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J , ,G. L. BROWN, EDITOR St. PROPRIETOR.
VOLUME XXIII, NUMBER 8.1
THE COLUMBIA SPY.
Offire—North West corner of Front and Walnut streets.
immediately opposite John Barr's Hotel ; and above the
Baltimore Railroad Company's Office.
T a ms—The SPY is published every Saturday morning.
nt the low price of SI PER ANNUM IN ADVANCE,
or 51.501 P NOT PAID IN ADVANCE. Single copie,
No paper will be discontinued until all arrearages are
paiiimalcss at the option of the publisher.
Letters, to receive attention, must be post-paid
TERNIS OF ADVERTISING.
[nfieen lines or less to the square.]
,I,l,e,ticeltentrtlViii be lanceted three times :tithe rate
per .quare , for every subsequent insertion niter the
tid;d , 75 scats willbe charged. The number of insertions
desired must be marked, or the ad certicement will be
continued until ordered out. and charged accordingly.
.1 liberal dctluction will be made on the above prices
I a )eJrly Elm user,.
DR. s. MAIRS McALLISTER,
NOM (Pi/Pantie Practitioner,
Ilidnut a. above Second, COLUMBIA, Pa.
Olour, from G to 8 A. NI., andfrom 9 to 4
Columbia, Rule 19, F452.3m05.
DR. A. CLARKSON SMITH,
01 - ICF,---Walaut ,treet, two doors above Trout, Co
Columbia, April 10, 1.5.5:1-If
J. E. HACHENBERG,
11 TTORNEY AT LAW, Cottonton, Peon'a.—Ormcg
-1 in Walnut 'tree!, opposite Col. D. Ilerex Hotel.
fir ERFSCES —I lout. Janice Pollock, Milton, Peon's.;
Ilea. Washington McCurtocy, Eugtott ; lion. Juno, AL
Porter, Euston; Ilou. .1. P. Jolts., Reading.
rohnnlna. May 15, 1952 ty
WILLIAM H. ELDER,
TTORNIX AT LAW.—Offiee in trout street, be
tavern Locust and Walnut streetn, Columbia, l'a.
Columbia,Jutic 7,1.9.51-1 f
TTORNEY AT LAW—Office, Arcndc Row, Wal
nut.nreet, between Front and Second.
H. M. NORTH,
I nc - gm:v . AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW. Office
ou Locust street, above nom, formerly occupied bl
Dr J is Clarkson, Colombia, i'u.
Columbia. Nifty 4, 1:450.
(FOR LAND OR BUILDING, constantly on hand at the
I Lime lulu, near the Depot. [Columbin.jan 1.2-(1
SOLUTION OP CHLORIDE OF SODA,
MANUFACTURED by ourselves----a beautiful
Di. article of Liquid Chloride of Soda, n powerful
dinnteeting agent, much better suited for dm nfectiog
than Chloride at lame. In the bed chambers of the
, iek.eqiecially with infectious diseases, it will be found
highly useful if sprinkled on the floor or bed. For sale
n: LEADER'S Golden Mortar.
Cobs mina, May 15.
1; hnve opened our supply of PAP' ASOLS, C.llCtta
log 01 great variety. mid sortie, very 111l111113011le
ell le'. which We Will Sell tit astonish. ugly low prices.
H. H. FRY & CO,
Columbia, Mny 8,1E5'2. ( Opposite the B iatik.
have Jest received a t ,large as.ortinent of fresh
Groceries. Sugars in every variety, Molasses at
all 'awes, some very superior Syrup ; Coffee, green and
rsa.ted , Tess of all kind. and ut all price., and every
article usually kept in a well regulated Grocery Store—
all tut sale very cheap by
11. 11. FRY & CO.,
at their New Store, opposite the Bunk.
AYE R'S CIXERRY PECTORAL.
I. (i l l o tl i ' i, :lf a t v he ,, f r a t m „, ozC iit h, i , i r i r a y n l o ., , • l ( , , e tc r o f e ll: ,
1 0 . 11 , 1 , 0 11 .
Coiltalina. May W..I.I.IiNDER. A gt.
AliE prepare, at the Family Medicine Store, an
v Y article 01 tlit, kind, for flavoring leer, Jellies,
Puthlnigh, and Cio.tard,,v,hielt we do not Iwbi:ate to pro
main, superior to and thing of Ilw hind offered for sale,
Our COIAI(; NE. sr hich we oilier by the pint or gallon,
ad! hour the te,t of any exit ttttt ottai.
