The people's journal. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1850-1857, April 29, 1854, Image 1

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.• •
The Influence of Slavery
The peculiar institution not only "cor
rupts the manners and morals" of the
master, but it depresses and destroys
the prosperity of the State tolerating it.
This is proved by the statistics of the
slave and 'free States.
The National Era has prepared a
table of statistics of the emigration from
the several States of this union from
which it gathers the following instruct
ive facts. Says the Era:
'Pile old Slave States in 1850 con
tained an aggregate white population,
in round numbers, of 2,700,000, or
-31.86 to the square mile; the old Free
States, a population; of 8,500,000, or (i 3
to the square mile, and yet this !able
shows that the emigration from the for
mer is nearly as large ritkolutely as
from the latter ; in other words, that the
emigration from the old Slave States
was nearly three times greater, in Fri
portion to its population, than from the
old Free States ; for while the latter
were represented in the new States by
975,512 of their natives, the latter with
a population not one third as large, was
represented by 903,512 of their natives !
Now why is it that these Slave States,
containing an aggregate area :30,000
square miles larger than the aggregate
area of the Free States, surpassing them
in climate, and at least equaling them
in soil, water-power, mineral rescources.
and all natural capabilities, with a
white population not one third as large,
and not one fourth so dense, should send
out nearly as many emigrants to new
States and Territories ? What other
reason can be assigned but the exhaust
ing nature of slave labor, i:s inherent
incompatibility with other and produc
tive modes of Industry, and its oppres:
sive bearing upon the masses of the
People ?
Sluveholders seek the rich bottoms of
the new Slave States : their poor white
neighbors crowd into the new Free
States. In 1.!47)2, for example, Indiana
furniihed homers to thirty three thousand
persons, who - had been born in North
Carolina, and sixty eight thousand. born
in Kentucky—the great mass of whom
had sought shelter in that Free State
from the oppression of a system which,
by excluding free labor to a great extent,
must drive out a free laboring popula
Look again at the table, and see how
Free Soil attracts the tide even of home
emigration: 1;219.000 natives of the
old States in the Free West, and only
659,000 in the Slave West—the old
free S:ates sending nearly a million of
their sons to the Free West, and only
53.000 to the Slaveholding W e ,t_
while 300,000 natives of the old Slave
States seek their homes on Free Soil.
And yet the Slaveholding West has rn
urea 200.000 square midis larger than
that of the Free West, (even embracing
witkin the latter the whole of California,)
and is equal to it in all natural attrib4s.
Facts like these speak trumpet ton sued
for Free Soil and Free Labor. Thy
show that the instincts of the American
People are in favor of them—that their
necessities require them—that Slave
Labor exhausts the soil: discourages
Indus ry, oppresses and drives into ex
ile the poor freeman. checks population,
impairs the power of the State, and is
_detested and shunned by four-fifths of
the American People.
In full view of this, the present Con
gress is called upon by the slaveholders
'and urged by the President, to repeal
the Missouri Compromise, which since
1520 has consecrated to Freedomtand.
Free labor the soil of our vast Western
Territory, to which the poorer classes of
the South. the working men of the North,
and the hardy sons of toil, driven out of
oppressed Europ, are
_looking for free
and independent , homes ! No wonder
that the People. Wherever they are free
to speak, are thundering their protests
against this meditated outrage. The
excitement is more manifest among our
northern citizens and the naturalized pop
ulation, but there are hundreds of thou
sands in the South who sympathize with
• them. The following memorial, signed
- by forty-one citizens of one or.two coun
ties in North-Carolina, presented the
other day in the Senate by Mr. Badger,
utters the sentiments of- a large class of
Southern men, specially interested in
.the preservation of Free Soil :.
"To the Senate and House of Repre
sentatives of the United States ;n Con
gress assembled : We, the undeTsigned,
citizens of Perquiruans and Chowan
counties, North-Carolina, respectfully,
but earnestly b entreat Congress to pass
no . bill interfering in any way with the
application of the . " Missouri Compro
mise' to the Territory of Nebraska.
We do so from the conviction that the
passage of any bill rendering said Com
promise inoperative will be an act of
injustice and u breach of national faith."
The Libeity Men of 1841,Vindicated.
