen of zis'ffsqueintina County hat a
already organized a Republican party. They
are wide awake, determined, and in earnest
that the late victory AMI be proved the pre
cursor of still more brilliant one vet to come.
Thew have buried the hatchet of partisan
warfare and are arming in the spirit Of '76.
The \V higs and Democrats h id just as much
to lose, and no more to gain there, than they
have here in Tiiii„ta. They did not stop to
inquire tt hether the rotten creeds of old par.
ties might be resuscitated; or
.tt hether their
chances for public plunder were better under
the patronage 61the (Bd. or the New. They
were not, as a body.. impelled by mercenary
I motives. They acted as became men in earn
est in the work of freedom to oppressed hu
rsr The man who advocated the
license system a few years ago, lied
fendcd - a certain lawyer by the name
of Sweet in his position that moral
suasicn is the only weapon proper to
be used against Intemperance, and
that the only way to prevent thetraflic
in intoxicating liquors was to license
re,s•peetaltc men to sell them, and who
was so lately the attorney urging the
granting of licenses' in Court—now
boasts that we have, by our superior
‘.6.-,ion, and sagacity, driven the legal
..izt;d traffic from oar county, and that
we can root Out Ignorance,—and it is
to he supposed, Egotism arso.
Wlizit a monstrous big bear its bare
TT' A 110 V paper, to be called the
hiel4e7u/cnt fitpubtican, will he started
at Montt use, Pa., on the first of Jan
uary, to he edited by Charles F. Read •
and 11. •IT. Frazier. We rejoice' in
this movement, and hope it will be 1
nobly sustained. The editors say-1
Our object is to furnish a paper which shall
be independent, Republican. right on dlayery,
I:din:anon, Temperance, and all the great
que.tion; of the day, and whiob shall serve
a; a medium tier expressing the sentiments of
the Republican or L i lt ee-1t...i0d party in t.-3usque
Ilat iug ilirinerly acted with oppmiing po
litical parties. one of nc havingpub;i-led'a
Democratic and the other a Whig paper in
ihi county, we have ,een old icsucs gradually
dempear, and now finding our , elve, united
in sentiment, ac are willing to unite . in action
on the great question : that agitate the country.
t r _Tr In an excellent article upon
•• American t•lavery Tested, - the Con
:l7o,7liiutzetlict alludes to Dr. Adams'
wui k on ~;.,ycry, and says
" It may here to added that the good things
which 14..1,14111.4 has strangely ascribed• to
Slavery aro not at all owing to it. but .to the
spirit . td . Christianity in conflict with it.
tslavery, left to its uhttual tendencies,
nevor did any good. For h mt , ages it 'never
elevated, but always d_egl.toled and ruined
millions of slaves in Greece and Rome, and
other ancient nation , , and finished its work
be at last ruining those nations themselves.
Is it nut lamentahle that a minister of Christ
shoultCheedle,dy so write, as to parahzea
just hatred of wrong, by giving slavery the
...credit of that which it has no tendency to do,
andwhicff has been effected only by the gos
pel in spite of it r
T em i s t nc I es, the great Athe
nian General, being asked whether he
had rathei choose to mairy his daugh
ter to an indigent man of merit, or to
a worthless man of an estate, replied
that he should prefer a man without
an estate, to au estate without a man."
"A word fitly spoken, is like apples of gold
in pictures of ;jiver." :
So I thought, ‘hile reading an article in
the Journal of the t!lst'ityit., on the second
page, • bottom of lst column. I think the • "Despotism in America," an inquiry into
California serenades, the mourners' cotillion,-1 the nature, results, and legal basis of the slave
and the pious donors' dance, all of h piece; I holding system in the United States, by Rich
and would like to add, the revelries of the ard -Hildreth, author of the History of the
Romanists at their funerals D. I United States, &e. Published by John P.
Jcwitt & Co.. Boston.
mamas, wiertFOß' , YOUli vitraws!