Columbia, Alareh 20, In 9.
II FRY & CO. hove Just received their spring
. eupply of DRESS 0001. 4 , eon-P.:mg or 0 greet
%mot of 61m k. colored mid figured Silks; black end
ficorcd Deltiinee; Berege De/tines, in great variety;
plain, se meted and figured Poplstin; Gengh Jaw, Chintre
ftc. The hen lip Calicoes over Glicred.
ID" Remember the place-11 11. FRY S. CO'S new
Iron Front :Store, opposite the Bank.
Columbia. April 111, 1-ife?..
S spring is the time when most persons
commence housekeeping, the subscriber would
Call attention to his well-selected and general assort
TIN & CEDAR WARE, COPPER KETTLES,
and all kinds riCCOOKINO STOVES, among which still
he (acrid the -Etna. Ilulyeon, Parker. and other pattern.,
about commencing, or who Lire already at house
keeping. are invited to snit and examine has stock, as
he is confident they will hind it to their internat to do
so. 111:1RI" PFMI LER,
April 17, 1.'52. Locust street,
Shaving and Stair-Dressing Saloon.
THE - undersigned has removed his Saloon to
Nu.l Arcade, Walnut street, opposite the Wii.hoig
llotel,where all persons eon receive a CLEAN AND
ROY PU Ayr, and have their hair cut and dressed an the
oust fashionable, MO C.:C(1(11.41C MliDlier, There is 50111e
lng soothiugia a good shave: if any are disposed to
doubt it, let them try me, and I will fully demonstrate
Coluntlaa, 'March ..17, 1 532-t(
VERMICELLI AND MACCARONI.
"WE_ arc glnd our citi/eas begin to oppreritite the
tulneiis of these ti.vo articles, arid hn,c. made it
iii'et.•iiry for us to obtain a fresh supply. For sn , e nt
the I'ANDLY MEDICINE STORE, Odd Fellossa* Hall.
Columbia, March offi, I e.. 5.2.
THE subscriber is prepared to manufacture to order.
J. at the shortest notice, all ktuda of STILL WORK,
on the most reasonable lentils. Also, repairing of all
kinds promptly attended to.
Columl ..... April 17,1b52. HENRY
WF. UNDERSIGNED lola conimintly on hand n full
1 113Portment of COPPER PUMPS, BOAT STOVES.
SMUT HAWKS, (with ethereal,) nod LA IA P POTS,
to which lie reepectfully invites the :mention of 'Mat
inee and where. HENRY PFA 1 1 LER,
April 17,1852. LOCUM street, Columbia. I'a.
MOUNT EAGLE TRIPOLI.
p l l ar ! iele is IliFltly recommended for mud
Itritsunt,Wi m i ' l ' d e o ta w s ellu s s u s e , h isr Fo o s sale . ut tl:u FAIVIILY
MEDICINE STORE, Locust street.
Co;unibia, March 20,1652.
ADALUNG'S ELIXIR, a certain cure for Headache
Price 23 cu. For sale at
W. A. LEADER'S Drug Store.
Columbia, March 13,1852.
lirE ARC CONSTANTLY Yowl-Avow FRF.SII
l DRUGS A.:1111, DIEDICINES at the FAMILN
MEDICINE STORE; and, thankful for the liberal patronage
e have received, we will renew our exertion to keep
our article, fresh and genuine.
Columbia, March 20,1650.
( )TTON CARPET CHAIN, at the Cheap Cash
Store of _ _
LONG & WINNEMORE.
Ca lanibm - May 1E52.
A FAMILY PAPER : DEVOTED TO LITERATURE, SCIENCE, MORALITY, EDUCATION, AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE.
For tho Coro of
CHITIS, CROUP, ASTH
This invuluable rotnedy for all diseases of the Throat
and Lungs hes attained a celebrity from its remarkable
cures, never equalled by any 111CIIICIIIC before. Other
prnparatiOnS have shown themselves palliallecm, end
sometimes effected nOPOO/C CUM*, but none has ever so
fully won the confidence of every a/Malin:lw where it
Is }mown. Alter years of trial in every aulale, the
results hove indisputably shown it to possess a mastery
over this dangerous class of diseases, which could not
fail to attract the attention of Physicians, Patients, and
the public at large.
Sec the statements, not of obscure individuals, and
from fur distant places, but of men who are known and
respected throughout the country.