•No paper in the United States was
more industrious in trying to destroy the
Liberty party of 1814 than the Neu"-
York Tribune. We believed then that
the time would come when the Tribune
would tench a different doctrine. We
have - been gratified of late -to find in it
the very arguments used by our friends
of that day ; and we think the following
is an unanswerable virididation for- our
vote for JAMES G:Bra...iir in 1814. We
copy from the Tribune of April 7. The
italics are ours : •
" The gambler, the drunkard, the .
adulterer, are not generally considered
as disqualified for exercising political
influence and power. Their vices,
thotigh offensive to our taste and repre
hensible by our moral sense, are for the
most part private and personal, and they
.and often do, have the clearest
perceptions of justice and of the political
rights of others. Government is the
fountain of law. Law is the root of
right. Politicians have to do only with
questions of justice and equity. It is
for the statesman to investigate and de
termine what are the rights of the sub
ject and the duties of the State. Slave
'holders are not so much morally as
politically incapacitated for statesman
ship. From the state of things, goVern
ment in their hands becomes a tyranny
and a terror. Thry canna, be capable
of aeciding questions of right, propo
sitions involving the idea of justice, who
hold toward, their fellow men 'relations
in the last degree cruel and unjust.
Shall we trust him to legislate fur us and
our families, who has confiscated the
liberties, property, and persons of all the
poor families in his neighborhood ? To
have the destinies of a Republic can
trolled by an oligarchy nf
is as absurd as to - have a robber con
victed by a fury of highwaymen. So
ciety need not trouble herself about her
other criminals, if those who perpetrate
the outrages involved in Slavery go
iptietly at large. It might be thought
that in a Democracy a slaveholder could
be no more safely trusted with power
than a monarchist. Neither. bAeves in
the theory of popular rights : to either
the Declaration of Lkdependence is ei
ther a self-evident lie or a rhetorical
flourish. Each should be carefully
watched to prevent him from corrupting
the winds and subverting tho -r
1.6-e p eople. it is not to bewondered at
that the seed so diligently sown should
in due time bring forth its fruit. If the
General Government had as carefully
cherished Monarchy as it has Slavery.
we should expect to find monarchic..)
principles generally prevalent. WIL4n
the breeders and traders in human flesh
haee been driVen from political Soprem
acv in the National Government; as;; for
very decency's sake they should bi. - ;*,nne
principal fountain of popular corruption,
upon the swelling flood of which such
men as Pierce, Cushing, and Douglas
have. , swum into power, will be dried.up."
Since reading the above, we regret tc
see in the .Tribune of April Ilan article
i entitled " Politics in the Future," which
is opposed in spirit and tendency to the
above. This last article smacks very
strongly of the Tribune's former weak
ness—devotion to party. We had sup
posed its experience of manly inde
pendence was such as to induce a
continuance in the same
.Cotirse. And
we shall continue to. hope; but this
article is sufficient evidence that the
warning of the Era was needed, al
though we thought at the time that it
%was entirely unnecessary.
Great Temperance Demonstration
in Crawford County.
Our friends in Crawford are entitled
io the hearty thanks of their Ereihren
throughout the State, for the enthusiasm
'and unanimity with which ihey press
forward in the good cause. -We. learn
from the Conneoutville Courier—a pa
per which is already familiar to our
readers,.from the frequency with whch
we quote good things from it- 7 -thaf a
meeting was held there on the 31st of
Alarch, exceeding in interest anything
of the kind ever held in that county.
Between three and four thousand people
•were present. It was a demonstration
made in consequence of the abandonment
of the liquortratfic by the only men in
Western Crawford engaged in it. There
was spealcing:_. of a high order, music
that does * the soup good to hear, and
resolutions adopted that hare the riug of
the true metal in them. •Take, .for in
stance, these, which we cut fronV , the
series. How long do you think the
business of drunkard-making will go on
in a community where all Temperance
men live up to these resolutions? Not
a day. And the immense meeting in
Crawford county- adopted these resolu
tions by acclamation :
Resolved, That the next Court Of
Quarter Sessions be urgently solicited to
refuse all applications for tavern licenses
in the County of Crawford ; that ex
perience has demonstrated that_ they
are not required for the convenience of
strangers and travellers," but detrimental
to the public and private weal.