The iSminner toitof theFairtner is past, and
his leisure hours have come. The Winter
evenings are the time for-Fatmers to .reflect
'on the!. past; and meditate and plan for the
futurej . and_it is the time: foi• them to hold
communion with. each other; and, through
the medium of the Agrieltural Journals,
enjoy the pleasure,. (aye, and the profit, too,)
of interchanging thoughts anti views on the
various branches of their multifarious pursuit.
Would they but adopt the phin of inforMing
each other through the, mediiim of their
Journals, what they have done the season
past, and with what success; and what they
wish to perform the coming Vear, by giving a
i , eneral statement of their fainting operarions,
it would give volumes oflusefid facts that
would be of great importince to them all.
It would increase their agricultural knowl
edge, and habituate - them! to think more
closely mid more accurately on all their
farming operations; and it would give a rich
expansion to their agricultural thoughts ; and
be a real zest in their leisure) hours;-and the
time and labor necessary t'o' accomplish it
would be but trifling, would they but make a
beginning. . t
Make a map ofthe farm, number the field , i,
and mark on the map the number of aces in
each field, and keep a farrulonmai; set down
each 'season the number of i ticres that there
are under the varimis crits, together - with
their probable averige pr duction; • perfect
accuracy is not essential forigeneral purposes,
but the nearer correct the! more valuable it
wilt be.—Rural Neie Yorker!
We like the. above suggestions .very
much, and have frequently urged the
farmers - of this countvl l
;to write out
their suggestions fur improvement, or
the result of their surnmer's work:
And as this is the season when the
farmer has most leisure we ask them
to make 'a commencement now. Write
about any thing that linterests you,
no matter if the communication is
short, six lines is better,' ;than nothing.
We make the same appeal to
Teachers, and all othei-s• interested in
education. We say tol all; . You will
improve yourselves and (
by.writing out your thrghts.for pub
licatien; than in any other way. Who
will try the experiment?
MESSRS. EDITORS : What has hap
fo your neighboil of the Fagot,
that he . has issued and number o'F 'his
paper without even - allUding to the
Journal! It has appeared evident-to
a portion of the readersfol that paper,
that the existence of your independ
ent sheet has, operated like a' constant
ni ,, htmare upon the I editor of the'
E7 7 •''' LOOKING E . P.—An effort was ••"
made for the Journal during last Court-,
Patriot ; and conserjuently lie has
continually endeavored to impress li, pre , uniml. that teacher , for the ensiling
winch made us feel like redoublin,
• ' upon his readers the danger our . ;
win er are principally engaged. It is to b e
our efforts for Freedom and Temper- hope I that thry are, in smite good degree,
T. has to apprehetM froth the cir
ance. Kind words were spoken, and qu- lied for the task: Imthis, as on all thlng:,
ciliation of yours and !kindred prints,
material aid furnished to such an ex- c : . ' nprovement is .desirable. As the county in-'
sustained, as their principles undoubt- creates in wealth cud- population, there is, of
. xvii shall go on our way 1- -
edlv ate, by a lar i 7e
rejoicing; eTecially SO will ' this be - fla i m .i t.N .
- o f t h e ' course, incrolsed.ability •to sustain good I. ach-
People of the Free States'. .It 'seems era. The intelligence of the I eople of this
the ease,if our friends shall promptly : ' • county forbid, the supposition that they do
• from the course of
: awl editor hereto- ,
redeem the pledges voluntarily made, not appreciate the: importance of good schools.
fore, that he has suot•ied that it would .
which we have all confidence will be - pp I Fur 'what object call mtrent, !mire properly
done. The success of the eff=ort just be easier to put downi such principles i exercise, if need be, e% en scffidenial, than to
by misrepresentationl .