The widely-celebrated Surgeon, Doct. VALENTINE
MOTT. of New York City. says:
" It gives me great pleasure to certify the value and
effieacy ot • A YEWS CUERRY Pecroast,' which I consider
peculiarly ndupted to cure diseases of the throat and
Dr. PERKINS, the venerable President of the Ver
mont Medical College, one of the eminently learned
Physicians of this country, writes, the Cherry Pectoral
is extensively used in this section, where it has shown
unmistakeable evidence of its happy effects upon put.
A CURE IN COLUMBIA, PA
fact. J. C. ANEtt—Dear Sir—About three or tour
weeks ago, I was taken with a severe cold. which
seemed to aspic on my breast and lungs, and I became
very much alarmed about it. I went to one of the best
ph) sieinns in this place, who told the that my lungs
were very much maimed. I then became more Maim
ed, and thought it w•us time to try to do something fur my
self: I hardly knew w•hut course to take, but at last I
made up my mind to try some of your •'Ctu:tar Per-
TORAL.." 1 Ohtlaiied one bottle and eon noticed taking
it, and found in two or three days that it was driving the
disease out of my system. I hove now taken one bottle
and a half, and feel better, I believe, than I have for the
61 , 1 year. I have, therefore, felt it my duty to send 3ou
these few lutes. hoping that they may encourage others
so tiering under the same disease. I reside 111 the borough
of Columbia. T. J. MILES, Surgeon Dentist.
Ka:PARED Be . Jr. Aeon, CHEMIST, LOWHI.L.
l\'. A. LEA DER, Agent, Columbia.
Columbia, May e,
LAMES', Vis=es ', and Gent'. KID (;LOVE S, pill kind
and colors,) and Ladies' /111 d Nlisces' Kul finished
Silk Gloves, at the Cheap Ca.lt Store of
LONG & WINNEMORE.
Cohanbia, May 15, 1852
F' ER PA PERB.—Nlottled, Carmine, Ullamarine,
•21 1 1 1 1;-, French Tissue, of all colors, just received at
SPANGLER'S Headquarters and Newc Depot,
Columbin, April 21, 185:2. Front st eet.
C 01 ) LIVER 011...--Guaranteed Creel and genuine
Cod Liver Oil, for Ellie by the bottle or ounce, by
Columbia, hlny 8,1+,52. W. A. LEADER.
1)ORT IIIONNAIES AND POCKET BOOKS, of nil
shapes, sizes, styles, qualities and prices. Cull and
see, al SPANGLER'S
Headquarters nod News Depot, Front street.
Columbia, April 21, 1a32.
CITORR'S Chemical Hair lavigorittor,just received and
0 for sale, at :23 et.. per bottle, by
Columbia, May .4, 105:2. W. A. LEADER.
TRICOPIIERUS —More of Parry's 'Prieopherui, for
the hair, oil hand mid for sale by
Columbia, May 0, 18.52. W. A. LEADER.
LUI4 STONE.-13lue Stoatt or Blue Wash for oole
I) at LEADER'S. [Columbia, :Ray S, 1852.
URN STA RCIL—More Core Starch. jr.l from Me
Cmaeuramerers,uml for hale by W. A. LEA DER.
Columba, Alt.) . 8,1:452.
OOH .ut.l TAW.: OIL CLOTHS. all trlthq, for
I eale at KA UFFAIA N't"..
Colombia, April 17, 1,.112.
lit H 1 1 1 1 11fA 13 :%; 13° :i l l " V • r N r
Columbia, April 17, 1a52. KA
BROWN TISSUE, Line tool green Berege, for Ladles,
nt R.I UFFIAN'S, Lout
Columbus, 17, 1•52.
ADIES' Snow E Veda, ruhroalered Ve decidedly the
Lprortiest thing 4 of the kind aver offered for hale iii
thiq place. For role at KAUFFAIAN'S,
Columbia, April 17, 1552. I.oeubt street.
(AIL CLOTH and Water Color Window Shades—a
ll large lot, for sale at KAUFFMAN'S,
Columbia, April 17., t 8 5 .2. Locust at , below the Bank.
T SIIEPTINGS, &C.—WeTave nnvopened n
JJ fine wetortment of Linen Sheeting: and Pillow Case
Linens, winch we offer a:greatly reduced prices. Alm
a great variety of Table Line. at
11. 11. FRY & CO'S,
Columbia, April 10.1E51. Oppot.tte the Bank.
and sonic very low. Call and extimme them at
11.11 I , lll' & CO'S
New Store, opposite the Bank.