Resolved, That from this • time forth
we withdraw our entire patronage from
every mercantile and buSiness establish
ment where intoxicating, liquors 'are, sold
or'given away; and that we will use-all
our zeal and energies with our neiglibcirs .
to induce them to do likewise; that we
will not, on'any consideration, buy goods,
wares, or ?merchandise of those who
traffic in the destroyer, but shun their
doors as the road which leads to death.
Resolved, That the time has come
when the friends of temperance must be
active in the discharge of their obliga
tions; that there is not a moment to
lose ; that a vigilant eye be ever on the
lookout or danger, and that the public
be cautioned when discerned, that they
may guard against injury.'
Resolved, That-a committee of safety,
consisting of thirteen persons, be . ap
pointed, whose duty - it shall_ be to hold
stated meetiorrs,.and devise together for
the public good ; that every infraction
of the excise laws brought to the knowl
edge.of any Member of the -committee,
be immediately prosecuted to effect, end
that the plighted faith of every temper
ance man in the-community be pledged
to sustain said committee, pecuniarily
and otherwise, in the discharge of their
The Rout. Hope it Pennsylvania.
Disaster after discs er is overwhelm
ing the luckless administration of Frank
lin Pierce. New Hampshire. Connec
ticut and Rhode Island have gone
against it. The sentiment of the north
has thrown triplets for true DeMocraCy
and the extension of republican prin
ciples. We May now reasonably 13 ,, pe
for the redemption of the country from
the hands of a mad conservatism and its tool, and the approach of Oh;
period When every statesman will not
be proscribed who wishes to nab
nationnr...r muuentiat.
Shall the administration be routed in
Pennsplvania also? Shall the immense
majority • it expects to " roll up" Le
turned into an avalanche to crush its
ranks and turn the present dismay of
the White House leaders into panic?
We say in sober earnestness that all
this can be done. The old ICeystona
State can be triumphantly carried against
Pierce, Douglas, and the other leaders
who have made our Republican Con •
press the wonder of the popular party
of Europe, and . stained the. fair name of
Democracy. All that is needed is bold
ness of initiative on the part of the Anti-
Nebraska Democrats, faithfulness on the
part of 'he Independent Press, and dis
cretion-on the part of the Whigs. Th - e
old icsues between the leading parties
have been tried in Pennsylvania again
and agaid, and adjudged against the
Whi g s ; the battl- should not be fobght
on - them. ;Let the issue be made in
this State as it has been made at Wash
ington—between the friends and ene
mies of free institutions, and free immi
grants in the territory secured to them
by the Missouri Compromise. For this
issue, the Democrats of the Northern
- and Western counties are-already ripe.
Give them the MAN for the Houtz, and
they will vote for him. He should be
of unsuspected democracy, without re
proach and ,have rendered some service
to his country. Such a man is .the
• HON. JUDGE WlLtarr. His name has
already,been mentioned in.different parts
of the State and received with enthusi
asm. Placed .in nomination by . ' an in
dependent Democratic' convention, 'he
would be elected by acclamation.
What say you, brethren of the press?
If were done, 't were' better done, if
'twere done (iy,—Ph iladelphia Reg
We . see not how -any man with a
spark of inde . pend6nce about him, can
fail to respond to the above article, a
hearty - amen. Several of the ablest and
best papers in the State have already
advised this course,. and, - we shall, yet
expect to'see its adoption. There is, no
paper in the State, whose . influence
extends beyond the office where pub
lished, that has yet spoken of this
movement in - other than respectful. terms.
The goof work goes braVely on•- - tnen
are every day cutting loose .frona,.tho
trammels of party, and Et7o more and
more disposed to vote as - their, better
judgment dictates, without :regard to
old prejudices:l
Rum and Hunker Democracy.
The forces,ofthese- two powershave
been uniting; : for some time. In this
county the union was perfect years igb,
but in other places the eonliiion was
not so readily formed. In New Yrirk,
the veto of Governor SeymoUr of the
prohibitory liquor bill, will make a per
fect union of these forces, and we , think
the honest friends of temperahce will
not much longer be fooled by these wily
demagogues. . .