Ind abuse, than : secure for their children the blessings of a
made, and ' the 'pleasure which it
c , of -by candid and fair argliments. If such • and ell"c"tion 1 : 'nil"' i- h. ,- ihr a better in
seemed to , give a lare numb
e r' heritance Than worldly gain.
has been his opinions,aud the absence • -
friends, gives us now hope and cour- . The teachers of' - the county, now emering
of the - usual' amount] of vituperationl - (heir d „ t i e ,„ii l „„ doubt ~,,,i,„ ki n dl y_
age; and we trust that the movement • , upon
in his last issue is. to Ifto taken as evi- : a1 word of counsel front their Superintendent,
will be followed up until every man
deuce that he is now inclined to open when assured, that he sympathises with chic
in .the county, who a pprori's (g . the 1
' diffi c ulties and trial. ' cif their voe ' llinn ' The
ineasureS ad and honorable cothbat, or as a step
eocated by the Journal, teacher will find strength and encouragenMnt 1
. toward 'mutual forbearance, which is . . • '':
Will be a subscriber to it. is this au - "
VeEr desit'able betwten neighbOrs, I. in considering the dignity' as cell as re,pon-
sibility of his Unice. To sow the reeds of
unreatsomfble expectation ? . 11 - so, we • '
for one hail it as a great omen. B ut virtue and knowledge in the tender.mind of I
should like to have some one whol -
thinks the Journal ought to be con-
t should be ( . .)therwise, it may as chiltihonit, is more honorable than to destroy
well be understood 4 him and others cities, and lead the clash of anti,. The course
tinned, hut clues nothing to sustain it, of the faithful teacher is not marked. indeed,
that such explosions ' of his -spleen as .
write us on the subject and point, out -' by a track. of fano] or outward glory. but the
as have disgraced his! paper occasion
our errors. - But we will not look at ! .gratitude of these ' oho hro.e been benetined
ally from its commencement, will fall by his exertions, is a more satisfying reward,
the shortcoming: , of ;my at present.'. -
harmlessly • t •
'harmlessly at the fee; of the Repub.- '.
Grateful for the kindness of those who . i i than the tinsel lodge o f ren ow n .
licans of this countv now as ever. 1 To place our school , upon a proper founda-
have always stood by us, and thankful ' ' "... tion, require,, the united efforts of parem , ..r
11, however, he should fall back into old
for the generous effort made on court . directors, teachers, and all concerned. At
!mutts. continue to give him an occa
week, we shall labor 011, hopefully . I • the last two sessions of our county Court.
.5 ' sional thrust with the needle of truth; large and interesting meetim, have been held,
-cheerfully, behevin7 that the good . f .
Ins contortions are. ;laughable. And and valuable addre ,, es listened to, upon the 1
wit Is so well begun will be ibllowed
. his efforts as .a Union saver general subject of education and the impor- :
up until the Journal is placed upon a • tame of sustaining good
. schools. It is de- '
have been rather amassing than other- .
footing of pecuniary independence . . I signed to continue these meetings; and to
.: wise; more especialw, as such danger carry out more effectually the objects a i m ed
equal' to any paper in Northern Penn= never existed except the disorde'rea -at', a committee has been appointed to effect.
sylvania. dreams of professionp politicians. .A a permanent organiza.tion, which, having its
moment's reflection upon the charac- centre at the county seat, shall. extend to
ter and principles ofl the men 'charged even- iv part of the county. It is to be hoped
with entertainin,g yie;ws hostile - to the
perpetvy of the Vnion, ought to that even' town ill be ready to ciMperate in
• this tfesign. and the Superintendent will most
satisfy any candid imied that such
cheerfitlfv participate in the deliberations of •
charges are false; had ought to he
district or township (fleeting , in connection
discontinued by those Who make them. a ith his official visits to the schools.
. The progress which has been toads in the
i county. within the last ten rears, in moral,
Selling Liquor to Persons ,of Intemperate Habits.
social. and agricultural improvement, afford;
. The Pittsburg Ditpatelt records the i a sufficient in:trinity them earnest and united
first conviction that, as we have yet j efforts will soon bring about like improve
noticed, has been efiected under the , mentin the condition or o f r t l i :onunon seh t m i cl i s ,i
law offiast winter against selling liquor b T e t:: , l t t i ft ej a a tie n o i m i rl t i,l l i e n t ;I t: , of this TTth i: e rt c an oul z kt
to minors mid intemperate persons. i as_one luau, j ai ' vake, and arise.