Columbia, April 10, Urrel.
DIAN° and 'FACIA,: COVERS.—CIoth Piano and
Table Covers, a large lot on hand and for sale at
HAUFFAIA.N'S, Locust street.
Columbia. April 17, 1552.
lar g e
and ES AUD I ' r
e ,sTINGs -
JUS W I opened vkkleeted stssorimeatFanry al
c a ‘pinicre , and veatings—oisse very latial•oine
new at) les. Call awl see them at
11. 11. FRY & COS
Opposite the Hank.
Columbia, April 10,
(111A1'1 , . SHAWLS, plain suid embroidered, a large as.
Usortment just received at
KAUFFNIAN'S, Locust st.
Columbia, April 111. IS:4.
7itRATIJERS.-3 0 U lbs Lve gees,: feathers, in store and
1.2 for rule by
C. S. KAUFFMAN, Locust st.
Columbia, Apri110,1:1 , 52.
D LACK. 1 EA.--A s uperior article, lit ORIUINAL,
DPACE.AGE., for hale at
ICAUFFMAN • S, Lout
Columbia, April 10, 1K32.
I OUSEKHKI'EII S GOODS. of all Ilegeripllo:l.. anal,
Linens anti Sheetings, Pillow Close Linen. Linc n
end Colton Diaper Napkins, all sizes and colors, Da-
Munk Table Covers, &c., at
KAUFFMAN'S, Locust at.
Columbia, April 1.0, 1552.
K.l D GLOVES —Alexandreii Kid Glove, light and
dark colored, far cafe at KAUFFMAN'S,
opril 10, 1,52. Locust street.
GOODS.—AII the new styles of Ladies' Dress
Goods, received and for sale at
npril 10,%112. 17 Locust street, below the Bank.
011, WINDOW BLINDS - 7—We have Just opened a
large assortment of Oil Window Shades, new pat
terns and much cheaper than ever.
We also have the patent fixtures,to put op something
entirely new. 11. 11. FRY & CO.,
Columbia, April 10, 1552. Opposite the Bank.
SlLKS.Sll,l , s.—Faticy and Muck Dresa Silk., to .tore
and for sale by KAUFFMAN,
upril 10, It:12 Locust atreet.
VENITIAN BLIND TRIMMING'S, of all colors and
styles, In store and for sale by
C. S. KAUFFMAN,
No. 17 Locust street, next to the Hank.
Columbia, April 17. It-52..
CORN LIQUID, one of the most infallable liquids ever
made for extracting corns. For sale nt
Columbia, Nov. 13, '5l. LEADER'S. Drag Store.
COLUMBIA, PA., SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 7, 1852.
Front the Boston Olive Branch
Little Willy and the Apple.
Little W illy stood under an apple tree old,
The fruit was all shining with crimson and gold,
Hanging temptingly low—how he longed fix a bite,
Though be knew if he took one it wouldn't be right
Said he, "I don't see why my father should any,
'Don't touch the old apple tree, Willy, to-dgy.'
I shouldn't have thought, now jltey're hanging so low
When I asked for lust one,.lieTiould answer me ' no
Ile would never find out. WI took but just one,
And they do look to good, shining, out in the sun,
There are hundreda and hundreds, and he wouldn't Ink;
So paltry a little red apple us this:,
Ire stretched forth Lis hand, but a low, mournful .struut
Caine wandering, dreamily over Ids brain;
In his bosom a beautiful harp had long laid.
'flint the angel of conscience quite frequently played.
And she qutig "little Willy, beware, oh : beware,
Your holier hus gone, but your Maker le there;
How sad you would feel if you heard the Lord say,
''l lm dear hale boy stole an apple one day.'"
Then 'Willy turned round, and ns still as a mouse
Crept slowly and carefully into the house;
In Ins own little chamber he knelt down to pray
That the Lord would forgive him, and please not to say,
"Little Willy almost stole an 'apple one day?'
1%1 A. D.