The following comments - of 'the Al
bany Regisler . show the kind - of peo
ple who sustain, and of their opponents:
bill went to the Governor fOr
his signature. On the one side of him
stood the opponents of the bill. The
cold, icy, but intellectUal republican
aristocracy, fresh .from their costly and
delicious wines, ,smiling as a summer
morning, bland in their frigid courtesy;
speaking softly and in set terms about.a,
lofty conservatism and the disturbing
progress of that fanaticism that
interfere with their comfort by censuring
their indulgence. With them, dim and
shadowy in the distance, but visible to
the mind's eye . , stood the bloated and
blear-eyed devotees .of a low debauch
ery, reeking from their bacchanalian
orgies, ragged and filthy, blasphemous
and profane in speech. And - these two
extremes of humanity, each-actuated by
a common motive—an iron selfishness,
demanded of the Governor that he should
interpose his veto and wipe, out all the
progress of a quarter of.a.ceritury.
On the other side 'stood the religious
sentiment of the sate, the moral semi
ment of the state, •the genuine_ social
virtue of the state, charity for, human
suffering, sympathy for human-- sorrow,.
parents %rho had followed . the children
•of their love to the drurdiard's grave,
wives whose husbands had been brutal
ized ,by intemperance, daughters that it
had given to shame, children that it had
beggared, humanity itself appealed to
him with a voice choked and tromulous
with anguish, not to stand in the way
of this great experiment of reform, not
to.falsity every promise of his -pvt
or throw away the great hope of his fu
ture, by linhing, himself to that heartless
and selfish republiCan aristocracy, or.
becoming tilttt 'looming
guaut Spectres behind them:
And yet these appeals were in vain.
Governor Seymour has crushed the last
hope of ien thousand fathers, mothers,
•wires, sisters, daughters, a sad and a
solemn thought to take with him to his
pillow of rest. And what- has he
gained ? Who wilt call down . upon Lis
name to night, as' theY kdb . el at their
evening devotions, a blessing for the
good deed he hes done? . With v. hat
prayer twill his name gqup to the throne
of the infinite God? Not one. And
yet his name will be upon tt`m thousand
tongues to night. It will go up with a
great shout and a hurrah, but it will be
coupled with blasphemies, and mingled
.with the obscenities of pothouse revel,
ries. It will be shouted in the midst of
debauchery i;nd - be the theme of back=
channalian song.
i Learn Wisdom.'"
Less than ore year ago, how stood the
great Democratic party ? It claimed
New- lam pseh ire, Con necticu t,and Rhode
Island. Where are they now'? They
have brokeh their allegiance and de-
Jared themselves free from the power
that would mislead and.force them to aid
in expelling freedom from our soil, and
planting the bind,: flag of Slavery over
territory now free.. May the' Demo
cracy' learn wisdom from these exam
ples.—Erie Gazelle. ,
To which we most heartily respond,
with the additional desire that the Whigs
may nlso " learn "wisdom:" In New-
Hampshire, eonnt;cticut, • and Rhode
Island, the Whigs, pursued a liberal
policy,• abandoned old issues; secured
the 6-operation of, independent demo
erats,- and thus the Administration party'
Was defeated. If the Whigs of Penn
sylvania will• - learri wisdom from the
action of their associates in New-Hamp
shire anaConnectieut, the ..,:I.dmini.stra
tion party defeated, in Pennsyl
vania. But as yet, only one Whig
paper—the Lancaster Whig --has coon-
Seled such Wisdom u will defeat '.Wm.
Most of the Whig • papers. have from
the start determined to have a pin and
'simple frlitg tickel.• This policy was
a.dOßtf . tl by the Convention, and ppuebut
Inligitaao be expected to vote for Judg e.
Pollock.• Now,.there are a Ltrgt -num-
betel . Independent
_voters in the State,
whO would gladly have voted fur an
Intlipende4l candidate, acceptable to the
Whigs, who will not vote for the Whig
ticliet, and it cannot be elected.
Tho Work to be Done.
- The foll Owing account of the action of
certain women in Indiana, is from the
New-York Tribune : •
On the morning of the 28th ult.,
.Thornton Alexander was killed by Rum
at.the place of his residence. Winches::
leaving a widow and five
young children in abject poverty and
heart reading agony. • He was a man
more than; ordinary , ability, of generous
impajses.and flattering prospects in life,
until the web bf the destroyer was
woven about his heart. A little -before
he breathed his last, he said to the
weeping circle.aiound his.bed side, I
am dying; whisky has done it,;, ; ,,May
those who; have sold me the poison die'
as painful a death ns mine." So he :
died. leaVing his destitute family in ,
acguish unutterable.