The Dispatch says thatthe man con- t J. B. PRAM',
victed was a tavern-keeper residing !
: Coudersport, Dec. tl'll, li-251.
M - •
in anchester, and that it Was proven •
in court that the map to whom ho sold " The suggestion is here ventured. that if
the liquor was a person of intemperate the office (i' State ;Superintendent were sep
habits. The court sentenced the de- asset fr l i , t , i ( t .e a ., t i ty i other,n
the 1: 1 , 1 1 1 i : ills election s
iii ( ?oft-
fendant to pay a fit+ of 510,00, and s ; 1 , I
uperai r tem.ems, I. system would .be reti
undergo animprisonment of ten days . ..tlered still more 'harmonious and perfect.
in the county jail. The law permits a
fine .'of fifty dollarl and an imprison- I - - GONE TO FREEDOM.
ment often days, besides the payment. i On Sunday evening about 'nine
(tithe costs of prosecution. It would o'clock, the seventeen ftigitivi.s from
be well for tavern; keepers, and all Missouri, whose attempted arrest cre
other persons, to re,member, , that sell- I ated such an uproar ifs our city last
ing or furnishing liquor to any person week, .marched to the depot of the
addicted .to intoxication, or who
,is Michigan Central Railroad in a body,
under the age of itwelity-one years, took a car specially provided for the
subjects them to the penalties of this purpose, and arrived safely at Detroit
law.--L.Erie ConstitOion. . 1 on Monday misruing.-Cleicago Tribune.
1 . • . .
OUB COMION SCHOOLS
We. purpose in future to denote
More attention to the interisti of edu
cation than we have heretofore. Not
that we intend to neglectthe.great
questions of Temperance and Slavery,
but since all . open opposition to the
cause of Temperance is overcome, it
will not require so much to be said
on that subject.
On the 15th. of November last, M.
R. Gage, County Superintendent, pub
lished -a report to the State Superin
tendant of Common Schools, from
which we extract the following facts.
We should take pleasure in publish
ing the report entire, if we thought it
was calculated to advance the cause
of education, but as we think it would
have a contrary effect; we confine
ourselves to the following extract :
To the State. Superintendent ofCommon
Schools, the County Superintendent of .Pot
ter county reports, for the school year 1854,
endin g June Ist,' I^sd. The Reports of
School Uirector. front all the Districts have
been received except four, Allegany, Bing
ham, Sharon and Stewardson, the delay of
which ate yet unaccounted for. The statis
tics which follow, are based upon the reports
Whole No. of schools ,:t the county - 75
" " " scholars admitted to the
Average No. of scholars in attendance, 762
Average number of mot.ths taught' in
Total amount of tax levied for school
Amount of State appropriation - $366.06
Total amount of cost of schools in the
Entire-cost of instructing each scholar
Cost of instruciing each pupil for the
5.i months $3,41
Cost of instructing each pupil for 10
months, the niaxituunt allowed by
Cost of instructing all the pupils in the
county one month $1,120.41
Cost of instrtn-!iing all the pupils in the
county the maximum allowed.
Average salaries of males per Month $16:21
" ••• females " " - $7.10
•No. 01 male teachers 53
" townships visited 15
" professionci certificates granted` , -
" temporary 19
Ihe lateness of the appointment has pre
vented ail the s from being visited, ;IA
twiny of the summer schools %%ere closed
before 1 could get about.
From the Portland Inquirer
'.Despotism in America.""