[rub:ishetl by request]
The Phalanstery and the Pita-
To the Editors of The New York T,ihune:
I have just made a visit to the "North Amer
ican Phalanx," Monmouth County, N. J.—
Many of the readers of The Tribune, however
unwilling they may be to accept the views of its
Editors on the subject of Association, must have
a curiosity to know how such ideas work in
practice. It was such a motive induced me to
accept an invitation, from a member whose ac
quaintance I lately made, to visit this community,
and I feel bound to give a candid relation of my
observations. I confess to have paid but little
attention to the subject previously, and to have
had no more knowledge or definite thoughts
about it than one must who has been in the
habit of perusing The Tribune, with much re
spect for the good intention and good sense of its
editors, for several years.
There are six hundred acres of land in the do
main of the Association, most of it of the ordinary
quality of "Jersey land." About two hundred
acres are under cultivation, much improved
within a few years by dressing with marl, two
beds of which, of superior quality, are on the
property. A stream of water running through
it, gives a small milling-power. The nearest
tide-water is five miles distant, where steamboat
communication may be had daily, but at irregu
lar hours, with New York, a poor sandy road to
be traveled over between. The land cost twen
' ty.five dollars an acre, and I believe I have stated
all the material advantages of the location. The
Association have a grist and a saw-mill, driten
with the aid of a steam-engine that they have
added to the small water-power. No other
branch of mechanical or manufacturing industry
is carried on, and the labor of the members is
mainly given to farming and market-gardening;
and it is from the sale of agricultural products
almost entirely that they must get their living
and their profit.
The Phalanstery is much like the large hotel
of a watering place or a sea-shore house, made
to accommodate 150 persons. There are cham
bers for single persons, and :suites of rooms for
families. There are also tenements detached
from the main building, but having a covered
way, that the members may reach it dry-shod
in rainy weather. These are each occupied by
a family. There are certain common apartments
also in the phalanstery, such as a reception room
for visiters, a reading room, a dining hall, the
kitchen, dairy and other domestic offices. A
small steam engine is employed for washing,
mangling, churning, &c., and the arrangements
of the domestic department are all admirably
contrived for saving labor. I should guess
roughly that one woman could do the work of
ten, with the ordinary farm-house kitchen con
veniences—in other words, as far as this goes,
farmers would save their wives and women folk
"NO ENTERTAINMENT IS SO CHEAP AS READING, NOR ANY PLEASURE SO LASTING."
Sat we on the moss) rocks
In the twilight long ago,
I and Ulllll., keeping flocks—
Mocks with fleeces whim as snow
Beauty smiled along the sky;
Beauty shone along the sea;
" Chia, Clna," whispered I,
"Thi.. is ull fur you and me:-
Brushing buck my heavy locks,
Said he, not alus in glee,
"Art content in keeping flocks
With n shepherd boy like me r 7
Shone the moon so softly white
Down upon the mosey rocks,
Covering sweetly with her light
Me and Ulna, :Ind our flocks.
Running wild about our feet
N%'ere the blushing summer flowers—
" Ulna,' sold I, "what is sweet
In ibis world, that is not ours?"
Thrice he kissed my cheek and sighed,
"These are dreary rocks and cold—
Oh, the world is very wide,
And I weary of any fold
Now a thausatal oxen strny ,
That are Ulna's down the moor,.
And great ships their anchors weigh,
Freighted with his priceless ore.
Rut my tears wilt sometimes Now,
'flanking of the mossy rocks
Where we sat so long ago,
I and Ulna, keeping (locks.
all but about one-tenth of their now necessary
drudgery by living on the associated plan.
There is some pretty natural wood and a pic
turesque ravine near the house, but no garden
or pleasure ground ; indeed the grounds about
the house are wholly neglected, and have a
shabby and uninviting appearance. It is evident
that the Association have neglected everything
i else in their endeavor to make the experiment
successful,linancially. They have worked hard
and constantly for this, and though, from entire
inexperience at the business of market-gardening,
to which their attention was chiefly directed,
they at first made numerous mistakes, similar
to those playfully alluded to by Hawthorne at
Blythedale, and though they had a great many
peculiai difficulties, they have been rewarded in
finding it pay. Last year, after paying the mem
bers at a rate of wages for labor higher than
that ordinarily given by farmers in this vicinty,
the Association divided five per cent. on the cap
ital invested in the undertaking among the share
holders. When we consider how hard it is for
farmers in general to make a decent living, we
must acknowledge that they have proved a great
advantage in the co-operative principle, as ap
plied to agriculture.