•At 4 o'clock that same afternoon, a
procession of forty or fifty of the nobler
women of Winchester, with the agonized
widow- at: their head, appeared in the
streets of that town. They proceeded
in ranching order to the ruin grocery of
David Aker, handed him a pledge that
ie would Sell no more liquor there, and
demandedhis signature.. He demurred;
but they there resolute; and at length he
put'downi his name, opened his doors.
and. told•; them to take his remaining
stock .of ;liquor and destroy it. Four
barrels of whisky and six or eight kegs
of what lire galled brandy, gin, wine,
drugged,&c., adulterated whisky, of
•course,)were'then rolled out and emptied ;
into the street. The
.estimated value'of
the liquor; (1:4 110) was then made up 'to
him by subscription; and the Temper-
once pioneers moved on.
The next halt . was at Wm. Page's
(another groggery) where they met with
a stouter resistance. Page, refused to
sign, and sliut his doOr in their faces.
They chapped it down, knocked in his
window, roled the barrels into the street
and poured out the liquor. Thee then
marched to James
.Ennis's. who signed
the pl. drce ; thence to EdWard Retters,
who did ; thence to Way &
Kizer's, ivho also signed ; thence to El.
P. Kizer!s drugstore, where they met
wi t : o h
u equal y s r u e c f c u e s s e s d ; t
o t It s e i n or. g e t c
i s,
r,' _ever, who was ore of the
most active of the peoneers, pushed into
thti•hout , H, brought out a keg of liquor,
and stove in the head. The procession
next visited Wilson's grocery ; he took
the pledge ; thence to Craig's drug -store,
with equal success; and then adjourned
to Meet at half past two next day, to
destroy the breWery—the only place in
the toTniwhere they had not establie d
the prineiple of. Prohibition. Binag sh er
gave in his adhesion during the evening.
leaving Page alone in his glory' as a
would-be;rum , eller if he had any to sell.
A posh moment examination of Alex•
ander's body was made by the doctors
that evening. They reported him" r-
I by whisky "—the boats of his
stomach having been entirely eaten up
by it. Mrs. Alexander thereupon. insti
tuted proceedings against Page and Bin
, alter, for causing the death of her hus
band. SO the case stood at the date of
our last advices.
If thee WincheSter rutnsellers are
justly responsible for the death of Alex
ander, how many deaths by alcoholic
poison will lie at the door of Horatio
• Seymour;!
Will the [lon. Elik Price ponder on
the above described scenes, and ask h im
self if the special pleading which he
has beer6nakin,g use of in the Legisla
ture for some time back, to prevent the
passage of the Maine Law, does not look
contemptible when•cpmpared with the
self-sacrificing and determined conduct of
Mrs. AlOcrinder and her. associates ?.
The heart groWs sad - and sick to see how
very tender some men are of the feelings
of . ruinseillers, but .how indifTerent to the
misery' ai‘rd ruin of their victims. It
will take la' great many sixty-two•paged
pamphlet'S, such as Mr. Price and his
friends have issuej, to satisfy plain men
that - ii man • Can• Yote with theenemies of
Temperance every time, and yet be a
~ ' Lltorough Temperance man.".
. From the N. Y. Traxint of April `2.0
The War.
There' has been no , battle yet in the
Baltic. The Russians are dismounting
their fortresses on the island of Alon.
Napier's ; fleet is still nt Kioze Bay.
April 5,! the navigation is open from
Revel to St_ Petersburg. Sir Charles
Napier has issued the follovi;ing address
to hig fleet
Lads! \\Tar is- declared ! We dre
to .meet a' -bold and numerous .. enemy
-- StiOuld'A . hey offer. us bank.," you - know
NU! ER 60.
how . to dispose of them I Should they
remain in port, we must try to get itt
them !
" Success depends upon the quickness
and precision of your fire ! ds !
sharpen your cutlasses, and the darts
your own !".