This work, by the distinguished'
historian, is a -great addition to the
Anti-Slavery literaturer and is a fund
of fact and argument by which the
free man may-be thoroughly furnished
for the ! treat and good work of res
cuing this fair, land from the band of
the slave power. We hope that every
friend of truth and right will not only
obtain the work and read it carefully,
but exert themselves to give it a wide
circulation, for by so doing, they will,
doubtless, hasten the overthrew- of
"Despotism in America." In the
great battlti between truth and error,
this" work is destined to bear an im
portant part. Friends of Liberty, see
to it that the strong, clear.light of this
newly risen . orb is shed upon every
mind within your teach. And those
" who are of the dayrand of the light,"
will rejoice in its genial beams, while
they who love darkness rather than
light, like the owls and bats will has
, ten to their dens... F. A. CRAFTS.
TO THE -• CITIZENS OF POTTER CO,
The undersigned, having been appointed to
the office of Superintendent of Schools in this
county, desires, in entering upon his duties, to
communicate by this method with those in
:whose behalf those duties are to be discharged.
There is no legal requirement, indeed, for
such communication; but the office being as
yet In the incipiency of its existence, in this
Commonwealth, and the new arrangement of
the School System,adopted at the last session
of the Legislature, not being as yet perfectly
adjusted, tlMre is manifest propriety in an
interchange of views between officers, teach
ers, and parents. -
The efficiencyand benefits of our Common
School System must depend very much, in
the first instance; upon the people themselves.
Upon them drivel , : es'the drvy, in them re
sides the right, to exercise tla, `rimary con
trol over the education of their children. T.
aid in this important work, is the design of the
system of Public Instruction provided bl, law.
This system has been brought in theory, to a
high degree of perfection. It now remains
for all concerned to unite in making the sys
tem equally perfect in practice. The System.;
exhibits, in a striking manner,' that distin
guished feature of our institutions, a repre
sentative democracy. The voters iii their
several districts, ciMose their Directors, the
Directors select a, Superintendent for the
county ; these officers' in turn are subordinate
to one appointed over the Schools of the
whole Commonwealth. This gradation of
office and power, is calculated to produce the .
happiest results. To'this end, however, it, is
necessary that officers of all grades he efficient
and faithful. Xs the election of Directors will
soon take place fur another year, it would be
pertinent to dwell here upon the importance
of : , electing well-qualified persons to discharge
this trust. But although the Directors have
in the first instance, the
,legal management of
school alfairs, the interest of parents .in the
welfare of the schools should not relax.
lie officers need the stimulus- and encourage
ment a tlbrded by the exhibition of interest in
the discharge or their duties, on the part of
their constituent , . When Directors
perceive that the people arc anxious for the
erection and pre - -ervation of sui•able school
houses, the eitsphi meat of well-qualified
teachers, and the maintenance of ell-regm
filed schools, they lviir te:conil to the 'senti- 1
ment etid di , cliartze their duties accordingly ;
but %% hen they 11'1(1111a; :Mold and dilapidated,
inconvenient schooMionse is thought sutcient,
and that cheapness t..; d eeme d t h e e ,,, ut h i i
requisite in a teacher—in sho . rt, that a general I.
spirit or apathy pret.ails in regard to the in
of education, they will feel enibar- 1
rassed and dispirited in the exercise of -their'
oil; •e. • •
TEE REELTLEAELE FEATURE OF TEE
We have mentioned, we believe,
more than • once, that the Fugitive
Slave law and the repeal of the Mis
souri Compromise would - do more to
multiply abolitionists than all that has -
been accomplished • by anti-slavery
presses, preachers and politicians since
the foundation :of the government.
The recent elections in the Northern
States have fignished a very striking
verification of our prediction. This,.
nation . has never witnessed a more
memorable revolution in public senti
ment than the ono they now witness.
But one evidence of this mighty'
change has recently come under our
notice, for which we confess ve were
not prepared. It is to lie found iri
President Pierce's last communication
to Congress. That is the first annual
message which has been delivered by
any President within the last quarter
of a century,.in which the word .slave
ry'. does not once occur ; it is - the
first annual message delivered during
that period, in which the Chief Mag
istrate of the -nation has not thrown
his shield over his slaveholding con
stituents, and frowned more
. or less
indignantly upOn all agitation or-dis
cussion-of the evils of that institution.