That the financial success of the community
is the legitimate result of the association of la
bor and capital, lam satisfied; and I should judge
the peculiar description of husbandry to which
its attention has been directed, was that in
which it was least likely to have been profitably
employed, because it is that which labor-saving
implements and machinery can be employed with
the least advantage. In addition to the profits
divided last year, it should be mentioned that
extensive orchards, as yet making scarcely any
return, are growing.
The Refectory is a fine, spacious hall, with
perhaps twenty tables, each long enough for a
dozen persons to dine off. There are bills of
fare changed every day, in which the dishes pro
vided for each meal are mentioned, with their
cost—as at an eating-house. By buying at whole
sale, and using all possible contrivances to les
sen labor in preparing and cooking food, of course
the cost of living is very low; but every little
item counts. Thus: bread 1 cent, butters cent,
as well as roast beef 3 cents, and ice-cream (a
large ration of the richest " Philadelphia") 2
cents. During drouth and short pasture the but
ter cakes are ..zra4luatedwdzy tlfe stamp a trifle
er,- km indication of the
syitematic exactness .to which the domestic
economy of the establishment is brought. There
are several summer or transient boarders at the
establishment, and these are charged, in addition
to the cost of the food they choose and a small
rent for their bed chamber, $2 a week for the
profit of the Association. The waiters are
mainly from among the most refined and pleasing
young ladies of the Association. On taking a
seat you are introduced to the lady who attends
your table, and you feel yourself to be in the re
lation of guest, not of superior to her. She takes
part in the general conversation of the table, but
comes and goes as there is need—is a very good
waiter indeed, doing her duty with tact, sweet
ness and grace. " Why do so many of the best
of your young people choose to be waiters, and
so deprive themselves in a great measure of the
social enjoyment of dining with their friends ?"
" They all dine together afterward ; and, as they
are among the best of us, it is a privilege to dine
with them—of course to wait with them."
One great point they have succeeded in per
fectly; in making labor honorable. Mere phys
ical labor they have too much elevated I think,
but at any rate the /owes/ and most menial and
disagreeable duties of a civilized community are
made really reputable and honorable, as well as
generally easy and agreeable. A man who spent
a large part of his time in smoking and reading
newspapers, and chatting it away, or in merely_
recreative employments, would feel ashamed of
himself here, would feel small, and consider it a
privilege to be allowed to black boots, or sweep,
or milk, a part of the time.
As to the people of the community in general,
I have a strong respect for them as earnest, un
selfish, hard-working livers in the faith of a
higher life for man here below, as well as here
after tt above." 1 think they are living devoutly,
and more in accordance with the principles of
Christ among themselves, than any neighborhood
of an equal number that 1 know of. There are
fewer odd characters among them than I ex
pected to see; generally there was much simpli
city and self-containedness ; they seem to care
very little—too little—c , for appearances," or
what the world outside thought of them, and
greatly to love one another. They are, so far as
I could learn, strongly attached to the Phalanx,
feel confident it is the right way to live, have
enjoyed it, and thus far fully realized their hopes
in joining it : as I wouldn't leave for worlds"—
couldn't live, it seems to me, in any other
way;" "it was like the opening of heaven com
pared to what life was before I came here," I
heard from different individuals. One Episcopal
clergyman, who was formerly much respected
and beloved, and paid $l,OOO a year for his ser
vices as Rector of a country church, and who,
after a great struggle with the conviction that
the morality and religion he was educated to
preach, were not the morality and faith preached
by Christ and designed by him for the conver
sion of the world from its ancient state of sin
and misery, declares that he is satisfied that
here is the true church of Christ's gospel, and in
this way it must be that the kingdom must come.
There is also a Unitarian clergyman who came
hither by much the same road.
I cannot tell what sort of people the majority
were when they came here, and thus find a Eta-
culty in judging what the effect of the associative
lice has been upon them. Mostly New-England
ers, 1 should think, and working people ; few or
none independently wealthy. (The stock of the
Phalanx is mostly held by New-York capitalists.)
Whether any considerable number were actually
day laborers, living from hand to mouth, unedu
cated and uncouth, I could not be satisfied. Some
of the later additions plainly are so, many of the
older ones might have been, and if so they have
been a good deal refined and civilized by this life.