A private dispatch says that the allied
fleets have entered the Black Sea to
effect a movement in conjunction with
Omer Pacha. The fleets have steered
fur Varna.
As soon as hostilities commence in the
13altic, t h e Empress and Russian-ourt.-
tire to be removed to Moscow. •
The Russian crossing of the Danube
into- Dobradsha, is confirmed by details.
They are razing all their forts, but their
General considered his situation so criii
col that, after crossing, be immediately
d •thantled reinforcements from Bessa
rabia, Odessa, and
- even Sebastopol. The
Tullis are falling Lick in good order
upon 'Trojan's
The Paris Pairie confirms the report,
that the Turks have beaten Gen. Lischn in Bessarabia, and forced him to fall
b l ack. The Turks have also crossed
the Danube at a point betiveen Nicopo- -
lis and Rustchuck.
'l'be nperor of Austria's letter to
Napoleon l s not published, but: it is not
supposed to contain anything decisive
as to Austria's course. It is rumored, -
however, that Austria will make the Rus
sian passage of Balkans a - cause of war !
The English and French Governments,
ery i rely reject the proposals of the Czar,
founded upon his letter "to the King of .
Prussia,„brought . by Prince George; of
Fram Berlin, evening of the 7th, was
telegraphed that negotiations between .
Austria and Prussia were not yet closed,
but Prussia had joined a protocol, signed
on the 3d of April at Vienna, between
Bri:rtin, France, and Austria.
In the House of Commons,'on Friday
7th, Lord John Russell 'confirmed
that Austria was concentrating troops
On the Servian frontier, but as negotia
-o:ms were still in progress, be could not
i'4tte what course Austria would pursue.
April 26 is appointed.asa
Fasa Day throughoutßrituin,to pray for
Success in the present war. .
The Boy of Principle.
Previous to the late Presidential elec
tion, Mrs. IL took her little son; about
four yearn ota, upon her lap and tried to
impr, Upon his mind the diff.rence
;between litter} , and sli'very. She told
,hint the story of scale children sold from
their parents, and asked him haw he
would feel if some wicked men should
Fell him away from his father and moth
er, and grandmother and sisters, and he
were never permitted to see them any
mare. His little heart was too full for
Utterance. lie Went away to his play.
mid the circumstance was forgotten by
Ms mother.
A few weeks after, the electioneering
spirit began to run high. The little
IP;v3 about the street were shouting,
hurrah for. Scoot—hurrah for Pierce !
Little Edwin came running to his
notller with great anxiety in his coun
Does Scott sell, mother 1 Does
Scot sell ?" I •
" What du you mean, my son ?"
• " Will Scott sell children r
I do not know that he would sell
lhem," said die mother, " but he sus
tains those that do sell."
I " Does Pi'erce sell ?"
i His principles are the same with
s l cott " replied the mother. •
...Well," said our 4 little philosopher,
I will' never hurrah for them. Who
e l an I hurrah for, mother ?"
.. Hale," said the mother, ""is opposed
to s'avery and the Selling of children."
i..Hurrah for Hale, then," and -he
nade the hal!S ring again. .
" I Want a flig, mother."
And his mother could find no rest till
She had made him a:little flag with the
names of Hale and Julien upon it. • And
every day as the boys - would pass shout
ill for Scott or Pierce, our little hero
'‘.o ° lll,l rush into the street with his little
f1:1 , waving in the 'breeze, and cry
• hurrah - for Hale -and Julien I"
The father•was a good deal annoyed
by his son's politics, for he was a strong
Scott man. He tried in•vain for some
' time to induce his . Eon to hurrah . for
‘z cat. One day his father came in and
called his son to hint. - •
•• I have a present for you," said be.
His eyes sparkled for the present.
Don't you want some candy, a ball,
a little horse or a whip ?" And caucus
'rating the articles till. the excitement
'grew to an ecstacy, the father thin pf-
I fered him a dollar, and said, " you may
jhave that and go to the toy shop and
lay it all out in toys. , and candy; get
as much as you please,' if you will, go
l out in the street and hurrah for Scott."
Edwin looked at the dollar a-moment,
;and then raised his form to its utmost
capacity, and said, .
• -I cannot hurrah for Scott, father,
!but (thrusting his hand into his pocket)
will give you a.cent, if you will hur.