This silence upon the great question
of the time .is pregnant with many
inferences, but is susceptible of but
one general explanation. lie saw
less danger in saying nothing upon
the subject than in saying anything.
That in itself is an event in our his
tory, and•deser . •. - es to be recorded.
If in one short year the wind at the
sear of pvernment has hauled so Many
points to the- northward, may , Nye not
hope soon to s•ee fair and steady
weather? If the Pt'e:ident has kept
so nearly up With the progressive
views of his Constituents as to, stop
lecturing them for thinking, and saying
what they think, of the evils of slavery,
inns we not hope that :before lie
retires from office lie will proclaim,
as the policy of his g overnment and
party, the old common law. doctrine
—and the only doctrine which can
quiet the existing sectional controver
sies and ret.tore the democratic party
to - its supremacy—that slavery is a
creature of the law, and .can uiily
exi=t by }I - wee of express legislation
We are full ot: hope that all this
may be rea!ized, for President Pierce
ha done much stranger things than
this —Lie. Pest.
ELHOHATION-lIEFORT OF THE COIIMIS
1)11-.1y of our readers will be Ellr
; prised to learn that the frei , lits re
cervi:d by our ship-owners - on all the
prOducts of our - fields, mines, ibrests,
and ivoilishops; sent to forei.zn coun
t,. ies, and-on all the itoods rei:xport,
do not equal in arnoim!,,the pas-age
money paid to them by the cznigranti
who arrive at our lions.. The fact
: suited in the report oC a.c.mmitt,,,..l
the Commissioners. of Emig' ati.al.
which AVL.` in our coloorms this
evening. The report bears the sina
tures of men who arc not apt to make
hasty assertions,- and \VC pre,Uplo,
therefoi e, - the statement is accurate.
From - this fact some 'idea .. - mav lie
;brined of the large class of our peo
ple who find employment um. obtain
a subsist ence.ilr furnishing these ern
grants with the necessities they re- .
quire 'on landing here, in removiw
their goods, in loodE t ing them till they
are ready to d;-part for -the west, and
transpao ing flint on our various
eanOs and railways to their places ;of
de• ti nation. They bring with them
ample means to pay their \N . :ly to the
new. States iMwhicli they arc to settle;
theCoerman emigrants hwiing for three
years past imported with them an
average of of dollars
*annually. It is cm tails that if the
influx of .ernigration 'N.ere to cease,.
Many of those tokens of prosperity to
which - we are now - llnicl of referrite4,
would motet the e,.:(''no longer ; places
now noisy with business would 1;e
deserted; largo classes of people:1010
nuts- obtah a living by regular
try, i cyould be left without employ
moolt• the provision market - would be
overtaKen by a sudden stagnation ;
steamboats would be laid up in deck.
and railway. stock would make a worse
figure in the reports of the market
than it. now does. We have so con
formed the (occupations of the country
to this steady- tran‘fer of inhabitants
from the old world, to the new, that
any cause which should break it up.
Or diminish it by any other than the
gentlest and slowest gradations, would
be felt as a serious calamity, and dis
turb the prosperity of almost overt'
class of the crimmunity.—PCe: fol.
Just read the s6nator's
remarks .on introducing a bill , in the
United States Senate (December 11)
to establish ;in uniform rifle of natu
ralization. It. cannot fail to arrest the
attention of natives' - and 'naturalized:
Senator Adamsis an approved demo
crat, and takes care, in all he does
and says,. of the !pecilliar institution'
only. If foreigners would help that.
he would help them; if Know-Noth
ings would Jupport that, lie would
support them; but if both shall op
pose. slavery ho will oppose both.
May be 'some eves' will be opened
ere long. Is there no .cause for it !