If we compare their situation with an average
of the agricultural class, laborers and all, even in
the best of New-England, it is a most blessed ad
vance. They are better in nearly all respects,
and I don't see why, if such associations were
common, and our lowest class—(l mean poorest
and least comfortable, and least in the way of
improvement moral and mental,) of laborers,
could be drawn of their own will into them, why
they should not be similarly advanced in every
way. Put a common-place man, of our poorest
agricultural or manufacturing class, into such cir
cumstances, and it looks to me every way prob
able that he would be greatly elevated, be made
a new man of in a few years. On the other
hand, take the average of our people of all classes,
and on the whole, it seems as if the influence of
the system, if they would keep to it a little
while, would be favorable. They would be
likely to live more sensibly, happier, healthier
and better. If you take our most religious and
cultivated sensible people, then I think it would
depend much on individual tastes and character.
For most of these, particularly of English blood,
it would require a change, a good deal of a strug
gle to come handsomely and profitably into it.
The long and short of it is, I am more of a
Fourierite than before 1 visited the experiment.
The united household (and semi-conglomeration)
of families even, works better than I was willing
to believe possible. Nevertheless, I don't think
I shall be a Fourierite for myself, but for many,
for a large part of an American community (peo
ple) I think I may be. It wouldn't suit me, but
many, 1 think, it would; and if 1 was obliged to
live mainly by manual labor, I am not sure but 1
should go in for it myself.
An Associationist I very decidedly am, more
than I was before I went to the Phalanx. The
advantages of co-operation are manifestly great,
the saving of labor immense ; the cheapening of
food, root, xro., ...ugh to males etarvation abut.
dance. The advantages by making knowledge,
intellectual and moral culture and ;esthetic cul
ture more easy—popular, that is, the advantages
by democratizing religion, science, art, mental
cultivation and social refinement, I am induced
to think might be almost equally great among the
associated. They are not at the N. A. Phalanx—
and yet are to some degree. Those who came
there refined, religious and highly intelligent,
may have suffered. I saw no evidence that they
had, but should have expected it, because they
have given themselves up to too narrow ranges
of thought, have worked too hard to make the
Association succeed ; sacrificed themselves, if
so, for the benefit of the world's progress over
them. It is not by any means yet a well organ
ized and arranged establishment. They are con
stantly improving—seeing errors, and returning
to do up matters which, imthe haste of a strug
gle to get started, were overlooked. There is
yet an immense deal, as they are aware, to be
attended to and better arranged when they get
time. They are in great need of mechanics, but
I suspect it is an error of their theory that they
I are. What they need for improvement as a com
munity of moral creatures is more attention to
the intellectual. They want an Educational '
Series" very much. A Frenchman acts as a
teacher to the fry, but there is no proper nursing
department, and the children, and not the children
alone, are growing without proper discipline of
mind. A rough lot one would expect them to'
make, but I must confess those who are breaking
into manhood, and especially into womanhood,
tell well for the system. They are young ladies!
and young gentlemen naturally, and without ef
fort or disagreeable self-consciousness. If I had
a boy to educate, who at I t; had acquired at home
habits of continually persevering application of ;
mind in study, and who was tolerably stocked
with facts and formulas, I would a good deal
prefer that he should spend the next four years
of his life as a working member of the North
American Phalanx than at Yale or Harvard.
I have neglected to notice a number of points
of the Phalanx that would be interesting, a good
deal to praise, a good deal to reprove ; hut they
do not bear upon the important questions which
it is the purpose of the member , . to do something
by their association to solve. If there are any
slight errors in my statements, observations and
conjectures, they will be excused as not mate
rially affecting these. I have endeavored to no
tice what I thought most desirable for the public
to know and reflect upon, and I cannot conclude
without, as one of the public, expressing my
gratitude to the members for the generous ear
nestness with which, for the public good, they
are making their experiment. I pray for their
success ; but whether it comes as they antici
pate or not, they will have their reward.
Ax AMERICAN FAIIMER•
OYSTER. SIMMS I'OR FREIT Tarics.—A cor
respondent writes—c 4 One of the most effectual
applications 1 have ever made to fruit trees, in
an old and barren condition, is a compost in
which finely broke oyster shells was the princi
pal ingredient. The shell has generally a large
per ventage of saline matter attaching to them,
in a fresh state, with some animal matter, and
much lime. By breaking them and mixing them
with wood ashes, and spreading it thickly around
old trees, an almost immediate end a decided
improvement will take place."
$l,OO PER ANNUM, IN ADVANCE
[WHOLE NUMBER, 1,152.
God Is Light.
Eternal Light Eternal Light
How pore the soul must he,
When pineed within thy sesrelung sight
It shrinks not, but with calm delight
Can live and look on thee!
The spirits that surround thy throne
May bear the burning bliss;
But that is surely theirs alone,
For they have never, never known
A fallen world Itke thus!
0! how shall I whose native. Fp
Is dark, whose mold is dun,
Before the MeilltLie appear,
And on nip naked spirit bear
Tina unereated Leant !
There is a way for M:111 to rie i
To that sublitae abode;
An offering and a sacrifice,
A Holy Spirit's energies,
An advocate with God.
These. these prepare tig for the -iglit
Of :n3nerly above:
The 50119 of ignorance and night,
Can =tan,' in the nernal Light,"
Through the "Eternal Love '''
[London Ni lo Borti.,l
The Hope of Our Country.
The Hon. Daniel Webster, concluding his rid
dress before the N. Y. Historical Society, said—
Unborn ages and visions of glory crowd upon
my soul ; the realization of all these, however,
is in the hands and good pleasure of Almighty
God. But under his divine blessing, it will be
dependent on the character and virtue of our
selves and of our posterity. if we and our pos
terity shall be true to the Christian religion—if
we and they shall live always in the fear of God,
and shall respect his commandments; if we and
they shall maintain just moral sentiments, and
such conscientious convictions of duty as shall
control the heart and life, we may have the high
est hopes of the future of our country. But if
we and our posterity reject religious instruction
and authority, violate the rules of eternal
justice, trifle with the injunctions of morality,
and recklessly destroy the political constitution
which holds us together, no matt can tell how
suddenly a catastrophe may overwhelm us, that
shall bury all our glory in profound obscurity.—
If that catastrophe shall happen, let it have no
history—let the borriffi narrative never be
written ; let its fate be like that of the lost books
of Livy, which no human eye shall ever read, or
the missing Pleiad, of which no man can ever
I know more than that it is lost, and lost forever."
Darkness on the Deep.--Gen. 1, 2.
This verse points back to a period previous
to the history of man, when the earth was a
mass of matter without form or beauty, proba
bly without life. It was no more like what our
earth now is, than marble in its native bed is
like a beautiful statue, or a mass of rough tim•
ber like one of our stately ships. It was a
whelmed and fruitless isle in the fathomless wa
ters. On this turbid and dead ocean rested un
broken darkness. You have never known such
darkness. A starless midnight at sea was not
to be compared to it. There was once darkness
in Egypt that could be felt; when Jesus died,
the earth was wrapped in darkness before the
sun went down. But there is no darkness so
awful as that of a sinner's heart. Are you un
godly ? Your spirit is a " great deep," over
which hangs the gloom of spiritual ignorance and
death. You see not the path of life! There is
no real joy, no music in your heart. All is like
chaos—a deep, dark, dreary ocean, troubled and
impure. Nor can it ever have life, untill God
shall say over it, " Let there be light." That
omnipotent word can give it happiness. Christ
is the word; he is light and life! Be is "the
of Righteousness !" "The bright and the Morn
ing Star!" Pray for light; seek it in the Bible
—read and pray :
Oh, let my spirit have light
Ern weary, bewddere d and blind ;
Oh ! shire on my desolate mind,
And •caner the., stini)ows of night!
The Charms of Life.
There are a thousand things in this world to
afflict and sadderi—but, oh! how many that are
beautiful and good ! The world teems with
beauty—with objects that gladden the eye and
warm the heart. We might be happy if we
would. There are ills which we cannot escape—
the approach of disease and death, of misfortune,
sundering of earthly ties, and the canker worm
of grief, but a vast majority of the evils that be
set us might be avoided. The curse of intem
perance, interwoven as it is with the ligaments
of society, is one which never strikes but to de
stroy. There is not one bright page upon record
of its progress, nothing to shield it from the
heartiest execrations of the human race. It
should not exist—it must not. Do away with
all this : let wars come to an end, and let friend
ship, charity, love, purity and kindness, mark
the intercourse between man and man. We are
too selfish, as if the world was made for us alone.
How much happier should we be were we to
labor more earnestly to promote each other's
good. God has blest us with a home which is
not all dark. There is sunshine everywhere—
in the sky—upon the earth—there would be in
most hearts, if we would look around us. The
storms die away, and the bright sun shines out.
Summer drops her tinted curtain upon the earth,
which is very beautiful, even when Autumn
breathes her changing breath upon it. God
reigns in heaven. Murmur not at a world so
beautiful, and who can live happier than We ?